Newspaper Page Text
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b]fTeD To r0Lin10, MORALITY, 19DUCATION AND TO Till VVX2RAL INTEIREST OF THE COUNTY
yD. F. BRADLEY & o PICKENS, S. Ct THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1882
, 2.VOL XI NO 52
as rised $250,
dg a cotton factory.
A bog owned by a man U1*srt2
?etetburg, Vs., weighs 1,800 pdd
Louiana proposes to enter etesv
ly in the raising and manufacture 4
At fenrys, N. C., a vein of mweei
schaum of extremely fine quality hi
Vicksburg's new cotton compresswit
a storage capacity of 50,000 bales,
ready for business.
At a sale af public lands at Austh
Tex., 60,000 acres were sold at flit
cents, a mn named Forsyth taking i
The State Land Office at Tallahasse
has now eight clerks employed. Thre
did the work before the boom reache
A man near Newnan, Ga., bas beei
working an illeged gold mine fort,
years and has never made a cent. H
is still confident that "there's million
The huge rattle snake recently kille
in Sumter county, Fla., has been for
warded to the Smithsonian Institute,
The snake ineasured eight feet and two
inches in length.
Raleigh News and ObEerver; North
Carolina has 178 varieties of minerals
25 more than any other State can show
up. There are 112 varities of woods,
and again we are in the lead.
It is intended organizing the "Ben
Hill Monumental Association" in Geor
gia, the object of the association being
to collect funds to erect a monument 'at
Atlanta in memory of Hon. B. E. Hill.
An old silver watch, once the prperty
of Aaron Burr, and an autograph of
Thomas F.Tefferson, were purchased in
Richmqnd, Va., recently, by ex-Gov
ernor llandolph for the New Jersey.
The enterprising Texan who started
u goose ranehe near Taylor has given
up his project. The geese, 400 in all,
died, failing to find sustenance enough
in the grass on which it was thought
they would thrive.
The chestnut tree recently felled at
Salis-burg, N. C., measures nine feet in
diameter, and a lady and gentleman can
'walk through it without getting near so
close together as they do at a lawn par
ty. The rings on the tree indicate that
it is 400 years old.
* ~ "Pa,'what is a pessimist, and( what 1s
-an optimist ?" "A pessimist, my Eon
is one who 'takes the surplus kittens.
just after they are born, and chiloro
forms them. The optimist is one who
lets the kittens grow up, to live a
wretched, starving life ; to be tortured
continually by boys and other thought
less aninials, and to be finally kied
- with brickbats and left to rot on the
Great war ships are costly even in
+ ~ England, where ship buildingr is less ex
pensive than in this country. The Bit
ish ironclad Inflexible cost $4,000, 000,
but she is the most formidable war ves
elever constructed. She has a tonnage
-of '11,406 tons, 8,000 horse-power en
gines, and an armor ranging from six
teen to twenty-four inches in thickness
She carries four eighty-one ton guns,
which propel 1,700 pound shot a dii
tance of nine miles.
At the receut Forestry Convention at
Miontreal it was shown that in Canada
the annual production of pine lumber
is 2,000,000,000 feet, requiring the trees
et 1,000,000 acres, and that at this rate
the pine forests will not hold out over
fifty years, and not that long if the
present vaste in cutting continues and
fires arealowed to ravage the pine re
gion. )r. Loring, our Commissioner of
Agricuture, made an address to the
conveition, showing that the pine for
'sta inthe United States would in Tex
as befxhausted in 300 years; Florida,
thirtig~ears ; Alabama, seventy years ;
Missis~ ppi, 150 years ; Minnesota ten
years ;, iichigan, seven years ; Wiscon
sin, ti nty years; North Carolina, fifty
4 ~ years Louisiana, 540 years; Georgia,
seven i-five years ; Pennsylvania, five
-years Arkansas, 320 years ; California,
'200 ye8s; South Carolina, twenty-seven
years QMaine, fif teen years. The bulk
of the pine lumber supply is in the
Soutlfrn States, and from Dr. Loring's
state 4ent it is very evident that it is a
great ublic duty to prevent the present
reckl as waste of timber, and to rehabil
itate tasted areas by forest planting.
Ti- existence of coal in the Arcticre
gion ad the nature of its composition,
cons~ ute one of the most remarkable
disc erics in modern, geology. T'his
coal pam, it appears, is fouind in the
side if a narrow mountain gorge, the
previling rock of the surroundmg dis
tric14eing a shingly claystone of very
irre l1ar arrangement, but mainly dip
pin ~o the westward, and, so far as as
certi 0(d, devoid of fossils, though the
*veg tion presents no less than sixty
spo s of plants. The coal has a bright,
i appearance, is somewhat of a
pit chara cter, and very brittle. On
an sis, it cannot be distinguished from
bit inous coal of exceeding good qua'
Ity nd Is found to belong to the true
egi niferous period. It contains some
six -five per cent. of coke; andl those
w are acquainted with the various
(eo fields of England trace a strong ire.
so lance between the Arctic and the
E Jish.---. Y. Sun.
A jeweler has long dunned a lady
of ashion for the amount of his big bill
b in vain. When he rings the bell
t footman says politely but firmly :
' ir. the Countess only ream on
TOPICS OF THE DAY.
t ITALi has postponed specie payment
till next April.
* COwanUATa bonds are beginning to
B look up again.
TsxAs cotton is promising, but twen
ty-five days late.
News from across the big pond says
a Sarah Bernhardt is seriously ill.
IT WAS James Gordon Bennett him
self who interviewed the Sultan for the
Now York Herald.
THE Czar is afraid of his crown. The
coronation, we are now informed, will
not occur until next May.
IT Is estimated that there has been no
less than 50,000 watermelons shipped
north daily from Atlanta, Ga.
IT is a fact that while at Saratoga
Oscar Wilde registored "oscar wilde,
london." Small potatoes, that.
PORTLAND, Oregon, is reputed to bc.
the wealthiest city in the United States
in proportion to her population.
GUITEAU'S skeleton is now in tho Na
tional Army Medical Museum, Wash
ington, but not on public exhibition.
TrE progress of Dakota is indieated by
the fact that she now has more daily
papers than any one of the Souther;,
WHILE General Swaim is still of opin
ion that the confinement of Sergeant
Mason is illegal, the confinement goes
on, and in time the sentence will be
PAUL BOYNTON, the swimmer, figures
up that he has saved seventy-two persons
from drowning in his day, and the largest
reward ever offered him was a silver
plated watch worth about $3.
DECREASE of the public debt for
August $16,000,000. During the next
two months the Government will dis
burse $41,500,000 in payment of called
bonds, interest on the public debt and
HENRY WARID BEECiERI says that if he
was a newspapeV man he wouldn't be
lieve in anything or anybody that had
an ax to grind. Yes, Henry, and there
are lots of things that newspaper men
don't take much stock in.
IT MAY be creditable to tne Washing
ton police that mor'e instances of insults
to womenn are detec ted there than in any
other city of equal size in the country,
but at the same time it does not speakI
very well for our statesmen.
THE Jewish Afesenger rebukes the
Hebrews for leaving their religion in the
city when they go to the summer resorts,
and says : "We have yet to learn of a
single instance of public worship on the
Jewish Sabbath at any country place."
- Puch credits Anna Dickinson with this
statement: " Well, yes, I was~ something
of a free trader, but if that horrid
creature Langtry is coiming over here,
I am going in for protection. Oh, I
wish we women had the makig of the
Srx inches of rain fell all over North
western Texas during the recent heavy
storm, and it is estimated that 25,000
sheep, besides horses, cattle, mules, and
sixty to seventy-five persons were swept
away. About fifty houses are gone in
Ray. GEORGE C. MILN is preaching
at Watkins Glen, where he will soon
have an opportunity of meeting Herbert
Spencer,the man whose writings, he says,
first led him to disblieve in the Churcii
and finally to renounce the Christian
THE cook at the White House dm-ing
die illness of~ President Garfield, wants
to know why her name has been omitted
from the list of employes who are to re
ceive extra compensation. This is a re
mnarkable oversight, perhaps due to the
(!ook's lack of cheek.
" I oprEN ci'oss the street to avoid
meeting a man," says Mr. Beecher, "not
because I have anything against him,
but simply I do not feel liko speaking to
him. I suppose all men are this way."
It may be, but the question is, is this the
right spirit for a Christian to manifest.
THEs wearing of jcwelry is going out of
fashion in England. It is regarded as
vulgar to be seen with a display of
jewels, unless it be on great occasions.
Bare arms and throats are the rule in
fashionable society, the wearing of ban
gles, bracelets, and chains being left to
those who do not follow the newest
A COTEMPOftARY significantly asks:
Hfow does it happen that the British in
Egypt get regularly beaten in the after-'
noon papers, and come up all right and
getting on in the papers~ of next morning?
flow conies it that the afternoon papers
are so destructive to the British? By what
line do they get their news?
Those who haye access to both morn
ing and evening papera may have often
noticed this irregularity.
IN Merchantlle, N. J., a Magistrate
fined a boy $1 for swearing. This fur
nishes a basis for calculation to a brother
of CoL. Sellers, who lives in Camden. He
reckons that in Camden County there
are 70,000 people, half of whom swear.
That would be $35,000 for an oath apiece.
Each fellow swears fifty times a day.
That makes $1,759.000 daily income,
012,250,000 per week, and, counting
twenty-six good working days to the
month, $318,500,000 each month.
Tm Khedive has prescribed a treat
ment of officers who come back to him
from Arabi, which is calculated to wash
out their treason, but not to encourage
others to return; it is to have them keel.
hauled by the frigate Seanda. Keel
hauling is to pass a line under the ship,
hitch the victim to one end, let him
down on one side, haul him under the
ship and up on the other side, making
no haste in the hauling. It is intended
to fetch the keelbauled to the next to
the last gasp.
IT WIL be remembered that General
Sherman, not many years since, visited
the scene of the present hostilities in
Egypt, is perfectly familiar with the
theater of operations, and during our
civil war had a great deal of experience
in flank movements. He said that
Wolseley showed great nerve in taking
the sacred bull by the horns.so to speak.
without waiting for the result of nego
tiations at Constantinople. "Ah, he is
a great soldier, that Wolseley," said the
General. "A great soldier. Tlie English
people will pay him well, and he knows
it." The General was evidently thinking
of the difference between the pay of a
General in the army of the United
States and a successful General in the
English army, with his titles and their
substantial ?100,000 attachments. He
says Wolseley's recent movement on
Ismailia wa.s equal to anything of a sim
ilar character undertaken by the first
Chasing a Lion in South Africa.
During the night lions have beer4
prowhngr l aboit (and keelpc)ing up a
hid eous roaring, so I hurry away in front.
with the lros)ect of meeting one stroll
img home in the grray light, of the early
hours. The air is raw and cold, so I
miarch at the double-quick and reckless'
ly thrust. Imv hands to the bottom of my
p)ockets inl the h1ap)y colsciolsnes.- f
not being in Regent street. Mv two u;ual
attendants in iy hunt ing (\)edit ion
have considerably shrivel up, and
have (levelopied ill ashy comllexion un
pleasant to behold, an d tlhe slink arond1)
shivering wvith the cold aid doubtless
elvying ime my pockets.
We soon1 get, ai conisiderable dis taniee
ahead of the caravani, and begin to keep)
a sharp) look out for gae Several
herds are described at a (listan11ce
but, not caring to go far out of t he war,
We leave these unm~aolestedl. Mat terS,
however, (do not becc miore prom is
ing, and we begini to concludte t he(re is
to he 1no sport this mnorning. .Just as
that thought shapes itself downi siniksi
the guide in a crouching piosition1, wvhile
he excitedly whisper-: "'A lion! a lion"'
Instinctively we follow his examphlle.
After a huirriedl glanice at myW ri le I
cautiously raise my head. Lo'okiner in
the direction indieice by the oiide
I am11 mfortitied at steeing a line lion1
leisurely b~oundinug away thu~rugh the
long grass. Risin~g ('rectI I fire in-e
eipiitaitely. The lion, uniharmned, simiply~
pauses for a mioment ary stare awil thlen
continues its course. ( rinding out ani
ex pression of intense vexation1, and'
yielding to thle impulse of thle mioment
I rush after the an imtal in h(ot.hlast e. My
servants, less eager and more wise t ha'n
I, remain where t hey wvere. It niever
occurs to mec that I have onilv thle r
mlainingr eartridge of my~ doubhl-barrcel
rifle for a possible encounter with t he
T1he movements of the lion can onily
lbe tra'fced by thle shiakinmg of thle gra: ss,
andi( with eye inltently Ixed oin that I
(dash onl pell-miel'., t ripping, st umbllingil
andl gaspin~g for breath, whuile my hieort
palpitates withI thle excitemient of thle
chase. We ttms keep up t he race for
about 300 yards, when all at once thle
shaking of thle grass ceases, rem indain g
me that I nuist procee. withimuch mo re
caution lest I r'ushu albruplhy inito thle
fervent embraces of his leoine hiigh.
ness --a consummnation most (devout lv to
be dlepreciated, seeing I have no amibi
tion for the world's repriobation1 andh a
wvarning epitaph, Moving on v ery
stealthily for some( t imei I sumhlenily
eme(rge into an open space, and as stud
(denly halt translixedl; for t here sI:tas
the lion at a distance of a lit tle more
than fifteen yardls, withi its side toward
me,. and evidently awvaiting~ my ap
proach. The miomnentary shock gives
place instantly to a st range feeling of ex
ultation. With sneh a splenid oppor101
tunity for a shot. I am sure of my gamie!
Mentally, as by a Ilash, I pict iu-e miy
self exhiibitig the trophdieis of thle
encounter to- an admiirinig troop of
friends. I level my gun, and hang! it
goes: To my in finit e nmort if icnt ioni, and,
ats I think, againist fill the laws of
reason, there is neit her the graind deat h
sp~rinlg nor the last t rauwie roar. Uni
Woundied and undaunte, there stands
my dlangerous antagronist, "staring upon
the hunter!"' It 'takes one or t. wo
seconds to let the grim realities of t lie
situation daiwnl upon0 my imaginat ion.
Only too evidenmtly are tie tables t~iuned
upon mue. I havte no ammunritionl, andl
I daure not flee. To '"fix'' him with my
eye unfortunately (does not occur to mue
as. practicale. 0On the contrary, I
have a very distinct consciousness that
he has "fixedl" me, and. that. I should
not be ungrateful for some convenient
tree from wvhieh I might try the fasci
nation of the human gaze. 'fThus for a
little space, which to me seemed hours,
We stand face to face. The lion seemsl
uncertain what to do, but finally re
solves to treat me with contempt.
TIurning with dignity, he gives one or
two powerful bounds and disappears in
the jungle, while I, limp and be
d1*gled, return to my mien.--Good
A tall gentleman of military physique
attracted the attention of a Leader com
missioner yesterday aA he watched the
ebb and flow at the Union Depot. Upon
inquiry it was learned that the warlike
.gentleman was Commodore R. W. Schu
feldt, of the United States Navy, who
was en route to his home in the East.
Commodore Schufeldt was sent to China
and Corea by the Government on an im
portant and diplomatic mission, and
reached this country but a few days
since, having accomplished the service
he was detailed to perform. Corca is a
mountainous kingdom of Eastern Asia,
The King is a vassal of the Chinese Em
pire, yet within his own country he is an
absolute monarch. His name is so holy
that no one is permitted to speak it, and
it is rated high treason to touch his
body with any weapon of iron. Tieng
taong-tai-vang permitted himself to die
of an abscess in the year 1880 rather
than permit his doctor to use a lance on:
him. Every horseman that passes the
palace of the King is compelled to dis
mount, and those who enter his presence
must needs prostrate themselves before
There are eight provinces in the
Kingdom, and each is presided over by
a Governor. The Coroan language is
Turanian in its nature, but the educated
classes have discarded it for Chinese.
Buddhism is the official religion, and
sacrifices of pigs, goats and sheep are
offered to the gotis for all purposes upon
the least provocation. Plurality of wives
is not tolerated, but harems are in high
fashion, and one of these arrangements
Is attached to the palace of the King.
Children fare well among the people,
and strong affection for their off
spring is one of the redeeming traits of
the Corean people. Paper is the only
thing of any consequence manufactured
in the country, but trade there is entire
ly undeveloped. In 1867 several Ameri
can vessels were burned by the natives
and Commodore Schufeldt was sent by
the Government to remonstrate with the
Corean authorities, but he failed and
returned. Admiral Rodgers in 1-870 en
deavored to enter Corea, and also failed,
and the country still remains a sealed
mystery to the civilized world. The
Japs have got so far, however, as to be
allowed to station a permanent Miiiister
at the Corean capital, while three of the
ports are open to Japanese trade, but
further they dare not go.
Commodore Schufeldt's second mis
sion to Corea was to open that country
to the world, and he was successful in
doing so through the intervention of the
Chinese Government. The mineral re
sources of Corea are Faid to be great,
gold, silver, copper, iron ore and coal
being reported to be among its hidden
treasures. TheCoreawomen arenot con
sidered of much importance by the males,
and among the upper classes the mar.
riage of a widow is considered disgrace
ful, and the production of the union, if
there be any, is looked upon as being
illegitimate. Widowers are, of conurse,
free to wed a dozen times if they are s<o
mnclined. There is another custom which
Americans will have to remedy whein
they move over, andl that is the cuiltiva
tion of snakes. The average Coreani
dotes on reptiles, and views thenm with
the most profound respect and awe.
A Concert in India,
We were once misguided enough to
inquire of some native oflicials in India
what instruments of music their town
possessed, and were waited upon next
day, in consequlence, by all the music
ians of the place. First came a group
of nine women who sang some wild and
p laintive strains in unison in a minor
key ; one of them kept time by
occasionally snapp)ing her fingers, wvhile
another performed a rude accomp~ ani
ment on a small barrel-shaped drum,
the ends of which were covered with
goatskin. The head-dress of seome of
these singers was peculiar, and consistedl
of folds of calico over tile head and
round the throat, rather like the drap
ery of some orders of nuns, andl similar
to that given by p~ainters to St. Anna,
and other holy women of the Bible. The
grouping of these people, ns they sat
close together on~ the ground, wats ex
tremely picturesque ; and listening to
the sad sweetness of thleir strainls, 0one
couldl easily inmagine such to have been
the appIearance and thle melody of the
daughters of Jerusalem as they lai
mented by the waters of Babylon.
The singing endedl, a man was seen to
rise ini the backgrond, lifting ani enor
mous brazen trumpe~t nearly as long ats
himself, on which he blew two most ter
rific blasts, excruciating in English ears.
These sounids -were prolonged, anid
seemedl to inik downi through a long
wailing discord mnexp~resslibly p)ainfl to
listen to, bult ntot unfrequently to be
heard in that district of the Punjab.
Tfhe effort of blowing the trumpet is
conlsiderable, and we were gladl to make
this an excuse for hearing no more of it,
and submitted with the b~est grace we
could to a performance of tom-tomi,
wvhile two more men exercisedl their
lungs upon horrid little trumpets of a
smaller size. Wheni these were dhis
missed we had a kind of duet all on one
note from two men, one of whom beat a
small drum open at one end, like a very
Ideep tamb~ourine, while ainothier played1
upon something like a four-stringed
banjo. Tlhe lowdr part of this instru
ment was made of a gouird, and tw.o of
the strings were paissed through blue1
ghess b~eads, while thme other two were
raised by cowries of (different sizes ; thme
banj wasfurther adorned b y the green
adgllbl from sonie English cot
ton-reel or piece of calico, stuck onm the
stem by way of ornament.
Perhaps tis concert was an unusual
amount of native music for English peo
Iple to hear at once, but no onie can b
long in India without meeting with
some of it. -Temrple Bar.
-A newly-married lowa farmer,
whose blissful slumbiers were dispelled
by the tin horns and horse fiddles of a
"charivari"' party, put to disastrous
flight the disturbers of his peace by
overturning among them hamlf a (dozenl
bee-hives. The proverbial industry of
the pugnacious insects provedl more ef
fectual than shot-guns or hot water.
JESSIE IN THE LANE.
The fields are clover-laden,
The bees are on the wing,
As Jessie, loveliest maiden,
Goes gayly sauntering
Adown the breezy lane.
'Tho merry birds around her sing,
Nor warble they in vain,
For Jessie's heart is tuned to song,
As through the lane she moves along.
She loves the purple clover,
The drone of hurrying bees,
The songs that float above her,
The blossom-scented breeze
That ruffs her sunny hair;
For Jessie's maiden heart's at ease,
Untouched by love's sweet care
And finds dear Mother Nature yields'
A thousand Joys in wood and fields.
And now among the grasses,
Along the verdurous way,
Sweet Jessie slowly passes,
And all the green array
Scans keenly, if perchance
A mystic four-leaved clover spray
Reward her eager glance.
In vain I not e'en her magic eyes
Can lure to view the fateful prize!
But see I one comes to greet her,
In sober homespun clad.
Why grows the prospect sweeter?
And why, with smile so glad,
Lights up her glowing face?
Wor he is but a rustie lad,
And sho-a queen in grace!
Ah, that's a secret who can tell?
ut Jessie likes her laddio well.
Now side by side I gether
They saunter down the lane.
How lovely is the weather!
How fair the bloomy plain,
Swept by the summer air!
And Jessie, ere they turn again,
Knows why they seem so fair;
For, looking for a four-leaved clover,
Her maiden heart has found-a lover,
________ --Harver's Weeklu.
The profit of the future is to come in
avoidance of wastes of the farm. As
the country grows older, land dearer and
immigration heavier, competition waxes
fiercer in all agricultural production. A
ruinous share of the hay is lost lirst in
citting when ripned to woodiness or
dried to hardened st ems; then in giving
it out to sustain life and aniial heat
rather I han for fat, and flesh. Corn is
also thrown away bY insuilicient or in
judicious feeding. Thero is enormous
loss inl keepinig a poor cow that yields
three hiund1re 1d yallens of milk per an.
num inste-d of one that priodltes six
hunit1dred at about the same cost. One
may bring the owner inl debt, while the
other atfords a han-one profit on ex
pelse of keep. A cow that gives milk
only from April to Novemher, and runs
(iry when forage is costly and milk is
dear, shotld have a few months' extra
feedini, and go to the buitcher as soon
as possible. 'hat a cow is dry formore
than six weeks is the fault of 'the owN ier
in not procurinwr "the survival of the
it test," an-d aa'1. perhaps in not sup.
plying aimple aid steeuleiti foodi at all
easionts, wlhile the milk habit of thc
younig tow t., formuing. 'Ihe loss in milk
an1d 1)cat by irregullar feeding and V
Chan;e from freshi 'astures to a straNN
slack and coarse hay (iring an in'lei.
ent seasont, is an irrep:iable wast<
which is proe'ted into the succeedint
smumer Viitout regard to the abund
anc~e of its p asturie.
Thie losses from niegl igence, or wan
of skill in thle preparaitioni for market,
the imanipulation or mamnufa'lure faon
raw~ material, is enormous. Milk 0' th(
same <iual ity, of the samte cost, mnakes
butter at lifteeni cents andl at half a dol.
tar per poutndl. Mi xedl fruits sell in
market att half the value of assortedl
samples neatly put uip. T1hie pig prod.
itets of ar famuous Massachiusettsq farm are
dIi-posed1 of in Newv York City at twe'n
Oy-t brecents per pound1(, while simia
gosfrom thet average farnm commiiaml
but t hirtmeen cenits. Skill, taste, neat
, ness and( a well-earnled repuItat ion for
rel iable excel leine get the hiighiest re
wards - ive better dtividends thtan the
capital and labor represent ed in the
rtiodulct Oin whii'h they are e'xpendbed.
iht(re is. solidl moneiiy ini tese initangrible
v~ralable. Buit the w~aste~s that may be0
avoidled are num iterouis inl every depart
mnut. < f agr1 iIultral pract ice', and3( enni
no t. lbe hi nited at in a pa ragraph. TIhey
are itllust rated in the d if'eritng costs an'd
selling prices of the pr'iouctsof adjoin
.ng farmis ini every nieighiborhJood of the
'and.-N. Y. Tribune.
Straw in the Manger.
It is not at all diflicult to rot dlown a
stiraw pile, and by so dloinig to geritinato
aind kill most of the weed seeds con
t:line(d therein; b~y mlaking~ the stack
very lat , so as to catch much water,
it r'ot~s rapidly and3( 5( soon as 4t gets
on1ce torouighily w~etted, t~y repiling, it
soon hte~Ia t i u1 d eca s. J ut te at tack
or pile' of st raw att best. ctins car' Onl
and( silien int quanlhtitie's, .11ul these are
thte most ennui on and1 I~~ li'ast valuale toOf
all Ithe (elments of pltant, food. The
quiant ity of potash, nit rrgen and' phos
ph oie acid is very smalh in~l(eedI, and~
there is no miet hod by wh ichi tis p)ile of
st r~nv enni in) any waly be c'htanged( into(
lunte 'oltainling alily mnor(' of tht(se
va:li:lble etitlnents th:mi we're in the
st ack origlintl ly. If we tread1 this pit(
dlownt it wi I ll ly 1be a pile0 of' wet straw,
and( if we l ot it ever' so thoroughly, it
rot ted( striaw, and , at becst , little bettler
than so muc(h swamtp muck.
It is on)ly by Ithe use of straw as n
atbsorb~ent , and1( as a coarser' food for
fatteninug aimt:the, alui3 by using wiithI it
. muchl r'.('h food, suich ats corni, bran, oil
or cot t nii-seed' mieali, etc., t hat. we enni
(chanige it into mianuire thIat. shall reially
be0 very' vahtinble to use, ando thait iii
argly increase the cr'op's where ulsed1.
lairCrgo ep' of grain) year afte'r y1eari,
.l and sell the most valuiable partlt, and b~y
anly metd ho itrin thre stra'w into manureil'
that. shiallI keepu up te fertility oif t he
soi: if we manure only withI straw, we
mnust expe(ct to growv only :,traw upon
the bol. It is unfortuniate for B. A.
R. , 01' any~(i other1 man, to lbe so situlatedh
that hte c Inniot affordl to raise stock to
eant. up andt tread dlown thle str'aw, andt
to be' ted richer'i foods, so as to make a
full511) suply of ioh mnanur'e. With any
systemj of farm'ninga we 1now have, the
land41Ti mut , soor(i' 0or later, become ex.
hauisted alnd cease to yieldl prolitable
crops5 if we fail to return to the soil the
es'ential elemenlts of plant food removedl
in sneh ('rons.-Cor._N. Y. TIribtrun
-Jordan Perkins was plowing with
mule near' Eufaula, Ala., and, when irl
the act of turning the animal at the en<
of a furrow, madej a by striking it
when It kicked him on the chin, shiat
terinig it and his te.th, and cutting hi,
tongnn nearly off.
Migration of Seals.
Of the different sorts of North-Atlantio
seals, all but two are migratory-that is
to say, the whole body of them move
from north to south each autumn, and
back from south to north each spring.
Upon this important fact the great fleets
of fishermen depend for their success.
The annual southward journey of the
restless harp-seal furnishes a vivid pio
ture of these great rigrations which are
so prominent a feature of polar history.
Keeping just ahead of the "making" of
the ice, or final freezing up of the fords
and bays, at the approach' of winter
they leave Greenland, and begin their
passage southward along the coast of
Labrador, freely entering all the gulfs
and bays. They appear first in small
detachments of half a dozen to a score
or more of individuals ; these are soon
followed by larger companies, until in a
few days they form one continuous pro
Cession, filling the sea as far as the eye
can reach. Floating with the Arctic
current, their progress is extremely
rapid, and in but one short week the
whole multitude has passed. Arriving
at the Straits of Belleisle, some enter
the gulf, but the great body move on
ward along the eastern coast of New
foundland, and thence outward to the
Grand Banks, where they arrive about
Christmas. Here they rest for a month
and then they.turn northward, slowly
strugglig against the strong current
that aided them so much in their south
ward journey, until they reach the great
ice fields stretching from the Labrador
shore far eastward-a broad continent
During the first half of March, on
these great floating fields of ice, are
born thousands of baby seals-only one
in each family, to be sure, but with
plenty of play-fellows close by-all in
soft woolly dress, white, or white with a
beautiful golden luster. The New
foundlanders call them "white coats."
In a few weeks, however, they lose this
soft covering, and a gray, coarse fur
takes its Place. In this uniform they
bear the name of "ragged jackets ;" and
it is not until two or three years later
that the f till colors of the adult are
gained, with the black crescentic or
harp-like marks on the back which give
them the name of "harps."
The squealing and barking at one of
these immense nurseries can be heard
for a very long distance. When the
babies are very young, the inothers leave
them on the ice and go off in search of
'food, coming back frequently to look
I after the little ones ; and although there
are thousands of the small, white, squeal
ing creatures, -which to you and me
would seem precisely alike, and all arc
moving about more or less, the mother
never makes a mistake nor feeds any
bleating baby until she has found her
own. If ice happens to pack around
- them, so that they can not open holes,
nor get into the water, the whole army
will laboriously travel by floundering
leaps to the edge of the field; and they
show an astounding sagacity in discern
ing the proper direction, it is supposed
that they can smell the water at a long
Sometimes great storms come, break
ing the ice floes in pieces5 arnd jamming
the fragments against one another, or
upon the rocky headlands, .with tre
mendous force. Be'sides the full-grown
seals that perish in such gales, thousands
of the weak babies are crushed to death
or drowned, notwithstanding the daunt
less courage of their mothers, in trying
to get their young out of danger and
Iupon the firm ice. And it is toucbing to
watch a mother seal struggling to get her
baby to a safe place, " either by trying
to swim with it between her fore flippers,
or by driving it before her and tossing
ifowrd with her nose." Tho destruc
tion caused by such gales is far less
when they happen aft er the youngsters
have learned to swim.
Does it surp~rise you that seals, wvhich
are constantly in the water, have to
learn to swim ? WVelJ, it might stagger
the seals to be told that men have to be
taught to walk. The fact is, a baby
seal is afraid of the water; and if some
accident, or his mother's shoulder,
nushes him into the surf when he is ten
or a dozen days old, he screams with fright
and scrambles out as fast as he can. 'The
next day he tries it again, but finds him
self very awkward and soon tired ; the
third (lay lie does better, and before long
he can dive and leap, turn somersaults
(if he is a bearded seal), and vanish
under the ice, literally " like a blue
streak," the instant danger threatens.
But lie had to learn how, to begin with,
like any other animal.-Ernest Ingersoli
in St. Nicholas.
--Twvo childlren, named George amnrt
Ilarriet Grindley, ag~ed eight and nine
yeairs, reached P~hiladelpluua the othier
day, havinig traveled a lne from l an
chest er, IEngland. TIhei r molthe~r is a
widow, living in P'hiladelphia. and has
been in) this country thiree year.4. When
she left old England the child ren were
placed in the Chuesterfield Industrial
School, at Aanchester, whore they re
mainled until sent for by their mother.
l'Tagi were sCeed t~o their clothing stat
ing that they were to b)e forwarded by
t he National Steamship line from Man
chester, and giving the destination of
ihe lit tle traLvelers. TIhey were intrusted
to the care of the steamship ollicers,
their passag~e being paid for on this side.
T!he children arrivedl by the steamer
S pin sound and bright.- Philadelph.ia
Hlow to ('atch Frogs.
TI'he WVashin gton 8tar thus tells how
frogs are cauight in the Potomac: The
manniier of catching thiem is to dIrift
about. at night. in a skill' among the
swampiijs which line the Potomac and1( its
cr'eeks with a bull's-eye dark lantern.
When tihe frogs begin their loud, gut
teral conversation with each other, the
huniter ed1ges up a~s near as possible to
his gamie urnd tI rows the intensely r
flectedl light, from the bull I's-eye dlirect
ly uplonl the frog, which appears to have
the elleet of completely paralyzing him.
Once thle light strikes tnem they rare
immovable, and will suffer themselves
to be hagged without a murmur. One
expert stated to a /ar' r-epiomter that he
took a do)zen from off one o1(1 rotteni log
in IIlunt ing Creek, but a big moccasin
snake st ruick out for himi, and ingetting~
- awvay lie lest nline of themi. The frogs
i are parlticularly p lump this year,. anid
their saddles tender as aquab) meat.
edy for aU to
-It takel a iver fa
from other wat -
-Said a young
she examined a oat
has been moth eteu.
-A girl who sets out 1t
ful in a hammock has a
hand as the'man who tres tobe
with a saw-log following him down
-DetroU Free Pres&
-Said little Edith to her dals
" There, don't aniwer mbtaek. You
musn't be saucy, no mat$O'how hateful
I am. You must remember I am your
mother!" Strange, what arious Ideas
children get into their headssomtzaues
-A Now York paper says "the Ice
pitcher is more fatal than alcohol"
That depends. An Ice piteher Is a
harmless tbing In Itself; but if a man
were to swallow one he would no doubt
wish he had taken apint of 'aloohol in
-"I should like to have a coin dated
the year of my birth." said a maiden
lady of uncertain age to a male so
quaintance. "Do you think you coult4
get one for me?" "I am afraid not,
he replied. "These very old coins are
only to be found in valuable colleo
-She was an up-town lady of culture.
She stood watching a boat loaded with
ice. "What is that boat loaded withi"'
"Ice," was the reply. "Oh, my!" she
exclare,' in surprise; "if the horrid
stuff'should melt, the water would sink
the boat!"-N. Y. Sun.
-Don't you known how hari t is for
some people to get out of a room after
their visit is really over? One would think
they had been built in your parlor or
study, and were waiting to be launched.
-1/olmes. We think there is a typo
graphical error in the last word of the
above. It was probably a lunch, and
not a launch, they were awaiting.
Thore are such people.-Texas Biftings.
--A Jersey man went to Mauch Chunk,
Pa., to spend his vacation, and during
his first night three old hens, which ha
gone to roost on a tree outside his bed
room window, were disturbed by a oat,
and flew into the apartment. The
Jersevman awakened and slashed a pil.
low around until they found their way
out. The next morning he.told his
bost that he should come there every
summer, for during the whole night he
had seen but three mosquitoes.-Phila
--An official in the Water Board of a
Western city having departed this life,
the city Government, who esteemed
him as a faithful employe, sent his sal
ary for t he remainder of the year with a
letter of condolence to the widow. A
friend of the latter in speaking of her
loss remarked that the action of the cit
had been veriy considerate, etc. "Yes,
said the beretved one, "but seems' 'if
they might have shut off the water for
half a dlay at least, as a mark of respect
for J olhn."-Boston Commenrcial Bulle
Some New Arithmetieal Problems.
A Wisconsin school teacher had nine
teen scholars and she figured up at the
end of three months that she had be
stowed 128 lickings on the school. Al
lowing that one boy received seventeen
of them, and that three of the girls
escaped ent irely, howv many Jickings did
each of the others receive.
The average fisherman gets four nib.
bles to one ite, and three bites to a
fish, andI half his fish are not worth
carrying home. At this rate how long
will it take a fisherman to exhaust the
sup ply of sheep1-hea~ds andl dog-fishiP
T1he friends of a certain man chip in
four cents apiece and purchase a sponge
to prese'nt himii on his birth-day as em
blematical of his daily life. The cer
tain man lets himself loose on the donors
aind damflages each one's head to the
amount of !3. 47. How much is each
donior out of pocketP
A young man wagers fifty cents that
he cani put a billiard batll into his mouth,
and he wins t he bet. A surgeon charges
him $7 for four hours' work in remov
ing it. W hat wvas the exact gain in be
A man paZys fifty cents extra to take
laughing- gas while having a tooth
pulledl. The dentist could have pulled
six as well as one, andl without any.
further cost. Howv much did the patient
lose by being so stingy of his molars?
Thie cand y eaten by a school-girl costa
just as much as her school-books; the
peanluts she devours cost more than her
singing lessons; her ice-cream costs
more tlhan her F rench, and thc gas and
fuel she consumes while sparking foot
up twice the cost of learning her to
paint landscapes on 01(d jugs and pitch.
ers. Therefore, how many daughters
must a man have to be rich?
An Aleruuan pays a reporter $5 to
write hinm a spcech favoriunw the ereo
tion of a new school house, Butafter de
livering &'even cents' worth of the ora
tion he is informed that there is noques
tion before the meeting, and he falls
back aund breaks a pair of suspenders
worth thirty-five cents. How much Is
the great man out of ocktP
Jay Gould's Time.
Several weeks ago, when Jay Gould
was in Little Rock, he was visited in his
special car by a strange-looking, oddly
dIressedl man. " Mr. Gould," said the
visitor, " will you be generous enough
to give me ten minutes of your time?"
"Yes," said the millionaire, in a dry,
last-year sort of voice. " Ten minutes,
thank you, sir; write the check?"
" What check?" said the millionaire, in
a kind of last-month Voice. " Perhaps
i'd better explain. A noted mathema
tician has calculated your income to 1be
$1 per second. With you, of course,
time is money, face value. Now, you
have given me ten minutes, amounting,
you see, to $600. Have you got the
money about you, or will you give me a
check P" The millionaire Jooked at the
man in silence. " Ill do the fair thing.
Make it $500. Hanged if I don't be
easy with you, make it $400-blame it,
say $2(0." Mr. Gould looked long and
inquiringly at the man, but didn't smile.
-Five firms -are engaged in Pitts
burgh, Pa., in the sand and eobble-stone
business, with an invested capital of'
over $100,000, employig upwards of
one hundred men. l'rom the beds of ',
the rivers between 800,000 and 900,000
bushels of sand and gravel ate y'early
taken. Cobbles-tones are secured about
seventy-five miles up the Allegheny
-Excitement was made in Boston by
a newspaper item which said that the