Newspaper Page Text
XXI. ICKENS, S. C., TIIIRSDAY, UNI.5, 189.
'''.'i/4,ioTI y 1t' l) JjA IV,
AN APPEAL TO THE PEOPLE TO BE
WARE OF JUDGE LYNCH.
Judge l:4 It m in CI trging a Jary Takem
(cualsoun to Warnt te Pieepte Atainnit
Ith Dianger of the IoltrIatfe i Mob1.
DARIANIVTON, S. C., J title 7.-Court
convened here on Mondav morning.
Judge lLiid-ion closed his ctarge t) the
grand jury as follows:
"I exhort you, gentleinen of the
grand jury, and you, petit jurors, to
see that th law is fearlessly, faithitil
ly and inpartially enforced .f far as
your duties enable you to do.
In this endeavor all ):tw-abiding,
libert3 -loving peopli! should co-operate.
It we ceCea to hoa lw-abiding acnd de
spise and defy its Imlandates and smnc
tions we resolve the cominitity into
a state of barbarism, where might
makes right and each miin b9comes his
own judge and avenger. tictiroy the
confidence of man in his fellows and
teach him to despise the law and the
Courts and you break the bondi which
hold society together and upon which
all govern ient rests for security. The
rule of the mob is anarchy in its otst
alarming aspect. There is nothing so
calculatett to spread terror among a
people as'the cry of the infuriated mob.
It is more to bo dreaded than the war
whoop of the savage, the bugle blast
of the rouber band, the roar of the tor
nado, or the silent. approach of the
deadly pestilence. These, at m' -st, are
temporary, and may be resisted and
checked. They bina man closer to his
fellows and sustain him i his in
creased reliance upon the laws of God
and man. They ('all forth the exercise
of t lie noblest qtalities of the soul and
the display of I le highest attributes of
manhood and patriotism in the effort
at resistance and relief. From the de
vastations of tho savage and the han
lit, !he'stori, pestilence and f-umine
society soon recovers, ani the law and
government are as strong as before. if
not st ronger. Not so with the howl of
the frenzied mob. Its deeds are more
alarming and far-reaching in their ef
fects upon society and government. It.
is vain in a land of' Chris'lanity, en
lightenment and good government to
apologize for the excesses of the mob,
because the crime of its victim is atro
cious. The most heinous and revolt
ing crimes can be effectually punished
by the law of the land. Appropriate
punishment is prescribed by statute
against all crimes known among our
people, and the Courts are invested by
the Coistitm.tion and statutes with full
power to enforce the law.
"These reflections are appropriate to
this place and occasion, and are sug
gested by the alarming progress of mob
law in our State. U'ntil recently the
mob rarely assembled and then always
aimed at secrecy, manifesting thereby
a consciousness of the lawlessness of
their bloody deeds, but now the lynch
ers assemble in da3 light, and, in open
defiance of the law and its officers, slay
their victims. More alarming than the
lynching itself is the fact that frequent
4 mass neetings are being held in the
State at which the lynchern are com.
mend d and the mlvocates of law aild
order denounced as er enies to woman.
I t is indeed time that all citizens of te
State should strive to check this ap
palling 1progress of lawlessness, and to
rest.ore inl the minds of a.ll the people a
reassuring confidence in the law and
the Coirts. Mass meet ings to denounce
lynch law have been toll:wed by Iuass
meetings to eiidorse and comtilend it,
P and(t thus bittern ss and strive have
been enuendered and the public mind
iiiihimed. We should alf sfrive to aIlIv
excitement and restore reason.
"Th1e idea has taken root In the
mfindst of1 some1 of t.he cit izetns of t.he
State I hat t he (teat ht penalty for rape
imulst be executed biy the mob as the
only mieanes of a veniging tIhe wrong
done to innocent, woman, and as the
only metho of(1e pr eventing I he crime
Thleis sentimnent. i'; ent ertained by some
*good and lpatrit:e men, and it can not
hie eradhicate el by <tr mina' ion) .ti.. -
ccrmination, invect'ne .. ud vi tipe-ra
tioii, biut mu tst be dlone hby reason and
by a prompt, andi( rigd Otu Iorcemte nt, of
the law against all crineunals.
"Thei e is t:0o cr1im e so shock inig atid
a larmt ig as rape. Th ii eassaumil.t, uponi
thie sacred person of womian arouses a
feeling of in digna inn in ihI e br'east of
nman and( a thirst for v'engeari(e far
greaiter Itai n mirder, a rron, buiirglary
or anly othcr crimte. Thle co existnce
of the tIwo race s initensilIi's this feeling
ofI indlignattini man10111(e whIent ihe nm
gro ass,muits a whit e woen.:mt. A ll coit
i-uir in the 1 lolle that liii :av'ishe'r
shftei sulffer (tealhI for 1.i sheoeisineg
crIme14, aind such1 is Ih h1'I . Ihis ex
Ireie penualt y is prescibe.l ttr rape,l
inurder and arson e, acid lie gro at er ''o tl
be~ enacted againtt any crime. 'ITimt
the itolerable crimte ot rape shoul t
promptly punished mt:e crushted out rno
one will (dety, and1( 5 ', ti.00, wi t h11 murder i
and1( arison. itt how shall t fis fe ac .
conip~l ishea? Shall it, lie (done1 by Iihe
e nforcement, of thle law t.hrough our
I 'ourts of justice or by the maddle nied
mob? IIlere ist the vItal cinewst.ion, and
upon it there is a wIde dlifferetnce of
('p)nion1, a small potrf ion of ou11r people
I bought lessly adv'ocat.ing swi ft execu
tiotn hey ihe mnob , but thle great body of
Iaw-abidiung citizens p referri toI''h yoe
t. e dleat,h pl)(tIty executted' t>y thle
t ourts atid I be oflicers of t he law.
4(Can the peace, happiness atnd piros
perilty oif a.tciety b t eprotmoted Ly~ turin
Iig Ieoo e men'i wvithI theoir unb1 rid ledl
passionis 1 a set law' at defiance an d
take io t heir own hands the ext cii
tieni of the (leathl penally against (lne
chargi withI or guiillty of this frightful
crIme ? Ia t he lust fitl btute iniore die
terredl from perpetrat ing t his cr ime by
the btowIs of I lie 1 inurild mob t hian
bty thlie s(eh on1 si it e 1Ieo of a C ou rt of'
Iaw, plronotineed at.I1 ith n of a fair
ai impilartiial trial ?
"Hilt a short, t ime ai o a Ihigh ly re
spect able youtng whliite lady, in t he
couloty (if Marlbotro, was ravished by a
iiegroi manli. iIe w as arreal cd, incarce
rated, t rie d andI COin victedi in t lie Court,
of (tiner; I Sessions~ and e'x(ctt i'd. T[he
fathe-r of the ladly a ided ini rt strainn
the Iidination1 of u he Peole, and in
secIuring t he t rIiuph of I fee law aund
order. 'Ihis Chrittaan imit deserves
praise, andl no( onte of the nielighbors has
aniy remnorsi' ofICi cinsilieor anly ause
of regret t hat the law wvas thus~ vindi
guated acid the wrong r dIressed. it ito
coummittiy aro mien more brave, chiy
alric aunt loyal to womant, befing ready
to make the greatest sacrifices to de
"eLd her. biut they renonize the f,a.
IIEARI TIIE OTHIElR SII)E! 'i
DIlOR W. H. WALLACE, OF NEW- bC
BERRY, ON THE NEGRO QUESTION. Il
loral ioterioraition of the X )itli tr
Negro tihe Cause of "tie Usnal Crinnn ' Ii"
anti Lyuehing am al Unavoldais1e Con
sequelnce Tiereof. vi
CILARLIES'TON, S, U.. Junp 7.-The "
tllowill,. article was ptl)IisIe(d in tie a
!ews andl(] Courier of this date: at]
l'o the Editor of' The News and La
ourler: There is io questio- of tihe c
ty more misunderstood outside of tio y
auth than the "negro questlon;'' in1
let, only a S)utherner undcratands the
iaracter of the ueLro. A great deal ofe
imby-pamby sent,im<mt is wast,ed on
li by some of our Northern bretbren S
I propose to speak of Ili, neLro .t
tizen and ItOorer, and( in iboi,h res cet,
Cx)ect to show that lie ii not a desir- it
ble poSsession. Lit
As a citizen the negro's sphere ii very
rCumscribed. lIe exercises i> itila
3ce on the social or industrial life or the W
Late, and sinco the enactmient o! 0he A
!istraton law and the eiglt-hox law L
C) influence In politics. lie is Iherelore,
nonentity except in so far as hiA moral
iaracter is concerntd, anil in that lidt
will consider him, tn
For twenty-eight, years lie hais borne
te responsIbilit,ies atnl dut.ie. of citizen.
iij). All these years lie has had schools
ipported by the State for his vilucation;
a his had his own ministers andm
itirches, and has had tine example of
te Lest clabs ot whites to help Im to at
gher lfife. IIe has learned to read anl
Iite; i n a great mnily 4 i anstanice3 he hai L
arned to live without work; he ialso
arned a certain kind of slirewdnies, o
in I a. imitate(I the taults more thai ar
no virtues of the white people. liii
toral character is best exemplili2od by
.lerence to some notable eventis that
ive recently transpired it-, this State, ,
fich the at,tention of the whole c
'y has been directe -', and wh;ch serve
i comparisons betweein his c'aracter
ow and heretofore. pi
Within the past dec;ad,!, and icreas- te
n, i freqiuency as the years liave !olU
y rapes have been (It freqkueit. occur
ice. Tle crime has reaclied anm
larming state of prevallence. Withmiit
IC past, two iontlis three negroes have i
cen lynched in South Caroliia for ol
aging white women, and one ollenider
as so far escaped caltile; ail within
lie same time tour or live negro Virls
ave suflereil like ftte froni men of Itheir
It has coim: to be a very serious inat
er with people who live In the countrI
nd have to send their children by lon"L
nd lonely roads to school. 'There the
hildren are all small they run a fearful
isk. Many of the cases have happened
is way. The lynching it Denmark,
ie 24th of April, and that at Laurcns,
ic 10th of May, werz for olitrages coin.
tted on young girls on their wRy to
id from school in the c,untry. W
From 1861 to 1865, when eve-y able- re
Ddied white man was in the will and t1,
to womei were at, the mercv ol' the
eroes, there was not even an insilt C.
f'ered by one of theimi to a white wo- 9
eat. This isloften recalUed to their credit. te
'rue they were then slaves, bt slavezi (,I
i they were they had no more reaon
fIear the conseqiuences then than now.
hey were Ihen nol onv respectful, as
U(came1e their position, ftit they were
inid, inl their disposition.
And during tine "lec ,nstructioni'
eriod-the days of social and political
pheavaI-when the entina Sate wa
nder his control. wit.h U nited States .Y
ayoinets to hack him and ourts a n
iries all in his hands, such crimes as I ra
ave referred t,o were tiot known m this t
WVhen the Northerni people undelnrstanni
ie situation dlowni here they willI as- .a
tiriedly cease to condemn us lor fakmng i
ummaniry venigeatnce n the deCsple rs ofl
!omien ; whether they dlo or noL, hiw
ver, sw'ift and( certain (leathl11 awit the Uf
ffender. We don't care to argue aborut it
,but, we arne ful ly deotermined,I ain:ne- ti
unciations agamnst " mbl liv"' are as
ie idle wind. RecentI oc:currenmcs i i
>mie3 of theO N'ortheurni SRates shii t' 1hat
i this reCspect the two( secntionsi ai -: 4f thne
I mii2ht show ffhat1 in othenr fparticular 19
ian thlat ment,ionled the negro .nas d(.'m
3rioratedl morally since lie secured hitsti
-eedom. iIe g'rows more lanzy ant li hif t
~ss every dayv; lhe is miore givein > tIev
ig, an ci t1e nmber of execuou m on i n1l1
1e iincrean,ing number1)1'id of negro coinviet
the State Peiiten tiary for hoinunc'ies
bow that I riom hayvmg bnee'iInrin hrme
iu tractable lie has b hecomne blId.tir
,' and1 revengefl'. Th'ley ofteni ki eac in
thner for t'en cel y any priovocatin -all"
irry firearms and are quick '0t' A
aem . In shlo t, it, is a hinet so un ivei sal
recognlir.ed do(wn herice tha~it nahei I'dyi
ill di' put.e it that theo ne ro fas de.
~rioratedu mi :ral ly *iince i he heramet aI
I speuak. nif cour.', of the anver.i.:en
ro. T1'here are. man1ily niegroes w'ho havn. e l
lade goouse oiii(f their' freedomnn and thne
p;iortumtnies it fias br oui2ht themli, aind
hlo are0 an hnor to t iri r'ace,- lint
lIat. hats hecn Inhertv to t.hese inns bneeniIl
c('ni e to it greauit many11 more, whoilnm hae
ronOii up1 like wa ibni animliIn, wa~ih no
ouranl ebarai.cter' and noi res~trinti uin')l
hir. hnintali faions)i. lint [ear. ft is
ant snurprisinig, t.herefore, Li.hat whnere u
hev:~ ithinn t.hey e':1in-"scape detectio~ n a
hety someitimes pnrove' thiemiselves- li
niasts liin hmniiii formu. liiIn ut n thait.
>ritalh oI the subjin;' .
Am 9 a labn 'rer the Ine'gr'o is aj curs o \y
lie State. li is to,fu tIne Sawhi. ni el-d
y toi Sout' ( 'aroniin, whatn thne "I [e-Iinh (.
Il Cinene ithrea'-nI ton n hm' uil' toa the t
aillein Sites, and li'Iw i iIl:\a lui * he i ; ca o
ori thne Anui-(:h no 1- ic-l nuil by Ia
neni in South i ( 'ann hina are riu' -I by a
megro cheapl faborun. in IhI s > e Ihenn tI;
anid is going ito tie po:-uss-in oh a Ire
['hem *lair...e landI o)wneri' Id >n n bne -I
0 white latbon'; they hadl a9 hr hn ' a1 w
whit.e man on the pnlantatin aus at mr -,n ' 1
ind wvill pay im' iau miu.h - -andn in'a nmre. ii
iwhi'.e mian t cannot livye denently aoin d<
negro wvages any mnore thni hc u::m onc
hinee wages. thLi
It might. aeem thait a hona of fami. Li
.-- zyuby LU WoUII is ijest
shown by loyally to the law.
"IIf lynch law for rape is right and
the most elicacious, thenl wily not E
have it legalized by the Legislature?
Can a man in a land of law and Chris
tianity be found who would introduce
in your Legislature a bill to take from j
the Courts of justice jurisdiction of
the crime of rape and turn those
charged with it over to the mob?
Would he not be regarded as dement.
ed? Away, then, with the boasted
doctriie of a "high law." It is a delu
sion and a snare, and the plea of those
who would plunge society into anarchy
under the vain pretence of punishing
"Trhen why should anyone advocate (
rr participate in these lawless execu- d
1ions? It is clear tQ any reflecting S
muind that the punishment for no ft
Lrime, howe.er- atrocious, ca! be safe- c
y intruste-l to the mob. The conse- u
luences are too far-reaching when peo- 1
pe thu defy the law and familiarize
,heinsel ves with deeds of violence. bo -
,iety is thus torn loose from its moor
ugs an( has its foun:ations and secu
Ity destroyed. Lawlesuness approved a
)r tolerated by public opinion easily
m inevitably proceeds from bad to C
worse. From lynching for rape the e
itep is natural and easy to lynching for S
nurder, arson, !trglary and other ri
"The only safety of a people is to a
li)st-iin from all l-wlessness and to e
naintain the law and aid in securing its
mforcement. Tolerate the rule of the
nob and who can arrest it? Where
vill it stop? To what extremity will
t not go? It is frightful to coitem- a
"There is no foundation for any I
Aant of confidence in the elliciency of C
mr Courts to punish the crime of LI
ape. Jurors have never failed of their h
luty in trial-3 of this nature and never %
vill. The people cal safely rely upon lc
lat. They will let do guilty nian es- I(
:ape when charged with rape. lrratic a'
md erroneous verdicts may have been tj
'endered in trials for murder, but no11
me charged with ra->e or arson has r
wer been acquitted when ie bliould
lave been convicted. h
"All falie sentiments in regard to
nob law must be abandoned, and the tl
)eople must array themselves upon the a
tue of law and order and do all that u
,an be done to maintain the law and
itrengthen rather than enfeeble the it
"ourts of justice. By this course alone b
,an the peace. happiness and prosper- r
lty of society be secured."
Lot:isvitti-:, Ky., .1tine G.-A special L
rrom Rogers, Ark., says: This town
was thrown into the wildest excitement
about 3 o'clock yesterday afternoon by 1
% band of six robbers rushing ill with c
Irawn Wincliesters and robbing the
People's Bank of all its gold and cur
rency. amounting to about $10,000.
'They ca(he into town by a back alley,
and left one of their number to hoid
their horses, while three of them went
into the bank and, at the point of r
Jheir guns, compelled the cashier to t
Zive them all the cash in the vaults and t
,wo of their number stood guard at the t
loor and fired into the streets at every n
nan that showed his head. The citi- a
.ens, however, as soon as possible got
what arms they could and began firing b
it the robbers, finally wounding two of LI
,iem, but to what extent is not known. n
l'lree citizens were wounded in the n
ight; George .J. Jackson, slight wound
in the head; Tom Saker, slightly wound- n
A in the chin; Taylor Stone, shot in
lie groin, t he ball coining out at the I
lip; lie is dangeroisly wounded and ti
nay (lie. When the robbers left the '
)ank they compelled some of the bank h
>licials to go before and behind then k
i order to protect them from the citi
.ens. The sheriff with a posse started p
i pirsuit immediately, and at last ac- u
souints was only a quarter of a mile be-u
iind thlem. It Is thought that thleyb
Nill be cap)turedl, but it is niot probable.
-hat they will give up without a hard ~
ight.- It is supposedI that they are
naking for the Indian Te'rritory, as
~hey are trav'eling In that direction.
Xfter three engagements with the rob- t
jets, in whichl thie sherliff's posse was a
worsted, the party returned. The pun- s
suters lost live horses killed in the sec- v
31n( fight, and six others were wound- e
ad. May or LPat.ton and a farmer named o
LGri'v eshy contintied thle pursuit, and i
~amne upon thle dead body of one of the :
janduits just across the linle in the CThen
>kee Nation. T1he dead mian~ was about
30 years o1 age, biut his body was strip-).
e( of all marks of Identity. Th'le ban
iii1s are thought to be a remnant of the 8
'id Stai r gang. United States Marshal
LUopeland, with a strong posse5 of depu- t
ies, intercepted the robbers after they L'
lad got int.o thme Nation, and an effort fi
is being mladie to exterminate the entire bh
zang. Th'ley were corralled in a clumilp m
it h)'shes' at night fall and1( there is no 01
ieapet for theiin. i
T i:i-:N-ro N, N. J. , .June i.-Chiarles Y.
lliihmond(, aei-onaut, made a 3l.000 toot t
ascen[sioni here today, and lost his life. 0
TIhe ii tiir took pilacue at Cochlrane park c
pleie gi-und ui on l )el ewa e, near Tlren- t
t,jn. Nemanly -lt,000 perFsons witnessedi I
thle ac-idlenit.. l i ihmondl nose graceful- e
ly, saiing withf the wind in a South- LI
iasterl y dIirect ion. When'i he cut loose il
froim ihe b al loon it was noticed by the
spie(tators that thie pariaeh ite fai led to
work p)ropierly ard they were hiorr ilied
to stee luichmondu desceind with light
ninig rapid ity,' miakinug re-volumt ion s in
the air as he camie downi. Se-veralI
wvoimeL. faintedi, aiid ever-ybIody inr thei'
great throng wvas t hrille-d or sickenedl
by thle Spectacle. 10 ichmoi nd li un led in a
imuddy little streami called St irig
P'ondl, andi when takeni out was5 dead.l t
itichmiond hails from Sprinlglield, I11 ri
and was 38 years of age and unmarried.
Ilie has made about 500) ascenisionis al-i
together and never before ex periencedu( 1
SA N 1" RA NCISCo, ,Junie 7.- Th1 le siehm
er Gaelic arrivedl from JIong K~ong anid
Y'okohmame, via lionolulu, at 11 o'c-lock
this morning, bringing advices fromn
the latter place uip to May 30. It mayI
now be positively saidl thlat Ministe~r
lilount has comae heartily to approve
of the resolution and p)robably that he
.ust-iies nearly all of the course o1
stevens In it. lihe has never for an In
stant thought of rest oring the ex-Queen
or of recommendling that It be (lone,
notwithlstandling dilIgent andi persist.
ent, assertionis of the lloyalsts that he
so initende(d. Whet her he will necoim
imendi annexatiomn Is -ot clear. iIe may
possibly take the ground that It Is tin- I
(desirable on account of tihe hangs pro
portion of Nn.Ameriann nr mlaion
:5 (ie, and their lands are divided
3on-, their heirs, the number of land
eners wouli increase, and that would
the case it small farmers, who are
tre laborers than proprictori did not
,ve to Compete with nuiuroes. Tihe
tiber oft land owners in Smuth Caroli
Was 3 per cent, less in 1890 than in
80. Small farms, instead of being di
led among heirs, are put oi the mark
and the proceeds of the sale are di
!ed. The firns are usually bought, by
mn who already have large holdings,
d who let thei out to negro "ten
ts.'" The heirs of the simill farmers
kc their little shares and g> West., I
n call over the names of hundreds of
ung White men between the ages of
aid 30 who have le tthis small coun
of 30,000 inhdiaail,s in the Iast lif
mi years nt I what has happened here
s happened over a lairge part of the
Mae, the emigration being largest
iere the negiroes are most numerous.
in censui shows that, despite the large
:reae in the town -caiused chell y by
i buildin' of an immense cotton mill
d spIlIn id graded schools-thi popu
ion of the county, including the town
14 bixt,V-live less ll 190 than ill 18SO,
small colony of neg-Oes left the cod'
tlye years tigo, and anottier I.wo
ars ago, through ,hi influence of a
estern emigration eruit; but the
Ite has iut i i 4tO, to tilas sort ot
ng by enactinu.- a law tmaking it a
me punishale With 1,1000 line to
liit "laboteis" t. leave the State.
hile this law l'ulJs a C!:inese wall to
eil the ieLr'es in, tie young white
mn atre emi-rating- consr-intly--driven
by abunmlint and ciap negro lator.
The iegro is a cleap laborer, and
it is why lie is guarilded so jealously
1m t,e ISed1uctive foni1guC o1 ,t emigra
n aIe-d. Big ptitatinisis iand hordes
(hetill negro haborers to work them
- robbinz this Stite of its besi blood,
As purely a laborer our vounz white
n ii turn tW the niechanic arts;
d even there the nevroes ar.- begin
ig t) crowii them. Cotton mills and
ilroals give emplovnivit, to thoui
ds (' white men and pay them muu1h
tier wages than they could get on the
intation. besides ofleriwg them pro
-tionl auainst liegro comipet,ition and,
tter still, agiinst niei.ro associa
Mn. There re many white
LIn ill "ut.h Crohna who
rK on the farms, but they are:ts
Mly small lande-A proprietotors work
telr own !arms. As a rule the hir
h-ibor on the IMris is negro labor,
hile labor on the railroads andI in the
Ottoni mills is white. It would seem
om this Ilct, that the State ought, to
loAiurage inanufacturing and railroad
lildinlg, but she doesn't. To try to
clain why she doesit might lead eile
LO a Jiscussion of' South Carolina poli
:,'uld I will thereFore Stop.
Ni imrry..JIune 5. V. 11. WA LL.ACt.:
A Novel Exhibit.
Clr1A i,1EsrTN, S. C., June 8.-The
>uth Caroiina Railway Co. has just
ilped t0 Chicago for exhibition at, the
orit. s Columbian F.ir one of the uos',
iarkible, if not one of the most at
Letiv', exbibits hkely to lie maite ini
iinection with railroading. It e> n
ts of a box twenty-four inches wide,
I inches deep aul sixteen feet two Im
es iong, made of material (it from a
ict i I lail the coImaIy owHedl as far
A a, 18%f.
It coit:ni ine vomplet,,, rail of the
-t lainw_i, co)nsisitim g ol' a simple s rap
teen '_-et in tei-it, oiztued uid
ted W' Opposite ends. Frlon die best
iiA'11tio'i which cii tie obtained this
i Ia 1 aid upon the track during the
ar 1830). in addi tioni t,here aire sc.
'ns (mie foot ini length oF'each stanidaird
it use<t subsetiuen('ltly uiponi the road up
and incluinig t,he presenit, time, mauik
I t,welve in all, andt consist,tng of every
neeivable foirm , coverinig tthe alncIe
it, thet " c'-mib" (still in use on the Sutl
ani's Istatul Ili ilro)ad,) the~ - '" rail
fies, fo ansd itncliuding atl t.he various
'mls of "T"'' rali. E' ucch rail hias lm>stedt
05n it ai sho rt descript)ion1 or history ofI
induistrial carl'eer, uinon one of whftieb
c li)llow ing aippears: "T''Pvist,ed by
cermain's arm i dur tiiiing i N- mian-hc
r<l proba ibl yU t)arallfeted else where.
Theii niotaioni goe's 'n to state that it,
1s "cliiture from time frederalt' by' the
miifo'eerat.e' armiiv odurinig the e unp iagias
'JmiTinessee', purltchased aind laidl uponii
ii Sili (Carolinai, takeni tip an I benut,
iund ai tree by Sh'derinaii's arimyv durt
Sits miar(ih thromugh Carolia '' A.
igu 'ar 0' rcuinstanc mn connlectLionm
ti wich is t,bait th e miaker et tI:he box
nt'aininig LIhese reth as ont he (f She r
in's soldiers, wh claims to have hiat
si:i in tie Ltitig anit beninug. The
si: al.,o cotinls ai sti,andardl fansteniin
apltedI ii in:i'i radl. A miore Uuiue
fleet.n w ~as probabi~hly niever gottell
'ilehi. I ),ie of the molst remiarkabile
whichis a ito' l stee' c ihain, uised ini the
Eter fort l. This chtainl is very thinu
d strione, -u n I so hard'i that the ordinary
11 wilt nit rut it
tlhitlties i! a isciellanieousi ntutre ate
hiteted, eaoch fhi'armis a c:ard setting
ih wti:t . known' : , cuirrentl y at
""i fti be ir. ii.,toiry. Th'e b)ox is att
tgoitteniil uilan'ii ('ther' stode hils:
xliti of the Snh Carolina Itaif
y. A t r.ne end( ''S. ( '. It'y, 18$30,
dt at flhe 'othier '"S. ( '. It'y, 189i0.
iis tx hibi t will no dioub't attract a great
it u1 attenitin, not because of its
i':tit: nrt so muih, perhiaps, as its
tri i woi-th. -- Newts asnd Couier.
A I )er re'on in i vor ci.
Col.i.'iisA, S. ('., ,lute 5.-,hudge
tthierspoont ha.i. wtenered an imlportait
Listoni as to dower-i asol divorce. Nir.
WV. Ai'eireery of t his city brought a
it suit, against i. ,I. II. J)avis to
mpel the lat.t.er tom take two fits ofl
id which hi been bomughit from hin.
. )av is ref iuied to ei ny ly w ith lie
ree mentLit the jiuirchia-e on5 the gnnrouta I
it Air. AlcCrneersy had been divorcedt
on is wife twit could slot release the
wetr. It is niot, necesNary tom go istio a
tory of the ides oh the case. ,1 ud ge
iberspon idecidedi thait accnordling Li)
I laws of this S mte the mnariae bis
ot been annulledc , andl t,be right, oft
'wer stilt hiolds as far as civil act,ion is
niernedt. This smakes it, necessary
at the dtivosrceud woisnan should release
e dowar -ister
THE SOUTH CAROLINA OFFICERS.
Steattor It,u!Aor igiii,4 a 1,ong I nterview
W M NI I we , ,1 utIe .--Senator I htt -
ler had a lorig conference with the
'resident today relativo to i the Sautih
Carolina i a* tpointitents. 'eli' inter
view was arrangetI yester<fav anti the
South Carolinat Seniator v1sith-d thet
White llo'-ime. Jist aftler tle cabiiet
meeting adjon-uned. Thv apoiint ment
of a distri, attorniey and a 1nited
Stat,es marsial were tihle priti.ipal Sbit.
jects disciissed, but, diring Ihe conver
sation, which lasted abott ian honir, tilh
3ittittio: in South Carotin: was gtrii
'Fhe l'resident, is pretlY well Ilfor-ini
ed aq to t,lt- conditi0i ot aff,ti it
South Caroliri, for Ie I i hatt I Jti,t.
ble suIggestions troln varit I' I-n i.
lIe is a ious Lo see te I)t' % III
South Caroliit inited tntt hi. ii)tilO,
andi( he is not disp)osed to itakc s
that will increame tih !acItil:i it I-lnme
that has existed there since tht- :til%ivI
of, 'Tillin Inismil. lie has it)lO t to
adopt i it iiiar policy in N ew Y oi:,
and other States, where thtre art- I w4
or more factions, aid inl in-0,ing ip
pintments te ill eiIeavOr I w viwo
age liriuoty in the ),ioi,r it.Ie rank-:4.
'Senat-r Ih 1 (ler vallt ilt . :I uhv itn la(
the 'resident. to tL. tact tait )is:rit
Attorney Lathrip l:i rre-tsis, I am i
trved that his 81cceSor bte . et.. '
wititt IrLther delaY. Ife gave ilie
L'resident, the iiaties d filte vaiou
candid:ttes, including Nltssrs. l r'an,
ilhiott, l)ollglass, the I wo .IWroveys.
Ragsdalo. Ciraydin, Sebimilwert, and
ot,hers, and rt qucsted ain einitintat i'I
of the several ap yli atilols, togethetr1,
with thltpprs om liie. TI'l- . m-ito
said he had Ir.dors i tral of tIlt' NO
plicant s as tiing I hlly f utiliod It I id
the oflie acc ptaly, In. hie di: !o at
temlpt to) dletate tho appmintinenit. ()I
aiy indiviial. In conntetiln with l he
inarshalship Iih adoltve a siul ir
co u rs - a ii in wu n et .\l s-;rs. ).tv It -
lI I nter, 1,rrioks, 1;ioykin, Centevr, I l i:
phreys and all of hliv other appt111halit i,
whose mnaties are on fil' in f fit' dt'], irt.
Inlelit, of justice.
.Senator Bhtlier cmticurrett in the
views exprtssed by the P'rt-sittiln, and
cited several incidients to shit x Il it
dividually he was disposed to do ill
that is reasonable to bring ihtt sitch
a resiult. 'lie 'rsident s.id i WO woti
like farther time to look int a the int -
ter and r'olite.-tt. I St,nator litil-r 'to
cal) upoll himn later inl lit, pres."..
week. 'I'lie Senator lelt tht \hilt
1101use with the n1pr'1essioi that tht.
P'resident intends to distri:>te Ihe lp
pointmenits among thte tntire )emo
cratic party ii South Carolitia witlitif
regard to factioinil ill orci s,cs. II
object is to select t.lt hti t vail tile
miien in every instance.
At the treasury-dviartmiot it i.; s:tid
that E0. Ak. Webster. will not, be peivinl I -
ted to serve olif. his lour years' teri of
oflice as collector of internal revente.
Under the ordinary riling of Secretary
Carlisle, Mr. Webster's nour years will
expire on the :1ist of' next A ugiistf, l or
lie entered utpon his duties -eptitmber
I, 188I. 'li Secretary hohls I fiat f lit
fo'tr years' term of' svrvict! dates from
the aily tihe- app)oinL'e entered pij in
Thle Adins rato s bwe . lil
torined of Collector Wvst e'.i 41. l i VI
partisanship, anI therofor it was it
Ilecessary to look for aiNy l,1 1rther'
charges agaiiist him. H is altivity at
the Milinaplols C'onvventionl :lld t.h11
eagerness wit.h whlih, it' I i th itnia r
of the h-lmblican Ifi z-l se'k r:i in
Soui t,h Cia t illIt, soi t'li l I,)til iln 1 1
1)enoc .it l i d re l C l-il. %Iilna
the iepIlvals, l.-'k aid iit, as
soon ias I'resieitl, 11 .lrriio was m:: i
gttr'ated, is well renomb'emfsi bIy flit'
Solith Caroinia l)i'inic'r'iv, ant<f heny
have not, faiiled to cailflt' f atf t i 'I
t,he Il'residlen t atnd alIs iSt'cretaryi( ar
iisle to that, fact. A1it. \Vebtstr i'i'dil I It
fltwIers wortiie fike In set' the centi to
yr,u nt.weeni the Tliiiinitfes and hie
C2onserv'at,ives conftiue feor ain ifth i
nife period, hiopinig fth'i'eby Li riti
their ollices fin fte iwianut.ini. Frin
thet best, inufor'utat.eiin I cati tnt itn i
iierst.andf Ihat the I 're'sidf''uiprepi s
t.o appoItin t I 'ollheet.or ~ o iester's sces
or dufrinig the' pre'sent mnut fi. \\Vtftt
wviii be dtone wvit h t he otther Sout Ih (.ir
Sft iihtlie in.
Ornyi,, itiatly it ,,i ej.tc.
werie ftht ht(tvi'st iit hive hub.l :n 0
Stite for 51a ie tiine. aiii GI ii - ' In '
ingi, to) Cretfs thi.i ainy tar r :I h
Lion (if Lhe Sftate, aiilu intt. se: .'
wh'ich ilh'b'e ruined. Siuc it i l i :t p
miti allyf rt inSed b, e'hi'''n.n
un'roLtrd byiii t't wain: i. A Ihert
thle titithei' ahi- ri thii s tr p.
o t'r e t lt it stiii' I ' |
the al badtwel k fi'r 'the jf'-i let
I -'oe a,tl i. ;riti pitt i
i"e.ri'arons i"'in ; ant lNl at' hI ift u iln i
thle lOrte'dridistelt hiisIlf
whie sl~niic e' Ior' w;i; lottepp i 't
toisssurreie'hs i'Xticfi l'at o b.til a'hii'
allegd wriftstien a le te to CD-veliii t iat
thle laffe ( ot.;t r th ' N t'li I art ifa .
thortit ude'r fit fe sInture ofuigi', to
rftilovei illiC('s f.. ;l'pirt sn. i
the senat cniie . ties utel hsta
hecano,heroceiut obetff oi'retu'I jih'i'tiss(m
arits afibtjiet. t conVit eti b ret
enatoe of fle i'niftifisf St;ttt New
lYmmrt ~~Ar.(Yeal,si ~ofloene.tiy, ,n io
lan:k1 i lect.o for the~n s,t ati larg ic ilds
ntored ai su$ccesor Wi',h l' motn ' i
i :weh Voli l I i .i fir to i i .d n
'tor) ofe lst isaordinatvoe . ptassed)tJX)
ovensrew Yokjs,h-r 'lc
CilME AMONG 7 HE NEGROES.
111plolo l!onickt Startling Statement
Abtout our ltrotior in lilack.
BA ur iu.:, -lune 7.--Bishot Charlei
Clif ton P'en ick, general agent ol'th
'rotestant Jpiscopal commission to
work among the color !d peoW>e. preache<
Sundyiv mornins at the Church of tit
Melath. of which he was rector From
1873 to 1877. It wts the Blshop'8 lirl
sermon in hIis new position, and he said
it was a sinvuiar coincidnice that this
sermon sh1ubd be pr.ched in th ecihurcb
01 wlocli i(e wts once tie recLor.
Tile voiliRsiol ndiler which BIshop
'ck's worki were reo 'z/od at the
(G1e1ill ('onvention olt el 'rotestant
'iso l(71hur".b, which mlet, inll t,11 -
move1,41 Iwo,1 ll. In giseakinmg of his ivork
B1i0h01) I 1'enick slli le would use all
mi-th i14s 1 ossible ti improve the conli
t in ot the c,dored rate. "It i" he
! nid "but one part of the _enertal work
Ilr thi 1 or :1 icinedy. Its aim is both
X (itwd :1n11 k (lu'ation'-1. S!)methIiln,_
muiist il dipne. 1Tie negro is today the
ii,:h.s! tod r tit thet. vriminal arena. Thle
clred. r.e tlrm-s one filth of the pop
Ilktt in (1 Ill%' nlited SLA'1s, YCIt is r-e
tp1ni , me ltn-tird ot the crimie. It
ih ri. I r I rav istion belore the
A mv..:.;lI pl)ple thankl tha;t of thle ne
Imri'o Iur I. diinot knmv it. It there
iill 1141-L <hnil'n mrepOmplt aittenl
hIlm :1ut treaItIti ient I have not
hw:lrd it. It t' rl I, lne thml is testing
:11d wo-,-!t'l (%r.i:ut of, thisR
I111-i mI Ivthrnal it doe's [lot ap
lwar. Tml'.' "iIn.e iii dvtmandi the best
.1u itn i4 Il l v r pa V * ;ti ' t,, th o praI i e rs,
h I IrinII.: II.h "n .-, and hVr'l akIc tion )I f
cvi Irv ( -briII Iti.
''Th ut .d l ubit ti. [ this country,
' "r I ( i it.e vcnsu-i to I iii, i 62,.
.'.25v ofc 1h7e ;, lin re tegroe.
Tin-r ne lr 4 he istly in the terri
ll,'l1 0i \Icilik 'Aithl ar t d t IkV ( WIE 'St.
rn h,r,iier o i s in w il lakes in 11 the
t i 1lIillllittIv tp.wk ,Ia il. sei -u oIr
(Irl.leos. Ila tiit territory hv-re mi-o,
Iml -nia itanits 411 whoml , -
t i: tIe:t : Ilath , it uIr mr' Ielle tol vv.
(ryI.w. whilt'.-. h! O. rest 41 11he (.t
Ilten! it1- 1111.
tire a toir tiv arto its'5-'
rl es, aicin otw Vt:otvera>- wh titet
' I)te klt w .11unw 1 11there wert
in 1'rl4, 1i1i t d V1' e w il 41 tin d e il th
v a ct ilu ttry\ #_'l pew ld,: i Ihe-.ot 2,.
- .,re nit::r..)(t. ilk,t(t we see thal
iilt it 1:!i'it's rat th Wi oq ittO, g 11 i
Mittrwet . iv nit lthetttttIiy Vn' Lh tne hid o
h1 11 lde t . (the j. h tre lm i'itsty
I It I c I I I i: 1 ti't I V r I I I e
W%V rt! 92 Lo) thet 111,111- rill n a Q i t ,i
I ) l' h v are ll-t all t ', an -rait e t 27.1-t
pnt- r I l t inl the S- b th m the.
:1 tti 1 t- the il in; Int th. .'1 th (:.Ien
Iv r I' I tx W t in t hitio lir lhM ivi l i
t ion, tun1h iess of ( hris ti:in i thern
hIs h : i- buit i Such I rt1fil Ii..1ues o
hoiltle in tie ver"y vortex of 2.r
endol or even clviliz2d illilce, J
know it 'o'
Iw:as rearled a11m iLf 01hese peoldt. 11nd'
thi wcru t t at v s race. Il ever.
.4aw- a1 drunkven tihive andl but (,ne negrro
1 i'-e thirint t1 n' t t yearl's of y
Ij!- behiorv thle war.. While 1mn slept
z!rts it' b1 d luive been sowni antd t he
!I lit ) lrvwi raik(ly wmrse, ats is
4ilownl by toe if earfill raj,h0it.y v'iL!h whicebI
'"11"'w the b*
Il. q a li I ht' e' iut'gilet' ".t 1.' 39, 1llu
iutt I t'i, Vrom t he se ;n t in A2 cxer
v -. 1.-)2 Il. () th..-- 7W 1i m
t 51 di ti' w 'a o -ti I t i - e. nhe
' '' td t t'i - -er 2 6t tpeih it
whies :Uli jitt licese t.it weu~ resangroes,
"rti one hal t hetx77 wini and 1s a,er
Irts te b. lealet' horixeades ot are
nattv. $Ct'tr' wit lesnc ir sd n-d5, i05, II
lic i edt mwn :tcitim the7.1 ins.
ot I. ht 'atg i nI Si i o anote form,n it,
Icutretor t 5::9'nt ive whi'to hanihurce
Lounsi he i1y oldine avera poepua
he took upd i!hwetc kMt'l other crimr
pteopl ire, . Tir r p g
LYNCH LAW IN ILNOIS.
THE DECATUR JAIL STORMED BY A
A 8ot thern Neg ro, Who i i1 v.,
the Ustaa Crimne, 11:6,4, ) O t It.14
Ilanged in tie Ieart of tithe City.
DECATUP, Ill., June 3.-Etrly thi.i
morning a mob attacked the cutinty
jail and lynched Samutl J. Bush, a
negro who made a C itminal assult
upon Mrs. William 11. Vest. in Mount
Zion townahip, [ant Tutmday.
The aetails of the lynching were
senantional from start to finish. Bush
was in jtil awaiting trial. A guard
of twelve ien had been put in the jail
and an extra force of men were put
on duty outside. About 300 curious
people stood around the jail all night,
though most of them thought no
serious attempt would be made ta
take tle prisoner out.
At joist. 2 o'clovk twenty-five men came
oin a rush ip Wood sreet. I'ney were
<p met. wit hout. inasks, and moved in a
solid Ia_v. Tley fourced their way
through I he ciow d and knovked on the
jail door. IDpputiy SherilIf Midkiff
and Special oflicer Po4tor sat just
inside an(i rel tist.i then admission.
One blow Iroiti asledge crasite in the
wooden loor anld the otlicers were
sirroinded by twenty-iive aried men.
The keys of the jt it were de
mantled, but both ollieerz delared
they did not have thei. The men
then went, to work with sledge hat
mers aid chisels, and workeki forty
ininittes at the two doors -one of solid
trot an i,tcht titek and tho other of
steel II "rci ii linem both.
Meanwhijt, a .-it of' Dt,eatur
people stood 1 11-1 s ' -d No one
seemed to care ImuetiIN. T% -r- a i no
tal%K of resistance and the (Ili -ers were
not, upbraideti tori making no miore
objection. Marshal Mason forced his
way throtiLgh the spectators and ino
the jail, and start.ed to aiodress the men
at. work. They sei/ed hini and crowd
Cd him mit of the door. There was
omlv 1n occasional yell, amid ait,)gether
it was :t Iuiet attack on tie jail.
A t rightelled eiero pointed out
I 111shi's cell. Throe tn-n riished in, and
Iouto it, apparenty etytv. They
jorke-i oer 1.1ht, mattresi ati hired it
Ilp. atnd (lilt titbleiI t he legro. lie
hail crawoiui itisile. I Ie was diragged
into the sI Iel, wer 1,' > tfiwl-pwo
ple hlit a3seikaled, ant takel t.1 a
telegraph iole, ott oie of tile most
promient coriers inl the city irectly
in front of thet court, house. An are
light made the street intersection as
liirlt as day. A rope itade ol luilter
str:is.hatt been put around the negro's
When Ihe crotwd stopped at the foot
of the poli- ho asked for Lte to ptav.
T 'he iten sit- , "GIv,e hiim all tile Lime
ri1 wants." lie knelt, down on the
bricks, ant t-gan to pray int a sing
song way. lie would call on 1estts to
come and take his soul and forgive
tile mten who wer murdering hiim,
and then declare that he was innocent.
lie prayed disconnectedly fully ten
iimtites, while a thousand people
crowfed around as close together as
they cotil, many jestitig, and nto one
seeming itpressed with the awfutlness
of the scene.
1inally the spectators began to get
impat,tent. A ian had climbed half
way up the pole, and :tootd in the glare
of the light all th time. "Cit Lhat
short," Ie said. "Ile gave those women
rio tin." oIthers took ill the cry.
Illang him' lie's prayed enough!"
t ey .w'il I.
Ti14 r,p0 was ha tand-if to the mnan on
tI e pole 11-- put it. iver it wite. and
I lie crmvtt diub-. Ile litigr's body,
n.owv naked, sw tinig ip lInto stght four
feet, fremu the grotintd anid fell back.
't he ttegro titteredl no sound. iIe was
Pitt ott t01) of' a cabt, the cabi was driven
tinder the pole, the~ rope fastened to
tite crossarm, the c,.b dlrivent away, and
thet man was hanged till dea I. The
coroner cuit him down.
.Amotng the lyt'chers wats William
\ est, hutsband of' thet second( woman
otiragedh, andt( lIolIa 1)ill, brothter of the
Ii rst wottnan atssautlted.
Ihish was born at, Mason, Miss., in
1860t, lhe said; his father and brother
live there. lie catme North three or
ion tr moniIth atgo, an< Ilihas b'een doIng
i)ddf job'. arountd l)ecattzr about six
wveeks. Monday, it is chaurged, he went
in thet hot 1sc of Mirs. IH. I )ill and comn
tntt ted art assault otn her. Abot 11
o'clock lTuesdayL tiioriniig Jtshi, it is
alliegedI, went, to oh hotise of' Willitam
\ t,ieit. ileis f rotm Decatur, In
Aount Ziton I own'siip, anid Iinding~ the
wlinant atltone, ti raged her in the~pres
tlnef ol her sinall children. She only
stnceeud in es-capinig further outrag~e
by troutimig im money.
IN e ws el the crime spread over the
I owtish ipi, anid farmers dlroflpf'd their
work anid Itiuned ot to hu tnt'the niegro,
whoi, hotwetver, kept in the brush until
h got about, t weinty-livye miles away.
'heta lie came ouIt and was catpturedl.
Iii' atdmittd being at Vest's arid seiz
lng ,Mr.n Vest by the arm "jiust to scare
iher' he, dentedt outraging her. A
nieighor' i'letitied him as having been
cear' the Vest's houise.
It, was thle ist lynching that ever
Occit,#d it Mlacon coilmly. I lundreds
o1 citizens~ 'rouird thre scene today took
it ('ooIy, thouigh they cotiiemrned the
duetd. If. is thought ,hat there will not
be any~ Prosecution.
wiAk K|s v l ri., Ga., ,Juneo i.--Carie
Me'lltae, colored, was seen running up
C2otmierce street with her throat ctit
f roml ear to ear. Shte dropped in tront
of' Merritt & Whijttleld's ha3rdware
store, where she expiredl, ahotit live
mitites after cut,. Will Clements, her
lover, did the cutting in the presence
of her'sist,'r. Tlhe coroner was sent
for, and,( tha jury found a verdict of
murdter mi the Iirst degree against (Me.
mnents. After being cut, the woman
ran at kiit 500 yeards before falling
where she died. it is supposed that
the affalir Was cautsedl from jetilousy.
Cltents escaped, and is stilit at large.
A Itoit froun thae Skies.
- .FlA N KFlORUT, K Y., Junite 5.- -Last
I i ht at the little town o1 Saditzer, tive
miles from Franukfort, Farmner Jamtes
. Iteddin-g, his wit'e and( visitors, Mrs.
. John Lymnan antd Alexand(er Barbour',
-were sitting Onl tl'e front porch, when
aL bolt, of lightning descended on the
dloomed house, instanitly killing Mrs.
ILyman, liedding and Harbour. Mrs.
" tedding, who is in a delicate condition,
ii Was so shocked . that her recovery is
dI hardly possible. T1hiree corpses lay at
heirfeet. The honse was not burned.