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VO.XIPICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, MARCH 9,183NO25
' THE COLLEGE ROW.
->IT MAY CAUSE THE DOWNFALL OF
i HE INSTITUTION.
A Number of Prominent .4mizens G in i
Body and Appeal for the 1%,ys, but thi
Faculty Stands to its Deelsion.
COLUMBIA, S. C., March 1.-Th(
trouble at the South Carolina Collegi
over the recent demonstration by som4
of the students is assuming a serioui
aspect, and some of the friends of th4
College are fearful that it will injure
the institution. It will be remember.
ed that eleven students were suspended
and nine others admonished by the
faculty through the president for burn
ing some mat tres4es and other articles
on the campas some time ago, causing
tie tlre department to come out and to
be laughed at by the students. The stu
dents claim that the fire alarm was
rung by some outsider and that by
building the bonfire they were follow
ing a harmless inherited custom. The
three ringleaders were suspended for
the rest of the .lear. Of the senior
class two are suspended and two were
admonished. All the classes except
the freshman lose men. Only four
men are left in the junior class.
There has been a good deal of excite
ment among some of the students who
declare that they will resign, alleging
that the faculty was partial in its ac
tion and was toading to the State ad
ministration. It is stated that the fac
ulty were requested by the police au
thorities to take action. There is
however, much sympathy for the stu
dents and a petition asking that the
sentence be revoked was signed by sev
eral hundred persons and presented to
the faculty asking that -their action is
the matter be recousidered and the
students excused. The matter was
taken under advisement by the faculty
for some days and yesterday it an
ndanced its decision the strong peti
tion of the citizens In the following
note to Capt. I. S. DesPortes which
OFFICE OF TIE PRESIDENT,
SOUTH CAROLINA COLLEOE
CODUUIRIA. S. C., Feb. 27. 1893.
Messrs. R. S. iesPortes, W. A. Clark,
Geo. A. Shields, V. Myers, and
others: Gentlemen-The faculty )I
the South Carolina College have re
ceived your petition, requesting ther
to reconsider their decision, in the casi
of certain students, and I have given il
the most careful and respectful consid
eration. They would have been ex
tremely glad to have acted in accord
afice with the wishes of their fellow
citizens, could they have seen their wa3
clear to do so. But I am sorry to sa3
that they could not.
After fully reviewing all the fact.
and circu mstances of the case they hav
adopted the ,ollowinojeolution:
Resolved, -TiiS -he faculty of tho
South Carolina JUollege, in reply to th(
petition laid btfore them by the citi
zens of Colum ta and students of thih
college, regret4o say that they can find
no reason foreconsidering their actiou
in the suspelVion and admonition ol
certain studelts of the college.
I am yours 'Very respectfully,
The president also sent this note ad.
dressed to Messrs. 1). S. Black, L. J
White, J. S. McLucas and other stu
!dents of the ccllege:
"GENTLEMEN: The faculty have re
ceived your petition in behalf of youi
fellow students, and have given it care.
ful and respectful consideration. I
they could have seen their way clear tc
act in accordance with your request
they would most gladly have done so
But I am sorry to have to say that they
The State says the~ members of the
faculty refuse to say how they stood o[
the matter, but it is ascertained thai
there were seven votes for- maintaining
1,ne position taken and four for grant.
lag the petition of the citizens. The fomi
were Dre. Patton, Joynes and Flinn
Prof. Pope. The opposition consisted
of President Woodrow and P'rofs. Bur
ney, R. Means Davis, E. W. Davis
Sloan, Woodward and Bagley.
A great deal of indignation was ex.
pressed at the refusal of the faculty te
withdraw from its position, and the
faculty was severely criticised through
out the city. The boys had arranged
to hold a mass meeting at 2 p. m. but
postpcned it owing to the efforts o1
others. The ladies of the city were
talking of getting up a petition to the
Governor, asking him to call an extra
meeting of the trustees of the college
to take action in regard to the matter
One aged graduate of the college sald
that if the report were true that the
faculty had ordered the suspended st-u.
dents to leave the campus, he would i
up the second story of his residence anc
Iavfte the youig men to be his guesti
till their time is up. The boys are ver)
gloomy and very much hurt at the fac
ulty's action. They say that they hac
no intention of committing any serioui
breach of discipline and they had nevei
been warned that bonfires would bi
consirered such an offense.
Col. John, T. bloan, Sr., the oldest liv
ing graduate of the college, was seer
yesterday and a'sked for his opinior
about the present trouble. die said:
"I have no objection to expressin~
my opinion on the recent trouble ai
the college. I am, indeed, one of the
oldest living graduates of the college'
having graduated in the class of 1831
I have no doubt that the faculty of the
college acted const'ientiously and tc
the best of their judgment in this case,
but the faculty is not infallible. 1 be
lieve that the punishment of the stud
ents on account of the bon-fire in the
campus too severe, unusual, unprece
dented, and unnecessary, to maintain
strict discipline of the students. I be
lieve if any one of the faculty whose
p residences surrounded the boo fire had
appeared and ordered or requested the
students to put the fire out and repair
to their rooms, it would have been im.
mediately complied with, which would
have been an end of the matter.
"This was not done, and the lIre
alarm was given. Who by ? Not by
the students. The conduct of the stud
ents towards the firemen was culpable
and deserved severe admonition whicli
they have acknowledged, and have
made an ample apology as is p roved by
the fact that the chief and other mem
liers of the fire department signed a pe.
tition for clemency.
"Not believing, that should the sus.
pended students not return, as has heel
said, would be a good riddance, I have
advised them, inasmuch as they have
paid their tuition for the session to
return; that at the end of the session
their parents or guardians will direct
their future course.
"I am irmly of the opinion that if
the action of the faculty is not modifled
that the demise of my beloved Alma
Mater and that of a majority of my
sons is doomed for the present. There
is, however a higher tribunal than that
of the faculty, to wit: the trustees, to
which tribunal I hope the case will be
appealed as soon as practical."
As soon as Capt. DesPortes received
the note from the faculty yesterday
morning, and learned that the faculty
was to meet at 5 p. m., he again took
up the cause of the young men, and
many prominent gentlemen joined
with him, resulting in an event in the
afternoon, which has not a predecessor
in the history of the institution-the
visit of a body of prominent men to the
college to plead for the students against
the severity of their instructors.
The party was headed by that silver
tongued orator, Gen. LeRoy F. You
mans, and was composed of Capt. R. S.
DesPortes, Capt. W. K. Bachman, D.
A. Tompkins, A. M. Boozer, Solicitor
P. H1. Nelson, Capt. W. G. Childs, E.
McC. Clarkson, Dr. 8. M. Smith, Dr. S.
J. Duflie, Jacob S. Muller, J. W. Mul
ler, John G. Capers, Win. II. Lyles, Col.
F. W. McMaster, Maj. W. A. Metts
and others. They waited on the facul
ty in the library building.
Gen. Youmans advanced to the front
and addressed the faculty earnestly
and eloquently. Among other things
he said the pardoning power was exer
cised in all civilized countries. An ap
peal should be treated with great con
sideration to justice; the faculty had
the right and power to pardon, and "it
is to this power that we appeal this af
ternoon." Youth, he said, would ever
be disorderly If it got the chance. "In
the experience of the world never has
there yet been a race created with old
heads on young shoulders."
le presented to the faculty a paper,
in the name of the students who were
under the displeasure of the faculty.
It said that they, the students of the
South Carolina College, regretted any
improper conduct that they may have
indulged in on the occasion of the cel
ebration of the termination of the in
termediate examinations, and promised
good behavior on their part in the fu
ture. While not questioning the jus
tice of the faculty's action, they asked
for a remission of the sentence. Gen.
Youmans in conclusion, hoped that the
faculty in its wise discretion 'va uld see
fit to yield to their petition.
President Woodrow rose as Gen.
Youmans ceased speaking and said:
"Gentlemen, I will only reiterate what
I have said previously to Gen. You
mans, that the faculty will take great
pleasure in giving its earnest consider
ation to your appeal, and I am perfect
ly sure that if practicable it will act in
accordance with this petition. The
pleading party then withdrew.
The faculty at once began a session
on the matter, which continued for
five hours. When an adjournment was
reached, at 10 o'clock, President Wood
row and all the professors refused to
have anything to say beyond the fact
that a decision had been reached and it
would not be made public till this
morning, when it would be oflicially
communicated to the gentlemen who
presented the petition and the students
who signed it.
The faculty are immovable in their
stand in regard to the suspension of
the young men. The committee of cit
izens who attempted to intercede for
the boys had their trouble for their
pains, Pi will be seen from the reply
made by the faculty, published below.
The faculty held a lengthy session af
ter the committee left them, and took
ample time to render their decision,
which was handed to Capt. DesPortes
by President Woodrow in person. The
reply re:.ds as follows:
"COLUMrnIA, S. C., March 1, 1893.
"Messrs. R. S. DesPortes, L. F. You
mans, W. A. Metts, F. WV. McMaster
"GENTLEMEN: As was promised at
the close of our interview yesterday,
the faculty of the college gave the
most careful consideration to the views
presented by you and to the petition
from the students, of which you were
the bearers. I need hardly repeat that
if the faculty could have seen their
way clear to take the course recom
mended by their friends and neighbors,
whom they hold in the highest esteem,
it would have delighted them to do so.
But it pains me to say that they could
not, and that they were unable to grant
the students' request.
"With sentiments of the highest re
spect, 1 am yours very truly,
"JAMErs WOODROW, President."
Capt. DcsPortes was seen later by a
State reporter, but said that he had no
comment to make except that the com
mittee had been actuated solely by a
Ikindly feeling and sympathy for the
students in the matter, and had only to
regret that they had accomplished no
good. That the acti on does not meet
with approval it is needless to say.
Every one considers, without a dlesire
to criticise the faculty harshly, that
athey have acted rather arbitrarily uan
der the circumstances.
The students are not exactly satis
fied with the action of the faculty, but
just what action they will take has not
been determinedl. They had a meeting
last night, it is understood with the
purpose of withdrawing from the in
stitution in a body, but the proceed
ings of the meeting were keyt very
quiet. Several of the students were
asked about the meeting but they all
refused to talk. It is fair to infer that
no immediat,e action was advised.
From what has been learned all action
will be pos.:poned until a future day.
A Deaperado Killed.
NEW ORLEANS, La., Feb. 24.-The
Picavune's 10.o Grand city, Texa,
special says: Sherifi Shelly and Lieul
Lowe, wiLh two scouts, attempted to
arrest Eaisobia M. Mar tinez, alias Man
gas de Auga, yesterday mornine, in
this county, about thirty- five miles from
this place. lie resisted arrest and was
k"led. Marrt.inez will he remember-ed as
the man who killed Itufus Giover, one of
Capt H ail's spies. lie also attempted to
kill Neal, another of C.apt Hall's spies,
and was woun~ded by Neal. He also tried
to kill Prudeniano Barria, at Gonzales's
ranch in this count,y, and was cut and
woundled by his intended victim. Hfe
also killed. Capt Seguero aft.er he had
surrendered at San Ignscio. Hie bore
markspf the wounds inflicted by Neal
and Barria and had on Glover's leggluars
I when killed.
KILLED HER TW-) SISTERS
THE DESPERATE DEEDS OF A YOUNG
LADY IN ATLANTA.
She Rays She Was Slighted All Her Life
by the Other Members of the Family
Details of the Horrible Tragedy.-Uer
ATLANTA, GA., Feb. 25.-Another
chapter has developed in Atlanta's week
of crime. This afternoon, a few minutes
before two o'clock, Miss Julia Force,
thirty-eight years of age, shot ani killed
her two sisters-Florence, thirty years
old, ond Minnie twenty-five years old.
She then walked to the police station
and gave herself up, saying she had
committed the crime and desired protec
tion. Thi was the first knowledge of
the murder, for the killing was done
when site was alone at home with her
two sisters. The family is one of prom
inence. The brothers of the family are
J. H. and A. W. Force, shoe mer
chants. They have been prominent
citizens here for years, coming here
It is believed the woman is ineana.
She had been considered irresponsible
at times, and had frequently threatened
to kill members of her family. She
says that she has for a year been writ.
ing out a statement of the family troub.
lee, and just completed it.
Today when her mother was absent
from the house, she sent the servants
out on errands. Then, going to the
room where her sister Florence was sic k
in bed, she placed a piPtol to her right
temple and shot her dead. Then, going
to the kitchen where her other sister
wap, she shot her in the same manner.
None ot the neighbors heard the shots.
Miss For-ne calmly locked the door and
sent to the police s,ation, as described.
The bodies of the two women were
found by a brother, to whom she had
sent a message to the effect that her sis.
tec Florence was worse. In response,
he went home, to find the bodies of his
ATLANTA, Ga., Feb. 27.-To-dty's
sensation is the publication of the full
statement of Julia Force, who mur
dered her two sisters. It is a state
ment probably ten thousand words in
length, and was found by the police in
possession of a friend of Miss Force, to
whom it had been entrusted, but who
knew nothing of its contents.
It is the story of the life of a high
strung, sensitive child, who grew to
womanhood and to mature maidenly
years in the belief that her mother, sis
ters and brothers at all times slighted
her. She goes into minute details of
many happenings in the family, which
she takes as corroborating all she has
"They all loved my sisters better than
they did me," the story goes. "Of
course, they were younger while I was
growing older. Everything in the
house was for 'Sister Minnie,' or for
'Sister Florence.' A new dress or a new
ornament would always look so well
on them, without ever once referring to
how it would look on me. I had the
trouble of helping to raise them, be
cause I was the oldest, and it made my
blood boil to see them preferred before
me in the love of brothers and mother.
I could not stand it; no, and nobody
After summing up a great many in
stances of imaginary wrong she goes
on: "I was willing to bear my private
griefs in private. I did not wish to liar
row the public with the story of my
personal griefs. But when public dis
giace is piled upon me by notifying
merchants not to credit me, the limit
of endurance has been reached. When
the clerks along the streets can thus
point at me, for what I ve I to live ?
.Just think of it! I am thus marked
out, while my sisters are favored and
tondled and pettedl. Public disgrace is
too much, and I can't, will not, stand
"It is enough," she writes. "I have
borne all I can bear. May God avenge,
and, for every insult that has been
given me, heap the ciushing weight of
insult, mortification and suffering,
moral and physical, upon the heads of
these scoundrels and traitors (meaning
her brothers.) Oh, my Father! help
Thus was the climax reached on Fri
day. Miss Julia, according to the story
as told by herself, resolved to immedi
ately execute the vengeance she had
been plotting so long. She gave no sign
of her intention. Iler mother left home
early in the morning to be gone until
afternoon. Miss Julia seized upon the
opportuDity to do the terrible deed.
She went up town and purchased a
good pistol and a box of cartridges.
She loaded the pistol and laid it aside
She then took from her trunk the
statement which she had been prepar
ing for so many months. She wrote a
final entry upon its pages, and drawing
a heavy line across the bottom of the
peze, signifying that the end had been
reached, she hurriedly left home and
went to a fric id's house and left the
statement. She t men returned home.
TIhe time for her deadly revenge had
come. She sent Lula Jenkins, thle
house girl, off on an errand. The cook
was first sent to the grocery sto'-e, and
then after her brothers.
With the cook and house girl away,
Miss Julia was alone in the house with
her victims. No one knew of her fatal
pur pose. Without the quiver of a musa
cle she made l'cr last preparations for
the slaughter. A cros the hall was her
sister Minnie. Thme young lady was en
gaged in doing seine fancy needlework,
and as she worked she sang. Scarce ten
feet away her murderous maniacal sis
ter was leP ling a revolve:. Outside
the sunlight gleamed and the street was
full ot the nois3 of the noon of day,.
Miss Julia crept across the hall into
the room in which Miss Minnie, 9'l un
suspecting, sat alone. Miss .Julia held
the pistol beh'id her. Miss Minnie
looked up with an expression of dis
pleasure as her elder sister entered her
room. lier relatio is with her sister
were always of an exceedingly acrid
nature and sheg greeted her sister's ap
pearance with di sgutst.
"Minnie, why did you tell the store
keepers not to sell me any more goods ?"
asked Miss Julia venomously.
The young lady started to reply, but
before she could do so .Julia threw her
pistol from behind her, and, placing it
almost against Miss Minnie's head, fired.
The young lady dropped to the floor
with a grman. She wr-ihed a lmttl in
the death agony. Blood spurted from
the bullet hole. Julia bent over her dy
ing sister and watched her expiring
struggles. While she stood over her
with the smoking revolver in her hand,
Miss Minnie died. After being shot
she never spoke once.
Miss Julia then locked the door and
walked up stairs to Miss Florence's
room. The invalid was standing beside
the fireplace in her Inightgown. Julia
was in a terrible mood and Miss Flor
ence received her coldly. Julia spoke to
her sick sister roughly.
"Julia, will you leave the room ?"
Miss Florence said.
Julia's eyes gleamed with an expres.
sion of deadly hatred. She made a
move toward her trembling sister. Miss
Florence started toward her bed. Weak
as a babe from long sickness, she totter
ed as she walked.
Behind her came her sister, bent on
her terrible revenge. The younger lady
reached the bedside in satety.
Florence half turned as she reached
her bed to see if her sister was leaving
her. Julia was beside her, the fatal pis
tol in her hand. Florence threw up her
hands. There was a sharp report, and
Miss Florence fell back upon the white
sheets with a bullet in her brain.
Julia saw the blood stream from her
sister's head and left the room. She
locked the door behind her, and walkng
down stairs and out of the house she
made her way to police headquarters.
There was no undue haste; she was
calm. The rest is known.
Miss Force will be tried on a writ of
Millionaire Mackay Shot.
SAN FRANCiSCo, Feb. 24.-,John W.
Mackay, many times a millionaire, a
miaing man and the financial backer of
the Postal Telegraph and Commercial
Cable Company, was shot in the back
today and badly wounded. The assail
iant then shot himselt in the breast and
is reported dying in a hospital. Mack
ay's wound is not thought to be
Mackay took his new situation with
characteristic coolness, quietly an
nounced to the crowd that assembled at
the sound of the shooting that he was
shot, and awaited the coming of the doc
tor. The bullet has been extracted.
Mackay knows nothing about his assail
lant: did not recognize him.
The name of the man who attempted
to kill John Mackay is W. C. Itippey.
le was undoubtedly insane. He had
in his pocket a letter addressed to a
morning paper in which the writer stat
ed that he was 73 years of age. It was
signed W. C. Rippey. There was also
upon him an envelope bearing the name
of Dr. L. L. Lincoln. On the back of
the envelope were the words:" The end
is not yet." Upon a sheet of paper un
der the heading "Food for reflection"
were the words: "Paid $150,000 for
on3 sapphire to place on the forehead of
his wife-a suficient i aount to have
saved at least live hundred of his vic
tims from suicidal graves. Just think
of it; inscribe it upou his tomb."
Mackay's wound proves to be only a
severe flesh wound. Rippey has been
identified as a man once wealthy, but
who squandered his fortune in mining
stock gambling. ie had no acquain
tance with Mackay at any time in hIs
life, and Mackay was in no manner
connected with his misfortunes. His
brain has been turned for several years.
Rippey is still alive, but unconscious
Gen. Heauregarti'm will.
NEV ORTAIA XS, March 1.-The wi i of
the late (en. Beauregard was probated
yesterday. His estate, with the excel)
tion oI a few beqluests, i . left to his
children. To the soldiers lie gives *500,
To the city of' Charleston, S. C., the
General gives the sword which was pres
ented to him by some ladles of New
Ojrleans in 1861 as token of honor for
his services in cap)turing Fort Sumter.
To the State of Louisanna lie bequeath's
the lfe-size portraIt of himself painted by
Genin, the artist, of New Orleans, and
by him presented to Beauregardl. After
disposing of his property, the testator
instructs his executors to have his body
cremated1, providled however, that there
be a crematory in successful operation
in or near New Orleans at the time of
his death. The Gelieral gave as a reason
for wanting his body cremated that lie
considered creamation better for the
s'.nftary condition of such a climate as
Louisana than the p)resent mode of burial
As there is no crematory any where
near this request was considered void.
The Respublicans Must 00.
TOPEKA, Kas, Feb. 24.--The Pop
ulist administrat,ion is preparing for a
complete overhanhing of the state mil
itia. Every lRepublican oficer will be
discharged and Pogulists put in t.heir
p)laces. There are more than 100 com
missioned oAlcers im service who will
have to go. Trheir lace will be fliled
with trusty Populists who will obey
ordlers. The P'opulists' military forces
are not, to ha con fined in the Kansas
National Guards, which has a member.
ship lisoILed t.o less than 1,800 men, but
a military force of such magnitude as
ha never bean seen in this country.
except, in times of war is being formed.
it is estimatedl that fully 50,000 Po',
ulists will be idlentifiedl with this n iw
movement. Men are dirilling all e yes
Kansas to-day not with guns- dhey
have not got them yet-bnt in ir.cingr
und marchings, and they will be drilled
with gruns when they are ready f"r them.
The Populist Surrender.
TOPEK1A, Kas., F'eb. 27.--The Popu
list llouse members, after caucusing all
day and part of the night, have finally
decided to yield to the decree of the
Court and recognize the Republican
IIouse. One of the members appeared
In the lRepublican House this afternoon
and there was loud applause when he
addressed Douglass as "Mr. Speaker."
Tlhe two houses will be amalgamated
to morrow. The Popnlist Senators will
also recognize the D)ouglass f louse.
Gets Leave of Abmenoe.
CIIAnI,RLTON, S. C., Feb. 25.-Sher
ill Rtiser of Newberry, who is still in
contempt, and who sys he has no idea
of purging himself a la Sheriff Nance,
get a leave of absence today and has
gone home to New berry to spend Sun
day. iIe is to report to Mare' al
Cunningham on Monday, and will
probabybe taken to Washington
later in the Week on the habeas corpus
will need in the next four years, mort
than ever before, the support of a vigilani
party and an aroused people represented
In a perfect:organization, whose princi.
pies and purposes are beyond any
possible question. A miscarriage in the
election of 1894, t:at ' to say, a failure
to return another lar-e tariff reform
majority, wouldbe be a calami y of crush
ing magnitude. Agalust it we can have
no assurance exeept in a system of Dem
ocratic clubs, well organized, active and
aggressive, in every State and district
where a contest is to be made, and
their union in Sta'e and national asso::i
It is unnecessary to remind either
straight Democrats or conscientious
reformers of the imperative necessity of
this form of organization or of the impor
tance and value of the work it is appro
priately and perfectly designed to accom
plish. They have been too recently
demostrated by events to requrie further
comment. From the goed hour in which
the Nationai Convention of Democratic
Clubs assembled at New York in the
first days of October last. the election of
Cleveland and Stevenson was seen to be
beyond a pera lventu e. That magnificent
assmblage of active and patriotie men
from all parts of the country, associated
under a si,uple declaration of axiomatic
Democratic principles, was a spectacle
so btriking and encouraging as to resolve
all doubts, and it i3 now very plain
that to the thousand Demycratic clubs
represented iu that Convention and in
this association too large a share of
credit for the final result cannot be
accorded. Lst us belfound even better
prepared in 1894 and 1896.
Chauncey F. Black, President.
Lawrence Gardner, Secketary
Win. L. Wilson, Chm'u Ex. Com.
THE LOAVES AND FISHES.
What The Augusta Chroniole Says About
South Carolina'ti Quota.
WAS[INUTON, March 1.-The ques
tion most intricate and inter esting to
South Carolinians just now is which
faction of the Palmetto democracy will
control the federal patronage of that
State. Senator Butler is cerMain toc)me
in for his share, but it is a fact co needed
by every one here that Congressman
Brawley will have powerful influence.
ie is a warm personal friend ot the
president-elect, and is in thorough ac
cord with him on the silver question. In
fact, lie is the only anti-sliver man In
congress from his State. It is general
ly believe< that lie will be Mr. Cleve
land's personal representat ive in the
lower house during the next congress.
Senator Irby expects proper recognition
of the Tillman faction, and his efforts
are zealously backed by Shell, McL,aur
in and Strait. Many gentlemen here
who own allegiance to the conservative
faction openly state that in their opin
ion Mr. Cleveland wU favor the Till
manites with the largest of the South
Carolina patronage. Messrs. Iatimer
and Talbert are in the same boat and
will pull tcgether, but where they will
pull to or with what success n1obody
knows. However, their certificates of
election, based as they are upon an ul.
tra-alliance vote, make it certtin that
their roception by the presid -t will b3
anyth' i- but curdiial. But in the gen
eral division of spoils ex-Governor
Thompson aiid Comptroller Trenholm
will carry an influence to be enur': d
rather than neglected.
At present the race for district-attor
n.y lies between General Earle and
Congressman Elliott, alt' oagh Charles
A. Douglass, of Columbia, is backed by
,Judlge H'monton. But the gent,leman
first, named has a dlecidedl lead over i,
whole fIeld of eighiteen.
The fight for muaLshal Is as compllica
ted as that, for district, attorney. it ha-;
narrowed to ai tr''m.tular affair between
Pope (Tillimanite), Donaldson(all;.mce)
andl Brooks (conservative). Chances
favor Capt. Brooks, who belonigs t.o one
of' the most prominent families in South
Carolina. The lon. Preston Brooks,
who caned Sumner, and Whitfield
Brooks, of' Mexican war fame, were
bot,h his brother,, Ilowever, D)r. Sam
son l'ol,e has rentedh rooms at t,he Na
tional hotel and proposes to make it
lively for the man who beats him.
The omeie oi'collector of' internal rev
enue will be filled either hby Col. 1). A.
Tompkins, Gov. Tillmaui's p)rivate sec
retary, or Gen. ,John Bratt,on, both
good men, The one is backed by the
Tillmanites, t,he other by the conserva
Knowing ones agree that ox-Mayor
Geo. D. Bryan will be collector of the
Charleston p)ort anid Marion M. Hlutson
of Ycmassee, collector of the port at
Mr. Cleveiand Objec't,,.
WVASIIINION. March l.-Secretary
Noble to-d ay sent a letter to the chair
man of the inauguration committee, in
which he states that his attenti on had
been called to the fact that ft is the
purpose of the commifttee to open the
pension builing on Sunday, the 5th in
stant, for one or more musical enter
tainmeonts, at which a charge for ad
mission wfIlf be made. The Secretary
explains that in granting the use of
the pension building for the inaugural
ball it was not contemplated that it
should be open to the publIc on Sunday,
and as there will be opportunity on the
next day during which the buiiilding
will be at the disposal of the commit.
Lee to give the concerts, ale declines to
grant permission for its use on Sunday.
The Secretary of' the Interior to-day
received the following telegram from
LA KEwooD, N.J., March 1.-To the
secretary of the Interior: I am strong
ly opposed to the use of the pension
building for a Sunday concert on the
ith instant, and object to regarding
such a thing as a feat.ure of the in
guration. GnRoVER CL.EVELAND.
Secretary Noble immediately sent the
following reply to Mr. Cleveland:
WAsHINGTON, March 1.-lon. (iro
vejr Cleveland Liakewood, N. J.: Yodr
telegram received. Orders were issued
already, forbidding the use of the pen
sion building on Sunday, and ILam grat
ified that this action is in accordance
with your wishes.
JOHIN WV. NoDLE, Secretary.
Th'e proposed concert has been post
poned until Tueay ovafo.
THE DEMOCRATIC FIGHT.
ITS AIM8I AND OBJECTS, AN0 MEANS
The People Must Rally Around the Dem
o4ratio Presidext and the Democratic
Congress in their Hir,rt to Orartbrav
the Power of Monopoly.
WAsHINOTON. Feb. 27.-The ad
dress of the National Association of
Democratic Clubs, issued in April last,
outlined the issues upon which the con
test of 1802 must, it appeared, inevita
bly be conducted.
We were not mistaken in the views
then expressed. The great battle was
pitebed at every point upon the lines in.
dicated. The vital principle of strict con
struction was put at issue, and it was
deliberately approved by a great major.
ity of tle votes cast. The tarit question,
resolved and settled by the application
of the rule embodied in the 10th amend
ment, Is a question no longer, if the ov
erwhelming judgmetnt of the people ex.
pressed at the polls is to be respected
and obe7ed by their representatives.
The details of tarift reform-of a sys
tem of taxation looking only to the larg
est returns ot revenue consistent with
the widest liberty of trade-remain so
be adjusted by a Democratic Congrets
with the aid of an enlightened Execu
tive chosen to serve alike the interests
of all classes of American citizens. In
the address above mentioned we de
"Congress may, under the Consti
tution, tax the people to sustain their
own Government. It has however,
just as much right to take their lives or
sell their children into bondage as it has
to take a dollar from them for any oth
er purpose. But the Federalist party,
purely to create monopolies upon which
it may rely for political support, and to
further enrich its wealthy favorites. bold
ly assumes the ungranted and forbidden
power to lay taxes, with no view what
ever to public revenue, but with a sole
and avowed view to transfer untold mil
lions of money annually from the pock
ets of many, who have earned it, to the
coffers of the few who are licensed to
seize It in virtue of their unconstitution
al monopolies. If this can be done,
there is an end of libel ty; our Federal
Government is utterly perverted; it is
not merelv a fraud, but a despotism;
and there is nething left worth a strug
gle. The power to take and appropri
ate to others the proceeds of the peoples
labor is the power to enslave the peo
ple. None such can be found in the
Federal Constitution. And the question
whether it shall be exercised, though
ungranted, and, therefore, forbidden, is
the question, as Mr. Jefferson stated it,
'between a limited and unlimited gov
ernment,' between self-government and
corrupt centralization, between popular
liberty and a graspingand greedy tyran
ny, between the masses and classes, be
tween Federalist-Republican and the
With great deliberation and solemn
emphasis the Chicigo Convention took
the same pos'tion. It is unnecessary
to set out here that clear and definate
provision of the platform. It was one
which could neither be misuderstood
nor misconstrued. It planted the Dem
ocratic party and its candidates of al'
grades, from the highest to lowest, in
that campaign on the original and im
pregnable Democratic ground-upon
the constitution strictly construed
which forbids under any pretence what
ever every form of taxation except tax
ation for purely public purposes. The
people0, plundered by a gigactic combi
nation of monopolies under favor of the
government and actually threatened
with the subversion of' free nstitutions
by force and corruption, united for the
aggrandizement of private interests at
the general expense, approved the Cbi.
cago platform by unprecedented majoii
t,ies, so distibuted geograiphiically as to
demonstrate the universalit,y of the sen
timent andh the p)ermanence of the ro
But, while power steals readily and
almost imperceptibly from the many to
t,he few, the process of' reclamation is
ever painful and slow. The enormous
ly rich beneficiaries of the Federal poli.
cy, taxing the many for the benefit of
the few, circumscribing the indIustries
of' the masa to enlargs the license of a
class, are still "in power" as they have
been for more than a quarter of a cent
ury. They are in full possession of the
monopolies, which have enrichedl them
as no privileged class was eveL' before
enriched in the same lengt'i of time, and
enabled them to protect the part,y pro
tecting them. Ti oy wiil remain "in|
power" unt,ill a julst revision of tax laws|
on the lines of the Constitution, as de
creed by the peopleO in the late election,
shall lop off their undue profits and re
store to the common people that pro
p)ortlon of their own earnings which the
Federal Government does not p)lainly
require for~ oblects legitimate and sprci
fled. They are bandled still, as hereto
fore, in defence of their unconatltutional
privileges. They will resist stubbornly
at every point and stage, and taruif re
form-tariff reform in its whole wide
beneficient, scope-as contemplated by
the Democratic party and the majorit,y
of the people, will be accomplished on
ly after a fierce and prolonged strugtgle.
The people, it is true, have selected
their inst,ruments, an Executive and( a
Congress to makr this battle for them.
But the battle is to be made, andl is yet
to be won. Everything subst,antial re
mains to this hojur with the enemy, in
cluding the vast wealth of t,he monopoly
combination, increased every dlay the
monopoly laws stand unrepealed.
The object of this~ adldress is b urge
the D)emocrat,ic people and those who
unlt3d with themi at the election in
November last to maiatain, perfect and
extendl the system of alliliated Demo
cratic societies, whose recent service to
the great cause was so conspicuous as
to be known of all men, and which must,
until the fruits of the la o v!ctory are
gathered and garnered, be required to
uphold the hand of our official repro
sen tatives In the long and desperate
strugale with private interests, which
is still before them. A Democratic
president, and a Democratic Congress
THE LAW ALL RIGHT.
THE EVANS LIQUOR LAW BEFORE
An Ex-Parte Application for an Isjane
tion-Judge Slmonton Decide* that the
Law In Constitutional-The Liquor Men
In the Soup.)
CRARLESTON, March 2.-The first
gun of the liquor war was fired in the
United States Circuit Court yesterday
morning. On the 24th of February
Messrs. George F. Von Kolnitz and
Thomas W. Bacot filed the petition.
The complainants in the case are A.
and E. Cantini, two Italian subjects,
engaged in the liquor business here.
Their lawyers are T. W. Bacott and G.
F. VronKolnitz, members of the bar,
neither of whom, however, have been
retained by the State Lquor Dealers'
Association. The matter was kept very
quiet, and nothing was known of the
case until the decision was filed late
-Judge Simonton's decision is very
exhaustive. The following is a sum
mary of the points made by the com
plaint and the rulings of the court
First. It Is alleged that the State dis
pensary act is in violation of Section
10, Article 1, Constitution of the Uni
ted States, forbidding States, with
out the consent of Congress, to
levy any imports or duties on imports
or exports, except what may be abso
lutely necessary for executing its in
The court rules th.it there is no pro
vision of this act op-n to this objection.
Second. That the act is in violation
of Section 2, Arttcle 4, and also the
fourteenth amendment, which declares
that no State shall make or enforce any
law which shall abridge the privileges
or immuuities of citizeds of the United
The court declares that there is no
inherent right in a citizen to sell intox
icating liquors by retail; that the right
to sell intoxicating liquors is not one
of the rights growing out of citizen
ship of the United States.
Third. The complaint charges that
the dispensary act is in violation of
the lifth amendment of the Constitu
tion of the United States, which for
bids the taking of property without
due process of law, and the taking of
private property for public use with
out just compensation.
To this the court rules that acts done
in the proper exercise of governmental
powers, and not directly encroaching
on private property, although their
consequences may impair its use, do
not entitle the owner of such property
to compensation from the State. That
the destruction of property in the ex
ercise of the police power of the State,
when such property is used in viola
tion of law in maintaining a public
nuisance, is not the taking of property
for public use, and does not deprive
the owner of it without due process of
Fourth. The complaint alleges that
the law is In violation of the Constitu
tion of the State, which requires that
every act or resolution shall relate to
but one subject, and that shall be ex.
pressed in its title.
The court is very positive in its rul
ing on this subject. It says it is a set
tied principle of parliamentary law in
this State that so long as the enacting
words remain in a bill it can be amend
ed to any extent, even by striking out
all up to the enacting words and in
serting other words as a substitute.
The Constitution does not require
every word in an act to be read three
separate times on three separate days.
if it did, ne important bill ever became
or can become a law.
Fifth. Tile complaint urges that tihe
plaintiffs are Italian subjects, and are
protected by tile treaty, article 2 of
which gives them the liberty to travel
In the States and Territories, to carry
on trade, wholesale and retail, to hire
and oocupy houses and warehouses, etc.,
upon the 'same terms as the natives of
the country. Article 3 gives them con
stant pirotectionl and security for their
persons and property and the same
rights andi privileges as are granted to
Judge Simonton says, under these
articles the complainants have the
samne righlts as citizens of the United
States, andl it would be absurd to say
that they had greater righ ts. The right
to sell intoxicating !iquors is not a right
liherent in a citizen, and is not one of
the p)rivile-ges of American citizenship.
it is not withiin the protection of the
fourteenth amendment. it is within
tihe police power, whlichi is a right pre
lerved by thie State thnat has not been
delegated to the general government.
In its lawful exercise the States are
ibsolutely sovereign. Such exercise
aannot be affected by any treaty stipu
VIENNA, March, i.-On account of
theo sudden rise of the
D)anube, sixteen hundred inhabitants of
[ergeiy, near the town ol Pakas, In
hIungaria, found the mud huts in whlich
hiey lived surrounded by water, and
~ook refuge in a chlurch and school,
bwhich are built of stronger material,
:lopmlg the buildings would hold out
igainst the flood. The swelling wateas
began to beat agamnst the church and
schlool buildings with such fury that
they decided that to remain would mean
tihe destruction of all, whileg I[ 11hey
rledl some might escape. They made an
lttempt to reach Pakas. Many wore
.rowned and the survivors reached Pa
kas in a most deplorable condition.
A Bleedy Affair.
AsuvyILnLE, N. C., Feb. 28.-On Sat
urday night J. HI. Roberts and Bud
Whittemore, living at Barnardsville, In
this county, got into an altercation and
began shooting. "Big Jim" WVhitte
more, father of Bud, ran in to heflp his
son, and was shot three times, dying in
stantly. Roberts died last night of his
wounds. Young Whittemore escaped.
The killing was the putcome of troLble
bet ween young Whittemnore and Rob
One ny One.
NEosHro, Mo., M irch 1 .-Brigadier
General T. R, Freeman, commander
of Freeman's Brigade in Price's army
during tine late war, died near this city
to-day of typhoid lever, aged 63, . e
command was the last to surrender It .i
in 1885, aind he was well known in theO