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DEVOTED TO POLITICS, MORALITY, EDUCATION AND rO TJE GENERAL INTEREST OF THE COUNTRY.
VOL. V. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY,O OTOBER 18, 1877 NO.6
. THE' SENTINEL
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[Correspondence of the News and Courier]
The Downfall of Smalls.
CRUSHINP RWDENCE OF IsI ACCEPTANCE
OF A $5,000 BRIBE.
COLUMBIA, Monday Oct. 8.-The
preliminary examination of Congress
tman Smalls was resumed this morn
ing at 11 o'cllock, tho prinicipal wit
ne6s, Woodrufl', having arrived from
ClirleSton bi cC Saturday. But few
spectators-perIaps nut more than a
dozon men and bilys- t*cro present
in the curt ri)oi, as the public in
Cilumbia have ceased to manifest
any interest in thcsc oft-recurring
trials, for the reason that all the cas.
ts are very muck alike. All arc for
stealing in some shapo, and the only
break in the monotony of the pro
coedings iS that afforded by changes
of name as to the culprits, and as to
the amount each receivod. *
Senator Nush, however, was pros
ent on this occasion, and seemed to
take a lively interest in what was
The court being called to order, ~
Mr. Youmnans read from General
* Statutes, page 463, the joint resolu
tion appropriating $525,000 for the
public printing of the sessions of
1870-71 and 1871-72, and also parts.
of the Journals of the House and
Senate, wherein he traced the course
of the resolution from its introduc
tion to its final passage. It appear s
from the Senate Journal that the
resolution was called up tor a third
reading on the motion of Smalls and
among those voting in the affir'ma
tive were Smalls, Nash, Owens and I
Mr.~ Woodruff was then sworn,
anMd testified first, in substance, that
he was clerk of the Senato at the
time of the passage of the joint reso
lution. A. 0. Jones was the clerk of
Q. (By Mr. You mans.) 'Who was
Senator from Beaufort at that time.
* ~ Witness: 'Robert Smalls.'
Q. 'Had he been for some time
A. 'Yes, sir.'
Q, 'Did you ever have any con
versation with him in reference to
the passage of this joint resolution
before the Senate?'
A. 'I did.'
Q. 'Wcere was th at conversation
A. 'To the best of my recollection
it was held gt my office in the State
'Q. 'Did y1 ouCyCr give him any
* gift or gratuity with a view to influ
ence his vote on that question!'
A. 'I gave him a check for five
Q. (By Mr. Molton, c 'mnsel for
prisoner.) 'Do I understand you to
~. say that you gave it to him for the
purpose of secu ring his vote?'
Q. BYes sr. Yulas)'a i
given before or after Mr. Smalls had
voted for it?'
Q. 'Did you make any promis to
him before h; voted for itd'
A. 'I did.'
Q. 'What was the amount you
promised to give him?'
Q. 'That was to influence his action
on the resolution?'
A. *Yes, sir.'
Q. 'And after ho voted for it, you
gave him this $5,000 in accordance
with the agreement?'
A. 'Yes, sir.'
Q. 'How did you pay him this five
A. 'I gave him a check for $5,000
payable to cash or bearer, at the
South Carolina Baking and Trust
Q. 'Was that chock charged up to
A. 'Yes, sir.'
B. 'Did you make any memoran,
um of these transactions at the
A. 'Yes, sir.' (Witness producod
i little book, and continued:) 'I have
t here in my diary,' (reading:)
Thursday, January 16, 1873.' After
mumerating others who had drawn
:hecks, there is one for Robert
Mnalls for $5,000.
Q. 'Did you date the memorandum
Lt that time or aftet '
A. 'I don't remember. I frequent.
y dated checks in advance.'
Mr. Melton here interupted, and
esiMred the witness to road what was
vritten preceding this entry i! ques
ion, and preceding all the naie in
lie same connection. Witness bo
;an to read, sotto voce, as he looked
or the place, '-- drew chock fur
lansier for five thousand dollars.'
Court and coun3el on both sides,
Nul no! not tlhat.'
Witness moved ih finger a little
iighor up the page, and read again,
Paid W. II. Jones five hundred
Courit and counsel together: 'NevM
ir mind, never mind about that.'
Q. (By Mr. Youmans.) 'You and
ronies (clerk of the Ilouse) were in
erested.in the passage of the bill?'
A. 'Yes, sir.'
Q. 'In the partition of labor, mak
ng arran gemeonts with the Senators
levolved upon you?'
A. 'Yes, sir.'
Q. (By Mr. Melton.) 'That book
f yours, Mr. Woodruff, will you let
no see it.'.
The witness handed the little book
o the counsel, who stated at it with
nr air of admiration and miystifica
ion, wvhuich was explained b)y the fact
hat it was written in short-.hand, the
;eneral appearance of the pages be
oig that of a neCst Of snakes which
aad been st ruck by lightning--which
30,npar'ison may, or' may not, b)e ac
3epted as ominously appropriate to
the situation of all involved in its
Q. W~hat is that?-(pointing to a
abaracter which might have been
copied from a teabox.) Does that
mean Mr. Robert Smalle?
A. No, sir.
Q What do you call that kind of
A. No, sir'. Short-hand.
Q. Can any one road that beside
A. Yes, sir, Mi'.Shiaffer, of Char
Q. Tis~ is a comibination char'
A. Yes, sir; Pitman's, Graham's
Q. (By the Court.) 'It is a com
bination you made yourself?
A. Yes, sir.
The examination of the witness was
[bore conclud .d, and the books of the
South Carolina Banking and Trust
Iomnpany were next offer-ed in evi
lence. froin whic.h it nW.ma.nd,
Journal A, page 457, January 18,
1873, that Woodrnff is charged on
that da4e with a check for $5,000.
Journal U1 shows that STnalls is cred
ited, same date, with a deposit of
$5,000 on the Individual Lodger 'A,'
page 875. The check wa3 produced
in the couri, and was found to be
paid to cash or bearer, but was dated
June 19, 1873.
Mr. L. N. Zualy, the bookkeeper
of the bank, was next sworn, and
testified that they frequently paid
checks in that way for the accommo
dation of patrons.
Q. (By the Court) 'That is not
the ordinary way of doing business?'
A. No, sir.
Q. (By Mr. Mclton.) You would
not anticipate a check for a longer
period than one day, would you?
A. No. sir.
Mr. Melton then stated that be
would offer nc evidence in reply. R1s
object had only beken to ascertain
what was the specific chargo against
the p)risoner. IIe then aslcd what
amount of bail would bi required,
which, after a Bhort discuslsion, was
fixed at $5,000. The present bail
will be allowed to remain in forco
until Weduesday, when a new bond
will be given for Small's appearance
at the next term of the Court ;f
TUE COLORED SEN AT%*R FROM MARL
1301o IN THE SAM1 DOX.
Imm1ediately af.cr the conDcl1usion
of the proceedings in the caso of
simall, Senlator II. J. Matxwell,' col
ored, was brought into court from
jail, in custody of a conswable. The
same preliminaries were g4me th rough
as inl tle otheri' case, and the same
books offered in evidence, *t ihe charge
being the same in each case, excopt.
as to the amount.
Woodruff's testimony was as ful
lows: 'Maxwell was in my office in
the State House, according to my
recollection, and I told him as 1 haJ
told others, a certain mneasu1re was
coming up, mainly this printing re.
solution, and it lhe would hielp) me 1
would be able to help him, aft.er its
passage, to a certain amount. Don't
remember the precise amount. A fter
the passage of the bill I gave him a
check for $1,000, of whicd I made a
note at the time.'
Q. (By Mr. Youmnans.) 'This
promnise was made to secure his vote
in favor of the bill?'
A. Yes, sir.
Q. And this check was ia accor d'
ance with that agreement?
A. Yes, sir.
Q. Is this (producing i ) the cheek
you gave him?
A. I think it is.
Q. Is it endorsed?
A. Yes, sir.
Q. 'Whose handwriting?
A. I think it is Mr. Maxwell's.
Q. It appears to be his, does it?
A. Yes, sir
Q. Tha check was chargedl to
you, in your settlement, by the Bank
and Trust Company?
A. Yes, sir.
Maxwell, who had been picking
his teeth and sucking at the steim of
an empty meerscham pipe all this
time, here got up and examined the
check attentively, as it he had never
seen one beforo. lie then sat dowvn
and made a note of it with very
much the air of the Artful Dadgerm
under sonmewhiat similar circumistanl
ces, an air in short which was in
tended to conivey to the Court and
hytadrs anu idea of thme rashness5 of
the proceedings agains~t imu, and
also [an initimait ion of crtainr unex
pressed but dlire consequences which
might bo expctedl to flow therefrom.
Ile then, this cuning completed,
leaned back in his chair [and( at nck
his hands in his pockets and his pipe
in his mouth, and expressed his sense
of conscious innocence in other
egnally ingenious an] t orcib2 w"ays.
The ennei "lindiv,'idual Ler-"
above referred to, shows on page 584
a deposit in Maxwell's favor ol
$1,000 on the 17t1 of January, 1873
Mr. Molton said he would let this
casO take the same courso n thI<
other, for the reason already given
and the amount of bail being fixed
at t5,000, the caso closed.
Immediately after hiis recommittal
to jail this afternoon, Maxwell sent
in his resignation as Senator. This
is one report. Another is that the
resignation was sent ia on Friday.
At all events ho has resigued, and
the fact was first aiounced to day.
Clinton, the colored Senator from
Lancaster, now in Columbia,is said
to bave come here with the intention
of resigning his seat, but has beei
dissuaded from doing so by his Radi-,
Mr. Tillman Watsn, of Edgefield,
has beei appoiinted aide-do-camp to
W ASHINGTON, Oct. 8.-Gen. Miles
telegraphs ftrom 13ear Paw, October
3, that he has surprised a Noz Preos
ea*mp, capuring about GOO horscs,
mules and ponices The engageunt
was severe. The Indians lost seven
teen killed, including "Looking
Glaes" and Joseph's brother, and
three other chiefs, and forty wound
ed. Joseph gave his solemn pledge,
yesterday, that he would surrender,
but did not, and they are evidently
waitiin g tr aid -from ot.her ldiams.
The Sioux are coming to their aid.
They are closely invested in some
deep raviies and are kept under fire.
Fo take iben by assault would cost
mally liveI. I may wear them out
and 'eVttually compel them to givt
tip. They fight with moro despora
tion thain any Indians I ever m(.
Our killed aro Captain Erwin HaILl,
Seventh Cavalry; Second Lieutenant
Biddle, Seventh Cavalry, besides
non-commissionled officers and pri
vates. Wonided, Captains Maylor
and Godfrey, First Lieut. and Adju
tant Baird and Lieut. Romeyn, 38
non-commissioned oflicers and prik
vates anid two Indian scouts.
Aproposo of education, which a
great many persons in England arc
of Opinionl has boon carried to a point
wvhich does more harm than good,
inasmuch as it renders boys un willing
to follow the occupations of their
faters, an English gentleman writes:
"1 was staying the other day in a
lile box in the country whore a friend
of mino lives. lbo is fortunato enough
to possess one of those old fashioned
mon as servants whose hands spare
their CmlOyors the necessity of on
gaging another pair of hands at least.
I asked him what his son-whomi I
rcemmbored a promising boy-was
doing? I was told he was abovo wvork,
but that he read handbooks of p)opu
lar science to his mother. Poor wo
mani! For that sort of thing, though
good in itself, goes a very little way."
W omen vote in Wyoming territory
and that is the only place whore
they p)retend to be older thani tho,y
really are-that is some of thiem do,
who are not yet of age.
If' Honest John Patterson wvants to
escape ani investigatian le can either
door run away. At least th)ese are
tli two ebanmcs presented him by a
"'free an:d enligh tened( pries.".
Gonm. Garfiehi and Mr*. Pendletoni
l ike caeb~ &iber personamlly), but hav e
no0 respect for ebach othier's opi nions.
Rev. Mr. Rilhinson says Chr'istians
are '"rocked to hiell in the chair of in,
dlolence,"' and sinnters ini that of pre..
Thecre aro n ineteeni w.oirnon's ( chris
tiani tmperCIanlco iuions inl Ve~rmnont,
Although the IBrailianx law recog
ize~s thie deathL penialt.y' t he preCseni
empjeror has nlever yet con'msented tk
ui a death wanm aot
The Rules of the Demooratic Party.
At the meeting of the State Dom
ocratic Convention, last August, the
Stati Executive Committeo submit
ted a series of rules for the govern
ment of the Democratic party in
South Carolina. Theso rules were
adopted by the Convention, and go
into forco when the campaign of 1878
shall open. Meantime it is pr- vided
that the present County Executive
Committees shall contine in oflice
until the first meeting of the County
Conventions under the now rules. In
other respects the rules show what
was the sense of the State Convention
and will be a valuable giide to the
p)arty. Under these rules there can
be both unity and uniformity of ac
tion in the next cnvass:
ORGANIZATION OF PRECINOT AND COUNTY
CLUBS OF THE I)EMOCRATIC PARTY.
ARTICLE 1. ThOrc shall bo one or
more Democratic Clubs organized in
each election precinct, each of which
clubs shall have a distinct title, "The
Democratic Club)," and shall
Ulect a President, one or moro Vico
Presidents, a Recording and Corros
ponding Secretary, and a Treasurer,
and shall have the following working
committees, of not less than three
members oach, viz: A Committee on
Registration, an Executive Commit
tee, and such other committees as to
each cli) may seem expedient.
Awr. 2. The meetings of the Clubs
should be frequent, after the opening
of the canvass; and some member of
the club or invited speaker deliver
an address at each meeting if practi
ART. 3. The President shall have
power to call an extra moting of the
club; and - mombors of the club
shall constitututo a quorum f .r the
transaction of business.
Aiz,r. 4. The clubs in each county
shall be held together and operate
under the control of a County Exce
titive Committee, which shall consist
of one membor from each club, to be
nominated by the respective clubs
and elected by the County Conven
tion and such other members as the
Conventiona may add.
The Executive Committee, when
elected, shall appoint its own officers
and fill all vacancies wvhich may arise
when the Convention is not in ses
sion. The tenu-re ot'office of the Ex
ecutive Committee shall be until the
next general campaign, unless sooner
removed or suspended by the County
Tho present County Executive
Comnmit too shall conmtimanu in oflico
un1til the first meeti ng of. the County
Con vent ions under this organization.
A w'r. 5. County Democratic Con
ventionis shall be composed of dole
gates elected by thme several local
clubs-one delegate for every club,
anfd a ni additional delegate for every
twventy live (25) enrol led members
with the right to each County Con
vention to enlargo or diminish the
rep)resentaLtion according' to ci rcum
stances. This convention shall be
called together by the chairman of
the Executive Committee, under
sush rules as each county may adopt;
and w hen assemnbled shall be called
to order by the chair man of the Ex
ecutive Coinmittee, and shall proceed
to elect, fromi amongo its members, a
PresidenCt, one or more Vice-PLresi
den1ts3, a Secretary and Treasurer.
lho0 Coniventioni shall prdceed to bus
iness, and when the same is transac
ted it shall aidjouirn sino dio.
A wr. G. T1hu moudo and manner of
nominating canIdidadtes for~ county
olcsor for delegates to the Stato,
Jndicial and Congressional convens%
tions, shall be regulated in each
county by the respetive county con
A wr. 7. The St ate convention shall
be compo'sod of delegates from each
coun mty in the nummerical prOp)ort iona
tv which that county* is entitled in~
both branches ofb the General Assem
ART. 8. The officers shall be a
President, one Vice-President from
each Congressional District, two See
rotaries and a. Treasurer.
AiT. 9. The State Ex6cutive Com-.
mittee shall be composed of three
from each Congressional District
The delegates from the counties com.
promising the Congressional District
to nominate the candidate from that
district, and the Convention shall
then proceed to an election.
ART. 10. The Executive Commit
tee shall elect its own chairman and
other offlIcers, and shall meet at the
call of the chairman or any five mem.
bers, at such times and places as he
or they may appoiut.
ART. 11. The Executive Commita
tee shall have power, by the vote of
a majority of the whole committee,
to call a convention of the Democrat.
ic party of the State, at such time
and place as it may designate; and is
chargod with the execution and di
rection of the policy of the party in
the Stato, subject only to this Cons
stitution, the principles declared in
the platform, and such instructics,
by resolutions or otherwise, as the
State convention may from time to
tinQ adopt; and all shall continuo in
oflice for two years from the time of
election, or until the aFsembling of
the next State convention for the
nomination of a State ticket, unless
superseded by the action of the State
convention. And if any vacancy be
occasioned by death, removal or oth
er cause, the committee shall have
power to fill the vacancy.
AR. 12. When the Wate Demo.
cratic Convontion assembles, it shall
be called to order by the chairman of
the State Executive Committee, shall
elect a temporary President, shall
proceed immediately to the election
of permanent officers and the trans
action of business. The convention,
when it has concluded its business,
shall adjourn sine die.- A nd when
a convention is called by the Execu
tivye Comn mittee, such con vention
shall be composed of uewly elected
AnT. 13. This organization shall
not go into force until the State cam-.
paign of 1878.
Sensation in Court.
KINGBTnECE, S. C., October 8.-The
Court of Sessions for Williamsburg
county adjoued to..day very unex-.
pectedly, Business progressed very
satisfactorily until a case against the
county commissioners for official mis
conduc., was reached. A jur'y of
eight negroes and four white men
hoard the case on- Saturday. They
romained in the jury room until
dark. Judge Wiggins instructed
them, in case they agreed, to brig
in a sealed verdict on Monday morn..
ing. This they did, and when the
verdict was announced of guilty, the
attorney for the defendants called for
a poll of the jury, when, to the sur
prise of every one, two of the negros
juirymen denied that they had agreed
to the verdict just tendered. The
Judge, after some c'nsideration, in-.
structed the clerk to enter a mistrial.
The circuit solicitor then addressed
the court, saying that, in his opinion,
it would be doing the St'ite and the
detendants great injustice to proceed
with any more cases, and moved a
continuance of them all. This wvas
roadily granted by the Judge, and
thme court adjourned.
The two jurors who thus publicly
situl tified themselves wore immendiate
ly arrested for perjury. One of them.
gave bail, and th'e other is noW fn
p)rison, whore he will likely remain
as a substitute for those whom hos
corruptly attempted to shield from a
(leser ved pirnish ment.
-A Becrke coun ty, Pa., shoema kew
mawnufactutres "med ica1ted" boots.