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DEVOTED TO POLITICS, MORALITY, EDUCATION AND TO TIE GENERAL INTEREsT OF THE 00UNTRY.
By D. F. BRADLY & (0 PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, JANUARY 6, 1881. VOL
BY aNNMI JONES.
All went well in our lodge that even
ing, untilit wasannounced, "We will now
take up the order of unfinished busi
ness." Then there was a notable lack
.of interest, and every one seemed busy
in whispering to his neighbor, and what.
ever was the subject of his conversation
it was very evident tnat it did not per.
tain to the "unfinished business" before
the house. No one seemed to know
just where the lodge had left off, or
where it designed to begin; the circum
stances had changed, and that which
had once given interest to the subject
was past, and in a measure forgotten.
And I am quite certain that a great deal
of the unfinished business will remain
unfinished still, to the end of the chap
In every turn in life it is the same.
How much is begun but never finished I
And it is not that which is begun but
that which is completed that constitutes
our success. No matter how brilliant
the beginning, only the thing in its
completeness will be accepted by the
- world. Sometimes an unfinished poem
or sketch, or a partially completed
drawing, contains touches of genius not
found elsewhere, but they never live
and are loved like those which are
rounded and complete.
When we see a person who is full of
brilliant beginnings but of little perse
verance, we see one that will, in all
probability, pass through life a disap
pointed and unsuccessful man or wom
an. Another, beginning in a smaller
vay and apparently with less prospects,
by steady perseverance, will eventually
accomplish that in which the other has
It is not genius, hardly is it toil; it is
not luck, but a persistent "stick-to-a
tiveness" that Is the surest to win suc
coms in this life.
TALK OVER WHAT YOU READ.
Nearly forty years' experience as a
teacher has shown me how little I truly
know of a subject until I began to ex
plain it or teach it. Let any young per
son try the experiment of giving in con
versation, briefly and connectedly, and
in the simplest language, the chief
points of any book or aricle he has
read, and he will at once see what I
mean. The gaps that are likely to ap
pear i:n the knowledge that. he felt was
his own will no doubt be very surpris
ing. I know of no training superior to
this in utilizing one's reading, in
strengthening the memory, rimd in form
Ing habits of clear, connected statement.
lIt will doubtless teach other things than
those I have mentioned, which the. per
inous who honestly make the experiment
wvill find out for themselves. Children
wvho read can be encouraged to give, in a
fimily way, the interesting parts of the
- books they have read, with great advan
tage to all concerned. More than one
youth I know has laid the foundation of
intellectual tastes in a Now England
family, where hearty encouragement
was given to children and adults in their
attempts to sketch the lectures they
have heard the evening previous. The
same thing was done with books.
BRAINS AND BUSINESS.
Men of practical talent are now
sought for in country and city. They
are wantedl everywhere and will be
called for hereafter more than ever.
Where are these men to come from,
these thousands of Major Generals in
commerce. Now is the time to train
young men for business pursuits, for
the great avenues to wealth, and dis
tinction and power which wealth con
We are preparing young men for the
army at West Point, for the navy at
Newport, for the learned professions at
various universities. This is well. But
where one is wanted as a graduate. ot
these institutions a thousand are
wanted in the great army of ' busi
ness. Parents, as you value the happi
ness of your sons, give this matter a
careful consideration, a thorough busi
ness education will ever be a blessing to
your children. -Burintiton H~awk-Eye~.
A YOUNG man in Georgia has taught*
the public a lesson in respect to the
danger of hasty generalization. When
Tanner triumphantly fasted for forty
slays the conclusion was jumped
to that the limit of life under priva
tion has been very much understated.
Acting upon this assumption, the
Georgia man. Tuck Jackson by name,
.'efused food, expecting, no doubt,
he would live forty days, at least.
But alas ! for the force of Tanner's ex-j
ample. He died on the seventeenth aI
OUR fU VENILES.
Ltle BO-Peep has lost her sheep "
A mother is singing her baby to sk ep,
But the tiny fingers tipped with pearl
Round one another vexatiously twirl,
And feet so cunning, so rosy and quick,
Are tossing the crib-quilt with punch and kick,
And wide-awake eyes just as bluo as the sky *
Are saying to mamma, "1'll sleep by-and-by I
And you can't hurt me one wee bit,
Though, trying your sweetest, you patiently sit
And sing by the hour beside meI"
"Little Bo-Peep has lost her sheep I"
"Hurry up, darling I Do go to sleep!
Maybe you'll find in the Land of Dreams
Little Do-Peep by the shady streams
Waiting for you, with her to go
After her lambios as white as snow,
H1unling through meadow and glen and dell
To find the dear creatures all safe and well
Out wher the lovely harebolls grow,
Bleating and feeding to and fro,
A-swingin' their tails behind 'em! 1"
Lower and lower the shadow dips
Over the foreheall, the cheek, the lips;
Lovelit oyos are closed at last;
Lullaby, hush-a-by song is past;
Baby has gone to the land of dreams,
Hunting Bo-Peep by the shady streams.
Mother, unwearied, her vigil keeps,
Dreamuing awake, while her baby sleeps
Dreams which the future, perchance, may bring
To her winsome darling and leave no sting
No waking grief behind them.
Silently, tenderly enter there;
ood has answered a mother's prayer;
Baby, our baby, to-day has gone
Into a country to us unknown,
There to find, by the shady streams
Which border the city where no one dreams,
Gifts as costly, as rich and rare,
As ever were dreamed in a mother's prayer I
Oh Jesus, who sung her last, sweet lullaby;
Jesus, the little ones' friend, be nigh
To comfort us. left behind her I
During their stay upon the island of
yava, Dr. Bronson and his young i:av
eling companions took a trip on a rail
way from Batavia to Buitenzorg, in or
der that they might learn something of
the interior of the island. While on this
trip the boys observed, among other
things, that the trees in some instances
grew quite close to the track. Dr. Bron
son oxplained to them that in the trop
ics it was no small matter to keep a rail
way line clear of trees and vines, and
sometimes the vines would grow over
bhe track in a single night. It was nec
assary to keep men at work along the
track to cut away the vegetation wbere
It threatened to interfere with the trains,
md in the rainy season the force was
sometimes doubled. "There is one
Yood effect," said he, '" f this luxuriant
rowth. The roots of the vines and
rees become interlaced in the embank
nent on which the road is built, and
revent its being washed away b~y heavy
ains. So you see there is, after all, a
iaving in keeping the railway in repair."
At several of the stations the natives
>flered fruits of different kinds, and near
y all new to our young friends.. They
mnd been toui that they would probably
ind the mangosteen for sale along the
oad ; .They had inquired for it in Singa
oro, but it was not in season there, and
1ow their thoughts were bent upon dis
sovering it between Batavia and Buiten
sorg. Two or three times they were
lisappointed when they asked for it ; but
ilnally, at one of the stations, when Fred
pronounced the word "Imangosteen," a
aative held up a bunch of fruit and
modded. The doctor looked at thme.
aunch and nodded likewise, and Fred
speedily paid for the prize.
Perhaps we had better let Fred tell the
story of the mangosteen, which he did
ii his first letter from Buitenzorg :
" We have found the prince of fruits,
mnd its name is mangosteen. It is about
thie sizo of a pippin apple, and of a pur
pie color-a very dark purple, too. The
busk, or rind, is about half an inch
thick, and contains a bitter juice, which
is used in the preparation of dye ; it
stains the fingers like aniline ink, and is
not easy to wash off. Nature has wisely
provided this protection for the fruit ; if
it had no more covering than the ordi
nary skin of an apple the birds would
eat it all up as soon as it was ripe. If I
were a bird, and had a bill that would
open the mangosteen, I would eat noth.
Ing else as long as I could get at it.
" You cut this husk with a sharp knife
right across the center, -end then you
open it in two parts. Out comes a lump
or pulp as white as snow, about the size
of a small peach. It is divided into sec
tions, like the interior of an orange, and
there is a sort of star on the outside
that tells you, before you cut the husk,
exactly how many of these sections
there are. Having got to the pulp, you
proceed to take tho lump into your
mouth and eat it ; and you will be too
busy for the next quarter of a minute to
"fHip!i hip!i hurrah ! Tt mxelts away
in your mouth like anm overripe peach or
strawberry ; it has a taste that is slightly
acid-very slightly, too-but you can no
inmore describe all thn flavor of it than
you can describe how a canary sings, or
a violet smells. There is no other fruit
I ever tasted that begins to compare
with it, though I hesitate to admit that
there is anything to surpass our 'Ameri
can strawberry in its perfection, or the
American peach. If you could get all
the flavors of our best fruits in one, and
then give that one the 'meltinguess' of
the mangosteen, perhaps you mWght
equal it; but, till you can do so, there
is no use denying that the tropics have
the prince of fruits.".-" The Boy Travel
er8 in the Iar East."
When Patty was a very, very little
girl, she one day took it into her curly
head to run away.
Her mother was busy at work and did
not miss her until she had been gone
some minutes. Then she looked out and
saw Patty's pink dress, like a little flow
er, moving along slowly away down the
There was no one to send for the run
away, so the tired mother had to leave
the bread burning in the oven, and the
baby crying in the cradle, and start out
herself in the hot sun.
There was an old man coming along
the road toward Patty, an old man that
she knew very well, but was really afraid
She need not have been, for he was
kind and pleasant; but he was a queer,
simple old man, and everybody called
him old Daddy Morse.
Patty was so afraid that she turned
out of the road and went along close by
the fence to get by him.
He saw the little girl was running
away, however, and, in the kindness of
his heart, he went and picked Patty up
to carry ner back, and save her mother
the long, warm walk.
How frightened and angry little Patty
was! How she did kick and scream I
The old man held on all the same,
and tried to soothe her by gentle words;
but ie might as well have talked to a
She screamed as loud as she could till
she met her mother and found herself
safe in her arms, and even then she
sobbed and cried for a long time.
Her mother talked to her about run
ning away, told her it was naughty, and
that Daddy Morse was very kind to
bring her back, but Patty still sobbed
and sighed, and could not get over her
She shut the outside door, and stood
.y the window watching in fear that the
old ftian would come again.
Pretty soon her brother Allie came
whistling across the yard. Patty opened
the door a little crack. "M'in, Allie,"
she saidl, in a trembling voice. " Man
bite 'ce 1"
Then her little kitty came around the
corner. "M'in, kitty," she called. "Man
bite 'eel"- Youth's Co ain
A correspondent of the St. Louis Re
publican tells of the wonderful farming
op~erations of Dr. Hugh J. Glenn, of
Colusa county, Cal. The farm consists
of 65,000 acres, 45,000 of which are in
wheat, and has 175 miles of fence. The
acreage yield is 25 bushels in favorable
seasons, and this is considered a favora
ble one. Of this year's crop Dr. Glenn
says, although he has on hand 350,000
sacks, each holding 140 pounds, he
thinks they will not hold his wheat
Hie has his own machine and blacksmith
shops) ; boring, turning and planing
machines ; buzz saws, etc. He manu
factures his own wagons, separators,
headers, harrows and nearly all the ma
chinery and implements used. He has
employed 50 men in seeding and 150 in
harvest, 200 head of horses and nylies,
55 grain-headers and other wagons, 150
sets of harness, 12 twelve-foot headers,
5 sulky hay-rakes, 12 eight-mule culti
vators, 4 Gem seed-sowers, 8 Buckeye
drills, 8 mowers, 1 forty-eight-inch sep
arator, 86 feet long and 18j high, with a
capacity of 10 bushels per minute ; 1
forty-inch separator, 86 feet long ; 2
forty-feet elevators for self-feeder, 1
steam barley or feed mill, 2 twenty
horse-power engines. The working
force to run the separator is 66 men, 8
headers, 22 header-wagons, 100 horses
and mules. The average run of the
machine is 1,800 sacks, containing 2*
bushels each, per day. The utmost ca
pacity of the machine is 8,000 sacks or
7,000 bushels per day. The harvesting
force cut and thrash simultaneously,
and in fifteen minutes from the time the
header begins in the grain the wheat is
in the sacks. ___ __
TnB Pennsylvania Railway Company
is adding the artificial decoration to the
grandeur of nature by beautifying the
famous Horse-shoe curve, near Altoona,
with flowers and foliagn plants.
In North Carolina there are 267 tobacco
Fine specimens of pure plumbago have
been found in Cherokee county, Ga.
Key West yields about $21,500 per
month to the internal revenue fund.
Real estate in Lafayette, Ala., is as
sessed $114,175 and personal property
The revival at the Baptist church at
Durham, N. C., resulted in forty-seven
-It i3 proposed to scale the city debt of
New Orleans to the extent of fifty cents
on the dollar.
Lands in Montgomery county, Ala.,
have more than doubled in price within
five or six years.
The building of the Library Associa
tion, at Thomasville, Ga., cost $3,000.
It has 2,000 volumes.
It is against the law in Fort Smith,
Ark., to carry a pistol in any other way
except in the hand.
In Perry county, Miss., John A. Syl
vester planted a poplar tree near an ap
ple tree, and the poplar bore apples.
In some instances in Grayson county,
Va., five and six persons of a family died
of diphtheria, and in one instance an en
Some thirty families from Michigan,
New Jersey and Florida, are locating in
North Georgia. en the line of the Atlan
ta and Charlotte road.
William Lockridge, of Highland coun
ty, Va., says that he has killed in his
.time as many as 1,500 deer. The old
man's step is still firm.
The receipts of the State of North Car
olina from all sources during the year
ended September 30, were $546,796.04,
and the disbursementi were $462,72A.34.
The Supreme Court of Mississippi de
clares that eighteen mills-on the dollar,
including three mills for State tax, is the
utmoAt limit to which taxes can be laid.
About sixty Swiss colonists, the men
being 1 enerally possessed of means, ar
rived at Mount Airy, Ga., Saturday. A
colony of Armenians are expected in the
The entire amount collected by way of
taxation in North Caoolina is $2,082,7r0,
of which the counties spend two-thirds,
the schools one-sixth, and the State the
Walnut furniture has been" received
romn Chicago andl put in place in the
new post-office at Atlanta, Ga. The
old furniture will be used to furnish the
post-office at Macon, Ga.
The dueling bill has been passed by the
South Carolina Senate, with an addi
tional section providling that it shall not
effect indictments now pending or offenses
committed before its passage.
Three men sit in the Uinitedl States Sen
ate who were Governors of Southern
States when the war broke out, and re
mainedl in office by re-election at its close
Harris, of Tennessee ; Vance, of North
Carolina, and Browvn, of Georgia.
The flat lands on th'e Escambia river
in Santa Rosa county, Fla., are alluvial
deposits from the rich lime lands of Ala
hamna, and it is thought that they will
make the largest possible crops of rice
for hundreds of yea s without any ma
Two bells found b~y a (liver between
Fort Sumter andl Fort Mou ltrie, taken
fromi the wreck of a vessel of about 350
tons burden, bear the daite 1374, and
muthv been cast nearly two centu
ries hefere the discovery of America.
There is an extensive deposit of kaolin,
or porcelain clay, in South Carolina,
near the Georgia city of Augusta, of the
finest quality, equal to the (demands of a
hundred years. It is said to have been
used to adulterate flour, being soft, white
and tree from gravel.
O1(1 Poldo Lamar, in alabamai, is (lead.
Hie was positively known to be 110 years
01(d. But according to his statement of
his age when he came to this country
from Africa and his recollection of wvar
times long ago, lie must have been 125
years 01(1. He was able to go about
where he wished until about a month
ago, wvhen he fell in the fire, since which
time he has been confined to his bed.
The South Louisiana Canal and Navi
gation Company in less than t welve years,
beginning about :'ix miles west of Fort
Livingston, near the Southern entrance
to Barataria hay, has cut a fine canal,
westwardl, nine miles long, forty feet
wide, and six feet deep at lowv tide, cut
ting into Bayou Lafouirche ablout twenty
miles above its mouth, and extendingr
Inearly three miles farther west, into the
back waters of Tinibolier bay. This
gives safe and easy inland navigat ion to
Bayou Terrebonne at a point about, tweii
ty miles from the gulf.
T HE EAST r 'vR BRIDGE.
The first consignment of stoel-27,460
pounds-for the superstructure of the
East River bridge has been received,
and rapid deliveries are expected from
this time on, the Edgemoor Iron Com
pany having put its full forc upon this
contract. The guys of the superstruct
ure, manufactured by the Rooblings, at
Trenton, of Bessemer steel, have also ar
rived. The Cambria Steel Company,
which furinishes the steel, has about
1,000 tons ahead of the Edgemoor Com
pany. Col. Paine reports that the steel
has all been tested and is of superior
quality, the strength of the steel trusses
being six times greater than is likely to
The last structure to be razed to make
room for the New York approaeh will
soon be cleared away. Thus far thc
bridge bascost $14,000,000-of which sum
$3,000,000 went under water and $4,
000,000 went for real estate, to be cov
cred by a mile of costly masonry. In
the profile drawing of the completod
structure the lofty towers sink to con
parative insignificance. The projection
carries in the observer's mind a sense of
.length rather than of height. The su
perb arches at Vandowater and Rose and
William and North William streets, the
massive anchorages at Franklin squaire.
in New York and Main street in Brook
lyn, and the airy bridge over Pearl
street become, says a' critical observer,
more conspicuous in the picture than
are the towers, which are so imposing as
seen at midstream on the East river.
It is calculated that with the greatest
possible weight on the bridge and in the
hottest of August days, with the tide di
its highest, there will be 135 feet 6
inches in the clear between the lowest
point in the bridge, midstream, and the
surface of the East river.--Scicnti/lo
FARM SCENES IN NEW RNGLAND.
The cider mill challenged the boy's
attention in the fall, when apples were
brought by the cart-load and dumped in
huge piles on the ground, then carried in
large baskets to the hopper, to be con
verted into p~omace. The steady 01(1
horse turned the creaking mill. When
the pomace was p~ut into form and
pressed the sweet juice ran out into
tubs that invite sampling. Cups and
glasses were a barbarism ; the only
proper instrument for tasting and test
ing was the long, bright straw. No
cherry cobbler was ever so delicious as
that new cider. It was good sport to
hunt liens' eggs, in obscure manger cor
ners, or high hay-mowvs, or in the tall,
standing grass ; to see the swarming bees
settle on 'a limb of the ne ar peach tree,
and watch the process of hiving them ;
to ride on high loads of fragrant hay ; to
trap the sly woodchuck, and see his grit
as a prisoner ; to follow the harvesters
afield, and stack the clean oat-sheaves
in " shocks," andl to see the same oats
fly from under the alternating flails.
About the best fun of all was in the
huskings on the great barn floor. Here
were at once activity and repose, indi
vidual excellence and social enjoyment.
Every man has his stories to tell. The
gray-hairedl grandfather recounted his
early exploits, and told how his nimble
feet used to trip those of heavier and
stronger wrestlers. " Stand up a min
ute," lhe would say to. his best hired
man ; and, taking him by the collar and
elbow, he would illustrate his youthful
"science," and send his man tottering
across the floor. Hardly less was the
sport of shearing time, when the boys
were allowed to hold the big shears and1
trim the sheep's fleecy legs. The shear
ing was preceded by a general sheep
washing, at the bridge on the nearest
cross-road. It was "high jinks " for the
boys to stand waist-deop in the water,
pass along the swimming sheep, and give
the larger lambs a useless bath by them
selves.-Martin Kellogy, in Sptemrnlc
CANADA has definitely offered herself
up to the capitalists. She has dlefinitely
agreed to turn over to a syndicate the
new Canada Pacific Company, in p)er
petuity, that portion of thme line which
has already been built and all informna
tion in its possession, and will grant sub
sidies in the form of $200,000,000 of
Canadian Government bonds and several
million acres of land along the line of
road for thme sake of its comfpletio n to
the Pacific coast.
Humons of tho day-Small-pox, sait.
DAMirr is a postoffice name in Sevier
A NEWLY-WEDDED husband vays it
should be called " matrimoney."
Soin Philadelphians named their
Colorado silver mine tho " Scooper,"
and the namo proved prophotic. They
have been scooped.
No WONDER the miser desires to take
is gold with him beyond the gravn.
wven even l" death loves a shining
marec. "--Turncrs Falls Rcportcr.
Tuxus are in Philadelphia 434
churcIies; in New York city, 354, and
in Brooklyn, 210. In no other Ameri.
(-.in (ity are thero more than 200.
FAnnus in Dallas county, Texas, se
clre artesian wells, flowing six foe#
above the ground, by boring to a deptb
of between sixty and seventy foot.
A CArIrFORNIA woman, seven feet tal.
and weighing 200 pounds, broko hor
heart for love of a little runt of a mav
wearing No. 4 boots and leading a poo
die by a chain.-Dctroit Frcc Prcss.
INSANH- by over-study of the Bible, a
young ian naned Pierce, of Theresa,
Jefftrson countyv, N. Y., imagining that
his left hand had offended, deliberately
cu.t. off every finger.
SMALL boy (rushing in front of young
lady wearing large poko bonnet, and
staring her full in the face)-" You've
lost yonr bet, Charlie ; I told yer it
warn't an old woman."
Doos chased the murderer of their
master, at Navasota, Tex., but only held
him fast when they caught him. The
hiuman pursuers were less merciful, for
they hanged him to a tree.
TnE medical student of Maine must
dissect before lhe eau become an M. D.,
but the law provides that no bodies shall
b (lissected except those of executemi
criminals, and another law abolishes
AT Exetcr, England, a young farmer
has been sent to jail for a month for
shooting a rabbit on a farm of his own
occupation, while a man brought before
the same loench for brutally ill-treating
his wife was fined 5 shillings.
TiE Philadelphia lerald says that
the women of that city are busily en
gaged in getting ip political clubs,
They are aboult twvo feet lonmg, and only
appear Onl parade when tile hulsbands of
the women camne home late at nlighlt.
AN old English miser namedl Rhodles,
whlo began making money as a rubb1 ill
gatherer, and lived and~ dIied i! s(inialor,
hats bequeathled $300,000 between the
Ro)yal Free HFospital, London, and the
National Lifeboat Institutlion, leaving
his relations p~enniiess.
SoME philosophical paragrap)her has
been struck withl wonder at tile persist
once of mothlers in teaching their chiil
dr.'n to talk, and the equal persistence
with which they enldeavor, a few years
later, to keep them from exercising their
talents ini that line.
Tumr word "' welcome " on the dloor
mat, or worke'd ini silk floss and framed
to, hang oil tile wall, does niot always
mean that the relatives, even unto the
thjird or foulrthI genteration, maly come in
at all times'1 andio make themselves per
fectly at home. -Boston (Glolc.
Tuir tradhition that C~oogne Cathedral
would never 1he finishled took its rise as
follows :A young architect in dlesp~air
at the refusal of his plans1 bly Archbishop
Conrad went to thet bank of the Rinoil
peared't tile devil himsel~f, who offere(d
him, in exchange for his soul, the planh
of the cathedral as it stands to-day.
Thie yoiung man demanded twenty-four
hours for reflection, and submitted thme
matter to his confessor, who suggested
that on the morrow, when Satan
showed him again the design, he should
seize it withl his left hand, and, drawing
rapidly a relic of St. Ursula from under
his robe with the righlt, strike thle evil
slpirit with it 01) the brow. This wais
done. Sat an said : " That's a ounning
I rick of the chph, but the design
which you seize sh0hiever be finished,
and your name shall retain unknown.' -
As he spoke he snatched away the upper
part of tihe design. The young archi
teet diedl of mortification without recon
structing the plan. For years events
reemed to bear out tile old legend.
WVASnTNoTrON has had a building boom
this year. So far 625 newv buildings have
been erected, against 511 for the same
period last year. A large number of
publicw men are building handsome resi
dences at thle capitalh.