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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, December 07, 1893, Image 4

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RELIEF FOR THE PEOPLE
SWEEPING REDUCTION IN THE BUR- I
DEN OF TAXATION.
The New Democrat.ic scheme Suitunar.
1ed-A L.beral Free L'st--Advalorevm
Instead of Spect ic Dlovti to be Levied.
WASHINoTON, Nov. 27.-The tariff
prepared by the Dpmocratic members
of the ways and means committee was
given to the public today. It deals en
tirely with the customs and adminis
strative branches of i be subject. The
internal revenue port ion is lef t in abey
ance. Chairman Wilson has prepared
the following staement which was
given our this morning with the bill:
The Democratic members of the
committee on ways and means have
felt, as none others could feel, the mo
mentous responsibility resting upon
them, and the surpassing magnitude,
difficultv and delicacy of the duty as
signed them.of framing a tariff bill for
a nation of seventy million people.
The bill they were to reform is a vast
and labyrinthian system of clas taxa
tion, the culmination of eighty years
control of the taxing power by a few
great interests, gathering on to their
train a host of petty toll gatherers. .1 t
was carefully framed to prevent, as
long as possible, what its author called
'any monkeying with the tariff" by
which he meant any successful effort
of the people to undo or to lesson the
bounties which its beneficiaries were
permitted to write therein in their own
words and their own figures. It trans.
ferred to the free list proper and fruit
ful revenue articles, where most of Iie
taxes paid by the people went into pri
vate coffers. And it was bolstered
about by many defenses, chief amiong
which are a swept and garnished trea
ury and a swollen and colossal scale o)I
permanent expenditures. Such aire i lie
conditions that confronted us at the
threshold of our work.
The committee have welcomed in tor
mation and counsel from every t rit .
worthy source and wiliIle they do nt iti
expect their bill to escape just, ciii
cism in all of its dethils, they d() I.r a
sent it the country as the resto ct
months of patient, anxious toi!, ;ii 1i
an honest desire to discharge tt tor i
duty, purged of all taint of le d a it
personal favoritism or prejud 1ic. s
main features are two: Firsi., t1w wat p I
tion, whenever it seemed pr1at !b-, e
of advalaorum instead of speciii" l Io:,
second, the freeing from twa-:; ' tbo.
great materials of industry that le I t
the basis of production.
SPECIFI DUTIES o1lJi-llr(;% i;i:.
Specilflc rates of duties art-;ek-ttionl
able for these reasons: Thwv e-vjp-nttv
conceal a rate of taxation tot cwor i ,ti'
to be submitted to if e ix e. , o in :-,,
valorent terms, as the dt i V <-(4 c it
ona hundred poundsof~sah i oili;
which amounts to over so per ce-;t. (O'
a common necessity of iii,.. ilhey a
ways bear heavily on the comioon art i t
cle used by the masses ani lightly I-,
the expensive article co0s11i'ed oy tie
rich, as a tax of $30 on all ous.s
would be little or not hiig on t he great, tt
mansions and very hiighi oli tie inin
ble homes, And, C0o1.'jLL J.,A g,
duties lead to greatvr
trauds in administration, for coltiingI,
and weighing at the ciiutom liou3v are t o
done by the cheavest and inost, easily
corrupted labor while adv.dorl-emit rt 's
are assessed by the best paid and most,
responsible appraisers. The advaloriem
system has worked well in practice.; is
essentially the fair syst em, becaus it
is a tax upon the actual vl ot an a "
ticle, and was diecharei li by\Ir. Clay '
hinmself to be in thle'ory onI tI ct- arnt It
every sound andiP1n Ircleo jil -it t'
entitled to thle pcrt'e--rence andt valili
ted by long trial.
The boldest innIiVatj;int o tit i.
its large free list t :raw man-! riala.
Taxes upon prtitu-tio la re tiouwte'~
wrongs. They gat her aizit auciiunlat e
on the coniemr t tIhe ini.ed prio
duct. T1he'y hurt laboer byv nario t;mii
the market for whlat it prodcttte' . 1oat~
and iron are the foti t 'tins ot miotii a
industry. Material pirogr0es is nn-a'ts
ured by the anmint, oft their con.esumip
tion. No other coiunt?1y cain suipply
them as abundan t y uv chteapttly as we
can. No potssibt(tm pe' ioon1 ciin ini
terf'ere with our vn p'eriducre, a tew'
miles ini the vfte'r ir I t he cot rv1W c
Uemotene'ss fro'i lhe. sourtes oif supl ct
ply is in itself enoeuighi d<i I .mt age t
any sectioan of the counttry without
further bu rde'ns in tani taixe. l'n- Ilk
taxed ores, co:il, ltumbtt, wool aed at bier hi
fibers riist immii-lestv !imu! Oil -i'h~t.
duction ini certaim Iar's t otur ('onn
try. T1he ttunit ( dee of amim an
uf'actueres hias ('nttee e ery F (tilitry rl
Wit h release frmi t;m -i upon tt ir- ra
materials thiere ~ io tiue~it to the hl
growth of our dori iign trade. 'hits will li
more thban campii u-tso!- toet the hio ii.
producers of raw neat crial , who, tartiT.f,
or no I arity, coiitrot all t tie inuterio i of'~
the countriy, for ainy a pprehenaeua' los-s
of markets anywhere along t he s'a. li
board. dui
Its inc-alculale ad van tage to labor
is apparent. lin c'very great In 0ii1c' i
manuf(actures we carn produece in .six
mhonths to iine monthls eoighi ini or urc
market. We can get rid coi our suirlus te
only by foreign tirade. As long as we ji
have taxe's cin the mat e'rials ot' indutcstry v1
we cannot buill'I up that tirade. Ilec c
the other altertiative of trusts to ke'ep li
production to the lion'e main;rket. The
workmamian canl see whet her his inrIte'r
est is wtth a systc'mi that represseis pro0-gi
duction andl robs hunii of emiiployrmeml tl
or witht a system that gives niatucrai1)
and healthy play to produtction and
emancpipts him I rom11 trusts anti like
combinatins of capital.
DETAIS OF niit
As to details of the bill, I will brie'lly
recapitulate thle saliant chantges o1i
several schedules. In the el inca 0
schedule, we have transferred1 tc thtw
free list quite a numbler of articles t
used in manufactures, thle motu.g
portant of which is sul phurie acid, onep
of the corner-stones on aii chcemicai in- tii
dustry. The duty on castor oil is re- Cl
ducei from 85 to 35 cents per gallon
and the duty.on 'inseed oil, which wsn
secretly raised to 32 cents Iby the coi-s
ference committee on the McKiniysi
bill, after each house had~ openly votueil
for a lower duty, we p)ut at 15 cents a tl
gallon. Pig lead being re'duced from ht
2 to 1 cent a pound, lead patintLarw
correspondingly reduced. are
The McKinley bill iner'eaed tile duty t
on opium prepared for smoking to $12 yi
a pound, in the vain hope of lesacui~n e
its importation. The custom house ol. 1)
floors on the Pacilce coast declare thata
this increase on duty has simply placedq
in the hands of bfmucggle rs the bring. I
ing in of opium, to th Id uemoralizationi d
of the customs service and the loss o'
over half a million in revenue. Tile 5
duty projposed 18 believed to be collect- 1
able, and will put the trafile under gov. ,)
ernent control and super vision.
In the pottery schedule substantial
reductions are made. Ilain white1
ware is drope from the high sched
nie in which it mysteriously crowded
Itself; decorated ware is reduced from
60 to 45'per cent; undecorated from 55I~
to 40. Ja common window glass, where in
tae mbinations have kept up the I
dsto consumers, under the shelter<
Ofduties averaginar a hundred per
oent. a reduction of more than one
hAf~al been mnade in all the larger t
Izes. There is no doubt that these
fates Will permit a very healthy
;rowth of the industry here. In plate
rlass, reductions are made, the largest
ulzes from 50 cents to 30 cents per
quare foot; of silvered, froin 60 to 35
lents.
IRON AND STEEL.
In the Iron and steel seedule, we
Jegan with free ore. The discovery of
he immense deposits of llessernir orus
n the lake rgion and of foundry ores
n Alabama has rapidly swept us to
he leadership of the world in the pro
Iuction of iron aid steel, and brought
ear at hand our undisputed supre
icy in the great ti.lI of mantufac
ures. 'rhe use of stvii sliovels re
luCes the cost, of linilling to a point,
where the wages paid "nattrad l3hor"
ire Irrelevati. Pig iron we redhice
from 86.72 per ton w h lft is f rom 6o To
,0 per cent., to a unii I ori dut y of 22%
per cent. a rate soinewhat higher in
proptrtion than tiht! re.it, of the s-hed
tile, because of cheap freight rates oin
[oreign pig, it being a favorito freight
On Wies ward V0YL9e'. Steel rails we
redte I rom i13 11 per tonl, now 75 per
Cont., to 25 p -Ir cent. As the pool
which his l',t pricVs 1ip so many
y,ours in t. h ite'.ry seems now disor
gaize, tie t her prodiicers will soon
r!eed pot ec ot, inore against Mr.
Uatritgie at, Pittllirg anill Mr. Stirling
it. Cliic;igo thian agalinst foreign pro
icers. il'he rsid qe of the schedules
varies li om 25 1t4 30 per cent., wood
screws liog -it, at the latter figure.
Iron I wami ati girders aro 35 per cent,
b -aii-io ot the w.tsti ;lin ctitlingi beams
tid te vai ol Mgthis and sizes,
ti.& als) of tho I <vq ieit necesstty of
lh.iraing tie rolls iII iiaking beans
uimitfdrs, toiwe of the iiregular
uin4t a i mal i-ngths and sizs of or
11v ior th-oi (,n half o1 the Mc.
K in-y r. '. This is a revenue ditty,
uif at h f illit tiite enough to permit
ily vxtsling mill-i lt live antil 1 mrih
Ch'u-etor gralvs of pocket erttlery are
lwr c'nt. :uid higher grades 15. Ta
,- eut h-ry is iPitt at 35 p",r cent. These
Svery sttbst:itial redtictions from
h-: prsn aes. whiu0h, beinig speci lie,
tiwb iII soitie grades of pocket cutlery
110ha ) per cent., but with release
a .xcs on raw miaterlials, espieciaily on
,arl al ivory for haiidies, they seeiii
1t h caplr ores and pig copper are
f ilr-ee, we tin Ig large exporters of
1- LLtter, aidu the tiity serving only to
nablt lit prodicers to sell higlhr to
i' pOlie t tin tto foreignors.
Nic k!t, k free. Lead ore has a siill
lity 41" 15 per ceit.; pig lead ii oit,
-ot id. Silver leiatl ores are Ie
ori-d to the free list.
I t u i l'atettired Itil ir is free.
hou Lacturel is ptil. at 25 per cont.,
itk ithe proviso that if iny export du
art, ciangel on foreign himber,
.d;ill lit' ail"it-tv.1 only at tie rates
iw existinig.
St"Alk )M11; I'll E\iPE111
StIgAr Ias t-en a (l1licult subject
deal with. It kw sugar was trans
'rretj to the free list by tie McKiley
11, lecAtise iinly all th taxes p:id
i It W1et , to the piblic treasnury. A
r'ig desire 4boIg some mmber of
0 11iiiteitee was to put an a1valo.
in dtiLy of 20 or 25 por cent. on it,
tI to abolish the bointy at once. Af
r in 11Ch conider'ation, it was <deciled
reice by one hatf the duity on re
eud sligar, atl to repeal the bo.-inty
Ae-Iightith vath year, leaving raw sir.
r atit.axed, as at preserit.
II lii toitaceto schedule, those rates
't so"ght which would bring the
ii, reveIt1uie. Thi% PLresntrit taxes of --
d .-K la I f)oTi[nd on wraper leat have
>tt d ott inany small establishments
I itat itally imlpatired t he revenue.
e iiuA;t hie rates SI and $il.25 per
ii at e t. it per pound on f iller tobaic
linist e linted aned st,imed in each,.
innf. Iteltires of tobtacco( arte put at 40
i1s. igtirs are rtedtucedl ir'm $4 50)
rlitinid antd 25 per cenlt. alivalorumn
O t r' ltoundt andi( 2o per cent , which
believed to be the m)st produictivye
lentite r.ate, and is higher than the
," of 15%3.
Li ve anirmats are put at 2ti per cenit.
I bre is rei'(cie'd f rom 30t cenits per
shief to 20) (< r cent., which is abiout I
cenits. lI re:ds' Tif4 , of which we
- imenise expoflrters, are made free,
~pt when iimptutteni fromr some
initry putinilg drities on ouar like pro0
'M 't, ini whleh~ Case the duity is 20 per
it,.t
"ri-sht vegetalIes, fruits, eggs an<ti
e food P rodu c' s are utiutaxedl for the
teli t ofi our c onsulimerg, largely the
rking pteople of the cities. Salt in
1k is frete; In packages the salt is a
e, fort the covering IS dhutlable at
es prescribeti for like articles.
'he ariff' onl Spi1rits is putt at (10ouble t
internal revenute rates on like c
rits, ait .9ome slight redurctionl is
,de 1)n still winells, iialt, 11 Cfuors, gin
- ale and like bteve'rages, in thes inter- I
of i ncreaised reveriuw. 'lThe duty on
ira ling wimt s is likewilse slightly ne
ed for ther samelt reasons, that on11
impagne beinlg put, at 57 per dozen .3
'Iris, as against & in thie McKinley
I and $6 in th'e law of 1883. P
it cot toni maniufac-tures suibstantialh
ucitions11 are made, and especially on
'ap clot his and prmits, and the exIst- t
sy'stemn of taxing fby counit of c
entis in the squtare Inch is retained. f
miip and flax are made free; d ressed i
Cs of1 hemp and fl ix 1 cent and I1%
iiurlaps and cotton and grain bag
ig aret putt at 15 per cent., btat when r
polrtedI for covering articles to be ox
rted arnd du lty free.
wOOL~ IS i'im.i:1
i'ool is miade free. T'hfi taikes the c
Its from tinder woolen manufactures I
i begets the hope that they may no
le from the lainguishing conditionE
which they have been for a quarter 0
a (cntuiry, andI that we may get
olen goods at reasonable rates m.ii
ad of at duities that on the commont
ides freouiently reach one hlundred
r cent., anid In some cases two or
roe timres that merciless fIgure.
othis and dress goods are put ai, 40
r cent, and clothing at 45 per cent.- I
tea higher than the committee de- I
'ed, but1 dleemeod temporarily nieces
ry becaue our manufactures have so1
eg been excluded from two-thirds of
(I wools o1 the world that they will
tve to learn tire art of manufacturing
Ith free wool. A sliding scale is
erefore added, by which the rates In
0 wooflon scheduto are to come down
10 pboints with the lapse of ilve years.
ipet n, an lindustry on which we will
I mndependent of competition, are put
, # pen cent. f on Axminister, Mo
titte and Wilton; 30 per cent. for
russels, while common grades go
own to 20 per cent.
The bill provides that the duties
tall be removed from wool on March
ttnd reduicedt on woolen goods on
In the slk schedule, the reduction of
ates is smaller thlan in cotton or
voolen fabrics.
Sole leather is reduced from 10 to 5,
er cent. Leather gloe'es are clasIiert
ecording to material and length, and
ire uniformly rated at specific duties,
which average Alot over 25 per cent, 0n'
he common varIeties and near 40 per
ent. on the fine lamb and kid gloves.
In the ached ule of sundries, many
rticles, like hatters' p lush, are put on
hie free list. Tihe dnty on cut dita
monds, pearls and other precious stones
13 Increased.
Works of art are, I am delighted to
say, put back on the free list.
A REi)UcTION OF FIFTY M11.0LION.
The above is a rapid summary of
the changes made by the proposed bill
atid will give a satisf-ictory idea, I be
lieve, of its general structure. It, is es
ti mated that it will reduce the reven ti,
on the basis of the importations of 1892,
about fifty iillionis, with anl ifmlDeise.
ly larger decrease of t ax burdens to the
American people. The administrative
law is reported with a few amend
wents, suggested by experience of its
operatlonl. l'hat law was chiefly pre
pared by Mr. tiewitt when he was in
Congress, and the changes proposed in
our bill are to in ike it more effective,
while at the s.ime tumo sot teninig soim
of the features added by the McKinley
bill that would treat the business of
importing as an oitlawry, not entitled
to .he protect ion of the governinent.
There were present in the counmit
Lee room today when theseal of secrecy
was removed: Mr. Wilson, the chair
man, Messrs. 'T<rsney, Breckinridge,
liynutu, l'urnier and Bryan (Demo
ciats, and Ieed, Bat rows. lizell and
f lopkins (Illtillicansi5 ) The corridors
in the neighborhood of the room were
fillud with new.iuaper men, representa
tive-s of soie ot the protected indus
tries, and others interested in tariff leg
islation.
iATi-S OF NEw DU'TI Es.
Following are some of the principal
articles named in the bill an t ie rates
of duty imposed:
Alcoholic perfumeries, two dollars a
gallon and 25 per cent
Chloroform, 25 cents per pound.
Morphia, 5U cents per ounwe.
Opium, aiteous, extract and tinc
ture, 25 per cenit; opium containing
less than niine per cent. ol morphia and
opium prep tred for smokinig, .1 a
poun11d.
Varnishes, 25 per cent. and $1.32 ad -
ditloial on the alcohol in spirit var
nishes.
Spotiges, toi per cent.
-Sulphir,20 per cent.
Brick, 20 per cent.; decorated, 30.
Tiles, plain, 22 per cent.; glazed 49
per cent.
,darble, rough, 10 per cent, per cutie
loot; dressed, 75 cents per cubic foot.
Freestone, granite and other build
ing stone, not especially provided;
dressed, 20 per cent.
I ron, pig and scrap, and scrap steel,
22I per cent.; slab blooins, etc., 25 per
cent,.; bar, 30 per cent.; beams, girders,
etc., 35 per cent.; boilers, 30 per cent ;
lorgings of iron or steel, :1 per cent.:
railway bars, iron or steel, 25 per cent.;
sheet iron or steel, 35 per cent.; sheet
iron, galvanized, :135 )r cent.
Tin plate-, 40 per cent.
Steel ingots, blooms, etc , 25 per cent.;
wire rods, 30 per cent.
Anchors and ship and mill forgings,
25 per cent.: cast iron pipe, 25 per cent.;
chains, :30 per cent.
Pocket cutlery, lowest 35 p1r cent.;
highest -15 per cent.; table cutlery, 35
per cent.
MAizzle loading guns, 25 per cent.;
bree-ch loaders, 30 per cent.
Nails, 25 per cent.; wood s,rews, 30
per cent.; wheels. 35 per cent.
Brass, unianu r ict tired, 10 per con t.
Itolled copper, 2J per cent.
Lead ore, 15 per cent ; lead sheets
and pigs one cent a pound.
Willow ware, 25 per cent.; casks
mod shooks, 20 per cent.; furniture. 27
per cent.
SuMgar-The, present hounty is to be
extingushecd one-<luarte(1 of a cent each
Vtar until it has ceased to exist. All
mtgars above nu lmber sixt.een l)utchi
;tand(ar~d, fi ve-twentieths of onie centt a
Leaf~ tobacco for wrappers, uinstemi
nedl, a dollar per poun-I; stemmied a
oliar and a quiarter; other leaf, uin
t.emmied, 3s; stemmiied, 50 cents; aill
i,ber tobacco not eniumerated, 4l0 cent!s
nulf. 410 cents; cigars, chmeroot.s and
igarett,es, $3 per po~uinil and 2:> per
enllt.
lice, cleaned, oiie and onelr half tents
>cr pound; uincleanled, hne cenit. F'l(iur
mid broken rice, one qutarter cent;
>addhy, three qu iarters of a cent.
Il'otatoes, 10 cenlts ptr bumshiel.
Vegetables in their natural st,at r., not
pecially p)roviiied for ten per cent.
oranges, lemons and limes, packed1.
en cents per cubic loot.; biilk $1.50 per
houisand, and thirty per cent adlvalo
eml1 on tihe boxes or barrels in addition.
'eanuts, a cent and a halt per poini I.
1 irandiy, and other spirits, mnac
uired from grain or otdler m11aterials,
I. 80 per proof gallon. IlAia rum, a
ollar a gallon; chiampagnie g;mrts5,
7dollars a do'.i; other suiz-s proj >r
ionately. Alaltl liq iors, hot Ib-,I, 3')
enits per gal lon ; ot hmtr wise thani bottled
fleen cents a gallon.
Cotton thread ranges f rome ;i to 3 5
er cent : sewing threatd cotton, 41 1-2
ents per doz/. n I or iimnd red yard spools.
'otton cloth rauiges from i one cent to0
wo and three-ilutarter cents per square
ard accordmig to < iiality and condition
vit,h adivalorem aiditlion for higher
rades ranlginog f roim 20 per cent, to 40
er cent.
BaggIng for cottoni of all kinds, lif
een per cent.; but when imported for
overing articles to be cxported, it is
ree. l'rlnting paper, unsized, twelve
er cent; sized, lifteen per cent.
Among the prIncipal additions to
lie I ree list are the followIng: Bacon
nd hams, beef, mutton, pork and
ieats of all kinds not specially pro
ided for;binding twine, borax, camn
hior, bituminous coal, coke, copper in
11 crude forms, cotton ties, iron ore,
otton seeds oil, agricultural imple
sents (cotton gins named), salt, soap,
mnilding material (except marble) him
or tImber and wood In all but a few
onditions which are inamedl.
The metal schedule of the bill levies
Imost wholly advalorem dulties, while
lhe present law leaves specille duties.
A (oid Finct.
ECL PAsu, Texas, Nov. 28.-The ex
litoment causedi by the gold strike at
lelen Blazess in the .Orizan District,
ilty miles North of this city, continues
md quite a number of mincrs and p)ros
lect,ors let, or there today. Interest in
lie new camp was considerably heigh
ened today by the receipt of of a letter
rom an El Paiso man, who stated that,
te had taken up an extension on what is
mown as the "Last, Chance," and said
te had found free gold at a deplth of
hree feet. Hie also states that veins of'
told bearing rock varying from six to
mighteen inches in thickness can be
,raced for thiee miles and are covered
with from three t,o six beet of dIri t,.
Heavy RaIn.
NiEw ORtLEANs, Nov. 20.-Sunday
night's rainstorm was one of the most
severe that has visited this cIty in
years- In a few minutes the streets
were over flooded in every section of
the city, and the drainage pumps were
unable to cope with the elemenh-.
People moved about in skiffs la2 many
parts of the city, and the principal
streets were in some places foot un-'
der water. Jean Lahitte, WFrench
man, who arrived in this city from his
native land four days ago, was fonnd
drowneud on ClalDorne Street, one of
the principal st,reets' of the city, where
the water went down in the morning.
DEMOCRATIC LEAGUE CLUBS.
Seitor Butter Gives His Views as to
Their Organlz%tlon.
GREENVIILLE, S. C., Nov. 30.-The
editor of The Mountameer. believin
that the views of Senator Butler unon
the proposed or-anil z Ation of Democrat
ie leavues would prove interesting to the
public, addressed a letter to that gentle
maIn not long avo, to which the follow
ing answer has been received. The re
sponse is in the line to fe expected .. om
one who has given practical evidence
of' hi ability to meet energemces in the
past, and his eloquent plea for tic uiity
at;d supremacy of the witeit man in South
Cartolina will not be lost unlu the muaus
es, who are ready as ever to maititain
the doctrine by which the State was re
deemed 'rom misrule and corruption.
The letter is as follows:
'Washinguton, D. U., Nov. 22, '93
"Col. Jas. A Hoyt. Greenville, S. C.
"My 1)etr S;r: I am in receipt of
your letter of thec 13th inst., asking my
'views on the proposed orgam..-.tion of
Democratic lcaa-ues in South arclina.'
I a) not well etutgh advised of the
ob)ject, of the 'proposed or--anizAtion'
to give a ver intelliget opinion in
ri-iard to it. My titidritanding of tbo
objects of the Ntional Democratic as
sociation or leat2, o" which the lion.
Chauncey Black of Pennsylvania, is
presideut, an! Ir. L-twrence Gardher
of this ctV, i, secretary, is that
they shia'l ).: auxiliary oi suipple.
mentl to the rkguar orgaiz.tions in
the dillerciit States and Territories and
aire rather educational than strictly po.
litical. That is to say, they are iietru
mentalities for the :collection and distri
bution of vnteocratic lA eratture, mtl are
coivenintiL organizaiLons to aswemlibie
and hatve airesses, onil financial or i co
nomic top'cs by distLinguishcd J)em
cratit Spakers. I that be the purpose
of the 'proposed organizIition in Souti
Carolina' I can see no objection to it.
We all need instruction iu sound 1)emi
calrtic doctrine, aidl I. shotblt wel im
any movement that would promulle
or encourage It.
"If oi the other hand, the obj et ie
to orvanize leagues or asociation. inM!e
DCudent of and in anta-.onism to the
regular Democratic organ:zationi of the
State, I think it would be unwi.e and
impolite. What we most Teed in Suthi
Carohna is harmony and good !celing
among the Democratie inases. We
cannot di--iuise the fact that there are
two factions in Our party. Sincere., lon
est I)emocrats are to be found i,t both,
and I think it only needs patience and
toleration and forbearance, one for dif
ferences of' opinion with the other, to
brin-, our people together. It is for the
imterest 01 soiuc: men to keep ip <hissin.
tion, wrau,_ing, iigry recriminations
Anld ab)use, but the great body of Dome
crats in both factions are tired of it. Of
course there are those who live and
thrive on contusion and (issention.
They have nothin., else to sustain thetu
and when party su.ife is ende! and ma
ters settle down to a normal state, they
subside and disappear. But, iz I have
remarked, our people are at heart can -
servative and want peace. Peace ciu
be secured on pertectly lionorabl - terms
to both tactions it our people are alloweu
to get together.
"I fear the organiz.t'on of the pro
posed leaties would oper ite its a tire
brand rather than a sedative-would be
seized tin by agitators to widen thI e
breach. TIhat at feaet is my ap prehien -
sioni. Whatever ref orm may be diesiredl m
thie regular Deomocrarze organiiz.ttion
mu iit and can be efle'cted in the organiii
zation. I trust therefore, that we alhall
go alon'i in the regtilar way itnd (lose
upi otir ranks to make common cause for
gtod government.
"I have heard it hin ted that one fac
tion or the othier has, o)r may appeal to
th.e inecro vote to defeat the other. 1
i.incerely andi devoutly pray that no stuch
calamity muay ever befall my native
State. The degredation of tie ballot,
the Ocruoralizauon or the white people,
not yet cured from the experiences of
I;Wioi!d be something too terrible to
conitemp)late. W ithi tu: aidi great pre
pionderance of negroes, we can dIraw no
conifort or encouragement from experi
ences tn other States wit,h whaie major
iiien. Fort myself, I have s-truigled iTr
wNite suplrei i:y and shall cont,inue to
struggle for its piermanency. Whatever
I amn I owe t t.he white people of Sout'
Carol ia, an't by them and with them I
shtall survive or perish.
"Ahove all things let me imolore ouir
people t) bear wi one anothe~r counsel
with one antother in a spIrit of p)atriotic
toleration antd enlightened forbearance.
"The political fate of any man or set
of mern is of small concern, when bal
ancedl against the welfare of all otir peo
p)le. Young men are coming to the
front full of' political ardlor and honora
ble ambition. They should be encour
aged on the lines of such political
methods as will ensure good government
and ready obedience to law ~justly ad
ministered. Upon their shoulders will
rest the- burdens and responsibilit,ies of
maintaining soci ordler antd admmis
tering the alliurs of the government..
They cannot (d0 this satisfactorily with
the ballot de'rradled, as it, mtusft be by
an appeal to the neg~ro vote, until this
race has mladIe more enlightened progres
in the scale of civilization. S >ma of them
are cqual t.o the duties of citiz/anship
no M. but as a whole they arc not
"'Very truly yours, M. C. BUTr,En .''
A Tellier's Narrow Eticiape.
IIOA NOK E, Va.1, Nov. 24,-li. F. Lov
ing, former paying teller of the First
National Bank of this city, Who was
indicted on October 23 for embezzling
$3,500 from the funds of the bank, was
trIed in the Jiustings Court today and
acquitted. The jury returned a ver
dic, of not guilty after fifteen minuites
delIberation. The deufence was ably
conduicted by the counsel for the ac
cused, Messrs. Wright & tioge, and
Col. .John 10. P'enn. The prosecution
failed to prove that LovIng actually
took the money, or that there had been
a real embezzlement. Tne evidence
was to the effect Wiat Loving, while
teller at the bank, was careless and
negligent, and often In cashing checks
would overpay large suims, sometimes
paying out as much as $1,000 in excess
of the face of the check presented. it
was shown to be likely that Loving
madte toese mistakes, andl when he
ound the shortage In his accounts fal
silled1 the figures. hoping to hide the
matter temporarily until the shorting
could be made good. The verdict,
wthichl was in accordance with the in
ctructions and the evidfence, was re
ceived with applause by the audience
In the Court room.
Pleoased.
LONi)ON, .N ov. 30.-The St. ,James
Gjazette Is not greatly pleased with the
new tariff bill; yet it admits that the
bill sllows signs that Mr. Cleveland is
prepared to fulfil his promises, and
there Is no quiestion that it will prove
a great relief to trade. Continuing,
The St. James Gazette says: "All
through tt e bill care is taken to leave
the American producer with the dif
ferential duty in his favor completely.'
Burning at the Stake
KALAMAZOO, Mich., Nov. 30.--Wlil
Iarvey and Th,mas Wilson, sons ol
prominent people of Otsego, a few
miles down the Kalamazoo river, have
been sloring their minds recently with
the contents of dime novels on Western
outlawry, and became imbued with de.
sires to do some thrillin and desperate
deed. Yesterday afternoon Charlie Mett
Pon, aged twelve years, for some trivial
cause, fell under the ban of their die .
pleasure, and the two older boys de
cided to ofFer him up as a burnt offer.
in",. They induced him to acconpiny
them up tihe river bank to the vicinitfy
of the dam ou the pretense of looking
alter some traps they had set. They
took Harry Patrick, aged ten years,
along with them. When they arrived at
a secluded spot, the youni flends bound
the Mattson boy to a tall sapling and
proceeded to gag him, tying a handker.
chief over his mouth so that his screams
could not be heard. TLey then kindled
a lire about his feet and tood back to
watch their victim's strugeles. Young
Patrick protested, but says he was
threatened with being thrown into tWe
river it he (lid not keep still. Soon Matt
son'. overcoat took fire at tha bottom,
and it Was evident that he wae suff'oring
irighatfully from terror and pain. The
Patrick boy could stand the horrible
scene no longer, and dashing forward
with his knife he cut the cord that bound
his young playmate and liberated him.
Frightened almost out his wite, Matt
son threw off his burning overcoat and
ran. The young outlaws, angered at
his releaso, seized tlerescuer and served
him as they had the first victim. His
clothes were ablaze from the flames
about his legs, atid the brave
I,id would soon have paid the
penalty of his shivalrous rescue
ci his compauion with his life, when a
farmer, who had met the Mattson boy
an6 heard his incoherent story, arrived
on the scene and Bnatch-himn from his
awful oosition. His legs were so badly
burned that he was unable to wa.k, and
he had inhaled some of the smoke. He
is in a painful condition, and action
against, his tormenters is delayed pend.
iug the result of iniuries. He will prob
ably recover. The lamiles of all are
well known, and the allair has caused a
real, sens Ition.
Q uranit Ine R ansd.
i.UNSWICK, Ga., Nov. 30.-There
were no new cases of yellow fever to
day, no deaths and no discharges. The
refugees are returning fast and the
streets are lively. Today has been one
of unusual thanksgiving in Bruns
wick and everybody gave thanks from
the humblest citizen to the highest oll
cial. ln the churches congregations
gathered and joined in prayers of
thanks for those who administered to
the afilicted during the deadly plague
that has been among the people. All
are free now and all rejoice. This af
ternoon the brass band paraded the
streets with enlivening music that
brought out large crowds. Surgeon
Murray gives Brunswick double rea
son for celebrating Thanksgiving to
night by removing the government
quarantine around the city and any
person can enter Brunswick now with
out, fear of certificate. Surgeon Mur
ray said to night: "I have removed
the quarantine and any one can enter
Brunswick now without a certificate.
A surveillance wvill be kept on any out
going baggage or household goods.
The railroads will resume their regular
sched~uites in and out to-morrow. The
*Mallory line of steam ships will rt
sume their sch'dules immnediately.
There have been no new cases of fever
among the refugees lately returned.
ilie condition of Brunswick warrants
the stat.emenit Lb it the city is practi
ecilly safe. The outside world may im
J)icitly trust people from Brunswick
as tar as yellow fever is concerned, and
if the peop)le in JUrunswick will be ra
tionally careful they will suffer no
danger themselves. If more eases oc
cir they will be treated as sporadic and
no0 rep)orts will be* imaide of them. In
every way good lat-h will be preserva I
with the outside world. A. Ott, who
claims he is a citizen of the Ujnitedl
States and has refused to allow his
bedding disinfected, has bean arrest 'l
under t he lawvs of the city and has given
bond1( to alpear. Brunswick wvill be
dlisinfecte d properly but no damage
wvill be (10ne to the people's property.
Y ou can say as coming oflicially from
me that the epIdemic is over so far as
the outside worldl is concerned, al
thioughi I think that a few more cases
may occur which may cause no alarm.
The A rrents at lieaufort.
COI.UMIIA, S. C., Nov. 28-Assistant
Attorney General Buchanan returned
from Bleaufort, where he was sent by
Governor Tillman to supervise the
arrests of the men who assaulted Con
stables Swau and Strobel. iIe siaw to
the arrests of eight white men and six
negroes. They were arrestedt by the
sheriff of the county, taken before a
t rial justIce, waived preliminaries and
gave bonds for their appearance at
court. Among those arrested was the
acting mayor of the town, a m.-n
namned Townsend; the colored chief of
police, J1. E. Grant, M. P. Stopperbein,
a wealthy Northen man; B. L. Cal
houn, 11. IIarrison; a man namedl
O'itouke, and a man named Opland.
The first, three, It Is alleged were leadl
e :s of the mob. The arrests will con
tinue until every man in the mob has
'I ;en arrested. The rIot, says Mr. Bu
chanan, was commenced by a handful
of white men, who urged everybody
to join In it, and were instrumental in
urging them on. The sheriff was fired
upon twice while going home. The
men have been arrested on three chamrg
es: Rtesisting an oflicer in the dis
charge of his duty; assault andl batter y
of a nigh andl aggravated nature; andl
riot.
TEST TYPEWRITER."
y Aw a rd
TAT1E FAIR, NOVEM1BER 8, 1893.
TlE ONLY AWARD
-' WAS
AL/SO MAD)E TO US
FOR TYPEWVRITER'S
ity Agents Wanted.
>bes & Co.,
, COLUMImA. s' C
AMERICA'S GRAND NAVY
Secretary HIerbiirt'Is Firi4t AnimnI i
p,ort.
WASI.INOTON, Nov. 30.-The fira
annual report of Secrotary 1Ii'ary A
Herbert is in intiersetin-, stiuuary ot thj(
progress ma 'o inl nav'l cistruction
rinec the inau:uration of the new Amerl
(all steel navy withi the resulc of replac
Iog, w*ith hi:,+'-powered, s v ilt and formid
able steel ships nearly all of the old tim.
ber sides that mad.3 p the naval list at
the close of war. The report also coi.
tinl stroig rec8m1etions in s,o14
cases of a rad'eml nature, such ats tio8(
touchin- the proper scopo of our Favoritc
eruisers, that _,ather weiht om becre
Iry Ifer!)ert's legt experience as Chair.
man of the IIouse Naval Commitee,
id his tiorou,h mastery (A the deta0lh
o tic Naval )Li:.rtmient.
Tie itj,..rt begius with a laticmed
of the pro-.,rcs made since tile last. re
1or' diclosIgl the fact, that nine vez
sels have been lautched inl that spic- 0
time, while bix new ve6ssel havu been
coipletid ant commissioned. Tlt
SpeIS attainted on trial were in most
cases in excem. o the rcquirementis. Il
lact, the larg, premiulm citured calud
much emme:t. The Seerctary, how
ever, ar-u-ms that the premiunis are not
uere _,ratuitics or clear proit to Che
build rs oI the vessels. T ey aro itiee.
ieV.Sto dilli ;Ce adi1 have not leteLCd
il 1i1jusixo Lo !he overiuent fr ile
ship-buillers have alivays taken into tle
calculations when bJldhi J Llt i m U tLS
I was tiSsIble t" (Irn .13 J)r e m .
To avvk (ispiut-A, Vhiuli have (ccurred
inl the past, ,j the Uiew contracts the con.
tractors have beeu rLquired to de. -av
the -X :Pes of tC 10rial trilwS.
The rep.)rt shows that the total num.
ber ot serviceable war ships in the United
States Navy is frty-ona, tilteen of which
is armored. Ill addit.ion Lere are sixty
ur vessels on tho 'st, mlo.tly wooden
risers, ban ls and aut:quated momtors
that are set do;ivn as lnservicuable for
War purpOse.
Tales are givcn showing the naval
stren,t.h of th leatihn-g powere, andt a
comparison drwil oim theu ihows the
1niteL States Sevclti in tile rank (A
naval powers.
The Secretary rcutests auhioity to
devoe $ 150,000 author'zd for the con.
struction of a Vessel imluar to the Vesu
viiis to Lh cons, ruction of threc torpe(L)
boatf3, 111id al,-o re.tun s nint s
of' the limit1t the C ist O f.WIfL tkrpd
crniser auth lor:z'et by tihe Act of 1890,
)as to eniable t1C Depart miet to have
this vessel Il .1 d:yntu d u tile i x"
liscal year.
A ri-,cap'tultdtion ofl tile popsal s is
sued F.,r new ves -els diritig tie N ear
Wimdk till With the .Late.uient of the 1)iJs
for cLostrtLLiir th113 three e v gUnl ioats.
These bids were very much lower than
any heretofore received bv the (Govern
muni., but iblore ic:eptin2 thie the
p:ans will be (.xaminliied by a second
board Whill is iXpLted to report, this
week.
The Secretary (votes much !pacc iii
its report to te discussion of navat
ordinance and armou. lie Bays tile
;vei,,ht, of forei1n opinion is iii favor of
limiting the sIze of ,una to twelve inch
cablire and the weii. to IliIty toiis,
Ile claims that the nleW eiIlhtillch tickel
st.eel guni reidy tor asemib:mo, comb ini
inlL Lihe empilioymeniitit oh a meltLril te ver
befor.e uised h>r at gunl construeu~onl, oi
entiire new I r >ee) cet aro liembanzi ll, wvill
:dve melrea,Ld C lic incy att theL alrieady
redc edi Icost o f litI: it c i . .
foretNn piractlie oh instalbag oil war ships
as5 man1iy rapid lice an?d mtaebtine gtuns as
can be properlty pro leeledi, an tow ~ard
he Letns ioni o! raph1: Ii reim nsteml to
uns11 ofl hIilher cibre'~.
Pr'obabl1y t.lche mst 11iportant ch apte
i'u tile r elLr treats of iII the nval policy~
ofi the c(unktry. Mr. IIlerbert recalls
to (Conigre.s in1 1Si5 looking to the mi
crcus of8 n1Iaval est b1 i lihmetst, auri Sec
retary Whitniey 's siuccessiul eiloris t.o
iiuaug.uraIte a ne(w 1)1)1icy int this respect..
lie siys that our uavy ha n iot y'et come
upl to the( sItndard, thiat our navy shal
be ats cilicieint wie en comuparedh with
others as1- that widehLi the count ry pos
Pessedh1) ber the era of nmidern 5hlp,,
and1 whien ouri sea: ports were dleemedh to
be, ais thety are ccirtamnnly not itow, noii
ply proidedhc( w ith fortiflica.tions fuillIy lip
to the reluiremn)Ct of the age(L.
The Secretary says we halve now bldi
ing onily tour vessel 3Wi b can proper
ly be denominateid iirst cla'ss baleshipi t.
PTe cruisers atnd gublboa's we nowui have
huil andI are buihlinIg c'nsitt. a11 efrCii -
cicutI fieCt, and wil lvi cV prov hniiient Iwhen0
they shall all be in commion1 for eruis31
mg1 putrposes ini ordinary Li 111s and Luo
lock after ourn commuerce abroad,l
Now isi thel Lim to11 bu ly sulmmeinr plan
S25 cash b;dIance NovLember 151th 18i)3.
Will buimy at P iano( at spoit cas5' price slIo
cash, balance Novemb er 1~> n 1893
Will buy a organl at spot cashi price
See the list to choose I rom. Steinway
Mason & Illamlini, MaithusIhek and Stir
lhng Ianmos, M asonl & IIlamlin and1(
Stirling Organs. Fifteen (lays test
trial and freigh I bot hi ways it if n salis
factory. A itargo lot of nearly nieiw and
second h1and l'iianos amid Organs at bar
gains. Good as ne0w. Writi, for prices
W.N4. Tramp, Calmnbia, S. (3. *
T1hie Edgelild Chronico says: "We
suspect that it would take the profits
upon sixty bales of cotton t.o buy the
pork or bacon Mr. J. C. Rtinosford will
make this winter. If we should bst
right, the fact would teach us a very
imnportaint lesson-that hog raising
beats cotton raising on our South C3aro
lina landls, at present prIces."
D IEN S*
"TH E .WOR LD'S GRE)
TIlE MACIll)
T he O n1
FOR TIYPEWVRIT1ERS AT TllE :
"NO MAChINE COULD
LDE ANY rl'i"TER. .'T N~ ,
PERFECTr."
P'rivave statement of (om.
of tile Judges. ~
Resiponisiblo Oom
J. WT. Gi
GENERIAL AGENT.
ran'14 A4 Ina plelde
BATEBBURQ, NOV. 29.-Mr. Joel
Etheredge, a substilintial and resPected
farmer was found dead in his field tis
morning by one of hia neighborsh A por
tion of tbt top of lis head was shot o
and bis body had spots of blood anf'
brains on it. le had carried his gun
with him to the field, as bad bee his
custom for several mornings past. When
Ioun't the only shell the gun contained
had been discharged. In falling, the
head rested on a burning stump and was
partially consumed. [t is not known
whether the killing was accidental or
not, but foul play is feared. It is hoped
that the coroner's inquest which will
be held this afternoon will clear up the
mystery. Mr. Etheredge leaves a wife
and large familv of children.
ADETT PAYS THE FREIGHI
V. hy fay I xtrema Prices for Goods!
nd for aiogue and See What You Can SaM1
$69 $37
-- -Int b inronMeth n
No freightpaii on i4 i )r
gil. 4 i111nrtllevid to be at
o redtu or moner
o S \r,11 4'')ir, Ro*Irm: i'h::r. N'van
e i :Ma -woi b 45. Will dellvel
It, to your diept-! ot $88
Tij1 No.I
COOKING
With 21
-p pieces of
ware will
ii~bedeliver.
- od to ymu
regular
- ' pric $0
A 0 433SEWnaT U--n1"
witl aln wutti ,,w ' '. ior 9:
ON LY $1B.50 -
_delivere i o Yf)4',r olot.
te ex p e- :- i :1 ..,.p 1 i .
to you for .7 _
and guar:init-rvr one a A
bargin. No fAdit pald
on ts Buggy-C
A $4B7:o P'IANO
deIliVVrTtA W yV de V
Ment fore: tingos of i rnituir*, Cooktng
stovem, Biby e'rate i 4,le, orgftnR,P.
anos, Ten et.I nrs-tri. i,ainpoi, &c., and
aAV I4 t Y A ddrems ras4ra
L.F.PADGETT "O";M.eet
TO
FARMERS
AND
MANUFACTURERS:
As a matter of b)usiiness. interest.to youI
and ourselves we ask yJu to allow us the
privilege of making estimates upon any
machinery you may wish to buy before
placing your orders elsewhere
Our facilities and conlueettonis with miac
ufacturers are such that we can; quote on
the same goods as low prices as are obtaiu
able In America. It ie but a narrow :mind
that would pass by the home dealer to pay
an equal or greater price to a forelv -
dealer or manufacturer.
Only give us the opportunity and we w. o
serve you to advantage, and keep at honio
a small part of the money which ia going
4way from our State to enrich others.
W. H. Gibbes Jr., & Co.
COLUMBIA, 8. C.
-THE
7 i Tomr
~44t Fo r Agcul..
S tural an dGn
eral Plantation
ed their reputa
tion as the best
on tne market.
For Simplcity.
DurabilIt ..:nd
Economy In
fuel andi water
THE TOZER
- Has no Equ-1,.
9
Rice Planters and Rice Millers can
buy a single macline that will clean,
hull and polish rice ready for market
for $350.00.
Corn Millers can buy the best French
burr mill, in iron frame, fully guaran
teed, capacit ten bushels meal per
hour, for $115.00.
Saw Millers can buy t,he variable
fi iction feed DeLoach Mill from
$190.00 lip to the largest slzs.
Also Gang Rip Saws,'Edgers, Swi'ig
Saws, Planing Machines, and all kinds
of wood working machinery.
"Talbott" Engines and Boilers.
Special discounts made for cash.
V. C. BA DH AM,
COLUMBIA, S. C.

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