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it(l;'UAL D 7ARTMENT.
394iir o of tble Ingrdioente of Chem
otasih or oxyde of potassium is also
or the bodies abounding in nature.
t the result of the combination of
at potassium with oxygen. Its for
fa is written .Ko, because potussiulm
.lso called katlium.
.t was known to Geber in the ninth
itury, but was not distinguished
)in soda until 1792 by Margrag. Its
.me is derived from two English
ords, pot and ashes, because the
- glisht were the Ilhst to ptrepare this
kiah; irdutriallv by leaching the
ahes of ,egetation and evaporating Ilhe
>luion in pots.
There are three principal sources of
otash: felaspathic and granitic rocks,
to deposits of rock salt and sea water.
iranlites which form wholcelchains of
notuntalins and the g antor p:a-t of the
-rust of the cart I contaiI I 5 to 20 per
cent. of potash in an insoluble state, it
s true, but which cani be extraucted as
tcodcad and made perect ly soluble.
Deposits of rock salt, containing
nuch potash, have been formed by the
trying of inland seas, leaving a de
posit of all the salts they held in solu
tion. These were large salt lakes
whose bottoms were above the lcvel of'
the sui rroutnndilg waters. The CasI.ian
sea on account of' its great dept Ii is still
it type of these interior seas.
'T'hlere are itportant m lin es of rock
salt as Vicliczka in Poland, at Con donia
Catalom a and Stasst't" in 'russia, and
in America. At the UnliverSal Expo
sition in 1867, at Parishl, we saw an
immense arch which Prussia had made
in her section with blocks of rock salt
like shaped stones.
If the deposits of rock salt actually
known were conentrated in one part
of the globe, they would cover a piece
of ground 120,000 yards wide, 80,000
yards long and 390 feet thick. This
llass ot soda and potash does not rep
resent the two hundredth part of these
salts contained in the waters covering
Potash is also found abundantly in
the form of a nitrate (lto. No. 5.) on
certain soils during the dry season in
lIcngal, Egypt, at Ceylon, and inl soine
warm parts of America. But sea
water alone is an inexhautstible source
of potash. h'orm1e'ly sea water w' as
thrown back in the sea alter cooking
halt was extracted. The usefulness
alnd even Ithe presence of other salts
Was not suspected. Sea water, when
concentrate<l, deposits its salts accord
iiig to their dtegrees of solubility. Sul
plhate of lime, which is almost insolu
ble, 's first de1posited, then cooking
salt, or chloridc of sodliuni, then
sulphate of soda, and lastly the double
chloride of potassium and magnesia.
In the deposits of rock salt we find
the salts deposited according to or(ler
of solubility just as we see it now from
salt seas. The emineut. Frenich chem
ist., Mr. Balard, was the first to find a
'"oil of Pxtracltinr chloride of potas
!rt. This salt is
potash, but for
Its value is oftlie
r contains a two
weight in it.
vfa' ud.t. I., .,allu
obtain nitrate of
itre or salitletre.
irked and ought
furinishr the p)otalsh
vsi. It is suitable
xcept ioni wais dis,
eor'ge Vrille. Thle
uvii with ahiloi'ide
ir'r and crystalizies
itriate of p)otashi a
takes the form of
ori iicirystalized suigtr pr'c
bie cr'ystaiduRg otanothier pound1(
talizable suigar. Tihlis is due to
C that in the form of' a iiitraite
ash remiainsg in tie bodyv of the
id passes into tl'- juice,'in juring
stalizationi, whilt in tie foi'm o1'
'ide the potash to wardis the close
summonr r'ises into the cr'own of
uit and iinto its leaves which arec
ay when the beet is pulled.
posash in chloride ot potassium
iper' than in niitr'ate of potash,
3chloride must not be used for'
Icultui'es, and( its initrlodulctioni
lie fertilizer unknmown to thle
is a real dlecepitionl. Chiloridie
Lssiumn should never tie used( for
o and Irish piotatoes.
ate of piotash, besides being aip
* e to all plants, wvith (lie excep
1 sugar beets, is mor'e valuable,
t it conitainis two active elieents
ish and iitriogen. it fuirn ishes
byl) its biase atnid iii trogeni by its
'The .mtrate of piotashr of com-~
contains 4 pr' cent. of pure
- and( 13 per' cenit, of lnitro~eni,
3value is to be dledurcted from
the iiet cost of (lie potash. Th'le cl o
r'ide of piotassiuIm containis 530 per ceiit.
'otashpotisi inipnbeto the soil,
and( not only for (lie real part it ta:kes
in the~ folrmaltioni of' veget at ioni, its use
goes further. 'Ilihe phosphates of' line.
aind nmagnesia insetluble iln water', mieet.
ing thle plotash, torim Ithe (lolbtle phtos
phiates of rime ami( potash which are
soluble aiid can pass intto tie plants.
Nitrato of' potash is used( in thle coin
p)ositioni of gunipowder' to as muchet ias
thiree-forths of its weighit, miaking
lie miti'ate scarcer anld mrore costly at
mniat, miakes its
rises for' atwhile.
- to iincrease (I.e
var andif agricilI
dine is formied b)y tho comb hi ination
of lie metal calciumj with OXygeni
Chemically speakinig, it is thie oxvde of
calciumiil. It ex ists ill su clh argo~q I ii
(it ies ini nauture i'hat it is imposs055ible to
namre thle qutanlti ty . Marbles, pl aster's
and cacerous mantters~ are iln ineal cnila
ble u an ti tles ini atll parts of (lie globe.
As we have ajlready said, lime is the
dltmuhnant of no0 plant, buit is llCC5:r
to arll. It not oinly enters into thie
const ituhoniO of thle lanit, hot itsi
p resence in the soil unp iroves it. Cal
car'eolnspr't Icles, separat inRg thle more1
or' less comRpact mass of (lie soil, maikes
it lig1'er".and thius help (ho roots to
pc ttrte with greater ease. By the
ui.. lium, of' p)lanht , lime pass~es inito the
o7ganiismn of' main .'i aimials to form
iir bonies. In coun ft'; w here limtie
4 wanting, (lie animals ar&e sns'll and
Sfor medl; (lie ien are sitaal and
c kets are a frequent disease.
Lime Is most coinveien~t for afgricil-~
tuiral use in (lie f'ormn of'lburnt plaster
-ariI"*1~ > . laster
I. ' iet ingre
h *th~e most
It ,othorwiso. Maguaetsa altif ,o,
uomnpanlus limo in nature as soda always
Sulphate of limo undgergoes a slow
but continued decomposition In the
soil. It fires the carbonato of am.
mnouia resulting from raln water and
organic detritus. It also forms some
suiphato of amnonia and carbonate of
lime. 'Thoro Is no, doubt of the enor
mnons quantity of sulphuric acid which
vegetation requires and which plaster
can furnish it. The proportion of
sulphuric acid in a crop of lucerne and
rape goes as high sometimes as 33 to 44
ounds per acre. In cabbage it goes
up to 176 pounds per acre. Burnt
pl;tster is Composed of
Sulphuric acid........46 51
100 00 in 100.
At a temperature of 120 degrees it
loses water and becomes cooked plas
ter or anhvdrous sulphate of lime with
the ability to reabsorb water if added
to it. Then it is ground to a fine pow
der and is ready either for manufac
turing or for agriculture. It contains
59 per cent. of sulphuric and 41 per
cent. of pure lime or oxydo of calilum.
Lime is the cheapest term of the com
I'ulverized anhydrous plaster should
always enter to a slight excess in
chemical fertilizers where it acts 'sev
cral useful parts. It is a fertilizer
and all excipient. It helps to improve
the soil, gives the necessary volume
to the fertilizer and makes it easier to
We see that the four agents of fer
tility, nitrogen, phosphoric acid, potash
and lime, exist in inexhaustible quan
tities on the globe and can always be
got at. When you have got the first
ingredients of a fertilizer, the pr"epar
ing is a simple mixture based upon the
nature of the culture in view. The
fertilizer holds the active principles of
the substances composing it.
MIXING OF CIIEMICAL FERTILIZEuS.
Oni a dry, tight and smooth barn floor
spread the stperphosphate first, then
plaster, then the sulphate of ammonia,
and lastly the chloride of potassium or
the nitrate of potash. Mix well with a
shovel, pass through a sieve or screen,
and mash the small lumps with a
pestle to make them mix well. Let
tie llass stand twenty-tour hours and
Imlix again, mashing any lumps that
escaped in the former working There
are machines costing from $140 to $160
whieh do all this work at once and in
TIIE OFFICE OF WATER.
'Tile surface of the globe is composed
of two couches or layers-one melted,
the other crystallized. In the melted
couche the lime, iron, soda and potash
are all combined with silicia and con
ealed in blocks. This is chaos and
inertia. In the crystallized couche
there is sediment ; water has intcrveln
ed; there has been a separation of cer
tain bodies amid a reunion of others. A
rudimentary chemical fertilizer has
formed naturally and become the
theatre of the first manifestations of
It has not always rained on the
earth. At a time (geologists have not
veqt determined the rnin,1 1,, gs
which onveloped the earth, and which
later was to form air and water, was
held ot' at a great distance and very
much dilated by the high temperature
of the central neucleiis. Water was
nlot thenu for'med, andl had it beent in
thie for'm of' vapor it could 110 more
have rested on the incandescent globe
thain the dew can r'est on a red-ihot
Whlen the terrestrial sur'face was
conlgealedl anId cooled, tile sun1 was th'
only remaininlg souirce of active hecat;
gaseous matters camne neaer'. Ilydro
genl and( Oxygen combined (probably
with a comlbustion tihat long gave our'
lilanlet the appear'ance of a Sunl,) and
to.lmed1 water' whichl beganl to run On
tIhe wrinkled crust of the globe, at
times tossed up and at times depr'essed
by tile conivulsions of the inter'ior fires
which gradually gr'ew more circum
scribed inl actionl. WVater flowed Iito
tile dleeper' par'ts and accumulated in
lar'ge cavities washled them deeper' and
overfllowinlg tile hligher par'ts, washed
upl the igneous nmatter's lying below.
Inl this wvay seas and continents wer'e
formIled. Solari r'adiations cr'ossed thle
layer's of the aItmosphlere wvhere thlev
wVere tinnest over' sheets of water' anil(
war'med its sur'face. A<queous vapor's
rose imnpercep)tibl y to r'eassemnble as
clouds. TIle clouds, put in motion
just as th1ey ar'e now, were cearriied
acr'ossq continents to be dissolved as
ralinl. The r'ains1 falling On this~ miller'
al cr'ust ended by dissolving anid
washing it downm. it dlisintegr'ated tihe
clrests of mounlltainls, furr'towed theCir
sidles, carrlied1 down tile solulble salt of
lime, p:otash and sodla, and( mixing all
theCse agents with tile p)owder'ed debr'is
it carried1 downi, comnposed1 the ar'able
soils otf thle valleys. Fertilitv was
established; tile vegetal kingdfom ap
pearied. As the table wvas sprlead tIhe
guests cotild he seatedl. The guests
camne. P'lanmts wvere bor'n by reCason of
his physiologic axiom: As s0>11 as the~s
nuecessary condit ions for' tile formation
of a b)einig ar'e found united, the being
Let uis so b,ack inl thloughtI to tile
chaotic per'iod whlen tile still burnino
globe. thrmowving oult fir'e f'rom all its
cenlters, moved aln unlinhabited1 muass
thrioumgh celestial space. It perhap)s
took thlirty millions of centur'ies to
prepare, thle mnediuma for tIhe fir'st useful
Vegetationi. All immense and( slow
faliow whlichI science to-dlav accom-.
p)lishles ,inlStantanleously. Thlere was
lhen nleithler hiumums n1or'manur'e; what
ar'e weO to think Of tile shor1t-sighlted
ronutine minds(1 of to-day whlo still
hel ieve t hese twvo substances ind(ispon-l
sable to vegetation?
It wasi thle intervenitic, of water'
w ich 1f Cnost cotribuitedl to dlisinltegr'ate
andf pr'epareC thlis gr'anitic crust, a sot
of mine'-al almnond( cake bound together
by muel tic si licia, and( it is .vater' which
still dissolves time clemnents of the fer'
ilizer' which takes them uIp amnd (is
tribhutes the1m thmrouh tile issues of
vegetation and conitributes eighlt-tenuths1
of tile constit ution of livinig beings.
t o Satisly all tihe wvorld we must15 have
walter. cverywhlere, tbut at differ'ent
IImes amid seasons. Anicient ploetrv'
w ell aind gr'acefully expr'essed thec
51 Preme power' water exoccsed1 over
le. Venus is b)orn of the sea; this is
the most sub)lime allegory the humamt
mind( ever' concivedl. Venus, loe
beauty, fruitfulnese; always beautiful
alwvays younmg, ceaseless mot%r of
lovinig b)ein.gs, and all powerful 1mm her
glorious ,simplicity. Such was the
ear't h, arlismgl fr'om the midst of the
waters, the first condition of life. Oh,
earth ! thanks to thy wat' "4--Ma ow'
activity takes up,.carrice i.i,.
tribnten over tile mef a.:
A SUSPr1OTED >!URDE, dOT TO
DEATH BY MASKED REN.
Tbe Aleged .Assassin of WWlIam asm
mond Rescued from the Ofoers of the
Law;. and Lynched -Indignation of the
(PFromn the Uoluna l gister. )
TRENTON, S. C., Soptelnber 22.--Tho
Register in its 1s8e of September 18th
contained an acootint cf the dastardly
work of the assassin who robbed
young flammond of his life on the
night of 12th instant, since which time
the people in the neighborhood of Mrs.
Culbreath's, at whose ho1se the mur
der was committed, have been wild
Yesterday morning Trial Justice
Glover issued a warrant for the arrest
of O. T. Culbreath, and a deputy
sheriff brought him to the village the
same evening, without resistance on
his part. On the arrival of the prison
er at the Court House he was asked
to be allowed a consultation with bid
lawyers, Messrs. Gary & Evans, to
whose offilee they proceeded. In a
very few minutes thereafter several
masked men rushed into the office and
demanded the prisoner at the muzzle
of their revolvers, whereupon Mr. Cul
breath fired upon his assailants and In
return was shot in the right arm,
breaking the same above the elbow.
The crowd was overpowering in num
bers and they succeeded with little
difficulty i ca pturing their victim,
who was carriet a short distance from
the village and shot several times.
The shootinf, it is said, could be
heard from Edgefield. The sheriff,
failing to collect a posse sufficient to
reclaim his prisoner in time to save
him, proceeded with two or three
others in the direction from whence
the sounds of the pistol shots came,
but ere they reached the fatal spot
they met the object of the lynchers'
hatred toddling his way back' to the
village, drenched in his life's blood.
lie received all the assistance that the
faithful sheriff could render and was
soog under the treatment of )rs. Hill
and Jennings. Culbreath was the hus
band of Mrs. Fannie Culbreath, a very
estimable lady, who, it is said, he
treated very badly, consequent upon
which they separated and had not lived
together for two years. This, together
with the slanderous reports Culbreath
at>itt his wife and tho open threat that
he wot;!d kill Ianmmond, left 110 doubt
in the minds of Ilanmond's frieads
that Culbreath was the p^rpetratpr of
the foul murder.
It is the prevailing opinion that Mrs.
Culbreatll was faithful to her marriage
vows and that the reports of incon
stancy circulated by her husband were
the outgrowth of a jealous heart.
Culbreath lived until about 4 o'clock,
a. Ill. in the greatest agony and pro-'
tested his innocence to the last. He
said that he recognized two of his
assailants, but their names are with
Old citizens pronounce this the fiast
lynching that ever occurred in the
cou ty. WP hopo never to h.vo
CLINTONWAltD, September 23. -The
pro posed indignation meeting at Edge.
field in regard to the Culbreath afhitir
was nIot held, but was p)ostponled. Tihe
jurry of inquest will resume its sittinag
to-morrow anId will try to render a
verdict. Excitement runls hligh and
everybody throughout the surroundinrg
country seems to be opem.n-onthed inl
denouncing the outrage. Some parties
are spoken of as tile p)erpetrator of this
awful deed anld thlere is some talk of
amrrests. The affair is to be nmuch re
gretted, as all tile families conlcernled
are among the best in the counlty.
.TIRENTON, September 24.--ThIe jury
im the coroner's inquest over the body
of Culbreath, whlo fell a victim t'o
lynIch Jaw, conlvened to-day, anld Mr.
James Mimns, a very reliable young
man, gave as evidence, in a fearless
anld commendable manner, thlat on the
day of the lynching he was at Antioch
Chlurch, about eight miles from the
court-house, umakin some011 repairs on
hlis fathe,r's grave, when lhe nloticed
passiaag in easy hlearing distance some
eighlt or tell mounted men, some of
whlom were partially disguised, though
not sufUicienatly so to avoid identifica
tion; that sorfle of thetm spoke to him,
callinmg him, calling himm by name.
Those whlom he mentioned a's recog
mlzed by him are Josephl Talbert, W.
L. McDaaniel, WV. L. 1101mes,I Dr. W.
E. Prescott, Wmn. Parkman, Memphis
Culbreathl, Lou Prescott, Ned Bussey,
"One-eyed" Wilson, and Collier H1am.
mond., onaly three of whom wvere dis
guised. That a few minutes after thuis
lhe saw Luther Bell and D). A. 0. Bell,
Jr., standinlg in a piaae thicket, who
inqmired if a crowd had passed. Mims
answered yes, anld called the names of
some of them. Thiey replied that it
was thecir crowd andl went In pursuit
toward the court-hlouse, sayinag thlat
thley were goinlg to take "him" from
tile conlstai.e andi see if somlethinIg
coulid not be found out about thle mur
Dr. Hill1, onec of Culbreatha's phlysi
cian~s, testified thlat hlis pattient told him
thant Bill Parkmanl shot him in Gary's
oflce, atnd Parkman anld Wyvatt Holmles
carried him out to tile slauighter pent.
'Thais testimaonly is corroborated by
Thie Ma. Tralbert mlentionled by Mr.
Mims is Senator Talbert, and( ina justice
to him I give hais denial of hlaving anly
connmectionl iIth the lynchinag whla
ever, lie says that Mr. Mims is ce
taiaaly mlistaken as to haimself, as on the
eveamng of Cuibreatha's mfurder lhe wvas
confilned to a sick bed atnd had Dra.
Key to attend( ham.
To (let hid of Misery.
Whlat Is tIle use of suffer-ing from
dlyspepsia, nlervous prostration or de
bality, whienl Brown's Iron Bitters will
tonle you tup and cast these horrors
out? Thaere is joy in eveary bottle of
this valuable tonic. It makes bad
blood goodl, and bids dismal people be
cheerful. It brings good dcer to the
dinnaer table, anld makes time fatmily
halppy. It driver, away the b!ues, and
lelpa you to enjoy a hlearty 1augh1.
,And all the respectable dIruggles keep
A Failure in August,.
John M. Clarke & Sons, flour manu
facturers, of Augusta, Ga., have made
an assiganmenat. The firm has been
heavily embarrassed for months past,
and a few weeks since made a transfer
of real estate to different creditors
nun t.- *f.4,A00 wnd t.houpht they
van i w Ms-ausr1bUoaTt.
Keefg tf hae Sate dobe.tio at tara.
tega-They Take up the Referto of the
SARATOGA, N. Y., September 22.
The Republican State C.nvouttion met
here to-day to nomi tatp the following
tickett Governor, Lieutenant Gover
nor, Secretary of State, Comptroller,
Attorney General, Treasurer and Itate
Engineer and Surveyor. At 12.20, p.
im., James D. Warren, Chairmtan of
the State Committee, called the con
vention to order. ''he Rev. Dr. S. V.
Leaoh, of Albany invoked the Divine
blessing upon the labors of the con
vention. lid implored that the hands
of the President and other members of
the Federal Government be upheld by
gra:e from above. The reverend geoi
tieman also alluded to the delegates
present as "represantatives of the par
ty which blotted out the irreligion of
slavery from the nation."
The roll having been called, Chair
man Warren aniounced that the State
Committee had agreed upon Senator
Warner Miller for temporary chair
man of the convention. (Applause.)
The chair appointed Ilon. A. B. Cor
nell and United States Senntor El
bridge M. Lapham to escort him to the
chair. Referring to the political con
>lexion of the Southern States, Mr.
M iller maintained that throughout the
length and breadth of that laud there
wasn't to be found a single govern
ment which holds the reins by the will
of the people. "The Republicans, he
said, "to prove this statement only
asked for a fair field and a fair fight."
Continulg, in reference to alleved
illegal balloting in - the South, Mr,
Miller said that the men who have
managed the polls in that section
would not contnue to do the work
without pay. Upon the question of
the civil service of the government Mr.
Miller said the Republican party had
put the law into practical use and were
commit ted to it. lie would suggest,
however, that the Civil Service Com
mission be at once summoned together
and directed to add a clause providing
that "All jail birds and ex-convicts are
forbidden to hold oflice." This he
thought would greatly relieve the
President of the United States.
A recess was taken until 4.30.
The convention was again called to
order at 4.50, p. m. James W. Husted
was made perlmanent chairnan. At
the conclusion of llusted's speech on
taking the chair the convention pro
ceeded to nominate a candidate for
Governor. ''he following were named"
Ira Davenport, Levi P. Morton, Joseph
B. Carr, James D. Warren, Dr. John
Swinburn e, Joseph W. Drexel, Cortle
lius N. Bliss, Gen. W. H. Sard,
Balloting was then proceeded with.
The first ballot resulted as followr:
I)avenport 105, Carr 205, Morton 42,
Seward 57, Swinburne 32. Low 16,
Warren 137, Drexell, Bliss 53, Cornell
4, Evarts 1, Starin 5, Charles Andrews
1. Whole ntuiber of votes cast 691.
At the conclusion of the first ballot the
convention, at 8.30, p. n., adjourned
SARATGOA, September 23.-The sec
ond day of the New York State Re
publican Convention opened cold and
stormy. During the night there were
many conferences. The committee qn
avulut..o ncaru several delegations
during the night and worked till a late
hour on the platform. The chaplain o
the Senate, the Rev. Dr. S. V. Leech,
urged the comnm. fake asqa
and bold stand0oi9:0'. a ernequesr
tion and to recomlnend( a constit.utional
amendment. 'The majority ot thc
committee express opposioni to the in
trodluction of any tempe)ranlce p)lank in
8AnATOOA, September 23. -Thel hour
of assembling appeared to be rathet
early for the majority of the delegates.
They strolled in the hall very siowly,
anld it was not until half-past ten thai
the chlaplainl offered prayer. Immedi
ately t hereafter ex,Asseniblymant David
Hlealy, of Monroe, was voted lpermis
sion to address the convention. IIk
warned the conv~ention that mfere prloml
ises were useless. Thle consventior
(Demnocratic) that meets to-mnorron
might outbid the onIc thlat adjours
Gen. Shlarp rose at tile close of Mr.
IIcaly's address and moved that th
committee on resolutions be instructed
to consider tile p)oints raised, anid, i
deemed advisable, embody themn in tIn
platform. The chlairman of the commlnit
tee on resolutions, Col. Bliss, replied
that the platform had1( already been
agreed upon. iIe believed thlat the
laboring meni wouldh find on reading ii
that the p)oinlts raisedl by Mr. Healy
hlad beens fully recognized. Thell corn
mittee on resolustionis then, thlrough
Chairman Bliss, repeated the platform.
When the clause relating to p)refer
en1ce of oflice to be0 given ox-solIdiers
was readl Corporal Tanner, of Brook
lyn, iniquired if that meanlt that if ai
soldier p)assed examnination that prov
ed.his competency heo should be ap.
pointed, even if a college graduate of
yesterday should1( pass at hligher fig.
sures. "It (lees,' quickly replied CoI.
Bliss. "if a soldier paissos 80 and1(
a dude 100, tile soldier gets theo place.'
[Great applause andh laughter.]
Many of~ the clauses iln tile platformi
were appllauded, notably the one refer
rinlg to convict labor. Thie p)latformn
was unainously adopted.
James WV. Wa'dsworth,of Livi ngstona
county, w'as nominated for Comptrol
ler by acclamation. Ansoni S Wood,
of Franklin cor.nity, was ininaated1 tor
Secretary of State by acclamaLiona.
SAnA-rOOA, Sep1tember 23.-Daveniporte
was nomsinated for Governor, (Gon.
Carr for* Liceuant Governor, Major
Chlarles Ulrich, of New York, tor
State Treasurar, Edward B. Thiomas,
of Chonango county, for Attornecy
General and William P', Vans Rens
slaer for State Engineer.
Burned to D)eath, and Resatored to Life.
I know of a masn near Maxoy's, Ga., whso
for tes n' twelve years was ailost a solid
sore f romn headl to foot.
For three years, his appearance being so
horribly repulsIve, he refused to let ansy
one see him. 'rho dIsease after eating his
flesh, commenced on his skull bones, ie
trIed all doctors and medicines without
benefit andl no0 oneO thought he conild passi1
bly recover. At last lhe began the use of
B. B. B., end (ter usng1 sx bottles, hIs
sores were all haled an d be was a soumnd
HeI looks jumst like a man who hadi been
butrnsed to detht and( then restored to lIfe.
Th'le best meni of the county know of thIs
case, and several dloctorsi andi mierchsants
have spoken or it as a most wonderful ease.I
JOHN CRtAWFORD), D)ruggist,
* ~Athlens, Ga.
--An agreement has been effected bvy
which Spains retains tihe Carolines and
the Marl ana and the Pales Islanids
while Gerna.aniy acquires the Masshal
and Gilbert groups.
AD)vICE TO MOTHERs.
Msv I ALO' oomn s3vaur should at
Tawt. of Izte4 GaMsered romu Vaious
-King Alfonso, of Spjin, has been
--Conneoticut has the larget ap.er
crop known since the war.
---The Brooklyn brldy ,
week amountedi to $13,1 (0"
-Col. E. (;. Yellowtby", , i p" i
lawyer of (reenville, N. C., I
-rThe SiIkatto of .Jtapam s is t
have becomo a convert to (.hrisdio'
-John Forsythe, an eulinent ian.N
and enthusiastic Democrat of Chtce,o,
-Frank Siddall, the Philadelphia
soap man, no0W owtns the tastest team
in the world.
-An enterprising Bioston firm is
canning Columnbia Itiver salmnon in
-Comuaunlant Alex. A. Stbnmes, of
the Washaigton Navy Yard, died sud
denly last week.
-It is now claimed that Augusta
takes the pennant of the Southern
Base Ball League.
-The three months' strike of the
Cleveland rolling mills has ended, the
workmcn having given in.
-Frauds amounting to halfa million
dollars have been unearthed in the
Canadian Pacific Railway.
-The hi gh-lice nse policy is rap,idly
winning favor in New York and
spreading all over the country.
-A trade in 4ea gulls has sprung up
on the Long Island coast. They arc
worth 50 cents each far their feathera.
-I1on. Samuel Campbell, of Rome,
N. Y., State Senator, fell from his
chair and died of apoplexy last week.
-Gen. Robert Toombs was seriously
ill last week. Ile is inl his 74t h year.
It was feared that this would be his
-Snow fell in the Catskill Moun
tains on the 23rd, and at Millford,
Mass., the mercury fell to 39? in 24
-Dr. Robert Cainpbell, a distin
guished and highly esteemed citizen
of Augusta. Ga., died on the 23d Sep
-During a Iheavr rain storm at
Dublin, Miss., lightning struck a barn
ud killed three persons taking refuge
-11rish handlords will send a deputa
tion totlhe Marquis of Salisburv asking
protection and statlug the impossibility
of collecting rents.
-A large and enthusiastic conven
tion held at Staunton last week noni
nated the first Prohibition legislative
candidates in Virginia.
-The daily number of deaths from
the cholera in Spain last week was
about 230, and the number of new
cases about 590.
-The Knights of Labor are pushiing
their organization vigorously in the
South. Vhey expect to enroll 5,000 1
members this fall.
-Christine Nilsson sang to an im- s
mense c.owd from the balcoimy of the <
(raid Hotel, London, last week.
Seventeen persons were crushed to
--Snow fell at Derby Line, Vt. on
Thursday to the deptI: of three inches.
Much danmae was done to cropsnt
degrees ab)ove zero.
-The news frroim the East is war
like. Th'le Anstrian army is being
mobilized. Severe tight ing has occur
red1 between Turks and1( Albanians at1
Djakovo. Bo0th sides lost heavily.
-The London liome for Lost Dogs
gives shelter to 50,000 homeless and
starvinag canines, yet there has niever
b)een a ease of rabies there since its
fondation twelve years ago.
-A fatal disease prevails among the
hogs ini a section a few miles west of
Beloit, Wis. It is said that at least a
thousanid hmoga have died withini a fewv
weeks past. Extensive pork raisers
have lost entire herds.1
-The Washington correspondent of
the Indianapolis ~Journal says that
there is an' organized effort among the
Democrats to secure the defeat of Semn
ator Sherman's plants to succeed
himself in the Senate. iIe says that
money for that p)urpose is being raised
ini different parts of the South, w.hich,
however', is untrac.
Conabintng IBON wtth PURE VEGETABLE
TONICS, qutckty and completely CLEANSES
and ENRICHES TIHE BLOOD. Qutekens.
the action of the Liver and Kidney.. Clears the
complexion, makes the skin smooth. It does not
injure the teeth, canse headache, or produce con.
stipation-A LL OTHER IBON MEDICINES DO.
Physicians and Druggist. everywhere reommnxend ii.1
ro"omaNund Brown's Ir aron esaavaabttni
fo nibnth.od, nd removin al dyspepU,o
have presoribed Drown' I ron Bttrsd aeso
an'mu i. anda bo"od"stn.also when atoiws
s.ar, srawB N M8. Ma 8t Neo Orlens L.
o* b'oosoainand , heart.ily commend it to
The Genuine has Trade Masrk and crossed red tines
on wrapper. Take no other. Made only by
Ii110 wN OHE MICAL 010., BIALTIMoRE, M19.
LAnrrs' HAXD Boot usful and attractive, eon
tatning lint of prir.es for reciel inforation about
ooins. etc., given sway by ant dealers in rmedicine, or
maMod to any addreus on receipt of so. stamp.
OPIU ant WIiSIRKY ITAIITS eured
at home wihout i,ain. BooK
-3 0. EOLLT,. ., Atisata Q.
Good Paey f?a- Agenta. 3100 to. 3200 per.
Saoa, aind llhe lw. ain tics la o o
iWrite~ to.. C. lteOesrdy ak Co., l'ia.li plija, J'a.
ESTABLI8H ED IN P798 -
Is thme only Hehnool a. r iloys i'. tihe South wt
GAS LIG irT, a fis-m UYMNA8!UM, anid.
& flrst-cias' nATIE IIO0U8E.
Npeial terms to youn amen of small mneanst.
Th c13r ason be nit August 25th.
For 'Jatalogne address
July23r,9m MBANollAM tiooUL, N. (C.
Most economical ad durabic. Cheae at in the Oil
market, quaiitv ennmidm'red 05 * WI WW.V,.~
Did you Sup
>oee Mustang Liniment only ge
or horses? It Is for Inflamn
ion of all flesh.
NEW ADVEliiM E
A BIG OFFEA. To ir
them we will give away 10(
operating Washing Machines.
want one send us your name, P.
express Oiice at once.
TIE ENA'IONAL 00., 91 Dey St.
MOVUIlTO DITE CUltE, gives
rellet, and drives them away. Address
SAlA.,Ali; & CO., 8 last 18th lt., No
D EAFNEf1 its (AiUME$and s
by one who was deaf twenty-eigt
Treated by most of noted sppecl
the day with no benefit. 0ured
in three months, and since then hunt
Others by same process. A plain. sinm
successni home treatment. Addres
1'AGE, 18 East Y6th St., New " .'rk City
Resembles fine leather. For Roofs,
Walls, and inside in place of Plasto
strong and durable. Carpets and Rugs
material. Cataloguo with testimon
samples FIRER. W. H. FAY & CO.
den, c. J.
If you have Dyspepsia, Rheumatism,
or Urinary Complaints, or if you are
with any disorder of the lungs, stoma(
els, blood or nerves you can be e,
PAar ss's Tosic.
HISCOX & Co.,
163 William Street, New 'i
Is the IEST constru
flinshed Turbine in i
It gives better pc
with part or full gal
iold for LMS MO(
Horse Pow- than t
Pamphlet FREE by
Co1umbi, Music H
WILL SAVE YOU
TWENTY-FIVE PER CENT. B'
Paios and Ori
EVERY INSTRUMENT WARRA
DELI VERED AT ANY DEP(
WiUTE FOR TERMS
SPECIA L TERMS '
COLUMBIA MUSIC 114
N. W. TRUMP, Mantag
12'i MAIN STREET, COLUMBIA
Tihe RCeigion Weekly of the I
A magazine of Ecclesiastical latellig
votional and general reading, and th.
and most, influent,ial weekly in tine P'
THEa CISUnCISAN is well known, a d it,
zation is very complete for procurl
which it, gives with remarkable prompt
Tihe Magasine Department al
tains in a year sufficient reading n
mae more than five limo books of
tut ook Reviews are a promi,
Literary, Art and Scientifte N
carefully p)repared by specialista.
sons of emmenr ability.sonet
b lie C,hildren's Departmnent ir
trated and specially edited for tine ch
*3.50 a year in advance, post Paid
dollars to Uiergymen. Single o pies I
MY. H. M ALLO RY & CC;
A2An47 Lafayette Place. New
*FOR YOUNG~ LADIES,
RtALEIGHI, NORTH OARO
tr ~IIE FA LL TERM COMMEN(
.&the first Wedlnesday of Sei
188 , and closes correspondIng
June folloing.' Advantages for
tion in all the branches usually ta
first-class seminarIes for Youing
unsurpassedl. Ruilding hneatedIby
andl in every way as to equipme;
equal to any In thme South. A full
First-Class Teachers engaged for
commenmcing In September Term
soinlelt as any other Institution
same advanstages. CJorrespondene,
ed. For catalogue, containing full
lars as to terms, &c. address
REiv. R. IHORWELL &
July29,2m PrincIpals, Raleigh,
i ote. A sertaln esre Not expensl
RUe ramat in one sk e.
A Clear Sj~
IS Onl1 a part of ~
but it S a4part. Every
e ET ON
The seet gum.M ptga.reI ftost tees ot th.e sas rm,
$ .. logat..j te seu swa. tn the ee ten, elat.a,
th i rpeaitla.e0~eotor, ptnelp>, tha sUns.a
t ' sorning eseeh aed state"
lals. the o throw oi the fati ' mebrse in toop sad
wehooptag.eosht Rhoa eosted with t1e l.atls usot.
latseu.ms le 1n the amulo plant of the @y. b.d.,pr.
stst7.cssCUnsK osss D 0ume orswssr Gets ass
luLnra the 11eet0 known remedy for Coa hs, Croup,
f6o. ant dl. WAb,TZR A. NAT. Atlana, Ga
Use Da. BlOOERtl* HUOBI.EEflRY CORDIA L f,ei
* Naiery and Children Teething. For sl t
25 -YEARS IN USE.
The GreateoteMedical Triumph of the Age!
SYMPTOMS OF A
Loss ofappetito, Bowels costive, Pain IN
the bead, with fa dull sensation ia the
back part, Pain nder she eheulder.
blade, Fuliness after eating, with adis.
uclinatton t exertiea of body or mind,
Irritabliltr temper, Low epirits, with
afeeling ohaving neglected smom duty,
Wearinesse, Dizziness, Fluttering at the
Heart, Dots before the eyes, Headache
over the right eye Restlessness, with
atfbl dreams, Highly colored Urine, and
TUTT'S PILLS are empecially adapted
to such eases, one dome effects such a
ebange offeolingastoastonish the sufferer.
They aras th ApeUte,andcause the
body toTake on Fiesth thus the system Is
nourished, and by their Tonic Aeom os
th DlaesttveOr tm,lesrnarteels are
rodueed. Price u. rray tlt. w.T.
TUTT'S EXTRACT SARSAPARILLA
Renovates the body makes healthy flesh
strengthens the weal, repairs the wastes ol
the system with pure blood and hard muscle;
tones the nervous system, invigorates the
brain, and imnparts the vigor of manhood.
$1. gold bydruggista.
OFFICE 44 I1urraySt., Now York.
THE ALMIGHTY DOLLAR.
low the Unsuspecting ire Often
CAPITAL VERSUS MERIT.
It Is possible that money dipped into a
ounteous supply of printer's ink, is to be
ised to teach false ideas.
Why is It that such persistent anathemas
hould all at once be hurled against the use
f "Potash and Potash Mixtures?"
Those who insist that Potash is a poison
Io so because that is the way they have of
ighting B. 13. B., as the latter contains
>otash properly combined.
Opium, morphine, strychnine, aconite,
vhiskey, etc., are all deadly poisons, and
.re daily destro'ing the iives of people,
nd( wily (10 nt thiese men cr ey out aga inlst
hieml? It is heeautse there IS no mione y In
ighit to (10 s0. P'otash is no't regardetd as a
>oisonl, andt very seldoml hiarmos any one;
mnt those who abuse it are usintg a vegeta
>le po01son tell timtes as violenlt. Iodhide of
'otash, in pro per con,intationi, is regarded
y the mied ical p)rofessionl as the quickest,
~randlest and mfost powerful blood remiedly
ver knlown to man. Those w~ho believe in
evealed combinations and InIdian foolish
1ess are surely inl a condition to become
ather "eranky" iln their Ideas at ally time.
Ve assert understand in gIy that Potash, as
ised In the mlaniufalctulre of B. B. IB., Is not
Spoisonl, andt the publIc need not, place any
onfidecte in assertionls to the contrary.
Whly is it that in onec thousand letters
yhich we receive we niever hear a wrord
(gainst its use? Th'le truth is; B. Ii. 1. is
voerking such woniders ill the cure of all
>od poisons, scrofula, rheumatismi, ca
arrhi, etc., thalt othlers are trelmlg iln
heir hoots, and1( cry aloud, "'polson "'
'fraud," because they fear it.s triumphIlalit
nlarchl. Let anys manl or wonmn as k any
-esp)ectablle dloctor or druggist If we arc
lot right. Do nIot he0 deceived, buit go
-ighit altong and call for Ii. B. II., and1( be
uredl. It is 1making live times morer Cures
n1 Atlanta than all other blood remledies
Ofmhlinedi. We don't say that others are
>0oisons Or frauds; we are nlot that easily
larmied, lbut we say 0ours is the best, and
ve have the proof. Unmd for tur 32-page
look, free, and( be 'oIlvincedti
vold bly all dlruggists.
BLI OOD) BA LM CO., Atlanta, Ga.
TO More Terror! T his Iinva1l1uble 1.rep>
ar at loll is truly a tr i
umilph oIf scienitifie
No More Pain ! skil, and n10 more in
ever besto,wed on the
*oMT ne Imers of the wo(rldI.
t- It not only
shortens thle time of
,r* labor ndit ltessenls thle
TO Ilitensity of pain11, but,
btter than all, It
(IOther or Child, >~;g' t ieo bth
mot11her and1( cihld, and
-~leaves the mlothier in a
The reador cndition highly fa
The )re,d or vorable tol speedy re
coverly, an ld far' less
W4other hood vtli4lms ind thr
alarminilg sy m p t o i s
Sicidlent to l ingeinig
Transtformoed to - land painiful lablor. Its
t ruly wonderful dec
cy in tis respect enI
titles the MoTuxnElt'
Fn-No to be ran ked
as5 one (If thel life-say
inIg n ppIIlances givell
tol the worldl by3 the
P1( nd discoveries of mlodern
Frmthe nautuire (If
ihe caso It will of
*course e li unders toodh
. that we cannot publ
Ilsh11 crtificates cn
will everingl hsiey
without ItuIng e the
iffetyina Eneoif tofhe. wies
wiil ever a a1n be