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DBYOTBD TO POLITiCS, MORALITY, BDUCATION AND ?O THE GENERAL INTEIST OF TUB OOUNTR
PC VII .
PIOKENS, S. 0., THURSDAY, JULY iL, 1878. N
THE4 S TINE
t8 PUBLISUED I RY TItURSDAY.
Teems of S bacription.
Orne Year. . ... $150
six Months ... 76
Advertisements inprted at the rate of $1 00
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Contraos made r THREM, six or TWELV
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Advertisements t having the number of
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dvertiser may sh, and is charged by the
ISW Adverti rs will please state the num
ber of squares t ey wi.th their advertisements
Busine men who advertise to be
benet ed, w' bear in mind that the
SENTINEL ha a large and increasing cir
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~' .rhaft'g Infalliblo
Decency and Law Alike Set at Delance.
The following is a synopsis of the
evidence taken by the Committee of
the Grand Jury and submitted to
Judge Kershaw, at the last term of
Court for this County. The report
of 4U the (nomittee was publiebd
week before last:
Samuel Neal, being duly sworn,
says that he is a resident of Pickens
County, lives to the right of Central,
on the Twelve Mile River. On the
12th day of March, 1S'8, two men
came to my house and told me they
were revenu'e officers. One said his
name wasLanford. The one unknown
to me told me that they had been in.
structed to come to my houe and
detain any pOrson found there, but
to make no arrests. They were both
armed with guns and pistols. The
person unknown directed Lanford to
come into my house and take cbarge
of me. Lanford came into the house
and ordered me to get some chairs
and sit down there with him. I Look
a chair and asked him what this
meant? He said be had been in
structed to detain pteasone found at
a wy h;a. A1out a half hour after
this, six men similarly armed came
up, dismounted and entered my
kitchen. I recognized one of thbee
as Wim. F. Gary. Gary told tihe men
that lie wanted both myself and a
man named Hanmmett, who lived in
my kitchen, to be arrested, Gary
then searched my smokehouse and
kitchen, after which lie ordered me
into the kitchen where Hammett al
ready was, and directed his men to
keep us both in there. Gary and
Wm. Springs then entered my house,
and, as my wife and three other wo
men informs me, searched it dowin
stairs and up stairs. My w;fo was
confined in bed with an infant only
four days old. They searched her
room, looked tinder her bed and ex
amined the camphor and other bot
tles in the sick chamber. They wem e
all armed and carried ther guns
about the house with their hands up
on the lock. They were wet and
muddy, their clothes dripping water,
and in this plight they wer e in my
wife's chamber and about her bed.
I told them my wife was sick, but
they paid no attention to me, and
while searching my house used very
insulting and obscene language. My
wife was badly frightened, anid sent
for me, and I was permitted to go to
hier. I demanded their aut hority
for their acts; they said they had
such authority, but refused to show it
to me. They then ordered me to get
my breakfast and to be in a hurry
about it, as I must go to Pickens wi th
them. Immediately after break
fast they started with me
to Pickens, and carried me
about a half mile when I prevailed
upon their leader, whom they called
Hoffman, to allow me to give bond
and return to my wife. She was
quite sick and badly frightened. I
gave bond to appear before United
States Commissioner Thor nley on the
14 h of the same month. At that
time I went before him, and was dis.
charged for want of proof. If there
was any warrant against me, I have
never seen it. Hammiett was also
arrested and required to give bond,
but they showed no warrant for his
arrest. H1is wife was also sick, and
he was looking for a doctor to anr ive;
when the officers entered the yard be
opened thre door and stepped ogt, be.
lievinig the doctor had comne. One of
the officers presented his gun at Uam
mett, and ordered him to halt. Lie
had made no attempt to leave when
the gun was presented at him, lie
was also disoharged without proof.
Daniel Walker sworn; Lives in
Pickens County, twelve or thirteen
miles above the Ourartbouse. Oun
Saturigy~the ~t 14 was
met fifteen or eighteen men, who said
they were revenue officers. All were
well armed with guns and pistols.
They arrested me and carried me
some eight or ten miles, when tb ey
released me and told me to go home.
They showed me no abthority for my
arrest. They only said "you are
mine," and then made me take the
road and go- with them. Two of
them were named Durham and Hoff
Micajab Hudson sworn: Lives in
Pickens County, ten miles west of
the Court house. On Friday night,
15th March, 1878, between 12 and 1
o'clock, I was awakened from sleep
by hearing some one in my piazza
and in my house. They entered my
room, and some five or six men sur
rounded my bed with guns in their
hands. They ordered me to get up
and put on my clothes as quick as
possible, which I did. They then
searched my house, even the cup
boards, trunks, &c. They broke op..
en my smokehouae door and search
ed it and my kitchen. They then
ordered me to mount behind one of
their men. This I refused to do, al
legiIg ias my reason that I had a
horse of my own and would ride.
After catching my horse, they made
me follow them about live miles, and
then dismissed me. Before they start
ed I demanded their authority fur
breaking into my house and arresting
me at such an hour. They said they
bad the autllority, but refused to show
it to me. I recognized Wm. Gary,
Win. Springs and W. Silas Kirksey.
I am United States mail carti er from
Pickens Courthouse to McKinney's
and Fall Creek. The United States
mail was in my room the night they
arrested me. I have heard nothing
of the inatoer since they dismissed
ine. I have never been arrested nor
tried, although I am at Pickens
Courthouse twice a week with the
mail, and could be arrested any
Ris. Mary A. " inckle sworn:
Lives in Pickens County, about
twenty' miles nioi thwest of the Court
house. I am a widow; my husband
was killed duritig the war. On the
11th of Mav, 1877T, soon after break
fast, I saw about twenty five men, all
ai med, riding up the road towards
my house; they passed throngh my
yard as fast as their horses could go,
and halted about two or three hun
dred yards above my house. They
all then rode back, and Wmn. Gary,
.E. H. Barton and John Scrugge
came into the house. Gary called
for my trunk keys, and I told him
my trunks were not locked. Barton
then opened and exavmined one of
the trunks, and my whole house and
smokehoude were next searched by
Gary arnd Barton. A fter the search
Barton said to me, You are well
armed, you have more gnus her'e
than we have! There were two
double barred shot guns and one sin
gle barrelled one. Gary took the
two double barrelled ones out int9
the yard. Barton stood in the house
cursing and swearing, and said that
if he knew tbat these guns had been
at his house, (at the time Redmond
anad his pai y cap)tu red him,) he
would break them all to pieces. He
then went oi't, takmng the gus with
him. A fer awhile both Barton and
Gary returned with the guns and
replaced thsem in the corner. They
thien told me to tell Redmoagd they
had been to see hinm and hoped he
would call on them again, and they
then r ode off. A bout an hour af ter
they lef. two of my sons came in and
w hen I told t hem t he officers Lad
been there, and bad taken the gnus
out of the house, they examined
them and found them bent and
broken and rendered utterly unfit for
use. They showed me no 'authority
for pearching the house. On the 15th
4ay of April, 1878, as I was return,
ida Mme ary, . pg .and ta
other men passed me in the road. I
hurried on to keep up with them,
when I saw Gary and two others
cross my field, and heard them shoot
twice; then they threw down my
fence and passed upon the ridge pnd
shot twice more. They were shoot
ing at my son. Afler the second
shot he ran and escaped. They then
returned to my house, and some one
asked Gary what he was shooting at,
and be replied, at Redmond. I told
him Redmond was not about there,
and that it was my son they were
shooting at. Gary said it made no
difference-he had left my son lying
over on the hill hallooing and bleed
ing. (My son is about 16 or 17 years
old.) Gary then pushed open my
house door and searched the house
again. No authority for so doing
was shown to me. I asked Gary if
he bad any authority, and one Wan
said of course he had, but they would
show me none. They then rode off.
Mrs. Elizabeth McKinney, an in
valid widow lady; 78 years of age,
living with two widowed daughters
about 17 miles west of Pickens C. H.
testifies that on the 20th of March,
1878, about twenty armed men rode
up in a gallop and surrounded her
house. Gary went through the house
punching the bed with his guns, ex
amining into trunks, chests, drawers,
&c., and when asked what business
he had in the house, replied, "that
was his business." He drank some
camphor he found in a bottle and
also some blackberry wine, helping
himself to what he wanted without
asking for it, and certainly without
invitation. While Gary was search..
ing the house, Springs sat with a
cocked pistol in hand on his horse at
the door and kept guard. No au
thority was shown for the search in
this instance, though it was demand,
ed to be produced.
The aftidavit of Mrs. Hester A.
Stewart, a daughter of Mrs. McKin
ney, is, for the most part, a corrobo
ration of that given by her mother.
Hoffman and Aaron Thomas was in
the same crowd.
Thomas McKinney sworn): Is a
son of hi res. Elizabeth McKinney, and
lives about a quarter of a mile from
her. While repairing a fence on the
20th March I saw about twenty mena
riding hurriedly through my field
towards me. They surrounded me
and one of them (Aaron Thomas)
said: "Oh, I know you, you G-d
d-d gray bearded son of a-; ar
rest hima, hie has a still house up the
branch." They then arrested me
and carried me to Walhalla, a dis
tance of twyenty miles. Bef ire I loft
my wife told them to release me, and
Pat Kirkland said they had nothing
against me and would send me back
that night. They showed me no
warrant until the day after my arrest
when they showed moe a warrant
,purporting to have been signed by
J. L. Thornley, United States Comn
missioner for Pickens Connty. I
have sinc.e seen Commissioner Thorn.-.
ley, and he assures me that he never
issued such a warrant--in fact he
never issued one against me, and If
such a warrant was out it was a for
geryl I am the United States post
master for Eastatoe Postoflice. In
the party that arrested me I recog
nized Pat Kirkland, W. F. Gary, E.
G. Hoffman, Commissioner Ladd,
Barham, Aaron Thomas, William
Springs, John Springs, and a fellow
miamed Mule; also J. F. Andrews,
Charles W. Cummings, 8. P. Lan
ford and H. H. Jilon.
bilas Hinckie, Jr., sworn: Is a son
of Mrs. Mary A. inckle. Is 18
years of age. On the 15th of April
as I was going to dinner, heard some
one cry "halt I" and turning round
saw three men coming across the
field. I did not stop and three shots
were fired alter me. I heard two of
the balls pass over my head. After
the9see9ad ehet4 began t9. r'ao
the men ran, following me. I have
seen the same parties since and talk
ed with them, but no attempt was
made to arrest me. The men who
followed me were revenue offcers;
they followed me about a half mile.
Joe Gibson, colored, sworn, says:
I live with Mr. Joseph Chapman,
about eighteen miles northwest of
Pickens. On the morning of 20th
instant, while I was in the house,
about twenty men, riding and armed,
rode up to the house, dismounted and
entered the yard. When they en
tered I was standing in the door of
the house. They asked me where
was Joe Chapman. I said, gone to
Walhalla, and one of the men said to
me, "you are a d-d liar," and
punched me in the side with his gun;
another then jerked me out of the
house, and asked me a second time
where is Joe Chapman? I told them
he had gone to Walhalla, or at least
had told me so. They said you are
a d-d liar, and one of the men
struck me over the bead with his
gun and knocked me down. After
getting up they struck me several
times over the head with their fists.
They then made me Lo to an old
house in tbe woods which had been
used once as a still house, but no
still was there now. TLe revenue
officers placed me in t he "fleck stand"
and poured water on my head for
some time to make me tell where the
"still" was. I told them I did not
know. They then filled the "fleck
stand" about half full of water, and
put me in headforemost, and kept me
there for some time. W hen taken
out I was entirely unconscious, and
the water was running from my
mouth and nose. After recovering,
they made me dig a hole inside of
the house, about waist deep, saying
that whiskey was burried there.
When the hole was dug, one man
kicked me in it, and another jumped
on me and choked me. They then
carried me outside of the house, and
threw me in the branch and stamped
on me. When they wore putting
me; or attempting to put me in the
"fleck stan4" two men took hold of
me, and, resisting, I threw one of
them off, when another said: "G-d
d-n him, can't you manage him?"
and two others then came up and as
sisted. Wam. F. Gary, Pat Kirkland
and Win. Springs were the only
parties known to me.
yudge Kershaw's Ringing Charge.
A JUST AND FEARLESS JUDGE ON THE RE
IENs C. El., June 27,-s-The ne-.
ceesity for promptness of action and
for considering his convenience and
safety alone in the matter of mny in
terview with the outlawed mountain
eer, Redmond, compelled me to sus
pend my other business for several
days or until my return from the
mountains, and has prevented me
from giving, up to this time, other
than a brief telegraphic report of the
very interesting proceedings in Judge
Kershaw's court on Monday.
The session of court occupied but
t wo days. The case of the State
against the revenue officers charged
with the murder of Amos Ladd oc
cupied nearly all of the first day,
and alone presented any points of
general interest. I lett Pickene C.
LI. the same night, and court adjourn
ed during my absence.
Before court convened Monday
morning, and Indeed for weeks pre-.
ceding that day, it had become gen-.
erally understood that matters of
ouneal mnoment would come up for
consideration during the sesion, and
the whole coupty was aliv, with an
tlcipation ot the settlement of a qnes-.
tion-ia whicb all were concerned, and
which, as it presented .itself to the
public mind, was simply this: Wheth
er the revetn's offeet's could shoot
down t private citiasen in his own
consequences of the action by" th6,
intervention of a court having 1
jurisdiction In such matters, 'oi
whether the circuit judge, in wb s4
virtue and ability all reposed thb
strictest faith and confidence, wou .
be found to possess suffieient frm
ness also to. vindicate what every
mab believed to be the rights of hi
court and the law of the land.
A MOMENTOUS QUEeTON.
The issue was indeed a serious one,.
and as I had repeated opportunities
for remarking, involved little less
than the future peace of the conutry
and perhaps of the State itself. The
feeling among the people was deep
and strong and was perhaps the more
formidable for the absence of any
approach to violent expression of it.
Their silence was very evidently that
of men who had long suffered wrongs
but were wivling to leave them for
the law to correct if it would. They
bad borne much with rare patience;
had submitted to every conceivable
indignity without resenting and al
most without protest, and that pa
tience construed as an evidence of
weakness, cowardice and guilt had
nlly .u'jacted them to renewed op..
pression, which had finally culmin'.
ated in the deliberate murder of one
of their number. No man's house
had been exempt, for years, from
unauthorized invasron at all honra
and under all circumstances, no
man's person had been safe against
insult, imprisonment and violence.--.
Both had been violated at last in one
instance, and a harmless boy shIot
down on the threshold of his widowv.
ed mother's home, in the midst of his
mother's family, and in spite of the
pleadings of mother and sister.
Where would it end, whoaejlife was
safe and who might not be the nexC
victim? The question came home to
each and every one and met with but
one answer: "It is enough! if the
law cannot or will not protect us we
will protect ourselves!"
THE TEACHINGS OF EXPERIENCE.
No threats were made, and dep.
pite all that has been said or may be
said to the contrary the prisoners
now lying in Greenville jail would
have been perfectly safe, even had
they been at liberty, in the streets of
Pickens village. It was a remark
able and significant feature of the~
occasion. I may say here that, des.
pite the interest felt in the trial, and
despite the well kno wn disposition of
all the people of this State to flock
into the towns during court week,
there were not nearly one hundred
country people of Pickens County in
the village on the day of this ox
pected trial! The majority who
were present, indeed, came because
they were comupelled to do so, in the
capacity of jurors, witnesses and
other required attendants upon the
court. I asked the reason for this,
and was informed in reply that It
was expected that a number of re~
venue officers would be present on
he occaslon, and no man felt him
3elf to be safe from arrest, and per
baps imprisonment at their hands, if
be should place himself within reach.
E~xperience is a hard teacher, but its
eseons are well remembered.
THE ARRAY 03' COUNSEL.'
The prisoners were not brought to
P~ickens, but were represented in
sourt by the counsel whose names
have been alrealy mentioned. There
was also presente in town Mr. J. E. -
Hagood, the Clerk of the United
States District Court, who had ac
companined Mr. E. W. M. Mackey,
assistant United States attorney,
from Charleston, and who, as I learn,
was ordered to this place to be at
hand at the proper moment to issue
the writs of habeas corpus whIef~
were to srescue the prisoners fromr
the bands of the State anthoritiesan
place them In Qbarge of tbo~ tetd