Newspaper Page Text
4QRICULTURA,L DEPARTMENT. s
.e Woney Results of Skilled Culture.
Statistlcal researoh shows that a d
crdde agiculture is not abundanlt in p
product, and that it is com pelled to it
pay high interest on borrowed money. si
A low grade of farming is cursed with a
mortgages and mnild,;ws, with insects fi
and ignorance. Uncertainty brood, s,
over its harvests, and famine decimates o
its people. Famine is unknown in a n
country of advanced agriculture si
though a fourth of its 1.Cople o:aly muay p
be engaged in rural production. On tl
the contrary mil ims famish in India, ti
while most of its people are in agricul- c
thre. It is said that in 1270, in Eng- li
land, ''parents ate their children when p
wheat rose to 336 shillings a quartter ti
at the present value of money." Five it
hundred years ago, when nearly every n
Englishman lived by agriculture, the s,
product only suticed for a home sup- o
ply ; now, with a population of 44-16 to o
the square mile, of which only one in ii
eight is an agricultural worker, six
tenths of all the food regnired for con- t
sumptiont is produced at home, though f
half the Island is occupied for resi- I
dences, pleasure grotiils, and hunting 1
The Latin races of Southern Europe,
slower than the Anglo Saxon in utiliz- t
ing in rural practice the discoveries of s
modern Science, are still making sure f
progress towards a higher and more
profitable agriculture. In Italy lands
are more productive, buildings more i
numerous and convenient, and the c
peasant is better paid and better lodged i
An official commission has recogniz- c
ed the improvement as a measure of
progress in scientific agriculture, and a
mac e the future prosperity of Italy j
dependent upon schools and scientiifle r
This Italian commission declares: a
The experience of all times and of all 1I
places has demonstrated the fact that
purely agricultural countries arc never
rich, even from an agricultural stand
point, while in those countries where T
the arts, indiustries and commere flour
ish private gain creates rural wealth.
Spain is mainly agricultural, yet its 1)
entire value of rural production could P
be purchased with the value of the corn (i
crop of the United States. It is be- Dl
cause the yield is small and the price Of
low. Russia, with labor employed '
principally in agriculture, yieds but 19 b<
bushels of cereals per liend(, while i
Great Britain with sevea-eightlhs of her sc
people employed outsidle of agriculture tI
last year produced i0 bushels of cereals er
for every inhabitant of' the country. as<
In Great BritaIn the yield per acre of el
wheat is28 bushels; in Russia scarcely tI
more than a third as much. This high g
yield has beent attained by science n
applied to agricult.ure. A single indi- b
vidual has given his life and fortuniie s,
to experimental agriculture, and en- d
dowed his experimental firm with the it
income in perpentity from half a mil- it
The averago yield of a country is no P
Indication of the natural fertility of its a
soil. The richest soils of the world tl
under the rude methods of primitive g
agriculture, return low yields. The (
progress of skill and learning is indi
cated by a countrv's average yield. 9
The Statistical Conmission of tihe in- 8
ternational Congress t welve years ago i
made the averaage yield of wheat 12.6 '
bushels in Iiungary, 13.2 in Portugal, t
17.1 in France, 2-4.8 in Ilolland, and,i
29.9 in Great Briltain.
In this country, whore maizo is a
univer'sal crop, the richest dlistr'icts (10 I
not necessarily pr'odulce the largest i
yields per acrme. New Einglanid, wi th C
a soil of' sand( and( gravel, averagedl in
the last five harvests 30.8 bushels per' 1
acre, with good cultinme and t he tuse of 11
fertilizers. T1he NAlissoitri Valler, fat
wvithI the elenienits of maize grow th, 1
p)ieldled at thle rate of' 29.8 btushiels, aiid 2
In the Ohio Valley 2(1 bushmels, while
the M 1IddIe Sttes, withI i muchi aid f'rom hi
experiiental science, caine very~ neariI a
the best western results witih 20.4 e
In seasonis ualvorable to produlct ionl P
the mtoney value of skill and scienIce V
in agriculturec is imm ienselv enhanced. I
it is often remarked thant 'farmers re
ceive as much for a verv smaill eropi asr
a veiry Ilarge one. Ini 1881, 1 , 1 95,00 m- 'l
000t bushels of' corn was w~or'thI $71;o, "
000,000 ; in 1884, 1 ,79J5,000,000) bushels '1
were valuedl at, $ti141,000,000; a small e
erop) was wor'th 63.6 cents Per' bushela
a latrgeir otne 35i.7 cents. Nevertheless c
ther'e Is disaster' in a smiall cr'op. Th'le 3
fiailur'e is uineqtual ly (list ribute<d. Th'le c
few adlvanlced farmer's gr'ow neatly
full cr'ops, ii reCceive lariger' rCeenue's
tihan usual ; and many unskilled and1( 1
ciareless suthl'r disastrous reduhiction of' e
yield and (quality, and( f'ail to tmake a
rctturn for seedl and( labor. Given un..
-- - scientifie agri cultur'e, wvith ana im- e
anlspiins sealson, iand the poor1 may1 I
1row poore whlile the scienlili,
fainter in the samne year mayi~ gr'ow
Thie conitrasts ini prtesent priodutctio,n
atid pr'ofit ofagiricultunre ar'e stuflicienmtly I1
str'ik ing. liuit thle priesent 1 will soont lie a
p)ast. We aire con fr'onted withI a futurie a
full of' possibilities as o1' danlgers ad
(diflicult-ies. Ex peimenit, skill, scienace '
applied to industry can onmly atverlt thle e
latter'. Fifteen year's ago 417 1)er ceiit.
of' our1 people wer'e emtployed in i
cultur'e; fIve yealrs ago 41 pea' cntt
to-day perbIa >s 42. We IIind ini all
nations in wI ich maore thainl a lie
1a1,oirers are in agr'ictultre ar'e comlpar. a
atively pool', andl1l thei'alI proceses a
are.pr'imive, their imlemenacits 'atde, v
their r'ate of prtodutction.low. W"e findl I
that in theo highest deCvelopmnent ot I
agr'iculture, 20 er' Cent., or' 25T at mocst,
ca.n furi'sh foou for' all. In ihis cottnn
tr'y allowving f'oi surplus pr'odutction,
40 pea' centt., can r'eadily' mneet the
d1emnand of' honme consulition, and :3:3
1)er cena., will prlobably do it,il h I
not far disfanit futur'e,~ leaii t I
thairds to produccotheri ft'~ofv(i
With increase of' permmaent wealthli
there will comic demands for' luxit--es
of' lIving whIch will add to the proel 0t
the far'mer. As the facilities f'or pr'o
ducetloiocrease. ,'o danger' fr'om ain
unscien'Ilc, priiGnl', reut iine agi
cultturo is gr'eat excess in certain cr'ops
that have~ beeni c'altivated fr'om th
earliest days with little Jabor'.Ared
our wheat has. encountered the lowest
markets in a century in Grecat Br'itaini.
The piresent prilce of wheat in LIvu'
pool is to day lower' thani in the thir
toeenth to flacenithi centuies. 'I hao
known a crop of' cotton to sell -~
*40,00 000 less thtan the proceding
crop 1,dOO000 bales smaller.
Our agricultureo is. too muclh con
trol led by accident or capr'Ice. Free
- rairie lands, inproved reapers and
t otongin, laryand a t
desandune more made the ,:
orain gsppesfrmant E
40 sgrowing cotton.a
1nipsion of barley is imported. We
o not grow even the cereals requaired.
Wo boast of our exports of proiucts
fagriculture. We foolishly talk of
eding the nations of the world. We
J not feed ourselves. In 1883 we
tid $240,000,000 for food and drink a
aported, and the freights, commis. (
on1, and custom dtiies inl addition;
ad our food exports, at pwices on thet
trm) an)d in the packin.g houses,
~arcely suffleed1 to pay the b)ills of cost s i
such imports. A large item of this 1
as sugar. Thirty years ago halt the
i~r used in the United States was
roduced in Louisiana. It is poscible (
I:at. Itopean ii lagrirciL1ture call b I
treatened with par'nlysis by Amnericani
:lnpetition, and that thli countlry Call- I
ot prodlic(e Sugar on account of Euro
c8ll colpetition? Less than a cenl- I
Iry ago it, cost. ti1 a pon11(1 to produce i
there; nIow 3 cents. Wlile we (1o 1
of expect to nolifacture it f'rom l
rghiunn at, a cost ofonl' cent per p)Ilnd
r flood the narkets of the woarld wit h
ur Surplus of p-'oduction inl live years, I
is fair to prestuinie that the great
roducing country of the world will
liitnatelv obtain much of its sugar
0oin sorghunlII. The caine reg.ions of
0uisialua, Floidat tiul TexaS, by tlc
idl of some process which sliali not
llow a waste of .10 per (cent., o' nnuex
ressed sugar, shonhd aid materially inl
be home Supply form the w,ants of' co
tlnption. The trouble with o111
m'iecrs, wit ih all their ieergy atal
ash, is ia dislike for new nethodls,
II adherenllce to routinte, and 1111pat ieceC
i waiting for results. '1'hey will ex
hanllge sheep for hogs, or riec verwa,
ila twiniklin g, as prices Veer, )u1t will
ot experimient for the tilt imatc stccess
f new rural ilidlist ries. Bunt the
o'SpCIous hrmler slioild cultivate a
eneoIIS public spir"it, its well as a
lndable esp'it de corps, and take some
sk in intelligent experiment that
romlises beneficent result to his class
ill advance of the public veltire.
cporl q/' Department o/' A!lriculture.
TIUE GIROWING CROPS.
l Monthly Report of (hu National De
partlunt of Agriculturo.
''h1e September cotton report of the
epartmnent of Agrieniture Shows a
-evalence of hot and (1r% weather i
Iring August, except. in 'Louiisiania,
ississippi and Florida. A shedding
bolls and decrease of' vit alitv have I
sulted tiuite generally. DIroglght has
en Serious ill 'T'exaS and Arkansas
Id quite general in western Tenunes
e, southern AlalI:Ina, Georgia and
e Carolinias. The caterpillar has
used nuch damage in southern Tex,
Arkansas anul in ctral and south
n Alabama. Its prevalence is noted
roughout cenatral and southerl Gcor
a with small elect as vet. 'Tle boll
o'iml is ealsin1g much dauaa're int the
lack belt of Alalnai1: and in Arkan
is and Texas. The con<lition has
t CliC( inl !el'V State. h'le ave':1!te
87 against 164 inl A(lgIst. Last year'
was 82 in Septeinler and 87 inl Au
ust. The preseltt average is two
oints average above the September
verage of 10 years. The figures for
le several States are as follows: Vir
inia 88, North Carolinoaa .U, South
trolina 88, G;Cor'gia 9 1, Florida lIO,
lhbama 8, \lississl ppi 89, Louisiana
0, ''xas 82, Arkansas 83, 'T'eunnssee
7. (iueeallv tlbe planlts are vigoouts,
Itad capable, with favorable antunin
eather, of ample growth anad boll
evelopmu.e it. i the (listricts l,lost
afested withI cottona wormais th laosis is
rrIepar'able ati still thlreateiing.
Thec conadi tiona of'l spring wheaat has
'ieeni itanpairedl since thla1t. of Augtl~I
nI thae Northwest, tIle dlistrict (of prin
ip)al priodutlioni. Ilfeavy rainis were
illowedl 1by X xtrete haeat hiet wenl thla
st ad iaie of' Augiust, *inst before
arvest , shraivelinLr lhe gr'ai'n :aand caas.
ag ru1st. Ileca vy w ini stoarins Ipros~
.'ated aand inuj au-ed harige arleas. Ini
lubraska ther'Ie is sinea 'ompIllainat of
taut andlh a little l)akota. Chainach bugs'
aIve dlone somae d:a aiage ina \yi acoalsi I
aad Minnes1ot0 a. The a' injuryi was grea -
ri Auagust thana ill July. Thle av~er'
t,res are: Wisconitsina 77, at loss (of 8
0o1nts; M inneasota 78, a loss of' 5
ainits ; D)akota 96, a loss of -I ploints;
>wva 88, a loss of' 7 laeiat s. Nuorthr I |a'
:cw Enaghuill, Coloradlo aind thea 'Ter-"
tories are naear'ly oar a1uite upl to ini.
lae genaer'al atven:a'e fo all spr'ita
'heat is Nt;4, againafli5 ini August.,
'la cr'op of lust was I156,0001,001(0 baasha
Is. Itturnias of' witerua wheaat are
Iinaost idetticalI ill lasulIts withI t hose
t Jualy. Th'lere is a slight aidvanace in
Ilalbgana, Te'x as, MIarivhatld and1( some a
thera States andal a 1 i Int or' two of'
OCeease ill several. 'lThe genercal
ver'age is t;., '~ againiast t;5 in daI .I
.xcepat as thae restult of threshuiang inaa
hlange priesentt e'xpec'tationas thea winater
'lhuat ariea 11:3 nay be yhteed( at 217,(tttO
(00 b,usheuls and the remn:aiing ariea
bolti t I 3f,t I00(,1 00t. It t lae in hjur ies re
or'tedl ill thle stock sh ou ld Iprove to be
T'eater thfan is alt prlesenat alplial'tt a
L'w lalillionas of aedauf iont imighit still
TheIa condcit ion of lornI still (colit iaanes
igha, rangling froma 9(n to lI00 ian State
v'erages. The11 ge nnl aven'ige is 95.)
gai nst 9G ill AuLguast. It wva's l as t v em
I ini Septeainberd. I'I'(sts( hav e wrlo 'iht
elr' lit tle inajuray anda will lbe capale
t' littflu itf deferried ten days3. Thie
rospect is stilt thvoi'abhle f'oi- a carop
lighatly aboveo ant aveage.
Whlat Dio the D)ruaggist Suay?
Theyo~ k nowi what flue peoplo call f'oa'
und theay haear whaii,t thei r Ipatraona sa
s to whaethaer the mledhicineos thIer '~
orkl wvell oh' not1. Alaritel &I,'. ,J(fmlsoal
itter's gives ent ir, siatisfactioni to ourl'
ordua, li, l,says,5 ''\e se,l laami'
r'owna's Iaroa liitters thana all theraas
'abineld."' L. I10. laekhe v & SoInI
Viuaonla, Alinnu., say,~ "Ali our' cIl
>lner's spe1ak hiigl o(f Iilrown 's 11ron
itters."' A. C. \\'hitan, ducaaksoa
iu.ma., say3s, "abiiown's li.otn lifitters is
ivintg goodi sattisfact ionl to( uhai aserU5(ls."
'he are onily a tew. \\' have haana
tedls [more jilst its good. *
Unveiling oft thet Perry3 Stat ue.
'Thae statue of Commiodor'e Oliver
InzLaa i Perrv wvas unaveiled at Newi
ort 1L I., last wveek, wvith unuatmal
iomap andiu cer'emony, iln the0 praesence
fa very distinguaishecd g:t aheinua. Th'Ie
aite was unaveiled by3 a'rs. J'afarg'$
ri as. Ppprgrdduheso
ommodoe Pery, atnd thae fag camne
h)wn expiosing thec monumntalatl bronze
.o the pulbbie gaze amid enathunsiastic
apjl1ause. Senator Blhier', of South
)arouina, madtIe a speech at th aqe
vhlch followed t he unveiling.
-8oenator' Z. II. Vance has built a
no redene out amnong the mnoun
binse in Buncombe counlty, wichje hte
alls (Geminton. The othert day the
oanator wvent bear hauntliag and killed
very Iargo beat and broulght the
cad animal haomo on1 his horse. TAhae
enator's repv.tation is now Ostablishied
s a bear hunter.
A TERIIJIILE TOIiNADO.
Wild %Vork of tlo winte 1a Ohio-1)
structiont of'rop,rty, untl Lous of Life.
nCNaINNAT", Septelber 9. -- 'Th
7miercial Gazetle Ih:as teleg rapli
[dvices from Washingtot Court I loust
)hio, thast a terni tic cvclono tasse
ver that neigllborhoo I last iniglh
loinlg great datnitage to properlv.
umblher o' lives were lo.t;. A Bloon
ngi-rg special to the sane pape
t Is that ilmt town is ill ruins. Owin
n the condition of the tcle_ raphI wirc
et)ail. caninot be given. A violet
lectrical disturbance was -eenl to th
othl fr"otl (;iucinnati last nigh
itbou i the stormt here was nuot ver
Most, altiiitig relorts are curreil
egarding the lu-s Of lite and p)rop)ert
it Washington C. ii. Ilelp was Sel
o eI tile famlilies. At P'lain C;it'
ightcenl uliles f'roml this city .t ca
iw-e t:uclory and 1111l wvere " dtniolishc
und ulter h)uildings nuro-l'etl. Tlh
>lace i on a tiilct. line to the nil
>f Washington C. II., andl all aloll
outh to (he Ohio river the trail <
lcstlruction is reported il like man tie
A special Ifrotl Springfielh says
errible ryclone struck Wash1ii'te
it eight o'clock list evening am1i alt)
literally swept it frolln the earth.
-ati i ron the northwest adl ltibo4
11)1)on the town very sudhdenly, carr:
inlg everything beloire it. 'I 'ltornta<
wiirle uitp Cou it. street, the mai
l)iine.s Ihoroughtare, and ruinc
thnost ever' business block (,n it
least Forty or lifly inl all. hardly
private residence ill the town escape<
Ill.v lo ut hundred buillings in a
.()ing(; lown. The Presb yterian at
lUatholic chnrilics sutcred a cortmmc
.ate. The Olio Southern, 'all: IIn(ll
Varrowy Gauge andI([ Midland railrol
lepots were blown into smitherecu
id every buihiing ini the vicinity wi
;airric< away, iaklng ingress or egre!
thlost iipossihle. ESvery wire withi
t circuit of two miles is down. i
)ol r5 received of the catastrophe at
rom a telegraph operator, who talp)pc
tie wire two miles west of tho low
mld sat in a heavy 1'ainl storm al
vorked his instrumnents.
The paiiie-strickeii people were takc
oilpletely unaware, and tiled from tL
umbhling buifh lngs inl every directioi
Iirou!gh 11111rky (ar"kness. A mn:
renizy seemtie<l to seize Ihem, and It
nr'rie<d hither and thither in hbo
vihl distraclion, little knowing whill
ri" they w"erc f leeing. After the whirt
vild, which lasted about. tel minute
t heavy rain tifa set in which continut
inahated dourin g the iiight. As Sot
L,; t few of the cooler heotis recover(
heir senses searching parties were o
,aniized and the sal work of lookii
for the dead began. So far liie<
b)olieS have 1beei recovered flrom i
Ltetris of various rtinted buildilgs, l
the drleary work is just beginnuiing
get unndcr way. It is probable
maiiv Imure will b lie t l. The i ril
ier of lanterlS procured t1r0111 'Ca
houses ill the vicinity, and from I
Few houses left standiIng, was the on
light they had to work h'. Two
three bodies were stumlled 11)011
the middle o' the street, where th
werie stricken down by tlying bri
'lhe cellars of houscs anit every s(
of rel'fge were filled with shiveri
people hu(Idlin!_ logether" in vain eill
to keep wm-mn"111. One baby il tie iir
has <died til exposure.
C ''(tllyI tin'e i Ie ersons w.
lIe~por't frlIoml various OS> art.s of O'N
andh lmlianatI show thawt the stort:ni wi
sev,eral ihousandt 1101h Iis' <l-i:in--!e. TI
finel. br'ick resitdenice of' Mr t. ltatzeli
was par1tlyv <iemtio Ilshd, aind hlis s,
Sh>ithI's haouse was tor frIIn t'a)ts Itahu
tdatiion s uItni ainumbIer tat other!isa
r.oo)leil r-cattIerinig < teath1 allti ldestrIu
ti olln~C' everywere. Fori eight loi
luies thted I i'a rou worik w,eint o
Mt isic hall wa'Is itlte< ith peIo1i:
attenillinig the Salvationi Army~ mleetii
ai as a ' pot)1tiota (of th rl!oof andit ceiulii
fliell i a disaistr'ous panlic aimit statupie
wa pr'evet'led withI tie greatest <lii
CIl.iv. A lionig the intcitlenlts 1)1'
disaster' was tilhblowinlg of' i theiou
oft WI. SharipI enItirely to) pieces ail oI
tot sighit The' ccpn.1wr r
pIed acrloss thie str'ee t, withi 11 only MI
Sharp severeilv brui Sell, o ter's flai
ai vessel struick til tite hioirbor pier
I'To liivelrS, MIicth., all w~enit to pai!c<
It. is suppilosed that11 tIle cro1w o'si x Il
D)i:TuolTt, Septembder 10.--I1 epoi,
reiv'ed frotInI the sotlientsternIl part.L
tilt Staite give fm- lthler pt)ilar IIs
TuI estday's st orm . Iilhaiigs wI
wre'IcIktd, or'chards lid wasi e, hil
swaths madeithe wodi ad<m
donle.. On )tihe titrm ol ( ; (orge Sont
lyiing ill the (ourlste 0of tihl stormi, I
hie:ai oft stock are mlissinig. llis r'e
Idl'I ce waIs wreIcked andia its cointel
St'atteed t) till windts.
retgar'd to tile cyclone ait Washlingt
C>ourt Ilouise. I le says ill has n10n11
liilluakes an1 earntest appuieal to
11101 Sieeeping C ar* C ompanily salvs - Th
ol IDr. lIiggers conlihl leavei lno bell
tgaicy lIluin his Soirro:us Ii:i.:iy I
tlit. rlirc II i.:s ' S t:T i .s N )V Ii :I .:iv fIl
thIe relstoationi of' the littl hltns vho:
wa'teInI is Suilliniig such ai dra'insli
( ents. A\sk yourI dl'rgist lor thiemi.
---Thel!Vt veerale, 1and1 hv~ som) sti
v'eiely ,Jliffrsoni h)avis, inicideta
ly inienlt ionaed (is ont I f It Ihe result s oif
restorled Uiiont, Itiat hie expects to ga
Iinli.hnn< s I;ed balles of1 cotto from hlIIii
mIIorms1l anl interlv iewe WthaItoi he has n
iCesire to falk about the wari--priobbil
1eferiniig to leave that lanicient histor
to John Sther'man.
A D)octor's~ Woest.
CII AwF~ORny'n',LR., (IA., dlime 11, 188~
F.;i tenl y'ears I have been(5 su'iig wyil
a111ltphysidans preciptionsu faled'I to gli
Flef. Lalst summelr I cotmmleniced to mi
. 11. It., andl experienlcedl partIal relIef bh
fere uig 911 lte ole. I conltIlnued Its u<
andI gildly 'on1fess that It is the hest auI
qikkest nil!eicin for tlceumatism I has
yeol tr i aigd'I cheerfully r!commenId
* J. W. RIIODBS, A. M., M. D.
THE NEWS OF TUE STATE.
V- Sulamo of tlto Latest Sayine( anl Doings In
c --1log clolora prevails to a con
c siderale extent in Marion counltv.
a --owpens has three brides, aged
respectively 13, 14 and l5 years.
-li 1e,ry Ierry, a colredc preacher,
lost his hand in a cotton gi1 at Rock
-larshal IIanuliltoni, colored, was
s sUflontedat by foul air in a well in York
t county last week.
e -Work is progres'ng oI (le foun
I, dattion of the C;albottn unontnent in
y Matrion Squarc, Uhaurleston.
--Mr. II. N. Idln, of the Daily
It iOe?(d, his bccn (duly installed as anI
at(raiiman of (olItubia.
It _--11. I'. laye., Jr., has been) ap
'adt 1iiial Ilost nast er at M ayesville, Sum
I -Ihus fatr about one hnudred bales
b ofcotton have been shipped fromii the
>' -A public meetinig inl the cause of
r. of ecineation was held at Lancaster
at C'orn-thouse on Mtoucday night..
-''he AIbbevil!e IIigh school opencd
on Monday With the promnisc of a suc
t cess'atl sesslon.
C -Jcre. Williams, Colored, fell out of
a a boal in Idisto itiver, inear" Orange
1 burg, hast week and was drowned.
d -Mr. Jul'a I A. Sally of Orange
it burg, wyit I his double-barrel, downed
a two bucks that attempted to pass himn.
I, -An agricultural society has been
ii org:niized in 'ialterboro' of which
( Col. U. S. iedo, was elected presi
-The 100th anniversary of Plum
Iranch Church, Edgetleld county, will
be celebrated on 'Tuesdav, October
i -At the close of the fiscal year, there
will be a surplus in lie-treasur of the
'e State Iunatic asylum. There are 604
i, -M Ir. IL 1. Lowry', of York, has at
cl double-headed king snake, which lie
killed in the road before discovering
n its siigularity.
C -M r. W. A. Carncs, of Lancaster,
t, recently had about. sixty feet square of
(1 a patch of cottoi collletely killed by
-Charleston, Columbia and Green
vile are the oinly places in South Car
olii.a which comte under the tenl cent
unuiate lctter delivery systein.
1 -The subs(.ribers to the telephone
'd exchatngc iii (. olunibia are indignant
r- at. a threatened increase of rates from
, $50 to $'J0 a ycar.
Ml -Froin 225 to 275 hands have been
ic working on the Columbia Cana-ul for
id the last month. 'tIe work is reported
to as progressing satirfactorily.
as -Ir. It. S. (Galloway hls one of the
1,- laugest brick kilus eveir bn11 ini Abbe
in ville couity. 'T'lhere are 12(1,00() bricks
lhe if, it, and it has sixteen eyes.
-The board of councilien ot New
oi berry have passed an ordinance -
utin flat all birtlhs and detths that
occur . that towi shall be registered.
-The ear1in1g;s of the Cheraw and
lC'heste'r Itailro adclw 6 he mnonth ol'Julv
o, 1885, alnount to 1,5)18 08, ial increase
rl of $1;6 90 over the receipts (oit the
ls saie mionth Iast Vear.
-There is a )ofill- latdy ini Orange
rec brg whlo runlS a1 fariii ttn makes
ill (roIn thirt y to t.vt y blesC~ oft cot.ton a
year, bes5ide not her crops5. She doesn't
10i watt to mar112 ry, ho,wCeer.
li -A luu-t. of youngij ilCen paidl Dr.
e- Ganttt $10 for thle prlivileue oIf (:Lttiin
heC <bit f 01one of his fish ptondts neOt.
i:Aiken and caughit ontlv iieteein suck
iger-. TJhis is tru fis'h 111storv.
li _ ri. Ileniry George, w 11( resioles
intear Ca'rter-'s Postlice, Colletoi coiii.
ty ', Pneked at peach fromt dne ofi t rees
1nensur11iing (eni incites ini circtnifereiice
:.. and fouir inlches~ ini di aineterc.
e. - lTe teephoie c~ompanlly hats giveni
n,. not11ee to thewir s Ubscr 'ier iln New~Vbeiry
tha t thit exchanige ill thatt towni will b'e
eclos( oh on thle 2-IthI otf October, as (lie
buiness fails to 1payC epeses.
ig- -- Capt. K. G. l illm!s, of Laincaster,
le. sat Idow on aiOl1 sinake suo;OsIing it to be
h- sturiti;, got uip hurrtied 1ly anid made
iheI tcks hiomieward, whieii biestratddled a
se yel low-jatcket's niest, but got awayil)
lit wtithut serious illjuIry.
I' -Jodeph A. Mc Lachiern hais- eight
fl-. acrs (a1 in ill pond) of thie fi nest rice
ig Cvei .sen ini Maion counlty. It wili
>e tavera!.;e si x feet high, is w'elI headed,
and1 good juidges estimate thant it will
yield fromil 801 to 100 bushelus per aere.
C- -A yotung manOi namlied 1. P. lloyd,
at em ployed as ia trin hanitid on a frieight
atl trini oni tihe SouthI Carcolilna IRail way,
's. fell 1bit weeii thle cars near lI ranch ivi I~Ic
enI last Tuesdays mv orin ig and1( was 11 unt
over antd inistaiitly killed.
'(5 -Judge FKershiaw, ill his chairge to
of, the graiid jutry ini Elgetieldl, directed
of at tenuti oi to (li elstoin autonhg trial
e jusI ics (If comlpromuisinig eases5 of' lair
c eiiy. Such action is uliawVful antd
e i nwise in policy
- -A metinlg of' the cit izens of Cal -
h ,lio rd 10iteautix anid Maignolia towin
shtips, wIas held oni Satur'day at Moitm
Car(Itmel, Abbev'ille coutv~, ~ ti fo ihe
pur01pose' of' ask inig thie hiuv'ers of seed
co ottn to desist firoimi thIi' bulsinies.s.
a kilIted at stange bird tmiioig It flock of'
.m. InI geoii turned0( loose in I >ensauco)Ila
hie F'lorida:, anid boumIi for' 78 Coturz tandt
ey street , Ne York.
-1 )eput y Shteri Ii1 lies, of Edge.
field, antd a cotnstatble wIentt to m-r'ies ia
niegro inined lolmies ttem- 'T-ent oin
II- when't the latteir fired ot them rom a111I
at fle Id. TheI oficer's return ced (lie firue,
Ii mal4 side, when'i hie quliet ly subm)iii tei
Is -Johni Mli', oft l42ancaster', hias (oi
:tl 'xhtibitioni .aii egg which uinesureisC 84
U i nichles mi cirienfierenuce onie way anid
d ;6 inichies (lie (Ithler. Tbchi egg wveighis
e i oun iches, w ichel is juist onie-twel ft hi
e( ais mutch as thie hie w~teighis t hat iid
andt( M!cChaiftIcal SicietyI ha:ve decided
to hol a fatir iat Watlhlla (oi TIhiursdaty
at(le 29thI, an ud Firidaty thte 310th, of Octo
1)her. I1n d)csquece,C of the lattenoss
of, (lie seasoni, no premniumts will be
fofred, but1 dilplomlas wvill be awarded
fo uiis akinig the best exhibits.
--nSunday nighit, (lie 30thi uit., ini
Carjfl'michael T.ownsipit, Mar~iioni county,
~Jeff Floyd and Hlaynes McKay,
unegroes, <luiarreled at the house of the
for'mer ov'er thec breaiking of a key in
an accor'deon which McKay had lent
to Floyd1. McKay cur'sed Floyd, wvheni
s~ the latter' wenit for his platol. Returni
'e mng he fIrued at McKay twice, the fir'st
a shot st.rIking him in the arm. McKay
-thien ar'ose to apologize to Floyd, but
0before he could do so Floyd fired again,
ethIs time atrikelng McKay in the abdo
t men, whIch shot produced death on
the following day. The mEurderer
escaped into Norh CwalinaL
GENERAL NEWS ITEMS.
Facts of Idter.Nt, (lathered from Various
-The difilcnlty between Germany
and 8pain is not yet adjusted.
-Thie smllall-pox in Montreal con
tinues with little abaternent.
-A Philadelphia mian has invented
itt;pring motor to rin sowing-machines.
-Alftred Tennvson will soon publisl
llcv book of' poems. "Give us a
-'1'he international yacht race in
Noe York Bay was in progress last
-(ladstoine is snlfleri,r from1 luin
bago, which has confineI hin to his
--The Parli:nneltary elections i
14"glanl have been fixed for the 14th
Ilay of Novemnber next.
-'1'he liepublic-nis of Mississippi
have concluided not to Inake any n,oni
nations for State ofilcers.
-Secretary Bayari has been in
fortned by cable that cholera is preva
lent at Shanghai, China.
-A school-slate fictorv at Iiangor,
Penn., was burned last week. Loss
$10,000; insurance $12,000.
-The Boston board of health has
ordered quarantine against all vessels
fromt Canada and Newfoundland.
-A 1)ublinl dispatch says that the
Irish athletic teais have siled for
Atmerica via Londonderry.
-Col.J. B. Walton, the well knowa
comnnander of the Wtalhington A-til
lery of New Orleans, is (ead.
-A local option election in Milalm
county, Lexas, resulte<l in f'avor of
-Heavy rainls last week did great
damage to crops in sonme parts of Mis
sissippi, especially in Yazoo county.
-I)uring a steeple-chase at Coney
Island last week Revenge f'ell and
broke his neck, crushing his rider to
-The Massachusetts Prohibition
State Convenition noininated by acela
matioi Thomas J. Lathbrop, of Taunn
ton, for Governlor.
-In the Franco-Chiuese war, France
lost 1;5,000 Inlen anid spent ?43,000,000 -
while China lost 100,000 men and spent
-.The cholera in Spain seems to be
diminishing-the nuniber of deaths per
day being less than six hundred, and
the number of new cases less than
-When official intelligence was re
ceived at Lina ot Geleral Grant's
death, the flags on the Governtnent
buildin,gs were placed at half mast.
--Detectives spirited ex-B:nk Presi
dent. L. Brainerd away from Winlne
peg., Mlan., anld landed hinm safc in the
United Stales. lie is wanted at St.
-The schooner Eric W'arc capsized
oil' Long I'oint, Ont., duing tlie gale
on l'uesday night an< Iirs. AtlPherson
froin Port tiurwell, and Edward
Strong. i passenger, were drowned.
-Oflicial and nl,oficial returns from
tie ti lrd (liStrict of Arkansas give
AMciae, Democrat, for (ongress about
five thousaniid Dinajori:V, ulonble the
miajority given tle Democratic candi
date last November.
-Col. Lalont says 11hat1 tilie Presi
<lent wvill ntot. muake anyv aplpoinitinents
for thle 1presenit. tie will fi rst stramight
en up' all mnatters wIhichi have accumun
lat ed di uing his ab)senlce. andil wvill thlen
1p'ouce< to miake alt nIiecessary appoint,
lients5i D i aV systat ic tannDier.
- -A s-pecial f'rom, Catoni, Miss., says
that On V Wden lay att a colored chuiirchi
Leon C ockrill, a tnegio school teacher,
shot Aarion Wairz, a colored ldeacont
while (lie latter was knieeliii.tvwith the
conigregationt at prayer. Oflicers have
gone to a:irr'est tuih u mrderer.
-Thte United States steatmer Swat.
ara left New Orlenis oDD Saturday.
She Ihas oDD board $i0,.t00,000O in DSilver
dIoubitless- thle most valuable cargo ever
takent fronm this hport. At the qunaran
tinie stationi site tranDsferredl $2,900,000
to the .Tantic.
-Wmt. Bargard and his wife Lizzie,
aged ninetteen yearis, aind their inteteen.
mnouths old1 daulghter, were ini a row
boat out Da:rby Creek just outs-i<e PhilI
adt elphia onm Thumrsday aft1erinooin, w hen
the boat capsized andi Mrs. Bargardl
anid the child were drownedu.
^1uliE 1( .li'itilitis.
Miis. wlNsst.0w's SooTr-(INlu t'vee sholtt iii
way11s he~ uisut for chiitirenu4e ithing. it, soot.hes
the (ild, softens the. gums, alliays all paint
cnnres wvinit COlle. itl t18 the beist, renluy rr
<ttaIrh(e.i. Tw~enty-fivc cents a bot.tle.
DAM AND BLfND.
How an Atlanta Womtant wafs
Madle to See andi( Hear.
AN INTEh'Im'STING STOR)1Y.
(George Fiukhnotit, 41 Me.s fit st reet,, A t.
lanta, Gai., anaul tirtnt her Itw'n tijs a (Consuti
tutIw) re potter tearnied the folIow-in g *tp.
Seveiral tuonth.t aigo shin heranie ailuiost.
tottilly bltindt alal deaf, aniuth noti t t taste
anuytltin,c e\(ejt salt, ier honeis brcattne
the~ seat oft intense patin, her- joints were
swtllen aiti paintiu;, ando eentually her
whle' h:aly ial linibs becaimee(nveredt with
sltceis :idi sima:ll sitres. tier appelttite
failed, amii sihe grduali1lly tet tlesh tad
strengt hi, atnd had tbut Ihttlie use ot hterself
ats her litihs amn itmuscles wire piarahy-/cut
Sihe, as well a s heri friendts ando those ithi
whom tni-li hvedl, dlespired oft her iecover-y.
Heri suillerit gs, combttiined with lo ss otf Iheat
inig attuI liste, a utl liilIness, were truiy
use oIf tieiineits stieeme po(werless. I Iu*r
dtisi-ase was bloo i,iaston and trheiuimatsit
As shi e now seemtd weull andi htearity tin
report er as-ked whlat wrouttghitsutch a won..
fiendi,"' shle repli, '.-aii biefotre tine btottle
hid bi eeni takent I began lto sic anid hear.
'te secotii bttlte rel ievedl alt rhtemlnatic
pinls andui itnprotvedl myi apttetite.. Wheni I
I tal itointeditit the use of six boittles my
eyesigt a utt hecaing wvere fully res torecd,
Sentse o ta s-ti returnied ,all splotches dIisa-tit
jta-red, sotres alt heated, anid my s-t renigthI
ai l ieshl restoriedt 1 no(w feel as wetll as I
ever- didi, andt~ mDy fiiis, as wvell ais mDy
self, arie astouried."
"WhVIat was thle tmedichite?"' asked the re
great remiedy that acted sot powerfiull, (on
iy disease andi cured mte. I never e pe
rieniced any unapleasanit ;symipt<tnns fram It-s
Duse, andi Its aetion Is so quick that st suir
'rhe reporter tl'en sought a *,hysisclan
who know the case, whereupon Ito hianded
its the followinig lines:
"I exatminied thet above ease of blood
poison antd rheumatism, btefore andl after
oing cured anid certify to t le facts its
tbove state~d, anid must ackno' ledge that
3he B. B. 11. effected a mtost wondoerful
utre ini this well-known case.
'J. P. D)RUMGOOLE, M. D)."
Blood Balm Co., Atlanta, (a., willl mal
i 32-page book free, filled 'wth magicalI
Sold by ll Druggfsts.
neWc t d dIf
for Iapid aoli s tem, to wirew.t the way
BEST TONIC. '
uickly and completely Cure I)ysepsla in all
itf foms,lloartburn, Jlelching T u tiu'j the
tahod, e t enriches and urit esae blood, stimu.
seheiilation of food
KstRo J T. frm0esrr in,rc heB lonored pator sof: the
"llaving used Brown'e Iron j .ere for iypopsia
and Indigeeti I take great pleasure in recon
mendinglit hgh Also consider it a splendid tonio
and invigorator and very strengthening.,
Genuine has above trade mark and crosed red lines
en wrapper Take no other. Made only by
l; tew-N 4IuM0ALv c HALTIM01tit MD.
LnteX' Hair BOOR-uselul and attractive, con.
taining list of prizes for recipes information about
coins, eto~, given away by all deapes in medicine, or
mailed to any address on recnipt of 2c. stamp.
BOWEL AND CHILDREN TEETRI
Dr. Itiggers' Huckleberry Corm
dial is tho great Southern remedy forcuring
Diarritm, I)ysctttery, tranp.
Colic and( all howel affections, ann(l restoring
the little one sufferitg such a drainago upon
the svstcm from the effects of 'rTEritIAa.
For te by all tlrtlggist+. at 50c.
a bottle. Seni 2c. stamp to Walter A.
Taylor, Atlantaa, Ga., for lnithlle Tlook.
Taylor's (herokee Itetttedy of
Sweet Gsun amid italtileit will curo
Con hs, Crup anL Consumption. Price,25c.
antd 1 a bottle.
25 YEARS IN USE.
The GreateIt"Medical Triumph of the Age!
SYMPTOMS OF A
Leoss of appetite, Dowels costive, Pain in
the head, with a dull sensation in the
back part, Pain under the Shoulder.
blade, Fullness after eating, with a dis
inclination tQ exertion of body or mind,
Irritabilityditemper, Low spirits, with
a feeling of having neglected some duty,
Weariness, Dizziness, Fluttering at the
IIeart, Dlot. before the eyes, iIcadache
ever the rIght eye, Itestlessness, with
fitful dreamus, highly colored Urine, and
-TUTT'S PULLS aro especially adapted
to such cases, one dose effects such a
Thy tonTaease the petit,and cause the
nrishedand by thei r SIonic Actiona on
producc(d. riceJit. 4M~ ray St N.Y.
TUTT'S EXTRACT SARSAPARILLA
strengthens the weak, repairs the wastes o
the system with puire blood and hiard msclo;
tones the nervous system, invigorates the
brain, and imparts tihe vigor of inaanhood.
$1. * 0ol)y druggists.
OFFI(CE 414 Murray St., New York.
T ROU BL E D) "W""'"nite
If so, to youi we' brinigs tiingI!S of Coml
fort andt great joy. You2 can2
BB CUR El)
and( restoredl to perfect heatlth bly uising
ptiing toI t2he womb,1 a~2til anyl.lS4 inti
restores the menstrnal func itioni. AX at
remed4(y to) be niaedi du1ring that er2itleal
petriodi(known2 as "CI.\NtIg OF1 iII'E,'" this
2ivaiiiluble preparation2 lhas no2 riva*l.
1) - it 1. Un^ t iC A2),22: >--i )ear SIir: i ha~ve
taikeni severalu bottle oIS(f your2 Femai2le Hg
itfor for fain g of thne woi22I and(1(I te
diseaises combiinted, of sjiteen SainiiI2g,
anid I really' be'lieve I am, I'ured( enitirely,
for wIihih(please n4eu'ept myi hearltfet
thianks andmi m2o-t. prInal0224 grailtiiile.
knIOw, 422 y uiidicinie ':avedI I4y tlfe, 5(o you1
5(4' 1 4:anno4t speakih too. IhilIiy ini its faIvor.
I have1'It recnnIi22iledt' It. to severali o2 mIy
friendls who.1 i are sufinig as I wats.
Vou 442 er41' y re'slu-ttfli ,
'IriTreaitise' on2 the "iatIh and1 hapi
IiR A I)Fi" EI,I) i EGI] LA'ITORl CO.,
CHAR I AYITE
1885,[lOe J1me (.nd, 1u LfMlI .d
Unisurp Iassed ini thie thioroughneiss and
hIgh Stand of11 its Liiterary, MuIsiC and
Art I epartmuent.
For (aItaIogues apl1y to
ICEV. W. Ri. ATIJNisON,
Charlotte, N. C.
P . S.--PersIons receiving catalogues will
tako notice that tile session begins a week
soor uaan annIOlouned in- the catalogue.
is only a part of beauty;
but it is a part. Every lady
may have it; at least, what
looks like it. Magnolia
Balm both freshens and
NEW A1)VERT'1ISEIEKTsJ.Nl I
X0 SQU IT1'1E"s.^ou
MOSQUIT'o ITE11 CUIIm, gives :n:;tat,
reliet, AnI (irive4 (hent away. Addri+:l
8ALL,AlI & CO., 4aI+st 181t St.., New York.
STA NDIA RtDy
I. i.h. JES'' constrttcted(1 an
ilnliheI 'T'aihine in t,he world
It gives better plecent,agn
with itrl, or fill ' . , and is
soldl (or LiCSS MONY Per
(lot-( 1'OWer tlan ay ol.her
'anphlet. FREE by
BURNHAM BROS., YORK, PA.
Established FAY'S 1866.
R8esembles fine lealther. For Rloors, Outsido
Walls, and insile In place of PlInater. Very
strong and duir-thile. Carpets an( Itnugs or Samnl
Innteril. C(at.lo gue wit.h Ie4tlnonIl and
amnples FREEm. W'. [[. FA1 . 1:0., Cam
columba Music HOuse
WIlL. SAVE YOJ
TWENTY-FiVE PElR CENT. B1Y BUY
OF T IIEM.
EVElRY INSI'1:U\IENI VAlIRANTi1)
DELI VEIRE) AT ANY DIEPOI'T OR
STEAMBOAT L.ANDING IN
'T 11E STATE.
WI:I'TE FORt TIERMS AND PRItCES
S'ECIA I, 'TERIMS FOR SIIORRT TIME
COLUMRIA i1IUSItC IIOUSE,4
N. W. TR'JUMP, Maniager,
1211 MA IN SIREET, (')Io iMIIA, S. C.
Tile I1tel1Igius We'4ely ofl thmo E'x Ot4'
A Inagizine of' E'etls ii al IL lt.elliger114 11..
a1141 11ast 11in litn.lal weekly inl thle P' i 0estant,
18n the' Ne4I1 I)bepartinienit tihe energy33 of
Tusm K nenend'l M A N is w(ell knIowil, antl its or'ganI
zaIon 141 Vtry c(inp)lete~ 1(or prIocurling neOws
11ains in a Y'.tt SuflillntI I'-iflIg 100atter to
l illk 1110r thani lIve 1210( hooks of' 500) page's
tur 11ook RIev w are''4111 a pr'olainlent fea.
lit 4'rary. Art and1 H'elntifle Notp ar'e
1t3 F,uropenn'1l3 ('ol''espondentsiI are0 por
SOshe! ChlIeie' ailenatmntisiuN
tramt ed anul speela :,y c<the fiior il h: chi14ren
$3.50J a year1 in adivancle, inst, I yaid. T're0i'c
dliars1 tE ( Clergynien0. Singit 4' (opiten I cents.
M. II. MIALaL0yIY &k Oy
FOR YOUN, L4A1)IES,
T'1? F lt'fis iilM C(OM M CNCES O)N
th frs edne'sda'y oif Sej411),ember
1885, and closes eorr'esponinlg time111 ill
.Jlin( follo0wing. Ad vantallges forl inlstruIc
and11 iln (very way3 as8 1o l'jinii)nnon1t, ke.,
tlulli to any13 in tihe Southi. A full corps of
First4(15'las Tecers enlgatgedl for' session
comn ienicin inII Septembe Term ''~ns as 1r11- -
54)nable1 as alny oter lastittion11 (4fferIing
same1 ad vanIItages. Corre1'(spondence iW sollecit.
ed. F"or ('ntaIloguIe, 0onIin1In g full parIticul
18a1s as to) ter ms11, &1. , addressi8
I'EV. 11. iUJRW ELL. & SON,
.July29iLum Prl icipals, iHIalih, N. U.
ESTABL SH El) IN 1793
Is I he on ly School0 for' 11(ys in t.1 he I Soii w'r i
GAS LIGI11T, a itIrst-Class4 OYMNA.SIllM, tund
a1 iirst-cla;ss ICATEl IIOUJSE.
Specihl terms5 to y0og 11141 01f smfa illmeanst.
Thel4 183rti .'.sionf Ibegi 1s Au I'llt, 2.'d hl.
I'mur Cat.logu l4fiireMS
NA~to ne. A certain cnre. Not expe~nsive. Three
hitecdHeadache Di z esi iayaver &od
DPI M andIlui WiryK HA IT cre
4Good. Pay f'or Agroet. Alon) to A200 pese
Did y ou Sup
pose Mustansr Liniment only good
for hor ~ e"It is for inflamma.
tIon of all flesh.,