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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, November 09, 1893, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026913/1893-11-09/ed-1/seq-4/

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SHOT THE- MAYOR DEAD
AqtER ARr8oN OF -OHICAGO AS
SASSINATED.
roarshots Fired Into ias Body from
BeVoiver-A Deliberutely Plannel
- 91lmeE-The Famous Politftela ani
Leader Dies in a Few Mtntes.
CiaoAco, Oct. 28,-Carter Henr
Harrison, five times mayor of ChIcagc
ex-Congressman, ex-county commia
sloner, editor. canitalist and author, wa
assassinated in his own residence at 23
Bouth Ashland avenue this evening at
o'clock. Three bullets entered his bod
and In less than one hour after the fir
shot was fired death ensued.
The man who did the shootineg we
arrested and locked up %t the Des Pleir
StreetStation. There the man gave bl
name.as Eugene Patrick Prendergas
le was at one time a member of th
Chicago police force.
The Incidents thai led ' 'ip to the kil
Ing show that Is was premeditated at
deberately planned. At 7:50 o'clot
this evenng a -uan ran up the fron
steps ot Mr. Harrison's residence ar
rang the bell. Mary Fanse', the se
vant, answered the bell and the man ou
side asked tor Mr. Harrison. She sa
he would have to wait a moment as M
Harrison was asleep on the sof a in i
parlor. at the same time goinur ha
through the hall to call him, leaving ti
door open.
In a moment Mr. Harrison steppi
from the parlor into the hall. In an i
stant the man had drawn a revolver a
Bred, the shot entering the ahdomu
just above the navel. Two more- hlem
rang out an instant later, the firit.
which entered the mayor's body uitdt
the left arm, penetrating the heart.
Mr. Harrison. when the first Aiot Wil
Hied, had started toward the diir, in
the second shot attuck him whoei withi
a few feet of the assassin. N r I Irr
son was so close to the muzzhe t rit I
volver, when the third sh-t% w; irec
that the bullet shattered onie, ed ih
knuckles of his left hand an i th i A
der burned the flesh.
Mr Harrison's coachm.mi, -b wa. i
the rear of the housewhen hie firsa sli
was flied, ran into the iil iuei fire
three shots at the n1n a< i siart ed ou
4 the front door. The niidlerersiopope
for an instant turned abut -ind rtied i
parting shot at the coach1112m1. lie tIhe
ran down the front steps iiipasse<
rapidly North on Asiland aveteti.
Mayo Hasrisoi, atlir the Iat silf
was fired, stepped into the p:irlw in<
started toward the inmw, rioin. 114
had taken but a few Rteps wn he I'U
Into the butler's paintrv, which led t<
the rear of the boeic. Ilis soi Pre,;ton
who was upstairs at the tte of Ut
shootin , ran down nid was at his falth
er's side in an mis(wit. Mr. Ilarrisoi
said: "I am shot. Ireston, atnd canuo
live, where is Atinie."
Mr. Harrison hastily left his fatherl
side and rushed out upon the street i
pursuit of the assaaBil. Ini the Ileal
tune. Mr. and Mrs. V. .1. Chahc1.L
who live across th'a e. z.o, had starte<
Sen hua.,Vre KUavison residence; as they hak
beard the shootine. They hattily en
tered the house. Mr. Chalmers at onc<
making a pillow of his overcoat, whici
he )laced under Mr. H1arrition's head.
"I have been shot and cannot live,'
said the mayor, as lie gasped for breath
"You wont die," said Mr. Chalmers
"you have only been shot, in the abdo
men."
"No, I have been shot cin the hear
and I know 1 cannot live," was the re
ply.
These were the last words of ti
mayor. He immediately became uncon
scious and died at 3:25. The murderer
pursued by the coachman, ran along
Ashland avenue toward Monroe street
at a breakneck pace. Coming to Moi
roe street, he turned to the East an
started or the city hall. The pursue1
who had been reinforced by the oflice
and several citizens, gaiued rapidly (
their man. On they ran until Des P'laii
street was reached, when the hunt<
man again turned to the North and in
few moments had reached the 1)
Plains street police station, iIe w aike
in and approached the sergeant at LI
desk, Hie was about to speak whi
the foremost ot his ixirsuers ruishe
breathlessly into this station.
"Lock that man up," saidl thed coac
man, "he- has killed Mayor Harrison,
In an instant the sergeant was 01
from behind his desk and catching ho
of the man's arm pulled him within L
wide enclosure as though to preserue h
life from a crowd which was gatherit
with astonishing rapidity. Withoi
waiLing to register the p)risoner, he wa
quickly taken back and placedl behik
the bars. The station was theni cleare
of the excited people1 ahid the sergear
went for a talk with the prisonier.
"My name is Eugene Patrick Prcndei
gast,"~ he said in response to the lire
inquirv.
"Do you know that you have kille<
Mayor Harrison?" asked the sergeant
"Yes, and I am izladl of it." was th,
answer. "Ho promised to give me th
corporation counselahip and lhe has no
kept his word."
"Where (10 you live?"
"At 609 Jane street with my mother,2
said the prisoner.
This ended the interview. The ser
geant at once teleurapihed the centra
station in a fe.w m)ornenis severa
officers from that dlistrtet were at the
station. A patrol Was called after a few~
minutes and tbe puisoner was bioughi
to the central station (hown] town.
Here another examination was held
and the revolver Nhich had beeci taken.
from the murderer at the Des Plaint
Street 8tation was given into the keep
ing of the officer in charge. Shorti y atce
11 o'clock, the pat. oh w as agamn brought
* into requisition f or the pur pose of con.
veylng t,he prisoner to the county jail
The news that the murderer had beerS
apprehended spread rapidly down town
and when the officers emerged from thu
atation in the big county building, the
found a crowd of flearly 500 personi
- assembled abogut the entrance.
The. prisoner was instantl'y brough
back into the station and a consultatio,
held. The officers fearing violence t<
the prisoner, feared to make the tri
and asked reinforcements. A detail c
six officers was summoned and, 11:15
the prisoner, closely guarded, wa
br60ght out of the station, hurrie
-through the long passage to the stre4
pa hustled into the wagon in a jifrf
heoffloers were barely seated beoi
the wn was in motion andI, amid ti
mutrngof the crowd, hurried off
- Xorth fi, where he was lodged in ti
county jail for safe keeping.
Wben sked at the station house wi
,eildthe wayor, Prendergast sal
he would make me corpor
ad he did not do It. That
"~Zuoward, the Aauces
r . D, was In the house
nime VA fal shot was flerd. In
anOt With the wounded myn's
she: wa at once summoned to
and was present when the e
When It became evident that Mr,
rison could not survive his injul
S oulJ live but a few minutes at th
a Miss Howard's grief was pitiabli
Was completely overcome and v
away by friends, who feared
eftect upon her of her grief. 8!
taken in a close carriage to the I
Carver H1. Harrison, Jr., where si
i the night.
s A MATTER OF FINANCE.
oonstruction of Good( it,awid V&lu
V
Both Labor and Cavitat.
At the recent convention
a American Bankers Association i
cago, Ju(tge E. .' Thay-r, of Cl
l Ia.,delivere if an address ipona ti
ject of gtods roads. Mr. Thay
e sidered the subject of good roa
matter of ilnance. In the in
. aid:
d All civilized and semi-barbare
k ti(ins recognize the fact that t
t borer nust h.ive employment.
have been waged to give idl
somiethlg to do. Tjhis republic
gginq in legitiinte enterprises
hias been able to fiirnitsh emvplo,'
d to its great iaass of workingien
r- has not this coItinlent come f,
m face with the labor protlem whi
k old world hassonthi. in vain to
Ie for ceItu11ries? 11ave not the
enteriuos, such as railroads,
1 and the Ialtrig induisftrifug
. ra-hed tihe liinnit of their cap4ci
p1r0litab11eIRss ? Wie11 the natic
eoin (te t) proilp-r and gri
weait I and polul:t 1(i1 1s it not
ing t hat, polit vhwn something I
i tw na ural vourse of things is
tial to r1,i11sh vilmployieit to
As the coiut ry emerges from ih
is which has left a Mas of merit
workiatntin on the shoals in cu
i- .ory idleness and Mvade their j
niest. imeniurable of all who ha,
fered froii1 the business depreast
1, grreatr truth confronts us that tho
em n111ow to solve is how beat t
ish thein employimnt.
While I do not claim to lay
eu.r asoc1tion a SolttioI of th
11: in its entirety, I believe ti
I hat. I havo to sulgg(,st ii of thait
blf 11at1uto thatiL, can be carried
ac somph grand results in that
t ion. (;onservative and reliable
1 ticians est.limate the cost of bd
in this country at more than $21
I 000 per year. 'his vast sum son
nimist lose. Probably it is divide(
( lially atmong all t he peoplein p
I t iol to each individual's expend
I r this reason it is no less a lo
, for this reason the necessity is :
areater for stopping the loss. A
a scheie for saving that an
anot,her for furnishing employi
the idle iillion, and here is a I
worthy the advanced civilization
*age.
It. Is not, a question of increas(
ation, but one of using to ths b
a vantage the money ainnually c<
a uited by the people for road pu
it is wit.h' . 1ounds to put ti
spent each year 'r the maintn
I count ry roads at 880,000,000. As
(I the 380,00j,(00 goes each year Cc
company with the* $250,0K),00
voured by mud. Undertaken
early day in twenty-live years
mile of road commonly used
piblic and made a thcoroiughf
law, save perhaps in the thinly
portion of some of the far -
SStates or in the more mountain
- gions, could be built wIth si
gravel made durable and peru
L always in condition every (lay
-week uponi which a full wagon
produtce or rmerch andise coumld be
> and without the payment of a
. additionahl tax. Skillful financ
andl( intelligent invest ment of the
now paid will do this and tht
principal and interest be liquida
side of five years, putting the
interest at 8% per cent. .Emple
wvill be furnished the surplus 1:
'the land and the money of the
ir kept in circulation, and unprece
ni thrift and prosperity go hand i
is with the prosecution of the we
td lowed by perpetual benefits te
a business interest. This plan, c:
25 ing the borrowing of muoney orl
dl issued by counties or theira
le sions, will meet with but slighi
mn sition when the voter is convinc
3d1 the money will be judiciously at
oinically expended; that It dc
Iimean increase of taxation at
,bring expected results. With t
now In vogue no perFson can lool
to the time when there shall
1(d taxes levied for roadi puirpose
le now. Conitinuo to collect the
is annually levied and use It as
ig t he custom in all the htates and
it enty-flve years there will be no
.s shrow for the taxes paidl than
d now to show for the taxes paih
(1 last sevenity-five y ears,
t Nor (do 1 see aniy reason wi
State should not contribute somr
.to each mile of' road built wit
limits. I would not, however
either the government or tie
build the roads. 'Thlis should I
Iby the counties or their suabdil
.permitting the Intervention
B State so f ar as necessary to sect
a State contribution.
tThe time is rapidly ap)pro
when the saving madle by goot
may be essential for stoppling I
[mal cry (of "overpr'oduiction" an
ble0 America to continue to f
food and( raiment to foreign coin
lRob mud of the millions it 1ev
the people and conduct that vas
Into the pockets of the farme
wage-earnier, the producer at
consumer and the republuic wvill
Its annual resources a wvealth eq
oneO half the mineral products
Ilandl. With good roads tray
every school district aind leading
villagea&ndI townis the serious qui
how to prevent the depopuiati
he count,ry and t he congestion
cities will be sett led to the adva
andi welf are ot every interest kno
American genius and American
prise.
Olome of the Fair,
CnruAoo, Oct.3:0-The World
has ended. This evening was to
been one of gayet.y and dazzling
ancy, but the death of Mayor lH
,cag allwi that1. Thae total paida
ance at the Fair from the openii
and including to-day was 21,458 9
vIied as follows: May, 1,050,o31
2,,75,113; July, 2.760,263; Aug. 3.I
'i September, 4,6158.902; Oct. 6,7
,The total admissions on passes, I
a Ing the employees of all kinds,
d itors, concessionaires, etc, has
t 5,953,818. To-day's admissions r
-* a total or 242,575, of which
-e paid._____
e Worosaled by a Bheriff.
0CuAELotrn, N. C., Nov.
tosec th Rith rfsay.: Fort mue
night to lyach WiimrDe
.They dispersed on findin&tattil
a- 1fi' anticipating their vi 6 ha4d
'a the prisoner away, lHe was ta
to Mhelby and to night was br<
of Charlotte for safe-keeping.
at the TlE FINAL VOTE
accord
request
his side BY WHICH THE SENATE REPEALI
I came, THE SHERMAN ACT.
Har
:ies and
a most, Cleveland, Ito Usual, Carries his Polut a
3. Shte SlIver is Given a Black Eye-The Vc
F l tood Forty-three to Thirty-two for t
Is was 15111.
ome of WASHINGTON, Oct 30.-The galle
ies were crowded today when the Sent
met. A roll call showed the presen
of 13fty-two Senators. As soon as ti
Vice preeident entered the ch-Imber;
mlo for 11 Ia. n.. he announced that the Sena
resumed its session and that House b
No. 1 (the si'ver purchase repeal bil
of tie was now before the senate. Ilunton
n Chi- Virginia expNined briefly the situatic
inton, which he occupied on the repeal bil
0 sill- le subscrihed in good faith to the C1
Er con- cavo platform, which demAndedI the r
Is as a peal of the Sherman law. He shou
Ain he vote for its repeal. But he stood rea<
to join his silver friends in a fight I
ust na- silver and should strive earnestly al
le la- manfully for victory.
Wars Cameron read a statemen t as to I
by en- position and gave his views on the bi
alone., Morgan then took the floor. While
rment was speaking, and as the hour (2 o'cloc
. But susmested for taking the final vote a
lee to proached many of the memheri of t
cl the other house, including Sprinver, Blan,
solvt Fellows and Geissenheimer, et ered Li:
largi r chamber and either to-, k seats wice
mines, happened to he vacant, or stood aronn
nearly at the rear of the Democratic side. Ti
ty and t-alleries were so cro vded that the outt
n may doors were hpseged by men and womn1
w ill watchinv their chance of itd nisRion. At
reach- so the diplomatic'111lery had to yield I:
essen- its ordinary excliisivene4s and to adM
labor? favored persoingee. iceludiniv Mrs Ca
e Cris- lisle. The two rows in the ladv's _,na
orions lry which are set apart for tie Le<
mputl- the Presidentl's faily were also lu!l.
lot the Al. 2:30 Morsaan was PtIll sP a4ir
Ve siuf- with no indientions of 11k hiin-inv b)
on tht p ieech to a close. The. tinco-t ajt iv 4
3 prob- the. tine at which the final votini wou
o fur- c(ime was :ich that. all the iemibers
the other house witlhdrew from the Set
before ate chamber. Volrhees showed sivi.
qlhfls of imp'itience ail bit] idi erviews wit
f'Dani Jones of Nevada and other anti repe
0t11 to Snatrs. But Moranl heded not an
,direc. went, on with his Apeech as if' there wt
statis- n need of lurrvint. At 2:40 Mor-(a
roads 11id tit ie had no-v finished what 1
i0,00),. had deqirel to read tho Senate. le ha
iwsbody 1(repared it becatuc ie had not wishe
I quite (:i his ,tate of health) to make el'orl
ropor- io an extemporianeous address. le le
ifures. the subject with the knowledge that th
s, an(I die wis cast.
Ill the Vest then sproe briefly, closing wit
Ad to a declaration that the issue in the ney
101n1-t, political ca-utaign would be cquahlt
>roject among the people, justice to all met
of the no monopolV in iminina and centraliz,
tion im tinances. Cockrell and Carc
td tax- occupied the time until 4:15. Then fo
est ad lowed Wolcott im; Dubois. At ',e clot
)nt rib- of' Dubois' renin ka, t!. .3 was a bri
rpases. lull in the Sw~ :, ani the Vice Pree
o stinm dent %._,unced Lat the Voorhees bi
ice of was befire the Senate an(1 open i
a rule amendment. Pasco immediately mov(
keep to take tip the amedment of which 1:
D de- gave notice last Saturday to appoint
at inl comm11Uission of three to establish a rat
ver betwet. n gold and silver by the first do
ote 01 J'anuary next, after which silver do
iettled lars are or a weioht ixed by the Seer
estern tary of the Treasui-y, and to beh a IeY
aus5 re- tender. This amendment, Pasco sai
one or was in orderi, unless there was any oti
anent, or amendment to precedle it.
in the At this point Stewart hurriedly onto
oad of ing the Sena to from the lobby, in th:
laulod rear of the i)residling officer, said amida
dollar laughter: "I have another amendment.
1ering Stewart p)roposed an amnendmeat, redu<
itaxes ing the amount of gold in the colnat
I cost, twenty-five per cent., so that the amour
raeof od in th tandard dollars should 1
yment nineteen and thirty-five one-hundret.
ibor of grains. The.amendment, was negativ
people without a division.
dented Thee Pasco's amendent for a cor
n hand mission to establish a new silver rat
Irk, fol- was rejected biy a vote of twenty
every forty-seven. In a brief interlude Gra
ibody- from the Committee on Foreign Rel
bonds tions, rep)orted1 tile House bill amendi1
ubdivi- the Geary Chine.se restrIction law. Pi
edPPOu kinsa (Rep.) of California asko-d that t
d econ- bill be made t,he special order for uc
es not Wedniesday, but on objection l)y HIoa
1d will that the sulbjeoct was too imiportant t,o
lbe plan disposed of thus hast.ily, it, was sent,
C ahead calendar, where it can be reached by
be less majioril y vote.
s thatn The Vice President again said t
amouint Voorhees bill was before the Saiate a
is now 0open to aimenidment, but the expect,at,i
in scy- of ai speedV voi.e was again dashe
no to .Jones, of Nevada, exp)ressinig his e
,here is tremoe hesitation anti reluctance to aga
I in the ask the indulgence of the Senate, said
by the would p)roceedl as raily as5 Possible
ething conelt.de the argument he commenc
hini it two weeks ago and interrupted on F
,have day last. At 6:25 IIarris interrupt
I Stale Jonesn to make a mxotion to adilourn U
Ie done til 11 o'clock t,o-morrow. IIarris start,
risions to amue hisa mot,ion and was called
of the; order by Voorhees, .vho insisted th
Ire thei his motion to ady>aura was not deba
able. IHarris was per1sistenit, hioweve
aching and continued talkinig until Voorhee
I roads by uinanlimouis coiusenlt, made a stati
lie dis- mont in which lie uired Senators to r
:1ir ma!n unitil the vole wais finailly takei
ntries. IIarris was taken. fr-om lisa feet by Jone
les oin win declined to yield fucther, and wei
t sum on with his speech.
r, the AL f6:45 Jones finished h,is speech at
:1 the ['effer be-gan . praking, sa ving lie wotul
sdd to occujo onily (ift -c0 minutes of the tum
ui to eof the S.enate. ie was exact as the tim
I)f the tiniisninig a., 7 o'clock. llarris spoke te
ersing minutese, and1( was followed by Stewair
to the who heuzan withu the prefactory remar
Cstion , bt. "thie die is c -''" Stewart closed o
n f7:40, aiid then t.he Vice-Presidenit state
of t,h at if no further amendment wias offecre
wng tothe vote wouil. now 1)e taken on thi
enter- enlgrosameint i aid thiirdl readling of the bil
That, was az'-eed to without a divisioi
and then the e te wa.s taken by yeas an
~ arnays on the tassage of the bill a
avare mnde and i,was passed-yeas, 42
brill'- nava, 32; as fobuows:
rrso Yeas: Aldrich, Brice, Caftery, Can
.ttend- den, Carey, Cullom, Davis, D)ixor
day Dolph, Faulkner, Frye. &allinger, Gi1
10, dl. soni, (iorman, Gray, Hale, Hawley, Hlis
.line, izins, Hill, Hoar, lHimton, Lindsaj
115493; Lodge, McMillan. McPherson, Mandel
99,102. son. Mills, Mitchell oh Wisconsin, Moi
nielud- rill, Murphy, Platt, Proctor, Qua:
exhib- Rtan..on, Sherman, Smith, Squirl
beenl Stockbridge, Turpio, Vilas, Voorheet
3hiiWashburn, and White of L'>uisiana.
Nays: Allen, Bate, Berry, Blackburi
Butler, Call, Cockrell, Cameron, Cok
1.--A Daniel, Dubois. Geo0rge, Harris, Ieb:
i went Jones of Arkansas, Jones of Nevadi
all last Kyle, Martin, Pasco, Peffer, Perkm
i negro Pet.tigrew, Power, Pugh, Roach, Shoul
ose-Stewart, Vance, Vest, Waltball, ai
Pe ue Th olwn were the pairs: Mitel
>aght to eli and Allison. Chandler and White
mer and Hansbrough, Gordon and
Morgan. As soon as the vote was an
nounced, 7:59 p. m., the Senate ad.
D Jouruned until to-morrow at noon.
To-morrow the Secretary of the Senate
will appear at the bar of the House with
d a message Informing that body that the
bill has been passed, with an amend
to ment and requesting the concurrence of
the House in that amendment. The
message and bill may remain on the
Speaker's desk until it is convenient to
r- have It laid before the body; or It, may
be referred to a committee; or the Senate
te amendment may be concurred in with
co out reference to any comminttee and by
ie a direct vote of the House. Not only
it was, the repeal bill brought to a termina
te tion to day, but so also was the abuor
III mally long legislative day of Tuesday,
1) the 17t' of October. The Senate will
of meet to-morrow at noon ond the session
n will be opened with prayer and the
1. usual formalitie i.
An Important Decision.
Id ANDERSON, S. C., Nov. L.-Judge
Wallace has just delivered an oral
or opinion on the bench, upholding the
constitutionality of the Despensary
Act. The case was an indictment
against John O'Donnell for selling
is liquor and keeping a place for selling
11. liquor. (Y)onell was represented by
te Messrs. Murray & Varkins, Tribble &
k) Prince, Blease & Blease and Winter &
p- Simpson. The State was represented
1c by Solicitor Ansel and Mr. J. E. Brea
1, zeal.
c When the case was called yesterday
b afternoon the detence interposed a de
murrer to quash the indictment on
three grounds: first, that the selling of
r liquor was no offense under the Dis
pensary Act; second that if it was an
n offenso, no bunishment was provided;
. and third, that the Act was an Act to
.P raise revenue ami was unconstitutional.
it 1,ong and strorig arguments were made
r to sustain h se grounds by Nirsses
I- Prince, Tribble, Cole Blease, Murray
)f and Whitner They made extensive
use of Judge Hudson's Columbia decis
ion and argued their side leirnedly and
we;l.
Against them came arguments by
Mr Breazeale and Mr. Ansel, which
were clear and brief and confined strict
ly to the law. The argument on both
sides occupitd the evening session yes
s terday and part of this forenoon.
h .ludge Wallice at once delivered orally
a carefully prraparen and unmistakable
decision, overruling the demurrer and
s sustaining the Dispensary Act as cleary
n constitutional.
e IIe held that selling liquor, except
(1 as provided in the Dispensary Act, is
(.1 an effense against the law.
8 Second, that the Act makes such an
i offense a misdemanor and that the
e court can inflict a penalty therefor, un
der Sectlon 2663 of the Statutes. Third
t hat the Act Is clearly constitutional.
In deciding the third point, he was
very emphatic that the purpose of the
Y Legisla, ure in passing the Act was to
1; rest rict the sale of liquor. le opposed
t- Judge Iludson'Q i that the purpose
v was to --...se revenue and held that the
1- :aisig of revenue was only incidental.
ie lie held that the Act was one to regu
3f late and restict the traflic in liquors
i- for the public good and was without
1 doubt a proper exercise of the police
o power of the State. He said that most
d of the objections to it where as to the
question of the wisdom or the unwis
dom of the Act, with which the courts
at have nothing to do; that was for the
0 people, who by the bellot-bdx can
V correct mistakes in Ilegislation, if they
- think there are mistakes.
C- As for him, he was clearly of the
ft opinion that the Act was honestly
I, intended( to diminish drunkness and
-the other evils arising from the liquor
trailic, and he was bound to say that
..- from his ownobservatiot it was accom
e phshing its purpose. The motion was
overruled, notice of intention to appeal
,,was given and, on mftion, the case was
continued to await the dlecision of the
Supreme Court.
The Worat is Over.
e BauNswIcK, Ga , Oct. 29.- Only
as seven new cases of yellow fever were
d reported today. Five of the new pa
tients are whites, viz: Maggie McInarny
1M.iE. G reens, Thomas Hendricks, Mrs
A. No Douglass and Mrs. R. Farmer.
to deaths have occurred. T wenty-sev
en patients were discharged, four of'
awhom are whites: Mrs. Henry Cox,
aMary Ferguson, J. B. Gunning and ID.
1 . Gunning. The weather today has
been~ cool., and toniht it is coil. The
coo wa ve is expected to last only a
rsh'rt while, and frost is not expected
to come before November 15.
to Surgeon Murray sends the four New
a Orleans p)rofessional nurses home to
morrow as he thinks the epidemic can
enow be handled w'hout them. One
dphysician left, tonight, for home, sickneso
Mlin his family hastening his departure.
Sa8.rgeon Miurray has requsted Surgeon
General W yman to let Surgeon Carter
come to help him, If Surgeon Ca ter
Scomes, Surgeon Murray will devote a
to great deal of his time to act.ive p)ractiLc,
lWhile the backbone of the epidemic
seems broken, tho danger is not yet
3d over, andl non-immunes are not allowed
to return. Bloth waiters in Wallace's
restaurant were stricken todlay while
oserving dinner and had to be sent home.
IL Ssna,tor Iitlier's 14de4.
r, tor lhi'ler has itroduced a bill in the
a, Senate which has for its object the
y. establishment of a g3vernment, owner
e.' ship for telegraph lines. Th'le hill dl
1 rects the o)rganization of a board to
a consist of t.he decretary of State, the
secretary of war andl the po'stmaster
genierai who are direct,ors to arrange a
s3 stein of trunk lines, connecting the
variou1 sections of the country with
the city of' WashIngton with such c.n
nections along these lines as shall best
serve public goo<d. This system is to
ni te carried on as part ot the postal sys
U. tem of the country, and discilmination
k in rates is provided against, except
,t that a lower rate Is allowed for a press
dI message than for current business.
dj The carrying on the telegraph business
a, by) individuals, or corporations is uot
prohibited The bill is voluimnous and
dleal largely With details of ho,v the
d lines shia libe connected. An appropri
Ration of live millions of dollars is made
to begin with.
Takes Her Own Life.
WVASINGTON, Oct. 27.--Miss Daisy
Garland, age(1 23, (daughter of ex-Attor
'ney General Gariand, committed suf
cide at her home here this afternoon by
shooting herself through the head with
her father's revolver. There was noth
ing in the young lady's condi tion to in
dicate any mental disturbance, and she
,conversed with the family in regard to
,a theatre party which she was to give
.to-night. Afterward she went to her
- room and ate luncheon. When one of
the tamily went to call her, the young
2, lady was found lying on the floor dead.
a, The body was still warm, indicating
r, that the shot had been fired only a
short time previous, although no one
in the house heard the shot. Miss Gar
land is the young -lady who recently
lef t home mysteriously and who was
hfound in Baltimore three days after
wards. Miss Garland's friends say
I- that she has been subject to mental
of aberration and lately has been suffer
i1- [ing with religious melanchonia
THE PHOSPHATE TROUBLE.
Farmers' Company Sends Notice of teadt
neps to .:8umue.
COLUM1BIA, 8. C., Oct. 31.-The trou
ble about the phospliate industry,caus.
ed by the August hurricane, still con
tinuei to be a matter of the greatest
public interest to the parties concerned
as well as to the people at large, and
the final outame is awaited with the
greatest degree of interest. Yesterd ay
one of the large companies notilled
Governor Tillman, as chairman of the
State board of phosphate commission.
era, that his company was once more
ready to resume operations, and asked
some very pertinent questions which
are of vital importance to all the phos
phate miners. This is the letter and it
is self-explanatory:
OR1ANGEnIUnL, Oct. 29, 1893.
Governor 13. R Tillman:
I saw published In the Charleston
News and Courier of the 16t.h of Sep.
tember last a set of resolutions claimed
to be adopted by the phosphate com
mission assembled at ]Jeaufort. I have
never received any oflicial notice from
the board of its action, which I have
been expectimr until yesterday. I re
ceived a letter informing me Mr.Broth
erhood hadl rect ived a communication
of some sort., but did not. say what it
was.
I commenced work Immediately. after
the storm, and now I am ready to go
to work with one dredge. 1 ilo not
know what the companies are going
to do. I do not under3tand the reso
lutions exactly.
The point is if the "armers' Compa
ny alone goes to work nid guaranteks
its proportion of the $75,000 will it, be
entitled to all the benetits mentioned
by thf board ? We presume this to be
the meaning, but betore proceedining in
so importait a im-vt,er wish olicial as
surance that we are correct.
Another paint is, does the board ex
pect or require an unconditional gtiar
antee, or woul(l the des tction of our
plant by fire or storm for instance,
which have got to be quiet common
now, operate as a release for a pro rata
portion acc.)rding to the time of such
accident. We have just succeeded in
turning over and raising our dredge
Delaware, and she is reported as being
a wreck and not reonirable. We are
ready with 'he Columbia and her wash
boat to go to work, and beg tie ftvor
of a reply at the earliest onvenioncti
of the board. Most respectfillv s:ib.
mitted. PAUL S FELDE[t.
President Farmers' Mining Company,
Orangeburg, S. C.
Governor Tillman at once wrote the
following in reply, which, in view of
the present status of the phosphate
trouble, will be of the greatest interest
to the otht-r miners and the people:
COLUMBIA, S. C.. Oct. 30, 1893.
Paul S. Felder, Esq., President Farm
ers' Mining Company, Orangeburg,
S. C.:
Dear Sir-Yours of the 27th received
and contents noted. The resolutions
published in the News and Courier of
the 17th ot September last are oflicial;
and are binding on the board of phos.
phate commissioners. The resolutions
are plain enough, but to remove all
possibility of doubt or misunderstand
ing I will state:
1. Only those companies can avail
themselves of a reduction of the royal
t) of fifty cents per ton, on the rock on
hand August 27, or mined and sold up
to the 1st of January next, which noti
fy us in writing between now and the
15th of November of the acceptance of
the conditions imposed In those resolu
tions. The companies which do not
accept must pay the royalty as hereto
fore at the rate of $1 05. If all do nou
accept then the royalty will be collect
ed at that rate and a rebate of 55 cents
a ton given those who agree to resume
operation.
2. During the year 1894 the State
must set apart $75,000 in phosphate
royalty to redeem the new bonds. Un
til that amount is raised the royalty on
the rock mined next year must con
tinne, at the same rate prevailing at
the time the contract with the bond
holders was made, viz: $1.05 per ton on
dried rock and after said amount of
$75,000 has been received all the rock
mined during the year 1894 will be
free of charge.
Should the amount of rock minded
next year be less than 75.000 tons the
royalty will remain as heretofore.
Should any of the companies drop out
of business tihe $75,000 to be raised will
tie prorated among those companies
continuing to mine, which notify us
of such purpose by the 10th day of
Jantuary, 1894.
In brief: To get the re:luctlon on the
rock on hand or mined up to January
next we must have written notice by
the 15thi of N~ovember, 1893; to get the
red uction on rock mined next yea.r, we
must have notice lay the 10th of Janu
ary, 1894, of intention to resume. We
will not rc(Juire a guaratntee of the
$75,000, but cannot redumce the royalty
during the year 1894 unatil that sum
has been paid in. You can undlerstandi
the dlifiiculty of making any lixedi rule
to govern thme concessions we wish to
make unless all the companies accept
the conditions offered. The trouble is
we are hampered by the contract with
the bondholders, arnd cannot change
the conditions existing at the time t.he
bonds were issued without breaking
faith with them, the reqluest made by
the comp)anies for a reduction to 50
cents for live years is not to he consid.
eredi because the price might go lip and
t.hen thme State would have no share in
the rise. The miners shiouild know that
the State cannot aflord to oppress them
andl that our successors on the board
couldl and donubtle-ss would consider
the situation which imay then exist and
act wisely anti just.ly towards them.
If they cannot truist 'he State they can
riot in reason ask the State to trust
t.htm. Y ours resp)ectfually.
ii. hi. TI LLMA N.
so far none of the other cornpanies
have sent any intimation of their in
tentions in the matter, to Governor
TI'llmaan, and the situation Is just ats
much unsettled flow as it was beore
the meeting of tI:e board. FTe Gover
nor say s t hat he has sent the miners
his ultiumatumn and that the board Is
powerless to dJo more than it has done.
If the companies (10 not "speeify"
within the time indicated in the Gov
ernor's letter given above, then the
matter will be referred to the Legisla
ture In aIccordialce with the views of
Governor Tilhnain, which have already
been fully explained.
Giulty of Murder.
ANDERsoN, S. C., Oct. 28-Argu.
ments in the Sullivan-Gilreath murder
case were begun this morning alt 10
o'clock and closed at 7:30 tonIght.
Eight arguments were made. Solici
tor Anisel opened for the State, and was
followed by Col. Perry, for the defense;
Judge Melton closed for the defense and
Col. Earle for ,the iState. The argu
mnents were all very flue. Judg~e Wal
laces charge occupied about forty fiye
minutes, and was a clear and lull expla
nation of the law. The case WeL., to
th6~ jury at 8:30. A fter being out one
hour and a half, they brought in a ver
dict of "guilty." The. defendant hoard
the verdict with no preceptible change
of expressiop. A motion far a new
trial was entered anid will be argued
Monday.
Planes and Oegasu.
Now is the time to buy summer plan
825 cash balance November 15th 1898.
Will buy a Piano at spot cash price $10
cash, balance November 15th 1893.
Will buy a organ at spot cash price.
See the list to choose from. Steinway
Mason & Hamlin, Mathushek and Stir,
ling Pianos, Mason & Hamlin and
Stirling Organs. Fifteen days test
trial and freight both ways if not satis
factory. A large lot of nearly new and
second hand Pianos and Organs at bar
gains. Good as new. Write for prices
W.N. Trump, Columbia, S. C. *
1893. 1893.
25th Annual Fair
-OF
T HE TA
GRICULTURAL
A .........
-AND
M ECIIANICAL
S0IETY
-OF
SOUT1 AROLINA
WILL BRE HELD IN THE CITY
OF COLUMBIA
NOVEMBER 6T7H TO 1TH".
-0
ENTRIES FOR COMPETITION MUST
BE MADE NOT LATER THAN
OCT. 26.
AT W11ICH DATE ALL ENTRIES
WILL CLOSE.
-0
The success of former exhibitions Is a
guarantee that the coming Fair will not be
less interesting and successful than in the
past.
It Is at these annual exhibitions that all
of our people have an opportunity to wit
ness the increased interest In stock raising,
samples of the products of the farm, and
the farm implements which go very far to
lighten the labor of the husbandman.
The Railroads in the State will eharge
their usual rate3 of freiAht on exhibits one
way, returning them free. This should
not deter our people from being liberal ex
hibitors, who receive in the way of premi
ums about 86,000 annually. This fact
alone should encoltrage a very liberal dis
play of all classes of exhibits.
The City of Columbia as in the past will
use all possible means to entertain vIsitors
at lowest ra'es, and to furnish entertain
ments for their amusement and edifica
RACING.
Unusual and encouraging enquiries are
being rccelved that the meeting will be a
full one, and that the purses offered wil be
vlgorously contested for.
L O S T,
A GREAT DEAL OF TIMit AND
M~VONEY
On Worthless PreparatIons for Pain.
POrIND,
A cURE FOR
RHEUMATISM AND NEURALGIA,
CUTS, SORES,
BRUISES, SPRAINS,
AND LAMENESS.
T RY T. X. L.
It always relieves pain when properly
applied.
Sold b)y all Druggists at
TWENTIY-Fvlr I.ENTS.
Prepared b)
T.X. L. COMP ANY,
230 Main Street, COLUM BI A, .C
Rice Planters and Rice Millers can
buy a single machine that will clean,
hull arid polish rice ready for market
for $350.00.
Corn Millers can buy t,he best French
arr miii. n iron framei, fully guaran
.-.ed, cipe~ Ity ten busbels meal per
hour, for $115.00.
Saw Millers can buy the variable
f,lction feed DeLoach Mill from
$190.00 up to the largest aizi.
Also Gang Rip Saws, Edgers, Swling
Sa ws, Planing Machines, and all kinds
of wood working machinery.
"Talbott" Engines and Boilers.
Special discounts made for cash.
V. C. BA DDAM,
COLU MBI A. S. C.
OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
L4 G. Conser, M. D., ~Pykae
B. L. WYMAN, M. D., . Phscas
For the treatment of Inebriety, Opie mn
(Morphine, Chloral) and Codaine Uiseases,
Tobacco Habit and Nervous Exhaustlon
by the methods of Leslie U. Keeley, V. D.,
[L. L. D., Surgeon Chieago and Aiton Ra I
way and formerly Snrgeon U. 5. Army,
For literature or farther information
please address
THE KEELEY INSTITUTE,
.O00LUMEIA, 8.0C.
PADGETT PAYS THE FREIGH?
Why Pay ritrsme PrIoes for Coods I
'and for (atalogue and See Whtat You Can Sml
uitw, all prilos.
$9 o $37
Justc 1111 7nduce thoim.
No freight puid oih ills Or
gan. uanra,itoel .o be a
urpan or monoy re.
FUOded.
Ilegat I'itahi PARLOR HU ITH, consisting
of 14ofa, Arim u'halir, itocking Chtir, Divan,
Iatld 2 vite Chai rh -wo*rt h1 $45. Will delival
it to your depot for *88.
This No.'
COOKING
STOVE
-, i with 21
pieces of
ware will
be deliver.
.0i * ?hd to you&
onl 12
reg lar
price15.
A 0 MEWING MACMDVI
W all attitcit--e nt, lor
-ON irY $18.50
delvere to your depot.
)I& reinhr prie of this
The mNnufnei r'r p: f ill
the expoi!m" 1.", I mel,i 1 'ail
to ot for A-..13.70
an guaranten every one a
Xaran. No freight paid to
on i Buggy - ..
A *0 03 PIANG
delilvre a t y ir t ien't
f 4righ 1 p.11 for k)90
11etnol for enoi,14-g, o uot iiiire,'Cookinit
Mtoves, StIby C aroip.s. 14<4-Yelem. Organs, Pi
ano 'ea st. Iin . i,ampS, &c., And
SAVE~ A10-4N. Add1refas
L.F.PADGETT"It"ca'aTr
BUU a Fortune
oi installments.
Secure an EQUITABLE POLIC1
and you have purchased a fortune
on installments to be delivered to
your family at death, or to your
self at the end of fiftee4n or
twenty years. You secure the
prize and run the race of lif6
free from. anxiety and care.
Your mind is free, your capital
is free, and a fortune is secured
to your family. An
EQUITABLE
POLICY . . .
is exactly adapted to your needs.
Get one. For particulars address,
W. J. RODDEY, MANAGER,
FOR THE CAROLINAS,
ROCK HILL, S.'.
TO
F AR M ER Si
AND
MVANUFACTURERS:
As: a matter of business Interest 1a you
and ourselves we ask you to allow us the
privilege of making estimates upon any
machinery you may wish to buy before
placing your orders elsewhere.
Our facilities and con nections with mnan
ufacturers are such tihat we can: quote on
the same goods as low prices as are obtain
able In America. It is but a narrow mind
that would pass by the home dealer to pay
an equal or greater price to a foret.'
dealer or manufacturer.
Only give us the opportunity and we wi a
serve you to advantage, and keep at hoine
a small part of the money which is going
iway from our 8tate to enrich othlex'&
W!. H. Gibbes Jr., & C1.
COLUMBIA. S. C.
03ARRIAGE j OBES. ... ....
In former years 1 have endeavored to
present to my customers the latest and
most approved patterns of these goods from
which to select their purohases.
I have no hesitation in saying that I have
this season surpassed all former efforts and
show with confidence the most elegant line
e".r offered in ColumbIa.
I urge all In need of. such goods. to call
early before the stock In broken.
My stock of Harness, Saddles, Bridles
WhIps, etc., is large and thep are offered
at prices that defy competition.
J . g. .DU N N ,
188 MAIN( ZTREET.
rnO.LUnBIA n8n

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