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-- DEVOTED TO POLIT ORAITY EDUCATION AND TO TRE GENERAL INTEREST OF TE OUNTRY.
By, P. P. ?00.ADLEY&CO* PICKENS, S.-VOL. A.--NV. 4.
* ur D, .a ouA s
Not where the poison dews distil,
Which bring much woe to men,
Shall we our brimming glasses fill,
- And drink and ll again.
But e shall quaff the water pure,
Which sparkles in the wave,
Whose draught so sweet doth health assure,
And far removes the grave.
Water, true gift of heaven thou art;
Without thy smile to blees,
Earth were a desert and man's heart
Could ne'er And happiness.
STARVING TO WIN A .WXFE.
It was a July afternoon. Three mei
sat on the veranda of the village hotel.
Their feet were on the balcony railing,
their chairs were tilted back and they
were fanning themselves.
These men were Judge Barron, County
Judge, Parson Miller and Col. Gherkins,
a retired militia officer, on no pay. Not
one of them would see his 50th birth
day, for they had passed it. "Speaking
of fasting," said the Judge, breaking a
S" Hasn't been mentioned," snarled the
The Judge dropped his chair squarely
down on its four legs, and looked sav
agely at the Colonel. The Colonel re
turned the look and snapped his fingers
Don't be boys I " urged the minister
with a smile. He smiled because he
knew the fiery but harmless ways of the
" Well, we are too old for this s'ort of
thing," said the Judge, leaning back
again. " But, speaking of fasting-I
will have it that way-reminds me of
my attempt at suicide."
" It was in the papers," said Gherkins,
stopping his fanning long enough to
glance sideways at the other.
"It was," admitted the Judge, "but
it doesn't signify now, over twenty-five
"Humph I " grunted the Colonel.
"I was in love, doctor," and the
Judge turned his face toward the min
" That is what lie thought," observed
he:Colonel, with a cackle, half cough
"With a girl," continued Barron.
"Well added I " cried Gherkins.
"Though the tendency of young men
is, we know, to fall in love with old
"And not, as you well know, Colonel,
.9 for young women to fall in love with old
" Your'e as old as I am," shouted the
- " Not by fifteen years," exclaimed the
Judge. "But you take my remark as
-" That's the way you meant to have it
-taken, I know," growled the unamiable
* old man.
" Bo you ought," said the Judge.
-> "But never mind that I I fell in love.
- That means to be tniserable. At 22 one
- has love as one "has the measles, s~j
* verely, all over, as a matter of business."
* " When I was a boy," suddenly began
" Why, that is ancient history," cried
- The Colonel said something in an
undertone, and lighted a cigar.
" I had always been in love with Miss
Lou Dexter," continued the Judge. " I
began to suffer when I was in round
abouts. was a sort of duplex, back
action, extra-elastic passion. I suppose
I made a fool of myself. Didn't I,
"Decidedly I" declared that person.
" Ifelt as sure of Lou aslIdid of my
* self," the Judge continued. " But when
I came back from college I thought
everythinig had changed for the worse.
There wr a no longer that familiarity and
confidence that had existed between us.
Half the time when I went to see her
she was fj~r busy or out for the even
eng, Mj: - l with a musty old fellow
who ha .e . ., but whose name I won't
"N .1(r 30een ?" howled the Colonel,
sprmnt m liIe ,,eet. " Musty ? Have
* ci yoDu wm
, ' ela e e I suppose," sug
4,e e e tisnter. "Now, if he had
hIy LIIJ b igiboun, just as infamous an
4 d "w0 e the Colonel, staraping
e pcn a veranda.
~'O ~f e nsider the remark with
drawn,' laughed the Judge. " The man
'*a thiere, a~l1,;Te same, and kept me from
confidendial,Nia4 with the girl I loved."
" And he knew it I" chuckled Gher
"8Ia knew it I" said the Judge,
gravely. "I didn't mind any of these
tiings so much a the story that
she was goingio .marry the old fox, and
that her wedding clothes were being
made. That struck me blhe the ball
from a Whitworth gan. ' Lou,' I said,
the first time I met her after hearing
this story, 'is it true that you're getting
ready to -marry this man?' naming
"She had a way of half turning her
face and looking up at you with a sauci
ness in her black eyes that would drive
a man crazy. She looked at me that
"'Don't you wish you knew?' she
asked, and walked away, looking back
ward just once, in her coquettish way,
over her shoulder.
" Ten minutes afterward I saw har
walking with my venerable rival."
"Venerable alongside of veal," said
The Judge laughed.
" You are posted, Colonel," he said.
"You forget that I mentioned no name
for the gentleman."
"You might as well," said the other.
" Oh, the doctor can wait or guess,"
was the reply. Then-" Miss Dexter's
indifference crazed me. I wanted to
tell her that, as a man, I loved her. She
knew that in my childhood I had idol
ized her. But what chance had I? What
good would it do, if she were going to
marry the infirm fellow wheezing asth
matically by her side? I went home as
sured that life had no value to me. The
more I thought of it the less I cared for
it. The less I cared for it the greater
my anxiety to be rid of it. To be rid of
it meant to take it. Suicide is horribly
vulgar, ordinarily. it is only the
Frenchman who makes it sublime. He
"There I here I must protest," ex
claimed the parson, holding up his hands
in horror.: "Such talk is not orthodox."
" I'm not telling an orthodox story,
doctor. What I think now and thought
then are two different affairs. Enough
to say I resolved on killing myself. As
in my disappointment I felt no hunger,
starvation seemed a very refined method
" Economical to the last I" exclaimed
the Colonel, returning to the attack.
" You'll never carry the practice of
your life to such an extreme," said Bar
ron ; " I have the satisfaction of know
ing that. However, Colonel, your bitter
ness is natural. I forgive you. Dr.
Miller cannot fail to see that I'm treat
ing you like a Christian--that is, as if
you were one. Well, I began the siege
myself. T.Lhe supplies were cut off. I
retired to my room and refused to eat.
That meant a great deal when it is con
sidered that for four years I had lived at
a college boarding-house. It meant
more when one remembers that it was
done for love. Men talk of killing them
selves for the objects of their affections,
but they seldom, if ever, try the starva
tion plan. It takes true grit for that
sort of thing. Perhaps this story of
mine hasn't the sentimental fervor that
anijnated me then. It seems now to
have been an example of rather funny
obstinacy. The first day was lived
through without much discomfort ;.the
second found me hungry ; the third, I
was half crazy for food, and the smell
from the kitchen infuriated me. I be
gan to wonder if I wasn't makin'g a fool
" Yes ! You were the only one who had
doubts about it I" said the Colonel, quite
cheerfully, all things con sidered.
" Meanwhile," continued the Judge,
" every relative got wind of the matter
and came to hold an ante-mortem in
quest. The doctor was summoned, and
at last the newspaper of the town came
out with a highly-seasoned story, in
which Miss Dexter was, by innuendoes,
referred to as the cause of the trouble.
Of this, however, I knew nothing. I
was too busy in scheming to counter
act the plots of my friends to force food
into my stomach to care what was being
said outside of the house. The night of
the third (lay was a horrible one. It was
made up of a succession of dreams of
banquets at which I could not eat enough
to satisfy my hunger.
" The next morning I was out of my
head until noon."
"Out of your stomach ! Brains had
nothing to do with it," said the Colonel.
" Out of my head," repeated the
Judge. "It seemed as though t was
about to collapse and die. Everything
was whirling around and around, when
the door was opened and a face came
into view. It had a familiar look, but at
first I could not tell whose it was. I
looked and looked and locked, and then
dropped away in a fainting fit. It lasted
for a minute. When I came to, the first
thing that met my gaze was this same
face. The e.e. h a .the amltial
gleam as of old; the lips were just as
seductive in their expression, and tho
voice made the sweetest of music. She
took my thin face in her little hands and
looked sadly-into my eyes."
"Fred! Fred!" she whispered. "Dear
old boy, tell me what this means!"
I shook my head wearily.
. "I've been away," she said; " and
there's a horrible story about us in the
paper-about me, I mean-that I am
the cause of this. Have you seen it?"
"Are you going to kill yourself,
Fred ?" bringing that dear face of hers
cioser to mine.
"I shall continue to try."
"Why? What is the matter ?"
"You are the matter, Lou, if you
mast know," I said, getu 'desperate,
with her lips so close to MJb, and the
questions coming thick and fast. "You
are the matter."
" Mo ?".
I could see that she wanted to make
me tell, and I believe that the only thing
that kept her from asking was that she
believed she knew what I had to tell. I
resolved to settle my doubt, and, if I
was going to die, to have her know just
the reason for my suicide.
" Lou," I began, putting an arm
around her waist to steady myself.
" Lou, I am killing myself because you
don't love me."
"How do you know that, Fred Bar
ron? You make me ask the question."
Her face came down upon my
shoulder, and she began to sob.
"Because, Lou, because, because"-I
paused simply because I didn't know,
but had only guessed at it, and in my
weak condition it seemed as if I had been
wofully mistaken. "Well, then, I knew
it because you always put Gherkins be
tween us; and how could I tell you over
his shoulder that I wanted you to be my
"Did you want to tell me that, Fred ?"
"And that animated old petrifaction
kept you away ?"
"Animatqd Old Petrifaction, eh ? Did
she call me that, Judge Barron ?"
shrieked the Colonel, slapping his hat on
his head and driving it down with a blow
of his fist, as he sprang from his chair.
"If she did, sir, I demand satisfaction,
the satisfaction of a gentleman, sir !
'Animated Old Petrifaction I' And this
by a woman I would have honored by
marrying! It ini too much, too much !
You shall give me revenge !"
Barron laughed. So (lid the minister.
"You shall have what you' 'kant,
Colonel," said the Judge.
" When, where, how ?. That talk
" By coming around to dinner with me
this afternoon. You know Mrs. Barron
has changed her mind.a)bint you since
" I'll be blanked if I will," roared the
Colonel, slamming the chairs aside as ihe
" At 4 o'clock sharp," said the Judge,
leaning over the railing, and speaking to
the angry man on the walk below.
The Colonel shook his fist in reply.
" Ho is very wrathful," observed the
" But he will come all the same," said
"I suppose that young lady gave you
a favorable reply," meekly observed Dr.
Miller, who wanted to hear the conclu
sion of the story.
"Favorable ? Of jgourse ! See that
lady over the street there ?"
" Mrs. Barron ? Oh, yes !"
" Well, she was Lou Dexter before I
married her. Her 'yes' stopped my
" Indeed 1"
" Indeed. And what is more, in view
of my profession, I've never had to
TilE RICH ENT CITY OF ITS SIZE.
Frankfort-on-the-Main, with a popula
tion of about 100,000, is reported to be
the richest city of its size in the whole
world. It is asserted that there are 100
Frankforters worth from $4,000,000 to
to $5,000,000 each, and 250 who arc
worth $1,000,000 and upward. The city
is one of the great banking centers of
the globe. Its aggregate banking cap
ital is estimated at $200,000,000-more
than one-fou-th of which the Roths
childs, whose original and parent house
is there, own and control.
Tuz total numbe.r of paupers in Ion
don, exclusive (if hunatics in asylums
and 886 vagranta, on the last day of tne
second week in Juno was 85,049, of
whom 46,793 were in workhouses and
88,256 receiving outdoor relief.
A MAN4 in Philadelphia gathers slops
and swill and garbage and distills it into
nwonas Babftgeon. Neaurav.
'This noted historian was the son of
Zachery Macaulay, a West India mer
chant and wonderful p)ilanthropist.
His grandfather was Sir John Macaulay,
a Presbyterian minister of West Scot
land. Young Macaulay was born in the
year 1800, educated at Trinity, Cam
bridge, where he acquired a reputation
as a scholar and debater, and twice won
the Chancellor's medal, first, by his
poem "Pompeii," second, " Evening."
He was elected Fellow of Trinity and
devoted himself to literature, becooming
a contribator to Knight's Quarterly
Magazine. In 1825 he made his ap
pearance in the Edinburgh Review in his
famous essay on Milton, a production so
learned, enthusiastic, and brilliant that
it captivated the whole reading world,
and placed him in the first ranks of es
sayists. In 1826 he was called to the bar
but never practiced the profession.
About this time he was elected to Par
liament, for which he repaid his constit
uents by setting forth their doctrine in a
manner so luminous, powerful and at
tractive that his adversaries were
charmed, and convinced if they were
In 1836 he went to India and spent
some time in the preparation of a new
penal code, but was not very successfut1
On his return he was re-elected to Par
liament. As a statesman he was thd
implicit friend of freedom, both civil and
religious. He eloquently sustained the
Roman Catholic bill for the relief of
Catholics, and in consequence was un
seated, but five years thereafter was
re-elected without effort on his part. In
1848 he published the first two volumes
of his world-renowned "History of En
gland"-tlie finest history, too, ever
written by ancient or modern writer. It
was received with an enthusiasn
larity wluch has been attain
few of the great noveliste.
When he published in 1850 his twc
last volumes they created such excite
ment in Paternoster row as had nevej
been seen before. Shortly after he wai
elected a member of the French Acade&
of Moral and Political cqijence, and was
raised to the peerage land undei
the title of Baron sulay. H(
died in 1859, at Holly I wiear Lon
don. He was a man of spirAtive tal
ent, thorough scholarsh ip is ac
cumulated knowledge was 'ous.
His knowledge of modern Europia and
especially English historyfrona the time
of Henry VIUI. was unsurpassed. Hia
style is pure, luminous and exquisitel3
modlulated, or musical, while his powegi
of description were such that his " His.
tory cf England " might be conipared tk
the cartoons of Raphael in the Sistine
Chapel of Rome.
Allison said, " After a review of
chief characteristics of Lord Jeoffe,
McIntosh and Smith, we find Macaulay's
. turn of mind and style peculiar, and ex
'hibit a combination rarely, if ever, ex
hibited in ancient or modern literature.
Unlike Jeoffrey, he is deeply learned in
lore-ancient and modern. His mind
is richly stored with thindietry and his
tory, both of classical and continental
literature. Unlike McIntosh, he is emi
nently dramatic and pictorial. He al
ternately speaks poetry to the'soulaand
p~aints pictures to the eyeen $nhlke,
Smith, he has omitted subject.~of party
contention and party , intersg
grapples with great questions *4
mortal names, which will forever at~
the interest and demana the attention of
such men as Milton, Bacon
Machiavelli. The gtsad charactei e~
of his style is the shortness of his sen..
tences. He often conys several ideas
in one line."
A NToIcaL nr,
An Irniian near Maj' *.tanch was suf
fering the pain of rh ' miu jaone of
his legs. Concludin .
loss of the leg better t i
ho laid the leg across
ax chopped it entirely
the knee, bleeding tbh IL
minutes. Each time siruck the
lhe hallooed, which attst~
or the facts would fevter have ben
known. And thus went another aborig
iue to the happy hunting-grounds.-.
Nonora (a.'Dm ra
DR. BANDUI&JI OAnggg gpakg of
several children who were sen* nto a
garden to work during one-half of'the
school hours, and who outstripped those
who studied during all the hour.. He
says also that some men die of stupidity
artificially produoed by beglc of ta!
ents with which they are endowed, All
successful men are pakd to have one
quality in common. they are Ahorough
ly in earnest and do not aikiw them
selves to beQ beaten,
P42 AS YOU Go.
What Mr. N. J. Shepherd says in
the following article is just as good ad.
vice for the printer or any other busi
ness man as for the farmer :
"I think one of the worst evils the
farmer has to contend with is going
into debt. Many and many of them
are always in debt for their machiney
from year to year, and to their black
smith and their merchant from one
year's end to another. Men of this
class always have to sell their wheat at
soon as they can thrash it and haul it
to market, their corn as soon as it is
ripe enough to gather, and their stock
as soon as the animals are salable.
They have no choice. They cannot
wait for a better market, because, if
they keep the merchant waiting too
long, they know there will be no
chance of getting credit another year,
and it takes all they have got this year
to square up old accounts. As a rule,
such farmers are obliged to sell at low
prices and pay the highest price for
what they use, and therefore lose on
both sides. Most farmers will find it
far easier, and a great deal more prof.
itable, to pay as they go. There is no
question but that they can get goods
cheaper for cash, will
tell you he can
wting six mon
is the case
whom th or deal,
p'a anyone-to for
in oraer ever afterw be
the alling pressure of
out everything that
live without. Do
r a new h my o
dinilement sim you
it on credit. and wait pa
uiIl *a as~ 56 you go,
wi how much
a year; for I hon
1any farmer will buy more is
- o exgigthan he wiff he
piw, sh every tie. It is those who
are in debt, heAdo heels, that feel
A.he hard times at " 'ly. We farm.
era who are out of debt now, aro the
g~ indeppadesnt class of. men in th
eoudt~ out of
Noston is otwofi&It
A ring does not alw ayear,
for' the blue gum tree sheJI
i ts bark twie a year. recently
bewn, that was only 18
cears old, ahowed distinct
~ngs of growth.~
01 a a ,ews d are not
iAherwood fore of a
entury ago, exposed, i~a n up,
the date 1212 uandple
King John' ;git hia
that thebe a~ut -have
centuries o01 t the time the mah
Berks, Pa.; claim rthxe largest chest
nut tree in the country. It measure.
thirty-eight feet four inches in circitin
forence ; the lowest limbs are fifteen
feet from the ground, and measure four
teen feet in circumference at the base~.
The top of the tree is reached withott
aanger by gtps that are fastened be.
;1~bs. It is estimated that
tse contains about seventeen
of Wood. #II still yields about
bushels o( ii ute annually.
oes in England, which
ii In courohyarid, was
mnltoned by Aubry, in the reign of
Charles I., as then measuring ten yards
in diroumferenee at a height of five feet
t* the ground. It is sai, on the au.
of De Candolle, to bel,400
Ise present growth Is about,
feet. In 1820 this ldtree
oute, and a cannea Wa
center. In 1826 Wa evere
ait of its uprightbranches.
been made to t):e Inside of
here seats Aeto be had for
~X N (.. 2SPENof, a young farmer
of Kingston, N. 0., met Mrs. M. E.
Waller in the road. After bowing
her, he said she most kiss b
lady indignantly hurried on, w
Spence followed, andl
gles, kissed hew. She~ m4 jilint,
and Spence was asrid
and sentenced t days In the
county jail for klpw floter man's
A mzono barber, nie, studied
law ht night for m l years, and was
finally admit to the bar. He now
wor in the shi baturdaymead aSy~
and pr . with conasid~thbtW sut
eesin thee t on other- daysa
CURRENT IT EMS.
T=u Empress of Austria is said to be
a dkilfu fencer. *
. THE Cape May hotel-keepers arf
charging guests with puppies $10 per
POcKET-HANDERIEF dreses are
common in England. They are garments
to weep over.
AN old thermometer is never very
popular. Nobody wants to see a ther
mometer over 70.
THE fellow who picked up the hot
penny originated the remark, " All that
glitters is not cold."
Eraus POLK, the colored carriage
driver of President Polk, still lives at
Nashville, aged 75 years.
TE sale of Ewin Arnold's " Light of
Asia " has been twentyfold greater in
America than in England.
LrrrE boy: "Ma, when you go to
heaven shall you let this house ?"
' When I go to heaven I shall not think
about such things as that." Boy: " But
when everybody is dead what will be
come of all the world ?" Ma : " The
world will be destroyed." Boy: " And
all the houses, too ?" Ma: "Yes."
Boy : "0 1 what an awful waste I"
TithEE little girls had great fun in a
hbor's house at South Bend, Ind.,
the absence of the family. They
I the window panes. Then
several gallons of milk on
pet. Finally, they empt
zen cans of raspberries and
into a tub, and dyed all
5 they could find in the
stuCER defines life to be
combination of heterogen
oth si:gaueous and
coresondence "ath ex
coe:istence a0 'sequenoes ;' . H.
as " aeries of defnite and swo
eive changes, both of structure and
omiposition, which take place within an
individual without destroying its iden.
THa railroad monopolies don't have it
all their own way, after all. A lady in
.Chicago suel the Central Pacific for $75
damages for allowing a locomotive to
scald all the hair off a valuable dog ex
pressed her from San Francisco. She
obtained judgment and collected the
money before the company foundt out
that it was a Japanese dog and never
had any hair.
TnlE London Economist says hun
dreds of thousands of sheep, if not mill
ions, have died of plague in England,
and the Russian, Turkish, English, and
Afghanistani ware, as well as those of
Turkey, Syria, Persia, and the Tridan
country, have caused tons of millions of
sheep to be killed. In fact, wool-grow
ing in Turkey, Russia, Persia, and India
has boon almost given up on accotunt of
~th. gars and the low prices ciurent for
at five years.
Murrau trout-fishing in Holden, Mass.,
.G. Parker saw a woodchuck and a fox
~ toward the burrow of the for
~*~be for reached the entrance
*z4, and, turning, faced the woodchuck.
The latter turned to run away, when the
fox seized-him by the throat, and a life
and- n~ struggle ensued, the fox being
conitauit4onz the raggresive, and in
about five minuteihe had the woodchuck
hors do combat. He then took the car
cass by the nape of the neck and trotted
off. into the woods.
Aus'rm (Tex.) .Review : While bath
ing in Bear creek, Lembert Briott, a
stone-cutter, was bitten by a water-moc
an. After being thus wounded he
made a dive for the shore, striking the
~ake from him, but had scarcely reached
fe bak when he discovered that the
snake was pursuing him. He made
good his escape, but upon reaching his
camp he disaovered that he was bitten
on the anger, and, taking a coal of fire,
burnt the flesh of his finger to the bone,
thus destroying the poison of the bite.
Eanetasin business If a
la 4 Ansit, it Is of 'npor
hing being but ,a0 in
sOrco, e be an
la of IM a efent ; perhaps
t; ~1 ~ .he clothes it
.His life, libert y
Abe at stake.
British Government is consider
Asturbed by the recent movements
aud. The peasantry are reported
a be arming themselves, and frish
American agents are said to be b'usy in
tlwtry. The British railitary fore
$~'the island is being daily increased,
and during the long, dark nights, as a
British Judge once remarked, lively
work is anticipated4