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OL. XXIPICKENS . C. THURSDAY MARCH 17, 1892. NO26.
a m ad i ' ! nn ni I IK'V 1
LAND AGENT GIBBES CHARGED WITH
Which Upon InvetIgation Proves to be
False-The Charge Mado by a Maa With
Whom Col. Gibbrs hHd a Falling Out
The Whole Story.
COLUMBIA, S. C., March 10.-The
State sinking fund commission had a
matter before them yesterday that was
out of the ordinary by a great deal,
and created a considerable stir, not
only on the outside, around the city,
where the high character of the gentle
man, at whom heavy charges were
directed, but, in,.ide the board as well.
The matter was brought up before
the board in the nature of certain
charges of gross mismanagement in the
affairs of the state land department on
the part of the 'tate land agent, Col.
Jas.G.'Gibbes, preferred by a former
assistant, Geoige T. Morrison. of
Georgetown. These charges were pub
lished in the morning papers and
created a great stir in consideration of
the fact that they were thus sprung on
the defendant wi,thout being considered
by the board at all up to that time.
Maj.Gibbes was of coitrse very angry
when he read the charges brought
against his good name and high char
acter, and he at once wrote the follow
log self-explanatory card:
To the Editor of The State: The
News and Courier and the Register of
to-day AJad reports of interviews be
tween their reporters and a Mr. 11. T.
Morrison, a surveyor who has been ein
ployed by me, in which he gave them
an account ot charges he had made to
the Sinking Fund board against m3 self
as land agent, which condensed are
about as follows:
1. That I allowed a Mr. Lacey to bid
off a piece of lar.d in Clarendon at fifty
cents an acre and to only pay seventeen
2. That I sold land in lickens as land
of my grandfat her, Maj. James S. G uig
nard, and kept the surplus of sale,
whereas the land did not really belong
to that estate.
3. That I allowed 11. & C. K. Single
ton to put 2,000 acres of land improper
ly b? 41e tax books of Sumter.
tr(.8JAt I allowed a piece of land re
p'(, jO b'or sale in Clarendon, of 300
ac 11e% Mr P. Powde to be with
ing V hot. Die, II Il.
5. 'inat 1 bought a * oodY an
in IIanpton county for ie'ents ant
and re.old the same for ceu
Charge 1 is true, but the lau, 4 was re
ported to be sold by M r. Lace.y ,n
was, or claimed to be, its owner, and I
stated publicly at the sale that the
owner of the land sold only had the
costs and charges to pay and would be
entitled to the surplus of sale. Mr.
Lacey paid seventeen cents per acre,
the costs and when the sheriff went to
make deed I gave a receipt for the
atirplu, $030, to be sent to the sink
ing fund board for final adjustment.
2.As to the Pickens sale I did report
I had sold several thousand acres of
mountain land of estate Major J. S.
Guignard. This I had good reasons to
do, as representing the heirs, none of
the proceeds coming to me individually.
These lands I claim to have the plats
and grants for, but have offered the
board to pay the proceeds to the State
to await a full complete survey, which
was not made.
3. As to the Singleton lands in Sum
ter. Several years ago the auditor in
transferring the tax returns of one year
to the next omitted 2,000 acres. This I
had put back after consultation with
the comptroller, Mr. Ellerbe.
4. The lands of Plowden and D)uflie
were withdrawn from sale, as the
owners claimed they were not liable for
sale. Therefore they were properly
withdrawn for further investigation.
5. The charge that I bought 2,000
acres of land ini lalaton for ten cents
per acre and re:sold them for twenty
cents is utterly f alse. I bid off this
land, swam p land, for $2,000 and resol d
It through Maj. Willis, of Charleston,
for $2,500, saidl profit of 85i00 going to
the btate, havingf been reported by nm,
S though the sale was not. positively con
* Mr. .Editor, though deeply indignant
at the malice and ill feeling manifestald
by Mr. Morrison in thme charges, and
shown by his desire to give them pub
licity for the purpose of injuring my
good name, I have tried to answer
them dispassionately buat briefly, con
vinced that thore who know me will
pay no attentio.n to such charge e, ae
tuated, no doubt, from a desire to se
cure my position.
I.deny that I have done at single im-.
rper act or acted in any case in any
'~ta fair, squamo and upright manner,
and Utrefer to tho-members of' the sink
loig fund b6ard for the truthi'>f what I
Fa~or the tenmperate character of" muy
reply I claim nio credit for good nature,
as I have yielde d to the 'judgment of
good friends in that matter, biut i had
the satisfaction of tellingt Mr. Morrison
my true opinion of hIm, in presence of'
the sinking fund board.
Yours very respectfully,
JAMEs (1. GInnmEs.
The sinking fund comission met at
9 o'clock yeste'rday morning, and af ter
transieting all its other business, took
up the matter of' the ellarges. Mr.
hiorrison appeared before the board
and read the charges. N4early all tIhe
members of the commission who kne w
the exact state of affairs as far as Col.
Glibbes was concernd were as much
4 surprised at such a proceeding as lie
was. Col, Gibbes, howevor gave the
board a full explanation and reqiuestedl
that certain Investigations referred to
be made to show that the charges were
Secretary Tindal subsequently stated
the action of the board as follows: "All
the charges were practically dismissed,
except the one referring to the GJulgn
ard lands, The board appointed a suar
veyor to resurvey those lands at Col.
(Gibbes' r quest. The surplus In the
Ciarendon purchase of 1,1)09 acres was
ordered to be paid to the Secretary of
State and held by him until the parties
claiminig same shall furnish turther
proof that it Is theirs. Mr. Gibbes hats
been forced, with the full knowledge of
the board, to sell lands partially, for ob
vious reasons making the basis of such
char-ge apparent only.
"The board pas'sed a resolution, very
progerly, that hereafter all moneys
froam the ashas of lands, whether from
agenti or surveyors, except ior county
taxes, must be paid to the secretary of
state and by him disbursed. IIereto
fore the agents and surveyors have
been allowed to collect their fees irom
the sales as they were made, and the
auditor only made returns of what was
paid in to them.
In speaking further of the matter,
Mr. Tindal said: "Col. Gibbes has no
control or management of the coimis
sion whatever. There are six classes of
lands and Col. Gibbes only has charge
of one class. IIe is only appointed to
look up "abandoned" lands, and sell
them according to law. Every trans
action is reported by him and by the
auditor to ie."
It is ascertained that during the
meeting, and in the preser ce of the en
tire board, Col. Gibbes turned to Mor
rison and denounced him as a "dirty,
low, lying scoundrel; told him that he
knew that the charges were as false as
he himself, antz only a low scoundrel
would have for one instant stoopt-dJ to
do an act so dirty and rascally. I11 Is
also stated that Morrison took the de
nunciation without attempting to
make a move.-The State.
A MERCILESS MEMPHIS MOB,
Three Men Ta,ken Fro,s J.&II and Stolt
I P1Is, March 10.--Before d.y
break yesterday morning a mob broke
into the Shelby county jail for the piir
pose of lynching the negroes concerned
in Saturdays night's trouble at'"The
Curve." Calvin McDowell, Tom Moss
and Will Stewart, leaders of the negro
gang, were taken out by the mob. A
search was also made for a negro named
Shanks, thought to be a ringlead2er, but
he was concealed in the woman's de
partment and the mob (lid not find
The bodies of the negroes were found
early this morning in an open lot about
a quarter of a mile north of the jail,
partially covered with brush.
McDowell was shot through the neck
with buckshot. ilis mouth and under
jaw was shot away, and one eyeball lay
on his cheek, while the other was shot
entirely out of his head.
A bullet in the brain killed Moss. His
shoulder was also broken and a load of
buckshot lodged in his leg.
Stewart's throat was shot through,
his neck broken and a bullet had enter
ed his brain.
The bodies were taken to the ollice of
At 7 o'clock a crowd of negroes began
to gather, and hetore long 5,000 people
InuirrouinJed the place where the bodies
About this time it was reported that
the negroes at "The Curve" were arni
ing themselves. Sherilf "_NIcLendoI
hastily summoned a posse of litty men,
and, on arrival at "'The Curve" found
a large crowd of white people and ne
groes. lie galloped back and forth anid
ordered the poeple to dispeis,e, which
they did after some delay.
it was reported that 260 negroes were
arming with the guns or the Tennessee
Rifles, a colored riilitary organization.
Judge Dullose at once despatched a
score of deputies to the armory, who
took charge of the guns and conveyed
them to the sherill's olice.
It was also reported that Frank Schu
man, a gunsmith, was selling arms to
the negroes, and the judge at oice sent
for him. Schuman told the judge he
would sell guns to whom lie pleased,
whereupon the judge had the obstinate
gunsmith placed under arrust.
A posse of 100 men armed with Win
chester and Martin rilles were gathered
in the slierilf's office during the morn
ing and remained there all day, subject
to a call from the sheriff.
The leading iegro s are appealing to
their black friends to go peaceably to
their homes andl thiere remain (iet.
There may be further trouble tonight,
as It 1s reported that another effort will
be made to lynch IIugh Shields, alias
T1he Evening Scimnitar strongly coni
demns the act.ion of the mob, andl de
mands of the criinal court to bring
the guilty parties to justice.
Thle passing stranger in Memphis
Would not know fremi observation that
twelve hours ago this city was in the
throes of awful excitement, and annied
men were galloping to andl fro through
lie streets, following bands of negroes,
many of thmeit armed, also, to the tieth,
readly to begimi blood-letting at tIhe
lig htest prIovoenLtion.
Last night% bloody busin"es w~as done
ini a mannier that was a credit to thle
dexterity anmd skill e1 thle lawless tob
that invaded thme jail. (Col. 11. ('lay
King, the celebrated criimial law V er
and aut hor, co'ndenmned to (tealb 'ilor
killing l)avid ID. I 'roton, la wyer and at
torniey for .M rs. Geni. Gideon Ilillow,
said it wats a iaagnilicenit, orderly miob';
that its work w'as so <jniet, that his
slumbers were not (disturtled, though lie
wats in ten feet of the crowd as it rush
ed through the jail corridLors. A lice
Mitchell, the tuurderess of l''reda Ward,
hiowevei-, was slightly disturbed.
Men are dliscutsling the iynchiing in
all ci Itsa phase. Busi ness muen recog
nize the fact ilt such acts are deadiiy
blows to theO comumer-cial p'rosperity of
the "New South" that Soutberners are
so loudly clamorous l'or.
T1he causes of this iniorninfg's lynch.
lng are the saine that have brought
about nearly (every riot ini the South.
A white man namedl 11. liarrett owns
a grocery and crap (live. Across the
Street from him is another crap dlen and
grocery run by negroes. Biusiness riv
alry grew strong between t he two llrmis.
The negroes got, the b)E', o1 t he business
anid Barrett grewv jeatlous, andl fromt
their bickerimgs it came to blows. BUir
rett rallied his forces and the negroes
got toget her. Both were a lawless set.
liarrett found the negroes in the major
ity and sought the aid of the law. It
was i'eportedi t o thme deputy sher iffs thatt
the niegro( a werie ariming, and they
raided the negrae store. Thie report was
t,rite. Tihe negroes had guns andl they
used theum with terrible effect. Three
deputies were shot down andJ thenm
twenty-seven negroes were captured
Thl'e negroes then held a mass meet
ing andl were barangut d by their igno
ranit preachers, whose words aire regard
ed as inspired. Ilearing of' this, the
whites b)ecame enragedl, arid t he lawless
omies got themselves together and ac
comiplished the death of three ringlead
Trhere is fear of further trouble to
night. A bout 150 muen, uinder A. J.
McLemnden, -are armed with Wilnches
ters and watching negroes In the su
burbs, while the entire police force Is
TH E SILVER FIGHT ON.
REPRESENTATIVE BLAND PRECIPI
TATES A LIVELY DISCUSSION.
Free C SitaageScores One-the 1loue 'as
SeN The Ortaer for C(oniteration-Au
Exiitih:g 1arlianentary Conter;t Pre
cedcm t he Vote-Lively Tilts.
WASIINwroN, March 7.-In the
House this morning before the readin g
of the journal Catchings of Mississippi
called up the resolution for the consider
ation of th Bilver bill and the Clerk
proceeded to read, and upon its a(dop
tion Catchings <'einanded the previous
Tracy of' New York called attention
fo the fact that the journal had not, been
read. The Sneaker declare(d that it was
itA order for the gentleman fron Missis
sippi to Call up the resolution. llead
ing of the resolution was concluded.
Dingley-I'las the Chair ruled that
this report o[ the Comiittee on Rules
can be considered before the Journal has
Speaker-"The Chair hats; tlatis a
provision of the rulcs."
Dingley-"The same provision of
rules would confer 1 he same privilege on
Speaker-"It docs not confer the
8aie prilvilege on conference reports.
The gIutleman is mistaken; there are
ezpress limitations against :onference
Dingley-"Then the Chair decles
that business can be done before reading
Speaker-"The Chair to devides.'"
'Tracy-"I at)peal from the decision
of tile Chail."
in advocacy of his appeal lie said that
it would be an unfortunate precedent to
make that the Committee on Rules, con
sisting practically of three members,
could come into the Iouse and foruce
uion: 300 and odd mieibers the consid
eration of any resolution they mint
desire to call up. The people of the
State of' New York looked with grave
concern on the action which this IHouse
was to consummate to-day raspecting
this silver bill. It was the opinion of
the people of* that State, almost without
exception, that the silver measure should
not be incorporated in the statutes.
W ith regard to the question of readlin-,
of the journal, it was customary to read
the Journal every morning before pro
ceedmg to- business. Knowing this
many iembers had not felt it necessary
to hasten to the House. On that ac
count t here % ere many members absent,
ain( a tair opportunity shioull ha given
them to reach the caiItol. lie yieled
live minutes to Mr. Fitch and reserved
the balance of his time.
Fitch seconded his colleague's re
marks, prefacing his own remarks with
an expression of the highest respect fbr
the tirness of the Chair. But, he con
curred fully in what had been said in re
gard to the danger o, the precedent
which it was proposed to set. Those
Democrats who had sat here over and
over again, deianding the reading of
the jurnal in the last House, knew that
that demand had always been granted
and that In a Democratic House in a
case like this, tirt refusal should be
made. was as untair to his mind as any
thig tIhat had been dlone in the last
House. Every parliamentary body in
the world correcteJ its own journal be
fore it proceeded to the worK of' another
lay, and if' the rules authorized such a
Itling as the Speaker had made, it 'as
an innovation that, ought, to be changed.
There was a good deal of' talk in his
State about a premature or smip conven
tion. If' there was .evcr anythmng pine
mature or unexp)ectedl to t,hose who op
poseC silver legislation it was the snap)
ping of' tius resolution on) thiem betore
the r'eadhing of' the joui'nal. Th'le rep
resenit atives from N'ew York would stand
by what they thought right wit,h the
same steadfIastness and courage they had
stocod by tie pr'esent, Speaker when, as
the cenitleman fromi Gcorgia, hze had
protestedl against thin;s that were no
more unjust than was the bringing ini of'
this resolution before the reading of thle
journal. 'lThe piarfy owed somethingi to
the Democrats of' New York as they
owedl someuthimit to it. It had nc r'ight
to loadt themi (down, and fromi them it,
must except,, as is dleservedI, a most
Mr. T1racy then claimed the floor, bumt
the Speaker had already reognizal
Bland andh statedl to Mr. Tracy that its
lie had reserved his time the gent,le
man from Missouri was entit,led to lie
floor. Mr. Bland, proceeding, said thfat,
when the Committee on lHules had( re
lported the resolution certain anti-silver
men had1( comle to lum and had said that
if the resolution wvere postponedl for the
time being they would be readfy t,o vote
on it to-dlay without lillibustei'ing. 1I,
was a faiir, squiare agrceemeiit, made by
Messrs. Cockran and( Andrews. IIe
thought it, lair play and fair dealing that
when they came to him andi to d,he Coai
mittee on Rules and made a solemni
agreement, that, fillibu stering tact ics
ought Tot, to be i'esorted to. If' die
IIouse piroceededl with the reading of the
journiil in the temper of' tile gentleman
from New York (TLracy) the opponents
of thle resoluiitioni couhiliove to aimind
the journal I rom now until Chriista.
Th'leie was niothaing extr'aordhinary ini the
ruling of t,be Chair. It, was madle in ate
cordlance wt,h i'ules adIopited by a IDemo
cratic House. When gentlemen violated
their pilediges and1( iuidertook to declare
that the rule was being disi eiar'ded it
was a very extraordinary exl.ib,ition onm
this floor, lie niovedl to lay the appeal
Tracy then demand(edl the floor, but
the Speaker said the pending qjuestioni
was not debatable. Tracy contended that
he had not, lost his right, to the floor andI
his persistency brought from the Speak
er a sharp reproof that his manner' was
disrre pectful to the Speaker. TIhe Chair
told Tracy to be quiet, and he would
state the qjuestiou. It, was that' the
gentleman reserved his time, whecreupon
the chair recogmized thme gentlemar, f rom
MissoluI and that the gentleman moud e
ia motion to lay the appeal on the table,
which cuf a ofl' debate. Al ter furter' (dis
cussionl on this point Blandl wlthdlrew
him motic.n In ordeto ablea Co.,..u
of' New York, to whom he had person.
ally alluded, to take the loo'.
Cockran said that the -,entleman from
Missouri had stated that in anI inlterviev
with him, lie, Cockrai, hail undertaken
to bind a portion of tle lIouse its to its
action tO-day. That was not correct,
through it might be the gentleman's
understandinr.. lie had appealed to tle
gent leman from Alissouri to conseit that
a vote be taken to-day and the gentle
man had rei'used to make any agreement
whatever and the vmversation ha I
endul. It11 had been c:trried oil inl tle
presience of Andrews. IIe, Cockran,
had to appeal to the Committee (nII
lules for !his disposition because the
"entleimian f.oi Mlissouri relfued to c0o
Bland Inquired whether the uentle
mnii had not stated that there ww>uhl be
110 0PPOsitiOII by filisblItring,.
('ockran denicd that ilihu.mteing I:td
been referred to.
Bland-"You said in that conveit
tion that you would vote without ,i
Cockraii-"My recolltetiwi 0-w.i n.-t
COv'er any such coivenltion."
Bland-"Mile does, illost eulphatical
( ockran-"That ;the genrtlemia L s
said once in order. 'There is no iece-s
sity for his saying it twico in disorder.''
Cockran argued agaii st the ruiniig of
the Chair, maintaiiing that, until the t
journal of the preceding day's procewl- f
Ing was road, the House could not k now i
that it was legally in stssioii.
Andrews of Massachusetts stat .1
that his recollection LI the conversa
tion between Cockran and Bland was
in entire accord with thu recoilectionII
of the former gentleman. lie did not
think that, the anti silver mien ever ill
tended to iliibuster on the joutrnal.
iland--" Why not take a Iote let (i
the;rcading of I he j(iurrnal. if t here ,s
no intentijn of lilibust( ring on the Jour
Cockran--" Hecause one is ord(' - v
and the other is disorderly."
Tracy succeeded in obtanin; - t
floor and concluded his rernvirbs v
again protcsting against tihe decisith
of tire Chair ind[ expressing regret 1ir
anything helhad said which might ha..e
been considered disrespetitul to -,iny
Catchings closed debate on bi half of
the Committee on Rluh s,concluding Iy
moving to lay the appeal of' the gentle
man from New York (Tracyi upon the
Tracy demanded the yeas and nays
arid Iis deliand was sunported by
forty-five otieri. Th'i- roll~ was then
C-Iled ald resulted yes, I11: Iavs, 73.
Tr:cy's applal wvs takbled.
'racy then raisd the q,ivstion of re
considoeration. Thi Chir decided that
under the rules lw voulh not. entertain i
the <luestionl of iviolrenideration. Tracy
%gain appealed aldl was again defeated
by a motion to tahhe h1v iapal, which
was ctrried, I' I.o SI.
Ti hcy tlirelupon mroved to recoliit
the resoluitionl with instrulctiois to the
Conmittee on Iines to report it back
with an ainendment changing the date
for consideration of tiosilver bill from
March 22nd to Deceinber 12th. TIe
motion was deleated, yeas 7?, nays 202.
'ihe previous question was thln or
dere-1 upon the resolution withounit
further object ion being made.
A brieft debate followed in which t he
resolution Was adToCit(d by McNeigh
an of Nebraska, TownsendC of Colorado,
Pierce of Tennessee and Bland of Mis
Soii and opposed by Williams of Mas
sachusetts, while sarcaetic speeches
directed against the spectacle ifforde d
by a controversy mong .rDemiocrats
were interjected by IUeed and Botitelle.
Yeas and nays were ordered and resuilt
ed in the adoption of the resolution;
yeas 19o, nlays bi.
TPho speaker annrounceed thle r'esuIt
-mrd irfnirrediat ely added: "The Cler'k
will readt thre journral of yest erday's
proceedings." I Latrghiter.}I
WYhat thei I)onrucrats W liii 5., v4'
only fonur appropriationi bills have bi'1
passedl, theii chrairmanu of' the 1101s j5 p
propriation cori ttee < stimiates th.:t -
the total 1of1 all tIhe bill forCu this sessi'in
will be about M5,0,Itm eCTSs th;ni (he
total of' tihe samrie billIs for the liris SCs
sioni of (lie last Con gress. IIlav'ig
started in to make a recordI nol smal
ex perndit ures, thre I )eu noerat:; PiroposeXC
to (it' and pruniii ait. ('very lh>ssib!e
ploint, ailthioughthi y open IheC door
w idley to criticism f romr the lIepah)11
i'ans. TIhe t iter nauturally wan:t to e
the appropriat ion s 'iiWt com a n' a.s
but t hey will be di sappoIin (tei'i. Thlei e
is t ho utmmost hairmony on thei' Ieino
cr'atic side ill (Ihis in at.ter of r 4nnrre
the G overinnren, Ioin t he a-nom ) Ii'n
principle and if they le-nd on!y luai c'in..
trol last year there wIuld not nowl~ be
a depleted t.reasuryi.
.lt will be remiembe'red t hat in th'e
earl.y part of tIre sissi on 1 hese u.s
patches contaninred an int 'rview withI
dudi(geI linin, in whrichr lw s-nid I imt
this Conigress would rave . 10..0,'p 'C.
At that time the staIt'eent (xe'it ed t no
ridicule of tIre I i')pubhrcans, w ho sarid
that such a reduct ion was ilrurpossibbnl'.
At the rate at whrich tire I ) mnicratIs
are~ now cut,tinig this vast suin will l'o
exceeded before ~Spearker Cr'isp hoys
dlown the gayel on tire 4Lh nof March,
18(93. It vw'ill be ia reCoCrd( wi th which
tihe D)emocrats carn go to tire country
wvithI proud heads, espe'cially as it, t'ill
be shown that, not a siunh niecessairy
ex penidiiture 01 thi Go(I)veirnment,u has
been o verlookd n'orii negle icted. liutL the
app)Jropiriait icon bills wvill 1 e clCan. Theny
wuri lie free Ifo ro all suispiion of0 jo'I )bs
and steals. Theiy will lbe hones('t. Tihey
Will contain nio iten like that, of thre
)3,O0,00 tor tihe ICelaws and Chiick
asaw, whmich waIs 50 applarenit a fraud
tha~nt thn l'r'esidnt, deC'linedi to 1)ay it,
out , air a is ren-rred thl (iwIhole rmattemr
back toi Conugress5 fori * ew 'gibslat ion.l
IIinrricarmmi ini i'lirttgal.
L4iroN, Mlarchr 7' Tlhie hunrricanie
wIch passedl o ver t he' l'ort iiguiee coast
yesterda~y did rmunchi danii;ge to prop)er
ty amid to thre Iran bor works here. A
mniumbelr of' houses were unrooled, clhiinm
nreys blown down andi trees uprooted.
Six persons passmng along the streets
were struck by hlyinig debri.; anrd killed.
A nurmbier of others were' miore or less
seriously injurd by 1)) ,ubnr rg bricks,C
uiest, etc. 'lIe li ver' 'I agums, which ini
Soma placcas has alread i overilowedh its
bankr, conrtinrues tio rise iapidtly and
threat,ens consiidlerable daitmange. ThI e
river Is full of drift wood arid naviga
tion has becorme so hazardotus that it w,
if any vCssels attempt it.
TARIFF WAR OPENED.
NOOL SCHEDULE OF THE M'KINLEV
'rolectiotitst 'roten-ioi l'4 1 tct ured
Theo MeKinlv.Y Tariff Wam Enapeledi tu
l'ay 1'itiv'a- I)oblts Incur1rcl to Moot
the HIIav.y Ex:ienlses of I to 11.1it 'ri.pi.
WA iNT IN, I.Aci It).-Iolow
alg :re extracts from N1cM*illinti Speech
a the llouse yesterday on Sprin.Ler's
tee ooV0I bifl:
Ailr. Chair-man: The liAt Coingre-: a
mp-sed the highest larilf1 axes nv r
evi, d in thm couitrv. It also m:-!e
Ie Imost extravagii apprlpiat.ots
verI Ill:le here in timie of peace. W'i'
:n-,,ress was sent here to correct hoth
vib:. Expenditurcs in I!he two ye:
or whlich thle last Cong'ress apilnil.r
itt'. beihides aeficient leS, aggreat.
(al.),thG itlt &10 per lainlily all11llia.
Yl or ilore 0 ai $5lo ii i , I00,tIll each y-a,
h wl't olle-Vtilld fWall the ioney il -
tneill the Vllitec.l States. WN ilen IN
o Ill our cuirency ) .(.)(]l0H F, 4 ..
,01ld 1w-!. for redemptionl pur-posik ..i
he Treasury, reserves requir! in in n
ion-0 banks and d1-11erentreresb
ron> viruition. .,in other ways, we iin i
hLt tliesec expo--nditures reC:h1ied annua!
y iiar half of' :0l t1he imoney in aclu;i
-rUlatioi. an('; there he peilannc
'ri it) while ole-h1alf (r even e n 1e
,I.r oW al' the moIney h1.s t1,; o throu
be hand11, of tile Federal tax gth 1
\ ' ar, hesides Iaxes for Si .1t
(tLy and Imnnivipal purpose!- T,(,i
' re(dly. Imp111ose lwss 1ae In
pei hss moiey. That is wlt th.
ong,re.m. means, to do.
Mr. ('hiIrmali, the taills la hLi s 114J..
l in operatioll for one \1t-ar and Iv'
nolth. Where are te bileneb-al 4'
K I l that were to 4 w fr il it'.' \V I.r.
,t )t :1h11'-w pie lhe i'ar--iner all.i
wo ' r er w,as t. realiz.u I'lr li it.
WhII. re are thlle hiellsd wage.'s11 th. l
IOi a man was to !T.rl L see bu bi
ile maiiy men who voted h)r that inew
M iltousleasu''e. [I Wt Lts wee wt I
.1eil they wulld proclhill them to ti
ivor'd. I dely coil( radictimin wien 1 I .;,L
.le t,1imer has realized fromit two to thre,
'(nlts less oi a lamund from his \.,or!
11a1v he1did beore 1nd Id alen4e any
.(,prrsulitative here to poillf it, a Si
.1e 111 ! of I.uIIfIactilres in whi iabr
-s' wToes have beeni iilreased hy 'ilt
aw. 'The laIoler las heen foked t.
qj). lil -re for tiie root that shelte;, h111,
"r the hat that uovers lis head atil til
ivwolen4is that ' Iiiv is fack. lie Ii
h-ad to) pay Ilin-v Imr the linenl he( wvzar
the haimer atI h withl which Ii
%Vworiks. Yet his wages Ihave no,t umt
III oile ,enl. What benelit has increase<
plftecli'n bueen to4 thlem'! It was passet
Mdh I pretenie of a desir (4) henli
him, et whilst his wa,es stand s41ll ()
"o down, what hev, hlis Wife and Lub(1(I
con"ume has been inmquie in pIWv lnk
C(M.-vionably. I ;a.;k a:ny lk-puldivnm
on the Committee on Wars aind Nlean:
to Im>int to a sin--le Jtore:- wlit 2w.::
have beI incre.1sed by the law. It i
1iIini-shes the r-evene re'eivt I by ill
ovnllMent, I t it do(es no(1t ifncr: lth,
valm of raw mraterial to the( h1i1ve, i
Athwm d iL increase the wy the W " i.
bmirvir, it it, !osters trusim, ir it ma;%;
pool"n." proRiable, in Ileavenl's iniak
let kis vol 1111ther luglize e I robbJN
,)ut try ,ioinc better Inlethcd.
1li army-s were had by the(- WayA :w.
Means Cin"nitee on 1he AtlKumh,
bill. S> )iie Ii larmers and4 r'epre(sentiL ive
lt a;rienituraI'l IaLssocitionls ein:nie betr
lie comitt1lLee. Withlout LI smiih.4 4>
'epl!till, so hir1 as I now retiieinli, t
e.itliedt that the v'alue ol lnas ha.:
ci:wt down w ithina the ilast six 'iars: a
IThe duty on woo*flVLwa ini 'sG phite4
it It lcent- LI pound4 (on untwaIshed' wio<
Pt'! wa's) hv an aLgreement ente're(LLd ill
)4tween'i the! Natioind A:,soriitin
it'L of Wiol ** Grow'ersI'. mlt I hey' de L
I.e- It'hettt ms toLiCtn t-t. , tit waL
Lu:: iint inceaLse LIIe vaie of wold
tio' hott :'aIismf. the du1t v on wtit', ther
i%e 8 7, I5,n0nI sheept in the 'ni) f
stai'us h-:st t of the \lisSui a1i11 Ml i
dyll I les. IIa lwI t9here werein.
I :,!Teut in et in tIhe same1( territor
.w(Int-iour yearis, whleni flu hiih f:ar'
'ln I' o)o Imd14 been1 inl fIel: this in IL
4111 th wt thaLt popu)Ilationl in tIhse Stat114
ILl' vistl\ increased,Vth
Ii fthe inicrease1( oil shieep hadI kept iLtw'
wvith te hwrea(Llse of p latlLtin, thfen'
it. hfilrice of1 wtol atL this time ii aben'
passage~ of1 theI At (41 ALirt hi 2, 1
l'he wh ole not,tLer inay i.e :.umm1net ui
i the faclt thaLLt ater' .Cif -wen tlve y'im
C\eximentlCit wh th highi rab-5 tI -hIt
>nl woo i th rLesl t 11habeen Li i'duiiot'
41 oneI-hall Iinl tl:he llanher oi shleep I
Sttes Eaist ofLII th AiSsIf Pi and ol Ii.
tour: rivers maio aI redulicti(iont lLol;
rOe-hah ll inhe prie otf woo4l. Nr 44'aLIV
'elts been1 enicouring',l 1 to woot 4(4 u:1
1factuLIrers. Th'Iey' hav'e ben redstr'Lte1
15 to theI <(ulhlity Of wttool thely Itui .
ordI to buiy iln the grea'Lse b y reason 4.
he11 tarL' i; th ey hav btV( een riestrlIe :
11m1 et:1 subhstantilly to their owii coun-l
ry. T1hiey have beeni Itorced to use sho'
ly Las LI subst i Ltt fori wooleni~ o'l
iIs thatL had1 alreCady fallen1 from0 the
)me4ks of beoggars'~' in oIther co(unlti'es hav,~
Th'fe tarith rateLs levtidI aIt the c1ls of
h: r'evoi,lutionar'y warII. wheni, if (ver,'
mii iniul1t inidusMtr'is over'wheilmeI by
h ose long e'stabIlied in lEngalnd 1111d
>thli:ri old1 countlries, were not onii xLIh
>f those impiosedh by thle present. law1.
lhose leviedh to carry oni Lthe war with
1'rcat Il'iriai in 1812, whenCl then capll ia
ity had14 its baptism ol tilre, wereI' not
mel-thlird so L'reat. Th'Iey areC now alboutI
WI) and one halli times uteater thiani the'
aLes im)1posed to carry OnL the' Mexicani
-ates5 imp Iosed to caIrr'y On our recentf
:ivii Warl, whicth we were t.Ol were Lr
>e olyi templjorarty andl to be redhucet
w~ill. the returnl oL peace.
S5h' tihn nnIhlOra nf ihn bill aknim..
credit to theiselves for having placed
suar on the Free list. They did, it is
true, place some o.1 the lowest grades of
su--ar on the free list. But the fiter
rgraIdes tire st'll taxed heavily for the
hene lit of the ianufacturef and he is left
with more protection by thie bill than by
the rates imposed by the Mills bill.
They removed the sugar tax which
> elded eight niniths of its benefit to the
Treasury and but one-ninth to the lan
ulacturer only to place many millions
iore (fha) the sugar tax oi other things
where but one-foturth of the law's exe
cution went into the Treasury and three
loirths went into the private coffers of
Mr. Chairman, when we reflect that
fl'2.1'o0,00 paid on bountit1es on silks,
su.,ar, etc., has to be raised by the imi
position of taxes on other things where
t'hrev-f0uths .4o into the uanufacturers'
phk,t atnd one-lourth into the Treas
urY, it will he seell that the tax is still
a iirdell (1, ,000,0 indirceAly to
the peol,'. and that instead oftheir get
till- . 6 lo, 00 o(A reliet by this change
!tt daev they have hardly obtainmed $ lt,
1100,1 nelj 4 of k-t beIlefit. ThI l ole hI ll
vav vbara,ti-r,izud by cons.3ciuo6eess Ia
Voritisn I-r the few and luerelcle.s op
dRt I Sii,n t th! nlly.
-Allr. Chairman, lor tie fir'st tile ill
the hisL' I the cAlttry t1hose who
l.SScd the lIw :liported it WWIh tile
:im, *iestroyilngl I PV(lIll . lin all other
laws eVer Passed on t'is sillbject, at least
th1's1 having the Ilcasure ill harg hadl
sense 1 offlicial propriety topres that
th htw was18 inivi f to) raise reveniie.
The xi leS of tile prectdinl.g catl
'ahi I had1 req uired a v4ast, atulounlt of
Ill')IlVy to carry the clectioni. It wai
raised by rOUS11111 tile, apprchension of
-nwc an.I promising belelit to others.
iThe protlllces (it that cailpa ign were
UI. ilLo Istat t r .)' l r i.
(Wr oppon1nts hav,e Iliadu inreat
'1-ts (11 tile en(' Ielit t1iy hILVO b'estOwd
-I tho counlry by that pmrtionl oftheo
ar;i1 bill ey v'passed whilch provid( for
ri4.IIcprovit " with other volitriies. It
pv h.N I.-S tmr the 11unpo1sitil ()1 tIXes aind
relltissioll 1 taxes by the 'resident ol'
the Uni.ied . tates alo. I f( lmay at ;
col dinvg tI tile provisiol, inl his iscre
tioli, aS Oftenl. as lie Sees lit, ilpose two
cetits a ploulld tax on sugar; three cents
t I'Miuln1 li coll'ec; one and ita half ents
at 10111-Al n hides aill tet cents at pOIId
onl te-i. i m1-ay imliM! these taxe at
Wil 1141 1 llit them at IeasuLe. Ie is
MAL r'."(11iretA to conil, efth(.r tho cah
incet 4-r Con-,rcss. i himay luvy 44),
41110 wipI I , ct)nvellil li ess oi ll -
-iiltinl that lhody if it is ill sesSioll. I
I Li Sltnih tlat i a free repibli c,
v:hI th riht te tax :tion th irougi
!OSCII leproseltatives vas ilboghIt with
blod1 44u1 ,lich a thing is possible as the
-il rrende-r,1 tiis I i,ht to o. Ian. The
ni-At :acrc-I rig_ht ti,he u mre ainu lias is to
h-o. 1nI tI .xtvilt anld allnliler ol his
LaItion.1 Iit it is sad4 L) Illect that I I-I
N ars ailt the riLhlt o! sell taxation was
--ubstittittd l l-o taxation "withiouit rep
rn11titttiol" S4)M. Of lle sonls od the!<v
irshavc io <i (Iertuthat thecy were
wiln, wahlout 'a pjr0[tst, withouit evven
It h1UrIIllJr, to hulrrendier this bloil bow-01b,
it to the P'rusidenlt t(I the(; United
Ah Mlil de.-cribed the (.\il workin
44 lihe Is4 sitIln of, rcbate ()f (ities \hIt i
ilin p(irted -wdnIs arc exported after hav
ill- cntered into mnanuilactures, dlescribeud
the destructiin ()I Amnerican conmmerce;
analyycd thtle du1ties iml)poS(d b,y the
leKinley IIl; delliolstra'ed fronm
Ih workin'5 that bill dhat, tari! 14 a ta
a\1 (hi asis perora~. 4l1tin:I41 2X
'4ve inlt a14 in5 II atesi of taixationi has1
been41 p4aeed upon1 iby the peole and1(
conlhtllitl4I lii a1 inantir Iiot to lbt ills
iL' adopl14144n. Newspapers2t antd pelriOdlie
als44 ihitejir wor4)k inI inf&rinintg the4 1)14
ple Lb thi hage.. Then111 came' anLti (
anlt4 in pri1ces, spealkinlg ill unmlist,:lk
v-bleI 41nes of the42 hadip aIstims
r14:1 aweasdkI 1axaion.( Then, thIe lee
41i14n i un itil ve as 41uch11 aldetnt
14-Uninatera b> 'at recreat t rty a1i!s was'14
il'ited14i' uel te wo dii passedi twhs
ineasure. \ Fro!4:1in. Ala inIe t (l1jafrnh
reb11 atl4ed toprvat e )1theilader who11til
\Ibil i til sI\ (:(11t tli iLth i 4)ller whio
hUI 1'Net'u ed tit. Al i le1gant 44najort
wasl Ii 1.1 verit 1hiItloiill InIthl(44) 'lint)
toteno.-atil! here.lt '1'etNorth andh
ut4hI. '1ni1a iajod4rit.l i on tvlrwaln
av w:ISIIthei d 11141 tht ill oudivid theI
unitry~ itl tlo sieti>ns, Norlthl (ar l
uil tt li ICeilL\ 4l iver t)ht(4 era it! rC il
S iI 4 III. ~ t l: ) Lo xrat oirom '1hie
1411( re.3v 44 very 0 I)emocr. isar rine the
Notih tosI trotyn fav oruth * wubt tave
a11 (I oi 1(t lthir isopponients. Thli'ose
wh! orhb ('theS5V cl1the1 lleS theaoter
wh'otttdhid lo thetnig flict ml wle
4lhllrlla1e1 bu1 w (hand1u1 I of thoe whol.
fae tile bl rae, a nd Ii fioerce tile
tpill! 14lhit on li tne !n thlIitd beeies
w1h!olaleonted wasppr defethedb goven
peop trlIerh thandw ritn 0)riOl the l
mleiIis not tolbe isCt aken. foThe benpei
rI-ICtio od Marct th-eiwior hav al
NI.eductonr ina uheat rotaxatin,dorsed
foi: !urthesdctiontion byon
hrls hro foayr hi'h taxeatn.o The
hate ison.e tOn onerse lso asr. tedh
toemrtie art n111 for of jus txa
te i o neotr. isopnns lmr
A jlE.TTER FROM HIAMP)TON.
WHAT HE THINK5 THE OPPONENTS
C)~ TILLMAN SHOULD DO.
Io Advilem tio Convention tihat Will
11 .0eld III Coltmimi This Month to
lai a jrimniary a(nl to ''akw Charge of
IlAMP T)N, Mlaiss., irch :.--To the
Editor of 'lhe State: I w%as glad to see
the plan of a primary -uggested by you,
and as you are aware it is the one
advocated by mvielf ais the only fair
means of ascertaining the wishes of the
people. If the "dominant party," as
those members of the ling like to call
themselves, ref.se that demand of
those Opposed to I l nii Illy opinion is
that the convent ion vhicih is to meet
this month sholtd lave a primary, and
if the restilt shows, as I have no doubt
it will, that the opponents of the pres
ent Adminiistral i(n are in a majority,
they, as the true e)mocratic party,
should assilimu coltrol, not only of the
policy to be urmied In ihe approaching
canVass, but ol I he' State itself.
it, in order to b?v successful every
elemient of opp;sition to the present
Administration, wliioh has brought
such Ahamll-1 111pon1i ti Stalt(e. should be
uinited; anil I regret eeply to see that,
ainong those who are hotifst ly working
towards it comnioi end, sono imistin.
derstanding as ti the policy to be pur
sued has already risen, which, if not
cirrece-1, will stirely lead to dissension
and ltilmate d.feat. All divisions ill
ir ranks imist he closed if we hope
for success. hilt I his cni never be ac
compished if t vh ilvncate.i of any one
poley express dohts as to 1.11 honesty
or the sinceri'y (if thost. who, while
working for a coinmou end, differ as to
the m1lode of attailing it. Mutual col
cTS.Sions nmist be imade. aid all differ
AIM-es 1mu11st lt Itl t. fr settlement after
tho battleb. Wise stralegy. as well as
commuon sense, dietates tlhis course, for
limany a ight ha; becii won under a
had irder i h:ttlo, bil iolic ever
where thtre w ds disaffeetiol among
the leaders or i. 'nc ralkm.
I see no con-eiv ah ! re;a;-n why there
shuliid not be huarmoi. and concert of
action am.mgs.t 1l1 who m1"ay desire a
change in the goverllievt of the State,
and ily uinderstanding of the address,
which I with ot.er gentleinen signed,
was that it, was vi1 earnest appeal to all
patriot ct ett en-; who felt p:ide ill their
Stato to join mi an honiistel'."ort to keep
its fame and hon-)r utarnisiied and the
int erests of its (iti zols protected. It
did not. occir to Tum For a m1omlent that
anly Dliocrat wIlo desired to see a
ioodt goverllilent established inl the
State' was to It.e exci(tsted f"roim partici
pat ion in tlie vllort to se thre this con
nIIllallation, alil 1 canlilot see why all
such shouh not, takc part in the con
velntiol sool to bIw bit-l.
TIhe CAll for t hl.t con'lvenit it'n Certainly
dIMIS 11t (-xclie t whos Who ar'e c.lled
St raighol s, for w, it lil the active co
operation of Ctho::o ciiizk-n-i, who comi
pos s large anlld il;icIe(tial a portion
of the I)eillocrat ic partV, it is hopeless
to look fo cicess. Whiateve, opillion
iwav he entert,tine ci ts to heir action
ill flith last electifn1 lii one can doubt
the sincerit y of their convictions, nor
the honiesty ol their motives. 'he ipre
dicliolls, Illadc ly thein at that time,
nIt the evils which would follow tile
inal -1.1tio lu1 the presiell. Adminis
tration havo icti IWuly v-erilied, and
tevy ar11- ow doilubtlet. s as anxiolls to
prevelt a rccurrence of I liose evils as
they theni were to avvit theill.
'Ile rect lt aIess issied y their
Sormer cotmiittce is a Cahn, colserva
I ive andi,l dliglilioil pm>.1)1r, hut I iipe that
it will niot idiu'i the-ni to reiraini from
ibarticipbal t. in tnI he' (otisels, which
I'ivo for thiri ob ject thet welfare of tile
St atc. I f lIt hecominlg convenionu 1101m
inntecs a t icket , thley should Ic ertainily
haiive a vicei ill its~ se lectionl, at their
voltes will lie essenlt ial to its success.
Alil siiades ot (opiniioni shuld lbe fully
replireseteti inl toul conven'cltioln, andi
$1hould11 that bod11y takeh alny acti on re
puigln;tnt, tn ally iof its -inmbers t,heir
withdrawal will telieve thleli from all
oligaitjion to bit boun id by~ it. I appbre
heint no daue:r of thuS kund, 1or the
Iie. n whoi wnill :oni i iiit c'onlvention
will lie anetite ali IV by itriotic 1no..
lives, mnI tiwny wsli be >governied by wise
ciunilStl, I iiia si8:V. Nib ha;sty or in
.ionsideto;i n.t tw tte: hen teared ii
cionser vative, h .wstS! aid I rueI Demuo.
etsl1 lnctt In ('iiSill. hown ti' best ill
sinests of l t Stt (i 1ht belpromoted;
antd this abulul line the sole motive
I,it, thlen, repl.:-senaut iv of.~ l every
class iol iiiur citi.ns be weul l'repreCsentedl
mu thne con ventionl, aini especially do I
Ihop~e IIi utlr farmr whoV ~. 1 have learned
by hi tterC itI ex eic ho w grievotusly
thety have been decei ve.t by false
proii~llses will jobin t heir fellow-suffYerers
11n desirinhg inivas' rt 5 oft relief and rec
dIr ss. Thle l'ress of1 thie Statet can exert
hnarmIon i /.ing all dliscordlant elements
and ill pr'omot ing iunity of actionl, and
It is t) be hopedl that all papers' fayor
able to thne mbovemlfent for at iilut ref oirm
Il the State will ltnd their aid to brinig
abou)lt unite:d, vigorous and determined
efforts to ::eu"'re tils result-, "'United
wet stand, dividedi we fall."
I shouhl nout venturein to obtruide my
opbinIion on tile 1pub1lic, but f or the fact
that aLs a signer to thle address pub11
lished, I do not wish lily position mis
unditerstood. O ne' other miattetr promplits
mie ton (It this. Miy dteep) olicitude for
that State, which, in other days It was
mIy pridle to serve, and though my ser
Vices have beentI pbroniounIced no longer
necessary, I cannIot foirget the past, as
readily aind as completely as many
thers haive done. Ev ~ery pulsation of
my hleart is true to the State, and my
dearost wvish is to see its; people happy
L am v'ery respect,fully yours,
W AlDE IIAMPTO0N.
Stairvati on Inn Vliennat.
LONDON, March 1.-A special agent
of Iteuter's 'Telegraph Comnpany, who
is inquliring into thle distress in Viennia,
paints a terrible picture of tile destitu
tion that prevails in that city. There
are many houses, lhe says, whose splen
did exteriors give no suspicion of their
mliserab)le interiors. The cellars in such
houses, lie allrms, are found crowded
with starving persons who are out of
work, andi others who are earning only
a mere pittance. II tudreds are unable
to pay rent, anld exist in daily fear of
eviction. But in spite of all this mis
ery there Is a total absence of vice
amng tha antfarers