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Dy D ?. RADLY & 07r
GAY T D ? jf1 1t f 3 3 ~ I T R S - V T B C U ~ Y
PIlkS .C f~D Y UL 018.VO.X O 4
~ ~bouda4 line@ between
~M~yoping, it is tobser,
46 40"a of O~l
O~e~I~ta0.Iith oil rgions
ILOANx him been now.
eurgeon General of the
h plac. of surgeon General
~trdou aooount of age.
OArJ platforms are constructed
1to a gallows. The candidates
upon it and a number of the
drawn from beneath their feet,
$0f 0,0 on railroad ooin
for every death duo to preventible
te is a New York suggestion
eets with general and publio
060 haS just opened an institr
fot the reformation of inebriate and
e#thIgomen, called the Martha
n Department of the Wash
Ore to go to war to assert the
; :q Xsrishmen to resirt English law,
*WA not be choaper to buy Irelaud of
*hiWitish, Government and declare its
A s TO "what'is rarer than a day in
ue?" the Boston Advertiser replies,
- "kin-g their nunber into considera
a day in February." And so it is
in other respots, for some of then are
~ 'otly One man to every one hundred
b6ety-eight-has failed ; this, in the
N 4e et the drouth of last year, and the
9 arid times now complained of.
~ M iT is found that the mind of Under
Secretary Burke's sister, who lived with
pinhas given way. She has not shed
a tar, and sits at the window, exclaim..
lng at every footfall, " He is comning."
Iis impossible to divert her thoughts
BArS the Toronto Globe: "Th
Nlorthwest is strongly opposed to mo..
-nbpolies. The practical experience that
thepope of Mlanitoba have already had
Sthe wrorkings of the Pacifig Syndicate
*onopoly has converted Tories to op
ponents of the Government by the
- AVmW hui~~hesl by twining
her arms around her husband's neck,
Nrs. Christiancy should have hold oni
.'until the old gentleman surrendered u'm
conditionally. It is hard to understand
t~ he old fellow could 'resist the ap
of so beautiful a woman under such
A 'KENTUOz was sentenced i h
court at Frankfort to one year in the
* ezntentiary for stealing eighteen head
ofpattle. Then a negro, who had stolen
,60wortly of copper, received a three
s~ars' sentence, and he told the yudge
sa.ld 'nothing to say except he was
She hadn't stole a drove of oxen.
~ONT criminal trials prompt ~a co.
(~k j temhporg.ry to remark: "It Is a great
1etedowhmin our criminal iuirisprudence
ibh after a serious o1barge 1s made, anc
mfacle case at least es ablished in
adjury room, the indictment
'~lbe sodrawn as not to cover the
~ ~ and the prisoner has to be ac
T a clearing of the forest lands has
~ **obbly something to do with the late
***oe., and .It is just possible that
the telegraph wires and long parallel
stti of steel and iron rails, on the rail
tracks may have some hand in. in
tr#sifying the fary of the storms, whica,
4, without doubt, electrical in their
$a. W. W. SnAy, of Rome, Georgia.
a~in mater erpure sugar, an1d
that MRande of goladwould produce
600Ponds of utelons, from which
SPounds of *toould be extracted,
e t te cents. 8241.50.
now,' when everghing else is so
~ !~$~a the complaining so general, it
Coslto to know that .there will
#I*0*aok difruit, which has so much
tIIrecommend It on its own account,
'~*'4~ *e use of it and less nse of meat at
C hi sqason has always been urged by
i$fa1Authority, and compliance with
$e4910. seems now likely to be invol
*tpenue of the TOnited States from
isnow greater than that of
and Is almost equal to the
qfrom mail and telegraph
T istration Is to be
san take hold of one man- Abaham had
a lt0 of wives, and so did David. ,NoW
..avid Might a' went wrong, but the'Scrip.
tures say as how ab a man a faults Is for
give. That's the reason we think we have
got the law of God on our side.
AiamI Bar has stirred up the fanati
cism of his co-religionists in Egypt to
sti6h a degree that if he were to yield
in the present oriasi he would have as
much to fear from their resentment as
he now has from the Western powers.
His followers are earnestly awaiting the
manifestation of El Mehdi, the Messiah,
on the 12th of November, and the Sultan
doubtless has an understanding with
Germany. TIV widespread preparations
in England are suffleient to prove that
the opening of hostilities is not regarded
as any child's play or mere demonstra.
tion- against an offinsive Egyptian
Ex-BnNATOn CIIRIsTIANCY had a lu
dicrous interview with Mrd. Christian.
cy the'other day. Pasing her house,
he hoord a tap on the window, and
looking, saw the author of his domestic
troubles waving a letter at him. le
ednoluded to get the letter, and with
that purpose in view, started for th
door; but the door opened before ho
reached it, and before he was able to en
ter, a pair of white arms was clasped
around his neck. What did he do?
Well, he was stern-loosened her hold
.and pushed her aside, and in reply to
her "Please take me back," li told her
"No; not to-day, nor at any other time,"
ALnXANDRIA, the port of Egypt now
threatened with bombardment by the
English and French fleets, is a city of
250,000 inhabitants. It lies flat, is well
built in the European quarter, while
the Turkish section is squalid and dirty.
Its ancient walls are broken, but -it has
two strong fortresses. It has two port.
an eastern and western, the lattOr somic
times called the Old Port, being the
larger and better of the two. It is about
a mile and a. half widerand has three
entrances. The foreign war vessels in
the neighborhood numbered thirty-two
a week or two ago, and their aggregate
haaiincreased. The period is a critical
one. England has determined on ac
tion, and France seems to have thrown
off her fears of'~Bismarck, and will join
in the bombardment of the place, unless
Arabi Bey backs down, of which there
ts no probability.
Story of a Silver Mine.
An old Colorado miner says: "While
I was yet at Leadville a man cane there
fromn Denver named Dexter-Jim Dex
:er they cafled him-and he was full of
life and hope and had some money.
Dexter looked about him for a while
and finally bought a claim on Carbonate
Hll, which hadI at that time not been
prospected very well. He paid. I think,
about 615,000 for it, and set to work
putting in machiner and sinking the
shaft, which was aread down some
hundred feet or more. He worked
away on the mine, people laughing at
him a good deal, but lie never once lost
heart. Tta mine had not shown up a
single thing in the way of mineral, and
the shaft hdbeen sunk by that time
several hundred feet. Dex'ter did not
know what to. do. Ho had now spent
nearly all the money he had and noth
ing was coming in. One day in the
early part of the year 1879 a party came
to hm and asked him what he would
take for his mine. Dexter told him,
and a bargain was made between them. -
The price p aid was, I think,. $30,000,
some $15,00 ore 'than Dexter had
spent on it altogether. He was mighty
glad to get the *80,000, and thought
himself well out of a bad bargain.
He rushed out onto Carbonate Hilt and
ordered the miners to drop their tools
and quit work. This w~as about three
o'clock in the after-noon. He said:
'Boys, I have sold this hole, and I don't
want you to work another minute in it
for me. I will pay you off right now, and
you can quit.' Well,the miners had just
finished a drill and were going to
place a blast and uncover some rock,
and they asked to be allowed to finish
it before they quit .work. 'No,' said
Dexter, ' come out; I don't want you to
work any more; there's nothing in the
old hole.' The men rehuetantly quit
and reported. Dexter got his money
and was happ. Well, the mine had
been bought bya stock company, and in
a short ime they began wor on It.
Now, young man, what I am gig to
tell you is the solemn truth," sadthe
miner. " Those fellows went upthere
to that mine and laid a fuse'to the blast
left by D~exter's men and touched it off.
After the smoke cleared awa they went
in to see hove much rock h been log.
ened, when what do you thinkP There
before their eyes thysaw the richest
body of silver ore whic has ever been
seen sinc~e the world begn At that
time hundreds of thousands of dollars
met the gaze of the delighted owners of
the richest kind of ore. Well, youn
fellow," cohtinued Mr. Knowles, " tha
mine was the celebrated Robert E. Lee,
which has made everybody rich who has.
had anything to do with iteince Jimmy
Dexter sold it. Millions'of dollars hav.
been turned out of it, and it is theuet
est silver mine In the worl4." - eire
potr aske the how Dexter took
te it~isfortunN-. " *l,"~ he replied.
tr.after wheneiier erta ~i
of the mine enoe1,bdt I g~
kutM how thatis. Hebotl oit1
Shakspeafe and the Bible.
There is a way that seemet right to
man, but the end thereof are the ways
of dt --Prov. Zvi., 21.
There is no vice so simple but aum..
some mak of virtue in its outer patu.
-Mrchant qf VengOe, in., 2.
How can ye, being evil, speak good
things. (Seeming virtues p
from an evil source are not genuine)
Mat, xil., 84.
Where an unclean mind carries virku.
ous qualities, their commendations go
with pity-they are virtues and taitors
too.-All'a Wel That Ende Well, i.
Another law in my members wai
against the law of my 'mind.--Rom
The fiend is at mine elbow and tempts
me, saying: " Use your legs; take the
start; run away." My conscience says:
"No; do not run; scorn r"m' wth
thy heels." "Budge," says the fiendV
" Budge not," says my conscience.-.
Merchant of Venice, ii., 2.
He that increaseth knowledge, in
creaseth sorrow.--Ecclesiastes i., 18.
I had rather have a fool to make me
merry, than experience to make me 'ad.
-As You Like It, iv., 1.
-, yet not I.-Gal. ii., 22.
I have a kind of self resides with yen,
But an unkind self, that itself Wi leave
To be another's fool.
-Trfu. and Creae., ni., 2.
But whosoever shall keep the whole
law and yet offend in one point, ho is
guilty of all.-James ii., 10.
That these men
Carrying Uxe stamp I say, of one defect,
Sh8l in the genera censure, take corruption
Fm that particular fault. The dram of II
Doth all the noble substance often doubt.
-Hamliet f., 4.
Whosoever hateth his brothei is a
murderer. -John iii., 5.
Hates anf man the thing he would not
kill ?-Merchant of Venice, iv.
There are various ways in which de.
ceptions are practised. For instance,
"unlettered India proof," as it is
technically called, is, from being taken
off the engraving at an earlier stage,
very much superior to what is called a
"lettered India print," which is obtained
after many impressions have been taken
off the engraving, and when the plate
has, consequently, become worn, and
the picture lost its clearness and sharp
ness of line. To turn an "India prit,'"
therefore, into an "India proof" the
India print is cut down all round close
to the engraving.' A dlean sheet of
India paper of the same tone as the
India print, but of a larger size, so as to
ahow. a clean, blank margin, is then
mounted on a piece of still larger plain
paper, and the out down India print in
turn is mounted in such a position as to
show the usual margin all round. Before
drying, the manipulated print is sub
jected to immense pressure, which so
forces the mounted print into the India
paper as to entirely hide the difference
in the thickness of the material. A true
impression taken off a plate leaves the
mark of the plate all round the picture;
and to add this to the "doctored" India
proof, a plain steel or copper plate of
the proper size is laid on the face of the
print, which is again subjected to pres
sure, and the deception is then so com
plete as almost to baffle detection. A
volume beloniging to a collector was sup
posed to contain India paper impressions
of engravings to the value of ?300, but
on examination they were found to be
" doctored " plates, not worth ?30 in
To 8leep, Eat Onions.
I venture to suggest a new but simple
remedy for want of sleep, says a man
erho has had experience. Opiates, in
any form, even the liquor opii sedat and
chloroform, will leave traces of their in
fluence next morning. I, therefore,
prescribe for myself - and have' fre
q~uently done so for others-onions ;
simply common onions, raw, but Span
ish onions stewed will do. All know the
taste of onions ; this is due to a peculiar
essential oil contained in this most valu
able and healthy 'root. The oil has, I
am sure, highly soporific powers. In
my own case they never fail. If I am
much pressed with work and feel that I
shall not sleep, I eat two or three small
onions, and the effect is magical. Oniops
are also excellent things to eat when
much exposed to intense cold. Finally,
if a person can not sleep, it is because
the blood is in the brain, and not in the
stomach. The remedy, therefore, is ob
vious. Call the blood dowvn from the
brain to the stomach. This is to be
done by eating a biscuit, a hard-boiled
egg, a bit of bread and cheese, or some
thing. Follow this up with a glass of
milk, or even water, and you will fall
asleep, and will, I trust, bless the name
of the writer.-Exchange.
,Chinese as Printers.
A Chinaman offers his services to the
publisher of a monthly paper in this
city, to set up all the forms of his paper,
send him proofs of each article, and
make the corrections marked in the
p roofs when returned, and convey the
forms to and frona the press-room for
Seventy-flye cents a column. There are
forty-eight coluns in the paper, each
column twenty and one-half inches long
by two anid one-quarter inches wide.
The offer was declined, whereupon the
Ohinamian said he was doing the same
work for two other periodical in the city.
They learned the business in Hong Kon
and Caton1 where papers are published
in the English tongue, and where China
men are drilled into the work on dccount
of the scarcity of white labor. -San
AN OLD May who was in the habit Of
dle'aring, after the occntrence of any
'eem, that sije predicted it, was one day
devIAl~ " sold"4 by her worthy sos
wlho,.i e many others we wet ohaA
atO tired of hearing her eterna "I
(4 VUso." -Rushing into the house
*~24' with excitement, h'e drope
at, elevated his hands a x
k 'ebh my dear, wh*4s a
arqiy wait(4 g~
tal of Xee lam. ila ashington
016t664 take meats gentlemn
AM am n .o tel sofne -tre staries. -
sontto bore M
Lemnoaki Oaine to h country many
years a, and suooeeded -in obtaieing a
clerksp ix the PostoAn"' D ent.
According to his ac'ount of i elf he
had been a soldier under the peat Na.
po19o. pleashg him better
than to meet wit tnofre
"evwian lprtuit ore
ottinghis -Is hardly
necessary to sGay7some of them wer
marvelous and always excited a smile ol
incredulity. At length a fellow-clerk
said to him:
"I emonoski, I have often heard you
fiht over your old battles, now let me
gieyumy sad miltary experiincoe. I
w a soldie in the Black Hawk war I
the very frst engagement I saw three
stalwart Indiars coming in full
after my scalp. I was armed wit an
old-fWshioned double-barreled shot-gun.
I let her loose uon the two that were in
the lead, and killed them as dead as Jul
ius Cesar. The third came rushing
upon me with his bloody tomahawk
raised above his head, and what do you
suppose hppened then?"
u k ild him, of course."
"Not exactly," quietly replied the
Black Hawk. warrior; "he killed me."
A roar of laughtet was raised among
thu bystsauders and poor Lemonoski's
yarns were knocked clear out of him.
Gen. Jackson, about the year 1832,
gave Jimmie Maher the appointment of
public gardener in Washington. Salary
$1,500 a year and trimin rihe trim
nungs, perhaps, amoute to a much
larger sum. To keep the public grounds
In proper order were the duties to be
performed. Jimmie, when I made his
acquaintance knew every body from
Henry Clay down to Ephraim Frost, the
colored, hack-driver. He was a warm
hearted liberal Irishman, He never
took a drink, save wheh he was thirsty,
and then he invited all the bystanders
to join him. He rded himself on his
adherence to what he called " 'dimooratic"
principles. $ouie hungry Whigs in 1841
wanted his* place, and Jimmie, for a
while, was very uneasy. .One morning
he met Gen. Harrison in the public
grounds, and taking off hisliat, he thus
" I presume this is Gineral Harrison
Prizident of the United States."
Receiving an affirmative answer, he
continued "My name is Maher. I am
we, Mr. Maher I like the appear
ance of these grounds; they look in much
better conditIon than they did when I
was a Senator."
, " Och, its me trade; was fotched up to
it; but, may it plaze your Honor, it's
rumored about here that I'm to be dis
"Dismissed for *what?"
"Because I was a friend to Mr. Van
" No, Mr. Maher, nobody is author
ized to say that you will be dismissed on
" A thousand thqaphs to your E~xcel
lenoy. You see I was acquainted with
Mr. Van Buren. He afways treated 'me
like a gentleman, and I was for him; but
I have no doubt after we get a little bet
ter acquainted I shall be for you."
Harrison smiled, and assured him that
he had no idea of turning him out.
Whereupon Jimmie broke down to the
place where he had some hands at work
and gave them~ a rjotof his interview.
He closed it with tirad exclamation:
"By Jove, boys, 'rzdent Harrison
is a rale Gineral Jackson of a fellowy"
About three weeks after the inaugura
tion of Glen. Harrison a well-dressed
young man of some thirty summers
walked into one of the hotels of this city
with a fiddle on his arm and said:
"Gentlemen (all eyes were at once
turned upon him). I have come here
like thousands of others to see what I
could see arnd .get what I could get; but
I have been disappointed in eyerything.
I got no oflce, got out of mioney, and
got many miles to retrace; I am too hon
est to steal, too. prounid to beg, and I
concluded to come in here to-day and
make a little in an honest way."
Suiting, the action to the word. kie be
gn to play the fiddle. This 'c5mical
scene afforded considerable amusement
.o the persons there assembled. They
asked him how much money it would
take to carry him home. He said $40.
In less than ten minutes that amount was
raised for him. Sitting down and count
ing over his money, he found that they
had given him $48.
"By George!" said he, "here's a sur
plus of 3. Come in, gentlemen, all of
you, and take something to drink."
I never saw nor heard of him after
ward. I have regretted that I did not
learn his name and keep the hang of him.
The chances are that he has since filled
some high political position.-- Washing
A Sienator's Experlence.
- One day in 1884 Senator Zach Chan
dior was a passenger on the train from
Owosso to Lansing- and, strangely
enough, no one in the car had any udea
of his identity. Two men had the seat
behind him and from talking of' war
they drifted to olitics, and naturally
enough Chandler' name became mixed
up. Both men were red hot against
him, and directly one of them observed:
" It's a wonder to me that some one
doesn't shoot the old blood-letter I "
" Oh ! he'll get hisadoso yet, and don't
you for itit 1' replied the othier..
The entar turned slowly around,
took a good look at both, and then
"6etlemen, please peka little
lower-I am Seator Chandler myself."
-He thought he had them frozen solid,
but he was mistaken. He had scarcely
turned his h~a when one of them
leaned forwar and repJIed :
"That's all righ\,m ,if you can
beat ushe conductor h ; but don't
try to stuff us!i We met the old chap
back In Owosso not anliour~ waiting
tojgoEast, and iocst me cash and
a slve wachtopelhis hand I If you've
got anew ro # It ou-we are not
MAm the e ak spot in oar
Andersonyio as It h.
A correspondent of the Buffalo Courier
describing -the present condition of the
Andersonville prison pen, says: Passing
along the memorable causeway, on either
side of which the scrub oaks grow thick
17, I soon come upon the red banks of
e old eSrthworks that guarded the
main entrance, and t9 the line of de
cayed and fallen timbers of the outer
stockade. Insido of this, and to the
right, are the ruins of the old bakery,
now simply a mound of earth and broken
-brick from its chimney. Climbing the
rail fence that occupies the place of the
former inner line of stockade, resting
upon its piles of fallen decayed timbers
I cross the "dead line" and stand within*
the space where eighteen years ago,
more than 20,000 miserable, ragged,
diseased and starved humhan beings were
huddled, burrowing in the ground, lying
under tents of ragged blankets, striving
to shelter themselves from the fierce
rayx of the sun.
The timbers have in great part rotted
off next the ground and falen, lying
like two great windrows, marking the
confnes of the round. But wherever
there was a timber of heart pine- it is
still standin, its pitchy fibres as sound
as ever; and there are enough of these
to enable one to readily trace the course
of the stockade nearly around the entire
place. The traces of the old, sad days
are distinctlz visible on every hand. The
mounds anu cavities of the thousand
dens and burrows are everywhere. It
would be exceedingly perilous to attempt
to cross this space in the night ; and
one must have his eyes open in the day
time, as he is constantly coming upon
the yawning mouths of the old wells and
entrances of tunnels from fifteen to
thirty feet deep.
- The wells toward the northern part of
the ground are the deepest several of
them being thirty feet deep, tle stiff red
clay precluding any danger of their
caving in; and in fact now after the
lapse of years, there are but iew of them
that *re not as perfect and their walls
as hard and smooth as the day when
they were completed. The very niches
that were made in the walls to ascend
and descend the walls by are still plainly
visible. Some of tlhem are partially
filled with brush and sticks that have
been thrown into them, but most of
them are entirely empty and open. The
stream which runs in at the west side
and out at the east had, at the time of
my visit, a flow of fifty gallons per
minute. It does not have a rapid cur
rent, but it is so broad that I could not
iun across it. and is about a foot deep.
Bees, Mice, Cats, and Flowers.
Many of our orchidaceous plants abso
lutely require the visits of moths to
remove their pollen-masses and thus to
fertilize them. I have also raason to
believe that humble-bees are indispensa
ble to the fertilization of heartsease,
(Viola tri-color), for other bees do not
visit this flower.- From experiments
which I have lately tried, I have found
that the visits of bees are necessary for
-the fertilization of some kinds of clover;
but humble-bees alone visit the' red
clover, (Trifolium pratense), as other
bees cannot reach the nectar. Hence I
have very little doubt that if the whole
genus of humble-bees became extinct or
very rare in England the heartsease and
the red clover would become very rare,
or wholly disappear. The number of
humble-bees in any district depends in
a great degree on the number of field
mice, which destroy their combs and
nests; and Mr. H. Newman, who has
long attended to the habits of humble
bees, believes that more than two-thirds
of them are thus destroyed all over
England. Now the number of mice is
largely dependent, 'as every one knows,
on the number of cate, and Mr. New
man says : " Near villages and small
towns I have found the nests of humble
bees more numerous than elsewhere,
which I attribute to the number of cats
that destroy the mice." Hence it is.
quite credible that the presence of a
feline animal in large numbers in a dis
trict might determine, through~ the in
tervention- first of mice and then of bees8
the frequency of certain flowers in that
Appearances of Arsenic Eaters.
"Whenever you clap your eyes on a
woman as plump as a partridge, with a
milky whiteness of complexcion, puffy
eyvehds and swollen skin, you've found a
nictim of the habit," said a physician to
a reporter, in alluding to the growing
use of arsenic among l ad ies. "If there
is a delicate tinge of red on the cheeks,
don't be deceived. Paint, not Nature, is
responsible for the bloom, made hideous
and ghastly by contrast with the corpsoy
whiteness of the rest of the face. The
artsenic eater is seldom downcast or de
spondent, come what may, for thme drug
not only affects the skin, but produces
mental exhilaration. The plumpness
produced by arsenic is not natural
plumpness, but rather a dropsical condi
tion of the skin. Cessation of the habit
causes this w ter-distended skin to col
lapse, and wnkles and sallowness are
the inevitable results. Of course, no
woman is willing to submit to this ordeal
when it may- be prevented, at the mere
sacrifice of health and intellect, by a
continuation of the use of tho drug. The
inevitable results of the arsenic habit
are hideous and incurable cutaneous
eruptions, loathsome diseases of theI
scalp, falling out of the hair, dropsy,
and oftentimes insanity. But what care
the footlight favorites or the society
belle for those trifling after-inconven
lences so long as they can borrow illit-I
.Jve charms and fictitious beauty 1y the
use of the deadly drug ?"
-A Tenant-House League has been
organized in olw York. Its object is
to "abolish h'- dlord6." We don't quite
understand Its modqs operand!, so to
speak, bufif, wheni a tenan6 owes a
landlord three or four months' back
rent-say *100--tiis league can be
hired, for five or ten dollars, to abolish
the lnlrthe or anu on must All
xtermaating Rat a4 Aie
Mioe and rats seem to increase very
= inthe haunts of oivlisati, es
in large cities. Seaports are
particularly infested with them, as NOw
Yorkers know but too well. These ver
min have grown to be a supreme nui
sance there, notably in old houses, which
are fairly overrun. They multiply every
year, appearing in numbers whore a
'short tune ago they were hardly seen.
How to get rid of mice and rats is a se
rious problem with householders, who
are often forced to move on their ac
count. Even an -entirely-new house in
apt to be invaded after a few months
and to be seriously hurt as a place o'
residence by the ravages of the nox
ious animals. Traps, however ingen
ious of contrivance, do little. or no
good after a brief while, as the cunnin
dreatures detect their purpose, and
either avoid them or secure the bait
without danger of captivity. Cats get
lazy. A good mouser will in a ow
months become indifferent to what has
been its favorite pursuit. And any or
dinay cat is afraid of rats, as well it
ma be, and will seldom venture, to at
tack them. They are generally too
wary for a terrier, which, with all hi)
vigilance and ferocity is deceived by
them.- It is thought that the introduc
tion of ferrets into houses would miti
gate the annoyance. They are often
employed in Europe to destroy such ver
min, and were so employed by 1h old
Ioinans. If kept from the cold .thy
are readily taken care of, and, al.
though not docile or affectionate, they
are ranked as domestic animals. They
are natives of Africa, and dependent on
man, both here and in Europe as with
out his and they would perish. eiy wilI
soon rid a house, it is said, oi mice and
rats, which have a natural dread of them,
and have been Iown to desert premises
that they occupy They are a terrible
and unrelenting foe. They are 200
turnal, sleeping nearly all day and very
watchful at night, when the household
pests commit most of their depredations.
Their smallness and slenderness enable
them frequently to follow rats into holes
and kill them in a tice. - The' general
belief that they destroy life by sucking
blood is erroneous, notwithstandipg the
statements of naturalits, from Buffon
to Cuvier and Geoffrey St. Hilaire.
After death they, like other members of
the weasol tribe, doubtless suck the
blood of their victims, but they kill too
quickly for so slow a process. It has
been shown, by repeated experiments
that they often inflict but a single
wound, which proves almost instantane
ously fatal. They then, as a rule, quit
their victim at orice and kill another in
the same way. The simple wound is
under or behind the ear, and may or
may not pierce the largo blood-vessels.
The canines enter the spinal cord be
tween the skull and the first vertebra of
the neck,,destroying the victim as the.
matadore destroys the bull. They
pierce the medulla oblongata, the very
center of life, and immediately extin
guish motion, consciousness and sensa
tion. This is one of the many instances
in which the instinct of animals has an
ticipated the tardy deductions of sci
ence. The ferret is so masterly a rat
slayer that thero seems to be every rea
son for introducing him into our domes ftic
economy, as lie will accomplish what
trap, poison, cat and dog have not and
How to Say It.
Say "I would rather walk," and not
" I had rather walk."
Say " I doubt not bunt Ishall," and not
" I don't doubt but I shall."
Say " for you and me," and not " for
you and I."
Say "whether I be ,present or not,"
and not " present or no.'
Say " not that Iknow," and not " that
I know of."
Say "return it to me," and not ":re
turn it back to me."
Say "I seldom see him," and not
" that I seldom or ever sec him."
Say "fewer friends," and not "less
Say "if I mistake not," and not "if
I am not mistaken."
Say ".game is plentiful," and not
" game is plenty."
Say " I am weak in comparison with
you," and not " to you."
Say "it rains very fast," and not
Say "ini its primitive sense," and not
" primary sense.Y
Say " he was noted for his violence,"
and not that "lhe wvas a man notorious
Say " thus much is true," and not
" this much is true."
Say "I lifted it," an?1 not "I lifted it
up."'last, but not least, say "I take
my paper and pay for it in advance."
rearl Fishing on an American Coast.
"Pearl Fishing on the coast of Lower
California is an important industry, no
less than 1,000 divers being employed in
bringing up the costly black pearl, 'which
is found in a great state of perfection in I
the deep waters of Paz. The pearl
ovsters are found from one to six miles
off shore in water from one to twenty.
one fathoms deep. Merchants provide
hats, diving appartus, etc., for the pros
ecution of the business, on condition1
that they can purchase all the pearls
found, at prices to be agreed uon.
These boats, which are usually of about
five tons burden, sail up and'down the
coast from May to November searching
for treasures. The product of a year's
work is about $500,000 estimating the
pearls at their first vaiue.-..-Alta Cau.
Recognislag the Cook.
The paperskare making a great ado
because -Queen Victoria has the name of
the cook written beside every dish on
the bill-of-fare at her dinners, so she
knows who cooks every article on- the
table, and can compliment or oeriture,
as she pleases. That Is nothing F or
Zfteeun years we have adopted tne seine
PEand when th. Hiver .oomes ga a
a o th* oodhah is underdonca
toni ngly like the
Xate is made into
hosiery, colored - k
Iextile fabrics. Jute -
ootton crop, and sackA
and it is subtly entering
fabrio .invented for the
weed of unce 1Q,
found a quotation i
market, and adapted
aeeds. No oodl
promises juht now to
Dlose a race; none does so
and for so little, as does
[ndian plant. Its P"
Oftnit for dyes gives f,
Face 1f some fabrcs,
hesive, clinging qut
valuable for the b
familiar facts are i
by the present or
lute on American
now shown of Lo 4
growth are claimed
ness and finish the best"
Dundee and Scotland
New York is the most populous v oz
States, containing bout one-ten
thie entire population of the Unioi,
it has not the densest population. Th.,
census Bureau reports that the numb "'
)f square miles In the Republic, not in
3luding the Indian Territory and some
inorganized tracts, -s 2,900,170. The
3opulation in 1080cwas '0,165,778, or
L7.29 per squareniile. But o hde
[shmnd Liiie po lon in 58 p*
square mile, in husetts217,n
New Jersey 171.7, In Conneot*#
128.52, anid 'in New York 108.74. w
State, therefore, rants fifth in devds~
f population, and there is an I3iet
tion of a future greatness of which bU%
fewv have probably thought.1n the f$ ~
thiat it has room for so many m r~~
habit ants. The populat an of thepm
trit of Columbia is b2,960.40 per squake
Maen ulay's lugubriansprediction, that
wheni we have a popu1htion of 200 ge
square mile our Governmenit will go tg
p)ices, is not genera yregarded weitl1 /
cother interest thian osityby Anterl.
oans; but wvere It sdemionstrable fact,
it would have no immediate terror for
this 1people. The were 00,019 imml
grants who arriy at Castle Garden last
month, but wore te .rate of immiigra-.
tion to remain th sm, It would re
qmjre more than*5(1yeai's to give the
country a populatiotrof 200 per sqears
mile. The poplulatl of Germany l*
now 205 per square Uo. It conveys a
vinid hdeh of thle fu re magnitude Of '
this nation to say that when itsd densIt
of populationi Is equal to that- of Ger.
rnteny, the United Statgs-will have 594.-.,
>3I,850 inhabitants, not- Including the
[ndian Territory and some tracts now ~
mfoccIJied.--N. Y Mail.
Frauds In Brandles
They are chiefly pract~o with in
erior spirits in orer to mak e n -id
or cognac. It is many yeart w s w K
ho smaller growers began t Id 1e
heir wines before distilling a
luantity of inferior cognao or
ipirit, such as Montpelier bran
arley, beetroot, molasses, rice, or
:ato spirit. Such 18 the richness
Lroma of the pure and true cognac th
t has enough and to spare for these
litions of insipid alcohiols. This fren
-andl many maintain that it Is no frat
-18 undiscovered except by a very exo
erienced taster indeed, gifted with.a
nost sensitive palate; detection is
sasier when the foreign spirit Is add.
id after instead1 of before distilla
,Ion. ~'Then the biting liarshness of
1ew brandy Is taken off with two drops oJ;
iquid ammonia to the bottle; the alkk
icutralizing a portion of the essential?
ils which are chiefly given out -by tWe
grape-skins. Cream of .tartar and
mandied sugar are also used for this pukwt :~
pose. 'rho color of ageis got expedi
Liously without molasses, either nat' , '
>r burnpd; and this last is emlodt '
roduce the brown brandy of teEn
ish. But more elastic consoci "
rieiped on br the soientific chemis
ave doscen ed by little and littlef
naking cognac out of beetroot, ma
)otato spirit, or any other alcohol
urns up in the market. FoY th
&hole laboratory is required, embrsig
mech matters as grape-sirup, buraI
ugar, infusion of bitter-almond shells:
anille, tea, the root of the Florenda
ris (which we corruptly call orris4'oot)
mngelica seed, lemon-r1ud, wahlnt
ma~ks, liquorice, demomlieg t
~atechu, and Tolu bal'sam.--St.Jae
JIazette. A I4 T~iA
Mr. Ed Good writes thiat he 1o ad
wild boy " last week at the ujn
3prings, Tex., about fourteen na~s41
orth of Jasper. He deseribes him
rppearing from his size to be about t~
>r twelve years old .hair rather a $
solor and hanging lyelow hisebO2lt*
mid his body in a perieotly ned 4s
not a particle of clotbing of -A
about him. He was picking #d
berries when seen. Mr. Good7a
within a few rods of him, -
stealthily, before the byp~w
The Jatter fled Popltep
leves it to be a verit~l -
If that be so be might bo ---
the mystery of his 1(
Detroit 16 ee Press -
Narbie 'eads iiV
Dr;(&sry Oos hia a