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PICKE4,NkS, S. C., TjlUtW-DAY, MA RCHl2,18
THE COOSAW SITUATION.
THE LATEST IN REFERENCE TO THE
GREAT PHOSPHATE WAR.
The Compat3 Malco it PropopiltI.t .k
Ins to a itemuiniiticn of Work, w Ii bI ii
Accepted Condtitionally by tIhe stat.
The Correipowlenice on Iho Sit lk .-t.
COLUMBmA, S. C., March 15.--The fol
lowing letter was rveived by thoe 'ho.s
piate Comnission t+-day. It explAins
To the lion. B. R. Tillman, the lion.
Y. J. Pope, the lion. W. 11. Ellerb, the
lion. J. ). Montgomery anti the lion.
Geo. II. Walter, Memnbers of the Ioard
of Phosphate Comnissioners- (eritie
men: It is ia imaitter of regret to the
Coosaw Mining Company that it has
been found necessary, inl order to pro
tect their rights, to make any applica
tion to the Courts, ani that soni ac
commodation cotild not have been
reached by which litigation woulil have
been avoided. They have always de
sired to live as Iaw abiding citi'zens,
conducting their affairs on btusiness
principles and avoiding all coinplica
tions and litigation. But no alterna
tive was left to them, and in taking
this course they have only exercised
the privilere guaranteed to every citi
zen of having the rights which they
claim to possess passed upon by the
Courts of the country.
Row long this litigation will con
tiinue it is of colrse iln possible to sa:
but the Cocsaw Compalny is desiroli-u o
having it so condw-ted as to uvoi' t V
unnecessary delay ald-ptvll '-e1n, ai
reach a finil conclusion oil cit n1-r
with all duw- speed. Aiid their counwl
stand ready to act inl this spirif and Io
facilitate such a result.
While, however, the mat ter is t hus
pending there arises a practical and
business question upon which it may
not be improper that I should a<ddrvss
When the Act of the Ieneral Assemn
bly of 1890 went into effect onl the 1st
day of March, 161J1, out, of respect to
the action of the General AsseIby,
the Coosaw Company sulspended opf-er4a
tions for the time heing, although they
were advised that such legislation
could not effect them in the exerrise of
their previously acquired contrnct
rights. liut they desired no conit
with tle authorities, which, ai Iher
learn, would have been brought atbout
had they then continued ininig.
They did not, however. waive in the
least by such stoppage aiv rights to
which they believed thelmselves enti
tied, nor do they now deein it proper
here to discuss their right to resmime
such operations under te order of the
But they beg to say that tihey still
earnestly desire so to ail,range with
your honorable board that pending the
litigation they may continue their op
erations in strict compliance with all
the laws of the State, anld under t ho
supervision of the board.
They are advised that by mittal con
sent, and without reference to any or
der of the Court already mwade, such mi
arrangement can lie entilered into wit t
out prejudice to the existing rights of
ainy party, and by which t ie operations
of the comlipany shall coltntinu duer
the supervision of the board, and thus
both the loLs of royalty to tihe State and
damage to t he comipany can he avoided.
The interests of the State arid the
Coosaw Company are so closely inter
woven that it is impossible to ai4ect one
without the other. We do not, desire
to injure or embarrass the State, an<u,
of course, do not want to injure our
Any prolongedl suspension of' opera
tions wvill, of course, cause serious dlam
age both to the State and the c~ompany.
Such dlamage) is nrot ontly loss of presenit
revenue, but tire b)re*aking uip of ain
estabishedi business of value both to)
the company and( the State, amid which,
if interrupted for arny lengthl of timue,
it will be diflicult, if not impossible, to
T..he only persons to be benteltedl
would be our competitors int the busi
ness of phosphate minilng, to wh'lomi our
being out oft the market mueans f reedomo
to that extent fromr competition.
I feel that 1 amn addressing buisiness
men and that. my mnotives anti tihe me..
tives of the company in so tdoinig will
not be miisconstr''dl. And with th Iis
feeling 1 beg to call these nmatters to
your attention anti to say that the C'ot
saw Aid ning Conmpanty are ready mali
will be glati to enter into such a~n ar
rangemenrt by which, peninrg this lit i
gationi anti without p)rejiiuice to the
rights of any Part,y, they can corit ininte
their operations undter the piropfer sit
pervisioni anid dlirection of the boai~rd ofi
lam, yours very truly,
(Signed.) Ilobt.. Adhger.
Chitef Alainager' of C oosa w .\I in iig ('o.
Ny commrissioni miet I his miorninug, t hit pemi
lng (questioni being ihe proposition irmii
Mr. llrbert, Adiger ont behalf of the Coo
Biaw Company, which pr'oposit ion is pub.
lished in full above. A fiuer a sessioni of
three hours, discussinig this proposit in
and other miatters, the coinnuiissioni pie
pared tIre followinig reply:
Mr. Robt. Aduger', C htief Al anager' (oo
sawv Mining Comipanry, (Charlestoni, S. (.
Dear Sir: '1 our letter of lire 13t.h inst anu I
proposinig that "pcindinig the lit igo
tioni tire Coosaw Mining Comnpanyv n'my
continue their Operations ini niiuie c
in Coosaw lIiver'," has this tday lbeun stib
mnitted to tire board of phiosphiaI'te'omi
missioners, and by dlirect in of said
board I ami athlorized to muake thiis re
ply: Under authority anid by direct ionL
of an Act of tire General A ssetmbly we
hauve taken p)ossessionr of that por'tiotr
of Coosaw ltiver hieret.o leasted to yourii
company andi have issuetd thr'ee licenses,
viz: To the Carolina Alininig Coimpany',
to the Ftarmner's Al inting Companuy and o
to the I5eaufoi, Phlosphtl omayt
mitre therein,.ie i:tCoiciy~
between tire State arid the ('oosauw Al mi
ing Company, we are ready and atnxiouis
to have your comipany resume work, and
will grant you license upon comopliantce
with tire requirement as to bontd, et c., ini
corporating into surch license a priov is
ion that would p)revenit anty prejudice t o
the claims set uip by you utnder' the Act
of 1876, but canniot permiut tIhe ('oosaw
Mining Compaity to restume work rut
less our licensees shall ailso be ptermtitted
to mine ini said r'iver; a proper conistrute
tion of tire p)owers of this board uinder
tire Act of the G~enteral Assemrbly, creat
tire same, we are sure will allow such
restrict ions as to lhow mninlitg shall Im
coticted as will prevent damage t(
the State property.
'I'le settleinent by the Courts o
(ltestionl at issue between tie Stab
and the ('Coosaw Mining Compail'
(al.it bv --reatly hastented if yout
attorIeys iterpose n1o delays, am
tierefore no great htarm can resul
to your coipatiy if the Coturt of last re
sort shall decide inl your favor, and tit
restmption of work under these condi
tiois by your coipany would appea
the be.st for all concerned.
Rtespect fully, IB. It. Tillmanl
'overnor and ('hairiani of the Iloar
of I'hosphate Coinmissiolners.
The (litestions will now naturally b
iI stat u <luo, unless a reply be receive<
from Mr. Adger.
THE ALLIANCE IN OHIO.
Tie f)l 1 'itiil s DredL tile E trect c
tlhe Order',t 1. tivity.
Co. Nlus, Olio, Mlarel I.--Till
Inanagers of bothI politic,-v parties ar(
greatly sit rprisvd and ainnloyed at til
discovei'v that i he variots farmer or
gallizat ions of the 'State hav beel
quietly at work during I he Wit r witl
a view 1f takillg a leading po! don it
tie politics of the State. Ii ti, - HoIth
ern tier of Counties 1 ordering oil til
Olio Iiver active work was begun di
rectly a fter the elections it N oveiber
Meetings have been held in the svhool
houses every week, ai(d these gather
ings have been addressed by the mos
persuasive and eloquent of the Westeri
and Southern speakers.
It may be said that the farmers ar
II ialy iidig:nant at the present timn<
it t!h c(ourse thie Legislature Ias taket
Wn 11:,1vil"Voln 'o t:Mit, 1Ineaslires. ,)jof)
lhlb-a': .s m1 1I)et ocrats pledget
tlwiw.&ves to move inl the (direction ol
re6iw:wthtin' salaries of Coint y ollicials
but so tar 11ot hiig has been d(oile inl tll
thrlt iol. TIe disposition of the poli
ticialns to elect wealthy mienl to I ht. Sen
ate h:)s been den1onliced in tle strongesi
terms by the Alliance leaders. TIh
election of Mr. Irice has undoubtedl3
aroused tite ire of the Alliance to'.
greater extent Ilian aiy other perform
aice of recent date. I 'rice is referre(i
o as tie wrecker of railroads, a mono
polist who lives in New York ant
clpmnis resIlece in ( Ohio. .1le is als(
Chlar'ged% with evading taxation for years
It is nI11 I apparen lut at ile A1liIane
people will inake an early start in theii
batilt. against 11h( olt regime. It I Ia
beenl flIv deteriiinedl It, proceed witi
the 147ght a one and with thhi:
end inl view a trial will be made a
I ihv towlship elect ions itn a Illniber o
Colimties wIker' the organization i
most perfect. TI i' first ilove vill i
inade iext inonth i ill e ehoice of town
ship ollicers, bit it will be (tonte quIietl
so as to creatt. i) Suspicion. The plai
as nirranged is for tie Alliance ienti
go the polls late in the day and vote
vest pocket, ticket in favor of ant Alli
alce candidate. No noiinationis wil
be nilde ipulielv.
The failure of' I lie Legislature to pas:
the I'awl"igs bill t axiig lal ufacture
goods a1nd deli'ltladed by tihe State F-ar
Imers' Alliance ('onventionl will add zes
and vigor to t he movemient. The ( raI
ger eieinent is very angry at ihe virtua
defeat (f this mteaisut re. The bill passet
the 18ouse almost six weeks ago, alt
the Alliance people were jubilant, bit
in the Senate it has blien severely laind
led and (-lit haidly be recognizeu.
It the AIiance is moderately success
1iil ill its (.1forts lnext ioith, tlle worl,
will be viuroroisly pushed, and in all tlt
close or farmers' Counties 1 lie Allianec
will have its own candidates for tt
L(.Igislatulre. The ImyStery sulrrounlding
tle inovetieits of the various farmers
societies has a teildeicy to make tht
p1olitivialls ]).articlarl.yI 11orvous, anld
this 'oniditioni exists aiinonig both l1e
putbljcanls and I)inmocr'ats ike. Ne',
nA31ola Ii,i St. la'.1 rc . mac
andi crutelty are forbtidingly blended ii
the driamatl tha;t hais jutst, come to light it
a revelationt made by Mrs. N~oah B
Len'ig, neeC M'lary liart in, formerly o:
this place, but for t hirteen years a resi
dent , ostenisi bly as aii male inenr (1
St reat or, Ill. It. wa''s while Noah111
I Alt i was lill er litre, iibirt entt year!
ugo, t iut, lie w,oued andi woti Mary Mar
tim, and weint. Itoughi the formit of I
theCy had0 gonle to Illinois, Mlary intsisteri
otn snin 1back h er'e fori n the marriage
ceiiIitte thalIt wasi ii-vet' i ssttedI. 1],)11l
she say s hiea t hieir.:md iGally she learntel
juist be'for'e t heir iirst chili wais born'm
l hit she wa ,s 11o wife, 1,oaig athiused he
cape, tidet her (tress ats a manit o111
worik as5 his hlelper in the minies. SIt
dlidi so fri yeatrs. Vill:illy hiti briothle
Wallleri, I ioml ihis phice. learined of lit
c'ondutit ion andit re'sc'uedl heir.
G(:oini1:TroiN. (ol., Mlarch 18.
lrohud ne.ic'iden a cr(e1uired at ;l wo'clue
I:c uslirda \'el hdile, abov (;hieIdrge
luul eni:t e alt hteam Ol an hSnd wagon
hall alt ;'i'r P'huti. A\ I the hcoint mnmed
tui'tied the etirei p:liy dlowl'i the moun
aini side uponi1 the rocks bielow.,' Thlosi
that esc'aped linjury fromi the fill sut
Ieredl lt<int hie hiik' aiil luniiies of thb
has (o tat hlt ine ofi the sixteci
(escaped tIjiury. It io suppoIis(ed the w,a.g
<l! o ae }i i e le ai a o
heavyll tiiiotr the nluertaold. ~iNoboda(t'
nas il-d aIrnd noheIdys itl hkely todi
tihel 'inx thea~icith eir w lit'ng .adie.
111vis N(cit: \'a.,i .\Clarct hey0 -lTel wei
hoti 11 trainck heNrol .l etr
clita ,,R (tiptarnlykil this oornion
tr. tle n'ear 'C onr Oneina st rivet mie
lc.tl. otre,'infumtly kitti Le'nlia t ad in
.loi" I g h41 ,i Io thatleS he doi this eve
o'l f th l torack. ak nho,sritt
ati' r'h i is resde cet Onid Ilt rket.. wt
I raetured alu Its tek bren.,
1 ilE COOSAW WAR.
f AN END TO THE EFFORTS TO COr
PROMISE THE MATTER.
I.The 8 te Cannot Cumnsent to tih Remu i
tion of Mining by the Coomaw Uunp
:nilemi tho Lessees of the States are Pe
r nittod to Mine Also.
CoLU iaA, 'larch 18.- --The phospea
commission met to-day at 12 M.; pre
ent, all the members. Senator Smyti
cam)e up to represent the Coosaw Cor
pany. Mr. 11. A. M. Smith and Mr.
E1. IBrotherhood also came up to-d
aid tad a hearing before the board.
The correspondent of The News at
and Courier made a proposition th:
f he be permitted to be present and tal
full stenographic notes of the procee,
ings, which would also be the properl
3 of the commission. Governor Tillilt
iannotinced this proposition,stating th
h he personally had io objection. Svie:
- tor Stnythe also did not object. Ti
objection vas, however, made by met
biers of the board that other news pap
i correspondents ittight ask the san
- privilege, and that colored and inco
a rect Itatelints might go out to ti
- p ress.
Senator Smythe said that Ie had I
objection i f the presence before tt
- commission of Mr. 11. A. M. Smith at
M Mr. Brotherhood.
S Thme commnission has so far given oi
all of its proceedings to the press, m1
the rule was not broken to-day. A
torney General o'pe ither reads ti
inilittes of the nveting to the repori
ers or muikts an abstract. of the satin
I Ihe special Ibsiness of the commi
'ion to-l y was to consider the reply <
Alr. Rolert Adger tothe last letter fro
the coinni4sion ani also to hear Seln
tor Smvthie. The foll: wing is the le
ter of Mr Adger:
O GviCE, oF THi-: CoosAw MIXIMO Co
(CH1A Ur.-:sTON, S. C., March 17, 1891.
rIon. 1. 11. Tillman, Governor at
Chairman .1oard of Phosphate Cot
- missioners, Columbia, S. C,-Dear Si
Your favor of the 16th instant, statil
- that the board were not willing to a
I range withthe Coosaw Mlining Coinpar
to resume,operations under your smupe
vision nile.s other companies were v
lowed to mine in the territory claihn
by us, is received this morning.
I regret that we cannot consent
the conditions imposed by the board,
i The proposition oft the Coosaw Cor
t panv was made in good faith as a but
f ness offer but to be entered into wit
Souit prejudice to the rights of any part
The issue in the case is whether tl
- Coosaw Company has the continuil
y right to exclusively occupy the territ
r ry in Coosaw liver. This rig lit we a
seeking to entorce in the Courts. 'I
a consent, pending the litigation,
Swaive this right, and allow that to
0done which we are asking the Court
forbid, will, as 1 am advised, practic
ly put us out of Court.
I Another practical reason also go
- erns our action.
t You must bear in mind that the in
- lion and a quarter of dollars royal
I which we have paid the State repr
I sents that many tons of phosphate roi
I removed from Coosaw Iliver, moret hi
the entire amount taken from all ti
- rest of the State's territory. This hiii
of course- seriously diminished ti
- oniginal deposit.
With careful manageinent and pu
suilig the systei we lave always ft
lowed we hope that there is enoup
left to supply us our average prodi
tion for a limited time to come. BI
if other coinpanivs ar( allowed to mir
ill it under general rights licenses ti
result in a short tiIs will lbe to rui
.the remaining deposit.
FThie damage to us woulId be i rrepar
ide, and we are sicere in aiy inog that
stich licenses are permiitted to ii
uintilI the endt of the lit igat ion, expedli
i, as we may. we wouild not care to e
pendi the ainc n. t necessary to condiu
1 the suit to obtain a decrte securing
the exclusive right we claimi.
As a proof at sincerity ini this oi
-ion we offered the board, before ai
-action w~as taken b)y theln in th is ma
. ter, the uise of a comlete minling pta
.with which to make such a survey ar
jexamination of ou1r territ ory, und
Lt i tir uncontrolled su1 ptrv ision, aS thit
- We are sincerely desirous of mak in
SIism arrangemein t wit h thle boardt.
appears~F to uns froin your11 letter that th
could bie elifectedl, bt, for thle liceni
referred to thterei n. We fail to see wl;
t hei r inuterest. shlId lhe the ca use
-preventing a satisfactory adjustmeit
l b y which, peninlg thme litigation, los
bo'th to thle State and the ('oosaw (Con
r panly, conhti b)e avoided.
I antu yours v'ery I ruly,
I )thert AXdier,
Ghlef' Mlanager the (oosaw %Ilining C
A'l r. Smyti he was then heard, andI a
Sriot herhnoodI appeaed( lietI ore thle (co!
a miis.ionl. A . nealrly 3 o'clickl tihe coui
- iissioni took a rece~ss intilI later in t i
e allternoon, the1 ii np ression leiICft o: tII
press binig that the Ineirotia tin h01S1
bee brii1ioken off.
Iwer iw Vreckedi appearis to bI toIhat ti
L egislat iire i nst riicts 111 he1com1nission1
peiforim a spnci lie du nty, I. e., to opt
uip th iC (oosawv territ ory' to iniers gel
(rally. Licenses have been grant ed I
Several companiesl t xIo minie ini (Coosa
territory undher Itie Act, and the SI al
caiinot no0w revoke suichi Iicen ses witi
- out. inmpirinig its bltigations with i
riThe geniesis of tine iliciulty ant
,dates the piiosphnate colnumiissionl. It
i probabnly wvai;t inrg timen to criticise Li
ph osph~ate coi uniiissioni, whInichu is a ci
at ion of aIn Act of the Leg islatutre d
fining loth its powers amit duties.
Mr. II. A. M. Sin It h, anfter the Csessio0
would not1 ori co)1nhl not he~ interi w VI ed
5 mio st, prob ably w~ol no (t Sen at<
t Smiythe sidi tha;t tine line of what. I
i hadi to say', was inicludedl in thle abiol
. woubhl probably ihave ai roastedt duei
for suipper, which lie said he won]
dIichoitomIIi ze, so iio speak , with thits toi
Lhowenver, dotes not, neuiialy sup oil c
A N 01.:1IcA n Iii-onT.
A ttorniey Genieral r(*ope, secret ary<
Sthei hhospihatoa comin i ssion, di et at ed til
s following to the repiresttat ive of TI'
y N ews anid Courier as thle sub staiice<
n the pirouceed ings before the( imnorninig ain
atternmooni sessioni ofi pihtosh comm01111
r "The public hias been1 apprised of tI
s fact that NIr. Adger, chief mainager <
thn Connawv Compmmv hand dleclined I
telegram the proposition made to I
by the board of phosphate commissi
ers of this State. in a letter recei
- by the commission to-day and read
fore the commission, the line of thou
of the telegram is enlarged upon.
proposition that the lon. A. T. Smy
be heard before the commission was
ceeded to, ai( Mr. Smythe appeared
y day and presented his views, tho bo
hearink him with great attention.
ii. A. , 1. Smithi als( came before
board, after which iat adjournment
Lx had itil the afterno m. At this la1
s- session the follo:inj- resolutions
I- Iesolved, That. (,overnor Tillman
chairman of tho board, be re<pneste(
ly write a. reply to tie communicatioi
Mr. Adger this day received.
d "The board also reiested the At
it ney (ieneral of' the State and his ass
: c ate comisel, Mir. (;eorge S. Mower
I- take Si wch steps as to the case 0now pe
y ing in te * iiited States Court as
,n protect the interests of the Statt
it South Carolitia. The board then
ie (;overnor Tillian said to-night t
i- lie would not write the reply of the c<
!r mission to the Coosaw Company i
le to-iorrow. lin the light of the oc(
r- reinces of to-day, however, it does
it require imich ratiocinatiol to infer t
it will be a letter of rejection of
io overtures of the Coosaw Company.
ie fact, it was uderstood, from Stn:
d Smythe before lie left herothis af
noon that, the proposition had been in
it concurred in. It was learned also t
Al Mr. 11. A. Al. Smith, who, he said rel
t- sents one of' licensees, appeared bet
ie the commissioners this aft(-rnoon,,
t- that Mr. Smyt he did not so appear.
t. AIr. Brot herhtood, offt he Carolina C(
s- pany, which has license t o dlig inil( 'oo.
)f territory, was asked what lie propo
n to (o. Ille said t lit he proposed to o
I- the law, aid for tle present Would
t- go ill) on the waters of Coosaw.
Froin stray remarks inade to-nigh
i., i% learnO that the attorneys for
State do not and will not adimlit tle j
d isdictionl of th I'nited States in
i- premises so Ihere's another braid I
r: howdydo. Attorney (;eneral I'ope c
g not be interview -ed oll the qIestion a
r- how lie will act, as per instruction
,y the ph(11hate comision. The curi
r- can now go aivad and guess whet
1- the conmission will take the hull by
d honis or the lish by the tail.
Ar. 11. A. 1. Siit Ih will leave ('oh
o bia to-inorrow morning for Charlesi
IIis blusiness before the comniissi
i- which was begun at, the morning
i- Sion, was concluded itn the afteriooi
I- the Executive MansionI where tho :
y. olid ineeting was held. After heai
ie r. Sm ith tle board weit into priN
ig essio aid took the actionl Stated abh
o- by Attorney General I'ope.
re As the case now standm the State
'o either file a demiirrer to Ithe jtrisdic1
to of the Federal Court, or answer the
)e already on its own merits, neithei
Lo which may be done umit il May. Of col
il- this is providing that 110 1unual
siiu1m1ary process of settlement be
V- ployed by the phosphate collimis.
-Nes aitl Colier.
il- - -
Ly A Tneanenut iouse Hurnled.
e- N inw Y< n i, .arch 14.--The live sl
-k brick tenement -No. 37' Allen st<
n1 was gutted by fire this morning. .Tal
ie L. Alexander owned a liqiuor store
e the groind floor and a number of fa
lies lived above. Loss 1 5.00(). Bern
r- ,Jaster, , etsy Jaster, 13. and Sl
1. .Taster, 18 years, were burned to de,
'I Alinnie .Jaster and Abraham Gec
-were injured. The tenants were
it brew tailor families. Alost of t1hem w
e safely down ie lire escapes. Max 4
te stein found the rungs of the lad(
V white hot. when he reac-hel theni
thlree childr'en in his atrms at a t1I
1- story window. 'l'he police
if ImI to drop) them1 inito a neIt, wvl
e lie dlid. 'l'wo oif thiem were c'all
*e untinjtired, buit lie dtroppled I Il
c. too fast. atid the third one was hai
et hurt. G8ohlsteini then jumped and
is caught uninjurted. The fire is belei
to be i n(endiar'y. it broke out at :
y a. mi. and was first dfiscovered bly
y police oni the st ree't. The .1 aster fan1
t- livedl on t he fi ft h floor.
Tto1 Keep Awuake a Week.
I. I:ol'r, M arch i|I. Thie stir;iiges
ri etyv was made here to-(fly by A\ ni
J.~ Ilut, a sturtdy Scotchmiani of tli
Seight , and W iflfiam H owermiani, a sli
isbuilt but deter-ininied-looking, ltrishni
onl tfe stage at, a local2 muiiseumii at i
niighit, M at'ch 30~, to begini a v-igilI cconi
whiich ishi all ('tid at thle e'xpirat ion of<
limndrlied anld sixty-e(ighit liours fr'otin
start, or when(l otie gives upl. Neit
conitestanhlt shall be allo wed ali att tend
to keelp him aiwake on11 shall al. al1 tit
respond( to the <lutit c' of the refe
to de(t.ermI ie hiis condiit ion. I-it h(re
Stestant i iay tre Ih- re fe r(' to aisk
r. opponen'it, 21 <filcst ion at aniy t imie lie ni
dlc-ire. Neil hiir mantt shialfli' use13 any
IDeadi means11i Il keep awake-. lie- s1
iot he' rest rictd c-las tol w'hat Ih-siih
(or drinitk, hmt shll n'. be allowed-c
le'-ve' t hie half for iany piurposc, or cse;
Ithe c'ye of one of t lie re'fert(ecs. 'fie I
men are2l( to dlepolsit . i-ac-l, lihe wini
totkeil Iu a1112 '~t 11 h"rl i'orti of
" M InLA N, ''.Tnn., M arc t 1 i3. -Th'ie e
enee too1k 1place Wedntesdhay niiht ah1
lour nile north''c ci Itonia. -I11(
('rimilliy as5-ilied byv a nieighibor, lie
a i'amiilers-, agedi I n. A I"ossec was1
e~ ganized to l ync i-lamlters, but lie ese'
i'ed to 'laxa21, wher hii le ri-nitained tI
Sfew dhays ago4. Ilo was taikeni sick wl
iii Tlext1s, and l - cam homie last week,
b- Qi'e that h121le ig h t te ieive thle (-art
his famiil y. ThIe r-elativ'es of tile,
r wa2itedh uintu lhe t -<ovet'ed, andt Wve<i
dayh~ icht a tiucb weint to his homue,c dr
k thle scre'amns of ii mother l and2lc sisti
hflanged imi to thei liinh of a1 tree wit
ilwathI ini 41he suonn4Miv.
itni:sTr-: iTi:, ( ol., .\arch 1'
Alnothe s wli d i(WliiI horroro wals r'epc
this iorintg. 'Ihis time2 it is tIe l-:i
If k a inie, on T'reacsur Inoun1111 t a1in. ('1h1
,e I )v inie, dI. ( . .\lc(Qarrioand 211 s.5
o Cul lough,t ihe en t ire forcc cin thie tmt
If were ki liled aind their bodie's are ('ove
(I by the s:how. It is tnot kniown wI
-c- they wer'e killed1 ori whiere to look
the hod ieS, andic it is notd at all uinli k
Ie that their reminiis will st ay uinder
If sno0w until the ba2re groiud of tIe su
'3y lier reveals thenm.
be FIVE HUNDRED ITALIANS DROWNED
'l'o AT THE BAY OF GIBRALTAR.
lle- The Loss uf Life bv the hinkitig ol III(
ard UtopIa Worse ThIian Repor-tel-The A ir
Ffiled W ith i1141, 11u1 i1)[0 .\ Aept 4.
iv aud Shrieks of Terror.
Lter GInRA L-TA l, March 18.- - It is noow Ih
lieved thit, tl loss of life hv tie sik
, sing of the Anchor LAine ste: Ii'4er 'tp,
to which collided yesterday 'vith the i;rit
Iof sh ironclad R odney while entvrin- I h
bay here, was ilichI larger t"hanl at firs.
fo- entiiated. It 14 Calculatedti thlf ol tin
i. 700 I tal Ian einigrants anid crve\v w In h: I I
to the steamer 570 persons were Irmwil. 1.
nd(1- Several bodies of tho.-e wl .:t thvir
vill lives in tihe disaster have bt-en wasic1
Of ashore oI the Spanish coast.
ad. ;Another account of the lisaser atlri
biltes it to the fact that the I"ritish war
hat ship Anson was dri fting before thw gale
and rlamlined the' (*topia ah;tfl thle- in
,itil nv). A fter raiing the l't-pia the
1Il- Anson is sali to havv reversv(e her en
n,iot gles, which (aiseil ler to ba'k a I
hat from the I'topia, which ve:-,sel wai
thGu practically inpald on1 tlet Spul of II I
IlI Aiso 's IaI), aIId th it o I to1pia hI I (.-;t i I
itor E.ael afttrwards S.uik. -veryt hil
te- possible was done by tll-irs a
o. sealmel of the Ilritish war -;shill in tiltr
fhat efforts to save life, antd f4r veam-n
)re- wvere Washed over board awl dlr4owntA
om0 frol onl( of the %liar hip'; tm
if1I1lItiiches whVIleV taking par, ;i !ti wo' I
(4 resclie. A fillng tilw, (:-T.1;-;-r
>-and petty ollicers wht) wee Vved bV
th(. boats oI th' war ship we' ':t;
Kh'keaglIe, t Ie ship's1octo, :,mva:.
vchiet' steward and carpentt-r.
n' 'llh- scenw at'ler Ihe( viilli.-n ba.iy"
nthably liever befoire bf-vn equ.1111-d inllh
t it history of iiritilie tIIIdi '. -n.m
the sidt was Ihe pass'nger st':unlip
tir. cromidk(l withabut ie i :t.wh
the filled the air with wi ll, h arlib- l.
Pxv peals for help an shi:o r
n-overhleadl the cloudk reshed urmeIV
to tdrivenii long by a ,t,rmig Sut , ;
of gale, wlich hatd been toe oft V :'Ill -v,
1is (f the calaiity. To I li ri riglt -ut !",:
h(.r of t he sinking % cs"erl wcre- th1e. I v
the uoister hattle ships, ft,iwy A li-.
Sonl imurinig the light ()f thvir :,mwerful1
n.11 electrie rellectors- up-ii ihe i,ab
0 , sten...nsh4ip, litghitingl ip lit, art f hl hr
1, passengers aiId showinI lo c- t'rIv 11!
ies terrible position ill whivh ty * wt-r4.
I at placed. I lere and t ltre wf-r- i hl' \ '1
we. ships' sinall boats, llnnied hv stuid
ing blue jaci(ets, w-ho strailled vve n11Ver
ate striving to reach the drownjig) passn..
The restiltd, estilliat d i the 11emb1111tr
uil of 330, were uost kindly cartA (or' Ilon
ion board the ships in wiere Uak('n1 ashor .
bill alnd hoised in dhiffrent givtrm 'ut
of buildings. At, 3 o'cle, the It's; il
rse Was placed lit -1(0' or undr.
Or A naval court of in<liry will hr' (.l
em- vened on board the Ansti. It is tx
pected that the Ancbmr line pnollf-\ will
shortly take steps to for ward thw I *to
pia's survivors to ther destinitions, iln
the U'nited State:i by anol her steailshl ip1
ory of their line. Some of the I aliins, how
,((tever, are so bad1y scared by' thewir vxIw
riences of lastnight that they annionItce
I11e3 thoir intention of' never again braving.
onl the dangers of' an ocean vy a \ge.
mi- 'T'le ollicial report. of 't' i tb r i i
'Ird persons on bloard t-he [topia shws 1t,
raft wheIn she left N aples the stetnsij 1 Kil
Ithl. 880soilson board, including ia-sei'rs
1rge and erew. Of I his numiber ily I I
le- have been saved. Thus ;-fil (t l'i p
cut sengers and crew are tither drowned rI
lers Not until novo (5 1). 11n.) has it hvvii
'itfi possilile to give a full atI auntfheiot !I a.
irdl coun[t of the ap)pallg cat ast r'ophte, f;ul
1)(hling lighit mahkinig if d(IlfTliulI list iiigt i o
ichi set' from shore w~hiat, was goiing on~ at i ii.
ght sceneO of the disast er', antI a t er-ribh-ii gai e
dily nicatte wit h the vtussels iont il a lt' fhour'
,vas to-dfay. Early last. e'ving the I iipu;i
ved( was steen steaning into tihe ha;v ini the
1:15 dIire'ctionl of ainchorage. Whenit~ahrenst,
lie of the irlon clad Antston a sI tron g ga-It,
lily combhined withI the currtt, swepIt the
vessel across thet hiows of t he A lisonl anil
her hull1 was pierced fby the r;unii oft the
ironeladf. 'The I'tOplia, al ter pulilow
f of (clear of the irladI;(, drniftl abouitt iin
Ito?- fore the windI andf sea atil st'tfted dowo
row ini five nuiintes froini the titute of tie
r'ty- first lipact.
ghtt TJhe An ison's l>oats wt'r'e loIwered'i im
>.be v'c-sels of t he British (lamolttl '-pei:it
ijd- roon, thle Swedish moan--if-wari ii'rgai
(st , andl ft' able' shilp A it'eien'; ;tjt Iri-n
>iE~ claus turned thirt pitwerfuil i-h-eltrw
its tiearchI fights ont the Sceneli of lii iwiisais
her te'r to asHsist tfhe res%cte's.
ant, (On -shore the news spread(tt I <u-k ly :ll
nies an e nortous i'roIwd soont h ii'ee on
r'ec the par'ade and3( great t'(x'cit uIt, ptre
oni- viailedf. 'The shirieks tor the I'oi:
his passengers and( crew'. oiiubl bei phunly
iay h ear'd ab ove fth ' 'rorig galec. ' T' .s' h
rti- was so heavy that the Iioats ofi t
('at ft' e wrc, $0 t.hety Were : i timp'-ld i.
Ii fiurn towardl hartl whe'rue ihe-; poiii i i
ipe tIhe pleit as they' we re (weptfo'
wil decks. if,
ta'r As thi t *ini's Itu>w';se IHt ', er
lihe llt scene was ~u wi'e-id rm t he It It
forns'l'tfe st.rugglif fgior the r l a Ms,;uI
Ilti v'ainly Vse'kintg ai pihic''if refugr. I a
in"i f y nnnriut i-s laifer fit t (,,r'i;ls i' 'e*a
ast gatteed t're, wheui hadlii not u,ite
ar-y in lhein efforts to a.wieii ih' io
ot. wer'e (carriedu atway by theii wav' . 'I he
Ia aw nttthing bult a ('on ll.'dt 'l ai't .:
ino ass of hiltutani h)eiitSr taugh-li i I wvii
nf A 's teamJ pinnairt resliued aill thotiq
ow .huo haid takenl retigt' in thi' aeioni
e's- off inttil 11 t)l'clck f at ruht. i mbi
ag- British andI Swedish sailIirs 1ll lplm-hy
of iind v'ig(oous work. W\hilte thle ste,tu~i
er', ftial'e belongingj. tot theIrit ith itn
111 1n 1 chi itmmot aflte wvas ('ngagedl in t he
sthe b'camet heClltus airi! tit d cltn the
rocks. Tw ~o - ; the saIlors aboar ii'tw 'i
edi were rescued. The total munberi('t of
re- lives lost is now pilaced ait 5'. D i vt-rs
l's are at work recoveri :g If he bIli's I ronh
Ie- the wreck.
lit, 'I'll -: NI.w i s sI.:wI- yT o .
red Ni-:w~ YonlII, March l8.-ThIe agen't.
ien o Ef the A nefhor L Inet Steat sfipil ('omp anly
for to-day r(ceivedCl the following refport of!
ely the aw fuil disastetr at GibrIitaltar: 'e
[lie list (If saved einbrace' o cab tti n passen'l
in- gers, t.wen1ty-nino3 steeragtl passttngers
aind t.wenty-h'iv r (I tm,r... l"tt-i o'
the crew arid 175 paSsseigers were lo.st.
The ship was not insured. Tiho cargo
int,inted Ior Mt'diterraneai ports was
v. I nIedI( at $31),("O, alnId the steallship at I
&'fl P,1 p n. TIHie passengers saved will S
it brought over on tho steaniship
Assyrta of the sarine line, which was at
Genoa at thp i npte of the accident, anid
has 1 bven ordercd to (,ibraltar. Th
ly thi, dclay the I topia's passingers
vill not arive here tntil alter the new
law "that no iimigranits withouit per
soniialocts si all be perinitted to land,"
goia into Ofect. Colonel Weber said
Io-dahy th.a the survivors of tihe I topi:t
we'niId priobabtle he' exatined in (iihral
tar :-i. 4 i he (restil lite and sick ati erip
pIled 'he il't, hiii. )Illy those with a
Inar adi :Obe ti take care of thein- a I
.\n ('c fthe t l' Itopiau s:uys: V"Weii
're ',iowiig oulrr r I reiIniws ant prepa1 r1igr shr
>i wnriI, wi n1 1 fore wek real i/ . or
(!angrti' wei iillin ui isel es blr' i j '
thll hllw.s of the, .\nsmn. Therre wavs a
hill! irt h ' v#-;-z Is, w hi hl wva,i i
t ar"r hi t wt I ' t i. W e NNrt abutlmi
t rii 'lii t i n l I rol i sh!inr a;t t uhe .
t i1I I ." The orliv.r, inl ta!kin.' .111t it
I he (nhi;t &r I h r.4 ayll threy will Ii'ver. f 4r
get I it nere t hat- t allowed th10olisN"lion.
heT It allas Were thrown into a so att,
4l .1, le 4 t)I!I1 anl I o ward Ily panliv. Thev14
.vllhoi irinrtically an(i fmur ht iii;:dly to
rca h the tolecrstl'. A Niov At '.he
(Iuarril-Cl Ilen <draggt-1 their wvswithl
theill. hut th, bilk (d tv single meln
werei haeelle.s- .01 tilh- pathelticapp"als-' of -i
ih wI re i :uf,1 lnd chiltIrenl. 'lim t YV i- ('It
':(ih- alr riggi ng were .ooni owded rv
Ilh t e e ,-'l heTin t stI tl IdI w . r
!r \ ,;I :m Ix lli'n,'n it deaien- .
1: vlw: :1. Iccuil-- inI 1 0 l orit,le
nIli:-1 1 i: y -ini tiron ing cthi rs into lt
h . i .neiy h I mats hpi 'itrvv r 1
.\i ti 't vi ' ttlp-he irt:in tt t if
oir 1:1r ir tirstaIce'-1 of
' n t r ar' it itIng Ill- i ople
ller nintun a iti I t ri *.
t !:v' h:Tas0 , I,11. !hvy werl. gra; tt
' i rn e I Iplhv.'I t Ii rip tie I nh-u I
t ' r v I nh rI r p ed n'o
bI 1 u 11 1rce r i t !- I f a ve wt r .. sN( Wep
'P way't ht r t he tit onii'f the ii i An o 's
W L I- Ir I' -, ) f'r tir l' ,nlieo f' i i
M) :t r : r. %t kin' t ivi lg , irnan. i ll)
'w 1!h (!ie h:a'I i it.! , he:lls vvv., -
%i n I- - (or! 10! "h- l.h pi n:.r to b-p ab I I oI- 1
10:1' 1nt T) 0 \y wer 1'.( d S:L eve4-' raT l
a . I,t. .i tij ! %riu yo th t a t I '
'hi , h -., 1s r b11.r t ' 1 tire !1 ' ik
t 1 (h v(- r . "...) I:Inv(II i e l i
1 1; tt y 1 v i I . h i t
irNi ls .\i ,i.' ' '.\arch 7i.. A\s Dvep
ut.v a-la elml-injIntOrii he lik! of' m1i
tirw, ti oeral tIl:trshah . l r was :-co't ' boi .I h
a ''iitn h 'Far lo nin', ive~~ tri ! tuan, wh >r t hr
h! .i1!led hIm I ..1. W oohanIIIS ot,o
M iflwav, Ky., :ll i heit-l- qlpaint thathe I1
n 1,p -tin se at, 1.1.0u t ier, o.Uld Wa,' J
h trt 1 i his ar onu,I I ''I il ted i I f t I
bin a i v," in rilah it I at r W nsi , I- i
.111l wai lt ' ) hI s nOl t, I:ai k I it e ti'
r.W Iil1 1 1 1: ti Iles l t [w (%o \v ve ks i
A) he re 4i 1 w\arIliIn::, t111t hII1is ac- s
iII w lutr h ivu : sti4ale<i,:ald, kDOMrw 1
in i Iht h was sli'l' .ri, he li r Fro i' irunit ir
inll'ul c:tliv t o tis ity. The tinyi before w j
his ai t vent ie puntt d ini latter walk- d r
I tie' ''lit 'e l 1111 i li , hw lin:tiry w ellfI jI
i tIrI hi lire ,[:(li ln. an inw sei w i n t -
ler ill ' in'l r ot li, hin'r jit[h 1 h o
k i" I 1rt it,1 tr. y l irts wvy there
rnv er r i '' ' inIht I'' lal s t tld i " i
tuanl W oo ! nin.. , "a ' I Inad1 ( il rry i
1H.11l l , 4 )).Ict k h110111 andl 111Te h IkV IIlI -
'rhaei'. lvine 11i1 ie1.' eia;nigh to
'iap 1 n al:r' ihe r hort a ru -- -:ni i anrr eady
ii.\ l i:< 'i:R, ().,~ it;'r i*'i i i._I ,n f*
'Inrh, liin at hi te~i t l, wes t thi
of ''oun i ho i ' ;nlnit etlninen ase - li
bled i at th hon fortnti t,e tirt I )ii th:
h .iw r well received. At i ter, ih cer- lit
n nyt -nu iiter ; a k d wit'h sini le, Iii 10:
ll I' wf 'r all ''''ae I . ese l iho rje.. it
ri to I e ir n :Tiri . (n'rusts Iu-is, tint
xi: iiI ig \ t i le ri Ii'ari Ateg dbr;t' ;i-Zd
arrk'tl i, there ta av teuisag lm y eset wh'oay
woud 'h his c'tnl niio thrtn:ih ie,e
thisl ro.l at .illIi. nSuriris it tim ' r' a t
Ilin pe h' iri inje tne. Aevri nt' uent in
Itu ' n ier' i A.i ri lhei oath Oinr iri l in'
i'!n'u'n inte r anin :Ir asraviclike , arrr i'
hnsignDI 1 hli nsi . t ' :lei:,W t tii n in- in
:N -ds~ 1;uic ,nu hwevnte~r i'it th sA - . sTe
rm I a 'r ari .i 11 n Ilo tw rile alsg in
1)'tt('lni t lt 1 wais I al,;ut iniy as
distiatparlai:e Ir anni' tit 1;t. tigit,
li wst prir- xie.o r EpaisOp. t eiii
iste' 'it l i i tal g svervictn-n 'i t1 igy 'ij't
front , rahe ii '-r t hat nir' pe ri orifti he i
iutt &<u er Ii la,ltini.n al
ou o d .k y nne b tasep*r
AN ASYLUM BUL
OF THE INMATES PERI
4m Ce n traI I iiasto Asyliin .
II*. T':thll., A Ma sof Rialn.
P'(rmel- ill tie ri1 ilitlaig
.-k y I 1 vI1. 1., N.\lare h I I.- -'I
'ent rali Iii uli, A SN hu,1., ,
ill this eit y is alillo:t a ma:
beneaQ't'l it are thw cha;rrek.1
alfidozen ll es In the(
tr by are buddc.il-,ti. poUr crek-;.
Ivd thet as,yltlll oncea
let ire. flow laid ill ashe.
t 10:15 last night a tongi.
lo t lroigh t he rool o,: il
in wing. llow it caight I
inlo, but1 it reachud from11
mlugh t he set.cI:(.nd t hird
(Off a f*ew%- roolins bovolp
rin was given aild tle I00 -
instiution wet -re, thrown
ioat ifin. TIet y+fightli,
wawiv--1 th(: fire c
,)ty-twNO of thcul wvrv
Ved tO 11h0 titi haill, the(
uig left to their fatLs behi
isablv wall of 1t1aies. Ti
tvy, hit I hi hili(ing i ins
Ihe 'it y wn t4-Iephmled 1
;eI (1'1 1'l o1 1d t F ire D
hi not d we' foun.1 ail his si'
1(se31 to il'eave wit',it l in -
I.dlh. a t I r W3 w I hou's del ,
'if (,id, < li b-, with h%
If1r I ic so"Ies w:, ( t he disa
-AIltMvn t hi,\'s will" hadIt
re bei i) break froin
I svatter like frightenled' an
AIs aTived at 2 15,and l in i -.
IPli lit' fllo strom'a (d watcr ro
onl t he bulin . Previoll: .'a
tI(s,:;'-rvaIIts a id guards h;Ii .
fl(' W'vi th itlCketS. anIA i
d[od inl ImldilI the f lire iii ii i
ilk ve*tenil. IlIml it nIOt beenl i.- 11h
il t st-rvick. thl-e Int ire !ILo t
ild have beninl flhies b. .
i\a0 (0f t he lil t 0iepar. iient.
hli i;m nos of tlhc kiilvd w J : .
ils ilf 11 rim't d C unt , .1!. 0*
NWIr I W ilS1n, i ' 'reSt .- <
,,lhn lhnKelly 31o Wav:.,., W . It. 1i
o1f, Ilicki n, I . P-'. IIW .",i.A
vidsn ( all 1 whitle mnen.
-itmln, who h:11 o gh;1(1h ,
1 ti4 Slli 1 aside :nid'await t b o
the1 1-it's fronlt ti le eit\. a
, of Ilhv roport ers was abw I I if
s Side 4)1 thi r 33 n' kill his wo <t
-1 a c'llle' 31, lunatites In 1 i i, S
ov(trI u gi I l 1 n1 1 g theit w1 u;
ir- armus locked ahmil vio1 '
Ak. .\stlhwy passeonoit of Iii :.1 t.
1: "V ir vc irt cold! co!bI i <: 1
tun the sai'te pair. were 4'" .
-- within the crporation 1a i
ne lhvy wer. hoard to says --u
'ii' w \vI ' i, frvv hbut ( v'lI' : ..
ll't y u tell," And t r :
saIV hiir armis were k i01 or
mn( (ta h t h r 11's lleck. Il I :1 -l
r.ibbory illillediatlely arownda
-rP 11;11y Whol h:ad vs.ca pe' u 1 h-.
Idell exmilus was Illade froll , ,I \\
\L. l)st of tilt-in werv 1h.
'Sse but allowt withoit I -
-ir- faces wvrv ("v'red with
tie downf111ll 4df tlir, re
irce 41 pleasutrv to theni i i -
, willd3 It 1 thil.-r ni elt( . A :
I1nat vs who bidI Ibeen hw 4.
r' ho in iiI ho vard inl b
1(11. 3 .\ : 3333 t we '1r t 1-l 3e :1
il' b il il' - tilv1 Il lm' - -
f tIhe 'utinbuilding. T)
-in t33 he~ ''1-3ls 't wing,;uni n13
rt subject 331 113 ex posure,31 (II
11w(as r8.-porII 13 ld a' 3:130 t' h
rned33. TI he' lr was1 ;.4t. 1 hi(
((:3t1 were cornfor'(11 "italy
Iho loss 13113 he( hiblIing is13
a ult .'.,3 3.00; f ( Ily covered3(3
8'. The lire' is supposed('( I'
18(svi by l'3' 1-'on1, 1(n ii
((3' i33'(i'1er i,'il intinr ('Si'
44r3e' l (' 1113 1R' was'~I l'33':tpt*
13:1 333ill be3 Itransf( rred 183 1. 't
The( I'roper303 Act.
31. 3.3., 1". ('.' .\l1tre .
'3' 131 i330t inIg 3of 3( Ihe lilitIl'
13 tonight3, t.he follow333inl
33: 13. I I T i 3(l 33h 311n1, : 1
;ile .\3'3 y ('34 1il3. i i I t'"1:
-olin1 3, 'and4 a(I333.ll ietilit.
3 in 133I( c rd1ia3lly inv33ited(
I(' 31nten 1illt and particil1
IIes Ilv (d ''(4 all'. 33oinp'a
info ntt'i wi3~3 ill onnuw
>rg83le . Wrhigt, 1 hairm(3'1
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