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GOV. TILLMAN IGNORED.
ONLYA VERYSMALL MINORITY OF HIS
Tbe Legislature seemed to be Dead Set
Against Almost Every th iag the G over
nor Proposed-A Review of the Recom
mendations He Made.
NEWBERY, S. u., Dec. 31.-The last
General Assembly attempted more and
accomplished less than any of its prede
cessors. The majority of the members
went into office on the popular wave by
holding en to Tillman's coat tail. Most
of the ia had never had any experience
in public life, and there was a woful ig
norance on the part of many concermug
public alairs. Lawyers who had scarce
ly ever been entrusted with a hundred
dollar case; farmers who could not run
successfully a one-horse farm-there
were many Euch as these sent to legis
late for a millan poople and more than
a hundred and fifty millions of property.
They call themselves "reoriers,"
though wha there was to refo:mu they
never could be induced to say; and now
that their term is ended; after two yea s
of unrestricted sway and unlimited now
or, if they have retormed anything what
ever, there is vq, evIdence of it.
It would not be dillicult to sum up all
the Legislature did ti at was of any con
sequence to the people at large. It
passed forty-six joint resolutions and
287 acts-more than nine-tenths ofthein
being of a local or private character. Of
the acts of general public interest we re
call now the establishment of the girls'
industrial school, or rather the prelimi
nary steps for its establisment; I he anti
free pass bill, which affects very few
people except in so far as it tends to
keep pubic ollcers free from obligation
to raildroads and therefore not so !iable
to be "tamed" by them or subjected to
their influence to the (I riment oi the
people; tlhe establlihineti of the phos
phate commiksion; the abolition of the
depart ment, of agriculture; perhap:i ote
or two other acts, that we do -.oL now
To tell what it did not do would re
quire more space. A iaJor1wi,y were scit
to Columbia to do wbat Til un wanted
them to do. At the leZislative session
of 1890 the "reform" legiS[ator8 were
quite subservient to the wishes of )eir
chief, for lie was popular thn; but they
were mostly raw recruits and inexperi
enced in public affairs. They tried to (o
something, but leit most of the import
ont work of the sussion incomplete, and
it come over to the session of 1891 for
Between the session of 1890 and 1891
there was a decided change in populr
cehing. Governor Tillman, for some
reason, had lost much of his popularity
when the secoad session of the "reform"
Legislature opened. IIence it is that
many of his pet measures were entirely
ignored. We are not now speculating
a';out causes, but only recalling facts.
It is interesting, if not significait, to
recall the recommendations contained in
ieis Governor's Inaugural in 1890 and his
Mersa,e in 1891, nd see how many of
these recommendations were ''"sat upon"
by the Legislature -most of them at the.
Here Is a list of recammendation:
1. 'lo have the counties dlivided1 into
square school districts not more than
thirty-six nor less than sixteen square
iles, with one white and one cotoredl
school in each. This Jailed.
2. To have school trustees elected by
residents of the school dlistrict. Failed.
3. To mnal.e the po011 t ax $3. Failed.
4. To provide for having the State
publieh the school books. Fariled.
5. To providae an industrial school for
girls, and as a prchminary step) to adopt
the Winthrop Trainig School. Adopt
ed; but the practical details remain to be
car'riedl out by another J.egislature.
6. To iequire each county to support
its or patients in the L4un-tic Asylum.
7. To call a constitutional convention.
8. To reapp)ortion representation in
the House of Representatives. Adopt
9. To rearrange Charleston and Berke
ley Counties, so na to give t,he former
more area, as the cutting off'of the latter
gave It less area than the constitution
10. The enactment of a new i ailroad
law "similar to that of Georgia." A
new law was passed at the session of
1890. but the Governor was not alto
gethe.r pleased with it and therefore
vetoed it. At the session of' 1891 a bill
for this purpose passed the House, but
was killed im the closing hours of the
Senate for want of' a quoru. So this
recommendation also failed.
11. In his Inaugural the Governor
made the remarkable dleclarationi that
"self-government by counties is and has
always been a failure." Ini accordance
with his recommendations, three of' his
most ardent sup)porters-Mr. W. 1).
Evans of the Senate, and Messrs. Jfohn
Gary Evans and J1. L. McLaurin of the
House-framed a bill in which nearly alt
power was taken from the people and
given to the GoverLor. The bill passedl
the Senate at, the sessionl of 1891, but
was killed in the House after passing two
readiugs. So this also failed.
12. To put the phosphate interests of
the State in the hands of the Governor,
attorney general. comptrollIer general
and two other persons to be0 aippointed1
by the Governor, This recommendation
was adopted-whether to the advantage
of the State may be very seriously ques
tioned. Certain it is there was a fadling
ofi Ia the ten months f'ollowing of
$68,000 at least; and persons in a posi
tien to know insist that great damage
has been done to the State's p)hosplhate
interest by the management of this phos0
13. To require State bainks to deposit
with the State treasurer State bonds to
the amount of their average dleposits,
and to require said banks to invest 20
per cent. in State bords. Failed.
14. To require insurance companies
doing business in this State to dleposit
$25,000 in State bonds with the State
treasurer as a guarantee of solvency.
The following were recommended in
the Governor's message to the Legisla
ture In 1891.
15. The Governor joined the Comp
troller General in asking for a reassess
ment of land in 1892. Failed.
18. To abolhsh office of county c.om
misoners and provide a new systen of
county government-a repetition of the
recommendation of 1890. Failed.
17. To require auditors to stamp all
notes for the purpose of taxation.
18. To rearrange the school districts
19. To appropriate $05,000 to enable
Ulemson Co!.ege to be ready for open
ug at the appointed time-February A
20. To grant the Governor the :riht
k. remove sheriffs and other offic( rs at
Als pleasure. Failed.
21. To amend the criminal law by
iaving jurors drawn inl open court in the d
resenco of theju('oo t, p.ohibit a judge ,
rom continuing a case the second time (,
e:xcept under extraordinary circum- j,
itances";' to require judges to di, bar an a
ittorney for taking a "frivolou-. appl1.' o
k1l faled, and the criminal law remains h
is it was. ti
22. To appropriate $15.000 to enable 9
,he St ite to make an exhibit at thie 8
World's Fair. Failed. 8
23. To rearrange the congressional 0
24. To repeal the law of 1890 as to r
lledical examiners and restore the law
previoui4y in force. Failed.
25. To require liquor license fees to V
be paid into country tre ;suries. Failed. t
Out- of twnty-five recommendations e
ma in by the Governor in his ; inntlwal a
of 100 and h' messa..e of 1891 only a
three were adopted by the Geieral As
It is a curious circumstance. Hereto- v
fore the people -have elected their legis- E
lalors without reference to their choice r
for Governor. No previous Governor r
had ever had, or had ever asked for, a
personal following in the legislature.
Who ever heard of a IIamptonite, or a t
Iagood'tc, or a Riichardtonite. or of an a
"itti'' prior to the cat didacy of Mr. 8
Tillman' Legislators were elected be- c
cause of theirsuposed ability aDd char- g
acter and entirely wi'iout refeience to
the gubernatorial quesi 'on. A majority
of the last LI-uIslature were ilected be- 1
cause they said they were 0lmauites. 0
Yet no Governor of South Carolina since 1
1876 ever had sa large a proportion of 1
his recommendations ignored or deluated c
as GovCriior Tilianan had. One reason
for this has already been stated. viz., L
dhe Governor's 'iss of popultrity inl the
sumn'er of' 1891. Another was that i
numibers who were mixious enough to
he rer..ided as perso- .ollowers of I
Tillman in order to "make their calling I
and election sare," (it to Icelin; their I
own iiportar ce aftek- CAilig in and
w:tetl to how the I ole that they did (
ti(t i.;oug to Ti'maii-especially after i
Tillman lost his nat. poliuilrily. An
ot,0er reason is that , , the last session
it was a vcry d'!1icit thing to decide
who or wha . was I iv hir and4 there was
g, -at uncer.an) y --, t:) wha might h ip
pcn. lence t . tincerl'iiata and fickle- 1
ness 1of 1 ma 'olity during the closing
dtys at the .e sionl-the wint of cohe- I
sIn tIm the "rel.t mers'' -their in
decisionl and instabl.Rity, which rendered t
it imil i sible to pass any measure what- s
ever upoi which pubilc sentiment was I
Takin- one consideratVon with anoth- '
cr, w e shiall probably never sue such t 0
Gcneral Asseimb'v gaiu as that of' 1890 t
-11. Let us hope not anyway.-Ob
A IIatessR eview. t
.\LT ,S. C., Jan. 2.-T
News and Coirier ptublished to-day a
review of the industrial condition of i
South Carohina at the beginning of the c
New Year. Its reports come from
twenty-,wo Counties and cover flho g
wholeState. I'le farmers have su ffered i
greatly from tle low price of cotton L
and itany small farmers will find it c
dilicult to ure aivances for the next
year. Large~ corn crops, however, will t
l'elp them to tide over p)erhaps the
worst year in its finricial results the r
fariners have seen in 1 'n years. in all i
cases wheire farmers have prodluced t
their own su pplies they a e in good con
ditin and will begin the year with far t
better prospects than their all cotton i
neighbeo:s. M1erchants report collec
tions remtarkably good considering the e
low price of cotton. Thinks have done i
a sate arid proiitable business through- r
out the State. Cotton imills have pNaid t
good dividends without exception. All
manuifacturing enite'-prises report a j
profitable year-. New mnillN and facto- t
ri's are bemne estabished in all m'arts of' c
the St ate. IIalf a doze/An or more can
ning fadctori 3 we e bir'It (luring the
last y e. -. E r'llI ca pit ahists are devoting a
more a id r' ore attention to the estab- j
Iilihm t of'i -lon manufactu rIng in
du-. r-e'. iFc .ners generally have re
solv- I to (levo le s aerer le to cotton
and to plant more gr-in duringtue Newv
Year. T1obaceo citure was largely de
v-eloped in the last two years with good
The D);rectory of' thme South Car-olina
Legislature compiled by N. 0. Pyle s
contains some inter-esting information) C
abont the mem bers of that body. There;
are 37 Senators and 121 ]ieprese'ntau ives
Ina the Senate there werec 18 farmers, 11 5
lawyer-s, 5 physicIans, 2 editor-s and 1 s
bnker. In ti-e llo se t he o were 76;
farme e, 25 la wyers,6 13 .ysietans, 7 mer- I
ebants, 13 mec-hanics, I te his , 1 minis
ter, I luimberma'i t 1(d 1 m,' iiacturer. a
In t.tne Senate theret were 9 bilet hodists. f
li ipt its, 9 Presbyter'ians, 7 Episco
palinus, I Lu thieranm and 8 of' und< cided
or doubt al religious ' oclinationts. I n
the llouise ther-e were ;A; Aet l-odin s, 32 1
13:pti'sts. 2l Prcsbyterians, 13 E-oisco.
ptaas. .' Luthi'ra,is, 2 Ilomian Caitho- 1
lies, 2 Chiris inns or Campbellite 1liapt
Ists, 1 Seoch .Adve it.'st, I israelite and c
lb of'i undecidedl or 0 stful religious E
11n1liniatlin. Th'le total imake-i,p of I lie
two h.ot''es in respe' to pm'rsuiuts was
as I ollowvs: Fa r:r' Mf, lawyers :m3,t
ph.vsicians 11, mnere' its 7, mechanies'
13, teachers 1, e.ditors 2, aministers 1,
bankelis I, lumbermani 1,* man ufacter- I
er-s 1. In respect to their religious i
views the two houses stood ats follows:
Miethodi':ts 415, lHaptists 335, P'resbyter-1
ls'is :30, E:piscopaliains 20, Luitherans 0,
1:einaniists 2, 'amipbellites 2, Second
Ad v'enti.sts 1, israuelites 1, undecide'd 19.
Finteen Seansu., Ier~1sh,.
Lxi)ox, Jan. 3.-T ne steamer Noord
land(, of the Red Star line, which left
Anmtw erp yesterday for New York. col
lIded withI the ship Chitdwell, which wa&s
arriving from Chil:, loaded with salt
petre. TUhe collision took place off t.he
Belgium coast. The Childwell was
cr ushed by the collisioni and sank soon
after, fIfteen of he.:crew being dioncnd.
Tne Noordland was alto baliy dlamaged,
but managed to run Into Flushing with
six fr et of water in her bold. The nec
essary repairs will cause some delay.
The survivors of the ChIld well, who I
were rescued by the British steamer<
1 pswick, of' the Great Erstern lIne,
claim that t'ie Noord'and, after crush- a
ing the barg, made no e:Tort to help thei
crew, but hurrIed away from the spo't I
as Ift'a'raid of siaking,ieaving the crew <
of the wrecked vessel to save themselves (
as best they could. Seve'-al went down1
m lth the bark and others clung to the I
wreckage some of the Is .ter dropping i
into the sea through weakness before
assistance arrived. When t he .ipc w ick
came up there was but one mast remain
ing for the survivors to c'ioz to, and
tIs would not hold tneom long. A rigid C
investigatton will be held as to the res- (
ponsibil ity for the wreck and the re- I
ported 'uhnmanity of the Nonrdland-.
U 4 HEROES OF THE OCEAN.
JR. omlug Crew Fisce Their Lives in
Peril to Save Another.
Liv :,-oot,, Jan. 8.-A boat's c -ew
)wp ied of six ieo belotgio to the
ritis s.eawship Eleanor arrived here
oeso ry moroing in P half frozen con
tion The sailers tell a tple of much
illee g., from which exp(-ience sev
'al o thtem will he permanently in
red Fromi the storje, told by the
ari, -rs reZerred to i. appears that one
1 t& pasengers of the Eleantir, who
d b an acting ina strange manerall
te i :e lie had been on board the ves
)1, b-dde!nly j'impct overboard oa
und, y whilq the steamer was at full
)eed The Ele ior at that time was
IT Gre enore lig ., Coauty Louth, Irt
od, 'ut far out at ,ta. Ia addiLon it
Fas a ight time and a v:s ty sea wis
ili, g; the weatht wai I te ly coil.
u sp,. e of tlie acts We captain ot
Ae s.eawship stopped and then re
erse(I his gir-s a11Id ordered a boat
3 be tot iady for launching. Ie also
idled for a volunteer crew and burned
lue i ;h1s while the boat was being
wun overboard and lowered away.
A c) -w of six volunteers slid down
he fa'Is the moment the small craft
;as rt ady for them and, with the steam
r sti'l burning colored Ilare lights, the
escue-s disappec-red in ithe darkness,
ulling with all Ih( ir btren,-th ja e
irecti n in which t%eo ('rowning mao
vas s: pposed to be. ITider tae in
Venle' of wind, sea and s - -g ' trrent
he bo it was soon so far a% -y fi -m the
teamer that her lig'.ls could not oe
een. The gallant seamen, however,
outioied their search for the passen
er w[ a had jum- .d overbo.qrd.
Whtn ithe first r.m of ".an over
oard had been given on board the
leanor a life buoy had beca thrown
verb,.,ird from the steamer, and after
n hour of fruitless search the men in
he E' ior's boat 'oi od this buoy, P,id
lutcl. ug It fiercely in his death ag, ty
vas -e ounfo, unate passenger. lie
.i(d b fore he cou!d be pulled i-ito the
The six rescters then turned ther
,ttent n to their own safety and anoc
ously scanned the hoizon in r.e.trch of
lie . eaner's light or of C es
eacol . Neither to ti-eir dismay, c(' d
e see-. 1,y this time , he sea w.. ron
ing 1-glier, threaten every n.onct,
r so ' swamp the light boat. The
aen, ;ter the first excitement of ' )
vork eit' ;esctt irt(i worn off, lice:, ie
old dtid niumibeu. Those who had o.1
kins 't fotiud ti ,i trozen I-ite boi.rd
og "u'ut t1 em, - d ti - who ve 0
ot so well equippd began to siff ir
vere-y from the cold. The mc
hou. .1 and shout:-d for help wit,bot
,vail, :,nt at h-st they reilized ti>e fi-et
hat i e Eleanor had abandoned tW- a
nd t it ' heir chauce of cver putt' g
heir foot as9hore a.ain were very
in udeed. Toe boat ,vas half
oll <. water and it lequired the
omb -ed strength of si. ien forming
ere w to keep hei half bowson to
hbe s:. To make iatte9 worse a
reno iug downfall o" rain, swept over
iei. till furthee adding to theirir
Son., of the men were so exhausted
hat t .ey could haroly grasp their oari,
ihile heir feet were so col-I they ao
earec to be turned to ice. TI tare was
othi!-g to eat or drin k in the boai,, and
thi. manner the men and b>at were
oat-. thick with ice. They pulled
m'arily throughout the night. Three or
ur i bnee during that perioi tiWe sailors
ave ulp in despair and propoied to lie
own i the boat and die. Each t.me
te ch >ering words or taunts of the see
nd oVicer, who was in com mand, nerved
Lie sa lors to make one more struggle
Some~ claimed that their bad luck was
ausedl by the presence of the dead
ody 'i the boat, andl it was proposed
a heavec it overboard. More humane
ounset prevailed and the mn-o, wvith
heir dlead(, continued tneir battle
gainis cold and wave.
When the mor ning dawned t hey could
cc in the distance a long, low iine of
lack, and, pulling towan is it with re
ewed v'gor, they were overjoyed to see
hat ti- ey were approaching landl. Some
ours later, at 10 in ihe moerning, the
leatnor's sailors, so weak and exhaustetl
hat Itey hardly had the strength of
bild. n ,nu'i ti'e'r boat ashu "e at Green
re aund were on being tenderlIy cared
or by he coaeiuguard(sinen. I t was soon
een ti at the rescued men were badly
rosthb.ten, and that. several of them
vould at least lose lingers andl toes be
ore th y recovered from their night's
x peri' nee.
So s on as possible they were for,
gardei' to Liverpool.
The Eleanor had In the meantime
eaCc I IhBoly lleadi a-)(d reported the loss
f the six men and the passenger re
erred :.O. The greatest indlignationi is
xpret ed against I he captain ot the
team'.lip for having so hastily con
luded(' that the six seamen were lost
le sa' a that he cretsed about for two
ou)i i the vicinity oh the spot.
TJne tn.lred seamien prop)ose to bring
uts fon (damages agaiast the captain
nd the owners of t he vessel.
They say that i1 is imiposslicl for the
sleanor- to have cruised two hours
bout ihe spot where her commander
bould have known they were to be
ound withomjt actually finding them.
'ninsoni Co tIe'ge Crippled.
Clot soni Col:ege wil'. not be opene:d
efore text year. Work on the buil
ig ha beenntittrely stopped. 1ReCcem -
y the Columbia State had an intervi, .'
vith (ov. T[illmani in roeerence to ' ne
olleg .. lie saidl tbht :'a' tirusn'.-i h. I
L,opplw all the wor'k and all t.m , w s
oinmg .las t.o put thet r(Ofing in ai titcoi
ition ' preserve the mroper ty. lIo sai4'
hey gere entirely 'autL of money."
'he ia gnhlir fiuds hadl all been usi
LI) atnt the $20,000 t h:tt they had bi -
owed was3 tota'lly iiiaute~td. Now
hey (couil do no eg uni i I eir- ot i-n
umnds wvere obi -mule. Tfme p viIee.o
ax Ih' -not < omne this ye.i r arnd the
gric'to ua(l Icl en fumndi ap prop)rlated
y co'anas is lo: '.ed up by (Goyernor
il'im l's spas wI' 1 S'cre-ary of the i
erior' Sutle. The Governor said t.'e
york ,old hard'", by any means wh
yen, i e resumed befoce spring had can
iderab'ly advanced. Jin r iswer to a
lnes t.'> as to howt it wouhld etfect the
>lanp. he said that it n ould increase the
~ost ' onsiderab y, by h-aving to break
tp all camps andi pack aways the tools.
~ald I:o: "It will be a great, disappoint
nent to these peop'e all over the mIate
who igitended to sendI their sorns there.''
l'he -llege gets o '-he'f the interest
mn tie Land Scrip - 'd t elincorns frm
he pm svilege te'x Itrom the Sta,.e treas
ir v. " l'his year," says;the State, "thle ne
urns from the latLer tax are coming in
mtt s!ow.,y, due no doubt, to the bad
rops ana other conditions. At this
ieriod last year Treasurer Bates says
'50,C30 liad br 2n collected, while now it
i prr :tice'Iy nothing. Dr. Bates thinks
t wilt be late In February before the
ollecuions will begin to show uip to any
xtemi. The college has the use of the
latch fond for agricultural experi
sent, and when the trouble with eec
etary Noble Is settled It will get other
Many L ives Lost.
PANA MA, Dec. 31.-A steamboat aic
Ident is reported from Cauca River,
~olombia, by which Don Jo-ie Maria
Lejia amnd most of a party of forty per
ons lost thei lives.wa
TE. BIG THIREEl TALK.
T ILLMAN, IRBY AND SHELL'S RECENT
& Newt-J.1,1ee M.#,u Bag the Wilose Covey
and TbeyTolk -What T%e Ti - skof %he
Nelt CAss,aIkue-Soabe kotettstang -
COLUMBIA, S. C., Dec. b.-T:e At- d
-anta Journal sent a special coirespou- h
4ent to Laurens during the meeting h
there of Tililman, Irby and Shelt and s
he had iaterviews with each of the "Big tI
Three" on questions of tne hour. c
Ile talkea % ith the Governor, wii a ur
swered his questious freely on all sub- t
jects except the shorLcomings of the re- 2(
cent Legislature, the Governor prefer- A
ring to make his most caustic remarks I
ourut the mbmbers when he takes the i
itumip durlug the coming campaign. c
lie tno-ight a great ma.y members w
voted a 'airst, bil , labeled "admIIstra- q
ion," simuly because they w.- it I to u
al)l)e.r -'indepei d- it" of Tilliman. Co.i- o
tinuing the corr, pondent says: a
G3v.Tillman dd not hesitate when I fi
asL. Li him the drect questiou, ' Will h
you staud for re- -tion ?" is
"Oh, ye.i, he se'd, "I will be a candi- o
date for Governor again in the coming
The ->vernor said that whether the ti
amp) , would be a heated oie de- f
)ended %.ery much on circumbt ices. tI
'fW the 1,a, oer's Movement for .s con- p
rol the May convention, as they can t,
md shoi ', and show that they are not tI
Iisinte .aDng but are united and deter- b
'ined, - do it think tWere will be any f
'No. I don't look for any such iede- p
,endent moveme it in this campaign as i
sve had in el st,"he s,,d. "Thatfolly a
.vill not bi tef eated. Those ni.en who
vere in.leptud -1s or 11 kellites lin v
ear m,.'1 either come b k into -e 1
Demiiocratic fold, as it hey wail be pernI t- a
-"d to do on tl ing the oath of tealt3 s,
e party or 1 aey wi' become out a1i- t
>It RLepablic- ."
On nauionaa' politics Till na spoke of e
is prifTe ene s for the Pr' ii'lenev. lie c
avor :I some Wes rn man like lJoies t
-r Pelmor -'nd didn't believe Clevol- -d c
'oo( a chance. h
Perhaps the most important part of t
'ho interview was what Senator Irby
vid abi.it the campaignk and peobable t
iction of the State Exe :utive Commit- e
,which teets to-mor,)w night. A[- a
er spe. ing of the brf tch in the ranks e
f the party, which he oelieves has been t
-videned, he s.ti:
'The purp(. e of the coining meetiog s
)f the executive committee is to reor- o
,ani- ehe d)einocratic party in the c
-iate and to see that the )emuocray p
loes not suffer by ttis brea.b. c
"I shall recommend to the executive f
o.iirmitsee ''ie ' option of a resolution 1:
towin yev -y white Dmocrat, wheth- c
-r lie suztaii, d Tillman at the last elec- t
7ion )r not, to vote at the primaries this t
year,..w..i the express undero nding
hat overy Democrat, when lie presente
hiims'tf at the ballvt box, be sworn to
!iustain the now nees of the primary c
"T t refuioi movement forces in
Soath C a roli n a," continued the Senator, '
"are as imuch in earneb as they have i
ever been. rillman will be acandidate f
or re-election, and will, I believe, be v
overwhelmingly electe:l, notwithstand e
ing the division I have already men- c
Hie didn't believe there would be any t
mndependent movement this year be- L
cause Tillmnan will appoint honest Dem- f
ocrats to see that there is a free ballot C
anod a fair count. S
The Senator said that he would not t
resign the ehairmanship of the party V
it least until the May con vention. v
Congressinan Shell sco;ed the Legis- 11
latnur for what it didn't do and pr-. -
dicted that the next campaign would b
oc a hot one. .issues that were negiected 1'
will be revived andl those who helped to Li
kill themr will be left at home. S
lie thought the "oppos~tion" would a
r ake se>me man out of the Farmers d
\lovement ranks and run him against Li
'Tillmani but lie felt certain that the lat- v
t.er w ould bie elected withoat a great ti
deal of trouble, ile believed the Alli
ance was holhing its own in the State
and thazt there was no enance of a taird
party.- Record. d
l)ropp,ed Dead in Court. 0
COLUMI;IA, S. C., Dec. 3l.-On t he a
':tth inst., the case of tne State vz. Sid- "
ney Goulwin, Ma'. Aartin, Jink Mack ci
and ,John Slipper was ':ahled in the
court of Trial J ustice Jeramuiah Wise b
at. Oak Villa, Le::.ugteu county, WV. HI. "
Sharpe, E' q, appe r'ed for t he St at.e andl "
ex-Trial .Juso.ce HL. O. Maruin for the
dlefendanits. Air. Sharpe examined "
the first witness for the State and t
irned ihe witness over to Mr. Martin al
for cr. examinatioo. AVuer asking e'
t wo or t.nrea questions Mi'. Martiui feil t
to the floe a died almost in ,autly. si
.Mr. Sharpo moved the adJ,urniait ,t of p:
tIhe court arid D)r. ,J. (A. Williams wast
summoe ed. lie came in a low mit- 0
ut -3, but, lifo was entirely ext inct. A n
inq~uest wtas held and the jury found
i;t the deeme..~d came to his (loath
from natural cauises, D)octor Williams
having h, 'd a post mertlin examoina
tion and test ifledi that, deal ii wasi cr.nsed c1
.y a ri-ilure' of the valvm ot' t he he t '.1
< ausedl 'om over-excitem-nt. I)
Mmw.v in Circuintton. d
WVAsuiuN;''', Jan. 4l.-The Tireasu1'y a
liepartmeont, monthly snitement of a
changes in t he circula tion d!uring the i
last nmonth, in'ued today, shows a net a
'nerease during D)ecember of $11,5.9),-la
fi7>9. Of the various kiods of money in -c
circula ion, there was a decrease dur- t
ing D)ecember of $5C3,000 in currency y
gertiacates, 03i71,0i 3 in staundard silver
dlollars, $68,6i07 in s i bsidiary silver and(
G>6;,042 in silver certilicates. On the
other hand, there was an increase of
.9,4i56,150 in gold certificates 4,312.7U1 I
in silver treasuty notes, 6.,067,778 in
gold coir, $ 03,042 it United State!i
attu anid $275,580 in national bank 1
note.j. 'The to .1 circulation of the
country on January 1 is placed at $1.t
i88,781 729, or a per capita c!rculation
of' y2I.o2, aga inst t1,528,935,913 on Jan
uary 1, 1891 -an increase of $60,('')0,C00
t'aring i he ialendar year just closPd. I
D)uring the preceding year, ending
Dece oter 31. 1889, the circulation in
creased t- 3,386,014.
Tragic scene in the streets.]
Nx~w BRUNswiCK, N. J., Jan.'2.
There was a tragic scene witnessed in
Mine street, in the vicinity of College I
avenue, this afternoon. .John liene, a I
you'ng matchinist, was seen rushing I
down the street, pursuied by his wife.
When he had gone a few blocks he 1
turned, and, seeing his wi fe close on his
heels, said: "If you follow me anot'her
step I will cut imy throat." The next
instant he drew his razor from his I
po,:ket. Iis wife rushed forward to 1
stay his hand, but she was too late. To e
the horror of the large crowd tut had (
collected, the man dre w the razor across I'
his th roat and fell to the pavement with I
the blood guahing ont of a deep wound. c
i nn.fewr seconds he was deand.
INST.IUCTIONS TO AUDITORS.
*mat.otloe eneraet Elerb. Innes a
New Yea4rln Ad.reb"I.
CoLUY11.A,S. C., Jan. 2.-Com poJ'-:r
ener.11 E'erbe has taken time by tWe
)relock I a bis I tx d.htits year. Yei
rday he came to teIL Irout on the iiitat
iy of the year % Aihl in.sCtO1ins 10 t,ee
arious coutily tad tos, vhich in its
>rm may be called a "New Yea-.I -a
ress." The circular is a novelty ill th is
hAte and indicates that every one who
i to PPy taxes will have a "hard,
umpy ri.ad to travel" with the amouut
searchItig into their private affairs
at will be made necessary. hj cir
ilar is as follows:
"All tatxpayerd are required by la o
turn a1 their taxable peisonal piop-r
between the firs L f Jantuary and tite
Ith day of February, 1892, for tv xation.
I personal proptrty not, retitrutd,
1sely re.tirneu, pattially returned, or
iurneil a less ta-i its true vate iM
oney is liable to a penity of U per
-nt. L.. ii the duty of the at-lic r
bile tai,i ; returts to make sutI it
uiries ii iavt wg.#a ons as li! ju.ty
ein i - s.try to bi :e a lu I ret it.n
all t. x ible proo,rty fis trtle \ 'ie,
I any a(tIor ac'epting a ret,utt
om a i taxatioa, wheoi he susp,-l .1 or
is re.t, is to beleve that. stcn rtura
not 4 Ir L , or I till, us direlict in his
[licial .t, .
'IMtl I I I of dollars of taxable per
mal prL'rty anually acaipes U x.
Oil its L it 1 ', W Lt i. 1ou d be t'
dly I LA d a r aLId 'at : I Up0' otu
ix dupli, t.e and nim, e to bear it- jist
art o.jof ,xahjo. Auditorsareuged
> the -.N cise ol proper diligience in
ie wat.t r of taking retai .,s- id if t e
LW is w W ly, j udaieuLiLv a fily eii
)rccd, mUh of 1he evil iow suifer, d
11 1 3 : Oed'(d and the taxable
rode. ly t: eatly mereased by gettiog
poa a zbo>As e ;ry class of tx
ule I Iy.
'-A t --.kun iii wa' g the
a I-' ' de L. i le axp ecs as
o - Or11 th0o1ivn;t tie C >ilty
L tre - ev Loa si :si .
)rs g CA ie vlt -d oe -;rcised, pi-d
le b: . (t .. imp tial m dint ill ,cut
ien E L:t. J be I ak, en. . of i g at
at li1di ces tO tlje prl'er vatlation
f all I) - r.tes is t e- i,os ir. ,,id t
its of v. 'Wi as m1:e> tie (11 it
ommuflli a . A 1 ra j. peCsible, let's
ave a fo 1, tali. jts, and c(titt'U-i re
urn ano Va at uns.
"All exe.h 2au, admiastrattor:, trusi
7ed, rect Ve ,s, oticeri, hi u-b:Iids, nioti
rs. atgen!ti or fautois, s!all be pors-:,w -
ly iab for taxes c-n all peronal prop
rt,y wi_li was 1-1 polscs.ion at the
no whea Ua e returis thereof for ta:,.L
.n zlia;. have been made by thi-ni
ves. According to the construotion
f the 1a.: by th Attoeoy Genera' 'I
let-ks o courts, nastets, and olittr
ublic o(ievrs, having fitd iji their
us 'Ety art-e rcqutstea to return such
inds for, axat'tn. So.je chrus w' I
e na it i he btants for iu of i
:rporatud banks and banking assoet -
ons, which blanks will lie forwarde I
auditors when ready."-Tte State.
Detision AgainPt M, 1-s. DajyI.
NiW Yorii,Dec. 31.--Thesuperior
)urt of this city has sastained the
emurrer to the complaint of Mr.i.
'arina Jel'erson, widow of Jelferson
lavis, in an action against. Robert Bel
)rd and Edward Lange. Thedemuirrer
'as on tl, ground t'at st e had improp
rly join,t the causes of action in her
)mplaint. Mrs. Davis made a contract
a March 4th, 1890, in which she agreed
> write two volumesi of mfemo)irs of her
usband which Beciford was to publish
3r six years, she receiJing 12':< per
ent. on the retail price of the 'oooks
Mld. Mrs. Davis said that Lange agreed
) give a bond of $10.000 that Beiford
'muld ke'ep tile agreement. The book
'as published last March and rhree
ionths af1er ward Belford mand' a state
tent in which St,031 was credited to
er. She alleged th at Bel i.ra is now
isoIvent, and lhe anti La:nge have tried
>constrain her to assigo the contract.
be asked for $4,C31l as against Ocelford
3(d $10,000 frotm Lange as liqi(idatedl
timhages, a decre?a declaring thle ;:
'act broke-n ati an jinuction to pre
snt Belford fromt ,.gning the con
'act to others.
Iie Negro In Poiic,
G~ RiElN ViLrE:, Jan. 1.-Enancipation
iy was celebrated todaty by a lairge
amber (if colored p'ople. Ttt::re wais
gathering' ait thecity park atnd a speech
as miade. by Rev. K. ii. bourroughs,
dloredl. Referrmng to polities, thie ora
r, who :.s an e :ticatuta negro, a.ttri
ited ttie negre's palitueal condi tion
the a it it to white cairpe't-batggers,
ho, lie said, htad used the negro for
eir own etids. T ble spe -la:c nilvisted
deperudent p)olica) action, lie said
e ne;,ro s'.outld do like ite Germans
id Irish;: i vetheir votes to whatso
eCr p 'riy oblre .1 tti- b t indaiCicets
the rac'-. faa ni g e, it bt'id bneen
id, is ;r.tfcL to t he Ipitpubbean
Sty, buitte ,- I ol. owned by that par
.J'The o * .or adtvisedt the emiiigra:tri
the n e.. :o to the W est.--4a..e.
hlued a iaker's D,zeas.
Biuvro'.. T1ENN, J)ec. 80.-Talton
ourt iot ." to-da y'. G;re it and( (ex2ited
<>wdsl a oed the shoi ii aund cvt'rds.
I: -e tI eisu' c: iin jail. E5qt're May
iifat on i: thinge atI te 'isoiier with a
ik, ! * i was stopped 1(> y th3e i!.crt-i.
[all mit: ert d Salos's son a few years
go awl :vr:d with the widow of* thu
mlrdere(d moan, in Me;m ph ia wh li cap
iredl. A strong guhard hast been kept
I the jai !i dring the pant week. 11 all
dmiats having~ killed thirteen meni, bit
laims seh- defenc~e. If Hall elects to be0
ried ini theC Ciriit Coutrt it ts generally
elieved l;e will be lynecd.
A Family WViped OJut.
krec uh:ON, K as , ~Jan. .- A family
samedi Delatncy, whoi. lived ne-ar here,
as been wiped ott by dleath ith . in a
veek. They itived into a ne0w :otust
efore the walls were dry, atnd the
atner stkkened and died aba.ost, before
he hon .o warming festivit,ies were
ver. 'Thle mother timediat ely took
ick. and was buried Sundlay. T1he tno
ons wer& then attackud, aippairenutly by
lie same malady, anId both died toda v.
Novei Suicide of a Negro.
M at1)> AN, Mids., Dec. 31.-A novel
',hristma.s sicideO is reported f romn
spepes at ation, Ala. A negro tiedI a
ng of whiskey atround his neck and de
iberately drove his flie team of htor.ses
dl a bIlu'; 100 feet high Into the Temw
>lgbee river. T[he tnegro had been a
rosperons farmer, bit h)ad creps ruined
im, andl rather than give tip his more
~agedl horses hte said lie would kill both
imlCf and them.
Suicide in Wathalla.
WA LIIA-.w A, 8. C., Jan. 4.-Judge
hichiard Lewis shot himselt' through the
eart today at 1 o'clock and died in
tantly, lie was In bits eflhde in the
~ourt Hotuse. K o cause Is known. lie
as been in poor heaith foe two months.
le has been Probate Jutdge and Mast er
f Oconee County ior many years.
-News and Courier.
A GuRAT OECIETI'ATAY NOT &VA,K
I'-j RE1MV,ATI 11, i-) DO NOT DEJAY.
"STvniso: W iN iui* nit. lis tUIoT.".
Wi IN o f. Catiogue 1w 1 may wh;.
p uper you -,aw thI atlvertiseme,L, lu.
ut-itlulper thu I selleverythlug thbi
gt C8 to firillstilng a home-Mankutactuer.
ivg some Ihings ard buying others in the
1a; rgest pt-ibIo o: i, which onabes me to
vipe onitPi conipe.'titlon
IERE AtE A FEW OF MY START
A No. 7 Flat tot- Cooking Stove, fuiti
jo, Ibx1' iich OVon, titted with 2. pieces
waref, elivere"i at your owli depot
f'i freight ctiai-es. paid by me, to&
-Iily 'T WejV0 DoiHrs.
Again, I will sell yoA a 5 hole U0011,'
Rallge 10X13 inch ovea. 18x23 inci t.op, it
lk-ti with - I pieces ot ware, ior TiJ LR
.t hEN DULLARb, and pay the ireight to
o0 NOT PAY T WO PRICES FObl
k 0OURI GO0ODb.
I will st ld you anico plush Parlor 8uit,
walnut fr.time, oiu.,oi in 1om1bination Wt
banided, tile r.)o..t 'tyish Cojorb for 3:3.50,
ito your .ia1roatt .tiOL, frighL paid.
i will aboeli NjU a niee Luiomuos ult
ObistiiLg Of eureau wi,h g.., Jug
AU Bed:tad, I %aV aibtauau, i tt
wMale, 4 Cr.ne en -:lai., 1 ealto seat anut
uck roce. i%il to. 1.40, anu 12Ay frelgh
Or wi -i send I iu an elegant UedLoom1
buit Willi I%Cgt glt.s, IulI mar): top, .
160, ani pay freiwit.
N ice winnow si-,tiu on bjriui_ roher ot0
olexav% jar.o Enu. a <1;1.y asc,4.014
Walinut, lounge, .00
Ladc'u3 curu.iub p'ur M1iow, 1.t)
1CKdLno descri evetyt1iig iI a biiMI
id'vertietLcen t., but hav)M a1 nmeii0 10i,oo
--)nnUiuiLhi ;2,0)U0 'ut o1 ILooI ruun", WiLD
ware houss and fw, tory boiluings n oLuoi
lartt of Augusta, uakug in all the iar
gest busiu.:ss of tits kind uder oite wan
sturp,and warehouses are crowded wita
U,ti0 enicet productions of tne beat facwo
ris. My Cit taioguo contauiig inUsIrations
'H ?co's Will UO mi1lOU il you W1L Xiudi)
kyowilt Ou awt t s au'erunacuoni,. 1
. 4 it.1h . Addre_s,
L. f. PAwAtiff,
v lopriLo l'adgts,t's Fuivituio, !.toye
"ma (n it.et, btore,
,V- t I . iroa% J.-ML AU(G U,'JTA, dA.
DO YOU WIAH TO
2,140 % V.i" o uxt ..
i-l EN Ut Y T11 *- Ti1OMAS S114A M
PRESS AND SEED COTTON.'
. t Is the Ilost pol ect systein I use, un
l"Ading coon front wagons, cleaning and
Ieivering ;f niLo gins or stalls. Cotton
dos not pai.s through fan and press re
quires no pslley noe belts. It saves time
TA fjBOTf & SONS'
NGINES AND BOILERS, SIATION
EARY AND PO),TABLE. OLD DO.
TAjl'Ol'i'. SAW MILLS, IMI'ROVED
FRICTION AND ROPE FEED
$200 TO $600
LUMMUS AND VAN hi IN-.E CO
TON GINS AND COTTON PRESSE~s.
We oler Saw Mill Men and Ginners
the most comuplete outfits that can be
bought and at bottom prices.
9. C, B.A.DHAM,
COLAUM.BIA , S. C.
T[H Ei TA i4iOTT" ENGIN E 18 T1H1R
(OUNG WIVES I
Who are for the first time to m.
iorgo woman's severest trial we offei
1 remedy which if used as directed foT
i fow weeks before confinement, robs
t of its Pain, Horror and Risk to Lif a
>f bo0th mother aind child, as thou
ninds who have used it testify.
A Blessing to Expectant Mothers.
MOTHER'S FRIEND Is worth Its weight
in gold. My wlfo suffeored more in toni min
uxtes with either of' her first two childlreni
than sho di,1 altogethor with hier lust, hiav
tag prevIously aued four bottles of Morn
En's Fmmm>s. It Is a *ilessing to mothers.
Carmi. Ill., Jan., 18901, G. F. LoeC woon.
Sent by '.<pross, charges prepaid, on re
enipt of price, $1.50 per bottle. So.d by all
druggIst.. Book to Mothers mailed free,
lURADFIEDUL REQULAToE Co,, Atlanta. Ga.
First Class Work.
V ery Low Prices.
luncgies, 'Carrlag"s, Roadl Carts, Wagons,
3te., W arranted bolond to none.
Intqulire' (r necarest dlea ler In the'se goods,
or sand for* Catt.ogue-Mentloning this
H4OL L!"R ANDERSON
Rock 11111, S. C.
BU S O
MMa BRC (Ru GIMS EP. /m
R S ALL KIN
. . 0p Pe 0 lF
10 lbi'i l,ar~fr h
P C'.REr I REs
to ~ ~ P I,k1y thh, 1.1heaidy
,j:'dAVV rh>mar Au VYhck, bi.looAR1.A.
Cn T-N c PilnlPj cilo
RRR.4 f Pf
AN.4CTAv.I T V.
At the ght of Mr. F. I. Rol -rtz 1:i Rich
land Couinty. just be'oie .Lai- ng 'I' Sailor
Elovator one bal1 had Iee g ine- bV the
old method. .1 ust ater starti ia o i Eleva
tor another bale was ginnied f rom tWe savs
lile. W ithout kno wing .his j,tt the cotton
bUyer offered ove cent per p,and more for
tho ba'tlo ginined with the utso o:. ti:o Eleva
tor. Reaid thie stteents of 'i)e buyer and
This will certify that of twoi samnples ol.
Cotton offered us today by Mr Howan Rose
the market valueoof one excecded that of
the other by one cent per ponid.
[!Signed. ) 1). C R A WV4(- I: ) &soNs.
COP-) ' j
Thiss will certify that' - bales of V
cotton offered as above w )th from the
same pile ot seed cottonl, 'tlinned in the
same ginl. One0 waa car*i - - the gin In
baskets and onO thro the Sailor beed
(Signed.) -4 J. R. ROSE.
The be,t Gions , . .I. Elevators,
Engines aCnd t be ete canecy of all
kld, fetor.*J salte r trbyg le
pile . hu knoiU B h.. &ic tcotto
Theil LARGEST wiT th us :t&oea
80hi willriy th at 01 we mpls,0
sthe baret. lae ofin $Xe deh Catin o
Sthelr by ones cet pre itifaton.
cotricn anrd aaoew . a tl Wok. th'
TAhebLET s. ~ 'eaOS
Sniend pric es i neform all
April'1y C Bi A. S. C.
MOS PPMAN BROS..UJ F' . pitor
oLeesv;r~ille r1 --les -
ATEriai and JtCOMMERC u. l
Viiof n ntuetl3 u r,Eou
atpio,Pyeall Clur,Ctes t
Snd formres Ecno: .nfoonin
byd IngPmest wOr.Pt Sreventee ou
Oradiets ded ts aylast 4 ar * 8 xpenses (
frLera coure an? or fo tene
in, Phyi0 a Nextue eso kPing l)esCt
28.Frcaal oge dr 88ils
barrom L.aerthnY Espa-. t
Sealthf-3mocain ~fe O