Newspaper Page Text
BIRTH OF THE CONFEDERACY.
A GLANCE I3ACK TO THE DAYS OF
Tw1ENTY-FIYE YEARS AGO.
Scones at tho Intiuratiou of 'resident
Jetferson )avir--Tho First Coufelerate
Noney, the First Flag, the First Soldiers
1ad tho First Cruiser.
(Wash. Letter to the .Ycw York 1W'orld.)
"No, sir, I was not with Mr. Davis
at Montgomcry this week to hear hiln
pronounce what you are pleased to call
the funeral oraticll of the Confederacy.
I was there with him twenty-flc years
ago and heard him make na speech
much more cheerful. It was his inau
gural as PIresidlent--the baptismal ser
vice you iight call it-of the Confed
cracy. I was one of the marshal's
aids on Ihat occasion, and represented
The speaker, chatting with a group
of his friends inl the parlor of the
National hotel, was Col. Henry D.
Capers, of Georgia. lie has been here
for several muonthIs and his erect figure
and gallat bearing are much re
marked. Ie was private secretary of
the first Confederate secretary of the
treasury, aml his rcminiscenlces of the
babyhood of that short-lived ( Govern
ment are an interesting volume. The
bitterest Northcrner cannlot begrudge
the pathos in the spectacle of Jefl'orson
)avIs, a solitary 01(1 man, grey and
feeble, statiding up to speak in the
memorial service of the rebellion,
u)on the steps of the very Capitol
where he first stood forth its chief, in
the prime of his miianly strength and
the iirst (lush of its hopes, on the 18th
February, 186t 1. How many be must
miss of the high-hearted, hot-blooded
Southern chivalry who stood proudly
arotond him that day!
The 18th of February, 1861, was a
beautiful Southern day, savs Col.
Calpers. The stu beaimed dowii on
the natal occasion like a happy father,
and a soft southwest wind was lift ing
the leaves of the magnolia that twined
with the laurel in many a large festoon
about the Corinthian columns of the
capitol. An immense concourse of
People gathered to the inauguration,
but so soleln were the ceremonies
and so earliest were the people, that
Col. Capers, sitting on horseback in
the outskirts of lhe t lhroni;r, heard dis
tinctly every word of the eloquent
opening prayer of i)r. taanly. The
veuerable divine a itl Vice-President
elect Siepheis role in the carriage
with Mr. I )avis, :ani Ilowell Cobb,
president of the coliventionl, admtllinis
t. erd t lie oat Ii o ollice, MIr Davis
sp)oke i:is linaugutral U'.icily, but diS
tinet', ai;'l uipon taking the oath
raised his eyes towards neaven aiid
repeated the concluding words, "So
help it God,'' in a tone so strong and
clear that they could be heard by
ever one prc'seut. 't'here was a re
ccptiun that. iniglht anld a brilliat ball.
U. (G. Menininiger, of Soutlt Carolinma,
was appointed secreta ry o' the treasu
ry, and u t he :0Uth Col. Capers, whom
lie seletdl as his private secretary,
openel thair olice in the (ommiercial
building . T1he ac'commolldatijOns Were
Ii mited, hm cii oveuieit. Tiere was a
bankin_r oflice on the grontid floor.
Thu Sate, trcasury , war, navy and
law delpartuei of the new gover
iitii settled dowli nu t lie I welve rooms
on the second story, ione of theul very
large. Yo'iung Capers took posesioi
of their oflice, swept. out the cobwebs
and dust. hii msel', got ini a fewv aiticles
oft furiture, tI l~acked( a caird oin thle.
door1, hiiired an ii llire boy a ind witd 1
two whole days beior'e any',body cajimie
to do buisinesm'.
TIhem carne a iall, 'ohli3rl y-lookinig
mant with anl eaigr siip amid I le tinoi,
takable a ir of' bushie-s lie wanted0( to
see the ."ecr'et:u-y at one eun an :1 imi
por'tanit inatter'. lie lh:mdedi the yo umig
pr'ivate ecetary' :m oflicial nmoie and(
'"1 am Ca~pt. D ean, sirin, late of thle
Uited0( St ates ariinv. I hav'e hbeeni in
str'ucted by Pr'esident D avis, whose
note I land you, to pr'ovkIe rationis
and blanmket f'otr one hun mdied ieni
who have r'ep)orted to lhim ioi' dtt ini
the army. I want the iumey, sir', to
carry oult thle ordefr of th le 1President."t
-Col. Caperts assured t011he Capltin iithat
lie was boih wilIng and anixious 1 lie
mnen should lie Gl led aund covered, hut
ho added, shtakin )t a purse that
contai ned 5(o1iethin in .gIc Ihan $5:
"'I have beeni on conisideIraleI of' a
frolic for' the last two wveeks in Mont
gomery, aiin( my finianices are ait this
moment pretty low. This is all the
money I am able to volich f'or tas being
ill thoe ireasuryI' depar'tmienit of lie
Confederate States at this t imne.''
Patriot ismn coutldni't be allowed to go
unfed and unihlmketed, however, and
after' some1 dlay the monecy was r'aised
on the piivate credit of' Mr'. Mem
minger. The soliers thus equipped0(
were a comipany of Geor'gis, comn
mianided1 by Capt. Geor'ge Washinigtoni
Lee. Thley wer'e ithe first body of'
troops enlistG'd by the Conf~eeracy.
When fleir provisional Couigress
pr1ovided for u a li of 815,000,00o "'to
mfeet, the~ C eiegelis >of Giover'nmieith,"'
thmty thiereb,y pr iovided aniot hem' enmer
genicy. Theli Govermnent 1hud no paperni
notes upon01. They mnanagedl to get the~
chief' t igiedientt of' pajpe ii mnov (eldit
vei'y well, but1 sItick faisl t w wlilI for
lack of' w hat is usually comiparattively
valueless. ThIe papem' inills of lIme
Sotth made omy~ thle ordinai'y news.
paper aid I l'c coinmmin wrapping
paper oft thle sh ops. TIhe lie mci ianiu
factories oh'f the co i>ti'y lav ior'thI of
the line of separa'tionm. G.' B. Lamar',
presidenit of' the Butnmk of' the liepublic,
in New York, atinmt. as uagemit, for thie
Confederate Goveimenit, ar'raniged to
have thle wor'k done by thle Amruuicani
Banik Note Companmy, bu11t wvhen the
bonids aIimni totes werie all handtisomiely
pr'inited itt readCit y to be ship 1)10( the
secret service oficeis of' the aitionial
Govern mient swoohied dlowni and coni
fiscatetd thme w hole batch. The difll
culty of findinig pn ler' and( emngraver's
was nt solved unitil mafter' the removal
of the Governmenit from Monitgomory
to Rich mmondm. 'lhe Rich mmiond hipper
mills wer'e fitnaully able to fitt'riish a sor't
of bank-note paper', bt Ithe first issue
wasI pr'inited by a hirim of Ger'mtani
engmavei's iln I tichmon lOilott paper'
sinmggled thr iough the himnes friomn I al -
tfmOre. T1hie iii'st. proof -sheet , of' eight
onie-hinmdried.' dol lamr biIls, wats flit
from handsomeni, bu mt 1they were int a
hurry aid thev approve'd it . it is niow
in the piossession of' Col. Capbers, amid
bears upon Ithe back (of it t his intscr'ip
lion, made at thle Iiimie, in the hanid
writing of' Secr'etar'y Memminiger:
"'When thle tmney-chatngem's hbecotme]
familiar' with lie peculIiar' feaitum'es of
these uncanmny bils it wil be) mas dhiflcult
fo pass a countteifeit as if' they were
ThgtaVed on steel by ani cxpet't; may
be mIOre0 50."
Secrtetary MNemminimger se5\ns to
have been both a wit antd a phitloso- I
ince and uncertain.ln the promise they
expreased, they passed at par in sov
3ral seaports of Dixie "for at least a
month,' as Col. Capers caref\illy puts
t, "after they were issued." Several
argo bills of exchange were bought
n London and Paris at par. But the
lnanclal boom of the Confederacy
ldn't last long. When it came to be
August, '61, the Canal and Citizens'
)anks in New Orleans were the only
nes handling Confederate money at
ar. On the 9th of August oven they
imspended specie payments, notifying
he Richmond authorities of their
utention two days in advance by a
)rivato cipher dispatch. Col. Capers
ias (ho original of this dispatch, in
p)ursuance of which the Government
made quite a saving speculation for
itself by buying up rail the foreign
;xchango it could lay Its hands on In
New Orleans, Mobile, Savannah,
Jharleston and Richmond during the
two days of grace.
Col. Capers's recol:ection of those
arly days of the war arc a continuous
tory of inakeshifts and exptients.
rhe young Government lived from
hand to mouth. One of the first naval
fmcers to report for duty was Raphael
Semtmes, afterwards commander of
the Alauma. lie was on hand before
they had a (leek for hiu to stand on,
and worked for a short time in the
treasury department at Montgomery.
A merchant vessel was soon bought
and Scmnues, after inspecting her,
returned to Montgomery und announc
ed to his fellow-clerk, Col. Capers:
"She is a good craft, sir, a good
craft. WlienI have strengthened her
timbers and cut her down to fighting
trim, my word for it, she will do
brave work, sir."
She was accordingly altered and
armed and, with Sennes on her
quarter-deck, made good.his prediction
to the dire cost of such as weiit (Lowi
to the sea in ships under the Stars and
Stripes inl those days. 'The vessel was
srl.)1Mt:s w1'IlTTL'ES FOlt 1118 PACPERS.
But whnii sie was ready to sail ani
her register mnade out, it was discov
ered at the last noment that the
treasury departient of the Confederate
States had no seal. There wasn't an
engraver to be found in Montgomery,
and Senmes was iinpatielt to get his
Papers antl be oil. So he and Col,
Capers, aided by a handy young army
Surgeon, autid at the expetnse of two or
three peikuives, carved ia rude seal
upon a p,iece of boxwood, which met
the iinlediate need. Semmies got his
register, and the aSilre set sail undei
the Stais and Bars. There was fluite a
tine over the adoption of that flag. A
considerable number were in favor of
sticking to the old flag, with slight
modifications, but. Mr. Miles, of South
Carolina, chairman of the Congres
sional flag committee, argued at lengti
iIi his roirt agaiist this sei Ii lleutal
idea, ianl added, by way way of a
clinbcher, that Liberia1 and tlie Sand wich
Islanis haid 11 igs very similar to ours,
and the committee was not disposed,
the iefore, if 1or no ottier reason, "to
keep, coi)Y or init ate it. They have
no in clinl ation to Ibo'row second-ihaid
what has alreatly b'''en ipilcred or
ap prop riatel by a tee iegro Co Iml
mu ality and a race of savages.''
''he very first ('onfederate flag that
the sun 'Ver saw, (ol. Capers test ities,
was hoisted by .1utlge Cit heratl at
Montgomery. lie was in the conti
dence of the flag coimitte, and as
soon a yt they tIld liidi tle design
selecte h'Ile grot his lady i rienads to
getherci aind hadi one' niimte. On thle
day te ('omiinit tee wa:i to r'poi't to
'oiire-s lhe noat ited thle roof of' the
C;apit, iix'd his flag to the halyard'.
of' thle "itl anzd waited.
.T'he1 'C)ii re idnudt ion of thie coin
niittee was approved, lie got his
sig i ntl from below, antd ini the t wink
Iinmg of' an eye the new enlsigni of' thle
S-ouith~ was floating pr'oly in (lie
caresses of the gentle March winid.
'lih lnews spread qutickly thr'ongh (lie
city, amil when Juidge Clither'allI
shouted dlown firomi his lofty perch,
"Thr'e cheers tor' the C onfederate flag'"
the (crowd anlswer'ed with a aiightIy
grceeting that , it was thlought at thlie
imie, iia'-t have given an ecarache to
lie bronz, e stat 110 on th le doin of1 thei
far Northierni Capi tol.
( /"'rom 'en nie Ja s n's Isi eion Letter. )
Griaduaig (dre'sses ai'e always a
sourice 01' troll t.uid anixiety withI
expcetanit gr'adutats CrIomi school and
college it this seasoni. A fe w ianv be
able to send or' give thieiri ordei' 'to a
compiletenit dr'essmnaker'; thle majoiity
"'worr'y" over' (lie difl'icu lty~ of mnakiiig
ant mde1uun appe)ar'ane out. of' iaadc
(fiinate i'esoiurces. The biest thin g, priob
abl, thfat the mlajority C:a dn (is to1.
pro'urei one of' the mauchin le embr~ioid-f
credi white miusliiis, make it up withI
fullI open bodice, said wear creni, pale
y'ellow or lielIiotr~ope sat in heft anid
ibboiis. Uut if' the iy wonuld1begini a
year bef~o and ( emrider'O(l ini a dteli
cate, iall .ver pattei'i 0o' iii ines or wvithi
border ior dralijpry, aL dle, wilte wool
or liiien law~in, what a daiinty costuime
wold( be obitainted, not oinly at a comn
pfaim trifling e'x,cise, bat pios
sessfimg (t o impurchainsab.le (list inct1ion
of' sepirate and( 1 at W"ie individual ity.
There is a f'urore6 lust no0w i; fondonl
for' hiomie dressmaalkng sind' to en o'
ago it a baill is to he given at W. I I
Rlooms in May', at which thie t 'ailet tes
worn by (lie ladies are to be exclu
sively "'home made." Oine of thie
obstacles to dressmaking at home, wit hi
us, is the tear of not being like every
body else. Th'lis bondage is a great
sour'c0 (f weak ness. We0 coul athord
to be a lit tIe fantfastic in ordler' to lbe
fr'ee, simphle and expre'ssive.
D~iinmpIes, bones and wrtinkles marik
he thraee stages of lif'e's priogreCss.
With t he wi'in kled stages the steadfiness
>f youth ofteni reiiiaiis in r'esolutte
hlar'acteri. Wh len thie Duake of' Wel -
ngtona was a very 01(d man, lie could
itifll fill a g .ss of water to the last
iossible driop), and1( hold it up steadily,
rifat. Th'le lielful heads keep) thi.l
'outhful activity, too, far' inito lie
v,itheing age. A iad ini nob)l~yyoin g
iatumres thea'e is a sor o'.~ f iiiortal ity
>f youth; thiei waramthl of alfetion hans
riveni mor'e th~ai a royal prl'erogativye;
,ebc and is be at ifu talway v is to the
yes that knowi it faumiliarly. The
atteir years osily staimP it wvithI the
mpa'ess oft a loager past of tender'ness,
'aidithulnss and boauty. Is it not the
'olc" hiand, but the "'dear" hand, and
t nuever grows older', but more dlear'.
Ic who doubts tIe tiruth of this last
nystery has yet not found outf that
ands as wveli as haear'ts, have a pectul
ar place in our knowledge and love of
TUE UaE OF WATIR.
The Most Destructive Freshet $inve 16al- 1
Crops Ruined ait Live Stock Drownded
Bridge. and Culvert. Washed Away-Fanl.
tHIs Driven From Their hone..
(Columbia Daily ltoodrd, May 21)
'I'he fearful rains of the peat few days
have been general over the country, and
the flood gates of the mountains having
been opened, the waters are rolling down to
the low lands with great velocity, sweeping
away cahins, bridges, live stock and crops
in their wild course.
13rbad River bridge this morning was
impassable to vehicles, and those who ven
ture(d over the Congarce River bridge took
a risk, as the bridge was nearly floating on
the angry stream. 1'he piers were covered at
9 A. M. and the river still rising.
The water has flooded the work on the
canal, and serious injury will result to this
great State enterprise.
The plantations of Mr. John C. Scegers,
Mr. James G. Graham, Capt. W. 1). Star
ling, the ChiLs brothers, Mr. T. B. Augh
try, Mr. B. F. Grifli and others in the
lower part of Richland arc submerged and
the cotton and corn ruined. These farmers
have lost a large number of cattle, hogs
and horses by drowning, and the prospects
are that the continual rise of the waters will
entail upon thetm still further loss.
At the old Arthur place, now Mr. Grif
fin's plantation of 1,500 acres, only 100
acres arc out of water, and the road to the
platation is four feet (leep in water.
All through the city and County bridges
and causeways have been swept away, and
the chanees are that the few remaining in
position will follow in the general wreck.
'Thie culvert on the C., C. & A. 1t. 1t.,
just above the city, has cnved in, but a
temporary structure allowed trains to go
A train on the C. & G. i. It. is between
tw( wadied out trestles, near Peak's Sta
A fanily in Ward 1, rentin,' one of the
Aliwordn houses, corner of 'Ivdium and
Assemby streets, was forced to move out,
yesterday, ''lock, stock and barrel," the
water haiving risen waist dleep in the house
ant tlreatening the family with drowning.
Caltain P. 11. I ookter says hiis crop is
intunin ted and1 his loss will be nearly entire.
'riiis lave been delayed throughout,the
country on accontt of the heavy rains, and
the only wonder is thit no loss of human
life hias ctcurred.
1l(l(bels of persons went to the river
to-day a(d remained for hours, witnessing
the destruction caused b1y the swollen
stream. The water Ibroke tlrough the
enal b1 nartks on the river side and washed
away the works for hundreds of yards.
,pon re:aching 1tat portion on which the
city watr works stand the angry flood
sec'nled to have a1n especial mission to futl
lill. 'T'rce at'ter tree steeumtbed to the force
of the torrent, wntit erashing downt stream
an1(d thrateneI lest rtition to tle Conga
ree bri( ge. Yard fter yard of cart ht was
iun(derminel until the close of this report,
at 2. :o I'. M., whett Ite water works were
carried1 a way. One hntdred cords of pine
W<omI were taken oil in a jiTly and the canal
b)ridge vent ofi' as drift Wood.
The ey'lone of 'l'hursday norning, after
Sprn( g dest ruetion throught the fields of
Mr. (;(i1orge New man, truck the plaecs of
Mr, ('. (. roawn. Capt. .1. C. Ii. Smith,
Capt. \V. ii. Miller antil others, picked Utl
eabis and0t ''seatIcred thmciu to the four
W'tls .of heaven," shingles going in one
directiun. logs in1 aniother and chimneys in
a IIthirI. Ihe r :nid- were fille Id w ith d-'bris
of I Ia' st'rmt and t tie branches were swollen
to an al :osI impassal Ie degree. Pines of
("irc11i1tie-f rte eptial to the uspan of a man's
1ar111 wV('r- 5na111ad like pi pc steuls andi watl
nut trees a half (ce(intury til were mowed
(oWu lik,' grass.
1"eat I unagte was lone to the brick
yardcl. of Mssrs. Clark \Varng and .1. Frost
.A t the" 51buiczen P'l:iIz the destrnetion to
Thriin;dunitt thte cityV the wvashiouts htave
been Serihuis, gairdenis laiig been ittunt
Sivieral thouise' ont lie [f'xinguton side of
I lie ( 'on1: art' bridge' werei vacated v'ester'
titi' water' lto esiape.
i'r. (i d li . st irun Iii' wats .suii'essf-til]y
un yid-hiy '''andit ti-day itt tresiing live
.\ cih 'rvet nteus till ilhiti's otf the peri
olihnil ir''bets ai- fiollow's: Mutay, 1810i; Atu
sI, 10o; I"ebItryii, I805; ,*uni, 1876;
Al ,IW---iveragintg ! I .v ytars. liroad1(
ti'r :i ti' feet Ihihr-r in 1852 tInbit
, resbets,ii ihroughoumit iuppert Soith Cartolina,
iIihe I'ire Dlen ri ver statis tirty-si x feet
above low wattetr and is still risintg. Crops
ott tIhe ri vr 'are~ a total loss. Th'Ie loss is
tii-yoini etu~ inate. Contsierale damage
leis been1 donate to thte railIroutds ad ('rops in
lhe ttnr tin anid wes('tern't par1ts of the
Cruarrrtt i-:, N. ( . , May 21.- -FThe rain
stoan, w'i'lb t'omniiene'i at thtis plae
totatl r'ituftll wvas tight inis. The breaks
mt the A ii- lii' r'oadl betwe en C harlozie andtl
A Ilatna harve beeni ripaire iiii<tl trains to
('gt''re d o the (hitrlot C olumbilia and
ini iti'. t'ulnning of' the trins.t' Thec lhIit
miondi ad a n :iville line sutlfcted sev\erely
trestlei evi r C(ddl hi Gre(,ek b eintg watshed
aiway :10n1 iUe spant of thle bridge otne hunti
d redI :n tl ii y feet lontg vir 't haii Yadkini
Iliver n:s idestrtoyed. Tlhiis cautsfi.' a stop.
pig' of tiri vil. 'ilh- break at ( ol hi(rteek
hais bieent repair-ed indi a transfer' will be
eITe.%ted at. Yadkint itiver oni M~ondany nle.t
iat wih i(t tite trav'eI Ott t his road w-ill lie
t'esumedi~t. 'fThe West ernt North Car'olinta
'oad( wvas ottly sl ightly damtagedl.
ii,g esfiitde (enn nu i.a4 ot' flte loss Iinf lict
TIhie dec'iisiion otf thIet New~ Yiurk Cout pf
A pi'-als int te New Yor'k sinikinig- ftnd eaise
is of wsv ie i rest. -PT' court t holds that in
istimiatinig the debIt ofi New York eity' withI
r'eferen'ce-i to thle cionst ituiitiottal limnitatlitn
thte hindil ' f the2 (city's s inkintg funid titlst be
dtleiiteid. As nearlyIt all the harge cities of
t i e <;oun i ry, to a grealter or less extenit, have
smakmtg funids mtaide upI of thteit' (twIt secur'i
ties, thle prinaciple set f'oi'th hits imprt'at
bei'ni'g. 'lThe ide'isionts of the courts with
recferen'cte'li t this ptlmise of (-ity governlmet
hav~e b ieen inifrt'iuient and( oft slight Ib1 ear'ing.
Gotvi'r'or it st wen('t to the pentitentiary
at Silt Inake riecenttly tio talk wit hi the ptolyg
itiious contnvets therti. lIe aisked if tIey
wouthli Ih' wihlit; > pr'omtise obediience to)
the laws if I e i woi tdisie his inilhiienc(e to
have ('l'emeiin:y c.x'enidted to t hiemt. A postlhe
I/nellzo/( Sniiw aid lie woihil not, lie hiad
ti-i coiblileeu ini. tri<ge Zulile or tit'd
Staties Al It irlnt' D)- ichI, whiatever' lie miiglit
It: Ve ini(4 t'iroi tVst.
'lT h It'btirian (Generail Assely , cont
iiy 'lie(t tig lIev. ii)r. ,J. II. I ryshin, ttf Ala
lbamat, Molderator'; fltev. E. A. llamusey, o~f
N ashville, andtI Governoir .J. II. Matyre, of
VirgInia, Rteadiung Clerks. A re(soluttiont
was adloptedI referrinig the qutestiont of evo
lution to ia speciad committtee i tlo prt ats
oon) ias posible.
An inctndiary fire destroyedl Johtn M.
Noxsen's corn house, with several hundt(redl
bushels of corn antd peas, near Kingstrec,
ENRAL NEWS ITIM$. ,
'act. of 'lateret Gath.red floea Varioes
Sumtor-is troubled with forest fires.
J. C. Malloree, of Charleston, has boon
;ranted a patent for mixed paint.
Ben Dinkins, an old colored man of Sum
or, fell dead on the 15th.
Mr. A. W. Morton, of Abbeville County,
lied on Friday last of heart disease.
Mr. H. M. Prince, of Abbeville County,
lied suddenly on the 15th from paralysis.
The Georgia State Democratic Conven
,ion meets in Atlanta July 28.
Asheville votes the issue of $100,000 in
ionds for public improvement of her streets
Negroes are wanted at Panama to work
)n the canal. The climate is said to be
good for them.
A daughter of Widow Whitesides, liv
ng near Gastonia, was struck by lightning
ast week and killed.
Four persons were severely shocked by
Lightning on the farm of H. W. Boggs, in
Frank Little, a colored man living near
Dheraw, committed suicide by shooting
Iimself with a gun.
.lt is estimated that the losses in nine Ohio
Counties devastated by the flood will foot
Lawyer Frank P. Gray, of Atlanta, Ga.,
was shot and killed by Marshal It. L. Jones
In a difliculty about some cattle.
A portion of the town of Meriden, Kan
ins, was destroyed by a tornado; several
persons were killed and many injured.
Capt. Hatfield, with a troop of cavalry,
struck Geronimo's band a seyero lick and
captured his horses and entire camp outfit.
Will hunt, a young man of 17, eloped
with Miss Minnie Ferguson, aged 15-both
parties from progressive Spartanburg.
Mr. Julian .1. Neville, of Walhalla, cut
his foot severely with an axe while cutting
wood, and now moves around on crutches.
George W. Carleton, who for years has
been Identitied with American books and
authors, has retired from business.
The eruption of Mt. 1Etna is increasing
in proportions and the town of Monte ltosso
is in danger from the flow of lava.
Phenomenally heavy rains have fallen in
t he Western and Piedmont sections of North
Carolina during the past two days.
Eugene Taylor, of Greenfield, Mass.,
poisoned his son by sprinkling strychnine
on candy and then attempted suicide.
It. 11. McMurray was run out of his field
last ''ucsday by a whip snake. He went
back and killed it. It measured 8 feet in
Thomas Azey, a farmer in Burlington,
N. .1., accidentally shot his wife fatally
while endeavoring to shoot crows in his
The Orangemen of County Armagh are
enrolhng themselves in military organiza
tions for the purpose of resisting a home
Francis M. Taylor, Probate .Judge of
Winston County, Ala., has been impeached
in the Supreme Court and deposed from
Col. John Ii. Folsom, grandfather of the
young lady to whom President Cleveland
is engaged to be married, died last week in
Erie County, N. Y.
Mrs. Margaret Donan, a Wheeling, W.
V., widow, while suffering from religious
excitement, killed her three daughters and
then coinmittel suicide.
E. F. Walker, a respectable citi.en of
Louisyillc, Ky., while suffering from tem
porary insanity, jumped from a railway
train and was killed.
Returns from all over the country ndi
ete t hat 192,000 persons are now working
eight and nine hours a day who were work
ing tea hours a daiy last month.
-Another 1.: l;l -s'or- 1 ited( France anid
lportions of Gernii '4m.aturday, causing
serious loss of i-f- : I great damage to
shmal Campbell mial wou i iedi() ;leer McCor
miick at lat Iow. -li: la, were :ynched by
T1he Orangemeii of Ausi ll prom i. to
aid t he O)rang, ime' of li-remd iin I bIrd e
dleavors to prevent the adoption of ( ;yl
stone's home rule scheme.
Gen. Martinez routedl the Yaquls from
their stronghold in Sierra Bacatche, killing
100 and capituring 200 of the hand. The
Mexicans lost 20 killed and 70 wounded.
Capt. ,John N. Mafilt, an old officer of the
Unmited States Navy, who resigned to sharne
his fort unes wi[h the Confederacy, died at
his home in Wilmington, N. C., yesterday
A kerosene lamp exploded in the room of
D)r. J1. B. Patrick, .Jr., in the Georgetown
I lotel, a fewv nights ago, but no serious
(damage was (lone.
.Senator Bobo died Iast week at his home
ini Spartanburg, from the effects of the in
juries receivedl by a fall (durinig a recent
A young son of John Moroso, of Charles
it, fell over the banister of the third floor
of his residIence to the first floor, a distance
of 35 feet, and was seriously injuredl.
Alerman .Jachme has been scntened( to
nine years and ten mon.ths impllrisonment ini
Sing Sing for accept,ing a bribe in connec
tioni with the Broad way Surface itailroadl.
Miss 0. Morse, a great-granddaughter of
Conunodoic Vandlerbilt, hass stirred up thec
(-itizens of the venerable town of Tarry.
town, N. Y., by eloping with her father's
coachmni, George Ninton..
Mrs. Alice Pendleton, 01 years old, wuife
of Ex-Gover nor Ppudeton, of Ohio, andl
present, Miniisfer to B1'lIin, w4st5ow
from her cariige whilo (I ruving in (>cm)trial
Park, New York, and killed.
D1ing liho presentation of Uncle Tom's
Cabin in Westerville, 0., on the 18th, a
gasoline lamp was knocked over and a panic
enisuedl among the audience, sev'eral being
killed and a number injured.
Plimn White, the most successful confi
dlenec man in the world, has juist (11ed in
iteadinag Vermont. D)unr is life he hmad
swindled co)nflding imen anm women (out of
fud/ .10,000. iIe had several aliases.
TJhec dweling .d U, p. Poore, near D)ue
Wesi, 'Fas desroe h iro am an gprly
,John I,. Sullivan mind Charles Mitchell
havo signed artple. of agreement to box
aight, rounds accordling to the revised Mar
L1ul4t ofQenser rules, in O3hipago, on
Louis 1Lugg, the Anarchist, for whom
he Chicago poliee have been in search, has
tecn arrested. [Ie la known i) hiave been
me of those who.threwy a bom!p with fuifal
II. JT. Stephens, tha celebrated English
'mcyclist who is imaking a tour of the worldl
mi his icycle, has been arrestel by the
[tussian authorities and imprisoned for
arossing the A fghan frontier.
One firm of manufacturers in the prov
miec of Ulster has alreadly conchudedi ar
rangements for the transfer of Its mills to
'lermnany. It is stated that other firms are
~onsid1ering tIle advisability of removal.
The Uiehmiond and D)anville liailroadl
Dompanlliy have p.ldd $1 27,000 for thme large
tore ii bi ldine corner oif lPernsylynia aye
wae amid 15th street, Wmi:hington, to be
iseud for their new Gffiets, as the Capitol
imy wuill be their headquarters hlereafter,
While plowing on the plantation of a
ncitutfla near Charlotte a neat of three
abb)hits was dilscoveredl. They were placed
n (-harge of a cat with seVeral young kit
emis, and the whole family are gel,ting og
J. A. Henry, a dandily dressed printer,
ws arrested in Chic f6r uttering incen
dia language and distributing a call for
an Auarchist demonstration. lie contended
that the recent attack on the police was jus
tifiable and said more bombs will be thrown.
North Carolina has provided pensions for
her Confederate soldiers, but they must be
worth less than $500 and live within the
boundaries of the State to secure it.
A music leaf turner has been patented
by Mr. Louis L. WhIte, of 1 ortland,
Oregon. Now, what is a fellow going to
do for an excuse to stand close to his best
girl while she is playing on the piano?
It is semi-officially announced that the
German Government will enforce the So
cialist laws more stringently than ever, in
order to prevent the anarchy which Great
Britain, Belgium, France and America are
unable to suppress.
"Make anarchists bow to law," says the
Philadelphia '1i aa. Yes, and drive them
beyond the seas to their own lanec. They
have no right to remain in this land of
freedom. Congress ought to enact a rigid
anti-Chinese law against them.
It is reported that Deputy United Mar
shal Androws and a posse of three were all
killed by Bill Pidgeon in Eufaula, Indian
Territory, while attempting his arrest.
Pidgeon killed Deputy Marshal Iichardson
some months ago.
Norton Tubbs, of Non, Mich., after fail
ing in an attempt to murder his sister, con
fessed the crime. announced his intention
to commit" suicide, gave a neighbor $1,000,
and blew off the top of his head in a barn
when the deputy sheriff camr to arrest
The talk about Fred. )ouglass organiz
ing a movement to induce the negroes to
settle in the Northern and Western States
does not disturb the South. 'I'he colorcd
brother will not leave a section of the
country where the watermelon crop never
fails and the possumi is always on (leek.
A colored boy mned 'Jeff Brueton was
shot dead near Banberg by a tramp who is
thought to be named 13ellinger. lie had
offered the father of the boy $5 to drive
him from Grahaam's to Bamlerg, then comt
nitted the murder and made ofT with the
horse. It is tlought lie will be overhauled.
The largest aerolite on record has just
been discovered in Washington County, Pa.
It fell on the 14th of September, 1885, and
was found embedded deep in the soil. It
is the largest acrolite on record and weighs
fully 200 tons. Its coml)osition is chro
rminium, nickel, aluminun, copper, mang
nesium and tin.
A severe storm passed over Greceville on
Saturday, destroying a ntumber of tree.. and
fences and doing other damage. A huge
oak was blown down atcross the olllee of
I)rs. W. R. and S. C. "Jones, smashing it to
atoms. Several hutndred dlollars worith of
books were (lest roved.
A wind storm st rick Spartan iurg on Sat
urday and ripped the tin roof from the
Opera House and partiilly unroofed the
Baptist Church. Several other buildings
suffered and many trees were blown down.
A. .1. Aycock had his head cut by a brick
falling upon it. and )avid Sloan had one of
his legs injured.
An old farmer intent on, making his wvill
was asked by the lawyer the name of his
wife, when hie gravely replied: 'Well, in
deed, I really don't recollect what it is:
we've been married for upw;ar-d of forty
years, and 1 always call hier my oil wo
man.'' The lawyer left a blank, to he
filled up when the old woman's name was
About t his time of year, s:avs I lie (arolin
Spartan, when at mnan goes fromn town to a
country chure, people wish to know what
he is going to run for. Likewise when your
simon-pure farmer gets up on Smul-ay
morning and puts on his best clot lies 11:an
ridles off to a church lie is not aeceustoiel
to attend, it is a suspicious cirlist ance, to
say the least of it.
On Saturday i:hi hast, partics uniknowtn
wvent to tihe hoausi- f .Alr. -J R. Itoberts,
near- the town of I:Lncaster-, and~ called for
him. M1~rs. R. toldl themi he was not) it
home. Th'ley theni wen lt to the house ot a
negro on the pr-emise:, and,1 a 2r cuirsim.
around1 awhile, tired severaixl shots thlroul2l
his door2 and left . M. I . is- :amki:i" (-v2ry
.effolrt, to ferret (out the paritiO
Ctounty, has inivenut,:l I in iOfmlihine t2o
niulch stock to whl a ..dng. ia is so uti.
st ructced as to make ii. iini posib le foir e:, tIe
to get caught in the ropie wvith which they a re
tied, iindc cinn readily 1be( cairied hvy apro
from one place t.o 2111other. it is aln arrangedt
so as to tordl stock shielteir firotn thle hot
An expressman nlamedl lies, 50) year-s
01(1, hanged himself frooi a rafter in his
barn in Chicago. Ilis wife fotund himii in
this situation, and her screamos br-oght a
crowd of neighbor-s to the scene, but, no one
interfered or attemnpted to (-ut thle rape,
owing to thle frantic effor-ts made lby thei
suicide to release himself, by throawirng his
legs and ni-is apait. After tenl or tifteen
nminutes a policeman cut the mian downi.
He was then cold in deaith.
The Hlouse Committee on Publlic Lands
have authorized a favorable repor-t upJon)
Mr. Payson's bill to p)rohibit non-r-esidtent
aliens from acqhuir-ilg or hioldinig real estate
in the Territories of the United States. The
purpose of the bill is.to break up the sys
temi of foreign landlordism, said to be ini
op)eratimn to) a startling extenit in several of
the Tierritor-ies, the foreign ow ners of tI
land leasing it to the tenantr-y underci aiborz
the sanme system wvhiceh is in vogue in IP
The repor-t has r-eachied Euifauia, 12nd
'Ter., fr-om the intterior- that D epty Uniited
S'ites Marsllh Aindrew.s and1 his poisse (it
three wer-e all mortally woundedIL( by Pill
Pidgeon while alttempiltinig his ca'pture.
Pidgeon ha:d k illed5 twlvl1e men-, and1( there
has been a large reward (ffer-ed for- his cap
turle deadii er alive. An)drewis and( his pos~se
were after? this reward-2. Pidagen illid
D)epuity Mairshal Richiardsoji some mon)lthls
ago. A posse of armedc( citizens are si-our
ing thle coutry for P idlge(n.
Mennent~ Snenk in T2own .
Malarial gases sneaked uip throulghI lie
very sick wvith inubairal fev-er. Baby wouitld
have died'( hut foi- timiely uise of Irown's
Irion Bitters. There Is inothiing mleanier in
its wiay.of coining, nor worse in its effects,
thenIt this maldaria from the unider-ground1(
regions. 1Mrs. M0Tioni,hl, of New Iinven,
Conn., says, ' F'or six years I suffered
from the effects of nmlbiria, btit Br-own'A
Iron Bitter-s cured 2me( entirely." Tryv it
whlen malaria steals in aiid uindermInes
youlr constitution. It will give relief.
I am newv breeding~ troiin bIrds that sc-ore
from 85 to 90 poIn4.s. Eggs $t.00) per sit
ting of 13$. Click s, this fall at $-'.50( per
tit. Ije m ekedi car-efudiy in baskets.
Faii- .Il2Parltec(d, For- furthieir In
Ap1001ma WINNsionif, S. C.
Many a Lady
is beautiful, all but her skin ;
and nobody has ever told
he.r ho~w e4sy p; js to put
beauty on the skin. yeauty
as the skin 'is Magnolia
inluters the system from uanaown
esuses, at all seasons.
lahtteas the ler es Impair, Dsgestos, and
a1ebl . l> -eeette.
Quickly andoomll uresM a,andCill.
andgFev r ..Fr Ltermtet tFevers, aa
enriceS d l rlAestherlo as etlmltte ap.
poite and streng hens the musclesan?
~Ait ostIjuexy theteth causeheadache, or
pttuoe consipe on-eslli oter iron metlnes <do.
FAr T J. RnEILA'r t rpaiotio and scholarly
97athollo bivine, 01Arkcasas says:adscorl
I have used Brown'e Iron Bitters with the great
et uatisfaotion for Malaria and as a preventive of
(hulls and like dissees and wilt always keep it on
hrut,d as a ready frlend.;'
(lenulne has abovo trade mark and creased red linos
owra itr. Tnke no oilier. Mado onlyyr
IAD>IES' AieD foog-ude ni and attractive con
tating list of pnz.os for recipes Information about
coin, eto., given neay by all dlealere in meodiolte, or
rr'ilod to any address on receipt of 2u .tamp.
fOR COUCHS AND CROUP USI
Trhs sweet gum, as gathered from a tree of the same name,
grpwing along the small streems In the Southern States,
contains a stimulating e:peetorant principle that loosens
the phlegm producing the early morning cough, and stmu.
lates the child to throw oRf the rase membraue In croup and
whooping-couh. When combined with ths healing mud.
laglnouspprincil e In the mullein plant of the old fields, pre"
sont' is TAnLOs Cnsnos:a ltausan, or Swasr Ouss fieD
MULLati the finest known remsedy for Coughs, Croup,
Whooping-Cough and Consumptlon; and so palatable, any
child Is plrased to lte It. Ask our direggist hrw It. Prioe,
25c. anA $1. WALTER., AYLOR Atlanta, Ga,
Use DR. IIIOUBIRS' IIUCI.EERY C RDIA1, Ibr
arnhea, )yscntery and Children Teething, For sale bj
A U R A NtI_ I
Mfost of the diseases whtich afflict mankind are origin
ally caued by a disordored condition of the LIV E R .
For all comuplaints of thuis kind, such as Torpidity of
the Livor, ltiliousen,.s, Neor.. Dyspopsia, IndIges
tion, Irregularity of the liowel,, (Conetipation, Fiatui
10one', Ertuotations and Burning of the Stomach
(some~timses called Heartburn), Afiasma, Mfalaria,
Bioody Fiux, Chlills anti Foerr, Breaukbone Fover,
Exhsantuiot n hforo or after Foeara, Chronio Diar
rha'sa. Losse of Appetite, Hiead'tcho, Foul Breath,
Irrngularitionu incide,ntali to Femaxles, Beuaring-dowtn
$Is"MSA!DiGERWS A UR ANTil
is invaIuaible. It is not a panutacon for all tdisseaeos
but UR E """'** ''LIV E R,
It changes, the complexion froms a waxy, yellow
tinge, to a ruddy, healthy color. It entirely removes
iSw, gloomy spirits. It is ono of the BEST AL
TERATIVES and PURIFIERS OF THE
BLOOD, and Ia A VALUABLE TONIC.
For sale by all Druggists. Price SI .00 per bottle.
C. F. ST ADICER, Proprietor,
140 So. FRONT ST.. Philadelphia, Pa.
- NN d HSV
Sipet os ual,Ecnmc., n efc
inu5wg e ogri;cen tred o akt
rly. ileiui for ii1lsera ecu cataluge t s en
A. B. FAROQUHAR,
J'ennsylvania Agricultural Werks. YORK. Pa,
Th'Ie SotlubhdGut tanso is a highly conlcettrat
AS1Il IY COTTION A Nt) COR N ('t'MP
wo tlrops anid ab~1 i tagely ttwd bsy thle TrueW
ASIILI'Y ASi l:LEI'lNT.- A very tihe
ilizer for Cottoni, Cor ul h Siui Gra,ini Cr
.iradtes--fori use alonte anud ins t 'snos hap. ;
)llIcatiuns ofi the (:'ltinpany.\, ;ushirss
T]iE AS il blI Y PlOS I
.OURERAphthria 6rop pAul m~ BronchIisa
i*ars ' a, i dt' _y Trousbles, and fipinta Diseasos. Pam
so al nar di tsosO her Iermaton arourn
Il-Fn osa*cut'theman" yo**" a lays."be
owder is asoutely
r atod n e oneE
~W . ,went mai oona in staa
they know all about Mustang Lin.
iment. Few do. Not to know is r
not to have.
DR. J. 3RA tFi h(ILDy'
Thi falouir nuvly io st hap piI)y meet,
tlle (le~Iland of1 t il" g( fc ' V omll'S 1 (1(u_
liar and it l uIiag fl io mn ' It pe cu
rented ' for WOM \ ON I(), nA for ono
SPECIAL Cl,Ass .f diseans It is a
Al ceilie for certain diseasc' colditlo it of
thoomb, at1 lropo("se I Su coulltrul tltd
Menstrual FIunt il o as to rcgnlate all tIh(
dcrangelnents andI irit 4ilarities of W.
Its ipro rietors claiml for it noOther nlIedical }.
pro1ei. ty; a(t to dolabt the facts that this
nut eine d(o0 positivelY po ssess esuch con
(.olling atnd regillating powers is sinuply to
discredit the voluntarly testiItony of thoun
sandls of livilg wa"Itnesses who arC to-da
exulting in the restorationi to sound healt
Brafr(lel(t's F 'etnale tegulator
is strict.ly a vegetable coIpowd, and is
the product" (if Intedica scincet atnd prstti
c (Xpellence ( directd towards the bonefit
It is the Stilted p rescripitonl of a lcarned
pllyaniitt WIoS spec('ialy was WOMAN
andt( whose fauu+ hcamue enviable and
bound(1less hecansc of his wonderfull sue
cess in the treatinint and enre of female
cou laints. T1'l- I EEE i IUAT1OR is the
GlBAN)ES'' il;El.i)Y klown, and rich
ly descracs its natne:
WOMAN'S BEST FRIEN n !
lecause it controls a ClasS of functions thes
various derangements of which cause morQ
ill health than all otler causes combined,
and tills resCUcs her from a long train of
afflictions which sorely eniitter her life
and prematurely end1 her (axistence. Oh !
what. a mnultitu(le of living Witnesses can
testify to its hbarnillg effects ! wOMAN
tlkc to your contfidence this
Precious Boon of Health!
It will relieve you of nearly all tho coin
plaints peculiar to your sex. itely upon it
as your safeguard for health, happiness
a1n< long life.
Sol.d by all druggists. Send for our
treatise on the Ilcalth and Ilappiness of
'oman, 1uailed free, which gives all par
THE inADFI ELD BF.GUL.ATOnt Co.,
Box .25, Atlanta, Ga.
TRADE 4 MARK.
Mdhj.ine growingCountries oG'urope,
themseof11bsMedient edWino is universal.
Itis composaoftheu miost approved
-whidh aointroducedinte a pure
genernus'Wine. The very finest
'being its me icalbasis,itis, conidonaly
recommenad-das a cure andprovntive o
F"EVEFR AND AGU E, 4
anitall other diseaaos originating from
'm1alarious causes %
For purif'yinig the
unilimproving the Secretions,C?ironio,
Rheumatism,Blo odpoisoning, a.certain
currrDyspe psie,Ceamp in the stomach,
aninne diatcTelief for Oys entry, Callo,
Cholera.norbus and kind re d diseases,
Ganeral Weakness,Ne rvous and Mental
D blity, a souvceoigutremedy for1ivme
Comnplaint.and.diseases of the Kidnis,an~
excellent apputizaer anta.
without a rivale'
inshortFbr invigorating alh1erunctions
oithe systein, it is un eq ualledc.
~-) C) s -
IA smallwine-glassfulLthreetimnes a day.
Sold by all Druggists and dealers generally. +
TOPAZ CINCHONA C0RDIAL CO.,
ISPATR TANBUR G. S.C.
Prfce per Bottle $1.0 0.
rngas* wa?~n orDR.SCOTT'B heant I.
.I~ruuu 9114 Itr ft, to e loser connagcnn
HULk,I qur(ic 4k sales. Territory jven.
f7-satisfactiouiguar'anteed1. A 4dros*
D R. SCOTT. e42 Broadway, NEW YORKt.
JB L'E fZUAN O,
di Ammonl1llia'ted4 (Guano, a comletie II ighl
DI'N I) -Ai ( IImlelte Fcrtilizer io these
erls neari Ch0 larlestonl for v'ege'tale's, 'aie.
IIp and4 e'xce'illnt N on-.\nnnon44lii.id F. r'
,pIs, and1( also fo Fru 11it Treesc~, Grape,
A(Cii) liO.'l'ilA'Tit, (If verly I1gh
or the Vaiotus attriactive and insltr'atetive
'IIA'T'E CO., Charleston,'S;.10
phiet fr... b. I. 8. John.on '& oo., n, Ma.
M AKE E l
NflW, RICH * * -
Nothin e eirn