Newspaper Page Text
,L. XXI. PICKENS, S. C., TIIURSDAY, APRIL 27, 1 o
TIIE WAGE EARNERS.
FULL PROCEEDINGS OF THEIR BIG
Nearly Two llundred Delegates4 un Atlen
dance-It i4 , Ifiarmnonlou flody-1he
Irreprcslble Cal. (1,pugtman on Hand
COLUMnIA, S. C , April 20.--The Wage
Workers League, the new political
movement in S mtli (-trolina held its
State convention in the opera house in
this city last night. Eighteen counties
out of the thirty six in the State were
represented. The convention is said
to have been composed of farmers, me
chanice, railroad men, telegraph opera
tors, professional men, and, In fact,
nealy .very clasi of wage-workers.
They seemcd to be determined, and
their deliberations were thoroughly
harmonous. One of the features of
the convention was the attendance of
Cal. Caughiman, leading the large Lx
ington, delegation, and his speech iv
which heopenly denounced certain acts
of Gov. Tillman.
About 8:15 o'clook the convention
was called to order by Mr. J. T. Ride
out of folumbia, who stated that Mr.
II. A. Villiams, the chairman of the
executive committee appointed to
organize I he Stite, could not attend and
had requested him to do so.
A detgate wanted to refuse admit
tance to all newspaper men and keep
the proceedings secret. Mr. Brawley
protested, and said he wanted the
newspap?r men and everybody else to
remain. IIe wanted everything they
(lid given to the world. Mr. Scruggs of
Greenville insisted that the doors of
the convention be opened to every
Mr. II. A. I1. G ibson, of Oconee coun
ty, a far mer, % ho said he was also a
jeweler, was nominated and unanimous
ly elected temp orary chairman of the
convention. lie was conducted to the
chair by Messrs, Martin and Vernon.
Mr. Gibson said that this was an un
expected compliment to him, and lie
desirrd to thank them, but there was
no time to be wasted in speech-making.
Mr. V. T. Corton of Chester, was
elected temporary secretary, and Mr.
Wade Robinson, of Columbia, was made
The call was they made for the chair
man of each delegation to bring up
and hand in the names of the delega
tion. When Cal. Caughman handed
in the Lexington delegation lie made
some lively remarks. and said he was
at the head of ov'er 700 Lexingt onians
who were interested in the movement.
The roll of delegates as finally made
up, which showed PS2 men present. was
Abbeville-L. A. Russell, A. K. S'fan,
V. W. Marshall, L. V. Young, T. Lq .
louglass, Ii. P. Hughes, W. P. Beard, G.
V. Milford. T. C. Seal, W. T. Beard, John
Chalmers, .1. L. Barnett J. I. MeDill, F.
A. Spellman, J. 0. EllIs, S. M. Williams.
Anderson-J. F. Evans, R. M. Russell,
. W. Anderson, R. A. Sloan, M A. M.Lan
A -der, B. D. Dean.
Alken-E. I. Johnson, E. I. Stoihardt,
A. 1. Jo-es. W. A. Edwards, V. A. Gills,
J. 11, Coursey, B. W. Har(i.
Charlesto i-G. H1. Cleary, J. L. Brodie,
.J. E. Corbett, R.G. Ward, W. C. Onoley.
Chester-J. M. Rrawlev, J. I. Slimril,
W. JI.. Murr, S. 1). Scarborough, J3. W.
Means, M. Sellers, .Jno. Fennell, J. C.
Corpewler, M. A. Corpewler, W. A. Da
vs, L. T. Nichols, W. J. Corden, i. L.
lorsey. ]larry Saniels, U. lle) man, M.
-Wachtel, Jr., J. L. Connelly.
Edgcfield-G. 1). Minis, t. L. Fox, 11.
A. Sn'ith, L. A. Ashley,' C. Warren, V.
W. Adams, George B. Lake, M. 1. 1look,
V. IV. Hendrix, George Ward, IV. W.
Wright, J. W. McCreight.
Fairfield-Il. Ileins, E. Reubert, J. M.
-Crum pton, .J. R. Broom, W. S. Gregg, W.
.B. Rabb, E. R. L.ipscomb, John Ilouluore,
John uit, J. M. Hawley, WV. 1I. Wollung.
Florence-M. L. A. Gardner, WV. Hi.
GreenvIlle-C. 1). Randolph, RI. E.
Grubbs, C. E. Cook, S. V . Howard, G. T.
Bionear, WV. N. Brissey, J. R. Butler, I. P.
Ililhouse, A, WV. Edens, WV. J. Smith, C.
E. Watson. A. M. Alexander, W. C.
Lexington-F. C. Caughman, A. L~.
Hartley, O. F. Lester, L. Kyser, 11. 0.
Silth, L. J. Miller, .J. E. Morgan, E. L.
Corley, J. E. Wooten, R. V. Ganth, Geo.
- Rey3noldls, Jasper Long. WV. Leauheart.
-Laurens-II . M. Scott W. C. WInters,
Md. Stribbling, G. F. Young, Wv. F. Young,
L,. L. Copelaind, 1L. WV. Warren.
Newberry-- W. A. Shecaley, G. M. Shea
Iey, L. D). Wickes.
Oconee-HL. A. 11. Gibson. G. W. ratt,
,J. WV. Bell, .J. J1. lsey, W. C. James, ,J.
ings, E.- A. F"ripp, 11. J1. Giighenhilllst.
Orangeburg-Geo. E. WVhaley, M. D).
Pickens-V. E. lludigens.
Richland, WVard 1-11. Aliworden, G. M.
Mcintosh, W. 1i. Monckton, J1. .Irvin, I".
.J. Brown, Hi. G. Gacque, 0. V. liennies,
F. N. Bauskett. Ward 2-0. E. Ilughes,
WV. 11. Casson, J. TV. Rideout, D). L. Biry
an, W. J. Rice, A . M. Riser, H1. Steet, C.
D). Eberhanrdt. WVard 3-J. A. Fetnier, A.
Tr. Vernon, WV. L. WVillliamsson, J. WV.
Robinson, ,J. L. Casey, B. N. Lowrance,
M. A. Bridges, WV. G. Biatemnan. Ward 4
--T1. L. Mathis, H. .J. Furgerson, W. .
May, J. B. Reidlinger, J1. McCabe, WV. HI.
Green, Sr., J. M. McDouigall, 5. T1. Long,
Killlans-8. B. DavIs, J. WV. Thornton,
J1. Md. Thornton,
Spartanhurg-J. ii. Bullington, WV. A.
E. Black, P,. J. 0. Smith.
tinlon-R. A. Whitloek, WV. 11. 5. Har
rIs, R. WV. ilamilton, C. R. L.ong, N. 5.
Fowler, J. F. Fowler, R. WV. Scott.
York-Il. 1I. Beard, .J. R. WVailace.
Rlchland-,J. 11. Motley, J. 0. Morgan,
- J. A. Lorick.
On mnoih,i of Mr. L. WV. Pratt, of
uconee County, Mr. R1. G. Ward, of
Charleston, was invited to explain to
'the convention the objects or the
league. Mr. Ward, who is the road
master of the South Carolina Railway,
-came to the front and for over one
hour he addu e:sedl the convention, lie
said the origin, purpose and scope of
the league, as understood by the comn
mittee, he would endeavor to explain.
P eople do noi, "ke medicine unless
they are sick. We have been made
very sick, and some of us have been
nauseated, lie said the term Democ
racy, in South Carolina, for the past
few yea rs, seemed to hi to be very
elastic. Those in control of the gov
ernment had made it, stretch as far
South as Ocali, and as far West, as
even Omaha, arid yet have made it suit
all the re quirements for extreme State's
rights. [Applause.I If lie understood
the 'morai it meant that to be a D)emo
crat one must not only be willing t,o
acknowledge that all men are free and
equal, but that they have rights which
cannot be leglslated away by -any ma
jority. however powerful It may be.
There are a number of those present
who are members of the "lRefori'
Democracy. They see that the leaderE
have made promises to (1o things
which they have not fulfilled. We are
to lay down the principles of the old
time D2mocracy. -[Cheers.] It seems
that in doing this the supremacy of the
white race must be considered. If the
old-time Democracy is to be maintain
ed all isms must be put aside-espec
ially individualisins. The Democracy
of the State must be maintained intact
in its simplest and plirest form; any
other course is a suicidal course. Now
why are we here? It is because certain
laws were passed by the last Legisla
ttre, and approved ty the Governor,
which are regarded by many as direct
ed against the inalienable rights of a
claS3 or classes of citizens. A large
proportion of them are very injurious.
There is such a thins as a right, to
which all men are entitled. A man
cannot be a Democrat and fail to re
cognize th?se rights. There has been
a majority composing the Reform
movement. No one will question that
that they have a right to govern the
State, but they have passed laws inju
rious to the rights of the minority. A
man cannot be a true )emocrat and
deny the underlying principle of equal
rights to all. Nothing is further from
the intention of this organizition than
to become a class. We would he ab
surb to tight the agricultural element
as some have charged us with. It is in
the majority. Therefore we believe
that the farmers will listen to us if we
reason with them. Agriculture was
the basis of everything. lie had
enough confidence in the "plain peo
ple" to believe that they would accord
due consideration to reason. We have
to candidate to present for anything.
We believe that, all men are equal and
that the farmers should not be given
any more privileges than any other
class of men. The farmer has not said
that he is entitled to anything more. If
we reason with the farmers they, by
our aid. will send men to the Legisla
ture who will make laws consistent to
the whole people of South Carolina,
and not for any one class. [Cheers.]
IIe said the whole trouble now was
that the farmers had been led by met
of unscrunulous character. [Prolonged
applause.] We must now come to
gether and banish personal prejudice.
We do not desire to take the hand of
any unprincipled partisan, no matter
from what element lie comes. We
want reasoiable and conscientious
men. The laws passed did not seem to
embody these ideas. There were no
men so bad as those who had caused
the people to array I hemselves against
each other, when all their interests
were the same. But how are we to ac
complish anything? Ve have under
taken to follow the example of the
New York Tariff League. We must
undertake this kind of missionary
work. They worked up their cause
and by the bureau made it clear to the
great mass of plain people. They got
up their information and sent it out
all over the country, and as a result of
this Information we have sent back to
the Presidential chair that man who de
livered that message which fell like
lead upon the uncomprehending ears
of the mass of the people. For four
years this State has been in the hands
of the Reform movement. 'They have
not accomplished manv of the things
that they promised. The taxes have
not beeii 'reduced. Sometimes people
can be excused for breaking promises.
There is nothing more fallacious than
the belief that. the cities are arrayed
against the country. We can lay down
broad principles and live tip to them.
1le had noticed 'that the majority of
mni in the last Legislature had not
uoeei sucoesstul in the ordinary walks
of life. If aiiy person cai point out
one sing!e thing in our declaration of
principles that is undemocratic, then
we will obliterate it. Our purp'ioses are
good, andl all we have to do is to live
up to them. We can only do this
through reason-the slow andl sure
way; not by slandering and villifying
men. There has been too much of this
in this State already. Passion and
prejudice are overflowing; now it is
time to take a little (lose of reason.
WVe want a bureau of information
through which wve can reason with the
people. The plaini people must be rea
sonedi with andl shown that they must
not undertake to rob) from one person
what another person is entitled to.
iIe read the plan of organiz'tion and
explaIned its methods, lIe said( that
such a bureau of information as they
proposed could be operaLted for $10,000
a year, and tol(d the convention not to
get frightened at the figures. It was
not a crime to spenid money in that
way. Any one could send a check,
could do It openly. le quoted figures
to show how the amount could be
easily raised without becoming a bur
dlen upon01 any one member. They did
not p)rop)ose to have a great series of
meetings, wit h shouts t hat lasted only
so.-long as the beer lasted. TLhey should
have their doors openi to( all. They
should support, a ticket of goodl men,
even if they werme all farmers. [ Apl
pl1ause.) Let us, if' practicablE', eliect a
Simon-11 pure far meri of integrity and
ability, amid one wvhose I )cmocracy is
wvithouit 1111estion1. It had been said aul
ready that. this league is but li askcIl
ism in anuolher I orm. lie wished to
say that such was not the case; t hat
there was no classism whiatev'er in thme
league, and thier'e womiuld not be aniy.
"I (defy any [m.m to show that time pur
pose of this organiization is other' t han
Democratic." We have no clised doors
-no1) disregard to the Alliance. Tihuis
position I will m iaintain t.ill we cani
prove our Democracy at thle polls4. Thlis
is a political organizationi, im irk you, it
is nio other kind ot an organizat ion. I
dlon't reflect on the Secrecy of the
Alliance. 1 (10 not know thad anyv
thing wrong has been done by the A lii
ance as a secret organization. Buit se
crecy always creates talk and suspi
dclin, amnd wve would prevent even this
suspicion. Let our doors and even the
windiows lbe wide open, and do not put
your lightrs und(er bushels. This is the
belief of your comm uittee. This done,
we believe that we can submit our
cause to the reason of the people of
this State, andi we will abide by their
verdilct. Mr. Ward closed amid tre
mendlous applause and cheering.
TH E 1iRREPRiEssmnhLE~ CA L.
Mr. Brawley, of Chester, said1 there
w as a representat ive from LexIn g ton in
the hall-Mr. Cal Caughmman, whom tl'cy
would like to have give his views. Cia!
made a strong speech and said what he
had to say fearlessly and with great
HIe began saying: "Mr. .President
'andi gantlomn of -..CoVnto:
sure you that after listening to the able endc
gentleman, Mr. Ward, it is useless for or ol
me to add one word, but coming fresh of v
as I do from, but still in the reform indu
movement, I d?sire to say that I an capil
not one of your fresh converts," Ie cy, t
went on then to tell thatl he had stood rend
to the principles of the league long ago. cupu
Last fall he took up the cause of Maj the I
D. A. Townsend, the present Attorney 3.
General, a tried and true man &nd sol- the
dier. The domineering leaders of the ing i
movement tried to force a man who then
was not known in the State ten years then
before down the throats of the rank and oly,
file. ie went on to say that Tillman nop(
and Irby had written the Shell mani- lat.eE
festo. (Cheers.) IHe was standing there 4.
because he believed that those leaders emb
are seeking to accomplish many things Den
at the expense of the people. lIe said to al
the redistricting bill, which lie alsc our
fought, was concocted in a spirit of in- ligh
iquity to defeat Brawley and help 5.
Stokes. "I fought it because I felt that, the
tha reform movement in South Caro ism;
lina was striking a dagger at the breast men
of a man who left one arm on the bat- som
tlelelds of Virginia while fighting for that
his State. I mean that grand man, prod
William II. Brawley." I Deafening ap- worl
plause.] Ile fought another bill-the that
bill to tack 7,000 negro voters on to culu
Charleston. Cal also paid his respects a de
to Mr. Yeldell and Mr. McLaurin. lie 6.
said: "If there ever was a bill conceiv- tal a
ed in iniquity and antagonism, it was sert
the railroad bill." I Cheers. I A ter pay- upol
ing his respects to a few (ther things, (d "
Cal said: "i am only attacking the Lefr- peol
islature which 1. R. Tillman himself srt
called driftwood, but I say of them that labo
they are rotten wood. ICieers.I I know cont
he told the truth, for I don't believe 1;. Stati
I. Tillman ever told a lie. Lalighter.] 7.
That little Register has been fiahting laws
me ever since I declared m. self for But- and
ler." or (
Some one in the audience raiscl the l3Ws
point that Cal must confine hi s<1 iti)( I
the subject in hand, and amnid the rul- dt've
ings of the chair and other noises Cal wil
rounded off with this broadside: o'Ir I
"In regard to my support of the i on. and
M. C. Butler, I desire to siy that I have .ers
always been a butler man, and why . c-1
Because the monument at Lexingtoi well
c)ntains the names of those of m Uit1
name that went down in the .
cause of constitutional hherty, \a
striking for the rights ,nC
given by a noble ancestry, under ti 1
guidance of that hero leading us to vic- our
tory. And last, may I s.Ay thati my op.
position to the dispensary la v is thati I .t
regard it as one of the most infamous '
and damnable bills int roduced an-l pass. tvul
ed by the last General Assembly. F.r
those reasons I have tought the Ia-t ad
ministration and will continue to do so,
and thereby I esvouse your cauls(."
At last, making hiniself heard, the
chairman said: "I will have I o request.
the gentleman to take his seat. 'lhe tai
gentleman will please take his seat. I
only do this because time is preciois." Stat
Mr. Caughman-"Vhile I do not like
to be prevented from vindicating my
self from the charge of moving from
rack to rack I will oblige the chair."
A motion was then made to go into
permanent organ ization, and there was
considerable discussion of the manner
of electing the permanent oflicers, sone
wishing to refer the matter to a com
mittee cf one from eavh coun t v. the
convention adjourning till 9 o'clock thii
Nominations for the permianent chair
man of the State league were then made tir
from the floor. Mr. Gibson was toi- heir
nated, but declined, saying that he was as
sixty years old and thomight that some an
active young man should be piced at Cha
the head of the league. Mlessrs. W. T. Cha
Martin and J. T. ltideout were ni- A. I
natedl, but declined. Mr. Ward was ~ji'
also nominated, but decline 1, f or t lie -.'
reason that he was a railroad inanm. lie m
nominated Mr. G. W. I'rat t, of ( conee i"
county, a young and able man. 1Alr. )
P/ratt was escortedi to the chair by a het
committee consisting of Mlessrs. Ward,
llrawley and lleout. ili i remarkstP (
were very brief, lie thanked the con -
vention for the honor conferred iluon 1
him, and said lie would always labor ton
for the interest of the 'aboring manm
but felt that he was wasting good time
ini useless talk. cm: i
No:ninations for permanent s ecre t ar lIe I
were then received Messrs. TI. D). G r.en him
WV. L. Williamson and A. Kohnt wer thom
nominated, but dleclinied. Air. C( worI
Caughman was nominated. lIe dhe hi. miiit
ed, he said, because "'my duiieiis will be y
out of the State after the fIrst of Sep- sod;
tember. I whI be In WVashington.' ',',s
[Laughitsr. I Mr. W. G. lHatenmn o ascImI
uinally elected over Mir. Corder byv a o
handsome majority, comn
Mr. G. E. WVhiley, of St. Matthews, posh
Orangeburg county was unanimously timer
chosen treasurer of the league. 'nego
On motion of Mr. Ward the rep)ort his s
of the committee appointed to prepiare T
an add ress in the shape of a dlec H ratmon 10h0
of principles wvas taken up.~ It~ Was ph.'i
plassed section by sect ion, t he membhers t t
making such amendlments as t hey saw~, coun1
lit. Mr. Scruggs, ot Greenville, anid Mir. her,i',
Williamson, of' Coliumnbaa, offered use
amnendmuients to the sixthI and seveth Tlh
sections oIf the report. Mlr. War-I iih
amneinded the third section where it r
ferredl to the "so-called I el ormprt
subhst itutinig '"promises inade"' for t.hes;:e
wvords. Tlhe whilole dleclarationi of prin1- 09
ciplles wa:s then adopted by ar redsi ' wor
vote. ''- K-:ni
Tlhei. :hIr rss siubiittedi by tine c lm- MVEr
miitte'e as amlenided ain dtld i is as were
foillows: vil I
1. Thew con.stiiiti ini of tIme Stater, arni - -Ev
of thme lI'i ed S;ate's, guiarantee'us ''f uil truck
rigihts to all, anid prohibits :pei'ial .riv-: lp'J
il eg s fto any of its citizens. If. is there
fore the duty of those who imay feel
themitselve's azg rie'vedl throumghi the en '
act mtiit ot unmjusit. law, the effec' oh 1 i
which is to deprive some oft their con- tI ih(
stitutiona:l rights, while twnstowmig mui h
upon others imnlawful privilegea. to a., (' ! i
semblle and protea at gainmst such' un-t. n
just, ineqtuitab!e and unmlawf m l legisl- eye b.
tion; and1 to tak' measure,C- t nen at ; I
plei its repeal Mlore espe'cially is tishuiterm
a diut,y, whet, irom thle dl'e aio n of tpir- b. k
I isan ollicials, em apow~ere I t. ex'-u I d- I -
and en force such I aws, tie rirh 'i to.
peal to the courits IAil<eii 'I a rigi:
wisely guaranmteed b y the Iiun-ta mi Iat \
law of the land, andl r.ecogmzi i-ii on ii -j
of the cardIinal p)rinc(iples ofI l)eiaii-r : I ram
ey; a right which ex perience has p riv - -ih< p'
en to be a shield of saf ety, to the weak ariii
against the strong, io t,mhe ew agat i- ing
the maniy; a right which has bee n, arnd Chi mr
must be, cherished amtong t he dearest Wes'
privileges of a free people. in. hi
2. We condemnn the vicious class leg- anot'
islation attempted and enacted by the othet
Legislature at th recent esionn and arir
rsed and approved by the Govern
this State, the pernicious effects
ihich will be to put to hazard all
stries dependent upon corporate
al, to lessen the volume of curren
) increase the cost of credit, and to
er uncertain and precarious the oc
tion of all wage-workers within
We denounce the inconsistency of
promises made, which, proclaim
;alarien too large, omits to reduce
i; declaring taxes too high, increase
i; professing opposition to ionop
onspires to make the State a mo
list; preaching prohibition, legis
the State into a rum-seller.
We declare our principles to be
idied in the simple, but sound,
ocratic doctrine of "Equal rights
1, special priviloges to none;" and
purpose to repeal and oppose all
lation inconsistent therewith.
We acknowledge agriculture to be
naster-wheel of industrial mechan
but we declare that in the enact
t and execut.u-n of just and whole.
laws it, is essential to consider
the quality and (uantity of the
uet depends upon the harmonious
ing of the whole machine, axd
upon no industry more than agri
Ire will fall the mijurious effects of
?arture from this just principle.
We believe the interests of capi
nd labor to be the same, and we as
that 4 blow aimed at one will fall
k both; and thqt legimlAtion direct
igaist" vilher will react upon the
le of the whole Stat.e. And we as.
that the employment of convict
in competit ion with free labor is
rary to the best interests of the
We recognize the propriety of just
rustraiiiing the abuse of rights
privileges granted to individuals
.rporations, but we condenin all
tending, unrigiteoisly, to lessen
cenment to capital to invest in the
.onnent of legitimate industries
in !lhe State. We strongly urge
)eople to encourage itmigration
we believe tHiat South Carolina of
"lexcelled in(di!ements to the ag
tUiral cav with small capital as
as ianufacturing industries, and
it shalt Le a part, of the declara
of principles of the Industrial and
e-Workers' Democratic League to
uirag' and assist any enterprise
3ei ohjtct is to bring immigrants to
We assert the mwcessity of main
ing ihe independence of the Judi
%ad mc.1lemnil any and all at
pis ti curtail the one or lower the
r oft these siga:trds to the enjoy
t of individual rights.
Aab:ering strictly to the sound
ci ples ol l)elmocracy, living within
r hitations, and believing that "a
) - is best, governed which is least
-rnedi," we shall undertake to main
10 thei highest siandard the finan
credit. and political dignity of t he
II. A. WVILI..IAars, Chumn.
J1. J. ,JENNINGs.
d NO. HIOFFMAN.
,1. '. aimy. .
J. Al. BIRAWLEY.
JAs. P. CArrLL.
T. W. BOLL-YAN.
W. 'T. AIA IzTriN.
d. T. IVA1in.
.. W an
J. W-. WEEA t-N.
.H . EX -.IV A (-1031IM1111N. E
v followiig llemnbers ot the exect
committee were nominated and
inmes recorded. The other mem.
will he selected by the delegations
their names sent in to the State
'man: l-,:getield, G. 1). Mims;
leston, I. (. Ward; Orangehtrg,
Aimker; lIichland, It. N. Low
; GreenvillI., W. .1. Smith ; Oceonee,
. I'leper; .spartanbuiirg, 1'. ,J. D).
h:I Laureuns, I) vid F,. Barniett;
ii, W. 1. S. Ilarris; Lexington, I1.
'nith; Chester, L. T1. Nichols; Fair
.Ward then brought up the mat
I the bureau of inflorimation pro
I for1 init the ihim of organization.
aid a svcretary had to lbe selected
ke ''harge of t hat featute, and he
of a vounig manl etninently qjuali
to take charge of tihe bureau, a
whose relauions wit.h all the pol1it
ieen s emuin entIy < ual il himi.
tid. hirdi4 nonie t ake e'xcepltionl to
It w~as Al r. A~.ugust Kohnm. le
ghi.t,h at \l r. lKohn woul do( i t he
Se misei ent io usly, amid that the comii
14. shldii engage him11.
'. ohin s0id he wt.as proud to hive
kind words spoken of him, iIe
no't ready thlen to say whlmether the
I accept it, or not, but if the body
d. leave the mat ter to the advisory
n ittee he would( consider the pro
non. On mot ion of Mr. Scruiggs,
dv'~isory commi httee was asked to
tinte withi Mr. Kohni and secur
Ervices if possible.
4. thankils of the~ convention were
extended to AMr. Ward for his ex
Liton: ot the objectA of the league,
teinp'>rary chairman, to the city
i-il for ihe use of the conuncilI cham-u
Lidc to Al lnager Cramer for the
f the opera house.
4.'h conveni lon adljaar ined about m id
(Cymonej~ in H ti e.
A ui:. 1K 1)., A 14:.I 19.-A b-)', -i-30)
k ve erday m Iternoon one ot the
-t Iive 4n. wiebl ever vliited
4 strucik this city, andui ini ai short
I ortv lhiiling~ were wreckerc and
at lives lost. A bout twenty persons
SerIiusly' ini jredl, many of whom
tat ab di . The part of the ct,y
tatd 4ie)o tIe South side of the
i o tie S.mta Fe ltoadl amnd com
boeth bui- 3 and1( residence bthild-.
I''ll oilv'ne hundi~re I houses, l'arns
torce in tIe subumr s were comple-c
dtemilsihd The telegraphi andI
ine linua ire dtown and the streets
:iedi wi t h debi-s. 'The damage is
utedI at M5O' ,ttt. O)sawotamic, I
,was ailso mi tie p)ath of thet
Ii , a t<( rrii le hil stoii mi occurrimg
. mi. TIhe h-mws were flooded I rom I
its ot rai and the windows were
n with44ii 0m stne. Several barns 1
maill buitldjings were lown over.
i ex, N. Yu., April li.-John
4, la,ii,)wn as "t nuh l.me n igger
( ,:e, -rn oinuck in the bro)om
441 A u nra pirisn.r this moriing,
I with a sharp kni fe use,i in cut
birot 1n corn, lie first attacked
es Peck, a fellow convict from
ehester Coun,y, leaving him dead
s tracks, hie next latilly stabbed
ier convict, and wounded two
s before he wvas shot by a kee per,
MADE BY MAJ. HAMILTON IN HIS AN
SWER TO HIS RETURN.
1o Alliegcs That Sioakor Ira n. .101ns
Tamperedi With Thto jl.-,onimvrV .%rt.
Something That May l1reak lUp the
CoUMi311A, S. C., Apil 20.-Ves.
terday was productive of an important
disclosure in regard to the State dispon
sary law, and the inakInt of sonic
starthIn charges against the Smaker of
the IIguse of Representatives. It H pr'
haps the first titu that s ich charges
have been brought against an ollicer of
the legislative branch of the State -,oV
ernment, aud the final outcome is awalt
ed with interest. This sensation is tlhe
product, of the CheFter liquor test Ca4
now pending in the State Supreme
Court, and the charges referred ti are
made in a legal paper, which is a no
tion of'the record of these cases.
Yesterday Mlai. Iamilton went to)
the Secretary of' State's wflic and spent
an hour and a half examinin- the record *s
which he charges have been tiampered
with. To have been warranted m usin,_,
theu in his answer in which paper they
xppear, Maj. Hamilton must have foiiul
soinething from his tinve:51atiois which
ic has not miade pubhe. S.veral at
.orneys to which his answer wats shown
meem to think that he has made a stro,
case against the Dispensary law, and
onsider that it' his allegations as to the
anipering with the enrolled act are trueic
.he law is necessaril v void.
Here is an exact, copy of Mi. Ilam
Iton's answer to the return 'nade by
Lhe respondent in the Chester canw
mhich speaks for itsell':
TiHE STATEi oF SoUrii CA ROM NA -
In the Supreme Court-The State
ex relat*one W. It. Hoover vs. The
Town Council of Chester.
The relator repflyinur to the ret-ni of
'hie Town Council of Chester bere!
riled on the 18th of April, 193, says:
1. That it is not tru3 as averred in
the return of the respandent thatt the
,owu council of Chester ha-l any right
of diecretion to grant or refuse a 'Iens;!
when the relator had c-mpi ed w th all
the requirements of the special at of
1888, regulating and( granting of license
by the town council of' Che3ter or uder
chapter LV of the reneral statutes.
2. Because if said towin e,uncil had
any iscretionary power to griant or, re -
fuse licenses to self spiritou o . into-6
cating liquors under the act of 1s88, the
said town council of Chester never (x.
crcised their discretion.
3. Because the act of 1,88 and chap
ter LV )f tie general statutea was not,
repealed by "An act to prohibit the
the manufacture and sale of Intoxicat:n,
liquors as a beverage within the State
excopt as herein permitted," approve(d
)ecember 21, 1892.
4. That said bill never aequiried the
force of law in this Siate because the
original bill, which passed both honses,
was altered and changed by Ira B. Jones
Speaker of the House of lReoresentaCives
it the tim-- or after it passed the House,
md amended as lie saw fit. when it ap
pears in the journal of the louse of date
of 23rd December, 1893, that no ucli
-hanges, alterations or amendimients
vere ever sanctioned by the Ilonse of'
5. That the original hill suttituted
or the oper bill was a hilI pu am(
lim)pIe to raise a recvenue tor' thle State
>f South Carolina, and originatedl in the
senate cont,rairy to ,,the conistitution ofI
6. Because the oirigmual bill was onei
vhiose obie.tt was to raise a revenue fir
lie State, anid such object, was nlotex
>ressedl in its title."'
7. Because said( bill, not, being an
nimendmnlt, to the Htoper bill, never ne
:e.ivedl three readings in the I ouse;
inver became an act,, an(l is void.
S. Because no power was ever' iven
,o the Ilaeglslatur'e by the pecoide of
sothtl Carolina to create for the S',ate a
no0n0opol y in a la vfu'il merchan tile brai
less to the exclusion of her own citizenis.
S. iP. IIAi i,ToN,
A ttorniey for the IReltat or.
A t toiney I;eneral 'To wnsendt, who
ims niot yet seen) the( charges made in I
lie answer made to the r'etunrn, yester
lay morning said that he wi ul appI ear
n personi at the hearingi on May I , anid
nake argument, in the cases. 1Is objet
s to ihirow Maj . 11lamil tn out of elmrt
>n1 the gr'ound t,hat lie did not ge t ter
niission t,o go in to t.he State Supr emne
Couirt from the A ttor'ney (senleral,* as
'equiired by law, IIe sid th-il manida-I
nulis was a prero'i)e!tive righ t, hand etdI dwn
rom tho Km.u.( lf Inland,il .I was Lthe
)i11y person wvho orig inallIty ha i the rit t
.o allowv the use of miianamur. ' 'S it
5 yet, in So)uth Car'olina-hte tlaw (ti the
mbtject has never been ehimed.,"' says
hie Atternev/( (ieeral. I be says Mr.
[IarmIltoin oriles in anz't imake.s Itie S tate
I plaintill' when the St itt didt tree''
.o comie into court,. 10t suppiorIt of thi
te calIled attenioni(i to thei tie to f th
ases5. - "The St ate tx retat ion W. It
[Ioover,"' etc. Ile sail be tdid not thin
lhe Supreme Cour't cou ltposs1ibt y grat
writ of mi andamuis wit bout the S'.ato'%
:Oncenllt, tuntilI alter the law wenti i t)
ttl'ec t arid there was somie vitoltation.i
Ie seems confidenit of throwing the easeI
mUt (' of cort.-S~ tP t
What, ipti iker ,1ano StayN.
CoUM n IA, S. C. A pril 21 . -The
inswer of Maij. I lamillon, the attor':cy
or the lign on men in Ut the dpensar'y
est, case, c>)ntainmlg then severe chtarges
tgamist Speaker Ira B. Jones, of Ithe
louse of iteprerentatives, prioved to bec
lie sensation of the day yesterday, and
hetre was much talk all over thet city.
11nd epeciall y in oflicial and legal c: rcles
Mr. ,1 ones promptly, in r'esp)o se to
elegraphic queries, senit a sLat men t
hat the char-ges were absohntely titilse
ind aske4)."'Can th~e man be maoy"?' Mdj
Lamilt,on m,Aiites thattif' he he0 mad
here is mn'ich method in his madness.
When Maj. IIanmilton was seen and
iaked ab;out, the very Indignant, tele
tram sent by Mir. .Joncs, to the Regisater,
le said that he dlidn't believe that Mr.
Jones. the speaker, intended to act
,orruntly wit.h reard to the bIm kn....
is the dispensary act, but he said tha
le made a careful Inspection of the bi
ind found it was a mass of confusio
ind contradiction; that he found a grea
nany entries on the margin o1 the origi
iil bill in Mr. Joues' handwriting, ai
ipeaker, in red ink; that he undertool
)t his own motion to strike out, sectios
18 of the bill, and im so important I
miatter there is no mention of such i
lnotion heui- before the House. Th<
01i mnai is silent on the subict. 11C
urther said that Speaker .ones cliange(
Aie number of' a great many sections
that in the en,trossed or orig-inal bil
iection 6 was stricken out altoarethel
tiis is the muost Inportant secton iii tle
bill, but it has mate its appearance it
he stattite its printe(l; that it seem
hat there was an amend nent Ito th
iubstitite known as the Evans bill il
le louse, but it doesi' appear that i
,ver was sent back to the Seit- fo)r it
Oicurrence; tht, 1fromu the many im
perfections, irregularities and violation:
e Ustalishil-lt parliament pratlle, the
)il s(umis to be ia vold act. But of tli
he SUPitreie Court will have to ver
miortly julle; the bill will be before tha
.tirt and it will h3 e trefilly and nar
A II ex:11iminatio of the engrossed bill
i passid and the enrolletI act as ratilie<
reveals the condition of thin-s as Mrj
IanilIt- txpresses it. An experienceI
ltd expert. h isIntive clerk ycsterda.
nade a lont and carel examinationl 0
he bill alii let atnd ives it as his opil.
on thiat the li.w. aire so many tlia
.Ihe net is surely a (lead letter.
Las L eve.n Speakr .Jones arriveo
11 the city. lie spenl some timue at tll
ta te Capitol. I ateril1st night Ie sait
le hlAd come to see the orial hills m1
ile in the olliee oh the Secretary of Stat(
mt examine them. lie says le lias a1l
ldy denied the clar--es inl toto atid Ik
visles to see now it there is Itiy loutiit
ion I!r tIe irre.:ularity chiirge,l. II
mail lie cetld not believe tlat. there wav
il N\ Ine inl thle S Ia ite who believed lhi1'
:tul i ot such siweeping crininial chare!
is th-e made in the answer ut MaO:
11am i ton. lie nuvrstowl since his al
ival that. Mj. 1lamilton hail s.id thi
be did iot intentI In cliar-e hi-11 Wit
L-1rimnii1ial actioZ), but. the laneiu%e ut
Lcertainlly i ulied tIhat itch. lie it
tends to in!vestigr.ite lie wh4tle matt
ttoughIly tod., le sa's he (oi
tot conitein111late takin-, any le-al sset
in r,,arl t> the uitter wha'ever..
TWO RESPITES MADE.
I-velIIl id Wn wadt) lialines u1 a%tsi 1.11
.M 1re Ti mu.
x'11 ili.k, S. C., April 1i. 1;iver
Or Tillnan made two respites yestt
day ill which the piblic is imiuc liit(
est,Vd. 'I'e first one was Wade IHain
who was to have been hung Friday, b
who has had given himil two 'aldition
Weeks of lif'o. It Was expected tin
the Governor would not interfere, an
tire was the best of grotinds for h
ieving it to be a fact.
A detectivoi has ben employed I
ook i) the truth or falsity of' man
eport. circulateil in flaines's favo
le has made his report, and alt hotig
,i has not been given to the press, it i
-urtain t.hat his report will say that th
videnice 1s pretty conclusive Iha
ilie'i is guilty.
The (iovernor, in announcing his de
ision, said that he did not care to sa'
IIIytIing about te case at present,
to ive any re'asonis for his act ion. I
vas reportd otha ot he had re,cei ved
ett er fronm .1 idge II uidson, whot firs
itartd the cast', andi( that ptrobably fiat
omet.h in g to do wit. is de5 icision,i
his is true, it coui not be confirmeij
Napioleo i Leeit', t.het wife inmut rd
rgets anmott.hier leaste of ife un3 i til I lti
tI. Goevernor 'Tillinani sid that I )r
Ilhcock , who' ex aml ied Levelle,, fiat
i'riousA dout i fs about his sanity, ant
h at. omidetr I he ci reninstances, lie want
(I that, pitit posit.iv~ely settled if' pos
ille. It ils idea is to have a coinis
Dlon tanke( an! ('xa1iinatifon, but, lie doe
oc tikno (w exactt I y how to) preceedl abon
t iii .a legal way. Thfe Attorney Gen
ral is iinakinig ani investigation of flot
ock 's repIor It tto the ( ovtern or is illni ub
amet' as I it)ws:
ftiui haut (cal led upon01 by you t a tex
'tl n~. iv ollet, I stated'i that afttr rt'viiewi
uig theii stenmographeitr's report o1 tht
rial thatnt thlere~ were reaonisl t) quet'
ttoi Ievellft's sanit,y. Thai;t optiioa
its hiA'd upjonl the following fa~ci,
rutight, to. in thie testiniioniy as to L~e
ic( ius oitf being fllow'd Ib y (letectoives
iitd at strong suiicidal ifiplse; fad iiu
tpparnti'iI delutsion abou11t one of hi:
vi tei melI:ttiv~es; shttwe-I a chiange o
:haracuter antd was d epressetd; talked t<
trob abldy suiffered fr'omui isomniaju am
vus considered a crank or "'crazy"' hi
everai w 'itniesses. Oii March 2i, '.
md it>2 1). luabcock saw L e volle Ii vt
Ite wttol be iunwilling to certify to hi:
sii ;u t v . If is depression, nerv(ousneos
andi SI susic(it)us ness wax mnot alItogethie
innautirm: conisitderiing his long coniflite
ient . I )r. lIabtcock wats satisfied tha
e was: no)t lt'igninrg insaity L.
lIn lis report hi linasirporatecs thi
worn stat e': iwat of' I r. Iluago F. Mauye
>f NOw Y10rka, who Once' treatted Lei
Il'i..II ie said hi: had f'req auent at
atcks of headacIutht from a xunstro,k'; lit
> 1 trrit uabilit.y froio no cause; very sue
y rong dtoiin; always nervous, tremti
ini. of lips), of teni attemlpted to go t
vork on Sunday and woul walk aboti
he. 't reets iFt.th is tool chest. Whe
n'l'!ib' rs of' his famnily tried to prever
uimi h e would become pugnacious anm
re't into such a frenzy, that hyperde:
ilic inijectionis of' morphine had to t.
oiven; often h;ad fIts of laughing an
rying anid Imnagined that he was
A fter carefully reviewing the cii
umns'anes, l)r. Babcock is of thi
>rptnioin that while no one of' the symj
oims would itustify, yet, taken all ti
rethuer, they present the strongest ind
:atinons of a diseased b)rain, ptrobab
t artuig from the injury received froi
ATrLANTA'1 GA., April 16l -The cit
tables were destroyed by tire this morn
ng~ and 140 mules perlehed in th
lames. Loss $30,000;-Insrance $1mnr
ZNNTE MADE DESOLATE.
t A SERIES OF EARTHQUAKES VISIT
(areat iI.4voc Wrotiiht to lie ad Prop.
L erty-Tihe Grtctan Govarninent Proupt .
ly Sends Ald-Tho Itritish Minister Remi
tent Talographoa f or Asointanco.
A'ri:Ns, April 17.-The island or
Zante, one of the principal Ionian is
lands, was visited by a most destruct
ive earthquake this morning resulting
in great loss of life and property.
In February and March last the is
id sustained a vast amount of dam
ago by seisnic disturbances and a
larae number of lives were lost. The
sho k this morning apvears to have
been rmost violent in the city of Zante,
the greater part of which was de.
s'ro) e 1. The people are panic stricken
and the atiWorities helpless. The
streets aro impassable, being tilled with
ma13sse,s of sto4te dItit timber from the
wreckage of tIhe houses, which were
thrown down by the earthquake.
Thus far the bodies of Lwenty,per
sons killed by falling walls have been
reinoved froin the debris. It is feared
It hat many niore dead are still in the
rutins. The nuimber of persons injured
runs tip in the hundreds. The greater
);rtioin of the inhabitants have iled to
the plains back of the city, where they
wander about in a distracted matmer
be wailing the losi of their homes and
h'le shock oc,irrod at 7:30 o'clock
this in in..iol. of the buildings
that sto.d orev- :4f,er the shock In
February and M o.-hi were either
thrown <town or SltLvred so as to be
inisafti for ccitpaicy. Thl church of
St.. Dion.vsus an,i the governtient of
lives were thrown down. Advices
iI rom tlit interior show that the whole
islaind w.v4 devastated. M Iny villages
w were <le)tro.ved. It is thought.that the
r loss -f life is very gleat.
-Siic 7:3,J this tri-rning, two more
Slieav.s sho;ks have s'iaken the whole
b Isid of Z tnte. Thouiatili are with
out Ai-Iter mind ft-w have sullicient
food. The Ilritish Mimister has tele
gralitt I, tio e h itisli Foreign (t1jice a
rt-qttiest lor warhips to be selt at once
to Zm lte Wit I nil-i and huilding ma
s terials. that 1-inporary sheis may be
- erectud for shelter at onice oin the plains
A. lirge utimber of tents taken to
Zaite to shelter people reid-red home
less by former eart. qiaki-s have been
ae againi set up, and under [hem soime of
the women and chridren have taken
refuige. The city pre,-niits a scene of
desolation, and it is doubtftil if it will
ever reco(ver froim the series of mis
r- 1oil 1ts thit have befallen it, within
r- L e past three lnIths. There is bound
to be an enoriniis arnotnt of sufering,
and oitside aid will be tirgently re
i uired to prevenrt sickness and starva
it The Greek goverrintent has acted
(I promptly in rendering aid to the suf
leiers by tie earthquake on the island
of Zar;e. 'hie two Greek Ironclads
I1 y<dra aid Spezzia have already started
o [or Zante with a dt-tachient of engi
Y neers, as well as provisions and medi
tA p int t o~ i i'trio tinm,
CoLrUM I A, S. C., April I9.-Gover
nor Til hni:An yesterday received a letter
fromi Mrs. George T. Fry, the presi
(d,nt of the S>hliers' Memorial Associa.
rtion of Chatt.:m1o.i, Ten1n., which
t, strongly appeals to tire patrtiotism of
Soutthr Caroliniians. Govetrnor Tillmani
says thatt lie will receive all contribu
I ions or tire fiund sent in and1( see that
they arc forwvarded to Chatt,anooga.
This, hie says, is all lie cani (do. In tile
-letter Mrs. Fry says:
Th''lere atre m-itry thiousanmd Confeder
ate soldiers buried here fromn tire bat
Ilefields of Cickam'iauga andi( Missionmary
.lIidge. For teni years atler thc war
. there was at Ladies' Memiorial Associa
- ton here, annth[le ceimetery was weli
For rititeen yeatri patst it, has been al
lowVed to go toL wat~e, u:itil it, hits be
comre at ver*y desolate place. Ablout one
halfI acreO nt) Vow hveilow-, arid whien it
rains back wvater from the river stands
ni itt. ti.e ot.i fe'et hrighr, and bones
swiut abIouttt. Thi ought a native Ten
tr.estcan, I have no it livedt here since the
war unt il i:t>w. Th'le p)opulation here is
(comp1'sedt ol aibout. one-half Northe-rn
peottle, who have no sympathiy with
('rtlceder-ates. About two mont,hs ago(
()or1atuzed( at memorial association, and
we hadt at hjetu:e by which we made
y i15'0. I lured meni to go to work clean.
nii it til at once. T1his week I amu try
irg to till tire -hole w ith dirt. This is
'ex pensive work, and( ini one week's time
I shallI have spent, all my money, with
thr'ee-fourthrs of' Lthe hole uinlilled. I find
thait next to Trexas atnd North Carolmna,
who hatve exatctly thie same number of
sohtkers, thatt South Carolina has most
soldiers burriedh heire. Th'le known
graves have been mairked with boards,
whIch arie fatst rotting awlay. I have a
r'(ciard and coul mairk them a'l it I had
tihe meantrs. I must first fllt [his un
silhtl y holec with dir, andl pregerly on
clost Lire grounds, which comprise three
ittrets. To do this I have written to [lie
Governors o1 [lie Stat.es whro have sot
d (ier's buried htere aiiui asked that, they
sentd tme money t.o care f'or t,heir deadl.
It wicst *Th00 to pit in a drain p) pe
andfl( liiil[lie hi >1in with (dirt, anid the st,one
fence anid arch gateway wvill co 4t $10,
S000. I hiope t.o raise $4.000) in Tennies
t see, though South Carolina has one
a hali ats matiiy as T1ennessee. I have
t had1( most, enicourauingi aniswer's to my~
ri lett,ers fronii those litrst, received. [( did
-not intend SouthI Cartolina to bei last mi
e viued, btut I hauve been sic'< a few daiys
d andI had [ti suspend.
Ct.-'rNTO1 N,cTroN, WVis., AprIl 15.
e 'Jatt. lrit 'zotn, a iiuurderer, was cap
>- tuiredl near here todIay, bitt before he
- fell int,o the hands of the ollcers he
I- sent a bullet into his brain from the
y' revolver thatt lie iiaed to kill Mrs.
ii llritzonr and Mrs. Ilearnr. The wound
is belived to lbe intat, and( the fact that
thie murrderer apparenrtly had butt a
short time to Jive, alone saved himi
y from meeting swift justice at the hands
i- of' th-e men who since the discovery of
e his crime have spent days and niht
0 inhinng~ foem.