Newspaper Page Text
PRESIDENT's MiSSAGE. o
[CONTINUED FRO1 PA ONE] P*
der oflces were aIded -o thost alread y st:
provided makin -1 totql of 2A07 in op. m.
.oration on .J -no 30. 13. rhe number wi
of intermational nioitw-y orders issued 27
during the year was 1,055,999, an i- si<
crease over the preced'g veHr of 72,526 ait
and their valtii %vas 16,3.1,837.86, IL) ItO
increase of $1,221,506,31 TPne number be
of orders paid wa 300917, an iicreas(i w
over the preceding v-ar -if 13603. aa I w,
their va lue w .s 85.283 375 70, ain in- si<
crease of $91,09383 Frim th'. forego ed
ing staremen's it appears that. 1 he to Iio
ttil I.Skue ot I(M iln , t0r11-rs -.11. t ) p q,, t*
in- tos for the year atml l to s156i p'
'I'e numbtr of letters and p wok age" lI
mailed durit he ear for 8 peenie. t'
livery was 3.375 693, ai inker - is- ovor y'
the prece-ding year ot neariv 22 ptr il
cent. The sp-ecial deliverv st.tinpi tued c:t
upon these leI.ters atid p,.ckag(. i
amounted I o $337.5iM) 30, an d I h- inwv
senger fee-s p:i 1 r their !<ilv
amounted to $256 5112 71, I avl-t -i
profit to the gove CIO Ile-i I1 880 .I1 1
The railway mail service vot, (nh1 ;.Adi
to the promptnt-ss of mail doI\- er;*
all offices, bit. 1i is ti-v ws ep-al m1' r ! 1
mentality which puit the.'haul I' 't
way places in the svrvivo on al ,qt aw'Y
in that regard witi th larg.air aid,.
Minal offices. This branch of ihw p
tal service has Ih -rf orc remvmi veI I im
attention from the I 'wst master Geir'
and though it is grar-ifying to k ou
that it is in a c!onldil ion of high R lie':
cy hnd great, u;(iNfule3!, I am !
agree wit h the 'oitminaster
that there is room for its fi t
proveinent. 'I he-e are now coi
to the )CRtOflie ('3Alis01,111WA
employees who are in the cla.ssi
vice. The head of ft his ire i. i
ment gives conclusive evidewtlf
value of civil scrvice ret orm, u
ter an experienco that reii
judgment on the subject, ahsol -'
liable, he expresses the opit
without the henelilt of thi* :
would be impossible to con.!
vast busines-i utrusted to Ia ii
I desire to commend a,;
wort.hy of proiipt attenii:
gest.ions 01 the l'ostmasti.
lating to i. more seisible
like orgainzation, aldI a
bution of responsibilit,y
The report of the liSe
Navy contains a historv
tionR of his department
year, and exhibits a i
condition of the pe1rsoi
le presents a satisfac
the progress which Ii
the construction of vi
a number of reconi
which attention is es
During the past 3ix
mands for cruising
many and urgent.
tect American int:
Gaatemala, Cos'.-. I:
gentine and Bi,vil ,
of affairs in 11..I
constant pret nie
With all these cn -
becomes nec'.Sry II'
a suficient. fieu t.
under the ii-t,I i
with Great ii t
service one ve.-:,1 r-)
mission and t !i r i
Progress i n i i. bi 1 .1
vessels has nit i
ticipated. Th .
the completion t'' '
but for the in bYjr
such areas const:ur lv
cruntries hav n
in naval shi p bt I
rious delaw, . . -
work upzon .4 u a. .~*
has been the E.or''' V'
deliver armor(i. ..
ties seemnt wi)~ ,'. ' .,
all OVescome~ a'
ered n ith Iit isp
A4saresui~lt u I -
ed by shipt bu I A A
mYaterial nlt-n it ' '
dates wheun ves i
can now behi inu I
accuracy. (;rtt 'i' -' V
torf-edor 5 i
the (iew it b
edl coat dtI ci .'I
armlored e'I nt"x
tected erutin a
Charb-: on, '
Crmiser I i i'
Ca.istct' ne at n I -
4f l( I , I h 41A
of 'ontru te'o T ' '
coas: dih-'itnt nii -
the1. plroti -:t d. (. 14 ''
O)lytnlna, (.ine A 4 *
wh~'4,ic th ilt ' la '
gust 1st. of Il!4
by the last Contgr S .1 )14I' I 11
in less than ''t 2. A yer [Iro
Since iN)4', , ongn4-A4s ii
51i1n lhthll i/., ) hi'.li b ia~ .4 '4
more veil''ts, ant the ' 1 ~( '4
Navy prtesents an IrA irn1e '
battleship andl SIX IA 41 4
While I amf (disti tv m14I'44 iA ' ''' l4
sistenitly pu~rsming iim p 4 4iI' '.4
andieflicien1t na:v'y I litAn' rA a 'tro1'l' c'''i
the suggestion that (-ontter ss shoojll
carefully take~ into1 4'aoud 1It nuz;' Ut 1'
of unIiinflihed v'essel5's on. tAur .n4 d deni414
the epeleted condttton o01' 1. r 401''ltl': n-u', Lt
in conlsidering thei proprli'dt v lf aI an. P -r
propriationi at this tane 14 h1 '''4 tt er A
Thle method of' ut plo m:tl4'at(-.141
al labor at navy yards tr'ugh h4oitrda 14
of labor and mnaking teicicy thei ''4,wi
test by which lauborers are~ nt bi) 'dLt
and continued, 1.9 producing', the bet'i t'
results, and 4he isecret ary is e' Irtestly'-:
devoting himesel' to its delt'0i'lopmft 44
Attention is Invited t( the atemntis to
of his report in regard to tIhl n. orking th
of the system. i
..The Secretary o)f t heo l a: er io sC
supervision of so many imnporrt t sub- t1,(
jects that his report is oif eiibaCI. vaie met
and interest. Ont the 3)hl aav of Junitt go'
1893, there were on thle pena roll)1, an11
906,012 names, an incre.ise of 891,11 ov- t hi
er the number on the rolls .Jiune 30:. iexl
1892. Of these there were seveniteen~ ilie
widows and daughters of' revol utioniary vic:
soldiers, eighty six sturvivors of the wh
war of 1812; 5,425 wido ws of soilerasof opt
that war' 21,518 suirvivois andl( wido ws the
of the Mexican War; C.882 tsurvivors Iout
and widows of Indian wars; 281 army Ily I
nurses, and 475,65 survivors and wid. 1law
's and children of deceased soldiers
d sallera of the war of the rebellion.
e latter number represonts those
081o1Wd on account of dis-ibilit it's or
1th resultiug frnim army and niavy
'vice. The nunl!er of pe;rsons re
tInling on t ihe ro ll4J ino 3W. 8h, wo
Ire pwis'loit-(I idt-r the Act of .1inm
, 1890, whlic l altIws p:11
ms on iccoint, of1 dath
d disabilily not, charge. 1bf
irmiy st-rvrcv, wa,, -159,155. it himin
r ;lod.,d to tio rolis (Iuring tle year
iq 123 34. iii(l -'' liniiber dropiel
tq 33,61o Thel( (1ir0t p,iymen"s (In pe(Ii
inls a o ,w4l luring ;!-e ye ir mlullIt.
! o 833,741 519 9814, l k 'isi miuh- al
0rIe SIV en ' ci o na Ia-i't iol Itt we il
(1 toill i s tii w Ili t h1 o flv.tlinfe ot
ii ' k-yfiti f, a a.th-oug It(
%V l i US . .run: po'lsillns It.r dili.
v' w to v,- ii Io 1urhiltry S. I vice,
;, ttl *.n i e.A . I t b411- lil.8 a fdis <
h: v m , I tra'it at ig appw'OL
t ill 1i .'-1 Sl s 1) i
- tIi" 11%v in its early
t o hIve Il tic
I le ill'eit .11 olis, blit lo
C ih!,Ist ad.-iinistra
r ii ve vvitllon % s
- it it e, a i since that
Cl it.ll 10llo b;as bieln fol.
hi;s h:L I he elf'c of lii.1
I-tion of I he 1aw t it s ill
Ip ' l ie I it->,--v,ry having
.lIM, 'Oaiy lato,:. 1id beenl
r! Ih,,pe'r-ion rol.l by minws of
a ill. 1 v i it4 h11ut4, I l-. coml
.;:todt paymilt 11p) )i -'
v0w ich-II scen'ik. to
-A <Ir!:-;utI Fudrz..del ening
- I rIi( inli or(Ivr th-tt they
:'; w por!'lllilty t. Uslab
he, h just IC of their
ii Iimter'staal is t he
wt Nk n;-i hai for at long u.imo prk!
i:i insion butreati, b-it after
tipiinm Hte receit, inivestiga
I iw c 1munii-Ioner iodifie,1 tliil-s
:' not to all41w Intil after a
' e t xlph an vxa ion, interference
11. piyIreiil,t of . pension appar
niot al1.tiler void but which
h'd belfn tfixt-d at a rate higer
il ti tlirized by Ltw. 1 itil till
14 II-IrS!aIl(t vly frallds in ith.
- I Ii . . -III)III 1 I4)t he, x poswd ani
-i wiut ilboroughness ;1l vigor.
.i ry : 1" IIeitly pit tiponl these
a ,aww;dimposition uipmnth
i f in t)-11 in whioh p.n1siois
1 Iwcm a bal itizn;
,3in sipport, Of a pvtnsion
1i y !1r1111 ili F e.commflion and
jiol only ofl thvir mi i-Ye, btt
Ak :) ic_ SVInt i11tn,n wh1iCh the[
,I \%-war lo:ight for tho preser
i.n I t 'iliol ought to insp:re.
nlt Ll-ighibo!oiIrlibrhoods hav their
w .:ov i'< (liti tt. pensioners, aid
d'v c!inets by the bureau es
h ippi colspiracivi to ac
ii ,' t iion I ratud i i'y no eaiis
!Ii t I. A ra, iIg donoe t.) b)ravo anit
r lit, i ,itTr, Who Cvrt:LI,1y
I ' )i b e r : tnllots a,;i
n. i in i, ho au i tinl the
: I t : mrongsi
A it b 1w ; st,io d of' e lmity, or iri
I ( t') 1 I c lim ii I of honest vot
I h. suml expel(th'd oil accoinit
C. ' Y)h .ar v InIe n J11 11it
I. .w, - 6.<7 1 ),16;7 11.- Tho com .
kIar em. il 1Ii 11111t, $105,001),)AO
i 1* r 11 <p rt d l,, p:ay pv nIns d io t r i ig
car emnlinl" J ilit 30, US. 1.
cA:ndiitn of the Indians and
iiio nil nteit are subjeltsi whl
- ' Ha - to a isairol durty of) 1 he' gov.
ma'ntIan iihiIh stronly fi'pal 1o1
' Mmeo jutt and t ilt- .hym p t'N
* : . I I u nu be a.t iii :i ou.
l ::i ;trill1 .it.'-o( leii nis,-r
e n'iin ' il- lril o-rg; t
h''l I'0.I l) I Ies ilaidl
a ils', land lii' atve-ritliyi 3i.ay,
* 'u h I 'It Iee n e o 110C'3'' in.
r 1i 1 00,( acres' I l.9 ii the irum
ie ye' ox is 1,,!f fin ~incr11se?o
-i, ; i im tm ho ye f if. Ox: pthiis t
-I i- I:gs n>ii agtis aid i7 hper willy
1 Pu'n'9 l r t ' by pt he goen unen('I,
1?gti u aJrei. anurise' rv.'d'iIns. iiThe
ii n'ii jl u:i he yea r at end:ts oif
.tii115,~0I .i' ll, and in reae Iof
:::I Ie'tin reinet for lii1th art
minis claim o tI haticrlpfhir e.
- lill'li 1.9 )1 a C' rlgious3 o' tch
"t~ I t I11)111!8 0 dt A'.n :Uit l atie b I
?iho ive, t oo, t.hat t he
1 atae f inbd rhtalilir. ad
I 1 ag)coiif .iii1 tio calic I
-Oi I r idf tilng, he wet v hat
'f.I sttr inta invratyh ougti
ft bo 3h~'l I otentii. the indian
44. t ti*' 11111t t)ii i a .n i orth
ugh thr bpe, ltoF whroi grtd. uI
oxt rt ;:)iai lifini tib o)ne.
I htn. -t1114 M inue f- o r ivh ,it lia
r1 liiIt-, lr/ I uit n tal ofy t in o .
''I'. '. ~. ttk vai e .i Thc lnslu- I
sIId!) ' Girer wf:o utatit t.hi
'al Il to jlfti?lJ he recnt dutfi.
t tteuth- of.hee lan i th in :s I
r-ie o iovhata, eix e og n es ot
SI (at.( army IF irig th.te~latbede
d asindimi tagenstros isled win I
iibattun,shough,x perhapnent. ahr ?lt.I
Sdogr, and th rcomn thratblev- til
lefi ave safeogad b provioed
nnsheutrmn of pun,1Cnurthd
lionsclaims of th ief dection. hee
rappropriatidnen onts o the ie
:m lvcntl wiu orthu yar cndng inune
s o n te agbjcnst ittnd t hoe pubic re
commendation in that direction will be
Sspci(aly counmend to the atten
tioi of Con Trss tha statemel:nit.s con
Tailwd ill the Secretu.ry's rep.r con.
cerwi.g fores ry. Thf tili has e )mo
w Vhv!1cvllit!iwt Ileasures Should ho
1-iken ' or tho pros-rvati m ot' our for
vs!s f rom i:'Iiserimiat e and irromt-dial
'lie report of th,k Secreta y of Agri
cultre will bo frv'til ex-et-dinly in
tert,st i-M, especi::ly to I :%t, largti part
of our eitzets in ina-lv concerned in
agriciltiral occupa'o:s. On the Ith
day oft Narv, 1893, Ilre were upoi its
pav rolls 243) (tmployem. Thi num
hm.lil ha 1'. eldfet d to 1.850 p-rsons.
Iii viv' - del td Ireasurv anl t,he
i,iiper-lt' i,.u e.! id of t ho pwophlefior
Ii)n 'iy We a!invnit.ul-i oi their
g1ovir, mit, t.he Secretary has utered
11) )11 tI tak of ratiotially ritucjing
4 xlp.ntdi'ures by t1he chmination from
I he p-tv rolls of aill pers-;ns not nweded
Ifrlan elin'. die of thu affairs
of thi (h14n,rLim ut. D)il iig tie first
(p.,rm-r of the pri-sent yev, the exp,-ii
se-z ' ti h( (j)! atent -..Zreges .334i5,
8767d. as agius!, 340,2,012 42 for tihe
c ii rt spowli!ig p ,rtPd of t!te liseal year
eiding .) in- 30, 8.3. 'ihe sw-retarv
imhesi apparentt lsii itenti to coo
l iiiw this ral.m (,f rulined-On by submut
I inle cl.t i InUt,4 for th" nlex t. 1 e.t year
less by 610912SI) Lhi la thus" 1"r the pre
Agmon the ieads Of divis'ons inl this
dt.-p trLimelit t Ch-.lgv:i hat%ve bt-ul e
re 'din1gly fe.w. Three vw%.n1s o(.
euing from deahi -l ind riitl
have been filled by tUe promoti On0of
i.,istin's in L. smile 1ivim:1s. rine.ie
promition.3 of (xprie ic - 1 I tait hi l
at. "istanits have Iout 111ly bU.en inl the
i:trs.of, efli -,onlt work , but hnave sug
g,,sLv- to t ho.ii in t!-t d-iartim -nt. wh,o
h)nk for ;1iuun tld pronnyot on' 111a,
ieri(, ail t-vo' ,in to :Ju y are t.heir
lwst relialit-t. F1 o wimvit approprial.
id ior thi buria of amiial iniltistry
for the cirrent. fise 0 y.lar is -3(5o.000;
t!he estinmite for the ensuiing yvar is
Ihet regiiblitionOis of IS92 colcerlning
'I' x.i tever have been enlforced during
thw last, year, and Ihu large stockyards
of .ie country have hevii kept free Iroin
iifection. 0O!v-tioiii lo-al out.breaks
hav e bn h iirgelv such a. could have
ben lftetually ;: y rded agalist by thOe
o xncrs of tohe a.-.cted cattle. While
citagioni plesiro-pnemlmni-i ill eat le
hias bee-i eradic 'd-ed, itnimal 0tibercti
losis, a di v.se WIlespread and more
dLgerioT1S to l itJWllf tii than Jilt3uro
plilunonit, is still prevalent. Inve-ti
gationls Ilive been timie during the
panot year asi to the inewa: of' its com
1il111nicatioln Evnd Pi m110 iethod of its cor
Much progresi has beein made in this
diiection hy tie sttudivs ot the division
of aimal p:thology, but work ought
to bie extelnded in -)-operation with lo
cal authorit i's, until the dager to hu
mmi life arising from this cause is re
diedl to a iniiun. '1'he 1nber of
auinms arriving fromni Caiiada during
the year and nspecLe I by bureau om.
cers, was -162,0.12, ati the nher from
trais-ALlanue cotitrie.i was 1,2)7.
No conlagia d;I s wi-re found
amollg I he imup irt.d animual.-. Flie io
tal iumiber oh ins5ipetctionilA of c.ttle fo,)r
exptrt (1,1 ing t11 paIst Ii ;a year was
;1, 1i2.. ' ne 'xports ilh'a-v a falling
off ot abOut 25 Ier c.ut. I r:n the pre
(eIn11 YOar, the d,,crt,1.; 4''rin)n
tirelv li ill last h:tf of tho y.-ar. this
sugge.uis (' at, I he fall I 1:i i i iy have
be- Lirgely due to ain1re:a, ill iie
pri c Iof A. Ilerican ex port e.itt ' l ) ir
ing tl h year enl1thl .11ln ;l , iI'41;, ex.
portsl of1 illspee red i'arK iinggreg ao i 21),
poindiS Ii> the prleuing ye:lr. I'ti
liti.d, hiitVer, Ii t iui'i--chad porik, Ii.e
jo h -~iI i'> p i n i I es. i 'n
thun heriittr e.' i'1 IllIihn fo tr t110
i->Siti-i. fInspctI,C or A.\oia lai
ib-alt. t o ai , ppoint inn, i u xhihn. to I
hishll n gular uni I r fill ble) Veterini
ar', C ijegi, an;i1 I a s be sunpple.
inenlti 1byv~,i *' l miex i''ination ini the.
\(erir-'f 'CItence ;1; 12 )lniliI-;ori
t he 'x -i 9 of iai ic'iliiral pro lii,-t
frinl i. sitti > -'-- for the I til
yeir ch : , i:n :I, l)'l! at' nt 41 i th
roundii)I a llw it rI i ! is 7l pi tl 11 :. 1 f
u!ir total1 '.xport's. In tnt I.s' lis:: *~
ye.tr t h:9 agg(1.rit w:ii grlil v re i
iietd, blit never t h b-s~ re:-' i:1 9115,
iof our aigri'ulIt aral i-xf Irs wia sp -e.
l'IIfe il'ijg.homn nil ( ri-nt li j iltin andl
I relanul abs1 irt hi I b, fil e larIge-t, pro
partlIon0. ( Ot .tih', Iihe tooil (ex)prts
Iu grei-lIttl in1 L vlu' Iflr theii list IyearF
rullig ,11une1 3-, I%.3, 82,000,()C0, of
sht ch (Grea? lii:in too< conlsjieralIy t
>VeCr .$:>, I ' ,' Ii. (1 bIeel prioduicts of
dl k Inrs our1 todtal iexports were r528,
l0III tlt whiichi Great liritai:n took ii
I1 ;lorI: p)roduc13t'4 thle to! :11 (Cxport L
vere SSI 000t.(Iti, of whaich Grent Iritain I
uok 0>3.000O,th(N. Inl briud stff I~cotton I
,nd1111 mior prod'11iets lik propi >riuitions U
cut to I he same( di:i nat ion , aire sho10wn. s
'he work ot the sittistic I divisPco:1 of v
he I )epartiln't of Agiculture,P deals
illh all thalt rete to thI Ile economics 1013
I farmning. The ilItin Imlrpose (of its
aon thily re por ti is t a keep t,be far mers
niformed as filly as possible of all
latters Iaingi ii any i nfluen dce uiponI the
~orldl's maurkets, ina which their p)roduicts
ad sale. Its pubhlicat.ionIs relate espe31- ti
tially to the coinmmceal side of farm-.
nag. it is, therefore, of profound Ira- Z
'ortanice and( vital c(oncerin to the farm- a
rs oif the U niit ed St.i,tes, who represent in
early olne-hllh or ejir population, and u
ho5 of direct imIere t to the whole a
(1unt1ry thlat the work of this division y
'e efrncientty performled, aind that the ti
nforimat ion it hais gat,hered be prompt.
y diffuised. It 1s a matter of ronIg
atiulatlin t o k now that the Secretary (
v'ill not spare anyv effort to make this
t3rt, of is work thoroughly useful. lIn e
he year 1 8O9 the Congress apipropriait- i0
dt $l,00)0, to) be taken from the patent d
filice funds, for the purpose of collect- z
ng and dlist ribiiting rare and lmprovedl o
rarietaes of seed1s and for the prosteiut- J
on (of agricultural investigatioini and h
rocuring agricultural statistles. From
hi s small begling the seed division of
he D)epartmenat oif Agriculturo has h
rFown to its p)res3int unilinar1I and1 ~
mjuistihiablo ex',ravagant proportions.
)uring the last ised year the cost of t
e'td puirch -ised was $ I1.48 #1. Thie re- i
nainIder (If anl appropriation of Sly>e,- d
00t was ex pended in put.Ling them up a
md1( distributing themi. It, surely never iy
:oull have ent(eredl the minds of those li
,vhol lIrst sancttined appropriations of a
mbilic3 money for the puirchaIse of new )
md Iin p)roved varieties or seed for grati- a
tous distribution that from this woaldl f,
trow large appropriations for the pur
uhase and distribaution by members of1
'ongress of ordinary seeds and cut
Ings which are commnon in all the State P
mnd territories and1 everywhere easily ~
Ebtainable at low prices. In each State t
aind territory and agriultural ex pari I
ment station has been est,abitshied, e
These atuon., by teirs very caracter -
and name are the proper agencies to
experiment with and teat new varieties
of seeds, and yet this indiscriminate
and wasteful distribution by legislation
and legislators coutinues, ansvvering no
purpose unle,s it, he to remini cnsti
tuents that their representatives are
-I t. f .L rln l II.r .1'a V . 4"j, IIi
ties at, public cost.
Under the sanction of existing legis
latton there was sent otit fron the
Agricultural Departinent during the
last fiscal yw-tr enouth of' cabbago seed
to plant 19,200 acres of land; a silli
cient. (Iilantity of' beans to plant 4.000
acres; beet seeds enough to plant 2 i00
acres; sweet corn enough to Iplit 7,800
acres; anficienlit cucumber seed to c,)ver
2,)25 acres with vin.-s, and enotth
mu;k ml' and watprimelon geeds to
plant. 2,675 ,tcrv.,i. The tot alI qiiinity of*
11l)wer and veg-ablu seeds thus distri
illed was containied in more than nine
million packages, and they were suffi
cietit if planted to cover b9,591 acres of
lard. lit vie-v of tnee fact! that enor
muls expernditure without. lkgitimate
retulrnis of benelfit, ou1ht to be abolish
ed. AnticIpatin- a const imlli-tioi so
minifestly fin the interest of' good ad
mimistration, more than $100,00 has
been tstricken from t te esf imat e made
to cover this; obj.-et. for the year ending
.1110 3d, IS95, ad th Secret-iry rec-U
11mldis that I he remialniing $35.0c) of
the estimate he confined strictly to the
purchare of now an't improved varie
I its of seeds, and that,these be distribut
e,l through cxpwriment stat,ions. Thus
the seed will f- better and after the
t.t has been completed by the experi
mult, station1 that propagation of
the useful vartetis and the rejection of
valueless may safely b3 left t) th con
iml')Yi sense of tihe people.
The contintied Intelligent execution
of the civil service law and the increas
ing approval by tihe people of its opera
tion are most gratifying. The recent
exteitsion of its li1itations and regula
Lion of the employe.s at free delivery
postollices, which has been honestly and
promptly:accomiplished by the Coinmis
slon, with the hearty co-opera
tionl of the l'ostmnast er G en.
eril, is an immenselv i n
portant advance in the usefulnes3 of
the system. I am, if possible, more than
ever convinced of tihe inc-ilcuilable ben
effis conferred by the civil service law
not only in its effect, up-m thIt pmiblic
service, but also whal, ii even more imi
portant ti its ef'f,ct, in ele t,ating the
tone of plirical life generally.
The cours: of civil servie- reform in
this country instructively aid intert
ingly illuitrate how strong a hold a
imevement gains upon our people which
has underlying it a sentiment of justice
aid right, and which at tihe samue tiiie
promise. better adiministiration of the
government. The law embodying this
reforin found its way to our statute
b,ok Imor. from fear of the pIpular
sentim 'it existing in its favor (han
from any love for the reform Itself on
the part A ('I legislators, and it has
1vt:d aid grown lnd flourished
in spite of the covert, as
well as opua hostilit.y of' spiilslnen,
and notwithstinding the iwreimi. im
practicability of mualny selfconstittied
guardins. Beneath all time vag.tries
and sublimated the3orie.i which are at
tractel to it t here tiniderlie.i thi reforin
1 i, tirdv comin m-sense priiiple, no.
3nly suited to this nimilanie snere, but
whose appulicItion our peopi- are n.ore
uid more recoiizing to be absAilutely
essenltial to the Ilost 4uccesstuli op
,,,rationi of their goternment if ,not.
to its iw-rpetuity. It seems to
mie to be iltirely inconsistcnt with tile
Ltharcter of this refrm us well as
m iLi a bet. enorci uct , to) obt thme
uomm:.ss'ionm relv for clerie:dl tIisttAice
zfp:> e' erks d 'tiledI irom othe3r deprh- IC
iiuii . TherCC. ouht, not1 to b? tih a
)>nijioni inl aml dL';>a" .mmnt thi:tt e. ni.
reid L ita do wo)rk there'i en1 heP SIUrt'f I
it'taly ~'work at aniother phace, .1(1 I
I' nt i,i acco wtl'Vtit a se Iibl viwv o)f
vil tservic:e reform, th-ft perisims sho.ildI
it 11 mpfoyedu on the theory that ielt a i r
i iicessar'y in one depart
nut when ill point ot fact
tior services are (devoit: to) oum.irely'
fI'rernt work im atheCr dhepartmnmt,
earn'estely urI.zo thatt tho ceeks nec
arp~ 1o carry on the work
>f the Ccmrmssion be0 regular
l)put uponi Its roster, aind that,
he syst,em of obligluem the CJo:nnm 9ii
r'S to rely upion the srvien of clerks
e ->nginur to othmer depiart.ncnt.i be i
mm liued. Th'fis ought, not. to' incgre i
b. C Xpemuie to t,he goro rnt, while it
im.i I CeL;.ainly be more c izSsLtmnt an I
I-i gretly', to thecellic enecy of thui ien
E: :on'>my in puhble exen~itumra is a
uty that ca nnot inn foietU[fly be mne:le cted
y thmosrs intruste)d with the ciontrol of
wneyC) drawn~i fromif thme people for public
52e1. Iitilmust Iia (tIci3sd thmat.our ap
arenutl y endless r'esources, the famniliari
y of our peple2 with immense~p accumuh'
ns of' wealthI, thme grow ing sentimuent
mnorg them that the exp)endiu'e oif
uibiie money should in some imannier be~
) thmeir immediC(iate and( personal ad van
u:e, the inirect and almost stet'Jthy
amanner which a large part, of our taxos
ce exactedf and( a d&generanted Pense of
fliciai-mccoutn a bil ity hmave~ led to gr'o,v.
i:: extravagaunen m govecrnment, appro
:'iationse. At thme tne when a det-l eteh
ublic lreasur y' conmfrmoits us, when m.mn y
I otur pieoplc are engatgedl ini a hum'
Liruggle for time m: cessaries of life, n'md
,hio' enhl r'.edi CcoiormKy is
ressiog onm the~ Lgreat mras
'ii h al t he earnestmess at, myi comi.
mandI that c'>n':resshonal legislation be
>n htmitedl by. strict ecotmnmy as to ex
Ibfit an aippre'ciation of theo condition of
Oe treasumry and a sympathmy with the
,rauiied circumstance of our fellow-citi
mns. The dutty of public economy is
Lso of' Immense importance in its inti
mate and necessary relation to time task
ow ini hiand, of providing revenue to
mect the government expenditures and
t't redingi)' the p)eople's burden of
After ma hard strugrgle tarmff' reform Is
iretly before us. Not,hing so inmpor
imnt claims our attention and nothing so
early p)resents itself' as both an 01)
ortunity and a duty, an opportumnity to
eserve th'i gratit,ude of' our follow-citi
nii and1 a dut,y impiosed upon us by our
ft-repeaited professions anud by the em
hmatic mandite of the people1. A.fter
ll discussiomi our counstrymen have
poken in favor of this reform, and they
ave coufidedl the work of its accomplish
lent to the hands of thmose 'Vyho arc
slemnly p)ledgied to it. If' there is any
ling in the theory of ma rep)resentation
i puo:, places of' the people ami f heir
esiresm, if publec oMB:ers are really the
erv.mits of 1,1e 1)eople, and if' political
romnises mand professions have any b)imi(f
g fores, our failure t,o crive the relie
01o:land awaited wIll be sheer recreancy.
f'othinug should intervene to distract our
ttentiou or diusturlb effort until this re
rm is accomplished by Wise and care
ii legislatIon. While we should staunch
y adhere to the principle that only the
ecessity of re venue justifles the imposi
ion of tariff dties4 andh other Federal
axation, and that they should be limited
my strict economy, we cannot close our
yes to the fact that conditions have
rown un amonii us which In instine and
fairness call for dis' .,ainati caro inI
the distribution of ci duieo tn. tx1.
tiozi as the em ..,eucies of our -'over
nient actIal' , (em.1ard. nileMiv, it
we are to aid the p'_ople directly throtiui!
la ill' reflorm, one of its ,o obv otl
features should be a reduction i ore,ent V
t uriff el,tries upon the fecesitivs ot il.
The benieflts ot such i reduictio., would
b) palpable and bu)Btlantii, seen aild
felt by thousandi who wou!l he better
fed and better clothed anl ht ter shel
tered. These _l''ts should he th3 will
imi benefictiou of a zovernme.. whos.i
liihest function is the p---motIion of the
velftre of the people. Not less closelV b
rilml to our pop!cls ' Irseity mi l
' I vic1 .1 the re m ov)) of rcstrictio l
owr Ole importaion oi' the riv m:it.-ri
.j. rwve,s-.r Loour m mxilfictuir:z. T e
w.;ld %1h1-ub1l be op3. to our miitat
ii-etyit aid P1tProri!st). Th,s UIc ot
be while Ft-:feral le,_mla'ion 1im I Lt
irnpoa tion of high t*r If la)b 0 to
Aeiern. ianufacturer. a " -ta '
materitl,? ii those uied byv their Itm p f
tf)"s. it is quite obvious 1 , t eit * i
lancement. (it the pr'ce of our manulac.
tured proctics resultin- 1rom this policy,
not only conines the iarket, for th-se P
products within our o vii boi deri to t he u
direct disadvanta"(e. cI our ianutFaLctur
erg, but, "lso increase the cost t) our,
citizens. The ;ntercats of labor are cer.
tainaly, thou(_,h indirectly involvirl in
this feature of our tarill system. The
sharp coupeLtion and activo stru:1o
amtoni our manufacturers to supply the
limited demand for their troods 'o i till :
t,b narrow market to wi1nch they are:
confined. Then Nollows'a susp-nion of
work in mills and factories, a dimt.1mr-ac
of employees and distress in the homei
of our workiusmieu. Even if the often
disproved assertion could os made izood
that a lower rate of wi,,es would resu:t it
from iree raw materials aud lov tariff
duties, the intelligeic!e of our workin:
muen leatds them qinckly to dic)ver that
their steady cmployment, permitted by
free raw maerials, is the most impo.
tant factor im their relatlon 0! tirill
A measurm has beco prepared by the
apwropriato Congressional comnission
embodvint- tariff reform on the hu-s
herein.su_:teted, which will be prompt
ly submiLte,l for legislative action. Lt1
is I lie result of much patriotic iti: un
sellish work, id 1. )li.-.ve it doals wiJ. of
its subject e ma;s9ently a"I as thorou.h
ly as existing canliions prminit'. am
sati.fiel that. the r eu i tar ill dutics
proviI 1fIr n thle pmpe le"'slatiou,
ahle'l to txisting iu'raal revenue ta
t.ion, will i otlu% f11"U lc l iih puirhaps1
Io'. immAdiatel ,,"pr lic' sUMli nent rev.
enue to me. 0. t1 , , I e li f '. 4YOVC1 -
The commiLttee. tter ful' ctisdera
tion, and to provide against a teiporary
deficiency w hich may (xist hefore the
businesa of' the country iidjsits il-elf to
the nc| ta-tiff licdules, have W!sclv
umbrace: in their p!a a 't!.V ad ! n (c 'i
internal revenue tax.4, iC!e liin. a :1naill
tax itipn incolnes derived 1;irm kertlai F
c,)rporate ilvestment,. Tl s1 ',t ril
isssimn's are niot mily abl u I iIitel y js1,
and easily br.j b, u', toy 'm'i te tur
tler Iuerit. ol hCm1 uc'i a. l t h- 'All re
mitLted 'vi'.huI. unfavoal busincas
R.he imp~oi i tei: lunger. CXs',
Iin my Lre. dasire f.r L't seC:ess of h
thii.s ileasure i c:In not restra'.ii the sul
_.Ceston Lhat it . s can11 nivft be' at
the part of the trie'cf- of I air:ff -ci.nrm
iin'l aRs ai tesult I their wvill'iew t)
suo r. Im(ate pe rs >nil desim:~s art( nu
tionrs to ft' cgentera! r>> . Too haeal ii
t,reti; aff- tei by t.'ce prop.i ar-cf liefor
are s.) fl!ihi-. 'fiC il ni) \ toie 'It i In
the n 4sil upoin LereNt: etin .: . m0..d
cn coti)usion, e Vvilnuis flin of di
erponiiy Unplrt fo linav ae lir
nth f naitrhl ners o agencjit o& oud
every le slt;ie afor fori th riadvance -S h
''enith o vren ls atfhi'properity Of Ol4
oclitek aPlVeivid,CR ni-i ELArNtD.it
Yoinfy afetRtiR, f C. i Dec. ' 3.--Wait (
(igt nl i entlfe a mal t'. 'orndo passofs
thv rof is the vn o i ateroy i about
the'cloc Th wind Icomingr' from the o
(oth it arulivery I'idly ad h 'ie o
caly attewkmiutes,e rut in whmtfim of
doivl consiuderabl ae atg . Poronof
phe ro, of1 ii - CroinafIui lu )upa a nor
the p1 grad? chooti(:si buti lidng,ti andtheio
wa'S ron P)t. of G.1 O'et were bacindh
off. 'R'h bgy l act~ uory anfO r. Oi a- ut
ry)Cii sutre mh dae t)1 Oe Rthlei tols
and stock hit R rothe ai n whfoi (1i1)0L
owea. RAlreay ferets arie ati( aokreV.
;uing the ot ' Te li:iscipal ani fi
age fromf. paln of i the (piri andI
chn.imney boing lown d)on.ifl Somtrre
ifr cini h: i Iro.va bttten ovturned aRl Int
othiersi low n fIIIro thitryfun io n.
A great m:tnyA fenci ()ani tresar
dow. ttOt No rp o hav beeu i ln e
froml the co 'unory. ST. Cd.'ime s 1ptih
atSe ,00edo th i ittoco srm t Crowln, h
ihngv oins ay l pro al utinead st
tirln0 amrgta io . Fiten ays stestkv
rfa aundtfreighb.ubothe wasmfne aun.
fatory Apk ad nlot ofactory wei i un
l'tfl hadanos a nd O rans at ar
aN.oo ahe unaw torbty fo mr plans be
Wil Tum aIlin t I s. cash pr * j1t
e h ttohe m OSenay
Stilin A Organs'E. F' ifendytst0
trial and. frih bohwy fno ai-t
frary tA.arge t of nerl nwt.dt
D E NoRS l\eOoity,
FOR YPEWITNERS A TSA'
PREPARING A FIGHT.
EPIJBLICANS ARE SENDING OUT CIR
_ULAR3 BY THE 1 HOUSANDS.
he&y Tacko10 W,oo Tarit-Some i,atN
TI.t uthei n Stnltors 3Iy Find Ob
Joe ItoiA gotustI -Wf tornor, Are Iairly
IV il 'esed with the Tail 19.1.
WASUINUrON, Dea. I.-The Itepub
cans are preparinv for a vigorous fight
i the new tarilf bill. Circul ir letters
Ir now haine ent. out to worl -rowers
y tho.-riSk -!rOld by Justice, BL.e
Ian & Co., Pilad'' Va wool com n.
in merchants, s g ihat certain w oo
ta I sent to Cmi-Cesma.ti Bu ro v.
'the c"rcular sav:
"Ste to Mr. Burrows the reason
'hv Iou cannot qroi;v wool la cheaply
ore as it can be Lrown in Australia.
Le'niO(. R0public or Lhe Cape of
ood iope, where for thirty years inder
ue trade they have grown wool, shipped
h,alf way around the world aild sold it
i London at less than one-half of the
Lice obtaied Im the United States
u(er a protectivu tarift for the same
ra(le and] quality of A uerican wool.
"It has been stated that wool gro .v.
I!, ea4t o' tihe Mississippi, on high
rice-l lmnts, u ler free wool mh_,ht
maso to he an industry, but that in the
()ekv Mount.uni region the industry
couid thrive under tree wot-1. Please
iVe your Lxperience during the pist
"isofl, and let Mr. Bucrows Rnow
..et.her thie prospect of free wool has
>t.imulated the buincs ai to lead to
ie belief that wool growing would
:rive anyw iero inl the United States
ndr free wool, and why. Has the
rmspe-t ot iree wool caused the i.lA
1i),cy of aay wool grower who ha
reviously been solvent and prosperous
60 stat,3 the proposition of those so
ijured who heretofore were solvent.
'It propir eflorts ire made by the
'ool growers to enlihen members of
oui4ress as to the eltc already pro.
1ced upoa their industry by the
rospeets of free wool, Vie opinions o:
iough senators may thereby be changed
make the repeal of the McKfulev
W an impossibility."
Conservative Democrats estimate the
ilt caused by the new bill will not
ceed $35,000,000. They claim that
addition to a revenut of $10,000,000
*15,000,000, to be derived from
Imulated imu;ortaton, the natural
re:ise (t importation, lid not the
Ird tinie3 SCt i., would have amounted
i year to from $5,000.000 to
0 000,000. With the resumpti )n of
nesis this inerease, they think, wll
su,'ar, iron ore and coal ara th e
plis in which southerners are n
reted, and all have been subjected -,o
_OWus treatmCnt, There is a 25 p
n - in the duty on cleaned rice and 20
et. on thle uncleatied product.
epresentatives of Suth Carolina,
li a aid Louilsiatia probably will
ake an < ffort to restore the rats.
Ti-.L v-tei.eri members seem to be fair.
w l t1tiAd with ile bill. Repro
nlttive Baldwin, whose district in
illut zota i,icludes mirly iron mines, is
I fromW be"in- dismayed. '-It, uay possi
y re0rd the d1,Ve!o)ment of the coun
V lor a stnort timE, said h", "but it
iLl b-inw the irta bisinesv t. its P ropir
Immerciail ba-sis anid then att.ention wit]
a! d ieted to th:ose fields where the ore
n er mw.st e:nsitly worked. When that
nie cines tthe weasterni mtiles will be
vieiope:i wit.h statrdmIf ra-g v'
lLz'resentative BoaLner, of Louisiana,
...:.."My object.!Oi tii the bill is that
ua.m 11 they blid put a smildl revenue
'ti I n somle of the thlinrls which are on
C iree lw nder this bill, which w ould
t have alfecte.I the cost of the arti
~a to t.he cons~umers, but wvould have
ded to t.he revenue of the bill, it would
ve hcen a ni1easure entirety utiobjec
Retprtertative Gear, of I )wa, a Ra.
i)licauil member of the ways and
lians commnittee, says: ''"Te cut in
a schedule relainilg to agriculitural pro
ets wail hnn~; Iowva, as wvell as -a'l
..tes conti.:n ta to ' Iie Cauni an bor
r, by suibcecung~ L, h* tarmer.s to comn
tiion with t he aicueltuiral pr~oducts
Canada.'' Wiliu RnB. M)rrison,
airman of the in-cr1a1tate commhisision,
al1 is very ca ny to criticise the aiionls
'diirs, andi hasides the wvhole schieme
.not beeni dlevelopedl. I oulght to be
Ksliedl wih tiahe wi)>len schedule, as it,
ts iiy aill wich first placedl wool on
i re' liSt., andi( I ha~ve been.a an a lvoJ
Le 'if that evecr since.'
:x0i ta 'u A, S. C., Dec. 2.-Thae Senate
is not in session today, andl the
>iise beg:an its work on the bill to
lid at.e marriages heretofore contract
by persons in this State, but who
rI been divorced in another State and
ci married again. As the la y now
ands, nao person who has beeni dli
rced is considered by the laws of
uth Carolina ras divorced. In other
>rds the State of South Carolina does
t recognize the right of any State
divorce people. Tile bill, which had
en introduced at the last session, hadl
en reported by committee. T1here
is a long discussion on it. Rtepresen
tive Blease, of Newberry, moved to
ile out the enatctlng words, thus
lling the bill. Messis. .Johnson,
raters and Jordan favored the motion,
di Messrs. Hlardee and Blackwell op
sed It. The motion was-'carried by a
te of 59 to 43. The bill to redistrict
e Congressional representaion of
e State was made a special order for
xl Wednesday. This Is the bill
Itch, if it passes, will put Charleston
to the lack District.
'E FAIlt, NOylulMItER 8, 1893.
TlEl ONLY AWARD)
*ALSO MADEk TO, US
>es &z C(o.,
COLUMRIA. S. C.
A Free Trip.
COLUMBIA, S. C., Dec. 2.-In the
House today there was a long wrangle
over the invitation of the Augusta Ex
position to the General Assembly to
visit the Exposition next week. A
number of the members took the posi
tion that the invitation ought to be ac.
ceptea and the clerk of the House will
notify the E.xposition authorities that
they will be ready to go next Tuesday,.,
The trip will be free, as the Exposition
authorities propose to furnish a special
train to be paid for by the Exrosition.
W1aYa18 Tnd M11UP41.d1rod.
GREENWOOD. S. C., De3. :.-A ped
dler was wnylaid between herp and
Verdery last ovening by three negroes,
and norderod and robbld. Names of
all unknowi. One ne gro has been ar
rest4d 'his -%ftArnoon for complicity,
and through this clue the others may
be an1)rnh a-n,l.1 --~ .w.
I PAYS THE FREIGI
Ki dome I'dfes for Goods!
and Soe What You Can SMI
$69 c>*a'txx $37
-111-lst it 111tr--)'he th Il.
No Tp:i his r.
- .witun e-lt b21
crpan or money reo
Ioal!n PhIAh PA R")(M. IT,cosrt
.(!1.V:hV: UR I) h ir, Divall
t pt!(.. our 4o for
Th ft No.'
- with 21
- pieces of
- - . ware will
ed to Yo
T :::.:.ly 12
:- price ;1k.
A 43 AE .E-w.a UAM
WH il t alae a ror
---O NLY $113.50
dellvetredl . ywtr Ot1pot.
.*Thei1 reguOnr pirl- I -t
Thno '1 f:etu rtecir Sal ; , - .5mp, &.,i
thiv expel-.t-s "it e0-ml
toiyolu for % .7 -
and guaratiii t e-%4,rv %*('ne a -
bart.In. No frebh'Jt paid
on 0-. B .uggy_ r
A GT 0 PIANO
Seinii fr e !ol e ture, Cooking
ilove b e Organg, i
ants Tea SOt., Ditlner 1-0.9, Lamnps, &e., and
AVE MON EY. Addrean
Brd a Steiret
.F. PAD GETT *nBake
fel tr reputa
tioas tho Estal
- n n mrkt
r ---T -
As a matter- of buslines4 litorst:to yo30
and ourselves w.? ask you uo allow~ us tihe
privilege of making estimates upon any
mnachinery you may wish to buy before
placing your orders elsewhere.
Our facilities and connoctions with maiIZ
Lfacturers are such that we can quioto 0n
the same goods as lo5w prices1 as are obtain
able in Ameriea. It ie but a narrow "mind
that would pass by the home dealer to pay
an equal or grtMaer price to a foroh -
dlealer or manufactuer.
Only give us the oppartunity and wve wa si
serve you to advantage, and ko -p~ at hiome
a small part of the money' syhichi Is going
away from our State to "nrichi others.
W. H. Gibbes Jr., & Co
COLUMBIA, 8. C.
R!ce Planters anid Rtice Millers can
buy a single machine that wili clean,
hull and polish rice readiy for market
Corn M illers can buy the best Frenich
burr mill, in iron fratme, fully guaran
teed, capacity teni busliels mneal per
hour, for $115 00.
Saw Millers can buy the variable
fuiction feed I) -Loaich Mill from
$190.00 uip to the largest sizs.
Also Gaing UI:p Saws, Edgers, SwI'ig
Saws, Pianing Machines, and all kinds
of woad working machinery.
"Talbott," Engines and Boilers.
Special discounts made for cash.
COLUMBIA, era 0