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b;$O I'EU TO t'OL rU;w, 31ORLAI,I Y, 111UCITION AND TO THEP GENkR sL 1N I'LESH OF 1,,il? COU titY.
By D. F. BRADLEY & CO. PICKI.NS, S. C, '1IIURS.DAY, MARCH 29,1883. VOL X-I_ NO 27.-- __
ao. has been made a slgpa
A three hundred pound Porpoise has
en caught near Wilmington, N. 0.
The amount of naval ttor'es produced
tin North Carolina is more than double
'lbs yield of all the other States com
There is about the usual average of
wheat sown in Tennessee, and farmers
are expecting good crops.
A raft of 400 walnut logs for New
Orleane, to be shfpped to Boston, is
Xf4y to leave tittle Rock.
A. M. Scott, of Hill county, Texas,
raised last season'680;bushels of sweet
pot.tees ou one acre of ground.
Bitds-eye maple, which sells for $150
per 1.000 feet in England, is used for
Are wood in North Carolina.
Eighteen Mormon elders are in Chat..
tanooga, on their way to different points
South, where they Lo proselyting.
A New York fin will shortly estab
lish a regular lumber trade with Mobile,
and will at first send out a vessel once a
The Railroad bill row pending in the
North Carolina Legislature provides for
three Railroad Commissioners at a -alary
of $3 0JO a year each.
'Over $30,000 worth of whale oil has
been shipped from Brunswick, Ga., this
year, and it promises to become an im
portant and flourishing business in that
Within the next twelve months be
tween 100 and 160 acres of grape vines
will be set out in the neighborhcod of
Forest fires extending eighty miles
above Chattanooga, alng the Cincin
rnati Southern road, are causing great
jstruction of timber.
The Hot Springs property, in lath
county, Va., containing 1,196 acres of
land, hotels, cottages, baths and nume
rous buildings, have been sold for $100,
A State Military Academy will te
built at Savannah. Bonds to the
amount of $20,000 will be issued at five
per cent interest, to run thirty years.
A committee has been appointed to can
vas for subscriptions.
A block of marble was shipped a few
days ago from the Hawkins, Tennessee,
quarries. It contained 186 cubic feet,
weighed 84,800 pounds and sold for over
New Orleans D-mocrat: " What the
Atlanta cotton exposition did for the
! South, and we are now realizing the fact
that it brought millions of dollars here,
and that to it is due the investment of
$15,000,000 in southern cotton mills
At Griffin, Ga., some tne threw a
lump of poisened dough in Abel A.
Wright's fiin pond, causing the death of
no less ttsan. 500 fine Carp.
The Georgia Wine Company has 100
acres in vines no0W produciny, and 80
xacres for future use. They expect to
make 20,000 gallons this year. They
get four gallons to the bushel, and geun
erally gather 160 to 250 bushels to the
Dr. Charles, the Forsythe county, Ga'
miner, wgites an interesting letter to tihe
Clarion. He says the Franklin mine
makes from three to four pounds1 (f
gold per week, and not running their
mills in full regular time. The expen
sea'are about $1,000 per month, which is
$12,000 per year, and in this way money
is scattered over the country.
A curiosity is exciting the colored
people of Macon, Ga., says the A tlanta
Constitution. A negro boy, called "the
snake baby," fourteen years old, camne
from an adjacent county. His body is
very diminutive, his arms and legs are
the size of a buggy wheel spoke. lie
lies prone on his stomach all the time
yith his feet dIrawn back. In tile mid
die of his hack white spots are seena.
His tongue licks out~ of his mneuth
hence the name, "snake baby." Hie
can't talk intelligently.
The English colony, at Rugby, Tenn.,
which hmas been in financial straits for
some'time, has just receivedl a loan of
$125,000 from a wealthy Englhshman.
Henry Kimber by name and a solicitor
by profession. The lender receives, a<
security, a first mortgage on the Rugby
tract of 25,000) acres and the imp)rove
ment. belonging to the board. Mr.
Kimlber is one o'f th:e original stockhold-.
era in the enlter pri-e.
The project of eatahishir g a coaling
station at Port R?oyal hangs fire, owing
to the fact th:'t no pafrt of the appro
;oriations voltel last ye ar for a store
hause and1 (lock could be used for the
purchlase of land for the site of the sta
tion. Parry's Island has been agreed
upon, and an amendment to the Syndry
Civil Bill appropriates $5,000 fcr thle
pulchase of the land required
* ~ The planters of Polk county, Ga.
have prepared for the next crop, andt(
have ,ntde more composts than they
have :nade in the ten preceediing years
all pu't together. They have generally
used Furman's formula, whlichl has been
used in that vicinity withl great success
There is doub)tless real wisdom in aban.
doning high-priced comme cial fert il
zers, and, by saving and using domestit
manures, muck, leaves, scrapings fron
fence corriers, etc., they get a muel
better fertilizer at a small fraction oj
Bron CmoxuN PIE.-Oover the bottom
of a puddingedish with slicca of broiled
ham ; cut up a a 'd chicken and nearly
fill 'ihe di'h ; pour iL' gravy or melted
butter to fill the di'h : add chopped
onions, if you like, or a little curry pow
der, which is better ; then add boiled
rice tofil all interstices and to cover the
top thick. Bake it for one4%4 jp three.
aurtrof n our. -
TOPICS OF THE DAY.
ARABX PASIIA is said to complain that
he is not receiving an r.dequato allow
snce, as was agreed by the Khedive.
TEn fund for the sufferers fram the
Braidwood (Ill.) mine disaster anounts
to $28,000, which will keep those in need
for one year.
A MATHFATICIAN interested in thc
sugar trade has estimated that the re
duction in the duty on sugar will at:on
to seventeen cents annually for each per
-on in the United States.
UnAUNCY \VAnNEn, of Cambridge, Vt.,
has made arrangements to present thI
.town of St. Albans with a $3),000 houss
for use as a free hospital. He will pro.
vide a $25,000 endowment fund, alfso.
SEnVIA is dependent on foreign coun.
tries for her salt supply, and to stini
late explorations the governmenit offer;
a prize of $80,000 to the discoverer of ii
workable salt mine in the kingdom.
Tiru Arkansas Legislature has passed
a law which prohibits for two years the
selling of liquor within two miles of aum
church or school house, except on peh.
lion of a majority of the adult inhal,it
ants. In Now England such a law
would give practical prolibition.
Ex-Gov. SrnAovac's bride is described
us having regular, pleasant features,
fair complexion, dark brown hair, and
dark blue eyes ; graceful in iovement,
of medium height and fine figure. She
'raveled in a dark blue walking-dress
with a crimson sash, and on her hat
were red ostrich plumes.
A LIEVENANr of the English Rifk
Volunteers has received iustruction from
the War ,ecretary to form an Army Tel
egraph Corps to take the field in time of
War. The corps will contain two hun.
dred men, and will be orgsnized on tli
same basis as the Army Postal Corps.
All the necessary field equipments will
be supplied, and the men will be drilled
in its use.
IMPORTERS have been consulting law
yers as to the constitutionality of tla
new tariff bill. The only ground upoi
which a supposition even can be base(
is that it is a revenue bill, an-1 origin
ated in the Senate. But among the
Senate and House lawyers, includint
those opposed to the passage of the bill
the point of its constitutionality was no
seriously called into question.
Tux provision in the last Army bil
excluding from calculation as part of th,
regular retired list preseribed by law
not to exceed four hundred, all cflieeri
retired under the law of last year he
cause of having reached sixty-four years
or having served forty years, reiieve(
the regular retired list to the extent o
making thirteen vacancies, which wil
be filled at once by ti e retirement (
Tu State prisons of New York havt
paid their way of late, but it is no
probable that they will 1d so hreafter
as a bill has already been passed prohih
Ating hatmaking by convicts, and othei
measures intended to take from such in.
st-itutions remunerative em p oy men t
are under consideration. This is dont
to meet the approval of a class of labol
agitators who believe that prison pro
duction is an injury to outside labor.
THE question whether a man Rlhould
be permited to marry his deceased wife's
sister is of perennial interest in England
Bills to give this porzaission have re
peatedly passed the House of Commions,
but have alwvays been rejected bcy t hi
lords. The Bishoj,a ie 'eunerally on
posed- to the chnr;, some oif themn r
garding it with horror, imai(1 :--h1ing ii
iot even an act of Parli:unecnt wubLl :
far sat idy their conIscii'n.c is to aii.
them to sanction by (hn c. ronh le
the chutrchi a union wh 1ich t h.v bh .v
to be immioral and expressly f.>rhbieh
by the laws of (God.
JRF,v. I)a. MonoANx n)ix, of W:cshing
Ion, 1). C.,-in a reenIt sermon, saidl thL
there is a criminal iaxityv in the regari
for the marriagc tie amng l4 many, wome
>f fashion. The.1v care for noI reall ham,ii
he says ; they wish to avojid the pa in
and the cares and( dutties of mnirimnon:
lhe care of their children tocv hoii
over to servants. Th'ley lave lax no0 oi
about divorce; and there is ac gr.i
indifference to this "'chief of all sdeb
abominations" Spceaking generdl
Dr. Dix affirmos that it is thle flait h le;.ne.
of women to do her duty anid missil
that emboldens the "eonspiramur aigami:
AoCOnDINo TO tlie Census, the nTilt
of horses in the Unitecd Std.-ce is I o),g 8
111; mules 1,871,07:* inilch cows, 13
125,685; oth1er cat'tle, 28,046,077; slhee,
19,237,291; hogs, 43,270,086. Thle al
gregate value of all thes- annuials
$2,338,197,968. The average value,
horses is 670.59; mules, $79.. 4; Cow:
$80.21; other cattle, $21.80; shee;
62.53; hogs, $6.75. The highest aves
age price of horses (8102. 14) is in Mie
sachusette, and the lowest ($37.68) isi
Texas. Illinois has more horses tha
any other State, the numb)er bein
1,017,915. New York is next highies
MR. WYMAN, the newly appointed
United States Treasurer, is of Uiiited
States parentage, though born in Canada
He is somewhat over middle age, and
Tory popular and conpetent oflirer. Ifi
was appointed to a clerkiip in ti
Treasury Department in Arril, 18fl3;w.i
A-sistant Treasurer frorn 1875 unttil it7ti,
when he succeeded to tho'Treasurershi,
holding that position until 1877, mhlwn
he resigned becauso of ill health. Sine,
the latter date, tipon which the retiring_
Treasurer was appointed, he has he,;
assistant. Mr. Wyman brings to th
olice the experience of many years, nmi
will, doubtless, fill the place made vacami
by Mr. Gilfillan's resigiation ably.
Ex-Gov. CRAWFoRD, a resident of
Washington, agent of the State of Kan
sas, filed at the Interior )opartnent r,
cently, a brief in support of the position
taken by the State authorities on sundry
long-pending questions in regard to th-.
Atchison, Topeka & Santa 1 a R;iload
land grant, and the ease will prolalh
come before the Secretary for oral argu
ment at an early day. The brief nrgnee
that adjustment of the grant under th<
Supreme Court deci-ion of 1R75 concern
ing it would give the State title to about
800,000 acres of land alleged to have
been ille;ily certifled to th1 a i lire
company, and that, in any ..cn" it, iin
State is entitled to some 300,0)0 acres
now held by the railroad.
THEur recently died near IAwiston,
Me., a woman named Latimer, who was
the most persistent devour,.r of boolci
and newspapers the world has ever
known. But she derived n; benefit
thereform, for it was literally and not
figuratively that she clevoueit them. Sh
developed a mania for this singular diet
very early in life; indeed, she herself
dated it from that eventful epoch of in
fancy known as the period of teething.
She would eat letter and wrapper paprr
if she could not get a book or a nowspa
per, but printer's ink was the Rauce
which gave her an appetite. It is said
that she was an intelligent woman and
iudulged in no other freak, and, more
over, that she inherited her morbid taste,
which, strange to say, was not the cause'
of her death.
Trw Washington correspondent of the
dostoin A-li rix, r hins some interesti;t
4ossip about the owuersh,ip of tl:
ttogers-lmuso, near the White-house.
tlenry Clay uisel to own the lot oi
vliieli it stands. IIe was etpeciall- I,
voted to the Ashland fnia and the liv
stock upon it. One lay old C,iomodore
101Jn logers came home from the M li
terranean with hi.- naval vessel full of
live stock which lie had piek,d ill
ibroad. The cargo iinelirled on th1
Aiuniahi-iui jacka'n. Ciay wanted it foi
his farm. All his off. rs wero rtj. ctel
until one dty the (onnodore sail, in ;
joke: '- You cnn haiv' him f,r vuir l,
uppsito the Whit-ine." " Done.
was Clay's reply, and the aninnd wi
'hipped ol' to Kointi'kv. 'I he (.2mo
lore Ibuilt the now historie huise, whiel
Seerctary Seward o-m-upie 1 during tIn
war. -tere Payne en Ieavored to a:os
aiiatI him on the night whenlI' resieidl
Lincoln was shot. The lot is now valie
Cheovalier- Wikoff, in his delightful
"1b miisejumneies,"' give theii f llo'wing ac'
iHouise, one evringi, to~ be pri)tedtS t<
thi Pr'ienit. Wh'len tin-y iieriv id, the
Pienit wvia asill et diinir, hmt it was
act long befi-ore thIe doo. rs were thriown
openm, mal (Gene;ra I Jackson~ enter( d ai ilt thle
le:nil of his coinpanyi, tailkiing and lauigh
ing wih muuh aintion. Hie sewd
in high glee. Sentinjg himiiself nar the
himl. I was -itorbe-d for somie lumitest
ini scaingii~ thle fale anmein o(21(f t his re
miIakali n n. fui pesoin lhe wa iall,
was long,lbut 'iarroiiw, mali coveri-i with
tiek' giray hair tiltd toodi iii-t , as iihough
iro11pre.ede withilo hidtianit siriit; li
browi was- delly fuirrowedl, and( hii (eye,
eveni in his prisnmt. iaoodl, was oie "tIi
threate-n aind comannd." H'is niose was
prminen~-t, ad indicited for-co. lliP
adI f.iigot all telse. Myv frii-nd inti
mated-'4 he4 wuld presen~t tenthifr
Preseinitly a genitliiIn2 nut uily -n
and-whispen i ini his -ir. in ia hmomlen
hesprng from his c-hair, his ey-s ihtl-h
"Hy the Ete-rnal!"' I heard hiim ex
c(1im "1II l ms them!"
I1er on neli' iar him2 j umpeiWiot his fe-i
a tioundedi at ihi udeni exlJisioni. if
wras siurroiune, and1( all were1-( dlennnlinu
ii it h12 iad crredi. I wase eli-ctilitdil
tillh ipetacle. Liko( a Ilion g:ili-d t
fury hei kep1 t on gtticu lating andi d<
2 nounc12(ing' som1o ouitrage hie wiothl w
lurook. At. h-ogh I' was- to ld thalit inifiom
lion wasa briought huim tha2t till Sionat
had1 r-ji-itedl Vanu linren2's nomIlination t
-2 sonal1 insuilt. The1 (oppisition in iaullionec
brecaking ny the (Cabint for his:- ot-nl
Jlpurpos4s. O p-in war was~ now derb:re,i
lb-twien ( adhun nndI ,Jacken. Th
4was siugg?ed bi y myl fiind that2 unde1
theiC1i22' cicntanef myi in troiuttion 111n
bectte r he i pot poed. I readily ngreed
121)n no1 fany to applroac(h thle viol-an
inl erution.l I conisideri-d jiny-If for-tu
nalt-, however, in having s'-ien thle tir
Ii hero in (one his4 to)werl2ig pass51ion. Whla
n a contrast t-o is first p)has2o!
t- ---A block of bumildhings in Phila leIphi
is 2insu1red for -' .!, A00,00t, orI atl ies rat<
of %5 i(HL(HOU) pnr are.
EASY TO SAY.
'Tis easy to say: "Io brave! be strong I"
wlnn the ttdep of troubl rnn Hwift alofl, Ca
And the bltke4t of eloiuds oleur tho ,ntn w1
Ere yet the coveted prilzu is won.
'Tin en'v to any: "Now slhow iouir pluokl fa
Anal hope to-unorrow for better luCk !" D1
it hard to wAlk on the slantin <took
Of a shlip that's sutierod at total wroek. tl
'Tin eaey to say: "Forgot! forgivo !"
We hoar it often oeah day we live;
A Christ inn's tlut.v-Itt, otl, how few a'
But lind it a dilileult thing to do I fo
'Tim eany to say anotler might to
tlave e(onpirOeti it an un<lttia fight; ha
lut wre we int ei lli4 toes to mt Cet
We might huve Hutf(red at worso defeat. ha
'Tis easy to Hity: "1 know how far Oi
I cue .to'' il f')llv's et''w'en-ltng tail';
tRut ea'ily, easily (itown wte (Ir 1)
Until deatl gives the coulnan to stop. W
'Tis easy to say wa w,onld not vield a
A SingIo pointii on the batto-lilltl; m1
But though i hero wve mnay aitlnire, hF
The courig witI us uay not stantid fire. di
Brave words are oamy enough to say ; fo
Brave decads, hiowever, will w in tlie dav;
And the stoutest he'art itn:y it 1 owner fall,
though well protected by co:tt of mall ft
If weak or strong, when put to the test,
tie aloes tis duty who dloes his best,
And Inin(1 each iyav-it la sal but true-- f(
That easy to say has ba-ln harti ta, do.t
-Josephine 'ollard. in N. 2. Ledoer. b
Flatboat Pays. si
That brave old warrior, General Wm. W
0. Butler, who died not long ago at his IC
home in Kentucky, at the advanced ago "
of cihty-seven, was emeting m1oe r
than a soldir. He ws at poet, and lad 1e
at times given undoitl'd evidence of n
po,sse's:eing the divine afllatus. HIs poom h
" 0 boatmann, wii that horn agsyw b
F r never diad the liste'1ng air b
U;pin tits I;ambnt hog')m hiar
s> wild, tssoft, so sweet a a+train,"
will long hold its place among the gemar al
of American poetry. But the days w;'oa k
the only meats of transportation on itu O
great Western rivers was the flath a:it t
have passed awl'ay. It may almost .e f
said to be a thing of the past, and hiaeo ri
the fine flavor of General Butler', poem t<
is lost to a great degree to a generatiol tt
who only know of it by tradition. m
A voyage from Pittsburg to New Or- ,a
leans by flatloat was an eniterprise once e
of greater peril than a tour around the e
woral is now. It was ci't+tin to be full of n
adventure. It required months for itt, 11
atccomU lishmlnert. A shot. fromii the shore
by some 1 dian or reckle.s deap'rad((
might term11inate abruptly tne voyaiag(: and
the lives of the navigators ill blood. A
momnt's neglect of the steetrsml:t.m nlight d
wreck thu unnihapely craft and all the a
hopes of ita owners, hundreds of miles C
from home and in an inhospitable wilder- a
nes/. There was danger everywhere-in e
the currents. eddies, wh irlpools, hayous I
I01ad miagi of the tortuous Father of C
Waiters; but there was no less danger l
froman the half civilized dwellers on the t
Ibanks. The o,utlawed criminals and the q
desperate adventurers from civilization 0
ukulkel r.long the ahores, or prowled e
with light a'intoes among the bavons and C
ereeks witehitg for chances to k)lunder, C
even if imirdehr was necessary to ml then. 9
A flathoat voyage down the great riv'ers C
was p(wrilmis enouigh froin natu)'al causes, fi
evtn if n's ihumtlanity to m in had not a
iuc'reasled the peril. In those days the I
gover11anment. had not thought of sntag- 0
bai:ts, ilad the Mississippi w as full of half- B
Idalct dangers. The current was con- m
sttttly claligiag. It was ensv to he de- f
c<ived into an1 +old chfannel from whicht I
there wilas l nt return. IlaLyouIs were often a
t.r;aps----wat:'ry culs-do'-siac---leading n1)
where ulit. to ruin. The orgtanlized river t
pirattei and wreckers were always on the 0
lo kiiuit for untwarv voyagers, so that a n
a slight itihlp generally eided in con
pl(taI dis:aster. If, under such circunl- C
stnccas, thi hat ho utatani reached his dis- ?
tant. hone, foota.-re and weary but penni- i
less, mointhas after leavinig it, lie watsr
lucky. Ini then early dlays of flathloating C
a i-af rentun, evaen whent th venlture' hiadt
ntt paro ven fin aanaiatlly parotitabhlo, wais aIL
gruand tevent, iad the occaion) of tumnul-.
nouais joay. Thel buI lsiness fired a slpecial
clatss wit> sought it for its atdventutre and
dangersaa als mtaihltas for its proftits. The ia
river pirates miet in theo fltoalt:tmlano if
Sthat early (liy a claiss ready, e'ager iandtl
willinag foar the fray-a class whichi, like
thea rianchleros of thIe lian, atcounited a
tripa tamto anid spirit less if uniatte,nded(l
with tdanger. '[hey were rough and e
ready, c'areltess tad care-free. D)reamily ,
floaLtinig slowl,y down the Ohaio, they
whiledl away with sonig atnda dancee the lazy
hoturs. Tj~ haa boatmain's lierna wakedl tho1
echotes fromt distantt hills morer miusicad
than steaiabosat whajit l or that car-dis
tractinyg horroar, thet calli ape. It wait a
roanit. e life, hetit t ing theo graindscentery
and riida timte. Nintety days andt a slow,
moaviing tlat iin,at, the iceery con stantly
chainging buat aver wildI anid bematiful,
siae tat <blagpr ain it aly gave it zest.
Aln oecasiomadla wiaenturila with liver,
(hrsolyrl5 e motian/ly anid ad
.. Of all theii aotton atprodneiiaed inO Chna,
tthe motist remftiakale, ats well as thhai
- most Ibe-auttifuil, is thait useid in tho fahl
tricatiaan aof thle calico knowa~n ini Europea 1
undeilr the name oaf nanikin tar nanalkeenl.1
It hias baeen laaig a miatter oft debaate '
wheiathert thet texture called nankeent wvau
maltnufaturedl froam a raw mnatelrial, ha1v
inIg, parev'ious tan anty mniuatlital, thto
yelloawisht hueti wh ieh dIistinagtuihes it, oar
A wh -thlar it o'wedl its pteculhiar shtade to
a light dy e.
Mr. Vaii Brnuun , ho0 wits at thte hieadi
ottf thte e >iimmercial mlissioni senIt taut lay
llHollanda toi Pekin ill 17941, htad been ini
e stru'tedt hay the Europlen merchatas toa
o re<iest liat the nanikeen destitied fair
-thaeir ditriereint malrkeOta might fair thet
o) filutura lho dyetd a dleepear color thtan tfhty
" lada been fo;r some time panst ; anud lhe
' Ihad an oppaortunity during hais stay of
I asc-tuung thiat thet coloir oaf these text
1 uriis was natural tAt the r'aw materniai,
anal nott subhjeact to fadet.
t Sir George Staunlton, onle of ILord1 Ma
r eartnety's embiassy, found, onh goiig
1 through thme priovince (If Kiangnan, thait
athe cotton it produces is niaturt-ally of thae
" yellow color, wvhiich it retains lafte'r spiln
Sning and weatving. lit also says thtat
V whten thle nantkini cotton is translatedct
t to another province iL degenerates and
3 To prn'.anv clothes pin i: Bloil andt
aniokly dry them onaano twu a wo,th
Repair Mhop on the Farm.
Every farmer who has any mechan'
genius should have some plac
tore in rough or stormy weather h
n go in and make such repairs on hi
rm implements as his knowledge c
ochanios will enable him to do well. I
o farm be large and the farmer skill
I, It pays to have a small building b
elf, where not only carpenters' tool
0 to be found, Out also a blacksmith
rge, with a few of the most importan
:s. Tie farmer who can turn hi
nd so as to use successfully both th
rpenter's plano and the blacksmith'
,mmer, is truly fortunate, because
ables him to not only mend his fart
tplements during leisure hours in th
nter, but It also enables him to ropa
sudden break-down in the busy seasot
uch quicker than he usually could
had to depend on others living at
stance. It is not, however good polic
r the farmer to turn his attention t
uch to mechanics as to neglect h
rm - there is a point beyond which it
ithor nrofitable nor good policy to g(
Farming should be the principal bus
tas of the farmer's life; to this occutp:
Mn he shoul< give his principal and h
tst thoughts; whatever other busine:
3 may engage in, he should treat as
de business, and never let, it interfei
ith his principal business. He wi
ts the weeds grow while he is build
g a wagon, had better be without
pair shop, but he who only spends h
isure hours in repairing farm inph
onts, will find his repair shop amnon
,s best investments.
On a farm where there is a family <
)ys the repair shop is a necessity, it ti
ys are to receive thorough instruct.ioi
id the farm is to be iade attractiv
he boy who is able to make his ow
ed feels an independence which is iml
town to the boy who has never had a
portunity to become acqluainted wit
e u-ze of tools, and when he has
rn of his own the practice which ti
pair shop gave him, will enab'e hi
readily make most of thb repairs <
ie farm, and if h has leisure, mal
any new improventents. A rep:%
op sI ould always be a building by i
If, because if in connection wih ot
s, it increases the risk of fire, at
akes the rate of insurance very mu<
It is stated ''that during the In
renty-five years not a single singer hi
ied of coniuntption at St. Petersbur
Ithough this disease has outstripped t
thers, and now holds the first pla
mong the causes of death at the Rn
ian capital." From this and other fact
)r. Vasilieff draws an inference in fav
f the exercise involved in singing, as
reventivo measure against consun
ion. There would seem to be room f
uestion as to the relation of cause a:
frect. It may either Ihappen that sin
rs are not consunmptiv(e 1hecauise thi
an use your chest and throat freed
r that consutnptivo persons are ii
ingers because the weakness which pr
edes incapacitates the chest and tir
romn action. Both of these h ypoi (th
re true to a certain point, hut neith
oldrs good in all cases. A very lit
hiservation will suflice to show tai
od singing voice iay coexist witli
reak or disabled chest, win-rens the fu
etly healthy may bo unable to sin
t Was a commnon practice, furl y yei
go, to give consutptive put ientts
p ecially-arranged tubs to Ibreat
brough with a view of ex' res'ig
host. We venture to hope the expe
tent will not he reIeated. Clh<
evelopmnent can only ' he
omplished inl a umtsnner e(
istent with health during the gro
tg stage of childhood, and then t
ost natural andl conlveni int in tle.d
xerciso are the hest. Liater on in I
reat mischief umy03 (done1 by unah
training the muscwles of the thorax x
btose~ of the throat, beside thei p, ri
Ijuring the sinitler tubiles iri irii-v.
les of the lunig biy violenit iirt ion,
rhich the organs of resiirat1'in a
oice are not adate4d heeause the 113a~
(ot been early trinedi.
Rtei are ai great pest in every' city a
mlwn, ail, indeed, everywheie in il
omi try3. ft. seimS niearly u1 iisail
et rid1 of thtemt, andti aniy muth liE
ri mises to secinro this 'moi st diraOl
nid is worth trying. SHomiibody reci,
liindis covern lg sti)l-i, r:ift 'rs,a
vieryt hart ofi ia cellatr withI oiuria
-hi iteash, maidii y(l lowv wvit1.h cpp
ranniy whlere a rat may ..'t, onil seat
'tg it inl thei corfhnrs on the 1loor.
us tried it. rel)itedly, and thi e r's
as 1been at general retreait (If bot ml
id ratta, not one0 of whichl h:hil nt I
enouniits returmnd. it is sahl thi:i a
cellair, will not onily bantish thoise
r ty pheid fevir. Ilvrtiniug iata
huould hie iariiuilly sieinred ni~uin
alvages o,f rats, wliih arc so, i:1,l.
hey ennm get niixt to noithing ti ea '(I
at we ta miost troubhled with Iis
irownt rat,, miuch largir, st ii >ie.'r, liii
odi nioire laveioils thoirii thle I,il;iik
intving bteen driven oil' or xtiiiinal
>y the moret( fiormiidiulei seits. '
>rowni rat is freq innt ly oniiled thiie N
vay rat, front thle ierroniiious unpresi M
.hat it. cameui frin Norwuay, whieb~ I ioi
.ry it dliid not reach unil iiit hlnibel
dhuundant ini Britaini aiiil Amriii. I t
weared first at Astrakhaniii, in the hie;
linig oif the eighitenth ceniit,uIry, ia
~tadually ipreadl over W.stern Euiii
vhenice we hiavi deived it. It was o
he Ifritishi Jaii b-is wire pleh in to
invo thant it ('100mo i wi t.he I iiiuso
A French secumlator.
A reckliiss spitinlatorW tconsult s htis i
or, who says to lhin
"Tho oxciting lifo thatt you 1ead
yeaurintg youh (out raplidly. If youi I
t up you will be a dead matn hy this d
"By Jtove, sir," cries the resth
pecufator, "if I were only sure of that
nake a fortune-I'd go to a life insi
mece eom pany and insure myself
mlf a mill ion I It would be the biig
peration of the centur."--PIirom n
-Italy bat ore*> 4 '
voted to opera.
-The Prince of Waess
with growing old faster than tt
and giving evidence of impaired
and strength in many ways.
-" Marian, the Amazon Queen
now exhibiting in Glasgow. She fI"
native of Germany, seventeen years o ;
age, and over eight feet high. She la
plump and of good figure.
-It Is said that the old Omnibus . <
Company, of London, which runs about
650 Vehicles, loses an average of $350,000
a year by dishonest conductors. Posi.
tions as conductors are consequently
much sought after.
-Near Mets a tame bear was walking
in the woods and suddenly came upon
an Alsatian hunter, who pointed hi egan
to fire, when the bear stood on his hind
legs and danced. The hunter thought
it was the devil and fled.
---The population of Manila was being
decimated by cholera, says a co!onial
paper, when a tremendous hurricane
swept over the island and acted a1i a
meteorological antiseptic, for on the fol
lowing day not a single additional case
of cholera broke out, and none have
been reported since.
-The London Truth does not re
member to have ever seen the following
lines in print, which, rightr or wrong
ly, are ascribed to the late Lord 13ea
Fo- hiress-huntin, to eternal rame
ltelongi Long Tylney Well -loy Longpole's
Bttt asure he wais not tit to iaek thv bo("ts.
Coutt- - flit tett-Ashmonti Bartlott- Iltdett
-A most extraordinary and painful
phenomenon hais lately occurred1 in
Warsaw. A lady died under somewhat
peculiar circumstances, which gave riso
to a report that her death had been
caused by her husband's ill-treitment.
Hence several weeks after the intermnent
her body w'as exhumed for poRt-mortein
examination, when it was found that
in the grave a perfectly healthy child
had been born.
-Mr. O')onovan, the intrepid Merv
correspondent of the IAmdon /hui1!,
News, after havingl been paid liberally
for his services, was, on his return to
England, presented by the proprietors
of that newspaper with a cheek for
$5,000. "I owe my success and good
fortune," Mr. O')onovan recently said,
"to Ireland, that reared me; to my old
frieze coat, that protected me ; to the
Daily News, that encouraged me, and to
Mery, that imprisoned me."
-Sir Julius Benedict, the veteran
English musician, now seventy-two
years of age, is as hale and hearty a; ie
was when he came to America wi:h
Jenny hUnd, a trip of which ho is still
fond of talking. lie recently sat up
composing music forty hours without a
moment's sleep or rest, and when at
last the work in hand was finished, and
Lady Benedict urged him to go to bedi
and rest, he gayly responded: -Yes,
after I've read the evening papers."
William Maginnt met Bllackwoo,t in
this amusing way. lie had already con
tributed to the magazin', but was uu
known to the editor. Wishing to have
an interview with Blackwood, Magi nii
set out for Edinburgh from Cork, whoer
ho arrived on a Sunday evening, andt
earley Monday morning preseitel hitm
self in the famous shop in Prince's street,
It will be recalled that the papiiers con-i
tributed by Maginn wvere spicy and
stinging, and that lackOlwood hiad re
ceived several furious letters from Tre
land demanding the nnme of the anthior
of such obnoxious articles, a facet wvihih
Maginn had heard of. Bllackwood now
mistook Maginn, who was a thorough
Irishman ini appearance, for (one of 1his
angry corresp)ond(ents comIo to seek n
reckoning, so the following col loq~uiy
took place :
" You are Mr. Black wood, I presume?
"I have rather an unipleasant buisiness.'
with you, then, respectiig somec thincg
which apipear ini your mahgazine. 'itiv
are (so and so). Would you he :.n'd
eniough to give me the inme of theo
"1That requires consideratjin, and I
must first 1)e satisfied of your pulrposes.5"
"Your contributor resides in ( o rk,
does lie not? You need not make1( any
mystery abiout that."
" I decinme at present giving anly in
formation on that head before I know
more of your business and who you are."'
"You are very shy, sir. I thought
you1 corresXpon)ded( with M'ir. Heoc tt in
Cork"'(thie atssumie*d name undi'er wvhiichi
Maginn had conitributted his papeari).
"' I beg to dlecline any informnat ion oin
"If you do not know him, theni, pe
haps you could know your own hand
writing" (drawing from his poc-ket a
bundle of letters). "' You n, ed not denyv
your corresp)ondenco wit h that pe.rso'n
with these p)roofs in miy piossessioni."
" fow, in heaven's name. did you pro
eure those letters ?"'
"I am the gentleman han iielft."
A Learty hmigh, a wvaram hands:haik'
and( a wee (drap) of auld iu-pobthi
made(l all things right, and resa,ned in :a
pleasanuit evenlin g and a ci rdial acin-uiit
ance between thle (caumtiu 1011 or andi
hum<in'ouis author of the 0,h>htc to
(Irenmatances Alter Seine ('as'u.
The11 case wais that of a mali who wa
aceiuied oif discharging lire-arms in the~
Recorer-"Xou fi red off a gun t w iee
did y-ou kill anybody ?"'
"No, ,vour Honor."
"IDonmt von know that it is a very so
rimus malftt4r to lire off a gin and ii't kill
an yiody ? D)on't you know thnit vin 'ii i
liabl to h)ipunishled soverely fir such
carelh ssnless ?"
" i o, y:mnr Honor ; but tiu-r~ 1110
"'XVhat are they, and1( are thiere maniiy
of thiem ?"
"They are cats, and there are0 aniy
number (if them."
Rl.eordler (brig~htening up)-"' So you
are bothieredl with cats, too, aro( you ?
Come here one maioent. TIell mte, how
"'Phree~ wth tho first barrel and two
with the secoind."
"Splendid I Glorious I What size shot
do you misc?
"I iuse dluck-shot."
"That fetches 'ema, (does it ? Htum'h I
for-a-fowv (lays ?"
"Certainly, your Honor ; but you
.nnust remiembear that vou are liale toi ho
punished very severely if youi shoot oIl a
gum inside t-he city hmiitst anid do njot killI
"You can go. Yell will (do, but don't
let it happen again."-,t L,ol, p's/ier.
-Mr. Abraham keiriieksors, resid
ing ini West port, N. t . hias a p,owder
horn on which is carveu~ a coat of m:m
with the ataem
RELIOIOS AND EDUCATIONAL.
- Girl graduato3 in Fngland wear
0 gowns precisely like those worn by uni
u vorsity men.
-ThoeLtt li.ran Chureb in the United
fstates has: Mlinistera, 's,501, gin11 l17;
:hurchos, 6,171, gain 320; connuni
31ants, X01. 186, gain s 2.073.
William I. Vanderbilt has just add
ad _101,000 to tis $1,000,000 endow
nt it of Vanderbilt I nivorsity. The
ln ' Mrs. Atkinson, of Memphis, left the
s mame institut on ,50.0004
- artard has students from overy
t St:ate in the Un'on except \ ebraska.
I)revo in inil Virgin a. Besides th're
sre stuleuts roml the )istrit tof ( olui
b ia. Idaho, ".Iontant. Utah, Arneiiia. in
A sia, Iah:la:t Isi ":lm , C anada, Fran ce,
a ir wi t C!:, Nova 'cot a antd 'russia.
-- Ageil I atili"t in nisters have rea,on
Y 1o th tnk at wealth y 1ia.ttst, wvhose name
is ought to he known, for the gift of a :ix
is teoln-roomned house and ant aero and a
Lt;uar,er of ground in the t went.y-third
wvard. T1here the, mnav findl a~ homeu
towhen their work is eided, and the even
;ng ttl - life has comle.--Y. Y. t'ommlerrial
a -The .Japanoe-o Christians of San
"e Francisco have it Japanes( Gospel "0.
o 2iety, who,e aim i.s to extend the Go;
- pu'I amilont.r the Japane(se who are not
a' ('hristians. TIhey. have also providedi a
Is temporary residence, at it cio:ep rate,
; for th se of their ci 0un try men who are
g ati of lmploytment. o" are poor or sick.
--7T" w te'rrl.
>f - The thirty-seven Methodist colle ges
t in this country have -', stue(lnlts and
t, f.100 0 0 ilneuome. the I hirty-one Biptist
s. colleges I,tit): studeIltS, and :*1:1100I,u 1
n income the twonty-six ('ongrerational
1- clolleges 2,86i2 stuldenls, amnt :,'031
ft ilneoille, and tho thirtn e(' s ' yterianl
h colleoses 1,-17 students, and s21 ',10
--\t a receit Wnshallint'ton reo:oin
f (oneral C_'hamb:rhniiin ni'gel in a lit
11 t1e gloritication of Iiowdoin ('ol ego
e over which he presides. l'e reports a
ir conisiderah'e relaxation o d7scilit,
a d htis the sttalietn's '" worthy o: all
It- tlhe Contidenee which H rep o-sed in
d them." h'lat insttttion has '" furnished
lh to the N ation it I'reS:olo. t went y-t wo
Senators aid I epresontativos in ('on
gress, fourte:'n dudges of high courts,
nino G;overnor. - of States, eigeen vcl
tlee PresidIts, a I.oug.ellow a llaw
. thore atd an S. S. Prentiss."
Ill. -Thu "Brick C'hurch," of l;ochester
.- (P'resbverian intro,intued a notw
s method of taking its annual collecti ns
, 'ibout ten y ears ago. It decided to take
or plate collections each mlorning ani even
a ing anil to divide the total amloing the
. several claims, ac or iug to a prear
or ranged proportion. 'lThia arratngement
hl 1as increas,d tihIt henevoloneo of the
onregation the total amount from
, l;: t 1 -'2, ilu lusive, I eiug 23,163,
he iiles .X70 for the poor fund, an'l
t *9,75 raise I from the Suuuny-school
a-classes.-lit,cesh r 1.\'. . )E.pes
omie 'eats in SMimtmning.
r Somewhat ovier 1t) yeats ago I seaman
le bolonigin g to l,-r .i1ajt"styi's ship Orestcs
Sthrow tiniself ivtrbiarrd 1s at means of
Ia c:iap)ingl pnitti1ishmniit for in.tiiie ofienise.
- He was pitiikl upi ih a fishing-boat seven
hours attlerwal oll'thl ("(iaist of Spiailn,
ty atnd1 staHted HinIt h d l ee lin ttihmting
st townt,l th b il all the time. Ablout tIe
esamne period tw o lnen swam up) the river
h(e Mersey from .liI aierp l to Rtuneorn.
1Thev ner"otnplir+lwd' the dlistancev in Homo
t thin' lo- titam four htours. Patssing over
(-a long int1erval, dulring; which rlnany swi11ns
t(ere recotrdledl of at fewt honurs' durat11ion,
w- ne cor'' to th luin,o recent texpiloits of
h' ('.pt. Webb.l.1, ctinl y the i st iemar.. 'k
iiali swti inner of win,in wet have aufthieti
iti li: riecordi. A fter seino m>ot:able aciiiIvio
ii ntts lin lie Iish s -a, lie IlldIriook the
astoiihin1g fiat oif swimmiiiing arsh
-desipi ti its X iry' rough~I ieai. On the trat
hI wayl, and iiwa~s fr' saf't y brughii.lt hnick
by~i an atti'edant 'tt-arnmer. hlis seio:i
at tinyit inm lW>? n mas uite suiaccessful; ho
idfri aI i iover to ih Frc'h icioait niear C al
il; hei wa iupid 'ituc'nsionailiy with
h rfrsmiints by persons5 fntar at hatnd,
duL~iimring t his prolioniged interval. in the
samelti tyeart a yiong dalfusel, Miss Agnes
Jinki th , daughi1ter 'f Bi'ckwith, the
tA ih of I' siningiit, gaive clear proisf
timi t then wi'akir isex is strnitg eouitgh ti)
niiv'ii remfinarkable iresults ini this artt;
bidigei to ( ireen wltichl, ridiii i thi'iirowdied
sllhip~pinig if tinet part oif thec river. lIn a
sii . fii pIii t i m, ~ ;X zinij I lar't(% ey,i
t i i'-i hi tlyi'iiS <-:a -l,-d A i - mli li kith'f
bridh e toi la :dl . ('aii tli,t .erither
ian in miittg int nIplis orwthiiits
sttix hu. InI i half di i t fa, Ia;
heof was molre itri nahi te( foratof
ii t.he sunft', bietindown of ilvt hi hed and
ntt lunsine:o icrn intt its esthan
miii greatii ii lenth of tim tat psi onis
lit re i t h aii Iiaidnil ih r orli ithonts
tswimmig. At tet Weaytininterit agna
he - rimuina bire; tankm coistucted tor he
r- t item'aryarlct nr)i tfiion of ivalte.I
Sthirttuee t Agnes. Bieckwttith rmautied
tig lsil or ie of ith tank,ii singn th ae
ofciieittle a ofcaioayt reaingcu a tnews
vaper tan lii) awa y temt drear montony,ii
andittikmgy retieIngalet ane toii nhvr
Theiiwaitii hadi' or s)tttrng Jifusono (sIam
ay11.that Iti 'p. Webb hats Iclips11o davr
tin aIlelse ofil th icdk nwt' tite toe
Oget mon th of May' lii rhits ed si he
[w.il tt a pnknleassma tn 60t- hofrs:ci.
r iumoly foing p ll the ittimt, and neverlii
ayr Them in tha hins bei;ve tho usiteo a-r
Ia rotl ipt-tos itnioe ha (: ori sO~ .erail
['d 'ear sprnlfta msmallte inteiy of sue.