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D- o 10 To rOLIlIS, MORALIlY, EDUCATION AND TO THE ENEW L INTEREsTr OF TIHE COU .
y D F. BRADLEY & GO PICKENS, S. C, THURSDAY, OCTO2 VO I
Virginia has the larges mAs trop
16own for years.
The Virginia penitehtiary now con
tains 682 convlce,
About three-fourtbs of the fruit crop
of .Gorg3a bas been dried.
At Gainesville, Gp., 'Mrs. Clitmber
-r'died at the age of 100 years.
The south will make 7,000,000 gal
4 Ions of cotton Feed oil this year.
Bee-keeping is becoming a large and
profitable industry in Mississippi,
The trade In cotton in Montgomery,
Ala., last year footed up $6,006^0.
Florida has shipped, during the sea
on ju st closed, 25,000 'head of cattle to
Tn some Pbrtiohs of North Alabama
corn is bffered at twenty-five cents a
'clay county, N. C., polls but twenty
negro votes, while Wake heads the list
'The colored military co.npanies in the
Suth will hold an encampment in At
lanta this fall
The Sehina, Ala., cotton millq have
jnst 14hiyped five car loads of cotton
go%.s to China.
Hale county, Ala., is looking out for
4her moss industry and is gathering
thousands of tons.
Macon, Ga., has a bonded debt of but
$700,000, and taxable property amount
ing to $10,000,000.
Memphis has one-seventh of the
'whole number of cotton-seed oil mills
in the whole country.
The first and only Etown clock in the
State of Florida surmounts the new
court house at Tampa,
Large and very rich deposits of iron
ore have recently been discovered in
Marshall county, Ala.
A grove of eighty bananna trees.,
ightl-en months old, is bearing good
frv.it at Waynesboro, Ga.
An effort is being made to found a
college at Greenville, Miss., for the ed
ucation of colored youths.
A stalk of Sea Island cotton'nine feet
in height and having forty-two brances
and 250 bolls, is on exhiibitioni at Piron
The Georgia Lwnatic Asylum is full
to overflowing, and cannot acconmm)
(ate a large number of insane persons
It is estimated tnnt over one-half of
'lthe new manufactories started in thme
South (luring the last two years belong
to Northern capitalists.
Little Roak, Ark., votedl on the
"license" quelstion at the recent election
:mnd decided b~y an overwhelming ma
.Iority to continue to "sip of the flowing
The New Orleans Times-Demo cratsat
it is quite probable that the amount
paid by the South to the WVest for food.
stuffs this year will be $l0),000,09
less than paid in 1881.t
The b.jlanta Constitution publishes a
table showing the taxable property of
Georria to be worth, as returned from
taxation, $200,000,l00, an imcrease over s
list y-ear's returns of $1G,000,000.
There are now twenty-two iron fur
naces in Alabama. The BIirmine ham t
* Age says that within a radius of fifty
miles of Birmingham there is enough
iron to supply a thousandl furnaces for r
a the,usand years.
Two more of the old guard have pass- (C
ed over the dark river. Michael Hlol- c
hert, aged 101 years, died last week in c
Matrioni county. West Va., arnd .Jamest
Stalwart, aged 111 years, has just died 1
in Accomac county, Va-.
The Americus (Ga.) Recordler says|
that during the present cyclone the
wells in the eastern part of the cit y o
were liown dry. These wells, upt to I~
the time of the gale, were unfailimr-.
The explanation of this remarkable
occurrence is the existence of subterra
nean passages and the violent agitation
on the surface opened channels of es
eajpe for the water to these.
*A curious looking specimen o f t he|
hovine race was exhibited on the streetsC
of Greensboro, N. C., recently. Thme
animal is a Devonshire bull calf, three 'j
months old, with a tajil andl hide similar |ti
to those of an elephant. The calf is g
about the usual size, and apparent'y r
well arid hcarty.' Its hide is entirely a'
destitute of hair, lies in heavy folds '1
like an elephant'h, and is of ab~out the
same color. The tail is short andl
O~ver 400 mines, including silver, coi- r
per and other minerals, are being work
ed in North~ Carolina.
Florida wvill soon be a perfect~ net- a
work of rail ways, and the rapid devel- t
opmnent of the State will of cor'1r'e fel
low. Her resources are wonderful, and
a few years will place her among i~he (1
liveliest of the Southern States. t
North Caroolina' s rice crop is good,
and this year will reach 65,000 bushels
of tide-water and 200,000 bushels of up- e
M~any val uable articles ha Ive recently
been contributedl to the Tennessee i
torical Society. Amemng t hem mire the
wvritings of Tlhon'.a Paine, prited ini
1792; an eight~ dolbar Continental cnr~
rency bill of 1777; n Spanish silver dob.
lar of 117&B: an Indian tomahaw ~k fom .d
. in 1914; a copy of A rrowsuinitIi:m : d
Lewis' General Atlas, pubishmed in 18Mi
the first volume of Maronix de ( hiat te!
lunx's TJravels in North l Anim a in 1 7&O
__1781. 17829 an n,1 y --t,-. --~;.....
rekted in the opera house of that city
for occupying a seat for which he had
ice coupon, although lie bad a ticket of
admission. The seat was the only va- f
cant one in the house. Now he will
ask the courts to decide whether or not
the theatre is compelled to furnish seats
when a ticket is sold for it and the
"Here is something new in the way
of ornamentation," a salesman in a large 1
up-town jewelry store said, openin a
box. Out walked a monster beetle,
fully four inches in length. About its
body was a solid gold band, locked by a p
iny padlock, to which was attached a
ostly gold chain, about two inches in
ength, fastened to a pin. The beetle,s
ack glistened in light, having been I
)reated to a dress of gold, and as it
umbered along its long legs worked to
;ether in a curious fashion. "It's a tl
hawl pinm, You see the pin is used to I
asten the face of a shawl, or perhaps worn
)n the bonnet, the insect crawling
iround the length of the chain. Thoy
ire perfectly harmless and not expensive ,
ts they live on air-that is, they have ti
lover been seen to eat. This one was
irought here to mdunt, which is a very
ine operation, asi the legs and antenna) ft
re al so delicate. 'After all, there is sc
1othing objectionable about them, ex
!ept the idea of having them e.rawl over
rou. They all come from South A meri- 0
a, and the only lot in the city is to bo
aken to France, where the owne; wVill
ry to introduce the fashion of wearing
hem. They cost from $10 to $50, depend
ng entirely on the amount of the ring. tl
L'here is nothing cruel about it, as thoy 1U
tre bound loosely, and the gold has n'o
4ffect upon their hard sides.
In Brazil the fashion of wearing bcetle ti
s carried to a great extent. A wel!
cnown resident has a beetle with a col- hi
ar of gold which meets at the top, and P
s there ornamented with a diamond of
great value. The insect has a cage sur
'ounded by the plants among which it
ives in its native state, and nothing is h<
ieglected to make it as comfortable as 0:
>ossible. But the most popular insect
ised for an ornament in Brazil is a smali
Ahosphorescent beetle. These are often 7<
vorn fastened in the hair, and as the two th
>hosphorescent or light-giving spots are
)n the sides of the head, the black in
lect is,of course, invisible, especially
vhen in the raven locks of the fair Bra
,ilians. Twenty or thirty of these bee- b
,les will throw out a light sufficient to at
'ead by, and when arranged around the sl
ied' in a circle, or grouped over the
orchead and held in place, the effect ilo
)eautiful.-New York Sun.
Putting Away Tools. di
The wearing out of farm implemen
s, as a rule, due more to neglect I han
o use. If tools can be well taken care C
if, it will pay to b~uy t hose mn (Ie of the ei
est steel, aind finished in the best nmn-. a
Ler; but in common hlandls, and~ witha
omumon care, such are of lit tie advait 01
go. Iron anid steel parts should b e
Jeaned with dlry sand and a cob, or
craped with a, pice of soft irc n, washiedi
nid oiled if necessary, aind in a day or al
wo cleaned o11' with the corn-cob,, 'and b
ry sandl. Finalty painit the iron purt 8(
nlth rosin and becswax, ini the pro- or
ion of four of rosin, to one of wax,
rselted1 together and apilied hot. TJhis
good for the iron or steel plarts of
very sort of tool. Wood wtor~k should(1
e painted with good, boiled, linseed e
ii, white lead ant turpentine, colored e
f any desired tint; red is probably theo
est color. Keep the cattle away until
Lie p~aint is dry and hard. or they will
ck, with death as the result. 'If it is a
ot dlesiredl to use paint 0on handit tools, 1
be boiled oil w th turp~entinie and wV
liquiid dIrier,'" does just as well. er
lany prefer to saturate the wood-work
f farm implements wit h (crud(e pet ro.
mmr. This cant not be used( wvith <olr
uit is aplplied by itself, so long' as noi is a
bsorb~ed by the pores of the woodl..-.
H~ow to 1K1l1 a Rtattlesniake.
A working party on a railroad here is
iade tup of mountaineers and Georgians. H
ine of the latter performed a foolhardv at
sat the other (lay that imade the bloo'd fa
f the unaccustomed spectators run cold. 1,
'hey wei-e at work clearing away the
iick underbrush, in advance. of tihe en
ineer, when sonme one shouted: "' Ware
f rattlesnakes I" Hie saw oneO ot these
3ptiles abou~t four feet long and five or
x inches in diameter lying just ahead.
'he Georgian cut a short stick with a a
>rked end, and creeping up to the O'
'iake he deftly pinned it to the earth by pc
ushin g the forked end on either side of id
Is neck. Then, seizing the tail in his.
ight hand, he ran his left down t he W
nake's kodly, and grasping it firmnly just
ack of the head lhe held it up at arm's
mg~th and called on the others to "look 01
t th1e var minit's motuth." It was any- j'
iing but a pleasant sight, and( most of
he spectators were horrified. A fter
olding it a few nimite for general in- m
pection , he suddtenily swuung thle sn a'e s
v'er his head wit h I-.is rii-ht hi'nd, l't- ni
*ng go the hold of the left , andl dh -di 4
wit h great force aintarock, killi
ig it instantly. It was a c~ool and de.
rious5 feat, bu(t very trying to the look- N
rs-on, who censuredl the man for hii "
'folly," at wvhich he seemedl to be hr
uightily amused. o
-Thlle Mexican women are wonder- at
olly gracefuil. Th'lis is partly (111 to g
heir mnner of carrying ha~sketsq and
,andles, begiin in early childhod. I
:iat (Ihed a Alexican girl carry an im-~
In('ISe baiskebt of (dllhes home to be "
Ilindried. l-'irst she se'lected from the Y
masket a towe I, and tw iting it tightly, in
voundji it round10 andi rotund unitil the~ cir- w
umfnerenceit was the size of her head, on i'
v'hich she placed it; then, helpedl by a h
~ompniiioni, she 1liftedl the bask1et, a
veiwhing at least thirty p~oundsl on top) y
f t~e roll. She ba:laniced it by touch
ng It lightly, first with oneI hand and (1
hen the other. After she hadl gone a
bort distance shte folded hier handl~ls inn
1er shw, walking with the g rrat est
base and uncnscnonnness. -- JIrh/aIl:/p/hia
'fOPICS OF THE DAY.
Amom three-fourths of the' Georgi
rmit crop has been dried.
BEN. BuTrIER has been retained by
lie Dorseys in the Star Route trials.
THE last of the Irish suspects have
eon released from Kilmainham jail.
A PA-mER at Valdosta, Georgia, hau
Mde two cr-ops of corn on one pioce ol
THE proposed introduction of Chinese
.bor into England is meeting with op
HEREAFTER no breobloading riflee
:o to be included in storos for uncivilzed
A FATAL case of blood poisoning from
to bito of a mosquito is reported from
SIR GARNET WOLSELEY is a one-eyed
tan, and was left for dead in the
enches at Sabastopol.
OLIvER ArES, Republican nominee
r Lieutenant-Governor of Massachu
tts, is a son of Oakes Ames.
"ONE country, one starry banner, and
le wife," is the platform of an editor
hose field adjoiis Mormondom.
ACCORDING to the Minneapolis Trbune
kere is not enough low grade wheat in
'innesota this year to feed the chickens.
LIEUTENANT DANENHOwER will enter
e lecture field in a few days,having for
s subject "Arctic" and Siberian ex
THE United Presbyterians have
,reed to raise a fund of $500,000 in
mor of the twenty-fifth year of their
IT Is the thing now for young men of
>ciety who have nothing to do, to claim
oy " write for the papers." It makes
LCm seem to have brains.
TEN thousand acres of oysters have
en discovered in the North Sea. The
tention of managers of church festivals
kould be called to this item.
HALF a ton of the silver three cent
eces which originated under Buchan
i's administration was shipped a few
kys ago from Boston to the Philadol
A RECENT decision of the Sipreme
>urt of Florida makes railroad prop.
ty iiable to taxation, and thus adds
>out $5, 000,000 to the taxable property
TuE Egyptian war helped the sale of
nglish journals wonderfully. The Lon
>n Standard, on the day succeeding the
>mba~rrdment of Alexandria, sold over
I e t
IT IS stated that a block of creosoted
ne, in use in the street pavement in
dlveston for seven years, was recently
amined and found to have lost but aa
ghth of an inch.
SPECIAL inducements to plant trees
e offered in Dakota, where for every
re acres of trees, forty acres of land
th $1,000 in improvements are ex
ripted from taxation.
MOSES WILLIAMS, who died in Boston
fow days ago, leaving a fortune of
,000,000, began life peddling milk in
e streets of that city. That's what
mes of selling milk where water is so
A BOSTON banker went to the Oceanio
ouse at the Isle of Shoals for recre
ion, taking five rooms for himself and
muily. When he went away, Septembe'r
lhe paid his three months' bill of $8,
0 and saidl it was cheap enough.
HLEUnEvr SPENCER is in tis~ country.
d he is sick, yet withal he is able te
o this forcible language in speaking of
icar Wilde: "H~e is that outlandish
rson who 'attempted to reconcile
locy with art and namby pambyism
THE Louisville Courier-Jornal ex
esses the opinion that if ,Alfred
mnyson were to go through a news
jer waste basket, and attach his
.me to all the original poetry he
ould tind in it, he would still be read,
mnire~d, and paid.
WHrAT sort of doctors have they in
aw Jersey ? A Jersey paragraph says:
['he h ealth authorities of Paterson
.vo declared the office and residence
Dr. Daeumer untenantable from
th, and the inmates are to be0 removed
Ad the premises cleaned and fumi
A NUJMnEIR of immigrants of various
itionalities passed up Broadway, New
'rk, the other morning. The Italian
en carried deep carpet sacks, and the
rmen. left far in the rear, and wearing
nk and green costumes, carried or led
ilf-growun children. The Scotch women
ul men were about equally laden. The
uglishmen carried nothing at all, while
in wom~en, endeavoring to keep up with
joem, were burdened with a heavy port.
umtceau in each hand.
TFur African expedition under Stanley,
eut out by the King of Belgium, le
said to have established the first four of
a line of various stations which, starting
from the Conwo. will for com mer9'
purposes tap the most populous districts
of Central Africa. These four stations
Are described as cities in embryo. They
possess houses and gardens; they are
connected by well constructed roads,and
at each a European acts as Chief of the
community, having anothet European
Mias D. W. LINCOLN. of Portland.
Maine, lately fell heir to $175,000, the
estate of her consin, Erven W. S.
Noughton, cf California, formerly of
Maine, deceased. There is a romantio
history connected with the bequest.
Mr. Noughten and Miss Lincoln, in their
younger days, were intimate friends, and
would probably have been married had
it not been for opposition Qf relatives.
Mr. Noughton started for the West, de
claring he would never come back. He
kept his word. Business prospered
with him and he became wealthy.
SPEAKING of the Princess Louise. as
she appeared in that city, the Omaha
(Neb.) Bee says: " The Princess made
her appearance on the rear platform of
her car to watch the antics of her little
terrier, in charge of the porter. She
was accompanied by one of her ladies.
and only remained a moment, and few
of the crowd suspected who she was.
She was attired in the most modest man
ner imaginable. Her dreas was of dark
lawn, and a spray of violets on her bo
som, a plain bracelet, and a couple of
plain gold rings werr the only ornaments
she wore. She is i well-formed, hale.
looking woman of thirty-five, or there.
about, and is said to have the features
of lior mother, and, like her husband, a
1podest yet frank demeanor. Her face
is bright and intelligent, and lights up
very pleasantly when Phe smiles."
Speaking of King Faro in Nlw York
and Boston, the Boston Globe says:
The miere mechanism of a game which
can scarcely be learned otherwise than
by observation and practice is not easy
of description. How can the mysteries
be conveyed to those who know not of
"coppering," "singleout," "break
evens," "odds" and "evenq," of the
refined arLicle o. switching and the
unavailing of the "whipsawP" Let it
merely be said that a ful pack of cards
is inserted faces upward in a metal box,
open at one side; that the alternate
cards from the top one win, and the
alternate cards from the second one
lose. This is the order of rotation from
the top; the first card, of course, being
considered dead, the third,fifth,seventh,
ninth and 8o on will win, and the sec
ond, fourth, sixth, eighth and so on will
lose. Cards may be backed to win or
lose. All bets are even, save when only
one turn, i. e., four cards remain in the
box. Of these four cards two are con
sidered dead, the top one as belonging
to the previous turn and the one at the
bottom as being the last in the pack,
and for bets made on the other two,
odds of four to one are offered against
naming them in their order. This, at
first sight, seems a liberal proposition ;
but a slight reckoning of the many dif
ferent combinations that may be made
with the cards will show how great an
advantage the banker has in this case
over the better. The latter characeter
istic is, indeed, general with faro, as
with most other banking games. The
only ostensible advantage of the bank
at faro is in the splits, or the coming
together of two single cards, in whichi
case one-half of the bets fall to the
banker instead of being considered
The game is recorded on a small in
strument called a case or cue keeper,
resembling the framed wires strung with
wooden balls used for counting at
school. The proportion in favor of the
banik is estimated at fifteen per cent.
against any individual player, but, of
course, the collective advantage is far
greater. The success of the game,
backed by sufficient capital to resist a
few lucky bete, is a mathematical cer
tainty, like roulette and other games, to
which dupes and spendthrifts have been
contributing for centuries.
The devices for cheating at faro are
numerous, and even in an honestly con
ducted house a player constantly back
ing certain cards or pursuing a system
would be liable to lose, for the dealer
who shuffles and cuts for himself is gen
erally practiced enough to arrange
the deal or at least some part of
it mutch to his own wish. The dealers
of faro acquire their calling only by
long and careful practice. T[hey are
generally sharp, keen and impassive
men. An expert dealer can always
command a fair salary, generally from
$25 to $100 per week, and even larger
prices are paidl when the services ren
dered justify it.
Recently Captain Butrton, the trav
eler, reporte' rthat almost illimitable
gold (enn he obtained on the Gold Coast.
A frica, a district which has been aurif
('rously prolific for centuries, lHe says
the region is equal to half a dlozen ( ali
fornias. in this he is supported by the
English Commander Cameron, who in.
vestigated the Gold Coast in his com
pany. Gold is found in the sea sand, it
the (dust of the roads and in the nmd
walls of native huts. A siubject of suck
importance has of course been wid1ely
discussed by experts in England, and
by this time larg~e numbers of pros
p~ector-s nere doubtless verifying ma'ters
on the spot. Notwvithstanding all t he
di Iliculties that would confrop t gold
ininers in Africa --the insalubrious e-li.
mate, the savage inhabitants, the haos
tility of the native rulers, and other- oh.
stacles equally as great-there is ne
doubt tha~t when proof piositive~ is ob
tained that a greaut gol deposit existe
therne all thecse d itli cult ies will be over
c-ome, and that. t bie wvhite menm and1 the
capital and energy of civilization will flow
thit her to confront t bos c? nature and
DILIGENCE IN BUSINESS.
A Lay Sermon.
"oest thou a man dillen.t In his imne.q?
e shall stant btforo XIi,; he Ald not
stand bofore rnean ie."- roe rih .r.ri. ?.
Dearly beloved, you will not listen to
any Scripture in oth .er pulpits this morn
ing that carries moro truth to the squaro
inch than this. And the especial atten
tion of the young men inl the congrega
tion is called to t e text.
The reason why, or at least one relson
why, the Psalmist, alter he had been
young, and was old, could not rememn)
ber ever to have seen the righteous for
saken or his seed bering bread, was
because a lazy man can't be very right
cous. Not righteous enougl to huIrt
him. The spectacle of a la.y Christ ian
would be as great. a rarity as a fat skel
If your Bible teneies you anything it
teaches you that there is no room in
this hive for a drone. "The hand of tihe
diligeit shall bear rule; but the sloth III
shall be under tribute." "'The way
of the slothful man is as a hedge of
thorns; but the way of the r'ghteouIs i
made plain." "The desire of the sloth
ful killeth him, for his hands refuse to
labor." " the slu"'pard will not, plow
by reason of the col, therefore shall he
beg in harvest and have nothing."
"The soul of the sluggard desireth, itil
hath nothing; but the soul of the dili
gent shall be made fat." -Not slot hful
in business; fervent in spirit serving thie
Lord." "An idle soul shall suller hun -
ger." A lazy Christian, brethren, would
find but cold coimfort if he should exert
himself to read his Bible.
The diligent soul always possessed
the land. Not the man or woman who
steps into a dead man's shoes and a fort
une, but the boy and girl wlo learii in
their teens what a dollar is worth.
and how to gam and use a power that
money cannot buy, nre the people who
move the world. Gifford, the first edi
tor of the Quarterly Re ci %w was only a
common sailor: Ben. Johnson was a
bricklayer; John Binyan was a tinker;
Hugh Miller was a quarryman; Shakes
neare's father was so Hliterate he didn't
know how to spell his son's name;
neither did his son, and no more do
you, for that matter; De Foe, the au
thor of Robinson Crusoe, was almost
wholly self-taught; Edgar A. Poe was
the son of strolling players; Ben.
F-ranklin, tie printer, was the son of a
tallow chandler; Sir Richard Ark wright,
iventor of the cotton spinning ila
chine, was a barber; Tom Moore was
the soin of a grocer; Gerald Massey he
gan life as an errand boy; and Caxton,
who set up the first printing press in
England, was a weaver's appirentive;
John Adams was the son of a farmer;
President Lincoln was a farm hand and
flat boatman; Andrew Johnson was a
tailor; Grant was a tanner; Garfield
was a canal boV--none of these men
were renowned for their great wealth,
erhaps, but, they were diligent in their
business, and they stood before Kings;
a long,.long wis before most Kingrs.
'Ihere is no partieular merit in b~eingr a
King. Any man wh'Jo happens to be
born at tile right time into the right
family, can't help being a King. But
all the kmngcraft in the world couldn't
make a De Foe. a H-ugh Miller, a Burns,
or a Bunyan, if the boy didn't make
i early beloved, it may be that this
congregat ion is not madle up exclusive
ly of future Presidnts, and of peoj le
whose nameIIs shall be wvritten the fore
most of all in their time. But there is
little doubt that it is largely made up oif
menl and~ women who) are not doing all
the world has a right to explect of them.
Ask yourselves hiow many of you deC
serve to stand before Kings for your
diligene? Possibly, my young brothe(r
may' not wvish to stand before King's.
Very well, then he dtoesn)'t. have to.!
But if lhe dfoes, there is only one way for
him to get there; he must he (diligent. in
business, whatever hiis bus.iniess is; e ni.
stantly activye; persisten't. andI devoted'( in
his ap~pliention). lie wants to keep his
elbows, not. his feet, on is deCsk. He
mushit workl liart' ini thle morning of his
lire, just. when lhe wants to play, than
lhe will ini the afterntoon.
It won't lbe at all easy for you, deaLrly
beloved, to be '' d iligent inll buiness.'
A mni is oft en veryl busy who isni't a.
all dIiligenit ini business. 'The most netL
ive main I ever sawv was a man11 who dlid
less t han you woul supipose ten meni
could (10. He lived on the street. i~e
tal k('d nolit ies t en hours a (lay. ie was
alwvays going to run for some otlice, but
nobody ever nomninat ed hinm. lie would
dl:-ag you away from ynour deCsk or hook,
to talk to you by the hour abouit some
tiling you didn't care aL cent for; lie
knew a little about every living man's
buw15ness 8a~ e uiMs ownI; hie spent thle
1mosf (If his t ime ini eatuu and IU t he rest
of it in eomn lt ion arn(i procession, and
yet, whien you wenit into that mlan's
oflice, there was a great legend staring
at you from the wvall, right over his
desk-"Tfime is money.''
Be diligent in your business, (dearly
beloved, andl you will have no time to
manage yu neghbor's aff'airs, and
this will keep you out of trouble andl
mischief. And jus~t as soon as your
neighbor niinds that your time is too vat
unable to be wastedl upon0 him for nothi
ing, he will want it, and pay for it. Men
always want whait is hardl for thenm to
get. lie dIiligent , aind your "thI ought s
Will tendl to plenlty."' Be~ diligent, anid
"out of Asher your tbreatf shalt be fat."'
lie diliget, and I God shall give thee
af the de(w of heaven, andl then fatnuess
af tte eart h. and1( plenty of corn and
wine,'' andi a whole chiap)ter of amenduui
ments ean't keep jit from you. lie dili
gent, and your fullest manihood wvill be
developed ; the wor'ld will be glad thuat.
you have lived ini it. andl society will
miss you when you are calledi p) higher.
Hie dlilige'nt in your businueas, and t he
thousand~ andl one templtat ions that be
set tile lazy man cannot be heard by
you, absorbed in your own hon'iest
affairs. lie dliligenit andl "rejoie~ in
y our labor; this is the gift of' God,'' and
"it is good and comely for one '. enjoy
the good of all his labor that he taket h
under the sun all the days of his life;
for it is his port ion." lie (diligent, and
rest and refreshing will followv your' toil,
for "'thle sleep) of a laboring man is
sweet, whethier lhe eat little or much."
" Seest thou a man diligent in his busi
ness? lie shall st andl before hKings; lie
shall niot stand before, mean men.'' Cut~
that text out, my young brother, and
paste it over your desk. It may save
There will be no collection this morn
ing. If the sexton wants any money
from this congregation, he will be a lit
le more dihigent in his business and
dust the pCws back under the gallery,
samc as the body pews down in front,
and sweep the carpets at least once u
mont h1. --Bu rinaon IMAk"uc.
Tie phonix, an everybody knows,
gathers dry sticks to make its funereal
pyro, which it then contrives to set
alight, and is presently consumed in the
lnmes. From its ashes a worm crawls
out, and, being gradually covered witli
feathers, takes the form of its parent
bird. The eagle, which fears nothing
else, dreads the approach of venomous
serpents. To avert evil from its eaglets
it paces two agates ini its nest. When
its beak grows too long it breaks off the
supe fluous pieCo Against a iock. Tho
serre is a very powerful bird, aundl takes
iimiense flights. It is fond of the comn
pany of ships, but if a vessel happlns to
be an unusually swift sailer, it clises its
wings and sinks to the ottolI of the
sea. A sentimental bird is the fo'male
turtle-dove. Should its mate chanee to
die, it never again alighjts oit a leify
tree. It is remarkable for its cbastity
but is averse from melody. If it hea'rs
the warbling of other biris it groan:s
dismally. Inl wiiiter tine it loses its
feathers, and shelters it-elf in holes and
hollows. It is related of lie wood
peeher that if any one drives in a peg to
close the entrance to the 'hole in) tio tree
in which its nest is built it, flis of4 in
quest of a partieular herb witi which it
toucheis the peg, whiereupon it. fuls out.
This, too, is curious. 'ihie hoise is ln
ablbe to moult in a natural ima:.nr. Its
young ones, therefore, pu1l out its f.'ath
ers, and cover and feed her till they aro
full grown. The stork's youn;: on, . aro
not less filial. So long as I I lIrent
bird has provided for her br.(. ! ISO loi
will her brood provide for he'. (h1 the
other humnd, ile 1i:11e cro)%w iS (rie'l
to its offspring, :md ieeks at and 1 hats
them till their feathers are is bhu-k as
his own. The vainest auid hi itst o)f all
birds is the peacock. When it looks
upon its brilliant 1li0a it. is so de
lighted that it spreads out the g ics of
its tail, but when it looks down! --on its
feet it is so disgusted and so wdiasj:'td of
itself that its tail droops to the ground.
It is said to have the voice of a 1b.nd
the head of a sni:ake, and tie galt of a
thief. Thec swan likes to be aoiniiiiied
by iL harp, and is mwst nu i lodimis diing
the last year of its life. It, is al .o iiter
esting to learni thin the - %al!w is p
ble of restoring iiht to it. "eahlow
brood" when carried away into enp:ivity
and bli nded. Any one ginig v. er
snakes abound will do wll to inke ', th
hui soimo iurned vultuure' fTh. The
heart of a vulture wrappd inl ic e kin
of a lion or of a wol! frigh.B ns y
demlcons. It is quite nutru4 tYt vulture's
were originally a race of utn hou ~l we're
cruel to the pygmies. unt how is it that
medical men'i do0 not make:( e' fi 'r e (f
the calaiu~i'ls? If this biautifuli, slow
white little bird, which is as nalvet of
,leruisalemn, he0 hield in friet of a niumo
whose death is certain,, it aivers it, head,
and( will ini no wise look at b me ; huat, if
on the 'onltrar'y, the t'i'k num11 is de' tinted
to live ini ite of his phNIiN:ut:, tii:
enadrius tiurnis to himi, a~s Johnli T1;..v.sa
expresses it, "fauinynge amd play sn."
-A l the Year' Houwl.
Sunakes as Tiroait Catch~er's.
Mr. George W . !"1 rri , of lBridge
wvater, thuinks i ihermenI'l)c ha l heIter go
into thie sna~ke-killin' buien~- along~ the
brooks if they wvi'.h to haiv.' anyi trout
fishing. Thle ot lher <day, while' ihewas
at~ work near a brook necar the Brbhlee.
wvater' and1 luxurty line, the cies.' of a
manLT in the Iithl c (s h-CIv atuaet e'd his
attention, andl going to his help hie found
a vrery le.r'ge water snake, a4 saney as
you pleatse, jumping aLt the in in. Thle
snake waLs disposed of, and, noticing
that it had somethinig inside ot it, he
pressed0( upon~ the snjaki' with hi fot,
and( a trout, which wast aibout six in'hues
long, appear'ed ini view. Alt' gether' he
forced three good-siz/edl t rout. fr'omi the
snaIke, the last one being pre'ttty well
gone. At another tio, ias Mir. Iloris
was passing~ ailmg the bank of a brook,
he saw a large water snaik e gid e frnomi
he roots of ai tree into) t he wat er. lie
thiought inoltin g of it at Ii rt, as hie sup.~
p)osed thle s nakeo h1:( dIisappiwie-I he
cause of his approiach, butii soon) thwre
was a e mon itioni in the water', auid
looking doyn into) the pool,1 where a
number of suekers hl~ gathier'ed , ho
saw that oiie of t h em hi al beenI :I1 ennat
in the headO b)y the snake :uni w.es whip
ping the water wuhI it. taiil at! a tre
m'uendous rat '.Theil sna:ke sucede
in luding its '4rey4, when it wa< killed,
amil thle suimker', wvhiebi appeared to lbe
uniiharmed, I wa s set fre e by v M r. .\l orris.
No Nonsewnso AbouiIl ier.
"'I tell you what it is,"' sahd v'onne
Spilkins, "that Podger 'irlis just thli
right kind or a guir. 'lhere s no non
sense5 a bout h ier, you kniow, :anl Ms'ms .;o
obiser'ving, you know; sees 'veri'.I n-e
there is to bie seti, :uiil s.he' na a
('conomlical andi miodest-l kRe as "'-h<'mi
be. I took her' out to walk t hi (it hi'r
evenhig, atnd she saw every'tinu- in lihe
.,hiop windmvs. Aoi'e thanit a doir'in
nicei" And two or'Ili' thr ums. as we
weret' going by, ani opent (lotr, she said.:
'I low lovely that smell1 s! I t sium Is
just like i('e-creami, does't'I it.' B ut,
ha! not withlst anding she w.ol like tO)
haive had somec, she never onc ea o'e
mue to give her any. I tell vyo:, loys.
you dhon'tI oftenu limI aL gir'I like that., so,
thoutg'ht fru! aind e0onmteal, you know. "
Spilk iis'iys if hie (ever g's nui):ii'I
Alsodes shall be t Ih' hap py wonum(,it'
but Spilk iin umay be mnistaken. Al iss
iii:Ls ma have aL wvord t') '-ay. /,
Lr< ii ['rce Pre'ss'
-dames Feld~r ohta:hied a pronnse~
from d1enny Alel leur v anud hIer pmart''i,~ in
l'hiladelpJhiia, that shie woutld he'ronwii i .'
wife when she was sixteen. heri aig at
that t ime being twelve; butt onl heri "i
(cidef insi'tead oj mnarryintg, for' the giri
refu'ised to kann the n'eement.-. V.
P", ..... ... .
-A driver in 0ra
ment has Invented a coati .van
which his horses are unbar
simply pulling the reins.- .2((N. T0
-Dr. Isador Kitsee, of Cincinnati, has
patented a device for discovering Sre
damp in mines before the miners enter
them. Electricity is used to fue little
pieces of metal at various n -si a
mine, and if an explosion of amp o006r
a bell is rung.-. Y. Post.
-The Journal of Science says that at
the soiree of the Society of Chemical
Industry, held at Owens College, Mr.
Fletcher, of Warrington, Eng., demon
strated the possibility of the combustion
of gas without visible game, the heat
obtained from a quarter-inch gas-pipe
being sufficient to fuse iron Into drops.
-A gun invented by a man in Ripley,
Miss., is, if It is what it Is claimed to be,
one of the most wonderful Inventions of
the age. It can be fired from ten to
twenty thousand times a minute, can be
elevated or depressed or turned to the
right or left, inclined to cover the slope
of a hi'l, contracted so as to bring -the
fire to bear on one spot or expanded to
cover a wide area, and all with the great
est ease and in the simplest manner, by
merely turning a crank. - Ohiag
-It i said that alcohol equal to that
madd from grain can be produced from
acorns. The acorns are freed from the
shell and ground finey; then they are
mashed with malt, and altwed to fer
ment. Acorns contain about 20 per
cent. of starch and 18 per cent. of gIu
ten. They would be a valuable article
for human food if it were not for the
taitiic acid (about 3 per cent.) which
they conttin. Vast quantitias which go
to) wate -tvery year, where hogs are not
fed in the woo ds, might be gathered by
bov anit converted into alcohol for use
in the arts, thus freeing an equivalent
aniount of grain for use as food.
-Considerable progress is being made
in reviving the mining industries of the
Isthnius of Panama. For many years
its mines excited the cupidity of Span
iards and buccaneers. Indian and no
gro slaves were made to work in quartz
and placer by the most primitive proc
e~scs, and almost entirely without ma
chinery, but their labors were very pro
ductive, according to tradition. It is
centuries, however, since most of the
wines were abandoned. Some were
worked out, others were not rich enough
to pay with hired labor, and all required
an investment of capital which the un.
settled condition of the country; and
especially the fear all foreigners enter
tained for isthmus fever, effectually pre
vented from being made.-N. Y. Sun.
-An impetus has been given to the
nickel indust ry by the improved process.
es of making it malleable. Many useful
as wecll as ornamental articles are now
made of this material. Nickel table
utenisils especially are in great favor
abroad. This class of goocds is now be
ing mnanufac (tuired largely in Prussia,
andI is preferred to similar articles of
other materials. The hardness of the
metal renders it capable of receiving a
high polish, wvhich is not readily in
jured b~y frict ion of any usual kind; on
account., too, of the peculiar smoothness
of the surface, matters dto not adhere
firmly to it., and cleaning requires but
little attetntion or effort. It also pos
sesses ihe ad vantage of not tarnishing,
like some other substances, when fre
quently used .-Chsicago Trib~une.
Life In the Deep Sea.
Thle conditions under which life exists
in the deep sea arc very remarkable.
The presure exerted by the water at
great dep~ths is enormous, and almost
b~eyoind comiprehmension. It amounts
roughly to a ton weight on the square
inch for every 1,000 fathoms of d epth,
so that at the dep1th of 2,500 fathoms
there is a pressuire of two tous and a
half per squaire inch of surface, which
maty be 'onitrastedl with the fifteen
potunds per square-inch pressure to
which we are nieuritojmed at the level of
the sea surface. An experiment made
by Mr. Buchtantan enabled us to realize
the vatstnecss of the dleep-sea pressure
more fully than any other facts. Mr.
Mr. iBuchuanant hermetically sealed up at
btoth (ends1 a thick glass tube full of air
several inchtes in length. He wrapped
t htis sealed tube in flannel, d place
it, so wrapped up, in a wide copper
tube, whlich wa one of those used to
pro( tect the dleep)-sea thermometers when
sent down with the sounding apparatus.
Tihe~ coppe~tr caIse containing the sealed
glass tube was sent down to a depth of
2,000 fathoms, andl drawn up agamn. It
was then found that the cop per wall of
the case was bulhgedl and bent inward
oppoite~ the pla1ce where the glass tube
lay, just as if it had been crumpled in
ward by being violently squeezed. The
glass tube itself, wi bin its flannel wrap
per, was found, wvhen withdrawn, re
(duled to a1 fine powder, like snow al
mttt. -Notes by~ a Naturallist on thne
The Telephone Improved.
To overcome ther local noises charac
terizing mills andt~ other places, and
whtichl, as is well known, disturbs the
suc(ces.sful operat ion (of the ordinary
telephone, ain inst rument has been
dlevi-cd, contsisting of a square box, in
wich :o'e placed both at transmitting
amt(i receiving dliap)hragnm; from the
cithamer of t he latter two sound tubes
exitend, to) be reenivedl one in each ear,
thtese( being keot. in place by a small
spiral spritng, tending to draw the tubes
t otrether, sund t bus k eep the small rubber
ason t he endas (f Ihe sound tubes in
pl1ace inl thle ear. Thie effect of these
c aps. is t o shut out. all extraneous sounds,
and eonftine those of the receiving tele
phtonie so that their full force is felt on
the ear. T1hte lower nart of the box
conttins the t.ransi'mit te', which is made
very sens it ive ; pr'e-sin," a buttim brings
he bauttery inuto circuit, wit hi the trans
m itteri. It. i s eliimed that this instru
met will talk '200t miles or nmore.-N.
LI;. aun. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Sur I(lea'tth to Lice.
TFake a lhar of common soap; place in
a pant cotiningit a little water; thien
hteat totil nw ted dlowni; then add car
holi. aicryt l (carbolic acid crys
tals enn lhe hi:il o: a dIruggist in one
ound ho; tlhes at seventy-five cents
each), at. least oneo ounce of acid to
ce IiIpoundl of soap used ; there is no
an:uger if used stronger. To reduhce
the cry 'u to a hutid state remove the
cor'k Ir irom thle bottie, plaec in water and
heat t he wanter, when it may be easily
)onrEd out uandi mixed with the soap.
\v'htan cool, aL strong suds1 made with
Ithis soap will be sure death to all in
se'(ts that live Otn dlomestitc animals. It
will enre mnuge, barn itch, and all cu
tti(n(ouI dliseatses. atnd make acheap and