Newspaper Page Text
Oft lathe 16oftj
W rn=0 BN, i49patodhou
of~ I4be t ! m _go
4 u could find bar flowerSi
But =uh bt were Spring to ive
o he blossoms t Deotr, 't
ey would seem as fair and sweet
As thoso wo lovingly remember.
For violets blue and daisies white
In frost and cold would surely shivor,
And purplo Iris Itags soon droop
It waving o'er a frozon river;
And so 'tis better as It in
For young boarts oily aro Spring's p)0ion
We old ones faith, msnit be content
To know that once we shared her treaqures.
-Marglat4 Eytine, ins 11arpe's Wcdd y.
Much depends upon the groom Iin tle
management of horses in the stable.
Frequently3 very poor grooms get coi
tmiol of good horses, and the owIner st
fers the loss resultitig from their incomn
potency. It is muore dillloilt to hli a
competent groon than it Is to finil an
eXperienced farmer, skilled melhanie,or
practical sailor, beeuise there is no rdo
or meclanical stamdard by vhihi to de.
termiuno the groom's competenev. An
offieielnt groou will keep the stable
cean, and Iuritieil froi the ia)rbon
acid gas generated from the lungs it
respirationi, and the amm1onia esaping
fromn the oxTuC11lnts, so tOhat. thi her.,es
will not. breathe t heso gase, w hih
'reatet disease. lie will arrange in all
way-s for tle comfort and giood hehthIi
of the anim als placed in 'hki clare;
he will have " a p'huse for evers thiu ,
and evervtling in its plae;'" he'will
kind temptured, hunmne I .a his b'*ses
ani faithful to his e ployer. and wi
umderstand hi busiless. atnd hax the
honesty to execut the' truzzst writh td -
ity. vigilance and e, m
in many st ablh 2 aie
or siierittedet, w '' t NY
ants, and has .he 1-2
help f r I' :id ':ii .
which has i n- w. : ,., ' , "e
their p w'1-c, l D s-'n T e rvrnn\ m li, :d
i' li t; 41:1111
sumPeruI 0 a r :11.'lt 1 (i d
IN rk rI I K# ~ I '1.Vt Itt. (I a lit ~ b.
feMd uIa uIne fit' to I r a.u
ofeuuo bo -nr to r'upp'i t ie oub
wftanci e \late \Ifli ity :r Ii ,o
tis ot ntmvtnior lit' IAr-e W r hr
get \Vciru. Nt os, mor t(.I 1): nil
becom',le's har,:t'-le 1;i ] -Ie~ -il14
kpn upn it he h as f rhe amoinV t hesi4
wvork, a ruitd o tom . Thonu b' J
fd en o)g to suply thne o natral wite
aot body. an to~ r-upply IMlI~t s ub
hoance, exhausted by he a:orl.r
lise riot <rootl polivtle wr horses fd
become hjardened00s iu' by exercisepal beo
kep thup with ess fooi, undrfhe san
wo~ar, thnit too toy' pu i. o. il'rom
fite otet ons of rgifood! l ~awu winin '
aout suppl thizes daiy consumpton >n
The REnlish clar ore f ed xl'"
ehten art fo~s oats i.- 11:4 pioundt of~I
; on fhay ted ieie a dr.TeAor<an.
cavlryehorse, hav lled thoiegih ri
tion tincrealil~set ha- of oisJe*dy f ivll
queartayo as tsw ay as ,-1ml amount, o~1f'
h'ay hee time mes a day.Telmt-,i
the eet.n is1( aloeg4 ofron): (~ s i i I0
ionds oft haycI4~ fe fiep times fa day.~
ofh rac-hose i 1es allweefo te ihte
to ftilntym quars, of as er dayo,lf anl
feroy se, much hayti as ethne, bina1
hullbed dive iime ai' day. g, io:
The fneet and loegs ofhorses' rleepaire1)4
ing wit haodrsbeen :Keth fri-t a11ll
leat inorer. and hep bodyt wll ktowl
enr~ tof itself." T~hle Ilegs, areI; hth .ist
forom ede ptQl)1 rnd exertigu, shouh.
b'e rb on thd'g rfr lif legs, fvrn
the n~tees and11( hoes down, houd wit
wetl hand-rtbe soa th hrict will
prevnt inn-gable espian that v eyl
oed tod prevent swthoud (1111 isti jints
contraed teanofs andprng thkne tiee.
Wen drethel r, feverdoptom over
driiny wthe houdbsbaed fo atwtkh
Theventuinggeall thatore eye-t o
tea artsvl of theyan corsde. M
orTei pao sulene E~te feetg aIIl1:
superior to clay as an antidote for
thrush and frog dliseases. It can be
packed in dry, and wvet afterward. It
will leave the feet sweet, cleani amt
soft, when wvashedo (Jut regularly wit hi
wvarmj salt water. Stu mng prevents t ho
feet from becoming dry and brittle. -
Najional Live Soci: 'Journal.
A Cool Proposition.
There are men who speak of their
losses, and, when called' upon to detail
them, can only say that they did not
make this or that investment wheroby)
they would have gained large sums. A'n
analogous mode of reasoning would
seem in order as regards profits. At
*- least, so thought the brilliant but penni
lesi roung "nociety man " who asked a
Wal samet magnate to give him his
dat htersa hand.
"ent, n dear fellow, ouhaven't
a cetmtewrd!eidterich mani
Whtdoes that matter ?" asked the
leader of Germans. "You say that her
dotis 5Ouuu- I will take her with
half that sum cash down. We shall
oome out $250,000 apiece ahead--don't
you see?"--Harper', Weekly.
--Once a woman, who was called in
to do Garibaldi's washing, venturedl to
remark that she could not findi his shirts.
"My shirts! 1 have but two,"' he re
plied. "You must have one in the
wash; I have the other on. With a lit
tle order and calculation, two shirits are
plenty!" Garibaldi's philosophy was
never surpassed, unless by that Ken.
tueky gentleman who possessed but one
shirt, and was accustomed to be in bodi
one day each week to have the sacredl
garment washed. One morning, while
he was at rest, his wife rushed in ~nd
cried: "Bill, the durned calf he'z et
your shirt?" Upon this Bill remarked
-tril Fhat Prtes. he ut oe
.-enroFre Pic roas. ahir
--Sensible advien fenm a hank canMar
Sme emonths ago we published an
article upon the growing of flax for
fiber, and It was and is asubject of con.
siderable importance. But It rocolves
but comparatively little attention, for
there is a very prevalent disposition to
shirk the labor necossary to produce an
article that mantifaturors can uwo.
To to this requiros a greater dogroo ot
care and the adoption of noro thorough
mthotis than the mat1jority of the farm
0r "eIm willintg to giv O a0Ao 'I'liT
promintlioll of seol alonti appears to b.1
willeient to Satisfy the liost Of I hose
who grow 11he1 Crop. h1te1 ricew
pub~lishedh atid to whitc w have re
ferrod, it may be rememiere'd that
mniltioni Was litde of the fact, that lit
OnO6t) timeti it comn of ternm4lLl' capital
ists oreeted a allx mill in a section of
ihe West in whi Ah there ni as titst thoos
anares an111Inululder. flax,'hult that1t
t he enlterpr.ist had to he ahamlointed.
Now to olin wiit is ilt,\peiencd, it
wouild het supposedt't that sulch a se tion
'would 11u:ranite tihe sciteess of a tla\
mill. 'Ihere was tit i61l a:lt there w-11a
the 1--. Yet the un1derlakin- was a
fa'lure, And why P ltaas th farm
ers of that sect ion wtouhi not g roW Ila\
for thi tbr, Thek ctw olipanv Said tilt
flrImers would neithe'r pull the0 t1x.
keep the st raw straight or treat it as it
eservert - that the seemied to be eon
tenlt ito aise tla\ for the seed only. In
thuits doin., or rather in thius not 'doin,
the frum'r-s of thie stetion le::al-y did
oit act in ' nlance with t heir own
iltstsV-St, 01nt of the Zrat drawbackS
to the cultivtion of t-ax for the tia'e
Sis the want of market in mAny e
Thbe businesof mufacturin. whc
21 %:-s timte zus,-un esdr.epL
that weI do:~ not* foc our fars o vel
r', *.,j~ ('j .4j.
moreAJ. 'ra ju ll thrgi? r~r
progressin ini dirtion. It itr
theu progress ind very stme, and thorugh
reform~a illt prbatl rea o or beti estab
thte,1' whe oc thess uc lar n tohatl
occup it. B ~ralutl therAmerisa farm
populatioi n tis tinlient to pertis't,
theckless as to go low, evn if throue
rf willn temttonsL)I c to' do so, wit
liuiti a seaily tincreing 4)m ellort t chk
We .indi as a pat, 1o1f it ell'ot thicn..
(Jcmey . lit t la growersa ofahecoun
t ry wI~il mak ta pineh lt t rducelier
that~~ is Lt te gmills, he mi ilt neot
be ltong wantti. o(1)5, i i
lax needs11, a odsiadaryo.
foll tof a m t t r w lxu o t
Ugualy god what oilis oo', lai
sotil. I t i a xhauting ro ti anda the
sov ill ught t e n to )i T ground
l sowig forei the ilsprheigilas willn as
h so ise'I rasonabtly dry tiu adr warm.
The quan itury f .luee wil hiler accord-i
wi to tteI prsei frorg which th criop i.
grown.l af the whodutio so ise iso the
object abou al hXalf~tii or oia threure
of wan bue in the acricng ae uson if
the ftibe is rwaned, abru ambushe iandi
a hal.Wee ml quantity of seedvi ife ttrl
ris used the plts t ino sen ou t lre
branjtch, hic, .hal will plrduco many.r
teed-bolher butwthtedberowtll buthel very
good. But when a larger qulantity of
8Ceed is usedl, at larger numb11 er of plant1 s,
of urlse, are produlced, t he plants gr~ow
straight and tall, and1( produlce a gottd
quality of fibher, but not much11 seed. -
TIhe Survey of Eastern Palestine.
Captain Conde'r and Lieutenant Man,~
tell, R1. E., have returned from their
lmrst Camfpaign ini Easter-n Palestine,
brimtimg wvithI thmem tihe results o:i their
work. lhose inichlude the miap oif IL hi rgo
disOtrit, covering li v hundd stpImreOILn
miles of country, with a very laurgo
gnlantity of notes, ptlans, drawings amnd
pihot ographs concern11in g the antiqiuities
of Moalb andi Gilead. Captain Conder
wvil lproceedl at once to arrni'Le theso
materials for publication. Ilelas also
brought wvith him a c!onsiderable quan
tity (of notesx, antd add(itional informat ion
made by himself antd his party in West
ern Pa lestine. T'hese will be includled
mn thme next vo(lumle of the society's great
work, which will be delaved a month or
two on their account. Iburingr the ro
cent visit of the Royal Prines to Pal
estinoe, Captain Conder had the honor of
accompanying their Royal Hlighnmesses
throughout their tour, which lasted
nearly six wveeks, and extended over all
Western Palestine', aind over agreat p~art
of the count ry east of Jordtan. TIhe
haram at HebIronI waLs also e xploredt, a ntd
a plan and dlescription were prepared
by Captain Conder, to be0 subhmittedt to
his Royal Highness the Prince of Walos.
--Lon don Ncws.
Accident In a Sulphur Mine.
Tlhe Glazetta P'iemontese reports a ter..
rdble accident ini one of time suilphur
mmies at Caltanisetta, in Sicily. T1heo
rope by which a wagon heavily laden
with sulphur wats bemng drawn up an
incline out of the "'Tumuminelli"' pit sut -
denly snapped. Tlhe wagon thereuponi
commenced descending again, and,
there being no piossibi itv of stop png
it, the wagon rushed at a tremen<i ous
speed to the bottom of the pit, and was
thsthigh frictio time brimnitne buirst in
to flames, with the most distrous results
to the miners, who were at wvork at the
Itime. As soon as the tirewsetn
gushe there were r" fewer than thir
tend dead bodies taken out of the pit,
the victims having all been suffocate d
and burned to death. There -eei
addition. unward of rtyn ..:ere,,mo
We know of no subject upon whikh the
)pinion of experts in Asiatio affairs is so
ifopelessly divided as to that of Oriental
patriotism. A great number of the
keenest of them, and eseoWally of the -
men whose experienee is entiled to 1
espeeot, say that such a feeling as
atriotism does not exist In any.Asfatlio.
Ele can and will die for hiR reed, or for
its tribe, or caste, or for his dynasty;
)ut of patriotism ho has no conception.
lIe very rarely or never has a word in
Ale languago to express the virtve, his
publio opitilon does not require tt as a
LoniditionI of politifal life, and under
iteiptat.lon he never flnds Iv. it any
soure of strength. An Atsiatie, such
observers say, enn be very loyal tV a
ruler or to an ally, or to an idea, but.
his loyalty to what he terms his
"country" is of the feeblest character.
lie may speak of patriotlsm in words,
especia ly when talking to Europeans;
but. his impelling anotive Is aliways
either ambition or pride, or fanaticism,
and not, especially under temptation,
love of country. lie will sell his country
in order to rule it, and sometimes for
Uere luere, especially whenU he is out of
spirits, and thinks Destiny has declared
aainst the virtues. Those observers
think thus believe in their own
view very tirimly, point to the ease of
Tej Singli, who sold victory, as General
Cunningham reports, for E219,000, and
riiheule the notion that a man like
Arabi l'asha can be overned by
anything like "nationalist' feeling. Ito
nmy be they admit, a Mussuluan
fnatie-,or a devotee of tho Khalifate
which is not quizte the same thing-or
evena an "Asiatie"; that is, a man who
kiutehes European ascendaney ; but he
no care enough for Egypt to make
Eypnian interest, as he conceives it,
the guiding- star of hi. policy--can not,
in be in any sense a patriot.
Wrt shouid say that, on the whole,
...was thw more general opinion, es
.e among thos- ,e experts who have
eeme uch in contact with prominent
An:ie~' st-tue-the men, that is,
who i'nL n Sovereigue, but have risen
by singi or opposing sovereigns. At
, s-ue tim e. a minority of observers
e:y operienced, and we think, as a
-. "O'se of more sympathy and
ih:tholugh not of greater force, ut
this view. They say that
A zls not only can feel, but do feel
the un: t of patriotism as strongly
I Eureans: that the want of a word
to exress the idea is an accident,which,
enouigh, is reproduced in En
-land, where, though every one under
s'ans '>ve of country," the only
sir de word which imprezses that senti
m- n is barrowed from the French; and
that an Arab, a native of India, or a
Chinamain, when a goo'd man, is as
strongly mn >ed by the idea of '"coun
try." and all which it imphllies, as an En
elishman or an American. ie is more
likely to be deticient in that virtue than
a Euiropean, as lhe is more likely to be
deticienit in any other of the active vir
tues, huis n hole nature being feebler,
and, so to speak, more feminino; yet
lie not only recognizes, but, unless over
powvered by strong temptation, acts on
it. ie very often, for example, sub
mits to invasion when a Flu ropeatn would
resist, but he never submits willingly,
still less permanently. Hle never adopts
the invader, never forgets that his own
c:ounltry is separate, andi never ceases to
hope Itat in God's goodl time the inva
der wvill be c'ompell to depart, or, if
such extreme good fortune may be, wvili
be slaught ered out.
As to self-sacrifice for his country, lie
fills up the national army readily
eniought, and this iln countries likeA
rhainistan, which have no0 conseription;
1)e serves as a soldier, say in Turkey,
with wonderful self-suppresslon ; and he
will, and doeJs constantly, risk his for
tune rallier thaii give an advantage to
the national eiiemy. No foreign Gov
ernment in an Asiatic state is ever able
quite to trust the 1)00ple, while it is a
universal experience that if a rising oc
curs, the peolie enter into a silent con
spiracy to give it aid. They may not
rise, but the foreigner hears ~nothing of
the plot till it explodes, finds no one to
bet ray the leaders, and is conscious of
living in ani atmosphere of deadly hos
tility. In the excepitional case of small
st atos separatedi by any cause from their
neighbors, like that of the Albanians,
the Afghans, the Burmese, or the
JDruses, patriotism is a burning passion,
to be as fully relied on as the same pas
sion in any European country. Men
who think thus declare that Arabi Pasha,
though governedi by mixed motives, still
does feel the nat ionalist feeling ; that his
followers, though moved by many emo
tions, still do seek the independence of
Egypt; andl that a good many of tho~se
whom we consider dangerous fools,
aetuated by bloodthirsty race-hatred,
honestly believe that in rioting they are
risking life in ordler to be rid of enemies
to their country.-Lmdon Spectator.
Sympatheic and11( Comnbative.
"It is noi t oftenI thiat one finds the
syimthIet ic anid combiative elements of
I rishi chtarnete'r more fin ely blended thban
they are ini the followingr story
"Jc Tedy Kelly was employed as a
section hiandl on aL railroad. in an uin
guardled mlomlent. lhe undiertook to occu
py the main track intstiead of allowincr
the priority to an express tramn that was
overdue. After the train p~assedl it was
discovered that Teddy hadl been distig
uired almost beyond recognit ion. H s
Emie'rald coadljutors gathered around
the rin s, bemloanedl the tuti mely
taking oil of their comrade, and re
marked what a i ty it wvas that the poor
fellow shoul have been so horribly
manuugledl. After their 110ood of grief hadl
sp~ent its force it was sugges ted that one
of their numi)ber lie senut to break the
sad niews ats tendrerly as possible to M rs.
Kelly. Mr. Patrick D~oIan was unani
mously elected to performi this mourn
ful service, lie huied~ily betook him
self to the Kelly nmansion and knocked
at the (door wvith enough severity to sug
gest the hurling of a young thunder
hol t. in a fewv moments the woman of
the house was in the presence of the
visitor, andI the following conversation
"JDolan--- 'Is the Widdy Kelly in?'
"Womian-'No; the \Viddy Kelly
dloes'nt live here, but i'nm Mrs. Kelly.'
'DIolan-'You're a liar, for the corp>se
is just comin' aroondI the corner!' '~ -
-A Tlenant-liouse League has been
organizedl in New York. Its object is
t o "'abolish landlords.'' We dlon't quite
uinderstandl its mnodus operandi, so to
speak, hut if, when a tenant owes a
landlord three or four months' sack
rent- say $100--this league can he
hired, for five or ten dollars, to abolish
the landln-a 4me..
m16 PARN AND GARDEN.
--To BroilOmates: Seet'l 81"&
Matoe1 not too ripe, for this purposo.
Dut in rather thlok slices, and broil6fn a
ridiron. after they have been well
iprinkled with ppper, salt and a little
butter.-Harper a Bazar. '.
-To Color Nankeen: Fill a flve-pail
brass kettle with small pieces of white
birch bark and water, let steep twenty
[our hours and not boil, then skim out
the bark, wet the cloth in soapsuds,
then put it In the dye, stir well and air
often; when dark enoigh dry, then
wash in suds. It will never fade.--JThe
--Many cooks nowadays prefer steam
lg a leg of mutton to the old time way
of iling, even when it is included in a
"boiled dinner." It takes longer to
steam it, but the flavor is better. To
the gravy add some capers or cut some
cucumber pickles in very small pieces
and stir in. To my ta4sto there is no
way so satisfactory to serve mutton as to
-A delicious citron pudding is made
of one cup and a half of sugar, a small
half-cup of butter, four eggs, and as
much citron as your taste demands; the
citron should be cut in very thin slices,
or it may be choped. Make a puff
paste, and line the bottom and sides of
a deep pie-plate or of a shallow pudding
dish; till with the mixture, and bake.
The whites of the egs caln be reserved
for a meringue, if you please.-&t.
---To clean stained wood-work which
Is also varnished, an old housewife rec
ommends saving tea-leaves from the
te:ipot for a few days. Drain them, and
when you have a suticient quantity put
them in clean, soft water; let t hem sin
mer for half an hour; when almost
cold strain them out, and, dipping a
flannel cloth in the wvater, wipe off the
paint., drying it with another flannel
cloth. One cup of tea-leaves to one
quart of water is the (1110 allowanco.
N . Post.
--To start an asparagtus bed from
the seed, sow thinly in rows one foot
apart as early as the ground is in proper
condition. Carefully destroy all weeds
as soon as they appear. Thiin out the
plants to three or four inches in the
rows, allowing only the most vigorous
to grow. Next spring set the plants in
beds five feet wide, with three rows, a
foot. apart, to the bed. The best soil is
a rich, sandy loam, eighteen inches
deep, into which a plentiful sul)l)ly of
well-rotted manure hias been worked.
The plants should be set at least six
inches below the surface. A good as
paragus bed is an excellent, investment,
and no village or farm garden should
be without one. Of course, one can
gain year by Jurchasing roots instead
of planting s(eds. ---N. Y.' E~xaminer.
USEFLJ AND SUJ4GESTJ.VE.
---n the Boston market Ma'ne, Ver
mont and ( anada horse-i are said to
bring twenty-live per cent. more than
Western horses equI ally bred.
---ne p~oundl of oilcake, savs a dhis
tingished F renchI chemist, is ~equal to
three pounds~l of corn meial, nline piounds
of bran or ten pounds of hay.
---Pickled Beets: Boil very tentler in
quite salt water, skin, slice an lacl~e in
an earthen pot or any convieint dish.
Fo)r every good1-siz/ed beet allow a //un
slice of onion, a tabl-spoonful of grated
hor~ze-radish and1( half a do~zent cloves.
( 'over with cold vinegar. 'They will not
keep, over a wveek.-unral New Yorker.
-'The American w(oneler or premiun
genm peasl sown ini .\u,'i wvill, if t v
escape mildew, mii k- a fair :u:o ii i
crop). .M uch eve'ry w.tv d1 %E'?ens Iipo
the weather for succes<, mel fromi or
owi-n ex perience we pre'fer August to
duly. Mol fronm the wood! : m-Ike -
veryv nice fertilizer. 'Thue grouim i h
be finely an'l deeply pulvr.ed. . . .
together a t4'a-spoonful each ofou
ful of pulveizedl nutigalls an-1l a t --
spooniful of honiey (suigar will :m *w-ri
the prpose) ; pour' ov.er t he mix Ir.- a
tealcupfull of boEiling~ waztter; let it w':l,
anhtl witht aL clean lineni ra:g waz-h thle
mouth four or five' timues a dlay, usinr -L
fresh bit of linen every time. ~ Tis wil
(1ure sore& muthitt iiinimtheri anid child1(. -
N. Y. TrilanJV.
-- hicken Cholera: Whe'n v-' 4.-ve
medlicine for this disease be c:i '<ful tIba',
the watter the fowls drink is putre. We
give a plenlty of green foodu. chi->;ppedi
and1( made pahlatablhe by mnixinig wah 1 oth
er' edlibles. If yout see a thieC'(-kjined
fruit, on the grouti break it, so I hat t he
bird mxay get at its best part, or zat le ase
be templltCed t ry it. Tlhie f)Pm///~ eWor/
p rescribes equi al pats. of j'phepperml ii,
IaudoIainum anii~ camlphor five to tent
drops of the mtixtulre every dlay.
Meteors and Aerolites.
A comparison of all the facts which
are known respecting shooting-stars, det
onating meteors and aerolites leads to
the conclusion that they are all minute
bodlies revolving like the comets in orbits
about the sun, and are encountered by
the earth in its orbital motion. The
visible path of aerolites is somewhat
nearer to the earth's surface thtan that
of ordlinary shooting-.stars, a result
which may 'be ascribed to their greater
density, which causes, therefore, greater
These three classes of bodies exhibit
alternate periods of maximum and mini
mum abundance, and the times of maxi
mum for the several classes correspond
somewhat with each other, indicating
that these bodies are collected in grouips
and the three classes of bodies are
, ouped in a somewhat simiilar manner.
'he August meteors move in orbits
which require more than a century to
complete, and comprehend bodies differ
ing greatly in size and probably also in
density. Their magnitudes range from
comets whose diameter is perhaps 100,
000 miles to minute atoms, which, in 'a
single second, are dissipated by the hert
resulting from their collision with our
atmosphere. Their density ranges fromi
that of metallie iron to earthy bodies
having but feeble cohesion, which are
thssipated into fine dust by the heat of
collision with our atmosphere ; and it is
possible that the rarest of them may
consist of solid or liquid matter in a state
of minute subdivision, like a cloud of
dust or smoke.
The periodia meteors of November
rbbycomprehend bodies having an
equal range of magn itude, and perhaps
also of density.--Prof. Loomia.
--The overseors of the poor in Boston1
have $525,828 in trust funds, the in
come of which is annually distributed
for' specific purposes, in accordlance
with the desires of the d~mors, or dii.
posed of by the noveee.s~. frte best.
~'.~an Its OMP14DYW~
bew a d~oAto our city iomehat
siqd clee n its s4a
deb&ts t to Now England village
where it is looated. There are opough
odibeholders who are tesidents of WaE
ington to make a good-sized city of
themselves. In the various departments
the work goes on the same from one
year's end to another, and one would
scarcely realize how great the number
of employees in the various departments
Is. In the Treasury Department there
are over 3,500 employees, divided as
follows: Divisions of the Secretary's
ofilee, 557; Bureau of the Mint, 12; Su
pervising Surgeon-General's office, 17;
Office of Inspector General of Steam
boats, 6; Bureau of Statistics, 37; Life
Saving Service, 17; Office of Light
house Board, 36; Bureau of Engraving
and Printing, 1,008; Supervising Archi
tect's oflice, 90; First Comptroller's
office, 58; Second Comptroller, 63;
Comptroller of Currency, 89; Office of
Commissioner of Customs, 33; First
Auditor, 56; Second Auditor's, 151;
Third Auditor's, 137; Fourth Auditor's,
46; Fifth Auditor's, 28; Sixth Auditor's,
277; United States Treasurer's Offiee,
281; Register's, 192; Office of the Com
missioner of Internal Revenue, 222;
United States Coast Survey, 100.
In the State Dopartment there are but
In the War Department there are
1,600 clerks, as follows: Secre.tary's
Office, 89; Adjutant General's Ofli,
448; Inspector General's Office, 5;
Quartermaster General's Department,
170; Paymaster General's Department,
55; Engineer Department, 215; Ord
naneo Department, 18; Signal Office,
128; Bureau of Military Justice, 8;
Col. Casey's Bureau for Building the
State, War and Navy Departments, 140;
Office of the Publication of Official ReI
cords of the Rebellion, 43.
The Interior Department clerks num
ber 1,666, as follows: Secretary's
Office, 128; Patent Office, 448; Land
Office, 261; Pension Office, 670; Indian
Office, 66; Geological Surveys, 50; Ed
ucaticn Bureau, 34; Railroad Bureau,
9. The Census Office, which is really
a branch of the Interior Department,
numbered last year 680, and these
should be added to the number in the
Interior Department, iakina 2,346.
In the Post Office Department (prop
or) the employees number 488; in the
Department of Justice, 59; in the De
partment of Agriculture, 103; Govern
ment Printing Office, 1,843; so that
really the number employed in the Gov
ernment Departments on duty in Wash
ington is about 10,000. This is exclu
sive of the Capital, City Post Office,
and District Government offices.
This body of Government employees
forms not only a large, but a very intel
ligent and agreeable element of thie pop
ulation of Washington. A large pro
portion of them are people of thouwrht,
edlucation, and refinement, and titeir
presence would be an acquisition to any
community. --Wasin'ugon ~Star..
Thior'ugh Cultivation of Corn.
The value of corn as an article of food
for man and boast should lead the farm
er bo0th to give the greatest possible at
tention to its cultivation. No other
ordinary crop yields better returns for
the amount of labor bestowed upon it;
and, indeed, to secure a good crop the
most thorough cultivation is not only
dlesirable, but absolutely necessary. T1'he
plantmng once done, the work should be
considered as but little more than begun.
As soon as the growth is suflicient to be
distinguishedl from the surroundinrr
wcedls, the field should be hoed, the
weeds cut down, and the ground loos
ened and mellowed. It is too often the
case that no attention is given the crop
until large enough to harrow, when the
rrround( has become baked and dIry and
he corn is choked by weeds. Later on
comes the plowving or harrowing,
wvhich should be thoroughly and care
fully done. There is no reason why a
large portion of the field should 1)e in.
jutred or destroyed by ''tramping out,''
or plowing out, and a little care in this
direction will result in much good.
TJhen the hoeing which follows should
be considered as a most important part
of the work of cultivation, and can not
be too thoroughly performed. The dirt
should be loosened about the hills, and
roots where the plow or hat-row has not
ouched, and every part of the ground
overturned. Later in the season, and
when it is generally thought unnecessa
ry to bestow further attention upon the
corn-field, a second or third hoeing- will
producc ood results. The soil can not
be too of ten stirred and softened and
exposed to the wvarmth of the sun, the
latter condition being one of the priinci
pal requisites to a healthy growth and
fruitful yield. Faithfully performed,
the work given to the cultivation of corn
will yield manifold. The failure to se
cure a good crop Is quite as often due to
a lack of proper cultivation as to any
other adverse condition.--N. Y. 0b
(iONE Iinflammatory rneumatism,
mured by St. Jacobs Oil. Ira Brown.
--Tne neert ot tne preset, any is a
rest pocket umbrclLa. Oine that can ho
l ucked away wvith the lead pencils, t en
'entU p)ieces with holes in them, biroken
matches, andl~ other collatera's of thle
raverage vest pocket. You see it is imu
p)ossile to know whether you are go'
to meet a shower on the way dIowntowni
[)r have one overtake you, and just no0w
there is no way of providling against
nit her contmigency. A vrest pocket umn
b~rellaL that would hol about at pint
wouild seem to uts the proper thing.
New laveit Jtegister. ________
MA the good work begun by St.
Jacobs Oil continue until rheumatism
md neuralgia have been banished from
the earth.-Albany (N. Y.) Preoa and
-A hint is pomotimes as good as a
long speech. " Mr. Foote," Paidl a gent
tIenman to that celebrated wit at a din
ner party, "your handlkerchief is hiani
mng out of yoiur pocket." " Thank youi~
wa~s the mild reply, " you undoubtedlly
know the company better than 1 (1.''
N. Y. Iherald.______
Advice to cosuna,atgvm..
On the appearance of the first symptoms
--as general debility, loss of appetite,
tallor, chilly sensations, followed by night
weats and cough, promnpt measures of re
ief should be taken. Consumption is
crofulous, disease of the lungs; therefore
use the great anti-scrofulous orbod-r
ier and strength-restorer, Dr. Pierce's
'Golden Medical Discovery." Superior to
'od liver oil as a nutritive, an d unsur
>assed as a pectoral. For weak lungs.
pitting of blood, arnd kindred affections
t has nn maenni.Rd i v Aric-t&r lm.r. n.
.-The Suez Canal s one of tL most
*&114vte Oleoes of property in the
world. The net proita last year were
over $5,000,000.. This was an increase
of over -28 per cent. over the prolits of a
the previous year. Each ship ' that
passes through the canal pays a little
over 20 cents a ton.--N Y. Aeratd.
The Weaker Sex
are immensely strengthened by the use of 1
Dr. R. V. Pierce's " Favorite Prescription,''
which cures all female derangements, and
gives tone to the systein. Sold by druggiats.
-The Doy Who W anTE't A siluation at
the poulterer's was a brave lad. He was
ready for the hen-countei.
YOUNo and middle-aged men, suffering
front nervous debility and kindred affec
tions, as loss of memory and by pocondria,
should enclose three stainps for Part VI1 of
World's Dispensary Dime Series of p am
phlets. Address WORLD's DISPENSARY MED
14UAL ASSOCIATION, Buffalo, N. Y.
-A man while looking from the win.
dow of an emigrant car near Lyons, N.
Y., the other dny, had his head crushed
by sonic object along the road, and died
An Unusual Case,
RiciMoND, AuK., Aug. 8, 1881.
jr. II. WARNER & CO.: Sire- was eured
of chronic diarrhoa by your*Safe Kidney
and Liver Cure. JOHN D. FREEMAN.
--It is recommended that sickly
potted plants be dreneled with water
heated to 145 degrees; it has the effect
of removing from the roots poisonous
acid secretions which may have accu
Decine o1f man.
Nervous Weakness, Dyspepsia, Impotence,
Sexual Debility, cured by "Wells' Health Re
newer." 01. Druggists. Send for pamphlet
to E. 8. Wzau, Jersey City, N. J.
--The doctor grows happy as the
Fourth of July draws near.
MENsMAN's Peptonized beef tonic, the only
preparation of beef contining its gntire nutr
-s properties. It tains blood-making,
force generating and life-eastaining propertiesI
invaluable for indigestion, dyspepsia, nervons
prostration, and all forms of general debilit i
also, in all enfeebled conditions, wbether tie
result of exhaustion, nervous prostration, over
work or acute disease, particularly if resultin
from pulmonary complaints. Caswell, Hazard
A Co., proprietors, Now York. Bold by druggi.ts
Nuralgia, Sciatica, Lumbag
Backache, Soreness of the Chest,
Gout, Quinsy, Sore Throat, Swell.
ings and Sprains, Burns and
Scalds, General Bodily
Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted
Feet and Ears, and all other
Pains and Aches.
No~ Preparation on3 earth equials 8-r. JArons Onr.
na a safe, sur-e, iampl~e nud cheap) External
iRenuiedy A trial entails but the comparatively
trifling outlay~ of iO tents, and every one anffering
itii pam cani have cheap and poeitive proof of it.
LDirections in Eleven Languages. 1 7
80LD BY ALL DRUGGIS AND DE'ALER8
A.VOGrELER & Co.,
____ iainafore, Md., . .4.
Ilontetter's Stomach flitters extlrpates dyspepsia withI
greater cei tainty and promptitude than any known rem
erly, and in a most genial invigorant, appetizer and aid to
.ecretion. These are not empty assertions, as thousands
ol ouir countrymen and women whto have experIenced its
eflcts are aware, hut are back-ed uip by Irrefingable
p" of, . The Bitters a'lso give a h'eail'y istimulous to the.
urinar y r,u,.
For sale by all Druggts and Dealer.
~ellngar'f em nri o- ois e ]
DR. STRONG'S PILLS
504a ialdh r,~a. resr eic ara ~nd almane
One pair of our Lds' Fine Fbshonable Best
French Kid 0mailed to
a ya0 -dress upon
tereceipt of 4O, money or stampsi.
I GLLLOW holesale lioot &So
* Dealers, LouisvilleKy.
~ l.. lve ulse K.ARTERt SON
Utwny-.fve years in medicine, J v~ never found a!
hRI,~Cdes n ifihl caeb ,rvos rst
arsheD HA E dIRfOf Tebood, thi eeess in my p
C usee that have biiOi~d some of our most eminent physi
able reined v * 1 preisoribe It in preference to any i ron
as 1)3. JJ&*73R'B IRON TON~J5 eeiity iii my ji
for all thee PaIalo Complaltat and We koereod
wcmosao to our best fessale populatio.
"t will nure entirely the worst form of Fenale Cow.n
plainte, all ovarian trouble., Inflammation and Ulcer*
tloa, Falling and DIrplacamenta, and tiho consequent
Spinal Weakness, and is particularly adapted to the
Change of Life.
It will dissolve and expel tumora from the uterus 1
an early stage of development. The tenaency to ce V
cerous humor3therois checked very spoedily hy its use
It removes faintness, fle.tulency, cestroysall craving
for stimulants, and relieves weekncs of the stomach. 0
It eures Bloating, Ilendawhes, ?er.o :s Prostration,
General Debility, Sleepleesnesa, Der:c:'.on and IndS
That foelng of bearing dow,, ca 4r.g pain, welgh6
and backache, is always prnanently curel by Its use
It willati all times and under all cirurntances act 1%
harmony with the laws that rovern the femnle system.
For the cure of Kjdney Con.plaints of either sa this
CompoubLd Is unsurpassed.
LYDIA E. PINKIIAM'S VEIETAIILE COM*
POUND in prepared at 213 end 2ft Western Avenue,
Lyne, MWa. Pricef $. Six bottles for f7,. Sent by mall
in tno form of pills, also In the form of lozenges, 0n
receipt of price, $1 per box for either. Mrs. Pinkham
freelyanswers all letters of inquiry. Bond for pampl.
let. Address as above. Jfention thie Paper.
No family should be witho'it LYDIA E. PTNKIAW8
LIVER PILLS. They cure constipation, biliousnea%
and torpidity of the liver. 25 cents per box.
M* Sold by all Druggists. '
ENG INESE NIee .ItON AId
AItOS eS. es 1.ke hit4.
ATTENTIN 44IN OWNERR.
sco0tt's 1Improv0.d Jlaurx~ks'o4WerV.
The work of six. horses doite by three.
"dfn be ndjusted by any gin owuner in five
ru-urst at a cost of $1.50 or iwl i " andl lumber.
Positively inulispeuible to every %zin owner.
Miodel and full n itructionq, ) i n. odividual
right, sent. -r (xprets preishi I on receipt of
price, $10. Senid for circulars. Address
CALHOUN & VALKEL.
Holy Syr ngs, AMiss.
MAKE HENS L AY.
As Eng lih Veterinary Surgeon aid Ch-eit, nlow
Jrafellf in this country, says ihat m oat of the Horse asd
3attle Powders sold. here are worthless trash. Hie safs
hat Sheridan's Ceadison Powders are absolutely pure
mn. ammensel vayluable. Nothing em earth will make
'ions lay like herldan's Condition Powder.. iDie., ee
.eaapoontfhl to one sint of foed. Sold everywliete, s
psnna by mal for 8 letI'er staropa. 1. 2. JOHN80N d 00.,
Boston, Mass., formerly Bangor, Me.
A tlatnli, Ga. Onei of the~ best pract lral
schoe.ols ini thea couintry. (irculairs unaille:I rit-.
WENGAND CONSERATORfY OF~
Mli& SCHOOL OF ENGLISHl
ARTS. ELOCUTION E PHYSICAL CULTURE.
IN THE Ir:ART OF BOSTON.
RARE ADVANTAGESLOW RA1ES.
______SEND FOR CIRCULAR. E.TOURJEE.
AGENTS WANTED FOR TIE
HISTORY. E U. S.
BY ALEXANDER H. STEPHENS.
It contains nearly 300 fine portrait.. anri engraviangs of
att~les anrd other historiceal ercenea, ane'l i-i the ruost cim
>lete andi valuable history ever puhtisIhed. It is sold by
*ubenp;tion ..nly, andl Aget^ Are wanittedI in every county.
iSed for circulars andu ext ra terms t e, A gent... Adidress,
SA-rio~.:e . P'unt.tsue nto Co., AlI e ata. Gia.
om i nn. I . rhb.,l v ..ei.l for d,el . ... . ~.',ren'ar ,
lond, and will compltely eban,e- the bIlo..i in the~
-noir. systemi in thtr, ae n goth,. Anay p--..mm -..sho will
eve'iywher.' or se.it by nietl foi $ 1,-o.-, .0empi
I a .soIa.mi.l.N 4a tt, *u.5..0..., DMa.,.
rearsana ly Inasanea. Me
Get tup Clubs for nur xI f.
IIIIA TED i'As, asits., ,icue a bIeauitul
"Noa Rome o, Goldl IBud Tot Cot"
of tr cae lt tifuil -ica . t s Ie awa
to, tam p~AI iy senfllingX a (Iub for 825 00. sIe ware, of thes sn call.,
" 1!KIC' ITH S" that aro being adrertised --the, are aget
ami dletrlmentaI to heelth.- shiaw I...n. hecnl otely with rsthah'.
tlfiners andi w'ith first h~an's If jm'eitble. ?.' h,'l,'nr. .
The Orcat American Tea Co., Isa;portm9~i
I' o. lSJ6 289. 5i a hll VI..4tY bT., lNr.w Yol
TuB AULI'MAN A TAY LORL CO.. Mnsfield. Ohio.
Si Xt a" a^t hi,"a',y vJt".- t, oni
vi. )tiOvr th TtAl .whare don't be hurabi grad
I so e esom t.eur . J. ON 7.A .
PEIIo 41 it, Ua. Mi ny o a.M. Wolalr. Altt
L t Ia. I i-iiabb-evatie.given
antel i I iel i-rem Ia ) to ned
H ABUT patoetiou and pywcinna.
C U R E icur fo miy btook on Them
. ifaet and Ite (:Iire. Fi:SK.
,,~ jtm.~ Or ever to to give Es.
frmS eee.. aI . ,a~ ~
f f.O oe ,au ee to k
fo t.p. DHSfI~kq a
'tib. Uiont, A tlan ta, Ga.............No.30 0
TE A S In abumndance.-- i's MVIlhjen poseds~
Itnportd lait yea r. -Prc i'r 4 weir
thrm ever. - Auisa wo"t I .- -'hou't
wavs~to tlttne.-Ben-l for cii ec..:.
10 Abs. Good Eflnck or FiTlxed, for 1,
10 ibu. Fino JBlack or D~ixedl'e fc ?.
10 lbs. Chiolco Black orlat~xed, ior 3.
Bend for pound sample. 17 ets. c~rt., i 'I 'f-tSgc.
Then-r get up n clu;b, choice-t Tcu i-t i' 'vek!
llousree In Amerca.--lo chromro.-1 > mu;
Btralmbt buainesa.-Valune for J1oIcy. ,a 'V
)ne paIr ofor Ladies'Fine, Sot,Water.
ral ensible, TFront L~aca
maledN in &v hnd
tr tressf pon 'erswipt
Ii WcIhonieporat & ~ 4ho
a aatable fornm. The
onm oni, preparatiOn of irona
thaot will not blaucken the
tee th.,so cha ~rcteristioof
other drenp pedP Hase
Ntilg ginm thpraciesut atat ~~Da.IeL'lr'eSt
ton . vmae thiearesultyslta nd IInan'sm
haI hud, mDeae Dsmeps wondu anres.
han ' haneyeded tad thsomet wod nderfater.
.rtasraveo maede. Io tiat andcincompar.n
cD inm an OEI suca~c pu