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DEVOTED TO POLIflo, NORiJiTY, EDUCATION AND TO THE GENERAL INTEREST OF THE LOUNTRY.
By D. F. BRADLEY & 00. PJCKENS, S. C.,THURSD.--NO, 9.
DY HALLIE 0. YOUNG.
in the far west, as the day growr old,
I watch a city of dazzling gold;
From the minarets that pierce tie sky
I listen to hear the muezzin's cry;
Altars are many-and aH aglow
Their incense smoke is white as snow;
Banners of crimson are floating out
From arches of opal scattered about;
Steeples and spires in splendor vie,
And temples of Jasper touch the sky.
Hast thou, 0! elt above the trees,
An Abelard and Jilolse?
My fancy is busy in peopling thee,
So high above our earth and Bea;
Thy glory illumines the bending skies,
And I dream thee a glimpse of paradise,
And wonder, and worehip from afar,
As augols swing the gates ajar.
THE GOLDEN AGE,
Story of the Discovery of Gold in
it was in the month of January, 1848,
in a small shanty in the rather squalid
little hamlet of Yerba Buena, on the Bay
of San Francisco, that two young men
from the States, having just printed on
a band-press the 150 copies of their
weekly paper, sat down upon stools,
weary, faint and discouraged, to talk
over the prospects of the country and be
moan the fate that had cast them where
society and money were so scarce. They
were Americans, but the land of their
birth was as remote to them then as St.
Petersburg to a peasant of the Amoor
valley. They longed to return, but
never expected to be rich enough. The
Mexican war was just ended a few
months before. The treaty of Guada
Iupo Hidalgo gave California to the
United States. The California so ceded
included the present State of that name,
Nevada, anal most of Utah. It was an
empire larger than France and England.
Divided by a range of mountains almost
as lofty as the Alps and longer than the
Carpathians, running from north to
south, the eastern half was a terra incog
nita of barren desert buttes and mount
ain spurs, containing throughout its
whole extent but one feeble settlement
of whites, known as Mormons. Un
known savages of the lowest aboriginal
type dominated all the rest. The webt
ern half, as it then appeared, vas oie
great valley covered with bright flowars,
rank verdure, clumps of majestic oaks,
wooded hill1, sloping from the coast
range on the west and the Sierras on the
east, hills, plains and valleys alive with
herds of deer, elk, antelope and cattle
and horses as wild as the game; the
charming panorama enlivened and per
fected by sparkling rivers, whose waters
were as clear as the cloudless sky above
them, their banks flanked with a dense
growth of ash, maple, alder, willow,
hazel, cottonwood, sycamore, wild grape
vines, and, toward their confluence with
the bays, waving tule of the dirkest
green, resembling at first sight the great
cornfields on the lowlands of the Ohio.
In all this vat valley region there was
but one white settlement. It was known
as Sutter's Fort.
It W'as located near the confluence of
the Rio do los Americanos with tihe Sac
ramento. To tile far south, beyond the
sources of the San Joaquin rnver, not
far from the Pacific ocean, stood the
" Ciudad de los Angeles," Mexican in
its construction and population. A
Catholic mission at Santa Barbara and
another at San Lis Obispo (Saint Louis,
the Bishop) ; another at Monterey on
the bay of that name ; another at Santa
Clara in the lovely valley of that name ;
ibnother called Mission de San Jose not
far from the latter, and another at the
villagc of Yerba Buena, which has since
grown into the city of San Francisco.
it was th en a collection of adobes, built
around the public square we now call
"the Plaza." The waters of the bay
extended as far as M~ontgomery street,
where the Bank Exchange nowv stands,
and a few whalers and small coasting
schooners lay at anchor 300. yards from
shore, about where the postoffico now
stands on Battery street. There were
also American sottlements at Sonomt
and N apa, composed of farmers who
emigrated from the Western States a
ifew years before, and here and there
arose along the borders of the tule the
smoke from the hut of the lonely trap
per of beaver. These, with the ranches
of the old Dons, their corrals and the
inevitable adobe dwellings, surrounded
by innumerable cattle and horses, made
up the sum of what there was of civilized
and semi-civilized life in California at
the lino the two young printers of Yerba
4 ]uena were discussing their situation.
Now and then a vessel put into the b~ay
of Monterey, or San Francisco, or San
Diego, to load with hides, or a whaler
for repairs, dropping a few Mexican
dollars or doubloons, which were the
currency of the country. it was, to an
active or ambitious Imnd, a dull and
listless life ; but to the majority, who
loved ease, a healthy climate and beauti
/4 fully-diversified scenery.
A' pleasing land of drowsy hoad it was,
Qf dreams that flit before the half-shut eye,
- And of gay castles in the clouds that pass,
Forever flashing through a summer sky.
About the same hour that the two
Yerba Buena printers wore dleploring
their fate of isolation from the busy
world, a scene was enacting that wvas to
have a greater effect upon tile material
interests of modern society than any
event since the discovery of America.
It was on the 19th day of January, 1848,
on the south fork of the American river,
/ Si fifty-four miles east of Suitter's Fort.
Early in the morning of that day, James
W. Marshall, who was building a mill
for himself and Sutter, from which they
expected to supply the ranches anid set
tlements with pine lumber, picked u >
from the bedrocks of the race of the miii
- a small niece of yellow meal It weihe
about seventeen grains. It was malle
able, heavier than silver, and in all re
spects resembled gold. About 4 o'clock
in the evening Marshall exhibited his
find to the circle composing the mill
company laborers. Their names were
James W. Marshall, P. L.Wimmer, Mrs.
Wimmerr James Barger, Ira Willis, Syd
ney Willis, Alexander Stephens, James
Brown, Ezkiah Persons, Henry Bigler,
Israel Smith William Johnson, George
Evans, CharIes Bennett and William
Scott. The conference resulted in the
rejection of the idea that it was gold.
Mrs. Wimmer tested it by boiling it in
strong lye. Marshall afterward tested
it with nitric acid. It was gold, sure
enough, and the discoverer found its
like in all the surrounding gulches
wherever he dug for it. The secret could
not be long kept. It was known at
Yerba Buena three months after the dis.
covery, and the two printers above men
tioned put this slight notice of it in their
weekly paper, The Californian, on the
19th of April:
NEw GoLD MINE.-It is stated that a noi
gold mine has been discovered on the American
Fork of the Sacramento supposed to be (it was
not) on the land of William A. Leideadorfr
Esq., of this place. A specimen of the gold
has been exhibited, and is represented to be
May opened with accounts of new dis
coveries. The Californian of May 3
said: " Seven men, with picks and
spades, gathered $1,600 worth in fifteen
days." That was a little more than $15
per day per man. On the 17th of May
the same paper said : " Many persons
have already left the coast for the dig
gings. Considerable excitement exists
here. Merchants and mechanics are
closing doors.. Lawyers and alcaldes
are leaving their desks, farmers are
neglecting their crops and whole families
are forsaking their homes " for the dig
gings. By May 24 gold dust had be
come an article of merchandise, the
price being from $14 to $16 per ounce.
The Californian of that date had these
GOLD! GOLD! GOLD!
Cash will be paid for California gold by
1t. It. BucKALEW,
Watchmaker and Jeweler, San Francisco.
GOLD! GOLD! GOLD I
Messrs. Dickson & Hay are purchasers of
Sacramento gold. A liberal price given.
On the 29th of May the Californian
issued a slip stating that its further pub
lication, for the present, would cease,
because nearly all its patrons had gone
to the mines. A month later there
were but five persons-women and chil
dren-left in Yerba Buena. The first
rush was for Sutter's Mill, since chris
tened Coloma, or Culluma, after a tribe
of indians who lived in that region.
From there they scattered in all direc
tions. A large stream of them went
over to Weber creek, which empties inte
the American some ten or twelve miles
below Coloma. Others went up or
down the river. Some, more adventur
ons, crossed the ridge over to the north
and middle forks of the American. By
the close of June the discoveries hald
extended to all the forks of the Ameri
can, Weber creek, Hangtown creek, the
Cosumnes (known then as the Mako
sulme), the Mokelumna, Tuolumne, the
Yuba (from uvas, or yuvas-grape),
called in 1848 the "Yuba," or " A juba,"?
and Feather river. On July 15 the edi
tor of tihe Californian returned and is
sued tihe first number of his paper after
its suspension. It contained a descrip
tion of tile minles from pecrsonall observa
tion. He said:
" The country from the Ajuba (Yuba)
to tile San Joaquin, a distance of about
120 miles, anld from the base toward the
summit of the mountains, as far as Snow
hill (meaning Nevada), about seventy
miles, has been explored and gold found
on every part. There are no0w probably
3,000 people, including Indians, engaged
in collecting gold. The amount collect
ed by each man ranges from $10 to $350
per day. Tihe pulblisher of this paper
collected with the aid of a shovel, pick and
atm pan, from $44 to $128 per day-aver
aging.$100. The gross amount collected
may exceed $600,000, of which amount
our merchants have received $250,000, all
for goods, and in eight weeks. The larg
est piece known to be found weighs
On the 14th of August the number of
whlite miners was estimated at 4,000.
Many of them were of Stephenson's regi
ment and the disbanded Mormon battal
ion. The Californian remarked on that
day that " when a man withl his pan or
basket does not average $30 to $40 per
(lay, he0 moves to another place." Four
thousand ounces a day was tile estimated
production of the mines five monlths
after the secret leaked out. In April the
price of flour here was $4 per hundred ;
in August it had risen to $16. All other
sub~sistenlce supplies rose in the same
proportion. Here is part of a letter from
Sonoma, to the C!aliforniaa, Aug. 14 :
"I have heard from one of our citizens
who hlas been at the placers only a few
weeks and collected $1,500, still averag
ing $100 a day. Another, who shut up
his hotel hero some five or six weeks
since, has returned with $2,200, collected
with a spade, pick and Indian basket. A
man and his wife and boy collected $500
in one day."
Sam Brannan laid exclusive claim to
Mormon island, in the American, about
twenty-eight miles above its mouth, and
levied a royalty of 30 per cent. on
all the gold taken there by the Mor
mons, who paid it for a while~ buIt re
fused after they came to a better under
standing of the rules of the mines. By
September the news had spread to Ore
gon and the soutliern coast, and on the
2dof0 that month th' Californian notes
that 125 persons had arrived in town "by
ship" since Aug. 26. In the "Dry Dig
gimgs"--near Auburn-during the mont 1h
of August, one man got $16,000 out of
five cartlonA of dirt In the sme dim.
gings a good many were collecting from
$800 to $1,500 a day. In the fall of
1848, John Murphy, now of San Jose
discovered Murphy's Camp Diggings, in
Calaveias, and some soldiers of Ste
phenson's regiment discovered Rich
gulch, at Mokelumne hill. That winter
one miner at Murphy's realized $80,000.
It was common report that John Mur
phy, who mined a number of Indians on
wages, had collected over $1,500.000 in
gold-dust before the close of the wet
season of 1848. A Frenchman fishing
in a prospect hole for frogs for his break
fast, at Mokelumne hill, in November,
1848, discovered a speck of gold on the
side of the excavation, which he dug out
with his pocket-knife and sold for $2,150.
Three saiors who had deserted took out
$10,000 in five days on Weber creek.
Such strokos of good fortune turned all
classes into miners, including the law
yers, doctors and preachers. The ex
ports of gold dust in exchange for pro
duce and merchandise amounted to
$500,000 by the 25th of September. The
ruling price of gold dust was $15 per
ounce, though its intrinsic value was
from $19 to $20. A meeting of citizens
presided over by T. M. Lea renworth'
and addressed by Samuel Brannan'
passed resolutions in September not to
patronize merchants who refused to take
gold dust at $16 per ounce. A memori
al was also sent from San Francisco to
Congress in that month for a branch
mint here. It stated, among other
things, the opinion that by July 1, 1849,
$5,500,000 worth of dust, at $16 per
ounce, would be taken out of the mines.
The figures were millions too low. Real
estate in San Francisco took a sudden
rise. A lot on Montgomery street, near
Washington, sold in July for $10,000,
and it was resold in November with a
shanty on it for $27,000. Lots in Sac
ramento, or New Helvetiar also came up
to fabulous prices that winter. By the
month of October the rush from Oregon
caused the Oregon papers to stop publi
cation. In December the Kanakas and
Sonorians came in swarms. A Honolulu
letter, Nov. 11, said:
" Such another excitement as the
news from California created here the
world never saw. I think not less than
500 persons will leave before Jan. 1, and
if the news continues good the whole
foreign population, except missionaries,
The news did continue good, and they
came, some missionaries iucluded. Soon
there came up from the mines com
plaints of outrage and lawlessness, most
ly against Kanakas and other foreigners.
How well they were founded, to what
they led, and how they were suddenly
and summarily silenced, is a story that
covers a very interesting vart of the
history of California, and the progress of
civilization im America.
Use of Flowers.
It's a trite and homely saying, "You
can't eat your cake and keep it too," and
we are obliged to square our actions with
it pretty closely; but there is one pecu
liar satisfaction in the cultivation of flow
ers, for, in a certain sense, they are an
exception to the practical operations of
the rules of addition and subtraction, as
embodied in the expression of them in
the old and popular axiom above quoted.
During the growing and b~loomling sea
sons of many of the best bedding plants
and annuals the flowers can be cut freely
and used and the of toner they are re
moved the greater the amount of bloom.
When plants are allowed to perfect seeds,
they soon cease to produce more flowers,
as the whole strength of the plant is
necessary to mature the seeds. There
fore, if you want flowers, cut them and
use them; place them on your tables,
give them to your friends, and remember
those that are sick, and perhaps, too. you
may use them to help some one who is
disheiartened, or even to lift up a de
graded one who needs, above all else,
your symp~athy. It would be sad, in
deed, if objects so beautiful as flowers
should be the occasion of growing sel
fishuess. Give them with a liberal hand
and he who sends the sunshine and the
rain will bless you with increasing blos
soms. A gift of flowers can seldom b~e
inappropriate, either to young or old,
and purity and goodness are painted on
every petal. With the gift
" Our hearts are lihter- for Its sake,
Our fancy's age renews its youth,
And dimi-remiembered fictions take
The guis of p'resent truth."
The manager of a dramatic combina
tion playing an engagement in Detroit
was approached on the last day b~y a
stranger, who asked for a pass for that
"Why should I give you a pass ?" was
the blunt demand.
" On account of the fellow-feeling,"
was the serene reply.
"Sir, I do not know you."
" Neither do I know you, but that isn't
the fellow-feeling I had reference to."
" Do yrou belong to the profession ?"
" Then I fail to see how there is any
thing in common."
"You struck this town last Monday,
didn't you ?" asked the stranger.
"So did I, and I'm going out of it to
night dead broke, same as you. That's
my point, may it pleasi the court."
Th~e "court" whistled a melancholy
tune, figured up the cash receipts once
more, and then wrote the pass without
IN the Austrian army the " caution
money," as the sum is called which the
candidate for matrimony is obliged to de
posit withk the authorities, has heretofore
b~een set at 12,000 florina, but a rumor
>t revails that the amount is to be d1ouled.
larriages have been so numerous in the
service that the politicians think it ad
visable to check them,
When the Fee Comes In.
A newly elected Justice of the Peace
who had been used to drawing deeds and
wills, and little else, was called upon as
his first official act to marry a couple
who came into his office very hurriedly
and told him their purpose. He lost no
time in removing his hat, and remarked,
" Hats off in the presence of the Court."
All being uncovered, he said: "Hold up
your right hands. You, John Marvin,
do solemnly swear that to the best of
your knowledge an' belief you take this
yer woman ter have an' ter hold for ver
self, yer heirs, exekyerters, adminuitra
tors and assigns, for yer an' their use an'
behoof forever ?"
"I do," answered the groom.
"You, Alice Ewer, take this yer man
for yer husband, ter have an' ter hold
for ever; and you do further swear that
you are lawfuly seized in fee siilple, are
free from all incumbranco, and hev good
right to sell, bargain and convey to
the said grantee yerself, yer heirs, ad
ministrators and assigns ?"
"I do," said the bride, rather doubt
"Well, John, that'll be about a dollar
'n' fifty cents."
"Are we married ?" asked the bride.
" Yes, when' the foe comes ir.."
After some funibling it was produced
and handed to the "Oourt," who pock
eted it and continued: "Know all men
by these presents, that I. being in good
health and of Bound and disposin' mind,
in consideration of a dollar 'n' fifty cents
to me in hand paid, the receipt whereof
is hereby acknowledged, do and by these
presents have declred you man and
wife during good behavior and until oth
erwise ordered by the Court."
Not Up on Goats.
The goat is an every-day sight, and
the man who does not study hii and
learn his ways and habits has only him
self to blame. Saturday forenoon a
" William " was quietly feeding on Co
lumbia street when a load of household
goods went past. The owner kept pace
'with the wagon, carrying under his arm
a fine mirror about five feet long. As
lie came opposite the goat lie met a
friend, and of course Le had to stop and
tell why he was changing locations and
how much lie expected to be benefited.
The glass was heavy, and lie naturally
dropped one end to the walk to rest his
Had this man been a close observer lie
would have seen the goat and wished he
had a brickbat. Had he made goat, na
ture a study he 'would have known bet
ter than to lower the glass. But he was
a man who despised the trifles of life, and
he was telling how many tons of coal
the new house would save him this win
ter, when the goat, who had been getting
mad for two king minutes at sight of a
rival in the mirror, went through the
glass like a thunderbolt, aid jnmpl)ed
into the street with the frame cingliig
to his shaggy sides. All that ripping,
and raving, and cussing-all the open
ag of front doors-all the inquiries by
an excited crowd1, could have beenm savit
had the citizen but beckonedl to the smahd.
est boy on the steeet and asked hiim te
give away a few points on goats. --c
Wearing a Mask.
What a goodl thing it wVou.ld b)e if women
would onl.y speak their minds. There is
nothing that honest nimn desire more than
to undlerstandl that miysterious race that
is so like them, and yet so unlike, who
share their homes but not their thoughts,
who are so shrewd, so practical and so
irrational. The poor nien yearn the
break dlown the invisible barrier and see
inito the real life of those they love so)
well; but the loved oneCs smile and cebat
ter amnd samy p)retty things, and ingenious
things and things they have borrowed
from meni and improved in the borrowing,
but never one wvord of the real thoughts
that are working in their busy brains.
So thme men flatter and lie because they
think the women like it, and the women
accep)t it all bcause they think it is man's
nature; and the men think women
enmpty-headedl angels, and the womien
think men are fine intelligent brutes; and
the two classes go on loving and despis
ing one another accordingly, and all for
thme want of a little truth fulness in con
An Editor's Trials.
No words can tell how much Thmack
eray's generous soul suffered in his edhi
torial capacity. There is a class of peo
pie who look upon an editor's offiee as a
bureau of general relief : young widows
with numerous children send in mnanu
scripts with a frank avowal that they are
conscious of possessing no literary ability
whatever, but that they feel sure this or
that one will be accepted, as otherwise
they and their little ones must starve;
there are farmer boye who write diagon
ally across b~rown wrapping paper2 and
beg for favor as a means of acquiring an
education ; there are thousands who
have failed at everything else, but are
sure they can write ; some are p~reten
tious andl impudent, others modest and
appealing, and with the latter it is par
ticularlyhard to deal. A great many aire
vituperative, and look upon the editor as
a deposit installed to crush all rising
genius. More than once, wheni Thack
eray paidl out of his own purseC for articles
which he could not use, the writers re
p~roachied him for suppressing matter
which surpassed his own. The work be
came unendlurable to him, and~ ho gave it
A cAT saw some sparrows in a certain
garden and went for a game supper. She
crawled with extreme caution to within
a few feet c* them and made a sp)ring,
but instead of catching a bird she strucek
her nose violently against the fence..
THE SOUT TO THE N4OUTHi.
(A fraternal Oaluttfion inspired by tA yellou-fevr
'Twas after a glorious battle
In the swanips of the Rapidau,
I lay on iny back at midnight,
A wounded sid helpless nan;
But I could weUl bear iny torture,
oaping gashes anid broken bones,
I heard such delightfull music
From Yanks with their mnoans and groanS
I hated the Yanks lik. " cold pizon,"
They sh',t mny father alid son;
So aiways I aimed for killing,
And carried a loaded gun.
The firing and orashing of Zattlo
The hot charge and the warrior*a cry,
Left, high-heaped, drenched earth with victimus,
And the wounded who begged to die.
Far otr we czuld hear the roaring
Tell of the raging of murderous nen;
WO could only have fearing or hoping
rhat our sido might the victoi - win.
We had narched to the ght in e morning;
I fought until forced to stop ;
hOW, I Aa hungry and thirsty,
uith never a bite or a drop.
I thottght of the old-thne dinners,
With itany a Christmas feast;
Now, of the wasted fragments
I'd have snatched for the very leaa
I thouight of the sprayful fountain
That played by my father's door;
I thOUIght of the wild-rice bayou
That oft my canoe glided o'er;
I thought of the mighty river,
Tho plantations flowing through;
I thought of the distant heaven
That sendeth the rain and dew
But these were all ermpty fancies,
Which even increased ny thirst,
Until ia powerless longing
I was like Tantalus cursed.
Suddenly, in the thick darknesa,
A weak voice made mie of angels think;
It said " Halloo I here Johnny
would ye be afther takin' a ahrink ?"
I was aliosi a-dying,
And could not even raise the tin cup,
So the friendly hand of the stranger
To my lips then raised it up.
Sweet, sweet was that drink of water;
I never drank sweeter draught,
For life was gained from that bounty
I gaspin ly, deeply quaffed.
Then I whs pered, " Give me your hand, my dare
lig I '
Our hands met in a tight, tight clasp.
Sud denly, in mey living fingers
Limp, nerveless grew his fainting clasp.
I ,poke and intently listened,
But never a word lie said,
Atd sadly I knew another
Sri rit from that red field had fled.
The snurgeons and helpers were busy;
I lay natil morning-light,
And then to my tear-dirumed vision
Was slowly revealed this sight:
A soldier had found a canteen
Dropped here in the thick ol the fight,
And he, with Lwo halls through his body,
Dragged himself to mie in the night.
And there on his cap gleamed the letters
"U. H.," on the blood-stained gold band,
And I saw that he wi.s a brother
Against whoin I hard raised my rod IMAnd.
He was Union and Ir sh
Lightly o'er hirn rest ttie sod I
The blue that lie loved above hMin,
Ills spirit go'e hone to God.
Oh I nen may fight like devils,
As if hell oi earth doth reign;
But deep inI each human bosom
1ionie chords syrnpathize with pain.
Thank God for the noble pity,
Darting like electric thrill,
Inspiring a kinship-emotion,
Bidding evil passions be still.
Oh I comrades, ye know our distresses
wherever the fever breathed ;
Soon over the <ieath-mnarked threshold
The fiuneral flag was wreathed.
Tougue never can speak the horror
Growing blacker lay by day;
'en never can write our anguish,
Nor tine's waves wa.0i the record away.
Oh! comnrades, ye know our distreuses
Made lil hmmitanity sad;
And, hurried down* froui the Northland,
nich bontty wo fre'ely had.
Th'le North gave us muotley, with nutrses
Anid doctors noble anmd truan;
Drtgs, lprovisioria. and clothirng
Tihe North did a 1 she could do !
All honor to sincerest virtuie
The spirit of Blayard the ('ood ;
To the chivalric North all honior,
w~ho showed to ura truest knighithoed I
The Gamei of Boston.
The game at cards called "Boston,"
says a late writer in the New York Tines,
after the capital of Malssachulsetts, andl~
much played by our forefathers, has
lately been revived, it is said, ill New
England and in New York, especially
here, and is greatly enjoyed on account
of the skill required for profIicecy.
Boston is played by four persons5 with
two packs of cards, which aro never
shiufled. One of the packs is dealt and
the other cut alterniately, to determine
the trumpi, the trmnup governing the
game. The dealer decals five cards to
each player twice, and deals six cards
the last time arounid. If the first player
can make, or thinks he can make five
tricks from his hand, he says: "' I go
Boston," and his fellow-players may ovor
b~id him with thc words: "' I go 0, 7, 8,
9, 10, 11, 12 or 13," as the hand of each
may justify. Should any one fail to
make the number of tricks ho bids for,
he must pay to each compe~titor a forfeit,
regulatedl by a scale of prices agreed
uiponi beforehand. The agreement is
imperative; 'without it the game is impos
sible. It is accounted the most complex
and diflicult of all games at cards, and
is ther~efore a favorite with professional
gamb~lers. Boston has been played in
France and England, whore it is often
spoken of as the American game. Ben
jamin Franklin has the reputation of
mntroducing~ it in Paris. lie gave it the
name of Is nativo city, and is said to
hlave been1 a very clever player. The
philosophers of tile eighteenth century,
who were his comipanlions in France,
were very fond of the game and delighted
in its novelty. B~aron d'Holbach la re
ported to hiavo said that only a man of
genius could excel at Boston. The game
has aways been1 played more or less in
the Southwest, where much money if
still lost and won b~y it.
A plucky Kentucky schlool ma'4
Miss Hilllbrethl, of Hopkins Count
attempjted to punish a boy named
for someI mfisde camor, when~f thes
dIrew his knife. Miss illbreth
him, and 110 brought a club
ance, but she filnally wi
night the boy's father w
broth's b~oardling-houlse an .
shamefully. The next day i e
thle school -house to continue his abuse,
b lut tihe lady had armed herself with a
p)istol andl (dared Merrill to enter the door.
Merrill ran home, and was returning with
a shot-gunl, wheni he was arrested by an
officer, but soon escaped, and is now at
A CMINAKAi has ontered the Harvard
GEoRoE, BANOROFT says Washington
was six feet two inches high.
OFFENnACH made much money from
his operas, but died poor.
Mits. FLORENCE'S costumes in the
"Mighty Dollar" are insured for $25,
A PARIs shop had 67,000 customers
one day this fall, and sold $280, 000 worth
VnMxONr has four venerable ex-Gov
ernors living, each of whom is more than
80 years old.
WHAT is the difference between a fixzd
star and a meteor? One is a sun, the
other a darter.
TiE woman who has the best time at
a pairty is the woman who has the great
est show of real lace.
TiHE Rochester Jerald says that the
man who has a corner in pork should be
made to squiel.
A NEVADA ball report says: "Miss
Honora X. was full of eclat,-in fact, the
oclatist lady present."
THE honey crop is a pronounced fail
ure by one-half. So that wo have not a
sweet thing in bees this year.
NO LESS than 5,000 Chinamen are now
building railroads in Oregon, Washing
ton, and British Cohunbia.
ATLANTA has a new enterprise, a watch
manufactory. It begins with facilities
for turning out six watches per day.
W. W. COncOnAN, of Washington, has
given away $3,000,000 in public benefac
tions and $1,000,000 in private charities.
HENRY WALLACE and Jane Wallace,
his wife, have entered college at Wes
leyan University, Ct., as " Freshmen."
SPAIN, with only 17,000,000 of inhab
itants, turns out yearly twice as much
wheat as does Italy, with 28,000,000 of
ON the occasion of the celebration of
the tenth anniversary of the capture of
Rome, all political offenders were par
doned by the King of Italy.
iugs banks in Italy take
as they pay
of gold and
ran away, the
A geat crowd followed
up the money.
on foot at Washington to
Athe assefnbling there of a world's
to mote international ar
b 6, 1883, the centennial
o' dgment of American in
"EnIYIODY is looking at Rhode Isl
and," Tremarks the editor of the Provi
dence DispatoA in the course of an edit
orial on " The Duty of the Hour." This
explains the recent advance in the price
PROFANIrY has increased to such an
extent in New York sinco the telephone
was introduced that the company has
beeni forced to put up a sign : "Please
don't swear through the telephone," over
Is sw1NGIN4( healthy?7" asks a young
lady. It is, under some circumstances.
But if the hinge breaks, the pastime is
not only unhealthy, but dangerous.
We are always glad to extendl to the
young and inexp~eriencedl the knowledge
attainied by years of experience.
KEEPING p)olutr,V of sonmc kind or other
is almost umiversa2 in O1hiina. The poor
est hiouseholAd has, wherever practicab~le,
its pert cock and three or four lean lhens,
which stalk hungrily in and out of the
mud shanty ini seairch of anything eata
ble0 that no one else of the family may
happen to able to digest.
AcconJiDIo to a Viennese statistienl
journal, Austria is better p~rovided with
public lib~raries than any other country
I'r hazs b~een estimated that of the
horses in the world Austria has 1,367,000;
Hungary, 2,179,000; Franice, about ~3,
000,000; Russia, 21 ,470, 000; Germany,
3,352,000; Great Britain and Ireland,
2,255,000; TIurkey, about 1,000,000; thet
United States, 9,504,000; the Argentine
Republic, 4,000,000; Canada, 2,624,000;
The Number of Rich People in Paris.
M. Paul Leroy Beaulieu attempts to
calculate approximately the number of
rich persons actually living in Paris. He
takes as his p~ricipal basis of calculation
the value of the houses in the French
capital; and upon these figures buils up
his theory, on the assumption that the
less wealthy inhabitants spend about one
sixth of their income in house rent,
while the richer house-holders spend on
an average from one-eighth to one-tenth.
It will be easy for those who agree with
him to follow the theory when they
have the, list of rents, as ex
tr It ap
carri ,which show
sons who kee M horse.-Econo