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DEVOTED TO FO 08,-Sq MORALT JuvjATION AND TO THE 01 N A INT RESTO T"E NTRY
B D RY .EY &0
CKENS S. C. TIURSDAY Y 4 1 82. .VOL. XI. NO. 3:3.
0' dsof thn.
e00 plt wortn I'It
Ther ro et it pmsent in
he NortbhCaroli peiltentiary, 124 of
h m are white Uhd 862 are colored.
-o' ge tree in-Orang county, Fla.
jAbs"UTes six feet four inches in cir
mference three feet .from the ground.
74; Atlanta merchant says one-fourth
the corn coming into Georgia from
hiie West is In a damaged sondition.
The old Tallahasse gas-works were
Old the past week for $50. They were
abandoned at the commencement of the
The -Vicksburg and Ship Island and
emphis and Vicksburg railroadsi have
-been sold toa- I. T. Wilson & Co,, of
New York, for 140),000.
- A tract of good farming land w's
sOld in Noxubce county, Miss., a1t.
Sheriff's sale a few days ago for fifteen
and twenty celts an acre.
The Ohattanooga Times says the ne
groes of that city' are accumulating
property, and several of them are build
inghouses to cost from $2,000 to $4,000.
Mr. J. A. Anderson, who lives near
Athens, Ga., has a gourd that has been
in use to hold pepper and spices over
200 years. , The genealogy. of the gourd
is clearly traced.
A little boy at Mt. Crawford, Va.,
ran his arm through a crack in a hog
pen, where it became fastened, and be
fore help could reach him the flesh was
completely torn from the bones by the
Memphis Avalanche: Tl~e buffalo
gnat is worse than high water. A fifty
foot bank is no obstacle to him. With
a grindstone under each wing he flies
over hill and dalc and bores the life out
6f the $160 mule.
Montezuma (Ga.) Weekly : A man
from Drayton tells .us cf a combat he
saw s6Yeral days ago between a rooster
and a crowv. The rooster was attacked
4 in a field while attending to his own le
gitimate business. The victory for a
while seemed doubtful, but finally the
rooster conquered and lef t his opponlen t
in the field dead].
Near Penfield, Ga., li'.es two ladies,
who, since the wvar, started to faring
with oneO old blind horse. Now they
own a good plantation well stocked, all
paid for', and have eighteen or twenty
bales of cotton on hand. They muan
aged for themselves, one attendling to.
the farm while the other managed the
The Mormon eld ers have been nto
tified that they cannot teach their ab
horre-nt doctrines in Morgan county,
Miss., At a meecting o f the A ple1 Grove
A ~ Grange the followving among other em
phatic resolutions were adopted: Re
4 solv'ed, that a committee be appointed
who will present to said parties ai copy
of these resolutions,'and respectfully re
quest these Mormon elders who are in
truding themselves and their vicious
and devilish doctrines upon this com-'
further, to leave this community im,
mediately. never to return.
* Carrollton (Ga.) Times: "Mr. Jo hn
R. Handley, living near here, has a rt'
4 mnarkable razor~with a remarkable hi
-tory. It is madle like the ordinary rat'.
*tier razor, the thick p art of the back ye
.ing solid gob(1, so pr)foounced by silver'
smiths. Ife has been offerod $2: for it.
as it is thougha that the gold u.pou
would amount to fully that much, the
party making the offer proposing to re
turn the razor as before minus the
gold. Mr, Handley, who wvas present
at the surrender of Gen. Stoneman near
Macon, found this remarkable razor in1
the road, whore Gen. Stoneman had
passed, just after the surrender, and it
is thougflt by some, that the razor was
the property of thie Federal General.
___ ,The Kind of Man to Marry.
w Let us look at another case. -A young
man, receiving a small salary, deterines'
to put aside each week a certain sum ars
a foundation for the pleasant home ho
some time hopes to have. It forces him
to make many sneritlces ; lie estihows
3ewelry and canes, soda water and cigars,
and carries an unperfumed hanidkereuief.
When in this semi-rustic plight, and
wearing a suit (perfectly preserved) two
seasons old, ho calls on a~maidon whuoe
company ho desires, she looks with scorn
at the -dowdy aross, anid is suddenly
otherwise engiged. Discouraging as
thi ma be heplods on ini the choseon
path, and finally lays his heart before a
quiet maiden wiho has, read :
" I see at man :
Ido not loe) his8 81hby dresa,
I see him hui his manlIness;
I see hia itx, I see~ h is sparle,
hose a man that, (God has made.
- If such a man h~ofro you st~Ando
Gjive him your he'art, give him your haad,
And thank your Ma ker for such men:
The- innin of theirwde iei
deq l tnho the splendor thata
Ax~i4the other pair, but to them there
aae ydeingto misery and woe.
- hi~affectiordi ingneve~r -been trifled
r ft reeed oee p h other,
a 4 4 t4 30cln ever present
TOPICS OF THE DAY.
Tau elongated Oscar W. ildo has
aihde $25,000 out of his lectures.
Tn asssuranco has gone out that there
will bo plenty of peaches in Southern
GoVPrNOn ORIrENDEN, of Missouri,
is.of the opinion that Frank James ia
dead. We feel pretty sure that the
Govornor hopes he is, at all events.
To sATrATra his blood-thirsty appetite,
King Theobaw caused the butchery of
fifty-four persons. It is to be hoped
that this will last hini for some time.
Coxannss is endeavoring to regulate
oleomargarine. It is to bo sincerely
hoped that it will succeed to that degree
that tbe honest butter-maker may bo pro
SENATOR MA.HONE, the Virginia Read
justor, readjusted his family affairs the
other day by presenting his wife with a
set of diamonds vnlued at $40,000. There
is no repudiation bout that.
Tum Queon of England does not for
got those in death whom she held in
high esteem in life. On the anniversary
of Lord Beaconsfield's death, she sent
two wreathos of immortelle3 and prim
roses to be placed upon his grave.
THE year 1882 has so far madz; rather
a good showing in disastrous eventst.
Missouri, Kansas and Pennsylvania have
all suffered devastating cyclones, and
there havo already been several shocking
Tra President recommends Congress
to make a law prohibling trespass on
Indian territory by white settlers, mak
ing the first offenso nnable in the sum of
$600, and the second, $1,000. We
rawther think the President is reaching
for Captain Payne, of Oklahoma famle.
Cirt. HoWGATE stole $160,000 govern
ment funds, and now, that lie has
esoaped from prison, Marshal Henry
offers $500 reward for his apprehonsion.
Five hundred dollars is very clever. If
that is all his carcass is worth, the Cap
tan may feel that ho is tolerably secure.
QUERN VICTOnuA, who went to Men
tone, France, for her health, has re
turned suddenly and clauidestinely to
England. That soems to be about the
way royalty han to travel nowadays i.)
escapo any stray bullets that may be
Tan Bible used in the United States
Senate in swearing in Senators has been
stolen. It has been in use for fifty..
thrce years, and every Sonator admitted
in that pleriod was sworn in upon that
Bible, and had kissed it. Somebody
probaby wanted- a relic.
TamLondon sSpectator has an exalted
opinonl of the wonderful strides inidivid
uial possessions are aIssum~ing in Amerien.
It srays "'tha't years hiene English for
tunes will appe)~ar very paltry comu~nredj
with American." The iSpectator hiad in
its mind's eye Vanderhilt, Gould and
the fry who are following in their foot
A CrnmAoo firm has hired Mason, tihe
soldier who tried to ass*Assirnate GuitoanI
as a salesman in their store for 0on0 year,
at a' salary of $1,800, after ho is parlon
ed from pris.on. As a salesman, Mason
beinzg inexperience], would evidently
not he much of a sn~ce ss, but as an rad
vertising card, ho would probably be
worth $1,800 for a year or two.
TanE is no doubt but that the people
of the Paciflo States want Chinese minui
gration stopped. In voicing this senti
men t, the San Francisco BuZllc'in says:
The voto is a uniquo documenit among our
Stato pa per.. It roserves, all its tenzderness for
the S3ix~ Chinioo comupanijes, and slaps in too
face, so to speak, thre sovereign States or the
Ueion. It uphohls slavery after a bloody war
wa~ged to deostroy it, and p)uts the "'lobby"
abovo the Ameorican CJongress.
AN. now Do Lesseps is going to flood
the Sahara Desert from the Mediterra
niean Sea, thme French Cabinet Coumndil
approvinig of hisI plan. Scientists say
that the great deserVt is above tho seaI
level, and this being true, and D~e
Lessep~s being a great man, wo sulppose
the timo has arrived wheni we shall see
"water running up lull."
Tnm President has transmnitted to
Congress a letter addressed by the Mini
ister Plenipotentianry of Mexico to the(
Secretary of State, proposing a coniclu
sion convention between the two coun
tries for defining the bounduaries between
the United States and Mexico, from the
Rio Girando to the Pacific Ocean, by the
ereetion of durable monuments.
Tim expense of erowning the Ozar at
Moscow will be -ten million ronbles,
almost eight million dollars, In other
words, enough money to feed and clothe
30,000 peasants for a year will be wasted
in gilding the ceremonnies of a tottering
dynasty. The nobility of Moscow and
ISt. Petersburg have volunteered their
protection to the Imperial family, and
the Czar has accepted the proffer.
IT uIAs been decided, and the decision
kahi-breadth escapo-18 to 12
1Wb!~~ ~not be educated for the
time-honored principle #f educating men
only must be maintained. That lets the
ENOLAND made a great fuss about the
"farce at Washington "-referring to the
tndious trial of Guiteau-and advised
this nation to make short work of the
assassin. Singular indeed is it, thal
right on the heels of this farce one
Maclean shoots at the crown head of tha
country and is acquitted on the groun<
of insanity. Now, it is a questioi
whether Macleau is as crazy as Guitean
and it is self-evident that Guiteau knei
he was committing a crime against th
CoL. R. G. INGEnSOLL has been reply
ing, in New York, to Talmage's assault
and at his lecture Sunday night, speak
ing of his defeat for the Illinois Govern
orship, he said:
They say I was defeated for Governor c
Illinois booause I was an infidel, and that I an
an infldol because I was defeated. That's logic
Now I'll tell you. They asked me whether :
was an infndel, and I said I was ! I was' de
fentod. I preserved 'my manhood and Jost al
efloe. If everybody were as frank as I was
so1e men nOW InI office would be private citi
ns. I wond rather be what I aM thanl hol<
any ofie in the world and be a slimy hypo
Ms. DONNOUGHT'S husband left he
in Providence and went fortune huntinl
to California four years ago. He sent be:
money occfsionally, and now, having ac
cumulated $20,000, has returned to hi!
old home. lut he finds that his wifi
married Thomas Frockleton, in 1879
and has since had two pairs of twins
Frockleton says that she told him shi
was a widow, and he is willing now t<
giyo her np, but Donnought doesn'
wianL her mider any circumstances. Thu:
betweei the two she falls through, ani
the twins come tumbling after.
SPImAmER KImaEn has diiharged x
second official stenographsr from tha
Houise, the two men discharged beint
the oldest of the corps and the most ef;
cient men on the staff. In their placei
have boon put two others, favorites, on<
of whom has already acknowledged hii
incompetency, and his dik!missal askct
for by a committee. In asking for a:
explanation the New York Herah
pointedly says : "Do these discharge
nian that the inquiries of Congressiona
committees into alleged iniquitous train
mactions like those of Shipherd shall bi
rendered nugatory and void by incom
ploto ind defective records?" Keifei
perhaps can answer.
Tuu John F. Slater Fund of $1,000,00(
for the education Of the colored peop<
of the South seems to have excitot
wrathm ini the bosom of a Malden (Mass.
editor, who charges that Mr. Slater az
cumulated the money as proprietor o
cotton factories in Connecticut and Mas
sachusetts, which have been notoriom:
for presenting some of the worst featureu
of "loug hours, poor pay, and thieving
truck stores." The aforesaid Mauldei
editor says it should be st:dted thus :
" The cotton operativen of Connecticut rani
Massachuse~tts havo given one million dollara
to ednoato theo nogro, and Mr. Blatter gets the
credit of it."
It muy barely be0 possible that this is
"conscience money" that Mr. Slatter haii
given. If so, good enough.
ANOTIIrsR blowing up of vocks at l
Glate will take place as soon ats the ar
rangenAents now being mnade by Genera
Newton are completed. This time th<
nirea to be exploded will be three time:
as great as that of 1876. Eleven acres
of the reef known as .Flood Rock ar<
being tunneled at a depth of fifty e:
sixty feet, and when this work is com
ploted, two years honce or so, the whol<
reef will be b~roken up with one scat
tered charge of dynamite. About sever
aerosa are already completed. Halletti
Pock, broken up ini 1876, has beer
fished out and carried away untfl thor<
is now a twenty-six foot channel at lov
water, where six years ago was one o
the barriers of navigation.
IT Is believed that even newspape:
corres~pond~n ts are o(cionally capabl<
of exaggeration. At all events they ar<
now telling of a boy in Paris who has
teleopie eye. One eye is as large as
ailver dollar and the other a small as:
French pea. tip to a few months ag
this large eye was of no use. Blut aftE
anfl opeCrationl on it an astonishing chang
occurred. The eye became telescopi
ini its range, and the boy could expan
or contract the pupil at will. At nigl
Iho could sua the rings and moons<
Jupiter and the newly disoovered sate
lites of Mars. Thon -it was discovert
hat the smaller eye was aicrosoopic,
dro o waerappearing to him throug
'it as a world of life. The cnlists, mior<
scopistsu, and astronomers of Paris al
said to be in a state of great exciteme,
ovoi- the leoy.
Tra report of the majority of tia
Committee appointed to audit the e:
pensos. of the illness an~d death of tli
late President allows Dr. Bliss $25,00(
Drs. kgnew and Hamilton, $15,000 eaci
and DrA. Reyhurn, Boynton and Susai
Edson, $10,000 each. The muininori*
in their roport, say:.
IWe do not object to the payment by the ri
eoral government of the funerai expenses oftt
late Peident,'who was strieijen d~wmin t
p)erfor3Zhaeso hind dutles, and b~ieof 4J
I omtipyIng tMpublie ste ojn.0Y
to w-rportesr out of the
for thefor the
pbyaiolan's dt4 ergeons yro attQ
Presid'nt. We are perfectly willg t on
cede that a liberal compensation should be al
lowed the physioans and surgeoup, a componsa
tion In excess even of what it fts possible for U
any of those medioal attendants kshave earned t
in their ordinary practice during that time.
It the suus recommended to be paid by the
majority of the committee are exoeusivo. Wo
are of opinion there was no extraordinary n ad- d
ical skill exhibited in the treatment of the case, S
and nothing calling for an extraordinary al- E
lowanoe for professional servioen, but whilo
willing to be liberal we could not consont to the -
banner of payment recommonded, nor to the
extravagance ind wanton lavishment of the
public funds. 4
There are a great many private citi
ens who hol(1 about that same view.
- - t
"Speaking about tie sociability ol I
railroad travelers," baid the man with
the crutches and watch pocket over his
eye, "1 never got so well acquainted
with the passengers on a train, as I did
the other day on the Milwaukee and St. c
Paul Railroad. We were going at the i
rate of about thirty miles an hour, and
another train from the other direction
f telescoped us. We were all thrown into
each other's society, and brought into t
immediata social contact, so to speak.
"I went over and sat in the lap of a
corpulent lady from Manitoba, and a
girl from Chicago jumped over nino
seats and sat down on the plug hat of a
preacher from La Crosse, with so) much
timid, girlish enthusiasm, that it shoved
his hat down over his shoulders.
"Everybody seemed to lay aside the
usual cool reserve of strangers, and we
made ourselves entirely at home.
r "A shy young man with an emaciated
oilcloth valise, left his own seat, and
went over and sat down on a lunch
basket where a bridal couple seened to
be wrestling with their first picnic. Do
you suppose that reticent young man
would have done such a thing on ordi
nary occasions? Do you think if he had
been at a celebration at home that he
would have risen impetuously and gone
where those people were eating by them
selves, and sat down on the cranberry
elly of a total stranger ?
" I should rather think not.
" Why, one old man, who probably at
home led the class meeting, and who was
as dignified as Rloscoe Conkling's father,
was eating a piece of custard pie, wheu
we met the other train, and lie left
his own seat and went over to the iront
end of -the car and shot that piece of
cuIstard pio into the ear of a beautiful
widow from Iowa.
"People traveling somehow forget the
a :asterity of their home lives, and form
I pequaintances that sometimes last
through life."-Laramie Boorerang.
Trees and Raintall.
It is universally acknowledged by all
scientific observers that the rainfall of
a country diminishes rapidly as its for
ehts are cut down. In Australia thiere
seems to be an exception to this rule.
I In New South Wales, according to the
Journals and Proceedings of, tho Royal
Society there, about one-half of the tim.
her land of the colony has, during the
last twenty- five years, beeni denuided of
trees b~y natural decay, ring-harking and
clearing for cultivation. Naturally a
diminution of the rainfall might have
been expected, but this has certainly
not been the case ; indeed, statistics
- rather indicate the reverse. The priua
cipal riv.ers, too, have not b~eenl dimiin
hise~d in volume of water. The experi
en ofr. Mr. Abbott, with ring-barking
ofeeill oni runat. Glengarry, seems
espcialy ignficnt.This operation
(for improvement of grazing capacity)
he lagried out in 1869) and 1870, on most
of the watersheds of three creeks each
about two miles long, drainmng well-de
fndvalleys shut in by high ridges of I
basailt. For twenty years previously
thxese creeks were dry wvatercourses, only I
holding wate'r for a fewv days after raiu,
and ina few places in winter. But soon
after ring-barking they became, and
have continued, permanent streams,
with increased flow of water and num
b er of sprinigs. The explanation that
Mr. Abbott offers is that the~ largo pro
portion of the rainfall, formerly taken
IDo the Australian gum-trees difler in
.their action on the rainfall from those of
other lands? ?.-.
- Old Time Refor'metrs.
It is the general opinion of the reform-|
Iera of our day that they, or at most their
immediate predlecessors, were first in the
field, and that all was darkness biefore,
3 As far as5 suiffratge is conicernied, the fact
r that women couild vote in New Jersecy
seventy or eighty years ago throws somie
d1oublt upon01 this claim. The 1sspicin
is strengthened into conviction b y an
aippeal to history. A Muaacluiisetts
e woman has discovered that Alhigniil
Adams, wife of Jlohn Adamis, and genier..
ally his wiscat counselor, as far biack as
a 1774 wrote to him in behalf of wom1ian's
citizenship. He wvas at the tirue ini at
Stendance on dhe fhst Const itu',ional Con
gress at Vlhiladelphiia. She speilly
O asked hiri to remember the ladies in thim
new code of laws and t~o treat themz lhet
ter than his ancestors had done. Mercy
0 Otis, hister of James Oti, about th'm
o samte timae hit upon the si wue uc uised
a phlraise of "'iherenit righ ts,"' dec! lrig
that ticey "' belonged to all mnank hid, and
.had all been conuferi'd on all by thie (Gud
-of nations." These are ol(d t horite
according to the American standard of
antiquity, but we think Semiramis and
a Zenobir, saying ntoting of other an~cient
h1 women of note, must have held very
.jmuch tihe same idea of theu equality of
the sexes, If no uitterance-s of theirs tc
this effect are extant, their careers can
still be Atudied, and "actions speak
louder than words."
Use of Oplom in America.
e It is estimated that the number of
c- opium consumers in this conutry has
to doubled in the last four years, anid that
,they now uso 5,000,900 grains a year.
The import of opium last year was 140
*% per cent. in excess of that in 1878, and
that year the import waa 70 per cent.
r, greater than in 1867. PhIysicins, drug..
gists and traders all report that the use
of opium is largely on the increase, par
eticularly among woXnen, who suppl~y
k*Ifour-fliths of the vietims of opium. '.Lbi
sincrease-is not due to a disuse of' *alej
W'1'holio intdricoante, bwsis largely attribe
od to the groWla5 us a the hypodetamid
In some cantons of Switzerland thero
a law forbidding the destruction of a
ree without planting another to talko its
lace. This law is an outgrowth. of
ecessity. It has been scientitically
emonstrated that the increase in violent
torms, inundations, and landslides in
witzerland, scattering death and de
truction on all sidUTs, is due to deforest
g the mountains.
Gradually the timber has diappeared
util little remzains, excopt on the high
0o)s of the mouilntaills, and that little
i of inferior size and quality. Unless
lie process is arrested, the mount ains of
iwitzerland will present as bald en ap
'earance as thso Alps which divide
"rance from Italy; and nothing more
esolate and dreary outside the steppts
f Asia, or the desert of Africa, presents
self to the eye of the traveler.
Switzerland, 'coIlpared with tho area
f the United States, it; but a speck, but
Iwe have more aerealgo and wvider
tretcies of timbered l(ads, we are also
'onusmniig them more rapidly.
A glauco at the series of forestry bulle
ins issuied by the Census Bureau is suffi
-ient to alarm one for the future timlr
mpplies of the United States. The
naps siow the orignal extent of the
lest lands and the( area do
1mded by the remorselens ax of
the humbermani. Take Michigan, the
great pie 8tate of the Northwest. More
tha three-fourths of tim land, inclauding
the upper peuninula, is been strippted
of its timber. A few statistics will slow
that the amounit of white pine remiilig
on the Sagina; -.n1 its tribut aries, and
iln the iii nso streamas nowing into
Lakes Huaironl Id MJicligani, is estimateo
iat 29,000,0ot,00,) feet, board measure,
Inl tho single year ending with May
1880, 4,068,773,000 feet were eut. A
this rato the supply will he exhausted ii
less than eight years. Of the name tim
her on the peninsula there were 6,000,
D00,000 remaining, in round numbe.r
and of this 328,438,000 feet wat il on
year. From Menomiieo and Delt;
,!ounties the nierchiitablo pine, says ti
B3ulet.in, hafs been almost entirely rv
tuoved. Tho destruction of tile han
woods has beon on the same exhaustiv
Tho mfapi E1how that along ove'ry navi
-able stream, and on the rivers of th
lakes, the timber has all beei (ut away
vnd each year the lumbermen have t
zo batck further into the interior for tliei
suppliest, an1 the cost is increased hr
the greater difficulty in gotting the tini
her to market.
Wiscoinsin 1has only (,100,000,000 fee
rem1iaining of wlite p)ii0. Inl the conlsiu
y ear 510,997,000 feet were cnt. IHo\
long before Wiscolsin will cea-.o t
furnish a supply of this vahvble timbeir
Sh1e 4's still 3,840,000 acres of har<
wVoo1 forest ; but iln ravages in that a
hardly less tian in the pine lands.
Mi nesot a still has 17,200,"I 0,000 fee
of pine, and some (3, 775,000,000 of uixe
pine aund hartd wood to boiast of, blut th
it during the census year was 115,777
000 feet, and each .ear as the suppldie
ini Wisco~nsmin ad Michigiu d winlei th
.111 ';alor, nless asomethling isa (10n1 t
'n cou rage the repltatiug of foresin (1
p)11mi nd hard wfood( it wilt not lbe twenut:
'ears before there will bie a timbtle
faminie ini the land, with prices so ex
travagant ats to put ani cnd to building i;
w~oo~d and to tihe use of wood ns fuei.
WeT need not d1well on tie effect of de
forestry oni elimate and1( temnperature
Thiis has ben repeatedly (don11 inths
enluiusI1. It is the universal testimaore
o flhmankii1d thait it results ini dinunuitial
af rainfaili, aind thle dIwidlinug awaye
arie 1(s amid in mvigule streIttIs I , 0.1ini anin
L'rea-e in suddlien iind deCvastatinig stormn
and1( violenit huirriennues. We hiave th
history of the ol world before us, :nii
if weoldo not profit by the warnig ex
uample we dleserve to 1)0 pinise-d fo
such a ('rime augainist nlature.,---Cnc innmat
Youir books!( Pny thatt cats are "'ne
tnunal in thet'ri habt',"' and~ this sita>
moant will not hurt you, for it is I eue. .I
met(ans that ents w'inhl to take tliir rcre
ation when peop~le wish to sleep. Thi:
dift'erenen of taste accounts for the guer
rilla wvarfaro which is waged unijus
themi night after night and year alte
year from tail tim back windows ini town
~It ailso neconts forw the enrtinn thlilne
wich you siomnetimes fuwl in the 1bue!
yard in the morninug amd whi'h thm"e col
tells you are mtieib :i. Not hmjing k
heena devised thamt kills (atS, ad weo
ons ar l\ imiit'd to ,'uh li hand pojmet il
st4)m-thlrowin~g mnaehines of the (GreeL
andt Romansiif! were or iginaumlly de'viwde f,
this kindu oif (comhlut, tad' were in-ne<
calld emitapu11t. '4 \ry (1 ault (':t in
hiad more costly artltitltiin'(Wn a
it thman tany operia sinmger that ''veri Iiw
for, when a man 's nt*: of m Id hwa e
such that heo gi-t- out of bed- to ori:m hi.
country in this e(uSoh-, the 1irs.t art ieh hi
touchtesi is the lhing" thmat go, weth
it he a eoail senttile, nui ivor v-baucke,
hair-brush or a di:nnuonud braecl-t. \mw
has the right of tham conafliet, and he wa
surely win if hie liven 1long (U ongh I.
1Tisroo-o girls, saysa the St, ,Tmames (b
Ze/t', are. taughf~it to thinul: cGf mar ring ~
almostt ats soon at they (ril talruk ; indot
they are often conutraicfed mn mairrmage:
6 yeamrs1 oif age, andi~ go tAo live with fthe
husbandsi~i at t2 or 18. 8etvro this, at iI
age of 5 they~ are taughtL to propiiia
the gods in1 order toi seenre a good hu1
band, anid t heair- littao miids are dlistracit
by thle idea of whlat a model hush 'ri
ought to be. The orthtodox concept i(
is ai hiusand like the god Siva, who w:
holy, anstere, advaaned~ in years, at
faithful uand devoted to onet wife, tI
godtdess D~oorga. Glood littln girls revo
at theo ideai of a husnfdLd milarryinlg
seond wvife -whilo the first is alive, an
will !onsequlenatly cOofes their iar met
to mtarr'y a faithful spouse like Siva ; aun
they learn from their (elders to utte3r thm
mnost vindictivo curses against a rivi
wife.' Buit for all that, Kiurshnai
the idol of Hijndoo women, and ho we
ranythinag bur, faithful to one wife, H
not only kicked over milk pans, and ra
*S.with the clothes of milkmnaid
*)t boey went to bathe, but he dance
tMAred ~with other men aB wives
thryldamsels, at~ mardje
toambrof an eng
Silos and Eusilage.
The now system of preserving and 1
reeding ensfiage is one of such simplicity
that doubting minds Pro incredulous as
to possible results. If the buildiig o* %I
silo and the subsequent process of illing
with ensilago were some wonderful
secret, or perhaps a new discovery pro
tected by a serics of patents-if the uo
of the system wAero pirmitted only uider I
the paymeit of heavy royalties-there
is a1 class of skept ical minds who fatten on
ulicertaini qu1ntities, an1d who have but
little faith .in any practice which is
witlui the reach of persoms of ordinary
intelligolce aid commloon ns011. It is
difliuhid for many miy.,as to realize the
facts claimed for ensIge, or to explain
to tlmsolves why such results sliould
be secured by processes so simple and
by apportios) so economical. Yet proof
I --absolute demionstratiJo-is withiu the
reach of every inquiring mind, or of
every enterprising farmer who is williung
to expeiid $50 for commencti)g oxperi
ments upon his own farm.
It is the most singular fact that the
doubting minds are those who have had
no practical experienceo on the subject,
but whoso consorvatism is on pirmio.
It is equaily surprising that no intelli
gent, practical attempt at silo building
or ensiilage feeding has resulted m fail
uro, al thiough men of all chasses 1and at.
tainments havo experiinented with the
new system. It would be reasonalle to
expeet many failures among so many
beginners of varyirng capncities, were
there anything intricate or uncertain in
the process anmid its auxiliaries. No
autlhotrity in this country is competent
to pr.nIounice p;Sitively uipoin the future
succe-s or failure of this new system ;
it is for the interest of no on0 to urge or
inu n th d'ption of the system by
b any imwilling farmer, and no one is to
I be eiricied by tho muntaplication of
silos, exceptl, perlhips, the iidividnial
- owners. Miny a ctuservative farmer
will await the report of his more enter
prising helghbor, who ias built, or is in
1, tending to build, a silo, yet it. is (1uite
L certailln thlit before many years, every
0110- Will ha11ve 11111ple olportuiity to
Sjudge, im the most careful manner, the
i in-rits and drawbacks of the sy stem of
- Grave doubts have been expressed by
(3 somlOle auitiorities of repuo ist to 1 the
effect of feeding ensilage 11pon the1' but
ter pro(1uct. Though ny aco11s1 of
r successful1 butter milking have bewen
F recorded yet our sel f-imposed critics
have wisely shaken th ir heads as if
expectiig disaster without. leiig ablo to
triwa the cause or adv lie cure.
s Tht1 value aid di irlailitv of en sihnge
V is capable of prattia <1emostrtion,
and th) intelligett farmer w llesi re to
make his business proi 11 ble will It fail
I to iIvestig:1to for hlimSelf a si1ple pro
L) ((5Ss v lich will enable him to add
largely to the cnpacity of his farm ..1
t feediftg live stock anld th1usv enrjeIichi his
Ssoil. t meiucricanl ('ti/ivtor.
- Flora and Fauna of thie Desert.
imehi grass, as gray ais the sa1ndt it.
ru-lf, dwazrf ev1ergreens,4 neanrly b)lack in
color, ' and cactus, with aL few wvild flowv
era, aire ahu~ost the0 only b)otaniical con
Itritioni to the chiiaging pictur(. No
f ret s g row oni tihe desert. TIhe cactus
familily, the most eCeentic ot pilanits,
m lakes this region its h1ome1. 111e first
-to b e seeni cominlg froml the East is of the
varijety most famniliar to Eastern hot
hiouir::, slipied like mlittens. upjonl ex
tende(1.d 11mman1111 hnids, thumbul ess, and
1 ordered with sharpI Sinehs. A comn
numojer valrietyV inl the desert, is of a vine
r like charneiite'r, clinginig somo1what closely
tf .h groundi andllii p uig forthI brahe's1IQ
at angles as4 cen tric as those of the let
ters~ of the Cins ii ;'fualabt. East of
Tueson(j this v~uitv taikes to itself a
it self, black, leadh-ss, biranchling muc1h
l ike a st itg-hon1, ma1(1l beariing its vme I
hi-m 1)11rden upon s each terminail iolint.
The o'st sinigiuar variety of tihe enetus
grows neair T'ueson, wlwret a provo num
her-ing several hltedI~ indtiviolimd plantIs
i seln upon1 aL barr'eni, mtonyv hillside.
$ shiloots up1 roumid11( a -I truaight like' a
t elrah po(le, thle largest specinwnsmi
att ainiing nearly two feet in1 circumrfer
enuce, 1by twelve to) (ighteen feet in
hieig~ht, often without biranches, but
generally puttinlg forth two shoots like
I theC e1lbows and comnnectimig liiks of a
Istove-iple. It ben( ta uipon its uppelr cad
-a smnall Iuoft or flower. S~o great a ds
propo' ri iom between sft im amid flower is
prol i bly found1( ini no other lanilt. The~
t runmk is covered with regulair rows of
'1 he Spn~ish hayonet occupies thiou
sad o cres and has its4 Mllare oft ec
eentriciti.s. When yugits long~
tough bayonlets poinit in'very dire(ction1
as it guardling someit precionls fruuit wi tlh
in its worth less stump11. Later all lbut
those poiniting upiward anid downward1H
fall ofi, l''avinug a band~ ini its midiedle,
gPiing it thle appearance of ai snmll hun11
(tlo of strmaw tictI upi and readly fo r the
harvest wagonif. .Jmilividua~ls of tho
variety send up a shoot from the center
four or Yve feet, like aL hamboo 1, bealrinig
at the top) aI plheaing1 einste~r of smallih
1 lowers.--Newu Yoi'rk TIribunc.
Every day somne new Muggestion is
- maldo as to Ilho piroblie uso0 of el(ctric
eity. A Hani Franceisco professor thinuks
I, the time is (com~ig wheni swamnps anld
it sower will be deprlCIived of their uniwhole
ir somen1 ess by strokes of lightning, or, in
eo (other words, by (l'ctrie clurrents which
to Iwill kill tihe genms and spores which
s- | comn1~miento d isease to the ilunan sys
ail i tim. . This is baIsed uipon the germf
i|theory of dlisenso, which is to the effect
, that marlaria~l and other foul air conta
gi'(gions are (due to aniimahcubo, or infusoriai,
4 whirdh mniltiply in a flhe victim's bod~y
oafter inoculation. But would it not bo
a mirace if all atmosphieres were# ren
a dered wrholesome by elect rical discharg
(1 es? The electric light byi made 01no
y change in cities which m-ay frvl to im
4 portatt resulta. It hals enabiledi budd
o ings a1'd other publio works to lho con
structedi at night aus well as day. Labor
s ra at o employed eight and twelv'o
Shour s'ifts, and ediaces aro comleltedl
e in ikss than half tho time r-equirecd
n when onfy day work could be emploed
a In autpmner laborers prefer to work: at
c ight. Scientists toll us as yet we otly
diny__ reit the marvelous changes
that wi be wrought by' electricity in
IT WAJS #i4 I&,NO
that copyjit eto tp
awen Worda in wi.
TMM revenues e.
wer dissolved aW.t.
moufnted to overA
OAMOMrLA, not .s
1hip of 0edar with
(ems- had 'a pear
avorite horse. -K.
BY A erACTOB of
overed with cloth we140*
he manufactare ofe
AccoBDING to on
ties, from 50,000 to.
vere put to death in
luring the reign of
)ount of their religious
UNr-rA the seventeenth OentttV
class nor soap were manuf
4cotiand. In 1620 the art 'of
eatber was introduced there, and p
vas first made about the middle of
THE influenee of John Knox in promo
ug the Reformation was greater th m
;hat of any one man, though his sanction
)f the murder of Archbishop Bton, to
4ether with valious other cruelties, leI ste
a stain on his memory.
Two of the assassins of Capo d'str
President of Greece, were sentenced t
be immured in brick walls, built aronM
Lhem up to their chins, and to be sup
plied with food, in this species of torture,
bill they died, in October, 1881.
FERDINAND and Isabella issued a decree
expelling from Spain every Jew who re
fused to deny his faith. To mako thea
Christians, or, failing in that, to extermi
nate them, was the business of the In
quisition, established in the same reign.
NEITIHRw Columbus nor Cook ever dis
covered more degraded and brutish be
ings than were the aboriginal inhabitants
of Greece. When Solomon was in all
his glory and the Hebrew nation in its
unity and greatness, the Greeks were
divided into more clans than are our
North America Indians.
A Southern Case of Witchcraft.
"If the town of Salem, in Massachu.
setts," said Bob Billingsby, " tinks she
hIs had the onhiest witches in this coun
try, all I got to say about it is that she
is simply mistaken. Now, there was old
Brother McGraw and old Sister Hut
Bob's story, in short, was thus : Old
Brother McGraw and old Sister liutton
were members of Philip's Bridge Church.
Brother McGraw was a consistent mem
ber, but old Sister Hutton, to say the
truth, was regarded somewhat as a
heathen. and oven addicted ta'witch
craft. A calf! of Brother McGraw's,. of
ncomimon promise, dwindled in spite of
uncomnmon pains, and finally died, and
the good man, p~ersuaded in his minj.
that his neighbor, although a spiritual '
sister, had bewitched it, set out ini his
wrath for her house, and, taking herby
the hand, gave her a violent wrench.
Sister Hutton reported the case to the
church, and, at the conference one Sat
urday, Brother McGraw, being mildly
remonstrated with, went so far as to say
that he would have to think about it.
The moderator blandly suggested to him
to withdraw for a few moments, retire
into the woods, reflect and pray ever
th ater. He did so. O tu
graugfa to ooll e the calm regret
was visipiie upon his countenance. This
moderator was a man of p~ower, both as
to intellect andl character. It was Silas
Mercer. Then this dialogue ensued:
Mfr. Merer-" Well, Brother Me
Graw, I see you've returned, and I think
you've come to a just conclusion in the
matter about which you have been re
lie looked inquiringly at the aged
brother, and the aged brother answered
his inqluiring look with meek silence.
"I think you feel sorry, Brother Mc
GIraw," suggested Mr. M., in a kindly,
" Yes, Brer Moderator," answered the
aged b rother, " wery sorry ; I'm wery
Yet there was some grufrness in his
tone which led the moderator to doubt
the nature of his regret.
"BDrother McGraw," said he, " will
you let the church know what sort of
sorrow it is you foel ? Is it a godlymsor
row, Brother McGrawV ?"
Then the ag&-a brother lifted high his
hiead, looked the moderator full in the
facee, and answered: "Brer Moderator,
I'm sorry-I'm sorry-that I didn't
break her neck."-Ed'itor's Drawer, in
Good Taste Among the Mighty.
The more I think about the elephants,
the more wonderful they seem to be.
Th'le great clumsy creatures are so very
knowig, ) very loving, and so like
hnmuan beinigs in many of their qualities.
They knowi their power well, and they
also( knIow just wvhen they must not use
it. Decacon Green tells mec that keepers
and trainers of elephants often lie dlown
on the ground and let the huge follows
step right over them ; and that they feel
perfectly safe ini doing so, because they
knuow the elephants wvill pick their way
carefully over the postrate forms, never
so miuch as touching them, still less'
treadinig on them. Yet the nmighty crea
tnures can hirnsh a man out of existence
as easily as a man can brush away a fly.
And what delicate tastes they have-de
lighted, I'm told, with strawberries
gmua-dro'ps, or any little dainty of th~
Lind. Th'ley aro fond of bright colors,
too, and travelers toll wonderful tales of
seeing ('elphiants gather flowers with the
greu ats care, and smell them, apparently
with the keenest pleasure.
It is true they eat the flowers after
wm d, but dear me! I've seen girls do the
samte thing! Many a time I've watched
a little lady pluck a wild rose, look at it
a moment, sigh ."'how lovely)" then
open her pretty lips and swallow the
petoas one by one.
WIhy shouldn't an elephant ?-JaXWin
HUORING customers : "Yea," said a '
lady customer, " these are very pretty
but haven't you something more ex
p~ensive ?" The gentlemanly (ilerk took
dlown another package of the same
goods, remarking briskly : "Oh, yes
ma'am ; here is soraething whic'h will
cost you a dollar more pr yard, but itv i
muelh flner, yon will notice." 'GO course,
she took the highest-cost piece, lhecause ~
it wna the highat.