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T ? DLE 00, PICEdSDAY JULY 13 1882. iVOrkNO. 43
t~*a., I.A M ~II
tyis ipg A14ie4s
'61, k to onaI
round in aris o uty,
8 -bushels of oato this
hip7d 5,000 worth
foreign ports last Sat.
Fla receives about 100
'ec month from the West
V0t, Fla., has sixty vessels and
e90'3n engaged in the sponge
ctory at Augusta, Ga, has just
an order of 2,000 bales of goods
cotten seed oil mill is to be
61 Bailey's all, Jefferson coun,
ser capt, are buying up all
MW gt go li minets u ae vicinity of Char
lotte, N. C. -
the cotton factory at Selma, Ala,,
hs declared a semi-annual dividend of
it pei cent.
New Orleans, thinks of establishing a
Castle Garden for the accommodation
A mammoth iron furnace is to be
erected neaf Covington, Va., by Euro
A company has been formed to oper.
ate a silver mine recently discovered
near Gaylesville, Ga.
The beautiful Confederate monument
at Columbia,-8. 0., was totally wrecked
ty lightning a few days ago.
4little boy at Charlotte, N. C , swal
* lowed a quart and a half of cherries,
seeds and-all, and died in great agony.
The first appearance of cotton as an
article of. commerce was a shipment or
seven bales from Charleston, S. C., in
In North Carolina during the past
ye'ar Sixty-three new post-ofiices have
been established and seventeen discon
Zast Tennearee has a county in which
four of the precincts are nq~med Upper
Hog-thief, Lower Uog-talef, Fair Prom
s ieaud Never Pay.
* Richard Paulk, white, of Union'coun
ty, S. C., has been sentenced to one year
Sin the penitentiary or to pay a fine of
$500 for .anarrying a negro woman.
John'Turner, of Savannah, Ga., after
servlhig out eight years of-a life-service
for murder in the penitentiary, has
proven his innocence and been released.
At Goldaboro, N. C , a man built a
fence, using live cypress for posts. The
posts took root and are growing rapidly,
bearing the fence slowly but surely skf-.
~Thckson county, Ga., is the only place
~ n the South where clay fit for jug mnak
ing is found. Two. factories are run in
the county, and the jugs are all made
* The grapes grown by the stockholders
of the Georgia Wino Company, located
in Cuthbert, will this year make 20,000
gallons of wine; which is the present
capaeity of the company.
It Is estimated that the South has
this season paid to the North $55.000,
([00 .fot wheat, $50,000,000 for corn, $72,
9)00;O00 fpor meats, anid about $25,00,
[00 for hay, butter, cheese, oats, apples,
The people of Ta vans, Fla , est alliga
tor steaks and tenderloins in preference
to the tough1Z beef obtainable there.Th
~ est when par boiled and fried presents
th~ fair appearance of the breast of a
owand possesses a flavor almost as
d)cte apd appetizinfg,
59eeotton comnpress to be erect
e n kalcburg, Miss., soon is to be one
of th%~zest and most costly in the
- ~ t ~d tos0, or the world for that
* ~tt~wTher' is only one like it in~ex.
I ue~,ad that is now being placed in
Po~jt1W at New Orleans.
VIcsburg is still agitated over her
ba$bor, The receding of the Mississipp
relleaving only a. lake of still water
in fto of the city *here the river once
1Iwdhas a threatening aspect to the
A. mwy of Vicksburg, and her citi
gVa re abliously inquiring what is to
4o preserve the harbor.
*h9f Micajah Martin, doe
~)tts4~aTroup copnty, Ga., will
*tthq city of A tlant a to
Gi4 l nsd in'ahe very
.the water and the earth was seveta
feet Yod4e Qer five uino. beforefindinj
anoutlek of the lake, a pd g In t4
side of a hill. The lake is ap.eat won
There is a weed in the 4oth inowi
as the wild coffee plait, whieb as cause
the planter a good deal of treuble an(
annoyance, and has consequently beel
greatly despised. It has recently beei
discovered that the plant haq its 'use, a
rope can be'made from it eqdal to th
best hemp, and stronger and finer thai
jute. The dis'overy was made by a ne
gro who needed a piece of rope, bu
could find none. On looking arouni
his attention was attracted to.this plant
and he cufi the stalks and treated then
in the same manner he had been accus
tomed to see hemp treated in Kentucky
and the result was a fibre of good lengtl
and of surprising strength, which tb
old man soon conyerted into rope.
A Cheap cologne Water.
The only perfume which 'never seema
to offen' my and which leaves no un
pleasant tang behird it is that of colo g<
water, which stamulates while it soothem
the senses, and suggests a pleasant whole
someness instead of any sickish sweet
ness, as e best of extracts and essencea
and bouquets are apt to do. We do not
mean, of course, the cheap and common
colo e water o the'druggists, which i
usualy very much worse than none at all
and wont to leave, after dying, the smel
of burned sugar where it has been used
often, as it is made of the poorest spirit,
andl necessarily without subsequent dis.
tulation; without regard to the fact that
it requirep the strongest proof or rectified
spirit to dissolve the combined oils
properly where the processof dishtllation
is not used. Indeed, with no trouble at
all, any one can make in her own store
room a better article of cologne than that
which is usually bought, by thoroughly
dissolving a fluid dram of the oil of ber
gamot,.orange and rosemary each, with
half a dram of neroli and 'a pint of ree;
tilfied spirit. As good as can be made
out of cologne itself, however, is also
quite as comfortably prepared at home
as at the chemist's-at so much less than
the chemist's prices that one feels war
ranted in using it freely-simply by mix
mg with one quart of rectified spirit,
two flauid drams each of the oils of ber
gamont and lemon, one of the oils of
orange and half as much of that of rose.
mary, together with three-quarters of a
dram of neroli and four drops' each of
the essences of amberg's and musk. If
this is subsequently 'stilled it makes
what may be called a pertect cologne
but it becomes exceedingly fine by bing
kept tightly stoppered for two or three
months to ripen and mellow before use,
Remniscences of Garibaldi.
Mr. Morosini, Treasurer of the Ameri
can Cable Companyv at New York,-is i
old friend and shipmate of Garibaldi
who, - is addition to being a candle
~maker, and a liberator, was also a sei
captain. His old friend says the lib'era
tor looked more like an Englishmai
than an Italian ; was "one of Plutarch'i
men, a Romaan of Rome's best days.'
After Garibaldi and himself had made
candles otr Staten Island for a year, ii
1850, Garibaldi was appointed Captai.
of, a Peruvian. ship and took' Morosin
with him on his viit to China and Soutl
America. He was very kind to all hii
crew, in fact to everybody, but showei
it in his looksand acts,for he was little o
a talker. His face looked like a lion'i
face, especially when angry ; there was
no indenture of his nose adhere, as ir
most persons, it joins the forehead. Th<
only time that he ever knew Garibald
to be afraid was at Newcastle-on-the
Tyne, where his ship was loading wit!
coalt and where, being barefoot he waw
afraid the coal carriers, with their heava
hob nail shoes, would step on his toes
When at Callao two Frenchmen over
heard him telling how he helped defen<
home against the invasion'of the French
army. One of them accused him o
lying. Next mornings Garibaldi went t<
his shop and challenged him to a fai
fight ; the two partners drawed thei
weapons, but en Garibaldi's pretendinj
to draw a revolver, they fled. The hun
dreds of Italians in port, hearing tha
Garibaldi had beeh threatened, tore th4
shop to pieceend would have done th<
jame with the Frenchmnen could thea
taive been found.
Most people who see that 280,001
young men are brought forward an~nu
ally for militr service in. France attach
an exaggerate signifioabee to this larg
number. As a matter of fact, not one
third of them'go just now into the rank
for five years' service. Out of every 104
of these youths, seventeen serve only fo
a year or for six months, twenty-four ar4
exempted for family or educationail rea
sons, five or six are set aside for aui
iary service because of minor bodily de
feats, nine extra small and weak mak<
are put back for two years, and twelv<
aedcared totally unfit -for service
Thus we have the significant fact tha
the large proportion of twenty-seven pe:
cent. of the young men of Fance are
at the age of -twenty, moro or less phys,
ically uxnutted for military service. 'fh
standard of education may be judget
from the fact that one in every seven re
cruits can neither read nor write. Ter
years ago the proportion of the illiterak(
was about one in five, and fifty years ag<
it was fifty per cent. As to hight-o.a
rather the want of ite-thirty-six per Cenlt
of the recruit. are between five feet ani~
half an inch (the minimum army hight'
and fiye feet four inches;i and .the gr
&al average is less than IIye feet gy
4fZA, miammyl didni't~~~~ teolP
n4ustn't go in bavin ?" "YTo
ohi has ye been diabeyf
,Pelg I" t'No, mm~
tgoodness I haq#
seglnM Un I.
TOPICS OF THE DAY.
Tkni are 10,700 men on the police
force of London.
hN zIvi months eight persons have
been killed by the cable cars in Chicago.
Tun Sultau is to grant Jewish refu.
goes from Bussia tracts of land in Syria
s AT Mobile, Alabaina, female violators
a of the law are required to work out their.
fines in the chain gang.
A, FAoTwUS Contemporary suggests
that Congress investigate the Western
cyclones while they are at it.
L AnAiu BEY is applying the Monro6,
doctrine in Egypt by planting dynamite
torpedoes along the Suez Canal.
Tm person who has attracted consid
etable attention the past year, may now
be spoken of as the late Mr. Guiteau.
STATIsTICs of immigration show that
vnry few of the foreigners who come to
this country go to the Sonthern States.
IN the State of Mississippi there are
30,000,000 acres of land, of which less.
than 5,000,000 acres* are under cultiva..
LONDON publishers bribe school teach
era with theater tickets and champagne
suppers to buy and recommend the buy
ing of their books.
JAMEs RUssEtn Lowwra and Dr.
Leonard Woolsey Bacon, according to
the Washington Post, think of running
for Congress next fall.
MIss. LANGTRY bas begun to. under
stud. something of Amorican advertis
ing. She took a special train from Ed
inburg to London, at a-cost of,$500.
Tau famots Dalrymple farm of
Dakota is to be divided, Mr. George
Howe, an oil prince% of Pennsylvania,
having bQught 30,000 acrosol-it for $80,
Tan Belgium Govermbent is soon to
adopt pulverized meat for an army
ration. One pound of the auicle is said
to be as nutritious as six pounds of
fresh beef. . -
GAMBETTA,'it is said, sufferers con
stant fear of assassination, anid his frienl
M. Camescasse, Perfect of Police, has
given him a bodyguard to watch his
house night and day.'
' to --
COn. INGEflSOLra, tWO year*s ago, was
credited with having made $200,000 out.
of a silver mine, but if present reinrts
are correct, lie to-day counts himsell out
$50,000 on sid-silve'r mine.
Catszs immigrants are. arriving into
British Columbia in large numbers, and
the Oi-mso mermhztnk of Sim Franis~co
predict the arrivaLI of 40,000 .of their
countrymnon before next Octobor.
SIXTEEN smiallpox patients in San
F'ranci sco, while being con1veyed in a
boat recenitly, were aill upset and
dronehed with cold salt water. In sipite
of their exposure they all imnmediately
TuE ,Iews in Rus'ia and Rlonmania are
emigrating toPalestine in large numnbers,
and large gtms are being subscried to
aid them in this movement. It is salid
tha'i the maujority- are eager to engige in)
Ie frozen by machinery is now being
iused .Jargely in Southern cities, as it is
cheaper than that from the North, ex
cept at seaboard places. The ret i
price has fallen fromi $8 per hunded b.
fore the war to $1.50.
liF THE 3Xpreshion of the press ge.ner
ally may be accepted as an indication,
Anthony Comstock is getting him~self in
bad repute by ugly, spiteful work. He
suppresses or tolerates the Granismission
of a publication as the fancy strikeis
.UANNH~wR'splan for removing to
the Uinited States the remains of Lieu
Stenant De Long and comxrades involves
an expondituro) of $25,004), and is not
a considered feasible by the Oongressional
Committee, to whom the matter was re
- Natiu e cals a halt in the wvork of un
derground telegraphy. It announces
that the unergroundl wires in Gehrmany
are tu rning out badly, anld that the
credit of several millions of fra'ies re
cently vote~d for extending the syvstom in
F"rance will probably nt be uisel.
" Tuunn is not in litenure,'' says the
New York Times, " a nolelr or more pa-.
thetic story " than the diary of Lieu ten
ant DeLong. Still, it was a plain anid
very brief narrative of facts. It is the
~reader's appreciation of the surround
ings that makes the story pathetio.
Tsuns are thirty-three "rajiroal
schools" in Russia for the instruction of
,emDployee, established because not ver.
.I)Zg agO it was impossible to get flu1
PVith education enough to be en
Mr1*.Wlith the higher p~laes, and eveni
day~ one-half of all the Ioco~mno
inBassia are Gerraans.
eployed, and hunateds of buhhels are
cAt asidi as too ripe Po shipment.
'Irw San D ledo O/sronicle relates
that whilde . fot deserters from a
ship at (Gueytos, a few days ago, the
searchers diso6vered a man covered from
head to odt Wthlong , shaggy hair, of a
reddish .oolo On their approaching
him he,. "W''menced to run, and they
ohised him, foUowing him for a distance
of A niileor moo oe to the beach, where he
jumped from reektosrock with the agil
ity of a chamois and was soon lost to
sight behind a jutting point. They a!-.
Erward discovered the cave which he
Inhabits, the floor being covered with
skins, and the indieations were that he
subsisted entirely on raw fish. Organ
ized efforts will be made to capture him.
Somn of the Iowa and other papers
are arguing that the cyclones in the
West are increasing ,in number and
fierceness every year. In a certain
sense this Is probably true. That is,
there are 'years and seasons when they
are more severe and frequent than at
others. Between 1860 and 1878 these
tornadoes wero very rare, and between
1878 and 1880 there were only one oi
two of a formidable character. Bu
during the last three years they have
been intense and numerons. Doubtless
a long interval of quiet will soon succeed
these tempestuous years. But in an.
other sense they will always increase in
destructiveness. As the State become
populots, they will seem to be more fro
quent, and will actualy be more calain.
KAN AND HIS BUTTONS.
is iMetAs o newtn Thena on- 8nd the
[New York Graphic.j
Did you ever see a man in the solitude
and privao9 of his study attempt to sew
on a button by himself? It is, in all its
details, one of the most interesting per
formaznces in the world.. First he hunts
for a button. Generally,.to secure it, he
robs Peter to -pay Paul, and cuts from
another garment This button may be
much larger or nauch smaller than the
size he is wearing. Next he hunts a
needle. Probably lie goes out and buys
a paper of needles. He always chooses
the largestneedles, having an impression
that large needles will sew stronger than
small needles., As to thread, he gets the
coarsest he can find, and this he doubles.
He-would thread his needle. He takes
his big needle in one hand and his coarse
black thread in the other, He bites off
the thread to a desired length. Then he
tries to twist it to a fine point. Gener
ally in this he succeeds in making two,
and sometimes three, fine points out of
one, end. Of course he can't get all
these fine points through the needle's
eye it once. 'He tries hard to make that
needle and thread get On friendly terms
with each other, but they won't. They
don't want to get acquainted. They do
not wish- to have anything to do with
each other. Sometimes it is the needle
that kicks; sometimes the thread. Some
times ho imagines he has really threaded
his needle. It is an ocular delrnsion.
The thread has missed the needle's eye
by half an inch. It is harder work than
sawing wood. \At last the needle is
threaded. Now he tries to sew the but
ton on without taking his trousers off.
This proves a failure. He twviets him
self into an uncomfortable position, and
so would sew. But he can't sew so.
He runs the needle into himself, and the
contrary thread always insisting in foul
ing or in doubling around the next but
ton. Then one part of the doubled
thread won't work harmonionsly with the
other part. One part draws through the
button's eye first and leaves the other
part behind. Then it gets hitched up,
and the embassador swears. Or the
needle breaks. And then he swears.
He may not swear audibly. But the re
cording angel knows what is going on
inside of him, and debits him with every
item. He sews hard. He has forgotten
all about the necessity for a thimbhle.
He 'ams his thumb down on the needle's
hea and it punctures his thumb or runs
under the nail. By and by he sews the
button's eye full of thread. His big
needle won't pass through any more.
He must stop. He ends by winding the
thread as many times as it will go under
the button. And perhaps he leaves oft
with two or three inches of thread stick
ing outside. A woman can, through
mang' outward indications, tell when a
mayi has been trying to sew on a but
ton. He doesn't know the shibboleth of
needle and thread, and it catches some
where every time. At last the button
is sewed on and he_is uroud of his work.
It is said that there is a certain fixed
amount of cruely in every society, and
that the only difference is the form in
which it is expressed. Where people,
for example, who are kind to a~nmals,
are frequently unkind, or at least not
sympathetic, with those of their own
kind. The venerable Henry Bergh, of
New York, is charged with being willing
to sacrinice the health and comfort of his
own species ted thatof the quadrupeds he
champions, The philanthropist that
devotes his time to alleviating the wrongs
of manind is often accused of neglecting
his family 'and allowing them to sufler,
while the Qold, selish, cross, grasping,
hard moneymaking man of the world,
is at home an affectionate husband and a
tender father. Whether this be true or
not, it Is lN a degree condirmed by the
apparent advance In humanity already
made at Yale College. There have
been years :In the histary of that instiu
tion whent "hazing" was. iatioed.
Buit that Ks. bees aban o~1of late.
Instead of that hWin. Tv! vat' son
has intredteed ba4exhiuatin hhav
ing procured a dget for tMpurpose
--and rat-killing.- He has Wtefr
whicb is "death oij rats," a4the othet
hzthQU~e ;'idog kl
zata tesand th
T2AT LTELX COAT.
3. 38M.J. V. O. X0.os.
Then wa a man, 'tUs ad to se,
LAved in dar famous city,
Whom none that ever knew him well
Oould either love or pity.
Re was no bigger than a mouso
I do not stretch the story;
~ Retad a tiny, old-time house,
Illumined with his glory.
He had a coa this little man,
31e at exactly in it,
No longer Win a a a,
Nor wider than a minu
Thread-bar, and old and dirty blue,
Yet all who ventured near him
Ho'd squeee Into that coat-'tis true
Till folk wee taught to fear him.
It was the coat his father wor,
Ye% father's father's father
And yet he'd worry, tease and em,
, nnoy vex and bother
All that e met abotut that.coat
And its etoinal fitness
For high and low of eve note
Who could Its virtue tnes.
Now don't you wish he could hag seen
The fo1 of this passion,
And let his neighbors choose between
His and some other fashion ?
A most resptable jury-every one of
them a X50 freeholder-was impaneled
at Clonmel, Ireland to try a most im
portant question. During the course of
the trial the learned Judge had to retire
for half an hour, promising to be back
on the expiration of that time. Thi.
Judge then retired, and so did the jurors.
In some time after, one of the jurors re
turned, and stated in open court, to an
astonished audience, Tat he had been
to a christening, drank the child's health,
a speedy uprise to Its mother, and that
her son might be a much better man
than its papa. This caused so much
surprise that those who heard it re
mained silent. He asked a learned coun
sel to give ; him the song called " The
Low-backed Car." At this request the
learned gentleman shook his head. The
ur then said, " You won't won't you?
)hen I'll do it myself ; " and so he did
in excellent style, and concluded amid
the bravos of a crowded court. He then
made a speech on the duties of a pater
mal Government, and acquitted himself
with equal credit, and was vociferously
applauded. H then demanded that the
Judge should be sent for; and, this de
mand not being acceded to by the crier,
ho stood up and called the learned Judge
to come into court, on a fine of ?50,
This he did three different times, and in
the usual way. He then declared that
as the Judge did not come he wouldn't
wait-he should go back to the christen
ing ; and lie accordihgly left the jury
box, and finally the court. In about
half an hour he returned, and, not see
ing the Judge on the bench, he com
menced singing "Rory O'More," after
which he stopped into the jury-box, re
suming his seat among his fellows,
who appeared quite " glum" at his an
tica; bt he, seeming not to mind the wry
faces of his brethren, began to hum a song.
He then tried what he could do at the
Kent bugle, and succeeded to admirL
tion ; but, just as he had concluded a
splendid solo, the learned Judge made
his appearance at the corner of the
bench, where he stood listening, in mute.
astonmshment, to the music of the
special juror, who was equally astound
egl when lie heard the cry of " Hats off !
Be p~lernscd to keep silence !", In the
meantime something was said to the
Judlge, who good-naturedly adjournied
the court for the further hearing ci the
case until the following morning.
Perhaps good manners are not good
morals, though-the time was when the
words morals anid manners amounted to
pretty much the same thing.
When the New Testament was trans
lated into'English, in 1611, it taught its
readers, and still teaches us, that "eovil
commnicmations corrujpt'good manners."
And the revisers of 1880 have left the
good manners to stand, changing only
communications into company. So I
have very high authority for saying that
what I am driving at in this letter has
something to do with the basis of char
acter. A bad man may .have the hand
somest manners, the manners of a gen
tleman, and thereby the more thoroughly
fitted to work all manner of mischief
with greediness. He is a hypocrite in
the world, as one who mnerely pretends
to be a saint is a hypocrite in the
But the beginning, middle, and end of
good manners may be condensed into the
divinely given principie of preferring
others to ourselves ; denying self for
the happiness of another ; rendering to
everyone his duo, as superior, inferior,
If mothers form the manners of the
children, they should feel the burden of
responsibility. They may permit the
inborn waywardness of the child to go
unchelied, while he grows to be a pert,
saucy, forward, disagreeable, dreadful
boy, a terror to the neighborhood, and a
numsance to everybody but his doting
mamma. She gives him a stick of candy
when a stick of something not so sweet
would do him more good. She coddles
him into a curse that by and by will
come u n her own head. Just as the
twig, e . Blood is great, and blessed
are they who are well bomn. But more
than blood, better than pedigree, is cul
iain up a chill in the way he should
go. He will go in it then. Teach him
to respect those who are older than him
self ; to rise up before the aged. AEneas
was pious, because he honored his
father. It'is a long way toward godli
nessi to obey one's .parents. And happy
is the parent and happy the child when
love is returned with love.
The blood Dish Humans Make.
The cednibals have long since decided
that in the delicacy of both flavor and
texturQ " long pigs' is far superior to
"shor; pig," and when aaked how he
liked children Charles LamN said he
liked them "boiled." It is well known
that tigers and lions prefer human flesh
to all other, and will leave off atting catt
tie and sheep tot pull down a mian. A
ourious confirmiation of this 1a the pref
eece which tigers show k monkeys,
h~Ich, according to Dqwin, are but a
below the human rum. Tigers
l~opards are very fond of
tesak.eof the delicay I
fte She Po2e
ThereIs a story, now generally 6
asrded " fabulous that a feale named
(others say Uilberta or Agnes) of
English descent, btit born in Ingeiheim,
Dr Mainz, Germany, fell in l9v, with a
Young Benedictine monk named Velda,
and n order to be admitted into the
Monastery or Fulda, where he was olos
tered, assumed male attire. She after
ward went with him to Athens, where
he died while they were pursuing their
studies. Soon after this she went to
Rome, where her great learning brought
her into distinction, and from a success
ful career as a professor, she was elected
by general consent of the college of
Cardinals to be the successor of Pope
Leo IV., who died A. D. 885. Others
say she was the immediate successor of
Pope Adrian II. who died A. 'D. 872.
Her title was kope John VIII; a title
which in the Roman Notizie, or official
calendar of the Roman pontiffs, is as
cribed to a different person. Itisfurther
related of this "female Pope" that she
administered the pontifical office with
great ability until her sex was discovered
by her giving birth to a male child dur
ing the excitement and fatigue of a pro
cession to the Lateran Palace, which was
quickly followed by her death, some
say puerpdral fever, while other narra
tives declare that she ~was stoned te
death.- Dr. Dollinger has written an
elaborate analysis of the various stories
in regard to this personage, going to
show quite clearly that she was a medie
val fiction, yet it cannot be denied the
belief in the veritable existence of the
pontificate of Joan was general through
out the Catholic Church from thirteenth
to the fifteenth century, and was not
discredited under the Reformation, when
it was made use of by the Protestants
to scandalize the papacy. Dollinger
says she was first mentioned by Chron
icler Stephen de Bourbon, who took his
information, he thinks, from the chron
icle of the Dominican, Jean de Mailly,
no copy of which is now known to be in
existence. He attributes the origin ol
this scandal upon the infallibility of the
Poapacy to a grudge nourished againsi
the popes on account of the perscutionE
inflicted particularly by Pope Benedici
VIII. on the monki of the Domican ani
Minorite orders. Certain it is that goo
Catholics at one time had such faith i
the existeue ofePope Joan, or John
that they placed in the Cathedral o:
Sienna, along with those of the othei
popes, a bust. of the popess, with the in
sciption, "John VIII., a woman fron
England:" and this statue held its plac
without serious objection on the part o
priests or people, until the beginning o
seventeenth century. The " Holy Chair
is the chair used in the enthronement c
the popes. The tradition that the fory
of this chair is due, in a certain particu
lar, to the fraud said to have been pei
potratod by Joan, is now treated by hui
torians as a vulgar fiction.-Chticap
Most people who see that 286,00'
y'eung men are brought forward anmt
ally for military service in Franice attach
an exaggerated signifleance to this large
number. As a matter of fact, not one.
third of thoem go just now into the ranki
for five years' service. Out of every 10(
of these youths, seventeen servo only foi
a year or for six months, twventy-four art
exempted for family or educational rea.
sons, five or six are set aside for auxil.
inry service because of minor bodily de.
fects, nine extra small anld weak makc
are put back for two years, and twelve
are declared totally untit for service.
Trhus we have the significant fact thai
the large proportion of twenty-seven pea
cent. of the young men of France are,
at the age of twenty, more or le'ss phys
icaily unfitted for military service. The
stariard of education may be judged
from the fact that one in every seven re
cruits can neither road nor write. TOen
years ago the proportion of the illiterate
was about one in five, and fifty years agc
it. was fifty per cent. As to hight-oa
rather the want of it-thirty-six per cent,
of the recruits are between five feet and
half an inch (the minimum army hight;
and five feet four inches ; and tlhe gene
eral average is less than five feet fiv4
The Nose and the Face.
A somewhat singular fact has beer
observed with reference to the shape oj
the nose, e,r rather the setting of it it
the face, so to speak. To be strictl2
correct, from the artist's point of view,
the nose should be accurately in th4
middle of the face, and at igh angleN
with a line from the p~upIl of one eye tc
that of the other. As a matter of fact,
it is rarely or never thus placed ; -it ii
almost invariably a little out of the
" square," and the fact of its being so is
often that which lends a peculiai
expression and pignancy to the face. A
medical writer points out that there aire
anatomical reasons why a slight devia.
tion from the true central line may be
expected, an-i that the nose which i
thus accurately straight between the twe
eyes may after all be considered ar
abnormal one ; the only absolutely true
and correct organ being, in fact, thai
which deviates a little to the right et
left. -Phrenolozjicial Journal.
-A Cat's Angry Passions.
Mr. TI. P. Blurkinroad, a merchant oi
Wills Point, Texas, is the owner of at
old cat and young kittens, which he
keeps in his store on Fourth street,
Some time ago a man drove up ini front
of the store and hitched hia horses. The
kitten was playing in the street when 1
went. near one of the horses anA rubbei
against its feet. The horse SNicked the
kitten, throwing it some distance..on th4
ground. This so angered the old cai
that she-sprang upon the horse's bacd
and frij fully tore Its skin with bei
claws. eherse became so frightene4
at this n~peoted attaoIh that he tries
to break loose. She thien stoppeM wint
the horse besaue quiet, then she. ro
newed the atimek. hie- was set.
several * Ng
the sand by
she is all sole,"
a lady who -
as qute aWe
her by saying':
that yOM. pit-t h
few seconds, said,"id
of tone and style as sho
" Welif I do '
mistake and puit WOW
A qoo old lady,
meeting and givi s
and confidence e fet
If I was ready, this AT
the arms of FBeelzabub
You mean Abrabm I" bas ij
a brother sitting near. W
ham, then," was thn rems"
make any difference. ey re
"No, ix daughter,"said 1Eew
matron, "I cannot consent f r io w
keeping company with young:3
He had the insurance to -Me" aIRO
ageress, right to my. by
eveng" al y, ma, tha
bad al all." It is.
young man that it .Is A
he assumed to insulate Ine
pitched him over the banln
dear, ma, I wish you woul 'sqL
aphors so," and both women
the dictionary to substantiats i
"I'M SHAVING myself most o
time now," said the young man
as he adjusted his head to e
of the chair. The barber gazedth a
fully at the gash in. the left &he4 if
the irregular Maltese akoss in the chin
observed the finely execuftdondlipi
map of the Hell Gate excavations on
the left side, hovered over th0e
ear that was held in placewi t7
plaster, and pityingly seodute 4~~
collection of pimples and blotohu bpa
ornamented the neck. " Yen, I1oU
you are," he said musingly, as he sfl
strapped his razor.?
ON MONDAY of last week gg'ha.&'
a letter to the office boy, telling bit ti
I drop it into the mail. Thia was eatly In
the morning. In passing the o"
desk in the ,afternoon Pog saw t~
letter. " I say, Johnny," sadhe, "b
E time this week will do for that letter, ya
e know." Next day Fogg saw the .letter
- still lying on the boy's desk. Fierce ha
1 broko forth, lie wanted to know whWt
3 mi the substantive that adjective I~BtteZ
I was doing there. Why in. th0 suhtan
f tive it hadn't been mailed? "I didn't '
know you was in a hurry abotit it," sai4
i the boy, "y~ou told me any .tifne thin
ai week would do"
-Deaf and Dumb Barbers.
o A man dressed in a thin summe~
woolen suit and a dilapidated straw ha
entered our sanctum.r
" Sir," he said, "you see beforoe o
a reminder of the summer'asunso
speak. I am not from 'J.t~fs
neither am I dressed for ej~i it~
- comforts of atrip insearchofl e1iortl '
i pole. Excuse me, no North pcle for
3 me," and his teeth chatteredg while
quiver of icy chilliness seemed tQ 'run~
across his whole frame. .
" Are you cold?'' we asked. Ifs.
walk up by te stoveand get wa~"
"No, sir, no!t warm as the sprfr
-the equatorial line. I am needy, b
broke, sir. You see before you a
lator whose cart Is keeled over
broken, with the horses on a rtin so I
ahead a greased streak of lightnin can~
not overtake 'em. Four months cune A
started a barber shop. Now, thinsZ
I'll strike a new beat. So I just goes
and hires four deaf aid dumb tonsorlaM
artists and then put up notices thiatcus.
tomners comin tomy shopwould ha e
and nb questions asked. The thing'tqok
on the start, but, when the confound~ed
barbers pulled their slates and began
writing out the usual questions, blow
me if I didn't diaeover thatlIwas arn..
ined man. Yes, sir, barbers is barberg -
I and, when I closed my shop, busted u
and started on atramp, Iljust ses
i myself it's no use. If dead men coidl "
be learned to handle the razor over a a"
man's face, the blamed things wouM&~'
have spiritual mejiums asking their ,ie- . -
timns the same old line of guestions---..Ah!'i
thank yAr, sir ; ta-ta. With this dime
i'll send a counter-irritant down my~
throat that'll knock the thinness out Z-''.
this summer suit and give my stonyld a
cleaner shave than any learber can"
And, as the shattered vase retired, the -'
perfume of the roses remained in the~
sanctum until an open window rest*k~
the natural tone of the atmodphes..t
Poland Becoming Gernianin~
Journals of Prussian~ ?ola4 .
the rapidity with which the ce
becoming Germaniked. Ee
erty and population are' all fW
the control of the domlitn#T
The Polish peasantry is immwg
large proportion coming to th
States, and German farmers apd
craftsmen are being sent to aes
place. This, together with i 4
Geran s he f~caland -
guage, is enough to orowd out
nal , vernacular. As -
estates of the old Polish -c~~~
are fast being bougtu y
capitalists. During 1881 -e
five thousand acres, qag - -i4
Polish owners to Gevnan
In the past four yearse -
dred and thirty thouxgand
that way. Polish pa
vain to stem ther tide,
restoration of th3 -
IT wA a
Iestood l 7