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DI.VOED TO 'OLITIi:P MO 4Li1Y, EDUctION AN1 TQ T'3E ENER&L INI'ERENr O1 TIE (QUN rY.
By D. F. BRADLEY & 00. PICKENS, S. C , TIIURSI)AY, SEPTEMBER 13, 188. OL. XII. NO. 5
They are making flour out of poanuts
The drouth is killing great numbers of
cattle in some parts of Texas.
Large beds of phosphate have boon
discovorod in Dulpin and Pender coun
ties, North Carolina.
Tho porcelain works in Augusta Coun
ty, Va., have commenced operations, and
goods equal to any ever mado are turned
out in large quantities.
'J.'horo aro now 48,019 post-(flicc' in
United States. The number of post
offices has increased forty per cent. H11ce
There are eighty-four eigar factories
in Key West and all hands couistantly
The drouth has about spoiled the cot
ton crop of South Carolina. The up
land crop is estimated at three-fourths,
and the Seat Island at still less.
A Northern company is negotisting for
t11o purcleso of the Magruder mine in
Georgia, which is very rich in copper,
lead and silver.
A little girl in North Carolina was
stung by a hornet just under the eye,
and (lied within twenty-1,urs.
There are many parts of South Florida
yNle1u the crops of guavas are greater
than the peopl l can use. I3cing a perish
ablo fruit, it can not he shipped.
One firm in Gates county, N. C., owns
thirty miles of narrow-gauge railway,
connetrng five of its saw-mills. It is the
largest lumber liusiness in the State.
Since the death of Tom Thumb, (en.
A be Sawyer, of Key Vest, Florida,
claims to be the smallest dwarf in the
world, being thirty-two inches high,
ninetcen years of age and weigin,1g only
The Georgia match factory limildingc
at Gainesville are about finished and C.
Van Fleck, the principal owner, is in the
Eastern cities and Canada shipping the
North Carolina has two of the largest
Vineyasds east of the Ihockty ioun11tuins.
The grapes raisec't are coining into great
demand even outside of the St:te.
The Louisiana I inesteacl and Aid
Association have taken in hand a project
to purchase 109 cr 50t) acre s of land near
New Orleans for establishing a home for
some 800 old and infl iu net-rees in the
State of Louisiana, W1ho are reported as
being in great want..
The citizens of Roie, Ga., are indig
nant at the advar.ce in the premium on
cotton insurance ill that city and claim
that withl Rome's unsuirpassed water
works and well equipped and dauintle.s
fire department the rate (lght not to be
its high as two per cent.
A report from Castleburg, Ala., says:
"The timber 1 nt te tur"entinc busi
ness have bo~(th been dull the greater
part of 'Ns seasoni. The saw- mills have
a coni %' vacationi. Tulrp)entine is fift y
p)er cent. Iow er then'i last year."
Honey is llntifuil in Smyvrna, Fl..
Olaf O)leson hams e'xtracited over* forty
biarrels of choice honiey, andu was coin
]ielled to stop for wanit (if b(m1rels, and'1 is
nowl~ galtheriung it ini Beat one-pound see
Lions. 11. S. Eheideni comes niext, while
his neighblor, D r. Go odwini, 1has bien
busy hiildinig up his apiary for the com11
IReports fromi the ('ot toin in the Nash
ville district, includiung Miiddle Tennes..
seeC, a porition (if W<(st Tennlesse'e and1(
North A labamina, show a larger aggregate
yiel Ihan last yeair's eropl.
)ispiatchecs to thle New Orleans TIimes
3)emocrat from all sections of the cot toni
belt shoiw (e<msiderable falling off ill crop
prospiects comparlied witIihiat year, ex..
('(ept inl Tenneii(ssee( and somec portins oif
Tlexas, caused by (lrculth, c'aterp)illars5 and
boll worms.l) The1 dlecrease is estimated
in som11' places at thityv-thyee an(l oe-e
third pier (cent.) Manyv ieports fromi Texas
also showv a filling ofl ini thle (outlook.
The corn11 criop is also reportedl considera
lbly damiaged by drouuth.
A part oif Hell Hole Swamp, canltain
4ing 17,00) acres, has 1 (en bo(uighit b y Mr.
Jo(s. Romnfry, who resides at High Pinit,
- N. C., as the repiresentative oif a compilla
ny oif Eniglish capitalists. The Coim
mfissioniers of the South Carolina Sinking
Fund aIre to receive for tihe tract $10,000,
payabile in thiree aniiuucl installmoints. It
will tako abouiit $100,000 to1 dr'ain the wa
ter from this swamup, and its sale is re
gar'ded as a good one for the $t ate.
A stampede of 'Texiis cattle ('cueated a
p~anie Monday ini the si oents of New Orn
leans. Thle police for(e andl the eintire
town turned (out to hieadl them off. Af
ter two mBules, two hioises anud se'verl
men werie biadly' g(ired the cattle we're
soubduled. It is e'stimiated that thieae
were not over tlwenity steers in the stam-.
l)ede, yet they scattered over the city so
qjuickly andii doubiled uip oni their trac(k so
o (ftenl that onie wouild hamve tihoughit that
there were iiundrede of the wild ereca
tures at large.
Washingtoni C. Kerr, State Geologist
of North Carolina, says the whole Slite is
notably adapited( to the culture oif rrapes4
and the manufacture of wine.' TIu proof
oif this is, fist, that a considerab le nm.)
her of the pest Americani grapes ornigiait..
c3d withini . territory, such as the (ii
tawbha, Liincoln, Isabella, Scuipperniong,
etc. ; second(, the testimony of the best
observers and( growers of the Ohio Vid
Iey, and oft the whlole coiunt.ry, andl( third
and1( chiefly, the su1ccess of tihe few intelli
gent e'xperimenlts that have bieen made.
And this opinion isi confirmied by tIle
conuside.rationis of climate, whieh are (10
monstrabhly kun >wn to contr'ol this ind1its
try. In the remarks'h( on clima te it wia
shiown that the l;arger portion (if thi
State corresponids, in this important re
speCCt, to Mid dle and Northern Itailt anid
to Middleo and Southern Franeo.
IVJIEN TllE SEI GI VES UI 11
They tell its jillt a quie. voice -
Of lierfect faith and lope anl trust,
That on the lay when Ch.-ist shall nom li
l'o bid His chosen ones rejo!ee, t
To breathe new life in death's dark duct, s
To givo new speceh where death sttick dumb
Fromt out the sad r,ea's rstless bc
Shall rise once more the hidden dead.
They tell us this with upraised eyes,
That gaze beyond the present's woe,
And whisper of a heaven and God,
Draw pictures of star laden skies,
Where angels winder to and fro. *
When those now 'neath the churchyard sod
Will riso from out their dreary bed,
Iho day the sea gives up her dead.
Yet will they rise once moro the past,
Or give me back the faith that died,
Or breathe new breath inl love's d1eadl breast?
What for the love that didl not last? t
What for the davs, when side by side
We wandered on, nor thought of rest,
Will these arise and leave their bed
The (lay the sea gives up her dead?
Oh, nevermore ! dead joy is dead,
l'he suiihino deal ne'er smiles again.
'is evening gathers on the shore,
Ounr kiss was kissed, our words were said.
Nanght lasts for o'er save sin and pain,
Love dead is dead for evermore.
;ilent he lies in his cold bed.
Though all life's bias give up their dead I
CIlE BA'TLE OF AR)MlOB]E.
i)EING A GIAPITIC AC0'OUNT OF A FIERCE
The sunshine never kissed a lovelier t
lay nor blessed a fairer scene. All the 1
and, and the sky and the clouds were <
-lad in the beauty of June. The lanes 1
cere fringed with emerald ; the round- i
-yfd daisies peeped out 110111 the billowy
elds of grass, and daintier wild flowers I
,f the woods nestled like gems in the d
: elvet moss. Down in the meadows the
aut tereups gleamed like buttons of gold.
)ver the low hills the soft winds whi-- a
,ered to the leaves about other sum
mers, and down through the shadowy
woods the little brook laughed and sung
ad babliued like a child playing by it
self. Hero and there a e;)ttago nestled
among the trees. The distant calls of (
rhildren Cam1e rippling across the fields.
'he long road wound away, Yellow and
luiet.uutii it turned out of sight I'evond
the little church with its snowy walls
and slender spire.
How qluie:. and peaceful all the world
lay before the window of my prison that
rlay in June I Far away the note of
t meadow-lark came, and was heard no I
more. Now and then the whistle of a t
robin ; at times the twitter of a blue
bird. It was such an afternoon as you
would wish to eniure forever. White
winged peace smiled in the sunshine,
and sang with the zephyrs and the
brook, and the far-away calls and
searcely heard langhter of the chiidren i
playing somewhero unseen. Its nusic
in tie crown of the lays' beauty and as
TIIE BUGLE CALL.
Clear, mellow, distant, four or live '
notes of a bugle ring out over th:' low s
Iills, and colo elhoilig down the forest l
aisles. How my heart leaped at the
sound of the bugle call I IIow my blood t
went surging through my veins like a 1
tide of lava I Out of my prison window
I look with straining eyes. In the flut- s
tering leaves I can see no glitter of bay- i
onets. I listen, but down the road or
across the meadow I can hear not the t
rumbnile of a battery hurrying into posi-t
tion, Hlow silent is all this ! And yet
not ailent enough. I want tile wind to c
hush, and the leavecs to keep still, and <
the brook to stifle its hlabblle and laugh
ter. I am listeuiing for a foot-fall, ther
crackling of a twvig, the muflied tr:Inp) of
a column of men stealing through the
woods under leafy cover. I am l.istening i
for the neigh of a horse, a clatter o1
rythmric hoof-beats, a ringing carbinle-I
shot. Peerinig out of the window of my
loniely cell, I am listeninig- ever since
that first bugle-call camne winding over
t lie hill I have been lis tening-for sterner
music than1 the robin's noto and the
woodI brook"s mIurmlur.
There it is at last ? I can see nothing
from this window. Thle voice come,
like a far-away echo of the bugle-a boy
ish voice, softened into music by the day
anid the distance. I picture toI mysech
the fair haired Lieutenant whoii com
mands thli skirmiishecrs. All t hose ciany
maRde men of t ho boys; the slcool1-bi
lughlt biesidle the veteran, and ihe Adi
pitanit (of 20 messed with the Colonel of
It. Will the line never come ini my
"'I alt !'"
S)ilenlce algain, and once more the bni
gle calls down the uniseeni line. Now 1
cain hear thle trampli of feet amid all thi
terr ile hush of preparation. All i abu:
me thle tid1O of battle will sweep, saill
mnly where I cnn see it; and I -ienined
al this prisonl like a caged rat, withi ring
mtg bugle and clanking saber cal linig me
au1f, shouting my name iln words that
burn and ring and ring again--and I anm
THE I MARlCHING HOSTS.
Away off' tho tap of a dirum, the flam,
lhin, 1lam, cadencing the stop of the
mrchm(lllg collun. Nearer it comes, and
urnther away it sweeps, faints into quiet
T1ramnp, tramp, t ramip. Mulflled, yet
listiet, andic steppinig nearer with every
'oot-faill. '"here tboey come ?'" shouts
,omel4 01ne. I ho111ld my breath; I press
miy hand1( to m~y hearit, andh wait for the
'lrst shot fr'oml tho skirmlishers.
Thei c,lick of a musket so close it seems
in the room wher'c I am11. Clods 1 .1 his
tell for the sound of tho boyish voice
again. It seems to me, in miy excited
condicition, thlere is a childish treble to it.
I wonder if
Hlow the cheers, pealing up in waves
of sonnd, dIrowned the crash I waalhisten!
img for I Again the bnyisih voice calls,
"'Fire !" and again thel shrill cheers fol
lo.w. Th'ey htwsh as the buglc-nodtes
cioe mahu Anrn the um i.a -r
car the wheels as a battery is hnrying
orward. I hear a drum beat. I hear
he tramup of hurrying feet. Some one
s calling for "the flag," Once I heard
-so lose the tide of battle swept to my
risou--a saber spring froi fts aenb
ard with an angry sweep. And all this
imo I could only see tho golden sun
hine-only the fluttering levea iand the
laying shadows lengthening into the
'aniug day; :ind floating in at my win
ow came the mellow whistle of the
The cheers are fainter now, as the
hadows grow longer. The robin's note
ins ceased. Mellow, clear, and beauti
ully imperious as ever, the bugle calls
gain. A pall of silence falls upon the
lImor and din of the battle. I try the
loor of my prison. It yields to my
ouch. Down a stairway, with a nois.
ess tread, I hasten. I step through a
lurtained door. I stand on the field
vhere the waves of contention have
hlundered and dashed. The level rays
f the setting sun drift over tho helpless
Igures stretched about me liko a bless
ng upon the (lead.
At my feet theoverturned cannon lies.
['here are its shattered wheels. Lying
tcross the brazen muzzlo. "his back to
he field and his feet to the foe," is
tretched an artillery sergeant, still
rasping the broken saber in his nerve
ess hand. Here is a group of infantry
oldiers; they will never stand upon their
eet agnin. Here is a trooper; headless
to lies under the horse that, with two
egs torn away, has fallen upon him.
*A little drummer-boy--how came such
6 child here whiu-re the fierce maelstrom
f war circled and eddied in fire and car
'age and fury ?-lies by his drum. I
>end above him, and in face and form
here is nothing human left. Red are
he stains about it, and the broken little
mand hangs stiff an(d rigid on the edge
1f the shattered 'rnm. It is terrible.
Tere, ghastly an horrible, lies a head.
lie blue cap with its searh-t and white
iompon still resting jauntily over the
srow; but nowhere can I see the sol
lier's bcdy. Here is a salber bent and
wisted in the fury of hand-to-hand con
at. I walk among the headless trunks,
rms and legs without bodies, erippled
orses lie prone on their sides, or stand
rearily, and with dupb patience, upon
hree legs. I tread carefully over and
round the broken, shattered bodies of
he fallen men. IHere is the flag, tat
ered and unfurled, just as it dropped
:om the hands of the sergeant; here an
paulet. glittering in crimson and gold:
ere is the gilded belt of a General; here,
tarred, bent and dented, lies the bugle
hmse silver voice called into play this
reck and carnage. And here, away
T on the edge of the field, away where
tst the spray of this angry sea of strife
ould have reached, my foot. anlost falls
u u child lying prostrate, halt turned
n her face. ''he dainty feet peep out
f a cloud of silk and lace; tlhe tangled
air of gold. a skein of sunshine, half
ides the brow and cheek. 'Fhere is no
ign of life in the beautiful face. Killed
y the terror and fear horn of the hattle ?
hend to lift the little form, and tlearin
pon which 1 thought the child wav.s
ing is gone; a horrible gash reaches
ron the temple to the base of the brain
id the left eye is crushed in its socket.
'lie child-the dear, sweet little girl:
omebody's darling, fair sacrifice to tho
ideous Moloch of war, how could
"Robbie! " I hear the voice of her lit
o screne highness. "Robbie! come,
ow, and pick up your tops, dear.
on've left vourdolly and all your sold iers
cattered about over the floor, so that
apa can scarceiy walk across the room.
Mnd somebody has stepped on poor lit
Ie Bessie's head. I'm afrait sno'll have
o go to the surgical institute."
A patter of flying feet, and the blue
yed commander (of thie troops, aged 6,
omes char-ging init' the roomi. and, re
olving himself into an amuhuili'e 'orpis,
ollects the dead and wounded with both
ands, scoops thiem into a 1big oox, ex
mines the fracture in the woiunde'd
olly's head for sawv-dust, and appears
uirprised to find the skull lined with1 a
''Papal" he er-los ''did you hear 'e
attle zis alppernloon ?"'
''Yes, IAlajor, I beard it.''
"W~e ighted awful,'' the Mlajor says,
'an' I fell down on my drum and bireked
ny cannon, but gr-apa will get me
Lnuzzer one.'"-Romnt d. lauirr.
A Geuieral and IIia Men.
General cr, piromnoted for his valor
a thle afTaiir of the Sapun redoubt, but
till commanding his zouaves, distini
nmished himself in the battle of T-aktir.
ni their crushing charge lhe advanced
oo far, and would have been killed or
aken prisoner if there had been any
ally by the Russians. His mcen made
desperate plunge into the enemy's
unks1( andl brought him back in triumph.
hie of their biuglers was then ordered
>y General cer to sound the retreat.
\ t tho moment when lie put his bugle
oi his mouth a round shiot broke his
-ight arn. With his left hand lhe quiek
y picked up his instrument, which had
'al len, and sounded the retreat,
"Well done, my bravo boy I" said
"Ahi, General," replied the bugler,
"is it niot lucky that it was not the vio
in which I hana to play?"
At the attack of the Sapun redoubt,
when lie could not keep back b;e zouaves,
lie had called out to thenm:
"'My children, if you will not bec good,
[ shall never again lecad you into action."
He praised them after the battle of
I'raktir for charging to bring him out of
lie crowd of enemies.
"My Geneal,'' answered one of them,
"if you will L.ot be good we shall never
Igain follow you into action."
Heo laughed heartily at this retort to
his threat on a previous occasion. Those
terms existing betwee-n French comt
imamnding officers and their men seemed
st range to Brit ih oflicors, but their re
'ipetivo duties were inot the worse fl
tilled on that account.- Te1mpIc Bar-.
Hlow wIOKED the people are getting,
to be sure. Parties are goimg around
with English sparrows painted yelw,
and selling themi for canar-y birds. 'They
have a Io .v genuine canaries alongf (0
*ine, and tell the anarrows.
TIHE TKOUILE WITH PORK.
Are Trichtnw Killed by Fnttt-What I
C1uthiitt by Ekpert, In the Mu1ntler.
The prohibition of the ituportation of
American pork by the %ertnan Govern
montt oh account of the alleged presence
of the microscopic worm known a tri
chintb, has awakened alarge degree of in
terest among pork riisers am shippers
in this cottntry. That triohintg are
sotnthmes fotihd in pork (and in some
othet' food flesh) is not to be doubted.
That proper cooking of meats for food
destroys them is unquestionable. That
all authenticated cases of injury to health
arising from the presence of this micro
scopio tvorm were traced to the eating of
uncooked, or half raw meat is a fact.
But that the salting of meat destroyed
the parasito is still a matter of doubt,
or, at least, it is a subject of dispute.
On this point United States Consul
.John Wilson, stationed at Brussels,
makes some statements, based on his
own observations. He says:
"I have myself been present when of
ficially appointed miersocopists at some
of the abattoirs of this country have
been engaged in examining Anerlean
pork for trichiuo, and have been invited
by these gentlemen to see for myself,
through their microscopes, the peculiai
cell and spiral coil of the animal; but on
carefully examining them I have only
observed, blended with the tissue an'l
minuto salt crystals, the entombed ani
nial, evidently as destitute of life as the
structure in which it was embedded.
"It is claimed by most trichinie ob
servers that the process of generation
and birth of this little animal invaria
bly takes place in the stomach and in
testinal canal, and that within a few
days from its birth it has so matured as
to penetrato the walls of the intestines
and rapidly make its way through the
various intervening structures to the re
mote muscular tissue of the animal it in
fects, there to be speedily encysted and
endowed with a subsequent dormant ex
istence of several years, during which
time its reseuco occasions little or
no inconveience. Of this theorv
of the life and mevements <'
this little worm I can only say that it
involves an almost unparralleled excep
reption to the law generally regarded as
determining animal life, and ought not
to be a;cepted but upon the most posi
tive proof. The law governing parasit
ic existence in living tissue usually in
volves the speedy death of the parasite
after the pabilum upon which it feeds
has passed from under the domain of
vital force; hence, unless this tiny worm
ronstitutes an exception to this law, its
life must be short after the organic strue
ture upon which it feeds has ceased to
Consul Wilson very pertinently adds
that "if salt really kills trichinm, and of
't I have scarcely a doubt, it is evidently
a great injustice on the part of foreign
governments to lay an embargo on our
pork produet, which of all others, in
rder to secure it against decomposition
n a long journey to foreign markets, is
better salted than that of any other
,ountry. "-Acienific Am rican..
Barb-Wire for Fences.
For many years the manufactme of
blrb-wire for tfenees has been controlled
by one firm. Favored 1 its wealth and
materprise, it taiinc'd possession of m1or.'
than one lundra'd difWlerent patents cover
ing the making of this nrticle and has
reap ed a handsome profit inl royalties by
elling the privilege of using these
patenits. Sone idea of the importance
of this maanufactiure mny be gained from
the fact that upwarl of twelve hundred
mile: of wire arc made daily. In soene
of thle Western States, where t imber is
scarce, wire is almost whoilly used, and
lhe laws even comphel a man to surround
his land with such a fence, prescribinig
the height and the number of strands.
Uinluiekily for the conitiinuaniei of this
moiiopoly, its conditions have 1beeni
ab used, and thIiis has raised a strong
feeliog against it amonig farmers whli
usMe thle wire and manufactuirersi wh'o aire
fo rced to pay thle royalty. These lat ter
thave cominued their forces aind are (d?
mandinig a reduoct ion of at least one-lnil
in the royalty, and iare likelv to obtain
it. Theire is, however, no reason to lie
lieve that this will result ini any benefIit
to) the farnwr, to whom the fencing hias
bieen iso hl at hiighier prices t ium i were de
inumided of thle foreign onisilume.
A recenlt decision of thle Uiuted State.~
Circunit Court has st ruck a 1blow att thi h
moopoly, and iuder it any one has th<(
right to nunmfiiactuire the wire and alsi
the machinery used in mikiing it.
miilla sprinig uil Prices must conio down
anod then the firmer, too, will gain hhi
After- hIs Idberty.
TIhue milit ary c opany w-h i< h recently
Nortliwr citie haMls a publdic attractioi
in its armo,ry, says %T. Quad;o, ii a lettel
fro ui ew Orleanihcus. Th'e men hav<
gathered together maniiy interestiint
rlies of warli, ince in g hattlhe tIage
documien ts anid photioraphis, and oni
enni fill ini a long Ionur wit hout xhuaust
ing the museum. Doiri ;g t Ihe w.r, at
while a large niumb'e: of Coifedlerat
ofliceers werei coonline<d in ,Johi.son'
island, a " reh"1 whiit1! cut a wcxde
musket, got possessioi (of a blue ";ei
coat, and 0ono nigh't when the guar
c'ame aloiig he( fe~ili in1 an archied alon
with the squiai, iiieindinig to raako
b reaik whleni ebanie ioffered. T1hie oppor
I oiiity did niot (come1, andl whein the coi
poiril found lie had one ma:n too mai;
Ihis susp1 iiou(Is wire arouisedl and th
rick (I isco veredl. Thie b ogus muiis.e
used 01pon1 that oci('ois one11 of t .i
reliesM to lie fiumnd in the museum.
A (Arersiu (CAusaa TI1Ouvarm. -F
severa2l days th lie k Tslaiid water-worki
hi:.v been pral iict icalhly uiseless. The i au
thiii ties telegrap~hued to Ira H1o1lly, a
heihvinta couic'iihl ani exm nail li I
iial' a seial report to the Ciiy Coiui
(it lb found0 tha2t the I umps1) wcr
woirk in g with Ipo wer that21 should prochte
27,000,00)0 galon pe115 4r day, but t hit thI
.:Ions5. Taingi the 1inunp) apart hi
huiid mi th, mi a citIish 3 teet 9 inlch(
remoirving the i hii, whiilh lyd to 1e dli
1i sctionis. thei t2umps' wVorked( all right
Itemarkable Volcante Freaks.
ana Pouring fYom thce Volcano o'Ouanrtep4
-Villaies and Islands Esgulfit.
The Star and Hcrald of Panama give4
the following description of some recent
remarkable seismio commotions:
"The volcano of Onetego, in Lake
Nicaragua, Is at present in eruption,
much to the alarm of the residents on
the Island, which Is formed by the
mottutain. On May 1, at 10 a. in., a
frightful subterranean rumbling was
heard, which lasted between two and
three minutes, but no outbreak was
visible. On the following (lay a number
of people climbed to the summit of the
volcano, and found that the crater had
increaned in size, and was about thirty
five yards in length and three in width,
but its depth could not be calculated.
Around it were strown large quantities of
stones and rocks covered with slate
colored mud. Masses of the same ma.
terials had poutred down in a sourth
westerly direction, forming a bed 300 or
400 yards in length, and ashes were
scattered in all directions. Two days
afterward a series of terrifying eruptions,
accompanied by prolonged rumblings,
occurred. At about 2} p. m. on May 4,
the earth and rock in the vicinity of the
crater were seen to break, lava flowed
forth, and from it there burst upward a
thick column of lead-colored smoke of
awe-inspiring magnitude, which sent
the terrified villagers flying to the
churches in the belief that the whole
island was about to be destroyed. For
tunately, however, no damage was done,
as the lava flowed in a direction where
there are no inhabitants and the ground
is not cultivated.
"The valley of the Atrato, situated in
the 8tato of Cauca, in this .-epublic, con
tinues to be a centre of that volcanic ac
tivity which was first evinced there in
September of last year. On several oc
casions we have called attention to the
disappearance of islands in that vicinity,
and the recent sudden changes the top'o
graphy of the country has undergone,
but really no full and authentic deserip
tions from private or public sources have
as yet seen the light. That remarkable
phenomena are being presented there, no
one can doubt, from what is already
kuo.-t and from information col.aine'l
in a letter written to the President of the
State of Cauca in the last week of April,
which is now made public, and whiel:
states that at Rio Suejo, about forty
miles from the Atlantic, the earth
cracked and opened ini many places,
throwing out very fine sand in a heated
state, while a subterranean noise
was heard resembling that made
by boiling water. At 'urho
which is on the Gulf of Uraha,
the earth opened and water flowed out,
flooding the streets to a depth of tw<
feet. Many houses were shaken down.
The small villages of Bujies and Nicurio
have been eompletely engulfed. The
mouth of the river Leon, which emptied
into the Atlantic, has completely closed
up, and all over the district th' move
ment of the earth is so continuous that
the inhabitants are emigrating.
"On May 21, at 7a. in., a slight earth
quake was felt at Mompos, on the river
Magdalena in the State of Bolivar, which
was followed by a sharper one at 2 a. in.,
on the 22d, on which day shocks were
also felt at San Salvador and Guayaquil."
Picking up Broken Cables.
The laying of telegraphic cables is now
so common that the description of th.
nmachinery for picking up a broken ono
will be read with interest. It, consist;
of a rope about an inch and a quarter in
dimeter, made from the strongest hemp,
with intcrwoven wires of fine steel. Thlle
grapnel at the endl is merely a solid
shaft of iron some two feet long, andl
weighing about 100 poun11ds, and pro
loniged into six blunt hooks, whicb much
resembil e the partly closed fingers of the
hiumani hand. In licking up theo cable
ini deep water the Minia, after reaching
lie waters near the break, lets out her
rope and( grapnel, then takes a course at
right angles to theo cable and at some~
distance from the fracture, so flhat thle
b roIken crads may not slip through thle
grapniel. The grapnel rope is attached
to a dynamometer, which exaictly .meas
iiri.s thle st rauin (n thle roi)e. and shows
un ierinigly when the cable lhas b eein
cauight. If the grapnel fouls a rock the
at rain rises ve(ry suiddenlhy to a high 1 oint
buiit the exact wveight. ef the cale bewing
kn owvn, lie dyiinimometer signial by thle
st edy rate of iincreasne its hol oin lie
*;ible far 1below. A while ago one of thle
linies of the Anglo-Ameie Conmany
was caught w ihout t roule at a dep thI oif
I we and a, quarter miles near the muidd le
of the Atlanitie. Captain Trott, of the
.\iniia, who has won great fame for his
.,kill and inigeniuit y ini cable matters, but
a, cently piete up1 il the French cal e 180('
rmiles ofif St P irri, aid ini four homrs
romi the tune thle grapneil was let go
- iod the enh!,e spliced andii ini workinig
E!dit ion. Thle spluiciig is a worek of
rient ih-liency an sk,1 hl, andl wihenii
-iinplihed by irained iuwers the, Splic44u
p art cani scircely he Id~'ist igiuishied from
S Why lie had the VIctoria Cross,
- Maebecan, one of thle ofTibers, foun d
1him isel f ini the b r(eh at Luckno f w, al
mo4 st iilone( and( suirrouindeld by enemciiesI~.
lIe kilied eleveni of them, ai (ine off
lie re4ceivedh thle ictoria Cro ss at a
p)ahade;( iad, asM th IGenerical piinnid thio
er 1eli on his breiast, lie wound (upl i h)iis
I bre addlress with:i
* Anid ai good4( diay's work it was, sir,"
'Tufts,"' said ouri y.'lbiot iund simplle
frieiid, gnite forgetti- g thait lie was on
hiis pierforniinec henmng spoke 1141of as a
lav's work. "'Tufts, it dlidnal fak' me
"H(iiowr Aniour FAcII "-On one occa
*.a.eon Paul, while reviewing a regiment
which (til not please lhin, gave the wordl
of commaiid: ''Right about face I
\farebh I To Siberia !"' And the wvholo
regiment, officers and men, were obliged
i4 set off by forced marches, for Biberia.
It was on ly when they got half-way
there that Count Rostopchine obtained
their recall.-LoQndon 80cietu
led Ks,e, fnd 1ise c'ecitir annnner in
hIhlh lt' 1.66krl Aller in Kid' Iuster
A Texcn corrosponldent tells tha fol
ciwing story of .% Wes'et-n deserado,
nown fa ' (Old h ne," who had killed
is score of men, and was known as a
Icspler(o. The writer says : Sturgis
t a gambler, and when lie first. came
tero everybody was afraid of him, and
to sorter rutn the settlement. Old
leese was away then. lto carne back
lere about two months ago. Tho day
te returued he was passing along when
te met a little boy Crying. Old Reeso
s very fond of children, and they all
Ike 1im. Ho picked the little follow up,
iried his tears, and inlquired the cause of
his Iroul lo. Between his sobs the boy
told his story. He was the only son of ia
poor widow womlanll who lives down by
thio river, and does w::shing for the
r.ambllers. Early in the spring Sam
Sturgis emploVed hinm to attond to his
horse promising to pay himn two dollars
it week for his services. Glad to be able
to Pelp his mother, the little fellow took
charge of the gamnbler's calhlo, and
roonmed anti fed him for sixteen weelks.
Then Sturgis sold the anuimal, and the
'oy's servicee were no longer required.
lie had just been in to ask Sturgis for
us paly, and the gambler had not only
lot pmid him, but had kicked him out of
"He kicked you, did he ?" said Reese,
Imd those llnuo eves of his snapped.
"Yes. sir," faltered the boy.
"A ud he won't pay you your money ?"
"No, sir," whimpered the boy ; ''and
notlher needs it."
"i think he'll pay," answered Reese.
'You run right, home. now. and 1'll be
ight down to see you presetily, and
,ring the money."
Sturgis was pretty flush then and
xsas riuining a big game. Old Reese
vent down to seo him. Well. sir it's
)Illy about a week ago that he rceovered
'r(ni that interview and was able to be
h on t.
Old Reese walked into the saloon,
'ailled for pen and paper, and made out
ie fi,llowing hill
"A)1 SS riat(i :
To - THE WnoOw Wn rTi'; K11n, Dr.
ro ben1"linsg pony 16 wees, at p per
rIo iing sai<l Khd win lit aslkcl for
1ik m 1i-(.. ...................... 50 00
l'o coast of collection ................. ..5 5 )0
He walked up to the table where
hturgis was dealing mottto and laid this
b)il Iefore hum.
"Sturgis," he sasid, "pay this little
hill. aind I'll receipt it."'
h'ie gambler gIlaneed at the paper,
jmluped to 1is h-eti, j rked out his six
shttottr, :md s;aid1:
"I'll be hanged if T do!"
"I think you will," said Rleese, and
hie knocked the fellow down.
Befsre he could regait his feet old
Reese was upon hims. lie jerkel th
six shooter out of Sturgis's hinsl, and
heat himt over the head with it until be
aried for mercy.
"Will you p.ay the bill ?" askced Reese,
ralising the six-shooter to hit htimt agatin.
"Y( s." Amdilhe paid it.
But Reese was not through with him
yet. There was a Justice of the Peace
In Laredo at the time, a recent institu
tion. Old Reese knew that the gambler
woutld have hit arrested for the assault,
and compel himu to pay a fine. lie told
t wo mn(si f Cole forwisld its wit nsesses
and, its tlheir 1preseneo made Stlurgis
swear that hto (leesse) had never strukel
HIls TrIple Wilvess.
A mnormaon elder who had been osn a
nissisin int Eursope, was encountertoed oti
iis wayv west ward wiith fhre'e niewly aIil
mtieed wives, Hie r'eadilv in sitrouce them
o a reorster. Enwhn' sie wias a Ibra;wny,
gntoranst, hardl-htandsed widowv of fority
',r over, ansd her lot was to lbe ths.:t of
l rudge isn thle well-balitaneds famsily whichs
Ito elder costem'tsplatedi. She wacs to
'look after tihe domestic economy,'" as
ts expressed it. Sarah wats a netithser
Itnsomtse ntor yo uing w'omsan, buso ssme'
eltemnt wass dlisceriblehsi, an hei tt said
lust sIhe had bseten a scshosum tc'ami in
W\ahu s. She wass for Ipraetl 1use, too,
Isis lan Ibeisng to nitke list a goveness
for Isis childsren. 'l'he thsird, Lottis', wvas
a h!s oinisg Lansshssire lass sof t westy or
so, quito prett y its hser cosarse way , sandc
thle rportir 5's'id nost deem~5f it. mee (ssary'3
to ask thes slder s why hI hatd chiss't ose'e.
'T'hey were eosviden't ly itsns lv' w it s each
sother, whicth was ntot srprisinsg in hsinm,
thosusgh nmarvillsus isn Isir, costisdetittg
thast het wais sixty~ iad utgly. SIte was tos
Isi thle qsuesn of I th rersgantiz.-sl <t;tsh
Ilismett. "W\Xill ther't' hse a tiriple wed's
dIing W" wa inqu1sired. 'Yes,''" t' shitr
rei- Iel; ''we caill the ceremonyi; 'a sitling
andci it is pss'fosrmeds it seceut. 'Theres
isfters I shll hsohl' a smort's approtiveds piost
tiin lh< foti' the Churteb,i fors we uhhl t hat
ipoly"gamys~ is nuit onisly a prsivi lege Ibut a lso
s dluy', u bsich Ins s:sint. s'n bie sentirelsy
'escusd ftsiom fusIfillbsng. Tlher't' wa's some
hsesitatton abosutt sendssing mue out as mis
ssionarys', h es'ansso 1 hail tasken buit one
w'ife, asnds I sdons 't. supose 5 I shoussld have
t' euivs'd itth appoitttent if I hadi riot
givenu tasssurance's oif may isntention to b,ring
bac'k two or more wives."
Saved By a "Mastone."P
William Pyle, a book ageunt reaiding
with Isis wife a'id t wo chihtiren at D)ela'
wasrs, Ohio, was buitten by ai masd dog on
Saturd'say last. HIe waus soon aufter taken
with hydr'ophobia anti was kept unsder
:stntrol only by the usne of strong opiautes.
Snday he grew worse rapuidly, and it
was fetared ho would dime. Monsday a
madstone was applied. This pecu liar
atsine wvas found in the pos5session of a
stan namedl Lepp, whtose father brought
it from Virgitum seventy yeasrs ago.
'i'he stone is of a head-color andss is sht aped
like a houney comb. It gave the aftltieteud
uman instant relief. The1 attenuinisg phy-V
sicians, while placineg very litts cotnfi
dlenen ini ths efli'cacy of thes msashtoneO,
nsow declare that I here is stronig hope of
the man's reoovery.
BON DHOTLDERsE.-iM' .s. A',r. Stewa'itt is
reputtetd to thse .sconds lstrge"it Un5ited
States bonidhtolder, She las $30,000,000
WIT AND WISDUM.
W1En a man can make right ohf
wrong he will be able to breed coltsfrom
TT is the Mobile Register wbieh se
ibly think. that if there was no nos.
pnper notice of duels, duelling would
come to an end.
TuH "assisted" omigrant is one that fS
sent to this country as a pauper, with
passage paid. The "assisted" tramp
is one that is urged out of your yard
with a boot.
THiEnE are only two classes of unmar
ried women in society, "scrawny old
maids" and young "chits of girls." You
learn this by hearing each of these de
icribe the other.
A NE wJEsEY young man, who tackled
Professor Sullivan in a friendly bout,
xow w"irs the belt. He wears it just
wer the left eye r.id feeds it on raw
)cef. -- Exchange.
IT takes a good deal of courage to
writo out the announcement: "Gone
lown into the country to sponge off my
rather-in-law. I away all summer."
Uicago Intrr Occan.
TiE Keeper of the Lime-Kiln museum
'eports that ho has received from Mis.
ouri the skull of a farner's hired man
vho had never yelled at a yoke of oxen
>r wanted to kill a mule.
"WHAT is true bravery?" asks a New
1'ork paper. It is going to the door
courself when you don't know whether
he caller is a (lear friend, a book agent
ir a roan with a bill.-Philadelphia
A "suowun of stonca" is reported from
-'eil county, Md. If a young man was
inging at midnight and accompanying
iimself on an acordeon, a shower of
tones was what might have been ex
IT seems that the TcxaR St,iflings man
vent to Tex:.s to die of consumption
md lived to become a humorist. Yon
an form your own estimate of whether
tie climate is to be praised or not.
A Nuw ENor.AM) physician says that
if every fauily would keep a box of
mustard in the house one-half of the
doctOrs woul1 starve. We suggest that
.very family keep two bores in the house.
-T he Judyc.
"AiRE angels over sleepy ?" is a qu stion
which an English psychological socty
s trying to solve. We hardly know
whther our angel is ever sleepy or not.
We've never st ayed late enough to find
tit. -Lowell C:'ilizcn.
A cer,mnATE) circus manager .s on
he hiunt for a now curiosity for his show.
fle is seeking to fin(] a young married
nan whose wife eali cook as well as his
nother dlid. Twenty-six States have
ien exp)lored thus far without success.
'IRIEN apples, green apples, the grass grows so
Y111t the boys in the orchard can hardly be
%).. mother, oh, miother, your boy is in bed
It the doctorx don' hurry, he'll surely be dend.
AN n'stliet ic writer predicts that if we
were to ieisit this country one hundred
sears hence we should see men wearing
kne"1-reeches and slashed doublets.
'hat settles it. We shall not come
'ack. The number of bow-legged men
s inerensing too rapidly.
-r is said that the minher of women
tho reach one hlundred years and up
'ard is nearly double that of long-lived
nen. Women don't invenit patent fire
'seap~es andil exhiblit thieir workinigs. And
hey dLon't staiy (out s(o late 0' night,
-tiher, inhaliing the miasma of tho
Hn had been waltzing wvith his host's
ugly, elderly (daughlter, andi( was ini a
iorner repoirmg daagins. Here lie was
'spied by~ hiis would-be papa-in-law.
'"She's thne thowver of my fiimily, sir,"
aid the.lat ter. ''So it seems," answered
thle young man. ''Pity she comes oft
oe, ain't it ?'' lie centinii. as lie essayed
moothier vigorous ruhi at the wihito spots
mhi his coat- sleeve.
''Do you want to see seime funu ?" said1
1 snu1111 bov to his fathter. ''Don't
aare if I (10,'' ho replied. "'Well, let's
~o and listen to D)eacon Dumply tiack
town his carpets." "'I don't t.hink
therce'll bue ainythling funn.y ini that,'
scornfulhly snorted th e piarent. "D]oin't,
rh ? Youi seem t o' frget iat the deacon
sIttters."' "Ah,' said the old man
Then they went over to harken.
Slavery in HolivIa.'
[NDIANs9 OPENLY aOLD) TNTO SERvITUDE
FoR IBRAzILIAN (ornD.
A let ter from the Isthmu.i of Panama
ways :- -( rent lawlessness prevails in the
Benii, altlhough thiere is a prefect and( other
authoriities ini the departmeut who are
ippoinited by the Bolhiviain governiment,
and the hIndians are openly captured and
forced to wvork or sold into slavery ini
othier districts. A coJrrespond(enIt wri tinig
from teni says:
"Th'le mainer in which thle Indians are
disa ppeinig from the depart men t i.
trnlyhfrtifin~ g. It is hieart-b nriking to
hiear the aIiIcer)amts g,iveni by3 tiradersl and
iravele'rs. 'Thle sentiidlouls sale and traf
tie ini lhese unifortiiates continue ilnd
will always conuttinue, and there is no hu..
mauni powert' to correct tis~ terrible ahne.
Altln ih decires iindi etfforts of the anthor
it is are powerless b efore Bralitani gold,
which u c ne easily obtained in return
for mn amid woimani who are stolen from
Tlheise Inodians when not employed in
the iiii nemdiae cnmity, a e sold off in
droves to work omi thieplantiations in the
heart of Brazil. It is ia fact that regular
slavinig expeditions visit many of the uni
expilored tributaries of the A.mazoii, and
that cruelties as horrible as were over per
petrated during the days oIf the African
shave trd ar(1 e of comnmon.oecurrence ini
the inlanid waters of the South American
T1hie rubiber fields of the Beni, are ra
pily hang destroyed, and it is antici
pated that very shioirtly there will lie no
more trees to chop down.
Campero, the Bolivian President, hau
p)uniisheCd Senor Iraiz.os. editor of Lm
Patria, for having wvritten several arti
oles on behalf of peace. The modo(1 of
piuniishmrent was worthy of Melgarej.
D)aza or the others who have sinignalizel
themselves by their bruitality.
Senor Iraizos was seized by the police,
his ears were bored and lhe wvas thea
dressed ii ai suit oif coarse cloth woven
by the Indhianis for their use.
WEsTERN PAPERs.--In an address read
infore the Kansas Editorial Association
the othier day Mr. F. 0. Adams, its
hlistorical Secretary, said that State has
mlone newspapers to the population than
any State east of the Mississippi river,
but not as many as some States west of
thiat river. For, while Kansas faas a
newspaper to every 8,000 persons, Ko.
br.1aska has one to every '2,400; Cp50rado
one to every 1,900; Dakota, one.t every
t,800, adArzonaoWe toevery1O0,