Newspaper Page Text
WE FOUGHT IREAVY ODDS. d
ACCOUNT OF THEMSELVES.
Tho Forces Sent to the VIeld bv the n
()ppcsijg Sides--Ollicial Fixurce ;f the
Comnparatiye Ntumborm in Some Famtloull 0
[Front the New York World.
The appended article comes frcmn a e
(orrespondent at Los Angeles, Cal., v
who is evidently of strong southern t
sympathies and Is stirred up by what he (
coisiders all injustice done to the i:al- a
lait men who fought to dismember this
union. Many imi partial persons, indeed, t
must have wondered why it was that (
arieics recruited fron a population of 3
24,000,000 usually found the arm:es
drawn front t )oiiiation of 8,000,000 e
overwheliiv- in numbers. The collec
tion of statistics hearing on th is point F
made by the World's correspondent is
valuable mid his anevdote of Mr. Lim
CoIn is pleasing:
The "superior itumber'' of tle Con
t derates figure largely in the reports of
nearly all the great battles. Grant ati
Siloh01 says h FolughOt against "over
v-helming numbers;"I MleClellan ati
tliond say s he fought against "great
odds;'' Keyes in his report of baittles
itroud lichmond says, "Tle Confeder
atcs outumbel edi us durin- a greater
part of the day four to one;'' 1toseciaslls
S3s a-it Stoni1 Viver he otight against
"'superior tmbnhers'' and it Chickamai
ga he says hs tiniay n ithdrew from the
field "in the face ol'overpowering num- .
hts;I'' I-eCle1ind at Shiloh said that,
ile "Unon Forces were probably less
tlant one half the enemy,'' and Pope
with his usual mtodesty at the second
Bull Run speaks of tlie "enormously
superior force of the enemy."
The stereotyped report of overwhelin
ing and overpowerini-,, numbers which
came up fFrom ever.y lost battle field
called out front Ar. Lincoln one of his
best anecdotes. An old Illinois friend
of Mr. Lincoln, who had two sonts in the
Army of the Potomac, called to see him
al, the white house in the summer of'
1862, and, feeling a parental solicitude
about the safety of his sons and their
chances of' success, asked Air. L,incoln
how many men lie thought ,Jefl' Davis
had In thte field. LincohlI responded
that Jell Davis had 3,000,000 men in
the field. This startled the old man.
After regaining his composure lie asked
Air. Liuckilnt how he knew this fact. Ar.
'I have 1,000,000 men in the field and
whenevcr one of my generals gets
whipped dowl in Virginia ie always
says that the rebels had three men'to
his one. Yes, sir, 1. have 1,00oo),000 in
the field antd Jell' Davis has 3,000.000.1"
In order to properly discuss the ques
tionl, "Did the Federals fight agamist
Superior numbers?'' it is iecessary to
compare the resources of' the two gov
ernments. The seceding States in 1861
.ad, in round numbhers, a population of
8,000,000, about 4,000.000 of which
were slaves. The ioi-seceding Stat.es
had a population of 24,000,000. This
gave the Union side about three to one
oft the whole population. The Confed
erate States had a seaboard from the
Potomtiae to t.he mfouit.h of thie i) GCt r(nId
in Texas, and havimg no navy, they
were exp)osed' as much to attacks by sea
as by hind.
'Tere wcre enlisted im the Fedleral
armuy dur'ing the war 2,778,304 soldile, s
which was about 12 lper cent, of her
piopuilationi; wiyleI, accordinig to F ederatl
statistics, the enr'olmenit in the Confed
erate army wits 6 00,000 which wats
anbout 17 lper cent, of' the 1101pulationi.
The Con federattes, on t he estimiates
ma tde by3 G.eneral W.Vritt. agent lor' the
c'ollect.ion of C'on federate stattisties, (Ienly
thatt t hey ever had 690f ,000 enrolle'd, ats
the artmy of' the Conifederaicy,"aen
mntI present,'' was as follows, fotr ('eh
year: -l anutary, I1862, 218,011I; Janiu
ary, 1863, i65,55. : .January'~, 1 %t , -'2,..
781, ,!:airy, I1m5, 489 ,G75-(vol. iv.
"'I at tles andt I 1ado ers,"' p. 7 68
Ttaking the Fedleral enilixtmient at 2 -
778,30-1, and the nmbe ir of Federals on
thie paiy roll May I . I1865, at 1,000,5 I,6
there wout he about 87 let' cent, of the
enlistment piresenit. Tis wouhll give,
ont the sitme1 bas is, ab outt 222,0011 Coni.
federates unider arms. TIhis would pre
serve the ratio of 600,000p to 2, ;78 33
enlistmcets, anri the e tneral rati~o of
ippulation, 8,o(00,ptj(' to 2-I,(i00t,Ot00.
Tihe dJiffQeence bet weetn the C'onfede rate
rep ortsi of .Jainuariy I , 1 8B5--4135,6;5
aind the number p'aroied after thie urr'tetn
der-174I,014'--~is alcctedllt for by thle e.
hteavy losses of' the Conicfeerae's by
death andl desetrtiont between January 1 -,
18(65, tand te date of' parole. 't
Shiloh wats the first, great battle lbe.
twcen the oppo)smn atrmies of the West. t
Grant, was there wit,h the veterans of' c
.Donelsoin and IIenry. Sherman, with a
its splendid division on the right, while "
to0 his left were M. (let inad, Prenti;s , t<
Wallace, (WV. I1. L..) IIurlbut and to
Stuar't, with thie dilvisionl of Lew Wal- It
lace otnly five miles awaty, iad Nelson's
dlivision of the army of t,he Ohio acr'oss 0
thie river at Savannah, not more thain al
sevein miles from the field of baittle. 01
Albert Si'.uey .Johnston, thle C2onfecd- t3
ematte commander, l:egan forming ils 1
line oi battle thie day before abouit noon, o1
anid by 5 p. m. of the 5th his line wits w.
ready for actIon, though on account of a:
the lateness of the hour the battle was a
postponed till the tnext morning. A t 5 1]
o'clock the next morning, April 6th, -gi
1862, the battle opiened by an assault,
along the entire Federal front, with thie B
corps of Ilardee, Bragg and( Polk-.5
IIere is the strength of Genleral .
Grant's tumy as conr piled by the watr f1
department, giving the last returnis of
the various comnmands madeo just before tl
the battle: Grant's arimy-present for ~
duty, 49,344; total present, 58,052. F
Deducting Lew Wallace's divisiont of
7,771 efl'echives, which was onlmy live c
miles away, guarding (te right flank, ir
but for some cause did not participate
mn the first (lay's fIght, General Grant's
effectives are 41,543.
General Johnston's army at Gorinthg
on the 3d of April when lie began the I
march to Shdloh twenty-three miles dis.
tant, numbered, total effectives oif allt
arms, 38,773; of course many of these
dropped out in the march aind were not j
present in the fight.
On December 31st and Jatnuary 1-.3oj, c
1862-3, the Federal army commanded c
by General Rosecrans, met the Con fed- 0
erates commanded by General Bragg,g
at Stone's river, or Murfreesboro. The y
fIght lasted a part of two (days, thle Con- h
federates wit,hdrawinz from the field, ~
but carrymag off' their (dead and wounded n
anId atillry. The last returns of' o
RIosepans, army bef ore this battle was 0;
ROCranS in his official report~-Off.- e
etaltecortds, volutne 20, pae 196, says: 1I
"WOf ?the eney wth *g8406a
uty" at this battle, 37,712. Allowing
iem the 7t per cent. granted the Fed
rals between the number tiat "moved a
U" the enemy, and those actually en- a
aged in the fight, the nuimber actually ri
uigaged would be 34,88 1.
The two great armies of the West Ih
.rvcd themselves for a trial of their I
trength on the field of Chickamauga, s
n the 19th and 20th of Sep ember, o
863. The soldiers in both armios had s
ad their baptism of blood at Shiloh and N
tone's River and Gettysburg, and were I
eterans. The Federals were command. i
Ll by General Rosecrans, while his di- C
isions were commanded by such dis
iguished ofioers as Thomas, McCook, e
:rittenden, Sheridan, Negley, Granger i
od Steedman. V
The Confederates were commanded I
y General Bragg, with Cleburne, E
:heat,hau. Stewart, Walker, Bushrod I
ohnson, Utindmian, Law, lreston, I
lreckinride and Forrest as division t
Aflter two day's lighting the the lnion I
(lders retired behind the wallis of'Chat
ltosecans in his report of September
,bh, 163, the last made before the hat
,es, s:fld he had 63,143 ellc(tives, aft.er,
ledlicting all detachments which were
ibsent (vol, 30, p, 269, official records).
lin oi der to get absclutely correct st
ist es of lrag'di army in this hattle,
hw writ!r has gone through the regi
ne t1, brigade and division reporIs
made at the time, and they show that
Bra-!ghad effectives ohall arms, 53, 12 1.
Thit abstract of returns for Itosecrai's
r ny n Septcniber 20th, the day alter
the great battle of the 1 i, is nM tl
ws: Present for duty, 67,877; present,
11' It, Hscxfrans had1(1 60,867 cquipped for
duty (Iln the Morning of the 20th, after
tIe great losss of the day before, is it
in0t 1ossible that lie had more than 63,
1-13 at the beginning of the light?
The scene now shifts to Virgiia.
Gegcieral McClellan, with the best organ
ized army seen sice the days of Napo
leon, advances on Richimond. Chiicka
h1oIlly was an entreiceed camp from
Mechainicaville to Malvern Hill. The
tuthorities at Washington urged McClel
Lii on, but lie would not move till Ie
had the best organized army in tle
world to sustain him. There must be
ao nistake about capturing tie rebel
On the 26th of' June the battle opened
)n the ri-lit wing of McClellan, at
Stechanicsville, by an attack by Uill on
he breast works of Fitz John P>rter.
1Porte r made a brave fight, but no troops
:ould staiid long with Hill assailino
.iem in front and Stonewall Jackson in
lhe rear. They fell back ou their next
upports and when these supports were
friven away they continued to fall back
or seven long bloody days, leaviug bag
zge, artillery and equipments to the
rictors, till Malvern 1ill was reached
Iid there they checked the Conl edera tes,
nllictg on them great loss, till their
rains and artillery had so far passed
,bat they could fall back to Harrison's
Laig on James river, some thirty
miles further from Richmond than they
were on the first. morning of the battle.
The loFses inl t,hese battles were enor
m11ouis on both sides. The Confederates
were in the main poorly armed, and as
they assailtd the enemy behind breast
wvoriRks their loss was much larger than
t,b i14'~ derails.
T1he Compte de Paris, in his "'Civil War
in A merica,'" volume 2, page 76 gives us
Geea('1i:l McClellan's army report for
June 20, i862, six (lays before the battle
pened, andl his total "present'' was 156,
H38, while his "'present for dutly'' was
According to the most acc'uratestatis
tics obt.ainable tronm the Confedel.rates,
1)01( and $5,000, no estimate (roma reg'i
mentall re tuirns making it over 850(00.
Genieral M1cC.lell:an, in his letter to (lie!
secretar.v of war, .July 3, 1862, says: "It
S ip,osoible to estimate our l''sses, but
I dubn t, wihiether there are toda y naore
hmh 50,00 men with their c'o!ors,.'
I I the repor'lt of ( eneral \l 'Clel in: of
I tne 211, 1 >. is e >rrect, then her'e are
S15,1102 Fecderal soldliers who, after hight
n! seven daiys ag:' nst S2,m Ii to $5, 0(2(
o n tederaites , ind thiemsel ves thirty
n les hourther fro n Ftc(hmilond( tliitha whe
hei battle c''mmnied. Verily, this was
'ot, one 01 the batt,les when the Federa:
iugh t againist su1pe'rior numiibers.
A I Ant ietami, fought on SepItemb)er
shb oh the same year, General McClel
ani ha I on, andI near this batt Ictiel
'7.1 ( iI'uol' andl (ena,l Lee. i 'ha -1
'0ii ("Ie Volume 2, page 6hI;, "'Battles
Iniin e ighiteeni dayi af the Alarylanid
ampius, which inlies re'
'crry. I .e 's am,ever larger' thiani
(9,9(99, lought hatt of South Muii
tin, C r;inl'moi's (hap, IIlarper's Ferry,
haurpbur'g ( Antietam) and Sheph,lerde
wii, losing in kil led, wounded and
Li ptured, 11,1 '12; while McClellani with
n army Of 87 000, lost-killed, 2,662;
'oiiided, 11,719; caplturedl, 13,494; a
)tal of127,875 (see :oluiie I, page 810,
>r Conlederate loss and s-ime volume t
>r F'deral loss.)
Lee retired his army to Fredericksburg a
i the south bank oh the ltiippahianmock, I
id McC lellani moved his army to the lI
heir sidle. Both armies wenit into win- I
r ciuarters. McCIellani's hiead, like ~
o'e 's, had fallen under tie oflicial axe
the wair dlepartment, andl Burnside
as iiow the Comlmander'. Blurniside's
rmy3 c'rossedl on pontoons and madle
3veral hieiroic attemipts to storm Mary's
eights, but were dIrivenl back with
-eat slaughiter*. d
ihurnside on D)ecember 13th had 116,
33 present; Leeon Diilecemiber 13th had C
4 2001 present (see volume 3, page 14'3, ~
Battles anid Leaders,''); dift'erence in
vor of' the F"ederale, 58,183.t
Ilooker, who succeeded Biurnaide, took
ic greater plart of his army, leavmi
L'dl1ewlick 30,000 strong to) threaten f
reder~icksburg, miarched up the north
'ni baink of the ILsappahiannock and ei
ossed his army to attack General Lee d
the rear. On May 1st, after the suc- p
essful cr'ossing of his troops, hIooker tl
ivs, "I have Lee just where I want n1
nim; lie must flebit me on my own si
round.,' A t 2 p. m. of' the samne (lay ~
e sid, "Lee is in full retreat townard ~
ordonsville. I have sent out Sickles
> apture his artillery.'
This (hank movement of looker made
ce remove the larger p)art of lis army
the rear of Fredei icksburg in order to ~
>nfront the f'orces of Hooker. Lee had 3
:>me out from his defenses. LAe then la
t'cup)ied a posit,ion between the two C
rent wings of' Iooker's army, either of
hiich was numerically able to crush
im. After a bloody light Sedgewick
as driven back across t,he Rappahani- V
o, k. IIooker was disabled by a shock 0
r a cannon ball and be turned hIs army C
ver to (General Couch and retired acrosa
1e river. Hie had "Lee just where he '
anted him," but circjmaances madie
necessar for him to find safty on the
hotenko the Baphwok, i
5 Woe arme ; q4o lsa .
iorthern bank, thus ended Hooker's
'On to Richmond."' The losses, killed
ud wounded, in this great battle were '
B follows: Vederal.3, 13 000; Confede
This campaign on the rear was a bril
ant conception ou the part of Hooker. N
[ooker had in this campaign 10 000 moe D
ldiers than Wellington had on the field
I Waterloo and 48,000 more than mar- &
halled under the banner of Napoleon. p(
Vellingto i with h's 120,000 crush ed k
[apoleon with his 72,000. Hooker with tl
is 130,000 fled, leaving Leo with his 1
0,000 master of the field.
Two months from the day when Ilook
r's splendid army %as driven by Lee U
cross the Rappahannock these same n
rmies confronted each other ou th', tI
ieight,s of Gettysburg. General Meade, tj
brave and cautious soldier commanded
L11 the Forces for the defense of the cap- c
tal at Washington. LA's army was b
here, but Stonewall Jackson was dead. tj
According to the abstract of returns c
or General Meade's army, June 30, the t
lay bef'ore the battle, lie had, including c
the reinforcements which reached him t
luring the batttle, ,101,679 effectIves. t
Ii an editorial note oF the volume in
which this absract is tound (lii., "Bat
tics and Leaders,") li the following in
regard to General Lee's strength:
It, is reasonable to concludc that
(G'eneral Lee had under his command on
the field of battle frot first, t last an
army of 70,000.''
General Meade's a1)stract'oftJune 30th
for "Present e<quippcd'' 'vas 98,150. 1
''hui.s would ivc (neral Meade 28,150
si excess of, General Lee.
The same story iniy he told of many
another battle. Jrhe odds nguinst the
southerne r, of cous se, become greater
as the end drew near.
The old Confederat.et say to the vic
tWrs, Praise your Arc de Triomphe and
write in letters of gold, Vicksburg:
Gett%sburL: AppoinaLtox. itid ourI'
children will pas8 with uncovered heads
under its shinin- arch; but let them, as
they look up through their tenis at the
obverse side of this are , see written:
"Federal enlistments, 2,778,304; Con
federate eilitients, 600,000.
IS GORMAN T H E MAN
To Lead Lite Democratic Iosts to Victory
WASIlINWIToN, May 18.--It is thought
here by many that Henry Watterson's
letter has had the ef'ect, of bringing
the g:-eat American public to a reali
zation of the true, Democratic situa
tion. Mr. Watterson is a personal
frit ud of Mr. Cleveland, but lie is a
better friend of the Demjocratic party.
lie is for Democraticsuiccess above all
things. lie believes the Democrats
can wisi if they nominate the proper
mans, butl he, like Mr. Cleveland him
self, and thousand %f the ex-president's
admirers, doubt uccess with him
A prominent Democratic Congress
man, who is a partizan Cleveland man.
in a conversation recent ly said: "I atu
against Ili]. I would Vote for him, if
noinated, but it would be a most
unpleasant duty. Cleveland is the
mnia. Sl ill I inust acknowledge that
I entertain some doubts of the advisa- t
bility of his nomination. Mr. Cleve- 8
land himself feels that the party is so
badly divided that it inight be better
t o non11inate at strong mani outside oft
N ew Y ork. But the imost diflicult
pirobilem to Solve is the selection of
t.hat man. TVhe situation at present
dots not presenit a [samte."
Th'lere are thousands of Citveland
men all over thsis cousntry who feel just
this way. Few, indeed, are the D)emio
crats who keflieve Mr. Cleveland could
he elected if noinssiatedl. Ye*t, the
ave rage Clev'eland man entertaiins C
such feelings of hostilit.y toward Mr.
llill that they would pret.fer to see the '
part y go down in defeaSt with Alr.
Clevelands ists standard bearer than to
victory w ithi Ar. 11 ill, or any man C
n bomn Mr. 11111 would so Ifav~or as to 5
ittemp lt to throw New York's vote to.
[J1ll is nut out, ,t the situat ion by any
means. lie is ai mian 0f wonderful re
sourcs'es, activYe, energetic aind < usick to~
seii.c a favoraile sitsuat.ion. It f nomii
'tated lhe would lhe ele*cted.
Ibit it is absurd to say that I ill is
lhe only I )emnocrat wvho cant be electe(d.
I here are at least a hailf doze'n of thent.
shousld A rtlur P'. Gormant, of Mary
andI. be snosinated, lie wouild carry the
:Ounitr.v against, any living Jiep aiblican
>y the largest miajorityv ever rolled up n)
n a presideintial conte:st sinc there I
vere such. (Gormuan is a isism who n
.oul d poll the vote oft every ): muocr'at b
nm every state. Isn no statte is lie so ti
mopuslar' as in New York and lie would al
arry that by a inajority tqual to that h
>f I juswell P. l-'lower l,ist year. Again,
me is a.man after the westerner's heart a
111I it be possible for any D)emocrat 5(
5) carry both1 lindiana anid Iowa lie ci
'.ouild do that. With I1Nies 05n the Aj
ic'ket isth hi im Iowa wVoub itibe safe, al
>r with Gray, lidiasna would surely be bi
Mir. German has beenm inl the seryice TI
if the Denmcratic p)arty since his 01
hiktdhood. At ten years of age lie was vs
page in the Senate. lie remained ha
here until too large for the duties.
le was theni postmaster of the Senate; ci
,fterwards coilh ctor of internmal reve- 11
lie from the Iifth district of Mary- se
simd. Next he wass speaker of the w
laryhand house of' representatives; ir)
henm a state seniator f rosm wvhich he mo
las elected to the li nited States Senate
am which lie has served sinice the 4Ith of
larch, 1881. It was heo who, ats chair- b
Min 01 the National D)emnocratic Comn
attee, elected Mr. Cleveland president
'a 1884 anid had his advice been taken ri
Ir. Cleveland would isave been preal- r
esut today. re
Now let us see wlhat states the Demo- w
racy wvill have to carry to win. There t
re 444 votes in the electoral college.
s ow as M iebigan ejects electors by dis- r
riets we will give ten of them to the t
tepulblicans and four to the D)emo
rats. Countinig Michigan this way t
ndl taking the absolutely sure states he
>r thte t wo parties the IRepublicans M
'ill have 180 electors and the Demo- to
rat s 173. New York, Connecticut In-w
inna, Iowa and Massachusetts we will to
lace in the douibtful column. Giving lb,
10 Riepublicans Massachusetts, India- th
a and Iowa they wvill have 229 votes, th
x mnore than necessary. For the
lemocrat to win we must carry ;n
lire Democratic states.... .... ....73b
lew York........................6 c
Or, we can win this way : b
tire D)emocratic states...........73 re
[ow York...................... 3
otnnecticut ............. .... .....6
Total .... .... ...............228 11:
New York is a necessity. Therefore hi
re mutst nominate a manl who is sure 05
f that, Then we will have to make as
ur strong light in Indiana aod lowa it
iLh the candidate for vice president "
rom one of these states.-Atlanta F
The Char eton, Hiumter anid North- ti
~4i&1~Anow has vqgetable rates e:
q~N ern and gnOr ettUes. k
"WET OR DRY?'
he Question to be Decided by the People
at the Primary.
COLUMBIA, S. C, May 18.--M r. S. A.
etties, chairman of Clarendon County
emocratic Executive Committee, and
member of the State Convention, ap
-ared before the State Democratic
xecutive Committee in the interestof
io probbibition movement in this
ate, and made the following state
entlemen of the State Executive Com
ittee. The prohibition question is one
iat has assumed proportions of no lit
e importance, and is one that will in
>me form thrust itself upon the Demo
ratic party. A convention has already
Ben called by the prohibitionists for
le latter part of this month, and I
:me to you to-night, in the interest of
oLh the prohibitionists and the Demo
rat i party, to set a simple plan where
y I believe the desires of the prohibi
ionists will be gratified, and at the
ame time the intergrity of the )am o
ratic party will be fully maintained.
Sou are aware, of course of the strength
hown the last two sessions of the
,egislature for the prohibition cause,
he last session the Child's bill passsng
lie lower house by a majority vote of
ixteen, and two years before failing
o pass by only six votes. This is evi
eice sullicient to you that the subj-ct
s not one to be despised.
I to-day,in the interest of the integri
y of the Democratic party, sought an
nterview with Rev. It. F. Chreitzberg
md lon. L. 1). Childs, two of the
ending prohibitionits of the State, and
laying explained my plan to them, they
xpressed a perfect willingness as far
is their influence went to bind their
3nvictions to the plan proposed by
ne, stating frankly that it was not men
)ut. measures they were after. My plan
s simply that the State Executive Con
nittee shall instruct the several Coun
ty executive committees to have places
it the first primary election at the Tot
ng place of each Democratic club by
lhe side of the regular ballot box a
;econd box in which the I)emocrats of
;he State, those who are responsible for
;he laws and the government of the
state, m.Ay freely express their desires
)y voting for prohibition or no pro.
This p1pn eliminates as nearly as any
[can conceive of any objectionable
eature of carrying 1 rhibition into the
)art.y, and simply allows the people,
,vhile they are voting for their State
,nd County officers, to express their
>refereice tor prohibition or whiskey,
,he only part the Democratic party be
Ug responsible for is to count and
abulate the votes cast.
I pledge for the prohibitionists, if
rou grant this request, that they will
iso no catechisms on the candidates in
lie primaries further than that they
vill enquire if the candidates will
)ledge themselves to abide the result
n their vote in the Legislature. If the
>rohibitionists carry the State they
vill expect and demand of the Legisla
tire to pass a prohibition law similar
o the Childs bill, and if they fail they
ill drop the question for thepresent.
I therefore ask of you, in behalf of
he prohibitionists, that if when they
ssemble in the convention, they ask of
,on this privilege of having the ques
ion voted on inl a separate box at the
irst primary election, thlat you give me
uthiority to say to them for you that
heir request is granted.
'The queston was then discussed by
everal mem)bers of the committee,
fter which it was adopted, only two
nembers of the committee opposiDg
Mr. Nettles, wvho by the way is also
ditor of the Manning Times, has been
eeply interested in tem perance all his
ife, and appears to feel considerably
lated over his successful effort before
le comm nittee. lie says that Senator
a by, Majory Meet ze and in fact almost
vea y member of the committee he
poke with heartily aplproved this so
Ltion of the prhi bitio 01 ugbear. Sena
>r Irby especially expressed his pleas
re at the p:an. and1( it is a118o approved
I by Governor Tlilman, the Governor
ainking that the people themselves
munld dclde3 this <luestion.
FOUR WOMEN KILLED.
Tlexasa Tragedty Whlicha HSe,a thec Reocord
of e'.Jaack the ntipaaer."
D)ENISON, Te'x., May 18.--Last
ight was a night of hor ror in
cnison. Between 11 o'clock P.
.and 3:30J a. im. an assassin
rutally shot and killed four women,
vo of them leaders of local society,
ad two inmates of disreputable
The iirst victim was Mrs. iIaynes,
ile of Dr. ilenry Hla) nes, one of Deni
ii's most prominenit and respected
ti'zens, in both business and social life.
ra. Ilaynes was assassinated while
one in her home, or else taken forci
y from it and put to death by her
tpt.or outside and near the house.
he residence of Dr. Ilaynes is just
itside the limits, on Woodlawn boule
ird, two miles southiwest of' the city
Five hours later, in the heart of the
Ly, a beautiful young lady, Miss Teenie
awvley, was also short and killed by
mec i.nknown person. Miss. iIamwluv I
ss killed without a wordi of warning I
the privacy of her room, In tier
other's cottage home. <
The assassin sh>)t and killed Mrs.
aynes during the absence of her hius
,nd at ian Eik lodge. WVhen his vic
n1 was (lead the mu rderer took her
'id watch and chain, dliamond ear
igs, and proceeded to the Ilawley
sidence, where lie shot Miss Hawley,
so was spated on the bed with her
sthier when the assassin's bullet came
rough the screen. The murderer had
eviously entered the girl's sleeping
om, whence she fled to her mother
The assassin then directed his steps
the bagnio of Madame Rivers, where
fIred through the wIndow, killing
aude Kramer. After this he crossed
the next atreet, where he mortally
>unded Rose Stewvart, who was ready
retire to her room at Madame WVih
ms's. Thils fatal shot was tired from
e sidewalk, the ball entering beneath
e right arm.
The four foul murders have created
tense excitement, which is Increased
the fact that there is no clue to the
iminal. Hlundreds of armed men are
arching for the murderer, aided by
e sheriff and count y officers. Blo.d
munds have been brought into service,
Lt so far without success. Several ar
sts have been made, but the guilt,y
an is beleved to be still at large.
Esplosion aS Sea.
TA NQUINA, OREGON May 19.-Three
~e boats, cont aining eighteen men
ive arrived here witn the captain andI
ew of the ship St. Charles, on which
Sexplosion occurred March 17, long-.
ide 174, Iatitude 4.28. The St. Charles:
as en route from Nanaimo to San
ranclico, with a cargo of coi.l. When1
ae cre w aba.tdared the veessol, she was
aking. ' be captain, seco,nd mate and
'o sailors were badly injured by the
cpioslion, the cause of which isi un-i 4
INCOME AND EXPENITURES
Finamial EstinMte with BtferencU0 to
the World',o Fair.
WASIINGTON, May 20.--Chairman
Dockery,of the World's Fair investigat
ing sub-committee of the House Com
mittee on Appropriations, to-day sub
11itted to the full committee a report
agreed upon by himself and his associ
ates. The report recommends that the
Department of Foreign Affairs be
abolished and its duties discharged un
der the auspices of the Director Gener
"It further appears," says the report.,
"that officials connected with the local
board are also salaried officers of tbe
United States. The committee is im
pelled, therefore, to suggest that the
compensation of such oflicials, together
with that of the chief of the fifteen
great departmnents, shall in no case be
lixed at an amount to exceed $4,600. It
is also recommended that the salary of
the Director General be reduced from
$15,000 to $8,000 per annum, and that
the compensaticu of the secretary of
the commissi -i be fixed at $3,000."
'I'he report is in a most friendly spirit
to tihe exposition, suggests a number of
economies, chiefly in salaries and ex
penses without reserve confidence in
the assured success of the exposition.
The report says it is obvious that the
expeuditures of the local corporations,
of the individual enterprise of tht
States and territories and of our own
and of foreign governments will reach
a stupendous aggregate of not less thaij
$30,000,000 for exposition purposes.
In its scope and magnificence thi
exposition stands alone. There is tioth
ing like it in all history. It surpasse,
all kindred enterprises and will aiply
illustrate the marvelous genius of tht
American people in the great domaim
of agriculture, commerce, m1anufac
tures and invention, which constitut(
the foundation upon which rests tlh
structure of Pur national glory and
The committte submit several esti
mates received from vaoious persomt,
as to the total income and expenditure.
on account of the exposition, and theu
gives its own estimate. It places th
total income at $29,275,482; made ol
gate receipts $12,250,000; concessions
$4,800,000: subscriptions, $5,914,500; am
Chicago city bonds, $5,000,X0 The ex
penditures are put at 819,319,088, thi
committee deducting $3,157.0241 fron
the expenditures as estimated by lig
ginbotham, the largest item taken of
being $600,000 for an intramural rail
way. In this connection the reporl
says the committee have not suggeste(
any reduction in the $200,000 appro
p riated for the construction of the ar
institute near Lake Front Park, thougt
it seems excessive. It also thinks th(
construction department ex onse.
could be safely reduced and the tota
limit brought down to $18,500,000.
It then makes a committee est,imat(
of income and expenditures to May 18
1893, the datil of the opening. It esti
mates the income at $10,703,180; and at
to expenditures, takes Presiden1
Baker's estimate of $16,596684 and de
ducts thereform $1,410,674, making th(
committee's estimate of expeinditure:
815,546,009, leaving a deficiency of .1,
A DISASTROUS HURRICANE.
Tersible Loss of Lift and 'roparty aW
LONDON, May 20 -Baron De WVormnS
P'arliamerntary Secretary of the (k. lonira
Ollice, read a telegram in the House oi
Commons this aftertoon, fully confirm
irg the report of the terrible disastoj
at Maurltius. The dispatch said thai
one-tiiird of the capit.al city, Port
Louis, was destroyed. Among the
buildings wrecked were the Royal Col.
lege arid twe-nty-four churches. Many
sugar mills in the countr.y were cor
pletely dermolishied. In the city of Port
Loui aone 600 persons were killed. In
various counstry districts thins 1;ar heard
from 300 persons lust then lives, and
thcse figures are more than likely to be
added to when the news is received
from remote (districts in the mountains9.
It is believe d over 1,200 persons were
killed. In Port Lois alone 1,000 per
sons were injured. There was no los-s
3f life among tire British troops station
E-d on the island.
Though a large part of tire crops was
lestroyed rno famine isn apprehenderi.
rhe governmnernt has, however, taken
neasures to relieve the d(istress that
prevails in every direction. Order has
seen restored, but the GJovernor states
;hat pecuniary assistance is needed.
Some time before the gale burst the
arometer gave warning of great at
mospheric disturbance. Trhe mercury
~ell Iin one h our to 27.95, and in a short
ime the sky took on a (11l1 reddish
inge, arid every indication pointed to
he coming of a storm,
Suddlenly a great wave, driveni by tire
tale, b)roke uipon the land and a storm
>f appalling violence burst.
Wind gauges were blown to atoms,
ut those best calculated to judge state
hbat the wind blew at the rate of 120
piles an hour. None who have not
reen such storms can form any Idea of
lie terrible energy of such a wind. It
wias utterly impossible for a human be
rig to stand against it. Many of those
A'ho lost their lIves were killed by be
nig lifted bodily from their feet.
One or two steamers which had
team up slipped cables and stood out
o sea. One of these has returned, hnav
rig suffered no damage beyond tihe loss
f one mast. TIhe others have riot been
eard from. Most of the lighters and
ugs in the harbor were blown high and
try on shore, and the scarcity of these
ressels is a great drawback to business.
l'he stranding of the lighters anid turgs
also caused great delay in floating
itranded sea-going vessels, it being im
possible to ligh ten them. Every craft
afloat was driv en ashore except the one
>r two steamers named above.
A Charleston Dieleation.
CIIA LESTON, S. C., May 20.--Mr. Rt.
?. Burnham was arrested today, on
wo warrants taki n out by Alexander
Ileichiers before TrIal Justice Britton,
barged with breach of trust with
raud ulent intent. The circumistances
attending the case rare painf.ul in the
xtreme. Mr. Burnham is an old gen
leman, and having lived in the city a
rumber of years, has hosts of friends.
hi was se3retary arid treasurer of the
assistance Building and Loan Associa
Ion, and when an examination was re
~ently made he WAS alleged to have
ieen about $46,000 behind. Hie was
~om pletely prostrated by the result of
~he i nvestigaiion, and developed such
an aberration of the mind that he was
.ronounced insane by a board of medi
~al examiners and so declared by the
robate court. The warrants today
rere issued on the affidavit or tire pres
dent of the company, and were based
mn the statement that he, had collected
$7,000 ina cash and not turned it over to
~he company; and also that lie had mis
appropriated 249 shares of stock at
$1820 per share. Presidenit Meichers.
D)irector Lee Loeb and Secretary rand
l'reasurer pro. temn. J. II. Loeb testi lied
o the allegation in thei allidavit. The
association was represented by Morde
sia & (Gadsden. Upon considering
bhe case Justice Biritton committed the
lefendanat to jail in default of *5,000
un3te on ir' coltiuae.
In a rt cent. speech In the Seulati., Sel
ator Dauit 1, oi \Xrt-iio. o ,iiiott iiei
were treks aito it!; I hat t', bI iip oI 6ua:
was driftiln! 41n lthen; tinf. eit' iong
wonhl stri4i LIoni; ainl no4) ul- I
finance apiwallrted Ln save tihe ip, erl
or carg. G asi 1111 r ---Ohl
gOld.,41othif butl : oI,athuh
wa#3 the ,:re:i(vst -, il ver n iin inl 0h
World, 11114 a11ll.h !1I kil ith itnat.ulal L3p
teM Were eItgial to Ifs ojiirtkunites) I
might dominate the financial inarket
of tile world. Silver nien Alote seceue
to have any llpreciationt I --nly recot
nition of the 4itlationi. They oil'bre
the only remned.1 that was oLered by ar-A
one to resuile UI coulltry iroi the pres
elut liuncial aitrssi utd froc
threatenel iliituicia! iuilt. I - his jud.
ment Ir: C.OiIaIk I1 o iltVV' wa.s the onl
conseivative ttlh)i ot the problen)
anI Iu-re i .iOil., he IIsIt 1romli th
calculation ol poisib'e ev0.-; to aris
froiu it le idea tha it w l i ive gol
out o circiulation. 1 ha i he!n dra%
lug money frln 11.1 t 1 (I t , II-V for th
last six 1 IIr, aIIl hatl NvI v(. bee
paid a dollar it gol.1, maii Til int kuo
that he could get a gIi dolhir it he dl
sired to obtain one.
A I al it-1101 14 It.
ORAN(J.:Eu, S.., Nav 20.- Soin
news CaIne to liigt, tlis a t'eriloon thu
will probably trov I( te of inLtest I
the votvrs 01 t his dist riet. A trade h1
been made, anl by it, Dr. .J. Willaim
Stokes will b-, Ilictud to Uo!gress all
Solicitor .Iervey will retai:j ls ollice I
Solicitor of,tht;s el ceit-. It. is linle
stood that '.n011 e lf lte I1.lorill de,4
gates from Challstonl e,eICUSSeILI Wit
the Allia nce dt-ltgal-.s troi this set
tioll, wilie at filiill iw, -tate CoIIvef
tioln, and inl thi a eautis it was agree
that the leforin eleient Iotila si
port. De. Stokcs foe Covgi esi and th
Alliance of this sect ion woll id slppol
Mr. Jervey ill his race lor t' Solicitoi
ship. If this be acitially o),;iit man
believe that'it. is so, tlire %%ill tie n1
need of any other :euthvnt.on opposin
these two aspi.Ilt.--1' s .
A Itow h lio ( amp.
RA L-I I, N. C., May 1..- -A con fe
ence of all Aili incemieni calt-d hv I'res
dent Marion ho Ir to iii, tt !irt! i
vanco of the StaL.c lh'I'CirAtic CoInvel
tion convenud at 1) o'clock yesterda:
It is runioredt that thee*e wtre soni
stormy scen(s tin the conteriiene an
that a man ii,n-a Laghiinglious
from Beaifort County, IIIeI. a Soveee
denouncing some ofth Atl Mliance'iew
ers and atteipts to disortranizv ti
CHILD BIRTH -
''- MADE EASYI
" MoTnERS' IiiNn " is a scientific
ally prepared Liniment, ev.ory ingre
dient of recovnized valuc and in
constant use the miedi l pro
fession These i:- .'dents are com
b)ined in amanneI bi:hrt' unknown
- FREND"!tI t ' 1f
W ILA.I >.1 . t :i d fr
it A N D) M-i I h I ! S.:
ILe f M r : (
to'' "M r::: ' ,cA.
t.iiing vluh I .t a
Snfvolutyt e anon*I* tct
Bi3IlF1ELD laI :.I :P' .u ea.
THE LAAltGI'STd ST!l( :
MOSTr Iti, I I Wo K%li.(,
P. H. HIYATIT,
1s thet lest yhtee ini Sonth Carmia c
.SouthiernI StatIes to secesii'' ut sta: o f i(
Americean anid -jirii.talin M bl.I \'o:i I. ft.
M O.N t-I F N'lt 0,.
F. H. H YA TT
AprIl it lv COL,MlUIA. S. C.
nos luIa'E, .s
EXCH A NG.FID
Gonzales & Withers,
C0'S IA .C
Brssst. inm /A\am. jem.
Talbot & Sons,
t auufacturers of
v ENGINES. BOILERS.
()OTTON SEED OIL-MACIlNER7,
iad all kluds of
s TOBACCO MA011INERI,
. iORN AND WHEAT MILIS
TURBINE WATER WHEELS.
WITH RAPE FEED,
UELT AND VARIABLE
AND SET WORKS
AND TIUBER GUAGERS,
giaduated to sixteenth of an inch 1200 to
V600: Brick Machinery and Wood
e Working Machinery a specialty.
L Planiug Machines 1200 and upwards.
8 Drying Kilus for Brick and Lumber.
n Every yard should have one.
d Plans and drawlins for construction fIW.
We sell the highest grade of Machinery
and at low prices.
V. 0. BADHAX,
COITMYIIA, S. C.
y FebCI 19-i1v.
fi t e res a ll
S--li arid TorA
;4 1'vA Aalri I ls o i
br u lcorce and
andularoIs Swellinis, ItLeutt-allin. blala old
Cl-r-M Iceft. that bove :sahted 0,l tweatms.1, CIA.n
hra ktal omPlauss, not.
ITter, sid I Ih.d. etc., v e.
- v mverful :. : I t n x tcollant a
ne .- t ave p.ooned and whbose blood to in
.> ru'nasrua iregulaties.. a.
y t o nu tonte and oe.
c- P. P. P.Prlicky Ash, Poke Eggg
T ?AN BR~OS., Proprietors,
t.lipmn'I.s Block. BAVANEAAB.GA,
- 15.00 for the anove Bed Roomi Suit.
A Plush Parlor Suit 5 pieces 125.00.
1 Good Flat Top Stove p10.00.
Window Shades with Fringe 50 cents.
Rocking Chairs................ 1.00.
8 D)ay (Jiock ............... 3.50.
Nicklie Round (I;ocks........75ts.
Carpets.................... 25 ts up.
Rugs............. .........50 ets up.
L Iace Cu rtains...............1.00 up,
4 .1 Piece Tea Set...............5.00
10 Plece Chamber Set........3.00
SSend for Catalog~ue,
Tr E HOUSE' FURNISHER,"
a-e- - - - IBEROAn,sT,
A TUNA G O GA
R - PI
4$IB0,00 TO $moo.o.y~
TO SUIT. I00OIN STOOK
LOMB Ann a- nn. A..-..... a