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MILESTONE IX HISTORY.
LAYING OF THE CORNER-STONE OF
Three Thousand People Brave the Ele
ments to Witness the Impressive Core
mony-Addresses by Gov. Tillman,
Grand Master Ilar, Maj. Buist and
FORT HILL, S. C., July 28.--Today is
a red letter day in the history of South
Carolina. It marks consummation of
the dearest wish of the farmers, the
backbone and sinew of the Palmetto
state. Today, in the presence of a huge
crowd. and with solemn Masonic rites,
the corner-stone of Clemson college, the
realization of the dream and heart's de
sire of the most illustrious of all the
famous sons of South Carolina, John
C. Calhoun, was laid.
The skies were dull and grey, and at
intervals from morn to eve, the rain
fell pit a plash, dampening the ardor of
the spectators and puttiug the roads in
horrible condition. Notwithstanding
the wet and slopp weather, people
poured into Fort Hill all the forenoon.
The majority of the visitors from other
parts of the state bad collected at Pen
dleton. Every vehicle and every horse
and mule in that town were pressed
into service to convey the crowd over
the four miles to Fort 11111 and what
nasty, sloppy four miles they were.
The long continued rains had degen
erated all the roads leading to Fort
11ll into mud puddles, and yet through
these roads pushed thousands of eager
people, some on foot, others on horse or
mule, and the balance in every variety
and apecies of vehicle that could be
thought of. Even ox carts could be
seen in the long procession that wound
through the valleys and over the hill
tops to historic Fort 1ll. Excellent
stock, most of it was, too, for the farm
ers of Pendleton are famous for the
line horses and mules they raise and
own. Many persons rode distances of
twenty and thirty miles to be present.
A happy crowd it was assembled at
the grounds. Almost. everybody was
splashed from head to foot with sticky
red clay mud. The rain persisted in
falling, and yet nobody seemed to imind
these set-backs to the perfect pleasures
of the occosion. Stalwart, broad
shouldered men, bonnie winsome lasses,
coniely matrons, and men whose hair
was whitened with the snows of many
winters, and whose faces shone with
the wisdom of learning and experience,
all were bright and smiling. Their
sunny faces seemed to 1111 the place ot
the hidden king of day.
The chemical laboratory is the only
building of Clemson college which has
been completed. It is a very pretty
structure. It was filled all (lay with
curious spectators, who wished to see
the place in which hereafter South Car
olina boys will learn to analyze the soil
and find out what Is necessary to bring
it to higher productive powers.
The mechanical building is very near
ly completed. It, too, sheltered large
crowds during the frequent showers.
The house of the secretary and treasur
er of the board of trusteess, and one of
the professors cottages have been coni
pleted. All the buildings are of brick,
and put up in handsome and substan
The venerable old building which was
the home of Calhoun and Clemson, was
the central object of interest. It was
filled all day with persons admiring the
old pictures and furniture. A hand
some oil painting of the benevolent
Clemson, and an antique harpsichord,
upon which Calhoun's daughters used
to play, were especially admired.
A bout 11 o'clock the Grand Lodge of
Ancient Free Masons, of South Caroli
na, met in the mechanical building
with Pendleton lodge. 'rho following
members of the grand lodge were p res
ent: L. T. Izler, grand master, Black
vylle; J. T. Barren, as deputy grand
master, Columbia; E. P. Dendy, se'nior
grand warden, WaIhalla; C. E. Sawyer,
junior grand warden, Aiken; 11.1). Cor
bett, as grand treasurer, Maysville;
Charles Inglesby, grand secretary, Char
leston; R1ev. D. W. Hliott, grand chap
lain, Williamston; J. C. Watkins, senior
grand deacon, Pendleton; W. N. Mar
chant, senior grand deacon, Granite
yille; 'T. F. Ilill, .junior grand deacon,
Anderson; 5. J1. McElroy, junior grand
deacon, Greenville; Col. A. .J. Litton,
grand marshal, Pendleton; J1. L. C. Dui
pree, grand pursuivpnt, Abbeville; R.
S. Porcher, grand steward, Seneca; ..
L. Quinby, grand steward, Aiken; 1 .
0. llopkins, grand tiler, P'endleton.
Many members of various lodges,
pariclalythe Pendleton and Seneca
1.oges mt wththe grand lodge and
joined in the ceremonies
The Masons and the trustees of the
college marched from the Mechanical
building to the foundation of the main
college building, which will crown the
highest hill in Fort 1111l.
a huge block of Carolina granite, was
suspended over the place where it was
to rest. A platform around it was oc
cupied by the Masons and trustees.
Grand Master Izlar conducted the cere
monies, Grand Chaplain liiott made
the opening prayer which was a solemn
invocation to the Supreme Architect
of the universe to accord his blessing
on the college; to bless the grand lodge,
and the cause of education, and to en
large the minds and broaden the hearts
of the people of~ the state that they
might in the future be more liberal to
the cause of education. God was askedl
o give wisdom to the trustees that they
might select true and God-fearing men
td be the faculty of Clemson andl th at
~ they may Mahthe youth aright. tl
,atone was lowered into position and a
tin box placed in it.
CONTENTs OF THlE HOX.
The following things were p)laced in
Mr. Clemson's diploma as graduate of
the Royal 'chool of Mines at Paris;
aketch of the life John C. Calhoun, by
Mr. Clemson bhrenological chart of
Mr. Clemson, byFowler; sketch of the
life of Mr. Cemsen, by Col. R.. W.
S4impson; record of the entire p)roceed
ings in the case of Isabella Lee vs jR.
W. Simpson, executor; copies of several
newspapers; names of the trustees and
executive committee of Clemsoni Col
lege, photoprahs of the trustees; $4 in
continental money donated by J1. jB.
Watson of Seneca; officers of the Grand
Lodge of Ancient Free Masons of
sotQi Carolina; names of oflcer-s and
members of Pendleton Lodge, A. P. M.;
names of Ancient Free Masons at work
on the building; names of officers and
members df Barnett Rodge, A. F. M., of
4 Pier n#X;2lleS of officers and mem
~ eoizof:the United States; his
~;' tor dtlendleton by D. U. Sloan;
~ speilens of COnfederate money; syn
Opts~ istryof Olemson college; and
R, WINE ADOIL.
was then covered with a
Ta. a huge horn of corn
goltof wine and oil were
- had master and by him
4'b tones, ~he corn typE
det refresh:nent and
4 ~b1pl~of God Wasin
yoked to shower over this land. Grand
Master IzIar then spoke as follows:
GRAND MASTER'S ADDRESS.
Mon and brethren here assembled: I
l3e it known unto you that we who i
have conducted the ceremonies you 1
have witnessed to-day, are true and I
awful members of the order of Ancient
Free Masons, ti ue to the laws of our
,ountry, and observant of the powers ]
hat be and bound by solemn obliga
,ions to erect magnificent buildings, be I
;erviceable to the brethren and taught 1
-o love God and keep IIis command
nents. We stand before you to-day I
.he representatives of the oldest or- I
ranized body of men known to the his- I
'ory of the world, save that of the
Jewish church. The- antiquity which
we claim for ourselves is no dream or
Ldlo hoast. With unerring precision
we trace the golden thread of Masonry
itep by step back through the dim cen
buries which lie entombed in the eternal
past, until the sound of the gavel is
hIeard falling in the east in the temple
erected upon the threshing floor of
(rnan, the Jebusite. The echo awak
mned by the gavel in the hand of King
Solonion has come sounding down the
vaulted courts of time, through the in
tervening centuries, to be lost only on
the silent, shores of eternity.
Then followed a glowing eulogy of
free 1lasonry, and in conclusion he
We are here assembled to-day to lay
the cornerstone of an institution which
we pray God may xdeserve to prosper.
The institution is being erected on his
toric ground-the home of the illus
trious Calhoun a tiame, around which
clusters memories which should m
prove the youths of Carolina for all
ages to come. While many honored
names adorn the pages of the history of
our grand old state, Calhoun alone is
with,ut a peer, and illuminates the im
mortal page. May this become a place
where good and wise men will for ages
come to dissemble knowledge and in
culcate friendship, morality aid broth
erly love. That their labors may be
abundant, pursued in great harmony
and bear much fruit to the glory of
Glod and the great prosperity of the
state. So mote It be. Amen.
'I'll ES'CH 31AKIN(.
After the benediction was pro
nouineed the crowd adjourned from the
foundation to a stand which was erect
ed near by. Seats had been arranged
for large num)ers. There were fully
3,o people on the grounds, but as it.
was raining only about one-half of the
crow:1, a large portion wag ladies, lis
tened to the speaking. The balance
were in the various houses. On the
stan(l were the trustees of the college,
the members of the Grand lcdge, Col.
Polk. president or the National 'arni
ers' Alliance; Senator Buist, of Charles
tou; Adjt-ant and Inspector General
Farley, Congressmawi George John
stone, Rev.'Dr. Wilson of Converse col
lege and a number of other distin
Col. Simpson then introduced Gover
nor Tillman, who spoke as follows:
(1oV ElNOu TILLMAN's WELCOMEK.
L have been selected in behalf of the
trustees of the Clemson college to ex
tend you a welcome to Fort 11ill, the
historic home of Calhoun, a name which
will be famous as long as time lasts.
You meet here to witness the cereno
nies which inaugurate this agricultural
and mechanical college.
The clouds lower and the skies weep.
This weather is but ty pical of the strug
gle which preceded the establishment
of this college. This college was not
established by chance, but after one of
the nmost dlesperate conflicts in political
history; a light f' the emancipation of
the conmmn people and the providing
for thmem of' practicaml education. I con
gratualate yout that the struggle ended
triumphantly for thle common people.
Around the corner-stone which was
Iaidl to-day muany hlopes and grand as
pir-atio)ns are twinmed. Th'le ideCa at the
root of the struggle for this college was
that mlen shlold not lbe trained simply
ais men andl then left to fight for a
knowledge of pulrsuits; but that men
shmouldi be trained in tihe pursuits them
selves. TJhis college is intended to give
practical education at such a slight cost
that any boy in Sauth Carolina, if only
he be diligent, shall be able to obtain it.
The people of' South Carolina are ag
ricultural, and are to-day surrounded
by conditions' almost terrible to con
temuplate. Tile lands are old and worn:
brought in competition with the virgin
soil of the West. The farmers of this
state can see not an iota of profit in the
raisir.g of cotton. This college will do
more than sim ply to teach men how to
tarm without diversification. Any de
pression like the present low price of
zotton threatens unparalleled poverty,
even for the most industrious. So thuis
college wvill have a mechanical depart
ment, where all branches of engineering
ntln like trades will be practically
Laughit. Time foremen of our factories
wvere brought from the North because
thmey hmad tecinical knowvledge. Our
)wn people wvorking in our factories
tre und(erlings. Likewise in every ma
ahine shop. Our people blindly fol
owed agriculture andt our leaders never
prepiaredi for other education.
One million people are dependent imp
an the fields; yet these people know not
howv to recupierate thir fields so as to
make themn compete wvith the virgin
fields of the WVest. This college will
train men so that it will not be neces
sary to sendi to Yankeedom for me
chanics, anid so that they may know
how to strengthen our worn out lands.
iHow is all this to be donle? By practical
lemonstration; first, it is to be demon
utrated to the students anId tihe people]
> t.he st ate that it is p)racticab)le to raise
mupplies at home, andi do it more cheap
y than tile same could( 1)0 bought. 'Thenim
otationi of crops wvill be taught as a
neuans of Improving the codhition of I
Stock-raising should be ai source of I
vealth all over the state, More atten- t
ion shoiuld be given this by farmers,
md all reliance shoulid not be placed on r
Military training will be given thle
tuldents, not only because it is required
)y the law, bitt to Inculcate habits of
>rde,r. Ahlthe boys will be clothed alike,
n uniform, so that no poor boy shIall
eel ashamed because a rich man's sonr
ilighut wear broadcloth, andi he onlyC
>oor clothes. Rich and poor shall fare
idike. T1he poor shlall be lifted tup and
he richu pulled down, if necessary to
sstablish that simon pure demnocracy
hat we fought so hard last year to
Five years ago the idea of an agricul
Lural mechanical college was broached
In the State Agricultuiral Sosiety. The
politicians of the state wished to furnish
the semblance of such an institution at
the Univeasity at Columbia, They
scorned our idea, and whipped us in two
campaigns; but we didn't give It up.
Last year the grand battle was fought
and won. The bequest of T. G. Clem
son gave us the opportuinity for win
ning the fight. Still It was accepted af
ter tremendous struggle only by a ma
jority of four or five fn the house and
deciding vote of the lieutenant-govern
or in the senate,
Many who fought us most fiercely are
now our strongest friends, Many said
there was no need or wish for the insti.
The best answer to- this is the fact
that now six months before the college
will be open, there are ,628 applications
for enktrance. This is troof that boys
)f 1,he state want cheap and practical
Aducation. Nor is the allegation true
ht this college will only benefit the
eple of the Piedmont bection. I will -T
'ei d the number of applications from
ia iouscounties: Abbeville01,Orange
u.g 60, Edgefield 42. Greenville 26,
knderson 39, Pickens 25.Ocnee28, Barn- u
Nell 34, Clarendon 15. Hampton 18
gewberry 28, Laurens 26, Sumter 24.
These figures show that low country
eople will reap even more benefit from
be college than the up country boys.
The success of the buildings an the a
act that they are being bult!at one
ialf or two thirds ordinary cost is due
'o the fact that five of the trustees, Col.
I. W. Simpson, Col. 1). K. Norris, Col.
It. E. Bowen, Co. J. L. Orr and IIon.
L-eorge .Johnsf.one, who have constan
tly visited the college grounds and at
much trouble to themselves superin
tended the work.
The weather today is not only typical
of the conditions in South Carolina, but
also in the United States. Ihope it will
result only in more light and more
knowledge. I implore more charity
among you on points whereon you dif
i-r. Lay aside thi bickerering and
quarrels of the last campaign. Only
by unity can the hope of South Caro
lina press forward in the race for pros
Capt. Tillman then introduced Sena
tor G. . Lamb Buist as one who had at
first opposed the college, but who, when
lie found that the people of South Caro
lina wanted the college, like a states
man and gentleman came forward to
its support. Maj Buist made an eloquent
The rain which was falling probably
dampened enthusiasm, for Governor
Tillman was received and heard with
Senator Buist was frequently inter
rupted with applause, It was noted
and commented upon as a refutation of
the oft repeated slander that there is
ilifeeling between the up country and
low country' that the Charleston law
yer received more applause than any
Governor Tillman introduced Presi
dent Polk, saying that lie had started
an agitation in North Carolina for an
agricultural and mechanical college
one year later than the work was begun
in South Carolina, and yet the North
Carolina college has been in operation
one year already.
Col. Volk was enthusiastically re
ceived and delivered a long and highly
instructive address. This ended the
public speaking, and the people spent
the balance of tho day in wandering
over the grounds and patronizing the
lemonade and ice cream stands. Im
promptu picnic parties filled the bug
Iies and carriages and buildings. The
trustees, distinguished visitors and
press representatives were most hos
pitably (lined in the Calhoun-Clemson
residence by Professor and Mrs. Strode.
In the afternoon the crowd broke up;
the trustees returned to Pendleton
where today they will hold a business
meeting and elect professors for the
A SAlD CER4oNIAL.
followed the joyful laying of the corner
stone of Clemson college today. The
afternoon train from Atlanta brought
to Calhoun, a little station a mile from
Fort 11111, the body of Mrs. Andrew P.
Calhoun. who died in Atlanta yester
day. She was the wife of a son of John
C. Calhoun and the mother of John and
Her remains were laid to rest in the
old Calhoun burying ground at Fort
IIill. T1he funeral was attended by the
relatives of tire dleceased, who came to
Calhoun in Patrick Calhoun's private
car, the trustees of Clemson college and
a large concourse of sympathizing
Stove Rtyanx liehind the Bairn.
ATLANTA, Ga., July 28.-Stephen A.
livan, the young Atlanta dry goods
mrerchnant, who failed recently for
82,000,000, is behind the prison bars. t
.Judge Gober sa.ys lhe is in contempt.
The decision in the Ryan contempt case '
w~as mrade this morning, and Judge t
Uober held that Stephen A. IRyan has t
cash assets in his possession to the 1
imonit of $120,000, which must be r
hnanded OVer to his creditors. t
Ilyan testilied that lie had always t
been a sport, had lost 816,000J on the
D)eir.sey-F1irimmons fight, and had r
dways gambled. This was to snow r
where nis money had gone. ltyan d
:laims that he has turned over all thre t
issets in his former custody or control.
J1udlge Gober has ordered him sent to
he county jail until he complies with,
he order of the court and turns over
Ire money which was proven to be in
us possession. 1
T1he decision p)roduced a profound dI
ensation in the court room. Mr.
Ityan's eyes flashed a little, but he be- c
~rayed no other emotion when he was
)laced in the hands of the sheriff, An d
ippoal fronm the decision of .Judge
Jober in demanding more assets will C
iourbtless be made; so there is another d
3hance for Mr. IRyan to get ouit. Ryan V
nays he has no cash assets, iIe there- g
rore can trm over nothing more.
Trhere is an appeal from thre appoint- i
nent of a receiver. If the supreme.
sourrt holds that no receiver should
rave been appointedl, this will release
Ilyan from jail. Ilyani isa taking iris
:,reatmnent heroically, iIe says he is
-ight, andl all he objects to is mrissing a
0-day's ball game.,i
A Turn in the Tide.o
NEW Yonug, July 29.-After a long f:
>eriod of anxiety the bull traders in f
otton futures had an inning todlay. 5
t-or some time thre day for issuirng no
ices for dlelivery on August afternoons I
,vns looked forward to with some fear. l(
us it was believed that sellers would I1
endi out a large volume of inotices of I'
lelivery arid swamp the market. T1odas
vas the first day for issuing notices, and
,he general rule is that most of the no
ices are sent out as soon as thne time of 0
ssue arrives. A comuparitively small 0
number of notices were sent out, how- r:
~ver, indicating that most of the sales k
v,ere for short account This encour
ngedl the bulls1, who started to buying a
hnortly after noon, and( the shorts rush
d to cover. Bluyer ordlers from bothh
idles sent the prices of all options up hi
apidly and gains of 15 to 17 p)oints re
Alulier~ EzrpimOma' ri
VouKsinun, Miss., .July 30.-A small Ii
moiler used in the repair shops of tire p
1111 City oil mill exploded yesterday, y
atally injuring the engineer, Albert c:
spier, and the fireman Albert Fisher. n
t. boiler weighing 2C00 pounds flew in- ti
0 tire air and fell into tire house of jr
vfarx Lowenburg, 300 feet away, going g
birough the roof, floor arid ceining, and
rtnding on the breakfast table. No n
ne was hurt, tire faimily having left S
he table wvhen they heard tire report 13
aused by the explosion.
Sad Scen.eon a Train.
BEURLINoTrON, ia., .July 25.--Wheni
he St. Louis Long Line train arrived
n this city, it bore a very melancholy
>arty consisting of Mr. and Mrs. J. 1.0
llerger and their dead babe. TLhe mother itI
arried'the corpse in her arms where it vi
iad died six hours before while en route k
thaving beeh taken sick after leaving ri
St.ILouis. So afraid was the poor wo- k
man that the corgse would be taken r4
from her that she covered its face with te
a handkerchief, and allowed herself to h
make no0 sign of grief, thus riding for ii
half the day- 2
A TALE OF HORROR.
HE COLLISION BETWEEN T
FRENCH EXCURSION TRAINS.
Ully 200 Persons Killed or Injur
Many Slowly Roasted to Death
Others Drowned-Sickening Scones.
PARIS, July 26.-A terrible rail,
ccident occurred today near the
iage of Saint Mande, in the departi
f the Seine. Two excursion tri
ollided, owing to some error on
iart of the driver of one of the tra
3oth, were loaded with people for a t
lay. The collision was followed I
cene of frightful confusion. TI
arriages were utterly wrecked,
nany persons were crushed and in
id in the ruins. About fifty were
ued, more or less hurt. Owing to
,reatness of the canfusion, the exi
>f the calamity is not yet known. LI
advices show that of the sixty inji
n the collusion, forty are dead, inc
ng two children mangled beyond
)gnitioh. Most of the bodies reco
id are without legs, through the s
>eing jammed together and cuttin
;heir limbs. Twenty thousand pe
tssem bled at the scene, including m
elatives of the injured and d
L'he scenes were most heartrendinj
,he victims were extricated. The dr
md fireman of the second train i
)urned alive. The station master
whose oversight the blame is now pla
xas, it is reported, gone mad and di
PARIS, J uly 27.-A dispateh jus
-eived from the scene of last niE
Learful collision between excur
'rains near Sainte Mande repres
,he accident as having been of a n
listressing character than at first
peared. After the fearful crash
.rai n caught lire, and those unfor
tes who were hopelessly wedged in
lebris were slowly roasted. Man
ie poor creatures were so placed
.or many agonizing moments they v
orced to look upon death remorse]
y burning its way to them. All 1
itnianity could do to extricate ti
rrom a situat'on not to be describei
anguage was done, but in most
itances to no avail. The awe-stric
nultitude were forced to stand h
essly by and listen to the awful
nade by the crackling flames, the
ng iron work of the burning cars,
he shrieks. moans and prayers of
loomed. Occasionally a voice w<
atse itself auove the tumult, suppli
ng the merciful to kill the unha
ipeaker and put him out of pain.
mumber of instances men and woi
overe seen laughing, gibbering,
linging their arms wildly about. I
lad dethroned their reasons.
The engine of the rear train I
icoped the last three cars of the t
thead, and almost instantly the r(
oir in which the gas was storea
ploded with terrille force. The wr
tge then caught fire. A half I
,lapsed after the outbreak of the fia
>efore the last faint cry of agony
itilled in death. Fully two hun(
,ersons are known to have been ki
It now appears that in addition to
>ther 1lorrors of the collision, the d(
>y drowning of many of the imprisc
)assengers is to be added, Forty i
.ites elapsed before the yompiers %
tble to obtain water. When, howe
~hey did so, they poured torrents u'
~he wreck, and seemed to be utterly
1,ware that they were (frowning hal
,he people whom they were trymi
An awvful spectacle is presente<
he town half ot Sainte Mande, wvI
he charred and terribly disf igi
>odies ot the dheadl lie in row~s upon
loor and upon tables. In some ci
he remains are but little more thm
ealp of cinders.
PARIs, .July 28.-The Mar<luis:
larchioness of Montferrat were ami
lhe victims of the Sainte Mande di:
er. An artillery lieutenant clim
pon the burning railway carriage
escue a young woman. Jioth the 11
3nant and the young woman fell i
tie burning mass and were consur
PARIts, July 27.-An official sti
lent of the (lead and wounded in
rilwvay accident at Sainte Mande, 8
ay, places the number of dlead at
r-three and of injured 104.
Starvation in Texas.
Ilro GRANDE CITY, Tex., July 2|
he destitution on both sides of the.
rande for hundreds of miles is app
ig. For three years a continu
rought, except in this (Starr) cour
here a tolerable crop was raised,
tused many deaths from actual star
on, and at Starr Station the people
The ranks of the professional murt
re and bandits will be swvelled by th
riven to crime bylhunger. In Birow
fIle and Matamoras beggary was nie
reater nor the means to relieve the p
5s. It is too late for a Fall crop
e prospect is dismal.
In Hlidolgo county cattle are daily
ig from want of grass and water.
armeron and Starr counties they
1st reaching that condiition.
Last year a petition went up to G
rnor Ross from a border county she
ig the terrib)le want of its people.
sply was given. In this county c
ne hundred horses have been ste
*om the Aqua Nueva tract withi]
sw weeks, and many others have b
olen in other parts of the coun.ty.
The robbery of J1. L. HIyne's store, n
sownsville, within the past week
oked on by 01(d timers here as the
ide to many or like nature.-N.
i)eath at a IRailroadi Crossing.
E11In A, N. Y., ,July 27.-A n accid
3curred about 9 o'clock this even
tthe E'rie railroad crossing, near I
dge Park, ini which four persons w~
Illed and two so seriously injured t
le doctors say they are likely to dii
Trhe accident occured while thie I
Telington White was out driving w~
is wi fe and three children, H attie H li
igs, a daughter of a neigh bor, arid Si
[cCarty, a nurse girl.
A pproaching the crossing of the r
>ad, a freight train, which had been<
two to allow vehicles to drive ini
1,rk, occupied the near track.]
/hite, believing that everything v
ear, and not being warned by the
il man, drove between the halves
ie freight train upon the other tri
ist in time to be struck by Erie passi
3r train No. 24, from the WVest.
Mr. White, his daughter Lillian, ng
ne, Hattie Hastings, aged nine,
Isie McCarty, aged nine, were insta
killed. Mrs.W White and child t
sars old each received fractures of1
lull and have been unconcious sic
Murder and Suicide.
ST. Louis, July 24.-This afterno
eorge Anderson, a saloon keepei
mis city, walked across the street
here Dennis Ryan, a rival saki
seper, was standing, and drawin
ivolver, shot Ryan through the bei
hilng him instantly. Anderson el
itraced his steps to the rear of his
on, where he tired three shots into
sad, blowing out his brains. No cal
known for the murder and sunte
he tnen were apparently good friei
Cheering to the Farmers.
The weekly weather and crop bulle
tin of the South Carolina weather ser
H E vice, in co-operation with the United
States Signal Service, for the past week
was issued Saturday afternoon and it is
as follows, giving much encouragement
ed- to.the farmers in the various sections
of the State.
and The total rainfall was about the nor
mal and well distributed,and was bene
11cial to the growing crops, particularly
Way in those sections where the drouth had
vil. prevailed for some time. Temperature
tent and sunshine have been about an aver
age amount and have been of material
kins benefit to crops.
the From one end of the State to the
ans- other comes the cheering news that
lql- there has been a marked improvement
)y a of the condition of the c tton crop over
Iree that of the previous week. The dry and
and cool weather had somewhat checked
Jur- not only the growth of the plant, but
res- had prevented it from taking on fruit
the By the recent showers the plant has re
bent covered its lost condition and a decided
iter improvement is noticed. Most of the
ired crop is clean and was just in condition
h11d- to be benefited by the rains. The great
rec- est drawback to the crop is the inferior
ver- stands which will necessarily reduce
eats the yield.
off The corn has suffered less than cotton
Jple fron the effects of the drouth. The crop
any on bottom lands was never better, but
e - is young. An average crop may be ex
C as pected and the yield will be much larger
iver than last year's.
vere The rice crop while in fair condition
SOil h4s suffered in some sections frot
ced, drouth, but as rain have fallen in those
sap- sections where most needed, the pros
pects are much brighter than they were
t re- at the last report.
3ion Surremders Its Charter.
3nts WEDUEP'IELD, S. C., July 27.-At the
iore regular meeting of the Wedgefleld Sub
ap- Alliance Saturday afternoon it was un
the animously resolved to disband and re
tuin- turn the charter.
the Their reasons for taking this step are
y of not secret, and a promivient member of
that the Alliance said:
vere "The entry of the Alliance into poli
less- tics having seemingly destroyed all in
;hat terest in the prime objects of the organ
?ien ization, and the recent actions of the
I.by county and State Alliances having
in- shown that all who will not follow the
ken behests of coat-tail politicians and swal
elp- low the vi:ionary sub-treasury bill in
din toto are to be held no longer loyal Alli
fall- ancemen or worthy of cousideration in
and the councils of the order, the Wedgelield
the Sub-Alliance is much displeased at this
mld prostitution of the organization, which
cat- is still worthy of great veneration in its
ppy true conception, and has decided that
in a rather than becompelled to give up their
nen manhood and the inalienable right to
and think and vote as the members choose
rear they will leave the organization to the
fate which is yawning to rective it, if
bele- its present policy and leaders are fol
e- Planning e Ohio Caimpaign.
eck- C0'UDUS, 0., July 23.-Thc Demo
lour cratic State executive committee has
nes extended a formal invitation to Ex
was President Cleveland to aeliver not less
I red than six speeches in behalf of Governor
Illed Campbell during the coming oarnpaign.
Assurance was given that the Ex-Pres
the ident would accept such an invitation.
,ath Governor IIill, Gen. Palmer. Governors
>ned Peck and Boles, with Senators Voor
niu. hees, Vance, Vilas and other represen
vere tative Democrats will be asked to give
ver, aid to the campaign. James E. Neal,
pen who led Governor Campbell to victory
uin- two years ago, was selected as chairman
f of of the campaign committee. Trhe State
g to campaign will open about the 1st of
Iat Sam ,Jones Rotten Egged.
Ile OUsroN, Texas July 29.--While
ire preaching to a large audience here to
te night and when in the middle of his
ises discourse, some people on the outsidle
ni a turned out the lights and rotten egged
a Iev. Sanm Jones and his audience, most
dof whom were ladies. There is great
ns indignation felt, and trouble may en
to 1'rimnary Election in Haruwel.,
eu- BAIINwELL, ,July 27.- II. II. Crtim
nto has been elected to the I[ouse at the
ted. primary to fill D)r. S. S. Owens's place,
ite- and WV. S. Bamberg to fill the place of
the Senator D). II. Paul Sojourner. No op
un- position to either on the last primary.
for- A light vote was polled of about 550.
IRheumatism is cured by P. P. P.
Pains and aches in the back, shoulders,
>.-- knees, ankles, hips, and wrists are all
H.io attacked and conquered by P. P. P.
all- This great medicine, by its blood
ous cleansing properties, builds up and
ity, strengthens the whole body
has IRheumatism.-James Paxton, of Sa
va- vannah, GIa., says lhe had Rheumatism
are so bad that he could not move from
the bed or dress without help, and that
ler- he tri ed many remedIes, bitt receivedl
oeno relief until he began the use ot P. P.
'ne- P. (PrIckly Ash, Poke Root and Potas
ver sim) andh two bottles restored him to
The importance of purifying the
dy- blood cannot b6 ov-er-estimated, for
In without pure blood you cannot enjoy
are good heith. P. P'. P. (PrIckly Ash,
Poke Root and Pottassium) is a mirac
oy- ulous blood purifier, performing nmore
>w- cures in six months than all the sarsa
No parilias and so-called blood purifiers
ver put together.__ ___
en-ADVICE TO WOxm
een If you would protect yourself
ear from Painful, Profuse, Scanty,
E, is Suppressed or Irregular Mon
Pie- struation you must use
CAnTxnSVIrLI,E, ADprii 21, 1888.
e.This will certfy that, t.wo mornbora of my
v.imm,ediate.faih y, after having suifered for
it r from e1 nmtrual rrren uarity,
.treated without benefit yph yaicta i,
were at length cornpletely curd byone both
sle of Bradfl d'e emaal Regulator. t
effect is truly wonderful. .J. w. STRANoS.
all- Book to "wOMAN "maled FRF,wheh contains
ialuabie Information on all femaio dseaues.
Lhe BRADFIELD REGULATOR CO.,
fIr. ATLANTA, GA.
Vas gR BA LE BY ALL DBUGGZB2h
ofk' Fist las Work.
red V ery Low Prices.
at- BuggIes, Carriages, Road.Carts, Waugons,
wo atc., ,Warranted Second to none.
hie Inquire of nearest dealer In these goods,
wee or send for Catalogue-MentIoning thir
nHOL LER & ANDERSON
to IBUGGYl C .. ROOK H ILL, 8. (..
da- - ~
A GREAT OR'EB THAT MAY NOT A0AlN
BE REPEAT11D, so DO NOT DELAY,
"STRIE WHILE THE IRON IS 1IOT."
Write for Catalogue new, and say whal
paper you aw this advertisement in.
Remember that I sell everything that
goes to furnislhing a home-manufactur
lng sopne things and buying others in the
largest possible lots which enables me to
wipe out all competition.
LIERE ARE A FEW OF MY START
A No. 7 Flat top Cooking Stove, full
size, 15x17 Inch oven, fitted with 21 pieces
of ware, delivered at your own depot,
al freight charges paid by me, to
only Twelve Dollars.
Again, I will sell you a 5 hole Uookin
Range 13x13 inch oven, 1x26 inch top, nt
ted with 21 pieces of ware, for TiiIR
TEEN DOLLARb, and pay the treight to
DO NOT PAY TWO 1U;lESFO
I will send you a nice plusli Varlor suit,f
walnut frane, either in combination oc
Danded, the juost stylish colors for 33.60,
to your .ailroad station, f reight paid.
I will also sell you a nice Bodroinos uit,
usisting of Bureau with glass, 1 hign
oad Bedstead, I Washstand, 1 Uentre
able, 4 cane seat chairs, I cane seat and
back rocker all tor 16.6u, and pay I reigl
to your depot.
Ur I will send you all elegant bedroutm
ult Wit large glass, lull 11arUle tWp, Lur
30, anu paty Ireiglit.
N Ice winuow shade on spring rulier t o
Elegant Jarge walnutd day clock, 4.0i
WaInut lounge, 7.i
Lace curtains per window, 1.0U
1 cannot describe overytuing in a satai
F advertiseuient, but iave an iluninse store
I"containlig 22,600 feet of IOor roonm, witih
ware houses and factory uldingsinonhi
parts of Augusta, Lnaking in all tie lar
gust business 01 tIts Kinu under one mnan
agunment in uite bouthern btatws. Tese
8wsanua warehouses are crowued wit,
tle chiceMt productious of Ela est, Lacuk
rIes. M1) calt.tigue con talning itustraItIon
I gOous will oU nileu it you will KIldl
Oa.y Wilt,L .y oU saw Gils ave tisunUnt. .1
pay treight. Address,
L. I. PAUEff,
froprnctor 1'adgett's Furniture, btovt.
and Carpet, 6oru,
111.0-1112 3ro.ttl atmel,, A Lik u zTiA, ktA.
FOR Tk'R EQ
MAN AND WOMAN.
-II p'rIfy red vitalize your
h t *r - ated Ktapltitm nid give your
A i an-ueIm t railrowi ,.. -: ie dent pit
--a m h.eutfering with 1':*.*.. . I..
11ta11Tlh atism Sa'it.
h T f- Ivt N . ea 4.,j
.. - 'tt onetAt, uto
Tf you aro ftee.lin1 W-l1iy In the Spring
nid out of torts. tiake
ta your dIg~estive organs need tonIng up,
If van u tI'er wIth hceadacho, indigestion,
,debityr ndl weakneas~, take
P. P. P.
If you ieuffer wIth rervous prstrationa,
*nerves unatruntg anid a general let down
of the ayatetln, take
For B3loodI Potsnn. Ithecumatismn Scrof
ulta, Old Bores. Malaria, Chroio iremale
Prickly Ash, Poke Root
The best belood IpurIfier In She world.
TIPPMAN 11l8b., Wholesale Drugghsta,
4~~ " ele P'roperintors,
L1PPL&e's IILoCK, i3avannalJh, Ga.
DO YOU WISH TOa
IiE u3OIM OF YOURI OWN%
THEN UY THE THOMAS STEAM
P'RESS AND SEED UOTT1ON
It is the mlost perfect system in u1se, un
loading cotton from wagons, cleaning and
delivering it into gins or stalls. Cotton
does not pass thrtonghl fan and press re
qiuires no pulley nor belts. It saves time
TALBOTT & SONS'
ENGINES AND) BOILERS, STATION
ARtY AND) PORTABLE. OILD DO
T1ALBOTTeS SAW MILLS, IMPLROVElD
FRICTION AND) ROPE FEiiD
S200 TO $600
'LUMMUS AND) VAN WINKLM COT
T1ON GINS AND) COTTON PRfESSES.
We offer Saw Mili Men and Ginners
the most complete outfits that can be
bought andi at bottom prices.
V. C. BADHAM,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
TIHl E TAL4BOTT ENGINE IS IlH E
WRY NOT USE OURS?
MUR RAY'S IRON MIXTURE
GENUINE BLOOD TONACi
Is a Blood Prl8fer and Spring Medioinel
We are the Manufactures and Sole Pro.
prietors of both.
Trhis is the tune of the year the system
requires atonic and the blood a purifier.
Our stock of D)rugs. Medicines, Che'mi
Oalr an Drugtisto Mi$ undries is complete.
be excelled, We solicen your patrnano.
The Murray Drug Co,
Before assuring your
life, or investing your mon.
ey, examine the Twenity
Year Tontine Policles of
LIFE ASSURANCE SOCIETY
Policies maturing in
1891 realize cash returns
to the owners, of amounts
varying trom 120 to 176 per
cent, of the money paid in,
besides the advantagos of
the Assurance ,luring the
whole period of twenty
The following Is one
of the many actual oases
maturing this year:
Endowient Policy No. 64.925.
Issued in 1871, at age 27. Amount, 05,600.
Premium, 239.90. Total Premiums Paid,
R IC 8 U L T S
at end of 'I outine Period in 1891:
(ASH SURRENDER VALUE, 18,449.45,
(Equal to $176-10 for each
$100 paid in premiums
which is equivalent to'a re
turn of all premiums paid,
with interest at 7Y per
cent. per annum.) Or, In
lien o. cash,
A PAID-UPl LIFE POLICY FOR$19,470.
(Equal to :405.80 for each
$100 paid in premiums.)
A LIFE ANNUITY of V63O.55
One fact is worth a thousand theories
There is no Assurance extant in any coum.
pany which ocmpares with this. The
Equitable is the strongest company in the
world and traisacts the largest business.
For further information address or apply
to the nearest agent of the boolety, or write
W. J. RODDEY,
tilENiE BCAI A4JE.NiT,
April 8-3m RlOK Ii iLL, S. U.
MOST SKILLEDI WORK(MEN,
80111 Carolina MarFlo Word&
F. H. HY ATT,
Is the best phace In South Carolina or
Bouthern States to secu re satisfaction in
American anid Italian Marble WVork. All
&iend for prices and full informationa.
F. H. H YA TT'
Apriily1 COLUMBIA. S. .
IUCTRYu FOR TIRE MAILOR
ECxhibited side by side with Its leading
competitors at the State Fair, 1890. 3
Thie Superlntendlent and Committee of
hle Mecharnical Department, in inspectIng
hose features not inclnded in tihe Premium
bist, deem worthy of special mention the
sailor Seed Cotton Elevator Distributor
nd Cleaner exhibited by TW. H. Gibbos,
'i'he systenm operates most efflolently, and
nuRoh improves the sample, facilitates the
rinning of wet cotton ,and saves largely in
abor and cost of handling,
Th'ie.Committee recommend to the farma,
ursof the State an investIgation into tiI.
neritsiof tihese dtevices.
[Slgned-j D). P. D)UNCAN,
W. I. GIBBE5, Jn., & O,,
State Agents and D)ealers in first clast
dIachnerf,l Buggmes, Wagons, &c.
SPEcIAL,.-.-T1o test the advertising valug
'f TH's STATE, we will sell to any farme
eferring to that paper one of the oest Dow
.aw Cotton Planters made for 4.35, cash,
heli usual price is 15.00.
W. R.GIBBES. Ja.,& I,
LIPPH3AN BROS0., Whelegale Dmg~u.
gol ProDatetor, Lipp,sa ',1uled, SavuandOs
I NE 8I0IASES.
IRRY MPG Co a..,..VLL. T-r.