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~ere ,dti~ reapd to take
touri, idd doubtless Intended
do so when they arrived here.
ol Oothran, the Circuit Solieitor,
on hand, and well prepared
9ppose this action, as lie was do
ied to meet the issne and force
to a final settlement. The alter
W6neti coorse of moving for a change
1venne be- had decided not to re
sist, for reason already stated in the
News and Courier.
Court convened at 10 o'slock, and
tre grand jury being pr-esent several
bills were submitted to them for ac..
tion, and Judge Kershaw delivered
A TRUN BILL AGAINST THE OFFICERS.
The jury retired and quickly re
turned with a true bill in an anim
portant case, which had at once prom
ceeded to trial and was soon disposed
of. A seoond time they retuined
and handed in a "true bill" in the
case of the State against Kane, Dur
ham, Morse and Scruggs, indicted
for the murder of Amos Ladd. The
counsel for the prisoners, who bad
beard the Judge's charge, and doubt.
less considered that they had little to
hope for in forcing the fighting at
this time, asked for a change of venue
to Anderson county (Greenville be
Ing objected to on the same account
as Pickens;) the necessary affidav it
to the ef'ect that lie did not believe
his clients could have a fair trial in
Pickens or Greenville was filed by
Mr. Mackey, and Judge Kersibaw
granted the rule allowing change of
venue, and fixing next Tuesday at
Greenville as the time and place for
bearing argument on the question of
removing the case to the United
THE ISSUE SQUARELY MADE.
This will be the first time this issue
has ever been squarely mrade and
met in this State, and no more im
portant one has perhaps ever engaged
the attention of the court or of the
people. If the case in question is
removed to the United States Court
and buried there, as it is claimed
such cases have been buried hereto
fore, all, even the Ieast, restraint will
have been removed frm the power
and presumption of the revenue offi
cers, and the worst consequence may
be expected to follow, as iheir out
raged victims are now fully deter
mined to protect themselves hence
forth against lawlessness to any ex
tremnity short of actual resistance to
the armed force of 'this State or ol
the United States. On the othier
hand, should those whom they lhon
estly believe to have murdered Ladd
be fairly tried and acquitted at An
derson, they would be as eafe in
Pickens County as in W asbingtou?
6JUDGE KERsHAW's oHARGE.
A After some well considered re
marks on the many natural advan
tages of this favored region, J1udge
Kershaw referred to the matter oi
the new railroad, and pointed out in)
brief and clear terms the many ways
in which it is now working and will
always continue to work for the ad
apncement of the best interests ol
the pgeople. He then said: "My pre
decessor, Judge Mackey, at the last
term of this court instituted an in
vestigation into cert ain alleged abu
ses of power committed by persons
acting in the name of the revenne
authorities, which have produced a
sense of indignation not only in
Pickene, but in every portion of the
State where the rumor of their ocA
currence has reached. It grows ont
of the attempt to force the provis
~QIons ot a law of the United States, a
4:-law passed by Congress, a law which
h 's the sanction of ju~dicial decisions
e fr a. great portion ot the time durn
w ~gKhich this Govet nment has ex
" Judge Kershaw traced the
Shistory of the Revenue laws, de8
y*ted the Whiskey rebellion, its
LappteasIon by W ashington, and the
. beequent repeal of the Excise law.
~ k~~lthe recent war broke out,
'Vs no such excise in this
y Judge Kershaw said:-..
*itht wat the necessities of
metiDk OanSed it to 'be re
aLi aJVn th, stamp d.
is evsionj and~tbe greter the temp
tation to evade it. * * * * I
ied to a great many frauds in the
manufacture and .le of whiskey. It
led to the adulteration of the article.
I remember that in 1865, while a
prisoner of war at the North, I read
advertisements in the Obicago papers
offering whiskey for sale at five cents
per gallon less than the tax imposed
by the Government.
"I mention these things to show
how these revenue troubles have
originated. The Government has
lawfully imposed that tax, and it is
as much a part of the law of the land
as that on which Ibis court now rests.
It is not the same law, but a law of
superior authority, because under
the changed relations which I he State
now bear to the United States Gov
ernminent there can be no longer a
question as to the supremacy of the
law of the United States % benever
an instance of supervision can be
"The obligation to obey the laws
is get.er-al, and no citizen can hold
himself at liberty to violate one law
which he disapproves, while he
obeys the other which be sauctit ns.
The law must be obeyed as a whole
The obligation and the duty to obey
it, right or wrong, is the most sacred
and important which a citizen owes.
In a free State we have, indeed a
right to our opinion of any law, and
to protest against a foolish one. To
do so, as this Giand Jury has done,
for the purpose of bringing before
the puble the injuries we have suf
fered and which, in our j-dgment,
affect nmost unfavorably the bebt in
teres'e of the country, is both a i ight
and a duty. We have the right,
through our representativcs in Con
gress and in the State Legislature,
to piotest against such laws in order
to secure their repeal, and it is tihe
dutly of enlightened legislaitois to
abolish a low which injures and op
presses the people. The law is the
guardian of thbe rights of the people
as a whole, and should be admainis,
tored wis b a view to the geueral
welfare: and if there be aiy e'v il ar
isin~g from thbe nature of' the revenmue
law-anything whbich tile enactment
of new laws are calculated to scure
-it is our right through our reprne
sentatives in Congress anid in the
Legislature, or even by an alpproach
to the Executive authorities of the
United States, to demand, not ask,
thlat such evils be corrected. Now,
h aving d. ne this, we have a right to
lake the law into cur own hands, or
to suipport those who violate the law,
in a continuance of such praictice.
"On the other hand, gentikmenl,
the oflcer who in the name ot the
la w violates tihe rights of thbe citizens;
who abuses the power entrusted
into his hands for enforcement of' he
aw; who tram 1les upon the iights
of the citizens; who viol ates due sancs
Lity of the homestead; and the personi
of the citizen; the officer' who does
any act of an unlawful char'acter
does that which any zitizen has the
right to resent, arnd the courts of
justice are open at all times for their'
trial and punishment.
"While the revenue , law does pro,
tect its officers in the execution of that
law in a lawful manner, it tbrows no
cloak over those who violate it in at
tempting to enforce it. Tbere is no
law which will justify the invasion of
a man's household without a warrant.
There is no law by which any officer
who does that act under any circuma
stances can justify himself, If a man
charged with felony should be seen to
take refugei In the house of a nitizen,
thogefficer in pursuit of him would
have~ the right to institute'a search;
buL, in the absence of such circum
stances, without a search warrant the
offlcer would act as an individudl and
upon his own peril whenever ho in-.
vaded a man's house. And unless the
officer comes armed with a process of
la w or a legal justifioation; or see that
a felon has taken refuge, a n has a
right to stand upon his threshold and
vindicate the sanctity of his house.
"But when these wrongs have been
done and suffered there is no remedy
except through the intervention of
the courts of justice. If it be true
that, snecb oflences have boon commit,.
ted bsve anid the ai'les have escaped
thr@4tAgbieaptervention of the Upifed
his ovsd I . Pyer
undet-take that every man' becoms
his own judge and jry and egg,.
tioner, society returns to a statiopf
barbarism. Thee wrongs-, can only
be redressed through the cOffurt of Wil4
State. They are offonoes against the
laws of the State. The duty of'the
Executive of thisState-that princely
gentleman who now holds in his hands
the sceptre of authority-is to see
that the law is enforced. It is the
duty of public officers, trial justices,
judges and sheriffs to see to the pro
tection of society thiough the courts
of justice, and they are bound to
stand up and throw the agis of the
Constitution and laws of South Caro*
Jina around her citizens, and to vin
dicate them by a proper punishment
of all violators of law.
"If there be interference on the part
of the Federal Courts they outlaw
themselves, so to speak, unless that
interference is within the limits of
their jurisdiction and power. It is not
to be assumed that a court of the most
enlightened government in the world
-a Court of the United States of
America-would at any time inter
pose its power outside of its authority
and jurisdiction to protect any offen
der against the law. It, however, a
court of that character should so act;
if it should act outside of its Constitu
tional authority, that act would itself
be in violation of law, and would be
utterly void and of no effect whatso.
over, so far as the conduct of this
court or any other court charged with
the matter was concerned. If they
act within their constitutional au,
thority this court will aid them in ad.
ministering and enforcing their power
and authority. If they act outside of
it, it will be the duty of this court to
disregard it as an unlawful inter.
"There has been a debate in Con
gress on this question quite recently.
It was brought up on the motion of a
gontleman from North Carolina, and
grew out of just such trouLehis in that
State as you have complained of hero.
It was an attempt on his part to
procure an amendment to strike out
the 043d section pertaining to reovenue
eases. The amendment in that form
did not meet with the approval of
Congress, but in a modified form was
passed, having the effect of modifying
the section and of removing many of
its greatest objections. In legard tfo
the case of' citizens maltrea ted by re
venue oflicers there have been grave
questions among lawyers w hether any
sach power as is claimed existed to
transfer such caIses to United States
Courts. To do so is to sink the case
in such courts because they have no
authority in such cases. In that de-.
bate in Congress it was denied that
any such right has ever been claimed,
but it has been claimed and has been
sanctione'd by the Supreme Court of
North Carolina. I cannot say, of
courso,what our Supreme Court would
hold. 1 can only bring to the notice
of the grand jury what has been said."
Judge Kershaw then reviewed the
authority of the Federal Court to
claim jurisdiction in case of certain
crimes committed on the high seas or
without the jurisdiction (of any State
court, and concluded his charge by
saying: "I can only say that whatev
er has been the abuse of' the power re
ferred to, it can never justify the
abuse of law on the part of any good
citizen, nor can we over be justified in
lending our moral sanction to the
violation of the laws on land. I have
spoken thus at length, because I see
there are evidences of excitement in
the country, and it is laid down in
some of' the best authorities that it is
the duty of the presiding judge to do
all in his power to allay such excite..
mont. My rem arks have been for the
pu' ose of stating your rights, and
thonly means by which they may be
insisted upon and your rights reme
died."-C. McK., in Charleston News
1878 NEW YORK. 1878
As the time approaches for the renewal of
snbecrlptions, THlE SUN would remind its
friends and well wishers everywhere, thiat it
is again a candidate for their consideration
and support. Upon its record for the past
ten years it relics for a .continuance of the
hearty sympathy and generous co-operation
which have hitherto been extended to it from
every quarter of' the Union.
The DAILY SUN Is a four page-sheet of
28 columns, p rice by mail, post paid, 55 cents
a month, or $6.50 per year.
The SUNDAY edition of Tus SuN is an
eight.-page sheet of 56 columns. While giv
ig the news of the day, it also contains a
large amount of literary and miscellaneous
matter specially prepared for It. Tn. SUN
DAY SUN has met with great success. Post
paid $1.20 a year.
TIIE WEEKLY SUN.
Who does,,not know THU WrinKY SUNItl
circulates throughout the United States, the
Canadas, aud beyond. Ninety thousand
families greet its welcome page weekly, and
regard It in the light of guide. counsellor,
and friend. Iwe e, editorial, agrioultural,
and literary department. make it essentially
a joutrnal for the family and the fireside
Terms: ONEl DOLLA 4a year, poet paid.
T'hIs tie, quiality consldersd makes it - th
4 t~ew5)sper pubIeh4. Pe oinby *f
'4 '4'.~ *al.... we
anuxious to be a so
s dqbas Consump o 0 OW Ors.
These Powders are the only preparation
knewh that till eure Coosumptiou and all
disease. OfhaThroat an*bIn. ndee4,,ee
strong Ia.odpfa) * in thep-t - 'Sao to loon.
vince you that they are no humbug, we-wlii
forward to every sufferer, by mail, post paid,
a free Trial Box.
We don't want your money until you are
perfectly satisfied of their curative powers.
If your life is worth saving, don't. delay in
giving these Powders a trial, as they will
surely cure you.
Price, for large box, $8.00, sent to any
part of the United States or Canada, by mail,
on receipt of price. Address,
ASH & ROBBINS,
860 Fulton-street, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Jan 10, 1878 18 ly
Falling Sickness Perman
N o humbug-by one mouth's usage of Dr.
aOULARn's Celebrated Infalible Fit
Powders. To convince sufferers that these
powers will do all we claim for them, we will
send them by mail, postpaid, a free trial box.
As Dr. Goulard is the only physician that
has ever made this disease a special study,
and as to our knowledge thousands have been
permanently cured by the use of these Pow
ders, we will guarantee a permanent cure in
every case, or refund you all money expen
ded. All sufferers should give these Powders
an early trial, and be convineed of their cu
Price, for large b6x, $3.00, or 4 boxes for
$10.00, sent by mail to any part of United
States or Canada on receipt of price, or by
express, c. o. D. Address,
ASH & ROBBINS,
360 Fulton-street, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Jan 10, 1877 18 ly
DAILY, TRI-WEEKLY & WEEKLY
COLUMBIA, S. C.,
HOYT, EMLYN & McDANIEL.
JAMES A. HOYT, Editor.
The Daily Register coutains the latest news
of the day, all commercial, political and othIc
matter Bent by telegraph, full local reports,
editorials upon all current topics and
Grange and A gricz'ltu;ral Departments.
The Daily hias a circulation cxtending to
all pais of the State, is circulated in nearly
ove-y State in the Union, and consequently
Incbuensing; therefore, as an advertising me,
dinin it cannot be sucroassed.
The Tri-Weekly Recgisters is issued every
Tuesday, Thii'n-sday and Saturday morning,
and contains all the ucws of uthe days in one
The Wee'ly Re e i an ET THT PA GE
papm.co.'..ti'.'s h.' T Y- I) l IT CO(.U MNS.
emb.-aci.'-g ,h c 'mu of ae.es of e.ih week,
This p.'pee a~~ ti.bi i I e .I ch ofCk0 eve.-y famr.ily,
and we ar e pie *med to s..'ie the fa a that its
large ci.-ce laaioa is i-:apidly exrending.
The Register is now t he Organ of 'be State
Griauge, and all rniutors of intlerest to the
Paa1ous of Hns badry wvill be ta enied in their
appi opriate depa.'adnut. The A-;ricutt ural
and Giatnge aLnicles will appear in each of
out pu'oicatio.Ib-Daily, Tri-Weekly and
TERMS OF SUgsCLUPTION.
DAILEY 'lEGIsTEn-One Year, $7 00; Si,
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Tut-WEEKLY REolSTER-Oune Year, $5 0Q:
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The best and cheapest BOOK and JOI
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All kinds of Law Blanks on hand, which
we will sell at the lowest prices.
JAMES A. HOYT,
H. N. EMLYN
W. 13. McDANIEL,
Proprietors and Publishers.
May 81, 1877
tTXTt HUNDRED A MONTH T(
J.L.L!Active Men selling 'our Lette:
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Sample copy worth $3.00 free. Send staml
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h THE OINOININATtI
A Ane eihtpg rwh 48 full cot
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I' an paper publishe for
gives all the news, and, besides mace
three $ fur eeosent or4 nal or
1E e torf*e. Every eubecriber also
reetsqa copy of the besutiful engrav-.
."TePoet time Pe 'a
nele z'eank~ aco
Ao. e et. etra utbe sent to
aak~ desirIn to get ua
w- he pioanre and acanvassa outfi for
*I~ f l a of all the t. andea e
was among est to utre the jnstice -
of 800O overvnnti outh. h
N Pesn to hom webhave S1iYseat
M E'Ira see .esatLre.i.e.% em.
4 'r I.!' whihu bara M
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MAKE HOME W.SAWT.
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For the Pickens Sentinel
In thn Pickens Sentinel
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SH DRUG POISONS.
MI ICINE RENDERED USHLE8s.
Volta Electro Belts an<
are Indo ed by the most eminent physicial
in the rid for the cure of rheumatiler
neuraig , liver eomnplainL, dyspepsia, kIidni
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Cook w h full particulars free by Volta Be
Bo., Ci innati, 0.
ICINS CDUfTT DlUCT07,
Se tor-R E Bowen.
Re eeentativea-D) F Bradley and E II Bat
Cl k of Court-John J Lewis.
.ru ge of P--obose-W U Field.
B r~f--Joa#i bauldin.
O onaer-%Betry B Earle
B ool Comeasoner-C1 W Singletop.
sure,'-W R Berry. -
dilor--John 0 Davf s.
umn hn LwsTh'os P w er'.
Co OisIOpets,iC 1. Hel og
idAnyamswopj 0. e14i lf
On 4 Iae dand loeetbe 19, 4
Passens Tras on 4u o'nth'
'aWr ill r3.a el
02~ COLUK914B. 7
Arrive at Columbia .
FOR AUGUSTA. -
Leave Charleti on 9-1 N
Arrive at A u3nsa 6 1N P
Leave Columbia 4
Arrive at Chm leston 4 45 P
Leave Augniwa . 9 00 0
Arriv9 at Charleilon 4ik p
COLUMBIA NIGHT EXPRE8.
Leave Chaulol.on 915p
Arrive at Columbia 7 20
Arrive at Obi leston 640
AUGUSTA NIGHT EXPRESS.
Leave Charleston 8 00
Arrive at AuguSt.a 7 46
Leave AuautaI 8g0
Aive at C18 le'..on) 7 40
Leave Summervie a4 78
A r. ve at Charlei on 84 a
Leoive 0 ba- e-o o'n 8 1 to
Aive at& Svmn vlIn 4C
U A I DKNK TRPA T N
Counecli at .i'-avneo daily [except I -
days] WiL1a UP aat Down Day and Pis e
Day and Night Trains connect at A %.ts
with Geo-.-aia Railroad, Macon sud A .9a
Raihoad auid Central Railroad. olis ne
via Adlanta is the quickest and mo ee6
route, and as conifoi table and cheap a
other route, to Montgomery, Selma, lie,
New Orleans. and all other points Soe eat,
and to Louisville, Cincinnati, Chic S.
Louis, and all other poiots West atad rtb
Day Train connects at Columbia the
Through Train on oliarlottee Roa hick
leaves at 9 p. in.) for all points Nort
S. S. DOLOMONS, Superinte .
S. B. PicKass, General Tieket A
Greenville & Columbi R.
CHANGE OF SCHEDULE
Passenger trains run daily. Sunda oept
ed, connecting with night trains South
Carolina Railroad up and down. nd aft
er Monday, July 16. 1877, the fol ng will
be the Schedule:
Leave Columbia at loam
Leave Alston at.1p
Leave Newberry at .8pi
Leave Hodges at .&
Leave Belton at.0pm
Arrive at Greenville at 8.86 p an
Leave Greenville at 7.20 a a
Leave lBelton at 9.10. a
Leave Hodges at 0.47 a in
.neave Newberry at 1.42 p m
Leave Aiston at 8.20 p in
rrive at Columbia at 6.00 p in
ljConneet at Alston with s on the
Spartanburg and Union Railro connect at
Columbia with Night Trains on South Car
olina Railroad up and down ; a Ith Traits
going North and South on the rlotte, Co
lumnbia and AngustaL and the W ington, Co'
Tramn leave Abbeville at 9.1 -, conneed
ing with Down Train from Or ille. Leani
Cokesbury at 2.15 p im., conn ng with t.
Train from Columbia. Accomi ation Train,
Mondays, Wednesdays and ays. L~.y(
Cokesbury at 11.15 a in., or lhe arrival os
the Down Train from Greenv Leave. At
beville at 1 o'clock p. mn., co tinig with (J 4
Train from Columbia.
ANDERSON BRANCH! AN LUE RIIDOR
Leave Waihalla at 6.6Aa na
Leave Seneca at 6.20 a n
Leave Perryville at 6.80 a as
Leave Pendleton at 7.20 a a
Leave Anderson at 8.1Q a m
A: rive at Belton at 8.O a ma
Leave Belt on at 7.056p
Leave Anderson at 7.60 p ia
Leave Pendleton at 8.46 p a
Leave Perryville 9.20 p m
Leave Seneca at 9.80 p m
Arrive at Walhalla 10.00 p uen
Accommodation Train, ween Belton and
Anderson on Tuesdays, adays and.Satur'.
days, Leave Blelton at 9 a in., or on arrit
a al of Down Train fro reenville. Leave
Anderson at 2.00 p mn., neoting with Up
JABKz NORON, Jr., 0 alTicket Agent
SAtlanta & Richmon ir Line Railway
MAIL T N.
Leave at Atlanta at6 pi'
Leave Tocoa City at942pi
Leave Westminster at104'a
Leave Seneca city at111p
I Leave central at
Leave Liberty at j120 a
Leave Eenle at 10
Leave GEenle at /12a
Leave Spartanburg at 28
Arrive at charlotte at 61~
Leaves Charlotte at . 7p
I Leaves Spartanburg4128 a
Leaves Greenville at 22
Leaves Easley at24a
as Leaves Liberty atI 0a
i, Leaves Central at 82
'y Leaves Seneca City
a, Leaves Westministe t 41
a- Leaves Toccoa at Oa '
t, Arrrives at Atlanta 8m
- DAY esNaI.
ILeaves Atlanta at
Leaves Tooooa at
Leaves M estinist t Ilt*
Leaves Beneca cit I.1 1
Leaves Central at 2bt~
Leaves Liberty at
Leaves Easley at
as Leaves Greenville1 0ja
Leaves Spartanbur t
Arrive at Charlott t 1.i*
Leave Charlotte atU0 9
aweave Spartanbur t i ~
Leave Greenville 1p
Leave -Eesley sit
Leaves Liberty 'at
Leave (ientral a .
Leave Beneca Cit atI
Leave Westmins '
lLh 749 t at