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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, November 30, 1893, Image 4

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INTERESTING SATISTICS ON THE
LUNATIC ASYLUM.
An Unpublished Portiou of t-e Report
of the Board of R -enta of Thia Inast tu.
tion-The Appropriation Asketd fol
Next Year.
Only a part of the annual report ol
the regents of the State lunatic asylum
was published last week Many por
tions of the rep)rt yet Unpublished ar(
of deep interest to the pumlio.
For the fiscal year 1893 94 the follow
Ing appropriation for the int.titution tj
asked of the Legislature: For nmain
tenance, $100 000; mileage and perdien
of regents, 81,500; sanitary improve
ments, a1,000, and a detail of cou victs
82,500. It appears that in 1889 thi
Legislature appropriated "50 for thi
education of feeble-minded children
This money was drawn out of thi
State treaqury and placed in baik an(
never used. Permission is asked t4
use the money for sanitary purposes ii
addition to the amount named.
During the year closed 315 new pa
tients ware admitteA, 160 white aw
155 colored. The whole number unde
treatment was 1,109. The total dis
charges including deaths, nunmberet
850. O1 those discharged 77, or 24 p#
cent on admissions, were discharget
recovered; 17 much improved; 22 in
proved and 13 unimproved. The cis
tom of sending out patients on proba
tion whenever their condition jusiie
It has been continued as in forie
years. By this method 133 patiet
ave been sent out during the year an,
29 were brought over from last year
making a total of 162. Of thi- 1iin
ber, one white woman was returni d a:
relapsed and 37 are still out on I ii i I
Twelvepatients eloped. In soic in
stances this was due to carelesiness oi
attendants, who were promp-ly dih
charged.
The number of deaths was 17 twor<
than last year and the samne s Ihe ip
vious year. Our large mori th,y 1 .- n
to the causes which have twt i d&%, It
upon at length in former r 11 's, i1
monary tuberculosis lealm,,n IIw li,.
Thirteen patients died of c 0 v-s
lysis, 11 of senile exhausti , ' ot
epilepsy,7 from exhaust,oin r1' 11
mania and 7 from acute nwa enI
of general tubereulosis :d i t
from chronic mania, 6 vach.
.IMP ROVi1401. NTs .
.peaking cf the- 1 .-(r, t's
w ch have been made wi re p.r,I)t) :
The sanitary cond itin f i t ho .a
has been improvel by pllacin dIrs,
either slatted or scrtened % ih heavy'
wire, through the old) :r h4in, ad in
the white female ward, ini son- jf
the male wards oI iw ne.v sy %hsn
The water closets in uie iivw a1 i1
have been ventilatiId 11N i1 a0
windows. Four iow Water closet
have been adfied I o tII- vn11 .set Ion I r
the depart ment i)or bite n,-ji. Th
pantry sinks haiive lt 1rappi d aid
ventilated. The irnaceies oive all m
dergone repairs. Six \\ aiIs in I he new
asylum have been Iainted. A(Ijoining
the kitchen a sjcial iioosv ha, w.o
built for washhi g and prepriinm v.e
tables. A new s,wini room wa.4 ii t ti
up for white women at I lie old asm ini.
A well ventilated buildirg for stillii
clothes from the fetitoe warls oifi te
new asyltin has i, en ertwe
OCCUPATION ANJ t'siu-.N i:NTs.
A carelti)ppre e-sw'li .. ws
that a daily avtrage of auribti, forly
per cent. ot our I)al tents are viiwaqedf
in some useful occipation. 'lie work
shops, sewing roomis and1 in rin not cnly
provide emWph'yinent tor Hte til Hs
but their wiork IA' tihese dc e ii u.ms
.preto rednie~ try miate'riahly tne ex
SEi'iebof h o,ettit u t iin.
During'th~e ai nmmer the experimen4rt
of e mploylng somle al e-bod 11( pation 1s
at brick miaking~ was atinmp'e-d withI
partial success. Abtouit -iopo bK ri-k
were made. 4)sing to ti. iiilri,r
quality of t he clay anid 'hti p4rmiitiv,
mnethodls empljttod, onily stecondi rat
brick we- re ode. Thew re-sil of then
experiment sh1e w, hiowever, whfat can
be done by emnp;oymgt. dinemiel pIL
tients for i ntew hiours a dav. With
good clay -ii501 Cn som etachinery hetter
results could be txpre'tted.
The report of tic farmt by the s'e w
art, Mr. J. W. Ihmeih, is licrewit h ap.
peuded. While thet restuts on the
whole are inot so satisfactory aus t hey
were last year, yet conisidering~ t ho un
favorable seuts)ins they aru at least,
creditable.
The esti matedl imarlot value. of tt
prodiucts of the I arm for thle year Is
826,49203, andi tecost of i betr, fe-rtif
izers, &e., was $11t,5891 U. I hui di vmzg a
proflt, of 14,9103 Ll, or 855.16~ per acre Ior
the 175 acres under culivationi.
The ont. and( corii c!rops were shot
yielding 1,100 busftels of (oat H and( 2.500'
bushels of corn. Thfe supply of v.-r
tables during the 8:a mme1r ~was stum
cient for the needs of thte institution.
The farm supplied 1,175 bushels (of
corn, which was ground on thet pre-m
fses, tus providiing licarijy all the thea I
used for the t ienits. Thew tatbulapted
statement of the yield of milk f.m tn Ihe
dairy shows that I11,713 (1uar1ts were
supplied, which at a marxaet. valute ofi
8 cents per quart amounts to 89,577 (ii.
This excellent showing f romi it- dairy
is due to the food1 valuet o1 cinsifage. (it
which a large stock was put uIp fist
year and uised for the herd wint er and1(
summer. The supptly on ensilage ior
this year has beeni nearly doubled,
about 550 tons being n-ow in the pits.
DiSPosAl Lt or wA(l1.
For some years the seew ae o f thet
institut ion has been emiled b31ly way
of Smith's branch into broad lRiver
Since AprIl all the 5JwageO oft lhe ilisi
tution has beer used to irrigate twen
ty acresi of the asylum Jariu. T1he sys
temn of surface irrigatiou has been ein
ployed, because I he elevatfd I tcation~
of the main sewer and the saud char
acter of the soil seemed especialljy f' v
orable to this methed. lt is est imateni
that a daily avei atge of 45,000 ,pions
of sewage are distributed "In the farm.
1No storage or sy pon tanks or (tther
kindsof receptatcles have been u el.
To prevent ove~r sat" itionl of the sil
and washouts has reqt.ired the i-mp 3oe'
ment of one mran to uirect. the' se '-a'e
stieam by trenches th rough the grow
ing crops. 1n this manner the fo110ow
ngkinds of produce have been irriga
-ed Con, tomat ois andi Cibtage.
COST OF PATlENT1S
has been 30I.4 centspe ayea or p.80
per annum.
The following table gives ihe annul
per capita for the last ten days
1888 84....... -..$ 4 7
188--6-----------....... 146.34
'-'-----------------.....111271
188887-------.---.---......... 73IW
878........................ 140h
1888 89...................... 137 47
18890.................... 1310
199.......... ...... ........ 132.11
1892 93..................... 132.80
RELIGIOUs 8IERVICES.
According to thear angements made
last year and mentioned in the last a
port, ohapel services bave beca held in
turn by ministers of the Bapttst, (d18
copa!, Methodist and Presbyteri.n Ed.
nominations. During the year Rev.
Dr. Elilison Capers, Rtev. Dr. William
Capers. Mr. M iorer and Mr. Roberts(
lave Ufr.*tpd. R-v. &. R Mitcht
haScond ted the funeral services
patients who were buried hero.
-- PATIENTS BY COUNTIES.
More patteuts havo oeenTj ddmitt,
from this county during the past y.
than from any other, th- numbtr beir
83 Charleston and Anderson are ie
with 19 eAch: Nowberry, Uiion at
Horry sent, only t)wo eacti durit
each year; Pickens and Clarendon
eacn. K*:r.haw leads all with only
pit itit: Twe f-main pattin's in I.
de)lurm sre: 252 white stid 149 colore
malf .178 white and 180 colored. Tie
are 100 more white woumin than (
orec women and moro colorci im
than while Imen.
The number of ptients in t.he ins
tute by countivs is as follows:
Counties. Malee. Ferm's. ToU
Abbeville.......... 19 12
Aiken.............: 11 8
Anders,on .......... 11 17
3 B.imrwt1........... 13 i
. l atifcrt ........... 5 11
3 Berkelev.- -.-.... 7 5
I Charleston........41 51
) e.s!r................. 5 8
(i,Cheste'riield ........
a d ............5
Co'Ieton............ 11
I i)atrlington......... 13 9
r E fieb1.... ....... 11 18
- i hrli;d ........... 12 10
Florenc ........... 5 6
'G orgetown.......... 6 3
I Greunvill .......... 15 20
if i iptoll............2 9
I lorry.............. 1 2
-riat,w............ 7 7
I I c;t4 L I.a.......... . . 8
;II[ 'I- !............ 9 10
. XI.gton ........ ..5 )
MI..riion.............9 11
Marlbor.............. 3 1)
........... 5 4
e' i r.....g......... 1
w 1S . ............ 5 3
" ilhhitid .....,...... 341 33
.j irtarjburg.... ... 14 21)
.. .. r............. 17 16
E n..................7 8
1K Pi'liimsbuirg .... .. 3 4
y , k ............... 12 10 '.
(Ver States.....I
'Io1als..........358 101 if
There ardl 121 singlb 1ersons in t?.
him; 1:38 iniarrivd; 39 Woidwed an
Tho ages of the patients adinitte
dming t he- % ir was as toll)o%vs:
I *'let 15 years, 19; over 15 and undt
20 Ncwir-, 21; ovt-r 20 and iji.dpi 30 "u.j
it-; ovvr 30 and uider 10I ears i; 'ove
4 n i:d nder 50 reas 5; overl' 61 aI
1 dGO %vars, 1; iver 60 aud midf,
70 % 4 trS, 10; over 70 years ot ag-, 1:
11.,knlowil 9
('A I *.NF.s- (F I NSA N I'Yv.
The f ollimwing are gtvin os Ihe caus
s )t the ins.illity ()f ti-e admitti
'' 'I'' 1 i1 pa pV:Ir:
I--rttv .........................
I tit-alth ........................
,1.'11p raice.......................
C'ong, n1al.......................
X1141. 1 l'tweous.....................
IDmn-1c ::11tihappmiluss.............
I o- I l etion .................
I 1itit-y and prtq ..r . y.
.............................
-l igion ...........................
Mcf)(ii'j115)'M...............
P11(.1-it-rolI.........................
I 11j'r to hea 0Iti.....................
s\...............................2
j1r to spi t,e.....................
1,i rile I r blef... .......................
I.Vph >iii) fever..........
I r.-brta:1l'('nitrr...g................ I
i"inli..w...... ......................13
t) a l............................
Uthit form ou i.S .iy of tIhe ne.w pa
Sits is Is f ollows:
Aic ntumi...................
.I rr'nt mania...................1
I'.'EPtiem .....................,
!! tical;i m11 1nia................... 5
l'tIf'rpe raI limel anchol ia..............3
1' Ii.tnelaichoia..................6
(i hronic m7ielIaricholia.... .... .......
IIyp'ochronldriacal me1tlancholla..4
Acute dementia........ ...............
'Ie'rminalt demeI&ntia................22
Se'de lmlanity ....................... 4
(i'ultr isanty....................
1im atine mania...................
I .alihsoinie deInenti)31 a...... .... ...
Il'11st-i .hric ins,inityV.. ........ ......
Ilteb)phrnia''~I......................
I enera I parl ysis4.................. 1
l'.iranlolai............................1i
Idiocy..............
M oral 10mbeejllity.........
I 'araIlvtI 'cinsanlity.................
Not 18n.an1................
Total-....--....................31
PA Y O1 NUnOSEs.
Thle equiiitale adlju)st mlent of the pay
>f attendants on the insane is a mn atter
sI much nim 0por'tance and not of easy
settlenment. Thie play of nurses in tilt
r,i ows: WVomren aire [paitd tell tdollars
Slit) pt'r monhlth durlingr the~ first yeC Ir
iid twelve dollatrs ($12) per mor! h
rI i ring the, secondI( year; mine atre paid
i i'l tdollars ($15) per mlonthi( durn g
ithe first yt'ar ua:.d seventten dlollarl
Sli) per mionlthI (I duintg the se'cond year.
I'fhe mon11th ly pay of 11n1rses' w ho hav e
30mpleI)ted t he two years course oftralin
rg and rec'lvedt the ticket of gradul4
.0n is: for lt'en twenlty-one (dollars
$21) andi fo)r women six'een diollam
liniary watrdJs receive inl addit len one
f ollar ($1) ai mIont h1, antd on1 i fi ory
mdt rel ractory wards two dill ars ($2) a1
Dga'h of ai MU.at Ulvyne.
NEW YORIK. Nov. 18.- T. e lty. D)r
Chaitrles F'. [D.ee ''ied at 9.55 O"tlck
C;harles F.>rce D1ems waIs n >r: inll 1i.
molre, Mli. D)'enember 4, 1820. lIe wa~s
oratedt(( at D)ickinson Colle.:e, C.irbsle,
mn 1839, and1( enteredI the Me'hist m8 Iln
istr, in New Jersey. In 1811 h;e ai
cep)ted ti e proif;o rshIip of lo)gic and1(
rhtot(ric in the UJivoielty of North
C irohina, a' C haplel 11I , oin. pai ' s
illee tor live lesrs. In 1850 lie wIas a
dlehja te to thei General Com1eareloca ol
thei Methodiset EpIiscopal Chlurebl, S inmet
whichi mlet Iin St. Loui. Wile 'tere he
was el.c ed to 1the presidency oif Giran
he'ro, N C.. Femile Coulleg~e .ii s
to th p'iresidence) ,f Cenlt.enary Ci..
ii) - . s'<Sonh. 1La At the close ot 160
- he 'Aezt to New York. wVas ce .Uino for
'it I'mei mhttratry IhuraStl; and lg.lg..e
(tuenitly es. bhlshedl the Chlurch ot thei
Strangers {{6 was at one time >re'i
dent of Rtutaers Femial College. ot Ne
York eIty. Hie has5 recete the dev,ree
of -) D. from RLandolph-.Macon Col
ege, and that of L L. D. from the Utni
versity of' Northl CarohnDa. n1esides the
pubhcation of eeveral Volumes of ser
mons he has been a frequent contributor
to periodical " '-aiture andt is the auLli
of severa! works of note.
AN OPEN LEFTER
of
10 GENERAL WADE HAMPTON FROM
M;R . EVANS AND STOKES
tic
n it +1c') It - 1-4 A-kot itr St ti W ieret
19 the F Ilk r-qA111.1m - to '-e ii 1. Undi n.
ra T in 1 O i l 'l f.r,im It ivifwi t1d
I'livtk bY P uk.
r "xM ilA, 8 -, Nov. 21 .-Th<
*l to low;n.t ('penf lat e ;C I )( , I. XVI,l
ile11. 'VOade c uptof. W1ashiNgton
ai I'). il c.im l 0laifn o e tu
12
l'i a reicenit C ''umunic:ti')n over you
8 *'re~ ini TI Siide wye note especiall;
21 o. taa" mnC )oni.. othiers c
e12 1(1) , 'r(rism tci .
D2 "T v -ne h c >mi , wheu the )in
13 shfluld bi d: n h .erl those wih
tIn(lm up,i i, Oi! pt,.!aoru and thos
W. )ho i'and up 1: that, of the liatiotl
2 Demoeracy. N > man who upholds t',
!11 former can proiprly claim to be
!2 D. tuoeratl..
II A little further on you refer to thi
9 "falbaie.i (f the (-ala adherents.
A4 thx plat!i rei' tr0l to by you i
the platform of mne Farmers Aliianee ic
ti .Sate. we as represet,atives of' thta
body of sturdy citizens wito have neve
vptd alny bUt ti re.ilar Demoora'ii
ticket, State aumHl utlion>l, respeetfuil
ask that yi.u point out the fallacies it
ti .hat platform, and show wherein an
. phmik of that plattorm is Inconsisten,
with the principles (A broad Dejmocrae
9 titunciat,ed byhN- ro and preservm
8mnittired throu,,,h a century ot strug
- It; :n the jttLrmDs of the Democrati
I I lrLv
13 It %ve are wromlty, as individuals or aa
Sint Ai nce, e lesire tO be. Bet ri,,ht.
Tt, ritiht, and juLice to a1ll, are out
bjeJctive Iints, aid light leadin1 il
I lAe direCtions is gladly received
% Whatever the s turce, whether higihesu
e or lo vve'.. w !iher Irt01 a frioudly or r
liiundely <111tvit.e, hg-!i'] 10'j-,gi: will
hvars bee->rthdI a rat - 1:11 analysiS
d ' l 5. r'Uis i the teac.in,t of our
01rd1erx and it ibi:i spiril. we address you,
r siwn-vrely d rig-tid explectiti an aui.
.1 8'V(er1. Anud we tin t add thial tihe vreat
r ir21rz11 L e 1 -presert, cmuprising
I 1 4)111t % ltw ' .lavkhoelit iell Stgte'1 il.
Ili#'rial pi 1- r's, ut the irm t * l v of
4 pl t i-il; e,mprisint the greil, m.jori
t1, ot i it),v kv!o) to m I thvir brii-AIt Lo
to ito hls 4) S!u' Ch.11t41a's toes. awl
voll hav 1r111!ne. Lith - reat majoritn
Ift*e UV(),C hV whilh1 Dz otoeracy woy
the" Ii.'t1, 11 . ill the
vrn o k. eirt an. lbub'--qient.ly in
1th Uliitd'l :". a - Skenalte-LIat. areat
r'i tvn w Ex;wet. tin anssver he.
:t 1-, ,1' . i n! 11:i tih- U ' of the past its well
11 i 1t witS (If the present.
F,)r lmr imnvemteoce i) lnmwerin!
7 Wii w! l Nt ti r Iz the several planks in
i' 0 ada l!',tr it whi -th you ~have de.
7 o m:s a- ilee and will indilnte
3 t q nns we ''ishlit. aosvtred.
1 i , I t.' i t tde md is for the
i h tnwoll haok-, aind ttie issue
7 fitole's credi itr e. to tie peo
(ipl nBucht s(curitv as 1the1people call
im and i otuch intierest as the na.i'nil
batkt ru have ct j ed f4r near thirt,
Nea. pa" W .W e is t lallev in tii?
'Citultltmera11t!e ini the tde' uand tor an
41icreaste (i I oC cilatilu miZ(ediumIl to
[ th le 5:.ma0 per c''pi: a ratiot that existLed
f2 WVe de:mandl thatt legishitiont he en
ite:ad that,L ill pre11.1vent a relative few
I otrom l :nhn in the' eleC)llC's bread atAd
nuat au :, cloth ingI., wherebt.dy milIIlions of
dollars arie fotrciby .vrested! frotm the ne
cessities of the ito iple. 18 there any
thimri undtItunO2Ir.tiC in L1.ha? WhTieret is
.3. WVe dlemandli the frei e.nd unlimited
':tilie of siliver att the ratto of 10 to 1,
i trder thai.t)l cliiebs may be payible
in the ame sor, of dollars thiat were
current. when the debts were ma.lo. WVe
mtoaittain tat It is iunfamous to rt(uire
us by lagiat.ton to ipay the mortguges
on our larms in dollars that cost double
as much of our l:ibor to get. Is this unl
dhemecraticy? Where is the fallacy'
41. We demand that the public lands
shalhl he held for actual settlers. and
that hioldinrgs by al iens or syVndicates for
specuilait:y purpotsetis Ihl be IL proibited.
Ia t ht is udemuocratie? Where is this
5. W V de mandt a tar iff for revenue
only anJi L.i at the goveme lnt he eco
nomiclly ' anid hantestly adm'nistered;
that the tairill he taken oll' the necessa
ries of life and levied upon01 the luxuries?
that the hulk of the txes b)e raisedl upon
the linc.)mh. of thte 1people rather than
upon01 their n)eesities. Is this the plank
oui htatd ini mid when you said "No
mn t who uihldstL (it) enu' claim to be a
D)emrerat?'' 18 this at "fallacy?''
6. WV o timndt "the most rigid, lion
est andi julst Stale andi( national govern
meintal~t conitiol of the nmeans of pmuli
commuillnicat.ioni antd transptlotatIion,'
and if the peoletl's sulil'ctage be still
aused then that te people conistruct,
antd operate tneir own riflroadhs andio tel
tgraplh hues. Is thit undemuoet atie?
Is it, fallacious?
7. We demandi the e.lectoi of United
States Seinators b)y direct, vote oif the
peoplie of each State. Is this~ Uudemfo
crat ie? Is it fallaciou-?
Ytour early attention will greatly
(bhle 1 th le trinamiz itioni we represent
and at the same time the great, m tjority
of those whIo vote.) foir Mr. Cleveland
last year on the amne ptrinciple that,
they vtotedl for yout mn 1870.
Very respect Iully v.ours,
WV I. EVANS,
P'residern. S4ruth Carolina Smate Farm.
ers Alliance.
J. W w. STOXES
LInuer southi Carolina State Farm.i
era Allhoauce.
Now is the timneto buy silmmer plan
5o eafi b tm nut Ntvm'nuer i5thi 1893.
WVtinu' a l'ianro at spot Cats': price $10
casro, ttalti'su N >ve. a'ter 15S. 189
Wil1l buy a orga'i a'. spot c:itn price
See. the list t ochoos" from. Steinway
Niason~ & !!alini, \tathusiek and Stir,
linle Plann) \Mason & Ilamlin and
Sfiring Orans. Ftfteen datys test
tiaal ant I rjigt bo,th svays if' net sats
r a"tiv'. A lairgei lot of neari.y ne w and
Scoud bi m ' I'tarnos .mad 4)rgtts at l)ar
gams1 (Good atS nowi. Writ., for prious
W.N. I'rumnp. C >ltihia, 8. C. *
('INCINNATrI, Nov. 22 -Clarence M.i
O)vertian, ti e detnl hltig preshdenat ofi
t-w' dIeiu"e Cit izents National Blank of|
lil:Eso-'o, Ohio, pleaded guilty to the
twin rdtctments for embezzlement in
the United States D)istrict Court this
af ternocon and was Sentencert to live
years in each case, to he served concur
renitly. lie left at 2 o'clock this r.frer
ternoon in charge of an officer for Co
j uimbus Peniltentiery.
CEOAR SPRINGS INSTITU TE.
Splendid Showing in Teaching the De
and the Blind.
The forty-flfth annual report of ti
Cedar Springs Institute for the deaf an
the blind is a very interestfqg documet
The Board of Commissioners say the
are very mu.-h pleased with the abl
management of the superintendent.
For the coming year the board re
commends for support, repairs, improve
ruents, and electric lights the sum (
$22 120, which Is a small amount fo
ttbe support of such an institution an
shows most careful and economici
management.
During the past year the average at
tendance hsn been 129. There ar
thirty-five in the depar tment for colore
pupils. The enrollment has risen fror
twenty-six In 1877 to 154 in 189:
This lar-e in rease has been due i
a large ni asure to the continuous an
wise management of the board. Th
stiperintendent says the last year hu
i hten one oi successful work. Ther
11,1ve been no deathis and not a case<
D serious siAkuess a.,,ong the pupils. Tb
healthfulne.ss of the place is evidence
S by the bill for medical attendance fV
the past year, which has been only 421
The receipts from pay pupils durin
r the year were $383.02 and the expendi
tures were $17,316.95 for all purposeE
The superiutendent says that tl
largely -increasing number ot pupi
makes it necessary that a supply <
L proper machinerv for the laundry shoul
be put In and recommends the puttin
in ot an eiectric light. plant on th
-yround of economy and iafety. Thi
Ways and Means CommitLue of th
House recommended these appropria
tionE at the last session ot the L-gisla
ture, but for so.ne reason the HlouQe di
not make the appropriation.
The i eport goes o-i to say:
"Some action was taken by the las
Legislature looking to the separation o
the two classes (the (leaf and the blind
providedl for here. The request for thi
qcLion did u t, origina'e with the man
tvement of the school, but I feel surt
your board will agree with me tat said
action looking to the establishment au
maiutenance by the State of Beparat
schools for the deal and blind is desdra
ble, and wi I have your eartiest suppor
when it shall become necessary to ar
ranue for the accommodation of a larg
er number of pupils than we now have
There c -n be no strong reason give:
for the dual na,ure of the school, excepi
that o economy In dollars and cents.
while various reasons may be urged foi
tie maintenance of separate schools.
Our printin offiee has been redLted
and returtishled and Is now well
equipped for tffording miustructiol in
pr.uing.
Ot- thanks are due to the eifferent
raiitoads thrmju:toul. the State for he
special rates allowed the >upils in go.
ine to and from school.
The number of pup Is in attendance
for the ensuing year will be as great om
.!reater than that of the past Year."
A short history of the institution pre
pa-red b. Mr. N F. Walker as a contri
bution to the general histnry of all th
schools for the deaf and blind in tht
United States and Canada and Mexict
is append(ed to the report,.
TIhe institution was established at iti
present location in 1849 by Rev. Newtoi
Pmnckeny W alker and it opened with
class of five children
The school was changed from an indi
vidual enterprise to aState institut,om
in 1857, when the Legislature made at
appropriation for the erect,ion of sulita
ble buildings.
The school was closed in 1865 an<
reopened in Oc'.ober, 1866, but wt
soon closed again on account of the un
.sett,ler conitiion of the State's finances
Itn 1869 it was opened again, with J. M
H ughsoni, a graduate of the institu ion
as sup)ermnterndent. In 1872 he resigned,
and the present superintendent, N. F
Walker,a son of ti-e founder, whose
(death occourred in 1867,was appointed.
In that year a building was fitted uf
for the colored pupils, and the Radica]
Board of Commissioners attempted tc
force social equality in the school, by
issmini the following order to the auper
intendent:
"First. Colored pupili; must, not only
be admitted int,o the institution on appli.
cation, but an earnest and faithful ef
for it must.be made to induce such pu
l)ils to apply for admission.
"Second. Such pupils when admit,ted
must be domiciled in the same building,
must eat at t,he same table, and be
taught in the same class rooms and by
the same teacher, and must receive the
same attention, care and consideration
as white pupils."
On the reception of the above order
the sut.serintendent and all other officers
sent in their resi.<n'tlons.
An effort was made to secure superin
tendent and teachers who would be gov
erned by these instructions, but it failed,
and the school was closed from Septem
ber, 1873, to September, 1816, when it
was reopened.
The departmwent for colored pupils was
opened in 883.
Tt.e Palmet,to Leaf, as an institut,ion
p)aper, madle its first apiparance in 1887,
aud has been published somewhat regu
larly ever sInce.
All pupils have traIning in some handi
craft or useful occupation.
Superintendent-N. F. Walker.
Matron-Mrs. V. E. Walker.
Physician-George W. HIemntsh, M. D.
Teachers of the Deaf-T. H. Cole
moan.
Mrs. L. C. Irby, Miss M. M. King,
Miss M. 0. Sherrerd. Mrs. 0. Cole
man.
Teachers of the Blind-L. HI. Cormer,
J. C. Meares, Mtss'B P. Wright.
Teacher of Drawing and Painting
Mrs. U. Coleman.
Foreman of the '3hop-R $P. Rogers.
Foreman of the Printing OfleIe-J. T.
Carter.
Foreman of Shops for the Blnd-H,.
W. Estes.
DEPARTMENT FOR COLORED PUPILS.
Teaci er of the Deai-J. '. Carter.
Teacher of t,he Blind-H. W. Estes.
Matron--Eliza Alexander.
Aetonishiog.
A NDERSON, 8. U., Nov. 18.-A,nderson
has been crowded tuday, the attraction
being tte promise of Dr. Leo, a travel
fng -medicine man, to make a cripple
from rheumatism walk wfthout he.p.
Tn'e man selected was a factory em
ploye, who had not walked for ove r
three months. Several local physIcians
examined him and, pronounced the
case as inflamatory rheumutism. A fter
a vigorous application of some "Imn
dian" medicine, the man walked with
ease, only limping slightly. The stand
wa8 surrotinde. by perhaps 2,000 people
who raised chee ifter cheer as the crip
ple walked up ad down the stand.
Ne Duty on Iron Ore.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 22.-The iron
f ore men have been defeated, and the
men who have combatted bO valiantly
6 to keep this article off the free list were
I today formally notified by members of
it the ways and means committee that it
y had been finally decided by the Demo
e cratic members that iron ore would ba
placed on the free list. This is the
most important development of tae day,
as it leaves the the iron ore men of Ala
bama, Virginia aikd Michigan no alterna
I tive but to carry their 1iht on to the
r floor of the House. This they are now
threatening to do, and i 's more freely
stated than ever that the new tariff bill
61 containing this new provision will bt,
oppoped in the House by the solid Dem
ocratic delegation from Alaba na aud in
the Senate by SenAtors Morgan and
e Pugh. The Western Iron Ore Associa
l ion, through Presdeut Geo. H. Ely, of
a Cleveland, 0., has made a vigorous pro
test to the committee. The committee
today concluded the wool schedu.e of
L the new tai-ff'bill. The measure provides
d for the admiision, Iree of duty, all wools,
e hair of the camel, goat, all,aca and other
8 hke animalp, and of wool and hair on
B the skin, noils, top waste and other
If wastes, and agt composed wholly or in
e part of wool; also repeals what are
d known as comlpensatory dutis on wool
en goods and reduces the advalori du
ties on such goo 's. It als) repeals the
' com jensatory duties upon carpets ol'all
kinds, rugs and mats, an-l re luces the
- advalorem duties thereon from 40 per
e cent. advalork in to 30 per cent. advalo
8 rem. It also teduces the duties upon cer
Sin qualities of' waste, which
have been advauccd beyond the
E condition of scoured wool by
0 the use ot machinerv or by he ap
3 plication of labor, to 25 ver cent ativa
D lorem. The outy on shoddy muozo and
certain oier wastes is put at 25 per
- cent. advalorem. Ovcr one thou and
petitions, telegrams atid memorials have
been rec ived by mewmbers of the com
mittee from tempe ance sociuLies
throughout the country asking that the
whiskey Lax by raised. A telegram
from Iowa Falls, Li , sas: "We have
tried State prohibition, and 1i.d tha1t we
can lot cope with the evil. Prohibitioln
don't always prohibit; but if the Ctneral
tovernment places a heavy tax on the!
product. it will tend to lessen the out
put of the cursed stutl'.'' Mlaijy appea!s
come from branches of tie Womuns'
Christian . emperancki Umon, asking
the committee to fix h e tax on w1iSkey
at a dollar and a half Meun while, tile
distillers are ,silent On the subject.
A Fig.ht wil h R bb r8
CLIFTON, 8. C, Nov. 17.-One of the
most daring robberies ever ierpetrated
in this section occurred about twelve
miles above here, near thi old Cow.
pens battle-grotind tod Ly. Tine Goode
brothers, two dt7sperate characters of
tnat neighborhood, seizad a wagon
team witt three bales of cottot ana
made away with the same. A posse
of auout twenty-five resolute and de
termined men, headed by R >bert S.
Seruggs, wis soon In hot pursuit of the
ugitives, who were overhaulel within
a mile or two of this place, when a
fierce battle took place. The Goodes
fought like tigers, and although one Of
them is thought to have been shot
through and through by a Remington
rifle, yet 'ne succeeded, wit.h nis orota
er in mak(ing his escape upon the baick
of a very fleet horse belonging to one~
of the pursuers. I'he pursuinig party
was unhuirt, although one of them niar
rowly escaped, a bullet passing through
his clothes. A yotung man inmed
Jolly was with the Gjoodes when they
were found, and was arrested, ile dis
claims any knowledge of the robbery.
Nothing further has been learned of
the whereabouts of the desperadoes.
When last seen they wer- fiing rapid
ly from t,he backs of their flyinig steeds.
The horse which was carried off (a
very valuable saddle horse) was found
late this afternoon by Capt. TI'sdale.
The animal hadi neen wounded by a pis
tol shot, and doubtless, when they1
found him he could be of no further
use to them, the robobers left him, and
it is supposed that they s wamn the river
above here and are now somewhere in
biding amongst the dense forests near
its shore. TIhe posse is still on
the lookout, and it is conlicientlby ex
pected that the desperadoes will be
captured, although a stubborn resist
ance may be made.-State
Leaped to Death.
BALTIMORE, Md., Nov. 17.-A most
sensat.ional suicide was committed inl
the North western section of the city
this morning. While North Eutaw
street was thronged with early risers, a
scene at the fourth story win,
dow of a han(isome brick build
ing near the Triangle of Eutawv
St. Mary's and Madison avenue, at
tracted the attention of the passers by.
An entirely nude man was cro uching on
the window sill preparing to jump. A
moment later he plunged headlong to
the ground. The man was Senor Carlos
])iez Gomez De Cadilz, the Consul of the
Kingdom of Spain at Baltimore. The
body struck tne earth with terrillc f orce.
The skull was crushed and death was
instantaneous. There is no doubt that
Diaz committed the deed while in a fit
of Insanity. Dlaz had been the i-anish
Consul at Baltimore for two ye .s. Hle
was 46 years old. IIe came from a dis
tinguished Spanish family, and had
been in the consular service of his na
tive country twenty.-two years. For
twenty years he was stationed at Tunis,
Aigeirs. Many decoratioes were be
stowed upon him by the Sp'ish and
Portuguese governments andi the [Bey
of Tunis. Senor Draz married an Enig
lish woman. She with her two children
were asleep In an adjoining room when
the Consul leaped to dleath.
DIENSTF
"THE WORLD'S GREA')
THlE MACHIINE
The Onl:
FOR TYPEWRITERS AT THE b T
"NO MACHINE COULD
BE ANY ]ETTER. 1T &
PERFECT."
Privave statement of one
of the Judges.
Responsible Oount.s
J. W. Grib
GENRRBAL AGNTS,r
A 0IPLOMATIC QUESTION.
A hily Reception AwaItP the uaWail
an R,e presentative.
WASINGTON, Nov. 22 -It was
clearly apparent this morning that the
vublication of Minister Thurston's re
ply to Commissioner Blount's report
created a very disagreeable impression
at the Department of State. None of
the officials care to discuss the matter
with it view to publication of their
views, but privately it is intimated
that the Minister has taken an extra
ordinary course, that he has violated
all the proprieties of diplomatic inter
course, and that in any other country
than the United States he would be
immediately furnished with his pass
ports, which is the diplomatic method
of intimating to a minister that lie is
persona non grata and had better take
his departure.
But Mr. Thurston has made it dilli
cult for such a course to be pursued, by
very shrewdly disclaiming in the be
ginning of his article any intention of
publishing an opinion on the interna
tional questions at issue, and declaring
that lie proposed confining himself to a
st,tement of facts concerning himself
in reply to Mr. Blount's personal at
tacks upon him. Although the minis.
ter under this cover, manages to dis
cuss and traverse nearly every sub
stant,ial statement made by Blount;
his disclaimer obscures very much any
violation by him of diplomatic propri
eties-if, indeed, his statement can be
so regarded-and would make it ditil
cult for the Department of State to dtal
with him, as it might other w.ise be di3
posed to do.
But, as a matter of fact, th,- impres
sion is that the Department t'"s nto in.
tent ion of adopting heroic Ineasuies In
Minister Thurston's case. Neverthe.
less it may be anticipated that lie %ill
meet with a rather chilly reception tp
on his next visit to the department of
State.
All the State Department oflici.ils
stotd mute when there was brougtit to
their attention the published report,
that Qlieen Lilioukalandi had been re
9toreC to the Hawaiian throne vester.
day. In view of the intimatio4's that
have been dropped, to the tffect that
radical feature of Minister Wishes's
instructions would develop soon after
aid not betore, the sailing last Thurs
day from Honolulu of the Alameda,
which is due at San Francisco tomor
row, and thatstirring events were ex
pected to occur about that time, it can
not besaid that. tile report is entirely
discredited here. But if the ex
trerme step h4s been taken, at the
titne indicated, the American
public will not be aware or it. by any
news likely to come by ieans of the
Alain.eda, tomorrow, and owing to the
gap of twenty (lays in the mail s-rvi.-e
caused by the wrack of the steamer
Miowers, the pubiic must wait many
uanys for that news unless something
shou!d coune to band bv way of Uhina,
through some out ward bound steamir
touching at. Honolulu
Thurston's dramatic recital of the
revolution of 1887 recalls the f ict that
when the newu of that event. was re
ceived, the British minister(at that
titme Sir Lionel Sackville Wt-s,) asked
the United States to join England.
France and Ger any in an internal ion
al guarantee of the neut.rality of the
Sand wich or Ha wai tan Islands (similar
to the Samoan agreement.) The Unit
ed States did not adopt the suggesti.n
Nothing in aflirmation or contrad c
tion of the rumor that ytsterday was
Ilh fixed date for the restoration of the
Queen catl iUe obtained from oflicial
sou rces.
PAtETT PAYS ThE FREIGHi
\ y ~y xriene P'rlces for Coods !
end for a:cguo and See What You Can Seal
R ENOW -
$69 om'$37
gIn. (;()Intre'4 t II .-.
No~( freight pahi on t hi" -
e .ran 0 '- u e
0' -''ora. A rio I'huir , o k ing 1' :i r , van.
h:'d 2 'ile 4'ha i s - wor h $4,5. w.' isdl e
it to your diepo't forI $3, -
This No.'
-- ~ ~ n --bdlver
S ed to youI
- - --. deprt for
pric $ 5
A $5 C ET'~30 1.ACflfl
with 54ll att I hmen4 ' for
O NLY $18.50o
dlelivered to (. to dpot.
* 'The regithir pIe of this -bos.
thCteI pe ..e noa I sli'themi
Tt yot fosri or3.r3."7 f.
~fI.dguarnu ver one)a
Dargatin. No freight palid -l
enbaBuggy- 7
A *EILO IA N
(leght ye'i 43 fo))r upN ~',
Mond) for4 entaler e of '4 ' rns it areq, ('rokiri
Stove, it-hy 4'e rr:aes. ''ie' eles." OJrdnnR. I"
SAVt'd MONl'Y. Adudress
L. F. PA DU1TT*t";N:
VIORE.
9EST TYPEWRITER."'
THAT TOOK
ATE FAIR, NOVEM BER 8, 1893.
TrilE ONLY AWARD
.WAS
ALSO MAD1M TO US
FOR TYPEWRITER'S
.SUPPLIES.
Agents Wanted.
bes & Co.,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
BuU a fortunie
0n In8almet,g
Secure an EQUITABLE POLICY
and you have purchased a fortua.2
on installments to be delivered to
your family at death, or to your.
self at the end of fifteen or
twenty years. You secure the
prize and run the race of life
free from anxiety and care.
Your mind is free, your capital
is free, and a fortune is secured
to your family. An
EOUITABLE
POLICY ,14
is exactly adapted to your needs.
Get one. For particulars address,
W. J. RODDEY, MANAGER,
FOR THE CAROLINAS,
ROCK HILL, S. C.
Tozer
Enlines
tural and Gn
eral Plantation
Use, have ear- -
ed thoirreputa
tion as the best
on tne market.
For Simplicity.
I)urability and
Economy in
fuel and water
THE TOZER
Has no Equal.
t 0
- TO
FARMERS
MYANUFACTURE RS:
As a matter of b uiness intorestito y'o1
and ourselves we ask you to allow us the
privilege of making estimates upon a'ny
machinery you may wish to buy be. se
placing your orders else where.
Our facilities and connections with man
ufacturers are such that wo can: quote on
the same goods as low prices as are obtain
able in America. It is but a narrow "mind
that would pass by the home dealer to pay
an equal or greater price to a foreih
dealer or manifacturer.
Only give us the opportuuity and w*. wa a
servo you to advantage, and keep at home
a small part of the money which is going
sway from our State to enrich others.
W. H, Gibbes Jr., & Co.
COL.UMBIA. S. C.9
L O ST,
A GREAT DEAL OF TIME AND
MONEY
On Worthless Prepar'atlins for Pa in
FOUND,
A CURE FOR
RHEUMATISM AND) NEURALGIA,
CUTS, SORES,
BRUISES, SPRAINS,
AND LAMENEsS
T RY T. X. L.
[t always relieves pain when propgrly
applied.
Sold by all D)rugglste at
TWENTrY-FIVE CENTS.
Prepared by
T.X. L. COMP ANY,
230 Main Street, COLUM BI A, S.CO
R'ICE IU LLE I
ORIN MLLS.
RIco i'tanterns and RIce Millers can
buy a single' mnachlin t hat will cl"an,
bull aund po'~i hi rice ready for market
f r 8350.00.
(orn \liiers canl hur the b,"st F'rench
burr mill, in iron frameo, f iltyv guaran
I td, ct .neit 't Ion jual meal 104 per
hour, f or $113 00.
Saw NIlen.i can b'mv the variable
f,Ie' ion fee'I D -L(Och Mi from
Bl19000 up tio the larges;t siZs.4
Also Gang Rip Saws, E '.ers, Swing
Saws, PlIaning Machines, and all kinds
of wvood working~ machinery.
"Talbott" Englenes and Hoilers.
Specihd iscount.s made for cash.
COLUMBIA. S. C.

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