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DEVOED O PLITCS ORALITY9 EDUCATION AND .0 H EEALITRS F H 0NA
O VII. PICKENS, THURS
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ATTORNEY 4- CO UNSELOR AT LAW,
GREENVILLE, S. C.
Special attention given to collections
April 4, 1878 30 6m
A. BLYTHE, ( C. P. BARRETT,
M. F. ANsEL, J Pickens C. H.
Greenville, S. C. 8.0.
ATTORNEYS & COUNSELORS ATLA W,
PICKENS C. II., S. C.
(Office in School Commissioner's Ofice.)
Will practice in the State and Federal
March 21, 1878 28
J8 COTunAN, f Rt A CIL,
Abbeville C 11 P 1'ickens C H
COTHRAN & CHILD,
ATTORNEYS <- COUNSELORS AT LA W
PICKENS C. II. S. C.,
Will Practice in all fhe Courts of the State
and Courts of the United States, for the Dis.
(rict of South Carolina.
March 29 1877 29
(iRERAhTILLE, S. 0.
A. M. SPEIGHTS, Proprietor.
.BELLS IN THE ROOMS.
June 14, 1877 40
rhe Re..er er a tem ..thCa.
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FOR THE PIcKENS SENTINEL.
GaNviLL;, 8. 0., Aug. 5,1878.
Dna EkiqtNkl-Notbing has
seemed to Attract so much attentioi
for the last few days as Capt. Pat
ricks recent announcenent of his
military school to open here on 1st
September next. Every one I hear
say anything says it is a move in the
tight direction, and will result in
much good to the whole country.
Capt. Patrick, as an educator, is too
well known to need any word of
comment from me. You all know
him. le for many years before the
war conducted the nilitarv academy
in Columbia, having graduated with
the highest distinction in the Ci:adel,
Charleston. Everybody knows with
what success he has conducted his
High Schobi in Greenville since the
war. Hence I am wgrranted in re
commending the parents of Pickvns
Codnty, and every body else, to send
their sons to his military school,
which will be presided over person
ally by himselt and an able corps of
I do not know whether we shall
have a high order of graded public
schools hero this year, as no move
seems to be making in that direction;
but it we should have, it will be
eay to convert, or have c-nverted,
Capt. Patrick's military school into
a higher, or the iighest grade of the
public schools, and still naintain in
tact its military distihction. This I
trust may be done. No leat should
ho left unturned, no step taken,
no word spoken, that would not ad
vance the education of our s ns and
daughters; for this is a better hjerit
age than all the little wealth we may
be able to accumunla'e, though it
sh ould be gold enough, not to gild,
but to "solid plate" our "outward
I took a drive last Friaay evening
into the country, going by Chicks
Springs, Greers, und to Cedar Hill,
in Spartanburg. My friend La w
rence Peace, wit hi whom I was riding,
ebowed mec all the at tractions, among
all of which was mostly the farms.
A change is being made for the bet
ter ini the mode of fat ming in this
country, for I see better crop's, cot
ton, corn &c., on lan md than I used
to. In fact land that was formerly
thrown awiay' is now producing the
very best yields. Mr. Peace showed
me his chmufa patch of a fourth of an
acre, and says it will fatten six hogs.
Now, Mr. Editor, do yon see, the
chufa crop will just suit your people.
You raise hogs plentifully, and you
can fattetn them so cheaply that it
will be as cheap as the freights on
Western tbacon (?)--pork. All tihe
crops I saw were very fine, they,
around Greers not having Buffered
for rain. I stayed all night at
Gr'ears, and Saturday morning made
my way to Cedar lill, where at old
Zoar Church was a massive mnoss
Sunday School gathiering-15 Sun
day schools wi h all their lriends in
attendance. And now, you may
talk about yourm basket pick.-nicks,
but this was the most huge one I
have ever seen. The whole thling
must have cov'ered ten acres of
ground. My being at tihe pick-nmic
"'as coincidental, as I was there
placing "Ini Memorium" to dearesL
little angels (angels now indeed) of
my most halcyon days-days for
which I sigh and shall never see
again. ihence I heard very little of
what was said, but a great deal was
said and must have been said well,
for I never have seen so attentive an
gudience. Rev. Dr. Reid, of Reid
ville, is a flne speaker, I hear d most
of all lie said for an hour, not with.
standing I was- at work. The people
around Cedar ill think something
of themselve, because they think of
hemr dead. I have naever seen a
grave yard in the ooonrry kept in
.?Ih sty)t, It is dressed s. ,$el)'
cemeteries. It is easy for every coi
gregation, where the dead rest, t
meet two or three times a year an
dress up the graves of theirj forme
friends and associates. It would d
us all good. We would feel that w
are doing a.work of love for our for
mer friends and beloved ones. W
would not dread the silent grave a
much. It would not seem so cold t
us, for we would look forward to th
time when others would do sinila
services for us. We are creature
of habit. Let our boys and girls b
trained to this duty. Let decoratioi
days be established all over our Stat,
for all our dead. It is a shame ti
any neighborhood to neglent the dead
even if we never knew them. It the,
were not our frionds, they were some
body's friends-iay, they wer
friends of posterity, and hence havi
claims upon us.
But I had to leave the pick-nii
before all the exercises were conclu
ded in order to take the down trai
for Greenville, and of this I was sor
roy-sorry to leave and have but i
word with my once old neighbors.
A Pleasant Visit.
AMR. EDrroR--Being called to Pick
ens week before last on church bus
iness, we embraced the opportunit'
of renewing old friendships. Year
ago when w e were driven, with onl
family, fron our pleasant home w<
lound a safe refuge among the kilu<
friends of' Pickens. Being delegate<
by the South Carolina Presbytery t<
nu6sst in Ihe tormation of a new Pre
by e; ian Chim ch at t hat place, w
gladly availed ourselves ot the op
portunity of tmoiny)mg once more witi
true sand tried , friends. The pro.
posed et-terprise seemneed to have iI
3Y mpath ly of tihe ent ire community
irrespective of denominational differ
el-es. A serious fandily afihictiui
prevented the attendance of the miiu
iter in charge, the Rev. Mr. McLece
but t he Rev. Mr. Nall, ci Greenville
he oilher a ppoint ee, was present and
aided by the Elder', conda cted all th,
proceedings in a successful nmanner
With no minister to aissist him, anm
in a stranuge community, he felt some
what em barrassed, but proceede<
calmly forward in the discharge c
duty. The church was organized oi
Saturday, the 27th ult., with thirteel
maemnbers. Brethren C. L. Hlollin~gs
worth and J. E. Boggs were chosei
Elders and Dr. G. W. Earle Deacor
As usual in such cases, the womi
were largely in the majority. LaE
at the cross-first at the resurrectior
Now, as then, woman first and fore
most in acknowledging her allegiane
to her Lord and Master. There wa
once addition on prlofession oft fait|
and baptistn. A goodly proportiu
(f the dismissals came from Ol1
Carmeil, though Greenville, A nder
son arid Elberton, Ga., yielded thei
quotos to the new organizamtion. Car
mel has thus largely conti butted t
the formation of three new Presbyte
rian churches in Pickenis county,t
wit: George's Creek, Central ani
Pickens. As the old church thu
gives ot her strength to these he
daughters, may they, in their time
grow up to be strong and flona ish ing
vines, clustering around the mothe
clhnrch, to shield and protect her,i
need be, in her years of comnparativ
weakness. So mnote it be.
On Sabbath the sacrament was ad
ministered to a nn'uber of comnmuni
canuts. In the early Sabbath mori
we embraced the opportunmty to mee
with the Sabbath School. Althougl
few in naumber, the conduct of th
School showd spirit and energy. Brt
Lesley still stand. to Is poet, s 8S.
per intendenat and teache of Bibl
class, alt bough well stricken in year
and is ably supported by some younga
er men. May the Pickens' School, I
thbo great day ol acovt~ts, show man
i~rsin its 4Io~flO ti01rt
i. The Internal Revenue Laws and Thei
d We have bad a very agreeable in
r terview with Colonel W. H. Chap
O man, says the Columbia Register
e who has been recently appointe<
special revenue agent for the divisiot
e composed of South Carolina and thi
Western District of North Carolina
D to succeed Maj. Wagner, of Greens
a boro. Colonel Chapman bai jusl
r entered upon the discharge of his du
ties, with headquarters at Statesville
and arrived in this city yesterday or
2 business pertaining to his office. 1e
E is but recently from Washington
where he had lengthy interview(
' with both President Hayes and Com
missioner Raum relative to the exe
cution of the internal revenue law*
3 in this section, and the tenor of their
instructions to him may be gathered
from the letter from the Commission,
er, received by Colonel Chapman
since his arrival in North Carolina,
and printed below. An' thing that
might be said byCommissioner Raum
upon the subjects discussed in Wi
letter would be (if interest and valu
able to the people of this region, bul
tHie letter is of especial value ae
showing the wishes of the adminis
tration as to the manner of the en
- forceinent of the revenue law and au
indicating its animus towards the
i distillers and others with whom th(
gover1n men t officers are necessarily
3 thrown in contact. The letter is ai
I W ASHINGTON, July 29, 1878.
SW. II. Chapman, Esq., Revenm
B Agent, Greentsboro, N. C.:
a Now that you are abont to assum,
- charge of your division, I deem i
proper to placo in writing the verb,.
- statemet I il mAde to you before yor
3 left this city.
, I earnestly desire that the in'erna
revenuec laws shall be eifoi ced peace
i ably and quietly and without neces
sity of using an armed firce. Thii
, can only he done where the officer
,are supported by a public sentimnen
,favorable to the observance and en
3 forcemnent oif the laws.
.I wish you to visit the coun' ies o
Pickens, Greenville, York, Spart an
burg, A nderson and Oconee in Souti
Carolina, and such counties in Norti
f Carolina as C llector Mott may thinl
ipr'oper to suggest, and there co:dei
with leading citizens and endeavoi
- to interest their sympathies in bebal
of the observance of the laws, and i
.peaceful and orderly enforcement o;
t I desire you to put yourself in corn
. mumcation with such persons as'wist
- to puarsue the business of operatinj
e distillem ie, and to impress uipol
s them the fact that thiereis a fixed de
a ter minat ion on the part of the gov
r ernment to s1uppress frauds against it
I rf.enues;amigl it is implortant tha
ou30 should fully explain to them tha
r in the end it is more profitable fi
-linem to operate legal distilleries an<(
a pay the taxes imposed by law upom
- their products than to engage ini il
:1 rho law for the collection of a tai
s ni on dietilled spirits is uniforn
r' throughout the country, and the gav
, ernent realizes from the tax nearla
$ 6,000,000 per annum. W hile this
r law remains upon the statute book i
t is the duty of every good citizen t<
a observe it, and of every officer of tu<
United States assigned to that dut)
-to enforce it. Tihe pains and penahl
-. ties for its violation aresevere. N<
a man can with safety violate its pro
it visi ms, and any community where
j the violations of law are nnmerous ii
e soon given over to anarchy and dis
. order, and mauny persons are con
stantly skulking from tbeir homes t<
0 avoid arrest. This state of thhings iN
acertaimbly to be deprecated, but muel
Snecessarily continue until the people
v of these sections are willing to el~
serve the law
Thefe is Do digoition or intgis'
r tion on my part to require or allow a
vindictive enforcement of the law in
a community where those who have
been engaged in vi lating the' laws
have honestly and in good faith a
bandoned their practices. A lenient
course has been pursued in many
districts where tle circtrostances
would warrant it, and it would afford
me great pleasure to know that the
violat(re of the law in the districts to
which you are assigned have return
ed to a sense of their duty to the
goneral government, to observe the
law, and to pay tax imposed by it
upon their products.
I desire that you shall impress
upon citizens generall my determinaw
tion that the laws shall be enforced
in an orderly and~lawful; manner,
avoiding all unnecessary collisions,
and by officers who are permanent
citizens of the districts or divisions
to which they are appointed, and are
men of respectability, integrity, dis
cretion and courage. I wish you
particularly to inform the people
that this office is openi at all times to
hear the complaint of citizens against.
tbe unlawful acts of ( flicers.
In this connection you should call
attention to the stringent provisions
of section 3, 169, United States re
visod statutes, which enact that an
officer who is found guilty of any
extortion or willful 0p ression nnder
color bf law shall be subject to in
dictment, and, on conviction, shall
be fined not less than one thonsand,
nor more than five thousand dollars,
and imprisoned not lees than six
months, nor more than three years.
The court is directed to render a
0 judgment against the officer or agent
for tile amount of damages sustained
by the party injured, to be collected
Under the provitions (of this see.
lion the cit izen has an ample remedy,
and I know that the courts of the
United States would be as ready to
afford relief to the citizen against
the unlawful acts of officers as to
puis the citizen for violations of
la.The laws of the United States
are enlacted by the representatives
of the peoplei, and are designed to
promote the general welfare of the
wvhole people. The courts of the
United States are as much the courts
of the people as the State courts, and
are as ready to protect the rights of
cit izens as thme State courts are.
In my opinion, it is essenl ial to the
happ1iness anmd prosperity of the
country that commanuities should not
be kept in a state of excitement over
the question of a conflict of authority
between the laws and courre of the
United States and those of a State,
and, to avoid this, citizens should be
encouraged to appeal for redress
Sagainst the alleged unlawful aets of
offier s of' the United St ates to the
ceurts of' the United States.
You will understand that in writ..
ing as I do I do not disparage time
chtaracter or' juri:bdiction of the State
courts,8 but I wish to point out to you
that the laws of the United States not
only make provision for levying
taxes and collecting them, but also
for the protect ion of the citizens
agnie st the mi- conduct of' its officers;
that these taxes are to be collected
through the instrumentality of the
oificerse and courts of the I'uited
States, and that all grievances can
be better redressed in the same man-.
GEEN B. RAUM,
Conversation with Col. Cbapman
aseures ns that the administration- is
deternmined to carry ont thme spirit of
the Commissioner's letter, arnd withi
this letter be is in thorough accord.
[lis dbalings with the distillers of
his div ision will be firm, yet mild,
and he trus's that the better elss
of thme people of aM part~ei l hold
uP bis hans InMit p dbly
justice to the governmentat'
satisfied that thie Is le I thd
ceesary to end the 'I r6''W
have hitherto attended tht
of the revenue law -a 40Uw
tion which has been long.. MI.
voutly wished for.
Rules Governinr the Printy
for Piokens County.
RULE 1. The primary eleotio*
Pickens County shall be held on
day, the 80th day of August, 18'
the usual place of meeting of each
RULE 2. The Secretary of *ses
3'ub shall make out and furnish a falt
list of all members of his club to the
managers of election, who shall ber
hree in number, appointed by each
ocal club. The managers of election
ihall have power to add, in their di
3rotion, any further names to the poll
ist of persons who desire to join oft
,he day of election.
RULE 3. The polls shall' be opeon
rom 8 o'clock, A. m., to 4 o'clock, P.
4. When the polls are closed the
nanagers shall at once proceed to
sounL the votes, in publio, and make
t full retut n to tho County Exeeutive
Jommitteo by 12 o'clock on the day
ifter said election. This return shall
ate specificaly the total number of
votes cast, together with the number
>f votes for each candidate,.. and all
,ho votes together with the poll list&
;hall be given to the County Execna
ive Committee at the same time.
RULE 4. The County ExeoutlvS
Dommittee shall meet at 11 o'clook,
k. M., on the day followin the pri%
mary election, at Pickens . . They
shall receive the ballots and teturns
trom the several club.q, aggregate
such returns, and declare the result ot
the election. If there be any contest
from any club the said Executive
Committee shall have power to hear.
and shall at once docide, such contest,
and such decieion shall be binding
RULE 5. No candidate shall be voted
for in the said primary election, and
if voted for such votes shall not be
counted, unless such candidate shall7
at the time of tho election, be a mem.;
ber of some Democratic club in Pick.
one County, and pledge himself to
itbide the result of the primary eleo
Lion and support the nominees of the
RULE 6. There shall be voted for
it the ensuing primary olectiou the
'ollowing officers: One Senator, two
Representatives, one Judge of ?ro-.
Sate, three County Commissioners,
ne School Commissioner,one Coronet,
ne Coun ty Auditor, one County Treas
irer, and one 1 rial Justice for eachr
ownship., The voters in each~ townw
ship only shall be entitled to vote (orthe
rrial Justico for such township. The
persons receiving the highest number
f votos for the respective offie o tr
which they are candidates shall ber
:ieclared the nominees of the party for
RULE 7. In case there shall be a i
between any candidates in the prim'
mary election, then another election
shall be held at such time as the Coun,
Ly Executive Committee may desig-.
uzate, to- determine who-shall be the
nominee for such office, under the re
gulations herein. before prescribed.
Provided: That in case either of the
aandidates who may tie, as aforesaid,
shiall withdraw in favor of his oppo..
nont, no second eleetion shall be held,
On motion of J. R. Gossett,Eq.a A
series of meetings were appointed bf
Lhc Executive Committee, for the
purpose of affording candidates an
>pportur~ity of addressing the people, ,
somnmencong at Pumpkintow-. Satar
:Jay, July 27th; Eastatoe, Tuesday
August 6th; Ho ward's Shop, saturday
August 10th; Central, Wednesday
August 14th; Liberty, Saturday Aim
gust 17th; E~asley Station, Tuesday
August 20th; Cross Plains, Thursday
August 22(1; Dacusvlleo, Saturday
August 24th; Pickens C. H., Monday
August 26th. Each meeting is to be
old at 10 o'clock, A. M~. All candi..
iates are requested to be present, and
iddress the people.
R. E. B OWEN, Chairman.
D. F. B~RADLEY, Secretary.
I is computed 'that the tomb of St.
Charles Borromeo, in the Cathedral
of Milah,' contains in precious stones
a~lone value to the amount of SI,000,-.
Indestructible collars and cuffs are
on exhibitio~n in New York. Tihey
resemble linen, but need no washing,
soils being remnoved by theapld
tion of a damp cloth.
A young woman of Wvkb O C1i