Newspaper Page Text
L *X H
VOL X-. _ _ PICKENS, S. ., THURSDAY, APRIL 10, 1890. NO. 29.
II1 tN IA 4.
L. F. LIVINOSTON TAKES THE STUMP IN
tub-Treasu y Plan-ZVhiNkey Meu Have the
Favor of (lovernmncrt-WhLy Not Farmiers?
the Alilanco in I'olitlis.
At a recent mass-meeting of farm
CrH at Liaw1'enlceville, GIa., Hon. L. F.
Livingston, Presh.1:-)It of the Georgia
State Alliance, delivered a speech in
wlicl he indulged in some very plain
talk. The following report of his re
marks in going the rounds of the
He *nid there are still in the ninds
of lanly grave doubts as to the orig
m1al desigln and ultimate result of the
Alliance orgatnization. The two years
ii which it had been iii existence
should havo been suficient time for
all to hthe inquired into these things
and I arned for thenselves. But he
regretted to say that they had not
don ? so. I amn coIstralined to conl
('lu(e that this is due to two causes;
iirst, a fear or apprehension that the
organizLtIo11 will bring to the pro
duciig classes beIIefits at their loss.
Second, an eltire misconception of
tue inltenlt and operation of the
The )11poses of the order are still
muisunderstood anot m11iHconlstrued.
No greater innovation in political
CO11OUy had been iade since the
day of Adamn Smith, than have been
introduced by the Farmers' Alliance.
It has wrought a revolution in1 that
science. Necessity has been called
the mother of invention, and these
new ideas i11 political economy had
grown1 out of the Iecessities o' the
rThis is not at pOliticl orgallizatioln.
It hats 1been1 said tliat it ias coneived
il tih' political ring and brought forth
amnlid I 1io)litical councils, anld itsi de
sign i': to capture atll the nolitical
otlices. ft has even been said that
we are bande(l together against law
yer(1' and lmerch1nts. This is all un
tru!. lie could show, if any doubted,
that the order has nobler aims.
The necessity for the Alliance is to
be found in the
IM1PO'EiMIIED CONDITION OF I'AItMERS.
Not in Georgia only, but in the entire
country. If you take a dozen farmners
inl any cOtautty of Georgia tn1d COm1
1)iLr' th('ir cOnlditionI with that of a
dlozenl ariwers iln Ohio or Illinois, YOU ]
will liutl that, it is about the samue.
The lOzenI Georgia farmers will be no
worse oil, perhal)s Ilot o had oil', as
the Nortlhern or Western farmers. I
Georgia faims are'( not mortgaged 1s
heavily :as the farms in Ohio or Illi
nois. Everywhere the farmers are imln
poverishu'd. It is not a local trouble,
though the press has for twenty
yearas 11'e the miIstake of supposing I
It, caU not 1e so Imuitch the fault of
aI tprotective tarifl, or the revenue sys
temu of our goverlnment as just those
indllustries receiving the largest (
amlllotunt of proteetiol. Tihus the far
muers a1 0 Im0ore deeply ini debt and
less enable to p1'otect thelmselves
trot m11ortgages and their fore
W'le ha.ve been9 told that the farmuers
of the South were too lazy to succeed.
And 1now we are tol(d that we need i
Ohio ha11rvests tw('nty-sevenl erops
and is 11o better off' thanu we.
.If youl are to 10se money10 b.y farmi
mug, as8 youi have doue11, thle fewer eropsx
tile be(t.ter. Better' lose onily 01n one
than 01n twenlty-Meven. [Laulghter.]1
l"ARIMERsM "MAKE' No PRlICEM.
The far,1mer' ma2kes 110 prices. TUhere I
isnl't Ia farmer' in this 11011e tha:t iln 1
fifteen year1s 1121 ever br1oulght blutter', (
eggs or' cotton to Ihawrenlceyle and1 1
got the pri'ce he0 as8ked. He0 muslt sayV
to the m1erchan11t. "'how 1much1 will you1 r
"'how .mutch will you1 taike for your i
en2lico? Thle mercVhan11t buy1 at the t
prlice oIf anlothler' awl( sells att his ownj
No imerchtant or lalwyer' w~ouIIld
carrly (on bus1iness8 21s youi farnuiers
have~' beeni obliged to carr'iy it oni. Thef
tradL(ers anud speculators have allowed'
u1s t.o keep body aund 80u1 together,
2i1 that's all1, bult we shiould be0 thlank
ful1 that they~ halve nlot hreated u1s i
worse, as they had1( the power to do. f
(cAUsEI OF T1IJ1s P'OvERTY'.
What 1has caused tisi poverty?
Not Mso much01 the want of ind(ustr'y]
(o1 the( parit (of 0our poplle. TIhe v'ery
lar1ge inlcreas1e inl thle produlcts from
the oil niiualy, ith a decrease ill
the 21111be01 (in tile Souith) enIgaged1
in agricultur'e, set, t.iis cl1a'ge to one
Not so) mu ch the want (If a1 diversi
fied agiculturle, a1s the statisticslio0w
for jusxt wvhere'( diversity m1ost olbtainsM
anud e'xt.L'nsively inivolved1.
Not so1 1much1 tile wanIt of economy,
as8 ally observing 121an1 (can1 se. Gin'
h)eoll are' not (extralvaganlt inl dressM,
diet, tools5, anud imlplemnentsx. Very
few have means to indulge ini the lux
ies0, or' alttemtpt to do so. -1
Not 21o 11muc1h o accounit (If the
caingt2 0or busMiness ini which wve ar1et
en2gage~d, for if any one fact 1be clearly j
esMtabilislied it i8 ti,lt, agicti.ue anld
its kindred('( inldutrties are the ba2sis (If1
wvealth and( pr'osperlity ill tis coun1tr'y,
1a1n( fr'om this fact, wVish to maiike thlis
statemient, thaIt unhllampered, with 21
fain'd11( equa11 chantlce at the marikets I
of the counItr'y, with a curr'iency thaIt.
wouldI (qully aLcomIodate, and1( facili
tate the exchange (of olur produlcts for
those we p .tebse ithout ta ae
ful dliscrimlinlationt inl transp51ortation l
in favor of large c'ities and againsMt
Hsmall towns, and10 Heveral1 sectionsi, tile
farmers of Georgia wvoukl in two deC
(lndeII he the welthiest class8 inl tl i
TIle finan.cial policy of tIhe govern- t
ment, thle MystemI established by Ik
national legislation, is chiefly at fault.
In 1860 the farmers owned seventy
per cent. of the property in Georgia,
and the farmers of the United States
owned 68 per cent. of the entire prop
erty of the country.
Today only 28 per cent. of the peo
ple own homes, and in Georgia only
24 per cent. of the property is held
In 1842 Charles Dickens said a
tramp in this country would be as
strange a sight as a flaming sword at
nidday in the heavens. In 1868, not
a tramp was to be found in this
country. In 1879 there vere 3,000,
000 tramps in the United States.
The towns and cities of Georgia
have grown at the expense of the
country. In ten years the property
im towns and cities has increased
$60,000,000, while in rural districts it
has decreased $50,000,000.
The monetary systeni of this coun
try is the child of the wal between
the States, enacted when the United
States were trembling in the face of
an advancing and injured foe. The
government wasthreatened by theCon
fedate forces, with the "rebel yell"
distinctly heard from the capitol of
At the instance of Mr. Lincoln
after his indignant visit to Wall st:'eet
for money, the government began the
issue of Greenbacks, (July 1861, and
Feb. 1862), "the people's oiiey,"
ion-interest bearing. To circumvent
this currency, that left gold (the
money of kings and autocrats) in the
hands of those that hadhoarded it for
the purpose of forcing from the peo
ple and the government, their own
rates of interest and prices for the
aecessities of war. The money kings
f that day, (1863,) induced Congress
to enact the national banking system.
Under this system they were after
wards enabled to force Congress to
mn Act, '(1866,) the contraction law.
'The strength crediting Act." "The
L'eflundinlg Act." "The (emlonetiza
ion of silver and the resumption Act"
dl of which were in their interest and
Lgainst the people. Thus the gov
w'nment, as a war measure, when they
ouhl not call their souls their own,
vere thrown into the hands of their
'elentless and avaricious, mont+y
:ings, and there both government and
)eOple remain to-day.
TIlE EVILS OF "CONTRACTION."
In 1866 the Congress passed the
amious contraction Act. It was not
igidly enforced, however, until 1868.
[I 1866 the total circulation was
1,673,379,753, amounting to $52 per
apita. Inl ten years the circulation
'ell to $466,549,097, and the money in
irculLtiol was reduced to $5.45 'per
In eleven years there was lost by
'contractoin" of the currency a total
f $10,149,687,415, shared by the
)eo)le as follows:
Lost by busimess men, $1,304,751,
Lost 1 y farmers, $3,044,936,267.
Lost by laboring classes, $4,800,
How IT nUmt'r TIIE l'A1IMEI.
In 1868, a certain farmer in Gtor
;iL camne to town with a 500 poid
)ale of cotton lie and his wit had
'aised. He sold it for 30 cents a
)ountd, get tog $15) for the hale. IHe
)aid his ilxes $40; bought- IL cooking s
tove, $35; a suit of clotlhes, 15; a
tress for his wife $5; a barrel of
lour for $12; 100 pounds of meiat for
U18; and had $30) in clear cash left.
In 1877, nine years later, thme same
ar'Imer caririedl a 500 pound1( bale to
lie samfe miarket and sold it for
i42.34. Ho paIidl his taxKes, $40, an.Id
mad $2.34 left.~ This so dlemioraliz/ed
ini that lhe got (lead dr'unik and1( deadL(
>roke. The price fer his cotton lhad(
ontracted1, b)ut taxes and other things
Thlje iNationall Allianice at St. Louis
dlopted the sub-treasury p)lani as the
[inanciail remedy for the( " Poudlora
>OX," andi the evils that flow from it,
hat so burdens the produchinig anid
uboring classes of this country. \Ve
ing this systeim beCfore thme worldl.
0 takle it,Iexamine it, aLdopt it, or give
.s someiniig better, this w'e wvill
rarce y'ou to (do, onie 01' thme othier.
tidicule will niot (1o, ther'ie is too.
mclh involved; ourI peop)le arie t.oh
mclh ini earniest to be0 initimiidaLted by
his child's p)lay miethlod of mueeting~
This plani has been ridiculled by t he
jolumbu)us paper, which calls it "Mm.1
livingston's planI," and( saLys it is not1
asecd on goodl l)isiness sense(. ft is
0t my p)lan. That paLper does5 mei
00 miuceh honor. I was one( of' the
omumittee of live that formulated the
>lani at St. .Louis at the mieetinig of
he NaLtional Alliance. I want to say
hat so honorable aL manI ILs Zeb) Vance
ILK initi'oduced this plan0 in a bill be'
Our lanI is this:
We (10 not ask aL chiange inl the gov .
rmment planm. It is niot a revolmution,. 1
Ve merciely want the pIln enlairged. I
'hey allow me1( to dleposit bonds1 asLK
vidlence of indelbtednmess, anld draw y
0 per centi. of thjeir' facLe vaIlue(, anid
ank oni these bonds. Thme govern
menit paLys the hiolder' iiitere'st, On ,
biese 1bond(s, anld taxes the people to
et mioniey to pay this initer'est. And I
lie goverlInment, 1besid es taLxing the
eole, dliscriniinat.'s against thieni I
*y not allowing thme b)anks to Ilan /
ioniey oni real e'state, while it allows
hie merchant to get ximney on his
WVhiskey meni enn put green whliskey
bonmded1 warechouses, valued aLt one
ollai' per gallon. Thie muoment it
consider'ed worth $3 Ia gallon, be ~
ause it is wvorth moi'e as it ages, and(1
bey get $3 on their whiskey.
WHYV NOT THlE FARIMERI?
Why not give the farmeris the benie
t of b)onding their cotton and1( other
r'oduice? Why should he not hav ili
mle Hmime favom' as is shiown thme whmis J
ey man and the bankr? t
The sub-treasury plan would re
(luire the building up of warehouses
in every county. This would cost
$50,000,000. Some will say that big
1Um will kill the plan. If it was
$50,000,000 for pensions, or rivers and
harbors, it wouldnl't be too much, but
it is too much to give the farmers of
the United States!
You c11 get the $50,000,000 out of
the $100,000,000 surplus left to re
dcem the treasury n1otes which Con
gress has d(elared lare not to be re
deemed, an1d these m11illions are ly,:;
idle in the vaults. There are $25,
000,000 in fractional enrreney, which
the bankers won't hlule, because it
18 too sma1tll. Give us the fragmnen1
tary an(d ragged Currelley. (Ap
When the ('r01) are har vested you
could take them to these warehouses
and store them, pay the acttual ex
pense of storage, insurauce, etc. The
agent would then issue 80 per cent.
advalce upon the value of the pro
(duce, anid still leave 20 per cenrt. for
'Te 1inoJten t your cotton gOS into
the waretouse it, is imlpossible for the
peculato rs to get hld)(1 of it. ''his
wvouldl k(ep prices Sniore t<qually
steady. It would 1)e litbre for twelve
lmlontths, 111(1 within that tiue the
ina m('r would he brougtt face to face
with the conllsumelr, aId it, would keep
hini out of the hands of the specula
tors. It would lat once put 111 ('11(1 to
cornlers, (01111)ilttionts :mUd trusts.
We have b1een asked. what if we
don't, sell in twelve months? Th'lent
the tgent would sell and cl settle with
'ris e 0rrency pitt: ill cirCulat.ion
would iuake about 50 per clpita anid
put us back to the good tilmes in
The crops are stored ill I lw' Ware
Ihouse, the agent issues ae't licates.
\Whenl they ar'e sohl out t he certiti
("ates ar)e bulrned. 'tis wvouldl ma)k'
the cutrrency flexib)le. giving US nlnley
with which to 1n111(1e each crop :and
retiring sonie when nlot, needed.
TROUBLE AT TRYON.
natu Cihu!liinaan linvade Nortla I:UrolInt
it nil It iCtl,e t Ne"gro Ii'' II (luto041.
Tryon1 city, on the Asheville &
Sparttuburg roLd just over the line
in North Carolina, was the scee of! a
riot last Sunda1y. The trouble is
said1 to lutve st.ar"t,ed with the arrest
imnd imtipriionnenlt iln the town lock
up oil Saturbiy (veling, of HIollan(d
Durha1in, a notorious negro aid re
p)uted desi)erate chtracter. Durham
was locke(1 up fordisorderly conduct.
On Sunday at 1)lty, friends of the
imuprisoned nlegro from Green vilie
county, enttered Tryon with the an1
atounced determination to rescue
D)urhian. r11ey vere fully armed and
,mc(eeded in t heir purIi)Ose, b)earing
lie prisoner ol' in triunph after bat
('rmg down tie gnud house. There
v1"ere 11111e or 1(11 mt1ent inl the rescuing
>arty amid ther11' nlamet('s are giveln as
ollows: Williamist )urhlan, W'arrein
Durhaun, :Luther Durhali,i Mark
[)urhain, Babe )urlamt. Babe Pace,
Fimit )utrham. Hugh lcldgers and
Jo11 A. (libson. Againstt this force
vas o))osied .Jolhn S. Fishier, who
tetilg ill the place of the town iar
1hal, B. (1. 1oOe, of this city. and
\illian Weaver. 'The thllree 11n01n
yere fuly armed, but thley did not)
neccoed ini batiig Ite re4sculers. On)i
hlei- way out of townt, the ralidfig
>ar'ty fired recklesslyV into aL churelh
>y tile r'oadSidO.
Th'le 1x'o)1le of Try~oni atro highily
vr'ought up1 overI the maittr anild are'
mlxious to runii the law breakers down
f possible0. Reisitioni has1 been1
nade(l for the 11101 and1( as soon asl1 thle
)3a)Ors are'( returned active efforts
LfIair cnlis aLttentI1ion thel( coniditioni
ni witich the toIwn of' Tryon is placedo
>y its eoculiar situaitioni nearI the(
state.( lne. Criininals and11 lawv brealk
'rs of 1bioth Stalte ('m1ak( holud t.o carry1'
>n1 ouitraigeous ('xploits, like the( re's
'le of the neIgro. Dur1llun, inl the cor
amilty3 thatl t hey 1have onily to got ovor
1H11Tollnd i Durl tm, thec ne'gro whio
ras5 rescued by the~ whlit'e mn, is
,aid( to be' ai bad( c'haraicter ('halvinig
hot two m. and1illt haLving ('scape)'u
roml euistod af ilter conv)1 iction 1of' igh
ll(eged leaderle of' the( rescuer('ls, wh'lo
ives inl the( uppe lpart11 oft this counity,
S said ito have ki illed two men1 alrea'idy,
m11 ill irklens am1l( one10 in (Greenlleh'
"Tite' O)td Norti tate11.'
A spirit1 of enterprI)1ise se'ems1 to b)e
.brIod ini Nor th Catrolina. We0 hear
inor of the1 ob(l North 5tate ill thle I
l('wspaper(ls nlow~ than11 formerly.1v som11
>f the sma1lle(st and1 miost inisiIni tio'onti
owns are11' looinlg up and5 (oinllliig
e('ogn1 iion by 1)theloir 1)u1sh anild 1)1uck,
11( an1 1 id ustial boom is v'isible
veryw'~~hlere. 1The resour11ces of' the
hl(y 1are n0w be(inlg utilized inl g li
lost prac1(t.inleh way to) her1 aId vance
I(1nt. ITh' State paper('1s conitaini
1 Ioe iduist r'ial 1new's tilitln any1 otheor,
iad 8001m 14) haLve entere'd inIto a 1
1)m31neat, 1.4 fote 381 very' ' enteri oprise
hat1 is startted - 1-n) nm;t ter' where,
11( 1(o 1ke(p Nor'th Cariiolinai well be0'
r)re Ithe wold . Thiis is righit. She 1
4 81131.ly ke'epinig ill hine1 wih the 1.1
adustrm.'iil proce('(ssion, 1he mm-1ch11] of I
he SouthI ini this era of prUogr'ess- t he<
oiotuh sharels ini hier prosper'iity and0.
ongratulates he3(r peopleon1 the work
hey3 hatve' necolinl )ished. They are a <
'Isy pe0ople antd thel(ir' fturei'o is a
nigh t on1e(. TIh3r1 is life in 1110 old( I
rT( 1 h Stateo!- -At 13an3ta C onIsti tuition . i
Prem'(ier'j Cr~ispi, of italdy, is a1 mii
01nair'e, althou01gh thiirty year's ago 110 I
ais ono of the poorest 0)f the~ r'evolu I
LESS TERRIBLE THAN AT FIRST SUP
Fuller Accounts of the Cyclone--ouly a
Thle cyclone of last. Thursday was
one of the most diestructive in the
history of this country. It swept
through the States of Tennessee,
K('itucky, Illinois and Iildanla.
Gi dainage was dOne io property
an(1 1naiy li \s were lost. lie great
est destructioni oceiiurred in Louis.
atille, the first atccollst of which were
appalling. The following paragraphs
are cullel from the telegraphic ac
couiits of the terrible storm. aid give
soIne idea of its extent and( destruc.
Tlie cyclone struck Louisville att
7.30 ). i. It enitered the southeas
terni 1)rtion of the city at 18th street
and swept a Path live blocks wide
diagonally. reaching in a ragged line
to 7th street., leveling every buildig
in its path. On Market street the
Falls City Hall, a four-story building
was blown down while several Ma
sontic and Knights of Honor lodges
were ini session and one huidred men
and women were btuied in the ruins.
The district laid waste coltnprises an
area of the city three miles long and
nearly half t mile wide. Outside of
clearly-defined liinits the citizens
knew only of a heavy rain, aceompaa
ntied by a high wind. But sooi camue
alarms of fire from difierent stations,
and the horrors of the calamity began
to dawn on the people. Houses, halls
of ailnuseinents, railroad stations, all
weit down before the mighty of the
air. More than two hun1dred houses
were destroyed and many were dam
aged. A telegram dated Saturday
says: "Up to this writing the total
number killed at all places where
bodies have been recovered and of
the missing and of those whom it is
reasonably certain are dead is 80.
In addition to these there are above
a dezen so badly injured that death
may ensue. From 150 to 200 persons
are injured to an extent worth noting
and probably hard on to 1,000 have
very slight bruises or scratches that
do not imcolnvenience them." Refer
ring to the wreck of the Falls City
Hall, the account says: "Ten women,
locked in each other's arms, were
drawn out of the debris. James Har
rison, whose wife had been at a lodge
meeting, was foremost in the work,
and the first I)erson whom he drow
out of the -ruined building was his
wife, who dtl-ied 1i rma. -a laid
her by the side of others who were
dead and continued to work for the
living. Inside of the next hour thirty
men and women were drawn out
dead, but with no wounds on their
lbodies, and it is thought that they
all miet their death from suffocation.
The gas pipes had )een1 broken,
which caused the lights to go out,
und which saved the ruins from fire
'or IL time, but flooded the debris
with vapor almost as deadly as fire
night have proved. Ways were
pierced into the ruins and the vie
tinims were drawln out dead and dying.
Dne part of the building was reserved
or the dead, but the wounded were
.aken into stores and houses on the
>l)hosite sidle of the street, where
p1hysicnis and1( priests ad<hninistered1
to their souls and bodies."
Thle board of trade nmeeting held
F"ridaiy 11norn1in g authlorizedl the( state
sent that there would b)e no call for
tid froin outside. The lowest esti
niate'puts the p)rop)erty loss at $1,
)O00,000: the highest at $3,000,000, and
he least, founded upon01 the facts
)resenited, placed at $2,500;O0. There
s] abniuost in *. inisuranice. Parklanid,
L subuLrb), is swep~1t away.
At the UiJon (depot, at, the foot of
ith street., aChiesap,eake and( 0 Oho
raini was .just starting out lilld withl
r)assenigers. Th'le building was pros
rated, ernsing down oni the train.
Xll th e passen1 gers, however, wvere
'escuied excep)t one niewsb,oy. A dis
I i says: ':The 1 water sulpply is ruin
ug very low.V Every effort is being.
nade to coipilete aL temp)oraLry stand
)ipe to b)e linishei(d by Wiednesday.
Bef4'ore thait tiine, probiably by to
iight, the city w,~ill be auhniost entirely
,vithout waLter. Strong ap)peals arle
>(Iig iade tor all to obiserve the
trictest econIomIy ini its use, but thiey
lo niot seem to lbe effetive. Eniough
Vater wvill be reservedl as IL protec
i0on aginist lire. TJhie ttal suibscrip
onl nIow amioiuits to $48,000. This
L.ddled to 822,000) fr<In thIo city inakes
$70,000 aLt the dlisposaul of the relief
oniuttee. The ruins are still und(er
>olice guard. All streets are niow
s)eni anduu thei electric cars are run
ding. Businmess everywhier(e will be
('5e11inedI to dlay.
T.hie tornado struck the towni *f
lowliing (Greeni, K(y., an d completely
vip)ed it out. Bowling Green has1 a
>opulation of abhout 5,0010 inshab itaniits
mdi( the loss of life is conijet cue to
>e corresiponidingly large.
ONLY 03 KIIL:I, IN LoU1lsN I...
Lomisvii.r,Ky., Aprill1.- -The total
aunber killed h1 ere by the torniado of
I'uI(sday nighit is 93. It, is feared
hat11 1. RI. UnrLon. of Pittsburg, is
lead iln then ruins. So far about I50
adly wounudedl personis have been
oundi(. S(everal of these5 who were
iurt are at the hospital ini a dying
T1he State Legislature thmis after
1001n appropriatedu $30,000 for relief
f the suffecrei b th le cyclome.
IENDERISON, Ky., April 1.- Thle
otal of the kil.Ud ini W1ebsterm ~ounmt.y
s 40 and of woiuded 80.
- The; Hon. S' -J. 'Rhuidall ~is~nw
ble to at tend( to his correspo)ndlence(.
.nd hopes sooni to resumie his (duties
A BRUTAL MURDER.
:uN IentuiN Killed by biN Wil adt ane " I
aro Dlun, Viti Vom Mitse Ileenmc- in.
On Suntlay night, 23rd of Marei, a f
inost brutal miurder was comiiitted e
near Tradesville iii this county. About H
10 o'clock that night the neighbors of
Augustus Henmis heard hini )eggilg (
for mtercy. They would have gone to
lIs rescue, but his pleadings soon
ceaHed and they Hsupposel lie was
only drunk auid ntotling was going H
wrong. The following day some oio t
of the neighbors in passing the house
inquired of Henni4s wife why her
husband wt"ats bteggii so for his life t
the night before. She protested that
she knew nothing of it. and that her
husband had left honie early in the
llorning for 3rewer Mine. Her ac
tion-. aroused the suispiciol of the -
party quizzing her 1t01( by Wednes
day it was ascertained that Hennis
Was not at the Brewer Mine nor was
he expected there. This made suspi- f
cion of foul play very strong anid somec
of the neighbors determied to make
search for the body. Boxy Henmis,
the wife of the mtlurdered 11an, joined
in the search or pretended to.
Shortly after noon on Wednesday
the body was found by a woiiuml by t
the lmnie of Wright. It was lying in
a ditch about 300 yards froi the
housei and covered over with leaves
and trash. The body was taken out
and it was discovered that a tnost t
foul mlurder had breei coiluitted.
Fromt tle waist up was beaten al
itost to a jelly; part of the scalp of
the head was reinloved, one ear was
gone, half the nose was cut oil, the
cheek bone was scarred up with ait
knife, the throat wias cut and there
were at nuber of stabs iii the l)reast
and back. A gentleinan who saw the
l)ody told us it was the niost horrible
sight lie ever saw.
On Thursday d ust ice Funlderb)urk
sunuioned a jury of inquest. Mean
while the wife of HenInis andabt1)riglt
mulatto negro maiied 1tachel Cato, -
who lived five iiles distant but who
was seen in tlalt. nteighl)orhood on
Monday lorintg, were charged with
the critiei and arrested. At the in- C
cluest the woluan broke down under
the <lids1ions and related the whole t
By an agreeient with the negro a
she was to serve hiin one year if he
wouild kill her 1huha51n1d. On Sunday c
night (att) went, to Hennis' house,
carryintg with hi11n half a gallon of
whiskey. -he and Heiis took seve
ral drinks when Cato proposed to go.
Hennis ilisist,ed on1 his stayiug all
night. Cato incducedc Ielis to go
out with himi ( and show .himzt the pub
lie roal. Henilis went ( and was thero
111)0 1 assaulted tni slain. His body
was eoncealed as stated above. Cato
claiiis that he huul help in his foul
work. That Wmi. (1l)1111, colored,
was in waiting on the outsid( anad e
that 11tey together despatched Hen
ntis. C;lyb)urn fled aft er Iihe iiuest, r
aid hats not 1bee1 11rrested. The shcrifl' '1
has several deputies out ii s(arch of I
hini an1d if he hluts not. lef't the State a
be will likely he overtaken. t
Cato lun1 the woman were lodgcd (
int jail at this )lhaee 1'1riday. T i(Wo t,
n11]1 is abhout. 1) years of age 11d was I
nultrried1 to hIteimnis ablxout, tWo years I
ago. The niegro is at iii ult to alu))t 27 e
years old. ii
Heli thle ntiurdered lnan was1 b.
from Ne'w York. He' was a1 paittert
and c'amel to t his ('oun1 try' about, 1
three yearx aigo. He' has1 a fa'ther and t
brother living ini New York. They 2
have b)een written t.o antd informjed of
lis death.- -I aneaster, S. C., Ledger.3
E'x-Pist. ioyle~ A4qulit teil.
A special dispateh to thell Balt imore
Suni says: "Ex-Pri(est ,J. J. Boyle, of ,
thle (Churech of the( Slatered Hekarl, 1
Ralei(igh1, F. C., was acq( uit ted Saturi- 
dayt~ night of at tehmrge of assaulting (
Miss Geneva WhitaIker, aged seveni
tteen year11s, at imember( of thle'congre
gattioni of whiieb Boyle was5 assistanit
1)astor51. This w1 Ias the isect'(ondI rial of a,
tihe ('ase. In t his fir1st. one i(Bo(yl(e was fi
feid( guilty and1( was soentenced(111 t be1i
1221mged . Hts a111pealled to th Ie Sulwie n.
C~ourit of Nort hi Cm olii. inn, ( and 15wash
gn'tiie tolhe' Itrial wh ieb iend ed inl a y
ve'rdiet of not- guilty. Evidene' was 1s
init roduled St.urdayt tsendiig to show 1a
111u1t crIie sir hellp froinu a per'lson ini (
Boyle's 10oom1 ('ould be5 hcat iln the
eliurc'sh . liss Alice( ~ )( Upe he tes~ti
fled1 1111 tlm she was2 iniI the church whli lle 8l
Miss Whlitao 211wats inl Boyl's roon0i2,
Ther20 was Ia grea'zt mt1litece ini the
cour1t room)11. lIoyile was2 (2ahn2 and2i
('oll1ected andIl employed111 1mu12 ofss his
1itim readinlg nlewspaptIers. Mlessrs5. 21
T. C. Ful ler', (Geor'go H . Sill and i11(
it. H. lItI t'le 'r811nt1 t1IheS ('ase1 for
the defense', whilie Solicitor Argo
ed shotl before1 1101s teni o'cloek, m1121 a1fter 'tl
twoVl hlours' dlel ibera1't.ion2 'I'11 reured the
voidiet 'Not gu ilty. ' Ini sjit ou'(f the
judtge's ord eri there was at wild bur2st, :
o)f pplause fr'oms linullredls of throats
wasx kopt uj tor' five m1inuites4 .People ja
crow)lded( arIound lIhyle and2( con1graIt n
glan tI) ('251 on himl for at slpeerb', but
and2( louIdly' annliouniced that1 Bole( 1
inuned((iatt(ely bacek to jail, whsero hie
(reaied 11 Sil ts'hr 1harle, of the( fo
-1 t is whlsisp ere(d in Waish ington01
11ha1t Bridlget Sweeny II, 21a ltrustd (lid
s1'rvant I of till 'iiTay failiIy, set t he
f1ire which c ost severatl of 1the( fmnsily
Ithe(ir livelS ill February1(11, wil uo,li
-. - ---- f
-T thi -le formaltion of at single loco- y
mo(t.ive stemnIl engJ.ine( thler'e are nearly I
(1,000) pieces to be0 1)u toge'thelr, 2and( i.
these require to be ats accumrattely put I.
together as the wor'kHof a watch.1
COLONEL COIT DECLINES
le Mtnte tlat lie Doe" not F'ily Endor,
Col. J. C. Coit, who was nominated
or Lieutenant Governor at the re
ent convention in Columbia, has
out the following letter:
"CHEIIAW, S. C., April 2, 1890.
%aiptain G. W. Shell, chairman, and
others, Executive Committee of the
"Gentlemen-Having waited a rea
onable time for an official notifica
ion of the action of the March con
eution iln placing my name before
he people as a candidate for Lieu
enant Governor, and not having re
eive( such notice, I deem it not im
'roper to address this communica
on to you.
"While I fully a)preciato the unso
it0e coml)im1ent which haH been
aid ine and desire to express thanks
>r this evidlene of confi(lence, yet I
ii satisfiod that Iy name was put
)rward under a misapprehension.
"It clllot bJe (oubted that the
ulr)ose of the convention was to
lace upon the ticket men who were
tfull symtlptatlly with the letter of the
liurmuan of tle Executive Commit.
'e of the Farmers' Association (Cap
Lin Shell) in ('iling the convention
)gether-nI1 who fully endorsed the
lat,form adopted. aid who could and
ouldl canlvass the State upon the
;sues therein made.
"Without referring to any objec
ons I had to the letter of Captain
'hell, or mny views as to the policy of
inking noimations at this time, it
'ill le suflicient for me to say that I
to not fully endorse the platform,
n(d for this and other sufficient rea
ons cann1ot enter 111)011 a eanivass in
5 support as required by the elev
nth se'ctioln of the platform.
"Inl justice, therefore, to myself as
cell as in justice to the body whose
xecutive you are, I beg leave to
-itldlraw muy name from the ticket
uggested. This action will also re
eve you of all emibarrassmnent in
"bstituting a muan who will repre
mt the views which prevailed in the
"It is but 1rOlCr for me to say
ere that I at wholly identified with
Lie agricultural interests of the State
nd am in full sympathy with the
armers in their eftortsto bettor their
ondition, and to this end am heartily
a favor of their taking an active part
a the control of legislation, both Fed
sral and State. But all must admit
hat honest differ'i.ces of opinion as
O the means and measures which
'ill furnish the needed relief may
vell exist, between men actuated by
he best motives and seelug the ac
omllplishlent of the same ends."
A ItUMOB ABOUT CAPT. TILLMAN.
(CILA11ia'TON, S. C. lfarch 31.-A ru
uor lrln like wild fire thirough the
ity1 to night, thaut, there mighlt be someo
hlalge in the Tilluatn tactics. TIh
lunor is to the ('fleet that Captain
'illlaa muay withdraw from the race
)r (overnor ill certain contingellcies
1id Illitt I ite executive c'olmmittee of
lie late c'onVention will slbstitute
x-Mayor W. A. Courtenay to head
lbe ticket. It is stud that if the op
ositionl to Captain 'T'illmani which
as 1b(11 dveloped c'olti11u('s to in
r('ase elie will be willing to withdraw
1 which event some other naie will
e selected by the executive commnit
i'e. It is imipossible to say what im
orthmee, if anly, (enn lbe attached to
hb' rmnor0), bunt, it is said to 'omie from
ewsiiper man11 connlected wvit.h a
:)urnaiil t hat supported the IFarmuers'
Captain Couirteniay is in Alabama
ndo doubiltless5 knows niothking of the
umlior. There''( is 1no do0l t that hie
Oulld c'ommanlild ai larg(e ',te in the
w c'ow mtry if lie was nloniunarted by
im regular D.emiocrat ic Convent ion.
b een(iville' News.
SI 0pp~ed Ills Paperi.
Nowadays, whenl a subsreib,er gets
>limd, becau'tise ani oditor differs
-omi himi on1 some1 trival oluesitioni,
mit lie dlis'onIt iines his paper', we
-indil himii of the late Horace (Gree
yv, the well-knlowni editor of the
ow Yoruk Tribunne. Passing down
('wspIaper Ilow, in New York City
lne miornmilg, lie miet one( of his read..
rs, who 'xclhaimiedl:
"Mr. (Gireeley, after that article you
ubllishled this mlornmig, I iint end to
Lop your' paper."
"'Oh, 110!"' said Mr. (Greeley, 'doni't
"'Yes, sin' ily inid is malide up; I
dtendO to stop thle paper.'
The angiry subscriber was iiot to be
Iipeasedi, anid they sephar'ated. L2ate
the afternioomi the two met again
'Iheni Mr. (Greeley remiarkedl:
"Mr Thlomlpsoni, I ami very gladl
ou d oid 1no.'tIcarry ouit youri t hrieat
S iis morning.
"WlUit do you mean lL"
"'Why, you said1 y'ou were4 goinig to
101) lmy jpper, didnl't you?"'
"'And so I did. I went to the Oflice
rid had your paper(i stopped'(."
"'You are surely istakeni. I have
ist (come0 fromt thlere, andu the press
'ias r lllIiig, and1 buisiness5 was booni
ullSy, "'I mieant, I int endoed to stop
Iy sublscriptioni to the )lpper."'
"Oh, thunder! ' rejoined GIreeley,
I thought you we're going to stop)
be' runinlg oIf moy paper, 11nd( knock
iw out of' a hiving. My friend, let
m0 tell 3' (iu soiIietlinuig. Onie 1mn is
1st one( dror (If water in the0 oeani.
Olu didn't s't thle mlachlmer'y of this
,'orb'l ini miotioni, andio you can't stop
am an wheni you are uniderne'ath the
riounid thiings upon the surface will
ag oni the samie ats ever.
-The produllctioni of gold in Cali
3rnia began ini 1848, the yield that
ear being $9,000;0001; in theiyear fol
>winlg, $40,000,000, anid $5,000,000
.i1850. The total gold pri'ouct of
bat State todate is estimlated at $1,
A STUDENT DEMONSTRATION.
11nfOrftun,ato ccurenco-what I I t uItn
Say--Actloua of tho U1nlverHity Council.
CoLuMBIA, S. C., March 2.-The
following letter appears ii today's
"I)r. McBiryde, President of the
Souti h Carolina Universitv: I)ear Sir
")uring the farmers' convention
here nulbers of (lt' stu(leIts of the
University were preseI1., and dutng
the progress of the proceedings,
spe:akers wlo were in favor of nom
iniationls w1ere Iiissed and treated in
a rough manner. After the proceed
ings were over a large crowd of stu
deits was all organized mob, singing
vile songs 11(1 applying all .manner
of Opprobrious 'plit.hets to the leaders
of this movniemnt, and followed Capt..
Tilhnan around, evein to Ins hotel,
a.1( inlsulted him by applying all
manner of disgraceful terms to him,
andcl threatenling to do personal vio
lence to his per'sOl.
"We desire respectfully to ('all your
attelntioin to tlieisI p'oceedings. A
public expression of O)illioni from you
concerning i1s will oblige us. Very
'J. I. Counts, L. E. Parker, J. L.
M. Irby, W. P. Snelgrove, A. C. Lat
timer, Geo. B. Dean."
A(TION OF THE STUDENTs.
The Register of the 30th gives the
The University students held a
meeting at 2.30 o'clock yesterday af -
ternoon to consider the charges re
cently made as to the action of cer
tai of their number during and af
tet' the adjournment of the Farmers'
Convention. A committee of nine
was was appointed to draft resolu
t.ionsin reference to the matter.
Th'is comittee made a report to a
second meeting of the students held
at eleven o'cloek last night,, after the
public debate of the Euphradian So
ciety. The resolutions reported by
the committee were adopted by the
meeting with certain amendmlents,
and were submitted to President Mc
Bryde, who consented to their pub
lication. The resolutions are as
Whereas ithas been brought" to the
notice of the students of the South
Carolina University that certain dan
aging statements have been circulated
in regard to the. actions of somec of
the students on the night of the 27th
instant, therefore, be it
Resolved, That the following state
ments are false: (a) that a body of
students followed Captain TilLman to
his hotel; (b) that they sang "vile"
'songs; (c) that they threatened "to
do personal violence to his person."
That immediately after the conven
tion adjournel a nulber of students
were in a crowd together, with dele
gates and others, and indulged in a
lenonitration more boisterons thlan
politic; .thlat the students intended
no dlisrespeet whatever to the con
That the account publisled in The
News and Courier of March 29th is
complete and true in every detail.
That these resolutions be published
iin the leading papers of the State.
J. T. Simpson, E. E. Aycoek, J.
I. Coggesall, (eo. S. Legare, Samt
ul MEcGovai, (1G. I. Pinckner, H. L.
Elliott, Jr., S. P. Verner',' O. R.
The University cOouncil mtet at noon1
yesterdalty and( remiaine(d iln sessioni
two hours investigating the maiitter
re'ferredl to above. TIhe counc'il met
again at six o'clock last eventing bu)tt
adljoulrned without taking action, its
sessions thus far' having beOen devoted
to investigatinig the iatter with a
view of ascertainiing what portionh of
cuirretnt r'epor'ts wVere 'or'rect and( what
exaggerated or false.
The names154of a niumiber oistuidenits,
saidl to 1)e about forty, have b)en
subitted to the council as htaving'
been palrti(ipants ini thle demtoinstra'
tioni. Oni MonldaLy sep)arateC caMs will
be inlvestigated, to arrive at. the idi
vidual recsponisibiilif y of thle si intlent s
President McBrhyde hats niever' ic
ceived anly (con1111miicnts in 0on the
subject fromi Captainl Tillmtani and1
thiose w~ho signed'( the opent letter,I'
the 'ouncl(il takes ac(tioni.
WHIA'r' was 1)on: Ii wr'rm:i wrom1):N'r..
After bieing in secssiont t.hree days
andl( heaiing fifty witntesses onl the
anti-Tiilhniani demioinstra'it in the Uii
versity c'Ounctil yvesterday sunitinoiied
andit intdividuatlly r'epriinmdled each of
the twentty-thtreestuden(It s inivolved.
Fifteen of the twenty thlree stu
denuts areo fr'oim the 'ounitry.1, e'leven
being sons of farmiers.
."Ow~ing to the cr'owd'd statei of
our11 cohiiunns this week," aplologizes a
TIexan ('ditor', l'we are( 'omipelled
t'ithier' t abriidge our1 Euiropeant dis.
paitchies or omiit ailtogethler' the ne~
t'ounit of' thle e'x'it.ing cock fightI at
day~. Ini thiiS (i temergecy we Ihaive
de'cide'd t.o leave out ai pomrt.in of thue
namie of hiiarck's sulcce'ssor' as
in full ne(xt wee'(k if ift bursts ('veryM
cIhase in the oflice.''
- -T'he largest andtl heait l I oomuo
tive ('vern 'ontstruictedo wias Inual e by
the UnBidwinl Loool0tiveC i~ Work s fori
p)any3 last y(ear. It wveighed'(, withI it.s
tendter', 225,000) pmouds. VThe o.rdi
nary we(ighit is friomi 47,000 to I165,E000
-A faimily ini W~hatteoma, Waish.,
niot liking the tasto of the water they
were drIawinig fr'oim t.he(ir nlinety foot
heep) well, seiit a man11 down to ini
spect its dep)th. The w('ll was ini
toler'ably good condition, hut at deadl
Indian wvas hointel out