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A LADY CUTRAGED AT NMO BY A
On.e Ne-gr-.e SitEd- a 3 e.,, vt)r 11ta1illad itt.
1111th Sid. A rat ian i - el l*ri , j a e .o t El.
AMceowr LVvce-h i 'ir h b---- Pthr oll
tIS& A w itit ds.(-41'F4.
CoL'MilA, S. (C., .1u1- 2.-- rmo,
LicE lrht. attition outl oF Cohlitimba onl the
Coluido-t, Ncwberr. and laurels road.
jut t, v Ive mlilef 1t-Em11 Ie Capital, Was
)esterhldy the scent; of a Ful crime, a
belaatiolnal kiili., ait a 1co trouble
that vcrohines before it is ov< r to ternii
iiate se-iou-4 y. Ti,e fIllow ti are the
particuhrs of -,ie row:
Onl S:alu- day 4eiinv ab.ltct 9 W'vlouk
Mr. lit-rt Adoison, a s:cin no tr
W'0 lives %ery nwar the st-itifln, went
dlown 14) M'. J. J I liukni-ti's sLure.
It, was jut', vler !Jpjp. 1. inl h4e lell,
01ld3 his Vi(v y..u. and hay ilmd" wile
at homie. In a s).01:. time wwer he leIt.
there c ae wne li;.; I a pj) i t I 0ie (I :w,
anId M'. .A dditon, tiatking iiasi hur
i.us band, op.ened te dEfio.. Am Sie did
so a but Iy black nego, we:n: a white
unidtrshir-t .nd .vtt.ed, S ,,yc i a i
tel In hre *- ii.: Iw;. -ci ..
ifu ; n't illen ),)m tmllh -)I I'll U tl
yuU." Ile chokef her .cv-- y amd hit
her hi the . e-rva' eertal tins-' with the
butt. it hc hs is to'. h'n1 at. h p. lt of
hin ;qst .l-C pro"t( ted to acq,l1mpi;,h
hio hietidis i ma .Th ineh
kiekt (d lts ali . I it' ni de vitim
iboUt tie 1.cor ;i.t! hast-ly d ppenred.
Nirs. Aci fisot. S:eamed :,Cc1 n as
she reciove; ,d, m1,111 wcve th1 fibm. She
WA3 foIuild .0 be 0)c'Cier,dvt : I tiad.
She-, suid t atit t " i) nti.cud (IGeoruve
Kliaid, wl o had belore beniit11 ab,1!u1t 0 e
ta e, had:oI commlitted Lit! iti w.., and 'e
tWI-rhed1 hiS ching im i te'ce
Oil Sunday n -I-11 . a "t po t, ft thirlj.
i e " ite men wit orianliz :d. I wy
filuind tak leading trom thimk tront yard
t the woof.s. One of these tracks was
very pvt uliqir, one of the toes makim no
in-pression. They Full iwed tiis track
OtL to AMrs. Lizzie Nunnamakets place,
tiboul. it mil and a quarter. They saw
the itgrcro fiom a distance, and te de
terIlAtoln given by Mrs. Adtison fitted
pericetly. Sunday afternoon tihey went.
back, surrosm1ded the out, house and ar
rested the i ro, who was very tnuch
excited. ' liere was serious talk of
lynJcitg hi,n, but he wa.s brouipit back
tid locked uhue) theil l 0 1a l (it Lil0
town, ivier Ile remnttl t.:)il yes0ter
Yesi erda y morii: ab6ut -:30 o'clock
Triad .usixtc I)reicr arrivid, and ithe
exm!naitio. -as begua. the iegro
wits confirenk tI-ed wIl Atr.s. A eidisuon.
Slie swore ihat he was lie wcai. h)ther
witeWCSes 'vIo Vxalinit-ed Iis 100t nId
fitild on1e t0e that had bin cut by uin
axe and -.ood ermat, lesli:cd to the
tracks ind tfa J<ml . The .
so comPlet-i- that Lhe jutile ()n.lert-l
him to be taken to -xm t jail to
Just at Li begim ng of the prelimi
nary exainaiition, tht, (xcilg latgLy,-V
that begain Jite rtwe i roub e ccu1r. A
large nuuib.2r of neg-roes hol fathtered
4 )to seei what woulh e idote. to inuni.
The sinall !,all wIas alrneadyW3 'actked and
it was stilli'Ig hII)t inl Ilire. The town
mlbarshal. r. S. K. Bouknit-ht, (dent d
t.hem all ba,k. All went e.:ce1ci I,ui
11own. .k rown hati heci it :fit,!,, lioiuor
in the town and was wai ted Ont th:at
chatge. Tie mars 'it ec 1z liim,
anid started towards him withI the initeni
lion Eof arreHtmg thim. Th'le tne&rc, whotc
is15 a powetrtul black felh.w. andic has in
the last,I to yearts "'done up"l' 1about
twenty mnt, and is weth kno wnI as thce
bul-doz,'er of thait,e iclon. sanI G
ti-i the v- htite Ipeople ii i a wa, atndi
bcacked tint hel rea,-he a1 i. la iv bu my
straf, nlear rte de-p 1t. Thi- lie pici ci
upl suddeti aini n. asM n' cu ittid t:ir,t
llouknight >verth head! wh nii ithi:! tlt..
his race in' .osed ttm T'a 'i c hol-i -.
b i.i just above the:1i!sap r
wound. Iht stgId ii..
houc e. t I h sci .:.c !) *c ci -: c uI : -
anda tuktn I)k hi home, thccm! a otle nyc
the track, i heon , t.t 5 p. r.. he was b
llii it, a illicaii ctitl ini, wd:. jJI
( ltsendrix ar-I Lece st-ig all ih-.vcc ccfl
WVhen ticm woorn1i-:l tant u a taken-t
oil, all the .legr-oeo !oltloweI bua, with..
dlrawing froman ti.e tcc>,ii ntai' no1 t ii
making tihretats ol t ittrie m1 i tl c-x!e
t hat they v-ereiP seningu ouIt ituners to
thFe cuntry calineg lin olin--r iii ea t4)
comie in and! join ithm, i'ly wvere
tcathered ini ai cluter of trt-e abtitt it
m ttat er. TU us they wcre il, aI t hal
pcast 5 o'clock.
The whtites ini the c:mcnim ci-amce
very tuneasy, hem:tg tnctC! itain whe th ie
the ealtened' attackcW-t wouhl me andc broml
wh fat, qulat-r. fThe y ac crmed t hiemslves
thoroughly andh resol1ved to dIe-t ndl thir
live's anci pt operdty to) the las-i.. At 5:30
they were gathe(I(cd ahctit il 5e tores, but
ati tcipated( not t cn ti .nw un! citil
ighhtal-.- Thfey leid atrrancc ,, ctciplcoy
t4heci whcctes in ~al dut t -w:rds lie
we 0(d8 aftet ntighct Ih andI have i s i :_t
60) that onl the~ appear-~tac: E' El merc- ofi
atfack they coucld &gather ahnc-c- mieat
I4 all t heir lorcs acnd meitet 'tI C t to
it, the puroper- potint. When .hie EVctnit
traKin lellt the whcitis we're ver y al litrehtn
sive (of a co flict b~eore mE-c ing'.
Th'fe feelmetz of the~ whtites was~: icono
what more inlteniilledi in Lihe aclit-ernoonl
by the follhewing warncing, proccl mi cir'
cular Irom, whi:c5 was ptosted on thce
door of ta store at, tihe niothernt- pcrtion
of the town)
"P'reamuble andi resoluctionis of' the atmy
of' prot,ecttion in refercnece to hut
whacking Whit,e Caps.
'in order to tuphold t)urt Governnu- at,
it is neessary that, 'ie shiouti show re
spect to tte tuthority of our uuler-s.
W ithouti tis locyalf.y, nco Government
eun. conduc . pucblic allfairs wit,h success,
no people c.mt be safe in thet~ enijoymnent
'f their righits.
" I It izinR I have view ed % it i airm, ,
%% w(,I the I'practices ot tnl itnut-an
crwd n hich violato every iroeiple. of
141)(1 oier, of civil liberty, and o( c In
stitutional. law. Not only the pastiois
told pr( judices of theite inhulllnanl a'Pents
;eid t,L. em t,o acts of , rauny; but t hei r
inteiceAs ure advanced and their p:i
Lions i-cured by promoting disntetdcin,
and discordl. Tho bubmission of some
Ol'our pe!ople, maale and lemales, to these
aUISem or at time ift9 been mistaken
this was nothing more tha iojalty to
ou' country and its laws. It hIas bc(eu
well said, to be arretted for one knows
not what ; to be Confined, no One entit'ed
to UPIed whert; to be Lried no O(e Can
,Aav wien, y at law nowhere known or
sujbli ed, preeUts t crowd of outla.v
which iall no be enlarged.
"dcs: lvmd, Therefore we % ill put forth
vr) ( xertionl oi power, we will ulse
every i,dicy of coici-hation, lo this inl
ltiimAnl TOWdI, to stop their t)bIe off I le
'it fvnd, litrther, That iW any 11,M,re
sIeb o t carriel 4uL inl the way, :s
were u te ni the 14th1 of J Ily
am bE tt., the parties may orepari.; ir
thte Q'nl 81'0 ICn1es, WliGh w-i1Il be inl no
e,sy te ilms.
-F orewarned is forearned
"U N i'1:>A nii me. Pai-m x<-rioN.
"01 South Cartlota."'
''he matter referred to in the ciroular
as hai pt-ninit on the 141h was this: Some
I i alW ILVo a n'e-ro lamled Kinard was ar
ro,ted for Iting. In the prelinillary
hIo C 11sHce DUMreher, the Whites say ~a
cleiar ca:e w,:s made out aainst him.
W l(n Lt.e ca!!e came up in Lexington it
ls thrown out, of court. When ti
Mrt rieturnd to tle town the wlitcs
iook him and whipped him Cverely.
This IreatlV incensed the neiio".s
tvainiist tile whil.es, and shortly afiir
Sards ihe iiegroe, held ieetingA of in
ilimat.rwy character, It which addrt-sses
wtik-. (itlivered by Sam Lorick, (us
*-,miih, and (it her lhading ne1r)rm. I ,is
lou.;ht ihat the circular was prepared
at that litle.
A hotm Iool at Josse coip-1-sed of
A thim H. Metz; Joseph Metz, Nunna
inaker and others was organizAd and
ch sworn in as constables. The ne
-r1, Kitard, Was then turned over to
them, and about hall an hour later they
started on the road to Lexit.on with
him. Ile secied to hei mueb scared but
hisi; sworn protectors were men of cour
age, anld armed to the teeth. The Mili
t1a arte tnder arms.
Druaniliei olit of Cam111p.
I 1,01 LSLEA Il, PA., July 24.- Private
lamill, ()t' (.'oiianly K, 10th regiment,
shust i estertlay aWternloon, when the
replorl ' the attipted issasmation o
F,e 10% rchclied the provisional brigade
tor three cheers for the assassn. Col.
Streter, ir(,m1i his quarters, heard the
ineildiary shout. lie hurried into cam p
an.1 ordervd thie reginent paraded iii
dou1blue f;uick bime.
Wlhen his command was drawn tip lie
.,wit.ed ti) the soldiers tle remark lihe had
icaid. "1I. hleard the voice distinctly,''
the Colonel said. "I think I recognized
it, and I want tile man who made the
sti ellicnt to -.tdV-1ie two paces.'' The
(.-l-oel had ricognizod lams's voice,
1111l be Wfarm stilding directly in iront (1
the 11t-1sed when lie was talkiiv.
I minediately Private lamns stepped to
the tront. lie was trembling like anl
1s1pen and,] he -ecmed unable to hold his
I'im[. "Yi u offered three cheers for the
kil i*.N ir. Frick, oid you not?'' the
Coloneli a: ked. lanis d!d not answer.
lie hun his Ieat and nolded in tile
alirmat .ve. lie was ordered to the
gua 1Lrd house. 1T1he Colonei and his t.,
mentl in:. the surlgeonis, theni went to
thet gttal df house.
Th'le oli-er otlie day took charge of
the eimn,inal, and at the Colonel's or
ders lie wats hutiig upi by the thumbs for
I ihirty ininti Ris. Thle surgeons remained
waIihte un~fortunaite~ main diurin all his
'tuishment, one( (l' thtem kent waittch on
bc .t, andI at the endl 01 thiirta iniutes
Sinl ''4n Netl ordedhtim jt tatk tn dhown,i
Whe' raot leased soungi himns n as limip
w.1 hie lowas take<tn to1 hits tliIarters. T1hie
tohir :sul to tak( baick i'r apl4I4ze
To''y on lii e t' h is ho ati was
Iiis -ni,2or;in, t whii lite wa:s t.2'el
stipiiel. lie wairgyvn aI sit. of easi -
'sralls, and wvas at 'oce druntined ut U
proedu bty Geni. Sniowyden. Younl1. I Iami
l'uimn, J1utly 2 1.-A band oh 180 reap
trs, menl a.nlt womtleni, empli~oyed at lIe
heIr, ii tngary, struciik to-daty for an ini
IIriasI la I hirll walges. WVheni theirm de
mndts were refused they seized at wagont
loaded witth corn, dieclarin)g that would
be( a fair share of theo profits. 'Thle
farmter who htad lired the reaipers and
wh Io sawv hte coui do' noting to pre
sItumionedi the gendarmes3 t. resttore
ordler anmd get baick hisi prop)ert.y. T[ho
gen darinies weore soont at t he scene of
thne (distuIirbatice, lt, thetir presence at
first did not frighiteni the strikers, who
wvere becomfing more riotons in their
dIemlonlst rations. Tlhey thtreatened'O to
burna the 1 atrmer's htomuse about his eairs
and to laty waste his lields it lhe did not
comp ly wit h their demandIIl(. They even
wlet, so far as to threaten thle gend
ilrmilts if t hey interfered. Finally, thle
ou'tlook hieenmo so serlius that the in
saw I that prompt, ando hero)ie mteasuires
mII st. - tlken ir order ws to be re
sti rted. II i gave't the comimandt to hire
t o bia men4, andI( they protllyt obeyed
andtIi'l oreI a volb.ty tnto the rIotous
re trtI .-. li In nhe meantime olne of the
si riktrs u ho watSs t andtting in a groutp
(iof1V seea I iiot em arai the inslpectorim,
drmew~ at kntIte andI si ahbedt him. Thhie
mfob shin , dt no dlisptosit ioni to disperse
afIter they ha'td bee ittiIred uipon, andI t.he
gendlarruies, whoit were armied with
Mlenhicher' rilles, ired volley at ter volley
into thIeml hmt.iI fort.y-t,wo iotnd w115~ere
disch,larged. TI'welve men antd wvomen
wore kilIledh, anid many wert wouitnded
bef'orei the mob was drTiven1 from I the
platCe3. The strikers, fortunately fior
themselves, were scattered about the
fIeld, and ft was owing to this fact that
a larger number were not killed or
ill STATE ALLIANCE.
ANNUAL MEE IINGOF THE ORGANIZA
TION IN COLUMBIA.
Th i r y- fl v I #'9atQ-14 PrO K4t)t-I re-Mrd,-ut
14tokopf Au1ataai Adlress--A Vul Ac
coasit of the P1rucotfioigM.
COlMBIA, S. U., July 29.-.'Te
itate Alliance convened here Wedues.
lay in annual session in the House of
The following is the roll of delegates
Ahbeville--J. Y. Jones.
Aiken-E. It. Tyler.
Auderson-W. A. Neal.
Barnwell--W. II. Duncan.
Ieaufort-It. G. W. Bryan.
Berkeley-It. A. Ilaivey.
Chester-J. G. L. White.
Cliestcrlield-1). T. Itedletrn.
Cla-rendon-J. E-. Davis.
Colleton--A. C. Iliers.
Dalrlington-jo(ilm M1S. Wvaddill.
Eld-elield- -1. It. Steadman.
Fairlield-J. M. Galloway.
Floience-W . E. Finkley.
Georgetown-J. II. Debvens.
Greenville-M. L. Donaldson.
IIanpton-W. J. Gooding.
Ilorry-James A. Lewis.
Kershaw --J. It. Matill.
Lancaster-J. C. Elliott.
L,aurens-J. W. Yearain.
L,ex ngton-J. L. Shuler.
Alariou-J. E. Stevenson.
11arlboro-J. J. Lane.
Newberry- Jno. F. Banks.
Oonce-M. F. Whitaker.
Oran:geburg-E. It. Walters.
P'ickviis-C. 11. Carpenter.
Richland- It. C. DuPre.
Spau tanburg-Gco. B. )ean and E.
Sumter-E. M. Cooper.
Union -- J. S. Welsh.
Williamsburg-J. 1). Daniel.
York-J. C. Wilburn.
The following otlicers were present:
J. Wm. Stokes, Orangeburg, presi
W. 1.). Evans, Bennettsville, vice
.1. W. %ield, Iteldville, secretary.
F. P. Taylor, Mt.. Croghan. treasurer.
Itev. James Doulass, .flackstock,
John It. Jetferies, Star Farm, lectur
Dr and orLanizer.
.1. W. Kennedy, Saudy Grove, door
A. It. Walker, Fair Blul', assistant
J. E. Jarii:can, Columbia, sergeant
Licas AlcIntosli, Dovesville. T. P.
Mitchell, Woodward, S. T. 1). Lancas
ter, Gflenn Sprin;:s, excritive commit
WV. N. Eldur, Gutiriesville, 1. K,
Noriis and J. L. Keitt, judiciary con
I)istrict Lecturers present.
First distriet-J. 11. Price, Orange
becond dis'rict-,Iohm G4. Gaston,
Third district--.loe L. Keitt, New
Fifth distrit-W. N. Elder, York.
sixth disti ict-Il. C. Burn, Darling
Alter the organization had been el
fected in the usual order, the body be
ing called together at II o'clock, Presi
dent J. WoD. Stokes, who has stood at
the helm of the Alliance ship for two
3 ears past, delivered his annu.l addreis.
The main portion of it had p)articular
bearing on the political situation and is
given below. State Lecturer JetUries
ilso madle hiie an)nual report as did the
ot,ber cihicials, and these wit,h the Pres
dent's address, were all referred to a
speccial commit,tee, itdi insitructionis to
report on them. TIhe Alliance then
look a recess till 8 pi. m.
In aopeing his n<ict~ldrs Presidt
Stokes stated that the o)rcaizaItionl was
Iface to lace with a new epoch. T1heyv
hadit achtieved much int the one .inst
Lclotsed. P rocceintg lie said in part:
l'Extraordlinary, almiost e'xtravaigantL, as
t he promise se.emedl at its biegmntig;
enticimg as wvas the "outlook"' pictured
in my last annual address, achiievemnt
has kept, even pace with prmie aind
p)rophecy hans been translated into hi.s
tory. Thie visions of our old men iand(
the dr.eams~ of our young me' nrc rapid
hy approaching a lull fruition in er vs;al
bzed( fact. The speakcr dwelt uipon the
movyemnit, whitch began live years ago(
andt had been carried Onl by the breadl
wit nets aga inst, the "brinsiii andl respect
abil ity " ot the country. T1h i emanuci
ptiont of labor aind industry fromi the
opplres.sionl of mioniopol y. applied t,brout'h
iniqultit(ous legislation, had been their
T1hiere is not, today ini the naitioni a
moire potent, moral, social or political
fact,oa thini the Farmers' Alliance and
indlustrial Union. As an educator of
the people Its in fluence is uinprecedlentedl
in the history of' the race. Not, only
are the members of t,he order more unit,
ed in sentiment, b)ut the leaven has per.
mneatedl the entire social and piolitical
lump. The averagea m il nierchiant
andl small husiness man in every line
has been reduced into a mere collecting
agent, for the bIg comubines, taking lisa
chance of getting a precarious living for
himisell and family by handling goods
for thiese soulless aggrei.ntions of greed.
And whenever it, becomnes necessary to
cut, watges in ordler t,o swell the gainis of'
the combine, the small merchant, is as
remorselessly squeezied as is the wage
worker. Today there are ten merchiats
and a naIl *apitalists in sy mpa .hy3 w.ithi
us where there was otne several years
ago. Men of uf:knowledlgedl abilit,y andl
honest,y have openly jIomed our light.
Thinking people, already inmpress( d by
our very insistence, have seen our dle
nuncitators challenged to t,he platform
andr in the p)ress. T1hey have seen them
met, answered and in turn atrralgnedl,
over whelmd-their arguments battered
(dwni, their sop)histry exp)osedh, thier dui
plicity laid bare. Tihere Is no qluestion
in t.he minds of many more todaiy as to
tihe justice of these complaints, and
wheni ani honest mind reaches tile qjues
tionmig stage ot our demiaud(s our case is
won. EvenI the unresponsive American
Ilouse of Lords has not been insensible
to the snirit of the dlay. The intolerant
S Tin r ILrence o the.se. d'eiands has r
en yIen to soeleluvitf er y like anx- Ii
ietv to ibrnmulate legislattioun Iavorable a
LO reforim. Why a positive e)idetmic of H
retIIormn has truck the hallsof Conlaress. n1
Ilow n1ich of this aluxie-ty is due to sitn- I
Cere conviction l4 tihe neoedi 01 the peo. t(
ple. and how inich is (u to the proxi- h
mlity of electionl tilie Whenk the people c
will S i judniegtil on thoir claias L,) it
succeed themiselves, I Shall 111o, assume
to tuy. IL is Hullicient to know that v
there is no truer indicator of* the trend a
of popular sentiment .han the "trim- (
ming" of the politician. The average
Congressmen careful.y keeps one hand
Upon the popular pulse at home while
with the other ie trims his sails to
catch the bree-ze. le makes a great j
fuss atbeut reforim and wel! nigh pushes i
those who have Forced himin to activity
oil of' Lhir own phtth>Orm, w hile hie real- c
ly doem nothiii,g worl.h while f14r the peo.
file. W i,y, yoi %ii't, _,et one of' these t,
Ialitild(t.1es wio a N car, ao were loud in
dlnunciation of the sub-treasury Io take
the stilump a;ant It. Oly a lex days
a.).O I IeL d ou; of tbes candidates who i
wais miost proniounced, inl his opposiLlon
and , IFi'nsive in ls itsinluations two 0
jears ago, posiLively approve the A
schume, if you woiul only incorporate a
.omie are sincere, of Course, and we
welcome thl.) to ouri. rniks. Blut we
Lare Ils C(IcrnleId With eIII motive frOV 1
the deed than we are with the deed it
self aid its signhic as an iadex of .
the1 popular treild. We Iuay despise i
tie oIltve while the fitlc behind the 1110
tive gives -romil lor deepust tiratilica
I lon. .ii ir ownt S,LLate the case is miost
nwouralg. Nowhlere 5has the work of d
CLducCation been so 'ar-reaching in It. pro- 1
'ress Or sj Compelling in its sWeep. The b
agricul"ural and industrial luasses have
KO impressed their deitlands upon the
popular iind t,hat those domawls today c
stald in their entirety as the deliberate
expression ol'the dominant, party of t,he
State ih convention assembled. The en
tire i(-mbership of the order is unit,ed
uLpon those demanids. The shadow of a
dissension in our ranks that hung over c
our ist State meeting at the outset was c
happily dissipated before tei mieetiut -
ciosed. All differanc8es were composed a
upon hnorable terms, and today we t
stand a compact unit in purpose and 3
effort.. I congratulate this 1-ody and t,he '
order at lar-!e that there is peace and 1
sinVgleess of purpose throuihout, the t
brotherhood ill this State. Let us hold
irmtlfy to What, We h.tve -meilld, and upon
that firm fIunindation builld our high ideal.
Liot us beware le-t in grasping at a
shadiaow we lose the ubstance.
Subtle forces have swuht assiduously
to draw its apart on politica 1 Iuiestions.
Powerful pressure l'rom without strove to
cru.ishi IA by slle fUorve, while insidious
influences wer. ilns"iI.Itel to disinate
grate our' cpal'.cft mass. Seildtive but
delusive idicemneins to inlepindent po.
litic.il tction have not been lacking on
one hand, while utmuostprsssure was ap
plied on the other hanid to force the
imeibership to some overt act. I re
joice to say to you that the sinister
desigus of soie and(] the ill-conceived
desires of others have filled. No action
ientifvin,g the order with any party has
been takel. Even the endorsement of
tien for ollice by sub-Alliances has fal
len into almost total disrepute. The
0id er has confined itself to educational
lines, aid the membership to select their
own party afllliation. As individual they I
have almost without exception gone t
into the Democratic clubs and primaries, v
and have thero stLood UnllineIIlyI for V
our demuandIs with the resuilt., lreadty t
referred to, that the recent, convention
1)f that party adloptedl the entire body of '
reforms dlemntded b)y us. More than E
tis, in each C:ongressional tstrict thlere I
is before the Demiocraitic prim lry a can- I
d ulate w ho stands for' these reforms, andt( i
ieeks the u'Ilraige of1 tIhe people upion
Withl the legis latie ait executive
w% i h the artv tittau t Nat iotnal Le~gisl at,on
clo I>ely ciuardedI or tolltes;ted,i there re
mcidiDs bli in: Lto be desLiredI 'o Pur 'es
fpolitical aethm) in thi St ale is eon
u(Urned. te e ILedoI)i of a 'reRih!ent of
vout.ly ti) lbe wished, l41, fl,houihtul
inen will conside wi ell befor'e wej1eopardni
zu what wi already havwe, ini a well high I
implosible mi tr) rse -whiich (:n)terpfrise,
if successul , w.itho ut 'a Congress of the I
riht ty I ', coh Id can11 little more0 than il
tbe udistr'ibutionZ au aI few fat pla~es
ilIln] tile r'ef;)rmelrs. It ISis needless to
.1ayp that tis wouIi)ld Searcely hby a Uiir cx
chanitge to ourii p3ople at large.
BuDt, wha.tever thue political action dla
t rmuined upon by the itiv iduia Ivo)ter,
th ere ennlt he no0 doublt about,t this: the
mo)St, elemlenta1ry setnse of' f'lood l aith de
U andius that, whlen one deli berately agrees
to subhnlil his case toa1 partI y primlary or'
ot,ber test, the results of1 Ihie test aige ed
uplotn 81hal1 be supporl ~tedI by adll the part
ies t.o theO agreetmentt. I t is a quiestion of
e'x jiedience, niot of pinitcipiie, whether we
shalil sub)mit, our11 camie L.) ai generiaI elee
tiont of prouilsemus voters it) November
or to a spiectal te.'Leoni of ualietd voters
earhier inI tile year. 11, i's a juetC5ion that ,
is dlebatale upI Lto thle t.imel of ag4reement;'
buit after agr'eemnlt has b)een renehed 3
andli the test lhas heen) made, maifes tly
the (lue(stionI att issueC has beeni as sur'ely
transuerred from the Ii eld oh debatte 11s a
they wouth be byv the getneral elect,ion,
hor' whIichl, by ('ommon0) consenIIt, a special
device has been subs~tiItut,ed.
Thlere is IiherelforWe, tno tmoire) surren)der'
of pripe mn abiidini brh y the adverse
t'esuilt of at prDimaroy, orI0 oter test,s aI.rieedh S
uplon heeh>rehaniid, than thlere is in aidu- (j
ing b~iy the adlvers'e res~ult oL a) general i
eetionl. TJhe prom1 Iiece of t,huis sub- j
ject, of plohtlal aiction in) the popular c
mDind( just, now halead me1 1( to udiscuss the t.
Itundiamental doctrine of polit,ical organ- f
ization and inachi iery at greater lengt,h 11
than I othlerwvise would hlave (done. It, i
ais well that our people have tihe princi- I
lesC laid before them; thley will t,benl be r!
able to act, intelbigently, and I believe 'd
t,hey wvil I do the right thitng.
Ia str'ikinlg cont(rast with the0 single- ~
ness5 of' puripose and1( e'floL L m South1 C ar
olina amlongi all classes of iteformers is
tile spectacle priesenteCd in some sister
Stat,ee. While t,bere is 1no materIal dIe
enden11:e ofl I raternal feInntiannd taam.lty
>our cause anywhere, they are torn and
!nt by disseusion as to the proper po
tical action to take. Divergent views
L this point must result in division of
eForm strength-prectsely the thing
iost desired by the opposition. They
xve hopefully looked forSouth Carolina
) step into that snare, but so far have
ooked in vain. Whether they 5011
muntme to lo ik in vain is with 3he order
self to det.ermtine.
Tho speaker called atteition to the
'oik of the Cotton Plant IOr the order.
ad bespoke for the organ continutd en
crselent and sut)port.
Ile touched upon the action of tie
inkertons at IHomestead, and said: If
ic Pinkertons or any other set of men
m sLip 300 thugs from New York to
ennsylv imia, for the purpose of' forcing
kto subiission labor union meii who de.
lined to accept a chiange in tho scale of
age, why can they not ship a t*-v
loAtilll into S iut,1 Carolina tW subdIte
ic Kuights ot Labor, or Lb railroad
Ml's asSociatiol, or the street car
river-s' associatLion in our citis, or for
uit matter the Farmrs' Alliance and
1dustrial Union, if for ar)y reoion thesC
r,dtdiz-tions becon, offensive to a rin.
i0 Il>e.y el.;u:1 to LeInpt thes lIles.
as114 upon u-*? Curtainly the!r2 are nt,
Leking tho3e who would glad V see
tiler of these or.1mizi tii'm i de itroyel.
in this connection it may not, h. out
V p!ace to reter to another scurcely less
lenacing phase of tle fight bet - cee
1onoPOly and the m1ases. Iupeated
lustration.s have been lurnlishied within
e hItst few months of a disposition oti
ie loart. of the corporat,lons to control
Ic votes of their employes by threats of
ichar-e and cousetcquent loss of sup
-rt for amil y. There is ahuudant rea.
)n 0 believe that i settled IIpolicy has
ien agreed upon hetween railroads aid
ther corporationls, and that, p.liUy in
Itles the pIrom111t, dischargo ol any em-i
love who speaks for or votes the Ite.
>rm ticket. Such an exercise (il power
) suppreSm freedom of speech and action
mit arouse every instinct of maihood
ud induce cinditlons dalnrerous niot
ily to lbtrty,,but to the very existence
[ those corporations. The enlightened
ense ot every patriot must reviL at
uch dastardly means of compulsion
'hese corporations are reminded tha
iey hold itheir property riglts Iv con.
ent of the people whomt tiley 11hus de.
rade and oppreis. They would d. wel
i) be ware, lest, ires sm.)ulderin, in the
utra,_,ed breast of many an employo
oime day burst forthand conisumie t,h
emple of luxury erected bv robberv o
be people in their lab)r and in teir
Dr. Stokes d.-Velt 111011 the finiancl
Lmd -n:h:strial delpresiion, the great los
lsttim(d last year ui>' the farmers an
,he La'nie,ty wit.h which they iet, the
>hfigatimn. The tarim-r does not, iuiffe
x1one, howiver. There 1.-i not. it prdli
Jive indistry uii-rotected by legoal enat
mlents that, is prosperous today. Lu1111
>ering, naval Stores, calill_-cVer V
iin is depressed to the last degree. I
slittle comfort to the mechanic aid thi
aborer to know that the dollar will bu
wice as mueh as ever before %N hen h
nd i it, impossible to v et, holl. of on
ialf as many dollars. There are 1hous.
aids in our cite i and towns %%wh: ar
Uv ilz this lession of prac icl. 1::ce
iurned linto their conseloNness as witl
At the litst State ieeting I recoim
l(Alded certain chaugets in our e!-nstitu
ioi. Some of those recoumintipiktonh
flIte aidopted-notably thle lecture 8vs.
em. Mly own observation of' that svs3
ImlI, dulring aI Year (if its oIperattion, inm
resses mec that, I it, ha-d tiottlly me)1t tin
Xfiectaiions of' its rirlmers. in somiel
ectionis It, has been etmmently success
iit; but in tile mini, its tingible bienelihm
ave [not been utlj,( eSxLpct attionis. Thern
i Iuques tidned 1:eed of lecturing, anid
ru'4st, ou illI make Atuch i.r.>viIIoul
- as v will metIt thie necenitics of thll
Tl:> 1. rgaiza 'Ition11 iln ou1r St te hlas re5
rulin re portin t0 het piape, s it is Ill go1
itorklng (Olliditioni. 1i. wise-)y abj3 i rpi
lir it lS:til tet.ioii, ani I is f.oill y l dI (i
ati ig it.S i' membr: t upon1 tI me dieml;li
I t he (rdter, its 1, a<ters have' expre4s-se(
r it hi our1 Mtt.e Exchanmge. I commerI
his wliih to( tile favorable cSonsideraL
iin of1 ihe Exchlange D)ir'ctoI v. Ii
onicflusion, Pre'sidenlt St,Okes '4 I id
1(d xtiv en to do t,he best for' the order
Vhaittever mlistamkes wvere miarle weri
iiistaktes of juidginen!tt. lie chlallenged
Oluipaison withl the C indith>oif0 t
*rder inl Souath Carolina withI that o
lie orde0r ini aniy Other States.
A t tihe conc lsirmi of' Dr. Stoke.' aid
ress tie allianlce, after trainsac'tiin
0111 ne busi ness adEjournred to) todayt~
whmen theO election of ofilers wasI goust
tIto with the t ollowing result:
Il'resideint-M4. L,. Donaldlson.
Secretary-J. W. Iteid.
Tfreasurer-F. I'. Taylor.
SL,eward-E. ii. Tfaylor.
D oorkeeper- --J. W. Kenne'dy.
Assistant dloorkeepe~r-A. It. Walker
L~ectuirer and1. orgaizier-Johli. Jef~
E~xecultive cominittee-T'I. IP. M it 11h4ll
d1 idiciary comini ttee-WI. N. Eld r
) K. Norris, and J1. L. K(eitt.
T1he Alliance thlen, after passing re's
*ltions on the dth~tl of Polk andi
uackhouse15, adjourned Sine (die.
An lnprovoked Msre'r.
JiacKsoNvI[.LE, FLA.. Jully :2--A
p)tciaLl froml . Jennlings, ai vil latge ii.
lmiltoii County, to thet T1imnex-Un7 ion
t3ys: L jill this~ afternloon Ed wii flen
ry, whlo lives near t his towni, wenlt tt
bel hioiuse of his brIotheCr-inl-lawV, Aller
lolz,enmdorf, cairrying with hIm a Win
hester rifle. IIoi'zendhorf jokinlgly re
larked tha1t he thought it was uiseless
>r IIendry to carry Is gun with im n
nywhere, as hIe was never known t(
se It. Angered by the jest llendrl y re
iiedl: "Damnlf youl, 1 will use it onl y or
ow," and immediately shot Iloizen
orf' through the heart, killing him in,
tantly. T1he men were fast friends ap
arenitly. Only a few weeks ago lien
ry miarried IIolr.ndorf's sister, lien
ry is a son1 of the Rev. Johna M. lien
ry, a prominent nmember of the FlIori
La Methodist Conference for more thai
orty-five years. Ilendry made his eu
IMPORTANT MEETING OF THE STATE
Several QUtestiona P'reented by the coXn
mo'rvat l e, hsia,cracy snu Anit%wered by
t,he Cnanitlee- Charansme Irtiy u i
cmLu.MNnimA, s. c., j tiiy N.--Te stattj
Democratic executive committee held
an important. meeting in this city last
night in the hall of the House of Itepre
sentatives. All the counties were rep
resinted except Williamsburg. On
motion the nowspaper reporters were
The follow ing com munication was
COLUMnIA, July 26, 1892.
Rlon. .1. I1 N1. I rhy, Cihairmna, and mein
hers of the State Deincratic Exeutive
C01lu1nittAe Of South Ciroliia:
G lrL'-:St-:N -- avir reUelvil lotice of
your meeting to e bli this eveniiiv, the
vxecutive conmmittee or' the Conservative
)enaeraoll of Solith Carolinla has appoint
(.d thet unld0lr.ialled a,S a1 com111nittJ0 to pr1'
sent, in writig, for tihe consideration of
your coumittAte. the following questIons,
which have evoked discussion, and Coll
ceIinlg wlhib difflrent constructions have
bm-en aliolinced in tiinerent parts of the
8'ate. In tie interest of a fair primary
elevtion, we respectful3ly ri-iqest ait ex
plicit deularation oil each of tilt) poinLs
subnitted, and that, whii yotur conItt
sitons shall hav been r:-ed, bl ou olillmu
niente tite sate to us, as we desire to con
foril to the reqitiremients of thi constitti
tuticl (of tho )emocratic party of the
-tate, and we recognize your comm11ittee as
the executive body of the party unider the
First. Are avowed '.i hiid party men to
be permitted to vote at tite Demooratie
priIaries ill August, when delegates are to
Ile elected to tle boptemer ctonvention,
which will nominate tile Denocratic ticket
for Presidential elector. lor Sonth Caroli
na, as well as tile I )emooratic ticket for
in regard to this matter we respectfully
stibmnit that therv art% now inl tho lield cani
didates for President and Vice 'resident.
nominatcd by the Third party, calling it
self the People's party. and putting lorth
a platform of principles at variance with
the platform of the National Demnocratic
party adopted at Chlicago last month. And
we call your attention, with regret, that
various individuals, Fome of theni candi.
dates for nomination by the Democratic
prty, have openly declared themselves I
acecord with doctrines of the 'Ihird party
and opposed to tile National Democratih
platform in those part iulars in which I1
controverts the tdoctrines of the Third
party; and w cannot see how such met
can ?o permitted to participate In the Dem.
ocratic primaries uniess they explicitly re
nounce their Third party views and declar<
I their adherence ito the platform and candi
datvs of the National Democratic party.
Second. Are ummnrolltd Democrati en
titled to vote at. the )Democratic prinka
r ln regard to this we are informed rella
- ly thatsome counties have adopted a rul
t, closing the iolls five 0-ys before tho prima
ry or at the last regmiar el;1b meeting be
fore tile primary; vh ile in others no siel
action ham been taken, and the rolls, there
fore remain open for the addition of name:
on the day of the primary of Deinocrat:
V not previously enrolled.
The State Demooratic Constitution de
olares that "tile club rolls of the party
shall constitute the registry list" attie Au
gust primary. Will the county regulatioms
in this latter, each county for itself. it
tile absense of a general rule, be recogniz
i ed as legitimate in tln election'
A ny reasonable rule, well understood
and promulated, by which every facility
is affoided to Democrats to vote, aid which
at tile same time, stliclently protects the
rimnary from repeating and from tho par
ticipation of those who are not lemnocrats,
seems to us to meet the reuirements in
Upon tIhe remlainlitig (uestionls, 'we sim1.
lply reqttest your announcement of opinlton
so that, uniforlnlty of action ovet the State
Inta- be securedt.
'Iliirtd, Is a Demnocrat enItit led to vote
e14lsene 0 thlan whetre ho is enromlled-?
Fourthi. Mtust, a D)euierat be a register.
ed votert, tuuler the registration laws oif thle
St<rte, iln order to be( enitle<i to vote at the
Fifth. Rtule 9t, adoptetd by3 your commltlit
tee, stattts that "a inajori ty on thet votes~
e'ast slhah he nec -ssary ti nIiaio1 tcand(li.
tlatts, alijl toi elect dlegaitts to the State
conven''lltioli." We~ ar' Inftot inted that at a
piIiary heti'tofore beh'll a serio~us qtuestim
jIlrity tover (inIllet ito(rs for t he samte (Itice,
1 raijority of te mtiitre pl list, Stine ofi the
havinig a niajority of all the vte s cast, ftr
thet posit ion for w lhih lie 'ffters, Is t herebiy
noininate't; or whethler. it is niecessarty tIor
hiin tto hatve a Inlajol ity' (If the t'ntirte iti
Ilists thoueghi sonme vtoters cast not vote f or
imu (or Ihis (ipponet~s for thle sine potsitiuilm
U pmn I ihe quettstlins, wve dot niot dsiret
wVithI argumenit, ulesss it is youtr wish to
Lt'ar us fu rthmer upon themi, In I tte lattter
e'vetltt i th iemnderined wilI 1he iat tihe llottel
Jeromte this teveime dl urinig the sessIon oft
3your commlhittee, wheure any3 'Oltli om inia
tioni w~ii leach themi.
We respet'tully requetst, a reply up1on1
thei mlatters suggestedl, anid in formna' ion on
any othier ploints deciletl ait your mneetinie,
relatIng to1 the pirllnary etlectionl, to be4 iad
dIressedI to '"Samutel I )ibbie, Chtairmnan,
O)rangeburg. 5. C.'"
SAM1UE.L l)lmiLE. Chtairmnan,
C. I'. Q UA'r I.F.nA Us,
I )r. I aowmiatn, of O)rangebuirg, mloved(
that i. be receivedi as inflormiation.
Ailr. Bellinger sutggtested that it, be me
ferretd to a committee- of the whole for
consideration and answer. Carried.
'pon1 imotlon the t,tIOnls asked ini
the letter were taken uip eriatm. TIheo
vai iouts tjuetstions1 involvedi were hotly
dIiscussetI, unid' conIsu:ned imutchiti tme.
In reply to the ist qutestions asketd,
it was diecide'd to refer the Conservative
commlittee to Iltule 1 of thle "rttien gov
ermng the pIri mary election," as here
almeunded, to read as follo ws: "I l'he
manllagters at thle pirimaliry eil etion shall
require ('very voter in a primary elec
t,ton to pledge himsinelfI to abide the1 re.
suilt of I he p)rimnary, and to support the
nlomnlrels of the party, anId requtir(
every voter ini a l)emocratic prlimary
election to take the following oath: I"]
do solemnly swear that, I ant quatitiet
to vote at this election according to thi
rules of the D)emocrnatic party, and thai
1 have not votedi betore at this elee
The following words in the rile wert
stricken out: "Apph~cation for memn
bership or oI!ering to vote in the pri
-mary election shall hbe deemed eqnivo
- lenat to such declaration and pledge.
i 'This makes it an acti',e instead of a
imnlied plede. amto o e
the rule so as to make it read instead of
the party "the Democratic party." ie
did this to strike at and prevent any
possibility of men voting in the pri
mary for Democrats and then voting
subsequently for Third party candI
(ates. This was carried by a vote of
10 to 11. but was afterwards laid on the
Iable by a vote of 14 to 0.
In answer to the second question the
writers ot' the letter were referred to the
latter portion of Article V of the con1
statut.ion of the party, which requires
that the club rolls of the party shall
constitute the regist.ry list, and also to
the amended rules, adopted last night,
aid reading as follows: "No person
shall vote unless he has been enrolled
on the club lIst five days before the first
primary election." The cluo list shall
be inspected by and certified to by the
secretary and president of,the club, and
tirned over to the managers to be used
as a registry list. This amendment,
upon motion of Mr. Bellinger, was
The coimit te ais,vered "No)" to the
third 4<tiestion, referring to the place of
etrollment and ability of voters to vote
As to the fourth question the com
mittee de.ided that registration under
the laws ti the State is not required as
a <qualification tor voting in the pri
As 'n the fifth question the commit
tee referi-t-d Ihe enquirers to the latter
part of rule 10, alreatly of force and
readiig as f ollows: "The g Itestiton of
a majori' y vote shall be determined by
the itotaber of votes cast for any par
etcular ollice and not by the whole
nintier of votes cast in any primary."
This completed the answer to the
letter, anl it was decided that the cam
paign imt-eting-s for the benelit o' can.
didati-s for Coii ess and the oflice of
solicitor be lefL to an agreement among
the candidates as to time and place.
The following was adopted:
Hesolved, That wuider the rules of the
varty ily thre-e inalingels of election
can ije appointed for the primary.
This was done in consequence of
Chairman Irby's statemeent that some
cont ies had appointed four managers,
and it, was not according to the consti
tution, as the managers could not secure
a majority in decidiniag questions that
would arise unless the number wai
three. The executive committee who
had appointed four were requLested to
meet again and cut off one.
It, was decide.1 as an amendment to
the rules that, the respective county
committees are hereby authorized t.o
adopt such rules as will prevent the
plumping of candidates.
Chairman I rhy upomn r (piest left the
chair and Mr. Stanland presided in his
Mr. Ernest Gary then introduced the
following resolutions, which was unan
"Whereas recently the Columbia cor
respondent of t he N ews and Courier re
ported to that paper that a majority of
the State Exec-utive Comm1i1ittee would
rquluest the resignation of Chairman
Irby, if uninfluericed, now therefore
I Resolved, by this commnittee, That
- tho report js absolutitly without foun
dation, and we take pleasure in saying
that we know of the riluctance of Mr.
Irny to retain the chairmanship of this
committee. and we feel It due to him to
say that his administration has been
wise lirudent and conservative.
liesolved, further, That this resoli
tion be given to the daily papers for
The matter of the extraordinary
heavy assessient of candidates in
Charleston count y was then brought up.
A telegrin was read from Mr. Therrell,
a candidate for the Legislature, asking
the committee to do something about
it,. Tlhis was received as information
andI thle coimplainarnts informled that
the State execia'ive committee had
notheig to do0 with it.
JThe coinmlittee adjourned tbout 12:30
lie-er vt a Torr ble Fate.
('I N(INN A. iuly 2.-A terrible ouit
rage~ was perpetrated at P'arlor Grove
last iiighet. J1osie I ;er-ger, a pretty Cov
inigto'i gi, was the victim. Together
witlh her esco rt she attenided. ie P'ande
1moi0num Club picnic. WUine taking a
stroll I hrouagh the woods the couple
were ovelrtaken by two yowng men
f rom Coynagh oi, who were well known
to b)oth Mi~liss Ia'rger anrl her escort.
(me ol' the m.'n was IINbert lrown, dle
j)ity sheriff of! (ovington and the
(-lalinnlo ighet- weight pugilist of Ken
li-k1.-l aid a re-volver in his hialu,
anI 11)1O pinung it, at lF>:rgu son, the young
lnan who accomi 1ni1ed .\liss fierger,
said : "Y Vou are both utarler arrei-st,."
"Youel don't iletan that ," saidu Fergu
"''1il sheow yoil m ighity qulick if I
don't," was I rowni's replly. IIlis com..1
paniion grappleti with F"erguson , while
lBro wn cheoked lis loerger into insen
sib,ilit.1 anid olut ragedl her. F'erguson
ibecamiie lo -se and rani for help, which
sooni arrived, but. the two v illians had
es.caped. Th le whole affair occurred
within a few yard1s of a thousand peo
ple. All the parties are well knowna and
well connected in Coyvington.
No More NewMI>OyN.
Cii IUAuo, July 23--In a very short
time the newsbo.' will be out of a job.
P'apers have hee.i filed with the Secre
tary of State fo:- the incorporation of a
comnpany that will undert,ake to dis
tribute newsj apers automatically and
(10 away with the necessity for human
news purvey >rs on the street cars, su
burban trains, or any locality. Trhe
general prmncip)le of the automatic ma
chinle to distribute newspapers is simi
la,r to "nickle-in-the-slot' machine. A
penny or two cents, as the case may be,
is dr-opped Into a convenient slot, a
handle pulled, and the purchaser is conl
fronted with the paper he desires. The
newspap)er (distributors do not stop at
merely handing out to the customer his
f avorite sheet ; they wvill make change
when required, and it is claimed will
[lever make a mistake. If a customer
dlroos 10 cents into a certain slot, or a
(uarter in another, a two-cent paper
machline willl imm ediately produce
eight er 23 cents la change, as may be
D)onaldsfon aned Cleveland.
- N Ew YORK, .July 21.--Grover Cleve
land held a reception In the parlor of
I he Fifth Avenue Ilotel this morning.
- D)uring the morning M. L. D)onaldson~
- National committeeman for South
-Carolina, calild and said: "Mr. Cleve
land, when you come t.o count up yout
i doubtful States leave South Carolina
out, for she Is in line with the iDemnog