Newspaper Page Text
,; K>r w. . ellingor for
'l of 8Qophngy le o the
r la.tt,, was lJudge
\;.w.., in Uharietcn lit wre tota
ag on Tuesday. Solicitor erley
" } "ed for the State, while the de
Ye was rpesbnted - by - Messrs.
S otehll & Smith and the Hon. A. G.
agrath. After several chilianges -a
ury, composed of twelve white rien,
R was emp+anoled and sworn. The first
, . witness for the State was Dr. ifloch,
who simply described the five wounds
-two in th6'head 'end three in the
W. W. DeVeaux described the en
counter-or so much of it as he saw.
He stated that Riley was'advancing on
Dr. Bellinger with his bead down and
his right arm - outstretched and that
Dr. B. fired I've times rapidly. Riley
fell, and.Dr. Bellinger walked off.
James Welle, colored, stated the cir
cumstances of tie encounter, and swore
that after Dr. Bellinger tired twice
Riley fell, and that after lie fell Dr.
Bellinger shot him three tinies.
Solina Carter, colored, described the
difficulty of the night before the kill
ing but her account did not greatly
differ from Dr. Bellinger's, summariz
ed below. She saw only two shots,
being in the house, and then got
Riley's pistol and raised the alarm.
When she got to Riley he was dead.
Alexander Williams, colored, stated
that he saw the morning encounter,
and, after Dr. Bellinger shot Riley
twice he (witness) saw him standing
over Riley's prostrate body, and fire
Joseph Cain testified to the encoun
ter, and said he saw Dr. Bellinger
"stagger back", and fire, and that the
Doctor fired twice into Riley's pros
trate body, and snapped his plistol after
Joseph Kennedy, colored, brought
out nothing new. He denied that lie
-waid before the coroner that Dr. B. re
treated from Riley into the middle of
the street, and then fired.
The State here closed its case.
Dr. A. N. Bellinger, the defendant,
was now sworn. He stated that on
the night before the killing he was in
the streets, attending to his regular
professional business, and that when
ho came to a point on Bull. street, be
tween Smith and Rutledge, he heard
loud strokes of a whip, and cursing.
lie said to the man (whom he found
to be Riley), "You ought to be
ashamed of boating that horse in that
manner; why don't yott lead him on?"
Riley became angry and abused, cursed
defendant, flourished his whip, and
came on him with a knife in his hand.
Defendant went off, leaving Riley
cursing and threatening.
The morning of the homicide, de
fendant went on his usual rounds, by
no unusual route, and fearing violence
from Riley, put a pistol in his pocket.
He net Riley at the corner of Bull
and Smith streets. le saw Riley with
his back to the fence, his arms akimbo
and legs stretched apart and glaring at
him in this manner. As I got opposite
to him he said: "I took you for a
gentleman, but I never made such a
mistake in my life; you are a d-d
white - - -." That was pretty gal
ling. I turned and I said: "Rilev,
this thing has got to stop hero. You
cursed m: shamefully last night and
threatened me. Now you have got to
retract this." I said this in a voice
not louder than I am talking in now.
Preserving the same position, ho said:
"I have got nothing to retract, anmd I
won't take back anythuing," and lhe
said, "If you want to fight I am it
better man thant you are and( I wfi
give you h--."' I said: "I don't
want to fight, but you have got to take
these things back?" and he said "G-d
d-n you, I will give you h-I anyhowv,
and with that he madeo &frush'at me,
-and as I stepped back, having on low
quartered shoes, my foot turned an)d I
stumbled off the pavement and my hat
fell off. I then Jumped back a couple
of steps into the street, and when I
looked again lie (Riley) was coming at
mne with his knife in his hand, so.
(Witness indicated tihe position thus:
Head bent down, the left arni thrown
up as a shield an~d the right hand with
the knife in it drawn back.)
Q. Was the knife opedn?
A. Yes, open.
Q. In which hand?
A. Right hand.
Q. Had you lost sight of him whlen
you stumbled ?
A. Yes, my hat fell oll' and I lost
sight or him for a moment. I then
backed nearly to the middle of the
street, and lie followed rushing at ime
with his knife drawn so (indicating as
above). I the'i pulled out liy pistol.
It was a self-ocking pistol, an'd I1 kept
* palling he trigger until he fell to the
grount.I then picked upl my hat,
wIped it with tile tail of my coat aind
walked back to Capt. Dawsonm's house.
(After stating that he started down
town to deliver himself up, but, after
going tQ Capt. Dawson's house, lie
turned back, weont home and informed
his wife of what had fiappened, tihe
prisoner testified as follows:)
Q. How .far was Riley from you
when you fired the first shot?
A. I can't say how closs, but ho
was very close. You cannot make
very accurate calculatoons iuder those
circumstances. I kept backing and
kept pulling the trigger and running
backwards, lie rushed at me with
his head bent downm and a knife in his
Q. Where were you when you fired
the first shot?
A. I was about tile iddle of the
street, and I was back of that before I
stopped. I never removed my hand
from the trigger. I kept on fir: .g.
Q. Where was he when you fired
the drat shot?
A. Ho was right on top of me.
Q. Was ho advancing?
A; lie was rushing at me. The
last shot that 1 fired I was a further
distance ofl becanse I kept backing
and kept fiing,.ht ol
- Ifv you had not fired wa ol
A. He would have cut my throat.
Hie could have taken me antd hold me
at arm's length and cut my throat. I
have not as much strngth a. when t
WaR 15. Hie could have held me off at
arrn'sle,,gth and I couldn't have reach.
ed hi m. 'sti i bhes.
Q. What wa isd condition ?
A. Hie wos Ia violent e- . Ite
utsed saae *restenedt l me
diato akth tes
b dOU -and
ob toer of dibl nt.
f Mqrry ptsti~d $h t he sa
R the ltbad depot thq'Ora
Ing aft0 the night fhse, and It ey tol
hi nthtt he (Riley) had cursed Dr. .I
Siput tlis,tjterforepoe with him, an
had also threatened him.
J. G. DoVe' ux said he saw Dr. I
retr.eating f-om Riley, and then sm
four or five shots fired in rapid sut
The evidence of Kennedy before th
coroner was put in, to contradict h
statement as to what he then said.
James Kelly and J. C. Humpii
stated that they saw and talked wit
Bellinger about 9 o'clock on the mlorr
lng of the homicide, and he was in b
usual good humor-not excited. (TI
killing occured about eleven o'clock
This closed the evidence. Mr. Smi
proposed to submit the case witho
argtment, but the Solicitor decline
Arguments were then made I
Judge Magrath, Mr. Mitchell and t
On Thursday the case went to t
jury, after the charge of the Judge. Th
retired at 2.40, p. m. At 7 p. in., t
Judge told them that if they agreed
ten, lie would receive their verdict
otherwise thev could remain. At U:
hour they had made no sign, and th
were locked up till next morning.
On Friday morning the jury retui
ed into Court, saving that it was i
possible for then to agree on any v
dict. A mistrial was accordingly c
tered. The jury stood eleven for ;
quittal and one for conviction of ns
RAILROADS IN THE STATE.
New Roads, Old Roads and Roads that n
to be Built.
At a recent election held in Bl
lock's Creek township, York count
on the question of subscribing $32,0
to the capital stock of the Georgeton
and North Carolina Narrow Gan,
Railroad, there were 376 votes polle
Only 81 votes were polled against t
subscription, the majority in fav
The people along the line of t
Augusta and Knoxville Railroad a
lod in their complaints of the exce
sive freight charges of that comtpan;
The consequence is that large quant
ties of cotton are being shipned by tLi
Savainah River. It is alleged th
the railroad in question has advancc
the freight charges on cotton
twenty-five cents per hundred pouni
and on other classes of freight pri
The Branchville Banner, speakit
of the opinion that is held in son
parts of Colleton county that the co
porators will apply the $60,000
county funds to the building of tl
road only from Walterboro to Gret
Pond, says: "It has L'Cen suggeste
and by those who have means to i
vest in such an enterprise, that if tLI
corporators wish to dispel such in
pressions from the public mind, ar
establish the fact that their oppose
have misconstrued their intentions, at
at the same time invite the investme
of private capital in this enterpris
let them have the survey made at on
and when operations are begun let
be simultaneously done at both (ire
Pond and Branchville, expending
they go equal amounts on both ends
The work of laying the rails ontt
Savannah Valley Railroad is bei:
actively pushed forwvard. The cc
structioni party have arrived att
river, and are nowv puttinig up the teo
porary bridge, which will sooni be ti
ishted, wvhen the cars will pass overt
stream and( track-laying will be cc
The people of Johnstont, Edgefkc
coutnty, are makitng effortts to ral
such a subscription as wvill place Joh:
stonm otn the line of the road wvhich it
prouposed to runtm frm Greentville
Port Royal, or some p)oint, ott the I
laintic coast. At a mneetinig recent
hteld at Johniston Capt. P. B. Wat<
and Mr. W. J. Iluiet wvere elect
delegates to a railroad mneeting to 4d
cuss tis matter, wvhicht will he held
Niniety-Six om' theo 13th instant.
Thell friend(s and adlvocates of't
narrow gauge roadl frotm Augusta
Newhberry met at Edgetield Coturthlor
last Montday to disuss the'building
that road tand( tile br'anch road fr<
Ninety-six to the imain linie. It Is c
pected that the p)eople alonig the pi
posedl route from Ninety-Six tot
mainm linoe will build that plart, of' t
troadl by p)rivate subscr'iptionis. It
estimnated that the miain linie cati
built for $100,000.
The Edgetield ?Chronicle says "tL
thme bright visionis looked for from
several railroad1 projects in viewv ha
itnd(oubtedly failed to brinig anty wva
of business p)rosperity to Edgetleld,
Is about time now for the peoplo
stop dreaing and waiting and
to work anid build a narrow gau
The Abbeville Press and Banna
speaking of the proposition to levi
tax to gradle the prtoposed roadl frc
Enright's to A bbeville atndGreenwvoc
says: "If' our p)eop0 le esir'e to levy'
tax for a road which would p)rotmls(
fair ret urn we will, no dloubt., make
objection. But we certainly will ni
jo-int a crusadoe to levv the tax whm
thetre is matnifest oppositioni. Wte a
opposed to lymich law, nto matt
wvhether applied to per'sons or propeC
Good for the Child.
The ailments of childhood nteed car,
futl attenttion anid wise treatment. Son
lCeople think ''anything 1s goodl enloui
for a child, and there isn't miuchi tI
matter withl it atiyhiow." But ind
cius mothers mothers know bette:
and (do as Mrs H. Wt. Pert'y, of Rieh
nmtd, Va., dloes. Sihe says: "I tak
Brown's Iron Bitters and give it to mn
children with the most suzisfactotr
results." Sold everywhere. *
-The State Faitr in Columbia wvas
gratnd success. In number and variet
the exhibits were quite as goodl a
nsual; and the crowd was immense.
A Blimd and Deaf Woman.
he a minerWallace, of Atlanita, los
ItrnaIg, -e sIght antd sense of taste
Sore eoveired etbody and limbs. Hie
join3s*resoreand paInful, her limii
paralyzed, aptte ost and she was ekin
out a t I1sate. Si xbettlesof B. B.i
restored er sigat r@id hearing, relieved a
aohies and pan, added fiesh and streng
and she la nowr a well woman.;Wriet
A prmnent Abam pyInn al
"A aient who was almos yngw
eftec t Tertiay ypilhis adwi
the ~ hkinati~6h
e bta and H rd tottsmAt 41 6iOd
V l oy-->polnts A bout 9the.sd
( hingtpn Iaer in Clevelana' Leader.)
Secretary Whitney ivill contOs't AVith
Secretary 13ayard as the most popular
social member of the Cabinet during
., the coming sesson. He has rented the
old ?i'elingtuyson mansion. which
y was the social. centre of Mr. Arthur's
administration, and is adding a large
e ball-room for this winter's entertain
i ments. This ball-room will be nearly
as big as the city council chamber in
11 Cleveland, and will, it is said, be hung
h with gobelin tapestries. Whitnev has
more money than Bayard, and, though
ihe cannot cook the terrapin for his
1 dinners himself like the 1ccretary of
) State, he can hire a French cook who
h will probably equal him. Bavard
it ought not to expect to save much out
. of his salary as Secretary of State,
v even if he does do' his own cooking.
~C His position demands more social
work than any other outside of that of
me the President, and he is a parsimonious
a man indeed who can lay up money in
l~0 it. Mr. Evarts paid out $20,000 more
y than his salary while he was Secretary
of State under Ilaves, thus making his
at four years cost him $52,000. Bayard
y, will get through,on less than this, but
iL has a fimi!y and lhe wears too good
clothes and has too tasty a stiomach to
save anything on $8,000 a year.
n- Vice-President Hendricks will live
Cl- at Willard's during the. coming season.
n'- This living at a hotel by a prominent.
1 ofiicial has -of late been looked down
te- upon by Washington society, but Mr.
A- ilendricks is such an adroit mixer and
his wifH has so many social <qualitics
that their little parlors at Willard's
will probably be as popular as any
ire place here.
The fact that Mrs. Logan has a house
hl- might lead to the supposition that she
was going to entertain largely during
the coming season. I don't think she
0 will have as many callers as when she
was in the stuffy little boarding-house
on Twelfth street. She is too much
out of the way, and it is a Sabbath
day's journe to get to her. The rc
sult will be that her calling list will be
C reduced to those who really want to
see her, and that it will rather select
le tham large.
s IIenry B. l'avn(c will keep house
next year, and 1 understand he has
rented on Vermont avenue near the
it l'ortland. This will not be a great
t distance from his son-in-law, and Alrs.
,o Whitnev will assist her mother in
many of her receptions. Whitney's
actions in regard to entertainment lead
to the suggestion that Ilenry B. l'avne
and he may be concocting a scheme
whereby young Whitney shall be the
C Presidential candidate for 1888, and
that his father-in-law may make him
his heir to his Presidential support.
I The opportunities for such a post
P'residential campaign are excellent.
There is plenty of moeoy in Whitney
Payne "bar'l" to run it well, and Mir.
1 Whitney comes from the right State
to make a good Democratic candiZlate.
rs This is worth thinking about, and
id please don't forget it.
L, A MISPLACED SWITCH.
it A Frightful Wreck on the tsltimroro and
hl (ilo Railroad.
as A frightful wreck occurred at Blue
Of stone quarry nearv Pittsburg, Pa., on
the Baltimore andl Ohio railroad at
ae sQeen o'clock on Thursday morning.
lg Train No. 12, through express fromn
n- Baltimore to Pittsburg, consisting of
lie a sleeper, two coaches, two baggage
n- andl onie express car, ran into a mis
"- pacedswitch amid was completely
ewrecked. TIhe: sleeper' rolled over an
"i- emnbankment~ into the Youghion henmy
r'iver. The other cars wvere upset and
Id lie wvhole tr'ainI was detached( from thle
sC engine. Sixteen persons were injured
l.' but none killed outright.
1s Thlie report of' the wreck reached
to Pittsburg about 9 o'clock and caused
At- great excitement, as it syns known
ly that mnany prominent mn of l'ittsbu rg
were explected on the train. Th'le acci
d( dlent disarranged the telegraph wires
is- andl it was after 10 o'clock before the
it following par'ticulars of the accident
lie ThIe express train was about fifteen
to muinutes late when it reached the pla5ce
se where the wrcck occurred. At Blue
of stone quarry the track makes at sharp,
mI curve around the river. A short (is
x- tanice back from the bank there is a
0- swit.ch at the comnmencemnict of the
lhe curve. Whlether some one had left
lhe the switch partly open or nlot is niot
1s certaini. The~1 officials of the road say
beC the switch had been tampered with,
evideiitly with the intention of caus
at ing a wreck. hIad the swvitch been
lie ope tl.3 train would have gone into it
vC all rignt and would have beei stopped
ve before any damage had beon (lone.
It A.s it was, the train could go on necithi
to er track. 'the result w~as that the
~o engine dashed along the ties, tearing
e~ up the track and causing the coaches
and sleep)ing cars to break foose and1(
- , (dash on1 over the emblanlkmenit in the
a1 wildest confunsioin. Th'le sleeping car
m rolled over- and stopp)ed with its sidle
dl, lying in the bed of the river t,hirty feet
a below. The two passenger coaches
a stoppedc~ at the water's edge, but the
10 baggage car went into the water.
3t There were many passengers oni board.
m The senue that followed was 'one that
'0 beggared descrip)ti on. Tbch cries of
3r the injured were heard from every
-car'. The frighteined sprang from the
wiidows and( strumggled with each
other to escape from th'e r'ollinmg cars,
anid the wails of pain werc heard from
somie who were held wvithin the wreck.
e Th'lose who escap)edl uninjured were
h too much startled for a time to readler
e assistance. Theun they began the ree'
.cue. A messengeir was senit to Cor
. nellsville for medical assistance, and
'in a short time a corpls of p)hysic-ians
ewoci' Sent ill on a special train. The
y; in.jured, after having their wounds
dIressed, wvere remnovedl to the hotels at
Cornelhsville, . where thev received
every attention that could~ be given
thiemi by the railroad company. Th'le
wreck causedl great excitement at Cor
nellsville, anmd for hours afterwards
people hurried to the ene of the
accident. The track was blockaded
and( torn so b)adly that no truins got
through until that afternoon.
-Mrs. C. M. Walker, of Wildwood,
Fla., has in her possession a baby
s dress which Is seventy-five years o1(d
Sand has quite a history. It' was the
first dress ever worn by lier father,
IJohn W. Barr, who was born in Scot- t
land, and is now a citizen of Otkwell,
Camden cottnty, ~a. 'bir. Barr Was 1
the father of eleven children, all of
bWhom have worn tlida dres.
CONDTEOl@W W URF'
Itepert. of the Un Stae ANOW ts*u
Department od, .otton, Oags Il6y+ P;P
toes &o , for the let. Novembu
The crop report of the Nationsl de- i
partment of* agriculture says that the e
cotton returns of Novetnbel- are local .
estimates of the yield phr abre. They t
are somewhat higher than thtl8o'of the
last two years, but materially lower
than those of 1881 and 1882. The in
crease over the yield of last year is
most marked in Tennessee and Geor- e
gia. In - Arkansas and Tennessee, I
where the average yield is unueually
high, the rate depressed by unfavora- t
ble conditions of August and Septeni
ber. The rate of yield by States is as
Virgiila 152 pounds per acre, North
Carolin 157, South Carolina 142,
Gcornia 150, Florida 105, Alabama 145,
Mississippi 165, Louisiana 223, Texas
182, Arkansas 200, Tennessee 155. The
weather has. been favorable for pick
ing, and killing frosts are only report
ed in the northern border of the cot
ton belt. The top crop is very light
and in many places a sdrcely appre
ciable quantity. The drought during
the early fruiting period caused shed
ding or shrivelling of bolls, and ro
duce( the yield in North and South
Carolina and parts of Texas. In a
large portion of the Gulf coast there
was an excess of rain and destructive
storms which proved almost equally
injurious. Injury by caterpillars anil
boll worms have been severe in Cen
tral Alabama, in parts of Texas,
Louisiana and Mississippi, and in a
few counties in Georgia. Small loss
from insects is reported, except in
States bordering on the Gulf coast.
The past month has been generally
favorable for picking, which is well
advanced, more than three-fourths of
the crop having been gathered. Rains
have interfered with the harvesting
more in Georgia and Alabama than
elsewhere. With good weather here
after the proportion to be gathered in
December will be confined to locali
ties favored with a top crop worti
The present crop of corn is the first
full average in the rate of yield since
1880, which was the last of a series of
six full crops of 26 to 28 bushcls per
acre. The present crop, growi on an
area of 73,000,000 to 74,000,000 acres,
is slightly above the average for a
period of ten years or 26. bushels per
acre. The highest rate of yield is 364
in Nebraska and Ohio. Three corn
growing States will produce four
tenths of the entire crop, Illinoi", Iowa
and Missouri, each average several
bushels per acre less than in the census
year, Illinois 31, Iowa 32, Missouri 30.
Utah averages 36, Massachusetts, Con
necticut and Colorado 35, New Ilamp
shire and Rhode Island 34, Michigan
63, Wisconsin 32, Kansas 31. The
Southern States makes an average
yield. The quality of corn is very
good in the East and South, medium
in central parts of the West, and some
what depreciated on the northern
border from Michigan to I)akola.
The potato crop is smaller thain that
of 1884, iin consequence of injury from
rot, which has reduced the New York
crop nearly one-third. There is imuch
complaint, of rot in Wisconsin and
Iowa, and in some counties in Michi
gan, Illinois and Minnesota.
The reported yield of hay per acre
averages one. and a qiarter tolls, anl.d
indlicates a crop of over for'ty-seven
millioni tolls, niearIly as large as thlat of
The bvckwvheat cr'op wvill he large.
Thcaae ylC'l~'~ieldl willeCxceed fourlteen
hunshels per1 acre.
TALK AlBOUT TOIBACCO.
A Practical Farmeor's Expe'lenc., with the
Weoed-Ilow to Plant. Cuitivate, and Cure.
OnltGiU, November 2.
To the Editor ofthie News and CJ.ou
r': I have cultivatedl tobacco for' m v
own''l use for' smoking puposes, for th'e
last twenity years, and( wiill give you
my expeieclIe with it for' tIhe betett
of' your recadei's wvho conlteinplate giv
inIg it a trial next y'ear.
First. Feor tihe seed-bedC( select some)4
open spot in the woods wherie t here
are not, mlany tall triees, as too imuchl
shadel retair<s the gr'ow th of' theO plants,
wvhilec sdme shade is advantageous.
Early ill Janiuar'y, if lnt sooner, mnake
a lar'ge brush or' log heap on tile bed
and butrnl it thorongblly. I then spade
uIp the~ soil about tell or twelve incehes
deep and againi burn a brush heap
upon01 it, and thlen let the spot stand
for' a week 01r twvo, 01' until there
conies a shiower of' r'ain upon01 it, whecn
1 againl spade te gromulll (four or' five
inlches t his time), so as to have it in
the best tilth, I then scatter the seed1s
over' the spot anid brnsh them in ver'v
ShallIow, the seeds being so very smal
you have to be very car'eful or yvou wvill
have themi too thick. It too thick 011
tIhe bed they are ap)t to be spindling
and ai'e easily wvilted down when
taken to tihe field. Otherwise they
will be stout and1( ini bettei' conditioin
t.o withstand tile rays of tile sun.
Plant beds on 01(1 lands (10 not thi'ive
nlear'ly so well as in the woods.
Second. In this latitudte 1 find( the
woi'ms a very tr'oublesome enemiy to
the leaf and also to thle seed that is
left to mature. if' the bug that dlepos
its the eggs is not cradicated the weeds
should he looked aftei' twice if not thriee
times a week. Worming dioes lnt
commnce, however, unItil Somei timle
inl June 01' about fte first ot'Jully and
continues unItil thle tob)acco) is r'eadly
for the knife, but n'ot so mnuch after
the leaves begin to get tough as whienl
y'ounlg. If aniy wor'Ims sh19>nbh bc left
OIn thle stocks thaIl tar Ie puiit ini thle houlise
for natur1 al driniig theoy will there
destr ioy thme tobacco. 'This dander is
not lard to overIcomIe, however, par'
Iitiuar'ly itf ar'tiflcial hleat is res~orted( to
foi' drmying piurposes
T1hird't. If' the gi'ound is in l',l t ilthi
umnd a good stand( is ob)tained early, a
second( crop) can1 be miade fromi 'the
stuib bl e.
I haive two kinds of se'ed, mlixed;
mie a nlarr'ow~ eal, thle 0otheri a verv~
ar'ge, brload1 leaf. Th'le lnarro w leaf is
mi' anId yellower thani lie broad leaf;
>ut thle broad leaf will gr'ow taller and
icavier', andt make a fai' greater yield
ide by Ridle I have no seed foi' sale
s I only keep enough for, myself and
F. IT. GnIAxIANO.
The Tobacco Boom In South Carolina.
( brom the Al1arion (!otton Planat. )
WVishing anid working for the wel
'are of our farmers, (Cotton Plant cau
ions them against flying off at a tan-.
rent. The Netos and Cour'ier, with
ts Interest for our farmers, Is ably
udvocating the cnltIvatIon of tobacco
n our State Qtt a large andi extensive
;rale. We advise our farmers to go
do0w on this quq tlon. The Imnpover'
shed conditIbl ot ouir soil has nearly
m verished our .Stt *nd tobaeco
(a rnch gie(tek exhAsat6t of the
oil than oottot* Sevetal monthsao
ish 9ttr f jMt
Ud t pe atg and now ed
1Gretyp o Dal .N a
ore p;ay b6-nuh profit in grow.
n tobteoo on our State, but it is an
XpOnsivo oxperiment and will be a
lisa6trpus ono if It is, tried otherwise
hat cautiously. It is well to remem
er that the poorest section of Vir
ininia is that devoted to tobacco.
rowing under the nanagelnoit of
nen who have had hundred of years
f study and experience to guide them.
rho crop is more exhaustive to the
oil than any other, and may fail en
irely after having been very fine for
wo or three yearj.
With our present light we believe
obacco will be proflitably grown in a
mall way as an adjunct to cotton and
orn, as a few acres of it on a planta
ion would not require the employment
f extra help and would utilize the
ipare tine of regular help. When
armers have generally tried that sys
em for a year or two they can learn
he methods of growing and curing
he crop and know what hope of profit
:hcre is in it. At the same time they
will gradually build up home markets
where what tobacco they make can he
The growing of the leaf ig a very
mall part-getting it prepared and to
market is where the trouble comes in
and the experience is needed.
WILL THE SOUTI DIVIDE?
Qucstions and Answors upon an Interest
ig Political Point.
The New York Herald has recently
sent out the following questions to
prominent Southern men with the
request that they be answered:
1. Upon what issue and by what
means can the white voters of the
South be divided into two parties,
separated by opinions and interests, as
at the North?
2. Would an interchiange of political
speakers of both parties between the
North and the South be acceptable to
your]state In future campaigns?
3. Do you consider that the negro
voters are more indiflerent than foru
3rly to the suffrage, and arc they dis
posed to disregard the color line in
4. What is the greatest existing ob
ection to a break in what is called tie
Prominent among the replies is the
tnswer given by General Fitzhugh
Lee, of Virginia, which is as follows:
I answer your first question thus:
the solidity of the white vote of the
South is the result of the false recon
truction policy of the Republican par
. after the war. The white people
will not practically divide until the
:olored people do, and these latter will
lot" divide so long as the few whites
cltiig with them1 are sustained by the
National Republican partv's promises
:>f ofice and reward. .Mahone said,
you know, that he controlled tle ne
gro vote, and it was only a question of
how many white votes he could add to
them to control the State. No South
ern State can ever be long controlled
by such a mixture.
To your second question I answer:
An interchange of speakers would
make the sections know each other
better, and might do good. We would
like the Republican party at the North
to see whlat the Republican p)arty of
thec South is comp11osed of.
Toeyou third question I answer:
To your fourth qulestioni I answer:
The fear that our State Governmientt
will return'i to the conidit:oni of' thtingi
existintg undeir the scahawvag aind carpet
bag Governmen ts, and1( from which thl(
Demiocracy rescued them.
A HORRIlISLE D)EATII.
A Distilngished ex-Confederate Surgeori
Kilid ein Louisiana.
Dri. Ai%lfred G~ourn'er, a dlistinoguishued
medical pracuitioner aind sin-recon dir.
ing (lie wvaron the staff'of'Gen . Steohei:
D). Lee, wats buried in Newr Orleanm
Thiursdiay hv~ the su rvivinug veteranis of
the Cohnf'ede~rate Airmyi of' Tiennuessee,
Dri. Gourner was killed by a hoilei
exp losion ini Iberv ile pariish on Tuies.
day. iIe went to I le river to snperin.
tend thle working of anl enginle pump
ing water tc the suigar-hioise, and soin
had thle pump working unditer a heavy
gauge of steam. Feeling (flat all wa's
right he t urned to go, wh len lie wvas
hiandled his miail by the post)ov. iIe
returned to scani the mail by the light
of (lhe eniginme, and finding a letter
from his wife, noew absenlt in Maine,
stooped niear (lie furnaucc to read it,
when the exlosioni .ook pla5ce. The
noise b)roughit many to the scene.
Nothing of (lie engine anrd boiler could
be found( in, thir pla1ce, aunt fragments
wer'C eictteredlIli man hundredl vards
away. Search was inlstitultedt for tile
doictor. Ilis body was found among
the weeds, 272 feect distanit, so horri
bIy mangrledl as to be almost unr'ecog
Dgniz'/able. The engineer was scalded
11nd will hardly recover', wvhile the
firemlan escaped almirost uninjutred.
-Th'le estate of Kate Townisendl, bet
ecr kniowni as "The Queen of (lie
2courtesains," whoi wias killed in New
)rleans about two( years ago by her
'CIputed hlusbandi(, Troisville Syk'es, is
igaini in courti. Th'le lamwyers h'ave suc
:eeded ini finding a sister of (lie dead
vomani ini Ireland, and1 have filed a
nit in her bjelhlf Tbch estate was
raluted at $200,000). Sykes, the maur
lerer of Kate Townsend, was her
levisee by wvill.
la a dangerons as well as distressing complaint If
negloctd tit tends, by Impa ng uitrition, anid de
yrepeIn$'etneofe ss.to pepare theway
The sweet 64ID.as gathered from a tre of the smi name,
growing 6at the sm sies is the tluthen states,
as olai ezpeotoeant priseiple ttooeos
e g'ro4otIs the early morning h sad stmn
lse k ll othrow off th.flnei . an oroep sad
w _ Dlaus,rsein the on lel ant of h old filsvso!"
8o. an , a RA AYZO Swan 0e a.
Use R. BIOOgRS" BUOR.BRRY CORDIAL f r
ins, Dysentery and Chlldren Tbeething. for sal. bj
25 YEARS- IN USEA
'ho Greatest Medical Triumph of the Ago!
SYMPTOMS OF A
Loss of appetite, Dowels costive, Pain In
the head, with a dull sensation in thv
back part, Pain under the shoulderw
blade, Fullness after eating, with a dis
inciluation to exertion of body or mind,
Irritability of temper, I.ow spirits, with
a feeling of having neglected some duty,
Weariness, Dizziness, Fluttering at the
Iteart, Dots before the eyes, Headache
over the right eye, Restlessness, with
fitful dreams, Highly colored Urine, and
TUTT'S PILLS are especially adapted
to such cases, one dose effects such a
change of feel ingas to astonish the Sufferer.
They Inease the Appettte,and cause the
body to Take on Flesls thuit the system ts
nonrished. and ib t eir Tonic Action on
the Dilgestive Organs,fleg uiar Stools are
produce<d. Price 25c. 44 Mrray f4t..N.Y.
TUTT'8 HAIR DYE.
GRAY HA1R or WitIsKERS ohanged to a
GLossY BLACK by a single application of
this DYE. It inparts a natural color, aots
instantaneously. Sold by Druggists, or
sent by expi ess on receipt of e1.
Ntfiae, 44 Murray St., New York.
All Sorts of
hurts and many sorts of ails of
man and bcast need a cooling
lotion. Mustang Liniment.
They NeedI YOulr InunedC(ialte At
HERE'S A CASE.
For six long, dreary years I have been a
sufferer fromn a elolinplaint of liuy kidneys,
which failed to be cured by physicians or
I blegani to feel I could nev'er secure ro,
lief, as I lhad spIent two hundltlred and( fifty
diollIa rs w ithou)ti1 .success.
Th'le d ise'asil was so e'xtlruitintg that it
often p revented i to from n rorn Iing my~
daiily dluty. I wasIi advised to try the efi
eacy of IiL It .1I., anld one single bottle,
Costinhg $1, gave iiii more relief than -all
the comihinedi trealurent I had ever re
Its actio on141 the kidneys is simpllly wvon
decrfulI, amt any one woo nleeds it real,
speedy andt 1 ha rmless k idnieyllmedicine
shuh nolId1t1 hesi tte to giv~e B. 1t. B. at trial.
One bottle wvil l 'nvinlce any h one.
C. Il. lt.OlIElITS,
Atlanita WVater WVorks.
I ami a merctlht of Atlanta; and am
near .60 year of agiie. My kidneoys have
beeni mmtivye anld irregular for many years,
attended with excruciating p)ainl m the
small of the hack. A t timles I b)ecamle too
nervous to4 attend to business. My case
had all the attentitn that money could
secure, but, onIly to result ill a compulete
B. B. B. was recomimnendedl, and to say
that its action on met wias miagical wvould
ba mild termi. One hottle miade me1 feel
like a niew~ hma-just, like I was young
agaLin. Ima all my life~ I never used so pow
erful and1( potenmt a rtemiedy. -For the blood
and the kidneys it is the best I ever saw,
andt 011e bottle wvillI force any one toJ praise
Sold bly all drulggists.
eDe "atNe a e of
shogues oct. lIij o tone
ORGAN AND PIANO000.
154 Tremont St.,ostoni. 40 E.14th St. (UnIon Sq.),
N. Y. 149 Wabash Ave., Chicabo
lPI t homne wll.,t tiiI. BOOre
w a d oi
0 1s.n u
is no flatterer. Would yQu
make it tell a swegter tale
Magnolia Balm is th~ ch1arm
er that almost cheats the
Given With Each Piano.
Special Ca*h Offer. Good Only Uttil
December 1, 1885.
TO EVERY SPOT CASH WITH O1l
DER Purchaser of a new Piano valu
ed at $250 or upwards, between November
1st and December Ist next, we ofter as a
AN ELEGANT GOLD WATCH,
Gentlemen's or Ladies' size, as desired.
Guaranteed Solid Gold Cases and fine
Speoial Conditions of This Offer.
1. The Pianos to be sold at our LOWEST
CASH PRICES, which are uniform to all
as we sell strictly on the ONE PRIO
SYSTEM. Not a dollar advance on our
regular prices to be charged.
2. With each Piano a fine Plush Top
Stool, a Silk Embroidered Cover, an In
stiuctor, a Music Book, and aulfreightpaid
to nearest railroad depot.
3. Cash with order, and the order before
December 1st. Remember, CASH WITH
ORDER. Nothing else can get the watch.
Money refunded if Piano not eatlsfaCto=
Three to five pieces Sheet Music, in folio
10c.; three for 25c. Postage 20. per folio.
No Humbug. Try it.
N. W. TRUMP,
128 Main Street, Columbia, S. C.
LAND FOR SALE.
TWENTY-TWO IJNDRED ACRES,
situated on the waters of Broad River,
in Fairfield County, eight miles from Als.
ton Depot and one mile from Dawkins'
Depot, will be sold in one tract or in five
parts. Traversed by the Spartanburg &
Union I alilroad. One good dwelling-house
and necessary outbuildings. Correspon
JOSEPH K. ALSTON,
Oct27L1m Winnsboro, S. C. b
RED CEDAR CHESTS.
WE WANT TO MAIL OUR PAMPHLET
TO ALL MERCUANTS.
TERRY SROW CASE CO.
Gr ace wa sin all her ateps, Heaven
to her eye,
In every gestusre dignity and lose!"
So appleared Mother Ev'e, and .me
may shine her faIr descendants,
with the exercise of common sense,
carej* andl proiper treatment. An
enormous numb)er of femaie corn
laints are dlirectly caused by dis
turbance or suppression of the
Menstrual Function. In every such
case that sterling and unfailing
splhe,fi BIIAIDFmLD's FEMALE
REoUL,ATOR, wvill effect relief and
It is from the reelpe of a most
distinguished physIcian. It is com
@posed of strictly offleinal ingredi
Sents, whose hap)py combination has
never been surpassed. It is pre-M
pared with scientific skill from the
fietmaterials. It bears the pam
for constancy of strength, certain~
Sof effet, eeac of prepara
flswhen fairly tried..
Thisi certify that two memn
beQrsofn my mmedate fanully' after '
Shaving suffered for man yyears
.fromt menstrual irregularit, and
having been treatedi withou ben
fit, by various medical doctors, were
at length comnpletely cured by one
bottle of Dr. J. Bradfleld's Female
Regulator. Its effect in such eases
is truly wonderful, and well may
the rem be called "Woman s
JAMEs WV. STRANGE.
Send for our book on the "Health
andt lHappiness of Woman.'' Mail
lIRAJeIELD Atlanta, das.