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IDEVOIED TO POLITIUF, MORALI1Y EDUCATION AND TO TME VBNERIL INTURET OF THE CQUVThY,
y D. F. BRADLEY & OO, PICKENS, S. C, THURSDAY, AUGUST 17, 188q. VOL. X NO. 48.
Gull eggs sell at fifteen cents a dozen
at Tampa, Fla.
Atlanta, Ga., capitalists talk of tart
mng a large shoe factory.'
Georgia has turned the tables, and is
shipping oats to the West.
The hemp crop in the blue grass region
of Kentucky will be short.
Texas has nearly $1,000,000 cash bal
anbe in the State Treasury.
A cotton seed -oil mill has been con
tracted for in Greenville, Ala.
The cotton crop of Florida will be
about the same as that of last year.
New corn is being contracted for at
twenty-five cents a bushel in Texas.
From Key'Largo, Fla., 860,000 pine
. apples have been shipped this searon.
The fine quarries of marble in Pick
ens county, Ga., are to be developed.
Americus, Ga., according to recent
surveys, is just 320 feet above sea level.
Rich deposits of phosphate rock have
been discovered in Chatham county, Ga.
Preserving fias Is an important indus
try at St. Augustine and Jacksonville,
An Atlanta druggist says there are
2,000 confirmed opium-eaters in that
North Carolina now leads the South
ern States in the number of her cotton
* St. Augustine, Fla., is manufacturing
and shipping large quantitees of orange
Virginia has 681 prisoners in the pen.
itentiary and 291 hired out on railroad
Three hund red Swedish families will
rettle along the line of the Florida Cen
t ral Railroad.
A Jewish synagogue, fashioned afte
an ancient Palistine palace, is to b
built in Athens, Ga.
A large factory will be erected near
Norfolk, Va., for the preservation of
lumber by the creosote process.
For the first time in the history of
.efferson county, Ga., no intoxicating
hiquor. enn be p~urch~asedl within its bor,
In the p~ast ten years Georgia has in
creased the number of her farms ninety
eight per cent., and now has ai total of
. 3rs. Wmn. Bcearding, who died recently
in Perry county, Ala., was 107 years
* ~ old. Her husband, who survives her,
is 109 years old.
The greait iron viaduct for the track
of the 'Frisco railway south of the flos
ton mountain tunel, in Arkanisas, is 321
feet high and 890 feet long.
Of the 1,231 convicts in the Georgia
penitentiary, 1,114 are negroes. Only
thirty women are among the number,
and but one of them is white.
-4 The United States troops stationedl at
Tampa arc to be moved to Mount Ver
non, Ala., andl the Tampa p~ost will
probably be abandoned altogether.
Since the spring of 1880 Memphis has
paved eight and a half miles of streets
and put dlown -forty miles of sewers and
forty miles of s'>soil pipes. The cost
Savannah parties are endeavoring to
establish a semi-monthly line of steam
Sers b'etween that place and London, Eng
land, for the purpose of bringi'ng immi..
grants Lo this country.
Many parties in the South are now
experimenting in the manufacture of
sugar from watermelons. A bright,
clear syrup is made to the proportion of
one gallon to eleven gallons of juice.
The editor of the Key West (Fla.)
Democrat, Gen. Songer, is twenty years
/old, weighs thirty-five pounds, and is
just forty inches high. He wvas born in
San Domingo and was raised in Florida.
The best grit for the mar ufacture of
millstones to be found in the world is
quarried in Moore county, N. C. It is
a natural composition of flint rock and
cement, which sharpens rather than
* dulls by use.
There are about one thousand acres of
land on Matecombie key, Monroe coun
ty, Florida, and it has recently been
purchased by three Key Westers, who
mtend to convert it into one big cocoa
The Southern car works at Knoxville,
Tenn., turn out $400. 000 worth of rail
& road cars and $175,000 worth of wheels
every year. Three furniture factorie
do an annual business of $300,000; a
* barrel factory, 150,000; a handle facto
ry, $120,000, and an iron company, $260,.
000. There are besides, two founideries
doidg a business of $100,000, and six
flouring mills, all doing wecll.
Petea Griffin, colored, lives near Au
gusta, Ga , and owns a farm of over 800
*acres, all of which is uinder cultivationi
He has 100 acres in corn, and will make
fifty bales of cotton this year. He has
twenty acres in oats, and raises on his
place everything that he needs. There
are six plo ws under his direction, and
he has a home that is fitted up with
.every convenience andl comfort.
East Tennessee letter: Ancient mum
Smies are found in East Tennessee caves,
with sandals petrified to their feet. Timns
ber in our forests disclose wounds in.,
flicted near the heart, wlii sharp-edged
tools, long before Columibua quit wear
ing petticoats. Trlangle-sahaped coin.,
of unknown alloy, of the date of 1215,
are plowed up in our fields. Fossil re
mains of animals, long since extinct, are
TOPICS OF THE DAY.
iLOW fei is ureating considerable
excitement in portions of Texas.
GEoRGE WILLIAM CURTIS is fighting
the administration without gloves.
SOUTHERN New Jersey and the Dela
ware Peninsula are suffering from
THE Creek Indians are on the war
path. This time they are fighting
THE hop crop is 25 per cent. short this
year as compared with last. In this case
the pressure is on the brewer.
THE nomination and election for a
third term of Governor St. John, of
Kansas, is said to be assured.
IT Is proposed to build an under
ground railroad in Paris. The cost of
its construction is put at $30,000,000.
"THE President now drives out with
a four-in-hand." While this might mean
almost anything, we presume it meatns
THE London Timsc expresses the
opinion that the Sultan will send his
troops to Egypt expressly to thwart the
purposes of England.
CRoP reports from England say that
wheat will not nearly amount to a fair
average crop ; barley rather less than
an average crop; oats good.
SIx THOUSAND acres of walnut trees
have been planted in Kansas. They
propose that future generations shall
have all the walnuts they want to eat.
IN is stated, as common rumor, that
although the President vetoed the River
and Harbor bill, he secretly worked,
through his friends, for its passage over
THERE are symptoms that the fight in
Egypt will not be confined exclusively
to the English and Moslems. The pro
portions of a general war are indicated
by late dispatches.
THERE is a class of people who, on
their arrival at a seaside resort, register
their names at a first-rate hotel, the fact
is announced in the newspaper, and then
they go to a cheap cottage.
AN ACTREss in a London theater is a
sixteen-year-old Bohemian girl, eight
feet two inches high, and still growing.
She believes the time has come for
women to occupy a higher level.
THE Cincinnati Commerciae argues
that a drunk honest man is preferable to
a sober thief. That is owing somewhat
to the size of the drunk as well as th~a
size of the steal. Let us have the 'spei,
WHEAT and corn, at some points, bring
the same per bushel, a state of com
merce that does not often occur. The
abundant crop of wheat is now on the
market, whereas, corn will be scarce for
some time yet.
As A rule, New York merchants were
loud in their praise of the President's
act of vetoing the River and Harbor
bill. The improvement of Western
channels is a matter of little interest to
TENNEssEE has nine daily papers, of
which four are for Bates, the repudiat
ing Democratic candidate for Governor ;
four for Fussell, the State credit Demo
eratic candidate, and only one for Haw
kins, the Republican nominee.
THE Arkansas Traveller gives the foi.
lowing bit of good sanitary advice:
It's ebe ry nigger' s duty ter be baptised.
Even If he ain t got the faith, do water'll
do hi m good.
This same advice will apply to white
SIMON RniHRDtr, his wife, two sons,
and two daughters, of Mauch Chunk,
Pennsylvania, weigh together 1,522
pounds, and claim to be the heaviest
family of six in Pennsylvania. Their
several separate weights are represented
to be 245, 235, 220, 222, 200, and 400
THE Supreme ourt of Iowa rules that
a police officer is guilty of manslaughter
if he strikes a prisoner a fatal blow with
a club to defeat an attempt to escape,
unless the officer has reason to believe
thatt lhe is in danger of great bodily harm
or loss of life.
IRROOKLYN shows a total church mem
ber ship of 269,462, against 138,705 in
1862, of which there are Catholics 200,
000, 110,000 in 1862. The greatest per
enutage has, however, been for the Uni
versalists, next the Baptists, then the
H. T. WHiTE, who is the author of the
Chicago Tr-ibune's humorous novelettes,
which have captu~red more than national
notice, is a graduato of a theological
seminary, and was at one time sporting
reporter. He is grave and calm in his
speech, and is rather bashful.
ENGLAND sensib~ly objects to the land
ing of Turkish soldiers in Egypt with
out first knowing who they are going to
fight for when they get there. She
dlemands that the Porte denounce Arabi
Bey a rebel. It will give a clearer un,
derstanding of wvhat the Sultan proposel
to dowi a orfai,
A SCANDAL prevails at Loveland, Ohio,
concerning the boy evangelist Harrison.
The Camp-meeting Association erected
a cottage at a cost of $175, fumished it
in elegant style, and set it aside for
Harrison's exclusive occupancy, o use.
When the cainp-meeting closed, the
other day, Mr. Harrison offered to dis,
pose of the cottage, furniture and
grounds, all in a lump, for $200. He
was notified by several members of the
Association that it was not his to dis
pose of, but on his vacating it, revel-ted
to the Association. Mr. Harrison was
non-plussed, and went away dissatisfied,
and now there is considerable talk and
scandal about the matter. The ladies
all think Mr. Harrison ought to have
the cottage, but not so with the hard
WHAT Arabi's rebeljion is already cost
ing Egypt may be judged froin the
Alexandria dispatch to the Manchester
JKr(lminer. Her cotton crop averages
two hundred millions of pounds an
nually, and that is altogether lost for
this year. Her exportation of Wheat
ought to )e atboit twenty-fivo millions
of pounl(ds, but there will be not enough
garnered in this season for the Support
of thE native population. England has
recentlv been paying her ten millions of
dollars annually for cotton seed that is
coinpressed into oil cake, and now that
item of revenue is sacrificed. The Lon
don Shipping and Merchant Gazette de
clares that it is almost impossible to
compute the monetary disaster to
Egypt. The deficiency in the cotton
and wheat deliveries to England must,
however, be supplied by American ex
portation, and if the war is inevitable,
our shippers may conscientiously eon
sent to make all the money they can out
Extensivc buns,. are apt to be fatal,
even when death does not follow from
the shock caused by the accident. Why
they are fatal has been it cause of sur
p rise in cases where no Internal organ
has )eefn harmed. Recent examinations
of persons who have died from this
cause have shown that the blood was
thick and viscid. Much of the blood
water (liquor sanynin is) had been
drained from the blood, rendering it
unfit for its functional purposes. The
loss wats undoul)tedly due to rapid exu
dation from the intamed surfaces.
To what an extent exudation takes
place has been shown by the large
drops of fluid that have been pressed
from the burned skin of a rabbit. When
the animal was p laced in a hot room,
the fur over the burn . d part remained
moist, although it q1uick ly dried wvhen
moistened oni othier parts 0f the body.
In cholera there is a somewvhat simi-.
lar loss, but there are also great thirst
and shrinkage of the muscles, which is
not the ease in burns. It is, however,
enly the serum -blood-water without
the fibrin-instead~ of the water of the
blood-proper, which a 2"ained off. As
this chang-es the densty of the latter,
the b)loo(t-veSsels, accordling to ai well
known law, tendl to driaw a1 suply to
meet the lack from the muscular tissues,
causing their gre at shrinkage.
lIn the case of burns, howvever, there
is simply a diminution of the quantity
of the blood-water, and no0 change in its
decnsity; hence no absorption from the
muscular tissues takes place.
lhurns in which the scarf-skin is not
(destroy ed do not so seriously affecct the
The aim in the treatment of burns
should be to arrest the exudation of the
water on the surface. Soda not only
removes the pain of. burns, but it will
saive life even when the burns cover
surface enough to cause death. Its re
markable curative power' probably lies
in the fact that it renders the surface
IBats on Ships.
Rats greatly infest ships, and are by
them conveyed to every part of the
world. So indIustriously (10 they make
homes for themselves in the numerous
crannies and corners in the hull of a
ship, that it is impossible to get rid of
them. Ships take out rats as wvell as
passengers and cargo, every voyage;
whether the former remain in the ship
at port is best known to themselves.
When the East Indlia Company had
ships of their own they emp~loyed .a rat
catcher, who sometimes captured 500
rats in one ship just returned from Cal
cutta. The ship rat is often the black
species. Sometimes black and brown
inhabit the same vessel, and unless they
carry on perpetual hostilities, one party
will keep in the head of the vessel and
the other to the stern. The ship rat is
very anxious that his supply of fresh
water shall not fail ; he will come on
deck when'it rains, and climb up to the
wet sails to snuck them. Sometimes he
mistakes a spirit cask for a water cask,
and he gets drunk. A captain on an
American ship is credited (or discred
ited) with an ingenious bit of sharp
practice as a means of clearing his ship
from rats. Having discharged a cargo
at a port in Holland, he found his ship
in juxtaposition to another which had
just taken in a cargo of D~utch cheese.
Hie laid a plank at night from one vessel
to the other ; the rats, toempted by the
odor, trooped along the plank and( be0
gan the feast. He took care that the
plank should not be there to serve them
as a pathway back again, andl so the
cheese laden ship had a cruel addition
to its outward cargo.-N. Y S1cient i/ic
.~.-Here is how a visit to CoeT1ln
affected a New York reporter; "Pres
ently the torch of the Sabbath was in
verted ; the glory died from the heavens
land was lost in the flowing tide ; a white
star blossomed in the infinite meadows ;
the riotous wind ceased its rush and was
still, and the curving billows chanted a
more solena Antlem."--Sqaton Trow
1'O'PAr, AzVNII fTA TIWM.
Oh, l:a Wyn a Tkowery loot- blitk b1i,
Aittl hl years they ntinlertd nitio;
Iimi-h itI l u11polisilod w:s lie, albuit
.lie constantly afined to slhite.
As its a kii dt il bdx he sat,
b=1taching alltI apple Pedi
While the boys 1o his set ioked wviIfuhy
Aid "Givo us a bite!" they sald.
But the boot-binok siliot it lorily smile;
"No fro bites here !" lie ceril.
Then the boys they sadiv walked away,
Slve onUe who stdod at hi. side.
" ili, givb eit tie core." 114 wilipdreld low.
That boot-blitck suiilled OCO 1ore,
And a mischievous diniple grow in his
"There aint goin' to be ito core!"
-MarU D. irine, in Harper's Magazine
The Glories of the Starlit Heavens.
If the eye could gain gradually in
light-gathering power, until it attained
somethinig like the rango of the great
gauging telestopes o he lierscliels,
how utterly would what we see now soeni
lost in the inconceivable glories thus
gradually unfolded. Even the revela
tions of the telescope, save as they ap
peal to the mind's eyej Would be as
nothing to the splendid sdone reVealed,
when within the spaces which now show
black between the familiar stars of our
constellations, thousands of brilliant
orbs would be revealed. The milky
luminosity of the Galaxy would be seen
aglow with millions of suns, its richer
portions blazing so resplendently that
no eye could bear to (aze lnr upon the
wondrous display. ut with' every in
crease of poWe' more and miore Myti.
laids of stars would break into vieW,
until at last the scene would he unbeat
able in its splendor. The eye would seek
for darkness as for test. The thind
would ask for a scene less oppressive in
the nagnilleence of its inner meaning;
for even as seen, wonderful though t e
display would be, the glorious 0sene
would s'sarce express the millionth part
of its real nature, as recognized by a
mind conscious that each point, of light
was a sun like ours, each sun the cen
ter of a scheme of worlds such as that
globe on which we "live and move and
have our being."
Who shall pretend to picture a scene
so glorious? It the electric light could
be applied to illumine fifty million lam ps
over the surface of a black domed vault,
and those lamps were here gathered in
rich clustering groups, there strewn
more sparsely, after the way in which
the stars are spread over the vatilt of
heaven, something like the grandeur of
the scene which we have imagined would
be realized-but no human hands could
every produce such an exhibition of
celestial imagery. As for maps, it is
obviously impossible by any maps which
could be drawn, no matter what their
scale or plan, to present anything even
approaching to a correct picture of the
heavenly host. There is no way even
of showing their numerical wealth in a
It is not till we have learned to look
on all that the telescope reveals as in its
turn nothing, compared with the real
universe, that We have rightly learned
the lessons which the heavens teach, so
far, at least, as it P.es within our feeble
powers to study the awful 'teaching of
the stars. The range of the puny in
Btruments man can fashion is no meas
tire, we nuby be well assured, of the uni
verse as it is. The domain of telescop
ically visible apace, compared with which
the whole range of the visible universe
of stars seems but a point, can be in
turn but as a point compared with those
infinite realms of star-strewn spae
which lie on every side of our universe,
beyond the range-millions of times
further than the extremest scope-of the
instruments by which man has extended
the powers of visions given to him by
the Almighty. The finite-for after all,
infinite though it seems to us, the region
of space through which we can extend
our survey is but finite-can never bear
any proportion to the infinite save that
of infinite disproportion. All that we
can see is as nothing compared with that
which is; all we can know is as noth
ing ; though our knowledge "grow from
more to more," seemingly without limit.
In fine, we may say (as our gradually
widening vision shows us the nothing
ness of what we have seen, of what we
see, of what we can ever see), not, as
Laplace said : " The Known is Little,"
but "Tue KNOwN 18 NOTHING ;" not
" The Unknown is Immense," but "TiH E
IWKNOwN 1s INFINIT."--Prof. Proc
lor, in Knowledge.
Killed the Wrong Hiens.
An irascib~le sea-Ca pt aini set tledl down
to Portland life by the side of at w~ell
temnperedl man, and1( thme two got along
very well until thle hen q1uestion camei
up. Said tihe Captain:
"Ilike you as a neighbor, but I dot'
like your lhens, andl if they trouble T
any more i'll shoot them."'
T'he mild-m-mnnered neighbor01 stude,
over' the matter some, b~ut knowing the
Captain's reputation well by report, he
" Well, if we can't get along any
othier way, shoot the lhens, but Pll take
it as a favor if you wvill thr'ow them
when (lead over into our yard ana yell
to my wife.
"All right,'' said the Captain.
TUhe next (day the Captain's gun was
heard, and a (lead lhen fell in the qilet
man's yardl. The next (lay another hoGf
was thrown over, the next two, amn. the
next after three.
" Say," saidl the quiet man,
" couldn't you scatter them along a lit
tle? We really can't dlispose of the
number you are killing."
"(ive 'em to your p)oor relations,"
replhied the Captain, graftly.
And the quiet man (lid. He kept his
neighbors well supplied with chickens
for some weeks.
One day the Captain said to the quiet
" I have half a dozen nice hens I'm
going to give you if you'll keep quiet
about this affair."
" How is that," said the quiet man.
" Are you sorry because you killed my
" Your hens!" said the Captain.
"Why, sir, thoso hens beloed~ to my
wvife! I didn't know she h arny until
I fed you and your neighbors all sum
mer out of her tio.'--o#~ (Mv-)
bread Uaking In tondodc
A London bakehouse is almost Inv
ably situated in a dellat. Generally
a 0ellar that might do well bndug h
the. reception of lumber, but is uttt
dnfit for any other purpose, and, of
purposes to *hich it might possibly
put, for the manufacture of bread. '
Writer spent a night in such a plac
short tinie ago. 'he Walls were bulgi
oobwebby and old; the ovens Were
der the pavottent of the street;
'efuse of the bakehouse was deposi
hear the ovens; the four or ilve cc
partments rito which thb dellar i
divided were stuall and close, and w]
the gas was lighted at midnight co
roaches were swarming over walls i
ceilings, chasing each other about
sacks of flourand holding assemblic.
the bins. Th'is, however was rathe
superior bakehouse. ;he dirty i
dismal caverns in whith most of
bread is made are hInaccessible. If
baket does iot regard cleantiiess it
tnoral obligation, he is, at iny ri
fully aware that the cellars in which
practices his mystery are not quite si
ahow places as they ought to be. 'J
bireutnstande that tlicy are unde rgrou
And thpt th oveins arti so placed as
draw the air which feeds ttletU-of
frori the blose proximity of the drain
over the troughs in which the doug]
kneaded, is in itself sufliciently app;
ing. Bread readily absorbs the air t
surrounds it, and ought never to
made or to be kept in confined pla<
iu London, however, it is habitu:
made in dens so confined and nause
that the baker's trade is one of the m
unhealthy in existence.
The condition of the bakehouse!
One of the least evils aotinected v
the existing system of bread-niaki
Bread is made now after much the si
fashion as was in vogue, probably,
the Cities of the Plain. The baker 4
tises his naked arms In the process
knoading. qThi "sponge" is laid in 14
wooden troughs. Over these the j(
neyman baker, often working in a ti
perature oi ninety degrees, bends
half an hour or so while he kneads
dough. Of course he perspires.
occupation is as laborious almost as t
of the blacksmith and produces sim
3utward effects. however much he i
be disposed to cleanliness, he can
pursue his occupation except ur
Conditions that to any one not ac
tomed to the process are slckenin
behold. After belaboring the do
much as a housewife belabors a feat
bed, he "rubs his arms out1'-that
he clears them of the paste with w]
they .re encrusted by dipping his hi
in dry flour and rubbing them dowr
arms. The dough comes off in I
rolls, which are returned to the trc
ane kneaded in with the bread. Th
not the case only in bakehouses w
are doing a "cutting" business.
the process common in all bakehor
The dough which adheres to the at
saturated as it must be with impu
would otherwise be so much waste,
in a bakehouse nothing is wasted.
Such things are not pleasant to d
upon; but bread is the chief food of
people, and it is as wvell that we sh<4
know how it is manufactured, lie
being made up into loaves and put
the oven it goes through a tires<
amount of handling. After bc
kneaded in the troughs it is pulled
in pieces and rolled vigorously c
bench. Now and then a, knife is ta
up and the bench is scraped, and
scrapings are returnedl to the troi
The old proverb about eating a pec
dirt has a more literal aPpplication t
is generally supposed. We takeag
deal of our allowance in our bread~
is a remarkable fact that there is ni
popular ignorance on the subject of
than on anything else which is nc
ry to our daily life. In nothing, mn
over, do we take so much on trust
the article of bread. If, by some
dent, the public could watch our bal
at work for a few hours there woul
a general and immediate resort to he
made bread.-Pall Mfall Gazette.
A Story With a Moral.
The following bit of history is9
the Cleveland IHeraldl: "'Once uip<
time-this havs nothing to (to witl
Cincinnati, llamilton & D)ayton,
member - there was a corporai
The stock of the company atmontl
10,000), shares and wa':s equailly 0'
by John .Jones and Sam SmithI.
profits yicelded a reguilar annual
dend of ten per cent. on the ca
st ock of $1, 000,000, wh ich was~ $1 00,
This was equally dlivided betwveen
two owners of theo stock. Now,
.Jones was thrifty. While hie hat
eye to buisiniess, lhe also hadl ano
eyeO to Johni Jones. Samn Smiith was
so thrifty, but was a good follow.
(lay Jiohn .Jones4 saiid to Sam Sn
"Sam, let's inlcrease the stock 53
shares. You said thme other dlay
wanted to use $1o 000. If you lils
will take the odd( thlous5anid shares
pay you cash for it." Sam nmgree(
that, as he was a goodl fellow. But
or a time the Company met and ha<
elect ion. Theni it was that .John J<
madle substanthial USe of hiis odd( thous~
shares of stock. it gave him a ma
fty, and he votedI himself President
Treasurer of the Company. lie li
the salary of Presidhent at $50,000,
that uised U pthe $l100,000) which
formerly been called a dividiend.
Smith got left, all on account of .J
Jlones owning a little more than a
jority of the stock."
Land In England.
Behind the land question in Engi
is the question of habits. The Ian
held in these great tracts, not for
joyment but from pride. The br
of men are so equal, under modern fa
ities of education, that hereditary
scent would be inconsequential if it
not have hereditary estate to advei
the fact ; and consequently every pa
nu in the nobility rushes to buy lan<
a ridiculous price, so that he can apl
on the landscape of the country aix
the sons of Normans. For the gre
part of the year an English estate is
fit to live on, on account of the olin
and there is plenty of land to be had
less than $1 per acre on thie steppe
the Booky mountains more agreeabl
hunting, for residence, and for e
The Hydrogett Locomotive.
arl' The following is a description of the
it Is locomotive whieh recently ran upon the
for Jersey Central Railroad, the fuel being
liry hydrogen gas, which was constantly re
produced by Its own heat from water by
be means of naphtha, as explained by the
'he Inventor: The new locontative is fucled
1 a *ith hydrogen gas, which is constantly
ng, reproduced by its own heat from water
im- through the mediation of a small pro
the portion of crude naplitha. 1o0 oil is
ted burnod Iti this process In the ordinary
im- or proper sdnse of eombustion. It i-,
was used exclusively withii rdtorts without air
ien as a deiomposing agent for steanl. The
ock, present w w locomotive, commenced at
Lnd the Grant' Wotks in Paterson in the sun
the mer of 1881, was origirnmu!y designed
I il with considerable modifications ip
r a posed to be favorable to the utilization
Uid of gaseous fuel. The boiler as then con
our structed was tried in October, 1881, and,
the is the result, the more extensive and
8 t eostly changes were rejected and the
Lte, simple ordinary pattern of boiler, with
lie certain adaptations only in the fire-box
ich and vent-pipe (no longer a "smoke
l'he stack, as there is no smoke), was sub
nd, stituted last winter. The gas-making
to retorts are four in number, of massive
ten 'rought-iron, semi-cylindrical or donie
S- shaped, the size and shape being nearly
I 19 that of half a peek niasure with the
11- convex side up. They are set on short
hat Iron posts in a row across the fk'e-boKq
be near the floor and near the door. The
CA- interior of each retort is a single undi
1ly vided chamber, into which cnt eirs from
Wus the top an oil-pipe, extending to vithin
ost one iich from the bottom, and also
pipes from the steam-space and' water
is ce in the boiler, all opened and
rith osed by finely-fitted and gauge(d
ng-. valves. An outlet pipe also passes
me from the top of eaeh retort to
in a "manifold" joint, in which these
till four pipes unite and so connect with a
of massive cast-iron gas "main" runnine
ng centrally through the flre-box fore and
>ur- aft (longth eight feet, diameter three
31- inches), at level of about three inches
for below the bottom of the retorts. This
the main is divided into three seet ions by
His cut-off valves, enabling the ejgicer to
,hat supply or withhold gas to any section
lar of the burners at pleasure. From each
nay side of the main horizontal branch
not pIves of one-inch caliber and three or
Ador Yoir inehes apart extend at right an
3us' gles across the ire-box, to the number
4 to of sixty-two. Each of these p1pes (ex
ugh cept th eltremes) is pierced on its
her- upper side with two rovs of minute
. i, burner holes, alternating in position and
ih obliquely pitched in such a nitiner that
Mds the gas-jdts from the right side of thei
his one pipe and those from the left or
ittlO nearer side of the next pipe converge
'ugh and meet in pairs, each pair uniting at
is Is an angle of, say, forty-five degrees di
hick rectly over a one and one-fourth-inch
[t is air-hole in the iron floor of the fire
IS0. box. The total number of jei thus
-Mgt placed is 548. The air-holes are opened
iLy, and closed wholly or partly at will by,
and under-slides control led by lev'ers from th'e
engineer's cab. Undler the whole is
well constructed an air-chest, open forwvard,
the to secure a pressure of air into the air
>uld holes during rapid motion, and1 also to
fore warm the d "aft and thus save the great.
m heat radiated downuward from the Ii re.
.mfO The retorts of a locomuotive ini serueo
uing wvill seldom be cooledI ; but for initial inig
out the process ini cold iron a small lprini
n a ing oil-pipe runs undler the four re
ken torts, touching each of them with six
the jets wvhich are turned on and lighted tonm
igh-). porarily until the retorts iare hot
kWof enough to vap~orize oil in their interiors.
han -N.~Y. Times.
ood Onie argu11i1i.t: :i w .:I :im ii .iH
]) i hOSs.illy 11i:',y (0I))iii e::14 41ther
s in (li~('S(ase to the lpersoni vaceiatd. A
be thoght he' luul4 seen t wo (as. of th
li~ itd, givte the folh1\ini: C4)lIelsirc
r. \h ar-to)i~. :ti l u gi II, l1lys4iel:un
wl1had11 lerfotihedlin<>r' than hft <11thon-.
[rom san~d vacc inat ins, had( inever seeni an
)n a in nsan ce (f any~ otlher dli e:t ee th11It ern-g
te 111! n 'at'41. Siinilt 1(c-i111011v was
~( o D . W etiller, Who hadl~ ste t hirt en
vned1 thounsauni slk under14 his e.n4. 11:0I no
'Jle reason4I t o biehor'e. or 4' sen to su,' pe1t
(ii that, in :tny e:n-e dLee h:141 be( 1n c4n1..
p~itail nuin ted bv Viu-('inlion 01. i )r. m~(s
~00 hiud trealtedl a still hirg:r nuornb4r
t he twenty--six t hons:tnd tvithI a l ike ex
I an Aga4i 130t the iwo ~ a'eS reerred to
ther above, t lhe writei- in l he /.' p/,'V r ment
not ti ons' th enI e of1 a1 :Lwomant who de(
One nonnoeed a phtyjein its csingm. lher
uthi: ehibl's dea:t b -I lhe chi bI inn inr- de..
,000 velop~ed serofuha not. long' ater4 itsiaer.
you natioli. Illt siihcsi<|tlentl sihe Io.st ai
:C. [ ct her chii1 by scrofhI , tho4ugh shte bru
and( refused to have thiis child1~;4w variated1.
I to D-. AMartin, of Boston, of forty yeairs
aft- pro fessional expeirience, sa ys: ''1 hare
I an never had a patient die in any way that
mes0 c'oul d lie diiretly or indhir'ectlv attribuuited
a.nd to vaccinlation. I have'iev'r luul( the
9.01~ slightest reason to suspect, int a single
and instaince, that. vacciniation hbol mtinl an
xed1 way impair~ed ltiuiau ai'g~htv u a vo
andI 8Q'-n yerral eases in which, besides pie
,hdvenItinig smailI-pox, it wa:s tilei ie.m of
(uiryin!! off cer-tain I rivialI :ailmnts ai
ohun of jiving~'i the getieral hiealtht of the
nia - put ictit."-- Iouth's Con(a0inniiQn.
Not Thait Kind of a Donkey.
aind A coolness hias arison between Mr.
(1~and Mrs. Fit znoodle, one of tho most
n- respectable families in Austin. One day
~~5last week a Mexican donkey was run
icil- over in the outakirts (if Austin, and
killed by a freight train on the Interna
.is' tional Railroad. Next morning, just as
tieMr. Fitznoodle was about to start d'iwn
rve- town, his wife threw her arms around
i at his neck and said:
pear " Dear Alonzo, promiso me not to go
Long near the railroad track. How can the
atr engineer distinguish between you and a
donkey, in time to stop the train?"
* for -It is estimated that every year there
very are from 1.200 to l,500 railroad em
4 i(pl yes glled and from 5,000 to 1,000
n~Jrad in this country.
colors of cloths, '
the same way ut n -
light.-N. . Hrl.
-The cottonwood is s
Kansas, where it grows j
the Forestry law of tht
6,000 acres have been planted
-The sorrowful tree-so name be
cause it flourishes only at night-gorg
upon the Island of Goa, near Bombay
o flowers, which have a fragrang
odor, appear soon after sunset the year
round, and close up or fall off as the sua
-Black birch, which is coming in
favor as a substitute for black waln
Is a close-grained and handsome woo(
It can readily be stained to resemble"
walnut, is just as easy to work, and is
suitable for many of the purposes to
which black walnut is applied.-N. .Y.
-A report recently issued by the
American Silk Association shows that
it was the best year American factories
have ever had, - and also that it was the
largest year of importation over seen in
the trade. It is estimated that the
American people spent over $105,000,000
for silks in the fiscal year ending July
1, one-third of this largo sum going to
our nativo manufacturers. - Chdcago
-One of the latest notions is to have
a light on the forehead of the horse.
We are assured that it gives perfect
safety against accident when driving
after dark. No fire, no liquids, no lamp,
yet a never-failing bright signal light at
a great distance, It is made of metal
and covered with a combination of lumi
nous compounds; is easily attached and
detached; is made in different designs,
and therefore, very attractive if it
should be carried in daytime.-Court
---They do some things In Sweden
that can not be done in this country.
A new development of the timber in
dustries has recently been made near
the town of Narkoding, in middle
Sweden. It consists in manuf acturing
thread for crochet and sewing pur
pose- from pine timber. The process
is not rmade public, bit the products
-ire said to be tine in gnuality, and the
>rico low. The thread is wound on
ialls by machinery and packed in boxes
for exoort. The new business, it is
said, is likely to be a successful one, for
the orders from all parLs of the country
are so numerous that the new factory
is unable to fill them.--Chb'aao 'Limcs.
An Irish Hlighiwaymuan.
Brennan, the famous Irish highway
man, wvas a little Bonaparte in his way.
Hie once robbed three oflicers in a post
chaise, and left them telling thoem he
wvould rep~ort them to the JDnke of York
as unworthy to serveo the King, for al
lowing themselv'es to be robbed by a
single man, le wore a leather girdle
round his middle, stuck with pistols.
There was an attempt made by two( po
liee o0iemrs in the town of Tipperary to
arreot him, early in the morning, in
bed ; but he jumped through the win
dow and his wife threw a pair of pis
tols out to him. They pursued him to
a by-flield,whet e they came upon him in
his shirt; but he kept one of them at
hay with one pistol ~while with the other
he stood over the secondl policeman
till he made himi strip off his clothes,
which he put on himself, thus making
him return to town as he (Brennan) had
left, it, namely-in his shirt;.
It is to lirennan belongs the story
mecorrectlyv credlitedl to CIartoiiche. Breni
nan, in companl~iy withl to other "'gen
tlemi:mn," robbed a mail coach and took
a good rquantit~y of blooty-making the
passengers lie down in the mudd(y road
andl rifling them at leiure.
"Ti's money will be but very little
among t bree," whispered Brennan to
his neihblOr, as the three conquerors
were making merry over their gains;
'"if you were to pull tlie trigger of your
pistol in the nleighb)orhoodl of your com
rade's ear, perhaps it, might go off, and1(
then there would be but, two of us to
Strangely enough, as Brennan said,
the pistol did go off and No. 3 per
"Give him another ball," said Bren
nan, and another was firedI into him.
lint, no sooner had his comrade dis
charged both his pistols than Brennan,
himself, seiz.ed with a furious indigna
tioii, dre'w his.
''Learn, monster,'' cried he, ''not to
be so greedly of gold, and perish, the
victim of thy disloyait y and avariee!"'
And he sent him to join his victim and
tiIled both the corpses at his leisure.
The Kentucky Evangelist.
Rev. E. O. Barnes, the Kentucky
evangelist, who has had such remarkai
ble sui(cess of late, i.s not illiterate or a
backwoodsman, a'i his methodis might
lea:d one to suppose If lie uses the dia
leet of the Kenitucky muounitaineers, or
the homely phirases of the negroes, it is
from choice. Al though born in Ken
incky, he is a graduate' of P'rinceton
(Cohllege, andit served( fifteen y'ears~ as a
missionary in Inudia, after wvnheblhe hiad
a pastorat e in (Chica~g ,. All this time
lhe was a P'resbyzerian, hat~ on taking up
lhe work as a revivalid, six years ago,
he wi thd rew fromn that dlenomin ationi.
II is p'ower over t he people of the Ken
tuckly mou11nt aini region pro~vedI phienom
enal, and they firmly believe in him as
a worker of mlira:cle4. lie founds his
auithority for anointiiing.hesick and( p)en..
itenut on this verse from the Epistle of
St,. .James: "Is aniy sic:k among youP
Let him call for the elders of the church;
and let them pray over him, anointing
him with oil in the name of the Lord;
and~ the prayer of faith shall save the
sick, and the Lord shall raise him up;
andl if he have conuitted sins they shall
be forgiven hiim."'
Thle G reat Iiive(' of thle W1orld.
Th'le Rtiver Amazonf ei thle greatest vol
tume of water fiowvin t hrough.~'l anyV (oun1
ry of thue world: but t is hatt :;,u9 ils
long. Thet Missi~sppi from La e I t aska,
to its junction with the Mli-souri is 2,(616
miles long; fromi that pboint to the ( uuf
is 1, 2XG miles, ai totalh of 8,9H)2 mniles- the
Missouri run1s 2,0S miles to join the
Mississippi, and, haiving 1luid given to it
the length to I he sea, is -1,191 miles long-.
To thle -aered iver, thle Nile, must be
giveni the creiN of riluning through the
gretest st iret h it e) nnulit ry. Thue " A mr
irani icyeloj oedia of I87~>,'" fromwhich
the prev'iouslyV qutoted ligures are taken,
says: "'It is navigable, as far as the
dlitrict of Fazogle, about 1,500 miles
from t lie Mediterranean. approxi