Newspaper Page Text
THE COTON ACREAGE,
A CONVENTION CALLED IN AUGUSTA
TO REDUCE IT.
This Important Subitot Is Euchaluing
the Attention of Southern Business Men
iverywhere--Meeting Held in the Au
AUo'USTA, GA., Dec. 30.-There was
a good attendance of representative
business men at the meeting at the Ex
change yesterday at noon. President
Douqf ty said the object of the meeting
wes known to all. It had been stated
in the call, and was for the purpose of
discussing the best meails to Insure a
reduction in cotton acreage for the next
crop, and to select delegates to attend
tl e convention called for the same pur
so, in Mempl 's, on Jan. 6, 1892. A
4Etter had been written to the Memphis
Bichange asking information about
i,e scope and possibilities for success
V.their meeting, but they had not yet
lifn heard from. It was deemed ad
visable not to wait to hear from Mem
phis, but to proceed at once in tihe mat
ter for themselves. The meeting is
rcady for business.
IIon. Patrick Walsh said any man
with any business sense e in a, )reciate
the necessity of ieducing the acreage
in cott 1. If somietiiig is not done
and the farmers contei to making such
ti nc tdous c .,ps and fcrcing the price
of e( ton down below the cost of pro
duction it will ioean the paralysis of
the South. 'I he business men are be
coming aroused to the necessities of
the case, and . .eetings to taKe steps in
ti is matter have been called in Mont
gomery and in Yemphis. These will
be atte,lded perhais by persons in that
territory, but if it - pos ible there
ought to be a general conveution, at
which represenativ<,; fr( I all tton
growing Stat shall tiect. We sh< !Id,
I an sure, call a ipeting at least Ior
the people of Georgia and Carolina,
and if it is impraleticable to get a gen
eral convention, a tj amber all along t lie
liae migt-t answer the saie purpose.
I mIove the al): 'tm -t of a cominit
tee of th,ee to pr. .re resolutions fo
adoption by this meeti og. Carried, and
Messrs. 'atrick Walsh, W. F. Alexan
der and Asbiry 1 ]ull appointed onl the
Mr. W. J. Cranston said i; seemed to
him it was time 1ie South was doing
sonet h ing to Prot ect tersel!'. The cot.
101 c p of 'TO '.l was 8,6f ),000 bales,
ani this year it, i expuct'd to reach
,0J0,CC'J. MiIdIling cotton is quoted
at - ce its, and selling a sixteenth mder
that. With this - t of thing kept up,
as Mr. W alsh has so well said, paralysis
of all the business interests of the South
1h bound to result. For Ii i lf, he be
lieved the receipts wot-'d rtainly fall
off after the hohltays and that the crop
would not exceed 7,79,0G. Mr. Crai
SLOO then read tihe fo!lowing from the
Nmv York Herald:
"I atm capable of oeit her astonislment
nor s rn, says a great ir odera state.;
ma i: t-1 ese are i he sentiments ofv outh.
l'his is all well v tough in its way, but
any mIanl who is a bull on cotton would
have i) en astoiothed at the capers of
the market to-day and (ecidedly dis
"oted, too. Prices cased off a lit tle at
:4, o% ng to a declline in Averpool,
Ait speedily rallied on loc!l huying
'd shorts covering. Then a bonibshell
was tossed ito tre camp in thte shape
of an estimate on the crop by a com
mercm' c I.eml orary of 8,41.0,000 bales.
It struck the mnarket like (ytiinite,
and it fell 18 to 19 poinmts with a crash.
WVhile this estitmate tlOubtedlyV had a
matrkedi etfect, old and tonservative
merchants to-night say that esti mates
above or below 8,000,000) hales should
-either not be made at all or else' should
be made with the utmost caution. A
good deal of sympathy is felt here for
Southern interests, which are depressed
by thte abnormam cheapness of cotton,
and anything like an overestimate of
the prop would be greattly deprecated
by tmerchmnts of the htighest statnditng
in this g.eat comtrercial cenitre."
T1hat estimate al)ove referred to, said
Mr. Cranston, wvhch has dlone suchl
damage to the South, was by Birad
street, whto receives the greater part of
htis income c.om the patronage of the~
Sooth in .buying htis hooks. Biut in
spite of this he sLabs us on Christtmas
10ye with an outrageous estimate of
the crop which is bas.ed oni nothing,
and is the wildest and most unitouiodett
guess. lBut we tmust see to it that next.
* year's crop is much smaller than last
year's or thtis year's. Fac.ors have
warehouses full of cotton now, and it
* we advance on crops and bring in an
other big crop ont tolp of the two last
there is no telling how low cott an wilt
go. WVe mast '-ke some actiotn in this
matter curse yes, x id also appoint three
delegatt to Memphis.
The committee on re&solutions, hay
retmired to get up their report, re
en d anid Chairmn Walsh mlade the
wing ret L:
.ereas, Theli Aumgusta lE.chaege dc.
in every practical way to loste:
~4interests oi toe farmer and thereby
mote the genermal advatncemetnt of
Whereas, It has become self evident
that the productin Of ctOt,on by Soth
ein planters exeends thle ' emulnds of
the World's conk umnptton a - remneram
tive p)rices; be it theref ore,
Resolved, That a cotnvetntion of cot
ton, planters, cotton factors, Alliance
meni, presidents ;"md members of the
various agricoltural socteties, Comi
mi-sioners of A'mentltt'e for thme sev
eral States, mer-e ants~tt and membrs of
cottotn exchanges mi GJeorgia, Ca-ohitin
andi the Sombi generally, he called to)
meet at Augnsta at n)oonf, oni the 27tht
( day of Jantuary, 18l1, the purpose of
the conve itlon bieitng to o operate and
assist the plant -rs and Alliantcemen ini
formiulating sonir e fective tilan to ctlr
tail t.he cotton acreage, and reli've thte
burdeni now resting upon t'e agricul
tural interests of t ne South; Jie special
rates given by the railroa'ds at that
titme offering unusur;' facilities for
making a succe: s o thuis mceting and
securing a las ge attendance.
* The resolutions were unanimously
adopted, and on motion tihe Secretary
3, o' the Exchange wats instruct,ed to
send a special int itation to lI on. .Jere
miah Rtusk, Cotmmissioner of Agricul
*. ture ol' the United States to att.end ,e
On motion of Mr. Thomas W. P 'ex
r,audem, the following resolution was
Resolved, Tha, a committee of live
be. appointed to address a ci ct''ar
letter LO alt Cotton Exchanges and
Boards of Trade throughout the South
calling attenition to the para lysis of t rade
now threatenIng this section due -o the
-overproduction of cotton, and request
Ing them to take In their Individnal.ca
pacities son a action lookIng forwaird
ta decrea4in cotton acreage for 1892.
The convention will be held while
he carnival is going on in this city,
a*d those whto wish to attend can come
Io Augusta at the low .atc of.one cent
, mie for the round trip.-COhronicie.
Cratahed to Death.
LONDON, Dec. 28.-The inquest int o
the cause of thie disaster at the Theatre
Royal, Gateshead, by which ten persons
lost their lives, 6wing to a'panic on Sait
urday night, caused by an alarm of flre,
na commenced today.
An Imitator of Jone.
NASHVILLE, Tenn., Dec. 31.-Mar
on and Dave Beatty and Gwyn 13ow.
len. of Fcltress county, on the U pper
rcnnessee, lie dead in their houses, and
Edward Harris. their murderer, Is a
fugitive from justice, with a reward of
.ered for his apprehension and delivery
at Jamestown. Three months ago,
Mary Beatty, sister of two of the dead
iici, caused the arrest of her own fittlier
an a scaudalous charge, since which
time she has beei living with distant re
latives, llirain Iarris's family. Yes
terday tle Harris family, accompanied
uy Mary Beatty, came to town, the lat
Ler to appear before the grand jury to
testify against her father. On their re
turn honc, after court had adjourned
yesterday, they were followed by three
men, who comnianded the girl to return
to her home. When the girl refused to
comply with their demand, Marion
struck his sister a cruel lash with his
whip, and also lashed young Edward
Iarris, who attempted to defeud her.
The next moment young Harris !iad
drawni a revolver, and presenting it
squarely at Mario) Beatty, lie pulleil the
trigger. A sharp report followed, and
Manon BeatGy Fell dead from his horse,
with a bullet through his heart. By this
time Dave Beatty clutched at the boy,
and Harris struck him wit'i the butt of
the revolver, breaking his skull. Three
shots were received by Gwyn Bowden,
an(1 arter finishing him, Harris shot
Dave Bcatty through the head while
he wils writhing and wriging oi
the ground. ! iarris kissed the girl and
his mother. and taking 1owden's hor.c,
led. Thie Beattys have alwayvs enjoyed
the respect of the people of tle country,
and six yearp ago Claiborne Beatty was
a representative in the legislature. le
was engaged ini merchandise and lumber
oi-t'ainiA, S. C.. Dec. 28.-A most
daring wicape from the penitentiary
was discovered yesterday morning when
the guards unlocked the cells of the
mile portion of the iosttitition. They
foutid .Joe Green nad William PerrY ,
both in for life were nissing. Intves
tigaton showed inat a hole had been
cut in the brick arch over their cell
with an old chisel which they had pro
erved by somie means. 'T,hrough the
t )' ii,q imade they got on the roo,' and
camne dowi by the way of' the fire es
r pe to tlte gronid. ''hey crossed the
3airJ, broke the lock oi an iron gate
pear the hosiery fact.ory and were sate.
I'tiore going ol the outside of the wall
t.hey % went, to the co 'im4issary store,
Chatived their sti ip's for cit izeis clot h
ig, took enough supplies to last. themi
' veral days and left. W'ere tie guards
wert- while all this was going on is a
(pnestion mid a suggestion has been
imiade that they wero asleep. .Aht the
place ihey catme out and down from
the btiilthig was out. of' observation of
Ithe guards and that they did thei r vork
so quiietly its not to attract attention.
"'Oine0 other prisotters hearl the noise
of ji".tig in te commiiiissary store
bi', Ltoghit n1otiling of it, sUtsosMig
soime sit pplies were being received. 'lie
wh(reabouts o' the inegeoes is uinkinown
althoiugh dilligent search has been
made for them. One is black and has
'.1one teye, there being a sear over
.6 lost eye.-Record.
Couli Not Fiiid her Child.
A'Ti'uANT'IA, GA., Dec. 24I.-There lies
dAin. at St. Joseph's In'irm'y a Prus
sian Countess, who ihas passedl eighi een
years looking for her chiildh. She is tile
Count.ss Meini Von Zeilieka. A litt!c
over twenty years ago the Countess
Von .h'witzska was one of the happ)iiest
maidens in l'i'ussia. Clouds soon dirift
edi scross her horizon. P.er father was
exiaied' and she was forced to mairy a
man whom she neiithen loved nor re
sjlected, Von Zeldiek-a, oin oli :er in the
Thet huti'band1t autsed his wi fe, whio
final ly refused to live with) him, lie took
ohirly o, a bria5,ht, ltlhasome clil.
arid Iet ItlI'russia. She .soldh her estates
and, leai'niing thlat lier hutsbanid was in
Amer'ica, followed him to this counti'y.
Slhe could get no0 trace of' the boy. 11er
hush.ind, she lear'ned, died several y'ear's
ag.o, leaving thie boy aloine.
She wanideed from city to city until
lher iortuniie wats almost exhatustedl. Thein
shie taruht muhtsic to earni a livelihood.
Shle wa .s ar hrt haant musician and1( ltond al
ways~ any numilbe'r ol f'amil ies who were
glad to have lien instruct t,beir ci)hidren.
In this way she mianiagedl to live corm
tortably in Art'anta. Now she is dying
from pnecutmonia. She has willed all she
has to the S -r's.
A M"iraculona, E,,cape.
brick d wellhntg ot' A. 1". Pr'iichardi, 2,1118
Small mani street, was blown to atoms
shioi'tly bef ore 1 o'clock tis muorninig
by an explosion of natural gas. iPritch
ardt, his wi fe and three childre i, ai hired
boy named David I oe 3, and liarbara
Rleichi, a servanlt girl, wvere buried in
tile ruins. Wisen rescued they were all
foun td to be m1o. a r leqs seriously burn
ed andi brai d, but no one was fatally
ijuired. Theii cause of t'ie explosion
was gas leakage in the cellar. Mlr.
i'ri:hiard keeps a grocery store in his8
building, and( wenlt Ii >tile cellar to find
a basket for a customer, which he had
stored away, lie struck a match and
the explosion followed. Th'le coneus
sion1 was terrific. piieces of the buildling
being blown half a uquare away. It is
considermed a miracle thaut any of' those
in I hu buiiling at the timie should have
escaiped with their lives. A irs. I 'rich
ar id antd three childreni, agedt 3,' an 1 9111
yeara r('spectively, were in) bed (on the
lum i Iloor and wiere takenti of1 the
D)eatni By Electricity.
Oh NxaE, N. J1., D)ec. 20.-FIranak I'
Williams, a mIilkmtlan, was killed by an
electric shock on .11 i:;h street at, 11
o'clock thus morning. An old utnused
wire of' the district messenger service
broke during the night and fell acr'oss
the wires of the city lighting system,
which carry a volt.age oh 2,U000. This
morning while Williams was dielivering
rnilk his horse went athead andt, coming
fi conltact with the wire, was knocked
Clown. Williams ran to its assistance,
and was struck in the face by the wire
which he caught hold of with both
lIflnds and( held on to. No one saw the
acc'idenmt. WVilliams' body was taken to
the mlorgue. Rloundsman 1)rabell
LOond tire wire ii a dangerous condi
tIon early In the nighlt, and notilled the
Essex County ,Electric company. Tile
engineer of the company went to the
spot and mlade an examination and de
cided that there was no danger.
Starving to Death.
NE~W YORIK, Dec. 28.-According to
statements made by the warden and at
tendants in Ludlow street jail, Edward
M. Field Is in bad condition, lie
neither eats nor drinks and is growing
perceptibly weaker every day. HIe pass
sd a very restless night and this morn
ing efused to tako breakfast. Hie
u'om hlos of pains in his head. ils
phys' .lans called yesterday and left
som ine. but he refused to touch
RE -UCE COTTON ACREAGE
ONI 'ONE WAY TO SECURE BETTEI
He -, MeC 1 ure4 lVuUt be TaLen Imae
dli Qly by Cotton PlAUters, Factore. an
Me chants-Mr. She,person't Advic
Wit ch onr Farmers Should Follow.
SA ANNA H, G; 1ec. 24.-TheT follow
ing letter his been received by Alessr.
W. W. Gordon & Co., from Mr. Alfre
87 COTTON EXci A NUE.
NEw YOnK, Dec. 21, 1891.
Mlessrs. V. V. Uordon & Co., &vanna
DI;Alt S1n.s:-Middling uplands col
ton i quoted to day at 7 15-16c. in thl
mat ket. and 4 jid in Liverpool. Thes
are ,he lowest prices of this seasor
The Liverpool quotation is 4%d lowe
than during the depression of last sei
son, while the New York figures are v
the lowest price of that season.
Ul on the basis of these prices the r
tui n made to the planter is undouutec
ly le.i than the average cost of produq
T,h' depression now existing an
whic!' has characterizea the cotton mal
ket for many months is caused by tt
exce.;sIve supply and is due to over pr<
duction in this country.
Most people have a theory that whe
any commodity is selling below its ac
ual c(,st, an advance must necessaril
and speedily follow.
Confronted with the condition <
over itocked markets in Amertc
Eurtpe and Indin, and the immense r,
ceipts from our present crop, this Ih4
ory Las not been of the least avail t
stem the tide ot depression. Impor
ant .taples often sell below their cos
and vorn has been so cheap at tile We
as to be used by the farmers for fuel.
The price of cotton as of every oth
commodity, is regulated by supply ai
dem-ind. Combinations or speculatiot
may temporarily effect or impede r
opert-lion, but in the end the law <
supp!y and demand in its relation 1
vali, s is inexorable. The cultivatic
of I .ton is the greatest interest in tL
Soul '. 'The price realized for the crc
aiTe:'s every business an(d iniustry i
the iotth whose success depends I
any t;egree upon home support. Unr
mm raLive prices for cotton mea
scarty of money, restricted trade, an
finan-tial embarrassment it ever
brat h of business throughout the co
.1To secure any marked improvemei
in th price of cotton, tho chief essei
tial -ill be to give to the world som
cert:.n assurance that t he present larg
stoci will be diminished in the net
futi e and not again augm(nted b
atol,-er large crop in 1892. If such ai
tion hould be takein at the South as t
indio e I lie belief that the acrea1e
the iext cotton crop would certaini
be ii, tterially redi!ced a liberal advamn
in pr ces would ahmost certainly enst
Spii-ers and merchants would n<
wair for the stocks to be actually larg
ly d;,-nished by reison of a reduce
crop, but would discount thie fa4
mont is m advance of its actual acon
F",I years past many of the best me
of tlh South have urged the policy
plan ing less cotton and more corn
has "suially resulted in a general acqu
e'scer 3C in the so0oess1l25 of the advic
whil.' each indcividunal planter has arti
ally 'iut in a lit.tle more cottoni anid
litt.le less corn, thinkinr his neighb:
would do just the opposit.e and brin
abot the result of making cotton hig
and .corn cheap. Nearly every plantt
thought it would be a shrewvd thing t
bave a fuill crop of a dear commuodit
and a small crop of a cheap one. Ti
last .eason resulted in giving themn
very big crop~ of very cheap cotton, an
a evsmall crop of very dear corm
ITpresent crisis is so grave, involvin
as it does, many inlterests besides co
toin planting, that decided nmeasurt
seem to me to be imperatively dlemnan(
ed t" avert impending financial disa
ter to) the South.
A reductiona of cotton acm eage cou ple
wvith an increased acreage in grai
would be of such incalcuable advantag
to the'. planters, merchants and maui
facti'rers thlat all should heartily unit
to brintg about this result.
Au indiefinite agreement to redlu(
cotton acerage wvill not begin to met
I beg to suggest that a practical plt
and one almost certain of successfulI re
sults, would be for the factors and mel
chaims of each place to agree with eac
other not to mvne adlvanices to ain
planter upon the ne':t crop uiP is upoC
the positive i iderstandhing that suc
planter would plant 10 per cent. he:
cottoni andi devote the decreased ac
age to cos in additio.i to his previo.
acreage inl grain. T1heun have the plan
ers ot each election precinct form ".ec
Per (Cent. Clubs," agreeing with e-tc
other to put 10 per cemut. less acreag
in cotton andl to put in corn every act
thtus takenl from cotton, for the nem
With only a fair season, a crop 4
8,000,000 bales of cotton can be grow
upon the present acreage. A reductio
of 10 per centt. would prob1ably redn<
tho next crop to ab)out 7,200,000 balh
or less, andl the markets of the w~orl
would be relieved of the pressure of tI:
A Liarge reduction of acreage woul
not lhe advisable, as it would tend t
stimulate prOdluctionl in other cou:
ties, while a smaller reduction woul
not b: sulliciently radical to accomnplis
tbe dh aired resuilt.
I ha',-n no pecuniary interest, direc
ly vir inudircLlty, in cotton andl have ha
nonne for mana yetirs. Aly friends
thme C' tton trade here are all well awai
of thu; fact, andl it is perhaps scarce
niecesa~iry that I should assure you ofi
I live niot thlought it necessary
give any statistics of the present stoc
of cotton in America and Eu rope cor
pared withI previous years, for you al
familiar withl the subject. The visib
sumppiv of the world is today 1,125,01
bales greater than f or the correspon
lug time last year, 1,000 more thi
in 1% a nd 1,615,000 more than in 186
Tl'is lVtter is promipted by my sen
of the graivity of the situiatin and
earnest desirt to suggest some praci
cal Ian of relle?, whichl, with t]
welgat of your approval, would me
with acceptance by the merchants am
plan ters of the South.
Yours very truly,
A LFmD B. SInEPPEns(
Foil Into a NInety-Foot Weil.
CA nrLLAC, Mich,., Dec. 31.-Geor
Stevenson, Jr., 12 years old, residii
on a farm near Thorp, in this Count
loll into a dry wveli Saturday 'evenin
The 'yell wee ninety feet deep, and tl
fall protably causedi death. The oli
his lantern exploded and set fire to t1
rt mains. The father, surprised at t
boy's long absence, started for the har
andi madte the horrible discovery frc
the odor of burning flesh. The remai
could not be recovered until Sunda
The head was burned beyond recogi
CHILE MUST APOLOGIZE OR FIGHT.
The PresIdent Ieady to Ask ConUrese for A I
ower to Deoiaro Wac.
NEw TORK,Dec. 28.-The Washing. A
ton coirespondett of the New York a h<
Herald telegra pbs that pp per as fol)ows: ElII
"1 have ohtaioed the most valuable in. wi
a formation that has yet been made public ner,
regarding the Chilean affair. There is era
e no question that the administration ex- mai
pects a full refusal from Chile to comply nO
with the demand for an apology and il t
indemnity, and Is ready to ask congress into
for power to declare war, for which pre- han
parations have been and are being made. agai
"Chile, feeling that she is iu the right, 6,
has determined not to apologize, even
at the cannon's mouth. in
"Such is the situation upon the diplo- you
matic chess-board. oA
"Chile has not yet asked for arbitra- a bE
tion, but it is known to the cabinet and "
8 your corrcspondent that she is likely to Mr.
e (10 so. Jk
"Senor Montt, the Chilean minister, per,
has long doubted the intention .of this ".
r government, to declare war in the event han
t- of Chile's refusal to accede to our de- [d
t mands. Today, however, he realized his T
mistake, and the result was that he the
3- cabled to President Montt that the sit- wei:
- nation here was very serious; that this 1
government meant light, and that the ceet
navy was being rapidly placed on a Mr.
d war footing out
r- "This in itself is startling news, and aga
e here is wiore of the same sort: and
- "Not only has the navy been made am(
available in event of hostilities, but "]
n great activity has taken place in the is o
t- army, and both Jepartments are now "
y ready to act in concert at a moment's rep
>f ''1 have it that Admiral Gherardi will hor
a, be pla ed in charge of the naval forces. joki
- Jt is also pretty deflnately settled that ",
L' (en. Miles will have command of the moi
,o lanl forces. hor!
t- "The plans have already been made to T
t, prompL.y move 10,0)O troops. The men an i
t, have been selected, the transports pro- abil
vided and all is ready to place this force fina
.r on Chilean soil soon after war is hor
d formally declared. It is proposed to take turi
is the:e troops from the regular service. pro
ts The Western fort which they willleave pro
t will begarrisoned by malitia and v3lun- he
.o teer frontiersmen. New Y )rk and other swe
n large cities, where troops are not needed, son
ie wil also be drawn on. These troops, as Jud
p planned, will leave the Unite States soa
n from several di Iferent points. Some will wa
n embark at San Francisco, and others at sai
i- Galveston, New Orleans, Key Vest and the
n other Southern points. 1B
d "Of course, a proposition to arbitrate Dui
y would seriously interfere with all this. his
t- "Minister Montt, who is an exceed- wot
imgly cau.tious man, and who knows his
Lt the dilliculties of advising the home Mr.
i- government when it is not blieved Th(
e there that this government means war, by '
:e has at last suggested to President Montt hor
Lr the propriety and advisibility of asking ovei
y this government to lay the facts in con- 1)um
nection with the Baltimore case before der
o board of .rbritration. thal
>t "I ain told that there is considerable wisi
y doubt as to just how this proposition
:e would be received."
t Their Houses Sinkli.
V WILKESB-ARi, Pa., Dec. 23.-The
d ground in the vicinity of the Gaylor wi
3A slope at Plymoutii began to settle sud- an
denly at about half-past three o'clock foil
n this afternoon, and in a very short time coil
>f the surface to the extent of two or three eva
Lt acres was broken up and caveing in. Ile
The big breaker of this mine is very dri
:shaky, and it may fall at any moment. at
aThe engine house, oil h ouse and storage in
>r rooms surrounding the breaker are roo
grad i;nlly sinking, and the machinery ber
is being removed as fast as possible by he
r gangs of men. who work in great dan- and
them at any momeDt. The stables near ~i
a' the engine house were first affected by ma:
athe caveini and were broken to pieces. not
dThe mulfes, however, were all saved by He
the diligence of the hostler~s, who cut pro
'their straps and let them out. The con
ghouse of a miner named Rkhard Glace, tiat
swihbgan tosink late In the after- z
.noo.i, is now in ruins. Lt wvas built of to ~
stone, and the first drop of the surface to 1
crumbled it to pieces. Glace and his to t
d family were luckily out watchiug the Mir.
n breaker. Their furniture is totally des. Ii
troyed. The breaker this eveni~ng is Hem
still mink ing. The timbers of tihe tres- bia,
etIe to tue culm piles are broken off and foil
the trestle is ini ruins. The breaker is "I
surroundled on one side b.y houses, b)ut stat
the cav'ein is fortunately extending in Mfr.
the op)posite direction, and no further Tue
damage may be done except to the mine Auj
,property. The of11cis say that the this
working under the cave are strong- Mfr.
h lv timbered, and they are unatble to ac. tra
Scount for the sinking unless the cave thai
n slants towardl some old wvorkings. The roat
I1 toun is graduially excited, aLnel a thoui- tim
ia id people are gathered at the scene of On
the disaster, perf
- - - -him
S Aseassinateud ,y ils Rivali.
n comes tonight from a town twenty miles TI
Inorthwest of here and near the Laud1(- bee:
0 erdale and Kemper county line, of a ter
0 most atrocious murder. On Thursday
tnight William Wright was married to W
a Miss Phillips, at the residence Po
i of the bride's parents. lrmmedliately of 1
'" alter the ceremony the~ bridal party re-' mach
4 paired to the p)arlor, where the merry.. be
:0 makinig began. Suddenly a crash of mat
as glass startled the p)arty, andI the next, In- Th
d stanit the groom cried out: "Mlv God! AI
o .I'm shot." Hie fell, and in a few min- 0P0l
utes expired in the arms of his newly gu
d made wi fe. The assassin wvas a man 12
,o name] .Johnson, W right's rival for the gait
1- hand of Miss Phillips. iIe wa' ted out- the
(I side the house until the ceremony was POul
hi performled and thieii discharged the con- The
tents of a doublebarreled shotgun at from
- the formnof Wright, whiich lie could see mug,
*d thirougli the drawn shades. Johnson clas
nwas capltu red by a constable who hap- the
e pened to be present at the wedding. pasI5
.y That oflicial started with his prisoner tue
'' for P~hiladeliau, Miss., but it s sup T h
o0 posed that JTudge Lynch has meted out con
k.Just punishmuent to the asassin. are
re .lltnmes theo Legial,t,ure. tn
Ie LAUimENs,S. C., Dec. 28-Gov. Till- thu
0man and several other gentlemeni were erl[j
[i- the guest of Senator I rby today. In tim
im the evening the gentlemen were sore- seas
8. naidedl and several of them made speech- con;
se Es. Gov. Tillman in his speech gave an met
mn excuse for not signing the bill for the is b
,j. extension of taxes, andl thbn proceeded cap
ie to excoriate Ihis Legislature. iIe said der
e.t that another term in oflice would be and
id necessary to make the reforms contem
plated. That in the tide which swept
from the mountains to the seaboard SI
)N much (dead rotten driftwood floated into bro
the Capitol, and that hie wvould have to wer
have a new Legislature. lie closed by ers
e saying that he would give them more wam
g when he again wont on the stump. sac
g. A Horrible Tragedy, log
de RuinMrON1, Va., Dec. 26.-A Golds- thr
in boro, N. C., special to the Dispatch says ihas
ethat W. II. PearsalI and .his wife and :the
efamily, living six ,miles from that city, por
were burned to death in their d welling geti
n,Tuesday morning. The charred bodies to]t
mof the victims were discovered yester- Sing
na day. Weightman Far mer, a former re- age
V. jected suitor of P~earsall's wife, has been has
ii- arrested on suspicion of having com- r
mitted the crime. o
A NOVEL HORSE TRADE.
torr.o Deater hells Big Horse for a
Handful of Gold.
U(- 3TA, Ga., Dec. 25.-There was
ws sale down at Oatts' stableS, on
s s, reet, early yesterday morning,
ch %as transacted in a peculiar man
anti riot in common with the gen
ity of horse sales. It was a bargain
le on the spur of the moment, and
r one man is out about $50. Early
he morning Mr. Nick Johnson came
the stables, having in one hand a
dful ot gold. Seeing Mr. C. C. Dun
a, he said to him:
will give you all the gold I have
my hand for that bay horse of
1ll right," said Mr. Dunagau; "it's
rite me out a receipt, then," said
Johnson, "and the gold is yours."
[r Dainagan, getting a sheet of pa
1eceived of Mr. Nick Johnson one
dful of gold for my bay horse.
ignedj "C. C. DUNAGAN."
he receipt was then exchanged for
handful of gold, and Mr. Johnson
it back and got the horse.
i the meantime, Mr. Dunagan pro
led to count the gold. By the time
Johnson was in the act of riding
of the stables on his horse, Mr. Dun
n had finished counting the money,
to his astonishment he found the
>nut was only $75.
1o'd on," said Mr. Dunagan, "there
nly $75 here."
kes, I know It," was Mr. Johnson's
y, and started to ride off.
Eou are not going off with my
se," said Mr. Dunagan, "I was only
ng when I ma le the bargain."
roding or no joking, you have the
icy and I hold your receipt, and the
ie is mine," replied M r. Jon nson.
he two gentlemen then entered into
mnimated discussion as to t ie owner
>of that bay horse. M1r. Johnson
lly said that he wonld return the
3e, provided Mr. Dunagan would re
i the $75 and 810 additional. This
position did not meet with the ap
bation of Mr. Dunagan, and he sAid
would go before a magistrate and
ar out a warrant against Mr. John
The two men then went down to
ge Hopkins' court. IIere, after
te more talk, seeing that the receipt
i dead against him, Mr. Dunagau
I that he would give Mr. Johnson
ut the delay was a fatal one for Mr.
iagan, for Mr. Johnson had raised
ante 840, and now declared that it
ild cost $125 for Mr. Dunagan to get.
horse back. This was too much for
Dunagan, but he could do nothing
whole matter was finally settled
Mr. Johhsen promising to sell the
ie at tie best price he could, and all
r 81:5 was to be turned over to Mr.
iagan. Mr. Dunagan is now a sad
but wiser man. ilo is convinced
it is by experience that we gain
Was Mr. Leitch Dt nk?
he Augusta Evening Herald, the
paper that charged Mr. Leitch
li being drunk, sticks to its charge,
on the 18th instant published the
'he Columbia Record's informant is
siderably off. Mr. Leitch, the noted
ogeiist, who was spoken of in the
:ald's article, was most certainly
nk and a good old fashioned drunk
hat. iIe came to the Augusta Hotel
~he afternoon and was assigned to
ni No. 18. At this time he was so
A bout ten o'clock Tuesday night
ivas seen to vomit on the office floor
wa-i 50 drunk that he did not know
had done so. Night Cierk R. J.
son then refused to allow him to re
n in the hotel, stating that he could
have the rooms messed up. The
'ald never publishes what it cannot
ve, anid, if wanted by the parties
oerned, the above will be substan
ed by aflidavits from respected citi
of Augusta. With all due respect
Ir. Pickett, the Herald is comipelled
aformn the public that his statement
be Record was a mistake and that
LeiLch was very drunk."
repl to this last article of the
ald, Rev. L. L. Pickett, of Colum
writes the Riecord of that city as
see the Augusta H-erald denies my
ements relative to the arrival of
Leitch In Augusta at 9 o'clock
sday night. It says he came to the
rusta hotel in the afternoon. In
the Herald is emphatically wrong.
Leitch and Rev. J. Ware Brown
eled with mes from Catersville, Ga.,
day, arriving on the Georgia Rail
I tramn at 8 p. m. St. Louis (their)
3, 9 o'clock Washington (our) time.
leaving the depot Mr. Leitch was
'ectly sober. I cannot answver for
at a later hour."
Thne Mason Cutton Hlaryejiter.
te following certificate wnich hasi
given the Mason Cotton Hlarves'
Company by the HIon. Patrick a
sh, president of the August a Ex- a
tion, 's a gratifying endorsement it
he practical usefulness of their
hinet for picking cotton, which will
rnanufactured and placed on the
ket during the coming season.
following is the certilicate: "The
on cotto,a harvesting machine was
'ated in a field of cotton in the Au
a Exposition grounds November
mid 13, 1891, and I am infor.ned
tered the cotton from the stalks at,
rate of 200 pounds an hour, or 3,000
nids per working day of ten hours.
cotton harvested was fairly free
n trash, was ginned without clean
and produced lint which was
sed as middling cotton. While
nmachtins does not gather, at one
iage, all the open cotton, it leaves
plants and unopen bolls uninju1redl.
essential feature of the machine is
tained in the picking fingers, which
so constructed that they discrimi
t between the open cotton and the
pen bolls and foliage of the plants,
i affording the opportunity of gat
ig the cotton by machinery from the
e it lIrst opens to the end of the
on. The machine as at present
structedl is not beyond improve
at, but its discriminating principle
oth ingenious and practical, and its
acity for work is sufficient to ren
it a valuab'e auxiliar.y to the slow
expensive process of hand-ptcking.''
Two Moe Outlaw. Lynched.
[IUJLITA, Miss., Dec. 28.-John Sims,
ther of Bob, and Mosley, a nephew,
e lynched last night, and the lnch
are in hot pursuit of a negro who
with Bob Sims the night he mas
red the Thompson family. Bob's
4lling, together with all out-build
s, has been burned, and every living
g except the family on the place
been killed. The Sims family say
y will leave the country. It is re
tedi that Neal Sims has gotten to
her about forty men, and threatens
mirn up Womack lill today. Bob
s' body and those of the three Say
a who were lynched a few nights ago
e~ been cut down and thrown in a
veyard. John Savage'd body is still
alt fays the Ffe
A GnEtI' OaI- A THAT MAY tl( ) IT
BE R)-,PEATEu. 60 DO N(O DM-AY.
"&r3TIB WE LS THI IRON IS HOT."
Writel for Catalogue now, and say wia
paper y u saw V its advertisement in.
Miwneinber that I sell everything that
gt isto urnishi.iga home-tanufactur
Ing som-i things and buying others In the
largest possible lots which enables me to
wipe ou , all core pet(tIon
HERE &RE A FEW OF MY 6TART
A No 7 Flat top Cooking Stove, full
size, 15x17 inch oven, fitted with 21 plees
of ware, delivered at your own depot,
all freight charges paid by me, tot
only Twelve Dollars.
Again, I will sell you a 5 hole Uookin
Range 13x18 inch oven, I8x2S Inch top, lit
ted with 21 pieces of ware, for THIR
iTEEN DOLLARS, and pay the freight tc
IDO NOT PA Y TWO PRICES FOB
I will send you a nice plush Parlor suit,
walnut frame, either in combination oi
banded, the most stylish colors for 33.50,
toyour .ailroad station, freight paid.
I will also sell you a nice Bedrolos uit
9onsisting of Bureau with glass, 1 high
head Bedstead, 1 Wabbstand, 1 Centre
table, 4 cano seat chairs, I cau seat and
back rocker all for 16.50, and pay I reigh
to your depot.
Jr I will Bend you an elegant Bedroom
suit witi large glass, full marble top, lot
I30, an. pay freight.
Nice window shade on spring roller * 00
legant large Euut,t day alclock, 4.0*
Walnut lounge, 7.00
Lace curtains per window, 1,0
Icannot describeaverytihing in a smiall
advertisement, but have an immense store
containing 22,i00 feet of floor rooma, with1
ware houses and factory buildings in other
parts of Augusta, making in all the lar
gest business of this ind under one man
agement in the Southern States. These
storsand warehouses are crowded with
the choicest productions of the best facto
ries. My catalogue containing illustrations
of goods will be mailed it you will kina)
6ay where you saw ,lu advertisuniot. I
Pay tLeight. Address,
L. F. PAUGETT,
Rroprietor Iladgett's Futuiture, btove
and Caret store, }
IL10-1112 Broad Street, AUGUSTA, GA..
DO YOU WISH TO
E 1112001 01F 11101R 01WI
MHEN BUY TUE THOMAS STEAM
PRESS AND SEED COTTON
It is theo most perfect systein u use, un
loading cotton from wagors, cleaning and
delivering it 'nt gins or stalls. Cotton
does not pass through fan and press re
guires no pulley nor belts. It saves time
and mon .y.
TALBOTT & SONS'
NGINES ANi) DIOILERS, STIATVION
EARY AND PORTABlE. OLD DO
TALBO .TIS SAW MILLS, IMPROVED
FRICTION AND ROPE FEED
1"00 TO 100
LUJMMUS AND VAN WINKLE COT.
TON GINS AND COTTON P'RESSE8.
We offer Saw Mill Men and Ginnurs
thae most conlete outfits that can be
isoughit and at bottom prices.
V. C. BADHAM,
COLUMBr A, S. C.
THE TALBOTT ENGINE 18 THF.
Who are for the first time to w.
tergo woman's severest trial we offev!
remedy which if used as directed for
few weeks before confinement, rohn
of its Pain. Horror and Risk to Life
f both mother and child, as thou-.
mude who have used it testify.
A Blessing to Expectant Rothers.
MoTnEn's FIIIKon Is worth Its wighnt
in gold. My wife mi,ffered more in ten~ min
utes with either of her first two chilidron
than she did altorether with her last, hzav
ing previously used'( tour b)ottles of Morn.
En's FRIEND. It nI a bie'sing to mothers.
Carmtl. Ill., Jan,., 1890, G. F. LoCKWOOD.
Oell,t of price $l. 0pr bottle o!r y l
druggist.. Book to Mother. meaied f .
BRA DrELD RaoUz,JrEOa Co,. Atlanta. qi.
First Class Work.
V e ry Low Prices.
Buuiesu, (arriages, Road Carti, Wagone,
aec., War'4ated Necond to none.
Inquire 01 nearest decaler In these gc>ds,
ar send for Catalogue-Mentioning thie
IIOL LFR & ANDERSON4
CO* S - Pp
Cu ALL EKIN
PP CUR ES,
' 1 at
. t A Bit , .' %V r opr at I oor , of
Aho CT.111A - T E. .'
lpI S? u bl iSl
p" R. P tsU
11"" D,ai4Ec. C brnle Tewia
crt "? o~,Ttter, 1cl 114', O-t.b .. .
P. P. . to g towerful Hi.. obi n Rxch
Leto oe ae1 aplonod e T' bm de d th
an mt-iehod . J s to to a trin r tular-il
>la Witou knoin hfAtttecto
Mue -ffere on e t e ol, or o
jico iins PfW16 f P-P-P. owcn y
LIPMiAN' BRO9.V Prp'tru
At the gin ota tM. 1 f. t. Obuer y in
and County. Jut befol'o Sta-tl)~ i aIlo
levator e 11ile had bee. twtt. ted by the
t fmet reod. Just aftorsta iog tow leva
or anoter balowasgitne fre i thesalo
)11(1. Without knowilig !111' ftt -t the cotton
Uyer offered one cent Per p0ut., d . r
hig bale ginned t.h t. of A.tWo leva.
,or. Read the statements or tit~ buyer anid
This will certify that of two samples ot
totton offered us today by Mr. Ih rose
ae arket value of one, ex d i th\n t of h
he other by one cnt rer poi nt .
[6igned.) D. CR&AWF0111-)J & SONS.
Thiss wil certify that the t 6"balw of
,.otton offered as abovo wet 1~III from thle
mame p)ile of seed cotton, ax--. , 11umied in tile
iame gin. Oneo was varriet. to Itho gin In
,)askets and ono through tLe ' .iior Seed
(Signed.) J. h". ROSE.
The best enis. P'asw, tElevate..e,
Engines and toe 'Uc:i ma;chzi.uery o' au'l
(in<1s, for sa'e bty
Co' UM M1A.8S. C.
I'HE LARGEST STIOCK.
J.OWiFS I.' PRICES
-F. H. HY.rT
athbetplace in South. 91
Southern Slates to secure s4
A.meriean and Italian Mab aoi
do ,Work. Al'
TA BiLE TS,
Send for prices and uili In fo NS c
A pril 8 1y COL U \1U
LIPPMAN 8BRO. Pro
Druggists, L.hppman's Block.- rs,
ATE and COMM ER CO0LLEOF
Vocal and Instrumental COURg
LIon,, PhysIcal Culiture, * At,~ EJOC I
Ling Domestte Econo &. Dress hut.
Btudles. NIne teachers. (okly Dibli
ear 180. Pu pIls from >:Imbont, laot
~tr( ng moral and rellg 'icountbon
bar room nearer than 'ene
Healthful locatIon, h-s.
level of the sea, 400 f a b)ove
P28 feet above Alken. . io : Col
Young iaadies can board wiUs'en Ce e
Dnly College In the State that gooCj
vIio n for yonng ladles to redu *as,y. ~, Wagons'
by doIng domestIe work. Seve,w
ror literary course and boa t es gi di
ion tha. ;100 to $130; music, $30o nlesg goods
ing, 120. Next session opes dfl .nng5l
23d. For catalogue add ress iO
Sep 9-3moe Leesv