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DEVOTED TO POLITICS, 'ORALITY, EDUCATION AND TO THE GENERAL INTERUST OF TEE UOUNTRY.
By D. F. BRADLEY & 00. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, JANUARY 27 1881 VO X
In Columbus county, N. C., it is pro
posed t2, cultivat jute for market.
On one ranch in Texas a thousand
lambs were killed by cold weather.
Malvern, Ark., has voted down the
granting of liquor licenses in that place.
The new code of Mississippi cost $12,
500, 5,000 volumes at $2 50 per volume.
It is said that castor beans crn be
raised th perfection in Western Texas.
William H. Vanderbilt has given $10,
000 to the University of North Carolina.
It is said in Alabama that for seventy
five years good crops have succeeded
Tire places of a thousand or more ne
groes who have left the prairies of Ala
hama for Mississippi have been easily
In Louisiana there are said to be 139
species of fibrous plants which can be
made amenable to the re(uirements of
* During six days of Christmas, $3,780
worth of' whisky wassol, the Rev. R. N
Pratt says, in the town of Abbeville,
Aln effort is repo'rted at Prattville, Ala.,
to prohibit the sale of liquor within the
e )rporate limits, or raise tile license to
1,From Jackson Ville, Fla., the shipments
of lurither lst year aggregated 41,719,255
feet, an increase of 7,710,317 over tile
The largest, crop of sugar inl Louisiana
this season is thought to be that made on
Bellevue plantation in St. Mary parish,
abott 2,000,000 pounds.
Public schools in Tennessee in 1880
nimbered 5,522, against 3,942 in 1875.
In l8%0 the teachers employed numbered
5,951, against 4,210 in 1875.
In Alabama a law has been passed giv
ilg blacismiths and woodworkers a lien
on vehicles repaired by them until the
price is pai(l.
The b)lack lands of Alahma are said
to be degenerating rapidly. Tle ridge
inds/of canbrake have washed away,
an1d the bottoms need draining badly.
The city of Galveston has contracted
for the sinking of an arteshim well to the
depth of 2,500 feet 0. till water is reached
satisfactory inl q uality and q uantmitity.
Olives and oil have been raised in
Soth Carolina. Fine samples have just
b eenlh fuished by 31rs. Prestoni 8.
froofrs, of Edgefiehl. The trees were
plhinted in 1853.
Ibuild cotton mills. Five million hales
of unmlfanlufaictumredl cottoni is wiorth to
lihe South $225,000,000. Spuni into yarn
this cotton is worth to the South $450,
Lje. couinty, to be name in honor of.
Gen. R. E. Lee, is p)roposed iln North
SCarolina to be formed out of parts of
Johnston, Wake, Frannklin and N ash
The liquor traflic is one of the qu les
tiomns which the Legislature of North
Carolina will have to face. A prohibi
tory .liquor law association has b~eein
started at Raleigh.
SThe South Carolina law pr'ohibits ahl
solutely the sade of inltoxienlting liquors,
iinlding mfaltliqutors and wines, outside
of all incorporatted cit: s, towns amiil viI-.
[he rem ains of the father of IHon.
Jefferson Davis atre buried in Wilkcs
counity, Ga. It is alleged that Mr-. D~avis
has a ritten to a genitlemlan of Wilkes
eenty, oflering a liberal re ward for them.
One of the most serious drawbacks to
tihe ,prosperity (of South Florida is said
to be the fact that so large a portion of
te supplies is importedl from tihe NorthI.
le remark might be extendedc~ to othler
parts of the South..
Kennedy, theSotuthi Texas eattle King,
Iwho recently sold out to an English comn
4 ~pany, had onle of the largest ranches in
theState, hafving 180,000 acres of land
under fence, upon whlich he fed 50,000
head of cattle and 10,000 head of horses.
Nagotiations are in progress for the
purchlase of land in Eastern North Caro
lina vwhereupon to settle a colony of
Swvedes, who are expected to arrive at
dNew York early in the spring. A loca
tion near Lhe Pamlico river in Bleaufort
Thli Agricultural Department of South
Ca4rolinaL will probably send an agent to
Germany to induce immigratiolt~ There
ipome talk of managing this5 ageuncy in
connection with those of North Carolina
andl Ghorgia, thereby securing greater
Ndvan tages wvith les muitn
Uniited States COllmissioner Le )uc
has arranged for leasing 200 acres of Ilnd
in Colleton county, S. C., about two
miles from'Suminerville, for the purpose
of establishing an experimental tea farm
under the management of the United
States Department of Agriculture. The
owner, f. A. Middleton, of Charleston,
grants a lease for twenty years for one
dollar. At the end of the lease all per
manent improvements will be his prop
By the new homnestead act of South
Carolina, a homestead in I nds, whether
held in fee or any lesser estate, not to
exceed in value $1,000, with the yearly
products thereof, is exempt to the head
of every family residing in the State
from attachment, levy or sale, on any
mesne or linial process issuing from any
court upon any judgment obtained upon
any right of action arising subsequent to
the ratification of tie State constitution.
Also peronal property to the extent of
$500 is exempt to the head of any family
residing in the State.
Rats In India.
A captain in the army, holding an ap
pointment in the Bengal Staff Corps
was staying with his wife and young chiki
in the samo station. The fAther-a right
brave man he was, who had been wound
ed not a great while before by some hill
savage-wanted to bring up his son to
be hardy and fearless, (like himself, I
should add) so the parents put their lit
tie one in a room to sleep by itself. But
they soon noticed scratches and strange
marks on the young child's hands, which,
getting worse, made them call in a doc
tor. This gentleman's advise was en
couraging; he said:
"If you don't want your child to lose
his hands you had better keep him away
from the rats, for they have been biting
Traveling at one time in an out-of
the-way district, I had put up for the
ight at a "d'ak bungalow," i. c., travel
ers' rest house. I asked the native In
charge whether any sahibs had been
there lately, and 1he said no, not for a
long time. Before lying down to rest, I
took off my riding boots and flung them
on one side. When I came to put them
on ill the morning I found I should travel
with much less leather than I had the
previous day, for the rats had made a
complete wreck of the upper parts of the I
boots. I hadn't another pair with me or
I should certainly have worn them, for
my appearance was somewhat nove, as I
was wearing white trousers at the time,
and the holes in the boot uppers were
painfully manifest in consequence.
An old painter in India, whose word I
readily believe, assured me that the zinc I
lining of somo grain bins was eaten
through and mended, and eaten through
again several times by rats, and that the I
p~erformance was quite skillful, in that i
the bins were built on brick pillars, and
great care was taken never to leave ally-i
thing b~eneath for the rats to stand upon.
Blut neverthueless they managed repeat
edly in some way, and( gnawed through
the wood and then through the zinc un- 1
til tihe graiul fell out.1
I was living for a few months in an is-i
olated, swampy district, and, as a nat- t
ural sequence, the place being excessivelyi
unhealthy, I was frequently attacked
b~y thle constant companions of Indian
jungle life, fever and ague. The bun
galowv was a very rough building, and 1
had been put up in a great hurry, and
every time the wind blew with any vio
lence I anticipated it coming down in a
space of time even less than that in which]
it was put up. When laid uip with fever,
and unale to read,-I use to watch the
rats running ab~out tihe b~eams and rafters
of the roof. Their p~erformances would
have put Blondin altogether to shame.
I amnusedl myse.lf by waiting until the
rats got into difficult parts of tihe roof,
and~ thlen clapp~ed my~ hands to startle
them. But endeavormng to cause them
to lose their balance was utterly futile.
They always got out of sight in safety.
1 somletimes had something eatable left
on the table, and thlen watched tihe ma
nouvres of the rats to carry it away. I
was sorry afterward, because they got
impudent and courageous, and fre
quently stole tings intended for my own
A recognized institution in England is
" blue Monday," the direct fruit of the
beer drinking which is there tolerated
and allowed. The working Englishman
is wedded to his beer. He feels that it
is the great comfort, and one of the very
few enjoyments of his life. And not
only is the chocolate room or any like
contrivance " slow," but there is about
it an implication that he is taken in
hand and managed by his betters, like a
child, which he not unnaturally resents.
Rightly or wrongly, he feels more
ashamed at being treated in this way
than he does of being drunk once a
week-once, however, being here a word
of wide signification. For in these cases
" the same drunk " often extends from
Saturday night to Monday, and not in
frequently into Tuesday. Many first
class artisans, knowing their own pro
pensity, absolutely refnse to work for
any man more thian four days a week.
Tile social effect of this habit on the
community may be imagined.
TnR editor wrote "An evening with
Saturn," and it came out in the paper
" An evening with Satan." It was
mighty rough, but the foreman said it
was the work of the "devil." And it
looked that way.
SAD HISTORY OF THE CONFEDER
The Men Who Oniereit Up Thir Lives
atd Property On the Anta- or T'.eAsir
Conuatry, aute How They Aceeqpted tHoe
Arbitranent of the bwor and AbE.
led by It.
What a strange, and in the main, what
a sad history is that of the generals who
led the confederate armies in the late
war. It is a story of poverty and depri
vation, lit up here and there by a gleam
of good lyck-but of poverty borne man
fully, and of deprivation met with the
same courage that led these men to the
front of their legions.
The fate of the "rebel brigadier" at
the close of the war was enouah to de
press the most bouyant among them.
They had put everything on the turn of
the sword and had lost. Property, busi
ness- and all had been sacrificed in the
irder of war, and they wero left, in the
fierce light .of fame, without any resource
--expected to support a certain dignity
nd nothing to support it on. There was
nio standing army into which they could
be retired with adequate salary. There
hvas no hop for them in the thousands
)f lucrative offices that the republicans
listributed among the federal generals.
'heir States were impoverished and 'were
imable to support civil establishments
hat would fu rnish offices out of which
inything could be hoped for. Of course
he pivates -of the confederate army
vere deserving of all sympathy ; but iti
cenis to me that the generals had some
hiat harder lines. At any rate I am
ure that there is no old soldier that fol
owed the stars and bars that will not
cad with interest a kindly inquiry into t
lie history of these old leiders and their I
amilies. I believe the annexed will be 1
nt.irely accurate, certainly nearly so. (
I hardly know where to begin, but
uppose Nwe take the living Lees with (
vhich to open the hurried review. W. I. t
. Lee, tile oldest son of Robert E. Lee, 9
s living at present in Fairfax county,
Mi a fari that belonged to the estate of a
is aunt, M rs.. Fitzhugh. It is a fine 1
)lace ; the General is an attentive and I
utccessful farmer, and lie gets a comfort- i
ile living onit of it. Custis Lee, the
iext son, succeeded his father as Presi
lent of Washing-Lee University and I
ives in Lexington. le is a bachelor,
Lild hiS two sisters live with himi. Ie
las fine expectations, Judge Hughes hav
ng decided that the ArlinEton estate,
iow used ava federal cemetery, is his by -
-i. lit of law. The case has been appealed, I
)it the judgment will hardly le reversed
--anld tie place .will be appraised and<
)aynient made for it. Robert Lee lives
mn the old Lee estate in Westmoreland 4
-ounty, where lie is moving along
imoothly, making enough to supply his
VIants. General Fitzhugh L ee has a farm I
In the Potomac, that belonged to his
unt, Mrs. Fitzhugh, and it is said is
howing ermiderable enterprise, thougi
tot amassing moncy. lie has a saw mill, t
think, in connection with Iii, farm. I
The llHou-s and the Senate hiav-e a good
nany of on 7gen~eralIs, and I think withit
lie exception of Generals Cockirell and:
vance, all of them find their salairy very
mportant. General Vance was 'living
-ery easily, and1( addedl to his fortune bvy
uis late miarriage. Senator Cockrell1,:
vho was a brave and dlashing oilieer,I
mitt upj a lucrative pr-actice in St. Louis1 1
iefore hei camte to the Senate, and is welli
ixed. Besides these there are in thte
Seniate. Major-General Matt Pansomi who
s struggling to clear his property of en
:umubrances that lie was forced" to pit
iponi it to maiuke it. produtctive Briga
her-General John T. M~organ, of Ala
ama, who depended upon his law praIc
ice, wichl was larger in volumue than in
nconme; Li~Weutenaint-Ge'ner'al Hampi~lton,
i South Carolina, who is a comparaitive
y 1)o01 man, though a large land owner;
\faijor-G eneral Butler, his colleague, who
ast all in the war and has not recov~e red
niuck- Major-General.Maxey, of Texas,
whor the way has an independent ini
oCmfe fromf his pract icC, and~ owns au beau
tiful homeio in I aris, Texas.
In t e douse there are muany lbriga
hiers, andt~ a few heavier- generals. Gen
araI .Joe .Johunson leadsl int rank, though
hiis service ini tihe House hast not been
brill ian t. lHe htas a line i nsu ranuce busi
ness, and his wvife, a dlaughter of .J ud~e
M~ciean, had considerable property. is
boo0k has not paidl him much .1 hear-, be
ing published undoer a poor conitract.
Alabama has (lone well by her generals,
ha:vi ng in the H~ouse--Major-General
WV. IH. Forney, wvho has little beyond his
salary, and Brigadier-General C. Mt.
Shedley who is in about the sanme condil
tion. Georgia has Brigatdier-G ene(ral Ph 'i
Cook, who has a goodelaw practice in
Amecricus, GIa., andl who has hadl four
terms in the H-louse. Brigadier-General
Dibrell, of Tennessee, is comfortably
fixed, and is re-elected to the House for
his third term-and Atkins and White
thorne, of the same State were generals
of State troops. Virginia has 1Nigadier
General Bleale, who is doing well outsidIe
of Congress, andl General Eppa Hunton,
who retires at the close of the p)resenlt
Congress, p)erfectly able to take care of
himself. Nort Cb arolina has General
Rob~ert Vance in the House, to b~alanlce
General Zeb in the Senate. Louisiana
has General Randall Gibson, who has
been elected to the next House, and to
the Senate also. He is a rich man, hav
ing had means of his own, andl his wife
having had somei property. General
Chalmers is Representative of the fain us
shoe-string odistrict of Mississippi, anod is
modleratel y well ofT. TIhis finishues up the
list of "rebel" generals in the Honuse and
Senate, I think, without omission.
There are a number of confederate
generals in the dephlartnmenitsand ini various
service in \Vashington. First in the im
p ortance of his work is General Marcus
J.Wright, who has charge of thc Con
federate records, and who was looking
towards a literary connection when he
was offered this place that would have
brought him fame and money. iajr
General C. W. Field, m ho foi ht to the
last day in the morning with Lee, is
door-keeper of the house. having forner
ly had an insurance business that gave
him a living, but not much more. Ma
jor-General L. L. Lamar, who whs a
brave soldier, has some position about
the house, probably *being in the docu
ment room. IMajor-General Cadamus M.
Wilcox is with the sergeant-at-arns of
the Senate and has little fortune outside
of his position. Major-General Sam
Jones is in the adjutant general's office,
where he has a good though not a prom-.
inent place. Major-General Ilarry leth,
who was a classmate and great friena of
Burnside, has a comfortable position in
the treasury-and this closes the roll I
believe of the gonerals of the Southern
irmies about Washington in any capac
ity, unless General C. L. Stevenson, who
was formerly clerk of a congrcion1al
ommittee, still holds his place.
The cause of education has engaged the
iime and gives support to a good many
)f the oki le ders of the boys in gray.
3tneral Custis Lee is at Washington-Lee
ts before noted. General Kirby Smith
s chancellor of the university of, the
oith at Siwaice, Tennessee, his neces
ities making him greatly dependent-on
is salary. Lieutenant-General D. H.
lill is president of the State agricultural
ollege of Arkansas, at Fayetteville, at
salary of $3 ,500. He has been poor
Ver sinice the War, and lost much time
,lid mfoney in publishing a periodical
hat was, lowever, a creditable and pure
>ublication, and in teaching school.
Irigadier-Gieneral M. P. Lowry has
harge of a female school at Salem, Miss.,
nd is prospering finely. Lieutenant
seneral A. P. Stewart is chancellor of
he university of Mississippi, where he
ets a good salary and has a fine position.
rigadier-General Lilly is a professor
omnewbere, I think at Washington-Lee
mive sity, and this, I believe, closes the
ist of generals who are engaged in train
ng the young men of the South. And
,et there is General .1. Argyle Smith,
iow superintendent of State instruction
There are very few of our old generals
vho have accepted oflice from the federal
rovernment. Lieutenant-General Long
treet is minister to Turkey. Colonel
doshy, who won the prominence of a
reneral, is consul to I long-Kong. Major
3eneral LaFayette McLaws, who was
me of the power of the Army of Vir
Iiiial, is postmaster at Savannah.. Major
veneral James Fagin was United States
narslial of Arkansas under Grant; but I
)elieve is out of the service now. I do
iot know of any others that hold politi
al appointments, and believe there are
ione others. Oh yes, there is General
lack Wharton, of Louisiana, who took
he marshalship of the New Orleans dis
riet a few years ago.
The railroad business has capt ired its
juota of the generals and pays good sal
Lries for light and genteel work. Ma:iion
senieral ,10' ni C. Brownvi, of Te(nnlessee, is
irst vice president of the Texas Pacific,
vi th headqiuarters at Marshall and a s3al
try of $10,000) a year anid expenses. He
indi money biefore he took this place,
invinug had a practiece of $8,000 to $10,000
rom soon after the war. Major-General
I hn 1B. Mlarmaduke is railroad conmunis
rioner of the State of Missor ri on a salary
>[ $5,000 a year, on which he lives with
lignity andl~ ease. H e is a bachelor and
svill prob~ably heave his position with a
iompetency. iTe stanids high in St.
b0ouis. Major-GAeraleni M. D). L. Rosser,
me of the most daring cavalrymen4huat
ver d1rew~ a sabre, is chief engineer of
the Northern Pacific at a big salary, anid
.ias made~l a fortune in lands along the
inc. lie is a ha:chielor, and divides with
Pierce Youniig the honors with the fair
~ex. lieutLenant-(General .Johmn B. G or*
lon is counselSl for thme Louisville and
Nashville road, at a salary of $14,000,
md General E. P. Alexander, the best
irtillecrist of the army, is practicail mana
xer of the samie road1 at probblly as large
m salary. Neither of the gentlemen are
rih, but will both p)rob~ably save money
friomi their salary. General R. HI. Ban
soml was in charge of the freighit agrency
ofian imilportanit Souitherni lne. Major.
Ueneral E. C. Walthiall lives ini Oi'renadai,
Mississippi, andio is generail counisel for the
Mississippi Central road at a salary of
t$h0,00 per~ annum, and is well off in'the
There are three of our generals who
have b)eome chi icfs of po(lice. Brigadier
General R. 1H. A ndlerson, a dashing cav
airy othieer, is chief of police ini Savaninah.
Brigad ier-General 'lige Anderson, is
chief (if police in A than La, and.Brigadier
General W. W. Allen, is chief of police
in Montgonmery, Alabama.
Ther e is a niumbe' who have turned
the sword 'nt ,a plough, and are loading
bucolie lives lesides the Li es who
nave gine to farming, there is~ Major
General Frank 11. Cheatham, who has a
fine p lace in Coffee county, Tennessee, on
whlich hile mnases a goodl living. General
W. HI. ("'Red'") .J ckson, who married a
dhaugh ter of G eneral H ardhin g, and has
charge of the famous Belle Meade farm,
the home of Bonnie Scotland, G reat Tfom,
and Enquirer, and from which came
Bramble, B~en Ihll, and Luke Blackleam.
IHe is rich and is up to his knees inl elo
ver, literally and deservedly. Major
Genm ral A. Bu ford has a fine.stock farm
that is in itself wvorth a fortune, teing a
gem of the blue-.grass. HeI raises thor
oughbreds, none of which are more thor
oughbred than himself. Brig dier-Gen
(ral Wirt Adams is getting rich on a
Mississippi fa-mi. General Joe D~avis is
farming near the famous Beaur oir p'ace
in M iss.issippi, but is in modem-ate ci rcumi -
stances. Lieutcnan td enern1 JTo WVhe1t
er, whose wife was rich, runs a far,
(es a large law practice, and owns a
store. He is rich and is becoming richer,
and goes to Congress nextsession. Major
General Pierce Young iA farming inl
Georgia, and Gen ral L. J. Polk has a
fine stock farm in Murray coun y, Tell
There are few of the gen rals who hold
State offices. I may begin with General
A. H. Colquitt, who is governor of Geor
gia at $3,000 a year and who is quite
poor, although he has valuable lands.
General Beauregard is adjutant general
of the State of Louisiana at$2,500 a year
-which salary is supplanted it is said by
a salary of $5,000 for the Louisiana Sta e
lottery, of which lie is commissioner.
The law of course has its votaries.
General Tominbs, of Georgia, who is very
rich, practices law in a casual way,
chiefly representing the State against the
railroads, volunteering for the State.
General A. R.. Lawton and 1H. I. Jack
,son], both of whom are well-to-do, prae
tice law iml Savann h, Georgia, and have.
large incomes. Mtajor-General Bate haits
a good practice in Nashville aid is look
ing to the Senate. General Alpheus
Baker, most eloquent of men, practices
in Louisville, where lie is coming intot a
good income-wh ich (General Basil Duke,
Who is alsqo in Louisville, has al ready
built up for himself. Major-Genenl
Bradley .Johntiston, who is said to have
made a great deal of money in Virginia
State bonds, is practicing in Baltimore
with a big income, where Brigadier-ten
oral George 1. Stewart is also locatel,
and in good shape for a fine practice.
Major-General WV. Y. C. Hunies is prac
ticing in Memphis, where he has already
amasse -1 a competency, and Brigadier
General C. W. Gordon is inl the same
city doing nearly as well. General
Clingnman, of North Carolina, is also
practicing law and doing well.
Insurance has lost its popularity with
the generals, although Major-General
I. 11. Rtobinson, n1ow living inl Washinig
ton, has made a snug fortune out of it,
aid is driving a pair of Bonnie Scotland
bays down the avenue-a gallant gentle
man and general favorite, and blessed is
the mahogany under which his legs -ire
crossed. Major-G'eneral 1). IH. Maury is
at insurance, aid has dlone vell, thou'h
not so well as G eneral Robinson.
Of miscellaneous pursuits there is a
variety. General Jubal Early is living
at Lynchlburg, a Bourbon bachelor, in
tolerable circumstances. It is said that
lie draws $5,000 a, year from the Louisi
ana lottery as commissioner of special
drawings. Major-General Mahone is con
sidered rich, having made money in rail
road bonds and stocks, it is said, nid is
n<.w Senator elect from Virginia. Lieu
teiant-General J. C. Pembertoni is living
qluietly and in poor health in Philadel
phia, where lie ias a rich brother. i e
is himself inl moderate circumstances.
SIv hms writ en a mook on Vickshurg's
defense and sit rrender, but. I do not know
whether or nit lhe will publiish it. Maor
Gen'lera1l S. I1. I uck ner has luuli a va:triedl
experiene. HIis wife owned large tracts
< iii unmproved real estaute in Chicago,
whieb wal- c'onlfi'cated, but afterwards
recovmered. It wvas thleu miortgagred :md
bunilt upi -and in the panic wassacrificedl
for i t.s iiwrtgagi mioniey, leaving (General.
Buckne*r poor-. IIe is now living in Ieu-:
isvillec. Blrigatdier-( ieneral Zacek Deas,
of Alabamna, went into Wall street aind
made ahout $:200,000, withI which lhe re
ti red, and is niow 11ivinog in ease. Bri a
dier-General P. 1). Rocddy, the b~rave and1(
chivalrie cavalrynm i, also made a for
tunie in WVall Street, bmut lost over $100,
00(0 ini a few dI ys, andi wet to I ,onidon,
where he is now living as financial agent
of some bankimg firm, in moderate ci r
cumistanices. Brigadier-(General J1. WV.
Frazer, whlo sutrrendecred Cumbierlanid
G ap is in IN'ew York, ini the brokerage
business, (loin r well. .Brigamdier-(General
Thiomnas Jourdamn is editor oif the Mi ting
Ieoilo Broadway-a pr('sperous paL
per. Major-(General Loring, wrho servedi
four years in the Egyptian army, is now
engineer for a nilning company in New.
Mexico, and is taking chances (of a bigi
fortune. General FrankI Armistrong has|
madoe a fortune bly running a ''pony''ex-|
press in Tlexas, and( (General A. W. Rey
noldls, who went t- Eg~ypt with Loring,
is still there-though out of service.
Ge~neral Toni Bent on Samih lost his
mind, andl was, the last time I heard (of
him, in an insane asylumi ini Tenne~CS(e.
It is a melancholy facet t hat nearlyv ev
ery g~eneranl whio (lied or was killed,'died
in poverty brought ab1out tbly hiis dero
tion. Raphael and1( Paul H'emimes both
(lied poor, butt a daughter of the fonner
miarried L uke E. Wright, a pronmisitng
and prosper-outs lawyer. G nierail ZollIi
('offer left nothing to a famiily of five
dlaughters, but they have all mnarriedh,
save one, andl have married wvell. (len
eral Pillow's dleath caused the sale of Itis
house and library which., however, his
friends rebought b y sube :ption. (eui
oral T1. C. H indl man, who was atsassinated,
left nothing at all, hut the people of
H eletna loved andl respected him. Thiiis
family has many friends. G enieral Dick
Taylor dlied poor; andl hiis two dautghiters
ate living with his sister at Warreton.
Hlishook (lid not piayitnythiing of accoun t.
General "Stonewvall" .Jackson left hiis
wife andl daughter withoutt meanis, bult
his name has raised friends for themi, one
of whom Mr. WVade Bolton, of Memph~dis,
I think, left them $5,000 ini his will.
General Polk left nothing to his famuily,
but his son, Dr. Polk, has an immien e
practice and distinguished chiaracter in
New York. General Butshrod Johnson
left only one son, who is (loing well, and
er-al F(orrest , who left lbut little, left it
with a thtrift.y andI prssperous sonl, whto
makes all that is neceded. G eneral Ewel l's
wife had abroit $100,000 wort h of prop
erty in Rt. lAuis, 1 t hink, which wa
saved froi conifiiscation by a friend.
Mrs. 1 well died within three days of,her
husband. (4enerai lragg (lied without
property and his wife lives with her sister
in New Orleans. The history of (h4awral
IHood's children is part of the history of
the country. (1eneral 1). 11. Cooper died
in poverty, and his wife lives with her
daughter in Texas, I believe. Major
General W. 11. C. Whilting of Fort
Fisher faie. who (lied in 'ihiningtoni
prisoni in '64, left nothing, ind General
L. M. Walker. who wasL killed in a duel
with Marnaduke, left but little to his
wife, who now lives in Charlottsville.
(General Cobh--oh, what a cavalier was
there !-left to his family but little of
the fortune that his generous heart dis
pense(l So boutilifilly in the piping times
Truly it is sad history ! The story of
men who gave their lives to their coun
try, and left nothing to their wives but
a poverty that made life a struggle.
lBraver soldiers never drew sword -urer
men never went to battle-whi er-minded
ilen never went to (eath. H ad the issue
of the conflict to wihich they pledged
their honor and their lives been (iffirent,
a pleasanter record could have been writ
tei. As it is, the love and m sympathy of
a whlIolC people will envelop their widows,
their sons, and their daighiters-and
their n:unes and their deeds shall be part
and parcel of the glory of the South.
"'l. W. (4."
In the Athmnta Constitution.
HUMORS- OF THE DAY.
THE Yonker's Gazrett calls the minis
ter's fee ' ao tax on matches." We-can
match that; tho shoemaker's fee is the
ttx oi men's soles.
A LirTLE girl rol)roached with diso
bedience and breaking the command
inents, said, "Mamma, those command
ments break awful easy."
WHEN a man, offers to read your for
tuno out of the goun'ls of a coffee cup,
set that man o6'*n f* a cuP and sor
cerer. -Burlington JAh'wkmye.
The average age of 'a hog is only fif>1
teen years. This . always 4e00nles us $
when we seo a man spread himself, over
four seats in a railway par.
TiE first time a white man Se( an
English railway coach, lie thinks he has
struck a traveling American photograph
car on rails. -Burlington Jawkeye.
No'r everybody will be able to see the
Nautch girls, but everybody can get a
pretty good idea of their dance by put
ting two hornets down the housemaid's
A MAN in Caton, Steuben Coimty, N.
Y., has raisedf a cabbage around the head
of which thirteen smaller heads were
clustered. - Erehange. Probably the
cabbage was on the table.
A FEw days after going to a wake,
Bridget as kedl her mistress for her
money. 'Aro you going to leave ?"
"Yes, nia'am, I'm going t) marry tho
corpse' husband. He told me 1 was th
life of the w'akc."
SA Ys his landlord to Thomas,
"Your rent I maust raise,
I'm ii o plagully p'in(ched for the pelf.'"
" orhonor's main goobd,
or I nxever can raise it myself."
Ir is now said that the inventor of the
Brush electric light received his first
hint from brushing a b~lack eat's b)ack the
wrong way. Tfhis should1( teach us not
to despise the small and apparently use
less things in nature.
"I sAY, Clenm," cried two disputing
darkies, appealing for decision to a sable
umpire, "which is right-dizactly or
dezactly ?" The sable monarch refcted.
for a moment, and then,'with a look of
wisdom said, "I can't tell p)erzactly."
TOU)DLEK[Ns is a very small mnan, ig~y
deedl; buIt ho said lie never minded it at
all until his tfinee boys grew up to be tall,
strapp)ing y oung fellows, and his wife
began to cut <iown their old clothes and
cut them over to fit him. And then he
said lie did get mad.
" How can I Le.at increase my stock?''
"fBy making sixK of one," qiaot~h Tomn;
" No miracle 1 promise.
A simpleor process rtn'er was known.
.W hata is It ? W ell now, s'posin'
You putt that yearling cow to usleep,
'TwHil make a heifer-dozin'.
ONE night Uncle Harvey, keeper of a
poor house down in Maine, was a aked
bytho goans of one of the old men.
"What is thme matter?" he asked. "I'm
dying. Uncle H arvey," said the old man.
"I'm (lying; go and get me a doughnut;
I must have suthin' to pass away the
Firrmo emb~lems are not always ap
p)reiated. Tiheo neighhors of a poor fel
low who died erected a tombstone to his
memory, andl had placedl above it the
conventional white dove. The widow
looked at it through her tears and said:
"It was very thoughtful to put it there.
John was very fond of gunning, and it is,
an especially suitable emblem.."
Another New Plant.
A cuirious plant has been discovered in
Wisconsin, which produces a kind of
(cotton) and flax from the same stalk. An
exchiange says: It has already been
wvoveni into fabrics, and, as any article
flhat will make as good cloth as can be
made from this plant will make good
panper, it has been called the paper
plant. It can be planted in the spring,
and cut in the fall and winter. It
bleaches itself white as it stands, and it
will yield three or four tons to the acre.
From a single root that was transplanted
last sprmng grew twenty large stocks,
with three hundred and sixty-five pod.
containing the cotton, at least sixty
5(eeds in uach. From this root were ob
tined seven ounces of pure cotton, and
ov~er a poundl of flax. It is a very heavy
plant, and grows from six to seven feet