Newspaper Page Text
AfRICULTURAL DEPARTMENT. au
Souathern Agrioultur. inj
Eds. country Gentleman: The past no
few weeks a great many editors, writ- rol
ers and other persons on their way to cot
the exhibition at New Orleans, have go
passed through the Southern States, ,lu
some of them for the first time. To inc
those who [Wve become acquainted wi
A with southor ttigriculturo by longer wi
oxperience, the -views of these well m
meant but mistaken persons gathered be
rom the car windows, seem to be ex- of
4eedingly crude or incorrect. The ad
eneral idea current among them is, us
t tat the southern soil is poor and in- of
f -tile and the Southern people wretch- du11
e 1lta very inadequately cared for by ca
omtetnsolves. "Circnstances alter al
cases," and this applies very forcibly cu
to the agiculture and the people of 2c
the Sonthern Skates.
The first strai ge thing which is re
marked is the d pine fields and the
.broom sedge wilch covoir the turned ac
'.kud whiclI ia"notgrown up wit Ii w
-si"g', It is to be confessed,
the water-worn gullies i
and seam the land, and the "
* weeds, are at first disagreea- al
.o eye of a farmer used to the h,
cultivation of the Northern and al
..t'rn States, but one may be easily st
.istaken in his view of even these. 1 P
111ve heard persons remark as the cars n
spLd through the best part of the cot- V
ton belt, "what wretchod weeds these b
are Which cover all the land." Where n
do thcso southern people (row any- 3'
thing. At the same time tfiese weeds a
were the st.alks of cotton which may a
have turned out $50 worth to the acre.
In the same manner the old fields are ti
not a bit worse than the old-fishioned b
bare fallows which used to be so com- 3
mon in the best farmed districts of the I:
North, for they are really one and the 11
same way of restoring land to soince
degree of fertility by means of the I
natural process of resting it. Of the tl
two methods I prefer the southern one, a
for I .would rather grow a crop oft a
weeds or timber on unused land, than y,
leave it bare and plowed, for even one
summer. And it is an absolutc neces- et
sity of southern sagriculture that. this il
system of turning out land shou bIe
p cticed. Where no stock is kept, or l
vfry little, I see no other resource for
F lo plr.ter of cotton 1111d tobacco ihan
40 work his hinds up to a certain point
and then resort, to his only 1ossible 'r
method of following as a mcans of res
toratiou. le is boutndl by his cliumate
and his other e:,virnncts, and ats the
cotton region of the South is not a o
stock counlt ry, alnd never wvil bIe a "~
dairy region, and is not a very good te
corn cou nt ry, and seems to have been ev
made for cotton amid tobacco, with a r_
sutlicieint quanatity of grait, fodder amd
meat to supply the domnestic consumtp.
tion ouly, the southern tarnier must te
not be judged by a test whic h is en- bn
tirely foreignt to his circiinstanies .
The next thing which is consl>icuous IT
is the poor dwellings lhat are so coms
mon, houses witlhout gables andl( open
as the poorest bmr ts in newly settled
places in the North. TIs, too, is a
necessity of the case. If any of these
Winter Visitors would pass 'over the
same route ill 1uly", August. and Sep- ot
tetmber, they woull see the advantave a
of these airv dwellings inl (uite a di'
ferent light. lhit every nuum to his l
taste, and if' southern people desire
such houses, and obiject to glass in the I
windows, I wounl give them their ln
doubted right to have them. I have
met wiit the kindest hitality, nd
ith the' mnst dlentel ,andl enorafl,
conasidleration in i houses ofI thais kindalI
an t(i 0111ld conisider thle chiaract er of L
the hou11se as a sceonary c cotnasidlerat iota
I have Ii vedl at oaie timanein a log shanllt v
wVith aii root of hjemalaock bari k, lainilg a
square hole inl thle centtre for a chiiniaer
an. aimlust say' thait I en.~aivyed life hei
gm nte as inu ich ats iin a h ouse wVith every
hluxry- of' mtoderni ialiiona. It is no't1
the hIouse, bult the inian iln it wichl is
the tru~e test. lir
Bitt it would1( be at very- great anistIake- I.
to thin:k thait oiae sees everyingi lra.am ti
the eari wVind(ows, aaaah that thereaea ha
wvell cultivateal termas or coinfortable i.e
houses ill thle Saouthi, or t hatl southerna re
farmers aire 1not comapetenit to judgre Si)
for thieiselves of wvhat is Ithe lit test for. th
thetan.,I itimkes a very great1 chrange m
ini onies OiopIon wihien lhe is bruh li
face to lace wvithi new necessities. T[his It
aplies very- forc-ibly tot lhe South, both Ii .
iii regai to its aigricultutre and its 'i
Social I and political cond aitionts, an ha h1~
Northerni ant movionag to the Souath
must lree his inad from thae torce of
p)rejudlice.s and( be prepared teIo begiin a
itew Iifte anid view in dlgs fromt a dlif-~
ferenat poinit oft view it lhe would lhe bi
either suiccessful Or haippy. It is thease Yt
prIejutdices ani the dheteriatio tou i
reininil alienas allah foreigaieas ina a(
strahn te landi(, whichi p hresent s the sutc- e
ceis of wh at are caIIll Northieral coIo
mtes ini the South. From inv1 expe
ilmemae of thI ese elerpri ses I a iV rv
mnucha opposed to lhemn atad wvouhili ree
01mmiiendu personus (desirPouso m1Iovin l m i
to thle Soth I to avoid thieni as f:u a a
possible, amid to aLke t hiemisaelves at hi
haoaae aanomag thieir ew nteighibors, and(
above allI thainags to avoid to w tas foutaded
b)y specualiaos and land sharks, who
try to attract victimas by calliang their
, enterprises Northernra coloinies. As O
snaow-llakes fahlinag inato the oceat niad d
quiety m3intgl itng wvit h theI suirrouna aahgVi
elheent , so mu lst person wh I lo go to vi
the Sonutha igle wiith thle p)eophe, and1( w
lose thieia i(entily ill thle genieral imass, lh
No doubilt ani (eierQctic naortherna ml
mant woul hin ad ohporti ities for- St
changiiing the met hods of' agriculttare ill all
thfe bouth, andl maodl y ini t hose local i- 'n
tics where the cli tat miaore n early~ ap- 11i4
proachecs that of the North ias it does in | dii
t.he mtounataini regioai whIichd I have ris
beean describiang. init evena in the how in
country, wvhere cot tonl is suipremae, a '
northerna farmeicr canl improi(ve~ 1upon thec tis
pr-esent : methods, wIch is chiefly tom
marked by a strdong draead and tea -of liC
grass. 'The sout hern is niaturally' a lia
girass region, and there are several hhi
native varieties which grow with prdo aI
fusion. NowV gass is the basis of co
agaricultture every whaere, anad if the ho
southien farmera woul d garow g .is Ic
andl low it ttnder for thaeir e ottoni fo
crops, as a rotatioan, I feel certainI it mn
wvould greattly benecfit thaem. I have' sr
no fear of grass, having hearnied theC i
value of that so-called pest, quack , b
grass, and how to manage it, aand am |Ip
certain that by such means as ar-e used ai
in the nor-th to keel) (down grass in cuii. ta
tivated fields, no southern farmer need ti
dread the worst of their native gr-asser,
and would find them a most valuable Ti
aid in the in.provement of their lads.
Another grand eniterprise Cfor the o<
South is sheep irearing for wooVlaiefly. in
Wool can be grown in the South for D)
ten Cents a p)ound(, and cer-tainhy for- m
Iess than a pounid of cottona. Therie fo:
are ample opportunuities in the Souath 21
for ompnetinig favorably wvith the vi<
South American plainas in this8 imndus- sa,
try. Lambs can be raised throuagh is
the winter and can be shipped to to
northern markets with profit. REgg vc
poultry <<ould afror(l also a large
siness, and could Ca8ily compete
ti Germany and France in supply- F
the demands of northern markets
w met by import-tions from Eu
)C. But the cotton crop in tle low
Intry affords the grand prize for "
)( culture. The present low pro- ti
Ct of 200 poun(ds per 1CI' could be (
reased five told by careful culture I
Lit proportionate profit, a(1 the ta
de-spreadinig low coutry affords a t
gnillcent market for products, pork, I
f,; luttion, fruit and other produce at
the elevated lountitain counti'v. III L
ilition to all these there are the val- 1
tle minerals, the won(derful wealth C
timber, bark and other natural pro- ti
cts whichl require development by I'
pital and industry amd which mutst 11
ord a vatst. snbsttltial basis for agri
ltural prosperity.---ll. S. in Culti- C
tor and Country Gentleman.
Sir J. 11. L .wes's Experiments. j
Ir. J. B. Laws, the great. English i
ricultural experimenter, has raised
heat on the same land (or forty years.
ithout manure of any kind tie yield
s (eeragcd 14 bushels per acre.
'ith 14 tons of farm-yard manure
)plied every year, the average yield
is been 32 bushels and 12 (Inarts per
re. With mineral manures (i. c.,
iprphosplhlate of lite. sulphate of
atash, soda, Inagnesia, etc.) and
i/hout any nitrogenous manures, the
ield for 32 years has averaged 1,5
1lshels and one peck per acre. With
itrogen alone (aminioniul salts) the
ield has avecaged 20A bushels per
,re for 32 years, though b ut 17 !)ushels
ad 24 quarts for the last 1(i years.
Vith nitrogen alone (nitrate of soda)
le atverage yihel o fio the 32 years has
ecu 234 h bslels--fl the second i1;
ears 20 bushels aiid one p( lek. l'inal
,\with nitro.gen, I hosp hurie nai
otash, soda i1i 1inaglesia (fiormilinig a
implete 1:1inianire), the aveage yiltId
as been, per' :aere, 32 bu-hels aind
lCe pecks, Or On1 ani average 12 <inar t
ore per acre each year than the aver
e yiel givelin by the 13 Ions of' farmn- I
Far ners, 'those of you who buy'
mecentrated fertilizers, and, indced,
ose of you who d o 4not, woul do (
elI to stinly t above results.-- t
1ral -Acef )'orker.
TIlH itAtI.lTMOtCi BAZAAlt.
renty-l iv o Thousanul Dollars moaie fr
ex-Cunfc(lerate Soi llers.
1I-T1.irtioii:, Apiil 1..-''he la:anr
the Confederate relief' fiunil, which I
s been opell in this ci lir the 1:,t a
i days, closedl to-nigrht. It was- in
er\" way sievessul'l, an<l yieldel over v
i,ila0a. T'he mloniey is to ie iniv\ested
the treasurer, an(] the interest de. 1
ted to the relite' of needed ex-con..
crate soldiers. The principal is to c
added to frou ihnc to titne ly"
arius1 ine:tans until a sillieient. stl is
ised to endow aln inlstitulion whieh11
ill he al refuge for destitute neii who
rore the grey
I have had hereditai'y s( rofufula broken
it on me for' eightli years. Myv11) mothr
' one sister died with it, :ani I, sup
>sig that l w\"outltl go as ultr lem
'rs of the finily had, hiea despaired
lifie. The treatiieit ollnereur\" :i(]
;t ash seelned to '1ggravate inslcad of
Irin g the dise:lse. In this conditi(,1
was Dressed to use Swift's peei ti .
('r taking six bo(ttles (lie fiemi'fuil
eer's oin my neel: :ni ai-ms dlisapi
'mimd an it sears only r'ena:ini 1o
'lind lintli of' tny suller ifigs, II1:ul I
ken S. 8. 8. at1 fiiral, 1 wVon hIlihave
'eni a welIl uau liing ao,
IIaMiivi lie, liy. , ( )ez obei 18 Si
(Ih e'z(ia:. TheI 41lCe441s el!l'<t it at
inlis. I wasi Cietvdlby Swili's Sile
ir. I li-ed illifu thijify ji)4,) e .Ic i :1 j
e' had(104 no trl4)ie withi it sim- e. I
lIseti (4o take it, (eil aller it wvas
~ommiiendled1 to4 11m br,~ olis, l,wi'
lie timie-such wals (li 1reindi:'e to e
ialne ofit; but hiring' iedl it
yself, I niowi believ e it is the' best
1((1i iuritiir in all ini knowle. 1)1-'.
14di :ui Ither ti n for 1w. I hae
eli reli'eed, :iiul bl4i:'ve if ellimI 1114,
lldauIghterl, 'even 1ar ohlI i ), 1imas
eni ailheedl iih ec-l:m 60 til wo 'A
ar,:niulr rin' od -ra is<
vain), I gavei 11wr "1wifI' "'f.;'I;h I
S- S-'. :-i. d 11 ne 44 nd4 a41 half:1 inl)ie4sr
Ceda1r14wn1 Aill, ,inh- 2:, im I.
'Trl'u4I e- on1 lilood1 :nd Skin I >ise:l'
Siu'r Si'i*::iu Coi., I l rawer' 8, At
Il'-lrson D avis at his hon)iie ait Ibhlan
ir. le says: "'At ai (Penti) tablle the4
iilrab)le soldlier' and1 sallesmanrI sat
'1ting. 1 to)hl himii 1 ho14 4en11ed ait
l ecjlest ofI 4414 friendcs in, whio
11ds ' 111ubts existed a1s to thle t ine
(e of1 his hiealih, olwing to) (conflicltiin
mor)1s reg'arin i.A fra gaeu
inowledlgeiiienIt of g'iratitue to) hii
iliing frieinds Mir. Ilavis sai<l thatt
rinig aL visit ((o his planltatloll oil thel
er' in .JauaryI' last lie was exposed('
a bioat, andil get tinhg wet suiffR-red1
'erely withi iniflaniiiatoi''rliteumi:
mi, whichl hald cornpellledl fimi to keep.
his bell forI several wee'lks. I li. ill..
~s, while ncot sCeriouis, waiS extremei i' v
itifrl. At (the priesent tithe lie f'el ini
usital hienalh, withI th 1e1 xcp tion of
welhutg in his feel, which kepit hina
iflned to his room, althoughi lie hall
'a shiort whlileI, w alkedl in (lie gral
'y duinig thle foreinooii, but1 was peri
'r-e0olupelled( by his afuietion to ic- a
Riu in a r'(oom by a ('re. lIe takes his 4
t'er'inhgs as lie has arleepted1 (th viis. s-'
tudes (ot life thrioughi which im as
ICi, with pilllosophicadl'resignla m ao
'cpared at all thnieis for the inie vital I
in looikinig forwiar'd with a faithifril -fi
u1sf l ine promillises that,aemd -
Cli ereaf'teir." al 11Il foi
is WVeekiy Recorud of iMuine,ss Fauures. f
Nsw YouK, Apiil 17.-The failures ii
ci'ritig thriottghout the counltr dil (11' k
g the last week r'eportedl to it C A
un & Co.'s mfereanltile agenecv to-day '
imber' for' the Uniited States 201 andl t
Canadla 18-a total of 222, againist tf
2 last week amnd 258 the wecek pre
>uIs. The~ distr'ibuitioni is ab)out (lie
no as in the r'ecnt week, and! there ni
mothinig impor'tant to note in r'egard a
thiemi. Theli assIinmenits ini New g
rk ae few and light. (
A HOTEL HORROR IN ST. LOUIS.
Inding a Dead Body Packed In a Trunk
rho Room whence the ::ody was Taken
Uuoccupled for a week.
ST. Louis, April 14 -A sensatiou
as caused at the Southern Hotel, be
veen It and 12 o'clock to-day, by the
scovery of the mutilated body of a
au packed iI a trunk which was
ken out of a rooln. The stench from
e trunk caused the discovery. The
>tct register shows that on. March 30
gentleman registerad as Walter II.
ennox Maxwell, M. 1)., fiot Lou
on atnd was assigned to that room.
n opening the trunk it was found
iat the head of the man was severed
omn his body, and written on the
aper inside the trunk were the words.
So perish all traitors to the great
ause." The trunk and its contents
vere taken to the morg ue.
Maxwell is lescribed as a very girl
sh-looking, blondo young man, wear
ng a dark woollen cut-away suit of
lnglish stuff. Ilis face was clean
laveian(d he wore his hair bang Cash
on, not parting it at all. Ile wasscet in
ompany frequently with a dark-look
1g gentleman about live feet ten inche
at height. This gentleman registered
is C. Arthur Prellor, London, Eng
A telelgtran had previously been re
ieived f'romi Prellor asking whether
Maxwell was at guest at the house.
Ile was answered inl the affirttative
i(id ie sooln camne on. Both occupied
the saite room. Maxwell left the
hotel on Sundav night a week ago.
but ie had paidti his full week's board
proinptly, and it was supposed ie
would return any day. No suspicion
atlached( to his abal,s*n^.e until the hor
rible sniaell called atIention to his root
Intl tet to the opening of the trunk.
When the trunk was opened in the
Votel cooridor to-day it was found to
ontain the body of a intiddle-aged
uaut, the ahee anil breast tip, and so
lotabled about the hips and knees that
t. filled the receptacle. On the side of
he trutk over the head of the corpse
vas printed in large letters tle words,
'So perish all traitors to the great
anse." The Iruuk and its ghastly
-ontents were imn ediiately turried to
tie Four Courts. In an~other trunk
was foind Maxwell's Iondon address,
1 Paper Iuilding, Temple, Lon
lon," and anl envelope addressed in
is hanthwriting to the "Rev. I. Cr. A.
,evis, It. A., eurator of St. Pauls,
iorlev, Leeds, Yat rklshire, Englamt(l."
e raiae over on the steamer C'epha
r ,aia from England. P'rellor had ai
ussian lar-sport vized by the IRun.siatn
ia,bass:ulor in London in 1878, and a
aw-at of ltt88 tor Spain and Mexico,
izedI Iy the Spanish minister and
igted( Granville. Seven trunks, four
alist-e and a hat-box were left. behind
t the hotel, and the contents, clothing,
ta., are vatued at. hun(lreds of dollars.
'his is believet to make the theory of
t hoax utenaalle, and tlie belief is that
te corpse is either that of Maxwell
,r P'el lor.
S'. Lot:ts, A pril 15.-Walter II.
enaox M:ax well, who is supposed to
ave mnurdlered C. A. Pellor and packed
is hotly itt a trunk at the Southern
Iotel, April 5, purchased a through
otinuiited ticket. to San Francisco on
\loanlay miorning, April l, and signed
ais naae to the ticket betere leaving.
Ile Ieft the sale evening on the San
Francis(o Itailroad. tie was recog
iaizetl on the train by two St. Louis
,rntlemen, who talked with him as tar
as Pierce City, Mo.
S.\N FIIANCtsco, April lti.- Detec
tives lhave discovereda that Maxwiell,
the inuardcre-r aif P'relter at. the S.ouath
iarnI lot, ini St . Loatis, airri ved here
aundaer ani assume incameaui last Saturiiday,
uit laaok steeratze passage oin the ste-atm
ia lb anol ata. Thteitelegr'apih has b)een
-alIld intoua re<lnisitioni to head hmt ofl
it Anaaklanda, but it is fearedl that at
a naiuu ae t m aay leave thte steamerlCt
aId rake :a s:aitlintg vessel for China or~
ali ii. It has beeni discovier'ed t hat
lie bi:aggag'el chks delivere<C( by N Max,
a-t iaaatnder ana alias to the 'Pacific
'an aaer Comp lany, of this city, corre
laanad 'villa the ntutimbers issuedl at St.
Aaatnis by thle St . Louis andu Sant Fani
i-eu, lhtilrouad to a dill'erentt alias'.
A ItNl)iLtC) it:EnLs J)iOOWNEI).
'hoi Novel Maithoc by Wh'iich the Colombilan
(Governmen~at inspioaesa of Capjtaure-d Reavo
('ITv or i. : xico, Aparil 1.- Wheni
roops oft the Coolmiuan Govearnmn't
tially- enalcred Cailaon, alter itlhada beent
urnaead lby th e rebels atndaer thte leader
ui p ofI l'restIon, thlay captur aed sever~al
alirtds oif retbs. t)aariang the puast teat
rays the inniabr of the praisoniers has
eenl onidertabtly augm'nented'a by the
oreipt ol'1tragglingo rebelts captt ali-ed ill
la- surianaaaling dtistiits. It is not
iin>w ii aaow .juatst how i mny rebeaalls weree
hn (s lheldt i Sriisr at Colit, but Igoodl
tt i't ies pliae the aantnber att aboaut.
0n' hundralead. Authenttie int'ormlationl
'a'tehed't t his a'ity last tnighat that oii
ai'edeaisay law (atlieers of' the Coloit
uiaan Gorvernlintent selected onec huatadred
>l the wior'st arebels imprit' isoe at
'aalaii, tanda, pilacing thea, oni bard'a a
d e:u nera, carriied thatemi out inatoC the b)ar
vbera'a thae e'ntire hundredaa'o werec thro'awn
Thie Nor thwemat Itabelion,
.I Tere is Ii ttlec chaange iln tie contdi
ioaa 'at ltVais ini the Northwiest as
boawnu ini.olliiatl relor'ts. UTe landiana
a parimig is attrtact inag mtor'e atlten t in
hanai the haalf'-bi'aeed inasutrre'ctioni, anud
tia'aabaers o1 thaa goraai nentat admutit that,
haey ar grepia'aty I alarmetfo th Ile wel..
are ofl the heltla'ss settler's Battle
tard i, againa sur irounaded iand1 camp)
ra's :aae contstanitly baurniing. Signtal
n's Ihaave beena lightedca at dii fl'erenatt
minuats, whieb fitet is laookedl itponi with
Irarmt. 'Thec governmluaent (henies thle
a'poa't that it is dispaoseda to eff'ect a
ctaitment wvith Ith e hialf'-hbreeds and1
atdianus by traeaity. Sit' John1 MacD)on..
tat sl.ates t hat tie wilt first put downa
e r( bellion and theni listena to what
ac rebels.hIaave to say).
Are~i any' aaeinber'as oaf y'ouar family thtis
'Ilcted .'' litave thaey scr-ofualonis swa'l I ings
th - gtndtas'.' IIave thecy atny scrofulaus
tes a ula'ars'? If so, ani atIt shtoulda be
'gm-ted, tta'he a potnliar talint, aor paoison,
ay deaposit itsel tf in ithe a sublstanuce of thte
atg, prttodueaing coN SUMPTIrON. Le'k
a'll tt' the cotaadItiont of yourt fatmily3, anal
thaus atillioet('d, giv e theaa proiper remedcay
ithiiitt tdlay. L.ay thast which mtakes
>slut enre in te sh orte-st 5spacC of
tice 'l'hae unero-ringi linger of pubile1 onbt
It pinats to 1. it. H- as thae 'ost wvondler
at raemeday for serofulta ever known. Youi
eat noat tauke oura word-you needl not
noaw out' ntamets-mtei't hs all you seek.
sk yoau' ,taeiglhors, aisk your dru-tggtst,
sk air write to tkose who give thir cer
t'acate's aind be contvintced thtat H. B. B. ti
ie <Inickest anad mtost perfect 1Blood P'url
L'r tever baofore kntown. *
--Several mninotr appointmeonts were
indeo by the Prestident on Friday
umong themi that of' James M. Mor
a,a, of Sotuth Caraolna, to be Consul
lenecral at uM .....,Autala
PROSPECTS OF PEACE.
Kngland and Russia Come to an Agree
ment About the Afghan Frontier.
LONDON, April 15 -In the Cabinet
ouncli to-day the Anglo-Russiai sit
tiation, it is said, was represented to
be as follows: England and Russia
have agreed Upon a basis for the de
limitation of the Afghan frontier, sub
ject to a satisfactory explanatioi by
Russia of the recent attack oin the
Afghtans. According to this scheme,
it is said that Penjdch will be ceded to
lRussia, provided the Aneor consents.
Recruiting for the British navy con
tinues with great activity, the adiiral
ty having invited navy penisioners to
PAltts, April 15. -La J'aix savs that
in the event of war between England
and Russia other powers, especially
Fran11ce, muslt remiiain neiutrial . Fol low
ing the above oielaration, La 1'i.r
hints that these powers have already
reached an agreement to remain ncu
LON)ON, April 1ti.-A special dis
patch from Vienna to the haii/y Tele.
gaph gives the following: Ml. De
(iers, the Itussian Premier, sect a tel
etramn to Baron De Staal, the lussian
Minister at London, in these words:
"I 1111 charged by t he Czar's personal
command to regnest you to inform
the British Governinent that in the
Czar's opinion war would be deplora
ble to both couintries. The czar tirt
ly hopes that a prompt and simple ar
rangement will be established.' in
reply to this, Baron De Staal tele
graphed Ml. )e (iers that, the English
Cabinet gladly accepted De (Iier's coi
M. Lessar, the Special Envor oI
Russia, in ani interview to-lav, said
that arrangenents for the cesion o
I'enjdch to Itussia hadli nlot vet heen
comupleted, but that negotiations werc
proccediing favorably. The Aiiicr,
le thought, would offer no objectioi
to the cession of 'eijdeh to Itussia, i
the tribes occuping that place ai(
other portions of the territor-v whicl:
have been in dispute have foi a long
time caused him much uneasiness o1
account of thcir rebellious spirit an1id
acts of violence.
LONDON, April 17.--Mr. Glaldlto:e,
in the House of Commons tlhis a'ter
noon1, stated that the governmcnt had
to-day received fr'oln Sir Peter Luims
del ia reply to their request for an inle
pendent report 11p1) the 'enjdeh inci
dent. In this it is stated that General
Konaroff was aware, at as early a
date as the 28th of March, of' tl:c
understanding agreed 11p on i'March
17 between Russia ald llEngland. Ac
cording to the terms of this under
standing England was to deter the
Afghans and the Czar was to detcr his
troops fIrom advancing beyond the
Positions they then respectively ocen
pied tuntil some subsequent. agrcetnent
about the deuarkal.ion of the Af'ghan
frontier could be reached between the
two governments. The battle on the
Kushk River was fought, therefore,
several (lays after Kornaroff had been
made aware of the agreement to not
advane. It will be remembered that
Captain Yates, the British office' whr
witnessed the battle, was assuMred b\
the Rus'siaii ofpier who ca miliiiandled ii
the fight that he knew nothin g cf the
understanding of the 17th of Mareh
Sir' Peter Lunsden's report appeal's to
warrant. inference that whatever Komn
arofl knew oflicially about the St
Petersburg agrectneit with London in
kept to hiisclf.
ST. PErimsniUna, A pr'il 17.-fGener:.
Romar'otl' repor'ts to thle Czari as f 'I
lows: "'The Afghans hive er'ncat '
all t heir' fi'onitier Iposts. Ouri'03 otpos05
nOwI occupy (lie formiir polsi t ions1.
wiill pi'oceed scou to inispect ourii'ont
TRIE CIIARtLEsvoN Cl'S TO.11iIO1M.
Mlr. walker's Merits Set lIeforio the~ Sec.re
tary of' the Treasutry-.
[ Specil to thec New.s awi' ('nuier,.]
Wasurx<;'rON, April I i;.-In. (b.le
gat ioni tha t ari'iived here v es erdar In oI
present thle iiame of' Mr. L. .J. \XVoilker
as thie caiidid ate of' thle buiines' s meni
for thie col lectorshi Ip of' the portl of
Chiar'lestoii cal led upon)1 Secre'(talr' Alani
ing and1( thle Priesi den t to-day ini ini iI
mlenit of' ani Uppoitmnit. TI'ie delega
wans 10ed by Messrs. Ge'orge II. Walteri'
Franiik 1E. Taylor', priesidenit of the
Char mleston Eilxchianige, andI W.' .
Steedmiani. Senaltor's lamiiuplon and
Butlecr were preset t o ilntrodnIeie thle
comniii .1tee, 1)u1t took no1 parit in [lie pro'
Theli gentle men namaied priesenated
their c'ase to) Secietai'y MIanniinag, st a
inig thant it was the wish oif thie bsiness
men'i of Chlar'lestoni to hve (lie collec
toi'ship tankeni onit '>f thie hands1 of poli
ticianis. Thley sanid [lint Mr'. Wai'lker
was oieienly <lnaIlified( for (lie po,it iorl
hiad thle con Iidenice of thie p eope Ic ~
wou'ld( gra3t ify eigh t-tenth(Is 01t lie buisi
ness men in thle cityv.Thybaene
ani inivestigationi ino his prialte ebar-.
acter, which they dleclared wans ablove0
Mlr. NIanin ig l istenied to t hem withI
imar'kedl atteiition, r'emiaiing withI thiem
even lafter thle hiouri appIointed foi' a
Cabinet meeting, and( s-aid lie wIoulI
give his per'sonial atteiitioii, de0cidinL
atccor'dinig to the mei'its of the casc
after a careOful Icoinsider'at ion.
From the treasury the delegation
wenlt to (lie Whlite Iflouise andi( paiid
hiri r'5eects to Pre'sidlenit Clevelanid.
Tlhiey told( him i of' thieir miissin to
Waslhinigton iand C expressed( thie hope
that hie wIouhlI give (lie matter hci'is lit
teiit ion taid r'ecogniize (lhe business in
ter'ests involved, iIe was per'fectlyv
coi'diatl with thiem and t hey left ver~
well sat istied withI thle intei'view.
Mr. A. II. Mowry, (lie rival candi
(late for' collector', is ini the ('itv', anid it
is undi(er'stood that special r'eIi'sreent a
tios ini his behalft will be0 made ini 3
ichomondl's Mysterious Murder.
JIICIIMOND), VA., April 17.-Tbe att
Ihoi'ities are wvork ing assiduIously ~in
hiiuting evideiice ini theC case of 'flios.
~J. Cl uverius, charged wit[h the maurd(er
of Fanici Lillian Madlisoni. 1I. has
no0w been found ouit (liat. I fermanm Joel,
a Germani watchmnakei' of' this ('ityv,
wvhen on a business visit to Center'ville,
Kinig and Queen couinty, a year' ago.,
mnd(ed for Cliiveii11 a gold wvat ch
k1. , which key Joel is e'xIected to
u'y~e is (lie ideiiticafl one0 foundi( at the
r'eservoir' alongside of Miss Madison's
veil oni the day of' the dliscover'y of the
body. .Joel has been enjoined not to
talk on (lie subject, but the fullest coii
fidence is felt heire thant lhe caii pr'ove
the key' by his ownv wvork on it, and
that lhe will idenitlfy Cluiveius a's the
man for' whomi he i(I nhe iepiin ig.
The case comies up lor' tr'ial oni May 5.
-Tle Attorney General has given
an opinion to the President atfirmiing
thie eligibility of General A. it. Law
(cin, of GeorgIa, for appoinltmenit as
Minite to Runnala'
QENERAL NEWS ITEMS.
-A lumber company has been form- A
ed in Atlapta.
-The steamnship lino between Ha
vana and Tanmpza will be withdrawn si
after April 23. ti
-An incendiary fire at Lancaster,
Pa., on Filday night. destroyed twenty
thousand dollars' worth of prope"ty. 9s
-A new railroad to Newnan, con- b
necting Greenville with Atlanta, Nvill
be built within the next eighteen b
-The li(qor dealers in Savanlnah r.re h
required by law to appear before the 'T
ordinary of the county and re;ister in a
-The Prince of Wales has not met s1
a cordial reception in Ireland. At 1
Cork and other places he and his S
party were hissed; and several serious
riots have occurred.
-The Georgia papers state that by p
reason of the no-eiice law in Greene a
county, Georgia, the yield of butter
has been mlore than doubled, and the
breed of cattleis iimproving very ra- 0
-lr. Edwards Pierrepoit, Secre
tary of the Anierican Legation, at
l:omie who was left in charge of all'tirs
by Mr. Astor and who had been ill
for some weeks, dlIed last week. y
-A skill containing Mary Draper, a
her d ,lgiher aged 11, ainid her iece Ii
Caroliiia Dempsey, 12 years old, cap- v
siz(l inl the Ohio liiver tcar Evans- I
ville, Ind., on Wednesday, and all b
weC drowned. c
--A eyclone passed over a section of
Ncrth Carolina :t of 1Iainlet oii i
Thuur,laV afternoon, destroy ing timi- c
her, Fences and houses and doing gret
dlaige ili uthet ways. No lives are
reported to have beei lost.
-V essels of all nationalities are
crowdinr into the I l:a k Sea for the a
1in-r1oSC of transportng grain from
Ilssian crts betire an out break shall
occuri' between Enghn!I:11(1 and hiussia.
l;iglty-seven Einglish vessels arrived
in one week.
-Allhough no oflicial information
has been received by the Marile 1los
p1ital Ihu'eaui of th e 1'isteieC of' cholera
ini any prt of Eu'rop c, the authorities
are taking every possible precaution
to prevent its introduction into this
-I1. JIcKeuzie, canvasser for the I
h;cuitable Lifi Assurance Coipany,
shot his wife and himself at %1( Grove
street, New York, on Iuesdav nighih.
'le pailr, who were natives of Prince
l:(t,ard's Islanl, have lived atpart for
F(>ne tline. I)riun, and jealousy were
the causes of the traredt.
-Sarr Stanle} died at Ithaca, N. Y.,
on MAldaV, aged 11 y:uears anid thre
mlon ths. Ile was bornl in Duttchess
cot ity December '23, 1781. For f'our
days preVious to his death lie refused
food, s:in iig he had lived as long as ie
wanted to. Iie had Iever been sick
bfore durin r his life.
-At Indian ('ity, Tenn., Bud Far
ris, white, and F'reciman Vard, colored
were hanged at the fai'- rrounds Tues
day Ioi-ning at 2 o'clhck by a mob of
miaskid mUen linm:il herin 'abou(i it Iwo
li hundred. 'll- belongiied to a gang
of thieves who recentil have commit
ed iainuy" deprc(lation's oi citizens of
-he (Governor of" Texas has vetoed
the hand ill passedi by the Legislature
Iinmediately ietore idjournn'iIt, pro
vahn:ti- for thle sale of' the coiiiinon
schiool, unliversityv an d ausvinm laiits.
lIe say-: "'liy no act of i~inie will I
ever' s:uictioni flhe a('<idisititon of' thtos
va1L-It ti'r-s of land by one manage
--It( is sai<l that an otl'er ot' -25,0)00 a
ylriorte bair, bilfliaiPd r'ouIn and(
barbi- shop of the Kiiill Hou)ise, ini
Atlaniia, Ituis bieeni imole ami deelinied.
Th'is, with the reniial of the 'stores,
woul h-t< iven th(iIle less.ees , a ftei'
pay.ing~ the iine rest on thle boinds and(
dhviuhc-ii< oni thle preCfeired stock, the
hotel renit frce and1( "5,i00 eash suiluis.
-- Ouii Wiedesay, a par'ty, toinsist
inir if the w.uife of' Adirial' Reyniol<
tin'ee ot hrhli-il(ues, tali bal,y t wvo
iiioniths olf, set alit froim ihn~uiptoni
\a.,ini a flit-hoittomied boatt, r'owed lb
boat was~- caps)-ized wVithlin iOO lone ihmrd
tald tny feet of thea heat-l. All thle
un-niberis. of the( fpartV weirei riened
hgut \I e.. Ileonbis died suibse<uethl
n\uegiro miunied Johiisoni, who
soin, a white hadv' areid sixt v veai's, at
luika, Mliss., waOs enlXiired oii 'Mon<dav
:ui taken to hika for' idetiientin.
Wile a party was1. gonie to get the
hlys JIohlouio tonifessedi the crime ti
the shieiiff' aind alo. saiid lie was an
escapdt-i 'oiiv ict. Thle inegr'o wuas takeii
outside ihe tovn atnd h:anged to a tr'ee.
--(enera~lIeiiry II. .Jaeksoii, the
niew iniister to :Alexico, acknowyledgles
t hat i s Ipard o fIrota I 'iesidenC t Johnl
soni wats no)1t'reinfior'ced bv special Act
of C 'on gress, but lie denIis that lie is
adlowinig that f-ict ti iinter'fere with his
miov'eents. le iintendls to presCent his
c,redeiitials to P residenit I )iaz oni Ilav
15,q antd rest-f conitent untder' the Seiiato
-iial conufirimationi of' his appoinitmenit.
-At Salt Lakec, Utah, on 'lTiesilay,
Or)isoni P. Ariniobl, a prominentt loi'
mon, ple:aded guniltyv to an indictmtet
chiarin~ug uiwfuil cohiabitationi. Ile
<letllai'ed, ill opent court, his' initeiitioni
to aih:uuloni piolygamtiy, obey the laws
and hive with his lawfuil wit'e only', not
nieglect ini to sup1 portt his "'secondic
fami ly."' .Judge Zanie said thiese
dechairationis had gr'eat wveight with the'
Coutiit, and0 lie thie-i'for'e imposed a tIue
of' only 0;0, wit hiout imprh)isominient.
-T1he cou rt-mar itial pro'(cee(tim gs in
the c'ase ot' Gen. WN. B. I lazeii were
made piuli c onu hiriday. Tlhie Senten(lce
is a repriiinutil, whiebh is muade by- thle
PriesidenC t ini dute for-m. Gce nil Iiazten
is released f'romi arrest and has resumed(-(
the (flitics oif his ofijce. T1hue chat-ge
on whinch G 'eeral lh-zeni was triied
wats "tonduitct prtejolicial to g(ood or'der'
andiit miilitary' uiicipne'' at~ 'nTheicourt
tha:t hie "'be cetniuedi in order's by the
At thle fhlum liouse of Widow
ilardini, about tiftein mtiles fromi St.
Jo-eph, Mi,. William Clark, a farm'ner
and ai married mant, hand sedu1ced1 lie
widow 's dautgh ter-i, anid lie, thle widow
andi( lie idaugiihtet' and a lawyer' iiamed
IDunigani had( 1 acolferece''C oin loniday
wuifth a v-iewv to settlement. No r'esutlt
was reaichied, butt idut-ing thle evening
Clark (-alledi at the widowv's house. A
hot discussion ensuied, ending ini a
inaiel, duin g which Clai'k shI ot and
killed the widow, imortal ly wounded
the (dautghter- and badlyv wotunided the
widIow's younlg soni. Ile theni went
hiome and( fed his stock and1( did other
woi'k a bout his place. The nextmor'ninig
his dead bodly was found in a 1)11e of
straw ntear his house wvith a bullet
hole in his head and1( art empty pistol
in 1h18 hnd.
COLORED iEN FOR OFFICE.
Liberal Policy Adopted by the Admini&
tralion.-A Specimen Appointment.
WASHINGTON, April 16.-[t is under
ood that the policy of this adinis
ation with regard to apl>ointments to 1
laces in the Soitlierii States now held
v colored Republicans will be not to
ibstitute white men for colored men,
Lit to replace in competent or dishonI
t colored Republicans by colored
enocrats who are worthy and capa
I-. In. accordance, it is sa Id, with
us lolicy, the Postmaster General
as just appointed ex-Rlepresentative
om Ilatilto, of 33eaul'rt, route
enit froi Beaufort to Jacksonboro
. C. Hamilton was the leader of a
nall band of colored itten who sup
Dried the IIamnptol government in
outh Carolina in 1876.
-W. II. L. Merritt, one of the most
rominent lawyers in Virginia, died
his home in Brunswick county on
uesday, agd eighty-live years. IIe
,as for several years presiding .justice
f his county and for many years be
)re alld sinice tilhe war a mielber of the
'HE MAN AND THE MONKEY
"What ails you?" asked the mntlu; "I see
oil are a Sutferer, and can scarcely get
"Oh, you see," repliel the Itnonlkey, "my
ulder, she had what you cull serofula
ery nitceh serofula, lily furder. he ha1
eap sor's, some blitr, Minle little sores,
nlg titin'. 'luhev1both took itchi 1ined(i
tn.,t, an< die.I; thIe sores was all they left
"Ys, yes, repliedi the man. "I see
ow it. is iour mot.h er inherited her dis
ase, s'rofula, Il' your fatIer atught his
n ihe wi , and1 you in! erit(l or were born
vith hlth niplatitts. I lut why 1>ine away
,nd tie when you eani he curel.'
"I ieen done used over sixty bottles one
11ru.t store lnedlicine, and it no good. Money
.II gone and stre ire yet. Sottl doctors
har;te heail money, htut 11o t(ou<l."
"Rut, toy t-rieml1," sa(id the m an, "you
uot hold of th(' wron" ted<ic. (.o
o the (Itru1 store ani get tne bottle of
. 11. L'., and befor' using all of it you
,vill feel hetter. It is a tIuiek cure. It
viii '"ure all sorts of sores, Scrofula, Iloot
'oison caught on tlie wing, Itehing
Jlinors, Catarrlh, Blood and Skit diseases
In Kidney T'l'rouhles."
"I be so'tithankful for yitnr kind:ness, and
vill o get It. IB. 11. to-day,'' replied t,te
EYEN OF FFRE.
'Oh, mlight I kiss those eves of fire,
['en thousand searce wotIld <iuenchi desire;
>till wotuliu i steep my lips in bliss,
.tid dwell an a-e ott every kiss."
That voung ciutle needs sometiing for
lis blot!,- lie is utterly too fresh. IB. 13. B.
s the best 1l'ing for hiie, because one bot
Ie will cure iim. 1,ti that tude is not all
LItie ini his terrestrial giory-not by a
'jug full." Maniiy others are considerably
'rattled" just now about that blood poison
,nisiness, but It. Bt. 13. will cure for tie
east money and inl the sliortest time. Tlie
0t01in is conting. I'urify, P'urify.
"Olt, .Josie," said little gleeful Maud,
we are going to lhave some honcy m1a(de
it our house." "'llow do you l:now'
Isked Josie. "Because tlammat sent the
ervalt after three Ii's, and 1 do;l't know
what bets are good for, only to make
1ot Ie y."
Blood 1llt Co., A tlanta, Ga., will nall
lly one a luost wonderful book FiIEEt.
A It II i.1
they know all about Mustang Lin
iment. Few do. Not to know is
not to have.
T UT T'S -
25 YEARS IN USE.
The Greatest-Medical Triumph of the Ago!
SYMPTOMS OF A
Loss of appetite, Bowel, costive, Pain In
the head, with a dull sensation in the
back part, Pain under the shoulder
blade, Fulinesm after eating, with a di.
inclination t exertion of body or min d,
Irritability tY em per, Low spIrits, with
a feeling of having neglected sonme duty,
Weariness, Dizziness, Fluttering at the
IIeart. Dots bofore the eyes, iIcadache
over the right eye, Restl.essness, with
fitibl dreams, Ighly 'o isred Urine, and
TUT T's PILLD are especially adapted
to such cases, one dose effects such a
change of feelin gas to astonish the sufferer.
They Inerease the A ppetite,and cause the
body to Take on Flesh tus the system is
nsourished, and by the ronto Action on
the iligetiveOrgas l.g ar Stools are
produced. P'rce mac. 4' urray St.,N.Y.
TUTT'S EXTRACT SARSAPARILLA
Renovates the body, makes healthy flesh
strentgthens the weak, repairs the wastes o
the system with pure blood and htard musclo;
tones the nervous system, invigorates the
bini, and imDr~to thevigor of mnthood.
FIOE 4 MYurray St., New York.
TUIIE CH-UR&CIIMA N.
r'he teligious, WVeekly of t he Prlotest
aunt Episcopal Ohurch.
A mnagazlin of Ecclesiastieal intLe;iigence, tie
v'otlinali antd general reading, andt thle largt'st
tind mtOst iniluentlal weekly it thle Priotetnt,
E iscopalOChurch. l~ ~ o
'ni.: C( ccll'IAN is w',ell krtt wnt, a n(1 Its orgalI
t.ltttn Is verys comltt fotr itroclhllg netws
wichtl itf gives whh I r'emtark'abtl' phrmpiness.
Mins in a year stiflielet, re:tiding lonatt'r to
makI.: more titan live t1mo1 itok of.~ 5t0 ptagt's
Its iiook lievuiewus aire a ptrotnintitt feat tire.
~ttrfully' prep'ared( by sptteialisl
Its Euriopeanti Corriesp)ondenhtM art petr
Thw Children'M Dieplatment is 1lIus
I rat ed antd specially'011t editi fo ihe chiildrent.
$:3.50 a year in advance, post,-pidt. Inee c
101llars Io 'lt'rgvmnent M igie t'oplt's t''n (et .
ME. HI. MA LLORtY, & CO.
47 Lafaye(tte Plate, New York.
BIRANCH OF LUDD)EN
PIANOS AND) OItGA NS SOLD
IMALL INSTi'tUJMENTlS AND) SIIET~
TWENTY P'EI~ CENT!. SAVEJt
Ft' Er, OF" C
AGENTS WANTED 03
Gi Wi'ite for Terms atnd Catalogue
Many a Lady
s beautiful, all but her skin;
and nobody has ever told
her how easy it is to put
beauty on the skin. Beauty
rn the skin is Magnolia
FOR LADIES ONLY.
& REMEDY endorsed by the best Physi
cians and Druggists at its home.
A REMEDY that Mr. C. W. O'Neill, Good.
water Ia., says raised his wife from an
invali s bed, and he believes aaved her
A REMEDY of which a proininent Atlanta
merchant said: "I would have given $500
as soon as I would a nickel for what two
bottles of your medicine di for my
A REMEIDY in regard to which S. J. Case
sell's, M. 1) , Druggist, Thomasville, Ga.;
says: "I can recall Instances in which it
a forde<d relief after all the usual remediea
A REMEDY abo'&t which Dr. R. B. Fer
rell, LaGrange, Ga., writes: "I have used
for the last twenty years the medicine
you are putting up and consider it the
best combination ever gotten together
for the disease for which it is recom
A REMEDY about which Dr. Joel Braham,
Atlanta, said: "I have eramined the
recipe, and have no hesitation In advis
ing its use, and confidently recommend
A IEMEDY which the Rev. II. B. John
son, near Marietta, Ga., says he has used
in his family with the "utmost satifac
tion" and recommended it to three fami
lies "who found it to be just what it is
A REMEDY of wh\c.h Pemberton, Iverson
& Dennison say: "We have been selling
it for many years, with constantly in
creasing sales. 'Ihe article is a staple
with us, and one of absolnte merit."
A REMEDY of which Lamar, Rankin &
Lamar say: "We sold 5O gross hu four
months, and never sold it in any place
but what it was wanted again."
A REMEDY by which Dr. ]3augh, of La
Grange, Ga., says: "I cured oio of the
most obstinate eases of VICARIOUs MEN
sTRUA'rloN that ever came within my
krnowledge, with a few bottles."
A lREMEDY of which Dr. J. C. Huss, of
Notasulga, Ala., says: "I am fully con
vinced that it is unrivaled for that class
of diseases which it claims to cure."
A REME,DY about which Major John C.
Whitner, of Atliata, well and favorably
kno%,wn all over th United States as a
General Insurance Agent, says: "I used
this renedy before the war, on a large
plantation on a great number of cases,
always with abhsolute succes."
A ltEMEDY about which Mr. J. W.
Strange, of Cartersville, Ga. certifies
that one bottle cured two members of his
family of menstrual irregularity of many
ThIM Great Remedy is
Bradfield's FEMALE Regulator.
Send for Treatise on the Health and
1Ia ppiness of Woman, mailed free.
1iiA1)FIEI,) ItEoUL,.'roR Co.
ox 28. Atlanta, (a.
--Ladics and gentlenen
to tako light, pleasant
W 'anted employment at their
own holne (istne
no obj.(loi. woksent by inall, $2to5ady
cani 1 be! el nate. no catnvaissing. Pes
ahiIs 10 onice Gi.013 MFa. Co., Boston, Mass.,
I have a po remnody for the above nl 4as fbyits
n)1. -r A. aLt.uu isl l'eari st., )lew Yorh.
r".E* i L"*ihr la .a* o'ls.*
reU i -riom Amt re. Jao7ve .. d
or."l M Esl OLE No. Ab. JonS.NewYork.
orrtl.Isvls hUBs UTt.ot dobLAte
atlfth Oot. utand rehoe buieldthg,
an R Uofaline, doe hve heard of caseets ctoger
It gives tone and power. For connaints of the
Kidney, l,owels. SI omach, I,lv"r ajitl Lungs, for
all I he suble troules of womnen anti for those
botdily iill'erilers i nduceda by anxiety, care and
menta;l strain, Its effects wIll surprise and
chiarm youl. it, Is not an essence of ginger. Da
II!i(ius to th e pahrteI, au retItoe to the liquor
habl. a nl exeeedingily hipful to the aged anti
febc. hi. ,. a nil $1 s'is
IIiscox & Co.,
103 WvilIHam treet, New York.
IF A7R MWEl R S I
\XE offer you the celebrated Peterkini
Cot ton Seed at $1.50 per bushel. It will
give forty per ceint. of lint, andi equal the
yiel in seed cotton of ainy other variety.
Weare agents for the D)eerinmg Binders,
lHeapers anti Mowers, the Th'lomas Rake,
Cor bini atul AceleI liarrows, Farquhar Col
ton 'lnt ers, I ron A ge Cunltivators, Saw
Mills, Engines, Giiis, Presses, Plows, Etc.
ltepairs for Chiampion and Buickeye Ma
chlineis anid for Watt P'lows. Write to us.
Mt'MAST1ER & GITIBES,
Ma;r Iimn C~ol umbia, S. C,
& BATES' SOUTHERN
ON EASY INSTALMENTS.
M USIC CONSTANTLY IN STOCK
D)BY BUYING FROM US.
) A T ANY DEPOT IN T HE STATE
[ LIBERAL TERMS.
26 MAIN ST., COLUMBIA, 8.0O.