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Manual labor vs. Machinery.
A fear seems to have taken possession
of many minds lest by the inventive
genius of man machiney might be pro
duced capable of accomplishing so much
as to remove the necessity for manual
labor, and, as a consequence, lest they
themselves should be unable to gain a
livelihood. So widely have these views
been imbibed, even by men of apparent
intelligence of a comparatively high I
order, that they have advocated in strong
terms, upon the rostrum and elsewhere,
the desirability of not only banishing
new machinery, but inventors also This
opposition has made the path of those
who possessed sufficient enterprise to lead
them to devise new methods, and new
apparatus to effect the same, not only
unpleasant, but generally unprofitable;
whereas if mankind had been more fully
ondowed with wisdom and brotherly
love a very different state of affairs would
The cry that "the rich lire growing
richer and the poor are growing poorer,'
as the result of the introduction of new
machinery is not trne. In fact, the use
of machinery is constantly improving the
'condition of all classes; and the advance
that has been made by the masses to
ward a higher civilization the last half
century is simply wonderful, and is due
to the development of the inventive
genius of mal. That there is not an
equitable distribution of the products of
the farm, the mine, and the manufactory
cannot be denied But where does the
fault lie? Not with the machinery either
of old or new design.
Let the reader look back with the aid
of proper books of reference to the con
dition of things fifty years ago. At that
time it was beginning to dawn upon the
minds of the most progressive that steam
railways were a possibility; but every
thing for the next ten years was in the
crudest possible condition, no more like
the confortable railways of to-day than
a two-wheel springless ox-cart is like a
modern pleasure carriage. Then travel
was slow and tedious for all classes, rich
or poor. Now the rich, and the poor as
well, may travel five hundred miles com
fortably in twenty-four hours. Then the
mails were weeks in going and coming
where days will now suffice. Then tele
graphA were unknown, but now any one
may send a messagei to a friend hundreds
of miles away for a few cents, and get an'
answer almost at once, whereas it for
merly required several days if not weeks
for ia message to go and come. These
and hundreds of other improvements
that have been inaugurated are open to
the use and benefit of all, and have
greatly lessened the most arduous work
of the laboring man, while the necessity
for his services is in no wise less now than
formerly In fact it may be truly said
that the day laborer can now enjoy many
things that tihe wealthiest men half a
century ago could not obtain.-New
York Mfcrcantto urna.
The wiorst t~ing about this poor insect
is, that it is so th oroughly ugly. In it
Nature has sacrificed everything in the
formation of the industrial machine
necessary for satisfying its wants. Of a
circular form, furnished with eight legs
and~ eight vigilant eyes, it astonishes
(and disgusts) us by the pre-eminence of
an enormous abdomen. Ignoble trait
in which the inattentive and superficial
observer will see nothing but a type of
gluttony. Alas! it is. quite the con
trary. This abdomen is its workshop,
its magazine, the pocket ini which the
rope-maker keeps his stock; but as lhe
fills this pocket with nothing but his
own substance, he can only increase it
at his own expense by means of a rigid
sobriety. True typo of the artisan. "If
I fast to-day," he says, " I shall, per
haps, get something to eat to-morrow;
but if my manufacture be stopped, every
thing is lost, and my stomach will have
' to fast forever.".
In character the spider is watchful
and cunning; in disposition timid, un
easy and nervous-being endowed with a
more sensitive nature than is possessed
by any other insect. These character
istics are the natural results of its miser
able condition, which is a state of coin
stant, passive, weary waiting. To be
forever watching the ceaseless, joyless,
careless dances of the fly, which pays no
attention to the greedy desires of his
enemy, or the gentle whispers of: "Corn.
hero, little one, come this way"-is to
be in a state of constant torment, to be
continually undergoing a Buccession of
hopes and mortification. The fatal
question, " Shall I get any dinner?" is
continually presenting itself to the
dweller in the web , followed by the still
more sinister reflection, " If I have no
dinner to-day, then no more thread, and
still less hope of dining to-morrow."
The male spider often makes a meal of
his progeny; while the female loves them
so tenderly that if she cannot save them
in circumstances of pril she prefers to
perish with them. rThe love which she
bears to her little ones she does not ex
tend towards her mate. Sometimes,
after having in vain attempted to pre
vent him from devouring their offsprmng,
the idea appears suddenly to present it
self to her mind that the cannibal is
himself good for food, on which she
instantly falls upon him and eats him
Sheep-.Raislng In Montana.
Judge Davenport, of Montana Terri
tory, says an exchange, purchased 1,000
ewes which cost him about $3,000O. He
Put these in charge of a young man who
was to take them on to a range, take all
the care of them, pay all the expenses of
the band and to receive as his share one
half of the wool produced and one-half
the increase of the flock. At the end of
four years a settlement was to be made
and Judge Davenport was to receive back
1,000 of the best ewes which the band
contained. Whaen the settlement was
made Judge Davenport had received for
his share of the proceeds of the wool
66,500, and for his share of the increase
1)8,000. The pronits on the investment
of *3,000 for four years were *14,500, or
120 2'-8 per cent, per annumi.
" Pa, will you get me a pair of skates
ifIi prove that a dog has ten tails?"
" Yes, my son."
" Well, one dog has one more tail than
no dog, hasn't he?"
" Well, no dog has nine tails; and if
one dog has one more tail than no dog
then one dog'must have ten tails. 'Hand
-How to Travel Like Lightning.
An imaginatke Xaan proposes the fol.
lowing plan by which he holds it possible
to transport Ireight and passengers by
rail from Ne York to San Francisco in
ten hours. What the freight or passen
gers would be good for when delivered
he does not pretend to say. The plan is
this: , "A fair rate of speed for a railway
train is forty miles an hour. The dis
tance from Now York to San Francisco
is, rodghl., three thousand miles. I
would divide this distance into thirty
parts, with stations at every 100 miles.
First atrack," not dixering greatly from
the ordinary railroad track, should be
laid for a hundred miles, and it is only
necessary to study rapid transit accord
ing to my~plan over this section of tho
road to understand how the whole systemn
would work. Over the first track of 100
miles, and running over cannon balls
upon the track, is another, say 90 miles
long, on which, in turn, is another, 80
miles long, and so on till on the whole
system the freight and passenger train
runs, it being of any desired and practi
cable stgength. Sulose it is required
to go from A Io B, a distance of 100 miles
the stable track over which all the
others run is, of course, 100 miles long,
and the first movable track upon it is 90
miles long. Lot -tbe first movable track
be drawn by a stationary engine the 10
remaining 10 miles, whereby one of its
extremities will reach B and let us say
that it tAkes fifteen mifites for it to move
through the tsn'miles. In the meantime
the track'eighty miles long which runs
on the track lainety miles long will have
been advanced ten miles by the motion
of the ninety mile track, and will itself
(either. by means of a stationary engine
or a locomotive) have advanced ten miles
on its own hook, so that in all it will have
gone twenty miles in the fifteen minutes,
and its extremity will reach B at the
same time that B is reached by the
ninety mile traok. So -with the seventy,
the sixty, the fifty tracks, and up to the
passenger and freight trains, which will
reach 13 as soon as the ninety mile track
reaches B-that is to say, in fifteen min
utes, at the end of wInch it will have
traveled about 100 miles. Perhaps the
following statement will make the mat
ter clearer. Let us call the ninety milo
track A., the eighty mile track B, and so
on. A is drawn ten miles, carrying with
it B for the same distance. But B has
a motion of its own and travels over ten
miles on its own account. It has there
fore gone 20 miles. C, with a ten mile
motion of its own over B, which draws
it along, has gone 30 miles; D, 40; E. 50;
F, 60; G, 70; H, 80; I, 90; J (which is
the passenger and freight. train), 100
miles, and all in fifteen minutes. The
whole system of tracks need not be more
than four or five feet in height. With
sulicient power the schemo is practica
ble, and with motors at present at our
conmmand it would work for short dis
tances. -Scientific 4 mericanl.
No More Hard Times.
If you wvill stop' spending so much on
fine clothes, rich food and1( style, buy good,
healthy food, cheaper and better clothing,
get mnose real and substantial things of
life every way, and especially stop the
foolish habit of employing expensive
quack doctors or using so much- of the
vile numbug mfedicine that does you only
harm, but put your trust in that simple,
pure remedly, Hop Bitters, that cures ali
ways at a trifling cost, and you wiil see
good times andl have good hiealth-Chron
The Tables Turned.
President Diaz, of Mexico, had a nar
row ecapeh) not long ago. It is his habit
to go out shooting on Sunday near the
city, attended only by his little son, his
nephewv, one servant and three or four
friends, and a plan had been formed to
surround and capture the party and hold
the President to ransom. Fortunately,
he was detained one Sunday, just as lie
was about to leave the National Palace
by some important telegrams, which re
quired his immedIiate attention, andl in
this way escap)ed, the b~andl of robblers
being themselves surprised as they were
lying in wait for him.
SOME persons are so thriftless they
would convert a garden into a dlesert,
while others possess the energy to make
the desert blossom like the rose. Dr.
Tabler ranks with the latter class of
public benefactors, because he prepares
out of the common Buckeyo a superior
ointment to cure Piles. Price 50c. For
sale b~y all druggists.
An honest shoemaker peering into
a restaurant, saw one of his fashion
able customers seated at a tab~le
covered with all the delicacies of
the season, including a large bottle of
green seal and two canvas-back ducks!
Rlushing .in, the irate tradesman ex
" You haven't got money to pay me
for the boots you have got on, but you
can afford to pay for all manner of deli
The young man wiped his mustache,
and looking around to see that he was
not overheard, responded in a whisper:
" Don't be deceived by appearances.
You must not lose confidence in me. I
don't expect to pay for this little banquet
any more than I expect to pay you for
the boots."__ _____
MANYpeople afflicted with phthmR1s pulmonails
(Consumption) use Dr. Bull's Cough Hyrup
with very great benefit and relief. Price 26 cts.
a bottle. _______ ____
VEGETINZ...NO medicine has attained Bc
geat reputation is this justly eelebrated oo
fathers adnothergrefpr lt i a the strenaged,
quit their nerves, ad grves thorn Natur,'
Mr. Wilkinson of St. Mary's ]KoSPital,
London, advises the following itnproved
metliod of preparing beef tea:
The meat is out into small pieces and
placed in the evening, in an earthenware
vessel with sufficient cold water p cover
the meat; in this it is allowed to remain
all night. In the morning the meat is
taken out, placed in other water, and
boiled for several hours. The meat of
the provious day is then passed throu h
a mincing mach,ine, and piqt into, the
coldliqnor in which the meat qas dWeed
the previous night,'and upon this the
boiling liquor from the da *s beef tea
is poured, and the whole we irrd d
it then forms the- complete bee te. The
characteristics of good beef tea are that
all the nutritious elements of thb beef
should be made available; and 'by the
process carried out as above this is effect
ually done, the albumen, fibrine, and
gelantino being all retained and taken
by the patient. Moreover, by tho above
method a much smaller quantity of'nicat
is required than under the .ordinary
mode, and it would, consequently, not
becomo a jelly if allowed to stand; but
by adding a larger quantity of beef this
result could of course be obtained.
(This forms with us what is called beef
jelly.) It should, however, be remarked
that in very, hot weather the beef tea
cannot be made in this manner, as it
would become sour from tho length of
time required for its preparation.
Busy men of affairs like Thiers have
often surprised the world by the extent
of their literary labors. Bossuet was a
prolific writer, and the following pas
sage from the newly published "Ecrits
Inedits" of St. Simon explains how he
reconciled his literary tastes with his
absorbing duties of bishop of . Meaux:
"Ho know so much, and with so much
order And method, that he wrote with
astonishing facility. Ho, like the poets,
hadt no fixed hours for work, though he
worked a great deal daily. At night he
had a fire, a light, a pair of pantaloons
and a dressing gown near his bed, and
nearly every night he rose and worked
alone several hours. People who were
ignorant (if th's circumstance were often
very mu ch surprised that lie was not out
of his chamber at 11 a. i., and that soolt
after he rapily dressed to say mass. Ho
had worked1 until f, 7 and 8 a. in., car
ried away by his abundance and subject.
The quantity of works he has loft is
prodigious, and with so many, such con
tinual and such varied labors, he none
the less proved to be an excellent bishop,
visiting and preaching himself to his
flock, and ho measured his teachings to
"Ah !" said Gilhooly, yesterday morn
ing, "I've done one good act." "Sent a
barrel of flour to the p~oorhouse ?" "Bet
tor thian that I've just told D)eSnmith, who
don't stand a ghost of a show, that lie
will be nominated by acclamation."
"Well, that is one of those kindnesses
that do a great deal of good and don't
cost anything." ''The mischief it don't
cost anything ! I borrowed $2 from him
on the strength of it. "--Galreston Ncws.
MR. ALBERT CRoogERl the well-known druggist and
apothecary of springvale', iElo., aiways advises every one
troubled with rheumatism to try VJZdETINE.
Read His Statement:
Ma. H.RB. stxvxis: stalNGVALKx, Ms., Oct. 12, 1878.
IDear Rir-Fiftsen years ago last fall I was taen sick
wma rhe.umattsm, waa unableo to move tuntil the next
A pril. From that timo tulit three years. ago this tail I
silbred everything with rheuatismn. Somnetimes there
woiuld he wveeks at a time that I could not st..p one step;
I"'.Io attacks were quite often. I suffered everythin'
that a rnan couid. over three Years ago iast sprin
commncecd tnkinag Vegetino and 'i ollwed it up unti I
hadl takent sevenI bo)ttes; have had no rheum aatism~ since
that time. I always advise every one that is troubled
with ii heumatism to try Vegtteine, and lnot suffer for year.
na I have (done. This statemetnt is gratuitous aa fr as Mr.
stevens is concerned. Yours, etc.
ALBERT 1R00K Ea.
Firm of A. Croaker & Co., Druggists and Apothecaries.
For Eidney Complaint and Nervous
Mu. stvrxs: IstEiono, Mu., Dlec. 28, 1877.
Dcar Sir-I hdhad a cottgh for eighteen years when I
commiaeniCed takinig the. Vegetine. I was very I(ow y
si.stomn was debiliatet.d by disease. I hadl the Ki~iney (onri
lanand wa very inervouis-ooinh hadi, .iiungs sore.
Vhn I ha taken one bottle I fouri it ws hli ng me
it has bi pd miy cough, and it etren -thene yne I am
niow iibil fy do my wori.' Never have t 'iud an yt h~ng like
hie- Vegetmne. I know it is everythinig at is rcomme-nded
to ho. iii. A. J. l'EN D,E'TON.
"'Vogotine,"I sys a Bo~stoni ph~ysician, "'has no equal as
a blool piurifler. Ilearinga. of its imr~ny wvndi(eiiul cares
after ail i ther reim'iga hadl faild,1( I viited thle labora
tor y aliad conivinceed miyself of its genuine merjt. It is
'ia'ed fromi barks, rootag and herbs, each of which is
: ..,ii1y eietive, and t hey are comn ,oiinded in such a man
ner as to produce astonis'hing reaud ts."
V E CE TAINE,
PR'PA RED BY
H. R. SYuEVENS. Boston. Mass.
Sleep, Appetite and strength
Return whlen Hlostetter's Stomach Bitters
is systematically used by a bilious dyspep~tic
stufferer, Mereover, since the brain sympa
thizets closely with the stomach and its asso
elaite organs, the liver and the howves, n'4
their derangement is rectified by the action
of the Blitters, mental despondency pro6dnred
by that derangement dlisapgpeairs.
IFor sale hy nil Druggists and Dealcrs
Miss Bird, an'Ehgli h lady, describes
in a book on Japan, and especially on
the Ainos, how she was ferried acress
a river by one. Aino, "completely cov
ered b hair which on his ashoulder was
wavy ''ke tthat of a retriever, and ren
dered clothing quite needless, either for
covering or warmth ;" and how in another
place she met - with a second o'd man,
whom she emphaticall describes as
"the missing 'n k."'His face was
vacant and apathetio, his arms and legs
unnaturally long and tidn, he 'squatted
with his knees tucked into his Iasm-pits,
and his whole body was covered with
black hair "more than an inph long,"
and slightly curled on the shoulders.
He had, however, a bare patch on each
side, probably marking the parts on
which he rested when asleep, a pecul
iarity found in the gorilla, who has a
bare spot on his back where he leans
Neuralgia, Sciatica, Lumbago,
Backache, Soreness of the Chest,
Gout, Quins y, Sore Throat, Swell
ings and'Sprains, Burns and
Scalds, General Bodily
Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted
Feet and Ears, and all other
Pains and Aches.
No Preparntion on earth eqals Sr. JAcona OIL
as a afrrE, sure, limapte and cheap Externil
Remedy A trial entaila but the comparnatively
trifling outlay. of t0 Veni., and every one ferin g
with nin can hiavo cheap and positivo proof of its
l)1 rections in Eleven Languagea.
80LD BY ALL DRUGGISTB AND DEALERS
A. VTOGELER & CO.,
Albebiul FeMle Iasttme.
Secon(I holy session bein:s 15th February.
IF:a'I l'aculty. Superior adlvanIIta~ges. Inceaed
pitrana.ge. TFi:I~I ls Rig; 11T].:D;. Apply for.
il aogne to 1'iipie s.
da SAR 4ramonh AHEPE
SCo. 506 Geon-se Sa._tlmessanasg. 0.
SAWING MADE EAST.
A boy 10 years oldcan saw offa
3-foot log in two Rxninutee,
Maohin rivals al ohers SI0 cash wal be i~
to two men who can saw as att apd easy in the od
way, as one boy x6 years 01 d can with this machine.
Warranted. Circulars sent Free. Agents wanted.
UONA&ICH UAGETNUI BAW CO.,
-_____ 6a R andoloh St., Chicago. Ill.
Price -""""3 $22.
BABY CABINETT ORGANNEW ETYLE 100
THREE AND A QUARTERI OCTAVES, in DLACK
WALNUT CASE, decorated with GOLD BRONZE.
Length, C0 inches ; height, iSS in. ; depth, 14 In.
This nlove style of th~o MASON & UAMLIN CAB
INET ORGANS (ready this month) has sufficient
compass and capacity for the performance, with full
parts, of Hymn Tunes, Anthems, Songs, and Popular
Sacred and Secular Music generally. It retains to a
wonderful extent, for an instrument so sinall, the
extraordinary excellence, both as to power and quality
of tone, which has glven the MASON & nAMdLIN
Cabinet Organs their grcat reputation and won for
thorn the HIGHEST DISTINCTIONS at EVER'
ONE of the GREAT WORLD'S INDUSTRIAL EX
BIIBITIONS for TIRTEEN YEARS. EvIRa ora~
WILL D3 PULLY WAT.RANTED. CASH PRICE $U;
on receipt of which it will be shipped as directed. 17
ON REEIPT AND TnIAL IT DOEs NOT 5A'.-I57T TIIE
PUROIIASEU, IT MAY DE RETURNED) AND TRS MONEY
EIGHITY STYLES of Organs are regula'rly made
by tho MASON A TIAMLIN CO., fropn tho, B3ADY
CAIIINET ORGAN at $20; to large CONCERlT OR
GANS At $900, and upwards. The great zajority are
at $100 to $200each. ILLUSTRATED C.ATALOGUES,
CIRCULARlS and PRICE LISTS free.
MASON & HAML.IN OROAN CO.,
154 Tremont St., DOSTON; 48l East 14th St. NEw
YORK : 149 Wabash Aye.. CTTICAGO.
u o a ~ B > mmira~~htion
snv he o nvIdiualP railth
nformationfurnisa those wish t settle in
YE UNO lEN ***srir.,. ,,/
atareranee a aram c. Adrael .W.
air te $AI
KISTA R - -"e
40fdr. oneery we
_ _ , Ag's
RepresentinLthe oboiest salooted Tortoise.
1bell and A .The I htes dsomes.
and strongest aown. 8odb0 ticians and
Jewelers. Made 'by PEN q9 OPTICAL
UF'O CO.. 18 Maiden Lane. New Yqrk.
ALL ABOUT -TEXAS.
TEXAS PLANTER AND FARMER. - '.
:ONLY Si PX1 YgAR. SIX MOITR8 bOo.
An A gricultural Journal, giving coftect and
reliable Informhtion about the *onderful re
sources and rapid development of the Em
pire State of the.Southwest.. Address
TEXAS PLA!TER & 10AREER,
110 larket Street, Dallos, Texas.
CENTS a lonth,
One Dollar a Year.
HEni NIPOAGO LDOERI-S
will be sent to any tiddras.sp
V d, at te prices namod above. aftn ,
13 Enames. Addr es e.I
IZST OF DISEASES
ALWAYS UElABLE'BY USING
OF HUMAN FLM. OF, ANIMALS.
Burns and Sdalds, Sores and Galls,
Stings and Bites, Spavin, Cracks,
Cuts and Bruises, Screw Worm, Grub,
SPraila & Stitches, Foot Rot, Hoof All,
Contracted Musclest Lameness,
StiffJoints, Swinny, Founders
Backache, Sprains, Strains,
Eruptions, Sore Feet,
Frost Bites, stifniess,
and all external diseases. andeveryburtoraocident
Forgoenld use in family stableand stock yard itla
THE BEST OF AT
obr uS. III. Lamartine's Life of Iay Queen e
doots. IV. Thoe. Ru hes' Manliness ot Christ. " C
--achi, for merly 51l each : I. Arnold's IighitfAi.[
Goldsmith'. icoar fW Wakeleld. III. Barom M unoh'aus.
en's Trravelis and 5;rprising Adventur'es. For *EM
CI E I s Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress. Illnetrated catas
logue sent free. AMERICAN BOOK EXCHANQE, Joha
B. Alden. Manager ribune idng, New York.
'- gle ree. * ON8O~ Detroit1 Mich C
DeaIfless Har Bioaslltar
essesm be c osltd by maler aly at his -
e smal boo seatfre.i large and comlo we
517 agen Deafdess Diseases of IE@ ar end Ton'.
sli adO nh, and thell proper treatment; price ga
N%3--N.one will questien Dr. Shoemaker's staading
of uhiesswe k- man of lt
ynd by to strain of t'ttoiing vernt
stimulants a n d us a tore brain nerve and
H op Bitters. wna, use Hop B.
dif yo ar o ung an suering from any in
porheait or la uiia n ont a be nofr si
ness, rely on op B tters.
WVhoever y ou are Thousands die an
whenever y ou fee. nu ly fr o n someo
in or st :i nltlng, hnve 'tjrntcd
without faatoxrcating, by a tin m01 y uso of
Have you dys
Lever or nerves I t~ fouun
lE r irice,. NEVE CR ua.
u-. FAIL li'r:Y
mu ouhln~afisn bsltut
to2Odays.o d ayU4ug
UM DxJ. M'rrzguw Circula. he
P AGNTS ANTE FO BTE
edroi',td oetntite An inidaTorto of
theris ad tllo h at*ee abtida ces the3
mld'ie ags.Du . J't . fuale.sbaioe.he tr
maing disoe and thetleacnet of ter atiWol
Ic tain~s 672 flne historieal engravings, and is the.
most completeo History of the World ever published.
Semd for sp.'cifnen) pae and extra term. to Acents.
A ddre.. Na-reOrAL, PousttsUIWe Co., Philade phia, Pa.
LANE & BODLEY CO.,
MANUFACTURERS OF STANDARD
Stationary and Portable
Baw Mills, Grist Mills, Shafting Hangas Pulleys, etc.
Our machinery is strong, simple and wel made, and is
epecially adapted to the wants .1 Farmers and Planters
for G iunsawing rna~ding and Factory use. Bend
LAN~E & RODLEY CO.,
__________ohn & WaterRS.. Ctaclnnatl. O
Pulihe7 'Unon A tl nta , a N.
~NFArsi PEAYBI Ti BrgPLAJS!
For Readins Clubs, for Amateur Theatrieals Tempeane
PlavDJrawlg-Room Plays. Fairy PlaysEthiopian P
*ude Books aker Pantomimes, 'ableaux
Magnesluum tA~, Colre Fire BurntCork Tek
a4 Moustachesat reduce prs. Ceus, be ery,
Tharades. New ealalogues san fre,~ full do.
sription and prices. SA MUEl.FK, I BON
80E.14 e o
The Horse's. Eq4hMeat.
The horse appreciates a comfortable
fitting harness a oqpuch. as ,he does a
properly-fitte shoe- *I'he lattr, when
set too tight, or with a nail driven into
or too near the y e q' s, produce
positive lameness. Ui pr condition
of things he is pron ptly taken to the
shop for relief. Bt hb 'iay suffer nearly
or quite as mitch from'the chafing of a
badly-fitted collar or a narrow belly
band, drawn too tight. Or from a check
rein shortened up so as .to form of itself
one of the severest punishments. Either
of these conditions will produce restive
ness in the dullest brute, and in the case
of an animal of nervous tem perament,
and having a thin, sensitive skin, he is
liable to become frantio, the obtuse owner
or driver seldom appreciating the origin
of the difficulty.
No greater evidence can be advanced
to establish a hotse's entite submissivo
ness than his willingness to pull against
the collar with a portion of- the breast
surface denuded' f its ski, and showing
the highest poSsible state of sensibility.
The average horse will do this, shrink
ing at every step. A horse learns to
dread the approach of the master or
driver with harness in hand, if this has
previously been a source of torment, or
even discomfort. A horse properly han
dled for a period, in a well-fitted harness,
then chancing to fall into the hands of a
bungler, will at once detect the undue
tightness or looseness of the. strap, and
will not settle down to his usual gait con
tentedly, while tho irregularity remains.
A spirited horse may, under such an irri
tating influence, do from downright fear
what may be wrongly charged as vicious
ness. Heavy strokes of the whip may
fall upon the irritated beast only to be
followed by evil results.
Among the every-day torments to
which the horse is subjected, we will
enumerate the following: 1st. Abraded
breast. 2d. Inflamed back from defect
ive saddle or harness pad. .2d. Sore
mouth from a too tight gag-rein, a severe
bit, or both. 4th. sore tail from a too
tight or ill-made crupper. 5th. An
abrasion under the body, caused by a too
tight or badly-fitted belly-band. 6th.
Irritation of , the eyes from blinders
being strapped too close together, or on
the other hanid Are 'allowed to swing
around, first sriking one' eys and then
the other. Lth.. Ear chafed by the
brow band being placed too high, or by
metallic rogetteswitha sharp outer rinm,
the base of the ear premsing across this
at every motion.. 8th. e .excessive
fatigue of all: thie ty:ucturr* of the neck
under the inflybneg' of the bearing rein.
The bearing rein, i'Made thut, and kept
so for any considerable length of time, is
a source of great discomfort to all horses,
and an insufferable torment to many. A
tant rein can be used with entire pro
priety on horses of fine easy up-carriage,
especially while im motion; but if the
muscles and bony structure of the neck
extend forward horizontally from an up
right shoulder, rather than striking out
from a slanting shoulder, then the most
intense suffering will be inflicted by
Btraininlg the neck up to an angle entirely
unnatural to the animal, especially if this
strain be long kept up. To strain a cul
prit up by the thumbs, till only his toes
touch the ground, is certainly one of the
severest admissible punishments that can
be inflicted upon mortal. and the check
rein is undoubtedly akin to it, in its ex
Thait wondlerfuil remedy for rhieunma
tismn, St. .Jacobs Oil, has bieen usedl by a
large number of people in this city, and
with eff'ect tm'uly marvelous. Freqluent
rep~orts are made where sufferers have
been aff'orded relief, and the sale is gr:>w
ing largely. The fact that it is an ex
ternial remedy, commenuds it t) >nmany
who would not otherwise think of going
out of the beaten track to find a remedy.
A doctor tells, with'pargIonable pride,
how, being caUld iii at the debut of his
career to a consuR;tio~ with an eminent
prince of the scie d he had insisted,
despite the opin~iotj. of his famous senior,
that the patient had 'am'iicurable- affec
tion of the heart.' ~ And what were my
delight and pride," he says, beamingly,
"on learning three days later that my
patient had gong, off pieoisely 'as I had
declared he would."
[Indianapolis Dailf Senthinel.]
.If we are correctly Informed, St Ja~
cobs Oil is now the usmiti tea-party topic
mn place of the former staple-free gos
sip.a How wvise and how inuch more b~en
THE~ further West yoil go, the more
terrible do the newspaper headings be
come. The Omaiha'Jfee has the follow..
ing: "The (Clash of Elements. A Cot
tage Devoured by Flanies in the Teeth
of the Gale." On 'reading -the article
the discovery is made that the cottage
cost $375. H Here is another heading from
the same issue: "At Noen of Night.
The Sun of 'Flernity Beaims Upon th'e
Soul of Miss Free,. Who'Failed to Reach
Her Earthly Hapme, Btit Gained Her
Heavenly One. "--betr.oit Free Press.
Guilty of Wrong.
Some people have a fashion of con fusin g
excellent remedlies with the large mass of
" patent medicines," and in this they are
guilty of a wrong. :There are some allver
tised remedies fully worth all that is
asked for therm, anid one at least we know
of-Hop Bitters. The writer has had oc
casion to use the Bitters in just such a
elimate.as we have most of the year in
Bay City, and has always found them
to be first-class and "reliable, doing all
that is claimefl for them.--Trihune.
."Youn little birdie has been very, er
siok," she wrote to the young man. "It
was some sort of nervous trouble and
the doctors said I should have perfect
rest .and quiet, and I must think of
nothing, absolutely nothipg. And all
the time, dear George, I thought con
stantly of you." The young mnaki read it
over and then read it truh aanvr
slowly and put it ini his pocket and went
out under the silent stars and kept
thinking and thinking. But he dien Yt
say anything. He only kept thinkink.
Th. cause or se.emce
oa rei t v a m po rant addiion in he ele
rietor of uthe valuable Safe Kidney and