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DEVOTED 'Q POLITICS, MORALITY, EDUCATION AND rO THE GENERAL INTEREST OF THE COUNTRY.
VOL. VII PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, JUNE 6, 1878.
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The Vatiohal Democratio Committee.
WASnING'ToN, May 24.-Tbe dis
cussions in the National Democratic
Comi,ittee on the investigation of
the Presidentiat election frauds were
of much interest. It slould be re
membered that he meeting of the%
commitlee at this time was prely
aicidetitial, as when the meeting
w%Iich had been called in February
was postpoted to Alay, there was, of
cotirse, no a'1tici ation oin the part of
any one that the 1ouse "ould au
tlhoIize an invetigtilln, 'A striking
fact was devel.-ped by l,e iter
change of % iews of the members The
IIem bers, Speakiiig di v:idually anud
Or heir differetit deiuocratic cunt i
tiencies, to a very large degree cn.
curTed iii. he opiiiion that Alr. Til
deii had licte personal hiold on eitlher
the leaders or the ma-ses of the
party, and they were practially un
atill ()us ill agreeiiv that it woild be
extremely distasteftl to the party
generally if there siould be
any attempL to cwnduct the inveoti%
gation with any purpose to advance
the personal fortunes or aispiration.s
of Mr. Tilden. Indeed there did n>t
seem to be any diversity (if opihion
9li pcilt that Mr.OTilden person
y real!y had nqthine to do with the
matter now, aId cOuld not agaiin
uder any circuii.stanccs be an im
portalt . fattor in any Demrn cratic
In repaid to ay action by the
comllmlitLee cnth(le subject ul the in
, esi gatioihtile discussion was of gi cat
inticrest. ,everal Ineiber f the m
House of 1),epreietatives bhll the
pr(xies ot -:egilar membi-rs of I lie
C-minittee who were unable to be
preseunt. Tiuse gentlemuenl, vs t1hey
had coiwtt ibuted to t lie pas.age of the
inlvest igatiol re lustion, ae natur.
all anxillns that their ac:ion ishimid
receivo the indorseinent o6f the na
tional commitnilee, and11 agr)eed With
somie eariies:ne.s to that effect. There
were (lei menber of the cominit
I ee-soune ot them g(ileini of eni
larged exi erience and of cornmmd
mug it.fluience- u ho were decidedly
of thle con victioni t hat the natijonal
(omm it tee shoutldl sy not ihg oni the
sub hject. The( resolultio (31whIich finoallIy
passed was in the. nature of a comn
hroi'fhse, andA in its co.nser vati ve char
acter wais due l0 the in flience oft thle
genltlemn i jnst mentiionied.
Oin the point' of (lie tit e by whlich
Mr. Uayes hiobis ihie ofice ot Pres
iden t, the d iscussionl wats -probably
moiure leng t hy~ than on aniy other
branch of the subiject beforue the corn
mnitee. Seriator McDonald, whoi
represented India'n, made a sp.eech
oi' this questi n biich piedutced
much impressioin. Hle said .there
could be no. possible doubt of the
dleep and atroionus frauds and core~
-poirac~y by which be* Presidency had
been give:u to the man who had been
defen ted at. the polls. lie was ens
Ii rely ini invor' f the illvest igat ion
which had been (ordered, lie thonght
t he frauds shoiiuld lbe eiIposed, and
lihe peopleo made acquainited w illb
hemui in all their detade Isnnd all their
iry, and let thle Rep)ui1icans8 be
challenged to join issue and say
whether they apiprove of decidiog
a Proi dential elect ionl in such mani
laer. This far wi uld be go, buit no
fart her. lie matin ained t his so$ far
as the title of ,Iretidenst [hayes wa
cOnucern~en ia wais atbsolniely imepreg
tiable; that' no power existed ini the
Federal 'Goveranmenut -to assail that
iste; th at the Co nsttituhion luad left
ihe elect ion: for 'Pt' sidenrt and Vice
Presidet.t entirely in the co't rid of
the S' aues; aid all that the Federal
legislative branch had to do, withI thle
imatter was~ to count the votee set
up bIl) tihe Sta'es and( declare the re
' ihe Presideint, he said, was a coi
oridinate br'a,,ch of the~ governmtent,
ad Conigroes could nio more undere
take to assail bia title then h could
undertake to assail theirp.rIlv 4di..
Missed as unworth y of consideratton
the pretense that Congress could es
tablish a tibunal, or. delegate any
tribinal already in existence, to pass
upon the title of a Pr'ident after he
had been declared elected in the
mode provided by the constitution.
ie declared that there could be no
conceivable combinatii of circum
stane< a uider which his assent could
be < btained to any proposition at
tacking the title of Mr. hayes. There
was,but one way by which President
Hayes or any o'her President could
be reached, and that was by the con
sti'titiial method of impeachment,
and the very act of a resort to im
peachiment Wias, of coirse, a'full and
compiilete acknowledgement of the
validity of the Presidew's title.
Senator Ransom, of North Caro
.1ina, coincided filly with the views
advanced by Senator McDoiald.
General Ransom said that as Senator
he felt a delecay in addressing him
self to this subject, because in the
possible contingency of an impeach4
menti he held that it would be proper
for Sena:ors to have expressed nr>
inpihon inl advaice on iny of the
colhteral branches of the subject.
131t. he desired to say Ihat he was
fixed and immovable inl the opiliou
liat. no power existed any where to
assail or quertion the title by which
President Javes holds his office, and
it was im1 ossible thiat lie Conld be a
'arty to any m1l1tCvCeet looking to
tich e:d. lie believed that in thus
S'enking he represt4IeCd Ilhe Voice of
t he Soul h1; t hat lie SuthI would view
wil dialrust and abu-m the iidica,
tionl of a n )t. purpose to reverse the
Verdict which place Alr. a v es in
the chair of lhe Chief. i112gistrate.
While thi was the case lie agreed
that the frauds which had been pilac.
ticed ishould he exposed. Mr Joiias,
f LOnisiana, was the only meml)er
fioil tlie -oth1 who gave expression
to0 w hat ight he regard~1ed as ex
treme v ie\us. [Ie favore'd not onl1)
the- invesrigati ni, but. the exjpulsi.n
'4f Mr'. I1ayesi fromi oii1ce if' the frauds
Mr. JJtas w'as ask'd by a memn
hber from on:e of' the Ea4stern. States
how hie could niow be in favor >f at
tackin;g lie title of Mr'. UIayes wheon
lie had, hast.sproiie, as a muemb'er of
lhe Louisiana Legislatuire, voted for
a seies of resolutions :ot only re
cogniiziag Mr' Hayes as t he lawin-l
President, but compl.i ment i g him: in)
thie'rmost fervid strinm. Mr. Priest,
oIf Missou, i, was also extreme and
wild in his ideas. Withi the excep
tion of him and Mr'. Jo ias, the onily
miemnber's wh'o wei e not conservative
iin hir iter'ices were soml)e ot t hose
w ho represent States hopelessly Re-.
Sentator' B3arnum, of Conn tect icut,
an~d Mr'. Prinee, of Messachiuse te,
bot h sp)oke in a discr'eet an.d 01onser
voti ye styl e, and rep: esent'ed. that
ihe Democrats of thieir' States would
not tuttctih in ainy3 at te'iipt toqe
tioni the validity o.t Mr. lJayes'
The point was made by one memn
ber t hat the fi'ands in the Presiden
rial elect ion were thle only i~sue uipon
which lihe Democrats could fiLht the
con'gr'esinal campag.in. TIhis was
bols, wnoIt held thiat the'ie weroe other
vital isues upon - whuich t he cohitest
could be fought, and1( successfull
An <xchenge says: "We are in ros
ceip)t o3f two poems, one on the Throb,
binig Brain, and another on- a Bleeds
ing Heazrt. We will wvait, till we ro..
ceive one on the Stomaelr Ache and
publish all three together.
A m'an of ordiniary abilitieti asked
for a license to preach. "Lgrant.you
Iperm!ssion,' said the Bishopy 'Abua
Southern Society and Virtue.
Governor Colqtitt, of Georgi. de.
livered the following address to~the
inm'ates of the Confederate Home
when in CharleRtoO.
He said In' opening 'hat le had
come with no eut and dried carefully
prepared a4dress, and if left to his
inclination would much prefer to sit
quietly and drink in the scene before
him with. all the sacred memories
tj)at it conjured up,,and was at a loss
to select a subject which would inter.
ost the audience before him. We
soleltines do great injustice to the
w'orld he said. Men mingling in the
hard struggle, in the impetitions,
in the midst of the innumerable ac
tivities of life, are hiclined to believe
that their fellow men are all hard and
selfish and unfeeling, and indeed a
man is fortunate 'hio lives to any
great a.e that does not become lbar
dened and calculating by tle very
thought that lie lives among a gene
ration that is 6o selfish and unfeeling.
But this scene before ue is snfficient
to prove that the world is not so un
c4,aritable as we think, for truly by
the love of God and the benevolence
ofi man this institution is supported
and kept alive.
You are, young ladics, in a certain
eense, the beneficiaries of this kind
ness and charity. What, then, is
your inlission? How shall youh re,,
wArtlit? I do not know of any class
in life more able to take this respO
sibility t han jiust such a class of
as I sCe 'lere to night and as .01ie
inmates of this 1IIo. W C 0 ill
very great danger in the South of
having obliterated oirl- whole social
life that distinguished uc as Southern
society, and a better soci'ty mas nev.
0r presenited in soeial or political life
from the time that A dam and Eve
went out of the Garden of Eden
which was prepared for them by the
hand i1f God. A finer race of Men, a
more chaste and lovelier rhee of wo
ien the sun doe's not shine .upon.
WVhat is to become (of i'i TheC tunes
have changed. There has been a
great re voluntion that we conld not
check. WVe find ourselves in the
midst of dest iturtion arnd suffering.
I he people .t hat once Iiv~ed in wealthi
and luxury are now liv ing in distress
and penury3. We find. this state of.
affairs niot alone irn South Carolina
and Georgia. but every where'. What
is to lje t.le result of iti We can
stanid pover ty ~ and s'ufering,- and.
above, all others God has given onr
a' omen fibe grace of fortitude arid the
capiacity' for' enduiraunce. We can, 1
say, stand poverty, but there is one
thing that we should endeavor to pre
serve amiidst this sad condition of af
fairs, and t hat is our ebaracter-the
gulhontry anld manhood of ouir men,
lind the virtue and graces of' our' wo
We need never fear' of Bouthern
society as long as we eqn preser've
the ebharacters of the nien and women
of thre la'd. B'rt if in lie midst of'
the st rn s and troubles0 that have
c.nupo n2)0 we feel demorahized
and degraided, arnd aro inclined to
think it not worth: while to rebnild.
ou r for tunes arid our society u pon the
old gran ite land marks-when we
comeo to that conclusi5: n let us bid
farewell to ever'ythirg that we hvved
in~ th pas)~t and to the .chiaracters of
all of the old. grandmothers an4d
granidsires w hobe virno arnd man hood
stamp jed .dur society with iminperisha
ble lustrer If I 4lesired to start the
grandest enterprise known to mnari, ia
wouild be to stinniulate'tIhe deter mizga
ii. n. atoiong t he rising genrerad~on't hat
thogfh they cannrit pr0eerve. tl?e
fortuines eid th e hre'ditary famer of
those gono, to pfeus#rve a Jat~e that
enbuatratomr of s'eieity unponr whieb all
good socet' is b. ned. I doubt very
much if the men can resist the ter..
denc.es of tIee rimnas; but you woZ4Ien
jcan. and if you\will do and willn...
spire the men with your coivrage and
virtues, the South will yet be saved
froom the'errible doom that now
tbreatenp 'er. While this is the
duty of the elder women, it especial%
li becomes the duty oi the daughters
of those whose blood was poured ot
so heroically in the Confederate strife
There is much to be hoped for in the
future of- thig,country as long as
there is such blood in the veins of
our womeu as flowed from the veins
of our men on.the battle fields of the
With this great responsibilitY rest%
ing upon them, Goverifor Colquitt
warned the young ladies of all the
evil influences ot society calculated
to make them simpering, lovestalk
ing butterflies. De next warned
them against reading the cheap ht,.
erature ( ftlie day, and iecommen&de
for their perusal the standard novels
in the English language.&Above all be
commended to their careful study the
Gospel of Christ and the precepts and
injunctions taught in the Holy
In conclusion lie said that although
when he returned to his"home they
might not be able to speak of his pol.
irshed language and flowing senten.,
ces, yet le could say truthfully that
tnere was not a heart beneath the suv,
that feels a deeper interest or miore
aflect ionate in pat hy for such a class
ofApdies than he did.
9nother Outrage by a Revenue ?i)Mcial
-A Violent Attack upon a Peaceable
Citizen in His' [Own Hcuse, in. tht
Presence of His Famiiy.
On Saturday night last, about eight
o'clock, Mr. G. V. Bell, who resides
about tourteeni miles north of Groen.
ville, was sitting quietly in hi8 house,
while his wife, (who is a daughter of
our respected fullow-citizen, Joh)n L,
Wesmoreland, member of the House
from this Coimty.) was preparing to
retire for the night, having m.dress
ed for that purpose, a voice 'was
heard at hrs door, cali-g for water in
a very rude manner. Mr. Bell, not
knowinug the voice, enquir ed "who
are yon?" Thre reply 'was, "it makes
noC (1ifferene, bring mec thle water.''
Mr. Bell., supposinag that it was some
neigh bor play ig off on him. got a
dipper (of water and went to the door,
and enquired again who the person
wats, when he answered, "My name is
SpIrmgs;" when Mr. Bell said, ''If I
had knownr that I would not expec
ted aniy thing butter from you,'' or
words to that effec', allading to hiis
manner of callhng foJ' the water.
WVhereupon the indi vid ual, WVill iam
Springs, who is a deputy United
States Marshal1, well known in this
community', with hiis hand 'knocked
the dlipper of wateri over Bell's bead
acrosa the room, emptv ing part of
its contents on his person. Bell
steJpped back in the r.oomn and seized
a shot wnn, whiich fortuuately, or an
tortuinately, happened not to be loJad
edl. Two of the~ par ty accomp)an)ying
William, Sprin gs, whIio wvere five 'in
all, thien entered Mr. Bell's house
proposing to prevent any difficelty,
whiphi Bell asenited to anid delivered
to them his gu n.sag ig to themn that
it was A.f no use,ta him, riot being
loaded. -One of the party thereupon
put1 the gtun otiside of the house.
William Springs then rushed into
the house, withl his pistol in his hand,
pur nsuing Bell, and followed him in
to hisa bed ro .n, where his wife and
children had retired in alarm and
terror, thrusting the piistol at him,
b)rnisIng is hlands with its mnurzzle,
as he attempted to protect himrrself,
all t,be t imre using profane and vio
lent laniintage. Af'er B3ell surren
dered hisgun, the persons to whomn
lhe stirrendere'd it, made no effort to
pr event W illiam Springe from using
violence upgn his personf. One ol
the parties was recognized as .Mr
Blackwell, the other he has gince
learned wvas a br'other of Willam
Springs. Thee parties remained in
Mr. B Iis house about two hours, t->
the great annoyanco of himself and
fainilyt owing to the rude and 4iisor-t
derly condu9t of William Springs.
Mr. Bell came to Greenville .on
Monday last, and yesterday procured
a warrant to be issued against, Wil
liani Springs, who has keen arrested
and bound over for his appearance
at Court, two colored persone of this
city, Tom Brier and Bill Smith, be.
ing his sureties.
Tle foregoing facts have come to
us from a reliable source, and if they
be true, of which we have not the
least doubt, it is the duty of Marshal
Wallace to deprive William Springs
at once of his office; and it not, Mar
shal Wallace himself should be re
moved from his office. We make no
fuirther eomient till the ease has un.
dergone judicial investigation. A
preliminary hearing of the case will
be had before Justice Croft next Sat..
urday.-Greenvile Divily N#ws of
the 29th tilt.
Truth AbQut Bald Mountaiu.
SPARTANBURo, May 2G,-In accQr
dance with your instruction to vist
Bald Mountain and report the fact,
in regard to tlesafleged rupture of
that famous peak, I left bpartanbiArg
last Titursday morning, aid after o;
fatiguing ride of forty miles thromiglh
the mountatils reachted Juald Moun....
tain next day, Finding it impossible
to rconcilo conflict ing rmnore or to
ascertain the truth by ilquiry, I pro
cured guides and acended the peak
the same afternoon. But one man
had ever seen the fissure, and him I
could hot find. After a lonz and
painful seach, however, we fbially
chanced upon (he object of our quest,
and found it to bo-a ciack about one
hundred yards in length, about' four
ttet i.n width and of unknown depth.
Tie crevice, which runs nearly due
east and welt, is parallel with and
but a.short ditance from the brow of
the precipice whIich marks t he south
ern boundary' of the mountain. That
it is of recent origth was plainly to
be seen, anid is lurthier proved by the
freshly tOrn roots of the trees grow
ing near it. Careful investigation
leads me to thre conclusion that' the
crev ice merely marks the sej erat ion
of a very largej sction of the cliff5
from the bod*y of the mnountain,3 and
thse break will result, sooner or later,
in a laud slide, differing only in point
of extent from otheors",ike .it and of
freq"ent occurrence in this locality.
T-hlere has .been nio appearance of
smoke, nor smell of suiph or, and the
mountain experienced its last aguie at
l east a year before the crack appear
ed. Whether or inoLthhe latter was
caused by the former is a tIhing no
fellow can find out.-C. McK., in
Charleston News and Conrier.
CoLoUBIA, May 24.-Olonel J. H.
Rioni, member ot the National De
mocratic executive committee from
t his Srate, arrived here to night from
Washli ngto' n. The meeting of hie
committee thiere was well attended,
thrirty-five States being represented.
N ew York and samne Southern States
did not ap)pear. No doub>ts were
ex pressed in regard to a Deinecratie
mnujority for the next Congress, both
Senate and House.
The conmnittee think that Grant
will be run by the Republicans in
1880, as capitalists, commnunists and
fanatics ca.n unrite on him. No De-.
mnocratic candid ato has beeni defi
mtely indicated. Thurman, Han
cock, liendrix and McClellan were
named. Governor 'Iampton was,
mnentiouned as the favorito f'r Vice.
President. lho commnittec endorse
tbe Potter resolutions, bitt 4ispotsur
tenance any attemp)t to unsegt P'res.,
idenit Uayes. They. only dei Ag.
e3xp)ose frand and prevevnt ap ,..
tion of the slime in the future. The
co,nmittee will.publieb no addlree