Newspaper Page Text
. I91CULTURAL DEPARTMEN.
Eds. Country Gentleman: The past
fow weeks a great wany editors, writ
ers and other persons on their way to
the exhibition at New Orleans, have
passed through the Southern States,
some of them for the first time. To
those who 1 ve become acquainted
with souther riculturo by longer
experience, the - lows of these well
5 meant but mistaken persons gathered
rom the car windows, seem to be ex
Seedingly crude or incorrect. The
neral idea current among them is,
,at the sout hern soil is poor and in
f rtilo and the outhern people wretch
I.mn very inadequately eared for by
:'t4hemlv81Ve. "Circumstances alter
cases," tnd this applies very forcibly
to th01- 'gog culture and the people of
the Sonthern a4ates.
The first straige thing which is re
marked is the Id pine fields and the
.broom sedge wl ch coverse the turned
' lend whiclf las notgrown up witi
"ij, it is to be confessed,
the water-worn gillieF
and seam the land, and the
weeds, are at first disagreen
.o eye of a farmer used to i he
cultivation of the Northern and
..tern States, but one may be easily
.istaken in his view of even these. I
h've heard persons remark as the cars
spl.d through the best part of the cot
ton belt, "what wretchod weeds these
are vhich cover all the land." Where
(10 tht>so southern people grow any
thing. At the same time these weeds
were the s'alks of cotton whichi may
have turned out $50 worth to the acre.
In the same manner the old fields are
not a bit worse than the old-fashioned
bare fallows which used to be so con
mnon in the best farmed districts of the
North, for they are really one and the
sane way of restoring laud to some
degree of fertility by means of the
natural process of resting it. Of' the
two methods I prefer the southern one,
for I would rather grow a crop of
weeds or timber on unused land, than
leave it bare and plowed, for even one
sumner. And it is an absolute neces
sity of souhthern agriciture that. this
system of turning out land shoid he
pdcticed. Where no stock is kept, or
v ry little, I see no other resource f1or1
t F plnater of cotton and tobacco than
4o work his lands up to it certanll poi it
and then resort to his onlv possible
method of following as a mleans of res
toration. lie is bound by his climate
and his other environmcnts, and as the
cotton region of the South is not i
stock country, and never will be a
dairy region, and is 1ot. a Very good
corn country, and seems to have beenl
made for cotton alnd tobacco, with a
suficient quantity of grain, fodder and
meat to supply the doiestic consuilnp
tion only, the southern flrner nhust
not be judged by a test which is en
tirely foreign to his circumstances.
The next thing which is colspicuous
is the poor dwellings thatn are so coms1
muon, houses without g!lbles and 'pen
as the poorest barns in newlv settell
places in the North. ''his,, too, is a
necessity of the case. It' any of these
winter visitors would pass over tlie
samue route in July, August and Sep
tenber, they would see the advlln ae
of these airy dwellings in quite a dii
ferent light. But every man to his
faste, and if southern people desire
such houses, and1 object to glass in the
windows, I would give themu their un
doubted right to have themh. I have
met with the kindest hospitality, and
wvah ith morn1(st dolien to andiu enrel''i
'onlsidieriatioii ini houses oIf t his k indll
anti 1 noull consider thle ch araicter of
the lion se as a seconidary iconitsiderat ion
I have lived lit oneC t iine~in a log shaniity
wit h ai roof' of hem11lock baik , hav in g at
squarei' hole in thle centre for' a chliiinmer
am.(1ilimust say' le tha inoyd life theou
q mie as miiuchi as iin a ho use with Iiveiry
luxuryv oft imodterni fh-hion. It is not
the house, buit thle niam in it which is
fte tiue test.
lbut it wouldi be at very gre(a t mii ta'ke
to think thuit one sees everyvthinig f'rom
te cari wmd lhows, a1iid thalut ther'e't are' as
well clt i vated termils or cominf'ortablo
houses ini the South, or that southierni
farmeris are' not compi ietet'i to jud(ge
for thieiiselves of' what is the fittest for'
then., It mnakes a ver'y great chianige
ini 0n its (Ilompnons lien he11 is brlouighit
face to face with new necessities. This
applies verorcbl toi''tl1 ( the South, holthI
ini i'egard' to its iagriciulIturie andih its
socI i and 1101it ical condiiition ms, aint( a
Northlerin1111 1an 0moviong to thle Sonmbi
pre'hjud(ices aind lie pirepaired to beugini a
new life and view thiings friomu a dlit
Ifeent po1inlt of v'iew itf lie wou ll hec
either successful or' happy. It is thuese
prejuIldices ait the deCteriniat ion to
remini ialienis amiit for'ignlers in ai
stratinte Ianid, whlichi presenit s the slie
cess of' whmt are cal led Nor'thlernm colo1
liets in thle SonuthI. Froml1l tmyv exp
otimmiend per1sons1 desirous of miovingr
to thle Sou thl to avoidl thlemi as farl' s
possible, and to miake thiemiselves at
home amiong t hiir tiew neighbhors, and(
above all1 thminigs to avoid townus founded
by spllator's andl land sharks, wvho
tr'y to aIt tat vic timils by call11in g their'
, eniterlprises NorthIerni cohoieis. As
sno(w-flkes falling into the (ocean andl
(quietly inughling withI the surr'mo-mdin11 g
elment, so1 inu lst personlis who go to
the Sou t,h mingle withl thle peopIle, amid
lose thir idenmt ity in th lieera(''l mass,
No doulbt aniCiti~C enrgt'i nor'theril
mantu wVould find opportuities for
chianguing the mecthtods of' igr'icu lure ini
the Southi, and11 mo)stl y in thoseI li
ties wvhere the elimaite torie iini'rly ap
pr'oachles that of the North ais it does ini
the inountauini region whIiichi I have
beein describimg. Hutt. even in the low
contry, wvher'e cittoin is supiemiet. a
nor'thern'i farmiierI can1 impriove uiponi the
pr-esenlt :methods, wich0l is chiefly
mfar'ked,by a str'ong dre'ad and fea:. of
grass. .The southter'n is nlaturlally a
grass region, anid thel'e are' severial
naltive var'ietics wihich .growv with pr'o
futsion. Now grass is the basis ot
agricultur'e ever'y whier'e and( if the
sout hernu farmers woul d gr'ow grass
and1( plowv It untder' for' their cottoni
crops, as a i'otation, I feel cer'taini it
wvouild gr'eatly betiefit them. I have
110 fealr of gr'ass, having learnied thle
value of that so-called pest, gulack
grass, andl how to manage it, amid amlf
cerltaini that by such means as ar'e used
in the nior'th to keep dlown grass ini cul
tivated fields, no southernl far'melr need(
dread the worst of' their native gr'assea
and would fInd them a most valuable
aid in the in.pr'ovemeont of thoir lands.
Anotherl grand enterpriso "for the
South is sheep i'earingfor' wooV chicefy.
Wool can be grownt in the~ South for
ten cents a pound, atid certainly for
less thami a pound of cot ton. Thmeme
arc ample opportunities in thme South
for comnpeting favorably with the
South American p)lainls in this indus
try. Lambs can be raised through
the winter and can be shipped to 1
northm-n marets 'im.t pr-m.Eg
aud poultry would afford also a large
business, and could easily compete
with Germany and France in supply- F
ing the demands of northern markets
now met by import-ations from Eu
rope. But the cotton crop in the low
count'y affords the grand prize for w
good culture. The present low pro- tv
duct of 200 poul(s per acre could be di
increased five fold by careful culture II
with proportionafe profit, anld the to
wide-spreading low coutry atlords a th
magnificent market for products, pork, li
beet; nutton, fruit andl other produce at
of the elevated mountaiIi country. III
addition to all these there aire the val- d
unable minerals, the wonderful wealth O
of timber, bark and other natural pro- tl
dtucts which re(uirc ceVelopmnent by ft
capital and industry and 1which must )
afford at vast snbstantial b'.sis for agri
cullural prosperity.---11. 8. in (uli- c
valor and Country/ (cnlleman. t
Sir J. I. L iwes's Experinents. i
Dr. J. B. Laws, the great English il
agricultural experimenter, has raised I
wheat on the samio land for forty years. s
Without manure of any kind the yield it
has averaged 14 bushels per acre. c
With 14 tons of farin-yard manure i
applicd cycry year, the average yield i
has been 32 bushels and 12 quarts per a
acre. With nmtieral ianures (i. c., 1
superphosphate of lime, sulphate of
potash, soda, magnesia, etc.) and (
without any nitrogenous laures, the
yield for 32 years has averaged 15 I i
bushels and one peck per acre. With t
nit rogeni atoine (aioiui tm sal Is) th ta
yield has avecaged 204 bushels per
acre for 32 years, though but. 17 bIushels I
and 24 (aits fFor the last. 1; Iears. I
With nitrogen alone (nitrate of soda)
the average yielh Ior the :32 years has a
been 234 bushels--ti,l" the s'cond( i;t r
years 20 bushels nid one perk. Fimal- a
Iy, vith nitro'renl, phosphoric acid
potash, so:t :nd41 1mgesia (lor"Iiting a 11
--olllplete in1a11utr'et), the average yivld ('
has beenl, per acre, :32 huhel.s ai n
three pecks, or (4n III averaL''e 12 InarIs d
more per wre c'h('11t% ve:u' timi the aver- it
age vi('ld g;iven by the 1:3 lons of farm1- (I
yardl unanure. nt
lariners, 'thos' of you wVho btuv "m
concenlratedl C(.tiliz(-r., :,n(I, indeed,e
those of you vho (to It()(, wvoul (1(o c
wvell to study the above resullts.- tI
1itu(ral J?-c11. )ork"I"r.
Tit , iALTI'I Mt1O1 iL BAZAAR.
Twtenty-1'it(+1hou an(l nollars I:aised( for
4 x-Co nfcl r.t"ae l(I irs.
I.tAi;rlto0t.:, April 15.---The i:az:ar
for the Contetiderate relief fttunl, wlih l
has b('en open in this city for the paSt a
ten datys, (losed to-night. I was in I
vr('' way stucce'ssful, :ni VieldIed over y
$25 ,1u. Ie Iolev is to.he inivested s
b' the treasur'r", atd the interest de
v'ot ed to thle reliet' of nteedled ex..Con. -
federate soldiers. The principal is to
be added to froit 111tiue to litne bv
Vart"ious iteatns tuttil a sullici('nt, suin is
rais(d to ('u(dow l instituioll whiebh- t
will be a refl,ge fo' dest.'itute mien who
"wore the grey."
I have had Iherei(1 arv se rofula brokenl
out. on me 1)1> eight year's. My iother
and one sister (lied with it, and i, sup
posing that. I would go as oth'r Imem.i
h ers of the Iaintyv had, had despair'ed
of lif'. The treatenll of'mercurv :InII
potash seeinel to aggravate instead of
curin., the dhise1se. In this con(titiona
l wais mressed to use SwNift's Spe'citie.
flters on iniy siec and arl s disa-ill
r'emniind tue 411' myt sul h'rinigs. I lad I
taken S. S. S. al. Ii'st, I would hIlav'e
bi'ei a welt mnan lonig amgo.
I )aNviilleI, liyv., (OCto e (IiP ., j1 ."~
.I wvas aili't-fd t ii' atrly four' rear's I
lirst ('rysijpel:is. I wa.s trieiicdIll lrlph'- J
'!eis- I was ciur'ed by SwiLf ; Sp'e.
retiiserd to tuke it, even aft'er' it was s
the ninet (4f it ;bt hi:iving'r i ed it
inyself, I niow~ h in-lieve it i' the best
blootl1 i itie lin ll na ii'ic tmw ed
(. . j it dh) the tin 414 - a hal Iihti' r
(in e)laingwi ti-, Jun-'' i;'in l' I. g
bienireliid 1tl) baliev td mki ie.e
been liee ih eze t h w
lLitv:n, ( i I:v e Swi'ri e S 8.ri bt
( A . I) and1 (i .- 0'rs a half l >i tls
ered'tm he sumit mis ltl-e Iti te:i
writing.d remldy hinI Ila iol.e. :i
(tici'elitst II s 341. fimts ,utn s to~
Ceimdar 4)lIIwn ('ilslle 11 , i( t.e tmi
Trtie on loodUi andim I) 'IItei
inilediiig frem M' I)vssadtt
l rli sli to ( lm tn)p i(ii(i
la V)iti,ai uil''lsI iewt xps
itI iA inid tf rao mi eo s l' c
A correspondeniil~iiiit oi'h Viekihur
iCoit, riird //cr1('a/d reIen tly'i ,lle o
,lellroDvsa his homorsieuu e.I at ill
voirii. li ay the At. ami tentre tie helli
venserab.!lent oldiir and taetiomn oa'
wrtituing. to himi It hadgh nled at (1
theln n re ooe by of i rendI tane whi o
muTinds lubs lexiaste asp to lie tre
stte of hit hatigh wil tocnliiiha
limit,wi reain iiOpt.i Ai rleragruacefii
acknowredgemltet ofegattde iito hie
tti<luliri fvr ds Mr.Iivli asaidthat
tluingsi ta viit'olis thaat ion1111 o the
tr iveri Januar la hewsexoe
li aWboat, ancd oettig t,,, Fuffered.f
ev terelas week inlauory toheum~A
l)m, &hc had' coipeltled hiem to'dkeepa
ttmhisibed for thevealwk.iiite tts 0 n i
ross, whiilea no-troal waf 22xtremei,u)v
ifl.Ast he apresent time heelt ii
lis usua Thealh isththxption oft.ti
iam awlln in his reent, weichn ket heine
fa ohong ile,ota.t waiked iith lCarl
oeydn the'h fotreon,ibt as pier
f'orce fnelled lihts.litint e
A HOTEL hORROR IN 8T. LOUIS.
nding a Dead Body Packed In a Trunk
rho Room whence the ::ody was Taken
IJuoceupled for a week.
ST. Louis, April 14 -A sensation
as caused at the Southern Hotel, bo
rcen 11 and 12 o'clock to-day, by the
scovery of the mutilated body of a
an packed in a trunk which was
ken out of a room. The stench from
e trunk caused the discovery. The
>tcl register shows that on. March 30
gentletman registerad as Walter II.
etctox Maxwell, t. D., frot Lon
>n1 and was assigned to that room.
n opening the trunk it was found
mtt the head of the man was severed
omn his body, and written on the
nper inside the trunk were the words,
So perish all traitors to the great
tuse." The trunk and its contents
rere taken to the morgue.
Maxwell is described as a very girl
th-looking, blondo young man, wear
ig a dark woollen cut-away suit of
nglish stuff. His fiace was clean
haveiand lie wore his hair bang lsh
mn, not parting it at all. Ite was seen in
onpany frequently with a dark-look
g gentleman about five feet ten incte
at height. This gentleman registered
s C. Arthur Prellor, London, Ilng
A telelg ram had previously been re
Civea f'rot IPrellotr asking whetler
laxtwell was a guest, at the house.
t' was ansVered in the aflirmtative
.nd he .soont camec on. B3oth occupied
le s:une room. Maxwell left the
i(tel nit Sunday night a week aro,
mut he had paid 'his full week's board
ira tpltly, and it was supposed lhe
"oltcl return auv lay. No suspicion
ttanched to his atbsen:e until the hor
itla' smell called attention to his room
md led to the 'pettin! of the trunk.
When the trutnk wis opened in the
otl corridor to-day it was finda to
otulnthttie boty of' a tmiddle-agcd
ta, the hace ai breast up, and so
ctblel about the hips atd knees that
filled t he receptacle. On the side of
to trunik over the head of the corpse
as printed itn large letters the words,
So perish all traitors to the great
utne.'' The trunk and its ghastly
mlitts Nwere immediatelv hurried to
to Four Courts. In another trunk
as found Maxwell's London address,
1.1 Paper luilding, Temple, Lon
on,'' and an envelope addressed in
is haudwt'riting to the "1Rev. 11. G. A.
,ewis, 11. A., curator of St. Pauls,
Iorley, Leeds, Yorkshire, England.''
le came over otn the Steamer C'epha
'i(i f"rom) England. 'rellor had iL
ussian paassport vized by the Itusin
t ,lassalor in London in 1878, and a
1asport of 1883 for Spain and Mexico,
izaeal by the Spanish minister and
igned Granville. Seven trunks, fouir
alise- and a hat-box were left behind
l the hotel, and the conteits, clothing,
le., are valned at hunidreds of dollars.
Lhis is beltieved to make the theory of
t hoax uiteabtle, and (lie belieflis that
he'( corpse is either that of Maxwell
S,r. Loi:Is, A pril 15.-Walter II.
Acnnox Max well, who is supposed to
tare tutrel'red C. A. Pellor atid packed
is body in a trunk at the Southern
lotel, April 5, purchased a througlt
ulitited ticket, to Sai Franieisco o
donday mton iing, April 6, and signed
is name to the ticket c befcre leaving,
Ia left the same evening on tlie San
rtancisco Railroad. Ile was recog
aized on the tratin by two St. Loi6
ontleten, who talked with him as la.i
ks P'iarce City, Mo.
S.AN FlaciANIscot, April 16.- De c.
ivyes have discaovered that Maxwvell,
hte murd la erer of Preller at, thle Sout h
rn't 11 aifa'l, in St . Louis, arr'iiv~ed here
tate ala ass i umedi al ne laist SaLturay,
andt toaok ste'eture passaLge ont the steam
'r i/// of' S'ydnet| faor New Zealand
in a iotottlu. 1Theitelegrnaph htas beeni
atlld itoa reflisitiont tat hieada htim oil
A Auclnad, bu it ift is feared t hat tt
laaantliluie mtay leave fthe steamer
1al Ia ke ai sailintg vessel for Clinta or'
a lan~. It hans b)een discovered that
le Ibaggage cheeks dleli veread by Max,
call undaear ant alias to the 'Pacific
'ianis fer Comarnyi, aof this city, corre
aaad tia VithI ti inmbers issuead at St.
aainis hy thle St . Lou is Lad Sant Fran
isala Bailrad( to a diff'eret alias.
A iit'NDI)EI> ICEtiLS I)II)'WNED.
hot Noave~ l thoda by' Wh'ich the Colomabtian
(Gaverronena,at ispNosesa of 'Capituared Reavo
t iTv oF'~ iEx tCa, Aprail 17.-When1
'aaaals aof the Co'alatahliant Governmtet
nialtly ettercad Co lont, after it.ii h aen
urned bya 1a theta reblts undiaer't the leader
hiip Itaf l'restonti, the iy captu red se vera Il
jiluads aof irebes. l)ut'ing the ptast teti
ays Itha' numbiter of' thte prtisoner's hats
ian conisidaly aumenatead by the
~aa'ip t if st ragglIintg rebtels cap tread in
La suirroundainag distrirts. It. is ntif
aawnt tnow justt htow mntreels wvere
uats behal 1prisoneris at COfOn, biut goodl
thoriaaitias palacae the numbiter at abhout.
atrt hoiiatred. Authentic intformiationi
aenchled this a'ity last iightt that ali
\'a ednesday hawv aflicers atf thle CoXlomti
al Gova,ernmtia i selectedt one~Iia huiadread
ft the wCVorst rebel's impr aiisonied aLt
'aalaon, anad, phataing thtemt ont boad a
te:iuer, carriedl themcu out ianto the bav
ther' lhe aentiire hundtared were thiraown
The North,waet iLibl)Oion.
.l There is Ii ttlea chiange in thte caonidi
io n aot dhfirs ini thle Naorthiwest its
i pri simg is attracnet tig miore at tntiont
lhani thle half-bru'aeed isurrect ion , antd
natmbercs oat theia gatvernmienlt adimif flit,
laey aire grea'aity aamed for' thle wvel
ita a <> tI ie t tell alass set teris. Bat tIe
rda is agami iisurroundaead anid camnl
arias arae contstatnt ly brin itg. Signal
raes h ave beni Iighited at, adifferent
>oints, whicht fact is tookead upono with
itarmi. 'lThe gotvernmitenit deiels thle
a'pot, that it is disposced to effect a
et ttlemenit withI tie hialf'-breeads anda
tianms byv treaty. Sir' .Jo)hn MacDont
lal states flhat lie will fir'st putt adown
lie r'eellioad then h'te to what
hte rel>els .haave to say.
Ari' aai ny membiers. of youir famIly thtus
Fitaietd.' I hive theaay scroafulou(ts swall intgs
the gltads? IIlave thtey an y scrofailons
ala's at ulaeirs? If sat, anda It shioulhl be
'gl'ectead, thle paeuliar tatit, otr ptoIio,
ay adaeposit itself In thea suibstiance of theii
no'aproduciig (coNSUMi"rIos. Look
elltaaheconti ont of youtr famaily, anal
thus taftlietaed, give the proper remedy
ithoaut delay. Iuy that which makes
>soaluite cures In thie shortest sp~ace of
me. 'lTie uner'ringi finger of public opti
ni paoints to B. H. h. as the most wvondaer
.l remeda'ay for serofula ever known. You
'eat noat take our wordl--youa niead not
aow our1 nameas--merit la all you seek.
sk youir nielghblors, ask your adrugglst,
k or wrtite tat tkose whlo givae theIr eer
Iicatei; anal be conviniced that B. It. B. Ia
e qitckesat anal most perfect Bloodl Purl
'r ever bofire known. *
~-Several minor appointments were
ade by the Pr'esllid t on Friaday
nong thtem that of James M. Mor
Lio(f South Carolina, to be Consul
enteratl aelbou...., A a.- a.
PROSPZOTS OF PICACE.
England and Russia Come to an Agree
ment About the Afghan Frontier.
LONDON, April 15 -In the Cabinet
Council to-day the Anglo-Russian sit
uation, it is said n '.s represettect to
be as follows: iigland and Russia
have agreed upon a basis for the de
limitation of the Afghan frontier, sub
ject to a satisfactory explanation by
Russia of the recent attack on the
Afglians. According to this scheme,
It is said that Penjdeh will be ceded to
Russia, provided the Aneer consents,
Recruiting for the British navy con
tinues with great activity, the admiral
ty having invited navy pensioners to
PAxis, April 15. -La Paix says that
in the event of war between England
and Russia other powers, especially
France, must remain neutral. Follow
ing the above oeclaration, La Paix
hints that these powers have already
reached an agreement to remain neu
L(N)ON, April 1W.-A special dis
patch from Vienna to the Daily 1'ele.
graph gives the following: M. De
(;iers, the Russian Premier, sent. a tel
eurain to Baron )e Staal, the Russian
Minister at London, in these words:
'I am charged by the Czar's personal
command to request you to infornl
the British (overnnent that in the
Czar's opinion war wotld be deplora
ble to both countries. 'Tlhe (zar firm
ly hopes that a prompt and simple ar
rangement will be established.'' In
reply to this, Baron De Staal tele
gr:aphed M. I)e (iers that the English
Cabinet gladly accepted DeGier's com
Ml. Lessar, the Special Envoy of
Russia, inl all interview to-day, said
that arrangements for the cession of
I'enjdch to Russia had not vet been
completed, but that negotiations were
proceeding favorably. The Amcer,
he thought, would offer no objection
to the cession of Penjdeh to Russia, as
the tribes occupying that. place and
other portions of the territory which
have been in dispute have for a long
time caused him much uneasiness on
account of their rebellious spirit and
acts of violence.
LONDON, April 17.-Mir. (lIadto:e,
in the house of Commons this after
n001, stated that the government hiad
to-day received f'rom Sir Peter Luins
den a reply to their regnest for an inde
pendent report upon the 1'cnjdeh inci
dent. In this it is stated that General
Komaroff was aware, at as early a
(late as the 28th of Mari'ch, of *the
understanding agreed upon on Marcl
17 between Russia and England. Ac
cording to the terms of this under
standing England was to deter tI
Afghans and the Czar was to deter hi
troops froni advancing beyond thl
positions they then respectivelv occu
pie( hut il some subsequent aegreeme
about, the demarkation of the Afg hai
frontier could be reached between tlh
two governments. The battle on ti
Kushk River was fought, tlerefore
several (lays after Koinaroff had beet
made aware of the agreement to no
advance. It will be remembered tha
Captain Yates, the British olicer wh
witnessed the battle, was assured bi
the Russian oflicer who cannnaunded ii
the fight that he knew nothing ,f th<
understanding of the 17th of Marc
Sir Peter Lumsden's report appears it
warrant, inference that. wllatever Kotm
arofl' knew oflicially about the St
Petersburg agreemeit. with London I
kept to himself.
ST. Pr.Tausnia;:, A pril 17.-(;:enier'
lRomar'otl' r'ep)orts to thle C za r as fol.I
lows: "'The Afghians li-ve evacuat (
all their fronttier' posts. Otur on t post
no0w occupy thle former posit ionis.
will proceed scout to inispect our1 ou!
TIlE CIIARILESr'ON C[USTOM I1OE';s.
Mr. walker's Merits Set Htet'rr 1114) $ecre
tary of the Treastr,y.
[ Special to the Naw.' va m'n rii-r.
W'asinNGTON, April i;. --''The dele,
giat ion thait ariv~ed here vest erda toiV
prtesentt lie name of' Mr t. I . ,J. \V':ilker
as the canid ate of' the bu sinie ssi meni
for' the col lector.sh ip oif thle port' of
Chairlcstoti called upon01 Secr'ef n-v .\i an..
ing and the President to-daiy ina ltfit
tuenit of' ant appoinutmentI. I I delega
wvas led by Messrs. Geotre II. \Val er,
F'ranik E'. Tatylor', presh iint of' tluI
Charleston Exchtange, and W. .
Steedmitani. Seniators llfaimpfon and
Rutller' weire pruesen t to in trodu nce tie
coi. itteI e, lbuit took ino parit inl thle ipro
Theli gen tleeni t :nned presenteul
their case to Secr'etary Mainiig, stat
ing that it was thte wish of floe buhine~i..
ttein of' Chairleston to have'o thle colle'e
tor'shi p 1tiaken out tf 'the ha nds of pl i..
ticianis. Th'ley said t hat Mr'. Walker
was oetinienitly (qul1ified for' thte po.i io
hiad thei conifidenlce of the peole oc
Charilestoni, anid thIat hiis app oinitmn t
woutld( gr'at ify eigh t-tenthIs of tl 'he btsi
utcss mecn in thle cityx. Thev chaillencigedi
ain inuvestigattioit iinto his p~r'ivate ebhar'
actet', which they dleclaredc( was ablove
Mr i. Manitniig listented to thtetn wifth
mnarked attetinci, tremnaini ng wit h thtemt
even after t he hour appoinited for- a
Cabinet meeting, and said lie would
give his p)ersoinal attetttioni, decidin ti
accoi'diing to the mei'its of' the case
af'ter a careful consideiration.
Ff-om the treasury the delegation
wvent to thle Whit li on1111se andto pa io
thteiir respects to l'r'esidenhit Cleveland.
They told him of' their mt~isin to
Washtingtoni antd expr'essed lhe hope
that lie woulid give thte mtattr his at
teition and1( recogntize t he bus10iness in-'
fei'ests inivolved. iIe was perfect ly
cor'dial with them and they lef't verys
wecll satisfied witht thte initerview.
Mir. A. ii. Mowry, tiue rival ciiidi.
date for collector', is itt the eit v, and it
is unidei'stood that. special rir,esentfa
tions ini hiis behialfI will be muade itn I
Rtihmondl's Mysterious Murder.
RliMoNo, VA., April 17.-The an.
thor'ities ai'e woi'king atssidiouslv it
hunting evidetnce in the case of' ''htos,
J. Chtiverius, charged with the murdet
of Fannie Lillian Madis(lin. It hau
now been founid out that Ie'man doel,
(rGermant watchmuaker' of' this c'ity,
whten on a business visit to Center'vilie,
King and Quceen county, a ycar' ago,
mentdedl fci' Cliiveiis a gold wvatch
key, whtichi key .Joel is expected to
prioveC is the idlentical oneC founid at the(
reservoir alonigside of Miss Mad ison's
veil oni thle day of thte discovery- of' the
body. ~Joel has beeni enjoined not to
tahk otn the subject, but thte fullest coi..
fidence is felt her'e that lie cani pr'ovc
thie key by his own wvork on it, and
that he will identify Cluveiis as the
man for whom lie ('id the repairing.
The case conies up for ti'ial on May 5a.
-The Attoirney Gener'al has given
an opinion to the Ptresidentt aflirmting
the eligibility of General A. RC. Law
tn, of Georgia, for appointmenit as
Mitndster to Rnaaia:'1
4ENHK&L NEWS ITEMS.
-A lumber company has been form
ed In Atlanta.
-Tho steamship Iline between Ha.
vana and Tampa will be withdrawn
after April 23.
-An iacendiary fire at Lancaster,
Pa., on Friday night, destroyed twenty
thousand dollars' worth of property.
-A new railroad to Newnan, con
necting Greenville with Atlanta, will
be built within the next eighteen
--The liquor dealers in Savannah are
required by law to appear before the
ordinary of the county and register in
--The lriuce of Wales has not met
ia cordial reception in Ireland. At
Cork and other places he and his
party were hissed; and several serious
riots have occurred.
-The Georgia papers state that by
reason of he no-fence law in Greene
county, Georgia, the yield of butter
has been more than doubled, and the
breed of cattle is improving very ra
-11r. hvdwards Pierrepont, Secre
tary of the American Legation, at
Ilome who was left ini charge of atiairs
by Mr. Astor and w ho had been ill
for some weeks, dled last week.
-A skill containing Mary Draper,
her dagliter aged 11, and her niece
Carolina Dempsey, 12 years old, cap
siztul iml the Ohio liver near Evans
ville, 1nid., i1 Weduesdav, aid all
-A cyclone passed over a section of
North C;arolinm east of IM,tmlet on
Thiusdav afternoon, destio in g tim
ber, t'ences and houses and doing great
dianage in other ways. No lives are
reported to have been lost.
-Vessels of all nationalities are
crowding into the Black Sea for the
purpose of transpting grin from
lHussian ports bef>re an outbreak shall
occur between Englaind and Iiussia.
Eighty-seven English vessels arrived
ii oine week.
-Although no official iiformalion
has heeni received hv the Marine Ilos
pital llireau of the existence of cholera
inl anly part of Europe, the authorities
are taking every possihle precaution
to prevent its introduction into this
--II. lcKenzie, canvasser for the
1<luitable Life Assuirance Company,
shot his wife and hitaself at. 96 Grove
street, New York, on Tuesday nigh!.
'T'lie pair, who were natives of Prince
Ed varcd's Island, have lived apart fo>r
some time. Ih-ink and jealousy were
the causes of the Iraredy.
-Sarr Stanley died at Ithaca, N. Y.,
on londlay, aged 1)l) years and t I ree
ioulhs. lIe vas MrI in l)utcless
cotuit y Deceeinwr 2., 1i S I. For f'outr
days revvionS to his dealb lie refused
foodl, say ing lie had Iiveil as long as he
wantcd to. lie had never been sick
before (uring his life.
-At Indian (Cityv, 'Tenn., 1ud Far'
t. ris, white, and Freemanaii Vard, cilored
t were hanged at the fiir grotuids Tues
> day mo' raningi at 2 o'clock by a mob of
-m.tslkel iiet n ainiilritg about two
i hindred. '1lcv beloagel to a gantg
of thieves who recen ith" have coimmit
Sled nanty depredationi on citizens of
> that lace.
-The (h'verio of Texas has vetoed
the Iund bill passed by the Legislature
itcdiately bfore adjonrntent, pro
v'idin:'- for' the sale of' the coammoii
schlt, htuivers'ia t mI :a-ylnm lands.
iIe sayV': "Byi ino ier of' i~ine w.ill
everci sainction the a iiSition oif thiose
v.a i t n'is of laand by one manage
a1 isaid t hat an otfer of' $2,000)O a
tbarbler shop1 of' the Kimbalall 1[iiise, ini
A\lanita, has beeni madet and decltined.
Thli, wi. th the r'eanal of' the stor'es,
wonuhi hive<; ivyen thle lessec-, afttei
paying Ilie n' (irest on thle bonids anid
liihnat oii the priefer'red sfo.:k, the
hoe etfaee 'aid $5,is)0 cash sur'plus.
. -O()iin Wednesday, a paty , conisist
thraee otherii ladies, tand babbv tw<o
iinial hs oald, '.et out froain Ilaiptn
1 wo1 iiecroes, it> visia O)ht 1'oinit. Tbci
boat was capisizedl wit bini oane luiriaied
tad lijiy feet of thle beacha. All the
matalembes of I he paritv werei' rscuedtiil
ainiiiully assnaltedl Mr's. .Jas. Thaomp
soin, a white lady. a'ed sixty year's. at
:aui aakeni to iuika fora iudeaiilienutioii.
While a liarty was~ gone to get the
lady Joint:on 'oiifessedl the crm'ime to
the shecritf anid aiko said hie was an
escatpiiIed(i onvict . The inegiro was takein
out side thea t own andllit hanedl to a triee.
niew. miniiisteir to Mlexico, tackna owledges
that his p nadona fraomi l'r esidlent John i
soan wa s inot. ireinfiorcedt by splecial Act
of' C2on gress, bumt lie denIes thait lhe is
aullow.vinag thait f:~t.t to initer'ferae w itha hi s
imove amen ts. IIle int Ienads to priesent his
cr'edenitials to I 'aesidentl D iaz on Alav
I1'6 and r'est. con tenmt iunmdei' thle Seniato0
ial coniftimationu of' his appIoiitmient.
-At Stilt Lake, Utahi, oai Tucsday,
Orisoii l'. Airmidd, a priomainaent Moi
lmit, leadedt'i guilty- to an ind(ictmfeint
chaarginig unlaw' fuil cohiabitationi. iIe
dCclaredC(, iin openi couit, his iantentiona
to abanadn pol1ygamny, obe'y thle laws
aid live w.ith his law'.fuil wif'e oinly, iiot
nieglecI ing to suppor(iat his "scondii(
fily." J udge Zunie satitd these
declar iati oins had( gr'eat w.eigh t wit lie
Colurt , and ht le theref'.~ ore imatposedl a line~
of' onaly $300), wvithlonut i mpri soninaenat.
-Th'le courat-nmart ial procera<Imangs ini
the case of' Geni. W. B. I lazea 'were
made public on lFriday. Tfhe~ senteance
is a r'epraiiaui, which is made lhv the
I'r'esideait in~ dueW form. General I iazeni
is released from tarrest an ai( s resumed
lhe taties of' his ofiee. The ch:age
on whiicha Genemral llaizeni w.as traied
w.vas "'coa nuct primejudilicial to good order'
aiin amilitary~a disci pliie''' lhe comurt
founid lhu imilty"~ andi( recomnmned
that lie "ble eensured1 ini orderis byv the
--At the farmii house of' Widow
I iardint, about fif'teen iniles fr'omi St.
Josephlil, Aliho. Wa'ill iam Chn-k'l, a fliamr
aand a marra-ied ranm, had sedumced lie
widow's da ughtIeri, and( lie, thle w idow~
anid thea d iaughIatea' and a ltawyv.era named
Dim) gan hiand a confi erenice on Afonday
with a view to sett lemenit. No resmult
wats reachied, hut almaringi thle evenainag
Cltark called at the widow's house. A
hot di scuissin enisued, eninag ini a
qlnuirrel, durainag whlaich lark shiot and(
killed the w.idow, mnortal ly wounded
the daumghtler andl badly woun aded the
widow's younag soni. iIe theni wvent
aaoflmilln fed his~ stock and did other
wvork loout his place. '[hli nextmnorning
his (dead body w,'as founda ian a pile of
straw naear his house with a bullet
hole iai his head and( an emnpty pistoI
in his lunul.
COLORED MEN FOR OFFICE.
A Liberal Policy Adopted by the Admiula.
tration--A speclmen Appointment.
WASHINGTON, April 16.--It Is undr.
stood that the policy of this adtnitnis
tration with regard to app>ointments to 1S
>laces inl the Southern States now hold an
by colored Republicans will be not to
Substitute white men for colored men, he
but to replace incompetet or dishon- be
est colored Republicans by colorod
Democrats who aro worthy and capa
ble. In accordance, it is sai<d, with B
this policy, the Postmaster General
hias just appointed ex-Representative
Toi Ilainilton, of Beaut'ort, route
agent fromt Beaufort to Jacksonboro,
S. C. IIanilton was the leader of a
small hand of colored mtetn who sup
ported the lamptonl government in
South Carolina in 1876.
-W. it. L. Merritt, one of the most
prominent lawyers in Virginia, died A I
at his home in Brunswick county on C
Tuestday, agd eighty-live years. iIe A'
was for several years presiding justice "
of his county and for many years be
fore and siice the war a Iemnher of tle A
THE MAN AND THE MONKEY
"What ails you?" asked the man- "I see A
You are a sufierer, aid t:, n searcely get
"Oh, youl see," replied the monkey "my
m1uIdler, sh had wt. ~hat you cull sero f ula
very ntulI serofula, my farder. he haul A
heap sore,;, Solie b itz, sonle little sores,
long t"iu'. They both took much lncedli
cine, and died; die sores was all they left
"Y.es; yes," repliel the man. "I see f
how it is Your lot.etr fiierited her dis
ease, scrofula, anwl your father caught his A
on the ming, and you in'eriteti or were born
with het.h eotpliints. 1tilt w li pine away
and tdie when you can be cured'."
"I been (le used over sixty bottles one
dr ug store Iledlicine, anti it no go)ot1. Money A
all gone an<d sore here yet. Sote doctors
clam e ieap money, i t no ;!o+t." i
"But, niy frien(l," said the mlan, "you i
ot hold of the wrong ne(licine. :o
to the <1ruz store and get one bottle of
11. .t. 1., and before using alI of it you A
will feel better. It is a iuick (ire. It
will cure all sorts of sores, Serofula, Blood
Poison eaight on the wing, Itching (
I[Ilors, Catarrh, 11100(1 and Skin liseases
and Kidney Troubles." A
"I be so thankful for your Lindl:ess, and
will go get lt. 1;. II. to-day," replied the
EYES OF FIRE.
?'Oh, might. I kiss those eyes of fire,
Teln thousand searce would quench desire;
Still would 1 steep my lips in bliss,
And dwell an age on every kiss."' A
That voung dlule needs something for
his blood: lie is utterly too fresh. 11. 13. 11.
is the lest tl'ing for him, beeause one bot
tle will cure hin. 1;rit tiat (Itude is not all A
alone in his terrestrial giory-not by a
''jug full." Many others are consi<Ierably
'rattled'' just now about that blood poisoln
business, but 11. 11. It. will cure for the
least money and in the shortest time. Th'le
boom i:; coming. I'urify, l'urify.
"Oh, .losie,'' said little gleeful Maud,
"we are going to have some honoy made
at our house." "I low (14 you linow-"'
asked -Josie. "3ecause lammia sent the
servant after three Ii's, and I do;l't know
what be(s are good for, only to make
Blood alaim Co., Atlanta, (a., will mall
anly one a mtost wonlerful book FiEE. 11
!Al W%I ~ V - ...- i
they know all about Mustang Lin- -
iment. Few do. Not to know is
not to have.
T UT T'S
25 YEARS IN USE.
The Greatest-Medical Triumph or the Agel -
SYMPTOMS OF A
Loss of appetite, Bowel. costive, Pain in
the head, with a dull sensation in tho
blade, Fullness after eating, with a di.
inclination tQ exertion of body or mind,1
Irritablit yft tem per, Low spirits, with
a feeling ofhavying neglected me duty,
Weariness, Dizziness, Fluttering at the
IIeart. Dots before the eyes, Headache]
over the right eye, IRestlessness, with
fitfbl dream., H Ighly colored Urine, and
TUTT'S PiLLS are especially adapted
to snoh cases, one cdose effects such a
change of feeling asto astonish tho sufferer.
The Increase the Appete,and cause the
body toTake on Fles thus the system is
nourlshe, anid by thei 1Inio Action on
roduoo. Price 2o.4 4Mrray t.,I.. I4
TT S EXTRIACTSARSAPARILLA
strengthens the won , repairs the wastes o~ 'I
the systemi with pure bloo anld hard muscle;
tones theu nervous aystem, invigorates theo
bran,andimrietovigor' O manhood. ~
bI;IICE A4 1urray St., NewYork.
The RteligIu WIeekly of the Protelit..
anIt Epicop,al O!hurchm.
A magazine of Eccleslastical IntIe; Ilgence, de.
votionlal and general reading, aind thle largest
and( mOst linlluent,tal weekly In the P'rotestant
E 1800 oal Church.
, , ews flepar'tment the energy of
'[us CHlU3(CnstAN IS well kr.own, and0 31s organI- (C
zation Is v'ery comliplete fo,r p(roc(lrthg news,
which'l it gives wIthI remnarkable p~rmpi nies. gi
Th'Ie Maigainme Ibepar'tment alone con-yi
talns in a year suItlelenit rea:ding matt1er to
m1Il~ 3 more than live 12mo31 b,ooks of 5((0 paIges WI
Its ilooli eviews ale at prolninenut feat ire.
liiter'army, Art amil Meieuntlie NoteN are (
Ca u lly pre1'14'pa red by specIali1sts.*1
I(l Europ,ean Corre'spondenUtN are per
The1 Childreun's DRe par'tment Is IlIus..
t rated andI specially etf Ital for the children.
$3(.5(i a year In ad!vanIce., postid. 'Tinl Ce
dlollars to t'Ierg.vmen- Mingle copie4s te'n cnt t
M9. lI. MALLOItY, & CO,
'17 lafayette P'incte, New Yorkc.
BRANCH- OF LUJDDEN &
PIANOS AND OIUa ANs SOLD 0
SMA Lb INST'IJUME;NT1S A ND SilEET M
T WENTpY P'Eh CE'NTj. SAVED
PIANOS AND OltGANS DEI'LIVElLiED
FREE OF CH2
AG ENTS WANTED) ON I.
rir' WVrile for Trms1.11 and1 Catalogues t<
Many a Lady
beautiful, all but her skin;
d nobody has ever told
r how easy it is to put
auty on the skin. Beauty
the skin is Magnolia
FOR LADIEb ONLY.
tEMEDY endorsed by the best Physi
lans and Druggists at its home.
IEMEDY that Mr. C. W. O'Neill, Good
ater la., says raised his wife from an
ivali s bed, and he believes saved her
E:MEDY of which a prominentAtlanta
erchant said: "I would have given $500
s soon as I would a nickel for what two
ottles of your medicine did for my
tEME1)Y in regard to which S. J. Cae
ell's, M. 1) , Druggist, Thomasville, Ga.,
a ys: "I can recall instances in which it
forded relief after all the usual remedies
ItE IEDY abo, which Dr. R. B. Fer
ell, LaGrange, Ga., writes: "I have used
or the last twenty years the medicine
'ou are putting up and consider it the
est combination ever gotten together
or the disease for which it is recom
REMEDY about which Dr. Joel Braham,
tlanta, said: "I have e.ramined the
ecipe, and have no hesitation in advis
ng its use, and confidently recommend
REMEI)Y which the Rev. H. B. John
on, near Marietta, Ga., says he has used
i his family with the "utmost satifac
ion" and reconnenled it to three fami
ites "who found it to be just what It is
REMEDY of whW,ha Pemberton, Iverson
k Dennison say: "We have been selling
t for many years, with constantly in
ureasing sales. The article Is a staple
wvith us, and one of absolute merit."
ItEME)Y of which Lamar, Rankin &
Lamar say: "We sold 50 gross in four
nonths, and never sold it in any place
nit what it was wanted again."
RIEMEDY by which Dr. Baueh, of La
=range, Ga., says: "I cured ono of the
nost" obstinate cases of VICARIOUS MEN
TruUA'rioN that ever came within my
knowledge, with a few bottles."
1RMEI)Y of which Dr. .1. C. Huss, of
Notasul ga, Ala., says: "I am fully con
vieed that it is unrivaled for that class
af diseases which it claims to cure.''
I;EMEl)Y about which Major John C.
W1'hitner, of Atlanita, well and favorably
knou i all over the United States as a
eneral Insurance Agent, says: "I used
this remedy before the war, on a large
pslantation on a great number of cases,
rduilav Withi <rholute success."
1EMEl)Y about which Mr. J. W.
Strange, of Cartersville, Ga. certifies
[hat one bottle cured two members of his
family of menstrual irregularity of many
This Gareat Remedy is
cadfield's FEMALE Regulator.
Send for Treatise on the Health and
appiness of Woman, mailed free.
IRAlalrII) ItEGULATOI Co.
'ox 28, Atlanta, Ga.
- Ladies and gentlemea
to take light, pleasant
Semployment at their
own homes (distance
objection), wvork sent b)y mail, $2 to $5 a day
ni ie <ItelyV mzilet. no0 canvassing. Please
r,', L tonce Gt.oos Miu. Co., Boston, Mass.,
have a itivo rnod y fa th above dlos b It.
a. T. A . 8LoUU,1eI1'eariSt., New York.
has withou doubt trae
bo torlimng; weavear"d oaeue otever
jearsfltaidln"cu. (sbyahim. He guaranees acre.
Eir'v.rerO a, Troatieo sent free, Clv. P.O. and
Dr. A. B.EEOLE, No. 96 John8t.,New York.
t albte Cot Onuasts the uidin ARPT
ud RUOS oftsame, double the wear of ou sloths. calalog,o
i.'W.H .FAY& CO.CAMDEN,N.J.
gives tone and power. For comniaints of the
<luney, iBowels, stomach, 1Liv.r ni Lungs, for
t lie sultie troublles or women ad for those
dily (iber<Iters induiited by anxiety, care and
(lial str.tln, its effects will surprise and
arm1 you.. I s not an (essence of ginger. Da
100s 1o t he paht I', au roitidote to the liquor
hii, and exceedingly hemptul to the aged and
-ble. 'i'. and l iwi sizes.
IIISCOX & CO.,
13 'William Mtreet, New York.
Pl A. R~ 1Vf 'E) S I
F: offer you tihe celebrated Peterkin
*ttoni Seed at $1.50 per bushel. It will
ie forty per cent. of lint, and equal the
'hi ini setd cotton of any other variety.
e are agenta for the D)eering Binders,
'apers anid Mowers, the Thlomas Rake,
rhjin and Aciell arrows, F'arquhiar Cot
l'Planmters, Ironl Age Cultivators, Saw
ills, Enginles, (iiis, Presses, Plows, Etc.
Itepanirs for ChamIlpion anid Buckeye Ma
nmets andt for W'att Plows. Write to us.
McMAST1ER & (IB JBES,
Mart4 m.;lm Columbia, S. C,
US[C CONS'IANTLY IN STOCK
IY BUYING IG1OM US.
.T ANY D)EPO'l IN THE STATE
MAIN ST.. COLUMRIA. 5.00.