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BAGSOVERTHEIRI IE ADS
THE TREATMENT GIVEN PRESIDENT
Extraordinary Measures Useti to 1'revent
Esuape tesuue and Nuicido-a SIgullcrut
Chapter of Unpublished hIistory.
During the exciting times imniedi
wtely following the assassination of
Abraham Lincoln the prisoners, who
were arrested in sonnection with that
afair, were confined on board of
United States monitors anchored in
the Potomac River, opposite the navy
yard. A history of the Washington
navy yard, written by Chaplain Henry
B. Hibben, which has just been issued
as an executive document by the Sen
ate, contains the orders given to the
commandant of the navy yard as to
the care of those important prironors,
and these orders revealed one or two
features of their treatment, which, it
is believed, have never before been
The first order was from the Navy
Department to Connodore J. B.
Montgomery, commandant of the
yard, and dated April 15, 1865, the
day of Mr. Lincoln's death. It reads
"If the military authorities arrest
the murderer of the President and
take liii to the navy yard, put him
in a monitor and anchor her out in
the stream, with strong guards on
vessel, wharf and in navy yard. Call
on commandant of marino corps for
guard .Have vessel inuediately pre
pared; ready to receive the criminal
at any hour, day or night. Ho will
be heavily ironed and so guarded as
to prevent escape or injury to hint
Two days later the department
notified the commandant that "the
Var Department wishes special at
tention called this afternoon to order
of Saturday, 15th instant. Keep a
boat in constant readiness and have
a guard at tho gate, that the prisoier
can be safely got on boai d."
The first prisoners were received at
the navy yard that night, a-ud the
following day Commodore Mont
gomnery reported that Mike O'Flaher
ty and Lowis Payne had been deliver
ed during the night, and werO con
fined on board the monitor Saugus,
in double irons and under a strong
guard. Samuel Arnold was added to
the prisoners at 2.30 o'clock the morn
ing of April 10. The same day the
commandant received orders to per
mit no person to see or hold comu
munication with tho prisoners without
a pass signed jointly by the Secretary
of War and the Secretary of the
At 11.10 p. in., April 20, two more
prisoners were received at the navy
yard. They were James Andrew
Atz rott aud Ernest Hartman Rituhlie,
his brother-in-law. April 23 the As
sistant Secretary of the Navy sent
this order to Conunodore Mont
"The Secretary of War wishes Atze
rott separated from his brother-in
lawv, Rlitchie, b)y putting the former
in another vessel, unknown to the
other prisoners; also, that a ball and
chain t,o bc put on each ankle of
On the following day the command
antt received directions wvhich showed
that Secretary of War Stanton pro
p)osed to neglect no precaution to
ward preventing any sort of conm
munication between the prisoners.
These directions were as follows:
"The Secretary of War requests
that the prisoners on board iron-clads
belonging to is department for bet
tcr security against conversation shall
have a canvas bag put over the head
of each and tiedl around the neck.
with a hole for proper breathing and
eating, but not seeing, and that
Payne be secured to prevent self-de
To0 this order, which is now brought
to light for the first time, Conmnand
ant Montgomery rep)lied on the samte
"The hoods werle made, and have
b)eeni applied as directed. The pris
oners are in all respects entirely se
Ned SpAg8ler was taken from itthe
old Capitol prison that (lay and con
fined on one of the monitors. Three
days later, April 27, the comnmndant
rep)orted to the Navy D)epartnment as
"David C. Harrold, prisonter, andl
the remains of Wilkes Booth were
dlelivered here at 1.45 this morning.
The b)ody of Booth is changing rap)id
ly. *What disposition shall be made of
it? It is now on board the iron -clad
Later in the day the commandant
was handeo~ an order, signed by3
Secretaries idelles and Stanton, di
recting him to permit Surgeon Gene
ral Barn~es, Judge Advocate General
Holt, and certain other officers andl
civilians, incluidutg a photographer,
to go on b)oard the \Iontauk and see
Booth's body. The order also direct
e'l that, after the Surgeon General
Lad made an autopsy, the bod y should
be placed in a strong b)ox, Lrefully
sealed, and delivered to the chia-ge of
Col. L. C. Baker.
A letter sent to the Secretary om
the Navy the following day by Com
mandlant Montgomewry shows thI at lie
had nto chlance to carmry[u)it a part of
tis joint order. 'the writer comt
p)lains that thme body of Booth was
sudldenly and tuexpctedly remtovedl
b)y Col. Baker to a tug and takent
away before thme matirine oflicer had
any oppotunity to report thei pro
ceedings to the conlnnand(anlt. The
box prepared for it was left on thle
Montauk, andl Con naindan t Monmt,
gomery reported that it was ready
for delivery wheun called for. Other
correspocnee shows that the navy
officers at the yard felt that theyvhad
not b)een Properly treated by~ the
higher au thorities, and( were dlisposed
bo criticise the military authorities
for thle "'iniformal and unmnilitary"
way in which Booth's body was ta
keni from their custodly, without any
ywritten authority for so disposing of
it ltavinig been shown to any officer
m2 the vessel. The orders leave no
doubt of the great fear wvhich besot
secretary Stanton that the pris.m
era would escape or be rescued, and
this fear seems to have exundedl
even to the dead body of the asans
The laat nntry reamcUn the m.is
oners shows that Comiandant Moni
gomer1pl,"relieved from his troubh
sono11 charge April 29. In a conaun
cation to Secretary Welles, (late
April 30, ho Hays: '
"In obdience to a telegramn recoive
at 9 o'clok last Ilight the prisOner
in 1my3' charge were delivered at 10.3
p. in. to G eneral Hancock, and und
military guard they left the yard u
Immediately after this the deparf
ment ordered the removal of the e>
traordiary restrictions t nit ha
been established relative to the a(
mission of visitors to the yard durin
the tune the prisoners were in th
commnlandant's custody, and this enI
ed the connection of the naval o:
tablislinent with these state prit
UNITED STATES COURTS.
Provilons of the Now 1nl )eftiuIng The
Jturid iction-An Iu)ortant Moatur.
The HLouse of lepresentatives ha
passed the bill to define and regulat
the juriS(iction of courts of ti
Uni.ted States. The final vote wa;
yeas 131, nays 13, the Speaker coun
ing a quorum. The following is
synopsis of the provisions of tLI
It Withdraws all original jurisdi
tion nlow vested in the circuit court
of the United States and vests th
salue exclusively in the listrat
courts of the United States and als
provides that the circuit courts <
the U Tnited States Mhall exercise suc
jiuisctiction by writ of error an
appeal as they have and exercis<
un(ler existing laws. The circu
court is made an Appellate Con
exclusively, except that it has )ow
to issue alt.ernating process. Th
circuit courts shall consist of th
present circuit judge and tw
others to be lppoilteld inl each cii
cuit by the President by and wit
the advice andci consen t of the Senat
It retuires thre'e ,jdges to constitt
a (Loiulol , anud ill case (itler of th
. tdges is absent. at aiy terl th
senior circuit judge of tile circu:
may(V require anly district judge of th
circuit to sit ill his stead for the til
being. But thliere must always b
On1e circuit julge e)1('slnt 1nd 11O cil
cltit or (listrict ,judge before whom
case is tried in1 the (listrict :oturt ca
sit ill the 5a111e .5ase in the circui
court. The circuit courts shall b
courts of record. The terms of tii
circuit court., are to be ield at th
1st Circuit, .3ostln.
and " New York.
4th 1ic1lnolld, Va.
5th " New Orleans.
>th "' Cicuiati.
7th Cllicago, Ills.
8th " St. Louis.
9th - San Fralclsco.
\rits of error in1 proper c15(5 al
iln all otiler cases appeals mnay b) e ha
from district, to circuit courts, bot
at law aid iln e(llity, 11(1 cass
admiral ity and uaritime jurisdictio
within six uonths after the entry c
final juldgmlenlt, or decree in'districts
The circuait courts shlall have origint
jurisdiction to is-sue certain remuedit
writs andio to establish rules of prat
tice not inconsistent with thosec
the Supreme Court. Writ of erra
from the circuit court of anl appei
to the circuit court may be4 had i
all commherciall cases wherein the cii
cuit court may b)e hlad in all conuniei
cial cases whlerein the cireuuit couir
maly no0w exercise juishdcetion b
writ of error andoi pendinig app)ieaIls
writs ot error and jiudgmnent of th
district courlt ill all crimuinal cases ar
st.ryed until the ease is finlally dete1
miiined by the apipellate. Civil caseC
no0w removable fromi State courts i
circulit courts of the Uniited State
mayi~ become inivolvedl in the distric
courts of the United States in th
ternitoriail julrisdiction of whlich the
were commenced. ThJ e circuit court
sre given apIpellate j urisdiction b)
writ of error or appecal to review th
j udgmients aind decrees of thelt sup)remi
courts of the several territories ani
for thle review of the juidgmenCts an<
dlecrees of dlistrict courts. Tile ci1
cuit court shall1 hlave finial and1( col
cluLsive j urisd ict ion oin appeal or wri:
of error in ll ca (ses inl- whichi juari
diction is acqu1iredl by the distric
courts by3 reaLson of tile citizensii
of parties 01nly and inl whichl no0 queiC
tion arises uander the Constitutior
lawvs or treaties of the Uniitedl State:
But (uestius aurisig ini this class
cases of a novel, dliflicuilt Or imlpo'
tanlt character miay i)e carriedl to tii
suIpremie court for determinulation i
the discretion of aniy two of thi
circuait judges trying the o1ase.
Millions in Mortgages.
Mr\[. ILuthier J1. Kaiifnian, Laancau
ter, delivered anI initerestinig aLddres~
Saturday last at the farmers' insti
tulte, held( unider the ausic)ies of th
iBerks5Ci county Agr'icuiltural Society, a
Rlead in g. Mr. Kaufmanu dIwel t u poi
the great depression ill agriculturl
in Pennsylvania, andl produced a]
golnenits, statistical and othkerwis(
thlat the farms in the EaIst, exclusiv,
(11 impl1rovem1ents,wvere wortlh no morp
11ow ill the mnarket thani those in N
braska~ and( Kanisas. 1-e stted fha
the.. mortgages Onl tile farms inl Berk;
co1auy were $,00)0,000, anid inLa
('aster evu.uity $25,000,000. In cIlosing
his address )Mr. Kaafuman saidl ftha
the cost of issdaug and distriiuftin;,
cuarreclcy by the gcYo-rermuentf wasL one
<iuarter of one pe senit., and1( h<
wanlted to kniow whly, fl.. be )ing th
case, th e farmer shol not1( he0 abl11)
to secure a 10oan on1 his farii i. [h<
oneC 1p(1 cenit. Hie saLid thlat thle g e
aLcconlIulatViveow'er of m uonov at j)r
vailng interest rates ui oi of th11
chief caiuses of fte pr*ent distresa
and(1urged tihe farmercs of Berks t<
secure fromi Congress Ihe u estalhish
menit of a naltional banking biureau
whicWh should issueC arnd loan mone1
to aull citizensl upon01 god secuirity
one per cent. He left a numlfbe'r (.
Petitions to that effect, whlichl wer
signled by mnany of thIose presenit.
-The Ne w York Worl is p)rintimn
serial story purporting to give til
mystery of Judge Hlilton's wond(em
ful imfluence over A. T. Stewart an
the history of his absorption of thb
Stewart millons. It says thlere is;
woman and a story of dishonor in thi
l A Naked WandereroM the Mojave Surprlse
L1 Two Italirond Men.
Extending from the San llernardi
i mueridia On the west, to tle (Co)lo
) ratdo river on the ('ast andul fron tlic
r south line of Inyo county on the
t north to the north line of Sau Diego
county on the south is that vast ex
panse of "melancholy waste" known
as the Majove Desert. Many are the
d tales of privation and suffering en
1- dured on this verdureless expanse.
g One of the strangest aniid yet true o
e cUrrenjes has been (:xweIeIlcc( near
1.- this place, which is in the middle of
3- the desert. Last Tuesday evening
t- as engine 51, Engineer Spencer, was
returning from Lavie, he encountered
the following experience, which is
best told in his own words:
"I had just rounded the curve near
r mile.post 673 and had taken imy
watch from 11my pocket. Noting the
time,6:25 o'clock. I returned i t to its
pl1Ce and nat.urally glanced ahead of
my engine. What was my surprise
Sto see Iot over thirty yards ahead of
, ie and approaching the track front
t- the south, a man apparently six feet
a tall, about thirty-live years of age,
0 with long, black hair hanging down
his shoulders and heavy 1 n 'k beard.
He was entirely naked, anud hi' skin
;s was tainled. Putting on the driver
e brake, I brought the elgine to ia stop
t just as the m1an cr1osMsd(01 the track.
o After crossing lie stopped and hooked
)f at us.
h1 "I intiiwdiately crossed over to the
d fireinti's side, ald as I started to
, climb down to the ground lie started
it oil. I called to hin as .1 ieauhed the
t ground, but, with a frighteniie'd look,
r lie dashed away. 1 thtoug: t. 1 was a
e good ruiter, but the way his bare
(e feet got over the cinders and gravel
o led me to believe oth.rwise. Once
r or twic(' lie looked Iack, but did iot
h1 slack.n his pacc. I intchiiig the hills,
which arel about htalf a tmile froium the
.e track, lie soon dlisapl)clred. The
c tir1t'eiall, who )adl r''Inained with the
e clginle, no0w ceiii Up, aid we went
it airounld the hill, but lie lied disap
e peared from1 view. I contfess I did
n not dare to follow lit arollnd there
c alonle. As it wits late, ital oulr en1
girie Wa1S stitndinig ont tlie malin traek
a alone, we abandoncd further search
U and treturned to the engine."
e SENTENCED AND HUNC HIMSELF.
e A L'nrmeor Accusxed of Crln (onunams ii
C dde ei 'by Ilnuging.
1ENI)EToN, S. C.. Aptril 17.-The
body of E 1). CJason. ia white man
living on Williamii Watkin's farm, six
nuiles fromt PCidlet(ii. was fotzlunI
Simdilay lloring lmliging;_ t' a lice
near \Watkin's hlilksiithl shop about
two ltundre'd yards frot Mr. Casoi's
Cireunstances shlowedcl that his sui
cide was thoroughly 1ilinned an1(d the
act was a p)reI1edit1ated one. lie pro
It curled two len1(e driviitg reins and a
smin:ll cotton rope, Placed t hem around
lits neck Sertrely, having tied knots
so its to avoid all possil)ilities of an
acideCnt,elmed utp an oak I ree..la
ed theO hiies secueiily around( ia 'limb)
and ihtljumped off. Hlis feet were- only
a few inebes from thte ground.
S Notintg was founid on is petrott
as atn explanation fotr thtis ternible aet,
1 butt it is b)elieved thtat recent charges
made against himself and others of
br)1utality, beating a woman int Geo
ga, gaOve thno cause. Mr. Cason was
out ott bond1, having b)ecen ar'rested a
few~ d-ty~s since antd takent before a
tiatl jus tice, whtere the charges wvere
sustained antd the case was seit up
to the higher court. I anm told that his
.' wife saiud she thought there were oter
aOI snif heo appea"ed before the couirts
Li~(c Georgittad that witht thtis recenti
'ttrul w the wase. 'ihtt t t'
, WIatk in's p lanta:tionu and in that see
tioni b)or1 a very good ('harne-ter and
wits thought well of by his landlord,
who p)rotmptly went on his b)ond(. He
was at naitive of G)eor'gia where hie marti
r'iedl and1 sutbsCeetly got ai divorce.
He0 cameo to South Carolina, began
work 01n Mr. WVatkini's fiarm anid
shtortl y maieod HLarvey' oord's
It atpp(ears fronm what I could1( gath
(r.that Mr. CJason was broughtt itnto
tis last troublle by his brthertc who
mdulttcd him to go to G4eorgia ando
Ihelp beiat the womantt w~ho had1 gained
a law~suit over him.
Ihiri uonIF, Md., April 17.-A cur ii
out, labor fightt is int progr'ess herie.
" While thetre .is no strke fot' eight
e hioutrs, thte ttrades unionis arc ttryinig
to enforce their card systemi, by
which they ('xpect t.o be paid for all
extr'a wor'k. Int thtis contest they do
not recognize the Knights of' LaLbor,
1)but place them on thte same level as
~ s'abs," and1( refuse to work with
them. There is a great demand f'or
t and work on1 imptlortat buildings is
1 delayed beLcautse of tli(' ugh t. Oni
a many of themt the tuniotinmen have
(1init w'or'k beCcautse the emplo)hyers re
'fused to dismiss the Knights of1 La
- ---7I(chle s laigiicenit ooinest.rigii
t statue of General lRobert E. Lee
s will be unveiled at 1ihmnond on May
- '29,antd will be m'nade the occaisioni of
a gre i t demnstriat.ioni. The 11. E.
I, Lee Camp of Confeodert': VXeterians
-is in charge of 1th e cei emaon) ies, and1( is
I aking measures1 1( to0 sciure the largest
l ossile attetilituice' of thoe old sol
dio'is oh' th e C aofdoerney. Ari'ianigo'
Iiionts will ho' miade' with the raiilr-oato
for' a tate of1 onei cent1 a imil(',ia'conuno
t1( dats will ho' fu-rniish,ed to visitors2
lRichoiinid iat e'x'e'd inigly low ost,
o especially to iiitar'y and vetertan
, organirations, and ever('yting donio
>) to mtake the 'ota3 of visitors enjoy
y' -T-Jhte gorgeous raii fA ay trlain wvhich
t the Queen andto Kiiig of Italy hadt
f built for thiei r journey to Beorlint this
e month was burned in the Fhloence
raiilwayt~ stationt abou11t three0'( wveeks
ago. TIho ('ost of thle trini was more10
thantt 70,000 lii. It was furnished
1 wvith ai weialh of gold end silver ornau
tiients antd was filled with the most
costly uphtoistery. Most of the pres5
1 ents intuded for the' .Berling~'ourtt hiad
e already been placed on it. Only a few
a of the most valuable pieces of table
0 ware and about a thir<l o fth e presents
COAL OIL JOHNNY.
New I..ctq Ahvut the Spendthrift' Who
plo+nt 8100.000 n Year.
The Visitor to the oil regions asked
first abullt Coal-Oil Joluly and
nex(, about .14)1111 1). Rockefeller.
'1'he stltecIt is of ten publiSed
tl1t Coal-Oil Johnny has died or
that he has regained his squandered
fortune. There is as much truth in
011e as in the other. He is still alive
at the age of about fifty years, and
his address is Ash hnd, Saunders
County, Nob., where he has lived for
the past twelve years. lie is at pros
eut employed as a station agent at
Ashlanid. He has not recovered his
for tune or any part of it, but makes
a comfortable living and has appar
eoltly forgotten the princely days of
Coal-Oil Johnny was about three
years running through with his for
tune. It was at Iousevill( whore
Johnny began to throw away his
Imloney, l)ut that, town, although one
of the 'ed hot oil towns, was soon
too smal. for him. Erie, Buffalo anid
Pittsl)ur knew him next, but it was
at Philadelphia that he distinguished
1uiself most. How much money he
squandered in three years is a matter
of conjecture, oven in the oil country.
h'1ere is, however, a wide Iuisappre
hen1sion as to the amount. His for
tuio did not reach into the millions,
as has so often lcen stated. The
bost judgment here places it at not
above $300,000. He was the adopted
son of widow McClintock, and at her
death her oil farm and its accumulat
od earnigs passod to hui. Perhaps
$100,000 was turned Over to JohnIy
on the settling of her estate, and his
share of the product of the farm after
that tilc is Sul)1)osed to have been
about 200,00o. Ie therefore squan
dered about. I00,000 a year for the
three years the money last d. At
the end of this tine the old ).o_antza
farm had ceased to yield and his
money was spent.
his career as a i;pendtlthriit caine to
3u end on Thursday, February 14,
1868, when he filed a voluntary peti
tion in bankruptcy in the United
State.s District Coin-t at Pittsburg.
his indebtedness at the timle was
1H. W. Kanga, (irard House,
William E. (albruith, ittoiney.
at-law, Erie, Pa. 10,000
J. E. Caldwell & Co., Phuiladel
phia, jewelry. 5,805
John I). Jones. harness 1,280
\W. S. Horn. cigars. 56
E. H. Conklin. Plhiladellphia,
PIclan & Colletder, billiard ta
Uniknown creditor, oil ainting 2,000
1For hats. 300
This seedtle ills its own story of
a royal s))rec extenuding over a period
of three yeais. The indebi,.bitess at
the Gi;rard I louse was for boalrd,
liquors, cigars, et.c. While at this
hotel he occupied a suite of roomis on
the parlor floor, and usually had
fronm one to t hree kindred sports wvith
him, whose boardl and( expenises he
paid for the sake of their company.
The aruount of his unpaid bill at the
Girard House, nearly $20,000, is an
idication that he and his compan
ions lived tolerably high. Hew much
money he paid to the (Girard House
isnot known, but it is thought to have
been as much as lie left unpanid.
It is a curious fact that the old1
played-out Steel farm has been revived
and is making another man rich. The
mant is John W. Waits, of Oil City,
who bought the old place a fewv years
ago~ for $7,000. He has sinice been
offered $80,000 for it. Waits was a
street gami i about Rouseville when
,Johnny Stetel was cutting his wide
swath there, and frequently held the
young oil p)rinc('s tcant while the lat
ter wyent into a saloon t.o get a drink.
The GuilI'e.ess [PedI<l Ir.
Ped(dle'r (r(spectfully:) "M~Iad-in, I
have ntot called for the p)urpose of
trying to sell yon anything, b)ut to in
quire if t here is a mian ntamted Joiies
living in this vicintity."'
Lady of the house: "Mr'. Jones lives
"'Thanks. lie has a boy about 12,
has lhe niot?"
"'I th iink lie is .te mi an I anm looking
for. I was dirtectedl a few momilentts
ago by a friend of his to call upon
him. I am miakiing imy last trip as a
travellinig veinder of mnerchantdise, and
haive closed out all my .juvenile ware
except this brass-tipped dronm with
ebony sticks, which I shall oft'er to
Mr. Jontes at such ai fIgure that-but
pardlon meW, I h ad no initentH ,n of de
tainiing you. Thanks G- your kind
ness, nimidami. Good day."'
"Hold ont! What is that drum
"'It iS reailly woth It5, b ut I hiad
d(cideOd to olTer it to( Mr. Jones- for
his boy at. the ntoinal iutre of 75
I 'nveilIing ol' IThe I 'e Mfoanmet.
Rt. E. Lee Camitp, No. 1, Coinfeder
aite Vteteranis, it the riet(st of fthe
Lee Monumeniti( t Associatioii, has as
stume tch( 0arge of the exercises for' the
untveiliing of a imontumeni't to General
Rob0Iert E. Lee, atl liechmtond, Vai.,
May 29, 1890.
Tlheo r'ailroadi lines to litiltnOni will
prob ab ly agree t.o gianti a rate of'
abIoui.t(n cent foir Eacit imile I -av
(,led , I ti ll vitig orgaiza iitionils at,d
inidivid uails. AXs soon1 as5 arran'tgedl
de'finit(e iniforntiat ion .-will be( given.
Shelter will b)e futrinished for all visit
mng organizations. Meals have beent
arr'anged for wit responsible res
t,auranits, to lbe funishedi at twenty
hve'( cents each. C!amps or organiz'n
tions~ owning tents and( camitp e<tii
page, desiring to form an eneampij
mniit, will give notice, that the neces
sairy spae may b)e provided andu ar
It is neceessary that niotice s'hiall be
given to the SecrIetarty of the C'om
Inuttee, as earlhy as possible, of y our
miention to lbe preen it -certaunly ntot
later than the 1 5th of May.
'-State Treaisurerm, Archer, of Mary
land, was adulit ted to badiliMonday
JUST BORE IN AND STEAL.
Uncle $a,n'*- Millions invite a Visit Frutm
Thieveni-Tho Treasury Vaniti Not Saft.
WAsHINGTON, April 17.-The treas
itrer of the' Urited States has asked
the HotuLS colunuittee on approp)ria
tioni to put through the House iml
iuediatcly a special appropriation to
rnable him to btrengthen the old
I.reasury vault, in which are deposits
iggregating $600,000,000. He had
experunents made recently, his sus
pmcions having been aroused as to the '
security of the vaults which are of a
style tWenty-five years old. His
ezpert bored a hole through the
vault wall in seventeen seconds, and
be made the hole large enough to
erawl througi in seventeen minutes.
Practically the contents of the vaults
Were at his disposal, including $250,
U010 mi greenbacks in a coriner six feet
sqluare. The coiuniitte@, on receiv
img this startling in for nation, told
Treasurer Huston to go ahead and
1preparr estimates. prom iSing to put
through the House immediately any
ILpprpriation deemed necessary. The
treasurer is nlow preparing estimates
which will probably be ready so that
the bill can be presented at once.
Meanwhile the treasury guards have
The total amount of the funds for
which Treasurer Huston is responsi
ble is about i770,000,000. Of this
ailount about $170,000,000, chiefly in
silver, are ill the new steel silver
vault, the remainder being in the old
treasury vault, which it is now pro
posed to repair and strengthen.
Treasurer Huston does not think
much of the steel silver vault, but as
it, is rather diflicult to carry ofF the
cart wheel dollars, it does not make
;o ituch difference about this vault. '
But ill the 01(1 treasury vault are
m1iscellanr1eous moneys, gold, silver,
Lreenbacks, etc., which could be ear
red of1, and Treasurer Huston is
unwilling to carry this risk longer
without, trying to strengthen the
vault walls. The treasury watchmen
have always been noted for their
integrity -ind fidelity, but if, by
political influence, their positions not
.eing protected by the civil service -
law, tWo or three expert cracksieni
could lie got on the force or if the
cracksmnei could get into the treas- c
ury at iig1 on an elmploye's pass or I
im any other way, less than half an .
hour's work on the old treasury
vault would give them the biggest
fortune in the world if they got away
with nothing but the greenbccks.
Teli treasurer's exaliInatloI of the
vault and his recomlinendattioi to the
olllmiiti.ee uli ailq)ropriations have
been kept profoundly secret from all
but five uelbers of the committee
who woul1 have especial charge of
the matter under the comuittee's
division of labor. Treasurer Hustoi
alnlost jumlpod out of his chair when
11e was asked about it this evening.
Directing his messeilger, who was
blotting his mail as the treasurer
signed it, to leave the room and( close
the door, lie proceeded to interview
the iinterviewer as to how he got the
news whlich lie thought he had kept
p)rofound(ly secret. Of course ho did
not learn anything, b)ut seeing that
the interviewer had1( the facts, admit
ted that it Was all true, but said that
it should not be published lest it
create anl unnlecessary sensation. T1ho
mnterviewer had to tell him that lie
could not keep an open1 secret, anid
so the story goes.
.All hlonest, conscientious physi
cians5 who give B. B. B. (Botanic
Blood Balm) a trial, frankly admnit
its superiority over all other blood
mled icin es.
Dr. W. J. Adair, Rlockmnont, Ga.,
w~rites: "I regardl B. B. B. as 011e of
tile best lood mledicines."
Dr. A. Hf. Roscoc, Nashville, Ten,il
wvrites: "All reports of B. B. B. are
favorable, and its speedly actioni is
Dr. .J. W. Rhlodes, Crawfordville,
Ga., writes: "I confess B. B. B. is thle
b)est and1 quickest mlethecie for rhleu
maiitismi I have ever' triied."
D)r. S. J. IFarmer, Crawvfordville,
Ga., writes: "I chleerfully reconmnend
B. B. B. as a line tonic alterative.
Its use cured ani exerescenice of the
nieck after other remledies effected 110
.Dr. C. H. Montgomery, Jackson
ville, Ala., writes: "Mi~y mothier in
sisted1 On my getting B. B. IB. for her
rhoumatism, as her caso stubbornly
resisted tile ulsual renmedies. Sile
experienced immilediate relief and heir
impiirovemnt hasi 1been tri'sl wonider
Dr. GI. W. Earle, Piekens, S. C.,
writes: "I rocomumned B. B. B. to
ri. mall who had1( suiffered for years
with a malignant ulcer on his leg,
that seemled to resist all othler treat
mnent. After using four or live bot
tIes the ulcer began to hloal and1( his
Oeg is nO0w souild( and1( well.'
---Phielani, thei Griflin, Ga.., b)ucket
sho01 man11 whio skip)ped out under the
pork p)ressulre, has b)een carried1 back
to that townl with sevenlty warrantfs
for chieating anld swvindlinig issued
igainIst hun. Mc.Donald, who rant a
sh1op at Amuericus, was arrestedl at
CIolumbus While 01n hlis way North,
n tlle same (chargc.
P'ianos ant! Organs.
N. W. Tntur, 1M- Main Street, Co.
[umibia, S. C'., seJls Pianios and( Orgaris
icfrmfactory. No atgenhts' con iii
ing Pino Mathutsek Piano, cele
brated for ifs chclernes's of tonie, light -
1(ss oif touch and lastinug qtualities.
Mason & Hainii Uprl.ight Pianio.
St erlinig Uprighlt Pianio, from1 822
Mason & HamLilin O)rgans, surpipose
Sterling Orgeanls, $350 up.
Every InIstrmnenOlt guiaran teed for I
4ix years. Fifteen (lays' trial, ex
[lOnsOs hothi ways, if not satisfactoro.
S01Old on'enstailhnenmts. (
A plolicy in' the Valley Muitual Life
Aissociation, onl tile tenk year' re
lewable plan, at ago 40, cosits onlhy I
41 25-per ainmim per1 $1 ,000. Seer
--1heo carpenters' strike( ill Chiicago
monimues and thlousanids of workmen
n other building tradles arC 1now out
'f 'work b)eause thley cannimot go on
without the caOrpenfters.
Companies, renember that
NSURANc1 - 0OMPANY,
O . r liL ,
since it holds the fone st place
4 of the world, and offers uuperior
>usiness, together with unequallel
Q Company in this Country.
npany in the World
on in the World-its assets aIloun
Twenty-six Millions of Dollars.
hich to insure, its large dividend
surance below that of any oth(r
s earned for and paid out to its
Vfnty-one years, the enormous sum
ren million dollars more than the
iext TW'O leading conpanies.
VAltD L. OERNAND,
GENERAL AoENr, Coluubit, S. C.
VALLEY IIUTu LIFE
A SOCIA TIO
M. ERSKI.NE MILLEt.
J. FRED EFFJNGtER,
Began Busincss Septemnber 3, 1878.
Eteserve Fund.............. $108,000.
(Invested in Bonds and Mort
gages on Real Estate.)
Ensurance in Force, over $10,000,000.
nnual Premiumi Income,
Jeath-losses paiid, over... $1,700,000.
Of which over $200,000 has beon
)aid in South Carolina.
II YIN TEAR U3I3W363 P?LIgy,
AS WRITTEN HY 'rrE
raLuY REUUAJ LIng ASs XIAIOA 9
Possesses the following .'
1st. Its Premiums are fixed and
nade a part of the policy contract.
2nd. It offers the lowest possible
ates consistent with security.
3rd. Its policies are incontestab)le
after three years.
4th. It gives a paidl-up pl)icy after
th. At the end( of anly ten year'
>eriod the insuxed has the option of
iither taking, 1st, the surplus to his
tred1it in cash, and continuing the
>olicy at his then rate; or 2nd, allow
ng the surplus to beC applied as a.
~redit on future p)remniums (luring
he following Tcn Year period.
6th. The policy is renewable at the
~nd of any Ten Year period without
7th. The policy-holder p)artiipattesc
n the profits of the Company by
'eason of the division of the su1rplus
~t the end of Ten Year p)eriod.
8th. Its form of policy is a mlodel
b lrevity, being simp11ly a promise to
9th. It has no rest.riction as tom
10th. Being free fromi all technii
alities and the policy-holder being
llowed to participate ini the profits
if the Company, couledo with the
'cry low rate of cost, it p)roenlts an3
xceedingly attractivo formi of in
A.ctive anmd reliable aigents cani
iake liboeral termis by applying, with
Columbia, S. C.
r-Ask aor catalgne
rERRY M'F'G CO.. NA8Hvitts. T,
OUR SURPLUS MONEY IN T HB
CO1LUMBIA, S. C.
Ono dlollar and upwardu received.
iterelst at the rate of 4 per cent. per
mlum, paidI quarterly, on the first
).ys of Fe~bruary, May, Augusst and
oivemnber. Married Women andl
inors can keep account in their own
tme. Higher rates of interest al.
wed by special arrangement.
C. J. InEnr,.L, President.
INO. S. IJAPHART, JAMBIS IJADEMLL,
Vico President. Cashierz.
sei. *g d iugkt l .te.M
1'CTS WORTH I
When solictid to insure in other
["HIE - MU'I'UAL . L1I - 1
Is entitled to your first consideration,
aunonlg the Life Insluranlce Institution
advalntaies in all the features of 1
1. It is the Oldest active Life Illsurane
2. It is the Largest Life Insurance Coi
3. It is the Strongest liinlancivl Institut
ing to ruore tlum One Hundred and
4. It is tlw Safest Conpany in which I
5. It is the Cheapest Company in w
returns reducing the final cost of i
6. This GREAT CORPORATION ha
plolicy holders in Cash Surplus, in t'
of $73,000,000, which is nearly ele
Colnbine(d Returns attained by the
HIND E RCOR 8s.
to - ." - 'n - re Lrm i1.ut. Axi.uu.. Indfg,.iunt UI -I
'n e ec e nut.ju. Tko in .'- and $1.00.
b6I & Iir'd, , II.r T.L. .',re. V.r buat et p.-'fb fi1,
Agants wunnte,t to it I,t a perfect
el1 'inlesa Clotlo,4 Win 1-r ilne. Sam
.Ilnes; no nioto ple :i., sent by
luthe l pint ueeted. . n.aIl tm o1)e., alo
tI.hoIlds the ieave$t. Olt, line by
nd fine't ritrls P l nmlil 81.25 pre
7 I t. h o u t iin. p1a-1. For circe
lot.heL do t.., rrt"ze to lard,iri:e list, torn.
t and cin not .low of1. adi.lre.- the
PLN.1S eLOT'l S lINI CO.,
17 llermton st.. Vorco,tor, Mast.
H ~JtR ALSAM
. e .. 1IIlo. lb. halr.
1i g , r wth.
k.vur F ris It Rostora GrayI
Hair to . Y.bhful Color.
Cun..M.f.Ipci"..N Jc iisirftai11ng
OMu t.t1 wDraling
MADE WITH IOILINC WATER. I
MADE 'WITH BOILI-N MIL-K.
How Lost' -n Regained,
KNOW T HYSiT
THE S EN EOF LIFE
A Scienlifie and1( Standlard P'opuinr M.;~eln TIrentime
onl the E'rr or. of Youzth,l'remnature jaeline,, Nerv,ni.
and Ph:ysical obi uri- of the l3i00,'.
lleulting from Folly, Vice, Ignorance, Excesece or
Overtaxation, linervating and iunfltting the victhm
for Work, liosincies, the Married or MMI Relatin.1
Avoid unskilfui pretenders. Pos.. -s this gret
work. It conta ins 300 pares, royal . Becantifu1
binding, embossed, full lit. Prico ' y $1.00 by
miail, postpaid, concealed In plain i' - per. Ilias
trative Prospectus Free, if -ou egp:y nowir. The
distInguished a,ithor Win i. Parker M. D.r
ceived the GOLD AND JEWBRLLb NfE
fromn the Nationual Medicl A c atin o
tii PRIZE EMISAY on N(R VOS..-d
PIIYSICAJ LDBILIT Y.Dr.Parkera an atorps
of Assistant Physieians may be consulted confl
denially by mail or in person at the obRee of
THlE PNABoDIY MEDICALa INSTIT (7'E
NJa. 4 Bluj.fnch Mt., Boston, Maa,s., to whora ai
o sfor boo ks or letters for advice should b
d as aovoeI
* ?A L,iT'11 AD1kI00
Talbott & Sons,
WA~ill furnish lowest estimaato; s. mU '
indsi of MACIIINEltY.
AW MlILLS AND) GIT MILA ,
OTTON GINS, PIUIE AND) ELE
la NEltls AND) WOOl) - WOltKINGI
-i' WVrite to me foir priesbfo
V. (C.~ I)IIA M, Ge.'l A.ti,
(ho,nis, t9. Ct a