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to *te4'bants iand othere
Astoft or by the year.
'40d- Q utee of Respet
i vates fe dollar,, in ad
of the United States on the
l introduced by Senator Lo
Gon. Grant to the army with
oeeral*uA to place him on the
takpn up and, after a good
'dlionssion, was passed. Senator
this Sate, took an active part in
t in opposition to the bill. Sena-.
otn~ Call, Davis of Illinois, Davis of
a, Jones of Flori a and Ran
otel With the Republicans on the
of lb. bill. If this action will
0t of retiring Grant, from poli
SC.A It wll be a good thing for the country.
he Star Route Thieves.
*AfUiNOToN, February 20.--Tike grand
r , the result of weeks of inquiry, has
tdown to the di-trit. attorney a pro
t.ment against i welve persons for con
cy in the Star route eases. The t rans
N, of the grad jury room are sporet,
tit t has been ftscertained that among
%hose presented for indictment are ex-A
sistant Postmaster General Tho,. J. Brady,
ex-oenator- Stephen W. Dorsey, his brother
. W. Dorsey, his private secretary, M. C
ilerdell, John C. Minor, or tie fliemt ofr Mi
Por,'Vale & Co., Capt. W. 11. Turter, for
merly clerk in the post office department,
and Mr. J. W. Peck, a brother-in law of
Charles S. Jackson, a bright mulatto, as-|
31stant Postmaster at Orangeburg' in this|
St~e, aged about, 19 ) eers, coinunit ted iu
g~ndbling Anid, not succeeding, shot. at anud
sent a ball throuigh the cheek ot John1 A.
Andrewt, a young white man, ansi then
uhot himself: Andrews' wounds are not, t'a
To be Hung.
The Supreme Court of ulhe state hiar refu
sed to gradt a new trial in the case (of the
~ear incendiaries who set fire to theo Acad
f iui in Greenville. The case has
'been remanded to the Circuit Court l'or re
e~lneeof the criminals, which will prob
ably be done at the March term of Court
f~r Or'eenville County. The only hope for
the, criminals Is Executive olemency, and
thats Is very slim.
The President has~ nominated Ex-Senator
Qonkling of New York to the Supreme
Egdeh of the United States. N-o has also
sQneinted Ex-Benator Sargent of California
se Mdinister to Cermany. Conkling's nomn
~tion seems to have been a Surprise in
V ashington. Senator Hoar of Massaebu
melts, took the floor in Executive sesstion
and warmly opposed Conkling's conftiruma
#1i3* and said that while he conceded Conk
1tgtgeat abiity, and that no man since
bbater ha~d surpassed him in intellect ual
r bebelieved that Conkling had usedl
apowers for bad purposes, and thatt heo
~4not believe him to be honest. His ei e
t?~~uo the Supreme Bench, said Senator
$ihgreat excitement of msanner and
e*$uding his -desk .ty way of emphasis,
~ t#~S~a be ldisgracoe to tihe judicial ermine,
V~ ~i~4hetherefore Interposed an olection to
present consIderation of theo nomlina
,and insiated that it should take tihe
~ ~u er course of reference to the judiciary
>. vtirement of Grant and the nomina
ofConklng ar consideredl the first
A tthur's second term program me.
r ?- ing hiwasters he beoe first
'~~~ at4 tic and French Broad Val
ba private letter from Captain
~,~earn that thle Board of Directors
e ttec and French Broad Valley
d 4Ompany, met at Abbeville on the
O n determined to continue work
r4 in Abbeville County until the
cmmence operations. Captain
4$ . *, thet.letters had been received
91%Oo. Campbell was then ill
/M'eging to contract for the
division. Col. King has
n~hucky charters, andi advies
- , * ay55 that everything is pro
abyas could be expected.
h~?te synicoate will be ef
onsolidation of all the
. tad.- JImediately fol
*11 e commenced along
' e~j totteriag condition of
j6w l ork last, month
~t~i~Is.a the adelments,
fagn temoothly again.
Sbqout Iza this State
' die ano onth. Capt.
%1 togethor I think
itwaQed about the 1st
~ ~ Is cheering
~4t e-t. of th!
Otle gr -th of the 8iiut
pleIda coutld only bo re
tarded by t.he *alisidne of th, negroes i
such graglnmbors, Europeais and othe
homigrants'might sentimentalize at a die
tance About the blacks, but would not setti
where they most. congregate."
Tble is e'xactly the vte* we haeb alway
held and frequently expressed through Oh
columns of tihe SNT1xk4L. , Their presenc
in such -large numbers is an incubus ove
the body politic as well as the materin
Interest of tihe South, They have but fes
feeling4 in common with us, and always al
lign tienselves it, solid phalanx againt
tie whites upon all questions of a politio
ntiture, and are a comiant maenance to ti
pence and good order of sotiety. The safe
ty of life and property demand that. th
white man should control the Government
but this is uncertain so long as they are s
numerous amongst us.
A deflection of a small number of white
from the Democratic .pAly in this, and sev
era! olier Southern States, would make i
possible for tlie negro to regain control o
State Government, which would simp1;
mean destruction to decent Government. A1
influx of hardy, thrifty, intelligent white
from Elhropt or the North, only, will solv
our political difficultics and assist in devel
oping our material resources. How this i
to be brought about is a problemi that ye
I emaius to be solved. The emigration of ltn
iegro is, iii ntr -opinlon, A long stride ir
that uirectio)n. But when they make i
move in that direction some of tie paper.
of the State, as vell as some of the people,
at. once adopt every means they possibly
can to check-mate the movement. This is
all wrong. Let. them go, and encourage
every movement amongst them in that di
rection. It is the only way our State can
be built u p imaierialy and saved politically.
Col. Charles A. Mat tison died at his resi,
dence in Andersion County on the lI7th ult.,
aged 51 years. after a protracted illness of
h1riglt's disease of the kidneys. Ile was
Colonel of tie old -th i Regiinetri. of Militia
before the war, and during the war Lieu,
tenatit Colonel of lie 4th Regiment, until
its time of Aervice expired, when he was
elected Colonel of the 4th Bat taLlion. InI
the battle of Seven Pines, ho was severely
wounded, and11 disabled tor further service.
lie was three imes elected to the Legisla
tuiro from Anidersoni Conty. le was popu
lar and generous hearted.
'Thy People Shul.1), My People.
Ilon. Geo. D. T'illman, Congressuman from
his State, imade a great speech in Congress
last wecek on thle bill to apportion time lep
resenutat ion ini thme lower liuse of' C oniress
accordinug to thle last census. Mlr. Tillbnan
advocated a large llouse on the grounds
thant it would be less liable to corruptioni
than a small one, arid more likely to pe
serve ime liberties of the~ people, lie umade
a very fitne speech, which we have read
in the Congressional Rclcord with mucl
pileasure, andh would like to lay it before
our readlers, butt space does not permit.. In
his closing remarks, lie tittered the follow
ing fraternal words, whuich wvill Iieet with
a responsive echo frouu evemy sect ion of the
Union. lie said:
Air. Speaker, I rejoice from the centre of
my heart thait a (me tter day appears dawn
intg upon01 thmis cout)i ry thanm has been wit,
niessed( since thme wvar. I sincerely believe,
as 1 have stted, that thle w~ar was brought
on very largely, if not. entirely , by thle
small repr'esenmtat ion ot the peopl e in their
lFederal Go( vern tment I, amnd t hat nothing wil
serve so unmich to rest ore cordia'. reblations
ats enlariged repbresenitamt 11io uon thiiis floor.
Mly couttitrymen trom thli North and1( tromt
tihe South, let uts be friends. We were so
once, why nuot again? True, we have had
a bitter gtnamrel, anad even a bloody war,
bit why shiould tha led onger keep us apart?
Th'le best of famuilies will fall out son~etimets,
and whmen two brot hers disagree, the one
that forgives aind f'orgets fir1st is time better
of the wo. IWe imust. become friend's some
time, tand why niot now? We ha~ve hatd one
civil war, wileiiI Enighand andi France andt
many othier nat ions hamve hand several, yet
now they are one0 people, and all trace ot
discord lhas long paiLssdl away. In outr fami
ily difficulty you got, thle bette r of it, and
Ilheret ore cvan aff'ord t o be magnian imous; so
let us say unt o each other, as Ru thi uto
Naonmi, "Thmy pe~ople blhall be amy people,
thy God tiy Gu d."'
With this end( in view let us try to bring
time North, lie South, thle Eamst and the West
nearer togethlier. 1 fervently believe it cani
be done ini no better way lian by en!arging
represi ntat ion here andmu incresing it in thle
Seniate by adumittinug a hundred, or even two
hiutidet new Stamtes Iinto the Union. Ai. time
samie time let its keep up a st rotig and nu
morous body of local legislatmors in time
States to prot ect t' eir I'eserved rights. This
is time way to mtake its truly none and in
divisible" and cause e'very Anherican t.o ex
elaimi withI prid1e, '.E l'luriius 1aUnm! Es1'
to Pecrpetua. [(3reaut applause.]
300,000 People Almostin a Starving
IVAsh INUTON, February 20.-Represent a
five Dutnn, of Arkansas, itrodutcedh a reso
ut ion Itn thle llouse to day authIorizing the
Secretary of War to gramt immediate relief
by issuing rat ions to the destitute citizens
of Arkansaus amid ihe contigious Territory
of Louisiania emblraced in tihe lRed River
Valley. Thie resolut ion wits referred to the
urpropriat ion Conmmittee ith IiuIstructions
o inake an early report to the hlouse. Duimnn
say s relative to thme urgenoy of e lie mattemr.
that, whuih- thme State or Arkansas is neoed
ited with iA) per' centi. of an average crop.
the plant es and farmers of this part ictlar'
section, owinug to the droug it, mnade hardly
more than 20 per cent., and~ t hat several
hmudred thousand persons are already ini
a destitute condition' That time recent ov
erflow of time river has flooded four million
acres of land and driven back upon time
section alt-ny hnupoverished thiousandst
more of at arving . efugees. Ile estiat es
that at least three hiundred thiousandi persons
will require immediate assist anice to precs
vent. great destitiution antd actual slaria
Neatly all the negroes andi a great many
of thie white people who have left thIs State
on qeotint of' the shout crops of last year,
wMe to Arkansas. tht State, according
Sabove At~tement, isat, least Arty per
Sothan w* are, and staryationi
fid ot many of skam . ~i
b gber, and done 'ore 'damage
r to live'aiook ard et er propibray, 'hYan ever
known -%ef*re. The -dubtruot id. 'was so
Sgreat %nd the distress' -o appalli og that
Coagrees was appealed to, and too-k pronpt
notion to relieve the shtfferers, 'as 1lietol.
.lewing pro'eedings in tlieeatte will ahow.,
Similar btion was taken by tLie 1-ouse:
Seuator Harris presented thentacuiorial
r and report of the blemphis Obtfmn Exchange
upon the danger to the 'iver front or Mem.
phis from enoroanlynrats of'the Mississippi.
8etiator Gleorge introdubed a joiut. reso
lution authorising tbb Secretary of war to
I issue rations for the relief of the laboring
classes in the district overflowed by the
fMissifppi'river, which wts read, as also a
D' teegraim from Governor Lowery, of Miss
r? issippi. urging immediate niendfirds of re
I lief, representing the destruction of pro
erLy and stock as inutese slud starvaio10
uminuent, as the overflowed coutrntry com
prises the best, portion of Mississippi, and
t both whi..es anA blacks are suffering. Sen.
ator George explained the iagnitude of the
disaster, and said that the district inutifated
etmbraced the Alississippi valley betweet
Menaphis and Vicksburg, about one hiun
dred and fit'ty miles in length and forty in
breadth. This entire area was now either
utnder water or would be in a libort. Iirnte.
FOUr i11 of i1s poputlat is comiipo-4ed of
colored laborers who have not, the neans
i of.suppurt during the period f'or which this
overflow will necessarily interrupt labor.
Senator Ingalls inquired as to the e:ati
mated numbr of labmers -rendered desti,
Senator George thought, it would range
from 50,000 to 75.000. lie added thaUover
flows in that. section of 'The Mississippi bot
ton generlly continued froin four to six
3 weeks, and until the subsiletce of the water
there is total suspension ef labor, lie laud
conlined his reniarks to fle' destitution in
MNIississippi. (Ontigtious districts (o 1 the
opposite side of the river in Arkansas were
Senator Garland spoke of the widespread
(estiuction in Arkansas by tie cverflow as
absolutely appalling and unprecedented. It.
litl swep' away the bnris, granaries and
stock of the farins. lie urged prompt. ae
joon ext elding I'eief, t hiougli he wIas not
prepared to say what foriu the measure of'
relief .hould take.
Senator lani pon explained that the part
of tle valley under witter was the anost pro.
dtuctive and finenst dotnon growing countr.y
in Mississippi. At that. point tile water ex
tended fromti the Yazo') hiills ont one side and
lie Arkansas bluft's ott ie other, and it' the
tiver was its high as the disidiches tihis
muorning represented there wou.d be hardly
tny laitl wlihin one hundred and ifty
niles. The destt:ru-jolt not only of' stock
but of' the incotuing crop woull tie so great.
in his Opition 1hat le had ito hiesitatiotn in
saying that. tlie dispat cl froin tite Governor
of' Mibsissippi gave hut. a taint idea of the
destitution and starvation tltat wottidi ful
viewv o' the desiraub'.eness of' pr.in p1t actiont,
lhe tret'erenace of' thle suibdeet to th tintilitairy
corniun itee whlo could cotisult, withI the~ sec..
ret arty of' war u poat pr'ov isionts ['or issuing
ated transport itig rantotis to the points at
wvhich they are niost. needed. If the suffer
er's were to be relieved by the Unaited St ates
GJoverntint relief' con'.d only be exit'enl
Stt-oughu the scetairy ol' war',nl he t hong lt,
it. would be found that, t his re'chet wias. de
iaded niot <,uly ats to M i'sis-,ippi \'atiey,
butt. ias to thec valley ot severaL of its tr'ibu..
The sutggestiont of' Senator Allison being
aUcptalblt to Seattor Geoa're was agr.eetu o,
and r'eterenace ~o ltihe h iitry coitiniA tee
Setnator Logan reported baick from the
unilitarty comatatte the joint resolut ion in.
rodued earl'hier in the diay by Seuit tor
George t o provide relief' oit acconunt of tihe
ovestlojw 01' 1the .\lississi ppi, w i t a nc 'in-a)
mient in lie tnatutre of' a subsa ittute. Tlhe
joinit. resoluitioni wats at, once talten utp anut
lie subst it ut e ado ptecd, tatud tihe sutie pitsase
without debate. It apprio ptriates 01I(80,t000
to be used by the seert'cary of' watr ini the
purchase and distrib ution of' subtsistenice
s tres l'r thle reliet' of dlestituetc peri's' it
the district ovet flowedi by the Ali.is.sippt
anid its tr'ibtutaries, anid authlorizes athe see
tar tiy to co -o.petate I with thie aat i.orities of
thle several Stl s, of' u hjehci such dlistrlict is
Senaton' Headsi and Feet.
J. C. I1. wr'it es to the~ Eru-s and
ourier) frm C.olumiat as8 folows:
D)urinog a lull the other1 day ini the
r'eadinhg ('1 theO code I took a consts
of thie betads 1aid heet. of the01) nimbers
of thie Sennate. It is rater remtarak
able howt nealy~ the body is batlatn
cod in braini anld fuot piower, ad It
is gr'ati.fyinig that their feet are ful
ly equal to thie task of hold Iing thtem
downI. Thei aveag&o size of thle
Sentatorial hea~d is 7 6 69, and the
avern..o size of the Senautorijal foot .
is 7 7 32, Ex-Gorvernir Juetr, of
Uniaon, hats the laragestI hetd in the
Sonaite, antd MiIlor', to colIorecd So n
attor' froam Beauf ort, tho niex 1 tt argest.
Gen. Kennedy, the Preosidean t of the
Senato, anid Messrsa. lleatty, Bienho w
Bradley, Byr'td, Callisoti, C2oker,
lien dersoni, Lartig u0, Ma&xwell(I, Me.
Quteen, Perrxy, Shan klina, Su.igl in g,
\Valker, W itherspoon and WVyhe
Fer'g Uun, F'ishbutrne, Gailard, Pac -
Messr's. McCall, J. W. Moor'o antd
Smuythe we'ar' 7; Messrs. Cay3'ton,
11aarlee, Kinislor,~ T1. J Mocoro anad
Miuller havo theo smlltS heads in
the Sonate and wear' (4.
In the matter' of' loot the lon. S8
D). M. By rd, of' W1illiurmsburg county
Icads the Senate. Hie wear's a saall
sized No. 10, and is admirabiy sup
p~orteod by Messrs. Braduicy, i'. J.
Mi~oore, WValker aid W illiamns, wvho
we'ar No. 9. M~osises. Beatty, Ben~i
bow, Bosbard, Catllison, Coker', Matx
weli, Paittorson,Se3igling, and W''ich,
erspJoon wea~r iNo. 8; iMessrsa. Cr'ay,
ton and Wylie wear No. 74; Messrs.
liart!lee, lleunderson. Ir~er', linosler,
Lar'tigue, Mi~cutn, Nilhor, Perray.
aind Shmuklin .No. 7; iMesst's. Jotor'
anid Miiller No. G1; Mesirs. Brown,
(4aillard and Smaythe No. 6; .Ma~ J.
W. .M(Oo No. 54; Messras. Ferguson
and Fishbur'ne No.6. Mr'. Mc~all
of Marlboro, had 1.he smnallesL loot in
the Soniate, taid wear's 41. The
Prosittent, oh the Sonato, Gen. Roun,
naudy, hlas ai reatsoanably fair foeot
himtselt, and woar'a No. 9, but it is
'only just t.o stato that the Oxitut of
hisi pedal ext'rumities is tully apolo,
gized foer by thetir shlipOly dIosign
and 8ymmn~ticazl eonaRtruction.
-oey for ~.---Da.
"F o n e fr aany egay, AS~c
'-For kixyn eatrm daueors We asic
from kMeau and natu. m-a- - , .
We'doi. ) o -dscus tl4 14
of the au dek -ffor 'tbitt Wvieilon p
fvorably 'iiced with the ',eople, *ir
dinothloa of'lnsa or -abei -herever me
lis, thtl it teeds no discusion. T
wonder amongst our people who haie It, Is.
how 1 it that they have dobe rlif. it Sig
tong.; Fo trinountof money *Ould iiduce
t ltn to ret urn to tile old syst em. To show
how absurA opposition 'to thb law appear'
when viewed by the -light f *xperlenoe
facts Ma Mures, we inake the following
exTdoL fro.n the admirable ess&y lead by
Col. A. P. Butler, our . Co'mmissioher of
Agr'iculture, bofore the Georgia Agricultur
at Soectety, in Augusta lat. week. Mr.
"In 18-71 -th Natiorml Agrichltural be
part ment.in a report upon the cost of rence,
esirnated their cost in South Carolinai at
',18.896, including cross and boundary
fences. It is a well established fact thlaat
the cost of boundary fences is about $1 per
acre. The last. centiu shows that there were
in Sonth Carolina 3,772.605 acres of im
proved land. Estimating the cost of boun
dary fences at $4 -per acre it would atnonut
to .4615,090,420 for such fenoes alone. The
durition of an urrdina-ry r'ill fence is esti
mated at. ten years. Wi-h this Annual d1e
preciattion of' 10 per cent. and interest at 7
poe cent it the investtieit, it is conclu
sive th1 t boi-ndary fences cost the
farmers io uth Carolina annually $2,.
"The abolition of fences in South Caro
lina amounted to a remission of all State
and county taxes for two years. I regret
that I had not the statistics before ine for
ar-'ign at a sitlilar 0alc.lat in for (lhe
State O' Georgia, but I feel sate in assert
ing that., it Ii..de, it would prove that the
stock law would be equially advantageous
to this State. Tie no fcnice systen is in
the interest of the rich landloord and his
poor tenatil becatuse it is based upon prin
ciples of equity, right and juistico.
"It is a vast. saving of labor and mate
rials, it. brings thousands of' aores into cul
tivaition that would otherwise lie idle for
the lack of tinber for fencing, thereby in.,
creasing its value Lands rapidly imafpr)ove
when stock are no longer allowed to tramp
and graze there in and out of season. No
daniage is su-taiined on account of fire and
wind, no hedge rows to becleaned annually,
io tite lost in hutmting stock, no quarrels
bea weeni neighbors abop t joint fenciing. The
lithor in t lie early Spring reirt it'ed to repair
fences can be devoted to mantiures and coi
Posts and to the proper premration of* land
tor grain, which has always been neg'ect ed;
it causes bet ter beet, iore milk and butter
and141 fatelr work aninals; it permits fariners
to sleep n ithout Fear o ' finding their crops
destroyed in the miorning; checks the steal
ing ot 'tock; avoids the packing of lands,
rei'iering tlem less liable to wash, nmore
pu1ou1l and mt-ore capa.ble of retain ing mu.is
t tre; causes ni're grain to be sowed, there
by ecmouriaging a diversitie~d atgricuiltutre-.
Thuese areo not. reckless assertioni.c but lie
experience of thle f'airiners in te coutties
ot South Carolina w here thle stock law hats
been in oper:ation for several years.
"'But, aiside tromt alt t lie adlvaiit ages spok.
en ot' and niamy muoire htait. eon ii be men,
toined, the io fence inw, viewed in a p'arely|
econoniaal light, shiould conuiaend it sell to
our' tuiniers. i have no dout but. hat. ihe
annualan coo' olfi lbuddig iad repairing fentc's
ini this bratie e'ajtoiis, if' it does tnot exceed,
thte value <>t all the caittle ownied by the
hatarier.~ of Gesorgi a. Go ver'nor ilagood, ol'
sou t ourot, mna r'ect'ua tnessa:ge Ont the
dary f ec's sziv cs niananally to theit agicu -
tural iidus-ry t wide as nituch ioney as is
paid int taixes by all the industries Ut' the
.'ITie .Leghhaturo of Soc.lb C'arinit.4, at
its reL'cnt ses5son, paned ani aict provnYung1
a genecaa st ock law far t he State, but pie
v ious to that tulne seeral coiunt ies haul, by
popular vote 0or special legislbitioni, adopted
tihe law, and it hats oper'ated anost sat isfho.
torily, event whiel'e it at tir'st niet, withI the
inoust violenat opjposit ion, and now inot a
voice is raised augainust it by whtite 01' bhick,
ricn or poor,. an ad no onte can bie lounad to
agitnife~ is r'epeLahI KTe hist- eea.ssus shtows
t:nat thle tevii -i toc k in w cosuie s ha et e Onie
lulof all the hititetr pr'oduceed in tee .Siaie
anad ne ait ly i wo ti hirds ot ihe chaecoc, and
ownued less iant one tom-th of' the mjihlh
cows; thbey s laugh lteire.t nearly one third of'
t.Jie beet killed iii thae Suite andt ownedi oiiiy
aboumt. one t h ot thle beef Cal Le. And~' oou
counaty, lie itrst to adopt m le hiw, naaide two
hauaitred and sixty thIoutsanmd ploundas of bitt
ter, whliile Bairn well, where it. was not. in
oper'atuon, wichd is thle lautgest, cot'n pro
u ucoImg coun lty in the Stai ite a hn thnon
sainad nore iniach cows triatt Auder'son, inatte
only thirty thiousanud pounds.
"hese liets prove conutsively thaut
whtie aci smailer' nlualror 01cale a re ep
i the sitock law coiunaties, the qual ay hats
gleatlky imaproved. iThis 1s alao ptroven by
thle aut, that at, lie last, State F'alr nearly
every pr'eniium for stock was auwaraded to
stock law counities, which shows also that,
the law enctouratges the breedinig of better
''in the debate upon the bill to provide a
generial i-tock inw, in the South Carolina
Legislature, several counaties asked exemip
ion I roin lie law upont ihe ground t hat a
large part of' these counties consisted 0t
pine barrenas and swamps, well adapted to
grnazing purposes antd totailly uinsuit ed for
ciu~vat oai. In oneo of these coutties the
cost of thme fences for one year was $,0
ad in atnothmer N2,000, ini excess of' thae
value of' all the maileh cows and their pr'o
ducts, nui lk, butter and cheeseL'"
A Terrible Collision.
On Sunaday mnorninog a west bounod
I ieightI tramht (on the Air .Litne Rail
totud lul a p)lae catlled Flower'y
anctahi, anid ha.d gotne but u qutartur
ol a ile whlen a teight, train. coin -
Inhg trf an11 itt p)Osite ditio-t~n ud
delu~aIy ctnti int sigh . iuthh trains
weeoit running qun io rapidlhy anad it
scoon becamuo e-videnmt tin.1, a collision
was ineuvitaiblo. Thorbe wuat a'ustlI
betweena thetia and the, t~wo *.rainus
tenttnl Lgetheri with a ter-ii hock
tneat ly itn the middle of it. The
tiruman ot tho west bounad talin
SPIan g fr'om hisi engine just beore't
the colhlsiut, ad received intjuries
lroma whichl le died y'esterduy} miort
nag. Iloth engines were' thruwn
hrom the Lrestle, and fifteen -ias
weret' thr'own utt. The1i engines were
both baidly domulilhed1 une~ of Lhem i
falhing to thie treatu belowt, atnd
tho (therl itn the gitlly ntL mny Ies
Ironm it,. The tir, icom otne of' (hu
enigite was knoc-ked out, iginiting
itbu trestle and fiveuuof 1,be cars w~ bich
were ltandedj with bacon, ;oto lud
genaeral mneehni so, wich were
al tmost on tir'ely consumeod. 'I ho
bridge was baudly brokena andi buarn,
ud, anidthe wreckage W a8 scattered
itn every' dirOc~ttin the ca1rs and 10
com)otivesi beiug st~urw abhoUL t
gully, en the bide of ?bo .i4k
met. and under L~ha umm a.
train 'isa- green I ind
hreit rp. This trzdu
Bruneh two minutes ahead
Ind it is to this fact tb c01s131.
iscribod. It is sta dd tnat ,thi ev
tinteor on 'this train wams oe panv
,o take sabl dharge of Tho 'th&tn in
consequnoa df the condition 71'6t4j
conductor, ahA that, he thoughttfhaut
he wam exactly on time, ivot having
discovered 'his error (intil it was 'tu6
lute. lind the West, bound tranl 1e
muined aL Flowery Branein tW
minuteS longer, it votild have givon
the cast bound one time to pIas it Itt
this point without, danrger. The to
tal loss including the curs destroyed
the merchandise consu med amid the
wreckage is estimated a $100,000.
At present tihe bridge is inpaissble,
and passoungeris have to be tramister
red by means of wagons. A large
force of men is at, work day an-d
nlight clear'ing tihe wreck anid INo"
pairing the bridge. It is thonght
that the broken trestle will bo in a
condition to admit of the passage of
trains by to morrow.---Ureenvillt
Acts Passed by the General Asseitbly
at the Regular Session of 1881-82
An Act to provide for the preparva
tion of lolls of Troops turnished
by 1-6e State of South CarolinA. to
the Army. of the Confederate
States, and of the Militia ctf tle
-Stto in active service during the
War between the Confederate and
Be it enacted by the Sonate and
House of llepresen tat ive of the Stute
of South Carolina, now met aind
sitting in Goneral Assembly,'and by
the authority (f the same:
Sectionl 1. That it shall bC the
duty of the Adjutant and Ins'pectov
Genieral to collect the names of all
pmelsons of Lhis State who served in
the array of tho Confederato States
l it' thb militia ot the State, in -c
Live serViC(e durmng the war betveen
the Contumdorate amid Unitod States,
and to prepare rolls of tiho sam1e,
c.orrespondlmig as mnear as5 many be,
to0 the usual lormn of must~Ler rolls in
mi ihturmy service, amid statinhg, as tar
as ennm now be ascertai ned, the name,
age, platco of enlisti. imont,, comnpany,
anmd regimient or 'aittalion, ibattery
or msquad iton, to whiiich oeh suchei
porson' belonged, or positin bhi i i by
amas generial or et~at otlicer, with
statjemnt aliso as to wounmd or
w~oun ds,~ wien untd whr rec'~ "eived;
eurreneider of such per sonl at the cnd
'. the sai(J war; anid a iy oth er p:n i
ticiml:(i' in l'egaid to aniy such 1'ergoi
wvhimch, ini is jumdg~ment, hudb
Sec. 2 ThIat~ said Adljutnt anid Ini
spe(ctor G.engeral shiiam n!'o. pm *parie,
or cau'e to be prepiu-ed, a briet bis
tory or sketch of each and( every
r&'gi neut, balttlinn, iaer m i' I
SI)adroni iof Ot aid tr'>nps fuI~" Iri shed
by t,h a State to the army of' the
Colederato~& Sitaties, or of Lthe iinlii a
of the State ini ntive service durm i'
thle zsaid wvar, giVinrg t.ic hameI:C o~t
the ba t tles, sieges, or atrfairs inl w hiebul
cat-lh such buody was enigaged.
Mie* 3. That th 11 um ofi ti i .wo thou
santi del lars be, anid the stiono =is
lerueby, a pprmopriated for t h sak
wot k, oif '.i hiich t.hie 'said Adj juantI
anid .liapjctor (Geneiral shall r'eceive
tiv*e hu nd red dolla ro for hiis ext ra
services therein, and thbo balance,
tfteen~i lhnal-efd olli-i, if so mucih
be nlecesLsd ry, be aj 'lied Lor statIiomi
cry, p)r ini tin g, clerk hire, an ud post
a''o, in connmetionm withi the said
Sec. 4. That the saiJ itilN when
so j ppa ed, shall be tran.,cribed or
printed into piermannemnt book form
and kept inl t'o office of the Adju,.
Lant, and In ~pector Genoeral,anid such
roliS shll be1) liled ini the t'lliec of' the
fSecr etary of( State I, anid be preservLed
withi tihe records of the said otffice.
Applrov7ed theo31st day of January
A. I). 138:3.
An Act to limit, tho tim~ wvithin
wh Iich chlimis aigalinst thie S tate, Or
higatmn, any ubunity, shall be validI
.B3c it enamcted by the Senate and
Houuse of Represenitaitives of' .thc
State of South Cart linia, now met
aund sitting in General Assembly,
and by tihe auLthori ty of the nm:
&ection 1. That all climls against
the State, of whatsoever na~re or
kmid, on whiiich the righit to deuiand
pament has aliready accrued, shitl I
be, and the same tare here by, forever
barred, uniiless aul pre~ iisen ted withbini
two years fr om the passage of thbis
A ct, and all I Luh climis twice pros
sentoed Lo, and rejected by, thbe Gen
erail Assembly, or either bmranch, 0or
twice presenltedl anid wi thdra11wn0
therefrom, are hereby declaired to be
dec. 2. Tihat all claims agaimst
Lihe State accruing hereinaifter shall!
be forever barred, unles's dumly pra
senated withmin three years alter the
ight to demnand p~ayimenmt, thorcoi
accrues, anid such claims shall also
be iorevor baired if twice presented
to the General Assembly, or either
br'anch thereof, anid rejected, or
twice piresented amid withdrawni.
58j . 'ilhat no0 lhatim ftgains tany
county of this State shall be valid
and paybei4 uinless theo same be pro,1
sernt,cd to amid filed with thbo Goult~y
Couiioners of such coilnmty, du r,
ing tbe fiscal your' ini which they areC
contracteod or thu next, ther'eafter,
amid aill claims not presenited and
filed as heroin required shll~ be fyr
(.1..,. A (PL..A ~ * "%.e -
8.e I i tafle& ty~e $~niieaua
,H anse ofk I evnwat'8tes ri L.h
tale It % n e e d g n w d
ud Ltinl la i al -Anonly,
thet u1oriy of he saine
* dArQfla undii ni'r ' the piissage
X0.40ii 01the Court of (.) oi
haae audLioa-ity to heur!
toina Any is'Re affecting
the valid ty ofuton0 at of murago,
and to decla'4 said 'ontrucle void
for want of conspnt of either of tho
conltiactiuig pnytiee, o1'1 or'ainy other
cauae goin to 8hQW tgat at the
ime a "'if supposed contract ww
m )de, it Wis loot- a cont'i'aut. Pro
'vided, that such (cottrato, hs Hot,
booti cosuimmiated by ,he cohabi
taktioni of Clho pittiessthereto.
Approved the 31 day of Janury
A. D. 1882.
An Act to provide for t'ie reording
01 Chattol MortgVage 3 o J ]teal,
Estaito in separato sets of bookml
and to provide tor the separate In.
dexiig of the same
130 i, enuleLted by ho Seinate and
House of .Rtprosonttatives of thu
Stlto of South Carolina, now meL
and sitting in General Assomhly amnd
by the awuthoity of *ame:
,1cLion i. ' That ,o sets of
books sitll bo provided by the .
Clerks and Regitrizar'e .o M.s.io
Conveyanco Of the sovertiI counties
1or the recordiig of chatiel riort
gages, and rt)gages on real estatt;
in one of w hich sets, a aUtLCI morLt
gages shall be recorded, anid in the
other set, all mortgages on real us
tato shall I 1ecorded.
Sec 2. Tho Cleiks an Regis.
trars ()I lh:io Conveyance of the
several cout iLies shall provldo sepil
rate indexes for tb1 diffetit sets of
books provided Lor in ouotin 1 o
See. 3. It, shall be a sufficient ro
cor1d of an3 chatte! tmrtgge when
the aimountpecured is not inure tLlw0,1
one hunr(Ied dollars te enter ipoi
an iidex book to ho !t fld. for thatL
piilbtoso ly Regibitrars of Mesne
n ,e3an1ce. the nalines of mortgfagor
anid huortgagee, the uontanid
11 a1r:iter ot thbe debt seenretl, a
bief -escriition of <-hattLs i,ledged
the date oi satid tuortgage toLI( of*
the maturi ty iii said debt1) and thle
daito of the presenilt.ati, ,, .. uih o
mortage or ecol, ind the fee to
M sn Covyac -haI ije Iihe same
(aexnfiv t;ro iddb-: lor3 iihe ini
dexng<1 liens onI '-rops. lor' fid vatn
St e. 4. AllI Actls or Harm 1,E c
'.his. A ct arec bueby~ ;';iLa~lel.
Ai proved thle 9h~ ilay of ebu
A lit'.web)y tradaisked ;f lie lnev
\v lici e t.be w e et'i d nasly wvt-uLtj
11e an's .vered: "Tuey) p1a..etace .aw
a vhi'e and theD gol to l.be ['gis!-a.
tuir (1.'' t. was~ a .1:uiifa ii ('perat')n
for thbat boy toJ sit downi fot- a e
low." an'd .hat's. jut aUaLL, wb.4t he
TPo in e a fl'chin, as soon 'asa the ,
part be;.in 11. i'well, w rai~ b ii. pa
alteet.eii withl :s chloih tho r:fly 'a
u red w ithI t, ie:.ue of0 lohiela, ai.d
thbe floni is det d A\n old physici., ni
sa;ys he knto ws it to Unvei VC ure C
scores of cases, anIdl it nieer Loils if
tjJplied if' season01.
I WILLrmail (Fre) dhe recipe*fo im-in.0
15an, Fireckles, Phtzples and kilotc.,, leav
ing the skin1 soft, cleatr aind beatuiful1, also 'g
1m trucins for producin ug a lu xurin p
growth of hir onl a bald head or* smoiothi L
lace. Address, inclosmIig 30c. stamp), B1MN.
VAN DEF" & C0., 1:2 Burelay street, N. Y-.
I1" liifdQerie hMPlavinhg beeni p~ermanent~i ly
cured of t hat dtread disenen. Conumnp.
ti on, by ai511 sipl remedCiy, 18is axi ous Io
no' ke known to hiis fellow sufler'ers the ~
mean(sil o, Ocure. To all wh~ io desi re it, he will
send( a copy ofC the prescription( used, (free a
of charge) with Iihle dir'ections1 for pre perinig
uad uising the same, which thecy will fin a
sure Cure for Courghis, Colds, Consumnptio4,
Ast h o, Bronachitais, &c. Parties wishin rgg
the P'resciption, will pleauise address, R~ev.
E. A. WtILSON, 14 Venna street; Willims
burg, Newv York.
i1ckensI 1igh chool1.v
rVIIE Exercises of t he School will comn
mec nMOND.\Y. 6th February sanda
cont iinueten schioliaic mont hs, to he (di
vided into t wo eqjual sesslins wvith the fol
lowinrg riates of tuion 01:
Primary Depa rtmentu per Session $6 25
Int ermediiate Depart mentit per~ Session 8 00
Higher Mathiematics per Session 12 00
Cla8sics 18 00O
In co~nnct ion wih thi(le School, Vocal aind
Inlstrumientfal AluI's' will be taught by an
Good board can be had, at . reasonable
rates and convenient to the Acadlemy. Fot ]
furhier jiformation11 app!y to C. L.
H101,LINGSWORk'II. 0 hairmain Bloaril or
Traueees, or to WV. M. McUASLN,
feb 2, 1882 20 2mn
State oft DSouth C'aroliuna
County of Pickens
1W 0. L. DuInarr, JnDor, oF PitoniAre..
Whereas, WV. A. Le'sley, has fmade suit to
me, to grant himn Let ters of Admninistrsatlon
of the Estate rnd effects of UnrdI~y Gilstrap,7
These are therefore to cite anid audmon. n
ish all and singular the kindred and cred-. I
itors of the said H ardy Gilstap, decoats
ed, that they be and appear bet ie mue, in
the Court of Probaite, to be held at Pickens C
0. 14 on theo 11th da'y of Mlarch 1882,
aftor publienttion boroof, at 11 o'clock in a
the forenoon, to mlbetv ongse. if any they
have, why the aid admlniangation, should o
not, be griwted- b
Given ider mu hand and seal thin. thb'
Cposs Cut Saws,
Lots of olier ,ois at
W. T. McJFALL'S.
PICKENS C. .1., S. C.
jan 5, 1S82 J6 .
NE 4V PLJ-is!o
WE HOPE TO 13 AiLE k0 -1 i .Ti
to pitronage so liberally bestowed on the
Id Firm, and with the New Year we an-'t
it withI the dlet ermuinn.io: to iitcrease on?
aae for the year' 188'260 pe-cent over that.
lIn orde, 'n ot a~ mse 1,11) 'eo'in,
ur 1: ienids th vt- y lowes. T! Icts oa ajvy
i'll up w ithj the demandls of our trade anc
y pol>h.e and coi'i rteos andnuion we arede.
*rneni):d to wini. Iflr.me-ir we sent
A og' i s of 11t A I'Y .\AUEI (Clidse6ING;
lrlankets and &wer Wi inaer Goocis to c'oud
ait at cost. tId Caringe.
II es pec ru y,
Liberty, 8. C.
j-inA 5, 1882 16
1. H. Andes 8n Co.
To. the reiiders of tis' we wonid ask yodi
Spay st rict ar ten in to our pirices, a'ad
auwill find that "Haird Times" can b
.\1nadeEasy." We will ceitainly make it Sd
unir adv~aninage to see tIs before buying or
du:.g aital we t ake pleasu-'e in offering Id
ir fineidsana custoaxtra Goodst at. such er
Calico, Standard Prinie, 22 yards to the
1; ~ - 8 hirrirrg. 6c. per yard; Cottow 4
laid, 9c. Blahnone yard wide, 7o.
idies' H ose, Sc.; Handkerciefs. .5e. to
I. 2J; L:Lundre.I ShirtI. 50o. to $1.26; FarX
er's liiLkory Shiirts,30c.
We can) s, 11 .ieans cheaper than any store
Pickens County, 11 to 55c. per yard.
A largo Stock Hais from 25c. to $8;4
arran ted Brogani Shone, $1.15; The Ladles'
olka Shoe, 70c; Ladies' Double Grain Biut
in 8lhoe, $1.25; Child's Polka Shoe, 45o,
Always look at. dur 11001s before you buys
rid we will save you money.
It is rumtored thamt Flour is on the rifej
ow if you want to save money 'call on us"
~e have just. received 100) hnirrelas and will
Lnarantee to sell it at. Greenville prices.
emnem-ber this if you have to buy;
We are ailso, agents foi- she Old iekory
in gn, the best Wagon sold in the (8tate
you dhonht thme veracity of this, we wit!
it1 pleasunre t efer you to RL. A. Hester;
1. 1. Chapman and J1. J. Wakellit,
Our trade is~ brisk, our profhis are shogt5
nd our pricea are tens pting.
1. . AMDERISON & CO1
Ibe~afy, S. O.
nv10,1881 9. 6mOr
The Old Reiable~
ONIE OF THlE
IN TLHIE 80Utti.
To Sons4inaliemI 1'o imr
Ch'0ni013 and CSQiti igt
fITE Chronicle and Consitutionillist 1.
the old est newspaper in the South,
nd pierhtaps the oldest in the United State~
livung been estabdlishted in 1M86, WhI~
borouglhly Lonmocratic in princilet, I
beral, progressive and tolerant. The
'nIRONIemJ 'oulutalus the lartest neWs froll
Il pa rts of t ho world, and Is recognized aM
first. blaws paper. *
As ann adivertisinig medium, itCOtf'eke .
ount ry in Oeorgla and South arths'~: .
utary to Anigusta
We Innvee n. nu : -..r ka