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VOL. XIXb PICKENS, So (-'of THURISDAY, MAY 11
A TERRIBLE TRAGEDY'
COMMITTED OVER TWENTY-SIX YFAMS
How th Story WU1 UnILravelud--The Baby
Growy Up and Av. i;-s 4ie Death of 1h i
A ithtnta 1-,ma;tt' i''on.
So:AmaIT; . H. C., April 17.--A.
Hen-4ati-.m, that. re- veals the talo of a
liorribl,, murder, and relates a story
of deep-dyed villainy, wais unearthod
in thir cunoity to-day.
Not ;iIce tle miurdr of Captain
Dawson has 8o-ith Caroliua been so
startle 1-not nil -o the recital by Mo
Dow of: his assassination of that
knigh'tty editor lus there been tolJ a
story of uchr a cruel and cowardly
murder. jProminent p,ople are con;
nected Withl its perpetration, and
other debt Ll maces fe revela
tion n t ci i I t ;o11R1.
An 1 aged m , I L su tirrouided by a
Anl 1(ad iej its, garnered by fair
Sfoi 1 mear N vith indicatiolni of
impond n d is. oluion, and with a
fm a C lotcled beyond repara
tion, is PrrvH d quietly and silently
for a mnurd-r omnutted ictr1y 4wet
ty-six yers a ' UllHis ilait tit) rich,
go doubly Pro iimeit, is Saniuel Jef
feries, a rei< eint Of this cmujity. Ho
is a brothr )f one of the sizners of
t h e be tv o . o r d , i a n we , l o w a m z'.
numa of d i(,t10.% ait jn.>romrmerni
inig. 1n ever:: w . is vell colloct
(1tdith tAC fjI . families of Carolina.
He i'k b ut i. ,v,Snoer.9 of age
Mid i4 t1 I' lunany lk uit0jmis Sow
i) ov rim, WAR
W I ik14 (-..he d oA tih war.
81uA - J .% killod a neighbor
n.mod0i Si 'l sparks. Jefferies on
atvoult. ( mi riobles did not ,"o to
th, war,l hi a-ubstitute. Spark
wa a M ipt oflioor, and about the
0ose of :temcupted to compel
JeffOrie, - llo the ariy, but his
cowardic V too greit. Th result
wad that %ri's wonit to the woods
al1(l hid'l fromt the consript offl
C(r. 131. 1011nds -were puL onl his
trw' a' Irv lojv minhp he never
as appr l idd. Er11awed at the
('onduct ( rtu, Con1SCript (')ticer, Jvf -
fiioo ye ighy t a dilicul y with
11m, and , I?Ait his oflic'ld puisuer.
About t he: close of the war, when
('ev ytI ; :W,W Inf a cndiion of al
mo10 elretrm.bshos, thte Lrial of
Jefferies f >ri thi iur %vpr waiheld.
SIneryb od.~ :a' inte-ret,l- in thuofase,
_11l great in l(Pilation Va o.)Iresed.
Men(q o)f meml, M-ho con- ivmnied this
n1"'rder attb" Poted 1.o have justioe
leted oi' a ly. One of thsew was
Dr. Alexanani WIte,a int!enitial
lo:al plyiii. le dlnoullced the
m1urderetvir a -I'lumeed t o obtain mome
da1m1aging m tes iti nyiaist JefferiesA.
hi waY son ;ma'de knaovi to J(e
wies a i hi fi ab:.1ad fell like
)oIb shell ill i heir camip. Iow to
. .pprmis this d magimng evidence alt i
aVe Jefferies life wa: tle quest- I
tion. IVrious ehenios1N were hateod
.o no effect.
WniTt PU kOUT OF TnE WAv.
A last it was) determined to for
ever 1Ance th_tue of D)r. Vhite
by d(ah.01 'e was ocix
and cnschuated * "'ly.In the
darkessof midui. ' tgh t in
August, 1865, while rocklinlg huiamoth
erlests child to sleep ii in hiscountry
home, Dr. White was shiot dead. Tha~t|
shot waIs fireCd through t.he door.i
Instantly Dr. White fell deiad. The
st.artled chtild awakened b y f.be cruel
*onnnlfotioni, anid Ithemiurderers phmg
ed intol impeneiitt rle)I dlar'kness. Sliort-I
ly afterwairds t he prat tlinig child, see
ing the blood1 of the father flowinmg
freely, eat downi andI dathled in it.
Cove' Id with t.he g|Mr of..its fathier,thio
child fell aseeph, anid t here bosid@
its parent reste-d peace fully unt il
its birothier discovered the dastardly
TJhe miurderers~ of D)r. White were
unknown. Suiiiioni pointed to Sam
uel Jefferies. and s< ral others, bt
non11 were0 arreste( d. tri< .1 for the
deed. Soo'ni aftrt('Vard the trial o,f
Jefferies fdi-'i' 1 slaying of Sparks
w,as held1 Itresuilte'd ini anx ac<iuittal.
desMpitEtt, fatct that Jtfloriesi was unl
anm..dsly condenmed.by the people.
Since then lho has. prosperedl, andl is
today ai very r'ich mian. IHis charac
ter hasx ne(ver been good, and mainy
deeds of doui. ful faiess have been
laid to his aceounit. All his acts were
the fruit of a maisterly cunning mindiu.
Timo and again lhe has been accuw.'d
of imurd.-ring Drv Whito, but he and1(
is ass*o(iales kept teir secret well.
Btut hist am-:oeiAtes-, who were not.
miixedl iup in i h .' ie'-f, oft,en uidi pub)
licly that lie rarely ever s-lep)t, and
frequently lie s14; apparitions (if his
victims. Whiether this is true or not
it is cortain hi: atgedl very rap)idly and
never spokeW of his; patst life. His sole
ann seemus to havy beent to conicea~l
forever tisi Soerot and mankte money
rapidly,hut m urder will out aidt Sam
uel Jefferies is no0w on the threshold
of aL direful pero4IImal calamity.
AN ASSoCIATE SQilALS.
When Dr. WhiitA was .murdered,
Jefferies and1( a man named Modlin,
It was believed fMtt Medhlin hadl
either beon hired by Jefferies to kill
White, or that he was an ab)ettor in
the deed. Mtodlin had to leave, and
went to Texas. Thlere he died isome
' years ago, and whilo on his deoath-bodi
mado a statement exonerating hinxg
self, and acclring that Jofferies had
murdered DYr. White. This confession
wa,s kept sIecret by Medlhin's family.
Not long ano Medlin's son told the
tale r-elatkd by his father.
THlE ARRIEsT' MADE.
This started( anow the old sensation
among the few people who were
sworn to secrecy. The prattling child
vho dabblod unconsciously in its
parent's life-blood is now a man. With
many bits of testimony he has wound
the coil around his father's murderor.
Ie is a penniless man, but he has boon
aided by friends in obtaining testi
inony, and the case has )een succes
fully worked upl). WVhen Jefferies was
arrotod at his home in 0affney City
ho was sick, and is now guarded by
deputy sheriffs in his room.
Net Much in the Cavw.
Oorrespotidorce of the urcenvimi New-.
GALINEv, S. C., April 23.-Consider
1 ble prouimnee has beein given to
the recent arrest of Sauniel Jefferies.
of this place, )y the Vilais correM
ponldenits, fromi this place, Unionl anid
Spartanburg, and niaiy exaggerated
aitil erroucois stateieints Jave been
muade iore for senisation than fact.
Mr. Jefferies has all the levidenev
needed to provo nil alibi, so f'ar as he
is concerned, and tlie fact of his re
lease on a oi tiou.i)l dolla bad
shows that the law think. if a weak
Mr. Jeff'orios arriv0d here (o yes
teriay from Uiion where Ie had
g"one, an,1d alsked an investigaltionl andi
ats no witiesses appeared against 1im1
or Mr. Robert'l, both w-re reli.;V.
Mlu light hail. easily giving the bond
in Union il.thouglh bonld would have
bee- giveln her.' for an1y aunount had
ii, 1Ieen r1(iini(-(. Til statement of
the cIAo iI the' l It i.i.nue of theCaro
hiIIt Spart ai is more near.1ly corroct
that al y thiat, h21s yet appeared, and
Fits follt tle facts as related to your
VM*Wrespo:1dlent ali the Him-,) of fihe oe.
A TOUCHING STORY.
Mantor and i'ornur slaved Moot After
HEMIXNA, Ark., April 2-.--A very af
footing w.eyuo was witnessed hroe to
day ietween a former master and
two of his ex-slaves. Avery dignified
old gentleman stopped in front, of one
of the grocery stores on Phonix block
and inquirod of Mr. Robert (ordon,
the proprietor, if he cold( give kim
any information concerning the whero
abouts of two negro4s, named Perry
Le and Troy Wilson, whom he said
he had heard livedain Helena. The
stranger introduced himself as Dr.
White, of Denion, Tex. Mr. Gordoa,
who was well acouuiated with tke
parties sought for, wont around to
the post-offieo and brought bank with
him Troy Wilson, Who is now a Uail
agent in the employ of the govern
mant on the AXkan-as Midland Rail
road. Wilson soon mnt hi fornue
maltor, who wopt with joy when he
iaw Wilson and learned of hin rise
in the world. Lee was also found and
brought before the Doctor. The
master and ox-slayes remained long
in quiet conversation with on. an
other, recountiug the ovents that had
taken place since their departure
roi his aarvioa. Dr. White stated
'JiA tho two mu had honit slaves un
deze him in Missouri, and that he had
heard of the terrible floods through
out this country. and. not knowing
how Wilson and Lee were faring,
ht onoo down hero to iasilm. them,
if thleiy leede(l alny .amsistaniote. After
.ndMing them n.oth Btil)shmtial pres
ents the parties eparaid-Wilson
ii his wvork on the t.rain, Leo to his
wvork i.n thi" (it y and thi D)octor t i
hone in) thle Lone Star Sit .
A i)octo's- I'normIousi- Fee.
Whalit if b.elieved to be the largedt
iee ever iniid to a physicismt ini a sinigle
case was paid by J. H I. igler, one
of the Standard Oil kinugs, to Dr. Gi.
C. Sheldon of New York. A dearly
beloved dlaughter of Mr. Flahgler, w ho
afterwairds diedl while eruising on a
year ago, was lingerinug b)etween lifo
aind d:lnthI. Therice were niot muore
thanu two or three chmanices out of a
Iiuiured that she would be ablle te
leave hemr 1)0( alive. T1hie devoted
fatho annIiIIUoued that, if D)r. Shelon
could relieve the sufTering in his
clihild and aid lher in recovering, lie
would give lhimu the largest fee that
wa-I ever1 palid1 a physician. Miss
Flagler rallied anid finally was able to
leave her bed, aind ini the courise of
timei wats suthiciently strong to drive
out. T1hie young heiress to several
inuillion lived to en.ioy her great.
wealth for a long time after this, anid
Dr1. Shieldlon was. p)resented with
8250,00l0 worth of atock in the Stanid
aid Oil Company.
No Southern Trip.
The Secretary of State on Monday
ielegraphed Capt. Bourke, in charge
ofi thle Hpecial train that is carrying
the 1Pani-Amiericatns on1 the Sotherni
tour, to return to Washington fronm
Richmiond. This was done by Secre
tiry Blaine because so few of the
delegates desired to miake the (x
cursion. The Secretary dlecided thaut
thle numiber of those going wVouild not
.iustify the e'xpenseo of the .iurney,
which would cost as much as if' the
entire coniferenice hadl igone. The
wvhole outlay would probiably have
been1 abiout 810,000.
I)rownted in a M1ill Pomul.
ANDERusoN, April 'M.--hie three
mnen were rowmng a hioatl on Key's fish
pond, two milesi west of here, Sunday
afternoon, the 1boat capsize and1 iione1(
of [lhe paurty, Gieorge Waldrop, being
unmable to 5wimf, was drowned. Hie
wats ai young man11 about 24 years (old.
lie leaves a wife and one child. Hie
will hie buried at New Prosport
Chai r-eb, several milesO in the country.
Thecooner hais gone out t,o hl
the impou't, t hough thu. facts are p
I -Dr. WV. HI. McIntosh, a disun-.
Iguished Baptist Ahdnister of (Georgia,
diedl at his 1hom11 id Mh "on on Tues
NEWS FOR NEGROES.
lIorrora of the Emilgr%nt'4 1,me In eo
11 IMimielpiI Delat-A Fiollmore Emigraait's
lCotimi Hiome After Sad Trials.
Thrilling exIxriences of North
Carolinla negro emigrant:i to Missiw
sippi which Illore thanl rival the tdis
closure of Georgia prison life by the
Now York World, were related to a
Chronlicle reporter by one of the es
enled claptives. t
On last Fria(liy afternoon, live I,.- I
IlVun ived in Charott.0 foot-Hole,
titetd, mal hungiv. They had walked
all tile way fromi the Dalta of the
Mississippi tiver,just below Jackson,
Missi,pi, s'ine February l5th,
withouit illy food( 1jave that which they
begge. They Malill tlier- frepiently
went without food for t.wo or() tlree
days, o12ti when flwy Rrived in
Charlot Le they had had mot lilg to
(at for three days. At. ou' bie they
famt.ed four ilday.s.
Ifeinry Joris,. Firank Priice, George
Silith, David Young, a1 RichArd
Clemnnons, are thie IIaim-s of fit iye
who uscliped frmli the tortui4re-ot the
Ie'o-r-o pel of the lelta of the Mis.sis
sippi. ThVey a enigrant,s who
started 1'roni Knoxville, Teni. , on thr
G1-' of Ltt, ILy. and Cam1e by Cha-- t,
lot t and(l Atlanilta. gatllerla.g revi-it.
ll1 tihe wyt to the Litter olac. About
fiyl.y w"lnt from fihis et6. and( whelln
tli train lft Atlanta theri wern nI
Accordinl"g to IHenrv , Iis, ne of
tile( escaped in1y, they w(re (1arried
to 1iem Aisissi,t;ppi at a point, just, bIe
low .Jaekison, b.I Irad. fill d II cArrivel
aTO'-iS by stF4a1n!1'. Whe 11 lai(ted on
the otIler Fide tley were 11111Ced to
a saw mill %1nd tireult Inu farm in the
Delta, at a sliort distance f1ro the
This farm of ab)out 400 acres wati;
snclosed by a feniee 22 feet high, buili
of slabs frolki tHV Ha mllill. Th1e I1(
groes werv ma1r fchf-d inside, aud tle
gat(,t weriet loed.& Thw er giv
a (lday tA) look llrOiid aid becoie ae
qiin1tilted with their suirro-undings :t
were told that they 1must I iise fl
niext Iorning- at Ill) siolid of the
hugle. At 1 o -I>elk the hu1glc sounded,
an1ld e(ery one thailt dId not- r'isC 1111- fi
Imlediately was log"ed with a cow
hide ill the 'Ialds of the vlite over- A
According to H1nry's sory, which
I(. tolI inl a str ighit fovia'd m2annera.
with vvidenlei of truth inU his de11111- r
or, ie nevgr-Iof.:" were subh.j(ct(d to all N
mimwr)(11 of cru111til.s. The womlienl
Wilr* giveni a tak of oiie-half anl tere
ea(Ii h) pil" log-; and burn br-ush. If
they failed to coiplete the tash they c
wer'e ioged by, tho- overseers. Thei
1u (e1r given tasishY the half-day.
at the ditlieret. oceupat ion.-4 connect< d
with tle saw. mulill and( distillery; awld
if they failed they were 3ogged at
noonvand alo, niht.
Ienry siatys that, a jimidher of them N
was whipped every day. They were
nlot, allowved' t.o w6itv an.ything ablout a
thpir t'reat init to anly one ouitsidep
the pen. Ihley\ wt-re required to wl-ork
f-om 4 '>1ek in2 thlie m1rnin Illi1g u11til
dark ill th. evening. with an hour anId
at hialf for diier. Thty were pro a
vided with rude his. fut'ished with
beds made or !_u1anio sAks for ticking
aid l3tu11l'ed with str-av.. They were
fed oi hear invat, p-a-,, ma cornlid
brvad. All of their wants were sup
pliv,d 0it of the connissiry. Theiri
waiges. were( paid thlemiin cheeks which
w(Cr'e good for' anthtinIg at the com.12
imssary, 1no cash being pa11 Iid heii
unt iilie fall, andit thlen Ithe c'heeks
11.1ryvSV 1 say n attention2 was I'>aid
to thle siek, t hey hleinigleft to thle enre'(
of thle sma2liliildr'en. Mhedicie
could1( hIe biought at theicomiis-sary3, h
but no ph2ysician( was pro'0vid edi to ad211
ministe It. ErNY of the negroes
('1ons tilen tly d(ied fr'om thl e lack 0f
treaitmenit, but21 ne(w one(s wvere ('('n-8
2-1i: mly 'oinig in. After' onie year's
mpr1isomnen211.t inl thei pen1 they we(re to~
bIe tm anslferr2ed to aniothieri farmi whelre
1mor2e libsrty; wvas to bei given them12.
il enry on12( ive oilier friends, 2al1 of
wiu111 m C2wentf'5l om inoxville, 'olid not
idh222l t'e t i'('nt 22n(ent a year,1' andi thiey
succeded i eludng tii ighit.w-iteli-9
men(1. andO scaledl the walls of the penl
by5 mam't1 of a1 nottchIed ipole. Isaae
Cotlunuii, who wa~s in.ired by ta'li
ma atl 11 tI1e ri ver2 tir 2'5I in ch ecks
to putl $111 ti ('i' neros Ilm iver. lTey
theni ('(litinue2d to wa~lk until thely
Al i"ritha McCo r. .
Airai;sr.. AXpril 21. --Newvs (of a iot 1
in Ml (CXormick. -' ( ., I i' reporteId he(" <
ionigh1. 'ThIe par(t inlars, as5 learned ('
ai M-r. SIiurikey, one of the
thriiee br'others, repor1ted ])r. C~ahouni, I
a1 dru'tggist, for' sehllg whiskey (n22
Smiwlay. An oflice'r wenlt- to airrest I
tihe' dotor, and8 lhe pulle(d (ou2t hisi
o1li'r it is saiid, was stiok b y tile 1
hulllet and2( ser'ioly wound1(ed. O t her
b)lood r5iiot 11as hb< l in~hg on ever 1
i-ice Several persons112, names2(5 un1
known, ar1id( tol0 be1 f~'at ally shot1.
tX in'ets anI oih.oseiobei
e')tmstble andIt Is. P. Cahloun, drug
gist h er(e, hoe5:u1eI inivol've l ill a difl
(culty, inl whliebi( 'ahlhoun1 was Ialy i
shiot. The wilsi ('xciIemen'It. ha , t
preva1i(ild(''( here1sinc 2 l i-Ci'clock today LI
Calhoun has ibeen alrres1ted1.
Tilwo Flhorida men1 (cut downi 22 hee
pounilds (If hioney. WVhienl thiey tinlishI
.fmenlced( to iniw'atigaite ille top of tile'
tree anid fouind whler' erianes'ha 1
'built their ulests. TheIy ga1there'(d up -
140 dozeni of egg-i. It is1 suilposed
till gen1t1lmn will buy 2an incubai)ltor
i d saairt n evnnm-i'y
AIMS OU'TIlE ALLIANCE
THE RELATIONSOF THE ORDER T(
k 'laia Budi l'aotical Statomonat vroms a
Proinnerit Faraner-A Word,Abqju6 Pol
Col. E. T. Stackhouiss, preisident of
lie Farmier' Allianc of South aro
ina,has written the frili)-wingletter tc
L. 'IT J. Pute of Baril.1
DBAR J1W)rIF1n -I our! 1etter' conitainT
!1g clipping, "T11(M Allhiale. 1111(1 its
US," :d11 lu'V01tioIs iII e'ieInC to
am1e by tho Mullamb-rg Allianci, wa
F1rhs1LI)S I ('lU i>-St RISV'er oIV
Atter by ttint iig as briell a Its Ipio, 1 ible
,1haf I conceive to bo tlh( reklationls of
hw Alliance to politics.
Th fivt :4d(chTutation of ii'.ntis
I OII Cons1-tit udon says: "-T( labcr
wt t,he v'eIduationl of the ag-iculitind
lasses inl thIe( sciveC of eonlomilical
OverIIIIIeIIt, in ia 14trictly non-Imarti
ThiF4 declaration is full of Huggeti
Av; thouglts. The thouglt. suggest
a is that, thes classes need to be
dIteated inl tlv s(ienco of cconli
Rd governmoent. Th1iii lead:4 naturl-1
to the inquiry, have these classes
een1 carek'm about this kind of vdul
ation, and if so, has this careli-ssF
0SH made tielli vici iIIs of viciou leg
dition-legishitioI that I;i unt(jpuld
Lid oppregmivo to theso clasmes? The
Alliancwe assumavs(aud -we think cor
L'ctly) that %mCh has been the C44.
Tarifi protecti!o might be cied aa
11 illIstrIation of this kind Of un0qial
ind oppressivo legislation. And it
my be vell to remark here that tar
Y protection iq m(re di'stinletivelv a
arty issuio (ax h t ecn tli ht %wo gi-(eat
olitical partief ii this (ourntry) than
nly oier. Tariff protection fiaxos
bie agricultiural classes---the largest
1imsIiin- clasises of manufactured
ro(ut(.4--to itild it) and (itnirich 1ho
cent, mimife,turing indstrivii of
is comtry. Th 1tepublican party
tvors the pvotectivo pT ey. h0
Ovmocratic party opposes i. The
Ilianco bids itis memborship to ii
oinselves from partisan projudic03o
-the great party blid-and to ex
mino this (Iuesstol in tho light of
Mao8011 anid right. and(l then do what
-ould be for the greatest goodi to the
Then, if we tak( i) the fminnial or
loney quostioll, whichi is mliorv aL
Lass than a party question- -neithor
f the gieit political parties havijig
>oked after the iiterosts of tile ag
vultin-al classes in the financial leg
ilation for the couitry sinice 1865.
in proof of tbin we might cite the ox
a110rdiary priviloges granted to the
'ational Banks, the discrimination
4ainlst the farmeri' s(-curities in the
itablishiment of theso banks, the icd
tonotization of silver, the r<eduction
the volume of cuirncy by the re
rlemenwt. of the United States boidq
Id the c:meeling of National Bank
otes. and inl short, the establish
kent and maintenance of a tiaicial
olicy that ig sirely re(lCi1,1 the
r,0ent liddle IRs to a Con1lition Of
epenldence and want. This policy.
lolg coltilulle(d, vill Imlake it rtrong
uid cenlt,ralize'd gov(ilermet a nPcCR
ty b )i>rotct. the r'ich andi t.o hiold:
t(o poor' iin subhjection. As remarked,
as I i ore aI c'lass~ than a party
IIest.ion; but patrt.isanshuip has 1beenf
w14 b)lnd t hat hats bldimled the farm
iglasses'1 to the grea'it wronig thait
as ilictsd upon01 the'm. Of 'ou1lrse,
all the grecat farming clasess could
ave freecd thems.'elves from par'ty
iud sctionali prejuildi'es; and if they
aid bee thidcalted mi the scieceIC of
olit ical ('(co1nomly they would haive
)>ul I not have comie upon)1 them11.
Ini 11ith aove 1brief allusions to tho
('cessity' of ('duenting thie augriculttur
I classes(' 1 have' tr'eniched onl tl1io soe
pir1itI in whichh it is to lie d om i-"In
stricty non011-partisani spirit." Tihat
arty zeal i(hider 01r pre'(vents inIvest i
trait ion. 'l'hiis iighit b ilustrat ed
5y a ('ase mi our1 owni State4 andi iri
5)ir ( aiunwetll) Coilunty. I no4 t iced'
Lito(e recenltly that mii hioli>redl and
Our) (counlty andS onie oif thle miost dis
in guished( fam-mers in 1 im StateC, w
epiortd toiIC hiave' said: "I. Lii a lDemoi
unesooi d h imi to (Iean15 Sat hi1(1
ay' inideh' i th eemcatic partyL~S, foi
e'ar of ('indlnger'ing D enieriatic' su
>r(iieac iii thi State. I amii 5uri
hat my'~ distiinguishied fr'iend beh11l'C, mL
ho ld,tl iat ther'ie is noit hng dlishloneI(
i thle admiiistratiuin (of our1 Statt
ni all sides, wher'le ('ould4 be the (dan1
ri ofi the prop'1 osedl discuissionl Ci
dat' po(l icy5. --inside lie D emiocrattit
arty? Suirely, there culdi be nc
aniger fromi such dIisculssion if it b<
ondte(d ill aL non-partisanu,nion faeCr
inius- and Alliance miembersl' will eni
age ini suchl dliscuEsioni iln n1o (ot hi
ther L''egislaiv demal(llinds aniid as mi
lie "FarmLiIer' Assoiation.'
TVhe Alliance doe4s noct in ter'fer'e
r'ith thle p ol itical 01' religiou1s pre'(fer
mee5 (of its1 mu()lember. It is Deumo
-rat1'ic nuij 'rity rul'e oif the memifber1
lhipi. Legislativ(e dleniuis forum
ated by3 the Staite Allince would bi
mbl~mit tOd to the sub Alliances fo
menoine4 a Stte Allinc( demand 1a11
lie miembiership would v'ote for ni
nani who was not pledlged to wor'
The Alliane hkes n10 war 01n all
Itiou it <onit ask tit calldida,t) if It(
is a) 1)(n110rnat, HItINublinnlWi
Sitow-Nothing or a r eenbacker: it
simply takes ai "ded-e thnat he( will,
it let,wr to securv the( encm
owiit o its and isurs:ui I him take
The word Anbor-" inh decilka
holln v *,I % v wn; .h wlu hav bIe xm i1
nI n I-'Iicmis Illhf t t. pe11 rf<1-11 ance
it 1 i(.aInis t 1iere arc to be It) drolnes inl
tlw Alli:uice hive while tlis.; (tdhl
i>oml work is i.dd
Nw a oi i m rft crice to the
arti cle fio ilte Iarnvell veop.le and
. ai d lIt nie say- that I .(ee
In i it to i(n ,Ii1 1 . YouIr
hii I v lest t te AlliaiI t ship
ouni'h wneeIilt vin t storiny s.av
1)11 Ch:; Ww&4 Il)n o l lbt 'dja-edi h)v
It."vqtIlds of a ood Alliance mnen
Is; tlwc ie m inl i tl l . Your f].a
tli il.t w i i ight h-mo poitic]
!iiniwr ,-J i he11 1 niv l..!'to e r l. it. l I\ It ,
11cl o; tu I I Wl. h Alliank.
P.)V'11111 ( iii~f h(i itilldc-A.i1,11
vot' for the naldidaite of hi choice,
providvli it t ri- lt (I lllva it(sures Iild
(dllcation .t tit( scinve of poiltival
evos eoli d on-)) to secure i1iity
ill Support of :au- , it I tA
h. kwpt ill iid thit the( stat,v Al
liaiw l r su''ftijbilt i d 11 4) n < l o i,
colsequentlY vach (ietilel will tdeter
1nini fo hinliself ills duilty as to Ioien
all(I mnlasures. I said dtt.: Yes, that
is the word- .-duty. i s t ti itha
of rIv iniI.. politic.4 of, m-ntImII'nt anId
lioks to thle secti-inl of (wolioniy
and eflivienlcy in O111inen i't..
Theri t i it l ide t inl the artic
froitia. altv th e wll -I'pl which thte'
Alliance -Brotherlh>od shoul never
riio:Th ane of, lodn o
Alinei Ship 'till 1lf 40ck rs. who
look: to lthii wi advanlevlloinn fromn
their conn in w1 l oit r or.
Oflive sw-kers shoulIid lk ovnctmur.
as ft oto n the Alli:ace. Al.
lialn'c assovciatoll will hetIter <po' alf.
uis t 1 -t wiely ouri1. servalil i4
1il the ofle l".
In l.4TIvim lit' m no)it allot he
ilprixqw for Iml(e to :git lre rst to iin.m
o hi of our. order that, in itheidi .
fon f ut lsts of Stato policy,
t RsI es t aIIi. ant a 'in gl ati o lint
1bt they t a k v ilto ( h i'. dis'u ioni
th:tii, broid charity which "collstiries
wOrd iilrIs 1ev1.1 i thoir most fltvir
tbl lig tf i Ira t linest oi f p l r.
poso and goot intu.t ion,s ito o hr
P. ikt 'nl n ~ug gI . t ' . 1 'nita. si
Pres(ia ir . . S. W.A.
PrAfitai le snin .
The Alhailta Journ:dlia ton
Jn11n4-1 B. HfIIinijtet Of COweVftaou
y, ns one of ihl'.le'haifpion fariners of
Ch-orgia. and thel( figures product'd
11n to wA an111 t thi e d4signation. .
Hininietit farnwmu nifiiisive0pan,
aidh lai yer his clar prolits from
fifiC'fiy a tre" of landt workt d wvit b t wo
nWiles wNvrv -42,000. 'tIhle fi.Ire-cs arv
as follows: 500 bmshols of' vorn, 2.1
hnles of votihm, 700 husheIl-s oft o:its.
62 budhvis of* whlvtt ,nO hushll of
harlcy, SM) hu1Ih!vl' idf rutabana tilr
Iips, itons of cloverhay,tAnsda litcil
of ('verythin l se. For1 inshullo',
fronm a hlfi tere he muatic 205- gallons
of ribbon clow Syrutp, tohtl ":Im wlrthb
of canc liu plgi 1u i,t0n stlks ['or
01d (h1 tik m - lit cw'ton h!
USId fourl tents io4f itonia i iri ti r
:uc'ii at'he svni hiaiIlit 11 ofthough
thii:-g wa s tconiiderabl injuvn- lbyfit
aut n ii ggitirli) ii oh nil,- '. e l it a< t
.Pat eilai,N< tun, itul, rlt' ami watr
ofal oton bing huturalii is lthe
extpenuses Alteter Iit'it hy lotrd thirt
neC in,0t wr entin. Thii'ythend the
Mr. llgglnicuytt ltitor-nneaon'nn if
n iule fain Coli Thin"ts WOllian.
NORTI AND SOUTI.
"THE DAUGHTER OF THE CONFEDER
ACY" TO WED A ."YANKEE."
M 1inAIl' luvis Emcaleti to Mr. Alfred
Wilkinmosi, i Vouaig Laiwyor of Myra
t.uset, N. V.
SYll!s1:. N. Y., April 2-L.-I veri,
fid a report of a very interesting nt
ture whiebl tias mauterialized into a
fat of, -rcal .4iwinifienneep, and cannot,
rail I.) uttr,ct s he widest, Attention in
h)t I -;-n>4I)v and America. In a
Wor,] t s ill it crowniiig event, of the
.r'11nt 1,-hellh>n. It. is nlothinig more
114r 1.ss thanu thev itnnouncemnict
111:141h- b> very itimi ca friuiis elivie of
t t' In liigv (1tf Aliss Winiiv Davis, a
Ithel eith-st <2lughiter of JeffrsI-on Dw o
,vis, il i- lnt v pres-idenit of t he South-h
r t 6!*n-cv.ltre, ti) Mr. Alfred i- W i
in ; tI this city. the grandkonl of
S auuluel J1. Malt.he O grual, a11>litionlist 1)
11 1,011h1or ha for a long time p
pat: wiispwred of till' pssibility of
sui'll all (vt-ilt. comilig to) pass, b hut it a
Wats only 2%in.\r. \\ilkinison re
t-1rntikd friI I t -1 few\ weeks ago
thait Itheru.o beg:til to) assunlilt tanl-u
gible llshap'. :[tndl it wa1s oul] withinl a1
day or toi wngf fluit n11ei of Air. May's i
b.)."(0 frienlls waks appriswd of tho
Thi evet ui Ior. I.llnll ordinary
.Aignilict mwilng to 114 hering on
t Ir n111<il fall f t e it1bellio t
Tis n ia, whe aiccomllplished, o
wdl m1itV I\w f:u il'NI l0lMst whoha.-e
i-r,t'44 re ti l f l i,; I 1iplnenble polit
1Cl tesI, id to whose)1'0 'fortq t 11
lif-r-evinll s ill f nr the, N h-lb llit l
Th iIf of Aiset Davil is too wull
kiniwn to bel- rilu-ted iWl) e, but, tho
(11in1antivelyI f' *III.>w. H it s a s
Stiln "I Joh1 Wilkinlon it Very proimi
noti igure il locaist or1 uiioy il tho
r fi ihl Ntev. 8amuel J. May. f,
I h it tilo tif t i t ti'kv. M lr. isayl" o1n
of tit h lil I ght tgllt int the a1Itolition
:iky, fi-r he WaLS ihle pion-er. With Uar
1 -l iirsol, Phillips, a td Long..
fullow, in taii. grat, of th ahic o
litimi of tilafvery. Not, onill yt v inl Lihth
C itid St atel, but it Elro.ii also,
did 1l. light for thi r)bflitimo cause.
lilt .1,ritali -pecially Mrk. Ayw
h wired( uiponl slAm-try It) large aui.l <
I i Mi. After hli rtnamlt. Io Syra-i
nu'4-mtl AmAr. \ hayt i to )b 0Im cry
aviivk. BIti( 1w mil il t Inl proill)ting
(.I,\ Fcf .1 111 ,til . 1MIs .io i Ibl
ritTi r. retr, H soo be..1 Q
1eS. Mid Wuliomtoistith it iot.
Ihmdrelds men,woniO nti ll i
f1eeing from bolahlwe allot hound t)&.f .
Cana1dait. clnile to hill for protection
ad heIlkn they iver enic. in
Vainl. 11Hi assisted lalny to (-Scape,
t ithemi being- le' celebrttod J
)Il le ennemy, whosil libeation io V0e
tte ,11uch a w eisationl,tils the annivc'ev
y f);* which wlas eclebratcd for evrtile
As tihelI lOnl ofnts ommte bit.nit
'rly bcforv tie fr edeltra l of warU
wot vilet,y). a itd iin ston and t
tities ill T\ O the n o IreuS
t*lt i r uelhiested Mr. 11nY to pre
Vc]it, the 111,bdlIng of at meIV tinl. herv,
is no very remote connection between
the Europ1ean trij) and the wedding
trousseau. Whether or not Miss
Davibs friends have been apprised of
the COuIIIn1g Weddinig is not known
but it is believed that some of them
it least are still in blissful ignorance
if the atrair. Among the few friends
if Mr. Wilkinsoni ero who know that
the wedding is an t,stured fact there
is the greatest surl.rise. That the
representative childron of the North
m( South should thus come togeth
'r i-! to them like the reputed love of
3l "surpiassing all understand.
LARD AND PHOSPHATE.
iomp Remarke on the usmer Bill aset o
the ntiZ t: Tuz rnalpharo Asad.
There is a great commotion raised
bout the Conger Lard Bill through
ut the South. That this commotion
i based upon a mistake can be easily
enonstrated. The Southern far
ter will not be injured by the Con
or biU, on the contrary he will be
1st. By being able to buy Com
ound Lard at its legitimate value
ud not at an (-xorbitant profit that
)bU him t)f from one to two millions
2nd. By showing the real merit of
is Hplendi(d vegetable oil, which sold
nder its proper namt will compete
rth any culinary oil upon its merits
nid (leian(d a higher price and a
For futhor particulara see National
'arm and Fireside.
Your attention is also directed to
te aitteijpt of tho Southern farmer,
n his fertilizer supply.
Do what you can to stop this steal
'he oil )uisiless taxes the manufao
irers of cotton oil only $160,000; he
mkes a profit, of $5,000,000, on the
il, and from one to two millions on
ae eompound sold.
On tiw question of fortilizers the
out h will lose not less than $3,000,
) to R4,000,000 moro.
Which is the most important?
In behalf of the farmers, I appeal
-r your aid.
ALUx. J. WEDDuBURN,
Chairman Legislative Committee
'a. Stato Grange.
n-1L TILE ROUDERY Or AGnIOULTURN
NVAsUNoToN, D. C., April 2.-The
kw tariff bill provide for a tax of
m-fourt.h or one cent a pound
(r sulphurie acid, which is $5.00 a
oi, on $2.50 a ton on overy ton of
Li,solved S. C. amnd Dissolved Bone
used by the farmers of the oun.
tjy. r from S2..00 to $2.50 on
evcry ton, of imiaiifaetured fertili
mors uisd by the farmers
--2s 2,000,000 tOAPu1tbtj% ic means
d!W lt ' from the farmers
)f the itry of over $4,000,000 a
. La Follett and
Fr. Gear have stood by your inter
sts, and farmers endorse their action
Telegraph Mr. McKinley, and other
ilmbers of the Committee to stop
Acid is now free.
Ther is no revenue needed.
There is little acid imported.
The manufaturor4 are making
money. Whyr rob the farmers of $4,.
00,00(0 a yea,
To benenCt 4(0 or 50 mnanufacterers
ud ab)out 1,000 workingmen who wil
iceivot no better wages.
There is danger in this robbery.
1Armei(rs act, and act at once.
This is no political question; it is
nfo of simll business.
The bill wvill be reported in a few
Lays; act at onco.
To commit this robblery upon the
tlmoricani farmter mxeans to rob him
If ton times as mch as ho will be
>enonIted by all the so-called p)rotee
iln aeorded( in tho b)ill.
I speaik by the book.
Wiro Mr. McKinley, Mr. Blayno,
Ir. [Payne, anid Mr. Dinugloy, Mr. Bar.
oug~hs, Alr. McKoimma, and your own
opre5sen tat ives
Unlesh you are ready to pay $2
o $3 a ton more for your fertili.
Yours for Agriculture,
AI.E. J. WEDoEBDURN.
Chmairmiani Legislative Committee
R. State (-ralgo.
Ini States wvhere' fertilizers are not
srd, rerniembler your brother farmers
rhlo are compelled to use this article.
['hoy may servoe you another time.
A aketch of' Mr. Randall.
Sanniuel Jackson Randall was born
D P'hilad"lphia, October 10th, 1828.
1c was ai son of a well kyn law
eri and distinguished politician of
hiuladelpia. Hie was edlucated as a
rierchamnt, and after being four times
l(eted to the city council and onco
o the State Senate, he was elected
o Congr~iess in 186l3. lie has sinco
cIren( ted witliout intermission the
mniy D)ermocratie district in Philadel
>hma. lie servpd on the committees
n banking, rudes and elections, and
listimguished himself by his speeches
gamnst tho force bill in 1875, and was
> andidate for Speaker the next
rea.r, and was appointed chairman of
he commiittee on approp)riations.
H e gained cro(dit by his success in
uret ailing expenditures by enforcing a
systemi of proportional reducetion inl
he appropriations, and on the deaLh
-f Mlichael 0. Kerr,was elected Speak
er, D)ecomiber, 187fi He was re-el
ectedl Speaker in the two following
c'ongressosJ, serving in that capacity
until 1881. Mr. Randall has borne a
conispicuous part in the debates on
the tariff as a leaidor of the proto
tionst wing of the Democratic par
-T he arrests for drunkenness in
Great Britain the past ten years is
said to have reached a total of nearly