Newspaper Page Text
D. P. BRADLEY, Editor.
PfQ1XENS -. H.,s S. C.:
Thurds9y, April 25. 1878.
Ho for Afrio.
The ship Azor sailed from the port
of Charleston last wook with her first
load of emigrants for Liberia. The
ship is to.mako regular trips as fael,
as she car go and return. The News
and Courier sent a reporter along to
report the condition of affairs-in the
new home of the emigrants, their re.
ception, &c. We hope they may land
safely, be prosperous anJ happy in
their new homes, and many others
may follow them.
Mrs. Tilton has come out in a letter
acknowledging' her criminal inter
course with Henry Ward Boecher.
Bdecher denies the truth. of Mrs. T's
letter, and asserts that the confession
is only the price of a reunion with
her husband. This Boecher-Tilton
affair has become almost a scandal to
- the whole country, and we trust that
the press of the country will refuse to
publish anything further about it.
Let Beecher and the Tilton's 'sink
down into obscurity, where we think
the whole batch of them belong, and
the good of society demands.
You Stay Governor.
Governor Hampton on his lato visit
to Anderson, was met -At every sta.
tion, as our readers know, by great
crowds of people of all colors and con
dition in life. At Helena, an old colored
woman strode in fret of the crowd to
a position where sho could command
the ear of the Governor, in great
earnestness exclaimed. "You stay,
Governor. We's had a better time
since you was made Governor, than
we's had since the wvar." The oxperi.
ence of this old colored wvoman is,
doubtless, tho experience of every
colored person in the State, ox cept
those who were connected with tho
thieving administraticns of. Scott,
Moses and Chamberlain, in the ca
~pacity of offeco holders. The scales
have evidently fallen ftrm the eyes of
the colored people, and they now see
and realize'that, their true friends arc
the native wvhito D)emocrats. The
days of carpetbaggery and scalewag,
cry have effectually played out in
The system of nominatiung cansli.
dates by primary elections is being
thoroughly discussed in every county
in the State. A large majority, it
-appears, approve the syetem, and the
convention plan is likely to he ignored
entirely hereafter. In this County no
other plan is thought of. in our last
campaign, the candidates for the Le
gislatuto and County offices were nos
minated in this way, and the result
was entire satisfaction we believe. Of
course, some of the canditates are
obliged to be disappointed, but when
they know that a majority of their
owvn party prefer some one else, they
can not do otherwiso th~an' acquiesce
- and support the ticket. There is no
excnse for running as an "independ
ent" candidate. They can not <;laim
that their op)ponen ts were brought out
by a packed convention, and the re,.
sult is, we have a united Democracy
and march square up to victory.
.Pickens was the first County to hold
primary elobtions in the last cam,
paign, and is entitled to the honor of
inauguriting the system in the State.
* The United States House of Repre..
sontatives, has been heretofore unfor'
tunato in. the, selection of its door,.
keeper. The first was only a brag
from Texas, wbo thought he was a
"bigger man than Grant." The next
was a man from Tennessee, who
though honest, did not have the men
tal capacity to discharge his duties.
Tbe House has now selected General
Charles W. Field, of Virginia, to
whomeo the faithful and intelligent dis,
charggof his responsible duties can be
safely entrusted. Mfany old Confede
rates remember GeneLd Field's gal
lant Division in the armay of North,
ern Virginia. He served with dis,
tinguished.ability and bravery through
out the entire war, and after its ok s
b. -secured an honorable position in
-the army of the Khedive of Egypt,
and hold it asjlong as ho chose.
EMcEvey'was hung, at Alken, Eat
VrIday, for the murAdor of Col. Grdgg.t
'~9* -*~- 4~ ,*.,
International S. S. Convention.
We had the pleasure of attending, a
portin of tho time, the International
Sunday School Convention, whi0b as,
sembled id the city of Atlanta on the
17th instant. Delegates from every
State and nearly every Territory in
the United State, and from Canada,
were present, including amongst their
number so'mo of the most distinguish
ed Vulpit orators in the country. The
proccdings of the convention were
opened by singing the beautiful and
"Atl hail the power of Jesus'name,
Let angels prostrate fall,
Bring forth the royal diadem
And crown them Lord of all."
About four hundred delegates and
a good portion of a large audience
joined i-n the singing, and we have
never, in all our life, heard anything
to equal it. We felt, at the c6nclu
sion of the singing, that hearing the
hymn sung had wore than paid us for
time and expenses iucUred in visiting
Governor Colquitt eloquently de
livered, on behalf of the great con
rconwealth of Georgia, an address of
welcome to the delegates, which wab
feelingly and eloquently replied to by
Rev. Dr. Potts, of Canada, and Gen.
Fish, of New ,York. The permanent
organization - of the convention was
then effected by the election of'Gov.
Colquitt President, one vice-Presi
den.* from each State, Territory and
Canada, and tho necessary number of
Secretaries. Reports, showing the
condition of Sunday Schools tV h
out the country repreented I,,,
gates were then submitt.
which we gathered the folio'.,
tistical information: There
soven million, six hundred
seven thousand, six hune
ninety-six members in th<
Schools belonging to this
During the lastyear there w
in this territory, seven thou I
hprndred and forty new schoo.
lisbed, and seven hundred an~
thousand, nine hundred a,,i
new children aidded to the
ovedence that tho Sunday
the nursery of the church, o~
seven thousand children I
from the schools into thn
ship of the church.
We regret that cirgumstmi
not permit us to remain c~
than Friday mnorning. The1
tion had at that time onli ~
good working order, arnd t~
of t he session was doubtle~,
if not more Interesting thaw uA
part.. .We have never seen,
pearancos,A more earnIest
ous body of christain work:
oral, dignified and intclli,'
could not fulil to gaini the r.
admiration o.f all who had
fortune to look on and hea
The discussions on the tru :
Sunday School work anid
tant agencies'were very in v
and we only regret that omi .V.
space does not admit of th.eir pa
cation. We should like to g t
readers a fuill report of the enti' ru .
ceedings, but that is impou~'bh w
we must conclude, by saying' '
have always been the a<h~ wm a
Sunday Schools, we wvere um'
impressed with its great iz ...
and usefulness by the proc~
this Convention than over btea ad
sincerely trust that every elK wil bi
the borders of this groat coIInI om
be brought into the folds o1 aL [son
day School, and that tIhe lig~i h d
religion he let in on tihe mm ds o us
y?outh through its instrumenetii.
Liberty Democratic Club
Pursuant to a call from Wim. Smr,
Esq., President of the old i~'
Liberty Deni si: Clu' mt
borty, at 2 a , Sk on sto
20th April, adI on n1( ii1
ized by electing the following officers:
President, J. A ddison Boggs; 1st Vice
President, R., L. Stansel; 2nd Vice
President, Job F. Smith; Sebretary
M. .T. Smith; Corresponding Secrtar~
E. B. Richardson; Treasurer, J. W.
Greer'; Executive Committee, W. *T.
O'Dell, J. J. Wakolin, J. V. 'Young,
W. G. Cooley, E. Smith Griffin; Com
mittee on Registration, R R. Child
W. IH. II. Ariail, Tyler Moore, 0 B.
Chamblin, Thos. Parkins; ~DelegNes
to County Convention, J. A. Boggs,
M. A. Boggs, Benj. Barnett, W. K
Bogge, D. J. Greer, .E. J. Drehor, W.
HI. Chapman. The Club meets aigain
on 11th of May. All are requested to'
0ome and join.
The Editor is a bsent this week, in
Oharlesto n, attending the moeting of
the State Press Association.
Our Standard Bearers.
WADE HAMP'ON, of Riebland.
FOR LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR.
JOHNSON HAGOOD, of Barnwelk
We raise to day the standard of the
Strqiglit.out Democracy for the cam
paign of 1878. From one end of the
State to the other, no name but that
of Hampton is heard for Gorernov
and we believe no name will be more
proper among the anasses~ of the De.
mocracy for the second place on the
ticket, than that of our distinguished
fellow,citizen, General Johnson Ha
good. The one predominating char.
acteristic of Johnson Hagood is thor
ough. Whatevor his hands find to
do, he does it with his might, and he
does it, well. We know it is impor
tant to have such men as he is in the
important office of Comptroller Gon
eral, but he having set that house in
order, others can be found to carry
on the good work, and he can bo spar
od to take a higher place of greater
uiefulness. The present occupant of
the offico of Leutonant Governor of
course could, and of right would, hold
the field against, all comers, for while
.tho name of Hampton is great in the
land, that of Simpson is liko unto ir,
honored and beloved of all men. But
Lieutenant Governor Simpson is need
ed in a higher place, one that his
talents, his training, and his great,
qualities of head and heart fit him for,
Newspaper, left Greenville for a raid
on the line of North and South Caro.
lina. They .found in the woods, in
the mountain, about thirty miles from
Greenville, a quantity of beer and
stands which they destroyed. The
still had been hid out. The force
scattered out, and went driving on
either side of theo branch. The -still
was found, the signal for assembling
was sounded, an'dl when closing in
they saw Rufus Springs, one of the
force laying on his face--his gun
under him. They went to him and
found ho was dead, a bullet had pass,
ed through his body. Hie was picked
up, laid across a horso an'I brought
out eight miles, whore a wagon was
p)rocured and the dead body brought
to the city yestordy morning about 9
o'clcekc, a. mn. An inquest has boon
held by Coroner .Bayne, and the ver
dict returned is that the deceased
c.me t his death from a gun,sh
wound at the hands of some one ub
known to the jury.
-It was a verf deadly shot, the ball
striking just below the back of the
neck, and lodging -against the bre'aat
bone. From the direction the ball
took it is pretty well determined that
it could not have been accidental.
Dots by the Wayside.
ToccoA FALLS, GA., April 14.
DEAR SENTJNEL: It has been several
weeks since 1 had the pleasure of ad
dressing you. I can't give you any
Central Items this time, but. a few
"wayside dots," picked up in our
wanderingsN might prove interesting
to some of your readers. We started
from the great city of C. on last Mon
day. We reached Mrs. Taylor's
Monday night. Tuesday, we laid
over, as it was rather damp. We
Ifent fishing in the, afternoon, and
caught a fine mess of fisb. "Wo'uns".
get left during the time, to find the
way back in the dark. Wednesday
morning we went to Walhalla. It is
a beautiful little mountain town, and
has two flourishing schools-one male
and one Fumale. Late in the after
noon we started for Westminster.
Some distance from Walhalla, we had
the pleasure df witnessing one of the
most glorious mountairf sunsets that
I ever saw. As the sun sank behind
the mountains, thero was a break in
the clouds, through which tho sun
1l1: out its glorkous golden bunners
of ht, and turned the clouds into
t sea of pare, golden Jight.
azed engerly at it, it seemed
u!d almost imagine that the
Heaven wei opend and
orth streams of living light.
- ed that night on Conoross
Next morning I had a hook
1'ek, and the consequence was
iad fish for breakcfast. On
* to Westminster, we passed
.K's, formerily of Pickens
* ,vC stopped an spenit al coulo
pleasantly chaittin'g with thec
pcendl y the chiarm,ing \Iiss
se0 stop [wd in W est mini
h I is ai sma;ll, dulral town, with
* ~~en stort s. ThursLlday right
e ~d ini onei ile of Tungaloo.
-riJig, we cro.ssed at Jenikins
he iver was ra:ther full and
- ref r'e no had to give the
e [adt to sing' ".D)own the
* ~ 'iiday afteornooni we reached
* hiehi is at lively3, h)usiness
hsome 25 stores. We staid
u nt il last unight, then we
*ihere list nighIit, nind we sere
2 the foot of the Falls WVe
mndid view of the Falls last
\ moonlight. .After supper,
2. ' .fellow fewng himself do''n
a e of a large beech, anid dranlk
u 3 beauties of the glorious
*h his material eyes, while
h eyes were running over the
pag he book of memory, reading
the V,ewji of the ha ppy hours that he
spa i i * last summer. Ile' looked
op w ayv him, to the right of the
or. Every stream, pouring from
theo s uidous rock, and could see a
(Ia rk ((, upon which he remembered
*ut w 'ith two beautiful, winning
K.tL.a remembered reaching over
n' r of the precepico to gather
ies for these lad ies; but he
aed better the words that
e to him about falling. Just
hun if was a scat upon which he
po ~r ~ nt an hour in pleasant con
b~ one of' these ladies. As-he
.~ b 4 ie foot of the old beech, he
I'i; of the time wihien lie had
*o >6 that very self,same tree,
ide him stood a fair, beauti
a n unen watching his
awk u a" rihn 1 . cjurve her name on
rhe o b En .. ihe old beech. 11cr
ljw~ ~h:i.d jAsed the very earth
wheiro lie was lying, hpr tender hands
had touebod the very tree against
which his head was resting. IIe
thought of how sweetly th)e music of
her voice fell upon his ears, and it
made his heart ache to think that ho
was so far removed from the sound of
that sweet voice. Long ho lay and
pondered of that day, and it made his
heart inexpressibly samd to think that
he had but little hope-of many days
of such perfect happiness coming into
hie life. To--day, as we were writing,
we were amused at the sight of a
verdant youth "sparking" a red.haired
beauty (?) But our amusement was
turned to horror. The couple, not
liking to be observed too clopoly,
went to f he "rock" at the top of . the
Falls. Then .we beheld a terrible
sight. The youth wishing to "show
off"' before his "dina&e o a don n
the vory brink of the proeipico, and,
loaning over too far, he lost his bal
ance and foll-not down off of the
precipice, but-flat of his ba6k on the
rock, on w.hich he was sitting. But
onough of the Talls. We intond go
ing on to Cla, kedville to-inorrow.
Perhaps you will hear from us again
An EXcell ent 11edicine.
SPRIN1FIELD, 0., :Feb. 28, 1877.
This is to certify that I have used Vegetine,
manufactured by II. R. Stevens, Boston,
Mass., f or Rheumatistn and General Pros
tration of the Nervous System, with good
success. I recommeAd Vegetine as an ex
cellent medicine for such complaints. Yours
very truly, - C. W. VANDEGRIFT.
Mr. Vandergift, of the firm of Vandegrift
& Huffman, is a well knqwn business man in
this place, havinging one of the laigest stores
in Springfield, 0.
Our Minister's Wife.
LouisviLLE, Ky., February 16, 1877.
Mr. HI. R. STEVENs-Dear Sir: Three years
ago I was rufferirg terribly with Infamma
tory R heumatism. Our minister's wife ad..
vised me to take Vegetine. After taking one
bottle, I was entirely relieved. This year,
feeling a return of the disease, I again com
menced taking it, and am being benefitted
greatly. It also greatly improves my diges,
Mrs. A. BALLARD.
1011 West Jefferson street.
Safe and' Sure.
Mn. I R. STEVENs-In 1872 your VTege
tine was recommended to me; and, yielding
to t he persuasions of a friend, I consented to
try it.. M the time I was suffering from
general debility and nervous prostration,
superinduced by overwork and irregular
habits. Its wonderful strengthening and
curative properties seemed to affect my de
bilitated system from the first dose; and un
der its persistent use I rapidly recovered,
gaining more than usual health and good
feeling. Since then I have not hesit,ated to
give Vegeline my most unqualified indors6
ment as being a safe, sure, 11nd power(ul
agent, in promoting health and restoring the
wasted system to new life and energy. Ve.
gel ine s the only medicine I use, and as
I live I never expect to find a better.
Yours truly, W. 11. CLAnK.
120 Monterey street, Allegliany, Penn.
The following letter from Rev. 0. W.
M%ansfield, tformerly past or~of the Methodist
Episcopal Church, lHyde Park, and at. pres
ent. Settled in Lor6!l, muist conivinice every
one who reads his letter of thle w onderful cii
rat ive qualities t:f V eget ine a:i a thorough
cleanset and puritier of the jblood.
Il yim: I P. K, li ass., i ebruary 1% ~
11. R. STI*VE:NS--Dear Sit: About tei ears
ag o myi heahh fa 1iledl t hrongh t he dleplet ing
e*ilect s of dyspeopsia-; netarly at year liater I wats
attacked by typhioid fever ini its worst for~m.
It. settled in toy back, anid took thle termt of a
large dceep seat ed al scess, whiich was~ lificen
mon11 ts in gathberinag. I hadl ' wo surgical1
opet~tions by the ha.-t sk ill in thle St :11t, but.
1 eceived no pernmneni?it eure. I stl'ired great
l,ain at times, aniid wais constantly weakened~'.
by a prgne isch .i1arge. I ilso lost small
p ieces 6f boniie at di fferer;t timiie,.
iAla.t ters ran (on thus:niotnt .wen year's, till
Mlay, 1874, w bent a i end reco(imended mie to
go to your fiice, and talk withi you ofthei
viritue of Vebet inc. I did so, and by y our
kinidness passed t hrough your mfaiiiictory,
not ing the i4gredlienits, &c. , by which your
remedy is produced.
lBy whait I su y antd he ard I gai ned some
conitid ence in Vegat ine .
I commence'I tkng it soon a fteor, but felt
worse from its dlieet; st ill I ltbrsevered, and
8001n fel t. it. wa beur)0iting mei ~11 in oilithe r.
speets, Yet I did not see thle results I desired
till I had iaken it faithifully for a little mot e
thtan a year. when lie ditlicuilty in lie back
was cured; and for nine muthds I have en
joyed the best, of heal th.
I have in that time ginted twenty-five
pounds of fleyh, being heavier than ever
before ln my life, and 1 was never more able
to perform labor tihan no0w.
During the past few weeks I had! a scrofu
lous swelling as large as mys fist gather on
another part of my bodly.
I took Vegetine faithfully, and it removed
it level with lhe surface in a month. I thiink
I should have bean cured of my main trouble
sooner if had taken large doses, after having
become accustomed to its effeets.
Let your patrons troubled with scrofula or
kidney dlisease understand that it takes time
to cure chronic dliseases; and, if they will
patiently take Vegetine, it will, in my judg
ment, cure them. With great obligations 1
am yours very truly, U. WV. MAxsarr ur,p,
Pastor Methodist Episcopal Gh urch.
H. R. STEVENS. Boston Nass.
VEGETINE is Sold by All Druggists.
apr 25, 1878 33 4
L iF ENo.12 N. Eighth8St,
St. L.ouis, Mo.
exal troubles ofbothml n fi?rale tha an physician
in the Wes , ves the results of hi. Ionj and sucesand
The PH YSIOLOOY OF MARR iACE
The PRiVATE M EDICAL. ADViSER
koos that are realy (Gaides and setf-nstreeters in all mat
rersning to nh sbood and wemaaboodi and suppl
want long feil. They are beautifinly illlnetratd and in plain
language, esaly understood. The two books' embraceo54
pe.,an contain valuable lafbrneation for both married anid*
~~wit allthe recent improvement in medical treatment
in Dr. But nr no e knowldeipre
Qf1t n doa~ nInM e$
to.''-e mn y ill her sez ia heAqj*
roPuram maa.ens e te, each
prc nmonq or stamp..
faADt Barham's InfaiillMe
Mannfhetared by the
3arham Pile Oure Co.,Dirha,N.
MARK. rI never falts4to eure Memorrheide
Fre List and bosmsideo5mIa
Manhooa ancall disorders brought on by lndis
cretloon or e'xcess. Any D)ruggist has the in e
diientsi. nr. w. .JAQUJa & c0., Mo. 3I0
GP UM and Iforphine babiteare'd,
0UR e,d siamp ltbe book on
Opn sig t q
The state of Nouth'Varolina&
IN COURT *F ,COM4 W PLEAS -
Geo. H. Walter & Co. judgment of
W. E3. Welborn, Exec utor of and sale.
BY virtue of a decretal order in the abov
ptated case, made the'22d, March, 1878,
by Hon.-T. J. Mackey, Presiding Judge, I
will sell to thehighest bidder at Pikens 0.
H., on Monday, 6th May, 1878, the following -
property, to wit:}
One Tract of LAND, containing sixty
eight acres moreor less, situate in the county
ard State aforesaid, being the t.r4t of Land
mortgaged by Jackson Arter, dece sed, to R.
E. Holcombe, a<joining the Home Place of
,said Jackson Arter, deceased. old a the
property of said Jackson Arter, deceased.
TER MS OF 8SALLE-One-fourth cash, bal
anoe on aTredit until st November, 1878,
credit porion to be secured by bond and
mortgage. Purchaser to, pay extra for pa
Wr&Puroh ase money and costs to be 'paid
on day of sale, or the property will be rf
sold at risk of former purchaser.
'MJ. J. LEW 8, c.oa.p.
apr 11, 1878 J1 4
The state or south caroina.
COUNT( OF PICKEN40,
IN COURT OF COMMONFPLEAS
E. F. Allgood Judgment of
Vs. Foreclosure &
W. A. Clyde & J. Sa. Maro.- Sale.
B Y virtue of a decretal order,in the above
stated caE, made the 22d March, by
Hon. T. J. Mackey, 'Presiding Judge, I will
to the highest bidder, at Pickens 0. H., on4
Monday, 6th May next, the following prop
erty, to wit:
One Hundred and Fifteen Acres of Land,
more or less, situate in the County and State
aforesaid, on both sides of Mile Creek. Sold
as the property of Clyde & Motes, at the suit
of E. F. Allgood.
I TERMS CASH-Purchasers to pay ex"ga
* A&-"Purchaso money and costs to be paid
on day of sale, or the property will be re
sold at risk of former purchaser.
J. J. LEWIS. c.c.r.
apr 11, 1878 1 4
Tihe State of South Carolinra
COUNTY OF PICKENS.
IN COURT OF COMMON PtEAS
S. D). Keit.h and 1
D.,~F. Bradley, [ Judgment of Fore.
vs. close and Sale.
John A. Chanstain. J
stated case, on Mlarch 25ilh, 1878, 1 will
sell to the highest bid'der on Salceday in
May next, (during the legal laur~s of sale,
All th,at Piece, Parcel, or Tract of Land.
sit uat ed in t he State ned Counity aforesaid, on
Carricks 2reek, waters of' Golenoy river, ad..
Jocininig lands of V. S, Jone., Aladis9on Keithi
anid oithers, containing Two flundred Acre,
more or less.
T'ElItMs CASil.--Pur~chasers to pay extra
EnY" Purchiase money and costs to be paid
on day of sale, or the property will be re,
sold at risk of former purchaiser.
J1. J. LEWIS, c.c.r.
apr 11, 1878 31 4
CLERK'S SA LES
STATE OF SOUTH CAROCINA.
COUNTY OF PICKENS.
IN COURT OF COMMON PLEAS
W. C. Owings Judgment of Foreclos
.John HI. Motas. uire and Sale. 7
~Y virtno of a decretal order in the above
I)stated case, made 26th March, 1878, by
lion. T. J. Mackey, Presiding Judge, I will
sel1 to the highest bidder at Pickens C. If.
on Monday, 6th May next, the .following
property, to wit:
All the Defendant's undivided one half in
terest in. that certain Piece Parcel or Lot of
Land in the Town of Eagley, whereon the
Hotel now stands, ciontaining one half acre,
more or less.
T1'EIR MS: One-half the purchase money to
be paid in cash, and the balance on a credit
of six months from day of sare, with inter
est from day of sale; the credit portion to be
secured by bond and mortgage of the prop
erty. Purchaser to pay extra for all nlece,
A@bIf the terjns are not complied with on
day of sale, property to be resold at the risk
of former purchaser.
3. J. LEWIS, C o.
apr11, 1878 81 4
CLERK S SALES
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
County of Pickens.
IN COURT OF COMMON PLEAS
T. J. Magruder & Co. Judgment of Fore~ '
Russ eli, M.arin & Co. J losure and Sale.
T) Y virtue of a decretal order in the above
.3stated case, made the 22d day of March,
1878, by lion. T. J. Mackey, Presiding Judge,
I will sell to the highest bidder at Pickeg~a
C. H., on Monday,j6th of May next, during
the legal hours of sale, the follpwing prop
erty, to wit.
All those two Lots of Land lying and being4
within or near the incorporate limits of
the Town of Eashey, in the County of Pick
ens; one Lot cQntalninlg Ten Acres, more or
less, and the other containing 8ix Acres,.
more or less. Plats of same exhibited on
lay of sale.
TERMs CAsH-Purchaser to pay extra for
gg,f terms not couiplied with on day of
'ale, property will be resold at risk of' former.
J. J. LEWIS, c.o.P.
April, 187S 314
Keowee Lodgo, No. 79. A, F. II.
ATHlE REGUL.AR MONTIILY MEET-,
INGo OF KE()WEED LOYGE, No. 79.
A..F.-. M.-, will take place on
IATURDAY ON ORt nMFORR THU FULL NooN1
IN EACH MIoNrH. The aittndance of alA the
emnbe'rs is earnesthy requested.
W. 0. VIL,- S3ecretary.
7 7, 7 7 '4
7 7 . 7 . ''7 .7. 7 7 7,~ 7