Newspaper Page Text
DEVOTED TO rOLIFICG, MORALITY, EDUCATION AND TO THE GENER L INTEREST OF TUE COU4TY.
By D. F. BRADLEY & 00. - PICKENS, S. C, THURSDAY, AUGUST 31, 1882.
3 .V L X.N .5
Nashville has twenty-one hotels.
Tennesee has but nine daily papers
Saloon license costs $1,500 a year at
Pensacola will soon begin the con
struction of a street railway.
The new three-cents-per-mile railroad
law has gone into effect in Texas.
Fort Valley, Ga., twill erect a beauti.
ful and costly Confederate monument.
Pike county, Ala., has a fourteen
year-old !oy who weighs 885 pounds.
Arkansas is shipping immense quanti
ties of black walnut timber to England.
Last year Texas imported corn, but
this year will have 50,000,000 bushels
Mississippi has organized several live.
stock insurance companies-a new de
A million 1dollars 'worth of improve
ments are being added to Birmingham,
Five miles fromi Fort Smith, Ark., a
vein of coal' five feet in thickness has
Grifin, one ef the most enterprising
little cities in Georgia, is to have the
The wooden plate :factory at New
berne, N. 0., turns out 600,000 of the
plates each week.
k Atlanta, which last year handled 129,
000 bales of cotton, expects to handle
160,000 bales this year.
One hundred and twenty-four varies
ties of cotton goods are turned out by
the Mississippi mills.
Athens, Ala., has a population of 8,.
000 and a valuation of $8,000,000-that
is, $1,000 to every inhabitant.
The coal measures of the Warren,
Ala., coal field are 4,000 feet in thick
ness. The seams number forty-two as
far as developed.
Mrs. Butler, of Marion county, Ga.,
who has reached the age of 112 years,
was baptised last Sunday as a member of
the Primitive Baptist church.
Pensacola parties have sent to Ger.
many for 200 servant girls, to be held
under a years contract, with privilege,
to employers, of two years.
A shark was killed in Mobile bay a
few days ago which measured fifteen
feet from tip to tip, and of that variety
known to sailors as the tiger shark.
Columbus, Ga., has ten cotton and
woolen mills. Sixteen thousand Dine
4 hundred and forty-eight bales of cotton
were used in manufacturing last year.
D. R. McCurry, of Floy d county, Ga.,
has succeeded in making a fine article of
syrup of watermelon juice. It is rich
and thick, and has the taste of honey.
Mattresses made of needles from South
Carolina pine boughs are said to cure
pulmonary and rheumatic ailments, and
an active trade in them has been estab
A $7,000 diamond was found recently
in the bed of a creek near Danbury, N.
C. As it was in the rough and other
large ones have been found in the State,
the charge of salting will not hold.
Perhaps the best apology~for Mormon
polygamy that has been made is by a
wit on a Pacific coast newspaper. He
says that at least the system does not
throw the burden of supporting a hus
band on one woman.
Louisiana's salt mine, which is in
Iberia parish, covers an area of 140 acres
and is a solid deposit of remarkable pur
ity and excellence. The rock is very
solid and is without fissure or seams.
Over 1,200 sacks ',i the present daily
A weed far superior to oakum, has
been discovered in Putnam county,Flor
ida, which, after being put through a
process, proved the above assertion. A
stock company is (being formed for the
purpose of utilizing it. The weed is1
found in abundance.
The South does not grow enough pro
visions for home use, despite the ad-1
vance madle in that direction. So far
4 this season, she has drawn on the North
for wheat to the value of $55,000,000 ;
corn, $50,000,000, and provisions, $72,
000,000. Total, $177,000,000.
A curiosity in the fruit line is on ex
hibition at Tampa, Fla. It consists of
five distinct, fully matured pine apples
on one stem, touching each other at the
sides, and spread out in the shape of a
fan, and arounti the top of the fan, like
4 a handsome fringe,'are nineteen crown
lets, which will each make a distinct1
The oldest stove probably in the
United Stated is the one that warms the
hall of Virginia's capitol in Richmond.
It was made in England and sent to
Richmond in 1770, and warmied the
House of Burgesses for sixty years oe-.
fore it was removed to its present loca
cation, where it has remained for thirty
"Is~ the Turkish civil service system,''
asked a traveler in the orient of a pasha,1
"like oursi Are there retiring allow
* ances and pensione, for instance ?" "My
illustrious friend and joy of my liver,"
replied the pasha, "Allah i9 great, and
the pub. func. who stands in need of a
retiring allowance when his term of of
fic ez ire i sa n s s!I h v spoken."1
The Hebrew Aid Society,'of~-New
York, is sending bac~k to Russia theI
pauper, diseased and Infirm Jews sent
over to this country by the LondonI
committee. This is very [sensible, as
the Hebrew Aid Soniety hs. e-n. .r
stone In America is soon to be laid h
front of the stoop of R. L. Stuart'
house, at Fifth avenue and Sixty eight
street, New York. The stone measurei
26 feet 6 inches by 15 feet 6 inches, is I
inches thick, and weighs nearly 60,00(
pounds. It was cut In Sulivan county,
at the same quarry from which cam(
Mr. Vanderbilt's great flagstone. It wai
drawn by 18 horses to its destination.
Pittsburgh Telegraph: It is a mistake
to suppose that Maine passed the firsi
prohibitory liquor law in America. An
old act passed by the Trustees of Ogie.
thorpe's colony 'has been unearthed
which "enacted that the drink of rum
in Georgia be absolutely prohibited,and
that all which shall be brougbt there
shall be staved." This historical record
has considerable interest in these days,
the act having been passed in 1733, or
forty-three years before. the Declaration
of Independence was signed.
While the foundation or pillars for
the railroad bridge across Flint rive-, at
Montezuma, Ga., was being constructed,
one of the workmen placed a toad in the
crevice of a rock and fitted another rock
over the crevice, and then made the
abode of the toad air tight by means of
morter. Sixteen years rolled by, when
it became necessary to repair the pillar,
which was done by the same workman
that placed the toad in the' pillar when
it was first built. He remembered the
circumstance, and, upon examination,
found the toad still alive.
Mrs. Sykes on the Egyptian war: "XIs
it not strange to reflect upon, that all
these mighty engines of war, these splen
did armaments, these wonderful equip
mentE, lhis pomp and circumstance, are
directed upon a distracted enemy by the
mere penstrokes of two gentle old-lady
ish persons-the Queen, to wit, and Mr.
Gladstone? I am sure the Queen-moth
er would not personally harm a dove,
and as for the people's William, no
doubt Uncle Toby, who freed a captive
fly, was a bloodthirsty creature beside
him. Yet by the irony "of fate it is
these two who are thrown into positions
which force them to be the arbiters of
war and death, of cannonading, famine,
bodily anguish and every manner of
mortal suffering !"
Rhode Island is the State that has the
largest population in proportion to its
trea, the extreme smallness of the latter
riving it an exceptional density of hab
tation. This State, with its 255 per
ons to the square mile, being excepted.
Viassachusetta then becomes very re
narkable with its 222 to the square
nile. No other is near it; but New
rersey is next conspicuous with its 152,
md Connecticut with 129. New York's
~ities bring her fifth on the list, with
L08 persons, in spite of her great extent.
'ive States only have a population be%
ween 100 and 50 to the square mile,
hese being Pennsylvania and Maryland,
vith about 95 each ; Ohio with 78, In
liana and illinois with 55. At the oth
r end of the scale of States is Oregon,
vith not quite two to the square mile,
vhlle even California and NebtUhka
iave not quite 6. The territories are
til, of course, very thinly peopled In
>roportlon to their atreas, except the
)istrict of Columbia, if indeed this can
e classified among them. The District
laturallyis far more densely populated
han any of the States, having 2,960 to
he square mile ; but obviously it is to
e compared in this respect rather with
~ities or counties containing cities.
rhese various densities are based on the
ensus oi 1880; in all cases they are
iow greater, as the populations have
ince then increased, while the areas
mave remained the same.
There is a gospel tent at the corner
>f Michigan avenue and Fourth street,
md of a Sunday evening there is a eon
uiderable passing in arnd out on the patrt
>f pedestrians. Last Sunday evening a
yoy of fourteen who had just'left the tent
mncountered .a stranger, wvho stopped
1rm and inquired:
"Say, bub, what sort of a perform
mece is going on in thereP"
" Purty good thing," was the reply.
"I'd kinder like to sec the fat woman
rnd the living skeleton and the Albino
,hildren once more, but I'm purty near
trapped. Is thereoany wvaylTkin gatin ?"
"Js boys crawl under the canvae."
"Anybody around to knock you stilf?"
"Never saw anybody. I'llsoyu
where to go under." Y
" By hokey, I'll try it! It's no use to
*hrow away a qnarter when you kin
>eat a side-show."
The boy took him around behind the
ent and saw him safe under, andl~ then
~rossed the street and sat dlown. lie
vaited just exactly three minut's, and
hen the stranger camne out of the tent
y the dloor. HIe looked up and down.
~he street, closely scanned everv voung.
ster about him, and finally aid to a
"Bub, I'm looking for a youth about
wo heads taller than you-pecaked no~e
-brown straw hat- hair cut short ! I
want to see him so awvful had for about
a minute that I'll give you half a dlollar
f you can find him around1 here."-De
roid Free Press._____
--According to the Salt L Ae Tribunle,
mf Apostle of the Mornon Church
neanly cheated a circus which exhibited
n Salt Lake City by purchasing a f am
ly ticket, on which twenty-nine women
ith babies in their arma, fifty-two red
ianad airla svny .ni3,, fre1,1e
TOPICS OF THE DAY.
ILriNON famers are feeding theh
hogs rye, as being cheaper than corn a
IT KEEPs the Postal authorities busy iD
England watching for dynamite in mail
matter from America.
MoNTGOnwY, Ai bama, has quaran.
tined against Pensacola, Florida, where
yellow fever is reported.
THE census of 1880 will make thirty
volumes of 18,000 pages. They will be
quartos, the size of the Congresional
AnAn, whose nane is just now on
every lip, is pronounced A-ra-bi, the
accent on the second syllable with the
long sound of "a,"
TiE Jesuits of Quebec are again agi.
tating for the restoration to them of all
their property confiscated during Henry
the Fourth's reign.
A TTENTION is called to the fact that the
latest official returns show that the ratio
of the insane to the sane has doubled
during the last ten years.
OSCAR WILDE is still in this country.
He is at Saratoga. (It is just possible
that we owe our readers an apology for
permitting this paragraph to be printed.)
IT MAY yet be a question whether
England will have to whip Egypt, De
Lesseps or Turkey. DeLesseps, how
ever, thinks he is one size larger than
CunIous tourists are not flocking to
Egypt in as great numbers just now as
they did in former times. The strange
scenes of that country have lost their
CADET WZTrAKER has dropped from
the public gaze. He has given up lec
turing and returned to his South Caro
lina home where he will earn a living at
THE Baltimore American cites two
classes of professional tramps: One is
the wealthy idler who will not toil; the
other is the impecunious idler who will
not toil. This is a distinction without a
THE postal authorities of the United
States have asked the British officials
for an explanation of their action in in
terdicting the delivery of American mail
matter suspected of containing seditious
articles as information.
AUoUsT 13 Professor Vennor wrote to
the Boston Post: "No'more hot wave,
and the straw hat season is over.''
Straw hats will be worn, however, until
enough money can be scraped together
to purchase another sort.
CINCINNAlrI is making extensive prep
arations for the forthcoming Exposition,
which occurs September 6th to October
7th inclusive. The industrial parade on
the opening day is expected to be the
largest ever witnessed in the West.
AN OLD landlord says that not more
than half of the summer hotels will es
cape loss this season, nor more than one
in five yield a profit. Persons who have
been subjected to extortion at these fash
onable hostelries may extract some com
fort from this statement.
THE approaching school days leads
us to remark the fact that now-a-days all
school books are pretty good, and, as
far as merit is concerned, very much
alike. The pressure of competition
makes it so. And changes of text-books
should be made very rarely.
. -. z
THEr Treasury Department has decid
ed that Custom officers may detain re
prints of American copyrighted books,
and notify the owners of the copyrights,
to the end that the latter may take such
measures for th~e forfeiture of the, books
as circumstances may warrant.
THEt Washington female kickers,
known as the Female Society for the
P'revention of Unsympathetic Congress
men, have arranged what they call a
olack-list, it being their purpose to de
lefeat the future political aspirations of
those whose names are upon it.
CORtEA, the country now attracting
some attention owing to the revolt of
her people, is a mountainous peninsula
lying between the Yellow and Japanese
soe. It is a kingdom, whose sovereign
is nominally a vassal of China. IL coU
taina about 80,000 square miles, or a lit
ie more than twice the area of Ohio.
THE result of a Southern duel, says
the Pittsburg Dispatch, depends a great
.leal upon the locality, it would appear.
[n Virginia, as a general thing, the comn
batants return from the field of honor to
a wine supper. That isn't the way in
Kentucky. There both men generally
return full of buckshot, and with no ap
petite to speak of..
Tsfirst Sen ten under the new
whipping-post law in Maryland was pro
aounced nn a negro wife-beater the
other day, thie sentence being that the
offender receive thirty lashes. "Fore
:le Lord, Jiudge," pleaded the criminal,
"give me seven years in jail." A mo
tion for a new trial, which was made,
will stay the execution of the sentence
for several days.
IN ap)prov'ing of the course of the Kho
dlye, the London Trud4 ays his wife
should have the credit of being the in
stigator. The Khedive married a grand
daughter of Abbas Pasha. She is beau
tiful and strong minded, and Towfik is
entirely under her influence. This mod
ern Cleopatra is very rich, and when
money has been wanted to bribe the
Turks, she has, greatly to her dislike,
been obliged to provide it.
IN Toronto, Canada, the street cars
do not run on Sunday, the bootblack
boys are not on duty, and all the tele
graph offices are closed except the cen
tral one, where one man remains all day
to attend to important messages. The
cab stands are deserted, and anybody
who wants a vehicle and team most go
to a livery stable. The drug stores are
open at certain hours, and that only for
the safe of medicines. The liquor shops
close at 7 on Saturday evening, and re
main closed till 5 on Monday morning.
Ir AN article on the death of Senator
Hill, of Georgia, the Cincinnati Commer
cid (Republican) says :
His character Is too widely understood
to require a word of comment. His abili
ties shine forth like stars from the night
of contemporary mediocrity. Perhaps no
man of his time could both speak and
write the English language with such
force and elegance as belonged to his
tongue and pen. More especially was he
a thorough orator. The worthy successor of
Webster, of Clay, and of Calhoun, his un
timely death is not his loss-a Nation's.
Above all, his loss will be most severely
felt by the Southern people, who recog
nized in him a fearless, unyielding pat
riot and statesman.
COREA, whose King and Queen have
been assassinated because they effected
a treaty of commerce with the United
States and England, regards the world
at large as barbarians and want nothing
to do with it. Confucianism mixed with
local superstition is their religion. Tor
ture is inflicted as a part of their judicial
proceedings. Sometimes a prisoner's
bones are bent or pulled out of joint;
sometimes his calves are beaten into
rags by blows from a heavy plank; his
thighs may be sawed by a heavy cord,
or lie may be hung up by the arms until
he faints or dies. The final step is to
cut off the victim's head.
A LARGE, new clock has been con.
structed for the United States Signal
Service in Washington, D. C. The case
is made of brass, of sufficient height to
allow the swing of the pendulum one
moter in length, which weighs about
three hundred pounds. The case is
made air tight, so that the air can be
exhausted from it and the clock move
mnent runs in a vacuum, in order that
the variation caused by atmospheric
echanges~ will be slightly felt. A very in
genious attachment has been affixed to
the movement, whereby the clock winds
itself as it runs, so as to overcome the
difficulty which might arise from the
difference in the power of the spring
when fully wound and when partly
spent. The way this is accomplished is
by alternately breaking and closing an
electric circuit, and using the motion
thus obtained, and the power of the
electricity in rewinding the spring by
means of a worm end and other mrechan
ism, which is so graduated as to motion
that the winding keeps exact pace with
A Prolonged Fast Ends In~ Death.
Mrs. Hester A. Fryer, Crozerville,
Delaware County, abstained from food
for fifty-two days. Her period of stary
ation was ended by her death last Mon
day. Yesterday sh e was buried. For
two years the lady had been an invalid.
Previous to her illness Mrs. Fryer was a
large woman, weighing about 250
pounds, and seemed to have a very
strong constitution. About two years
ago she begani to be troubled with hys
teria, and gradually became so ill that
she was confined to the house. She
wasted away slowly, end finally became
unable to take any food except milk and
weak tea, upon which she subsisted for
nearly a year. Even this became un
pleasant and irritating to her stomach,
and about two months ago she deter
mined to attempt a complete fast, with
the idea that by absolute rest her stom
ach nmig ht become more vigbrous. Fif
ty-six days ago she commenced her long
fast, and no food of any kind passed her
mouth for forty-five days, althou~gh she
occasionally drank water. She said that
she felt better every day that the fast
continrned, and really appeared to rally'
and pick up in spirit and hopefulness ttf
not in flesh. She was no more troubled'
with dyspepsia, and although her physi
cians protested against her course, she
persisted. Her friends and the doctors
watched the case with great solicitude,
and the latter with great curiosity. One
day, about two weeks ago, she for the
first time In a year complained that sh e
wats really hungry, and called for some
thing to eat. Solid food was at first
given to her, but this would not stay
upon her stomach, and the old diet of
tea and milk was resorted to, but this
was also rejected. In short, it was dis
covered that her long fast had so com
pletely worn out her stomach that it
could not work, and every effort to feed
her failed. Her husband and friends
and the doctors were, therefore, com
pelled to watch her slowly but surely
starve to deoath, without being able to
help her. The physicians who attended
her propose to give a history of the case.
--PIlade lp)hia Record.
-M. Muybridge, who has been so
siuccessful in photographing the horse
in motion, 5ays there is no suen thing
as a "dead heat" in horse races. I e
predicts that in the near feature no race
of any importance will be undertaken
without the assistance of photography
to determine the winner of what m iat
otherwise he calad "4da ha~
Unfurling the Holy Flag.
So much is heard nowadays of the
possibility of a union of Islam and a
holy war, that It may not be without In.
terest briefly to look into the subject as
it is presented both in history and in
popular belief-two very different
things, it hardly need be said. An ap
parently competent writer in the Lon
don Times, when writing of it last year,
insisted that it was practically impossi
ble for the idea of a jchad. or war of ex
termination against the infldels, to be
carried out. Islam-the word signifies
full submission to (od, and is used by
Mohammedans to designate their faith
and the whole body of believers in it
had its rise among the Arabs of the
desert who inhabited the sterile ranges
on the eastern coasts of the Red Sea and
the almost equally barren districts of
the Nejd, who, like all nomad and
semi-sava&o tribes, relied for their live
lihood chiefly upon plundering their
richer neighbors, and as often raided
each other s territories with equal vigor.
These raids were and are called ghazi,
and one who takes part In them a ghazi.
"All the expeditions and petty warfare
by which Mohammed established his
power in the Ilejaz are spoken of," we
read, "as ghazawat, and it was only when
more ambitious attacks were made un
on the Roman and Persian )orders aid
the cry of 'There is no god but Allah,
and Mohammed is his prophet,' had be
come the watchword of victory, that a
gha.-i came to be synonymous with 'one
who fights for the faith.' This title ,ex
pressed in full, ghazi ed din, was much
affected by later Mohammedan princes
of other than Arab blood; but few, if
any, of the conquering Persian, Turk or
Tartar notables ever even understood
the term in its original sense, or ever
fought merely to propagate the mono
theistic creed. Mohammed was the
first to make a ghazi on a large scale,
and the first to preach to his Arab coi
patriots the duty of jchad-that is, of
'mutual strenuous effort' for the attain
ment of their common aim.'' The
prop hot, knowing that the tribes never
could become apower while they wasted
their energies in internecine warfare,
and at the same time that they could
not be united under any master, sought
to bring about national unity by bind
ing them by that "common religious
feeling" which really meant, ast so
often does, common interests, customs,
At Mecca were all the elements of
centralization-the kaabah, containing
all the gods of the different tribes and
the locale of all the fairs and gatherings
at which the historical and religious tra
ditions of the race were circulated and
kept alive. The Persian Empire was
weak and the Roman Empire was de
clining, and their dominions bordering
upon Arabia fell an easy prey to the
bands now for the first time acting in
concert. "The long series of con(quests
that followed in quick succession were,"
says the writer already alluded to, ''of
course attributed to the p)otenicy of the
profession of faith wvhich formed their
battle-cry, and their religious eni buisi
asm grew strongecr with each triumph.
The Arabs hand at last found thle all
powerful name of which the children of
Shemi have ever dreamed, by mens oif
which Solomon con trc lIed t11he demons
andI the elements, was wvafted through
the air on his magic carpet, or seaiedl
up the refractory genie in a bottle at
the bottom of the sea. Hlenceforwardl
the conquered infidels were offered but
one alternative-to acknowledge t he
name of Allah arid Ihi rophlet, or* to
perish by the sword ; while the formula,
'In tihe mame of Allah, the merciful, t ho
compassionate,' was ever after placed! at
the head or every Moslem wvriting. Th'le
conquest of a country wvas firstI tren'ed
by these Bedouin raLi'ders like that, of ani
encampment or (lesert village ; all the
portable property that could be laid
hands on was seizedl and shared aimoni
the soldiery, and a poll-tax was imp~ose(l
on all who chose to save themselves
from massacre b~y tihe profession of the
Mohammedan faith. lBut this primitive
system soon became uinmanageable as
their dlominions extended, and a mire
settled :and elaborate government was9
required. The onily way in wvhichi this
could be securedl was by leaviing thme ad
minmstration pra~cti(ally in the hands of
native ofiiers and holhiing the count ry
by a military occuipat ion, whielh consti
tuited a perpetual state of siege.
IThe possibility of a h oly war being
preached has been (discussed repeatedlly
of late years. It is held that in India
the influence of Islam has never been
much more than suplerficial, and that, at
the present time an Indian Moslemi, in
his observanico and tenets, is but a lin
except ion the Ulemas, when appealed
to to deccide whether or unot Idia was
aar at harb,-an enemy's country
pronounced friras, in thie negative, an
opinion confirmied later by the assembly
of Meccain docetors', who disposedl of
the subject once for all. At the same
time it is p)ointedl out that the Arabs
who migrated to Africa and( set up tile
rival cal iphiate in Spain were not sub-.
ject to the same extraneous influences
as those undi~er the caIli phate of Bagdad,
having iiixed but little with1 the na
tives, andl having preserve~d to the
present day their Arab customs, tradi
tions, and general ogies. '"'The same
(eements of A rab religious fanaticism,''
said the writer in The Timesw~, "'comined
with Arnh clan feelin1g, exist there as
in thle H I'jaz or Yeimen, and 'Iioi
some powerful Modecm sauint and chief
---andl t here are miany suceh in M\Iorocco,
Trunis, andi( Algiers --preach the ex
termination of lie Kalirus, it would b~e
useless to hope t hat any iuichi moderaito
counsels wold i prevail aIs those which
averted a similar danger in Indlia. It
might be strictly a 'Pan-Islamie' move
mnt, to riuote t he current iagron of the
day, but it would he a universal Arab
movement, which wouldl give ie to in
expressible horrors of war and' blood
shed in Western Africa itself, and it
would attract suficient sympathy in
other Mohammedan countries to orove
a sertons danger to the general peace."
The "unifurling of the green flag" is a
form frequently used, probably because
the flag in question~ us not green and can
not be unfurled. It Would be refresh
mg, indeed, to dnd any two authorities
anit araadunon tha snbject ot th.
banner. Moha mmed's earliest standard
wa the white turban which he cantured
from Boreide, and he adopted subs*
wrpently the black curtain which hung
before the door of his wife, Ayesha,
which passed to Omar, the Abbassides,
Selim 1., and finally to Amurath Ill..
who took it to Europe. This " black
eagle," which is Inscribed with the
word4, "Nasrum min Allah"-"The
Help of God"-was instituted dit-on, in
contradistinction to the great white ban
ner of the Kordshites. Another account
insists that the *anak-i-sherif is a
green flag, brought down from heaven
tA) the prophet by the angel Gabriel,
and it Is kept, in fair covering of green
taffeta, Inclosed in a case of peen cloth,
in the tmosque of Ayoub at Constantino
ple. A third authority recites that it is
carefully preserved in the seraglio in a
case built into the wall. "The stand
ard," we read, "is twelve feet high, and
tine guiduu Wilament, a closed Lall
whic i surmounts it, holds a covy of the
Koran written by the caliph, Osman 111.
In times of peace it is guarded in the
hall of the Noble Vestment," where are
preserved the prophet's dress and other
relics. Still another authority declares
that it is "an innocent piece of rotten
and faded silk, which used to be covered
with sacred writings, and which once
was green in color. The only legible
word remaining 'upon it is 'Alem'
world-which appears in a secluded fold
near the staff. The flag is never un
furled-nor, indeed, can it be from rot
tenness-but Is kept rolled on its staff
and covered with a green satin cover,
the whole packed away in a gold or
When the holy standard is to be
brought out, it is carried in its green
cover through the streets of Constanti
nople, and after the city walls are passed
it is "in the field," It is then stowed
away in the gilded box once more and
this is carried with the army much a
the Jews used to take the ark of the cov
enant to the wars. When it is in the
field every Moslem is in duty bound to
follow in its train. The usual procla
mation is: "This is the prophet's ban
ner; this is the standard of the caliph
ate. It is planted before you and un
furled over your heads, 0 true believ
ers, to announce to you that your religion
is threatened, that your caliphate is in
peril, and that your lives, your wives,
your children and your possessions are
in danger of becoming a prey to cruel
enemies. Any Moslem, therefore, who
refuses to take up arms and follow this
holy flag is an infidel amenable to
death." When the flag was brought
out in 1768, according to Baron Tolt,
the Christians had no difficulty in rent
ing windows and housetops from which
to view the ceremony, but when the
proclamation was made: "Let no infi
del dare to profane with his presence
the holy standard of the prophet, and
let every Mussulman, if he sees an un
believer, instantly make it known F"
their hosts p~ushied them over the roofs
or dIrove them out of the houses to be
but chered by the soldiers and mob. The
scene was different when a few years
ago, in order to obtain Christians aIs
volunteers, "flags of brotherly love"
wer c paradled through the streets of
Co'nstantinople, which bore in white
u pon a crimson grountd the cross and the
crescen~t.-N. 1'. World.
Pahid~ a Bill.
A Detroit lawyer took in a new boy
the other day, and as he had suf
fered to some extent from the depreda
tions of the former one, he decided to
try the new lad's honesty at once, lHe
therefore placed fifteen dollars in bills
under a weight on his desk and walked
out without a word. Upon his return,
half an hour later, the bills were gonc
and seventy-five cents in silver had taken
" Boy ! when I stepped out to get a
dIraft on London L left fifteen dollars un
der this weight!"
" Yes, sir."
" And now I find only seventy-five
" Yes, sir, but you see you hadn't
beet~n gone five minutes when a man
came in with a bill against you of $ 14.2.5,
and I paid it. I guess the change is
"You-you paid a bill P"
"Yes, sir-there it is, all receipted.
The main saidi it had slipped your mind
for the last four years, and so-"
lie dlidn't get any further before he
was rushed for the stairs, and he isn't in
the law business any more.-Detroit
"JDoni't you go there!'' he said as he
turncd around on the passenger who
annouincedl that he was going through
to lIdaho. "They are the most selfish
set of ple()l you ever saw."
" Well, take my case; I ran a wildcat
under a school-house and discovered a
silver mine, and yet they wouldn't let
me do any blasting undcr there (luring
sch~ool-hours for feair of dlisturbing the
children. Ihad to work ights alto
get her, and they even charged me thirty
cents for breakmg a window.''
" And in another ease where I staked
ouit a claim andl three men jumped it,
the GovernorII01 refused to issue ammuni
tioui or to let the Sherif move; and do
you know what I had to do? I had to
dig a caunal from a river three miles
awa~y and let the water in to drive the
jumpersI~i out, andl even then the Coroner
who sat on the bodies made me pay for
the colins andI charged me $12 for a
funeral sermon only seven minutes
lon E! D~on't go heydnd Colorado if you
wvant to be used well!"- Wall Street
-A gentleman admires a charming
Woman over whose head the swarms of
seventeen-year locusts have passed at
least thrice. "But, I say," says one of
his friends, "she's very charming, I
know; still, you must ad mit that she is
wrinkled." "WVrinkled!" echoes the
chivalrous lover. "No, sir!i There may,
be the indelible impression of a smite
upon her face here and tber. au 1~a
all"-9bmma EA na
1, ,000 to& ;A
ralroads in the Un
amounted to 850,000,000
Poor's Rairoad Manual
the too lw ave r of ,50
be wort *iS,0(X),,0.
-itfi estinated thatthe
this season pa1d to the Nort
000 for wheat, $50,000,000 for
872,000,O00 for meats,,' nd about
000,000 for hay, butter, ohe^ls. osi
pies, potatoes, ete.-eige 2Vms
-It Is pretty well settled .tht a
healthy man wholives to be 70 cc
age, in his life eats 7,800-of
meat, 72 barrels of flour, 1, pounds
of butter, 987 dozen e 800 pounds
of cheese, 168 bushels ,potatoes, ad
1,700 pounds of lard.
---Since the first oil well was opened
In 1859 the product of the wells has added
$1,500.000,000 to the wealth of the
United States in the value of the crude
oil and its products. To-day th6 prod
uct of these wells lights the cathedrals
of Europe, the mosques of Asia, the pa-.
godas of Japan, and even the huts on
frica's sunny so!'. Its exporto are
over 1,000,000 gallons a day.--Booton
-The great cattle range of Wyomi
under the military protection of Fot
McKinney is about 800 miles square.
In this area are now grazing 300,000
head of cattle, worth $27 per head,
amounting to $13,500,000, to which can
be added the value of the horses and
ranches of the cattle-men and the
farmers, and the stock of the grangers,
making at least $15.000.000 of property
under the protection of the post.-N.
-In this country, with a population
of- 50,000,000, there are 4,204,862 per.
sons above the age of twenty-one years
who cannot write. Of this number
2,056,463 are whites, 1,747,900 negroes,
about 800,000 Indians and 100,00 AsI
atics. It is estimated that In almost
every State in the Union, and in the
country as a whole, the balance of po
litical power, so far as numbers are con.
cerne d, is or can be in the hands of the
illiterate voters.-N. Y. Sun.
-Arizona covers an area of 72,000,
000 acres of land, four-tenths of which
is mineral-bearing. It is larger than
New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey
and Delaware combined Since 1849
there has been extracted from seven
States and Territories the sum of $2,
100,000,000, fotr which Clalifornia is
credited $1,148,307,731; Nevada, 6469,
125,943; idaho, $71,643,901; Oregon
and Washing-ton Territory, $48,887,251;
Utah, $55,848,831, and Arizona, 617.
980,175. -CAcaqo 7Vmes.
"AssassinatIon by Silence."
"Assassination by silence" is the
latest Gallcism. It was the verdict of
the medical men and of society in the
case of a Frenchwoman recently de
ceased; and a coroner's jury would
probably have rendered the same ver
dict ifthe case had not been kept from
the coroner. Noble by birth, she was,
and very rich ; but she was hopelessly
plain, ugly of feature and hum p-backed.
11 er husband, a Duke, married her for
her money and hated her for her ugli
ness. A fortnight after her wedding
her martyrdom bezan, but not as other
conjugal martyrdoms have done. The
Duke lavished attentions on her-An
public;.he was affectionate--before tho
servants; it wa "darling" and "be-n
loved," and "my little cat"'-when any
one wvas pre~eent; but in private changed,
andl only one old nurse was in the se
cret. tie pretended to be jealous of
her, and so played the Othello. He
had the hinges of all the doors so care
fully oiled that they could be opened
with out a creak, the domestics were
trained to move about noiselessly, snares
were sot in the vast gardens of their ho
tel so that never the chirp of the spar
row was heard. -The poor woman was.
forced to live in the midst of silence, and
when they went together into society he
scowled so fearfully at every one who
ipproached his wife to speak to her that
little by little people ceased to make the
sifort. And then after they had re
turned, and she had gone to bed, he
would enter with list shoes on his feet,
so as not to announce his coming, and
would simulate a scene of jealousy.
That is to say, he would pace up and
down like one in a fury who is about to
burst Into reproaches; words of anger
would seem on the point of issuing from
his mouth ; then he wonld stop by the
bedside and raise his hand in threat; but
he never struck, he never spoke, and,
resuming his walk, would go through
the same scene over and over agamn,
until, overcome by fatigue and horror,
the Duchess swooned. Every night for
ten years his victim watched for menaces
which he seemed about to proffer, but
to whioh he never gave vent. The doe
tol's we' e summioned at last; but the
utrcost they could say was that they
'were in the presence of some horrible
a ystery which could not be fathomed
without killing the husband. And when
the poor woman died and the old nurse
told her story they rendered the verdict
above recordeod.-Detroit Free Press.
--Mr. Eu~igenie Schuyler, who has been
3Onneictedl with the United States diplo
nat ic ser-vice in Europe for many years,
ins returned to Now York on a visit In
ipeaking of the present exodus of Rus
~ian Jews froem that country he says that
me of the grievances that led to the
>resent trouble~s are the methods they
Iare employed for getting the peasant
-y in their power. The Jews, ho states,
Cfnd money on good security and then
nsist upjonA the most rigid enforcement
>f their claims. They are the possess
r-s of a gr-eat deal or land which has
omne to them through this means. None
~f the Jews ai-e artisans or farmers.
--A Dakota girl has earned her right
~o the endlearin~g title of "duck."
While crossing the river near Valley
lty her canoe upset. She tied the ca
ace to her ankle and swam ashore.
Another young woman of the same Ter
ritory has advertised for a husband as
follows : "I mean business. If there
is any young main in this county that has
as much sand in him as a pound of p lug
tobacco I want to hear from him. I have
a free claim and homestead, am a go
cook and not afraid to work, and w'ling
to do my part. If any man with a like
amount of land, and decent face and-ear
tiass, wants a good wife, I can fill the bilt~