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The Pickens sentinel. (Pickens, S.C.) 1871-1903, March 15, 1894, Image 1

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VOL. XXII. PICKENS, S. C., THURSDAY, MARCh 15, 1894. NO, 26.
TIE CAMPAIGN OPENED.
A BIG MA88 MEETING AT ABBEVILLE
COURTHOUSE.
John Gay Evans and sampion ope
wired Their Opening Gunx-hat They
Said--No Other Candidate* Present
Large Crowd In Attendan go.
ABEMLE, S. C., March 9.-Near.
ly a thousand citizens were present on
last Monday to hear the gubernatorial
candidates speak. It was quite a dis
appoinment to the crowd that all of the
candidates were not present, for the
people were anxious to bear and com
pare them. Messrs. John Gary Evans
and Sampson Pope were present and
were most cordially received. The fol
lowing Is Evans' speccb:
Mr. President and Fellow Citizens:
It is with much pleasure, commingled
with some embarrassment. that I have
accepted the invitation of your commit
%e to address you upon the national and
btate issues which today confront our
people. I am pleased for the reason
that I feel when I look into your honest
and so many familiar faces that I have
your sympathy in the grand cause for
which I am dghting. Its success will
be a grand victory for the people. I am
embarrased from the fact that I speak to
scores of the constituency of Calhoun
and McDuffie and to a people who have
always led in all great reforms, moral
and political, and so you continue to do
-to-day.
My own countrymen, the d:ctrices of
Calhoun are as live and clear to you to.
day as when he uttered them from the
red hills of old Abbeville fifty years ago.
It has been truly said that the life of a
republic depends upon the virtue of the
people, that of a monarch upon the igno-.
rance of its people, Under our form of
government the people alone are sover
eign and their rulers are simply their ser
vants. It is evident then that to instill
virtue into their officers it is the right of
the sovereign people to assemble in mass
meeting and the duty of the servant to
appear before them, give an account of
his stewardship and receive from the
people good and wholesome Instruction,
and he who falls to respond to the call of
the people cannot be called faithful nor
even entitled to the name of h good citi
zen.
The time is past in South Carolina
when any man, or set of men, can die
tate to her people. It Is boasted that in,
the birth of Abraham Lincoln and of Al
exander the Great in Russia that with
one stroke the shacales were stricken
irom 40,000,000 slaves. The future his
torian in South Carolina will say that
the ieform movement and Ben Tillman
remoyed in one y ear the shackles frojm
1,000,000 white political slaves and we
meet today upon the level of equal rights
to all and special privileges to none.
Our national and .State politica have
become so interwoven that it will be im.
possible to diAcues the one without the
other and it Is well that it should be bo
for our greatest oppression comes from
national legislation. I do not propose
to discuss national affairs from any but
a Southern standpoint. Our ecuntry Is
too large and our interest too antagonistic
to think of legislating tor the above with
out injuring one,ot its pointh. The rule
should be to enact such laws as opvress
the fewest number of citizens, but the
reverse has been the case witbiour Con.
10 ' gress since the civil war, The policy
of the North towards the SoUth and
West has robbed us almost ot our patri
mony. Congress has legislated for the
robber barons to such an extent that
now 16,000 people of our#56,000,000 own
over one half the wealth of our country
and 120 families in the North own over
one-twelfth of the wealth of our country.
All obtained by a flkancial system of
government kept up for the express pur
pose of robbing the South and West.
When the Roman republic waa de
--storyed, 1,800 people owrtad all cf her
* wealth. This state of agairs was sought
to be perpetuated by government issues
of free coin to the farir ers who boi e the
Lurdens of taxation whenever they
threatened~to overthrow it. A lhke con
dition exists in cur country today. New
York city is feeding 10,000 unemployed,
Chicago a like number and nearly every
large city in the N~orth is compelled to
feed its starving laborers to keep down
revolution and anarchy. Shall we not
profit by the history of the past nations?
I thank God tat such a condition
does not exist in the South today. It is
not because the government biaa not in
vited it, however. We are blessed with
a country and a climate where we can
alwayis be comfortable and dig a living
- out of the ground. And of this no one
can rob us.
During the late panic JI visited a Noi th
ern city and I was asked if we had a
panic down South. I asked what they
meant by a panic, and I was told "mna
bility to get money." My reply was that
we had seen no such thing for many
years and had learned to get along with
out it; all we needed with money was to
send North to support the poor Yankee
* soldiers we killed during Jhe war and to
keep Jay Gould and the millionarles Irom
starving and having their notles protested
in New York.
4 1t is wonderful to notice the growthi
~ Ak of these dead Yankee whom we planted
during the war. They have sprung up
like dragon's teeth. In 1870 there were
198,686 on the rolls and they cost us
$27,780,811,81. Last y4ar there were
966,012 and they cost us $158,155,342.
5 . 7. Of this the South pays one-third and
gets nothing in return. We have paid
since the war enough pensions to buy a
Slate three imes as rich as the State of
Squth Carolina and ceded. it to the -North
and the ball has just comnienced.
Tis would not be so bad should it
"stop here. We are being robbed more
P ystematically by the present financial
-polhcy of Grover C)leyeland than we were
byHarsri of the blackest Rdpubh
can living. We were hooted at by the
-Democrats of the nation for opposing
~ ~ the nomination of this man,. and you
'heard a great deal of the Latimer reso
lution, but they -are .with us now and the
4'' Democi atic party is ready to pass similar
resolutions.
The passage of the bill demonetizing
bilver was the worst viece of class
West that was ever passed by any con
iress and the reult has clearly proven
t. The bill was passed by Cleveland
3uckoos and Republicans, under the
leadership of Jhon Sherman and in
Birect opposition to the silver plank of
the Democratig platform, which do
3lared for the free and unlimited coifi
ige of silver. The history of silver
shows that as It rises and fall,, so goes
motton and agricultural products. Our
motton crop last year, based on the price
)f silver in 1873, would have been
worth over three million of dollars more
tban it actually sold for -had It not been
ror the passage of the repeal bill. We
bave the anomalous condition today of
3otton selling for less in March, after
he crop is out of our hands, than it
lid in November, in the face, too, of a
ihort crop. Yet we were told that just
epeal this bill and cotton will go up
md some $ongressmen were fools
mough to believe It. It was repealed
to contract the currency and thus in.
3rease the debts of the farmers and de
3rease the value of our agricultural pro
lucts so that today a tdollar costs a
rarmer in the South over five times as
much as it did when silver was good
money. We have nothing In the South
to buy dollars with save our cotton and
agricultural products, and it is to the
interest of the Northern shylock to get
is much cotton as he can for just as
little money and, of course our inability
to pay pensions and tariff and other
debts is aggrivated . as, he succeeds.
Upon the heels of the passage-ef tbis
bill, Mr. Carlisle, to prove that Cleve
land is a tool ot Wall street, issued 450,.
000,000 of the United States bonds for
the ostensible purpose of putting gold
in the Treasury to redeem outstanding
indebtedness, but Mr. Carlisle knows
that under his construction, as dictated
by Cleveland and Wall street, of the
resumption Act, this $50,000,000 can'be
drawn out of the Treasury by New York
bankers any moment they see fit to do
so by simply converting their bonds
into greenbacks and presenting the
greenbacks to Mr. Carlisle, who Is com
pelled to give gold in exchange. It was
done simply to perpetuate national banks
and the corrupt financial policy of Wall
street. Ai of these securities Ifurnish
the millionaires with non-taxable prop.
erty in which to invest their money, and
yet when we ask for an income tax to
make them bear their share of the bur
dens of government we find this man
Cleveland, opposed to it and that mil
lionaires' chief orders the United States
Senate organizers to defeat it. If we
can succeed in taxing incomes, it will
more than pay the pensions bearing so
heavily upon our farmers, and yet I am
ashamed to say South Carolina was
represented by a Congressman who
joined with the Republicans in Congress
to defeat it. These men call themselves
Cleveland Democrats. They know that
they cannot stand uvon the Democratic
platform and be consistent, so they
qualify their Democracy by putting airs
upon it. They are not Democrits, out
Mitgwumps, but are ashamed to use
that term for fear of being run out of
the Democratic party. They are mules,
who, in order to show their pedigree,
call themselves "jackass horses." The
only true Democrats in the State are the
teformers, or Ocalaites, as the Mug
wumps are wont to call us,- and right
here I desire to say that I endorse every
plank of the Ocala demands. Our only
salvation rests ih their speedy enact
ment into law and if we persevere they
will be.
The iouth and West must come to
gether. Their interests are in common
and the Democratic platform suggested
at Ocala and nromulgated at Chicago is
broad enough for all of us.
We have heard a great deal said of the
sub-treasury plan and this is Lhe stumb.
ling block and the only one the Mug
wumps can find in the document. It
this idea, with a few changes, were en
acted Into la w, the result would be that
the South would immediately become
the financial and agricultural section for
the world. It would destroy the power
of Wall street and the North, and make
us the most progressive people on the
face of the earth. No Southerm or West.
ern man can object to it. It is time we
had some class legislation for our section.
God knows there has been enough for
the North. Our greatest need is mors
money and it is the duty of Congress to
furnish it, whether from the sub-treasury
plan or something better. Either will
do, so the end is accomplished. How
are we to accomplish this? you ask. My
ans wer, ie : "Through the Farmers Al
liance." This organization has accom
plishied more for th6 short time of itus
existence than any similar one since the
formation of our government, It is
fouinded on truth and justice and is
bound to perpetuate its principles. No
good citizen can object to this organiza.
lion of an oppressed people and I grieve
when I see men of my State who are de
pendent upon agriculture alone for ex
istence, opposing our Alliance and en
listing with the enemny in this, the great
est battle for freedom and self-preserva
tion that the world has ever known.
Stand like men for your platform and
Uod, who rules the destinies of nations,
wllsee to it that victory perches upon
sour banners.
John C. Calhoun was the first advo
Ote of the Farmers Alliance. In le
treatise on government, this great
statesman observes that the right of
suffrage is not sufflcient of itelf to pro
tect the people from oppression by their
rulers, but the only safeguard is in the
separate organisation of each interest in
the State. Speaking through this intel
ligent mouthpiece the voice of each in
temest could be easily heard and never
misunderstood. The complaints of one
man are never heeded by legislators or
rulers, but he is in i ariably looked upon
as a crank; but when an organIsr~1on of
farmers speaks through resolutions in
telligently drawn, even presidents. lend
an ear to its voice. Never tell us that
we must not go into pblitics, that it will
destroy our organization, that you should
meet and discuss pumpkins, etc., and
ad journ, but fellow citizens, tisl is but
the volce of the toilers who seek to
steer from the path upon the roiks for
ihe purpose of destroying you.
It Is the diuty of every good citigen to
mnter politics and have a voice in the ad
iinistration of his State government.
show me a people who take no interest
n affairs ef Stateand I wil, show you.
nlsgoverned ignorant and worthless
ace. Did you ever hear of bills tieing
ntroduced in Congress for the relief of
the agricultural classes, bills to prevent
gambling in futures, sub-treasury bill,
ncome tax bills and tariff reform bills
inder the organization of the National
Allianoe? Remember, the next four
years will bring to us these measures in
n the shape of laws if you will be true
;o yourselves. Already the Northern
Democrats, seeing the Inevitable union
)f the South and West have deserted
.heir party and now assisting a Ropub
Ican minority to breaK f quoru-u and de
eat the will of the people. The Bland
ill, however has passed the House, but
,t Is understood that boss Cleveland is
)pposed-and it will meet deieat in the
lub house. Why Mr. Cleveland should
)bJect to coining the silver in the Treas
ury, which has been robbed from West
)rn miners, but who now make no claim
ipon it, and paying the debt of the na
3ion instead of issuing bonds Is Incom
prehensible to any honest man. Will
he jackass horses please explain?
We have been branded at Washington
as being third pattyites, the scum of the
Barth and unworthy of recognition by
the Democratic party and these men
who are responsible for it are now bow
ig down and asking you to rostore them
"the decent element,1 to office and un)ou
a Cleveland Democratic platform. I am
a Democrat and one standing Equarely
upon the Chicago platform, and I pro
pose to show you that it is almost iden
lical with the Ocala demands.. (Mr.
Evans here read the two platforms and
3ompared them.) Who now are the
true Democrats, the Alliancemen or the
lackass horses?
I rest my Democracy here and will
aow proceed to discuss State affairs.
rhe historian Gibbon characterized the
reign of the Antonles over the Roman
Empire as the only instance where the
lappiness of the people was the sole ob
ect of their rulers. Well and truly may
he same be said of the reign of the Re
formers in South Carolina. Recognizing
dhe principle that the best educated peo
ple are the happiest and best cltizens,
dhe.fret object of the Reform govern
nent was to build up the common
school system. Under the bill intro
uced by myself, separate school dis
tricts have been organized in nearly all
Af our counties and in most of them by
the addition of a small tax our public
schools are now run from six to nine
months and I am in favor of making
every district in the State separate and
allowing it to govern itself as to its
schools and the method of maintaining
them, aided, of course, by the State ap
propriation.
A constitutional convention should
be called and our school law expunged
from the Constitution and left entirely
With our Legislature, as at present it is
dangerous in the extreme and a menace
to our entire system of common
schools.
We have built and equipped a col
lege, modern in all its reatures, where
our poor boys may obtain an education
at the smallest expense. The best evi
lence of its success and its necessity
for its establishment is the fact that
over six hundred etudents are now en
rolled within its walls and others are
knocking at its doors for admission.
We have maintained every institution
of the old regime and not a dollar of
extra taxation has been placed upon the
people in comparison with the rate of
the past opposing administrations.
Recognizing the great injustice done
to our women and the indifference
shown them by "the best element," we
have in process of construction an in
dustrial college for women which will
be the pride of our State. It will be as
grad asucess as Clemson College andi
il alongfelt want, it is sad to re
late, however, that "the toughs" of the
State were the first to recognize the
claims of her lovely women.
We have crushed out the Coosaw
monopoly created bjy Republica~n and
sought to be maintained by "the beet
element," and today the State is in pos
session of all her rights and her prop
ertv inoluding Agricultural Hail,
which was attempted to be stolen from
us by carpet-baggers and fraudulent
bondholders.
We have endeavored to equalize tax
ation by assessing the property of cor
porations commensurate with that of
real estate owners, but by reason of
being in the hands of United States
Court receivers they have all defied the
State's authority, tendered only the
amount of taxes they thought due and
are now indebted to the State in the
sum of $201,000. There is not a rail
road in.the State*, considering the in
terest paid on a legitimate bonded mn
diebtedness, which is not assesaed lower
than the average farm,considering the
interest received by the farmer upon
his investment. Little did we think
when Daniel HI. Chamberlain was driv
en from the kitate at the point of the
bayonet that he would so soon return
and snap his fingers in the face of our
governmnent, sustained by men who
hddnuced him as a thief and
scoundrel, guardian not only our larg
est corporations, but also of our United
States Circuit Judge's principle and
the editors of some of our largest news
papers and a criterion of our D~emoc
racy, and ban quetted by the elite of
Charleston. We are forced to exclaim:
To what base uses have "the better
element" come. H-ad these railroads
paid their taxes and the revenue from
phosphates not been destroyed, your
taxes would now be only two and a
half mills. In spite of this, by strict
economy, we have refunded the State
debt of $5,500O,000, exempted the storm
stricken sections from taxes, paid the
old soldiers an extra sum of $5,.000, and
lowered your taxes half a mill. Sala
ries have been reduced over ten per
cent., but could not lie made to take
effect until next year, for the reason
that the Legislature refused to cut
their own down.
We have been accused of being in
competent and ignorant and incapable
of running the Stee government.
When the State debt was to be refund
ed, the banks of Charleston refused to
co-operate with us and sak~i that the
State could take care of hierself and
Charleston weald do the same. W6
Wenlt to New York and actually "thie
patriots of South Carolina fly-b lowed
us and not a banker in that city would
take her bonds, stating that they had
been offered to them at a cheaper rate
thsn was offered by our State authori
ties, Who alone had power to sell them.
We went to Baltimore and scceededl
DESIRES NO THIRD TERM.
B. R. TILLMAN IS NOT A GUBERNATO
RIAL CANDID ATEi
Mr. .1. E. Tindal Explains His Peaktion in
the Race-Let tars of Regret from W. D,
Evana and W. if. Ellerbee-Dr. Timmer
man Deelred to be Present.
ABJmEVILLIC, S. C., March 5.-The fol
lowing letters were received by the
committee in charge of the meeting
here today:
Columbia, S. C., Feb. 24, 1894.
Messrs. John It. Blake, R. R. Hemphill,
J. H1. Morrah, Isaac 11. McCalla,John
E. Bradley.
Gentlemen: Your letter of the 22nd
instant inviting me as one of those
who wilt probably be candidate for
Governor, thus to address a mass meet
iug at Abbevillo C. H. on salesday in
March, reached me yesterday. In reply
permit me to say I am not a candidate
for the office of Governor not desiring
a third term. Therefore I do not come
within the category of those you wish
to hear speak. Such being the case, I
respectfully decline the invitation and
will not be with you. Thanking you
for the compliment, I am, Very truly,
B. R. Tillman.
Messrs. John R. Blake, R. R. Hemp
hill, John H. Morrah, Isaac H. McCal
la and John E. Bradley, committee,Ab
beville, S. C.
Gentlemen: I have the honor to ac
knowledge the receipt of your invita
tion to address the people of Abbeville
as a candidate for Governor. I desire
to express my thanks for the compli
ment, but I have never declared that I
would or would not be a candidate. I
had not supposed that the Reformers
would again place candidates before
the people by a convention, but that
the people of their own motion would
gravitate to some man or men in suf
ticient numbers to warrant him or
them in entering upon a canvass of the
State, with reasonable hope of success.
At present our people are puzzled and
in a somewhat chaotic condition. Un
less we proceed wisely, discord and
dangers are before us. My judgment
opposes any nominating convention
either narly or late. I am no schismat
ic and wil I cheerfully abide by tha de
cision of the majority; but deem it my
duty to earnestly advise against it.
I was one of the first promoters of
the Farmers Movement, the aim of
which was an Agricultural College.
We expanded that in to the Reform
party, and appealed to the people of all
classes against a political combination
called a ring. which had opposed and
for a time defeated the college and had
practically deprived a majority of the
people of their proper influence upon
public affairs. Our object was to se
cure to every Democratic voter in the
State the privilege of casting his ballot
direct to every officer from Governor
down.
The farmers being scattered and re
moved from centres of political Infor
mation were practically disfranchised,
because before they could become aware
of what was going on,slates were made,
convention packed and nominees de
clared.
This was due to the Convention plan
of nominations, in presence of a negro
majority, which prevented revolt. The
men who composed the so-called ring
were of no worse type of human na
ture than politicians generally. No
one belIeves they were. But a ring is
inherent in the convention system un
der our political conditions If we
therefore return to it, another ring
must inevitably evolve sooner or later
in our ranks. And who will compose
it ? Evidently the most extreme and
violent. The scarecrow of the old ring
was "Radical Rule." The scarecrow
of the future ring will be "Anti Rule."
The people willl throw up their hats in
honor of a victory, as they s uppose of
their party, while in fact they are re
enslaving themselves. For what do
they when they commit their rights,
power, liberty and means of self de
fense to a few, who are autocratic ab
solute andi responsible to nobody?
There is no way to punish them ila case
they bartered the nt0lces among them
selves. TIhere is but one way for the
people to maintain their Influence up
on public affairs and that is to use in
telligently their votes.
I am aware that true and unselfish
Reformers are advocating the Conyen
tion, although it is going back upon
our principles. Why ? 1st. Because
we have not established a square pri
mary, but a primary for electors. 2nd.
Because as several candidates for Gov
ernor may be in the race; itis8 feared
that this will give the donservatives
some supposed advantage. This fear
in the face of our large majority must
arise from distrust of the Reformers
themselves, which is groundless. This
mistrust hasm grown out of unfortu
nate personal recriminations between
some of our influential Reformers. All
danger can, and must be averted, by
thorough organization of the Reform
forces to secure their full strength in
the Democratic election.
Our real danger is from the passions
andl prejudices which exist. A violent
minority in the State makes a violent
majority. TIhere are Reformers al
readiy, who if they could, would not al
low Conservatives to vote at the De
mocratic primary. And there are Con
servatives who would disfranchise the
whole Reform party. It requires mor
al courage for the Reformers to be just
to the Conservatives and vice versa.
Passion is supplanting reason. Mud
slinging and pulling down one man
to build up another is low politics, but
It thrives whore passion rules and
when sellishness supplants patriotism.
This is evil and hurtful to both fac
tions and dangerous for the State. It
is leading in a short line to a split in
the D~emocratic party.
i.rejudice and passion are the tools
ulsedl to defeat or rob the people. Tihe
Reopublican party has lived upon sec
tionial prej udica.
In 1833 when South Carolina tried to
nullfy the tarliff, the manufacturers of
Newv England organized an aboltion so
ciety and some years later flooded the
South with insurrectionary pamphlets,
like a thunder clap in a clear sky. It
was done to stir up passion in the
South and to divert the mind of the
people of the United States from the
tariff to elavery. War ensued and re
sulted in transferring four thousand
millions of slave Property to the North
in the shape of United States bonds, a
great city, town and corporation debt,
which today are a mortgen upon all
the products of labor, and by means of
which the South and West are mulch
ed of 700 millions annually in interest
alone.
Hence it is that the farmers who
owned 80 per cent. of the property of
the United States now own but 25 per
cent.
The whole teaching of the Alliance
is to allay passion, and' destroy preju
dice, sectional and local. And why?
That reason and prejudice might assert
their power, the measures may stand
upon their merits, and men of sincerity
administer the laws "with equal rights
to all and especial privileges to none."
I appeal to the whole people against
this passion and preludice which
threaten to invade the courts.the juries
the schools, the colleges, the churches
and the whole social machinery. I ap
peal to the Reformers especially for
harmony in our ranks. Shall men in.
spired with ahigh purpose, who have
worked together nobly for popular
rights and political justice bring re
proach and possible danger to the
whole party by suspicions and recrim
ination? We want unity in our ranks
and peace and justice for the whole
State.
The principles of the Reform party
are right. They will stand the test of
all fair criticism. The goverment is
as honestly administered as ever in the
history of the State, and will continue
to be as long as it continues to be in
the hands of the white people, or any
faction of them.
But should we divide into two poli
tical parties, they will surely in the end -
appeal for negre votes and then cor- L
ru ption and disgrace will follow.
What are the Reformers contending
for? To secure a fair consideration of
all measures affecting the interests of
the people, under agreement, that any
or all measures, about which a differ
ence of opinion might arise, shall be
settled at the primary election. The
object being to secure, without danger
to honest government, free political ac
tion and progress, such as is secured to
States of homogeneous populations by
two political parties. The farmers
through the Alliance seek to establish
a political status, as will of itself deve
lop the best talent not only of their
clase, but of the whole population, to
aid .in averting further ruins from
them, and to the)Republic itself. They
want men of humanity and men of sin
cerity. The first step to this end
is to get out of the old ruts,
get rid of prejudice and passion, and let
men who aspire to public honors know
they can't secure tbem by coquetting
with a few convention managers, but
by winning the contidence of the peo
pie. We cannot go backwirds, influ
ence by any supposed plan or device of
the Conservatives. Neither fear of the
opposites nor mistrust of our friends
should deter us from doing right.
I know that some of my friends say
that I am too conservative, and perhaps
they are right. I am more conserva
tive as I grow older. I risk less in busi
ness enterprises. While forty years'
effort to reform myself has given me a
larger charity for my fellow men. I
may, therefore, be too conservative, but
my whole, experience has taught me
that rashness is folly, that passion is
lunacy, that extremes are dangerous;
and history shows that all great popular
movemeats have come short of their
aim, by passion, by the extremes to
which they went and by the inordin
ate ambition of men.
The Conservatives, although with
the advantage of a monopoly of politi
cal experience and training, were:easi
ly'defeated, because passion bereft them
or reason, judgment and justice.
Let it warn the Reformers.
A convention oi the Colleton plan is
right, not to make nominations but to
lay down a platform on the lines on
which we have been moving, organizes
the Reform forc to secure their unity and
full strength, and to devise some means
of avoiding confusion in choosing elec
tors at the Democratic primary. Or if
possible to secure a direct primary,
which in my judgment is the only safe
ty for the Democratic party, and for
the unity of the white race in the fui
ture. Respectfully.
J. E. TINDAL .
ColumbialC0., Feb. 27, 1894.
Gen. R. R. Rlemphilliand others.
Gentlemen: Your esteemed favor of
the 22d instant, inviting me to be with
you and address a mass meeting of the
citizens of Abbeville County on 5th
(salesday) of March, did not reach meoun
til yesterday. It would afford me great
pleasure to be with you and address the
good people of Abbeville upon State
and national issues, but circumstances
and oflciai duties compel me to forego
the pleasure. With best wishes for you
gentlemen, and the success of your
meeting and of the Reform party of
the State, I am. Sincerely yours.
W. 11. ELLERBE.
Bennettsville, 8. 0., Feb. 28, 1894.
Mr. J. R. Blake, Abbeville, 8. C.
Dear bir: Please express my many
thanks to the committee of the Reform
Democracy of your county for the kind
invitation sent me to address the citi
zens of Abbeville sent on the first Mon.
day lin March. I regret very much
thia I cannot accept the invitation, as
there will be a mass meeting of Refor
mers here on the same day and my pres
ence will be expected.
At some future day, whether in the
capacity of a candidate for Governor or
nothing, it will give me great pleasure
to meet my fellow citizens of your
county. Yours respectfully,
W. D). EVANS.
Timmerman, Edgefleld County, S. C.,
February 26. 1894.
Messrs. John R. Blake, Rt. It. 11emp
hill .John W. Morrah 1 .II. McCalla, .Johin
E. Bradley, committee:
Dear Sirs: Yours of the 22nd has
been received, courteously inviting me
to address a mass meeting of the Demo
crats of Abbeville county at A bbeville
C. H. saleaday in Marchi next, upon the
national and State issues of the day.
Whilst not an announced candidate for
the high position for which my name
has been suggested, I hope to be able to
comply with your kind invitation.
Apart from any consideratio'n of a po
litical nature, 1 have for a long time
desired to visit your progressive town
and mingle with its cultivated citizen
ship. Very respectfully,
Your obedilent servant,
W. HI. TIMMERMAN.
IN Kingman, Klan., there is a local
ordinance forbiding minors to appear
on the street after 8 p. m. unless they
can furnish a satisfactory excuse for so
doing. It is rigidly enforced, too, and
all the growing youths are up in arms
abohtnit.
Voorhees Scored.
INDIANAPOLIS, March 3.-There is
a surprise in local political circles over
an open letter addressed to Senator
Voorhees by William Li. Higgins, o
Elvator D, in this city, in response to
an inquiry by the senator, addressed to
manufacturers, for information relative
to tariff revision. Altogether 35 ques
tions are presented in the Inqiry, but
Mr. Higgins makes answer to but one,
the seventeenth, which he claims that
the main cause of the present depres
sion is an over production of senatorial
courtesy, "which has become a byword
and reproach in every corner of the land
and which has caused your once honor.
able body, the senate, to be regarded as
l, stumbling block in the way of advance.
nent and reform, and which has caused
% widesprcnd feeling that it should be
tbolished, or in some way made respon
fible to the people for Its acts. The dis
egard which it has shown for the suf
ering country, "continues Mr. Higgins,
,has ts only historic parallel in Nero
ind his fiddle." Mr. Higgins argues
hai the people have already returned
his verdict, and all the senate should do
a to give juigment without stopping to
:all upon the beneficiaries of a vicious
ax system for opinions. Mr. Higgins
hen aseails Mr. Voohees personally,
laying that he, Higgms, is un
ible to reconcile his present
.onduct with his speech at the
jotton exposition at Atlanta, and
hat the young Democracy of Indiana,
o which the writer belongs, is demand
ng that lie show a reason for leager
ontinuance in office. "There are no
onger any Democrats In Pennsylvania,"
aye Mr. Higgins, "and ii' you and your
associates persist in your present con
luct there will not be enough Damo
rats in our next legislature to caucus
or your nomination." What Mr. Iiug
,ins evidently wants is for the senate to
lo something and to do it quick.
A Peou liar Unse.
SAN FRANCISCO, March 6.-Mrs.
Jharlotte Perkins-Stetson ,has applied
n Oakland for a divorce from Charles
Walter Stetson, and it is said there is a
romance back of it, a romance in which
% woman surrenders her husband in or
[ier that he may wed another, whom he
loves. Mr. Stetson is an artist of P'rovi.
dence, It. I. Ills wife is president of
the Pacille Coast Women's Press ass'>
clation and editor of their journal,
The Impress. The third character in
the romance is said to be Grace Ellory
Channing, poet and writer, the daugh
ter of Dr. Uhanning, the scientist. Five
years ago Mr. and Mrs. Stetson resided
at Pasadena, California. The Channings
were their neighbors. The two women
became fast friends, and thus Miss
Channing often met Mr. Stetson. Mrs.
Stetson, it is said, was first to diecover
the regard her husband grew to have
for Miss Channing, but her love for the
man whose name she bore was undi
minished. ele counselled with Miss
Channiog and with her husband, and
the result, it Is said, was an agreement
that Is now being carried out. Upon
his return to Providence, Rt. I., Mr.
Stetson tapplied for divorce on the
ground of desertion. Miss Channing
went to Europe and Mrs, Stetson re
moved to Qakland, where she became
known through writing and public
speaking. A year ago the Providence
courts decided against Mr. Stetson, for
the reason that there had been no
estrangement between him and his
wife. Mrs. Stetson is a grandniece of
Henry Ward Beecher.
A Ttlekster Trapped.
BRtIDGEPORT, Conn. March 6.-In an
swer to an ad ve:tisement addressea to
"persons wishing to correspond either
for pleasure or with a view to imatri
mony" a large number of letters have
been received by the "Bridgeport Mat
rimonial agency, P. O. Blox 165." Tue
agency answered inquiries by request
ing $1 for corre'spondence, or $5 to "se
cure the ideal partner." Maiden ladies
rejoicedl and remitted promptly. Even
suspicious old bachelors sent their V's.
After giving up their mnonpy the anx
ious ones heard nothing more there
from. Miss Cora Crawford, an attract
ive young woman who had been thus
victimizted, set a trap for the rascal by
means of a registered letter. TIhis was
called for by .J. Frank Stanton, of' No.
415 Iranistan avenue. As "oon as Miss
Crawford discovered who had receipted
for hier letter, steps were taken to have
Stanton arrested. ie is a travelling
salesman for the Plumb 11ardware
company. lie has left town. P'ost
master Stewart has the names of many
dlupes who claim that no bonailde list
of names was sent them, as promised of
persons willing to correspond or enter
into matrimony, and that therefore the
U'nited States mails have been used to
trick them out of money. George WVil
son sent three or four letters with re.
mittances, and is outsp~oken over the
loss of his money, time and emotional
wear and tear. Box,165 has been 11110(1
daily with letters, and disappointment
among would be lovers is supposed to
be very general.
A Coitly HIsa.
iNEW YORK, March 6.-P~olicemarj
Lynch, the Adonis of' the Mulberry
street station, was twisting his mus
tache at U r'and street and the Bowery,
when lie saw a neatly diressed young
woman tripping towards him.
"P'lease Mr. Policeman," she said,
"escort me across the street. I'm so
afraid of being run over."
Lynch, who is known for extremn
politeness to the fair sex, gallantiy p~ro
ceedhed to comply wIth herrequest. 'The
young woman was so delighted with
her protector that she thxrewv her arms
around his neck.
"Oh, you darling man." she squealed.
"Ill kiss you!" and she did.
"Pnew I" ejaculated the policeman as
he drew back. "You've been drinking
yes, you're drunk, and you've been fool
ing me. I guess Ill take you in."
She gave her name as Bridget King
in the Tombs, and .Justice Taintor lined
her $5 for (disorderly conduct.
Saved Is Brother.
S'r. PAUL, March 6.-John Ryan was
convicted of highway robbery a few
days ago and sentenced to the state
prison for 10 years. Saturday morn
ing Jerry Ryan, his brother, appeared
in court and announced himself as the
real culprit, said lie could prove his
case and offered to plead guilty. It
seems that the brothers had arranged
that the innocent one should be ac
cused, intending in the event of convic
tion to prove this, the real culprit mean
while esceping. .dut John was so
securely nete that the plan was
abandoned.
A DUEL IN MISSISSIPPI.
NOT ACCORDING TO THE CODE. BUT
MORE DEADLY.
Populis litEitor and Ioittician Itaittliye
K tiled Iopre3entetive. Jtck-snI a Demio
crat-one noystander nt Iliad and A nother
WoUndoll,
NEW'% ORLEANs,, March 3.-The V~ic
ayuue's Kosciusko, Miss., special says:
One of the saddest and most lamen.
table events known in the history of
Kosciusko occured here today. The
noble, honorable and genorous Samuel
A. Jackson Is dead, the result of a
loadly duel with pistols with W. P.
Itatliffe: also two outsiders, S.Amuel
ituasel and Will Sanders, young men
living a few miles from the city, were
hitt by the leaden messengens of death.
The former was shot in the mouth and
killed instantly, and the latter shot
through the thigh and it is though
mortally wounded The town is nat
urally in a whirl ot excitement, and
well it may be.
it all came out of a newspaper pub
ication in RIttlife's piper, claiming
that Jackson, while at the last meet
lg of the Legislature, voted for a.
Populist in acommittee caucus of Dem
:>crats. Mr. Jackson claimed that Rat
lIff e miseepresented him. When last
week's Star came out with a card sign
ed by Jackson, applying an epithet to
Ratliffe, the friends of both men nat
Lirallyffelt very uneasy lest an encount
3r would take place between the two,
ind some advances were made to re
3oncile the controversy p6nding, by
rrtends of both men; but it is a lamen
;able fact that it was not continued,
mnd now as a result of the negigence
>f the p3acC-makers or the obstinacy
:s the principals, two men lie cold in
1eath, one mortally wounded and one
behind prison bars, and a family and
Friends stricken with grief that knows
no consolation.
The particulars of tWe deadly encoun
Ler was gathered by your correspond
ent, are as follows: Today about
noon Messrs. Jackson and Ratliffe met
on the lower floor of the court house,
and just in front ol' the sherill's oflice,
where )eputy Sheritl Wallace was auc
tioning ol some goods. As soon as
the two men saw each other, a flght
ensued, in which ItatlifTe got Jackson
down on the lloor. The crowd that had
gathered at the auction interfered and
pulled Raitliffe away, and as Jaskson
arose to his feet, two shots rang out,
one, it is thought, from Jackson, one
from Itatlilte, without effect. Before
the men had time to fire again, Sheriff
Love and his two deputies caught Rit.
lifif and ushered him out at the south
entrance of the court house and were
taking him across the yard when
J ackson came out a west entrance and
going around the corner of the build
ing, came upon the party with Itatliffe
and then again the duel to I lie death
began, each firing about three shots
one of which hit Jackson in the head,
killing him instantly and two other
shots, it is supposed, from Rtatliffe's
pistol, killing John Russell and wound
ing Sanders.
The principals of the affair were two
of the best known men in this places.
Mr. INtliffe was editor of the Alliance
Vindicator, leader of the Populist.
party in this section, and representing
the county in the Legislature, and the
opponent of lon. J. S. Williams at the
last election for Congress, and needs no
further introduction. Ile is well known
all over the State. The more unfortunate
Mr. Jackson was one of the best known
and most popular business men of
Kosciusko. A short time ago he at
tenderi the best law school in the land,
came away in every way litted to inter
the profession, and was a few months
ago elected to represent this county
In the State Legislature, defeating a
Populist by a good majority. Ils death
is rendheredl more peculiarly sad by his
leaving a loving wife and four little
children to suifer the loss of a kind and
affectionate father's protection and
care.
Htankc Trouon to the Party.
NnEW Yoasw, March 3.-One of' the
Unzitedl States Senators from New York,
who reqjuestedl that his name be not
used( in connfection with the matter, has
statedl that the anury words 01 Senator
Voorhees in the Damocratic caucus a
few (lays ago, whmen he accused certain
D)emocratlc Se'naltors with having formed
a combination to (deet the Wilson bill,
was literally true. You may assert, he
said, that it is a fact that ten D)emocratic
Umated States Senators have signed an
agreement to oppose the Wilson bill, so
long as atny one of the ten Is dissatisfied
with thbo provisions of the bill, or till
changes to the satIsfaction 01 all ten are
made~l. Tihme Senator from whom this in.
formation comes is one ol the teni sign.
era of the agreement, it need1 hardly be
sl ated that such a condition of affairs in
tihe Senate would mean almost certain
defeat o1 the bill, unless coal, iron,
sugar, wool, collars anid culf and a numi
ber of other items of the bill, over which
a lively contest was waged in the House,
are restored to a protective tariff basis.
A lUlend's Act.
MONT1OOMERiY, Ala., March 2.-.A
special to the Advertiser from Suspen
sion, Ala . says: Mr. A. D. Corey, the
railroad agent at this place, was assult
ed with a hatchet in the hands of some
unknown ilend this morning about ?1
o'clock. lie was terrigly beaten about
the head andl lace, and then to make
sure of his work the brute pushed his
face and arms into the fire, which was
in in his oillce, and he was,badly burned
lie has not been conscious since, and
the chances are against his recovery.
Mir. Corey is an old bachelor between
lifty and sIxty years of age, and of one
of the best families li tne State. lie
has always been an inoffensive main
and we are at a loss to account for this
terrible assault upon him. A negro
has been arrested under suspicion.
nilown to Atoms.
PuIILA intrr A, March 2.-A terrifIc
explosion occurred in the waste separ
atinig building of' the Rtepuano Cjhenmi
cal 'Jompany at Glibbatown, N. J., this
morning. T1he force of tihe shock was
so great that it wa< felt in
tow ns fiftreen milcs away. Fortunately
there was only one man it the building
at the time the explosion occurred.
Levi Ivins, One of' the workmen, was
biowvn to atoms. The separating build
ing wvas destroyed, and the'surrounding
strucires wore damaged.

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