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$ IA 3 9A19 W gisH T Olis , Einaimm , mockrto m eUrrAL IJn er TEN OUUT.
B00. PICKENS.78.LC. THUBDAY DECEMBER 22 1881 VOL. XI. NO.15.
THE TOPICS OF 3A~vnr i
THU deoithi t'h ill &ffdtig mobl, it
Hoos are bi >bust ,z t toQ- awfully
Tua proofs ok Guiteau's sanity are
PartArnIaArk is dv4rruni with
4 8 Wq*! AR D K Hg ter
bFFcE-sER make very litle h ad
way with President Arthur.
TiE oitizens of Montresi will give a
dinner in honor of Mark Twain.
Yues Presii6 AriUr is kery deliber
ate,-ideas long drawn out, you know.
. GENEBAL RGAN- will- robably vIsit
the Atlanta Exposition before its close.
IT Al ns that Pattl'is itbhig Ito ap
pear before a Cincinnati audience.
Okxq ioes not'ds, 6
6itn she does get 4m, r g
MAoKEY, the boninza king, gs ceting
about. with a vieg tp buy4 a port4on
TEim restriotions upon the importation
of American pork to France are soon to
Tau estimated expenses of the Govern
nent for the year ending June 30, f883,
are I40,46 2507 .
P. T. BARNuM, who used to be a pro
*iitionist,has coine out in fUvo of 4
limited license law.
DAViD DAvis is again in the matri
avonial market. What a fat take ho will
sake for some woman.
T.m Cabinet does not ap ar too be
getting recoistructed very fast. Arthur
is very deliberate in his acts.
PHILADELPHIA may be a poky place,
but still she has just eiterpis' enoigh tp
light .up the entiro city wit4 electriqty.
,TuH main portion of the President's
fessago was printed in the London pa
pers the day following its delivery to
OFlate it m i at~eitiOr weather
,, jedictions are -missing ottener.Ahan they
hit., 'We shall lhave to erase his name1
from the~listprettygoppy a
RtJwITBw in the Gvrment printing
office are getting pretty par iqular.
oUe rdorad sa~ r~I~ n ~ ~
Mns. GARFIELD has seen and ap~ove~
a~rdof 'Of t~' 64 j%-dirsptagd
stamp, which bears upon Its face an ac.
"Iourtte lieesof the late Presislent,
testimony in the Guiteau case to prove
that the prisoner, and all the other mem
.bdra d the Guite'autai~j.'wer per
TENu ye4xs of tife senteog .61, the
OS'ihborne 'alainuent expired~eibei- 29,
and by a continuance of good marks he
will have three years and eight months
more to serve befgre he-is free.
JEFF. DAVIS, who has returned from
Europe, aiid ekperianodd anost stiormy
passage. will devote hirmself "hencnforth ,
to lis plantation in Tennessee, and the
business growing out of the publication
of his work,
Tuns Diberal lia ,is l1 ',n up in'
Texas. It is roposed to' Jahni ze t
Siitt. Hon.' Ge." W. Jones. memb~
of Congress from Texas, will resign14
meat in the House to become the Liberil
candidate for Go~vernor.
ZkY, kmtrfmls sqtuidered
*150,000 stockholders' money in experl
menting *ithi hi. davatin, and by
his repeated failure to fulfill his promises
of suocess~ t4e stockholders now bring
"IT is stated that *1,00,0O0 of the
fqtoaL uona .has not ,been pre.
thi amunthas ost or4
S stroyed, while maoug&f It has been ?lea
away to be held as a reminiscenos.
IT .is al tpy, ,tle indictment
reads. A' ?nm man stole thirty
charged hine with stepl~g.'t iin
~ses and a abep~ and ho, left the
e neoerd400mi with all his' reputiloni re
gA9r. ws4l, p .ror"es.
ffl o gae *lli etgy 4,)expiu
to th# G;venAin fat'ho ad an*x
pensive mistress did with $150.000'Gov
ernment money while his family were
being neglected. Oh, but this country
is full of rogues I
. HALsTEAD of the Cincinnati Commer
cial, wants Guitoau hanged forthwith.
The assassin suf(e- frpm too much
turkey Thanksgiving, and with Christ
nas here at hand ?-why of course it
ould be an outrage. Let the (hrist
onas turkey be forestalled.
AN AssOCIATION has reen rorme(i in
DuIlin for the relief 9f widows and un
rnarried ladies, annuitants and holders
of mortgages on Irish estates, a iumber
of whom are rendered destituto through
the non-payment of rents. Lady Cow
per was present and subscribed ?100.
Tnz total number of land owners in
Ireland is 68.758. of whom 86.144 are
possessors of. Wes than ona acre eaeh,
oronly about 9,066 acres all told. It
!follows, then, that, with this relatively
insignificant exception, the nearly 21,
000,000 acres of Irish soil are owned by
G06ihAu hha experiencedanidre real en
joyment and more solid satisfaction in
the notoriety which his trial has given
him than he had in all his life preceding
that event. If left to choose, he doubt
less would give the balance of his life in
preference to a denial the pleasures his
trial has affo'rded him.
IT Is sincerely hoped that Congress
will do something to facilitate the send
ing by mail of fractional currency. Sil
ver i tom avy to e,.eqin letter, and
its gQ aj)A0io1 k uc means is
questionable. This want is small, al
though a common one, and should be
promptly attended to.
REVENGE is sweet. Windfield B. Cox,
of Passaic County, N. J.. who was on
posed for theppe .,of sheriff by a .nun
ber of prominent men of Paterson, con
sisting of insurance men, manufacturers,
baners, otc., has placed them on his
first petit jury lst to serve at $2 a day,
te iVegept of their large business
ines. . bsi'es
ACCORDING to the tostimoney in the
Guiteau trial, while Guiteau was
pevriasti' I religious; in - 1875i
4Ae w .. 1 A bout, Afflicted
with a loathsome disease and squander
ing monefondIewJ@Mid thA this wife
was earning as. an. employe in a hotel.
It seems to have been more a case of
gmoral depraftd hap of religidus insan
Suity-e.s tobe raging in all
quarteYrs, atid If the greatest -precaution
is axpt takei ,to reNit its spread, the
probabilities are that during the present.
witer the death rate from that cause
will -be something alarming. In every
instance where there is a patient af
Iiq~ted with the dread dissase a yellow
flag shpuld be 'hofsted t prevent others
from unecessarily coin g in eontact
AN ELEoTBXO wire'oame incontact with
a te~I')hone' wire, in Cincinnati, anid the
lightning traveled both, ways on' th~e telo
phone. -Fortunately -no one had the
telephone trumnpet to isa ear, or there is
no telling whiit t'e' efect of tlle flame
that biurst forth fromi the trumpet A' dis
tance of six Inches, would have been.
Wires in large cities are getting to be
entirely tdo plentifal for the enjoyment
of first-class health.
. Ier past two months have been un
pleasant ones to those who have been to
sea. The great steaarers have been ar
ri'fing at New York days and even weeks
behind time, and some have been comn
pelgedtoputbewitp rokn machinery.
'the oflcers of one ok the arivals enltoh
as a significant fact of their stormy voyage
that they ifid Liotsee a sailing vosatel
during tube voyage. .It is only, too prob
able JtL w ore than one bark of this
class will never be heard from.
ARule That' Works Both Wys.
- -"TThat must be a false rule," says the
Interior ." requiring virtue, oleanliness
and igo temper and conduct in women,
while .many men may go on to any
length almo-t and, society one and all
wit' inot blik, at our faults. What
ever degrdea ta woman also degrades a
nienl. Take some of the vioes anid hab
of the da 4 ansmokesa filthy
of abeda hal aa ounce of
liki? ekand' -ydt expects
a eldan muduth anid a
a i Again, a young man
ant to s~Send the eveidig with his
adored Evelina. Should he find her not
w lkohy~ .wuk below. ,,evl,,and
yeVt.'.ha ja an himself 4w a daily
visitr to6 , aloon4 d' bges
Vieination, Primitive, and Modern.
Neatly a century-bas elapsed since the
disoovery of Dr. Jenner that vacine
virus was an antidote fox smamilpox so
moved the gratitude of the British Gov
erpment that it gave him nearly half as
mvh ioney'As our o*r people raised
for -Mrs. Garfield. When he died a
splendid monument was erected to his
mihory, and he is ranked everywhere
among the benefactors of humanty.
Yet it is only fair to say that the experi
ence of' late years has not sustained all
the h6pesi at first entertained. We have
h4en: told by an aged physician, whose
st'idieu began while vaccination was still
a novelty, that his instrugtor advised
him not to waste much time in reading
about smallpox, as it would soon disap
pear from among men..
The failure of this prediction has arisen
in part from the neglect of vaccination,
and in part, also, from the fact that what
is recognized as virus has been weakened
by transmission through a long )ine of
human subjects.. It has-also been more
than once combined w*ith diseases far
worse* than that which it was intended
to keep off. People who have been
more than once vaccinated, or who have
su)posed that they were, have been at
tacked with smallpox in severe, and
p rha'ps fatal forms, while others have
' en mado wretched invalids for life.
These factin have led to an organized
opposition to vaccination, which has its
headquarters in England, though its
ramifications extend to other conhtries,
our own among the number. It publishes
trabts and reports, helps poor people to
fight the agents of compulsory vaccina
tiun, and boldly asserts that unmodified
smallpox is preferable to that which may
come after vaccination, pethaps with
deplorable accompaniments. Of course
this is exaggeration and.absurdity. One
has only to glance at the literature of
the seventeenth and eighteenth ce'nturies
to find abundant evidence of the fearful
ravages of varioia, and of the terror
which it inspired in palace and in hovel.
Still, it may be questioned whether
much of what passes for vaccine virus is
really such. If long humanized it may
have become inert, if not impure.
Recognizing this possibility, it has be
come the fashion to take virus directly
from the cow and 'the severity of the
symptoms following vacoination from
this source has been thought to prove
the wisdom of the step. Yet it does not
follow that every pustule found on a cow
is identical with that observed and ex
perinented from by Jenner. It is cer
tainly true that while in the tearly days
of vaccination one operation was thought
enough to protect one during life, it is
now held that repeated vaccinations are
essential-that the process should be
gone through with at least as often as
smallpox threatens to became epidemic.
This may be a conclusion established by
more careful observation, but it seems
to indicate that the qpality of the virus
has been impaired. We have been told
of a man who was vaccinated iii theA
early years of this century b~ matter
brought direct from.Jior, ~en his
arm was well, to test te -Nalue of the
process, he was inoculated with smallpox
virus. He went to a pest house to await
results. He did not have varioloid, even
in its mfldest form. Could as much be
hoped from much of the vaccination of
the present day ?-Exchange.
A Japanese Hotel.
Ini imiagining a Japanese hotel, good
reader, p~lease dismiss all architectural
ideas, derived from the 'Contincrital or
Fifth Avenue. Our hotels in- Japan,
outwardlly, at least, are wooden struct
ures, two stories high, often but one.
Their roofs aire usually thatched, thiough
the city caravansaries are tiledt. They
are entirely open on the front ground
floor,, and about six feet from thep pil or
threshold rises a platform about a foot
and a hialf high, upon which raay be seen
the proprietor, seated on his heels, busy
with his account books. I it is winter,
he is engaged in that absorbing occupa
tion of all Japanese -tradesmen at .that
time of -the year, warming his hlads'over
a charcoal lire in a low 'brazier. The
kitchen is usually just next to the front
room, often sep~arated from the street by
only a latticed partition. In evolving a
Japanese kitchen out of his or her imag
ination the reader must cast away the
rising conception of Bridget's realm.
Blissful, indeed, is thef thought as we
enter the Japanese hotel that neither the
typical servant girl nor the American
-hotel clerk is to be found here. The
landlord comes to meet us, falling on kiis
hands aind knees, bows his heads to the
floor. TOne or two of The prettygiris out
of thie bevy usually seen in the Japaese
hotels'comes to assist us and tae our
traps. Welcomes, invitations akad pien-.
ty of fun greet~ us as we sit down to take
off our shoes, as all -good Japanese do,
and as those fithy foreigkers don't, who
tramp on the clean mats with mudldy
boots. . We stand up unshod, and are
led by the laughing. girls along the
*nmooth corridors, across an arolaed
bridge which spans an open space In
which is a rookery, gren and pond
stocked 'with goldfish, turtles and ma
rine plants. The room which our fair
guides choose for us is at the rear end of
the house, overlooking the grana scen
er for which Kanozan is justly noted
all .the empire. Ninety-nine yelley,
are said to be visible from the menntt
top on which the hotel is situated, and
we suspect that multiplication by ten
would scarcely be an exaggeration. A
world of blue water and pines, and the
detailed loveliness of the rolling land,
form a picture which. I lack power to
paint with words. The water seemed
the type of repose, the earth of motion.
Hu who can heroically endure adver.
sity will bear prosperity with equal
greatness of soult
Roffenstein's Prie Brogan.
Hofpsteiu was busily engaged mark
ing the selling price on some olothing
whioh had *jst arrived, when suddenly
stopping in his work he turned to the
olerk and said:
''1 H .I had forgot if ye soll and
il Uf d ov pk Joan bants vat yas dam
aged. Vas any more af dem in do adore
"Yes, Misder Hoffenstein. I diuk
dere vas dree bairs left. I hat been dry
lng to sell dem but do beople say dey
don't vant to go around de adreet mit
bants on vat makes dem look like a cir
ous brocession. Dere vas yellow spots
all ofer do bants, you know."
"Vell, subbose dey haf got spots on
dem, vas you going to let de beople
dink dey vas damaged? My gr-r-acious,
Herman, do longer you vas in de pisness
do more you don't learn noding. Vy,
von a man comes in do sdore und dells
me dot dose bants vas damaged I dells
him he vas misdaken und I asks him if
he know a biece uf quadruple, vox finish,
needle point, hand dwisted vool from a
biecoe vat vas von ply, cotton stitched
and mit a beveled edge. Von I ask him
dot he don't can say noding. Den I
dell him dot do bants vas not damaged,
und dot dey vas made uf vot vas called
in do old vorld Spanish spot vool, do
best ardicle made dere. In a gouple uf
minutes afdor I dalk to do gustomer he
buys de bants, und I half sell nine bairs
in dot vay."
Hoffenstein had scarcely finished
speaking when a negro with a bundle in
his hand and considerably excited en
tered the store.
" Vell, my front, vat can I do for you?"
said Hoffenstein, advancing toward him
and smiling Vleasantly.
"You can t do anything fur me," re
plied the negro, angrily, " but I want
yer to gib' me back my money what I
paid fut des hyar shoes or I'ae gwine to
take de matter fore do law. I gib four
dollars for dem shoes an' I nebber wore
dem but six days fore do soles drapped
off, an' when I 'zamined dem dar warn't
a God's blessed ting dar but paper.
re bin cheated, and when a man thinks
he can come miratin' around me an' I
ain't wne to say nuffin' he's apt to find
hisse in de nine hole."
"My front," said Hoffenstein, quietly,
"did you fina anyding in do soles uf dem
"No sah," replied the negro.
"Vel, dot vas a biece ut hard luck,
my front. Do shoes vat you buy vas de
Louisiana brize shoe, und von you dake
a bair uf dem you vas liable at any mo
ment to find a dwenty dollar gold biooe
in do soles uf dem. If de soles uf do
brize shoes vas made uf hard lodder, dey
vouldn't year out, and do gonsequence
vould be you don't can find de dwenty
dollar biece, und dot vas de reason
de soles vas made of baper so dot dey
vill year oud soon, und let do beople
know if dey git a brize, you know."
"Is dose hyar shoes do regerler prize
shoes ?" inquired the negro, greatly in
"Veil, my front, if ye see a man vat
come in do oder day mnd show me a
gouple uf dwendy dollar bieces vet ho
got oud uf dem shoes, you vould say dey
vas a geld mine."
"If d. shoes is do regerler prize algoes,
I'll take 'er nudder pair."
"Certainly, my front. Herman, wrap
do sheutleman up a bair uf dose Louisi
ana brize shoes, and dake dose vat you
dink do money vas in."
When the shoes had been paid for and
the negro had gone, Hoffenstein said :
" Herman, did you see how I york off
dose old star brogans ?"
"Yes, Misder Hoffenstein."
"Vell, von efer a gustomer comes in
do sdore', reogolleck dot dey vas do Lou
isiana brize shoe mit a dwenty dollar
gold bicgoe in de sole nf dem. I think I
vill learn you someding about de busi
ness yet."-New Orleans Timee.
The Pleasures of the. Table.
The simplest food will not suffice to
maintain a community in mental and
physical health, and to produce the
highest form of efforts. A people who
li'e ou rice 'will usually be found unfit to
do anything better than grow rice.
Monotony in food, as in other things,
begets dullness. For all classes there
must be something in life to look for
ward to if men are not to become soured ;
and, constituted as we are at present,
the pleasures of the table must continue
to form an important element ameng the
pleasures avaiable for man. But if the
use of luxurous food be defensible on
these grounds, absolute waste of food,
at any rate, p reduoes the ill effect
piedout, without any compensating
advantage. The dinner at every glut
tonous city feast contributes his quota
to the already existing distress in some
othest part of the communit. So does
the guest at 'a charity dinner. The
money he subscribe. to the charity is
merely a transfer of wealth which leaves
the world neither rich nor poorer ; the
dinner he eats or leaves increases the
poverty of his neighbor.-Thae Ibrt-.
AN~ Edinburgh ~professor has discov
ered that an ammal struck by lightning
or by an electric shock, under scientiflo
direction, is rendered delightfnUy ten
der in a moment. Read this ph
out at -supper in presence of te assem
bled boarders.,I may startle the land
lady, cause her to invest in an electrio
battery, and change the hard and stony
hearted beefsteak fromn "a thing of duty
and a chaw forever" into a soft and ten
der-hearted dream of Mary's little lamb.
-New York Commercial Advertiger.
Tu revised edition of the New Testa
mont failed to catch the popular favor
that was expected. Copies of the work
are offered for sale in the East at greatly
Praylg, Workmen of Coastaatinople.
In the bazas of Stamboul the work
men and salesmen (there are no women
employed in these bazars-Turkish pphi
ion will not permit it) are of the male
sex only. Euchs are not iifrequent,
and are easily recognized at a .glance
from other black men, but, are, nevqr
other than harem servants or managers
of the housebol. As one loiteis through
these bazars some queer thiugi are seen.
The bazars, properly so called, are nar
row streets of shops, oovered from rain
by arched roofs, and continuous for
miles one with another, so that without
umbrella (for sunshine or rain) one can
go through them rotected.' The floors
are damp stones or packed clay-they are
dark and one goes up and down steps
from one to another so that pro ession
is unpleasant. The personal solicitation
of the salesmen is something painful
and very annoying-until one learns, as
he soon does, to pay not the slightest at
tention to any one, but to look around
him, apparently indifferent and unob
servant of the remarks and exhibitions
of goods-while inwardly you feel a
yearning desire to knock over solne im
pudent man who takes you for a fool.
While you pass along looking at some
workman making something in the skill
ful yet clumsy way they work, with -tools
unhko, often, anything you evor saw
using feet as if they were hands and
miking complex furniture, veneered
beautifully with the simplest of tools, (so
few as to make the work seem incredible)
-lo 1-the worker will turn about with
his back to the door atd crowd-seem.
to road his Koran-and lose himself in
prayer 1-or walk off, leaving his pur
chaser at the door, and enter the nearest
mosque and say his prayers. (Infernally
aggravating when you have about con
eluded a desirable purchase 1) In the
mosques one sees them enter, after wash
ing their feet, pray reverently and ab
sorbedly towards Mecca, (the altar of the
mosque is always placed so that praying
towards it is praying towards Mecca,)
and reverently depart, putting on their
shoes again at the door as they go out.
I several times felt a strong inward
temptation, when at the door of some pop
ular mosque, to gather up the queer col
lection of worshippers' shoes and fly with
them to start a museum with.
On the boats, at sunset, the Mosleim
teem in the midst of the crowd, utterly
oblivious apparently, of surroundingi,
bow to the earth repeatedly, seemingly
uttering prayers toward Mecca, and three
times touching the earth with the fore
The bazar workmen are, however, by
no means alwa Turkish, or even Mo
hainmedan. Tey are of every race:
many Jews, some Americans and Eng
lish, who have crept in. The fruit-sell
ers of the city are mostly- Armen ian.
The strong-muscled porters (herculean
many of them) whom one sees every
where in the streets carrying loads that
a tender-hearted man would not force his
horse to pull, are many of them Wal
lachian, Servian, B3ulgarian or 1%oumie
lian. The merchants and artidceer, as a
class intelligent-looking and pleasant
countenances--are Greek. This is a
place of conglomerate nationality-the
Turk ruling-the middle .class larg~ely
Greek-the under classes Macdomn,
etc. ,-with mixtures in each class. Thle
Circassain always either soldier, or, if
woman, a bought wife in the harem (pro
nounced ha recm,) the negro, (of aill
shades of color) Persian, Indian, lEgy p
tian, uroan, American (a few), cte'.,
are commingled, and a very picturesque
crowd is the visible result.-Constanti
no ple Letter in Kokomno Tribunc.
How an Indian Boy Shoots.
The remarkable shooting of the young
Nez Perces Indian boy, Otto, was wit
nessed by a large audience of those in
terested in rifle shooting. The m~ost re
markable feature of the exhibition was
the lightning quickness of the boy. But
very few of the attempts failed. The first
shot was at a five-cent piece on the head
of a figure representing a man, and was
hit, the distance b~eing fifteen paces. The
next was the cutting of a string that sus
p ended a figure at the rear of the stage.
Thes rifle was picked up from the stage
by the lad after he had turned a somer
sault, and the shot was fired almost in
stantly. The most remarkable shot of
the evening was accomplished by the use
of peculiarly placed appliances, in the
follo wing manner : Ina small steel
frame a pistol-barrel was suspended ; be
hind the barrel a razor had been fixed,
and on either side of it lys suspended a
glass ball. The boy was then taken to
the front of the stage and blindfolded,
with his face to the audience. At the
command "about face," he turned,
raised his rifle, and, after only a mo
mentary hesitation, fired. The ball
passed through the pistol, was split by
the razor, and each ass ball was broken
by half dhe bullet. This shot is said to
be due the boy's wonderful gift of the
power of location. The precision of the
aim is secured by taking a position di
rectly in front of the object, and aim is
taken by a certain pressure of the rifle
stock against the shoulder and cheek.
An exhibition bayonet drill followed.
The boy was applauded for his marks
manship and dexterity.-San Francisco
"You can't add different things to
gether," said an Austin school teacher.
" If you add a sheep and a cow together
it does not make too sheep or two cows.'
A little boy, the son of an Austin av
enue milkman, held up his hand, and
" That may do with sheep and cows,
but if yon add a quart of milk and a
quart of water, it makes two quarts of
milk. I've seenit tried."
Iil OF INFORMATION.
Poner lace is the oldest variety of bae
known It was. the work of nuns durn -
the latter part of the fourteeoith eentury.
An MRo4N doer, both male and female,
shed their hornis every year froma
the latter part of January to about. the
15th of February only.
TU " freedoma. -ot a city" is ;a
honorary distinction conferrd on ome
illustrious -man, It is usuall besiwed
throu h a certificate or diploma signed
by e municipal aut orities and
suitably mounted. It is presented on
the occasion of a visit or may be for
warded. It makes the recipient an
houorary citizen. It may be awarded a
countryman or a stranger.
Tan engagement ring is supposed to
be of a Roman origin, and to have sprung
from the ancient custom of using ings
in making agreements, grants, etc. Its
primitive ferm was that of a seal or
signet ring. Betrothal rings were fre
quently exchanged by lovers in ancient rf
times. It is also believed that the
Romans originated the custom of giving
rings with mottoes or posies engraved
on them to their lady loves.
Fonxs were invented in Italy in the
fifteenth century, but were not employed
in England until the middle of the
seventeoth century; then only by the
higher classes. As late as the eighteenth
century, forks, as well as knives, were
kept on so meager a ticale by country
inns in Scotland that it was customary
for persons traveling to carry with them
a knife and a fork in a shagreen case,
and a Sm11 knife and fork still form.
part of the ornamental equipment in the
Ti bridge or covered gallery which
connects the ducal palace and the prison
of Venice is high above the water and
divided by a stone wall into a passage
and a cell. The state dun ons were
sunk into the thick walls of the palace,
and the prisoners when taken out to die
were conducted acrds the gallery to the
other side, upon the bridge, and *ere
there strangled. The low portal hrou
which the criminal was taken into e
cell is now walled up, but the passage
is open, and is still known by the name
of the "Bridge of Sighs."
Tai origin of the cant name, "Uncle
Sam," was as follows : Immediately after
the declaration of war with England,
Elbert Anderson, of New York,t a
contractor, visited Troy, where was con
"'centrated, and where he p urohased, a
large quantity of provisions-beef? pork,
etc. The inspectors of these articles at
that place were Messrs. Ebenezer and
Samuel Wilson. The latter gentleman
(invariably known as "Uncle Sam") gen
erally superintended, in person a large
number of workmen, who, on tiis occa
sion, were employed in overhauling the
provisions purchased by the contractor
for the army. The casks were marked
"'E. A.-U. S." The work fell to the
lot of a facetions fellow in the employ of
the Messrs. Wilson, who, on being aslked
by some of his fellow-workmen the
meaning of the mark (for the letters U.
en'tirely new tothem), said :" He did not
kno unessitnyeant Elbort Anderson
and dncle Sam"-alluding exclusively,
then, to the sa~id " Uncle Sam " Wilson.
The joke took among the workmen, and
passed currently ; and "Uncle Samn"
himself being present was occasionally
rallied by t)hem on the increasing extent
of his possessions. Many of these work
mea being of character denominated
"food for powder," were found shortly
after following the recruiting drum, and
pushing toward the frontier lines
for the double purpose of meeting the
enemy and of eating the provisions they
had lately labored to put in good order. .
.Their ol djokes accompanied them, and ,
Ibefore the first campaign ended $i
Sidentical one first .appeared in print ;it
gained favor ralgidly, till it penetrated
and was recognized in every part of the
country, and will, no doubt, continue so -.~
while th e United States remains a nation.
The Weigh of the Transgress.
By almost universal consent, the high't
weight championship is conceded to dial
era in coal. As water unto milk, and
glucose to the lager beer, so are the
platform scales to the coal cart. It
would be unjust to lrenumbers of
honecst and reputable dealers to say that
their coal is like the fellow who said that
when he was mad he we hed a tonr, blit
the condnot of disreputable -and die
hioniet dealers has a tendency to thro#
suspicion~ upon all of them. Acoording'
to the statement of one who has tried it.
it requires the spirit of a martyr to be an
haonest dealer, at least in New York.'
H~e tells a dolefulastdry of the diffloulties
not to say the dangers, he encouterej
in trying to deliver 2,000 pounds for a
ton to his costumer.. He bean by an
nouncing that any one buyig coal of
him could test its weight at any of the
public scales. The result was astonish
ing. Orders came in froma all directions
and not more than one in ten ever
wanted to test it. When csrtmen came
from other yards he had to enlarge their
carts. For these offenses he was set
upon by amember of the Coal Aesocia
tion and beaten ; his oartmon were got
'away from hiA; thytried to prevn
his vessels from landing ; broke his der
rioks, and haha~d good reason to think
that they either sh6t at him or had him
shot at. So that I6 Is not the weigh of
transgressor, but the other man's, thsat
Buoons show that in thirteen Sep
tembers in the past thirty-one years no
rain fell in Sanr Francisco. The rain
in the remaining eighteen Septembers
ranged from .02 of an Inch to 1.08