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VOL. XXI PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, JULY 28,182
A CHARGE AND ANSWER.
THE COLUMBIA REGISTER'S CHARGE
AGAINST MAJOR BRAWLEY.
T-hat He was at One Tine a Ifepubicau
Deniaed by that GeistlIean.---The Rg
later's Article amid Major Itrawley's All
The following was publilied as a
leading editorial in list Friday's Co
We dislike to dive into the dim vista
of tie pat, and wrest from the grave of
oblivion the record of shining lights of
"simnu-pure Democrats," now seekiu
refuge in the sheltering arms of the old
ring-rule elements; but sometinis it
becomes necessary to act as political
body-snatcher iu self-defense and the
interest of the people's cause.
It will bit remembered thatan attempt
wfas made to read Dr. J. W illi n Stokes,
an opponent to William 11. Brawley for
Congressional honors, out of the Demo
cratic pari.1, because le (Stokes) (x.
piesoed tho opinion that the nominatiou
of Grover Cleveland wou'd imperil the
electoral vote of our State, and also
because he suuports the O.ala platform.
Iut so soon as the Chicau-) convention
placed its braud of endorsenient on
Cleveland, Dr. Stokes, wiLliout a mo- I
ments hesitancy, accepted the verdict,
and is doig manly service for hiN party.
And not only this, but, Congressman
Brawley Is nov being patt,ed upon te
back by tha ring ortanis in our State,
anif eld Up as a sample of geuilne
Democrac-, betause his vote helped to
defeat tie iilver bill thl* week-a small
measure cf financial relief offered for
our oppreised and down troduen litirm
Since Congressian Brawley wai set
up as a niodel and guide for true Demo
crats to eo by, it hcaine our duty
to investii,ate his politicd record, so
that me all can shape our course accord
ingly. Atid %hat do you suppose The
Ategister Ian again,t the first thing?
Jurt keep quiet, and we'll tell you,
and you wIlt then disc-ver that very few
ul our voters can tread in the footstops
(of theis great reflector of pute, genuine
We foutd an old "Union Republican
Ticket," that was voted in those dark
days of reconstruction, when the heel
of the alien, the scallawag and the
ignorant negro was placed upon the
itck of the intelligent white voters of
South Carolina; a ticket that repre
stted Federal bayonets around our
polls, a gutted treasury, the shame and
degradation of the Anglo Saxon, and
the rule and supremacy of the African
uver his fsrmer masiers-a tine to
which no self respecting white man can
refer without the blood of indignation
and shame mantling hi cheeks-a period
In our State's history that tried men's
. .. dIe; 'CL.4< jJ4o%9P f .. ' ' tije.
The ticket is a political compositi Jn
peculiar to thatera. Whites apd negroes
were doved-tailed together. "White
spirits and b"ack, brown spirits and
gray," mingled and blended in delight
lul harmony. It starts off with Frank
lin J. Mopes, Jr., the insulter and pub.
lic plunderer ok our people and State,
fbr Governor, and Richard 11. Gleaves,
a negro, for Lieutenait Governor. It
then has a laser of scallawag, a layer of
bigger, and a la3 er of carpet I)agg,cr,
until we finally reach "For Solicitor
Sixth Circuit," and there appears the
name of William 11, Brawley, (white.)
But here is the ticket. Read for your..
set!; and we will add that tihe original
can be seen by applying at this ofile:
Union Rtepublican tIcket.
United WVe Stand.
For Governor, Franklin J. Moses,
For Lieutenant G)ornor, RLichardf I.
For Secretary of State, Ilenry E.
For State Treasurer, FraniciA la. Catr
-For Ccmpt.roller Genieral, Solmon~i
For Seperintendent oif Educatio n,
i"or Adjustanut and1( 1nspector G.eneral,
Ilenry W . Purvis.
F~or Melmber of' Congres' at I ,arge,
For Membler~ of Cong~ress, Frnthi Dis
trict, Alexander S. Wallace, white.
For Solicitor, Sixth Circuit, W ililim
Ii. Brawicy, white.
-For Senate, IIenryJohnmson, ameg.ro.
For House of Rtupresenttatives, Mai
son S. Miller, sanac Miller, llegro, L ev i
For SheriflY, Louis D nuaI.
. For Clerk of Court, Samel B. (Clow
For .Judge P'robate, Willian Nels'on.
F~or School Commiissionei., Willuun J.
For County Commixssoners, .john
W4~Corkle, negro, Williamn W. liiil, nle
gero, Jolhn M. Martin. necuro.
For Coruor, Silar W. Rtuff.
HIere we find the name of tha, highi
priest, of Demnocrrey,-the main hed lip
as a guide for' our pecople-rmmunig for
an tnlece sandwichi d bet ween a white.
mlan and a negro: iand thiat, too0, oni ai
spac.reauengle '"Unitou 10-puliien
T1icket.,' with its imotfo, "UnJmil d W o
8:aodV' We must comnfess that ii this is
a sample of the o.ld liin rule ideua of
uwe Democracy, that Dr. Stokes cain
never Ill tihe bill, anud he had as well
t otuie from the conitest. Thie Dohctor
was never pInued to the coat-ta'l of
Frankliu J. Moses, Jr., with a son1 o1
11am for second h ighiest ollice. Whiule
.his competitor for Congressional hoiiors
was len d mg his niame to the thieves who
.robbed our treatury and ntearly bank
rupted the State, D)r. Stokes, in his
humble capaeity, was doing all andi
everything In lis power to wrest our
Government from tne hands of these
plunderers and give it, into the control
of the intelligem, andi native born white
men oi thme South.
MAJOR BRAWVLEY'S ANSWER.
'D1ToRl REGISTlER: You publIihed
last g'eek a list of the nominees of the
Republ'canl party In 187i andi among
tianaesapnnars mime na th camdi
late for the Solicitorship of the Six Cir
All the facts conie-cted with that
Landidacy are well known to m.y friends
residing itj that circuit at the time, aund
I supposed were fully understood b)y all
outffside the circut who had ativ curto
sity or interost in knowing tht.m. for
Ltre lae tiever been any ino'tive or d.
sire to conceal them.
So far mi I know, uy course In that
reeaid has never sectued to re(ptire ex.
Platt.ion, for I have never beii aware
of any i jutiious public coimmtent, xceI)t
in the sunier of 1890, wheni, aler the
Woin"lation of Gov. Tillman, I advied
the support of tihe regular ticket, -, hit
ter parti.san of the independent move
me1Ct of that year published a comiman
ication citin the4e 1 'cts a1 a retis l)
why my advice should not be followed.
As this commuicatioi was an(onymou..
and as the matter did not seem t be of
miuch cousequd6ce, I IaIdie I) teply to
it; but inasmuch as the pubim is entii
Lied to know the public record oii mty
.andidate for office I feel hat 1there is
w0ome obliitionl onl mile to give the .ith
to that thoec who were not then resi
Ie1, in the State, and thlose whose re
:ollecdton does not go back ito those
latts, may determine whiethr or not
here is an3 thint in that ass 'lattion
ylhich LCed to show my tinworthinets.
I was elected Soli.itor of the Six%h
,'ircuit in 1868, having been nomiiated
it a conlercueu of the lawyers of the
'ircuit. There was at that time no or
,anized Democratic party ,in the State,
kad some of the lawyers ilm each of the
aountics of* the Circuit met in chestur
id put mep inl nomination. it. W.
iland, Esti.. now of' this city, and M.i
1. . 11art of' York and col. jolin I).
Wylie of Laucaster are atinong those nlow
ivintg who participated in this in fort'I Il
onvention. There wis 11o ojpposiiOon
I dischaarged the duties of the olli,.:e
with as niuch ablity and lidelity as I
3ould comiand, and, fis I believe, to
ithe siatisaction of the people oi the Cir
nuit. At the expiration of my term.
there was no Republicau lawytr living
ii that Circuit. There was some ta.k
)f bringing one there to run against me.
med I have always believed that it was
nainly due to the Influence of Mr. C.
D. Mel.on, who bad been a friend of my
anily and myselt from my bo 10hood,
tud who enjoyed to an unusual degree
Jle confidence of some of the leaders of
Lhc Republican party, as he (lid up to
Lhe dAY of his death, the esteem and af
rection of all who knew him, that this
,ourse was not adopted. I was put
upon the ticket of the Republican par
ty. [ have no doubt that thi. was part
ly due to the filet that I had discharged
the duties of the cflice with fairness an(d
impartiality, but I never doubted that
if there had been a Republican lawyer
in the Circuit 1 would have beten oppos.
e( by him, for I had never claimed to
ho a Republican and all of my us(ecia
tioAs and alliations were with tih peo
ple of the DistriCL who were it turally
Democrats. There was at tils time no
orgunized State Democratic party. At
Lhc preceding election there hwil Ieenl
an attem1pt to defeat the regular R-tpul)
bean party by a fusion ticket, at, the
head of which was Judge Carl(anjer aud
(eneral Butler. but t.he efl'ort was not
successfull, and there was no ef'at. on
the part of the white people that It air to
imake a contest, 1'or the Contrvi of Ile gov
It So happeved that I Was nio)t ;in the
State at, file time that I was ti-lij nmi
anted. Upon my return it wias latur
illy a matter of serious concer to me
as to what, was the proper course tis me
to p)ursue. As I have stated, there was
no Democrat,ic party organizat,ion in the
Circuit, and, after consultation with my
frends at home, I adidressed a circular
letter to the leading la'vyers of t,he Cir
:mit. Thait seemed to me thena the prlo
peOr course. It was by their acu.on that
[ had been put, in noinination ftour13ear's
before, and 1 feilt. t,hat l could satfey afbide
Lhieir judgment. I hiuf letters iin reply
roam Aeests. ioan and Gaill trd, at,
Winnsboro, fronm hessrs. W~fion, WVith
rsepuoon aned IIart, at Yorkvtilr, Iroam
Miesars. Wylie, CJonnor acid Al lsoin, at
I lPcaster., all of whotu conicurred in te
I pilnin IhaL I shiouild ni0t,hIr iaclcept,m nor
fiechnme the ani n:itiion. TIney wvere alil
itupiaitcd w i nay reucori d and(f opin:,s.
T'hey expireusedl the op)iin tiat my
0ondulct, ini (,ilieei hadi buen (i reiv hatis
ractory3 to t,he ptoolle of thea Circu it,
that I was justly enitit,lt'd to and wouildl
receive their sc)uot it there hadl been
u J)eniocratic party orgaiz/ it ion, aanil
Lhaut 1 would best. se-rve the peoplei of
the Circuit by thu is secuaring a ze-elee
LIon. 'PTose letters are 81,ill fiitiry
p)ossessioP, and( we re shown to tmy
friends twoa years ago whena the anonyv
iouis attack, aibove referred to, wits
mI tiue ttpon me1, and( wVhien 1 conisidered
theC propiett y' of putblishing them.
would be glad to publish themi to t,be
world, ats they are the best, evjiee of
the et'Mein1 ina which I was field att tihe
L.aune by somne of' the best imen of the
State; that I had thew support, acit Irienid
ihip of such men0( is the tuest pr'oof that
Ii acceptig thae oflice tinder the cir
Jurnistazuces I was niot uint rueS to thie
people atmonig wheoni [ lived.
Tnere is mao period of my Iife to which
I (enn lok back wtfith tiore satisfact ion,
for thr hasat nemaver beeni a Iiime In
which I haud greater opport unitiets of
.10 ig imiportanit plifestervicei. I held
dhe tuflice- unetif I rurrendere d it ini 1874
ipoan my reimoval to Chiarlestoc, I was
[lever a memb ter of' the liepulicani par
Gy. I was 1hot aske:l for any pit dge to
1tup)port It, andai never gave ft support it
fia mi, ta r since.
That I was repeatedly elected to the
Legisht tu eIron t.he cit-y of Chai bit,on
as a Ih-'iocr'at,, that I was for years a
mm i-ur of the State D)ernocratic Exe
enit ive Cotauiaittei, anid tw as tie choice
of thegJarty liar t:ie seat mi ('ongress
w hich 1 now haoldl, are ahl miatters of re-.
remit hist,ory, knowni of al11 men, aund
51 fileint tao at,test maa y party loy alty.
Coltumbtia, S. C.
HEannlemtR and. sarvintg.
IIllUaINOlIAM, Ala., ,1lily 14.- - Adi
vice-s received tonight f rom the Toma
bigrbea Bottoms in Sumlter coutty shuow
that 2,000 peOple aro hiommeless aind
starving from the floods8 in iat coun lty.
GJovernor .Jone's -proclamnationa for aid
ha being liberally responded to oni all
sides. Th'le damage donei to cropa IS
llearly half a milfoan Aoars.
THlE CAMPAIGN BEGUN.
GREAT DEMOCRATIC DEMONSTRA
TION IN NEW YORK.
Tito Otteial Notilcation of Olt-velatod and
S tvlllokl of their Niniaatton.
Sech.-0 by tile Caundidateo and by
At r. Wilson and by Onvertor Whit#-,
NEv Yontl, .July 20 -Grover Cleve
land and Adial E. Stevenson have been
oIllcially notified that they are tle
choice of the Drmociatic party of this
great country to lead it either to vic
tory or defeat. Tile notificatioi cete.
monies took place to-night in the pres
ence of an immense crowd or people
that surpassed in ent husiasm and nun
bers t-ven that vast throng that on Sep
ten.ber 6i, 1888, at the same pla.ce gave
greeting to Allen . Thurn,an. The
great amphit.heatre of Madison Square
Ga -den was -overed ap it never had
been b-fore, and a thousand iad oild
electrie lights t winkled in wonder as
they looked down froim thf-ir lofty
peiche ipon the Sea of he ids and the
ges' imliting speakers.
Outside the air was warm and sultry,
insite the thermometer was like the
enthusiasm of INr. Cleveland's friends.
at blood heat. But no one thought of
the heat Aladisou avenue froin 26th
to 27th streets. and 4th avenue were
cro wded as early as E o'clock. It, was
a struggling mass of humanity, dash
ing like waves against a pile of rocks,
the rocks in this instance being burly
policelmon who sh iwed no favor, took
no back talk, simply pushing people
>aek tili the ianagement, siiw lit to
opel the portals of the great hall.
Whenl tlie doors were open the peo.
ple over-rode the police, clubs and all.
They made one fr ntic rush for seats,
and in the remarkably short sp4ce of
ten minutes all the room in the build
ing that reminioed vacant was the re.
sE rved seats on the platforn and in the
Mr. Stevenson was the first to ap
pear, but Cleveland soon followed.
After waiting some time for an op
portunity to be heard and for the up
roar of applause to subside Cleveland
arose and Wilson notified him in a
speech of ten minutes' duration that
he had been nominated for the Presi
dency. It is well to state what Wilson
was doing, as it is doubtful whether
more than fifty people heard a word
that was spoken. The reason for this
was M rs. Cleveland's appearance'in an
other part of the house in an open box,
where the crowd had a chance to look
well at her.
M1R. wiLsON'S SPEEcH.
air. Cleveland: We bring you to-night a
message from the Democratic party. We
come as a committee from its Natonal
Convention, representing every Deiocrat.c
constituency in the country, to give you
oflicial notlee that you have been chosen as
its candidate for the ollice of President of
the United States. We are also charged
with the duty of presenting you the plat
form of printciples adopted by that Ucnven
'i his platform contains the full, explicit
declaration of the position of the National
IJemccratc party oil the great political
issues of thet ay, but in all its uttei anecs it
is merely the development of the one great
principle. that whatever Governments and
laws caii do for the people must be done for
all people, without precedence of section or
gradrs of citizenship.
We believe that the Government admin
istered in this spirit in such a country as
ours will secure a larger measure of free
doni and prosperity to the people than has
heretofore been possible in the world, and
that it will be an example and aii inspira
tion to all mankind. To make an keep
ours such a Government, to guard with
jealous care the right of equal citizenship,
io hear our freedo safely along the
miarch of our material proeress, unharmed
by tihe mighty agencies tihat minister to
that progress-tis is the high and glorious
duty of the Democratic p arty, a dutty that
commits it to a never-ending warfare wvithi
the strongest and most enduring force of
human nature, tile lust of pawer and the
lust of greed. TIhese are tihe triumpuant
forces that In all other ages and in almost
all lands have put down freedom and
brought governments under theIr control
antd that are seeking iln our land to add
greater victory and richer prizes to all tile
triumph)ls of the past.
It is a dangerous thing for a political
party to continue Its existence after tile
work which called it ituto being has been
accomplished. It will surely p)aw, as the
political organization against wichi weI
contentd has passed, into the service of
great special Interests which everywhiere
strive to secure political power for their
ownl advantage. Of tile presenit policies of
that p)arty it may ho truly r aid that they all
tenld to the centraliztation of plower in tihe
Federal Government and tile centriization
oif wealth in tihe favored classes.
Against botht tendencies we fight as
against the enemies of our freedom. We
be lieve tile opportunities of material pros
perity, whlich our country offers as never
btefore in hunman ihistory, are part of that
freedomu, nlot to be staked on the issue of
pio:ticatl h)at ties or made the booty of p)arfy
vietories., T1he y cailh thlat all maly gain is
not a meni'ace, bitt a strong biuttrees to a
free Governmlaenlt. All meni wvll Iprotect
whlat all r ay hope to a((quire as tile openl
p)rizes of industry, thlrift and intelligenice.
But wvealth that comems from tIle control
and perversion of the power of taxation,.
that is gathtered by unjusL laws aFoml tie
labor of the people, is a source of rightful
diser,stent andi growing peil! to our tree
As guardians of that freedom we plant
ouirselves on,theo priociple that the necessi
ties of tile GxovernmenOht are the beginning
a:i! ending of just taxation. Whlatever
goes 4eg nd tis increases the power of
government at, tile expense of the liberties
O' the pecople.
A Governmnent that isecarrird on beneath
his ownl eye by h is own chosen servants ando
witini Jeachl of is own regulating and(
Pulinllg arm, that Governmient can be
kept is is' vant.
Yet we have but recently and barely es
caped a successful effort to strike down the
Government that stands nearest tihe citizen
aur(i to strip from the people in the States
that right preservative of all other rightQ
tile right of hold lng their own electionls and(
of choosling their own representatives.
Such, sir, are some of the isgues of the
campaign in whlich we are abou to enter.
Ihey go to the four dation of our liberty.
In tis great contest your party has sum
moned you to be its leader.
Four years ago in the mid-career of ser
vice that well deserved tihe highest honors
ybur countrymen could bestow, as we feel
sure that it will receive tile ighiess en
c'onimls that history can award, you were
struck down because as a Democrat you
o(cu1 ldlako no0 terms Withl those who wished
to plunder the people's treasury or those
who sought to perpetuate the passions of
civil strife. Your tountrymen will right
thlat wrong. They will do it, not for your
aake alone, but for their own sake and the
sake of the Republic. They have seen the
frults of that defeat in liaany forms of mib.
government. With an overflowing trea
ury they have seen taxes increase on tI
necessaries of life and the necessaries (
labor because private interests demande
it. They have seen that overflowing trea
ury emptied by extraxagant expenditure
and tricks of bookkeepin., resorted to hli
its emptiness from the people. They ha
seen an attempt to turn the gratitude of
great nation Into an electioneering fund f
a political party, and Fervice to that par
In the conflicts of peace count for mo
than service to the country in conflicts
war. 'I hey have seen every power of Fe
eral administration pasilonately usedI
destroy free elections in the States. The
have seen the influence of our Gover
ment in its diplomatic and naval servi
thrown without rebuke against freedo
ana in favor of despotism in a struggil
sister Republic, and seeing all this thi
have lost no opportunity in the past foi
Years to honor your administration by ai
ing the heavy hand of punishment upo
those who have thus departed from I
sp.rit and its policy.
And now, sir, we put into your hands ti
commission of which we are the bearers.
Is the highest honor your party can bestoN
It is the gravest call to duty your fell
Democrats can make. Put we belleve i
can assure you that there are no "wea
weary or des.pondent Democrats" in tl
ranks of our party to-day, and that wil
the people's cause we doubt not that y
will lead us to a Victary In which the pI
ciples of our party shall gloriously triump'
and the welfare of our country shall
In the same din Secretary Nichol
Bell, of the notilication committ ee, reE
the ollicial letter of notfileatio,. whil
was signed by the whole committe.
Cleveland then rose to reply mr
again pandemonium reigned. It w
one terrible roar, and to add to the e
citement the Inimense standing crow
of 10,M) people swayed back and fort
and crushed in upon the press encle
ures. One newspaper inan nearest tI
crowd was pressed against his table at
fainted with the pain caused by ii
pressure on his chest,. Ie was revivt
in a few iniiutes and then the poll(
got to work on the crowd. Gradual
it fell back and the excitement wf
Cleveland began to speak in the midi
of the noise, and his voice could not 1
heard ten feet from the platform. TI
people were not aware he had begin
ind when it gradually dawned upc
them that they were losing the be
part of the meeting they quieted dow
and the resonant tones ot the Ex-Pre
ident were heard in every part of ti
house. Ile was listened to attentive
and interrupted butseldom. Appian,
came at the end of his speech. Clev
land's speech was as follows:
Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen: '11
message you deliver from the national R
mocracy arouses within me emotions whi
would be well-nigh overwhelming it I d
not recognize here assembled the repr
sentatives . a great party, who must sha
with me the responsibility your mission i
vites. I find much relief in the reflecti
that I have been selected merely to stai
for the principles and purposes to whi
my party is pledged, and for the enfore
ment and supremacy of which all who ha
any right to claim bemocratic fellowsh
must constantly and persistently labor.
Our party responsibility is in~deed gre:
We assume a momentous obligation to o
countrymen when in return for their tru
and confidence we promise them the ree
fication of their wrongs and the better ren
ization of the adtantages which are due
them under our free and beneficent instit
tions. But, If our responsibility is gres
our party is strong. It is strong in Its syn
pathy with the needs of the people, in I
Insistence upon the exercise of Gover
mental powers strictly within the constit
tional permission the people have grante(
and in Its willingness to risk its life at
hope upon the people's intelligence ar
Never has a great party, intent Ip on t1i
promotion of right and justice, had bett
incentive for effort than Is now presente
Turning your eyes to the plain people
the land, we see them burdened as co:
sumers with a tariff system that unjust
and relentlessly demands from them in tl
purchase of the necessaries and comnfor
of life an amount scarcely met by tI
wages of hard and steady toll, while tI
exactions thus wrung from them build i
and Increase the fortunes of those f4
whose benefit this injustice Is perpetrate
We see the farmer listening to the del
sive story that fills his mind with visco1
of advances, while his pocket is robbed 1
the stealthy hand of high protection.
Our workringinen are still told the tal
oft repeated in spie of its demonstrat4
falsity. that the existing protective tariff
a boon to them and that under Its benie
cent op)eration wages must increase, wl
as they listen scenes are enacted In tV
very abiding place of high protectIon thi
mo1ck the hopes of toil and attest the te
der mercv the wvorkingmen receIve fre
those made sellish and sordid by unji
We oppose earnestly and stubbornly t
theory upon which our opponents seek
justify and uphold the existing tariff law
We need not base our attack on qluesti(i
of constitutional permission or legislati
power. We denounce this theory up
the highest possible ground1s, when: we cc
tend that in the present condition its op:
ation is unjust and that laws enactedi
accordance wvith It are inequitable and ui
fair. Ours Is not a destnuctive piarty.
We arc not at enmity with the rights
aniy of our citizens; all are our coutit
mnen. We are no,t recklessly heedless
any A merIean interests,, nor wvill we aba
don our regard for them, but, invoki
the love of fairness and justice. whieh 1:
longs to true A:imerieanism: and upon whi
our Constitution rests, we insist that
plan of tariff legislation shall be tolerat
which has for Its object and purpose forc
contributions from the earnings and inco:
of the mass of our citizens to swell direct
the accumuilatlon of a favored few. N
will we pernilt pretended solicitude i
American labor, or any other specious pr
text of benevolent care for others, to bI h
the eyes of the people to the selfish schiem
of those who seek through the aidi of uti
qual tarIff laws to gain unearned and u
reasonable adlvanitages at the expense
We have also assumed In our covena
with those whose support we ln vto thiedu
of opposing to the death anot her avow4
sehone of our adversaries. which, nnd
the pulse of protecting the suffrage, covei
but does not conceal, the design thereby
perpetrate the power of a party afraid
trust its continuance to the untrammelle
intelligent votes of the American peopl
We are pledged to resist legislatIon inten
ed to complete this secme, because v
have not forgotten the saturnalla of the
and brutal control which followed anoth
Federal regulation of State suffrage; b
cause we know that mnanagers of a par
which dId not scruple to rob the people
a President would not hesitate to use tI
machinery created by such legislation
revive corrupt instrumentalities for partI
an purposes; because an attempt to for,
such legIslation would ackindle anlinositi
where peace au'd hopefulness now preva
because such an attempt wvould repia
prosperous activity with discourageme
and dread throughout a large sedtlon
our country. and would mensa eve
a- where in the land the rights reserved tothe
1e States and to the people, which underlie
)f the safeguards of American liberty.
id I shall not attemp t to specify at this time
s. other subjects and aims of Democratic en. I
s, deavor which add inspiration to our mis- t
le slon. True to its history and its creed our
re party will respond to the wants of the peo I
a pie within safe lines and guided by en
)r lightened statesmallship. To'the troubled
,y impatient within our membership we com
re mend tried, unswerving allegiance to the t
)f party whose principles in all times past
1- hi,ve been found sufficieut for them and
o whose aggregate wisdom and patriotism j
y their experience teaches can always be
.e In a tone of partisanchip, which benefits
n the occasion, let me say to you, as equal I
g partners in the campaign on which we to- a
ty day enter, that the personal fortunes of (
ir those to whom you have entrusted your
V- banners are only important as they are re
n lated to the fate of the principles they rep
ts resent and the party they lead. I cannot
therefore, forbear reminding you and nil
ie those attached to the Democratic party, or
It supporting the principles whleh we profess, I
. that defeat in the pending campaign, fol
w lowed by the consummation of the legisla
tive schemes our opponents contemplate.
and accompanied by such other Incidents of
le their success as might more firmly fix their
power, would present a most discouragir g
outlook for future Democratic ;upreniacy
n. and for the accomplishments of the objects
h we have at heart.
Moreover, every sincere Democrat must
belleve that the interest% of his country are
deeply involved in the victory of our party
Is in the strugile that awaits us Thus pa
id triotic solicitude exalts the hope of parti
'h sanship and should intensify our deteimiin
ation to win stccess.
id This success can only he achieved by a
is systematic, intelligent effort by all enlisted
. In our cause. Let us tell the people plainly
'd and honestly what we believe and how we
h propose to serve the interests of the entire
country and then let us, after the manner
Of trne Democracy, rely on the thoughtful
ness and patriotism of our fellow-country
le It only remains for me to say to you in ad
d vance of a wore formal response to your i
:e message, that I obey the command of my
y party and confidently anticipate that an
,s intelligent and earnest presentation of our
cause will inEure the popular endorsement
of the action of the body you represent.
In delivering his arraignwient of the
e epublican, party Cleveland's tones
grew a trifle harsher and his delivery I
more eriphatic, which evidently found I
an echo in the sentiment of the audi
ence. Whenl he said: "Let its tell the
people what we believe," his voice rose
even higher, and he lifted his hand in
an impressive way above his head. It
l' was 9:10 o'clock when the Ex-Presideit
ilnished. le closed with cheers and
cries of "Four, four. four years more."
Then came the speech of notifica
tion, made by Stephen M. White, of
e California, to Adlat E Stevenson. The
s- voice of the California orator was
' powerful and every syllable was
id distinctly heard 1hroughout the vast
. Adlai E. Stevenson listened closely to
m the speech of Mr. White and to the of
kd ficial notification read him by Mr. Bell.
h lie then stepped to the extreme edge
e. of the platform, and bowing to the
ve thunderous applause which again
ip belched forth, lie spoke, in a clear, ring
ilng voice to the large inultitude in at
t- tendance. In conclusion lie said: We
ir believe that the welfare of the toiling
st millions of our countrymen is bound
up in the success of tho Democratic
t party. Recent occurances ira a neigh
1. boiing State have sadly emphasized
t, that a high protective tariff affords no
I. protection, and tends in no way to bet- 4
ts ter the condition of those who earn i
I- their bread by daily toil. Believing n (
i- the right of every voter to cast his bal- I
I, lot unawed by power, tue Democratic
d party will steadily oppose all legislation a
d which threatens to imperil that right a
l by the interposition of Federal bay
- onets at the polls In a more formal
'd manner, hereafter, Mr. Chairman, I
will indicate by letter, my accept,ance
Sf of t,he nomination tendered me by the
1- Nationial Democratic Convention and
Ly will gave expression Lo my vie ws touclh- I
e ing the imp)ortant questions enunciat- a
te ed in its platforni.
ke A t the conclusion of Mr. Steven
e son's speech, Chairman Wilson declar
P ed the meeting adjourned.
r While the crowdi was dispeOising Mrs.
Cleveland camne in for some miore hoe
ors, wnich showed her great piopulal i
y ty. Several thousand peorsonis gathert d
and founi'I where sihe was seated ar.o
~cheered hier rei eat.edly. She looked
d marvelously becomning in a costtinae of
Is gray, her ince wreatha.d in smiles for
li- the honors pail her utist ingtuihed lius
Ie btand and herself.
at A OC,<k and hull story Egiplodeel,.
Cont i A, 8. C., .Jtuly 14.--The Stai e
et a few (lays ago ptublished an allidavit
from a Mr. L~este-r of Newberray, in
Swhich it, was charged that Drs. Sligh
s. and( Pope. of that counity, were third
patyie Tl'-day thle State publishes
m ani article from its Newberry corres- I
n- poindient, in which statements appear
r- from bioth of the gentlemen.
ni Dr. Pope said he had always been
"true to thle D)emnocracy and had umsed
hi-s best efforts to keep down anything
oflike a third party movement in New
~'berry countty aml lie felt, that his efforts
hadl been inistrumienital very largely t.o
this end. As to Air. Lester's atlidavit
e- he said his friendls had advised him~ riot
ahi t.o notice it, butt he would discuss the I
no miatter on the stump and he felt he
ad could fully vindicate his position be
ad fore the people. lie continued, how.
E ever, as follows: "Mr. Keitt was dis
1y cassig his resoltution andl in rep)ly tot
rn him I jumst, got uap and said the t ime has I
not yet come for such action as advo.'
1catid byMr. Keitt, and It is possible a
Stromu th at expression that Mr. Lesteri
e. bases hits affiavit. I said we must (
n. stand by the Democratic party. J am i
of in sympathy with the Ailiance de.
mnands, but have taken the position (
st that we must get those demands t
Ly through the D)emocratic party andi not1
si, through the People's or 'Third Part,y." t
Dlr . P'ope said: "I will not take anyr
s, notice of it. It Is so ridicuilouis. Everv- t
tbody knows that, I fought the Third t
SPart,y resolutions in the Alliance csan- E
e: cus in May, at Columbia, and I stand c
i. just the same now." D)r. Pope also said t
to that Mr. Kieft wanted the meeting in r
ft rial ,Justice May bini's office to adlopt t
3r some resolutionas in favor of the Ocala (
platform to be presented to thie county
Ty convention in May, but he oppoffed the
resolutions because, although lie was
Cin favor of the Ocala phatform, he did t
not think it fair to adopt measures a
which many of their friends in the Reo- 1
s form party did niot endorse.
I;The man who does Dot expect to vote I
nthe D)eoratte ticket from coronier to I
of president ini the general election should I
-not participate In the primary. i
A Chance for ionest People
WASuINOTON, July 14.-There is
ousiderablo grumbling 1oing on in the
tepublican party just now, owing to
be appareutt lack of interest in the cam
aign on the part of the "big men,"
Yho were expected to pull ol' their coate,
open up their purses and go to work for
he ticket nominated at Minneapolis.
o many of the prominent men in the
arty have declined the offer o the
hairmanship that the President will
ave to run his own campaign with a
igure-head, such as Gen. Michener, or
orne other small-fry politician, to hold
lown the chair which Gen. Clarkson
ras forced to vacate at the dictation of
A party of iepublican Senators were
liscussing the situation at one of the
ip-town hotels a few nights ago, and
he general opinion was t the efiect
hat the Iarrison campaign seems to be
anguishing to an alarming degree. It
vas t xpe 'ted that some of the gentle
nen who have growa rich under the
>rotective system would consent to
ierve as chai man of the national com
nittee, und at the same time submit to
% protractid course of the "leg-pulling1
reatment. In the first place, the Ar
nours, of Chicago, refused to allow Mr.
JanpLell to accept. The next play
ovs made upon Sehator McMillan, of
D)troit, one of'the wealthiest men in the
Northwest. The Senator is a liberal
ipender and an experienced money.get.
,er,,but he does noteare to burned lin
ielf with the respon,ibilities of a nation
tl campaign. lis declnation is said to
iave been a gicat disappoiU411ent to
,he friends of the Administration, for,
in addition to being a rich man, Senator
McMillan is one of' the ablest political
nanagerb in the Rep>ublican party. Ile
loes not make a great dispay of' his ac
:omplishments in that field, but his
vork is of the kind that tells in at close
It begins to look is though the Presi.
lent will have to open his campaign
icadquarters at the White House and (o
is own organiz'ug. Ile has lost some
if his best friends since the Convention
brough trying to manipulate a camn.
>algn without the assistance of exper
enced politicians. It was John 1. Dav.
:nport who remarked when lie heard
hat Gen. Clarkson had been turnei
]own by the President: "Mr. Iarrisor
will need the servicesof Clarkson, Platl
md Quay before the present contest ii
:ver.' This same feeling appears t
lave .taken possession of all of the prom
inent Republicans who make their head
quarters in Washington at this time.
The Harris Whipping ease.
ETTA JANE, S., C., July 16, 1892.
To the Editor of The S'ate: In you
Lssue of yesterday I notice, under th
caption, "Terrorized by Tillnanites," i
communication substantially sett,in
forth that Richard Iarris. a poor, inot
.ensive white man, was dragged from hii
iouse and unmercifully whipped for
ising his influence for the Sheppard am
)rr ticket, etc. In behalf' of'myself ac
be law-abiding people of I;owdeys
Fille township; I feel called upon to re,
ute the charge so far as the possibility
if his being whipped for his afliliatioti
with either of the political parties ii
oncerned, and to give my observatiori
- thp matter.
Some weeks ago Mr. Harris had a law
ait before me, as trial justice, with one
. Pack Mosley for violation of contract,.
a the course of hie testimony Mr. Har.
is made statements seriously retlecting
Ipon the character of Mr. Moseley, and
iso accusing him of criminal intimacy
rith the wifes of' a poor but, respectable
nan. I told Mr. IIarris before, as well
Ls at the trial, that, he was trampling
pon dangerous ground unless lhe could
>rove these assertions as he said he
ould (do. But when put to the test he
ailed t,o do ao.
These assertions were made in the
>resence of' perhapsa a scure of' as goodl
ieople as are in Union county and I
inve no reason to dlispute tbem. I
an't think that Timian or Sheppard
or the cause either of thmem represenits)
mad anything to do with thimi inhuman
ullair. No, that ms too thin. Mr. lar
is is a pronounced Knight of Labor
nan and( has always fought "the acis
In thisi coun-y the Sheppard men are
(xo numerous, t,oo) brave andl t,od honora
)le Loallow anly mian to be outraged sun
>ly because he has espoused their cause.
L'ney would leave nioLhing und(one to
>r'otect ai political ally in thie exercise of
mis rights. I am willing and ready to ex
1junt1 all lawful means to bring the
flenders to jus,ice ani-1 will (10 so fear
essly and1( impar'tially whenever their
alames are c'iven me under oath. Very
es pett fuily, -J A M .s . STRA, IN.
C.nme l)owmn, Ihr. Cruani.
WASRIlNOTON, dJuly 152.-- -Trhe Presi.
lent has sont to the Senate the follow
ng nmessuage: "I withdraw the nonmi
antion, which was sent to the Senate
mn the 30th of June, 1892, of William
). Crum, to be postmaster at Charles.
on, 8. C." Cramn was a delegate at
arge to the Minneapolis Conivantfon,
1le South Carolhna delegation was in
tructed for Presidenut IIarrison, but
vhien the de legatona reached Mi nneap
li, Crum nwas considered doubtful, and
t is aid did not declare himself' for Mr.
I arrison un mtil the pos5tmaustersh ip of
3harleston was promised film. After
he convention the nomination of Cram
vats sent to the Senate and referred to
be committee on postoflices and post
oads. Meetings were held in Charles
on. protesting against the confirma
in of Crum, and the delegation from
outh Carolima opposed it b,efore the
omamittee, and proved strong enough
o induce the President to withdraw it,
aiuch to the satisfaction otf the delega
ion and business men of Charleston,
~rum is a colored physicIan.
NEW YORK, July 13.-.Whilt, Mrs,
~arr, aged 50, and her two little girls,
ged, respectIvely, 6 and 4 years, were
ralking on the tracks of the West Shore
tallroad, near the West flaverstrau
tation yesterday, they were struck by
n0 express train, which instanttly killed
be woman and one ot the children and
atally injured the other. The traged)
was witnesset by mtny horr.fie p.--,.
T11EY CAME TO BLOWS.
W. C. M'GOWAN KNOCKS W. C. BENET
IN THE M 3UTH.
A liuudy 19it Narrowly Avart,ed -Whe
How Caused by Benst Denouncing the
Presao and W-auner-1.net and Him As
AnnEWILLE, July 18.-About 600
were present at the meeting held here
to-day by the Conservatives. and a free
barbecue was served. W. C. AlcGowan
presided, and as the court house would
not hold the crowd, Col. J. L. Orr and
E. B. Murray addressed the gathering
trou the court house portico. The best
of feeling prevailed and the speakers
were often cheered. Some of the Till
manites express-d a desire for a reply
to Orr and Murray which was granted.
lion. W. C. Benet went upon the stand
and commenced his address, after being
introduced by Col. McGowan, -y taking
a hand primary, asking all the ati.
'illinaites to hold up eir hands.
This was not (lone. Thel je osked the
Tillinanites to hold ur Mc(owan
counted sixty-six, anoth. e eighty-six.
Benet one hundred and twenty. lie
turned to McGowan and insinuated
that the chairman was not a good
nathemetician and did not count cor
rectly. lie called ution Col. Graydon
to come up and count the raistd hands.
And by actual count there was one
hundred and thirty-four. 13enet said
he and these had chetk enough to face
the crowd of anti's. lenet did not at
tempt to assail the speecies of' Orr or
Murray. Said he was not invited to
address t he meeting and did not hear
the speeches. le assailed the Press
and Banner, and accused its editor of
publishing a deliberate falsillcation con
cerning his address before the ratifica
tion meeting held here a short time
ago. Editor Wilson arose and attempt
ea to reach the front to make at reply or
address Mr. ienet. The latter, in a
gruff tone, said: "I don't want to speak
to you," and continued to speak to the
crowd. Capt. McGowan came to the
front and said he endorsed what wias
said in the Press and Banner as to the
account of the meeting. Ie attended
the meeting, and the account. was true.
Benet said: "Well, you endorse a ma
licious falsehood or lie." McGowan at
once resented this insult by striking
D3enet in the mouth with his list, cut
ting his lip and bringing the blood),
which stained his shirt and the shirts
of others who were standing near.
Friends of both rushedi forward and
separated them, and by Lt, j prompt lie
tion of Mayor Hill in adjourning the
meeting a general row was averted.
Capt. McGowan apologized to the
crowd for his rashness, and Renet ad
dressed the crowd say ing he had n1oth -
ing to retract or apologize for. No
r further trouble is anticipated. IH-net
a and his assailant are brothers-in-law.
An Atteanpted Lynch Ing.
- S'ART ANnURI, S. C., July 17.-This
city was thrown into a wild state of ex
citement this afternoon. All day long
parties of mill operatives have been on
the search for the negro Jefferies, who
last night killed William Atkins. This
afternoon about 4 o'clock it was learned
that lie was In the swamp in the rear of
Mrs. II. 1). Evins's residence-on Church
street. In a few minutes the place was
surrounded by a crowd of infuriated
men, and after a few monients search
the negro was found and capt-ired. Ile
was brought out to the street and in
less time than it takes to tell it was sur
rounded by a mob of' 200 or peo
ple. They were armed with shot guns,
pistols, knives and razors and were
clamorous in their cries to "ynch -
him," "Hang him." ."Kil11 him" etc.
T1he iiegro was led to a tree, a chaIn
was placed around his neck ai d a man
went up the tree to make it fast. In
the meanwhile the enraged fac tory peo
pie beat the negro with rocks and one
cut him on the neck with a knife. le
was badly beaten and the moo seemed
like wild beast In their eagerness to kill
the man. T1hey were just about to'
hang him tip when Mlessrs. Andrew
Moore, lDr. 1Evins, i)ivid Thomas, S. 11.
uand S. N. Evins and( several other gen
tlemen ruished up and begged the mob
to spare him. After much dillculty
during which It seemed as if several
would be killed, the l-aders of the mob
were prevailed upon to let tl.e law take
its course. Tihe rope was retmoved from
thme nbegros neck, anud suirroundi(ed by a
howling deinonical mob, he was taken
to the jail and1( dellivered to the shierifIf.
On the waly there lhe was un-n.iy times
struck with rocks and otherwIse Ill
used4. Arn effort was make, just as the
man was takeii in the jail to shoot him,
but was promptly put downt by the sher
iff and his aidis. The mob remained for
somie tIme about the jail, cursing and(
flourishing their weapons, anid then dis
persed. T1hero will be no attempt to
take the negro from the jail, ias it means
dleath to any one who tries it. Words
cannot describe tihe fury of the mdo,
and( itwas a miracle that the negro was
saved. Everything is now quilet, and(
nio further trouble is antici pated. spar
tainbulrg has certainly made a line re'
cord for respect for the law, for it is
seilom thi't a prisoner is ever delivered
to the sheriff after a mob once has
A Shocking Accident.
PItNCECSSANNE, Aid., July 17.--Chmris
topher C. Ball, a farmer living about a
mile and a half from here on M anokini
ltiver, yesterday morning was the hap-. -.
py father of nine children, six boys and
three g irls. Yesterday afternoon four
of his boys were drowned while swim
ming in the river -back of his farm.
'1'he names of the yictims are: Willie
aged 10; Lewis, 15; Thomas, 12; aind
John, 10. These, with their brother,
George, 11 years, went ini swimming.
George was the last go In. When he
began to wade out he saw his brothers
were in trouble. He hesitated, Hie
then saw his four brothers drowni, one
after another, within twenty feet
of him, and he was powerless t o assist,
them. The current was running very'
strong and the water was very deep.
The only person besides the boy to wit
ness the sad accident was a colored
ma~n on a bill some distance away, but
he was too far,off to give any assistance.
The bodies of the boys were recovered
during the night. ___
FRANKLIN, Ky., July 13-John Rted
fern, the white man who shot and killed
Mr. P. BI. Dunn and dangerously in
t lured John Hiobdy, a negro, yesterday
morning, was taken from jail by a mob
at midnight last night a.d had