Newspaper Page Text
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" - DLYDVOTED TO rOLITIC14, MORAL1IY, EDUC1 TION AND TO TME GENERAL INTEREST OF THE COUNT;tY;
3y i F. ARADLEY & PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 1883, VOL. X iIl. NO
' . 4IO D&AIlLIB B
and after pt. 16th, 1888 Pass
a ger TraIn servlce on the A. & d. Air
]Division will be as follows:
ai t"a al
No. 51 No.58
lav Atlanta.......... 2 55pm 4 20am
Ar Gainesville ...... 5 05 " 6 28 "
" Lula.........A.. 5 84 " 6 50"
" Rabun Gap Jn B.. 6 07 " 7 84"
" Toccoa .......0.. 6 47-" 8 11
"Sneca.....D.. 8 20 " 9 24"
" Greenville... E.. I1) 15 " 11 10
" Spartanburg. .F.. 11 34 " 12 25pm
" Gastonia ... ...1 1 49am 2 30 "
" Charlotte ....H..1 2 5' " 3 40 "
No. 50 No. 52
Lv( 'harlotte........I 30am 1 4 pm
Ar Gastonia ........ 2 25 " 2 38"
"Spartanburg-..... 4 31) " 4 30 r
Greenville ....... 5 48 " 5 38 "
"Seneca........... 7 47 " 7 15
" Tocoa ........... 9 17 " 8 43 "
Rabun Gap Junct. 10 00 " 9 27
" Lula............. 10 33 " 10 05"
Gainesville ...... 11 (13 " 10 39
" Atlanta..........I 3Opm 12 50pm
Accommodation 7rain,-Air.Linc Belle.
Leave At'anta.............5 00 pm
Arrive Gainesville............7 08 pm
Accommodation Train,--Ar-Line Belle.
Leave Gainesville.............6 35 am
Arrive A tlanta................8 40 am
Sunday Schedle,--Air-Line Bollc.
Leave Atlanta..............5 00 pm
Arrive Gainesville............7 (8 pm
Sunday Schedule,--Air-Line Belle.
. Going South.
Leave Gainesville. ...... 8 CO am
Arrive Atlanta............10 30 am
N o. 18-Local 'reight, Going Soutk.
eltve Charlotte............. 6 10 am
Arrive Gaffney's.............11 25 am
". Spartanburg.......... 1 30 pm
" Greenville ........... 4 55 pm
" Central.............. 8 05 pn
.No. 17-Local Frehht, Going North.
Leave Central............... 4 50 am
Arrive Greenville............ 7 17 am
" Spartanburg..........10 48 am
" Gaffaey'.s............ 1 40 pm
Charlotte ............ 7 30 pm
All freight trains on this' road carry
passengers. All passenger trains run
through to Danville and Richmond
without change, connecting at Danville
with Va. Midland Railway, to all east
ern cities, and at Atlanta with all lines
diverging. No. 5) leaves P.ichmond at
12 50 pm, and 51 arrives there at 3 33
pm. 52 leaves Richmnnd 1 20 am. 53
arrives there 5 30 am. The local freidh ts
stop at above Etation3 20 to 30 minutes.
Pullman Slctrying Cars Without ('hange.
On trains Nos. 50 and 51, New York &
Montgomery, via Washington and Dan
ville, Raleigh and Old Fort.
On trains Nos. 52 and 53, Richmond
egid Danville, and Washington and A u
gusta, and Charhtte and Montgomnery.
BllirThrough tickets on sale at Char
lotte, Greenville, Senees, Spartanburg
and Gainesville to all important points
South, Southwest, North and East.
A-with N E R R, to and from Athi
B-with N E R R, to and fr<.m Tal
C--with El Air-Line, to and from
Elberton and Bowersvllle.
1)-with Blue Ridge R R, to and fa>
Fr--with C & G R R, ton d from
Newberry, Alst<n and Columbia.
F"-with A and S, and S U andl C R
, to and from H[endersonville, Aiston,
G--with Chester, Lenoir R R, to and
from Chester, Yorkville ar.d Dallas.
Hl-with N C Division c id C, C and
A R RI, to and from Greensboro, Raleigh
I. Y. SAG E, Superintendent
T. M. R. T \L'~ OTT Gen. Manager.
M. SL AUG HTER, Gen. Patss. A gent,
WATr lE EARNED.-im Smtn, wiia
was released from tha~ Tennessee State
prison the other day, is a master me
chanie and toolmaker, who can earn $4
per day. He worked in the machine
shop 2,836 days, and his good behavior
eut two years and eleven months off his
term of ten years for robbery on the
highway. Deducting the cost of his
support, ea'.imatedl at eighteen centsper
day, lhe earned 610-746.94 net for the
DRFEnuiNcE is the most delicate, th'
most indirect, and the most elc'gantof al
S PLAIN SLIDE VALVEI an,
,~ BOILR, SAW MILLS, GRIST
GE A RTG, Steam a,nd Hand P
OILS, FILES, and General Mill
ILighta and other purposes req
SAutomatic Engine in the mar]
Repairs by Competent VM
Write est Prices and mention this p
Oolombia & 1roni\Ie B.B.
dbLUMBIA, June 25th, 1883.
For the Information of the Ivblie.
NO. 53 UP I'AMsENUER.
Leave Columbia (A) 11 47 am
Alston 12 52 pm t
Newberry 2 00 pm
Ninety Six 3 26 pm
Hodges 4 35 pin
Belton 5 45 pm
Arrive Greenville at 7 15 pm
NO. 52 DOWN 'ASENOER.
Leave Greenville at 10 50 am
Belton 12 15 pm
Hodges 1 33 pm
Ninety Six 2 28 pm
Newbery 4 19 pm
Alston 5 25 pm
ArrivA Columbia (F) 6 30 pm
NO. 4 UP I'ASSEN(EI;.
[-ave Newberry 4 48 pm
Arrive Helena 4 50 pm
NO. DOWN I'ASSENUER.
Leave Hielena 12 35 pm
Arrive Neivbery 12 40 pm
Spartanburg, Union and Co
No, 53 UP PASSENUEIt.
Leave Alston 12 55 pm
Strother 1 34 pm
Shelton 2 00 pm
Santuc 2 36 pm
Union 3 02 pm
Spartanh'g S. U. & C depot (B)4 50 pm
3partanb'g R. & D. depot (E) 5 00 pm
NO. 52 DOWN PASSENGIEt.
Leave S. R. & D. depot (H) 1 00 pm
S. U. & C. depot (G) 1 17 pm
Union 2 48 pm
Arrive Alston 5 20 pm
LAURENS RAIILtOAD NO. 1.
Leave Helena 4 27 pm
Arrive Laurens C H 7 10 pm
Leave Laurens 9 50 am
Arrive Newbery 12 45 pm
Leave Helena 4 50 pm
Arrive Laurens 8 25 pm
Leave.Laurens 8 55 am
Arrive Helena 12 32 pin
Leave Hodges 4 45 pm
Arrive Abbeville 5 45 pm
Leave Abbeville 12 30 pm
Arrive Hodges 1 30 pm
BLUE RIDGE PAILROAD AND AN
Leave Blelton 5 49 pm
Anderson 6 24 pm
Pendleton 7 03 pm
Seneca (C) 8 00 pm
Arrive Walhalla 8 28 pm
Leave Walhalla 9 30 am
Seneca (D) 9 57 am
Pendleton 10 47 am
Anderson 11 34 am
Arrive Belton i 12 13 pm
Through coach for Hendersonville will
be run from Columbia daily.
A-with S C Railroad from Charles
ton; with Wilmington, Columbia and
Augusta Railroad from Wilmington and
all points North thereof ; with C C & A
Railroad from Charlotte and points
B.-with Asheville and Spartanburg
Railroad for points in Western North
C-with Atlanta and Charlotte Air
Line Railway for Ajlanta and all points
'ou th and West.
1)-with Atlanta and Charlotte Air.
Line Railway from Atlanta and beyon I.
E-with Richmond & Danville R. IR.
F-with South Carolina Railroad for
Charleston; with Wilmington, Co-um
bia and Augusta Railroad for Wilmine.
ton and the North ; with Charlotte,
Columbia and Augusta Railroad for
Dharlotte and1 the North.
G-with Asheville andl Spartanbuirg
Llailroa-l from H[endersonvillo,
H--with Atlanta and Charlotte Div.
It & D Railroad from Charlotte and
standard Time used in Washing ton
D). C3., which is fifteen minutes fast
J. W. FRY, Superintendent.
fI. SLAUIGHTEIi, Gen. P'ass. Agt.
D). CARDWVEL L, A ss't Gen. Pass. Agt
:oNT WORKS &
L U-F NIE,MBN,Bf
: .B OTNGN n RSN
ePOTABE ORGS nd 50
OUTOF NGUfE8' A IE SU'
uirTing steady, reliable and economical
orkmen. Charges moderate.
Ns WAS NOT A Strnoox.
A day or two ago a man who was at
he Central depot to take a train sud
lenly cried out that some one had stolen
tie valise, and he began such a hullaba
oo that everybody had to be interested.
"I sot that 'ere satchel right down
har and stepped to the door," he ex
>lained to Officer Button, "and when I
eturned it was gone."
"Well, you should have been careful.
Ve are not responsible for such losses."
"You ain't, oh? Whar's the Presi
"Out of the city, sir."
"Whar's the Gineral Maragor ?"
"He's sick abed."
" Whar's the Superintendent ?"
"Won't be here till four o'clock."
"Wall, now, somebody's got to make
rood that loss or about a dozen men
vill go to the hospital for six months
"What was the value ?"
"Fifty dollars and not a cent less 1"
"What were the contents ?"
"i had twelve shirts, a now suit of
s.othes, an overcoat, and lots of other
"Was it a carpet sack?"
"One handle gone and thb look
"Yes, one handle was gone, and I had
h er tied with a string."
"Is this it?" asked the officer, as he
ook the baggage off a bench not six
"Great snakes I that's her," chuckled
In handing it to him the string broke.
he bag flew open, and out rolled two
>ld shirts, a pair of socks, and five or
six paper collars--all there was in it.
"Then these are the duds you wanted
050 for?' queried the officer.
"No, sir I" was the indignant reply.
"I should have taken the money for lose
Af time and damage to my feelings.
('m no Shylock, sir "-Dctroit .re*
HiS EDUCATION WAS ifEOLECTED.
The street lamps had just been lighted
as they emerged from the ball ground,
Clinging closely to his arm she said:
"Darling, do you love me?"
"Yes, Elnora, you ure my only com.
fort and joy. The thoughts that are
ever uppermost in my mind at home
and in the office, are that some day
you'll be my bride."
"How kind of you, Rickey, to talk
thus; would that it were in my power
to speak the came way of you."
"Then you do not love me, Elnora,
and wherein have I offended ?"
"Your education, Rick, has been sadly
"In what respect, may I ask, Elie;
did I not carry off high honors at the
high school ?"
"You did, indeed, my faithful chaper
an, and can make out an insurance re
ceipt as prettily and in as rapid a man
aer as any clerk in town."
"Thauk you for as much as that, Elle,
but what other accomplishment must I
edd to call you my own ?"
"Learn to play base-ball, Rickey, and
become a good catcher, then the town
will ring with praises of you, and my
mup of happiness will be full."
"By jove, darling, I'll do it. These
foft hands will learn to catch balls hot
rrom the cannon's mouth, even if every
~aper finger becomes a thumb, and every
~humb and each palm is split in twain
n the attempt. i'll raise a nine which
hall electrify the town,' yea, the whole
With tearful eyes she looked up into
lis face and said: "Now, darling, you
ire my only joy," and they chose a quiet
200k and sat down to rest.
'2OAT aad 'kORTAELE
SHAFTING, PULLEYS, 00OG
WER8, BELTING, PAONINiG, -
r- OfP ENGINES, for Electric
power. This is the simplest
aIs & so-rr,
Charleton- a. n.
)itIVINU PILES FORt FOUNDATIONS. I
Why and Where They Are Used-PIles Thai
Cost $50 Apiece.
A few sharp, asthmatic puffs of
team, followed by a heavy thud as the Ai
>lock of iron, a ton weight; falls on the
ong spruce pile, driving it a foot into
he solid earth! In this manner the
oundations of many New York build
ngs are laid-not exactly on a rock, but
?ractically as nearly so as if a solid
itone wall was built tip from the gravel in
)r the hardpan to nwhich the pile has I t
enetrated, and at each succetsivo blow
he pile-often sixty or seventy feet inf
ength-sinks deeper, and when it has,
it last touched the hard bottom, the ti
eavy iron block rebourds with a ring, to
is if it had struck an anvil. From that t
3oint there is no more driving, or the to
ile would be splintered as easily as a cl
natch. In those portions of the city t
where the original hollows in the land gc
tave been filled to the surrounding "
,rade, a pile foundation is always driven.
when the building is of any considerable r
weight; or the filling is carted away and
lie foundation wall started on the bed
rock. In the lower portions of the city,
which were once swamp bottoms, and "
where the rock-stratum is far beneathl
,he surface, piles also must be used, and s
hey are frequently driven through a
oot or more of water. For a building s
.ow going ip in Spruce street, a six
itoried brick structure, the piles are
iriven to a depth ranging from twenty- t
Ive to forty feet; the longest of them f
vould make very respectable telegraph o
Doles. When the ma-sive abutment of
he Brooklyn Bridge, opposite the a
spruco street building, was constructed, t
t was considered best to begin at the fc
ravel bottom, and the foundation t
tones were laid fifty feet below the li4
treet. Under the Spruce street struc
ure 500 of these piles have been placed, of
with a calculation that each pile will sus
lain a weight of six tons. though the at
upporting capacity of each is much
;rentcr. They are arranged in sections,
t double row in each section, with m
nathematical accuracy ; the surface is tli
illed in with concrete, and a floor of ti
ieavy planks, spiked on the piles, pre- th
pares them to receive the -stone layers. h<
Pho woodwork is so covered with earth Wi
hat it is impervious to the air, al] it
will last till long after the walls above cC
lave crumbled. In another large ware- in
liouse now going up in Greenwich fa
street, near )eshrosses street, a yet fi
,reater number of piles were used, and re
heir average length was fifty fcet. $F
When the piles do not exceed fifty o
leet in length, the cost is comparatively fa
imall for such a foundation. An inferior 'ei
grado of spruce is used, such as is not do
leemed straight enough, or that is too
tull of knots for ship-spars. Thi cost te
is placed at about $10 a pile, exelusivo
>f the stonework. There are many cc
buildings in the city where the piles w
have cost much more. In the founda- 'Tl
tion of the Vanderbilt Elevator, the In
large elevator in Jersey City and that re- to
rent;y erected at the mouth of the Wee- to
hawken Tunnel, none of the piles were tu
ess than seventy feet long. They had be
to be specially relected in Michigan if
forests, and the first cost was $50 each. sa
Under the Weehawken Elevator 15,000 M
piles were driven, and many of them wi
were over fifty feet long. sa
"It is a curious thing," said Robert lit
Brown, an old pile-driver, "how these go
piles behave. We start them in with a wi
i)lunt end, and if you should pull one of di
them up you would find the point
gharpened like a lead-pencil. And there th
is no wear out, to thent when they get
into the mud. I pulled one old snag out fo
if the East River in 1863 that had been th
Iriven in 1811, and, where the mud coy- gi
r'red it, there were green leaves sticking et
to it yet. They are solid, too, as any fc
foundation. Whten I was doing some q
woerk for the Government in the htarbor
t few years ago, the engineer made a fic
rnlculation on some piles I had dr-iven
ribout for-ty feet, and lhe said they would ca
sustain a wseight of 180 tonts each."~-N, 0
Y.~ 2h-bune. se
The Skeleton or a Giant. gi
DISCOVEnY IN INDIANA OF THE BONES OF N
A MAN OF oIGANTIO SIZE. P
George Arnold, a farm hand in the a!
employ of Franklin Boots, whto lives F i
aibotut fifteen miles w(st of Shelbyvile, hi
lInd., madle a discovery which has ex- ti'
rited widespread interest in that cotunty.
The object of this interest is the skeleton
rf wvhat once was a man of gigantic pro- a
portions, which was uncovered mi a
is gravel pit on Mr. Boot's farm. Th'Ie
skeleton was found in a sitting postuire
facing lie east, anid about six feet be
teath thte surface. Some of the bones
were badly broken by a caving of thte
bank, bttt the skull and some of the
larger bontes were taken out intact, and
from them may be easily realized the gi
gantic statue of thte being to whom they Ce
once gave supiport. A mneasuremnent of fa
the skuill from front to rear, tha rule a
passing from the eye-socket to the back cl
of the head, shows it to have been about l)
sixteen inches, while the breadth of the tI:
inferior maxillary was eight and one-half gi
inches, shtowing that the brain must have in4
weighed from four and one-half to five ei
pounds. Carefutl measurement of the
other bones establish the fact that the en
man, when alive, was not less than nine A
feet in height and large in prop)ortion. ha
From the appearance of the teeth, whieh tei
are very large aind do not show the
slightest sign of decay, although they .
are worn down almost to the bones of the oh
jaw, the man could ntot have been less <h
than 100 years old when hte died, and of
course he may have been mutch older.T
The bones of the lower jaw are very large ni
rind thick, bhowina an exten tof nruu- .
itilar development in that organ which N
is far beyond any thinig of the presen t day. i s
Flew long ago the body of this gliant was -
nterred where it was unearthed, or to
what tribe or nation Ito belonged whend
te trod the eartht in all the majesty of his 'n
itrength, it is imposse.ile to say, butt it
nust have beeni ages ago, as all the indi
ations show that thte soil where the re- sti
nains were discovered had tnt been dis- to
urbed for many generations. Steps have hi
)CCii taken to havo ecasts made of the eol
ones, and they will be placed either in
he State eolletiort or son1e of our oo) J
no mnaunon A
SEXPERltT TE.g, 11()W FOt(E:ltM
SIntecreNting It serview Iictiveen n. lie
horoer nnd n Irei ctive la VN'hlicIh re'
Intelcr Exisninn the lcnnn of Detetion.
"Beyond cases in court an expert is t
> dnubt often called in by business f
Oin im instances of doubt about a signa- 1
re, I suppse ?" asked a reporter of t
ettetive Ales of Boston.
"Yea, many times. I was lately sent
r by a bank cashier and informe'd that I
y services were needed. I arrived at 1
e bank just as he was leaving. Ho 1
ok me into his office, however, and I
ok from a drawer about forty different I
ecks, which he handed to me and
Id me to look them over while he was t
>no, to see if there was anything the 1
atter with them. I at once settled I
>wn to a study of them, and on pass.
g them through my hands rapidly the
'at time picked out about fifteen about
ich I had the least suspicion. Con
ling myself to these, I found two with
tnatures of the same person so exactly
ike that I was convinced there was
"Why should that circumstance be
"Because a man never writes his name
ico exactly alike. I felt sure that
tese names were forged, and that the
rgery was done by tracing over the
iginal signature and then retracing
eso two. I held them to the light,
d on placing one over the other found
at they coincided exactly, the size and
rm of the letters, length of the signa
res and everything common to them
.ing exactly alike. I was certain then
at they were forgeries and wero the
es suspected. When the cashier re
rued I handed him the two checks
"'Here are your two forged c"ccks.'
"He looked at me in wonder and ad
Itted that they were. It seems that
e only cause he had for suspicion was
at one of them overdrew the amount
e party had in the hank and couldn't
cashed. The first one was cashed
"A very interesting case," Mr. Ames
ntinued, ''occurred a few years ago,
volving the amount received by a
rmer for the sale of his farm. The
rmer claimed that only $300 had been
ieived, but the purchaser claimed that i
,000 more had been paid by him, and <
looking at the bond kept by the r
roer it was seen that the words I
ghty-three hundred dollars' 'lid ap. r
"How could that happen ?" the repor,
"It seems that upon writing the re. i
ipt for 'three hundred dollars' a spacc
is left in front to put in the figures.
to farmer neglected to do this, and,
ssing it to the other, requested him
add the figures. which he pretended
do, and, after folding the bond, re
rued it, and it was laid away withiout I
ing opened. It was my duty to see
the word 'eighty' was written at the t
me time as the rest of the receipt.
y examination convinced me that. it 1
is not. The pen presure was not the i
me; it was also written above the base I
e of the rest of the writing and the I
neral indications were that it was
itten by a different hand and at a
ibrent time from the rest."
"How did the case come off?" asked
"At the first tr:al there were eleven
r guilty and one for acquittal, and on
e second his coun.sel, waiving the.
testionl of his making the writing, <
timed that the indictment should b11 0
r fraud. He was consequently ac
iitted of forgery in this wvay."
"Where do you find the greatest dif- I
ulty in detecting forgery ?"
'"Probably the most diflhculty is in the
so of a skillfully exected signatulre.
ten these forgeries are made by p)er
ns as skillful as the expert. In many
ses it is well nigh imptossible for the i
ast skillful expert to determine beyond l
ave doubts as to the genuineness of
e writing. Yet it is rare that ever a
illful forger will not overlook some I
>int or habit in the genuine. When a
amber of pages are written you will
ways find that as you read1 further antd
rther yon1 find( the writer forgetting
mself and allowing his ow'n peculiari--I
a of penmanship to creep in as be be
mesa absorbed more in the compositiorn
d less in the hand writing. You will
d( the first > art a elever Imitation.
rn over to il e last page and you will
'tiee ai vast dlifference. His own per
nality has creptt in and betrayed him."
A speaker who attempts~ to use nauti.
I mtetaph!ors should b)e thloroulghly
miiliar wit.h the sea and tile working of
shiip, or 1h0 will strand 1hi8 speech. A
argyman was once supplying a pulpit
the seasidle. T.hintkintg to impresr
0 truth more distincetly upon01 the cotn
'egation, many of whiom were seamen,
d trew thle figure of a ship trying to
ter a harbor against a head wind.
Unfortunately for the success of his
etaphor, lie knew little of seamanship.
rter putting the shIip) into severtal stingu
r positions, lie cried ont in a tone in
ndled to be0 emphatic:
"'What shall We dSo next ?"
"The LJordi only knows," exclaimed at
Htgusted old tar, 'unless y'Ou let hler
ift slarn-foremost !"
'Thlat prtintce of sailor- p)reachlers, Father
yhor, was once silenced by a compli
exnt to htis eloquence, lHe had de
rted1 the impenitenit sinner under the
nire of a storm-tossed1 ship, with her
Is split, and driven by the gale towardl
rock-hound coast of Capoe Ann.
"'Oh, ho(w," ho exclaimed in tones of
sptair, "'shall this poor sin-tossed Siln
r be saved ?"
[ntstanitly an old salt in tile gallery,
10 had listened with opeIn motth and
ttaiing eyes to the preacher, juimped y
his feet, and in a voice that woutld
vo sounde(ld abovo a hutrricaine shot.
'Let him putt his helm hard downa
1 bear away for S3quam l"--Ch'rlatiad f
Why the Prairies are 'Treeleys.
The salvation of the great new prairie
inpiro of America depends in great
neasure on the feasibility of cultivating
orests to serve tit farmers as windbreaks.
L'he potency of a grove of leafless trees
n shielding one from the winter wind is
iardly crediible. Its influence on the
1pen prairie reaches houses a mile (is
ant. The laws of all the Northwestern
states favor the planting of forest trees,
md the subject employs not i little of
he rattling rietorie of their nune rous
orators. The expedieney of these laws
ras never questioned untii recn'itily. A
ew months sinco ai professor of 11;:rvard
Jniversity, after ten years of study, pro
oluced those laws useless and unscien
ife. The learned professor announced
hat trees will grow where they ought, to
;row and will no% grow where they
might not to grow; that the great inland
irairie lacks trees hecause it has not a
argo enough rainfall to support them,
mid that the laws encouraging arboricul
nre will be futile. In traveling through
Western Minnesota we explained this
thcory with no little pride to our fellow
traveler, a teamster. The teamster
mnado no reply except to (uicken the
pulse of his pipe. At length. having
iad(( sute that he had smoked it to the
bottom of its socket,. he drew the pipe
from his mouth an:d pointed its handle
toward a clmp of native trees that
skirted e side of a large mud lake.
"Do you notice," he asked, "on which
side of the lake those trees stand ? The
southeast. ? Well, that settles it.'
There are, as lie afterward explained,
hundreds of these lakes dotting the
prairie land of Minnesota. Most of tVe
lakes on the southeastern shores have
clusters of fore,t trees. The reason of
this is not" far to seek. There are twc
winds there prevalent-the north western
rnd southeastern. The southeast
wind is the rain-brin er. The north
west is cold and dry. The prairie fires
ire spread by the north vest, never by
lie southeast wind. When the prairie
lires swept over the prairie they burned
he young trees on all sides of the lake
xcept the southeastern, which was
sheltered by the water. There could be
1o more conclusive proof of the power
)( the prairie fires to destroy the growth
>f forests than in soil favorable to their
"IIERE, TARES THE oUN.'
Just before the battle of Mark's Mill,
n Bradley county, Arkansaw, an inei
lent occurred which has since been told
t all re-unions to the amusement of all
earers. Just before the battle opened,
federal scout, while riding through the
voods, discovered a confederate scout
itting under a tree. The fcderal dis
nounted and approached cautionsly
rom behind. The confederate's gun
vas leaning against the tree, and the
ederal reached around and removed it,
tepped forward and exclaimed:
"Oh, yes, I've got you I"
"That's a fact."
"Come, get on your horse, and I'll
Ake you in I"
The two men mounted and started on
brough the woods in a direction which
lie federal supposed to be the Union
ines, but which the confederate soon
liseovored was his own conmand. They
mad not got far when a slow fire of mus
,et ry caused the federal to ask:
"You know who that is over there?"
"Who is it ?"
"The deuce it is I"
They went on a little further, the fed
ral all the time keeping the confeder
4te's gun lying across the horse, in front.
If him11, whlen the erash (of sall arms,
mid tile boom, 15oom1 of cannont, caused
he two men to stop.
"Do you know who that is ?" asked
"WVho is it-?"
"'The deuce it is I'"
They wvent on again, the federal growv
ngmore and1( more nervous. Pretty
001n heavy firing, and the awful rebel
'eil told that the hattie wasq opened.
"Do you know who that is up there ?"
sked the federal.
"Who is it ?"
"Maxey with his Ingins.'
"'The thtunder- it is I Here, you take
he gun,"' and by the time the exchange
was made the men were in the confeder
ito lines.-Arkansaw' TIravclcr.
A Slight Mistake.
Hie stopped into a canoe store in 125th
treet, near Third avenue, Now York
ity, and said to the proprietor:
"'You are just the manm I've 1been look
nug for, antd your bunsinless oulght to be
"'It is fair," rep)li(ed the proprietor.
"'If you were near a cliurch your biusi
ness would be rushing."
''What (10 youl me~an ?" asked the cant
'"Why, I lost n.ine inl a church last
week a'ul I wanlt to get it back."
"'Get what bac1k ?"
"W~hat have I got to do witht lost um
"'Every'thinig; don't your sign say so ?
[-Ie is may addiress, send( it to me whenh
y'ou find it..''
"'JUnt I doni't utnderstand1. I-"'
"DJon't you. Well theni look here,"
mad tile man pinlted to a sign outisido.
'Umbrellas recovered." Explanations.
"I fough t for your freedoua," said a
eontlemani whom a negro po 1c'man was
ondueting to ttheel>ciiu.
"You needn't try ter fight fur yourn,
ap)'n, far if yer does5 I'll hit yer"
"' Ain't yon got n1o resplet for a man
rho hielped1 to free you 2"
"I ain't steadyin' 'bout dat, cap'n. f
or had enmIff sense ter fight fur my
reedlom yer aughiter halb ennff ter 'hmabe
erscl'f airter I'se freed. D)oani lil
ack dat way. I'll gin yer a1 liuk fint
hing yer know lat.'llI ring so) 10ond.(dat des
"'1 enlgineos will como1 (oit. Yer own
Kodom scomis ter bIoddelr y(-r mtuch
10r(. den minn."'-rkanasaw Triaveler.
Tile FATAL ODOR WIHOl INTHROWE' -
OUT BY IIATTLMESAKg.
How the Presence af a Rattlesmake seai
' Cost Two Lives.
It has always been said by old hunter
and woodsmen that under certain oonfr.
tions a rattlesnake exudes an odor which
is not only unbearably offensive to the
sense of smell, but that if a person
should be sub'e,ted to its presence for
any length of the in a'elose room the
result would be fatal to him. This has
generally been looked upon as one of
the many superstitions that prevail
among the residents of the backwoods,
but a case is reported from the Pocono
region, in Pennsylvania, which, if true,
and it seems to be well substantiated,
would indicate that the belief is founded
on fact. The story is that two men
from New Jersey- B. T. Altemus and
Samuel S. Roy--while spending a few
days in that vicinity, looking over some
limber land with a view to purchasing a
tract, concluded, for the novelty of the
thing, to spend one night in the woods.
It was one of the recent very cold nights.
The intention of tho men was to sleep
in the open air by a camp-fire, but the
cold was so intense that they were
driven to enter an old cabin on the head
water.i of the Little B3ushkill creek,
which is used by the hunters il fall and
winter. They started a fire in the fire
place, and, stretching themselves in
front of it, went to sleep. Some time in
the night Roy awoke. There was a feel
ing of- great oppression on his chest and
he was breathing with difficulty. There
was a peculiarly sickening smell in the
Altemus was breathing heavily and his
breath cable nt long intervals. Roy
had diliculty in awakening him, but fin
ally arose him, and both struggled to
their feet. The fire had ceased blazing,
but the room was very hot, a bed of red
hot coal remaining on the hearth.
When the men arose to their feet they
were seized with adizziness and sickness
at the stomach. They succeeded in get
ting to the door, which they had much
diflicustlt"y in opening, but finally stag
gered into the open air and fell to the
ground. After a violent spell of vomit
ing and half an hour in the open air the
strange feeling passed off, but left them
weak and nervous. They remained out
doors until broad daylight. Upon en
tering the cabin in the morning, what
was their horror to see stretched on the
hearth not ten feet from where they had
been sleeping flive large rattlesnakes,
which crawled away at the approach of
the men and disappeared in chinks In
the chimney and cracks and holes in the
floor. The peculiar odor was still ap
parent in the cabin, but the pure air
that had entered at the open door had
dissipated it to a great degree. The
men associated their strange sickness in
some way with the snakes, and at first
thought they must have been1 bitten.
They did not stay at the cabin to rout
out aind kill the snakes, but lost no time
in reaching the nearest settlement,
where they werec enlightened as to the
theory of the woodmon's rattlesnake
skin p)oison. These snakes frequent do
erted cabins ini the fall, and it is not an
uniconmmoni thing to see them crawling
from their hiding places even in winter
after a fire has been built in the cabiu
long enough to warm them up.
Dirt Eaters of the Amazon.
"You say thley are dirt eaters ?"
"Yes, sir; and I mean it in its literal
sense. You know the French traveler,
Macroix, who explored the sources of
the River Amazon, found a tribe of In
dliansi so infernally lazy that, naving
eaten up all the four-footed animals in
their reach, including parroats and mon
keys, sniakesa and creeping things, wero
rednieedl to live solely on bugs andl in
ace'ts. Th'ese Ottomacs as fully as bad
They live upon mud-balls when the river
is high andl fishing ceases. It is a sort
of unctuous clay of a peculiar kind, which
he Iinds upon01 banks of streams. It is
soft to the touc~h, like pntty. In its
naturllal state it is of a yellowish-gray
color, but whenoi hardened before the
tire it assumes a tinge of red, owing to
the oxide of Iron that it contains."
"'Is it nourishing ?"'
"Not in the least, It merely fills up
-produces a satiety ando satisfies thme
pangs of hunger, I have been told by
chemists anid medlical men who have
ani-lyzed the little balls into which they
roil it to store away that it contained
nothing nourishing, simphly silex and
alumina, with 3 or 4 perV ceiit.. of lime.
IHe calls these halls poya, and stores
them upl into little pyramids, just as
cann on balla are pit ted in a fo.rt. Each
ballI is three or four iniches ini diaj1acter.
When hungry, lie takes a ball and soft
ens a t lay wettinig, anld eats abiout a p)ound
a day. There is somnethinag in the dirt
eat in g habit whilh p)roduc(es a sort ot
craving for it. I do not think that the
hiabii; is conafbue exclusively to the Ot
toaics, but be(lieve that i~t is generally
known among the Iiidiaiis of the trop)ics.
I have heard (of a poor class of whites
livinag in North Carolina who, when
pressed by hunger, eat the mud daub
ings that hide the chinks in their cabins,."
- ('incinnati Enquirecr.
A New Use of the ElectrIc Motor.
Thuad of experiments are no0W
undelar way to develop the capabailities of
electraicity as a miotive po(wer. Its latest
app l ication is on a pleasnre launch oin
thle River Thames, in Englanid. The
baoaat is forty feet long ad of good hbeam.
It is prope(lled b)y screw driven lby a Sic
mn s motor and t he SeIIon- Volckmar
accumnulators. There were twenty-one
p)ersons on the boat, and abaout eight
miles an hour wvas 1iaido. The Iepeso
is about the same as thait of steam, and
lhe weight oaf the muachiniery is about the
same, but the advantage is in the very
small space' takena up b)y the accumula
torms. A twenty-foot electrical launch
wmill allow as 15neh1 room for piassengers
or freight a.s a thirty--foot steam launch.
Tfhen it is the very perfection of a
p)leasure bioat. There is no heat, smoke,
ana, steam, no smell of oil, and no noise
of iiy kind. This Thiames launch will
rin for six hours, when the accumula
toas must be charged1 afresh for a further
A MINIsTEni once asked a condeme
crimiinal in a Paris jail, "What kind of
a coanscience have you ?" "'It's as good
as new," repled the prisoner, "for i
b ve neyer q3o4 it,"