Newspaper Page Text
-6 +tfdoney Results of Skilled Culture.
Statistical research shows that a c
crtdo agiculture is not abundant in
product, and that it is coin >olled to
pay high Interest on borrowed money.
low grade of farming is cursed with
mortgages and mildews, with insects 1
and ignorance. Uncertainty brood, s
over its harvests, and famine decimates <
its people. Famine is unknown in a
country of advanced agriculture s
though a fourth of its I.eople oa-ly may
be engaged in rural production. On t
the contrary mil i ms famish in India, t
while most of its people are in agricul
thre. It is said that in 1270, in Eng
land, "parents ate their children when
wheat rose to 336 shillings a quarler t
at the present value of money." Five i
hundred years ago when nearly every i
Englishnan lived by agriculture, the
product only sufficed for a holm; sup
ply; now, with i population of 446 to
the square mile, of which only one in
eight is an agricultural worker, six
tenths of all the food required for con
sumption is produced at home, thoughI
half the Island is occupied for resi
deuces, pleasure grounds, and hunting
The Latin races of Southern Europe,
slower than the Anglo Saxon in utiliz
ing in rural practice the discoveries of
modern science, are still making sure
progress towards a higher and more
profitable agriculture. In Italy lands
are more productive, buildings more
numerous and convenient, and the
peasant is better paid and better lodged
An official commission has recogniz
ed the improvement as a measiire of
progress hi scientific agriculture, and
madte the future prosperity of Italy
dependent upon schools and scientiflie
This Italian commission declares:
The experience of all times and of all
places has demonstrate d the fact that
purely agricultural countries are never
rich, even from an agricultural stand
point, while in those countries where
the arts, industries and comuere flour
ish private gain creates rural wealth.
Spain is mainly agricultural, yet its I
entire value of rural production could 1
be purchased with the value of the corn i
crop of the United States. It is be
cause the yield is small and the price C
low. Russia, with labor employed I
prircipally in agriculture, yieds but 19 l
bushels of cereals per head, while a
Great Britain with seven-eighths of her s
people employed outside of agriculture t
last yea'' produced 10 bushels of cereals c
for every inhabitant of the counitr. It
In Great Britain tl!e yield per acre 'of C
wheat is28 bushels; in Russia scarcelr t
more than a third as much. ''his high I
yield has been attained by science
applied to agriculture. A single indi- 1
vidual has given his lite and fortune
to experimental agriculture, and en
dowed his experimental fiin with the
income in perpentity from half a nil- I
The average yield of a country is no 1
indication of the natural fertility of its t
soil. 'The richest soils of the world
under the rude methods of' primitive
agriculture, return low yields. The
progress of skill and learning is indi
cated by a country's average yield.
The Statistical Commission of the in
ternational Congress twelve years ago
made the average yield of wheat 12.6
bushels in I11ungart'y, 13.2 in P or'tuga.l,
17.1 in France, 24.8 in I Iolland, and
29.9 in Great Britain.
In this counmtry, where maize is a
universal crop, the richest dlistricts do
niot necessarily priodluce thme largest
yields p)er acre. New England, with
a soil o1' sand and gravel, averaged in
the last live hiarvests :l0.8 bushels petr
acre, with good culture and 1 he use oft
fertilizers. 1'Tc AMissouri Valley', itt
with the eletmenits of maize growthI,
p)ielded at the rate of' 29.8 bushels, and
in the Ohio Valley 26 buzchels, while
the Mliddle States, wvith muinich aid frontm
experimnental science, camie very nieair
the best wvestern resutls with 26..4
Ini seasons unmfavorable to p)roduct ion I
the money valuec of skill and scienee l
in a.griculture is immnIienselv enhanced.
it is often remtarked that 'firmners r'e
eive as much for' a very small rolp as 1
a very large one. Ini 1881, 1,195t~f,00 .
00)0 bushels of corn was worthi $760,
000,000 ; ini 1884, 1 ,795',000,000t bushels
were valued at S641,000,000; a small
cr'op was worth 63.6 cents per' bushel
a larger otne 35J cents. Nevertheless
there is disaster in a small cropl. T1hte
failure is itf.gnally distrnibutte(l. CTe
fewv adw.a,ced farmer's grow nearly
full crops, anmd receive larger reveniu's
than usual ; tand mnany itnisk illed tand
careless suffier' disastrouts redluctiont of
yield atnd (uliit y, anid fail to make
return for- seedl and labor'. (Given un-t
- scitis aricultur'e, wvith an uin
aupcosseason, anti the poor' mav 1
r'ow p)oorer' while thle sciciltie~
?armer mi the same year' may grow
'The contrasts inl prlesentt twoduictiont
atnd l,>rofit of agricutl tire are suithcienit h
strl im1g. lBuit the prlesentt will soon h'e
pasit. We are'm conftronted w'ithI a futurie
full oft ptossibilities as otf dantgers anid
dlifliculties. Ex peimen t, sk ill, scienice
app,liedl to indutst.ry cant only avert the
latter. Fifteen years ago a1 per' (cnt. I
of' ourI people wvere empilloed ini aigri -
cultture; live y'ears ago 4-I Per cent
to-day 1Perha >s 42. We flid ini all
niolm l nor'e thman half Ithe
laborers are in agriculturme are comnpar
aveypot,r, andl their' rur'al p rocesses
a'e prinimive., their itulmlementls rude,a
their rate o1 pr'oducition.lowv. We find i
that in theo highest dev'elopment ot')
agriculture, 20 eri centt., or' 25~ at tmost
can furntish tfood for all. li thi 'ou
Itry allowing flu. surpl'us pr-odton
40 per' centt., cani r'eadily' meet ime
detman ofle home'cnv utio ani
cue cen,. wicll excbabs i o c'i rp
ne, arlis dyisth littue' ao. mAted
thurd ht producotere the .oes
Wrkts t ncretuof iermanent weltit.
The farmer.tAprte ofwacitc for Lpvr
duoo inceaton daynger nt fur-a
uneititofi,eenpri mte,routi hi ari
cultur as cropat ecessi ceti cropl
*t0a00 ha0e leen ctvathed prmcen
erles daysO baleh littlet-bo. Aled
or whamt is.cooee mth oet
rets by acenury ino carie. Breein
pThe preandt ipriced whear ndr
kn~wnet Ta crpofctton sla ean
$4O, 000 es hn thre preeg
erp , ,00balesg salesrma
Our agrcultur gs.rooiuc con.
rolld b acided o ca redFree
The ton gin,avr an a
umpsion of barley is imported. V
to not grow ovn tluo cereals require
We boast of our exports of produc
f agriculture. We foolishly talk
ceding the nations of the world. 1
lo not feed ourselves. In 1883 1
atid $240,000,000 for 1oo(1 and drhi
mported, and the freights, commi
tous, and custom dities inl additiol
mid our food exports, at prices on ti
trml and in the packing hlon-e
carcely sufllced to pay the bills ofeos
iT such imports. A large item of thl
vas sugar. Thirty years ago halt ti
ugar used inl the United States w
Iroducel in Louisiana. It is io ssih
hat httroplean agricutUICr canl I
Iratenel V ith p ar"lVsis y)V A lerica
otllpetitionl, andi that this eot'ttrv Ca
lot. plro<lnce s Oigaro aiccotl lIt 1Er
)ean Competition? Less than a cc
ury ago it cost $1 a potunl to produnl
t there; now :1 (cunts. While we I
lot expect. to ulanlufactitre it f'ro
orghnm aIt. I cost of1ne cLti Ip'r porn
>r. flood the iuarkets of the worbi wi
mri1 surplus of p:.oductill inu live veau
is fair to presume that the gre:
'roducinlg Coulltr"y of the world w
titinalelv obtain intch of its suig
roln sor"ghti111. ''he cane regions
Louisiana, Florida and ''exas, by t
lid of som1e process which shall n
1llow a waste of "II) per cent., of nut
)lsted suigal, hoin aid materially
.ht, home supply for1 the N%- alits of' Co
mnlption. 'lhe lroulible with o(
amulers, witlh all their energy a
.lash, is at dislike for new muetho<l
ill adhiei'ece to routine, and ilmpat ien
i waiting for results. ''hey will c
3ha11n ge sheep four hogs, o vice ve'
in ia twinkling, as prices vee', but w
lot exp eriment. fo' lie ulltinate suce
)f n1ew r1'i'-l industries. 1hut (
)orsperous iirmer should cultivate
;enerous public spiri, as well as
atndatble esprit de corps, and take son
'isk ill iutelligenlt, experiment tII
)roulises beneficent result to his cla
Aid advance of the public veltiurc.
'icpor of' )epartmenl o/'tgricullur
THE GROWING CROPS.
'lie Monthly Report of the National I)
plartmnont of Agrlcuilturo.
The September colt 1)on report of II
)epartmuent of Agriculture shows
revalence of hot and dry weathl
tirnlg August, except in 'Louisitl
IisiSsippi and Florida. A sheddil
f bolls and ( decroase of vitalit v iu
esulted (uite generalv. Drolight I
Ceel serious in Texas and A'kans:
nd quite gcneral in western 'Telnn
ce, southeun Alabamna, (eorgia in
he Caroliinns. The caterpillar bh
aused Inuch damage in soulthlerll Te
s, Arkansas an in central and sotit
'n Alabama. Its prevalence is not(
Ihroughout cen t.ral anid southern (,oe
ia with small cl'ect as vet. The b<
Voll is Causinig much (ainla?e inl 1
)lack helt of Alabama and iii AIka
as andl(1 Texas. Tle condition I
leeliIecd in evely' State. The aver:i
s 87 against 164 ill Auglst. Last ye
t was 82 in September and 87 in A
ust. The p)selt average is t
>mits average above the Septemh
verage of 10 years. The figures I
he several States are as lollows: V
inia 88, North Carolina 81, Sot
u'olina 88, Georgia 91, l"lorida
Alabalma 88, Mississippi 89, Louisi:t
10, Texas 82, Ar"kansas 83, 'Tenues:
7. Geilera7ly the plantIs ar"e Vi,oro
tlld capable, with favorable aitt
venther, of ample guowtll and h
eCvelopmnent. lun the (listrlicts Inl
uitested withl cottoni wormiis Ithe loss
rreparabu'nhle and still threaenlinhg.
Th'le conidi tion of ~ spring wheiat I
beenI imlpairedi sinice the 1st, of Atig
il the Northlwest, (lie (listict of iiir
'pal priodui oll. IIev rii'.1 ainls w.
ol lowed b y e'xtrleie lhea' h et wen Ii
st and1( inl d eI of' A ugustI, just befi
itrvest , shivei'ilg thue gra'uin anld cau
hg rit. 1 Ieavy w ind stornis pr<~ui
rated anid in jin-ed Iarige areas.
ebrauska there is soImeC(' coinphriti
tout and a little Daekota. ChuinIch bu1
aive (done sonu i unge iniV WinIcom
.idt MlinstaI. The I illjury Lwa grte;I
rI m I Aulgust t hanl i July~'. Th'e a v<
ges are: Wisconsin 77, a loss oft
>oi nt s; A liesot a 78, a loss of'
ioinits; D)alota 946, a loss of' .1 po01iii
owa 88, a loss of' 7 int lis . Nor'thle
itor'ies ar'e neartly fr luite Ill to l(
'lie genelCi aveirage finr all spi
rhleat is &.d, agaiinst 95~ in Auint
hle cropi of' last was 15'0,000J,l)00 buii
Is. I teturni s otf wint er wheat a
f' .tily. Ther'e is a slight adv'ance
liebeligan i, TFex as, larv'an an1( 0id soi
>t her States end a poit .i ou t.wo
lecrease ill sev'eral. 'lThe geniel
vera'ige is (;5.8, aga.~iisi (15 ini daul
xcept. its the re('s ult of' thrcshinlg inl
hantlge prCeent (expectiationis the wint
vbeat areca mayZt be' ll-tt at 217,(
0(0 hushiels and the irellainllig ar1
>oi'tedlIl inte stock hioiuld: pr'ove to
'ew imillioins 0o' iedttiloii miighit st
iThC'e cniino or tl oto
geans .Thle generatl av~er'age isi
Sdt ietembu er. I''rosts have wrlo tI
-eryv little illjiury an<I wvill be* <.apc
ft little it' deferried: ten dayts. TI
>rosp)ect is still fatvorabtle foi- a er'
light ly atbove anI average.
Whaut Do the Dirugglsts Suay?
Th'iey kntow whiiat Ithe p eol e ctl II
indI they hlear w hat. thir p'Iatrlonsi s
.5 to whetherCI thle miCeiins thier b i
vor'k well or' not. lielti & .1 oim .o
hushi City, Mlili., say, "'lurowni's Ir
5itr ie Cnirle satistaeiioni to o
lordal:n, Mlinn ., says5, ''WVe sell mu.
iirowvn's I roin liit ters tIia ii all othle
ombl ineu-" .' L. E. i lackl1ey & So
iVinonai, Mlmli., say, ''All oiur ei
omners speatk Iughly of ir'owni's Ir'<
itlter's." A. (C. Whitmaii, .Iitckso
Il ii., says', "'lirownI's I'l i-on cies
uvinhg good sattis'tetion to purt Ichaserus
beso are only a f'ew. We have lul
lueds mlor'e .jtst ias good.
Univeinng of limo Unrr'y Sluttu'.
'Tll sttu of Comimodou'e O)Iiv
por't, Rt. I., last week, with llnnlel
POmp antd ceremnony, ini thue prlesen
of a very disthliguishedl gathecrinig TI
stattue waus unve'iled by Mu's. JCafm'c
and Mr's. Peper, gr'anlddaughters.
Commiodor'e Perruy, aund the flag cal
down exposing the mnonumuental br'on
to the publIc gaze amid enlthuias,
app)lautse. Senattor' llutler, of' Sou
Car'olinat malfde a speech attebn
which followed the iunvelig.
-8enator' Z. B1. Vanco has buit
ne residence out among thue mnot
ains in Buincoimbe county, wvhich
aIls Goeminton. Tbc othier day I
senator wvent boar hutitng and kill
very large boar and brought
load atiimal homo on his horse. TI
3enator's reputation ia now ostablish
s bear hunter..
ro A TERIItLE TORNADO.
t Wil Work of (lao WnicutA In Ol,i-nu.
- structloii uar Propsorty, aunel Los of Life.
re CINCINNrr, Septeiher 9. -. '1' h
te Comieir"ciarl Gazette has telegraphic
ik ad(vices froiin Wa'shin lgton Court I louse,
s. Olio, that a terrific evelon passed
over that neighborhood hast igiihl,
se doing great danllage to propertv. A
s, .nunbher of lives were lo.;(. A iloom
ts ingbuirr; special to the saine paier
is niddS tIhat that town is in riiitts. Owing
le to the condition of the teleirapih wires
is detail cannot be givein. A violent
Ie elec'Irical idisturbance was Iteen to the
>e north froin (incitnna:ti last niglit,
.11 althoughi the storml here was not very
n- Most ai lrini;g reol)ris are currenl
n- reg:trdin the loss of litc and propelrty
C in W'ashinlgton C. If. Help was sPit
ic to de-litute lamtilies. Atl Plain City,
neighteen mniles I'roinl this city, at car
il i i'a hitory rind mill were dnliolished
ih and ther builings iinrioofeid. This
rs, place is on a direct. line to the north
;t- of Washington C. II., ait all aloig
ill south to the Ohio river tlie trail of
ar destruction is reportd inl like mannier.
of A Special frot Springfield says ia
le terrible cyclone struck Washin'toi
ot at eight o'clock last eveningand almo st
x- literally swept. it. froi the earth. It
il c'anme lrot the nortlwest adl broke
n1- nl c l the town very suddhlly, carry.
a rig v yVthin ig ibef cre it. The tornado
t( whirled up Court. street, the main
Is, business thoroughtare, and ruined
c( almost everyv business block on it-at
x- least torty or fifty in all. IlIardly i
(, private residence in (lie town escaped,
ill futlly four1 htundred builings inl all
ss rioinr.; down. TIhe Presb yterian and
te Catholic churches sutlerel a common
a tate. The Ohio Southern, l'allan I:d!e,
a Nar-row (;augc and Midland railroad
te depots were blown into smithereens,
ti and every builing ini the viciuity was
gs Carried away, maklig ingress or egress
almost impossible. Every wire withiii
C. a cirtlit of two tniles is down. Re
plorts received of the catastrophe are
trom a telegraph operator, who tapped
the wire two miles west of tl: town,
a- and sat in a heavy raiii storm amid
worked his iti ruients.
te The paitic-stricken people were taken
a completely uiilware, and lied fromt the
2r tumbling buildings ini every directioni,
a, thoghu iurky darkiness. A lal
to trenzy seemned to seize Ihem, and (hey
'e lonrried hither an<l thither ini their
is wil distraction, little ktowing whih
is er they wer e ileeing. After the whirl
s- witd, which lasted about. teii iinutes,
Id a heavy rain fall set ini which continued
as unabated during the night. As soon
c, as a few of the cooler heads recovered
Ih- thei' senses searching parties were or.
d ganizred and the sa<d work of lookinr
r'- for the dead began. So far Iicfleel
4i1 bodies have been recovered froim th
hle debris of various ruined builditigs, ainl
it- the dreary work is just beginniing it
as get undcr way. It is probable a,
,"e many more will be touinl. The irlim
atr nier ohf lanterns procured fromii i'trui
u- houses ini the vicinitv, aiid frot tIl
t'o few houses left sta:t,ding, was Ilie ony
er light thev had to work hv. Two o
or thiree bodies were stumbled ipon it
iI- the middle of the street, where the'
ith were stricken down by lying brick
It, or tiilbers.
na The cellars of houses and every so1"r
;ee of refuge were filled with shiverii
IS, people hiuddling torether inl vain efloi
un to kep warim. Oic hai in the armt
oIl has died froii exposure.
>st t'ully Iti'-eli Imlit'd persons iweri
is titrt, andlo the tosses ini Popleity wiil
exceed ai miillioni dollars.
i:is Iiports f romt vaiouis parts of Obi
e;t aiid Inianali shiow, that the stor:n whiic
i- struck WVashui ngton)1 C. 1I., was widec
lie .A leich lItilt, Mo., speciail saus tha
re high wiiids visited that plaice cauisinl
is- several thioiisaind dollars'd(:iaane. Tlu
)s- fine brick residleice of Mr. J(latzchie
in. was 1pairtly dletitolished(, andit his sol
(l aged~t IifIteeni criitihed to dteathi. It . A
gs I h>oi h's house was torn1 frotii its foini
ii da:t.ionis anid a1 niiilnber' of otheris una
it - rooted scaitteinig deathI ad dul(estriue
'r- t ion every wheire. For eight lon~
m iti 1es thed isast routs wvork wenut oin
a iIlisic hall wvas filled wvithi peopi;
5 ; attertin lig the Sal vat ion Arm meii'iieti i<
rn and as 2. a p or'lt i of the roof antd ceilIii
'r- fell ini a ohisastrlouis laiiitic aiid st ato pedi
0. was prevented withI thle greatest (dilli
ig enity'. Amlonig thie inienits of th<(
4t. di sast ei was thle 1bloingu of' thle ho(us<5
hi- ol' W . Sharp entiirely to pi ces and( oui
i.e (>t 'ight I Three occutpai'.s were dIropi
SC peCd acioss the str'eet , wvithI onlyv Mrs
ini Sharp severely bru isedl, others flmavinti<
ie btt slighlt hiurits. IThe house canntot b1
.' CiieG< Setier 10.- A tele
. g* o reeoive ti onn states Itial
.. vessel striuick oni the inhrbr pier
a T w'o liiver*s, M ichi., and wvent to1 pieces
e- 1 is~ Supp)osed Ithat the crow, ofsi x mei
I lICC . r, Se ptembi er 10.-R ep)ort
ied tr'oti the southieasterni Part o
,I IC Stt give fuirthlei part icultars o
Iiunesday v' stoiiim. I ii lin igs w or<
wret'ckedi, orchiards laid wvasie, ling<
swiathts inade ii tie woodls aiid (lamlag<
d o.n. I. On thi Ie farmii ot G~eorge Soutih
t' lyiig iii the cours'et of the storm, I5t
hi leadlof stock aire inissinig, Ihis' resi
tdolie iwas wvreckedan itscotn
SS'cattered4 to I toe ind~is.
I '(-i:i3ili2t, 0., S eptembl. 10.- (oy
I loudlty huas issuied ai pwoclauat iont ii
r'egaird to the cyeloine ati Washinigtoi
Court ii 1ou1se. HeI says lie hias madeu Ic
'i, 4Iriaoid exaintiioni of the rin is a1m1
i Ihiat the citizenIsar.e ini odire distress
iv Il mciiakes ani e'arnest. a~peaI to thl<
n, people of Ohio to ollr wvhat relict theci
4., A HIhol Lege.vi.
re: The (ueeral Aftotrey' of' the I>ulh,
irs iiuin Sleepling Cat' C ompaniiy says: - Tal
n, iohl I )r. Bigptirs could0 leave h'o bettei
s- legacy tlihain his Ntirn'i:i ' ll.:M: ciimto
>ll howelc at 1het'ins, antd in all his travek
II, lie has niever' ton und anyvthing to egual
is I)i. luot:is' Sou:TlihI.:IIN ll1:r1.:iy f'oi
." lie r'el i 0)f Di al'rh<oa, D yseIcry niit
n- Itic restoraltm ot th1'le little onecs iwhose
svsltemi is su Ilerinhg Su ch i drcalina
frlomn thie elleets oil teelthinug. Price 5]
cenits. A sk youri dIrmtrgist fo)r thiem. *
T1 -1he veneriabile, and by sotme still
vetnera tedI. Jefferson tiIDav Is, inicidenital..
Iill meit ioued as onue of' the results of n
i'restored4 I i 'oiu, thaut lie exptects to get
lutu inlhuddl't hales of' cotton fr'om his
lt MIissii planutationi this year, ando
ii o inoms an intter'vieweri thact heo has no
o esire to talk about the war'--pr'ob)ably
;. preferr ing to leave (hunt ancient histoi'y
tto .Johutu Shiermian.
A IDoctor's WVoes.
a F.A teni yeairs I have bieen sullferin w itl
he- ant liyseians presciptions faleda to gIve
.C1)1 La Ist, sutmer I commeedet to usa
lie I. It. It., and experlencedl partial relIef be
od fore usimg opie bottle. I contil Its use
he~ amid ghadly conifess that It Is the best andl
he (inic 'st 1)iedllene for Rheuimaotsm I have
ed .tr e d'I cheerfully recommend ft
* ;J. W. RHODES A. M., M. D.
TIE NEWS OF TUE STATE.
Sonwo of 114o Late.t Sayings ntill Doings
South Carouln+ .
-Ilog Cholera prevails to a co
sideralie extent in Marion county.
-Cowhenlv has three brides,- ag(
respectively 13, 1.1 atu 15 years.
-Ilenry Ibri'v, a colored p reach
lost his hand in a cottol gin at Ito(
---Marshal Ilaitilton, colored, w,
suiflcated by fol air. inl a well in Yol
cointy last week.
-Work is pr"ogrressing on the fott
dlathoni of the Calbotun lnontunenet
M ario,n Square, Charleston.
- Mr. II. N. EiIlIt, of the Dai
!Reco d, has been (ily installed as n
ate(rnl;an of Columbhia.
-1. '. 3ayses, Jr., has been a)
p iinI 1o;t ma;tster at MLayesvilie, Siu
.-Thus fart ablotlti (ne hundred ball
of cotton have been shipped from (1
-A public neetin;g in the cause
of ednutijoln was held at Laucast
Conrthottse on Mon(day night.
-The Abbevil!c iiigli school open
on 'londay with tlle promise of a su
-ere. Williamls, colored, fell out
a honl in Edisto River, near Or1am,
biurg,, Ist week and was drowned.
--Ir. Jul'a I A. Sally of Oramly
burg, with his double-barrel, downl
two hcks that attempted to pass hi:
-An agricultural society has bei
organized in Walterbora of whi
Col. It. S. ]ledon was elected pr
-Thie 100th anniversary of Pin
Iranch Church, Edgeteld county, w
be celebrated on Tuesday, Octob
-At the close of the fiscal year, the
will be a surplus in tie treasury of I
State linatic asylum. There are 6
-\r. R. 11. Lowry, of York, has
double-hvaded king snake, which
killed in the roal before discoveril
-Mr. W. A. Carnes, of Luanst
recently had about sixty feet square
i patch of cottan Completely killed I
-Charleston, Columbia and (rec
ville are the only places in South Cr
olina which conc uwler the tein Ce
imtecdiate letter delivery system.
-'1'he sIuscribers to the telepho
exchange ili- Coltunbia are indigna
at a threatened increase of rates frc
$50 to $9l) a year.
-From 225 to 275 hands have be
working on the (Cohnn1hia Canal I
the last month. The work is report
as lwogressing satisfactorily.
-\lr. It. S. (Gallovay has one of t
largest brick kilns ever bur1t in iAbh
ville couity. There are 12(,010 bric
in it, and it has sixteein eves.
-The board of coniicillen ot' Ne
berry have passed an oritnce 1
<luiriltr that all birthls an(1 deaths tl
occur in that townl shall be register(
-The eaturinigs of the Chera w a
Chester I Ah"lroa for the mnonthi ol'Jt
185, alnOtint to $1 ,58 08, an1 incr"e
of $15 90 over tle receipts f;>r I
smine month last year.
- Ther"e is at yOlnlg Iady inl (rane
bulrg- wh o runis at fartm' oniu mat
f ronut hlirivy to fort yi t>los of cot tei
year', besidle Sot her crops. Sihe does
> wIant to marry'i', hi Iover.
-A luarty of roung rien pjii I
G (antt $10) fr (lie prliVllege f ut i
the dami o1f one of his kI ispolnds mi
Aike am uil cung-lt ontlv ineiteeni sui
ers This is a triue fis'h storv.
-Ir Iontwv George, wh Io resit
neatr'Ctrter's Post oflice, Colleton (ottuO
ty, ineke'd a peachi fromti on)e ofhis. ir.
Iiauing lten (t incIhes ini circtionfereet
-;Th telephtonle companyutii has giv
notice. to then-t'sitbscribhers in: NoewVbun
that. tie exchiatge in thatt town wVill
closed tt n lie 24IthI of' October, as5 1
biusinhess fauils to puay expienlses.
- Capt. K. GI. IBillinigs, of Lancuast<
sait (1own1 oI a snake suplposing( it to
stumpt1, got ip titrriedly' anld mia
traucks homiewvard, whenm fliestradd1(le(t
vel low-jacket's .itesi, but got awI
witou t serious inljury.i'
acr'es (at mill ptondl) of' the finest i'i
ever seeni inl Mar ion counitvt. IL, w
averag;e six fe'et high, is w'ell hteade
andl good jtlires est innite thtat it wv
yiel fromt 80) to 10(0 bushots per at
emiiployed as a triain ithuntd oin a frieig
!rainl on the SouthI Carolina liail wit
fell 1betwi~een (lie cars neatr I tiatnchlvi
over' andl inlstanly kitlled.
-Ju tdge lKersha:w , itt Itis chanrgc
the graitt jury' ini ICugetleb, itrect
tttenitioni to the cu.tOiin aimng ir
jutiice- of comipr'omisinig eases of In
ccliy. Such actioni is tunlawf'ul al
unlwise ini policy.
-A lieeting oft thle citi-zeins of' C:
hton i, itoirdeautx antd Magnolia tow
ships, wias lihl On Satur iday at Mon
Caitinel, A bbevi lIe eounlt v , for ui'
i)urpose of asking tIhe bov 'er's oft se
cotton to dlesist from theiri' business.
-Mir. C. IT. Sanderlcis, of' Ker'sha
killed a stiraige bird aniomg aL flock
do( ves, andi founid it to lie aL carii
I igeont turned10( loose int IPensaco i
F'lor'ida , aiid. bounld f'or 78 Cour'tlan
strecet, New York.
-D eputIy Sher-it(1 IIlghes, of' Fd
field, an til Lconlstabl weni' lt to alrres't
neigr'o h:une llfloIm )les ineari Ti-e nto
whten thet latter fir'ed ott themli firom
tlel. The ofl1ices reCturnedil thle ft'
woitidiing liohnes slightly ini (lie ar'
Iad side, whe hi'ile <idily~ submlititell.
-JToti hn Miller', f! IiLncastert, has <
itches im -ir'emnf eireince one way ai
6 inhe the theril. The i egg wveig:
1 tinches, wh IicIt is ju st oneO-tweIft
as no tch as Ithe lient weighis thait Ia
-Tlhe O)conoe Cotunty Ag;ricutlturt
andl Mechianical Societ.y have dcemidt
to hold11 aii fir at Wal hallali oin Thuiirscr
thie 20thi, andl Fr'iday the 30th~, of Oct.
b)er. 1in coltSe(uence of the latene:~
of' the seasont, nto premiumls wIll I.
.offeredOl, buti dilomlas will be aLwarde
-for those miakintg the best exhibits.
--On Sulnday night, the 80th tilt.,
Cat michael Townsthip, Mar'iont couiit
Jeff Floyd and Ilaytnes McKa3
ntegroes, (Iuarr'eled at thie hottse of tlt
former' Over the bireaklng of a key i
aIn accor'den which Mc Kay hadl lot
to Floyd. McKay cursed Floyd, who
the latter wvent for' his pistol. Returt
intg he fired at McKay twice, the firi
Mhot stiking im in the arm. McKa
thten ar'ose to apologize to Flo'd, be
before he could (10 80 Floyd fired agai
this timo strikeltug McKay Iin the abdr
ment, which shot produiced death o
tho following day. The murder
escapod into North Carolina.
GENERAL NEWS ITEM.
n Facte of IBterest, Gathered from Various
I- --The diflencity between Germany
and Spain is not yet adjusted.
d --The smtall-I>ox In oMntreal con
tinues with little abatelment.
r, "'-A Philtdelphia ia has invented
k pring moto- tu .uu soeV i lig-Iaehline0s.
-Alfred Teltlysota will s0011 publish
is a new book of poems. "Give us i
--Tiho internatiotal yacht race in
t- New York flay was inl progress last
-Gladstot:e is sf'rin' ' front luIti
b/ bago, which has coufinefi hitn to his
--Tle Parliaunetaruty elections in
)- Etngland have beent fixed for the 14th
1- (lay of Novemiber next.
--Tie Rtep,ublicans of' Mississippi
,s have concltded nut to intake aty toni
lo nations for State oflicers.
-Secretary Bayard has been in,
>f formed by cable that cholera is preva
'1r lent at Shatighai, Clina.
-A school-slate i'aicorv at Bangor,
d Penn., was burned last week. Loss
c $10,000; insurance $12,000.
-Tie Boston board of health has
of> ordered quarantine against till vessel,
e- from Canada and Newfoundland.
-A )ublitn dispatch says that thc
e- Irish athletic teams have' sailed foi
ad America via Londonder'rv.
n" -Col. J. B. Walton, the well known
,t cottander of the Wamhington A1til.
;lh lery of New Orleans, is (ead(.
" -A local option elect iotn in Milair
county, Lexas, resulted inl titvor 0
ii -Ieavy rains last week did greal
damage to crops in some parts of' Mis
sissippi, especially inl Yazoo county.
re -During a steeple-chase at Coney
1 Island .last week Revenge Fell and
4 broke his neck, crushing his rider to
2a -The Massachusetts Irohithtlo
to State Convention notninated by acela
'n mation Thomas J. Lamhrop, of 'Tann
ton, for Governior.
1'+ -In the Franco-Chinese war, France
ct lost 15,000 Imet and slpent ?43,000,000
while China lost 100,000 men and spent
-The cholera in Spain seens to be
diminishing-the nunmber of deaths pi
It day being less than six hundred, at
the number of new cases less that
c fifteen hundred.
nt --When ofilclal intelligce was rc
mt eived1 at Lima of' Genietral Grant'a
death, the flags on the Governmen
u bldi ,ngs were placed at half mast.
-d -Detectives spirited ex-lan k Presi
Al dent L. lirainetd away from Winne
peir, MaIn., and landed him satfc in the
tc United States. lie is wanted at St
- -The schooner Eric Wa'crce capsized
oil' Long Point, Ott., dulrilg the gal
v- 0on Tuecsday niighit atid MIrs. A cI''herson
e-~ fromi P'ort Ihutw~ell, and Edwvat
t Sttong. a l,assenger, were drowned.
(1. ,-Ollicial and nta,olicial returns froln
2d the third district ot' Arkansas give
1y Mcltae, )ernocrat, f'or Congress aboul
Se five thousand mlajotriIV, double th<
lie majority given the Delmocratic candi
date last November.
e-* -Col . Lainoult says thait the P'resi
es5 detit will tot tinke fta nppoi lntet:
,a fotr the presett. 11c wvill first straight
Ct en up) all tmattlers which htave accentnu
lated in-tingt his atbsetnee. and( wvill thet
ir. pr'oce<I tioi naake 'all neCce's.fary appoinut
lag ients itt a systeatiic manneriCi.
ar -A s pecial f''ina Cantotn, Aliss., say:
k- that ont Wednesdayt~ alt a 'olorled chltle
Leonl Cockri'll, a negro school teatcher
us shot Aatioin War'z, a1 colored dLeaconi
m. whilec theC latter wafs k laeliir wI Vtht tit
es congregattion~ at pra'er. Ofi cer's hiavt
cc gone to art '. the tmurd(1eer.
-Thel Ui'lIted StateSsI (steamer ASwat
nar let e Orleanas ont Saturdaiy
d (oubttles.' th most1152 vatlualae cargo eve:
hei taken f'irotm this por't. At thte (guarian
etine stattion sIte trlanlsferr'ed $2,000,00(
to thae Yanhic.
I, -Win. Batrgard and( his wife Lizzie
tic aiged nti':ten yeat's, antd theirh nineteen
le mfonttI.h(1 dautghter', wer'e in a r'on
a1 boat on IDatiby Creek just otutsidie Phil
13y adellphia oin Thrsa afteirioott, whea
the boat cnasized and( Mr's. Bar'gar
Iht and1( the chaildi we:'e drtownted.
il as. wl'Nsa.Ow's Soflasase M'YtiU' shldi al
[ ways her tas, 'd for chillrea t eelIttg. It. sOOthu:
dia'tahlt, SOftens thle glus, allays' all paln
ii curaes wini aa olie-21 ani a il e b ii est reinaetly to
C. (ilarthoaOx. '1'wentiy-ti'e cents a bttlet.
X;DEA AND BLWD.
HIow an Atlanta Wom1an wva
to M ade to Sec and1( H-ear'.
al AN INTEl'ttE i'NO; STORY.
G'aerge l"ickhol,t I 41 ' M fit' star'aet A\t
lanta, Ga., andat farona hert tw'ni lipas a (onsti
tI 'twn t rporter' lefarnedt thet foatlotwinlg apj
an. patlilag story:
it Neiveal taaonthas age she~ beenmeitt ailmote
toatally talliint ndaa dteaf, attdt ecaubt naot tasti
anthn xieplt, salt. It i'er hoes lieat
th sie ato initnase' laina, haer' jints welt
swtll'ean atal painflat, atiat evenatually hia
whlaelt body an ad linalbs becrame~ coer'ted witl
sp'qlotches' antd small I sin's. ier' auppetiti
fahl ;ad slat grmhm illy tast fttesh andl
t'str'engtha, al aad bualt little tuse of heraself,
a, at.he limbsI aa n< al mauscltes were pearalyzi!l
it Shae, as we'lI aus thera friendtts ande thotse wvit
whomtti slit.hiveil, detslaiired of hera r'ieemery,
lIher sufferim lgs, combiedtt with IiIoss (af har-t
e- itng atitl taste, atnid blaiminess, were' trul 1
a hatrembncacl g.
ii, Alt trheatinenat frtoam phaysicians auaat the
ause (af meit(I 'tis sn'tmami 1powerl'ess tiea
otaistase' was lolti potisn atnd rhetm.atism
As shae litw steemetd wel Il lanharty tltt
at repoirtera askedt what wroulgtt suih at woni
it "I tused a ia'tia'inea r'ea'aalnaterid lay a
fien'ti,"' 'iiat reilitd, '".tatd befture (alit baottle
d hi d bteeni ta ken I biegani ta se and( hetan'.
'he St'(toaand botttle releieed t l hmnticit
h painas aand iinpro'vedl mty Ltapetite. Witen 1
hadai coentedttt the uase of' six botttles my
ei yesighat anid haraing were fually restored,
senase of taiste areatne, all ISlottche's tdisapI'
ul aredal, sart's autIlalaheald, aitit my sit'rangthI
aait Ilesha restoredt I notw feet ats wetl as? I
ever' idt, anmd amy friendts, ats welt as may..
Y self, are astoundated."
''W%haut was theo miediie'" asked thei re
a "Htt.tt iota lo lIan-ll. B. ll.--was the
greaut remed('(y thtat acted so powerfutlly (an
miy disease and cuIred tme. Itnever e'xpe
rlinced alny unt pleasant ;tymton)ls from Its
I use andtt its actIon ts so qick thaft it sur..
'a prises all."
, 'The reporter tl:en soutght fta pysiclan
c whto knew~ thmecase, whereupon Iho handedi~(
us the followtig tines:
"If exainied thte above case of blood
poison111 ad rheumtitsmt, before aind after
SbeIng cui'ed atnd certify to the factLs as
above stated, and munst acknodltedge that
t the B. B. B. effected a most wondecrful
y cure in hts well-known case.
~ [Sgne].'J. P. DR UMGOOL E, M. D)."
Blood Bahn Co., Atlanta, Ga., will mall
Sa 3-paige book free, flled wauith magIcal
r Sold bYall Drugg.sts.
BEST TONIC a
-ao thoppeito and aids th aImilatIonr of fod
*laigused B~ n' in itiers fo iypopsia
mending t hihly. Also consder It a.ipen.didtoenlo
Genulu:haa oveterr and r ssd red lines
IaDma' HAND Boox-uesolu and attractie, con.
taining list of prizes for recipe information about
id t A addr on receipt o ctanp.
C OR DIAL.
Dr. Diggers Huckheerry Cor
dial is the great Souther eimedy fr cring
Diarrle IDyMs ctery, e hrast p -
Cioaic amid ailown'elraolections, nfol restorng
the little one sifleinlg stieh a drainago upon
the svstem from th eeytsst of T iing.
For G ae by all maraggitoe at isc.
a bottle. 8c1wl 2c. ltampi to Waiter A.
Taylor, A tlanta, Gan., for iic ile flook.
Taylor N Cerokee Iteonedy of
SLweet Msu ALt lMaIlelta will eure
i', HA .and Consuuptiou . Prictve, 2c.
conset gie a wa bottle.er mdcie,o
25 Y EA RS IN USE.
The Greatet.Medical Triumph of the Age
SYMPTOMS OF A
the he ad, with a dull sensation in the
back part, Paln under the shoultn er
blade, Fullness aftereating, with a di -
Inclination rt exertion of body or mind,
Irritability dTtem,per, Low spirit., with
a feeling of having neglected some duty,
Wearinesm, Dizzines, Fluttering at the
Teart, Dots before the eyes, Ieadache
ever the rIght eye, oeftessnesu, with
fitgl dream., lighly colored Urie, and
TUTT'S P,LLS are especially adaptol
to such cases, one dose effecta such a
The Ire ase theicl ti,and cauo the
Los tofnapetio Doles thosthve, Pyste in
aourished, and by their 'onsc Ation on
produced. Ice 2. 4 4flfurayti. . .
TUTT'S EXRC ARAAIL
strengthens the weak, repairs the wasteso
the system with pure blood ang, hard muscl;
tones the nervous system, invi orates the
Irain, ani imparts the vigor o tanhood.
OF'FICE 14 MurraySt., New Yorkc.
TROU It F YOU""s as e
1'lOt i:i~~iI)Wua to yourgeintle C
If so, to you we bin gs tidinigs of omi
fort and1( giAat joy. Youi can i
anid restor'ed to perfect hlthb ulsin
It is a spiecial reniu-dy for ahI diseass
geilt wovnani can eure* herself biy liiliwini' 8
the dhirections.. It is e'speeially' ellicacious 8
in (:ises of suipprsed1 iir palinful menlst rua- C
resitores thle Imenisltal funcition)1. As it
reiiiidy to bi uised dur inttrica -
pieriodu known ats "'Ch.ANol-: oi. LIii"' thuis
SAVEBA ir:ER LIFEJ a
1uiit1i, di'INTioir Co., (IA, a
taiken several botitlies oft your Female ii.Iegtu
Jhir for falinig oif thei woiuii andi ot 1er
anid I realy believe I mai 'iuredi iel , .lt
for w hih please. aerplt my heairtft
thantiks antitlimost p'ron'd gru tadje.
kiiiw your miuine~iuu :avid liy life, so) you
Sre I i:annoit speak tooi highly) in i-.s fatvor.
I ha viet oniiinded.. it to several of miy
fieidus who il' ar e u-iig as I was.
'1ur very rSV ~ espiectithi,
Oureti 'iIse oni the "'Illealth antd I appi
ness of W~oimn" miahied fre.
SECSSION lIIC(INS SIPTfIi'lt 2nd,
Uniisurpas Jl in i tie thioronughiness. anld
hIgh ltaiidard oitf Its Literary, Music and1(
A rt I )epai tuuments.
For Cataloigues ahpply to
11EV. W. iR. ATKINSON
Charlotte, N. C.
I'- S.--ersorns receiving catalogues will
take notiee thant the sessio begins a week
soomer than announcedi il-l th atalogue.
A Clear Skin
only a part of beauty;
ut it is a part. Every lady
ay have it ; at least, what
oks like it. Magnolia
talm both freshens and
NEW Al)VEi.R'2ISEMEill J NTb.
VjOSQUliTO -l Agents W"11:14 41
, -Jl to s4,l1 t ho Mnglr.
A1OSQUI'T IC1'1' CUltl;, glveIs instanI,t,
iet, and (rlvis ti.hem away. Aditres
8A1.L1A1l; & 'O., s Mast, 1sth Ht., New York.
Is t.he BFK'' constructed and
Ilinshed'lirbine In the world
,, gives better percenta,gn
wit 1i part or full - 1 . auiu is
;o1t for LESS* M NEY ber
ilorc Power ,an 11ay 01, 11r
Pamphlet, FICKE by
URNHAM BROS., YORK, PA.
stablishled FAY'S 1800.
'snmibles line leather. For ltoors, Outsitlo
Valns, and1 Inl1ido to place of Plaster. Very
rong an( t1m-th)l(e. Carpet s andt lltgs of samno
nterial. 'atalotue vwit.h tsl1mon1al1 and
m l)s FbRE E. W .. il AY & 1.:0., Can
eu, O'. .
AIUMbiA Music x4ousea
WILIL SAVE YOU
'WENTY-F1VE PEi CENT. BY UllY
VhEItY INSTi'UJM1EN 'T' VAIlA N''E)
)ELI VElIE1) AT ANY 1)El'OT Olt
STEA\113OA'' LANDING IN
O o P
VlitlTE'h FOR TIEC1UMS AND PRI1CES
S'ECIA I, 'ERMS FOR SIIO'' TIME
iO)LUMB[A MUSIC HOUSE, 4
'M~ MA IN STPHEETP, CO(LUTM1iIA,' :. C.
F'OflTY-F ItMTN' YEI.f,-...i 1.
'lie I1ell.:;ionsx Wek of' thoa PlJotet.
lnatt Ep,xisop a mhu.
A maagd.tin( ofa Eeael.aslelc Ltelligenia , d1.
ioalna Ialul gauenrat riblling, aual th lar :ge8t
i-al liaost Ilt alttntal weekly In t ite Pa 01est ant,
Ina the New1s4iR Iiparitlenit the energy at
nI l Cu ia'nD ' AN 15s well knowia, anal Its argan a.
IIloa I Vaery colaailele lor' trocurainag news
*lil:h it aelves wlithL reina:arkatl praOlanp).las.
I1'lin.IIat:aNine Ipi artniicten al)hae Con.
lias ini a yearl sulljeh-lat, ria.aling matater to
la he laa(re than i live I 11n booksi~ of 5001 intges
its IIoolt iteview-s are : a oit, fea.
lai1 eraryt. Arit anatl Helent ic Not&- are
)as o,f emaine h a b lil V.
Th'le Cliilren's IE)c artutemnt Is lil uN.
ratedi alni speala:ty elltd foar thea chaildrena
$M.50 a yearin adtvanae, loast, paid. Threo
lliars to CleIrgymnen. Sing a oes~ teaen cents.
ii. II. MA LLOlIIY & (
4y2:n7 LJafatyette Place. New orkc.
LEAC( E INSTITUTE
F"OR YOUNG LAD)IES,
IAalti(fI, NO RTil CA ICOLINA.
11 ALL'i'ElM CO.MM~N'Cits ON
185, an<al closes corre0spon<11 lng time in1' .1
11ne followinlg. A ti vantages for inlstrute
mn ill all the baraanaches usulally tautl' Ihi
astelais SanIinariaes taar Y'o'ting I Ala 10s,
asa.rJmasaal. litihalinag hateai by3 stilam,
al ill overy way as lo a <ilaipmenlt, &c.
'lal to iaay ill thae Soul ha. A fulil corps o
arst-(lass 'i'aechers nlgiage<(l for session
-inmllecinlg laa Sepltembler 'I'ermls as riea
naabIle~1 i as a otiler Inastitiution offeringa
ime aft vaantnga,es. Correspa luaenace sol lait.
i. For catailoguae, !onatainIin g tailt parItiett
rts as t) terms, &a. , mIress0
RE1V. IR. IiUlRWFE LL & SON,
Jnlly 21m1 Prinlcipails, ILilalg, N. C.
~STABISHE) IN 179~3
1BINGH 11 M'S
1.1hcon1y Schaool forPJ'ys In th louth11 Wth
A110LIGI', a ttrst einss GYMNASIUM, and
Itrat-elhass JIATIK I OUNE.
8pecial terlms to young lula or s11ma-las,
'l'hae 1'irrI 'essaon baegins Auaguasl 2:,th,a
1'or Cat aloC u1 aalIras
,July2lL2am IINIIIll At 0o0, N. U.
Zayto n. A crtAin cnre. Not erpensaive. Three
*ad Headache vezaa4r~4(W
P U and 37Vhl I 'YlA IT'1 est,r.d
a t lh, o n wi 'tmnt pai n. BOOK
--- .. WOOLLEr,MP. D., Atlanta,Ga.
fJaE Pay for Agentas. 830f) to #200 pern
-innd miaIc lI*ma in ur dernnel Newmm *3intory
unflflmsaand lthelq i've hut 0 es at 0 laewer i,
Did y ou Sup
ose Mustang Liniment only good
>r horses ? It is for inflamxma.
on of all flesh,